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Q.

1) How many integral values of x satisfy the equation x = |2x -


|120-3x|| ?

Case 1
x = 2x - |120 – 3x|
x = |120 – 3x|
case a) x = 120 – 3x
x = 30.
Case b) x = 3x – 120
x = 60.

Case 2
-x = 2x - |120 – 3x|
3x = |120 – 3x|
3x = 120 – 3x
x = 20.
x = 20,30,60.
3 values.

Q. 2) How many integral values of (x,y) satisfy the equation x^2 –


y^2 = 627 ?

x^2 – y^2 = 627.


627 = 3 x 11 x 19.
Total number of factors = 8.
This can be done in negative too.
Total integral values = 2 x 8 = 16.

Q.3) Find the number of positive integral positive solution for


a+b+c = 20.

By direct formula,
x1 + x2 ... xK = N.
Positive solution = (N – 1)C(K-1)
= (20 – 1)C(3-1)
= 19C2
= 171.
Q.4) Find the number of positive integral solutions of x1+x2+x3+x4
= 20, where x1 > x2 ?

x1 + x2 + x3 + x4 = 20.
If a + b + c ....... r = k.
Then by total positive solution = (k-1)C(r-1)
Total positive solution = (20-1)C(4-1) = 19C3 = 969.
But we need to remove case when x1 = x2.
x1 + x1 + x3 + x4 = 20.
2x1+x3+x4 = 20.
Total solutions = 17+15+13+11+9+7+5+3+1 = 81.
This will be removed from total solutions = 969 – 81 = 888.
now only possibility in above equation is that x1 < x2 and x1 > x2.
So we need to take only x1 > x2 cases.
Hence total positive solution = 888 / 2 = 444.

Q.5) Find the number of positive integral for a,b,c and d such that
their sum is not more than 15.

a + b + c + d < 15.
a + b + c + d = 14,13,12,11,10,9,8,7,6,5,4.
Total no of positive solution = 13C3 + 12C3 ... 1
= 286+220+165+120+84+56+35+20+10+4+1
=1001.

Q.6) How many integral values of x wil satisfy |x-3|+|2x+4|+|x| < =


11.

X = 0,1,2,-1,-2,-3.
Total solution = 6 values.

Q.7) Number of integral solutions of x^2 – y^2 = 287 ?

287 = 7 x 41.
Total no of factors = 2 x 2 = 4.
It can be written in negative form also.
Total integral solution = 2 x 4 = 8.

Q.8) Total number of integral solution of a^3 + b^3 + c^3 = 43655.


Not any number can be written as 9n+-4.
43655 mod 9 = -4 or 5.
Hence 0.

Q.9) Find the total no of integral solutions of w^4 + x^4 + y^4 +


z^4 = 1797.

Unit digit of N^4 = 1,6,5, where N is a natural number.


Unit digit of Sum of w^4,x^4,y^4,z^4 never can be get as 7.
Hence 0 solution.

Q.10) How many integral values of x will satisfy x^2 – 2|x|-8 > = 0.

Case 1
X^2 -2x-8 >= 0.
X^2 – 2x -8 = 0.
X = 4,-2.
x^2 – 2x – 8 = -9.
x = 1.

Case 2
x^2 + 2x – 8 >=0.
x^2 + 2x – 8 =0.
X = -4,2.
x^2 + 2x – 8 = -9.
x^2 +2x +1 = 0.
x = -1.

Case 3
x^2 – 2x -8 = 8.
x= 0,2.

For values of x = -4,-2,-1,0,1,2,4.


Total values = 7.

Q.11) Find the number of total integral solutions of x^2 + y^2 =


100.
x^2 + y^2 = 100.
(0,10)(10,0)(-10,0)(0,-10),(6,8)(6,-8),(-6,8),(-6,-8)
Total solution =8.

Q.12) Number of integral solution of x^2 + y^2 = 36.

x^2 + y^2 = 36.


(0,6)(0,-6),(-6,0),(6,0)
Total = 4 solutions.

Q.13) Number of integral solutions x^2 + y^2 < 36.

Sum of square possible below 36 are


0,1,4,9,16,25,2,10,17,26,8,13,20,29,18,34,32.
x^2 + y^2 = 0 (0,0)
1 solution
x^2 + y^2 = 1[(0,1),(0,-1),(-1,0),(1,0)]
4 solution.
x^2 + y^2 = 9. [(0,3)(0,-3),(3,0)(-3,0)]
4 solution.
x^2 + y^2 = 16. [(0,-4),(0,4),(4,0)(-4,0)
4 solutions.
x^2 + y^2 = 25. [(0,5),(0,-5),(5,0),(-5,0),(3,4),(-3,-4),(3,-4),(-3,4)
8 solutions.
As same as for sum = 2,8,18,32.
Each has 2 solutions.
And sum = 10,17,26,13,20,29,34.
Each has 4 solutions.

Total solutions = 1 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 8 + 2 x 4 + 4 x 7 = 57.

Q.14) Number of integral solutions of equation a+b+c+d = 30.


Where a >=2, b>= 0, c>=-5, d >=8.

(a+2)+(b+0)+(c-5)+(d+8) = 30.
a+b+c+d = 25.
Total integral solutions = (25+4-1)C(4-1) = 28C3 = 3276.

Q. 15) Find number of positive integral solution of abc = 120 ?


abc = 120.
120 = 2^3 x 3 x 5.
By direct formula,if N = x^a x y^b x z^c
Then total solution = (a+2)C2 x (b+2)C2 x (c+2)C2
Total number of solution = (3+2)C2 x (1+2)C2 c (1+2)C2
= 10 x 3 x 3
= 90.

Q.16) If E = |x| + |x – 1| + |x-2| + |x-3| + |x-4|, for how many integral


values of x is E less than or equal to 54 ?

x = -8 to 12.
Total 21 values.

Q.17) Find number of positive integral values satisfying (x^2 + 5x


+ 6 )^(x-1) = 36.

36 = 6^2, 3^2 x 2^2.


x– 1 = 2.
X = 3.
X^2 + 5x +6 = (x+3) (x+2)
(x+3)^(x-1) (x+2)^(x-1) = 3^2 x 2^2.
x= 0.
None of the value of x satisfy here.
Hence 0.

Q.18) Find number of positive integral values satisfying (x+y)^(y-


1) = 100.

100 = 10^2 , (-10)^2.


Y - 1 =2.
Y = 3.
(x + y) =10, -10.
x + 3 = 10, -10.
x = 7, -13.
Hence two solution.

Q. 19) Determine the number of positive integral solutions (x,y) to


x^y = y^90.
90 = 2 x 3^2 x 5.
No of factors =2 x 3 x 2 = 12.
Factors are 1,2,3,5,6,9,10,15,18,30,45,90.
(x,y)=(1,1),(2^89,2),(3^87,3),(5^85,
5),(6^84,6),(9^81,9),(10^80,10),(15^75,15),(18^72,18),(30^60,30),(45^4
5,45),(90,90)
Hence 12 positive solution

Q.20) Determine the number of positive integral solutions (x,y) to


x^y = y^100.

100 = 2^2 x 5^2.


No of factors = 3 x 3 = 9.
Factors = 1,2,4,5,10,20,25,50,100.
(x,y) = (1,1),(2^98,2),(4^96,
4),(5^95,5),(10^90,10),(20^80,20),(25^75,25),(50^50,50),(100,100).

Hence 9 positive solution.

Q.21) Determine the number of positive integral solutions (x,y) to


x^y = y^72.

72 = 2^3 x 3^2.
No of factors = 4 x 3 = 12.
Factors = 1,2,3,4,6,8,9,12,18,24,36,72.
(x,y) = (1,1),(2^70,2),
(3^69,3)(4^68,4),(6^66,6),(8^64,8),(9^63,9),(12^60,12),(18^54,18),(24^
48,24),(36^36),(72,72).
Hence 12 solutions.

Q.22) How many pairs of integers (a,b) are possible such that a^2
– b^2 = 288 ?

288 = 2^5 x 3^2.


No of factors = 6 x 3 = 18.
Total no of integer solution = 18.

Q.23)Find unordered number of integral solutions of a x b x c =


110.
110 = 2 x 5 x 11.
Factors = 8
No of solution = 3 x 3 x 3 = 27.
No of integral solution = 4 x 27 = 108.
Unordered integral solutions = 108 / 3! = 18.
Hence 18 solutions.

Q.24) Find the integral solutions of |x| + |y| = 7.

Direct formula
|x| + |y| = n.
Total solution = 4n.
Total integral solution = 4 x 7 = 28.

Q.25)Find integral solution of |x| + |y| < 7.

|x| + |y| = 0,1,2,3,4,5,6.


|x|+|y| = 0.
Solution :- 1.
|x| + |y| = 1.
As per direct formula, total solution = 4 x 1 = 4.
Total solutions = 1 + 4(1+2+3+4+5+6)
Total solution = 85.

Q.26) Find integral solutions |x| + |y| = < 7.

|x|+|y| = 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7.
Total solutions = 1 + 4(1+2+3+4+5+6+7)
= 113.

Q.27) Find the integral solutions of |x+2| + |y| = 7.

By direct formula,
Total solutions = 4 x 7 = 28.

Q.28) Find the integral solutions of |x+2|+|y| < = 7.

By direct formula,
Total solutions = 1 + 4(1+2+3+4+5+6+7)
= 113.
Q.29) Find the integral solutions of |x+2| + |y+4| = 7.

By direct formula,
Total solution = 4 x 7 = 28.

Q.30) Find the integral solutions of |x+2| + |y+4| < = 7.

By direct formula,
Solutions = 1 + 4(1+2+3+4+5+6+7)
= 113.

Q.31) Number of integral solutions xy = 2x – y.

xy = 2x – y.
Divided by xy both sides
1 = 2/y – 1/x.
1 = (y-2) (x+1)
-2 = (x+1) (y-2)
(-1) x (2) = (x+1) (y-2)
(2) x (-1) = (x+1) (y-2)
(-2) x (1) = (x+1) (y-2)
1 x (-2) = (x+1) (y-2)

4 integral solutions

Q.32) Total no of positive integral solutions of a + b + c + d < 14.

Let’s take a dummy variable e


a + b + c + d + e = 14.
By direct formula
Positive solutions = (14 – 1)C(5-1)
= 13C4
= 715.

Q.33)How many integral possible for below given equation 3/x –


2/y= 1/12.

36/x – 24/y = 1.
(x – 36) (y + 24) = -36 x 24.
36 x 24 = 2^2 x 3^2 x 2^3 x 3
= 2^5 x 3^3.
Total solutions = 24.

Q.34) How many integral pairs (x,y) satisfy 2^x – 3^y = 55 ?

2^x = 55 + 3^y.
X = 6, y =2.
Only 1 solution

Q.35) Number of integral solutions of 1/x + 1/y = 1/48.

48/x + 48/y = 1.
(x-48) (y-48) = 48 x 48.
48^2 = 2^8 x 3^2.
Total no of factors = 9 x 3 = 27.
Hence no of integral solutions = 27.

Q.36) Number the number of positive integral solutions of the


equation a(a^2 – b) = (b^3 + 61)

a^3 – ab = b^3 + 61.


a^3 – b^3 = ab + 61.
a = 6, b = 5.
Only 1 solution.

Q.37) How many natural solutions for possible (x+1) (x-3) (x+5)(x-
7)(x+9) ... (x-99) < 0.

If we plot above equation on x-y axis then on positive side x =


3,7..........99.
On negative side x = -1,-5...................-97.
Total values = 75.

Q.38) Find the number of integral solution of x^2 + y^2 = 70.

Sum of square of two numbers can’t be in form of 4n + 2.


Hence 0 solution.

Q.39) How many natural solutions are possible for the equation
2^n – 7 = x^2.
2^n = x^2 + 7.
n = 3 then x = 1.
n = 4 then x =3.
n =5 then x = 5.
n = 7 then x = 11.
and so on.

Q.40) If 4y – 3x = 5, what is the smallest integer value of x for


which y > 100 ?

4y – 5 = 3x.
y = k + 100.
4(k + 100) – 5 = 3x.
4k + 400 – 5 =3x.
4k + 395 = 3x.
K =1 then x = 133.
Smaller value of x is 133.

Q.41) Total number of integral solutions of 13x – 3y = 1000 for 100


< x < 200.

13x = 3y + 1000.
y = 113, then x = 103.
Y = 126, then x = 106.
Y = 139, then x = 109.
So on..
X = 103,106,109..............199.
Total 33 values.