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BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017

Incorporating Corrigendum July 2017

BSI Standards Publication

Specification and qualification o f welding procedures


for metallic materials — Welding procedure test

Part 1: Arc and gas welding of steels and arc welding of nickel and nickel alloys
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017 BRITISH STANDARD

National foreword
This British Standard is the UK implementation of EN ISO 15614-1:2017.
It supersedes BS EN ISO 15614-1:2004+A2:2012, which is withdrawn.
BSI, as a member of CEN, is obliged to publish EN 15614-1:2017 as a
British Standard. However, attention is drawn to the fact that during
the development of this standard, the UK committee voted against
its approval.
The UK committee is concerned that the format of this standard may
cause a problem when working to either of the two welding procedure
test levels. Level 1 is based on the requirements of ASME BPVC Section
IX,Welding, Brazing, and Fusing Qualifications , and Level 2, for which
the extent of testing is greater, is based on the previous version of this
standard; BS EN ISO 15614-1:2004+A2:2012. It is important to note
that a procedure test carried out to Level 2 automatically qualifies for
Level 1 requirements, but not vice-versa. Furthermore, when no level is
specified in a contract or application standard, all the requirements o f
Level 2 should be applied.
Users should be aware that, as the requirements of the two levels are
o ften specified in the same clause, vigilance is required to identi fy the
testing requirements and the range o f qualification for the particular
welding procedure test level.
The UK participation in its preparation was entrusted to Technical
Committee WEE/3 6, Qualification o f welding personnel and
welding procedures.
A list of organizations represented on this committee can be obtained on
request to its secretary.
This publication does not purport to include all the necessary provisions
of a contract. Users are responsible for its correct application.
© The British Standards Institution 2017
Published by BSI Standards Limited 2017
ISBN 978 0 580 51032 8
ICS 25.160.10
Compliance with a British Standard cannot con fer immunity from
legal obligations.

This British Standard was published under the authority of the


Standards Policy and Strategy Committee on 31 July 2017.

Amendments/corrigenda issued since publication


Date Text affected
31 July 2017 Missing Annex ZA added
31 July 2017 Missing Annex ZB added
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017

EUROPEAN STANDARD EN ISO 15614-1


NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM June 2017

ICS 25.160.10 Supersedes EN ISO 15614-1:2004

English Version

Specification and qualification of welding procedures for


metallic materials - Welding procedure test - Part 1: Arc
and gas welding of steels and arc welding of nickel and
nickel alloys (ISO 15614-1:2017)
Descriptif et qualification d'un mode opératoire de Anforderung und Qualifizierung von Schweißverfahren
soudage pour les matériaux métalliques - Épreuve de für metallische Werkstoffe -
qualification d'un mode opératoire de soudage - Partie Schweißverfahrensprüfung - Teil 1: Lichtbogen- und
1: Soudage à l'arc et aux gaz des aciers et soudage à Gasschweißen von Stählen und Lichtbogenschweißen
l'arc du nickel et des alliages de nickel (ISO 15614- von Nickel und Nickellegierungen (ISO 15614-1:2017)
1:2017)

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 17 April 2017.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this
European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references
concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN
member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by
translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management
Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,
Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION


C O M I TÉ E URO P É E N D E N O RM ALI S ATI O N
E U RO P ÄI S C H E S KO M I T E E F Ü R N O RM U N G

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2017 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 15614-1:2017 E
worldwide for CEN national Members.
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
EN ISO 15614-1:2017 (E)

European foreword
This document (EN ISO 15614-1:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 44 "Welding
and allied processes" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 121 “Welding and allied
processes” the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an
identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2017 and conflicting national standards
shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2017.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of
patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 15614-1:2004.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the
European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, B, which is an integral part of this
document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the
following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,
Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,
France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,
Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,
Turkey and the United Kingdom.

Endorsement notice
The text of ISO 15614-1:2017 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 15614-1:2017 without any
modification.

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BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
EN ISO 15614-1:2017 (E)

Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential
Requirements of EU Directive 2014/68/EU (PED)

This European Standard has been prepared under a Commission's standardization request M/071
“Mandate to CEN for standardization in the field of pressure equipment” to provide one voluntary
means of conforming to essential requirements of Directive 2014/68/EU (PED) on the harmonisation of
the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of pressure equipment.
Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive,
compliance with the normative clauses of this standard given in Table ZA.1 confers, within the limits of
the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements
of that Directive, and associated EFTA regulations.
Table ZA.1 — Correspondence between this European Standard and Directive 2014/68/EU
(PED)
Essential Requirements of Clauses of this European Remarks/Notes
Directive 2014/68/EU (PED) Standard
Annex I, 3.1.2 All clauses limited to level 2 Permanent joining
WARNING 1 — Presumption of conformity stays valid only as long as a reference to this International
Standard is maintained in the list published in the Official Journal of the European Union. Users of this
standard should consult frequently the latest list published in the Official Journal of the European
Union.

WARNING 2 — Other Union legislation may be applicable to the product(s) and services falling within
the scope of this standard.

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BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
EN ISO 15614-1:2017 (E)

Annex ZB
(informative)
Relationship between this International Standard and the Essential
Requirements of EU Directive 2014/29/EU (SPVD)

This European Standard has been prepared under a Commission's standardization request M/071
“Mandate to CEN for standardization in the field of pressure equipment” to provide one voluntary
means of conforming to essential requirements of Directive 2014/29/EU (SPVD) on the harmonisation
of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of simple pressure
vessels.
Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive,
compliance with the normative clauses of this standard given in Table ZB.1 confers, within the limits of
the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the corresponding essential requirements
of that Directive, and associated EFTA regulations.
Table ZB.1 — Correspondence between this European Standard and Directive 2014/29/EU
(SPVD)
Essential Requirements of Clauses of this European Remarks/Notes
Directive 2014/29/EU Standard
(SPVD)
Annex II, 3.c.iii Clause 9, Annex B Report on Welding procedure
test
WARNING 1 — Presumption of conformity stays valid only as long as a reference to this International
Standard is maintained in the list published in the Official Journal of the European Union. Users of this
standard should consult frequently the latest list published in the Official Journal of the European
Union.

WARNING 2 — Other Union legislation may be applicable to the product(s) and services falling within
the scope of this standard.

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BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

Contents Page

Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi
1 Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
2 Normative references . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

3 Terms and de finitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3


4 Preliminary welding procedure speci fication (pWPS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
5 Welding procedure test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
6 Test piece . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
6.1 G e n e ral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

6.2 S h ap e an d d i m e n s i o n s o f te s t p i e ce s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

6.2 .1 G e n e ral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

6.2 .2 B u tt j o i n t i n p l ate wi th fu l l p e n e trati o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

6.2 .3 B u tt j o i n t i n p i p e wi th fu l l p e n e trati o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

6.2 .4 T- j o i n t. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

6.2 .5 B ran ch co n n e cti o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

6.3 We l d i n g o f te s t p i e ce s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

7 Examination and testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8


7.1 Type and extent of testing ............................................................................................................................................................. 8

7.2 Lo cati o n an d taki n g o f te s t s p e ci m e n s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

7.3 N o n - d e s tru ctive te s ti n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3

7.4 D e s tru ctive te s ti n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3

7 . 4. 1 Tran s ve rs e te n s i l e te s t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3

7 . 4. 2 B e n d te s t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3

7 . 4. 3 M acro s co p i c exam i n ati o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3

7 . 4. 4 I m p act te s ti n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4

7 . 4. 5 H ard n e s s te s ti n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 4

7.5 Acce p tan ce l eve l s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 5

7.6 Re - te s ti n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6

8 Range of quali fication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16


8.1 G e n e ral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6

8.2 Re l ate d to th e m an u factu re r . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 6

8.3 Re l ate d to th e p are n t m ate ri al . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 7

8.3 .1 Pare n t m ate ri al gro u p i n g . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 7

8.3 .2 M ate ri al th i ckn e s s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 9

8.3 .3 D i am e te r o f p i p e s an d b ran ch co n n e cti o n s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1

8.3 .4 An gl e o f b ran ch co n n e cti o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1

8.4 C o m m o n to al l we l d i n g p ro ce d u re s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2

8 . 4. 1 We l d i n g p ro ce s s e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2

8 . 4. 2 We l d i n g p o s i ti o n s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2

8.4.3 Type of joint/weld ....................................................................................................................................................... 23

8.4.4 Filler material, manufacturer/trade name, designation ............................................................. 24

8 . 4. 5 F i l l e r m ate ri al s i z e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 4

8.4.6 Type of current ............................................................................................................................................................... 25

8.4.7 Heat input (arc energy) ........................................................................................................................................... 25

8 . 4. 8 P re h e at te m p e ratu re . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 5

8 . 4. 9 I n te rp as s te m p e ratu re . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 5

8.4.10 Post-heating for hydrogen release ................................................................................................................. 26

8 . 4. 1 1 H e at- tre atm e n t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 6

8.5 Speci fic to processes ....................................................................................................................................................................... 26

8.5 .1 S u b m e rge d arc we l d i n g (p ro ce s s 1 2 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 6

8.5 .2 G as - s h i e l d e d m e tal arc we l d i n g (p ro ce s s 1 3 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 7

© I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d iii
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

8.5 .3 G as - s h i e l d e d arc we l d i n g wi th n o n - co n s u m ab l e e l e c tro d e (p ro ce s s 1 4 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 9

8.5 .4 P l as m a arc we l d i n g (p ro ce s s 1 5 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 9

8.5 .5 O xy- ace tyl e n e we l d i n g (p ro ce s s 3 1 1 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 9

8.5 .6 B acki n g gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 9

9 Welding procedure quali fication record (WPQR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 9

Annex A (n o rm ative ) Filler material, designation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31


Annex B (i n fo rm ative ) Welding procedure quali fication record form (WPQR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

iv © I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

Foreword

I S O (the I n te r n atio n a l O r ga n i z atio n fo r S ta nd a rd i z atio n) i s a wo rl d w ide fe de r atio n o f n ati o n a l s ta n d a rd s

b o d ie s (I SO me mb e r b o d ie s) . T he wo rk o f p re p a r i n g I n te r n atio n a l S t a nd a rd s is no r m a l l y c a rrie d o ut

th ro u gh ISO te c h n ic a l c o m m i t te e s . E ac h me mb e r b o dy i n te re s te d in a s ub j e c t fo r wh i c h a te c h n i c a l

c o m m i t te e has b een e s tab l i s he d has the r i ght to be re p re s e n te d on th at c o m m i t te e . I nte r n atio n a l

o r ga n i z atio n s , go ve r n me n ta l a nd no n- go ve r n me n ta l , in liaison w i th I S O, also ta ke part in the wo rk.

ISO c o l l ab o rate s clo s el y w i th the I n te r n atio n a l E l e c tro te c h n ic a l C o m m i s s io n (I E C ) on all m at te r s of

e l e c tro te c h n i c a l s ta n d a rd i z ati o n .

T he p ro c e du re s used to de ve l o p th i s do c u me n t a nd tho s e i n te nde d fo r its fu r the r m a i nte n a nc e a re

de s c r i b e d i n the I S O/ I E C D i re c ti ve s , Part 1 . I n p a r tic u l a r the d i ffe re nt ap p ro va l c r i te r i a ne e de d fo r the

d i ffe re n t t y p e s of I SO do c u me nt s s ho u l d be no te d . This do c u me n t wa s d ra fte d i n ac c o rd a nc e w i th the

e d i to r i a l r u l e s o f the I S O/ I E C D i re c ti ve s , P a r t 2 (s e e w w w. i s o . o rg/d i re c ti ve s) .

At te ntio n i s d raw n to the p o s s ib i l i t y th at s o m e o f the e l e me n ts o f th i s do c u m e nt m ay b e the s u b j e c t o f

p ate n t r i ghts . ISO shall no t b e he l d re s p o n s i b l e fo r i de n ti fy i n g a ny o r a l l s uc h p ate n t r i ght s . D e ta i l s of

a ny p ate n t r i ght s i de n ti fie d du r i n g the de ve l o p m e nt o f the do c u me n t w i l l b e i n the I ntro duc ti o n a nd/o r

o n the I S O l i s t o f p ate n t de c l a r ati o n s re c e i ve d (s e e w w w. i s o . o rg/ p ate n ts) .

A ny trade n a me used in th i s do c u me n t i s i n fo r m atio n g i ve n fo r the c o nve n ie nc e of u s ers a nd do e s no t

c o n s ti tu te a n e n do r s e me n t.

Fo r an e x p l a n ati o n on the vo lu n ta r y n atu re of s t a n d a rd s , the me a n i n g of ISO speci fi c te r m s a nd

e x p re s s io n s re l ate d to c o n fo r m i t y a s s e s s me n t, as we l l as i n fo r m ati o n ab o u t I S O ’s ad he re nc e to the

Wo rl d Trade O rga n i z ati o n ( W T O) p r i nc ip l e s i n the Te c h n ic a l B a r r i e r s to Trade ( T B T ) s e e the fo l l o w i n g

U R L : w w w. i s o . o rg/ i s o/ fo re wo rd . h tm l .

Welding and allied processes


Quality management in the field ofwelding
This do c u me n t wa s p re p a re d by Te c h n ic a l C o m m i t te e I S O/ T C 4 4, ,

S u b c o m m i t te e S C 1 0 , .

This s e co nd e d i tio n c a nc e l s a nd re p l ac e s the fi r s t e d i tio n (I SO 1 5 614 -1 : 2 0 0 4) , wh ic h has b e en

te c h n ic a l l y re v i s e d . It also i nc o r p o rate s the A me nd me n ts ISO 1 5 614 -1 : 2 0 0 4/A md 1:2008 a nd

I S O 1 5 614 -1 : 2 0 0 4/A m d 2 : 2 0 1 2 a n d the Te c h n ic a l C o r r i ge ndu m I S O 1 5 614 -1 : 2 0 0 4/C o r. 1 : 2 0 0 5 .

A l i s t o f a l l p a r t s i n the I S O 1 5 614 s e r i e s c a n b e fo u nd o n the I S O we b s i te .

Re que s ts fo r o f fic i a l i n te r p re tati o n s o f a ny a s p e c t o f th i s do c u me n t s ho u l d b e d i re c te d to the S e c re ta r i at

o f I S O/ T C 4 4/S C 1 0 v i a yo u r n atio n a l s ta n d a rd s b o d y. A c o mp l e te l i s ti n g o f the s e b o d ie s c a n b e fo u nd at

w w w. i s o . o rg .

© I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d v
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

Introduction

A l l ne w we l d i n g p ro c e du re te s ts a re to b e c a r r ie d o u t i n ac c o rd a nc e w i th th i s do c u m e nt fro m the d ate

of its i s s ue . H o we ve r, th i s do c u me n t do e s no t i nva l id ate p re v i o u s we l d i n g p ro c e du re te s t s m ade to

fo r me r n ati o n a l s t a n d a rd s o r s p e c i fi c atio n s o r p re v io u s i s s ue s o f th i s do c u me n t.

Two l e ve l s o f we l d i n g p ro c e du re te s ts a re g i ve n i n o rde r to p e r m i t ap p l i c ati o n to a w ide ra n ge o f we l de d

fab r ic atio n . T he y a re de s i g n ate d b y l e ve l s 1 a nd 2 .

L e ve l 1 i s b a s e d o n re qu i re me n ts o f A S M E S e c tio n I X a n d l e ve l 2 i s b a s e d o n the p re v io u s i s s ue s o f th i s

do c u me n t.

vi © I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

Speci fication and quali fication of welding procedures for


metallic materials — Welding procedure test —

Part 1 :

Arc and gas welding of steels and arc welding of nickel and
nickel alloys

1 Scope

T his do c u me n t s p eci fi e s ho w a p re l i m i n a r y we l d i n g p ro c e du re s peci fic atio n is qu a l i fi e d by we l d i n g

p ro c e du re te s ts .

T h i s do c u me n t ap p l ie s to p ro duc ti o n we l d i n g , re p a i r we l d i n g a n d b u i l d- up we l d i n g.

T his do c u me n t de fi ne s the c o nd i tio n s fo r the e xe c u ti o n o f we l d i n g p ro c e du re te s ts a nd the ra n ge of

qu a l i fi c atio n fo r we l d i n g p ro c e du re s fo r a l l p rac tic a l we l d i n g o p e ratio n s w i th i n the qu a l i fic atio n o f th i s

do c u me n t.

T he primar y purpose o f we l d i n g p ro c e du re qu a l i fic atio n is to de mo n s trate th at the j oining p ro c e s s

p ro p o s e d fo r c o n s tr uc ti o n i s c ap ab l e o f p ro duc i n g j o i n ts h av i n g the re qu i re d me c h a n ic a l p ro p e r ti e s fo r

the i nte n de d ap p l i c ati o n .

Two l e ve l s o f we l d i n g p ro c e du re te s ts a re g i ve n i n o rde r to p e r m i t ap p l ic atio n to a w i de r a n ge o f we l de d

fab r ic ati o n . T he y a re de s i g n ate d by l e ve l s 1 a nd 2. In l e ve l 2, the e x te n t o f te s ti n g is g re ate r a nd the

r a n ge s o f qu a l i fic atio n a re m o re re s tr ic ti ve th a n i n l e ve l 1 .

P ro c e du re te s ts c a r r ie d o u t to l e ve l 2 au to m atic a l l y qu a l i fy fo r l e ve l 1 re qu i re me n ts , b u t no t v i c e - ve r s a .

W he n no l e ve l i s s p e c i fie d i n a c o ntrac t o r ap p l ic atio n s ta nd a rd , a l l the re qu i re me n ts o f l e ve l 2 ap p l y.

T his do c u me n t ap p l i e s to the a rc a nd ga s we l d i n g o f s te e l s in all p ro duc t fo r m s a n d the a rc we l d i n g o f

n i c ke l a nd n i c ke l a l l o ys i n a l l p ro duc t fo r m s .

A rc a n d ga s we l d i n g a re c o ve re d b y the fo l l o w i n g p ro c e s s e s i n ac c o rd a nc e w i th I S O 4 0 6 3 .

1 1 1 — m a nu a l me t a l a rc we l d i n g (me ta l - a rc we l d i n g w i th c o ve re d e l e c tro de) ;

1 14 — s e l f- s h ie l de d tu b u l a r- c o re d a rc we l d i n g ;

12 — s ub me r ge d a rc we l d i n g ;

1 3 — ga s - s h i e l de d m e ta l a rc we l d i n g ;

14 — ga s - s h ie l de d a rc we l d i n g w i th no n- c o n s u m ab l e e l e c tro de ;

1 5 — p l a s m a a rc we l d i n g ;

3 1 1 — o x y- ac e t yl e ne we l d i n g.

T he p r i nc i p l e s o f th i s do c u me n t m ay b e ap p l i e d to o the r fu s io n we l d i n g p ro c e s s e s .

NO TE A fo r m e r p r o c e s s nu m b e r do e s no t r e qu i r e a n e w qu a l i fi c ati o n te s t ac c o r d i n g to th i s do c u m e n t.

Speci fic atio n a nd qu a l i fic ati o n of we l d i n g p ro c e du re s th at we re m ade in ac c o rd a nc e w i th p re v io u s

e d i tio n s o f th i s do c u m e nt m ay b e u s e d fo r a ny ap p l i c atio n fo r wh ic h the c u r re nt e d i tio n i s s p e c i fie d . In

th i s c a s e , the ra n ge s o f qu a l i fi c atio n o f p re v io u s e d i tio n s re m a i n ap p l i c ab l e .

© I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d 1
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

I t i s a l s o p o s s i b l e to c re ate a ne w W P QR (we l d i n g p ro c e du re qu a l i fi c atio n re c o rd ) ra n ge o f qu a l i fic atio n


ac c o rd i n g to th i s e d i tio n b ased on the e x i s ti n g qu a l i fi e d W P QR, p ro v i de d the te c h n ic a l i n te n t o f the

te s ti n g re qu i re me n ts o f th i s do c u m e n t h a s b e e n s ati s fie d . W he re add i tio n a l te s ts h ave to b e c a r r i e d o u t

to m a ke the qu a l i fic atio n te c h n ic a l l y e qu i va l e n t, i t i s o n l y ne c e s s a r y to p e r fo r m the add i tio n a l te s t o n a

te s t p ie c e .

2 Normative references

T he fo l l o w i n g do c u me n ts a re re fe r re d to in the te x t in s uc h a way th at s o me or all o f the i r c o n te n t

c o n s ti tu te s re qu i re me n ts o f th i s do c u me n t. Fo r d ate d re fe re nc e s , only the e d i tio n c i te d ap p l i e s . Fo r

u nd ate d re fe re nc e s , the l ate s t e d i ti o n o f the re fe re nc e d do c u me n t (i nc l ud i n g a ny a me nd me n ts) ap p l i e s .

Metallic materials — Charpy pendulum impact test — Part 1: Test method


I S O 14 8 -1 ,

Non-destructive testing — Penetrant testing — Part 1: General principles


I S O 3 45 2 -1 ,

Welding and allied processes — Nomenclature ofprocesses and reference numbers


I SO 40 63 ,

Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials — Transverse tensile test


I S O 41 3 6 ,

Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials — Bend tests


I S O 517 3 ,

Welding — Fusion-welded joints in steel, nickel, titanium and their alloys (beam welding
excluded) — Quality levels for imperfections
ISO 5 8 17,

Welding and allied processes — Classification of geometric imperfections in metallic


materials — Part 1: Fusion welding
ISO 6 5 2 0 -1 ,

Welding and allied processes — Welding positions


I S O 6 9 47,

Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials — Hardness testing — Part 1: Hardness test on
arc welded joints
I S O 9 0 1 5 -1 ,

Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials — Impact tests — Test specimen location, notch
orientation and examination
I S O 9 016 ,

Welding consumables — Gases and gas mixtures for fusion welding and allied processes
I S O 1417 5 ,

Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials — Welding


procedure specification — Part 1: Arc welding
ISO 1 5 6 0 9 -1 ,

Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials — Welding


procedure specification — Part 2: Gas welding
ISO 1 5 6 0 9 -2 ,

Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials — Qualification


based on pre-production welding test
ISO 1 5 61 3 ,

Non-destructive testing of welds — Radiographic testing — Part 1: X- and gamma-ray


techniques with film
ISO 176 3 6 -1 ,

Non-destructive testing of welds — Radiographic testing — Part 2: X- and gamma-ray


techniques with digital detectors
ISO 176 3 6 -2 ,

Non-destructive testing ofwelds — Visual testing offusion-welded joints


I S O 176 3 7,

Non-destructive testing ofwelds — Magnetic particle testing


I S O 176 3 8 ,

Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials — Macroscopic and microscopic examination


of welds
ISO 176 3 9 ,

Non-destructive testing of welds — Ultrasonic testing — Techniques, testing levels, and


assessment
ISO 176 4 0 ,

2 © I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

ISO/TR 15608, Welding — Guidelines for a metallic materials grouping system


ISO/TR 17671-1, Welding — Recommendations for welding o f metallic materials — Part 1: General
guidance for arc welding
ISO/TR 18491, Welding and allied processes — Guidelines for measurement o f welding energies
ISO/TR 20172, Welding — Grouping systems for materials — European materials
ISO/TR 20173, Welding — Grouping systems for materials — American materials
ISO/TR 20174, Welding — Grouping systems for materials — Japanese materials
ISO/TR 25901 (all parts), Welding and allied processes — Vocabulary

3 Terms and de finitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and de finitions given in ISO/TR 25901 (all parts) and the
following apply.
I S O a nd I E C m a i nt a i n te r m i no l o g ic a l d atab a s e s fo r u s e i n s ta n d a rd i z ati o n at the fo l l o w i n g add re s s e s :

— I S O O n l i ne b ro ws i n g p l atfo r m : ava i l ab l e at http:// w w w. i s o . org/


obp

— I E C E l e c tro p e d i a: ava i l ab l e at http:// w w w. e l e c tro p e d i a .org/


3.1
run out length
length of a run produced by the melting of a covered electrode
Note 1 to entry: See ISO/TR 17671-2 .

3.2
build-up welding
add i ti o n o f we l d me ta l to o b t a i n o r re s to re re qu i re d d i me n s i o n s

4 Preliminary welding procedure speci fication (pWPS)

The preliminary welding procedure speci fication shall be prepared in accordance with ISO 15609-1 or
I S O 1 5 6 0 9 -2 .

5 Welding procedure test

T he we l d i n g a n d te s ti n g o f te s t p ie c e s s h a l l b e i n ac c o rd a nc e w i th C l au s e s 6 a nd 7.

The welder or welding operator who undertakes the welding procedure test satisfactorily in accordance
with this document is quali fied according to the relevant national/international standard being applied,
p ro v i de d th at the re l e va n t te s ti n g re qu i re me nt s o f th at s t a nd a rd a re me t .

6 Test piece

6.1 General

The welded joint to which the welding procedure will relate in production shall be represented by
making a standard test piece or pieces, as speci fied in 6.2 .

If required by the application standard, the direction of plate rolling shall be marked on the test piece
whe n i mp ac t te s t s a re re qu i re d to b e ta ke n i n the H e at A ffe c te d Z o ne ( H A Z ) a nd s h a l l b e me n tio ne d i n

the i mp ac t te s t re p o r t.

© I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d 3
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

For level 1: Any butt joint test quali fies all joint For level 2: Where the joint requirements and/or
con figurations. dimension of the test piece are not covered by the
s t a nd a rd te s t p i e c e s a s s ho w n i n th i s do c u me n t,

the u s e o f I S O 1 5 61 3 s h a l l b e re qu i re d .

6.2 Shape and dimensions of test pieces

6.2 .1 General

The length or number of test pieces shall be sufficient to allow all required tests to be carried out.
Additional test pieces, or longer test pieces than the minimum size, may be prepared in order to allow
for extra testing and/or for re-testing specimens (see 7. 6 ) .

Fo r a l l te s t p i e c e s e xc e p t b ra nc h c o n ne c tio n s (s e e F i g u re 4 ) and T-joints (T-butt weld or fillet weld; see


F i g u re 3 ) , the m ate r i a l th ic kne s s , t , a nd the d i a me te r, D , s h a l l b e the s a me fo r b o th p l ate s a n d p ip e s on

the re qu i re d l e n g th o f the te s t p i e c e to b e we l de d .

The thickness and/or pipe outside diameter of the test pieces shall be selected in accordance with 8.3.2

to 8 . 3 . 3 .

6.2 .2 Butt j oint in plate with full penetration

T he te s t p ie c e s h a l l b e p re p a re d i n ac c o rd a nc e w i th F i g u re 1 .

6.2 .3 Butt j oint in pipe with full penetration

T he te s t p ie c e s h a l l b e p re p a re d i n ac c o rd a nc e w i th F i g u re 2 .

NO TE T he wo r d “p i p e ”, a lo ne or in c o m b i n a ti o n , is used to me a n “p i p e ”, “t u b e ” or “ ho l l o w s e c ti o n” e xc e p t

s qu a r e o r r e c ta n g u l a r ho l l o w s e c ti o n .

6.2 .4 T-j oint

T he te s t p ie c e s h a l l b e p re p a re d i n ac c o rd a nc e w i th F i g u re 3 . This test piece applies to fully penetrated


butt welds or fillet welds.

6.2 .5 Branch connection

For level 1: No speci fic test piece required. Fo r l e ve l 2 : T he te s t p ie c e s h a l l b e p re p a re d i n

ac c o rd a nc e w i th F i g u re 4 . T he a n g l e α i s the

m i n i mu m o ne u s e d i n p ro duc tio n . T h i s te s t p i e c e

applies to fully penetrated joints (set-on, set-in or


set-through joint) and for fillet welds.

6.3 Welding of test pieces

Preparation and welding of test pieces shall be carried out in accordance with the pWPS, which they
shal l re p re s e nt . We l d i n g p o s i tio n s a nd l i m i tati o n s fo r the a n gl e o f s lo p e a nd ro tati o n o f the te s t p ie c e

shall be in accordance with ISO 6947. If tack welds are to be fused into the final joint, they shall be
i nc l ude d i n the te s t p i e c e .

The welding and the testing of the test piece shall be veri fied by the examiner or examining body.

4 © I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

Key

1 joint preparation and fit-up as detailed in the preliminary welding procedure speci fication (pWPS)
a minimum dimension 150 mm
b minimum dimension 350 mm
t material thickness

Figure 1 — Test piece for a butt j oint in plate with full penetration

Key

1 joint preparation and fit-up as detailed in the preliminary welding procedure speci fication (pWPS)
a minimum dimension 150 mm
D outside pipe diameter
t material thickness

Figure 2 — Test piece for a butt j oint in pipe with full penetration

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 5


BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

Key

1 joint preparation and fit-up as detailed in the preliminary welding procedure speci fication (pWPS)
a minimum dimension 150 mm
b minimum dimension 350 mm
t1 , t2 material thickness

Figure 3 — Test piece for a T-j oint

6 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved


BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

Key

1 joint preparation and fit-up as detailed in the preliminary welding procedure speci fication (pWPS)
α branch angle
a minimum dimension 150 mm
D1 outside diameter of main pipe
D2 outside diameter of branch pipe
t1 main pipe material thickness
t2 branch pipe material thickness

Figure 4 — Test piece for a branch connection

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 7


BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

7 Examination and testing

7.1 Type and extent of testing

Fo r l e ve l 1 : Ty p e a n d the e x te nt o f te s ti n g s h a l l b e Fo r l e ve l 2 : Ty p e a nd the e x te n t o f te s ti n g s h a l l b e

i n ac c o rd a nc e w i th the re qu i re me n ts o f Tab l e 1 . i n ac c o rd a nc e w i th the re qu i re m e nt s o f Tab l e 2 .

I f i mp ac t te s ti n g , h a rd ne s s te s ti n g o r no n- de s tr uc-

ti ve te s ti n g ( N D T ) i s re qu i re d b y a n ap p l ic ati o n

s ta n d a rd o r s p e c i fic atio n , the y s h a l l b e c a r r i e d o u t

a n d a s s e s s e d i n ac c o rd a nc e w i th the re qu i re m e nt s

o f l e ve l 2 , u n l e s s o the r w i s e s p e c i fie d b y the ap p l i -

c atio n s ta nd a rd o r s p e c i fic atio n .

A n ap p l ic atio n s ta nd a rd m ay s p e c i fy add i tio n a l te s ts , e . g. :

— l o n g i tud i n a l we l d te n s i l e te s t;

— a l l we l d me ta l b e nd te s t;

— c o r ro s io n te s t;

— c he m ic a l a n a l ys i s ;

— m ic ro s c o p ic e x a m i n ati o n ;

— de l t a fe r r i te e x a m i n atio n ;

— h a rd ne s s te s t;

— c r uc i fo r m te s t;

— i mp ac t te s t;

— no n- de s tr uc ti ve te s ti n g ( N D T ) .

NO TE Sp e ci fi c s e r v i c e , m ate r i a l o r m a nu fac tu r i n g c o n d i ti o n s m ay r e q u i r e mo r e c o mp r e h e n s i ve te s ti n g th a n

is s peci fi e d b y th i s do c u m e n t i n o r de r to ga i n mo r e i n fo r m ati o n a nd to avo i d r e p e ati n g th e we l d i n g p r o c e du r e

te s t at a l a te r d a te j u s t to o b t a i n add i ti o n a l te s t d at a .

Table 1 — For level 1: E xamination and testing of the test pieces

Tes t piece Type of tes t E xtent of tes ting Footnote

B u t t j o i n t w i th fu l l Vi s u a l te s ti n g 10 0 %

p e n e tra ti o n — F i g u r e 1
a
Tr a n s ve r s e te n s i l e te s t 2 s p e c i men s
a nd Fi g u re 2

Tr a n s ve r s e b e n d te s t 4 s p e c i men s

F i l l e t we l d s — F i g u r e 3 Vi s u a l te s ti n g 10 0 %

M ac r o s c o p i c e x a m i n a ti o n 2 s p e c i men s

a
Fo r b e n d te s t s , s e e 7. 4 . 2 .

b
W he re me ch a n ic a l p ro p e r ti e s a re re qu i re d by an ap p l i c a t i o n s ta nd a rd , it shal l be te s te d a c c o r d i n g l y. I f an add i tio n a l

te s t pie ce is ne e de d , the d i men s io n s s ho u ld be suf fi c i e n t eno u gh to a l low te s t i n g o f the me ch a n ic a l p ro p er tie s . Fo r th i s

ad d i t i o n a l te s t p i e c e , t h e we l d i n g p a r a m e te r r a n ge , p a r e n t m a te r i a l g r o u p , fi l l e r m e t a l a n d h e a t t r e a t m e n t a r e r e q u i r e d to

b e the s a me .

8 © I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d
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ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

Table 2 — For level 2 : E xamination and testing of the test pieces

Tes t piece Type of tes t E xtent of tes ting Footnote

B u t t j o i n t w i th fu l l Vi s u a l te s ti n g 10 0 % —

p e n e tr ati o n — F i g u r e 1
a
R ad i o g r ap h i c o r u l tr a s o n i c te s ti n g 10 0 %
a nd Fi g u re 2

b
S u r fac e c r ac k de te c ti o n 10 0 %

Tr a n s ve r s e te n s i l e te s t 2 s p e c i men s —

c
Tr a n s ve r s e b e n d te s t 4 s p e c i men s

d
I m p ac t te s t 2 s e ts

e
H a r d n e s s te s t r e qu i r e d

M ac r o s c o p i c e x a m i n a ti o n 1 s p e c i men —

T- j o i n t w i th fu l l Vi s u a l te s ti n g 10 0 %

p e n e tr a ti o n —
b
S u r fac e c r ac k de te c ti o n 10 0 %
Fi g u re 3

a, g
U l tr a s o n i c o r r ad i o g r ap h i c te s ti n g 10 0 %
B r a n c h c o n ne c ti o n w i th

e
fu l l p e n e tr ati o n — H a r d n e s s te s t r e qu i r e d

Fi g u re 4 M ac r o s c o p i c e x a m i n ati o n 2 s p e c i me n s

F i l l e t we l d — F i g u r e 3 a n d Vi s u a l te s ti n g 10 0 %

Fi g u re 4
b
S u r fac e c r ac k de te c ti o n 10 0 %

e
H a r d n e s s te s t r e qu i r e d

M ac r o s c o p i c e x a m i n ati o n 2 s p e c i me n s

a
U l t r a s o n i c te s t i n g s h a l l n o t b e u s e d fo r t < 8 m m a n d n o t fo r m a te r i a l g r o u p s 8 , 1 0 , 41 to 4 8 .

b
Ac c e s s i b l e we l d s u r fa c e s : p e ne tra nt te s t i n g or m a g ne tic p a r ticle te s t i n g . Fo r no n- m a g ne tic m a te r i a l s , p e ne tra nt

te s t i n g .

c
Fo r b e n d te s t s , s e e 7. 4 . 2 .

d
O ne set in the we l d me ta l a nd o ne set in the H AZ fo r m a te r i a l s ≥1 2 mm th ick a nd h avi n g s p e c i fi e d i mp ac t p ro p e r tie s

r e q u i r e d b y te c h n i c a l d e l i ve r y c o n d i t i o n s a n d /o r i f ap p r o p r i a te ac c o r d i n g to t h e s e r v i c e c o n d i t i o n s . Ap p l i c a t i o n s t a n d a r d s

m a y r e q u i r e i m p a c t te s t i n g b e l o w 1 2 m m th i c k . T h e te s t i n g te m p e r a t u r e s h a l l b e c h o s e n b y t h e m a n u fa c t u r e r w i th r e g a r d

to t h e ap p l i c a t i o n o r ap p l i c a t i o n s t a n d a r d s . Fo r a d d i t i o n a l te s t s , s e e 7. 4 . 4 .

e
Not re qu i re d fo r p a rent me ta l s : s ub - g ro up 1 .1 , g ro up s 8 a nd 41 to 48 a nd diss imi lar j o i nts b e t we e n the s e g ro up s ,

e xc e p t fo r d i s s i m i l a r j o i n t s b e t we e n s u b - g r o u p 1 . 1 a n d g r o u p 8 .

f
W he re me ch a n ic a l p ro p e r tie s a re re qu i re d by an ap p l ic ati o n s ta nd a rd , it shall be te s te d ac c o r d i n g l y. I f an add i ti o n a l

te s t p ie ce is ne e de d , the d i men s io n s s ho u ld be suf fi c i e n t eno u gh to a l low te s t i n g o f the me ch a n ic a l p ro p er ti e s . Fo r th i s

ad d i t i o n a l te s t p i e c e , t h e we l d i n g p a r a m e te r r a n ge , p a r e n t m a te r i a l g r o u p , fi l l e r m e t a l a n d h e a t t r e a t m e n t a r e r e q u i r e d to

b e the s a me .

g
Fo r o u t s i d e d i a m e te r ≤ 5 0 m m , n o u l t r a s o n i c te s t i n g i s r e q u i r e d , b u t r a d i o g r a p h i c te s t i n g i s r e q u i r e d p r o v i d e d t h a t t h e

j oi nt con fi g u r a t i o n w i l l p r o v i d e va l i d r e s u l t s . Fo r o u t s i d e d i a m e te r > 5 0 m m a n d wh e r e i t i s n o t te c h n i c a l l y p o s s i b l e to c a r r y

ou t u l tra s o n ic te s t i n g , a r a d i o g r ap h i c te s t i n g s h a l l be carrie d o ut p ro vide d t h a t th e j oi nt co n fi g u r a t i o n wi l l p ro v ide va l i d

re s u l ts .

7.2 Location and taking of test specimens

Te s t s p e c i me n s s h a l l b e t a ke n i n ac c o rd a nc e w i th F i g u re s 5 , 6 , 7 a nd 8 .

Fo r l o c atio n o f h a rd ne s s a nd i mp ac t s p e c i me n s , 8 . 4 . 2 s h a l l b e c o n s ide re d .

It is ac c e p tab l e to ta ke the te s t s p e c i me n s fro m l o c atio n s avo id i n g a re a s wh i c h h ave i mp e r fe c ti o n s

w i th i n the ac c e p ta nc e l i m i ts fo r the N D T me tho d(s) used.

© I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d 9
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

D i m e n s i o n s i n m i l l i m e tre s

Key

1 d i s card 2 5 m m

2 we l d i n g d i re cti o n

3 are a fo r:

— 1 te n s i l e te s t s p e ci m e n

— b e n d te s t s p e ci m e n s

4 are a fo r:

— i m p act an d ad d i ti o n al te s t s p e ci m e n s i f re qu i re d

5 are a fo r:

— 1 te n s i l e te s t s p e ci m e n

— b e n d te s t s p e ci m e n s

6 are a fo r:

— 1 m acro te s t s p e ci m e n

— 1 h ard n e s s te s t s p e ci m e n

N OTE N o t to s cal e .

Figure 5 — Location of test specimens for a butt j oint in plate

10 © I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

Key

1 e n d o f we l d

2 are a fo r:

— 1 te n s i l e te s t s p e ci m e n

— b e n d te s t s p e ci m e n s

3 are a fo r:

— i m p act an d ad d i ti o n al te s t s p e ci m e n s i f re q u i re d

4 are a fo r:

— 1 te n s i l e te s t s p e ci m e n

— b e n d te s t s p e ci m e n s

5 s tart o f we l d ; are a fo r:

— 1 m acro te s t s p e ci m e n

— 1 h ard n e s s te s t s p e ci m e n (take n fro m th e s tart o f we l d )

6 we l d d i re cti o n

N OTE N o t to s cal e .

Figure 6 — Location of test specimens for a butt j oint in pipe

© I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d 11
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

Dimensions in millimetres

Key

1 discard 25 mm
2 macro test specimen
3 macro and hardness test specimen
4 welding direction

Figure 7 — Location of test specimens in a T-j oint

Key

A macro and hardness test specimen to be taken


B macro test specimen to be taken
α branch angle

Figure 8 — Location of test specimens for a branch connection on pipe

12 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved


BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

7.3 Non-destructive testing

All no n- de s tr uc ti ve te s ti n g i n ac c o rd a nc e w i th 7. 1 shal l be c a r r i e d o u t a n d ac c e p te d on the te s t p i e c e s

p r io r to c u t ti n g o f the te s t s p e c i me n s . T he d i s c a rd (s e e F i g u re 5 a n d F i g u re 7) shall no t b e c o n s ide re d

for NDT. Any post-weld heat treatment (PWHT) that is speci fied shall be completed prior to non-
de s tr uc ti ve te s ti n g.

For materials that are susceptible to hydrogen induced cracking and where no post-heating or no PWHT
is speci fied, non-destructive testing shall be delayed.
Depending upon joint geometry, materials and the requirements for work, the NDT shall be carried
o ut as re qu i re d in Tab l e 1 a nd Tab l e 2 in ac c o rd a nc e w i th ISO 1 76 3 7 (v i s u a l te s ti n g) , ISO 1 76 3 6 -1 or

ISO 176 3 6 -2 (rad io g r ap h i c te s ti n g) , ISO 176 4 0 (u l tra s o n ic te s ti n g) , ISO 3 45 2 -1 ( p e ne tra n t te s ti n g) a nd

I S O 176 3 8 (m a g ne tic p a r ti c l e te s ti n g) . Ac c e p t a nc e l e ve l s s h a l l b e i n ac c o rd a nc e w i th 7. 5 .

7.4 Destructive testing

7.4.1 Transverse tensile test

S p e c i me n s a nd te s ti n g fo r tr a n s ve r s e te n s i l e te s ti n g fo r b utt j oi nt shal l be in ac c o rd a nc e w i th

ISO 4136. The test shall represent the whole thickness except as necessary to obtain parallel sides on
the s p e c i men s . Te n s i l e te s ti n g shal l e n s u re all we l d i n g p ro c e s s e s used a nd the a s s o c i ate d e s s e nti a l

va r i ab l e s a re te s te d .

NOTE It is not essential to overlap the specimens as identi fied in ISO 4136.

For pipes >50 mm outside diameter, the excess weld metal shall be removed on both faces to give the
te s t s p e c i me n a th ic kne s s e qu a l to the wa l l th ic kne s s o f the p ip e .

For pipes ≤50 mm outside diameter, for which the transverse tensile test is performed on the full pipe,
the excess weld metal may be left undressed on the inside surface of the pipe.
The tensile strength of the test specimen shall not be less than the corresponding speci fied minimum
value for the parent metal unless otherwise speci fied prior to testing.
Fo r dissimilar p a re n t me ta l j o i n ts , the te n s i l e s tre n g th shall no t be le s s th a n the m i n i mu m va lue

speci fied for the parent material having the lowest tensile strength.

7.4.2 Bend test

S p e c i me n s a n d te s ti n g fo r b e n d te s ti n g fo r b u t t j o i nt s s h a l l b e i n ac c o rd a nc e w i th I S O 51 7 3 : 2 0 0 9 .

Fo r th i c kne s s e s <1 2 mm, t wo ro o t a n d t wo fac e b e nd te s t s p e c i me n s shal l be te s te d . Fo r th i c kne s s e s

≥12 mm, four side bend specimens may be used instead of root and face bend tests.
Fo r diss imilar m e ta l j o i n ts or he te ro ge ne o u s butt j o i n ts in p l ate s , o ne ro o t a nd o ne fac e l o n g i tud i n a l

bend test specimen may be used instead of four transverse bend tests.
During testing, the test specimens shall not reveal any imperfection >3 mm in any direction.
I mp e r fe c tio n s ap p e a r i n g at the c o r ne r s of a te s t s p e c i me n du r i n g te s ti n g shal l be i g no re d in the

e va lu atio n .

7.4.3 Macroscopic examination

The test specimen shall be prepared and etched in accordance with ISO 17639 on one side to clearly
re ve a l the fu s i o n l i ne , the H A Z a nd the b u i l d- up o f the r u n s .

The test specimen shall include unaffected parent metal and shall be recorded by at least one
p ho to g r ap h o f m ac ro c ro s s - s e c ti o n p e r p ro c e du re te s t.

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T he ac c e p ta nc e l e ve l s s h a l l b e i n ac c o rd a nc e w i th 7. 5 .

7.4.4 Impact testing

Te s t s p e c i me n s a nd te s ti n g fo r i mp ac t te s ts shall be in ac c o rd a nc e w i th th i s do c u me n t fo r l o c atio n of

s p e c i me n s a nd te mp e ratu re o f te s ti n g , a n d w i th I S O 9 0 1 6 fo r d i me n s i o n s a nd te s ti n g. T he s tr i ke r rad i u s

o f 2 m m ac c o rd i n g to I S O 14 8 -1 s h a l l b e u s e d , u n l e s s o the r w i s e s p e c i fie d .

Fo r we l d m e ta l , te s t s p e c i me n t y p e V W T ( V: C h a r p y V- no tc h - W: no tc h i n we l d me ta l - T: no tc h th ro u gh

the th ic kne s s) a nd fo r H A Z s p e c i me n t y p e V H T ( V: C h a r p y V- no tc h - H: no tc h i n he at a ffe c te d z o ne - T:

no tc h th ro u gh the th i c kne s s) s h a l l b e u s e d . F ro m e ac h s p e c i fie d l o c atio n , e ac h s e t s h a l l b e c o mp r i s e d o f

th re e s p e c i me n s .

S p e c i m e n s s h a l l b e s a mp l e d fro m a m a x i mu m o f 2 m m b e l o w the up p e r s u r fac e o f the p a re n t me ta l a n d

tr a n s ve r s e to the we l d .

I n the H A Z , the m id- p o i n t o f the no tc h s h a l l b e at 1 m m to 2 m m fro m the fu s i o n l i ne . I n the we l d m e ta l ,

the m id- p o i n t o f the no tc h s h a l l b e at the we l d c e ntre l i ne .

Fo r b utt j o i n ts whe re the m ate r i a l th ic kne s s is t > 50 mm, t wo add i tio n a l s e ts o f s p e c i me n s shal l be

ta ke n fro m the ro o t a re a , o ne s e t ta ke n i n the we l d a nd o ne s e t ta ke n fro m the H A Z .

Fo r j o i nt s b e t we e n m ate r i a l s w i th the s a me m ate r i a l s peci fic atio n a nd de s i g n atio n , the ab s o rb e d

e ne r g y shall be in ac c o rd a nc e w i th the ap p ro p r i ate p a re n t m ate r i a l s ta n d a rd u n le s s mo d i fi e d by the

ap p l i c ati o n s t a n d a rd s .

Fo r d i s s i m i l a r me ta l j o i n ts , i mp ac t te s ts s h a l l b e c a r r i e d o u t o n s p e c i me n s fro m the H A Z i n e ac h p a re n t

me ta l a nd the ab s o rb e d e ne r g y s h a l l b e i n ac c o rd a nc e w i th the ap p ro p r i ate p a re n t m ate r i a l s t a n d a rd .

T he ave ra ge va l ue of the th re e s p e c i me n s shal l me e t the speci fi e d re qu i re me n ts . Fo r e ac h no tc h

l o c atio n , o ne i n d i v idu a l va lue m ay b e b e l o w the m i n i mu m ave ra ge va lue s peci fie d , p ro v i de d th at i t i s

no t l e s s th a n 70 % o f th at va l ue .

W he re m o re th a n o ne we l d i n g p ro c e s s o r t y p e o f c o ve r i n g a nd f l u xe s a re qu a l i fi e d i n a s i n gl e te s t p ie c e ,

add i tio n a l i mp ac t te s t s p e c i m e n s s h a l l b e ta ke n fro m the we l d m e ta l a n d H A Z th at i nc l ude e ac h p ro c e s s

a n d t y p e o f c o ve r i n g a n d f l u xe s .

7.4.5 Hardness testing

Vi c ke r s h a rd ne s s te s ti n g w i th a l o ad of HV 10 shall be p e r fo r me d in ac c o rd a nc e w i th ISO 9 0 1 5 -1 .

H a rd ne s s me a s u re m e nt s shall be ta ke n in the we l d , the he at a ffe c te d z o ne s a nd the p a re n t me t a l in

o rde r to e va lu ate the ra n ge o f h a rd ne s s va l ue s ac ro s s the we l de d j o i n t.

Fo r we l d th i c kne s s e s l e s s th a n o r e qu a l to 5 m m , o n l y o ne ro w o f i nde nt atio n s s h a l l b e m ade at a de p th

o f up to 2 m m b e l o w the up p e r s u r fac e o f the we l de d j o i n t.

Fo r we l d th ic kne s s e s o ve r 5 m m , o ne ro w o f i nde n tati o n fro m e ac h s i de s h a l l b e m ade at a de p th o f up to

2 m m fro m the s u r fac e .

Fo r do u b l e s ide d we l d s , o ne add i tio n a l ro w of i nde nt ati o n s shall be m ade th ro u gh the ro o t a re a .

E x a mp l e s o f t y p ic a l i n de n tatio n p at te r n s a re g i ve n i n I S O 9 0 1 5 -1 .

W he re mo re th a n o ne we l d i n g p ro c e s s i s u s e d , e ac h we l d i n g p ro c e s s h a s to b e te s te d b y at l e a s t o ne ro w

o f i nde nt atio n .

Fo r e ac h ro w of i nde ntatio n at le a s t th re e i nd i v idu a l i nde ntati o n s shall be m ade in e ac h of the

fo l l o w i n g a r e a s :

— the we l d;

— b o th he at a ffe c te d z o ne s ;

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— b o th p a re n t m e ta l s .

For the HAZ, the first indentation shall be placed as close to the fusion line as possible.
T he re s u l ts fro m the h a rd ne s s te s t s h a l l me e t the re qu i re me nt s g i ve n i n Tab l e 3 . H o we ve r, re qu i re me n ts

for groups 6 (non-heat treated), 7, 10 and 11 and any dissimilar metal joints shall be speci fied prior to
te s ti n g.

Table 3 — Permitted maximum hardness values (H V 10)

Steel groups
Non-heat treated Heat treated
I SO/TR 15 60 8

a b
1 , 2 380 320

b
3 45 0 380

c c
4, 5 380 350

6 — 350

9.1 350 300

9. 2 45 0 350

9. 3 45 0 350

a
I f h a r d n e s s te s t s a r e r e q u i r e d .

b
Fo r s te e l s w i t h m i n R eH
> 890 MPa, special values shall be speci fied.
c
For certain materials, higher values may be accepted, if speci fied before the welding procedure test.

7.5 Acceptance levels

T he ac c e p t a nc e l e ve l s fo r i mp e r fe c ti o n s c o r re s p o nd i n g to l e ve l 1 a n d l e ve l 2 a re g i ve n i n Tab l e 4 .

NOTE The correlation between the quality levels of ISO 5817 and the acceptance levels of the different NDT
te c h n i qu e s i s g i ve n i n I S O 1 76 3 5 .

Table 4 — Acceptance levels for imperfections

I SO 5 817 I SO 652 0 -1 D esignation Level 1 Level 2


Ref. no. Ref. no. Quality level
to I SO 5 817

1 .1 10 0 C r ac k N o t p e r m i t te d B (n o t

p e r m i t te d )

1.5 401 L ac k o f fu s i o n (i n c o mp l e te fu s i o n) N o t p e r m i t te d B (n o t

p e r m i t te d )

1.6 4021 I n c o mp l e te r o o t p e n e tr a ti o n N o t p e r m i t te d B (n o t

p e r m i t te d )

1 .7 5 011 C o n ti nu o u s u n de r c u t No speci fic


C
r e q u i r e m e n ts
5 01 2 I n te r m i t te n t u n d e r c u t

1 .9 5 02 E xc e s s we l d m e t a l ( b u t t we l d ) No speci fic C

r e q u i r e m e n ts

1 .10 5 03 Excessive convexity (fillet weld) No speci fic C

r e q u i r e m e n ts

1 .11 504 E xc e s s p e n e tr ati o n No speci fic C

r e q u i r e m e n ts

1 .1 2 505 I n c o r r e c t we l d to e No speci fic C

r e q u i r e m e n ts

a
If required by the application standard or speci fied, micro crack sensitive materials may need speci fic examination.

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Table 4 (continued)

I SO 5 817 I SO 652 0 -1 Designation Level 1 Level 2


Ref. no. Ref. no. Quality level
to I SO 5 817

Excessive asymmetry of fillet weld (excessive


h ≤ 3 mm
1 .1 6 51 2
B
u n e qu a l l e g l e n g th)

1.21 5 2 14 E xc e s s i ve th r o at th i c k n e s s No speci fic C

r e qu i r e m e n ts

— — A l l o th e r i mp e r fe c ti o n s
a
No speci fic B

r e qu i r e me n t s

a
If required by the application standard or speci fied, micro crack sensitive materials may need speci fic examination.

7.6 Re-testing

If the test piece fails to comply with any of the requirements for NDT, one further test piece shall be
welded and subjected to the same examination. If this additional test piece does not comply with the
requirements, the welding procedure test has failed. Alternatively, an analysis may be performed
to de te r m i ne the main c au s e of the de fe c t. If it is e s t ab l i s he d th at the main c au s e of fa i l u re is no t

procedure-related and due to insufficient welder’s skill, no additional test piece is needed and a report
o f the e v i de nc e s h a l l b e adde d to the re p o r t .

If any test specimen required by Tab l e 1 o r Tab l e 2 fa i l s to me e t the ap p l ic ab l e ac c e p ta nc e c r i te r i a , the

te s t p ie c e s h a l l b e c o n s ide re d a s fa i l e d . I n the c a s e o f fa i l u re o f the te s t p ie c e , a ne w te s t p ie c e w i th the

same welding parameters may be welded. If all destructive tests provide acceptable test results and a
m ac ro s e c tio n te s t fa i l e d , t wo add i ti o n a l te s t s p e c i me n s fo r m ac ro s e c tio n te s t c a n b e ta ke n .

In the case of failure of any destructive test specimen, except for macroscopic examination, two
additional test specimens may be removed from the original test piece for each test specimen that failed
i f ade qu ate m ate r i a l is ava i l ab l e . T he te s t s p e c i me n s shal l be t a ke n as clo s e as p o s s ib le to the origi na l

s p e c i me n l o c atio n .

E ac h add i ti o n a l te s t s p e c i me n s h a l l b e s ub j e c te d to the s a m e te s ts a s the i n i ti a l te s t s p e c i me n th at fa i l e d .

If any of the additional test specimens do not comply with the requirements, the welding procedure test
s h a l l b e c o n s ide re d fa i l e d .

Fo r h a rd ne s s te s ts , i f the re a re s i n gl e h a rd ne s s va lue s i n d i ffe re n t te s t z o ne s ab o ve the va lue s i nd i c ate d

, an additional row of indentation may be carried out (on the reverse of the specimen or after
i n Tab l e 3

sufficient preparation of the tested surfaces). None of the additional hardness values shall exceed the
m a x i mu m h a rd ne s s va l ue s g i ve n i n Tab l e 3 .

For impact tests, where the results from a set of three specimens do not comply with the requirements,
with not more than one value lower than 70 % of the speci fied minimum average value, three additional
specimens shall be taken. The new set of three specimens shall comply with the requirement of 7. 4 . 4

a nd the ave ra ge va l ue o f the s e s p e c i me n s to ge the r w i th the i n i ti a l re s u l ts shall no t b e l o we r th a n the

re qu i re d ave ra ge .

8 Range of quali fication

8.1 General

Changes outside of the ranges speci fied shall require a new welding procedure test.

8.2 Related to the manufacturer

A welding procedure test according to this document prepared by a manufacturer is valid for welding
in wo rks ho p s or s i te s whe n the m a nu fac tu re r who p e r fo r me d the we l d i n g p ro c e du re te s t re t a i n s

complete responsibility for all welding carried out to it.

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8.3 Related to the parent material

8.3 .1 Parent material grouping

8.3 .1 .1 General

In order to minimize the number of welding procedure tests, steels, nickel and nickel alloys are grouped
according to ISO/TR 15608. Where materials are assigned to groups by ISO/TR 20172, ISO/TR 20173 or
ISO/TR 20174, those assignments shall be used.
Separate welding procedure quali fications are required for each parent material or parent material
combinations not covered by the grouping system according to ISO/TR 20172, ISO/TR 20173,
ISO/TR 20174 or ISO/TR 15608.
Pe r m a ne nt b ac ki n g m ate r i a l s h a l l b e c o n s ide re d a s a p a re n t m e ta l w i th i n the ap p ro va l (s u b -) g ro up .

8.3 .1 .2 Steels

The ranges of quali fication are given in Tab l e 5 .

8.3 .1 .3 Nickel alloys

The ranges of quali fication are given in Tab l e 6 .

8.3 .1 .4 Dissimilar j oints between steels and nickel alloys

The ranges of quali fication are given in Tab l e 6 .

Table 5 — Range of quali fication for steel groups and sub - groups a , b , c

Tes t piece Tes t piece material B


material A
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

1 1-1 — — — — — — — — — —

1-1

1-1

2 2 -1 — — — — — — — — —

2 -1

2 -2

1-1

1-1

2 -1

1-1 2 -1

2 -2

3 2 -1 2 -2 — — — — — — — —

3 -1

3 -1 3 -1

3 -2

3 -2

3 -3

4 -1
4 -1
4 -2
4 -1

4 4 -1 4 -2 — — — — — — —
4 -3
4 -2

4 -3
4-4

a
Test piece materials in groups 1, 2 , 3 and 11 qualify the equal or lower speci fied minimum yield strength steels
(i n d e p e n d e n t o f t h e m a te r i a l t h i c k n e s s) .

b
Test piece materials in groups 4, 5, 6, 8 and 9 qualify steels in the same sub-group and any lower sub-group within the
s a me g r o up .

c
Test piece materials in groups 7 and 10 qualify steels in the same sub-group.

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Table 5 (continued)

Tes t piece Tes t piece material B


material A
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

5 -1

5 5 -1 5 -2 5 -3 5-4 5 -2 — — — — — —

5 -5

6 -1
6 -1
6 -2
6 -1

6 -1 6 -2
6 -3
6 -1 6 -2

6 6 -1 6 -2 6 -3 — — — — —
6-4
6 -2 6 -3

6 -3 6-4
6 -5
6-4

6 -5
6-6

7-1
7-1 7- 5
7-2
7 7-1 7- 4 7- 5 7-7 — — — —

7-2 7- 6
7- 3

8 -1
8 -1

8 -2
8 -2
8 -1
8 -1 8-4
8-4
8 8 -1 8 -2 8-4 8 -7 8-8 — — —
8 -2
8 -5
8 -3 8 -5

8-6
8-6

9 -1

9 -1

9 9 -1 9 -2 9-4 9 -5 9-6 9 -7 9-8 9 -9 — —

9 -2

9 -3

1 0 -1
1 0 -1

1 0 -1 1 0 -2
1 0 -2
1 0 -1
10 1 0 -1 1 0 -2 10 - 4 10 -3 1 0 -7 10 - 8 10 -9 1 0 -1 0 —
10 - 4
1 0 -2
10 -3 10 - 4

10 - 6
10 - 6

1 1-1 1-1

1 1-1
1 1-1
11 1 1-2 1 1- 4 1 1- 5 1 1- 6 1 1-7 1 1- 8 1 1- 9 1 1-1 0 1 1-1
1-1
1 1-2

1 1- 3 1 1-1 1

a
Test piece materials in groups 1, 2, 3 and 11 qualify the equal or lower speci fied minimum yield strength steels
(i n d e p e n d e n t o f t h e m a te r i a l t h i c k n e s s) .

b
Test piece materials in groups 4, 5, 6, 8 and 9 qualify steels in the same sub-group and any lower sub-group within the
s a me g ro up .

c
Test piece materials in groups 7 and 10 qualify steels in the same sub-group.

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Table 6 — Range of quali fication for nickel alloy and nickel alloy/steel groups

Tes t piece Tes t piece material B

material A 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48
41 41 c-41 — — — — — — —
42 42 c-41 42 c-42 — — — — — —
43 c-43
43 43 c-41 43 c-42 45 c-45 — — — — —
47c-47
44 44 c-41 44 c-42 44 c-43 44 c-44 — — — —
45 c-45
45 45 c-41 45 c-42 45 c-43 45 c-44 — — —
43 c-43
46 46 c-41 46 c-42 46 c-43 46 c-44 46 c-45 46 c-46 — —
47c-47
47 47c-41 47c-42 47c-43 47c-44 47c-45 47c-46 43 c-43 —
45 c-45
48 48 c-41 48 c-42 48 c-43 48 c-44 48 c-45 48 c-46 48 c-47 48 c-48
1 41 c-1 42 c-1 43 c-1 44 c-1 45 c-1 46 c-1 47c-1 48 c-1
41 c-2 a 42 c-2 a 43 c-2 a 44 c-2 a 45 c-2 a 46 c-2 a 47c-2 a 48 c-2 a
2
41 c-1 42 c-1 43 c-1 44 c-1 45 c-1 46 c-1 47c-1 48 c-1
41 c-3 a 42 c-3 a 43 c-3 a 44 c-3 a 45 c-3 a 46 c-3 a 47c-3 a 48 c-3 a
3 41 c-2 42 c-2 43 c-2 44 c-2 45 c-2 46 c-2 47c-2 48 c-2
41 c-1 42 c-1 43 c-1 44 c-1 45 c-1 46 c-1 47c-1 48 c-1
41 c-5 b 42 c-5 b 43 c-5 b 44 c-5 b 45 c-5 b 46 c-5 b 47c-5 b 48 c-5 b
41 c-6 42 c-6 43 c-6 44 c-6 45 c-6 46 c-6 47c-6 48 c-6
5 41 c-4 42 c-4 43 c-4 44 c-4 45 c-4 46 c-4 47c-4 48 c-4
41 c-2 42 c-2 43 c-2 44 c-2 45 c-2 46 c-2 47c-2 48 c-2
41 c-1 42 c-1 43 c-1 44 c-1 45 c-1 46 c-1 47c-1 48 c-1
41 c-6 b 42 c-6 b 43 c-6 b 44 c-6 b 45 c-6 b 46 c-6 b 47c-6 b 48 c-6 b
41 c-4 42 c-4 43 c-4 44 c-4 45 c-4 46 c-4 47c-4 48 c-4
6
41 c-2 42 c-2 43 c-2 44 c-2 45 c-2 46 c-2 47c-2 48 c-2
41 c-1 42 c-1 43 c-1 44 c-1 45 c-1 46 c-1 47c-1 48 c-1
8 41 c-8 b 42 c-8 b 43 c-8 b 44 c-8 b 45 c-8 b 46 c-8 b 47c-8 b 48 c-8 b
11 41 c-11 42 c-11 43 c-11 44 c-11 45 c-11 46 c-11 47c-11 48 c-11
a C o ve r s t h e e q u a l o r l o we r s p e c i fi e d y i e l d s t r e n g t h s te e l s o f t h e s a m e g r o u p .

b C o ve r s s te e l s i n t h e s a m e s u b - g r o u p a n d a n y l o we r s u b - g r o u p w i t h i n t h e s a m e g r o u p .

c Fo r g r o u p s 41 to 4 8 , a p r o c e d u r e te s t c a r r i e d o u t w i t h a s o l i d s o l u t i o n o r p r e c i p i t a t i o n h a r d e n i n g a l l o y i n a g r o u p c o ve r s

a l l s o l i d s o l u t i o n o r p r e c i p i t a t i o n h a r d e n i n g a l l o ys , r e s p e c t i ve l y, i n t h e s a m e g r o u p .

8.3 .2 Material thickness

8.3 .2 .1 General

L i m i ts o f qu a l i fi c ati o n o f b o th the p a re nt m ate r i a l a nd de p o s i te d me ta l shall be as s ho w n in Tables 7


and 8 . T he de p o s i te d me t a l l i m i ts qu a l i fie d shall no t b e e xc e e de d in p ro duc tio n we l d s e xc e p t th at the

fi l l e t we l d th i c kne s s s h a l l no t b e c o n s i de re d .

B o th p a r ts o f the p a re nt m ate r i a l to b e we l de d s h a l l b e w i th i n the l i m i ts o f th ic kne s s qu a l i fie d , e xc e p t

that for dissimilar thickness parent materials there is no limit on the thickest part provided the
qu a l i fi c ati o n wa s p e r fo r me d o n p a re n t m ate r i a l o f 3 0 m m o r g re ate r.

Fo r mu l ti- p ro c e s s qu a l i fi c atio n , the re c o rde d th i c kne s s o f the de p o s i te d me t a l o f e ac h p ro c e s s shal l be

u s e d a s a b a s i s fo r the ra n ge o f qu a l i fic atio n fo r the i n d i v idu a l we l d i n g p ro c e s s .

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 19


BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
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It is no t i nte n de d th at de p o s i te d me t a l th ic kne s s or b ase me ta l th i c kne s s or o u ts ide p ip e d i a me te r s

s ho u l d b e me a s u re d p re c i s e l y, b u t rathe r the ge ne ra l p h i l o s o p hy b e h i nd the va l ue s g i ve n i n Tab l e s 7, 8

a n d 9 s ho u l d b e ap p l ie d .

8.3 .2 .2 Range of quali fication for butt j oints, T- j oints, branch connections and fillet welds

T he qu a l i fic atio n o f a we l d i n g p ro c e du re te s t o n th ic kne s s t s h a l l i nc l ude qu a l i fic atio n fo r th ic kne s s in

the fo l l o w i n g ra n ge s g i ve n i n Tab l e 7 a nd Tab l e 8 .

Fo r l e ve l 1 : A ny b u t t we l d o r fi l l e t we l d te s ts Fo r l e ve l 2 : T he ra n ge o f qu a l i fi c ati o n of fi l l e t we l d s

qu a l i fy a l l fi l l e t s i z e s a n d a l l m ate r i a l th ic kne s s e s . qu a l i fie d b y a fu l l p e ne tratio n b u t t we l d o r fi l l e t


we l d te s t i s g i ve n i n Tab l e 8 .
Fo r p ro c e s s e s 1 14 , 1 2 a n d 1 3 i n wh i c h a ny p a s s i s

g re ate r th a n 1 3 m m th ic k, the m a x i mu m p a re n t

me ta l th i c kne s s qu a l i fi e d sha l l b e 1 ,1 t
.

W he n i mp ac t te s ti n g i s a re qu i re me n t, the

fo l l o w i n g ap p l i e s :

— fo r te s t p i e c e s 1 6 m m th i c k o r g re ate r, the

m i n i mu m th i c kne s s qu a l i fi e d i s 1 6 m m;

— fo r te s t p i e c e s l e s s th a n 1 6 m m th ic k, the

m i n i mu m th i c kne s s qu a l i fi e d i s the th ic kne s s o f

the te s t p ie c e ;

— fo r te s t p ie c e th ic kne s s e s 6 m m a n d th i n ne r,

the m i n i mu m th ic kne s s qu a l i fie d i s 0 , 5 ti me s the

th ic kne s s o f the te s t p i e c e .

Table 7 — Range of quali fication for butt welds material thickness and deposited metal
thickness

D i m e n s i o n s i n m i l l i me tr e s

Range of quali fication


Thickness of
Parent material thickness
Deposited weld metal thickness for
tes t piece
Level 1 Level 2 each process
t
s
Single run Multi-run

t ≤ 3 0, 5 t to 2 t ma x. 2 s
3 < t ≤ 12 1 , 5 to 2 t 0, 5 t (3 m i n) to 1 , 3 t 3 to 2 ta
ma x. 2 s a

12 < t ≤ 20 5 to 2 t 0, 5 t to 1 , 1 t 0, 5 t to 2 t ma x. 2 s
20 < t ≤ 40 5 to 2 t 0, 5 t to 1 , 1 t 0, 5 t to 2 t ma x. 2 s wh e n s < 20

ma x. 2 t whe n s ≥ 20

40 < t ≤ 10 0 5 to 2 0 0 — 0, 5 t to 2 t ma x. 2 s wh e n s < 20

m a x . 2 0 0 wh e n s ≥ 20

10 0 < t ≤ 150 5 to 2 0 0 — 5 0 to 2 t ma x. 2 s wh e n s < 20

m a x . 3 0 0 whe n s ≥ 20

t > 150 5 to 1 , 3 3 t — 5 0 to 2 t ma x. 2 s wh e n s < 20

ma x. 1 , 3 3 t wh e n s ≥ 20

a
Fo r l e ve l 2 : wh e n i m p a c t r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e s p e c i fi e d b u t i m p ac t te s t s h a ve n o t b e e n p e r fo r m e d , t h e m a x i m u m t h i c k n e s s

of qua l i fi c a t i o n i s l i m i te d to 1 2 m m .

20 © I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

Table 8 — For level 2 : Range of quali fication for material thickness and throat thickness of
fillet welds

D i m e n s i o n s i n m i l l i m e tr e s

Range of quali fication


Thickness of tes t piece
Throat thickness
t Material thickness a
Single run Multi-run

t ≤ 3 0 ,7 t to 2 t 0 ,75 a to 1 , 5 a N o r e s tr i c ti o n

3 < t < 30 3 to 2 t
t ≥ 30 ≥5

W he re a fi l l e t we l d i s qu a l i fi e d b y me a n s o f a b u t t we l d te s t, the th ro at th ickne s s r a n ge shall be b a s e d o n the th ickne s s of

t h e d e p o s i te d we l d m e t a l .

NO TE a i s the no m i n a l th ro at th ickne s s a s s p e c i fi e d i n pW P S fo r t h e te s t p i e c e .

a
In case of d i ffe r e n t m a te r i a l th i ckne s s e s , the r a n ge of qu a l i fi c a t i o n of b o th th ickne s s e s of the te s t p ie ce s shall be

c a l c u l a te d s e p a r a te l y.

8.3 .3 Diameter of pipes and branch connections

Fo r l e ve l 1 : T he d i a me te r i s no t a n e s s e n ti a l Fo r l e ve l 2 : T he qu a l i fi c ati o n o f a we l d i n g p ro c e -

va r i ab l e . A ny p ro duc t fo r m , i . e . p l ate , p ip e , du re te s t o n d i a me te r D s h a l l i nc l ude qu a l i fi c ati o n


fo rg i n g o r c a s ti n g , qu a l i fie s fo r a l l p ro duc t fo r d i a me te r s i n the fo l l o w i n g r a n ge s g i ve n i n

fo r m s . Tab l e 9 .

A b u t t we l d qu a l i fic atio n fo r p i p e s c o ve r s b u t t

we l d s i n p l ate s . Qu a l i fic atio n g i ve n fo r p l ate s

a l s o c o ve r s p i p e s whe n the o u ts i de d i a me te r i s

> 5 0 0 m m o r whe n the o u ts ide d i a m e te r i s >1 5 0 m m

we l de d i n the P C , i n PF ro tate d p o s i tio n o r i n PA

ro t ate d p o s i ti o n .

Table 9 — For level 2 : Range of quali fication for pipe and branch connection diameters

D i m e n s i o n s i n m i l l i m e tr e s

D iameter of the tes t Range of quali fication


piece

D ≥0, 5 D
NO TE 1 Fo r h o l l o w s e c t i o n o t h e r t h a n c i r c u l a r (fo r e x a m p l e , e l l i p t i c) , D i s the d i men s i o n o f the s m a l l er s ide .

NO TE 2 D is the o u ts ide d i a m e te r fo r the pip e of a butt we l d or the o uts ide d i a m e te r o f the b ra nch p ip e fo r a b ra nch

c o n n e c t i o n (s e e F i g u r e 4 , o u t s i d e d i a m e te r D 2
).

8.3 .4 Angle of branch connection

Fo r l e ve l 1 : T he a n gl e o f b r a nc h c o n ne c tio n i s no t Fo r l e ve l 2 : A we l d i n g p ro c e du re te s t s h a l l b e c a r-

a n e s s e n ti a l va r i ab l e . r ie d o u t o n a b ra nc h c o n ne c tio n w i th a n gl e α (s e e

F i g u re 4) . A te s t p i e c e m ade w i th a b ra nc h a n g l e

(α ) b e t we e n 6 0 ° a n d 9 0 ° i n the p ro c e du re te s t

qu a l i fi e s the a n gl e 6 0 ° ≤ α < 9 0 °. A n a n gl e α < 60 °

re qu i re s a s e p a rate te s t p ie c e a n d qu a l i fi e s a n gl e s

fro m α up to 9 0 °.

© I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d 21
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

8.4 Common to all welding procedures

8.4.1 Welding processes

Fo r l e ve l 1 : T he de g re e o f me c h a n i z atio n i s no t a n Fo r l e ve l 2 : E ac h de g re e o f me c h a n i z atio n s h a l l b e

e s s e n ti a l va r i ab l e . qu a l i fie d i nde p e n de n tl y (m a nu a l , p a r tl y me c h a-

n i z e d , fu l l y me c h a n i z e d a nd au to m ati c) .

T he qu a l i fic atio n i s o n l y va l id fo r the we l d i n g p ro c e s s (e s) u s e d i n the we l d i n g p ro c e du re te s t.

Fo r mu l ti- p ro c e s s p ro c e du re s , the we l d i n g p ro c e du re qu a l i fic atio n m ay be c a rrie d out w i th s e p a rate

we l d i n g p ro c e du re te s ts fo r e ac h we l d i n g p ro c e s s . I t i s a l s o p o s s i b l e to m a ke the we l d i n g p ro c e du re te s t

a s a mu l ti- p ro c e s s p ro c e du re te s t.

Fo r l e ve l 1 : W he re mo re th a n o ne p ro c e s s o r Fo r l e ve l 2 : W he n the te s t p ie c e i s we l de d w i th

c o n s u m ab l e a re u s e d i n a s i n gl e te s t p ie c e , e ac h mo re th a n o ne we l d i n g p ro c e s s , the p ro c e du re i s

p ro c e s s a n d c o n s u m ab l e m ay b e u s e d i n d i v idu a l l y va l i d o n l y fo r the s e que nc e o f p ro c e s s e s u s e d o n

o r i n d i ffe re n t c o m b i n atio n s , p ro v i de d : the te s t p i e c e . Te s t s p e c i me n s s h a l l i nc l ude de p o s i t-

e d m ate r i a l fro m e ac h we l d i n g p ro c e s s u s e d .
a) the va r i ab l e s a s s o c i ate d w i th e ac h p ro c e s s

a nd c o n s u m ab l e a re add re s s e d i n the pW P S ; B ac k r u n i s p e r m i t te d u s i n g o ne o f the we l d i n g

p ro c e s s e s u s e d i n the qu a l i fi c atio n .
b) the p a re n t m ate r i a l a nd de p o s i te d m e ta l

th ic kne s s l i m i ts o f Tab l e 7 fo r e ac h p ro c e s s a n d I f a s i n gle p ro c e s s o f a mu l ti- p ro c e s s qu a l i fic atio n is

c o n s u m ab l e a re re s tr ic te d i n the pWP S to the u s e d i n p ro duc tio n , th i s s i n gle p ro c e s s s h a l l b e te s t-

th ic kne s s l i m i ts qu a l i fi e d . e d i nd i v idu a l l y i n ac c o rd a nc e w i th the s ta nd a rd .

8.4.2 Welding positions

W he n ne i the r i mp ac t no r h a rd ne s s re qu i re me n ts a re s p e c i fie d , we l d i n g o f the te s t p i e c e i n a ny p o s i tio n

( p ip e o r p l ate) qu a l i fi e s fo r we l d i n g i n a l l p o s i ti o n s ( p i p e o r p l ate) .

Fo r qu a l i fic atio n o f a l l we l d i n g p o s i ti o n s , the fo l l o w i n g re qu i re me n ts s h a l l b e fu l fi l l e d :

— s p e c i me n s fo r i mp ac t te s t s h a l l b e t a ke n fro m the we l d i n the h i ghe s t he at i np u t p o s i tio n ;

— s p e c i me n s fo r h a rd ne s s te s t s h a l l b e ta ke n fro m the we l d i n the l o we s t he at i np u t p o s i ti o n .

To s ati s fy b o th h a rd ne s s a nd i mp ac t re qu i re m e nt s , t wo te s t p ie c e s in d i ffe re n t we l d i n g p o s i tio n s a re

re qu i re d , u n l e s s a s i n gl e p o s i tio n qu a l i fic atio n i s re qu i re d o r i n c a s e o f whe n a fi xe d p i p e i s u s e d fo r the

qu a l i fi c ati o n . W he re qu a l i fic atio n i s re qu i re d fo r a l l p o s i ti o n s , b o th te s t p i e c e s s h a l l b e s ub j e c te d to fu l l

v i s u a l te s ti n g a n d fu r the r no n- de s tr uc ti ve me tho d s .

Ve r tic a l do w n we l d i n g (we l d i n g p o s i tio n s P G , PJ a nd J - L 0 45 ) s h a l l b e qu a l i fie d by a s peci fic te s t p ie c e .

Fo r m ate r i a l o f g ro up 1 0 , the l o we s t a n d h i ghe s t he at i np u t p o s i tio n s s h a l l b e s u b j e c te d to i mp ac t te s ti n g.

NO TE Fo r e x a mp l e , fo r b utt we l d s in p l a te , th e h i g he s t he at i np u t p o s i ti o n is no r m a l l y PF a nd PA a nd th e

l o we s t he at i np u t p o s i ti o n i s P C a n d PE .

22 © I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

8.4.3 Type of j oint/weld

Fo r l e ve l 1 : T he r a n ge o f qu a l i fic atio n fo r the t y p e Fo r l e ve l 2 : T he ra n ge o f qu a l i fic atio n fo r the t y p e

o f we l de d j o i nt s i s a s u s e d i n the we l d i n g p ro - o f we l de d j o i n ts i s a s u s e d i n the we l d i n g p ro -

c e du re te s t s ub j e c t to l i m i t atio n s g i ve n i n o the r c e du re te s t s u b j e c t to l i m i tati o n s g i ve n i n o the r

c l au s e s (e . g. th ic kne s s) a n d add i ti o n a l l y: c l au s e s (e . g. th ic kne s s) a nd add i tio n a l l y:

a) fu l l p e ne tratio n b u t t we l d s qu a l i fy fu l l a n d a) b u t t we l d s qu a l i fy fu l l a n d p a r ti a l p e ne tr ati o n

p a r ti a l p e ne trati o n b u t t we l d s a n d fi l l e t we l d s i n b u t t we l d s a n d fi l l e t we l d s , wh i l e fi l l e t we l d te s ts

a ny t y p e o f j o i nt s ; a re re qu i re d whe re T- j o i nt s a re p e r fo r me d b y fi l l e t
we l d s o r p a r ti a l p e ne tr atio n b u t t we l d s i n the p re -
b) b u t t j o i n ts qu a l i fy a ny b ra nc h c o n ne c ti o n s ;
do m i n a n t fo r m o f we l de d c o n ne c ti o n s i n

c) fi l l e t we l d s qu a l i fy fi l l e t we l d i n g o n l y; re l ati o n to the de s i g n a nd p ro duc tio n we l d i n g ;

d) we l d s m ade fro m o ne s ide w i tho u t b ac ki n g b) fu l l p e ne tratio n b u t t we l d s qu a l i fy fu l l a nd

qu a l i fy we l d s m ade fro m b o th s i de s a n d we l d s p a r ti a l p e ne tratio n b u t t we l d s a nd fi l l e t we l d s i n

w i th b ac ki n g ; a ny t y p e o f j o i n ts ;

e) we l d s m ade w i th b ac ki n g qu a l i fy we l d s m ade c) b u t t j o i n ts i n p ip e qu a l i fy b ra nc h c o n ne c ti o n s

fro m b o th s ide s a nd we l d s m ade w i tho u t b ac ki n g ; w i th a n a n gl e α ≥ 6 0 ° (s e e F i g u re 4 fo r α );

f) we l d s m ade fro m b o th s ide s w i tho u t go u g i n g d) b u t t we l d s i n T- j o i n ts w i th fu l l p e ne tr ati o n

qu a l i fy we l d s m ade fro m b o th s i de s w i th go u g i n g ; qu a l i fy fu l l a n d p a r ti a l p e ne trati o n b u t t we l d s i n

T- j o i n ts a n d fi l l e t we l d s b u t no t v ic e ve r s a;
g) we l d s m ade fro m b o th s ide s w i th o r w i tho u t

go u g i n g qu a l i fy we l d s m ade fro m o ne s i de w i th e) fi l l e t we l d s qu a l i fy fi l l e t we l d i n g o n l y;

b ac ki n g ;
f) we l d s m ade fro m o ne s ide w i tho u t b ac ki n g

h) whe n i mp ac t o r h a rd ne s s re qu i re me n ts ap p l y, qu a l i fy we l d s m ade fro m b o th s ide s a nd we l d s w i th

i t i s no t p e r m i t te d to c h a n ge a mu l ti- r u n de p o s i t b ac ki n g ;

i n to a s i n g l e r u n de p o s i t (o r s i n gl e r u n o n e ac h
g) we l d s m ade w i th b ac ki n g qu a l i fy we l d s m ade
s ide) o r v i c e ve r s a fo r a g i ve n p ro c e s s ;
fro m b o th s i de s ;

i) b u i l d- up we l d i n g. B u i l d up i s qu a l i fie d b y b utt
h) we l d s m ade fro m b o th s ide s w i tho u t re mo v i n g
we l d te s t p i e c e .
the ro o t qu a l i fy we l d s m ade fro m b o th s ide s w i th

re mo v i n g the ro o t (e xc e p t the r m a l go u g i n g) ;

i) we l d s m ade fro m b o th s ide s w i th o r w i tho u t

go u g i n g qu a l i fy we l d s m ade fro m o ne s ide w i th

b ac ki n g ;

j) whe n i mp ac t o r h a rd ne s s re qu i re me nt s ap p l y, i t

i s no t p e r m i t te d to c h a n ge a mu l ti- r u n dep o s i t i n to

a s i n gl e r u n de p o s i t (o r s i n gl e r u n o n e ac h s ide) or

v ic e ve r s a fo r a g i ve n p ro c e s s ;

k) b u i l d- up we l d i n g. B u i l d up i s qu a l i fie d b y b utt

we l d te s t p ie c e ;

l) b u t te r i n g s h a l l b e p e r fo r m e d b y a s e p a rate te s t

p i e c e i n c o m b i n atio n w i th the b u t t we l d .

© I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d 23
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

8.4.4 Filler material, manufacturer/trade name, designation

Fo r l e ve l 1 : A c h a n ge fro m o ne fi l l e r m e ta l Fo r l e ve l 2 : F i l l e r m ate r i a l s c o ve r o the r fi l l e r


F- nu m b e r a s s ho w n i n Tab l e A .1 to a no the r o r a m ate r i a l s a s l o n g a s , ac c o rd i n g to the de s i g n atio n

c h a n ge i n the we l d m e ta l c he m ic a l a n a l ys i s fro m i n the ap p ro p r i ate i nte r n atio n a l s ta nd a rd fo r the

o ne A- nu m b e r s ho w n i n Tab l e A . 2 to a no the r o r fi l l e r m ate r i a l , the y h ave e qu i va l e nt m e c h a n ic a l

a c h a n ge i n the m a nu fac tu re r o r the m a nu fac tu r- p ro p e r tie s , s a me t y p e o f c o ve r i n g o r fl u x c o re ,

e r ’s tr ade n a me whe n the fi l l e r m e ta l do e s no t s a me no m i n a l c he m ic a l c o mp o s i tio n a nd the s a m e

c o n fo r m to a n F- nu m b e r a nd a n A- nu m b e r o r l o we r hyd ro ge n c o n te nt.

re qu i re s a s e p a rate qu a l i fi c ati o n .
W he n i mp ac t te s ti n g i s re qu i re d b y the

W he n the WP S i s to b e qu a l i fie d fo r i mp ac t- te s te d ap p l ic atio n s ta nd a rd at te mp e r atu re s l e s s th a n

ap p l i c ati o n s , a c h a n ge i n the fi l l e r me ta l c l a s s i fic a- −2 0 ° C , fo r p ro c e s s e s 1 1 1 , 1 14 , 1 2 , 1 3 6 a n d 1 3 2

ti o n w i th i n a fi l l e r me t a l s p e c i fi c ati o n o r to a fi l l e r ac c o rd i n g to I S O 4 0 6 3 , the ra n ge o f va l id i t y i s

me ta l no t c o ve re d b y a fi l l e r m e ta l s p e c i fic atio n , re s tr ic te d to the m a nu fac tu re r trade n a me o f the

o r fro m o ne fi l l e r m e ta l no t c o ve re d b y a fi l l e r fi l l e r m ate r i a l u s e d i n the p ro c e du re te s t . I n th i s

me ta l s p e c i fi c ati o n to a no the r fi l l e r me ta l th at i s c a s e , i t i s a l s o p e r m i s s ib l e to c h a n ge the m a nu fac-

no t c o ve re d b y a fi l l e r me ta l s p e c i fi c ati o n , tu re r o f fi l l e r m ate r i a l to a no the r w i th the s a m e

re qu i re s a re - qu a l i fic atio n . W he n a fi l l e r me t a l c o mp u l s o r y p a r t o f the de s i g n ati o n p ro v ide d o ne

c o n fo r m s to a fi l l e r m e ta l c l a s s i fic ati o n w i th i n a add i tio n a l te s t p ie c e i s we l de d u s i n g the m a x i mu m

fi l l e r m e ta l s p e c i fic atio n , re - qu a l i fi c ati o n i s no t he at i np u t qu a l i fi e d a n d o n l y we l d me t a l i mp ac t

re qu i re d i f a c h a n ge i s m ade i n a ny o f the te s t s p e c i me n s s h a l l b e te s te d . T h i s do e s no t ap p l y

fo l l o w i n g: to s o l id w i re a nd ro d s w i th the s a me de s i g n atio n

a nd no m i n a l c he m i c a l c o mp o s i tio n s .
a) fro m a fi l l e r m e ta l th at i s de s i g n ate d a s

mo i s tu re - re s i s ta nt to o ne th at i s no t de s i g n ate d

a s mo i s tu re - re s i s t a n t a nd v ic e ve r s a;

b) fro m o ne d i ffu s ib l e hyd ro ge n l e ve l to a no the r;

c) fo r c a rb o n , l o w a l l o y, a nd s ta i n l e s s s te e l fi l l e r
me ta l s h av i n g the s a me m i n i mu m te n s i l e s tre n g th

a n d the s a me no m i n a l c he m ic a l c o mp o s i ti o n , a

c h a n ge fro m o ne l o w hyd ro ge n c o ati n g t y p e to

a no the r l o w hyd ro ge n c o ati n g t y p e ;

d) fro m o ne p o s i tio n- u s ab i l i t y de s i g n atio n to

a no the r fo r f l u x- c o re d e l e c tro de s ;

e) fro m a c l a s s i fic atio n th at re qu i re s i mp ac t

te s ti n g to the s a m e c l a s s i fic atio n wh ic h h a s a s u f fi x


wh i c h i n d ic ate s th at i mp ac t te s ti n g wa s p e r-

fo r me d at a l o we r te mp e ratu re o r e x h ib i te d g re ate r

to u gh ne s s at the re qu i re d te mp e ratu re o r b o th ,

a s c o mp a re d to the c l a s s i fi c ati o n wh i c h wa s u s e d

du r i n g p ro c e du re qu a l i fic atio n ; fro m the c l a s s i fi-


c atio n qu a l i fi e d to a no the r fi l l e r m e ta l w i th i n the

s a me fi l l e r m e ta l s p e c i fic atio n whe n we l d me ta l

i mp ac t te s ti n g i s no t re qu i re d b y the ap p l ic ati o n

s t a nd a rd s .

8.4.5 Filler material size

I t i s p e r m i t te d to c h a n ge the s i z e o f fi l l e r m ate r i a l p ro v i de d th at the re qu i re m e nt s o f 8 . 4 .7 a re s ati s fie d .

NO TE W h e n n e i th e r i mp ac t n o r h a r d n e s s te s ti n g i s r e qu i r e d , th e r e i s n o l i m i t ati o n o n fi l l e r m ate r i a l s i z e .

24 © I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
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8.4.6 Type of current

The quali fication is given for the type of current [alternating current (AC), direct current (DC), pulsed
current] and polarity used in the welding procedure test. For process 111, alternating current also
quali fies direct current (both polarities) unless impact testing is required.

8.4.7 Heat input (arc energy)

The heat input can be replaced by arc energy (J/mm). The arc energy shall be calculated in accordance
with ISO/TR 18491. When using the calculation for the heat input, the k-factor according to
ISO/TR 17671-1 shall be considered. The kind of calculation, either heat input or arc energy, shall be
do c u me n te d .

For level 1: When impact requirements apply, the For level 2: When impact requirements apply, the
upper limit of heat input quali fied is the maximum upper limit of the heat input quali fied is 25 %
he at i np u t u s e d whe n we l d i n g the te s t p i e c e . g re ate r th a n u s e d i n we l d i n g the te s t p i e c e . W he n

hardness requirements apply, the lower limit of the


heat input quali fied is 25 % lower than that used
i n we l d i n g the te s t p i e c e . I f we l d i n g p ro c e du re te s t

h a s b e e n p e r fo r me d at b o th a h i gh a nd a l o w he at

i np u t l e ve l , the n a l l i n te r me d i ate he at i np u t l e ve l s

are also quali fied. It is not necessary to calculate


every run.

Fo r c o ve re d e l e c tro de , the he at i np u t ave ra ge shall be c a l c u l ate d fo r e ac h used d i a me te r in o rde r to

de fine the quali fied heat input.


For process 111, the heat input may also be measured by the run out length per unit length of electrode.
When the welding time is too short and when the length of the weld is not signi ficant (e.g. for small
repair, for tack welds), the heat input need not to be veri fied; only the adjustable parameters should be
checked like amperage and/or voltage.
Arc energy and heat input are measures of the heat generated by the arc. Whereas, in the past, these
were different terms for the same measure, they are now calculated in different ways. Either arc energy
or heat input may be used for welding control, calculated in accordance with ISO/TR 18491.

8.4.8 Preheat temperature

A de c re a s e o f mo re th a n 5 0 °C fro m the re c o rde d p re he ati n g te mp e ratu re o n the WP QR re qu i re s a re -

quali fication.
A decrease of the preheating temperature is permitted only if the requirements concerning preheating
(especially the combined thickness) are ful filled, e.g. ISO/TR 17671-2.
The pre-heat temperature may be speci fied, e.g. by a material data sheet, and will depend on the
m ate r i a l th i c kne s s .

8.4.9 Interpass temperature

An i nc re a s e of m o re th a n 50 °C in the m a x i mu m i n te r p a s s te mp e rat u re re ac he d in the we l d i n g

procedure test shall require re-quali fication.


An increased preheat temperature intentionally applied during welding of the capping passes to reduce
h a rd ne s s i n H A Z o f a we l d i n g p ro c e du re te s t s h a l l b e c o n s ide re d a s a n e s s e n ti a l va r i ab l e . B o th m i n i mu m

p re he at te mp e ratu re ap p l i e d a nd the p re he ati n g te mp e r atu re s ap p l ie d du r i n g we l d i n g o f the c ap p i n g

p a s s e s s h a l l b e re p o r te d .

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For level 1: This limitation does not apply when For level 2: The upper limit of the quali fication is
i mp ac t te s t i s no t re qu i re d . the h i ghe s t i nte r p a s s te mp e ratu re re ac he d i n the

we l d i n g p ro c e du re te s t fo r m ate r i a l g ro up s 8 , 1 0

a n d 41 to 4 8 .

This limitation does not apply when a WPS quali fied with a PWHT above the upper transformation
te mp e r atu re o r whe n a n au s te n i tic m ate r i a l i s s o lu ti o n a n ne a l e d a fte r we l d i n g.

8.4.1 0 Post-heating for hydrogen release

For level 1: Post-heating for hydrogen release is Fo r l e ve l 2 : T he te mp e r atu re a nd du r ati o n o f

no t a n e s s e nti a l va r i ab l e . post-heating for hydrogen release shall not be


reduced. Post-heating shall not be omitted, but may
b e adde d .

8.4.1 1 Heat-treatment

Add i tio n o r de l e ti o n o f p o s t- we l d he at- tre atme n t i s no t p e r m i t te d .

A separate procedure quali fication is required for each of the following conditions:
a) For ISO/TR 15608 groups 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10 and 11 materials, the following PWHT conditions
apply:
1) P W H T b e l o w the l o we r tra n s fo r m atio n te mp e ratu re (e . g. s tre s s re l ie v i n g) ;

2) P W H T ab o ve the up p e r tra n s fo r m atio n te mp e ratu re (e . g. no r m a l i z i n g) ;

3) PWHT above the upper transformation temperature followed by heat treatment below the
lower transformation temperature (e.g. normalizing or quenching followed by tempering);
4) P W H T b e t we e n the up p e r a n d l o we r tra n s fo r m atio n te mp e rat u re s .

Fo r l e ve l 2: T he te mp e ratu re ra n ge va l i d ate d is the ho l d i n g te mp e ratu re used in the we l d i n g

procedure test ± 20 °C unless otherwise speci fied. Where required, heating rates, cooling rates and
ho l d i n g ti me s h a l l b e re l ate d to the p ro duc t.

b) For all other materials, PWHT within a speci fied temperature range applies.

8.5 Speci fic to processes

8.5 .1 Submerged arc welding (process 1 2 )

A change as described below requires a re-quali fication.

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Fo r l e ve l 1 : Fo r l e ve l 2 :

a) A c h a n ge i n the m i n i mu m te n s i l e s tre n g th a) E ach va r i a nt o f p ro ce s s 1 2 (1 2 1 to 1 2 6 ) s h a l l b e

when the flux/wire combination is classi fied in quali fied independently. Any change in the number
filler metal speci fication. A change in either the of electrodes requires re-quali fication. Any addition
f lux trade name or wire trade name when neither o r dele tio n o f w i re s (c o ld w i re o r ho t wi re) s h a l l

the flux nor the wire is classi fied. A change in the require re-quali fication. Also, a change of more
f lux trade name when the wire is classi fied but the than ±10 % of the ratio of the supplementary filler
f lux is not. material to the electrode requires re-quali fication.
b) A change in the flux trade name for A-No. 8 b) The quali fication of the welding procedure
o r 9 de p o s i t s , a s s ho w n i n Tab l e A . 2 . te s t i s re s tr i c te d to m a nu fac tu re r, trade n a me a nd

designation of the flux used in the test.


c) If the weld metal alloy content is dependent
upon the composition of the flux, any change in c) When flux from re-crushed slag is used, each
the we l d i n g p ro c e du re wh ic h wo u l d re s u l t i n the batch or blend requires a new quali fication test.
important weld metal alloying elements being
outside the speci fied chemical composition range
o f the W P S .

d) An addition or deletion of supplementary


filler
metal (powder or wire), or a change of more
th a n ± 1 0 % i n the ratio o f e l e c tro de to s up p l e me n-

tal filler material.


e) A change in flux type (i.e. neutral to active or
v ic e ve r s a) fo r mu l ti- r u n we l d s fo r m ate r i a l g ro up s

1 and 11 according to ISO/TR 15608.


f) When flux from re-crushed slag is used, each
b atc h o r b l e n d s h a l l b e te s te d i n ac c o rd a nc e w i th

the filler metal speci fication requirements by


either the manufacturer or user, or quali fied as an
unclassi fied flux as required by a).
g) When the WPS is to be quali fied for im -

pact-tested applications, re-quali fication is re -

quired if there is a change in the flux/wire classi -

fication or a change in either the electrode or f lux


trade name when not classi fied in a filler metal
speci fication. Re-quali fication is not required
when a wire/flux combination conforms to a filler
metal speci fication and a change is made from one
diffusible hydrogen level to another. This variable
does not apply when the weld metal is exempt from
impact testing by other application standards.

8.5 .2 Gas-shielded metal arc welding (process 1 3 )

8.5 .2 .1 Shielding gases

The quali fication is restricted to nominal composition of the shielding gas used in the procedure
test. The designation of ISO 14175 may be used to specify the shielding gas composition, e.g.
I S O 1417 5 : 2 0 0 8 - M 2 1- A r C -1 8 .

A de v i ati o n o f m a x . ± 2 0 % (re l ati ve) o f the no m i n a l c o mp o s i tio n o f the C O c o n te nt i s a l l o we d .


2

However, an intentional addition or deletion of maximum 0,1 % of any gas component does not require
a ne w we l d i n g p ro c e du re te s t.

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8.5 .2 .2 Process variants

A c h a n ge a s de s c r i b e d b e l o w re qu i re s a re - qu a l i fi c ati o n .

Fo r l e ve l 1 : T he add i tio n , de l e ti o n , o r c h a n ge o f Fo r l e ve l 2 : T he qu a l i fic atio n g i ve n i s re s tr ic te d

mo re th a n 1 0 % i n the vo l u me o f s up p l e me n ta l to the w i re s ys te m u s e d i n the we l d i n g p ro c e du re

fi l l e r m e ta l . W he re the a l l o y c o nte n t o f the we l d te s t (e . g. s i n gl e - w i re o r mu l tip l e - w i re s ys te m) .

me ta l i s l a r ge l y de p e nde nt up o n the c o mp o s i tio n o f

the s up p l e me n ta l fi l l e r me ta l , a ny c h a n ge i n a ny p a r t

o f the we l d i n g p ro c e du re th at wo u l d re s u l t i n the

i mp o r t a n t a l l o y i n g e l e me nt s i n the we l d m e ta l b e i n g

o u t s ide o f the s p e c i fic atio n ra n ge o f c he m i s tr y g i ve n

i n the we l d i n g p ro c e du re s p e c i fic atio n .

W he n the WP S i s to b e qu a l i fie d fo r i mp ac t- te s te d

ap p l i c ati o n s , re - qu a l i fic ati o n i s re qu i re d i f the re i s a

c h a n ge fro m s i n gl e e l e c tro de to mu l ti p l e e l e c tro de

ac ti n g i n the s a m e we l d p o o l o r v i c e ve r s a .

8.5 .2 .3 Transfer mode

8.5 .2 .3 .1 General

Fo r s o l id a nd m e ta l c o re d w i re s , the qu a l i fic ati o n us ing s ho r t c i rc u i ti n g tra n s fe r qu a l i fi e s on ly s ho r t

c i rc u i ti n g tra n s fe r. Qu a l i fic ati o n us ing s p ray, pulse or gl o b u l a r tra n s fe r qu a l i fi e s s p ray, pulse a nd

gl o b u l a r tra n s fe r.

8.5 .2 .3 .2 For level 2 — Waveform controlled welding

W he n a p o we r s o u rc e w i th wave fo r m c o n tro l (s e e I S O/ T R 1 8 4 9 1) is us ed, the p o we r s o u rc e

m a nu fac tu re r a nd wave fo r m c o n tro l mo de s h a l l b e re c o rde d o n the W P QR i nc lud i n g a l l o the r p e r ti ne n t

i n fo r m atio n .

C h a n ge fro m o ne m a nu fac tu re r to a no the r m a nu fac tu re r of the p o we r s o u rc e or a c h a n ge in the

wave fo r m c o n tro l mo de re qu i re s a ne w qu a l i fic ati o n te s t.

8.5 .2 .3 .3 For level 2 — Welding with pulsed mode (without waveform control)

W he n a p o we r s o u rc e w i th pu l sed mo de is used, the ide n ti fi c ati o n o f the p o we r s o u rc e m a nu fac tu re r

s h a l l b e re c o rde d o n the WP QR i nc l ud i n g a l l p e r ti ne n t i n fo r m atio n .

C h a n ge fro m o ne m a nu fac tu re r to a no the r m a nu fac tu re r o f the p o we r s o u rc e do e s no t re qu i re a ne w

qu a l i fi c ati o n te s t .

8.5 .2 .3 .4 For level 2 — Welding without pulsed mode and without waveform control

W he n the p o we r s o u rc e used to qu a l i fy a W P QR has b e en used w i tho u t wave fo r m c o n tro l , an

ide n ti fic atio n o f the p o we r s o u rc e m a nu fac tu re r i s re qu i re d .

C h a n ge fro m o ne m a nu fac tu re r to a no the r m a nu fac tu re r o f the p o we r s o u rc e do e s no t re qu i re a ne w

qu a l i fi c ati o n te s t .

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8.5 .3 Gas-shielded arc welding with non-consumable electrode (process 1 4)

8.5 .3 .1 Shielding gases

The quali fication is restricted to nominal composition of the shielding gas used in the procedure test. The
designation of ISO 14175 may be used to specify the shielding gas composition, e.g. ISO 14175:2008-I3-
A rH e - 3 0 .

A de v i atio n o f m a x . ± 1 0 % (re l ati ve) o f the no m i n a l c o mp o s i tio n o f the he l i u m c o n te n t i s a l l o we d .

However, an intentional addition or deletion of maximum 0,1 % of any gas component does not require
a ne w we l d i n g p ro c e du re te s t.

8.5 .3 .2 Filler material

Welding with filler material does not qualify for welding without filler material or vice versa.

8.5 .4 Plasma arc welding (process 1 5 )

Quali fication of the welding procedure is restricted to the nominal composition of plasma gas used
in the welding procedure test. The quali fication is restricted to nominal composition of the shielding
gas used in the procedure test. Welding with filler material does not qualify for welding without filler
m ate r i a l o r v i c e ve r s a .

If impact tests are required, a change in the type of joint preparation (groove) requires a re-quali fication.

8.5 .5 Oxy-acetylene welding (process 3 1 1 )

Welding with filler material does not qualify for welding without filler material or vice versa.

8.5 .6 Backing gas

Fo r l e ve l 1 : Fo r m ate r i a l g ro up s 7. 1 a n d 41 to 4 8 , Fo r l e ve l 2 : A b u t t we l d p ro c e du re te s t m ade

de l e ti o n o f b ac ki n g ga s o r c h a n ge i n the b ac ki n g without backing gas quali fies a welding procedure


ga s no m i n a l c o mp o s i ti o n fro m a n i ne r t ga s to w i th g ro up I , N1 , N 2 a n d N 3 b ac ki n g ga s ac c o rd i n g

a m i x t u re i nc l ud i n g no n- i ne r t ga s (e s) re qu i re s to I S O 1417 5 , b u t no t v i c e ve r s a .

re-quali fication. For material groups 7.1 and 41


M a i n g ro up o f b ac ki n g ga s c o ve r s a l l s u b - g ro up s o f

the same main group (classi fication according to


to 4 8 , add i tio n o f b ac ki n g ga s do e s no t re qu i re

re-quali fication. For all other material groups,


I S O 1417 5 ) .
the add i tio n o r de l e tio n o f b ac ki n g ga s do e s no t

require re-quali fication. For material groups 1 to 6 according to ISO/


T R 1 5 6 0 8 , a c h a n ge b e t we e n g ro up I , N1 , N 2 a nd

N3 backing gas does not require re-quali fication.


Fo r m ate r i a l g ro up s 8 a nd 41 to 4 8 , a c h a n ge

b e t we e n g ro up I , N a nd R b ac ki n g ga s do e s no t

require re-quali fication.


Any change in the backing gas classi fication for
material groups 7 and 10 requires re-quali fication.
I f p ro duc ti o n we l d s a re m ade o n m ate r i a l b ac ki n g

s up p o r t w i th a th ic kne s s g re ate r th a n 5 m m , the

de l e tio n o f b ac ki n g ga s i s ac c e p tab l e .

9 Welding procedure quali fication record (WPQR)

T he W P QR is a s t ate me n t o f the re s u l ts of a s s e s s i ng e ac h te s t p ie c e i nc l ud i n g re - te s ts . T he re l e va nt

i te m s l i s te d fo r the WP S in the re l e va n t part of I SO 15609 shall be i nc l ude d , to ge the r w i th de t a i l s of

© I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d 29
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a ny fe atu re s th at wo u l d be re j e c tab l e by the re qu i re me n ts of C l au s e 7. If no re j e c tab l e fe atu re s or

u n ac c e p tab l e te s t re s u l ts a re fo u nd , a WP QR de t a i l i n g the we l d i n g p ro c e du re te s t pie ce re s u l ts is

qu a l i fi e d a nd s h a l l b e s i g ne d a nd d ate d b y the e x a m i ne r o r the e x a m i n i n g b o d y.

Fo r l e ve l 1 : A W P QR fo r m at s h a l l b e u s e d to Fo r l e ve l 2 : A W P QR fo r m at s h a l l b e u s e d to re c o rd

re c o rd de ta i l s a n d l e ve l fo r the we l d i n g p ro c e du re de t a i l s , ra n ge o f qu a l i fic ati o n a n d l e ve l fo r the

a n d the te s t re s u l t s , i n o rde r to fac i l i tate u n i fo r m we l d i n g p ro c e du re a n d the te s t re s u l ts , i n o rde r to

p re s e nt ati o n a n d a s s e s s me n t o f the d ata . fac i l i tate u n i fo r m p re s e n t ati o n a n d a s s e s s me n t o f

the d ata .

I f re qu i re d by an ap p l ic atio n s ta n d a rd or a speci fi c ati o n , fo r e x a mp l e , the c e r ti fi c ate s of b as e me t a l s

a n d we l d i n g c o n s u m ab l e s s h a l l b e adde d to the W P QR .

A n e x a mp l e o f W P QR fo r m at i s s ho w n i n A n ne x B .

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Annex A
(n o rm ative )

Filler material, designation

Table A.1 — For level 1: Grouping of filler metals and electrodes for quali fication (grouping of
welding electrodes and rods for quali fication)

Steels

F-No. I nternational A B
Standard
C lassi fication by yield s trength (or C lassi fication by tensile s trength (or
nom. comp.) alloy type)

1 ISO 2560 E X X x A1 3 , E X X x A 3 3 , E X X x R R4 , E X X x- E X X 2 0 , E X X 2 4 , E X X 2 7, E X X 2 8

R A5 4, E X X xB 5 3

I SO 3 5 81 E X X X X B x3 , E X X X X R x3 E S X X X( X ) -2 5 , E S X X X( X ) -2 6

ISO 2 5 60 E X X xM o E X X 2 0 –1 M 3 , E X X 2 7–1 M 3

2 ISO 25 60 E X X x R1 2 , E X X x R3 2 , E X X x R A1 2 E X X1 2 , E X X1 3 , E X X14 , E X X1 9

ISO 2560 — E X X1 3 -X X

3 ISO 2560 E X X xC 2 1 , E X X xC 1 1 E X X1 0 , E X X1 1

ISO 2560 E X X xM o C 2 1 , E X X xM o C 1 1 E X X1 0 -X X , E X X1 1-X X

4 ISO 2 5 60 E X X xB 2 2 , E X X xB1 2 , E X X xB 3 2 , E X X xB 3 5 E X X1 5 , E X X1 6 , E X X1 8 , E X X4 8

I S O 3 5 8 1 o the r th a n E 1 3 X X B x1 , E 1 3 X X R x1 E S 4 X X( X ) -1 5 , E S 4 X X( X ) -1 6 , E S 4 X X-

au s te n i ti c a n d du p l e x ( X ) -1 7
E 1 7 X X B x1 , E 1 7 X X R x1
E S 6 X X( X ) -1 5 , E S 6 X X( X ) -1 6 , E S 6 X X-

( X ) -1 7

ISO 35 80 E XXX B E X X1 5 -X X , E X X1 6 -X X , E X X1 8 -X X

I S O 1 8 2 75 E X X X x1 . 5 N i M o B E X X1 8 - N 3 M 1 , E X X1 8 - N 3 M 2

ISO 2560 E X X x M n 2 N i C rM o B , E X X x M n 2 N i1 C rM o E X X1 8 - N 4 C M 2 , E X X1 8 - N 4 C M 2 M 2

B
I S O 1 8 2 75

5 I S O 3 5 8 1 au s te n i ti c E X X X X B x1 , E X X X X R x1 E S X X X( X ) -1 5 , E S X X X( X ) -1 6 , E S X X X-

a n d du p l e x ( X ) -1 7

6 I S O 143 43 All classi fications All classi fications


I S O 141 71 All classi fications All classi fications
I S O 143 41 All classi fications All classi fications
I SO 63 6 All classi fications All classi fications
I S O 1 76 3 2 All classi fications All classi fications
I S O 1 76 3 3 All classi fications All classi fications
I S O 2 45 9 8 All classi fications All classi fications
ISO 2 63 0 4 All classi fications All classi fications
I SO 16 83 4 All classi fications All classi fications
I S O 2 19 5 2 All classi fications All classi fications
I S O 1 76 3 4 All classi fications All classi fications
I S O 1 8 2 76 All classi fications All classi fications

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Table A.1 (continued)

Nickel and nickel alloys

F-No. International C lassi fication


Standard

41 I S O 141 7 2 E N i 2 0 61

I S O 1 8 2 74 S N i 2 0 61

42 I S O 141 7 2 E Ni 4 0 6 0

I S O 1 8 2 74 S Ni 4 0 6 0 , S Ni 5 5 0 4

43 I S O 141 7 2 E N i 6 0 6 2 , E N i 61 3 3 , E N i 61 8 2 , E N i 6 0 9 3 , E N i 61 5 2 , E N i 6 0 9 4 , E N i 6 0 9 5 , E N i

6 0 2 5 , E N i 6 0 0 2 , E N i 6 6 2 5 , E N i 6 2 76 , E N i 6 2 7 5 , E N i 6 6 2 0 , E N i 6 45 5 , E N i 6 0 2 2 ,

E N i 6 6 2 7, E N i 6 0 5 9 , E N i 6 6 8 6 , E N i 6 2 0 0 , E N i 6 6 5 0 , E N i 61 1 7

I S O 1 8 2 74 S N i 6 0 8 2 , S N i 6 0 7 2 , S N i 6 0 76 , S N i 6 0 6 2 , S N i 70 9 2 , S N i 6 0 5 2 S N i 70 6 9 , S N i 6 6 0 1 ,

S N i 6 0 2 5 , S N i 6 6 9 3 , S N i 6 0 0 2 , S N i 6 6 2 5 , S N i 6 2 76 , S N i 6 45 5 , S N i 6 0 2 2 , S N i 6 0 5 9 ,

S N i 6 6 8 6 , S N i 6 0 5 7, S N i 6 2 0 0 , S N i 6 6 5 0 , S N i 6 6 6 0 , S N i 6 2 0 5 , S N i 6 2 3 1 , S N i 6 61 7

44 I S O 141 7 2 E N i 1 0 0 1 , E N i 1 0 0 4 , E N i 1 0 6 6 , E N i 1 0 0 8 , E N i 1 0 0 9 , E N i 1 0 67, E N i 1 0 6 9

I S O 1 8 2 74 S N i 1 0 0 1 , S N i 1 0 0 3 , S N i 1 0 0 4 , S N i 1 0 6 6 , S N i 1 0 0 8 , S N i 1 0 0 9 , S N i 1 0 67, S N i 1 0 6 9

45 I S O 141 7 2 E Ni 69 8 5 , E Ni 6 0 3 0

I S O 1 8 2 74 S Ni 69 75 , S Ni 69 8 5 , S Ni 6 0 3 0 , S Ni 8 0 6 5

46 I S O 1 8 2 74 S N i 61 6 0

Table A. 2 — For level 1: Grouping of ferrous weld metal by chemical analysis (not applicable to
nonferrous materials)

C hemical composition, weight percent a


A-No. Type of weld metal
C Cr Mo Ni Mn Si

1 M i l d s te e l (no n - a l l o y s te e l ) 0,20 0,20 0,30 0,50 1 ,60 1,00

2 C a rb o n - m o l yb de nu m 0 ,1 5 0, 50 0 , 4 0 to 0 , 6 5 0, 50 1,60 1,00

C h r o m e (0 , 4 % to 2 %) - mo l yb -
3 0 ,1 5 0 , 4 0 to 2 , 0 0 0 , 4 0 to 0 , 6 5 0, 50 1,60 1,00
d e nu m

C h r o me (2 % to 4 %) - mo l yb d e -
4 0 ,1 5 2 , 0 0 to 4 , 0 0 0 , 4 0 to 1 , 5 0 0,50 1,60 2 ,00
nu m

C h r o me (4 % to 1 0 , 5 %) - m o -
5 0 ,1 5 4 , 0 0 to 1 0 , 5 0 0 , 4 0 to 1 , 5 0 0,80 1,20 2 ,00
l yb d e nu m

6 C h r o me - m a r te n s i ti c 0 ,1 5 1 1 , 0 0 to 1 5 , 0 0 0 , 70 0, 80 2 ,00 1,00

7 C h r o me - fe r r i ti c 0 ,1 5 1 1 , 0 0 to 3 0 , 0 0 1,00 0, 80 1,00 3 ,00

8 C h r o m i u m - n i c ke l 0 ,1 5 14 , 5 0 to 3 0 , 0 0 4, 0 0 7, 5 0 to 1 5 , 0 0 2 ,50 1,00

1 5 , 0 0 to
9 C h r o m i u m - n i c ke l 0,30 19 , 0 0 to 3 0 , 0 0 6,00 2 ,50 1,00
3 7, 0 0

10 N i c ke l to 4 % 0 ,1 5 0,50 0, 55 0 , 8 0 to 4 , 0 0 1 , 70 1,00

11 M a n g a n e s e - m o l yb de nu m 0 ,1 7 0,50 0 , 2 5 to 0 , 7 5 0, 85 1 , 2 5 to 2 , 2 5 1,00

12 N i c ke l - c h r o m e - m o l yb de nu m 0 ,1 5 1,50 0 , 2 5 to 0 , 8 0 1 , 2 5 to 2 , 8 0 0 , 7 5 to 2 , 2 5 1,00

a
S i n g l e va l u e s a r e m a x i m u m va l u e s .

NO TE O n l y l i s te d e l e m e n t s a r e u s e d to d e te r m i n e A- n u m b e r s .

32 © I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

Annex B
(i n fo rm ative )

Welding procedure quali fication record form (WPQR)

Welding procedure quali fication — Test certi ficate

M a nu fac tu re r ’s WP QR no . : Examiner or examining body:


M a nu fac tu re r: Re fe re nc e no . :

Add re s s :

Code/testing standard:
L e ve l :

D ate o f we l d i n g:

© I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d 33
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

Test piece Range of quali fication

P ro duc t fo r m :

We l d i n g p ro c e s s (e s) :

We l d i n g p ro c e s s e s u s e d

No . 1 No . 2 No. 3

P ro c e s s

D e p o s i te d

me t a l th ic k-

ne s s

(m m) :

Ty p e o f j o i n t a n d we l d :

P a r e n t m a te r i a l g r o u p (s) a n d s u b - g r o u p (s) :

P a r e n t m a te r i a l th i c k n e s s (m m) :

T h r o a t th i c k n e s s (m m) :

S i n g l e l aye r/mu l ti - r u n :

O u t s i de p i p e d i a me te r (m m) :

F i l l e r m ate r i a l de s i g n ati o n :

F i l l e r m ate r i a l m a ke :

F i l l e r m ate r i a l s i z e :

D e s i g n a ti o n o f s h i e l d i n g g a s/ f l u x:

D e s i g n a ti o n o f b ac k i n g ga s :

Ty p e o f we l d i n g c u r r e n t a n d p o l a r i t y:

Tr a n s fe r mo de :

H e a t i n p u t:

We l d i n g p o s i ti o n s :

P r e h e a t te mp e r a tu r e :

I n te r p a s s te m p e r at u r e :

P o s t- h e a ti n g:

P o s t- we l d he at- tr e atm e n t:

O th e r i n fo r m a ti o n (s e e a l s o 8 . 5 ) :

We c o n fi r m th at th e s t ate m e n ts i n th i s r e c o r d a r e c o r r e c t a n d th at the te s t p i e c e s we r e p r e p a r e d ,

we l de d , te s te d a n d h ave fu l fi l l e d th e r e qu i r e m e n ts i n ac c o r d a n c e w i th I S O 1 5 614 -1 .

…………………………………… . ……………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………

L o c atio n D ate o f i s s ue E x a m i ne r o r e x a m i n i n g b o d y

N a m e , d ate a nd s i g n atu re

34 © I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

Record of weld test

L o c ati o n : Examiner or examining body:


M a nu fac tu re r ’s pW P S no . : M e tho d o f p re p a ratio n a nd c l e a n i n g:

M a nu fac tu re r ’s W P QR no . : Parent material speci fication:


M a nu fac tu re r: M ate r i a l th ic kne s s (m m) :

Welder’s/operator’s name: O u ts ide p ip e d i a me te r (m m) :

Joint type and weld: We l d i n g p o s i ti o n :

We l d p rep a r ati o n de ta i l s (s ke tc h) * :

J o i nt de s i g n We l d i n g s e que nc e s

We l d i n g de t a i l s

Ru n We l d i n g Si ze of C u r re n t Vo l ta ge Type of Wi re fe e d Tr ave l H e at M e ta l

p ro c e s s f iller current/ speed s p e e d* i np u t* tra n s fe r

polarity
A V
m ate r i a l

F i l l e r m ate r i a l de s i g n atio n a nd m a ke : O the r i n fo r m atio n*, e . g. :

Any special baking or drying: We av i n g (m a x i mu m w i d th o f r u n) :

Gas/flux — shielding: Oscillation: amplitude, frequency, dwell time


B ac ki n g: P u l s e we l d i n g de ta i l s :

Gas flow rate — shielding: Distance contact tube/workpiece:


B ac ki n g: P l a s m a we l d i n g de ta i l s :

Tungsten electrode type/size: To rc h a n gl e :

Details of back gouging/backing:


P re he at te mp e r atu re :

I n te r p a s s te mp e ratu re :

Po s t- he ati n g:

Po s t- we l d he at tre atme n t ( P W H T ) :

( T i me , te mp e r atu re , me tho d :

he ati n g a n d c o o l i n g r ate s * ) :

………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………

M a nu fac tu re r Examiner or examining body


N a me , d ate a n d s i g n atu re N a me , d ate a nd s i g n atu re

* I f re qu i re d

© I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d 35
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

Test results

M a nu fac tu re r ’s WP QR no . : E x a m i ne r o r e x a m i n i n g b o d y:

Vi s u a l : Re fe re nc e no . :

Pe ne tra n t/m a g ne tic p a r ti c l e te s ti n g * : R ad io g rap h ic te s ti n g * :

U l tra s o n ic te s ti n g * :

Te mp e ratu re :

Te n s i l e te s ts

Ty p e/no . R Rm A % on Z % F rac tu re l o c ati o n Re m a rks


e

M Pa M Pa

Re qu i re me n t

B e n d te s ts Fo r me r d i a me te r

Ty p e/no . B e n d a n gl e E l o n gati o n* Re s u l ts

M ac ro s c o p i c

e x a m i n ati o n

(add p ho to g rap h/i m age)

I mp ac t te s t * Ty p e Si ze Re qu i re me n t

Va lue s

N o tc h l o c atio n/d i re c tio n Te mp . 1 2 3 Ave ra ge Re m a rks

°C

H a rd ne s s Te s t * (t y p e/ l o ad ) L o c atio n o f me a s u re m e n ts (S ke tc h* )

P a re nt m e ta l :

H AZ:

We l d m e ta l :

36 © I S O 2 0 1 7 – Al l ri gh ts re s e rve d
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

Other tests:
Remarks:
Tests carried out in accordance with the
requirements of:
L ab o rato r y re p o r t re fe re nc e no . :

Te s t re s u l ts we re ac c e p t ab l e/no t ac c e p t ab l e :

(Delete as appropriate)
Test carried out in the presence of:

* If required

……………………………………………………………………………
E x a m i ne r o r e x a m i n i n g b o d y

© ISO 2017 – All rights reserved 37


BS EN ISO 15614-1:2017
ISO 1 5 61 4-1 : 2 01 7(E)

Bibliography

[1] ISO 9606-1, Qualification testing ofwelders — Fusion welding — Part 1: Steels
[2] ISO 9606-4, Approval testing o f welders — Fusion welding — Part 4: Nickel and nickel alloys
[3] ISO 9692-1, Welding and allied processes — Types o f joint preparation — Part 1: Manual metal arc
welding, gas-shielded metal arc welding, gas welding, TIG welding and beam welding ofsteels
[4] ISO 9692-2 , Welding and allied processes — Joint preparation — Part 2: Submerged arc welding
of steels
[5] ISO 14732, Welding personnel — Qualification testing o f welding operators and weld setters for
mechanized and automatic welding ofmetallic materials
[6] ISO 15607, Specification and qualification o f welding procedures for metallic materials —
General rules
[7] ISO 17635, Non-destructive testing o f welds — General rules for metallic materials
[8] ASME BPVC, Section IX, Welding, Brazing, and Fusing Qualifications
[9] ISO/TR 17671-2, Welding — Recommendations for welding o f metallic materials — Part 2: Arc
welding offerritic steels

38 © ISO 2017 – All rights reserved


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