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ENERGY SMART TIPS FOR HOTELS

FROM THE ILLINOIS SMART ENERGY DESIGN ASSISTANCE CENTER

In 2007, a survey commissioned by many lights they leave turned on, cooling), water heating, and lighting
the Element extended-stay brand but there are many steps you can alone can represent up to 80% of
of Westin Hotels found that 59% of take to ensure that you are running a hotel’s utility bill. Energy-saving
frequent travelers (minimum of three an efficient building. The most opportunities abound and realizing
hotel stays in past 12 months) admit important categories to consider these savings not only improves
to slipping from their typical “green for improvement are: building the business’s bottom line but can
routines” during their hotel visit. The envelope, lighting, HVAC (heating, also improve comfort conditions
survey found that when staying at a ventilation and cooling), and water for guests. In fact, a 10% reduction
hotel, 75% of travelers expect fresh consumption. in energy costs is equivalent to
sheets and towels daily, 63% are increasing Average Daily Rate
more likely to leave a light on when Naturally, the amenities that your (average dollar amount paid per
absent from their hotel room than at hotel offers will significantly influence customer per night) by 2.6% and
home, 70% open a new mini-bottle its energy use patterns. A hotel that increasing Occupancy Rate (percent
of shampoo/conditioner every time has an indoor pool, sauna, Jacuzzi, of rooms occupied at any given time)
they shower, and 62% said that they and/or restaurant will have a different by 4.3%.
are less efficient with their energy energy profile than a hotel offering
and water use in a hotel because they only guestrooms. Thankfully, there At SEDAC, we are determined to help
“don’t have to pay for it” like they do are energy-efficient opportunities for you find the best energy options for
at home. these additional amenities, too. your hotel. This brochure explains
the steps to take and the systems
As a hotel designer or manager, it is Utility costs represent a significant to implement so that you may
challenging to directly control how portion of a hotel’s operating costs. provide a comfortable and efficient
many towels your guests use or how Space conditioning (heating and environment for your valued guests.

SEDAC
ILLINOIS’ ENERGY
If you need assistance finding qualified contractors or suppliers, the Smart Energy Design Assistance
Center can help. Our database of pre-qualified service providers includes reputable professionals in a
variety of fields, including energy auditors, financing providers, and dealers/installers of geothermal
EFFICIENCY
I N F O R M AT I O N heat pumps/high efficiency HVAC, efficient lighting, solar, and more. Download a free copy of our
CLEARINGHOUSE list of suppliers at SEDAC’s website under the header “Service Providers.”
TYPICAL U.S. HOTEL ENERGY USES ENERGY STAR®’S 7 STEPS OF ENERGY
From the Environmental Protection Agency (July 2008)
MANAGEMENT
ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY FUEL TYPE
1 Make a Commitment Make Commitment
Recognize that the economic,
environmental and political
impacts of energy consumption
Assess Performance
are sufficient motivation to
change our energy use patterns. & Set Goals

2 Assess Performance Create


Make a personalized accounting Action Plan
of energy use and costs.

Re-Assess
Benchmark your facility
Source: based on EPA analysis of data from the Energy Information by comparing its energy
Administration’s 2003 Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey performance with similar sites. Recognize Implement
Achievements Action Plan

TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMED BY END USE 3 Set Goals


Review your objectives and
Refrigeration 3%
Office
constraints. Establish priorities Evaluate
Equipment 4% and set measurable goals with Progress
target dates. ENERGY STAR®’s steps for energy management

4 Create an Action Plan


Ventilation 4%
Define the technical steps.
Apply proven methods to 6 Evaluate Progress
increase energy efficiency or get Compare current performance
specialized guidance. Assign roles to established goals. Understand
and resources. Consider rolling what worked well in order to
Cooking 5%
savings from earlier efforts into identify best practices. Adjust
Source: adapted from E Source (2006) Commercial Energy Advisor future, more complex initiatives. procedures, goals, and schedule
the next evaluation.
5 Implement Action Plan:
ELECTRIC CONSUMPTION BY END USE Install equipment and change 7 Recognize Achievements:
operational procedures. Establish Provide internal recognition for
a maintenance schedule. Train the efforts and achievement of
equipment operators and individuals, teams, and facilities.
building occupants on the Seek external recognition from
changes. Track and monitor government agencies, media, or
conditions. third party organizations.

USEFUL TIPS TO HELP YOU SAVE MORE MONEY


Source: adapted from Edison Electric Institute (2001) Post a friendly reminder in guest- Implement a towel and sheet
Managing Energy in Your Hotel rooms to prompt guests to turn re-use program (change linens
off lights when not in use. every three days unless otherwise
NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION BY END USE requested by guests).
Train housekeeping staff to turn
off lights and set temperatures to Install a key-activated Guest
minimum levels after servicing Room Energy Management
rooms. System (GREMS) to control heat
and lights in rooms.
Place shampoo and soap
dispensers in guestrooms to Optimize thermostat settings for
eliminate small plastic bottles. the lobby/restaurant, conference
areas, and offices.
Promote recycling: use eco-
friendly materials such as Consider discount parking
recycled paper and place small incentives for guests with hybrid
Source: adapted from Edison Electric Institute (2001) recycling bins in rooms. cars.
Managing Energy in Your Hotel
BUILDING ELEMENTS TO CONSIDER FOR OPTIMUM ENERGY EFFICIENCY
The four pie charts on the previous page come from an Environmental Protection Agency document titled Sector
Collaborative on Energy Efficiency Accomplishments and Next Steps: a Resource of the National Action plan for
Energy Efficiency (July 2008). The charts illustrate how U.S. hotels consume energy. It is important to note that
the largest user of electricity is lighting and the largest user of natural gas is water heating. These following
suggestions can help you cut costs by implementing energy-efficient options for your hotel.

BUILDING ENVELOPE caused by dirt or pipe/duct leakage,


The building envelope includes all and extend equipment life by
partitions that seal indoor spaces from regularly cleaning condensers, intake
outdoor air and temperature (windows, louvers, evaporator coils, and air
doors, walls, roofs, foundations). filters; develop a routine maintenance
• Replace worn weather-stripping and check-list to insure peak efficiency.
caulking to ensure windows and doors
are airtight. LIGHTING
• For new construction, consider using In a large hotel, energy usage for
super-insulated walls (typically R40). lighting can add up to 30% of total
• Install high-efficiency doors and energy consumption. Efficient lamps,
windows when possible to avoid heat luminaires, and controls will save money
loss and infiltration. TriSpa from www. oxygenics.com and improve lighting in the hotel.
• Choose windows with a low U-factor • In guestrooms, replace incandescent
(rate of heat loss), low-emittance HVAC lamps and fixtures with high-
coatings (transmit light and control HVAC systems physically affect guests’ efficiency compact fluorescent lamps
heat gain and glare, reduces ultraviolet wellbeing in your hotel, so it is important with custom-designed reflectors and
rays responsible for fading fabrics), to choose a system that both reduces electronic ballasts.
and/or low conduction gas filling. energy consumption and improves • In large open areas (lobby, conference
• Reduce solar radiation and comfort. room, etc.), install efficient T8 or T5
conditioning costs by shading • Install a central air-conditioning fluorescents and replace magnetic
windows (add roof overhangs or system rather than individual room ballasts with digital or electric units.
louvers, plant trees near windows, units so that hotel operators can • Install lighting controls to avoid
etc.). control set-points and monitor lighting spaces that are not in use (i.e.
• Upgrade to a “cool roof” to avoid high performance. The type of system used key-activated lighting in guestrooms,
cooling equipment operation costs: will depend on geographic location occupancy sensors in restrooms and
apply a special coating to reflect solar and building requirements, so consult storage rooms, dimming systems that
radiation and reduce surface heating. an HVAC professional to determine adjust according to daylighting or
Cool roofs are especially beneficial in what system is best for your hotel’s event requirements).
cities to reduce the heat-island effect needs. • For outdoor lighting, use high-
and in hot, sunny climates. • If rooms have individual thermostats, intensity discharge lamps (i.e. low-
limit the temperature range to avoid pressure sodium), install photosensors
WATER USE extreme temperatures (600F minimum to automatically activate lamps when
To save water, install these upgrades: in summer and 800F maximum in daylight diminishes, and place motion
• Low-flow shower heads (1.5 gallons/ winter). sensors in lesser-used areas.
minute, cut use by at least 50%). • Install efficiency controls: electronic • Conduct routine maintenance: clean
• Low flow toilets (use 1-1.6 gallons per thermostats adjust the temperature and replace lamps on a fixed schedule
flush rather than 5-7 gallons). based on programmed occupancy to avoid dirt and dust build-up and to
• Install aerators on faucets (0.5 gallons/ periods, and computerized energy insure full-light output.
minute, save 3-17 gallons/day per management systems control energy • For new construction, strategically
faucet). use based on occupancy, weather, place windows in guestrooms to take
• Install desuperheaters to redirect time of day, etc. advantage of natural lighting.
waste heat from the cooling system, or • Add variable speed drives to control • Replace signage lamps with LEDs
use grey-water heat recovery piping to air handling motors and pumps. (consume 5 watts/fixture and last up
preheat water. • Conduct regular equipment to 10,000 hours maintenance-free).
maintenance: prevent energy losses

ENERGY SMART HOTEL RESOURCES


ENERGY STAR for Hospitality Flex Your Power
Learn more about energy efficiency using the A step-by-step guide to help hoteliers cut costs
ENERGY STAR comprehensive guide and use the with energy efficiency and conservation.
Hospitality Benchmarking Starter Kit to assess www.fypower.org/pdf/BPG_hotels.pdf
your building’s energy performance.
www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=hospitality.bus_ Green Lodging News
hospitality Read articles on what other hotels are doing
to save energy and see what new products are
Spinwave Occupancy Sensors available from vendors.
Learn how your hotel can save energy with this www.greenlodgingnews.com/
wireless occupancy sensing system that connects
directly to the hotel’s HVAC controls. E Source - Customer Direct
www.spinwavesystems.com/Applications/Energy%20 Tips for managing energy in full-service hotels.
Usage%20in%20Hotels.pdf w w w. n at i o n a l gr i d u s. co m / n o n _ ht m l / s h a re d _
energyeff_hotels.pdf
SEDAC
Who We Are
The Smart Energy Design
Assistance Center (SEDAC) was
established to support the
Illinois Smart Energy Design
Assistance Program which
works to increase the efficient
and effective use of energy
throughout Illinois. SEDAC
is sponsored by the Illinois
Department of Commerce and
EXTRA TIPS FOR FULL SERVICE HOTELS Economic Opportunity and
is managed by the School of
POOLS AND SPAS RESTAURANTS Architecture at the University
If your hotel has an outdoor or indoor pool To learn how to save energy in your of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
and hot tub, install a thermal pool/spa restaurant, read SEDAC’s Energy Smart and the 360 Energy Group.
cover when not in use to prevent constant Tips for Restaurants brochure. Also look for
heat loss or excess indoor humidity ENERGY STAR qualified appliances.
levels. Verify that heaters are functioning
properly by regularly checking water LAUNDRY SERVICES What We Do
temperature. Older heating units can also In smaller hotels, upgrade your laundry Through the Illinois Smart
be replaced by a solar pool heating system facilities to ENERGY STAR® qualified Energy Design Assistance
to reduce water heating costs. washers and dryers. These machines use Program, SEDAC provides advice
less water and consequently require less
VENDING MACHINES energy to heat, and they also increase and analysis enabling facilities
Upgrade to modern machines with water extraction during the spin cycle in the state of Illinois to increase
improved insulation and more efficient so that less dry time is required. Larger their profitability through
cooling units. Also consider adding hotels have more options to choose from the efficient use of energy
controls with infrared sensors to reduce regarding laundry appliances since the resources. These state-funded
lighting of machines when no one is cost of modern machines can be paid back technical services can identify
around. more quickly. Ozone laundry systems opportunities for energy savings
are high-efficiency machines that inject through intelligent building
OFFICE EQUIPMENT ozone into the cleaning process, thereby design and efficient building
Use flat-panel LCD computer monitors requiring less hot water and cleaning components and systems.
which consume up to 90% less energy chemicals. Air-to-air heat exchangers
than traditional monitors. Set printers and can also be added to dryers to recover
copiers to “sleep” mode when not in use. heat from the machine and use it to heat
Use recycled paper whenever possible incoming air. This system cuts dryers’ How to Reach Us
and remember to check for ENERGY STAR® energy requirements by up to 50%.
qualified equipment. SMART ENERGY DESIGN
ASSISTANCE CENTER
Your hotel can save additional energy by producing its own power. Hotels University of Illinois at
in hot and sunny climates can invest in solar power to reduce expenditures Urbana-Champaign
during peak times. Large hotels should also consider installing a cogeneration 1 Saint Mary’s Road
system to produce on-site electricity and recover waste heat from the Champaign, IL 61820
generation process for space and water heating. To keep your guests updated TEL: 1-800-214-7954
on the energy expenditures and savings of your hotel, install an interactive EMAIL: info@sedac.org
GreenTouchscreen in the hotel lobby. This system will raise awareness and www.sedac.org
help you work as a team to reduce the hotel’s energy use.

MAY 2011