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The flow of wind around a structure produces Wind Loads. The loads that act upon the

structure depend on the geographical location, surrounding obstructions, geometry and the

vibrational characteristics of the structure (Kassimali, 2010). The various codes and procedures

can be found in chapter 2 of the National Structural Code of the Philippines 2015.

PROJECT INFO

## Purpose: Standard Occupancy, Quadruplex Residential Building

WIND CRITERIA

The provisions of the National Structural Code of the Philippines 2015 were considered to

## determine the following factors needed.

 WIND SPEED

The basic wind speed, V, used to determine the design wind loads on buildings and

other structures shall be given by the occupancy category and geographical location. The

## Use V=260 kph

Figure 1
 WIND DIRECTIONALITY FACTOR

The Wind Directionality Factor, kd, was obtained from the table provided below.

Use kd = 0.85.
 IMPORTANCE FACTOR (Section 207.5.5 , NSCP 2010)

The Importance Factor, Iw, was obtained from the Occupancy Category Table and

Use Iw = 1.00.
 EXPOSURE TYPE

## Use Exposure B, Surface Roughness B: α = 7.0 and Zg = 365.76

 TOPOGRAPHIC FACTOR
Since the site conditions and locations did not meet all the specified conditions,

 GUST FACTOR

## 𝑞𝑧 = 47.3 × 10−6 (𝑘𝑧 )(𝑘𝑧𝑡 )(𝑘𝑑 )(𝑉 2 )(𝐼𝑤 )

2
𝑧 7
𝑞𝑧 = 47.3 × 10−6 (2.01) ( ) (0.85)(2002 )(1.0)
365.76
2
𝑧 7
𝑞𝑧 = 3.232482 ( )
365.76

2
ℎ 𝛼
𝑘ℎ = 2.01 ( )
𝑧𝑔
2
6.65 7
𝑘ℎ = 2.01 ( )
365.76

𝑘ℎ = 0.63966

##  Velocity Pressure evaluated @height z = h (qh)

𝑞ℎ = 47.3 × 10−6 (𝑘ℎ )(𝑘𝑑 )(𝑉 2 )(𝐼𝑤 )

𝑞ℎ = 1.02869

𝐿 8
= =1
𝐵 8

## Roof Pressure Computation

 Roof Pressure Coefficient, Cp

## L = 8m (horizontal dimension) – parallel to wind direction

1.3
Ɵ = tan−1 ( ) = 18.00˚
4

ℎ 6.65
= = 0.8313
𝐿 8
WINDWARD ROOF

## Use Windward Roof (Case 1) = -0.5415

Cp G qh(kPa) ph = qhGCp wh = phS

Z pz Wz = pzS

0 1.0574 8.4592

1 1.0574 8.4592

2 1.0574 8.4592

3 1.0574 8.4592
4 1.0574 8.4592

5 1.0897 8.7176

6 1.1479 9.1832

7 1.1996 9.5968