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# SEMI-DETAILED LESSON PLAN IN SCIENCE VII

I. OBJECTIVES
At the end of the 180-minute class, the students should be able to:
 Define the Scientific Method;
 Identify and describe the different components of the scientific method; and
 Speak out values gained from topics discussed.

## II. SUBJECT MATTER

Topic: The Scientific Method
Materials: PowerPoint presentation
Value infused: “Overcoming Problems”

III. PROCEDURE
A. Routine Activities (5 x 4 days = 20 minutes)
a. Greetings
b. Prayer
c. Classroom Management
d. Checking of Attendance

B. Motivation

## Activity Title: “Why does the milk spoil?” (15 minutes)

Directions: A short story related to the lesson will be told to the students with some trivial question
and answer at the end leading to the lesson proper. Bonus points will be given to the students who
*Louis Pasteur
*Pasteurization

## C. Lesson Proper with interactive question and answer (55 minutes)

 Scientific Method - is a systematic process that a scientist performs in order to answer a
question about the natural world empirically. Steps:

1. Observation - are any info obtained through one's senses. (Milk Spoils quickly)
2. Statement of the Problem - a question about nature that can be answered by performing an
experiment or doing a scientific study. (Why does milk spoils quickly?)
3. Hypothesis - a possible answer to an investigative question; a tentative answer to a scientific
problem; a testable prediction. (might be because of the breed of cow; bacteria or germs)
I. Null Hypothesis – There is NO relationship between variables
II. Alternative Hypothesis - There is a relationship between variables

## 4. Experiment – set of manipulations or specific observations of nature and is considered the

most important part of the scientific method.

## I. Controlled variables – factors kept in constant (volume of milk)

II. Independent variables – factors that you change or alter during the
experiment (Boiling)
III. Dependent variables – factors that you observe and are considered the
response to an independent variable (time rate at which the milk spoil)

 Fair Test – testing the influence of one variable to another without other
variables interfering.
 Control Group – without the variable being tested. (without boiling)
 Experimental setup – part that contains variable being tested. (with boiling)

5. Analyzing and presenting data – Using of tables or charts to make comparisons, see patterns
and trends. (ex: milk spoiled in 16 hours, boiled milk spoiled in 32 hours )
6. Conclusion - Drawing a conclusion about the hypothesis using the data. A conclusion is an
interpretation or analysis of the data to see if it supports the hypothesis. (Boiled milked spoils
slower – It is germs)

## D. Generalization (10 minutes)

 What is “Scientific Method”?
 What are the 6 different steps in the Scientific Method?
 What are the different types of variable?
 What is a Fair Test?
 Now that you know about the Scientific Method, what life lesson can we gain from the topic
which can be useful and applicable into our daily lives?

E. Application
Activity Title: “What’s the problem?” (40 minutes)
Directions: The students will be grouped into 6 groups and will work together to answer the activity
sheet about the scientific method based on the following scenario given:

“A group of students tested the effect of fertilizer on the growth of plants. They used six plants that
are all 10cm tall. They grouped the plants into two: Group A and Group B. They watered the plants in
Group A with 1 glass of plain water and Group B with 1 glass of water with fertilizer solution.

They watered the plants twice a week with the same amount of water and exposed them to the
same amount of sunlight. After three weeks, they measured the growth of the plants in each group. The
following are the results.”

Group A: Growth is from 10cm to 18cm. watered with 1 glass of plain water twice a week for 2 weeks
Group B: Growth is from 10cm to 28cm. watered with 1 glass of water with fertilizer solution twice a
week for 2 weeks

## The Scientific Method

Observation People using fertilizers
(1.) Does fertilizer affect the growth of plants?
(2.) Null: (3.)
Alternative: There is a significant relationship
between fertilizer and growth of plants.
Experiment Controlled Variable: The amount of water and
sunlight and initial size of the plants

## (7.) It was concluded that there is a significant

relationship between fertilizer and growth of
plants.
(3pts) True or False: The experiment that was
conducted was a fair testing (8-10.)

## IV. EVALUATION (40 minutes)

Directions: Identification and enumeration
A. Identify the following
_____1. This refers to a systematic process that a scientist performs in order to answer a question about
the natural world empirically.
_____2. These are any information obtained through one's senses
_____3. This is a question about nature that can be answered by performing an experiment or doing a
scientific study.
_____4. A kind of hypothesis where there is no relationship between variables
_____5. A kind of hypothesis where there is a relationship between variables
_____6. This refers to the set of manipulations or specific observations of nature and is considered the
most important part of the scientific method.
_____7. This refers to testing the influence of one variable to another without other variables interfering.
_____8. A kind of variable that is kept in constant.
_____9. A kind of variable that is manipulated or changed during the experiment.
_____10. A kind of variable that you observe and is considered a response.
B. Enumerate the following
1-6 Steps in the scientific method
7-9 3 kinds of variables
10 Your Science teacher’s full name

V. ASSIGNMENT

Directions: Give 3 scientific problems that you can find through observing your home or school. Write
the problems on a ¼ sheet of paper to be submitted on the next meeting.

PREPARED BY:

## Francis Emman V. Santiago

Science 7 Teacher