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DEPARTMENT OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

BE-CHE (IV- Semester) ESE UCH402: HEAT TRANSFER

May 19, 2016 Time:3Hrs (9 AM -12 Noon)

Maximum Marks (MM): 100 Name of Faculty: Dr. Avinash Chandra

Note:

• Answer all the questions.

• Answer all parts of the question at the same place only, otherwise it may attract negative marks.

• Complete answer of any question should be written in one place only, otherwise it may attract negative marks.

• Repeat of correct answer of any question may attract zero marks.

• State all suitable assumption wherever necessary (if any).

• Define all variables with dimensions.

• Draw the neat and clean diagrams, wherever required.

I a) Consider a potato being baked in an oven that is maintained at a constant temperature. The 4

temperature of the potato is observed to rise by 5°C during the first minute. Will the temperature

rise during the second minute be less than, equal to, or more than 5°C? Why?

b) Consider a sphere and a cylinder of equal volume made of copper. Both the sphere and the cylinder 4

are initially at the same temperature and are exposed to convection in the same environment. Which

do you think will cool faster, the cylinder or the sphere? Why?

c) Consider film condensation on the outer surfaces of four long tubes. For which orientation of the 4

tubes will the condensation heat transfer coefficient be the highest: (i) vertical, (ii) horizontal side

by side, (iii) horizontal but in a vertical tier (directly on top of each other), or (iv) a horizontal stack

of two tubes high and two tubes wide?

d) There are two heat exchangers that can meet the heat transfer requirements of a facility. Both have 4

the same pumping power requirements, the same useful life, and the same price tag. But one is

heavier and larger in size. Under what conditions would you choose the smaller one?

e) Consider an enclosure consisting of 12 surfaces. How many view factors does this geometry 4

involve? How many of these view factors can be determined by the application of the reciprocity

and the summation rules?

a) Evaporater and their classification; explain any one in detail 4

b) Components of shell and tube heat exchangers 4

c) Overall heat trasnfer coefficient 4

d) LMTD for parallel and counter flow 4

e) Fluid allocation: tube side vs shell side 4

3 a) In a food processing facility, a spherical container of inner radius r1 = 40 cm, outer radius r2 = 41 15

cm, and thermal conductivity k = 1.5 W/m • °C is used to store hot water and to keep it at 100°C at

all times. To accomplish this, the outer surface of the container is wrapped with a 500-W electric

strip heater and then insulated. The temperature of the inner surface of the container is observed to

be nearly 100°C at all times. Assuming 10 percent of the heat generated in the heater is lost through

the insulation,

(i) Express the differential equation and the boundary conditions for steady one-dimensional heat

conduction through the container,

(ii) Obtain a relation for the variation of temperature in the container material by solving the

Page 1 of 2

Name of the student Roll No •

differential equation, and.

(iii) Evaluate the outer surface temperature of the container. Also determine how much water at

100°C this tank can supply steadily if the cold water enters at 20°C.

The thermal conductivity is given to be k = 1.5 W/m.°C. and specific heat of water at the average

temperature of 60 °C is 4.185 kJ/kg.°C

b) Glycerin (CP 2400 J/kg • °C) at 20°C and 0.3 kg/s is to be heated by ethylene glycol (Cp = 2500 10

J/kg.°C) at 60°C in a thin-walled double-pipe parallel-flow heat exchanger. The temperature

difference between the two fluids is 15°C at the outlet of the heat exchanger. If the overall heat

transfer coefficient is 240 W/m2 • °C and the heat transfer surface area is 3.2 m2, determine (i) the

rate of heat transfer, (ii) the outlet temperature of the glycerin, and (iii) the mass flow rate of the

ethylene glycol.

4 a) A shell and tube heat exchanger with 2-shell passes and 8-tube passes is used to heat ethyl alcohol 10

(Cp = 2670 J/kg • °C)in the tubes from 25°C to 70°C at a rate of 2.1 kg/s. The heatingis to be done

by water (Cp = 4190 J/kg °C) that enters the shellside at 95°C and leaves at 45°C. If the overall

heat transfer coefficientis 950 W/m2 °C, determine the heat transfer surface areaof the heat

exchanger. The specific heats of water and ethyl alcohol are given to be 4.19 and 2.67kJ/kg.°C,

respectively. Fouling factor = 0.77.

b) A furnace is of cylindrical shape with R = H = 2 m. The base, top, and side surfaces of the furnace 1

are all black and are maintained at uniform temperatures of 500, 700, and 1200 K, respectively.

Determine the net rate of radiation heat transfer to or from the top surface during steady operation.

The view factor from the base to the top surface of the cylinder is F12 = 0.38. where a = 5.67 x 1 04

W/m2

Steam at 40°C condenses on the outside of a 3-cm diameter thin horizontal copper tube by cooling 15

water that entersthe tube at 25°C at an average velocity of 2 m/s and leaves at35°C. Determine the

rate of condensation of steam, the averageoverall heat transfer coefficient between the steam and

thecooling water, and the tube length. The heat transfer coefficient for condensation on a single

horizontal tube is determined using the following correlation

• 31

1/ 4

$P1 (Pi — Pv)hikki

ho = hhothonta = 0-729

frt (Teat —Ts )D

And the average heat transfer coefficient for flow inside the tube is determined DittusBoelter

equation

Nu = 0.073Re08 prOA

Data:

The properties of water at 40°C arehfg 72407x103J/kg; p, = 0.05 kg/m3;

The properties of liquid water at the film and bulk temperature are

At 35°C: At 30°C:

= 994.0 kg / m3 = 996.0 kg / M3

= 0.720 x10-3kg/ m - s -fitI pi — 0.801x 10-6 m2 I S

C pi = 4178 J/kg-°C C pt = 4178 J/kg-°C

= 0.623 W/ m-°C = 0.615 W/ m-°C

Pr =5.4/

---: END :

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