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# GEOMETRIA ANALITICA VECTORIAL

PH-121A
SOLUCIÓN DEL PARCIAL

 ALUMNO:
Saavedra Sanchez Marcos Edú

 CODIGO:
20170548A

 PROFESOR:
Corpus Rimac Enrique
PROBLEMA N° 1
Aplicando el método de GAUSS-JORDAN, resolver:
2𝑥1 + 5𝑥2 − 8𝑥3 = 8
4𝑥1 + 3𝑥2 − 9𝑥3 = 9
2𝑥1 + 3𝑥1 − 5𝑥3 = 7
𝑥1 + 8𝑥2 − 7𝑥3 = 12

SOLUCIÓN:
2 5 −8 8

[4 3 −9 9 ] 2𝑓 − 𝑓 , 𝑓 − 𝑓 , 𝑓 − 2𝑓 Y 𝑓2
2 3 −5 7 4 1 3 1 2 1
7

1 8 −7 12

2 5 −8 8

[0 −1 1 −1] 𝑓 − 11𝑓 , 𝑓 + 2𝑓 Y 𝑓4
0 −2 3 −1 4 2 3 2
5

0 11 6 16

2 5 −8 8

[ 0 −1 1 −1] 𝑓4
0 0 1 1 5

0 0 5 5

2 5 −8 8

[ 0 −1 1 −1] 𝑓 − 𝑓 , −1 ∗ 𝑓 y 𝑓 + 8𝑓
0 0 1 1 4 3 2 1 3

0 0 1 1

2 5 0 16

[0 1 −1 1 ] 𝑓 + 𝑓 , 𝑓 + 5𝑓
0 0 1 1 2 3 1 2

0 0 0 0
2 0 0 6
⋮ 𝑓1
[ 0 1 0 2]
0 0 1 1 2

0 0 0 0
1 0 0 3

[0 1 0 2] 𝑟(𝐴) = 𝑟(𝐴𝑎 ) = 𝑛 = 3
0 0 1 1

0 0 0 0
𝑥3 = 1
𝑥2 = 2
𝑥1 = 3
PROBLEMA N° 2

## Por el método de adjuntas:

𝑎123𝑎
1𝑎1𝑎1
|2 1 𝑎 3 3|
| |
3𝑎1𝑎2
𝑎321𝑎

SOLUCIÓN:

𝑎123𝑎 0 −2 0 2 0
1𝑎1𝑎1 −2 0 0 0−1
|𝐴| = |2 1 𝑎 3 3||
| |2
| 1 𝑎 3 3||
3𝑎1𝑎2 3 𝑎 1 𝑎 2
𝑎321𝑎 𝑎 3 2 1 𝑎

00 0 −1 −2 0 0 − 1 −2 0 0 − 1
1 𝑎 3 3 2𝑎3 3 2𝑎3 3
|𝐴| = 0. | | + 2. | | + 0. | |
𝑎 1 𝑎 2 31𝑎 2 3𝑎𝑎 2
3 2 1 𝑎 𝑎21 𝑎 𝑎31 𝑎
−2 0 0 − 1 −2 0 0 0
21𝑎 3 2 1𝑎 3
− 2. | | + 0. | |
3𝑎1 2 3 𝑎1 𝑎
𝑎32 𝑎 𝑎 32 1
−2 0 0 − 1 −2 0 0 − 1
2𝑎3 3 21𝑎 3
|𝐴| = 2. | | − 2. | |
31𝑎 2 3𝑎1 2
𝑎21 𝑎 𝑎32 𝑎
−2 0 0 − 1 −2 0 0 − 1
23𝑎 3 21𝑎 3
|𝐴| = −2. | | − 2. | |
3𝑎1 2 3𝑎1 2
𝑎12 𝑎 𝑎32 𝑎
−2 0 0 − 1
2 4 𝑎 3
|𝐴| = −2. | |
3 2𝑎 1 2
𝑎 4 2 𝑎
4 𝑎 3 2 4 𝑎
|𝐴| = −2 {−2 |2𝑎 1 2| + 1 |3 2𝑎 1|}
4 2 𝑎 𝑎 4 2
1 2 2𝑎 2 2𝑎 1
|𝐴| = −2 {−2 {4 | |−𝑎| | + 3| |}
2 𝑎 4 𝑎 4 2
2𝑎 1 3 1 3 2𝑎
+ 1 {2 | | − 4| |+𝑎| |}}
4 2 𝑎 2 𝑎 4
|𝐴| = −2{−2{4(𝑎 − 4) − 𝑎(2𝑎2 − 8) + 3(4𝑎 − 4)}
+ 1{2(4𝑎 − 𝑎) − 4(6 − 𝑎) + 𝑎(12 − 2𝑎2 )}}
|𝐴| = −2{−2{4𝑎 − 16 − 2𝑎3 + 8𝑎 + 12𝑎 − 12}
+ 1{8𝑎 − 8 − 24 + 4𝑎 + 12𝑎 − 2𝑎3 }}
|𝐴| = −2{−8𝑎 + 32 + 4𝑎3 − 16𝑎 − 24𝑎 + 24 + 8𝑎 − 8 − 24
+ 4𝑎 + 12𝑎 − 2𝑎3 }
|𝐴| = −2{2𝑎3 − 24𝑎 + 24}
|𝐴| = −4𝑎3 + 48𝑎 − 48
PROBLEMA N° 3

𝑎. 𝑏⃗
𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑦𝑏⃗ 𝑎 = ⃗
2𝑏
‖𝑏⃗‖
(3; 2). (5; 1)
𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑦𝑏⃗ 𝑎 = 2 (5; 1)
(√52 + 2
1 )
17
𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑦𝑏⃗ 𝑎 = (5; 1)
26
85 17
𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑦𝑏⃗ 𝑎 = ( ; )
26 26

𝑎. 𝑏⃗
𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑦𝑏⃗ 𝑎 = ⃗
2𝑏
‖𝑏⃗ ‖
(3; 2). (−1; 5)
𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑦𝑏⃗ 𝑎 = 2 (−1; 5)
(√(−1)2 + 2
5 )
7
𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑦𝑏⃗ 𝑎 = (−1; 5)
26
−7 35
𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑦𝑏⃗ 𝑎 = ( ; )
26 26

## 𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑦𝑏⃗ 𝑎 + 𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑦𝑏⃗ 𝑎= (0; 0)

85 17 −7 35
( ; ) + ( ; )= (0; 0)
26 26 26 26
85 7 17 35
( − ; + )= (0; 0)
26 26 26 26
85 7
− =0
26 26
85
=
7
17 35 85
+ ( ) = 0
26 26 7
==0

PROBLEMA N°4

B1 → 3x + 4y − z = 1
Tomamos un punto en el plano
x=z=0
1
y=
4
1
(0, , 0)
4
Por la ecuación vectorial de la recta
1
(0, , 0) + t(3,4, −1) = (a1 , a2 , a3 )
4

100 100
a1 = 3t = 3√ ∨ −3√
26 26

1 100 1 100 1
a2 = 4t + = 4√ + ∨ −4√ +
4 26 4 26 4

100 100
a3 = −t = −√ ∨ √
26 26

## Hallando la norma (distancia) de los puntos

2
1
‖(a1 , a2 , a3 ) − (0. , 0)‖ = 100
4
(3t)2 + (4t)2 + (t)2 = 100
9t 2 + 16t 2 + t 2 = 100
26t 2 = 100

100
t = ±√
26

## 100 100 1 100

B1 = [(x, y, z) − (3√ , 4√ + , −√ )] . (3,4, −1)
26 26 4 26

## 100 100 100

B1 = 3x + 4y − z − (9√ + 16√ +1+√ )
26 26 26

100
B1 = 3x + 4y − z − (26√ + 1)
26

= 10√26 + 1

## 100 100 1 100

B2 = [(x, y, z) − (−3√ , −4√ + ,√ )] . (3,4, −1)
26 26 4 26

## 100 100 100

B2 = 3x + 4y − z − (−9√ − 16√ +1−√ )
26 26 26

100
B2 = 3x + 4y − z − (−10√ + 1)
26