Romans 5.1-11 | Justification (Theology) | Grace In Christianity

Minnetonka Monday Evening Bible Study

The Apostle Paul’s Letter to the Romans

Romans 5:1-11
The Blessings of Justification: Peace with God

Romans 5 in Context
• Justification—The Disclosure Righteousness (3:21-8:39). of God’s
– The Ground of Justification: Jesus Christ's Faithfulness (3:21-31). – The Pattern of Justification: Abraham and His Children (4:1-25). – The Blessings of Justification: Peace with God (5:111).

Paul Accents Two Themes
• Peace, end of hostility between God and Humans (“us”).
– Romans 5:1-2a (peace with (reconciliation with God). – Romans 5:2b-9. God) and 5:10-11

• Hope, expectation of what is promised. While the theme of “peace with God” begins and closes the paragraph, it is the theme of “hope” that dominates the paragraph.

Romans 5:1-11
Peace Hope Peace
Therefore, since we have been declared righteous from faithfulness, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, 2 through whom we also have access by the same faithfulness into this grace in which we stand, and we boast in hope of God’s glory. 3 And not only this, but we also boast in our afflictions, because we know that affliction brings to completion perseverance, 4 likewise perseverance brings to completion tested character, and tested character yields hope. 5 And this hope does not put us to shame, because God’s love has been poured out into our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us. For while we were still morally weak, at the proper time, Christ died for the ungodly. 7 For one will seldom die for a righteous person, although for a good person one might dare even to die. 8 But God demonstrates his own love for us, in that Christ died for us while we were still sinners.
6

Much more, then, since we now have been declared righteous by his blood we shall be saved from wrath through him. 10 For while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of his Son, much more, since we have been reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. 11 And not only this, but we are boasting in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we now have received reconciliation.
9

Romans 5:1-11 Three Natural Divisions
• Justification with God, that is grounded in Christ alone, has a two-fold character: peace and hope (5:1-5). • Justification with God, that is grounded in Christ alone, is based upon the divine transaction at the cross: Christ died in place of sinners (5:6-8). • Justification with God, that is grounded in Christ alone, secures both our present acquittal before

God (“justified” [5:9]; “reconciled” [5:10, 11]), and our Last Day deliverance from God’s wrath (“shall be saved” [5:9, 10]).

The Structure of the OT Expectation of the Last Days The Present Age The Time of Promise The Last Days The Time of Fulfillment

The NT Restructuring of the OT Expectation of the Last Days The Age to Come The Last Days
Already Realized

The Present Age

The Present Age

The Time of Promise The Time of Fulfillment

Observe Paul’s Terminology
• • • • • Justified. Peace with God. Gained access into this grace. Reconciled. Received reconciliation.

Romans 5:1-11
Therefore, since we have been declared righteous from faithfulness, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, 2 through whom we also have access by the same faithfulness into this grace in which we stand, and we boast in hope of God’s glory. 3 And not only this, but we also boast in our afflictions, because we know that affliction brings to completion perseverance, 4 likewise perseverance brings to completion tested character, and tested character yields hope. 5 And this hope does not put us to shame, because God’s love has been poured out into our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us. For while we were still morally weak, at the proper time, Christ died for the ungodly. 7 For one will seldom die for a righteous person, although for a good person one might dare even to die. 8 But God demonstrates his own love for us, in that Christ died for us while we were still sinners.
6

Much more, then, since we now have been declared righteous by his blood we shall be saved from wrath through him. 10 For while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of his Son, much more, since we have been reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. 11 And not only this, but we are boasting in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we now have received reconciliation.
9

Romans 5:1 Our Faith in Christ or Christ’s Faithfulness?
Therefore, since we have been justified through faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have gained access by faith into this grace in which we now stand. And we rejoice in the hope of the glory of God. Therefore, since we have been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. Through him we have also obtained access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and we rejoice in hope of the glory of God. Therefore, since we are justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have obtained access to this this grace in which we stand; and we boast in our hope of sharing the glory of God. Therefore, since we have been declared righteous from faithfulness, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we also have access by the same faithfulness into this grace in which we stand, and we boast in hope of God’s glory.

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Romans 3:21-31; CPV
But now apart from the Law God’s righteousness has been disclosed, though being testified to by the Law and the Prophets, 22 even God’s righteousness disclosed through Jesus Christ’s faithfulness unto all who believe. 23 For there is no distinction, for all sinned and persist in falling short of God’s glory, 24 being freely declared righteous by his grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus, 25 whom God publicly set forth as propitiation through the faithfulness which is in his blood for the purpose of demonstrating his righteousness because of God’s forbearance in passing over sins that were previously committed, 26 for the demonstration of his righteousness in the present time, that he might be both righteous and the one who declares righteous the one who is of the faithfulness of Jesus.
21

then is boasting? It is excluded. Through what law? Is it excluded through the law that requires deeds? No! It is excluded through the law of faithfulness. 28 For we consider a man apart from deeds required by the law to be declared righteous by faithfulness. 29 Or is God the God of the Jews alone? Is he not the God of the Gentiles also? Yes, he is God of the Gentiles also, 30 since God is one who will declare righteous the circumcised from faithfulness and the one with the foreskin through the same faithfulness. 31 Therefore, do we nullify the law through this faithfulness? No way! Rather, we establish the law.

27 Where

Romans 5:1-11
Therefore, since we have been declared righteous from faithfulness, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, 2 through whom we also have access by the same faithfulness into this grace in which we stand, and we boast in hope of God’s glory. 3 And not only this, but we also boast in our afflictions, because we know that affliction brings to completion perseverance, 4 likewise perseverance brings to completion tested character, and tested character yields hope. 5 And this hope does not put us to shame, because God’s love has been poured out into our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us. For while we were still morally weak, at the proper time, Christ died for the ungodly. 7 For one will seldom die for a righteous person, although for a good person one might dare even to die. 8 But God demonstrates his own love for us, in that Christ died for us while we were still sinners.
6

Much more, then, since we now have been declared righteous by his blood we shall be saved from wrath through him. 10 For while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of his Son, much more, since we have been reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. 11 And not only this, but we are boasting in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we now have received reconciliation.
9

Romans 5:1-11
Therefore, since we have been declared righteous from faithfulness, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, 2 through whom we also have access by the same faithfulness into this grace in which we stand, and we boast in hope of God’s glory. 3 And not only this, but we also boast in our afflictions, because we know that affliction brings to completion perseverance, 4 likewise perseverance brings to completion tested character, and tested character yields hope. 5 And this hope does not put us to shame, because God’s love has been poured out into our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us.
6

from faithfulness, by the same faithfulness, and by his wereblood weak, at the refer Christ died for all proper time, to For while we still morally the ungodly. For one will seldom die for a righteous person, although for Christ’s dare even to die. But God demonstrates his own atoning, sacrificial a good person one might love for us, in that Christ died for us while we were still sinners. death.
7 8

Much more, then, since we now have been declared righteous by his blood we shall be saved from wrath through him. 10 For while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of his Son, much more, since we have been reconciled, we shall be saved by his life. 11 And not only this, but we are boasting in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we now have received reconciliation.
9

Rejoice in our sufferings?

How can we rejoice in our sufferings? What enables us to rejoice in our sufferings?

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