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Issue 261

May 2018

World Photographic Cup 2018


Claiming Travel On Your Tax
AIPP Communications
JOURNAL CONTENTS
4 John Swainston's President Message
The AIPP's new National President, John Swainston
APP Hon. FAIPP outlines what he and the new
Board have planned – based on feedback from the
membership. Is this what you had in mind?

10 Opinion: AIPP Communications


To start some hoped-for two-way communication,
Melissa Neumann APP.L M.Photog. and AIPP Treasurer,
suggests the road ahead.

Cover
14 Jeremy Byrnes, Epson ACT PPY Winner
Master of Photography Jeremy Byrnes has won the
2018 AIPP ACT Epson Professional Photographer of
Christopher Ian APP.L M.Photog. II
2ND PLACE, REPORTAGE CATEGORY
the Year with an innovative series of family portraits.
WORLD PHOTOGRAPHIC CUP 2018

16 Ignacio Palacios, Epson NSW PPY


Winner
Ignacio Palacios APP M.Photog. says entering the
Awards each year has made him a much better
AIPP JOURNAL is the official newsletter of
The Australian Institute of Professional Photography (AIPP). photographer - and there's a thrill as well!

Editor Peter Eastway


APP.L, FNZIPP, Hon. FNZIPP, G.M. Photog., Hon. FAIPP, FAIPP
Disclaimer The information provided in the AIPP JOURNAL and associated publica-
tions is made in good faith, but is general in nature. Neither the editor, the publisher
or the AIPP accept responsibility for or will be under any liability for any recommen-
dations, representations or information provided herein. The AIPP JOURNAL presents
information, opinions and suggestions for subscribers to evaluate in coming to their
own decisions in the light of their own individual circumstances. The information
should not be relied upon without readers first obtaining independent advice from
their own financial and legal advisers.
Unless otherwise noted, all articles are written by Peter Eastway.
Publication The newsletter is published 10 times a year – monthly with November/
December and January/February being combined.
The AIPP JOURNAL newsletter is published by Pt 78 Pty Ltd,
ABN 75 003 152 136, PO Box 351, Collaroy Beach, NSW 2097, Australia.
Phone: (02) 9971 6857; Fax (02) 9971 6641.
E-mail eastway@betterphotography.com

Quietly celebrating 25 years of publication.

AIPP Membership Contacts


E-mail: admin@aipp.com.au
PO Box 249, Mooroolbark Victoria 3138

2
ISSUE 261 / MAY 2018
18 APPA: How To Impress The Judges
With the Epson State Awards concluded for 2018, it's 36 Claiming Travel On Your Tax!
Photographers are often working while away on travel
time to move our attention to the national Australian which makes it a legitimate tax deduction, but still
Professional Photography Awards. Before sending your there are certain things you must do if your accountant
file to the printer or the bureau, double check these or tax agent is to make a claim!
suggestions to impress the judges.

22 World Photographic Cup 2018 42 Nikkor 180-400mm f/4 Super Zoom


Shooting sport or wildlife? Nikon's latest AF-S Nikkor
So, what exactly is the World Photographic Cup? Who 180-400mm f/4E TC1.4 FL ED VR zoom will let you
runs it? Who can enter? Who won it this year? And why frame more subjects without needing to change lenses
has Australia done so well? Peter Eastway looks to Kylie – and the image quality is stellar!
Lyons for the answers!

32 What Exactly Makes A Great


Experience?
Portrait photography mentor Tanya Addison explains
some simple things we can all do to make our
portrait photography experience more enjoyable and
engaging.

Platinum Sponsors

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NEWS

John Swainston's President Message


The AIPP's new National President, John Swainston APP Hon. FAIPP
outlines what he and the new Board have planned – based on feedback
from the membership. Is this what you had in mind?

This is my first opportunity in the AIPP Journal Much has been achieved in the recent years
to thank the newly elected Board of the AIPP of a full national office. Although it was hard
for their confidence in inviting me back to the and necessary for the last Board to take the AIPP
Board as a co-opted Board member and then forward in a new direction, I do want to publicly
electing me as National President. thank Peter Myers and his team for the years of
After almost four decades in the Australian service and support they rendered to thousands
photographic community, it is truly humbling of photographers.
to be asked to lead such a highly regarded As a result of that work, we now have
professional association with its fifty-five years processes, governance and compliance
of history. structures, and an IT backbone that have
That I have known personally all but four modernised and strengthened the organisation.
of the past national presidents speaks to my Those strong pillars will now support a new
career-long closeness to the Institute as well as leaner, hybrid business model of volunteer
to the high regard I have for what each of them management and governance, supplemented
has brought to the Institute. with paid contracted help, with specific skills
for specific tasks. The savings in operating costs
THE GOOD NEWS are considerable and match the realities of
The turmoil of recent months is not unique in modern professional photography and video
the Institute’s history. Recent discussions with production.
international professional organisations visiting
for the WPC (World Photographic Cup) confirm NUTURING STATES
most of them have also been through similar The Melbourne office is now sub-leased for
periods in their own countries. The good news most of the remaining lease period, effecting
is the AIPP is still flying and we are now ready to further savings. And those savings will enable us
take on a bit of altitude. to consider lowering costs for members for

4
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NEWS

some activities, delivering improved value for modernisation and simplification in a number
our sponsor partners and giving back funding of other areas.
to States to nurture their communities. The terms of Reference have already been
Such planned changes require us to revise completed, but following the Committee's
the Constitution that governs the AIPP. It was work, to revise the Constitution it must be
last updated in 2013. We’ll be announcing in adopted by the members at either an EGM
the next few days a Constitutional Committee (Extraordinary General Meeting) or at the
reporting to the Board. company’s AGM (Annual General Meeting).
(The Constitution is what used to be called
the Articles of Association under previous laws.) CONSTITUTIONAL CHANGES
To ensure that there is wide-ranging input, Our AGM will be held in Melbourne on the
the Constitutional Committee will be a team afternoon of Monday 26 November 2018.
of five, two from the general membership and To ensure the Constitutional changes are
three past National Presidents. The current adopted, 75% of the voting membership must
President will also be a member, but not the agree to the changes, either by votes on the
Committee Chair. day, postal votes, or proxies. That means some
1,000 of our roughly 1,300 voting members
VOLUNTEER BASIS must vote or provide proxies (authorities for
The Board will brief the Constitutional others to vote on your behalf ) in favour of the
Committee on the changes we want to see, but proposed changes.
the Committee will also be asked to take into Members will be able to attend forums in
account the desires of members expressed over major capital city venues from mid-July through
recent months for greater autonomy at a local to August and will involve state councils. We
level. This includes funding to strengthen the will explain what is proposed. If we have missed
AIPP's sense of community and rebuilding the something key, we will take into account new
emerging volunteer opportunities that were for input from those meetings, so we can redraft.
so long the core strength of the AIPP. In mid-September, the lawyers will get
Of course, society has its own new pressures the final drafts to ensure we have structured
and the availability of people to volunteer changes fully compliant with both the
differs from a past era, so we will reflect the Corporations Act 2001 ( Cth.) and the relevant
realities of a much changed society. obligations of our ACCC-reviewed accreditation
At the same time, we will seek language system (2015).

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NEWS

Members will receive an explanatory participate and to come to Melbourne.


memorandum outlining what is changing and You will receive an email in the next three
the proposed new Constitution document itself, weeks with as many details as we can gather
three weeks prior to the AGM. They will also from the APPA Team, along with dinner plans,
receive the 2017-2018 financial accounts. judging arrangements and the usual key dates
In the month running up to the Annual you’ll need to plan your print entries.
General Meeting, each voting member will be Discussions are already well advanced with
reached out to by a Board member, a member sponsors and exhibition arrangements have
of the Constitutional Committee, a member of started, but are not finalised. It should be big
a State Council or a suitably trained and briefed and we also hope it will be more affordable
ordinary member, to give you an opportunity than in recent years.
for further discussion and explanation on the
voting document. BOARD VIDEO
Of course, we cannot tell you how to vote: If you missed the Facebook Community Page
but we will do everything we can to ensure link, there’s a chance to meet your new Board
you know what your being asked to approve. face to face. The video describes the roles of
Without a 75% approval vote, we must operate each of the eight of us, who we are and our
within the limits of the current Constitution. So, wishes for the future of the Institute: https://
we need your support for changes. vimeo.com/267604289.
You’ll also see our new Mission Vision and
EPSON STATE AWARDS Values. We believe they express what members
We are successfully well into the Epson State see as core elements of the Institute.
Print Awards, with South Australia, NT and WA And in case you didn’t notice, we are just a
still to run or just run when you read this. bit excited about the wonderful new feeling of
The Board and APPA Team are now focused mutual support and the many opportunities
on delivering the annual national awards in ahead. With your support we can rebuild this
Melbourne, to be announced on Tuesday 28 vital peak body for professional photography in
August 2018 after a weekend of judging and Australia, together.
learning. Go well!
Breakout day is Friday 24 August. The
venue is as it was last year and we want as John Swainston Hon.FAIPP
many eligible members as possible to enter, to AIPP National President

8
NEWS

The Board has released a video introducing themselves to the membership .


You can find it at: https://vimeo.com/267604289 or click the image above!

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NEWS

Opinion: AIPP Communications


To start some hoped-for two-way communication, Melissa Neumann
APP.L M.Photog. and AIPP Treasurer, suggests the road ahead.

Many years ago I was privileged to see the from what is weighing them down to move
amazing Charmaine Heyer and Peter Rossi forward.
speak in Adelaide. There was one image that There have been many times since seeing
Peter showed and spoke about that has always that photo that I have come to a point in my
stayed in my mind. life when I have had to let go to move forward.
I have thought about this image and it reminds
REMOVING BAGGAGE me that I need to leave the baggage behind, so
The image is of a man heavily weighed down, I can be free to pursue new directions.
heading to a doorway. As an educator this illustrates the lifelong
It’s obvious that his baggage won’t fit learning journey.
though the door.
There are other bags left next to the door, CURRENT EVENTS
left by others who have abandoned them, so The communication of this image is astounding.
they can make their way through that door and Depending on your life’s current events, it can
along the path. mean different things to different people.
A little further down the track is another If you look closely at the image you will see
doorway, so it shows that this is not the only words on the baggage like guilt, duty, $, fear,
time a traveller will have to free themselves and dreams. These words can relate to so many

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Baggage by Peter Rossi APP.L G.M.Photog. II P.B. Said Peter, "It’s about letting go, lessons learnt or not, wisdoms gained. It’s
about being human – the despair of weighing yourself down, the joy of working through your issues and moving on, and the
suggestion of future challenges. Could our solutions be the very reason for our existence?" (Kodak Portra 400NC colour film,
Hasselblad 503CX, 80mm lens.)

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NEWS

things in our life. out from under the weight of past burdens and
They can be about business or it could be make positive steps forward.
about personal challenges. Communication will be a high priority for
But the communication is incredibly us to get right. Making sure we get this core
powerful, even though this image was created function working is something that I will be
over a decade ago. working on over the coming weeks.
We will be using email as our first point of
COMMUNICATION IS POWERFUL call for communication with members.
Communication is a powerful thing, but it is Over the next month we are doing an audit
something that the AIPP has not been so good to ensure that ALL members are getting emails
at in recent years. from us.
We are at a very special time in the history of This will take some time and we expect to
the AIPP. It is a time of rebuilding, reconciliation have all members back in the email loop soon.
and change for our much loved Institute. Please check to make sure that AIPP email is not
We need to build a good communication ending up in your junk folder.
structure.
And we need a plan that will make sure all TWO WAY CONVERSATION
members know what is going on and how we We want to make sure that anything sent to you
will send out our information. is important.
But more importantly, we need And the Board is listening.
communication coming back to us from our If you want to talk to us about any matter,
members. please give us a chance to talk to you. We will
Let’s create conversation. Let’s listen and only know what is concerning our members if
learn and discuss issues. our members let us know and talk directly to us.
The institute will take a short time to
restructure. We need some time to make sure You can pick up the phone and call any Board

we get the foundations right so that we can member directly, or you can send an email to

move forward in a stronger capacity. admin@aipp.com.au

It's an exciting time for us all as we move and it will be directed to the appropriate recipient.

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R o b e r t P i c c o l i A P P. L M . P h o t o g . I V , F A I P P

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AWARDS

Jeremy Byrnes, Epson ACT PPY Winner


Master of Photography Jeremy Byrnes has won the 2018 AIPP ACT
Epson Professional Photographer of the Year with an innovative series
of family portraits.

Jeremy Byrnes M.Photog. has been an AIPP have what it takes to be at the top of my game.
member for more than 10 years. With these results, I feel reassured that my ideas
“When I started as a photographer, I worked and execution are still valid. And I love that my
at a studio where all the team were AIPP clients allow me to explore some crazy ideas
members and I remember thinking that I was and even hang the resulting prints in their
missing out. homes. It’s a great win-win.
"They were also entering the awards and “Not everyone understands why you
doing well, so I thought it would be fun to give approach your subject matter the way you
it a go. I was right, it was fun and I am still a do, so sometimes you don’t get all the judges
member - of course!” agreeing with your ideas or execution. But I
While passionate about travel and nature think that’s okay and as a judge myself, I totally
photography, Jeremy now has a young get it.”
family and said he only had time to enter the And, of course, that’s why there are five
family category in this year’s AIPP ACT Epson judges on a panel so there is a breadth of
Professional Photography Awards. expertise.
We’re not sure if this is the only excuse So what does Jeremy take away with his win
because his wife Katie Kolenberg was the on a personal level?
winner of the family category last year in the “It’s great to know that I can handle a lot of
TAGS ACT and the AIPP Journal is just wondering if ‘life juggling’.
AIPP E ps o n S ta te
Pr in t Awa rd s there was a little family competition involved! "Entering this year was a challenge, I have
With a number of category wins at both to say, especially after just introducing our
state and national level, we asked Jeremy why little man in to the world and Katie going
he still enters the awards. on maternity leave from our business. I
“It’s important to keep pushing the really felt gratified by my success under the
boundary of my genre and to prove that I still circumstances.”

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AWARDS

Ignacio Palacios, Epson NSW PPY Winner


Ignacio Palacios APP M.Photog. says entering the Awards each year has
made him a much better photographer - and there's a thrill as well!

Ignacio Palacios appears to have a charmed life, my images and the process of printing, matting
travelling the world taking amazing images of and shipping can be quite expensive, but in the
wildlife, people and landscapes. end I decided to enter for the reasons I gave
"This is the type of work I have entered in before: It is a thrill and I enjoy the process of
the Awards for the last few years. I love to have selecting and working on my images."
my best images judged by some of the best Ignacio says he was in Kiama with a
photographers in the country and the process photographer friend and they were both joking
of entering the awards helps me improve my that because no one had given them a call to
photography as well." say they'd won, that a re-count was in order!
Ignacio joined the AIPP in 2009 and is "We were 100% sure that we had missed out,
hoping to add a Gold Bar to his Master of but later in the afternoon, I received a call saying
Photography status at APPA later this year. that I should consider going to Canberra for the
He says he initially joined the AIPP so he announcement! Then I knew that perhaps I had
could enter the Awards. won a category, but I had no expectations of
"Although I have used a few of the AIPP's winning the overall award! It was an amazing
many services, the main reason I am still a feeling to win landscape as I had been a finalist
member is because I love entering the state for many years, but to win the overall award was
and national awards. They push me every incredible."
year to create new images and be a better As with so many winners, you don't win
TAGS photographer. every year and Ignacio has had his fair share of
AIPP E ps o n S ta te
Pr in t Awa rd s "The process is exciting and I enjoy it very 'misses'.
much. I also enjoy attending the judging "Sometimes I agree with the judges'
and the events, sometimes meeting new comments and sometimes I don't. I feel a bit
photographers from other parts of Australia. down initially when I receive bad scores, but
"I have entered nearly every year since 2010. then I always think I have to step up my game
This year I wasn't too sure about the quality of for the nationals and send in better images."

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AWARDS
NEWS

APPA: How To Impress The Judges


With the Epson State Awards concluded for 2018, it's time to move our
attention to the national Australian Professional Photography Awards.
Before sending your file to the printer or the bureau, double check
these suggestions to impress the judges.

ADD VIGNETTING? CAMERA ANGLE


Sometimes all that's required to finish a photo It's not always possible to change your camera
is a little darkening of the edges. I'm not angle, and sometimes unrealistic for a judge to
suggesting a strong vignette that looks like a ask you to do so, but the camera angle you have
circle, rather a subtle darkening of lighter areas used has had some unwanted consequences.
that touch the edges of the photo. Could a different angle (or lens) remove an
Generally the judges' eyes will go to lighter unwanted foreground, reduce a distracting
parts of the image, so if there is a bright area background, or create a more interesting
along an edge of the image, the eye is given composition (as opposed to an eye-height
a chance to 'escape' from your framing and view)?
composition. By darkening these edges, you At this stage, it might be too late to re-shoot
turn their eye around, back into the cente of the your subject, but are there other shots taken at
image. At least this is the theory! the same time that have a stronger angle?
Be aware that some judges hate vignetting. A 'standard' camera angle may indicate
Of course, they can't say they hate it, so they that you have achieved professional practice (a
will suggest it is 'too strong', distracting or score of 70 to 79), while a camera angle with a
unnecessary. Other judges love vignetting, and difference can help elevate your work into the
TAGS
Awa rd s
they can't say that either, but they will agree Silver category.
that too much vignetting is worth fewer marks,
not more. CENTRE OF INTEREST
So, to return to the first part of the advice, Where do you want the judge to look?
any vignetting you do should be subtle and Photographs work well with a centre of interest,
definitely shouldn't look like a circle has been somewhere for the viewer’s eye to go. And
placed on top of the image! sometimes you need to have something

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Straight s
hot with n
the sky to o vignetti
o light, all ng. Is
owing the
escape? eye to

Subtle da
rkening o
create a 'v f top and
ignette', b bottom
sides have ut note th
not been at the
darkened
.

Stronger
vignettes
and mood can create
, but mak drama
e sure the
areas are blend
invisible.

And this i
s what the
to see - an judges do
obvious v n't want
ignette!

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AWARDS
NEWS

obvious in that centre of interest, such as a changed. Similarly, too much colour saturation
person or a yacht... can pull an image down, no matter how strong
Often it's a good idea for that centre to other aspects.
be lighter or darker, more colourful or more Take a look at the colour in your entry
contrasty than its surroundings. This can and see if it needs adjusting. If in doubt, you
often be achieved in post-production if it isn't could do a series of colour adjustments using
successful in the original capture. the colour tools in Lightroom, Capture One
Without a centre of interest, viewers (and or Photoshop to see if subtle movements in
judges) can be left wondering what they should colour to one channel or another gives a more
look at. pleasing result.
You may also include more than one centre
of interest. COMPOSITION
However, if you do use a centre of interest, Composition is a tricky one and also hard to
ensure that the colour, tone and contrast in the explain. It includes where you position the
image overall supports or matches the centre subject in the frame, the size and shape of the
of interest. Not much point having a tonal or frame, and where other elements are positioned
colour highlight in the photo if it isn’t also the as well.
centre of interest. Sometimes positioning the subject in the
For instance, a bride in a white dress in a middle (where the autofocus point lies) creates
green field will work well, but a bride and half a a static composition that loses marks, (but
dozen white trees scattered around the green naturally there are exceptions).
field might be confusing. If there were white Sometimes the subject is too small or
trees, can they be toned down so the bride too large in the frame, compared to its
stands out? surroundings.
If you haven't already, we suggest you do a
COLOUR AND COLOUR little reading and research about composition
SATURATION and see if that could improve your work. Good
Whether natural or not, colour can have a big composition is not simply using the rule of
impact on how an image is assessed. If the thirds - the rule of thirds might move you
colour balance (the white balance or colour into good professional practice, but strong or
temperature) appears unnatural or tinted, the striking composition is required to achieve a
whole mood and emotion of the image can be Silver Award.

20
Too Mage
nta

Too red
Too Blue

If you're u
nsure of y
colour ba our
lance, use
balance o a colour
r white ba
and check lance too
slight vari l
each of th ations in
e channel
help reso s. This can
lve the pr
oblem!

Too Yellow
Too Cyan

Too Green

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AWARDS
NEWS

World Photographic Cup 2018


So, what exactly is the World Photographic Cup? Who runs it? Who can
enter? Who won it this year? And why has Australia done so well? Peter
Eastway looks to Kylie Lyons for the answers!

The winners of the 2018 World Photographic aggregate score determines the overall country
Cup were announced at the Chauvel Cinema in winner. And the country winner for 2018 was
Sydney as a part of the Head On Photo Festival Team USA, with second place to Australia and
on 6 May 2018 - and Australia featured strongly third place to Mexico.
among the winners. Kylie Lyons has been spearheading
The competition is sponsored by Australia’s involvement in the World
the Federation of European Professional Photographic Cup since it began in 2014.
Photographers, Professional Photographers of Explained Kylie, “Our results have been very
America, United Asian Professional Photography good. In the first year we came second, then
and this year the event was hosted by the AIPP. third, then sixth and last year we came 13th, so
Entry to the competition is through a it was great to see us returning to 2nd this year!
professional photography organisation, so only We’re back on the right track!”
TAGS
Wo r ld
professional photography is included. In 2018, Way back in 2002, I can remember Malcolm
Pho to gr a ph i c
Cu p 2 0 1 8
the fifth edition of the competition, there were Mathieson talking to Giuseppe Scozzi about
thirty countries competing from Europe, Asia, such a photographic competition with the
North and South America and Oceania. World Council of Professional Photography
The competition delivers a number of in Orvieto, Italy. The WCPP is no more, but
individual prizes (Gold, Silver and Bronze in many ways the concept of international
positions in each of six categories) and an cooperation continues to exist through the

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Top Left: Master of the Awards Ceremonies, David Trust, CEO of the PPA
Top Right: Kylie Lyons, Host Nation representative and Member of the WPC Governing Committee
Bottom Left: World Governing Committee
Bottom Right: Andy Cheung, Sue Lewis and Gold Award winner, Portrait, Keren Dobia from the AIPP, look on at
The World Phoitographic Cup, in which Australia came 2nd in the world ahead of 28 other countries.
Photos by John Swainston

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AWARDS

World Photographic Cup. need to consider an image from our family


Continued Kylie, “When I was AIPP National category for the portraiture category at WPC.
President, one of my main aims was to build “There are six categories and we can enter
stronger international relationships, so when just three images in each – so a total of 18
the invitation came to enter a team into images per country. One photographer can
the inaugural WPC in 2014, I jumped at the have more than one entry, but not in the same
opportunity. category. For instance, one year Peter Rossi
“In fact, Australia did so well I was invited was in both the portraiture and illustrative
to become a part of the WPC governing categories for WPC. Generally there are 18
committee and I have sat on the committee different photographers, but there could be
since 2014. fewer.”
“Being a part of the WPC exposes Australia to Each country has a Team Captain who is
the rest of the world. While 30 countries entered responsible for selecting the entries. In the past,
this year, there are many more countries Kylie has had this role, but this year Sue Lewis
watching from the sidelines and people from was asked to take over the reins.
all around the world can see the quality of the “Sue enlisted David Paterson and Steve
images that are entered. Wise to help her, and then Mel Comerford, Nick
“The WPC also promotes a culture of Ghionis and me into the advisory panel before
friendliness and inclusion – and that’s the making her final decision.
beauty of getting together once a year with “Judging is online and every county that
people you don’t see all the time, but who enters is invited to submit one judge. This year
become an extension of your photographic our judge was Robyn Campbell APP.L M.Photog.
family.” II. All judging is done anonymously and the
So, how do you get your photos to be system is set up so a judge does not score
entered in the WPC? Explained Kylie, “We use entries from his or her own country.
our APPA results, so to be in the WPC, you have “Scoring is a little different to APPA and
to enter APPA first. However, there isn’t a direct similar to the FEP system. Each image is scored
translation from the APPA categories to the six out of 100 on four criteria: impact, vision,
categories in the WPC. WPC has portraiture, technical excellence and composition. The total
wedding, landscape/nature, commercial, score is out of 400, but this is averaged to a
illustrative and reportage. APPA has more score out of 100.
categories than this, so for instance, we might “The highest scores in each category win

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World Photographic Cup - Portrait Category
1st place Gold Medallist: Keren Dobia, Australia
Australia's Entries (Left to Right): Keren Dobia, Cristina Piccoli, Robyn Hills

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World Photographic Cup - Commercial Category
1st place Gold Medallist: Onni Wiljami Kinnunen, Finland
Australia's Entries (Left to Right): Angela Miller – Finalist, 10th Place, Nick Rains, Angie Connell

26
AWARDS

Gold, Silver and Bronze awards for the individual Continued Kylie, “We have done well in most
photographers. categories over the years, all except weddings.
To determine the winning countries, the top If you look at the images that tend to do well
10 photos in each category are given points – at WPC, they are the classical, stylised and
10 for 1st, 9 for 2nd and so on. The team with beautiful brides with lovely dresses, whereas
the highest aggregate of points wins – so it’s wedding images that do well at APPA are
the top 60 photos that determine the winning pushing the boundaries and are less likely to
team.” have a bride and groom holding hands. What
So, how did Australian photographers excites Australian judges doesn’t necessarily
fare? Angela Miller took out 10th Place in the excite the rest of the world.
Commercial category and Daniel Murphy was “So that might be our test for next year and
6th in the Illustration/Digital Art category. In the rather than taking the highest scoring wedding
Nature/Landscape category, Yane Sotiroski was prints at APPA, we might look for images that
5th and Ken Drake 10th. Keren Dobia took out are better appreciated by our international
the 1st place Gold Medal in portraiture, while audience.”
in Reportage, Christopher Ian earned the 2nd
place Silver Medal and Andy Cheung was in You can see all the finalist entries at

10th. www.worldphotographiccup.org

27
World Photographic Cup - Illustration / Digital Art Category
1st place Gold Medallist: Ben Shirk, United States
Australia's Entries (Left to Right): Daniel Murphy – Finalist, 6th Place, Lorraine MacGillivray, Henry Coughlin

28
World Photographic Cup - Nature (Landscape/Wildlife) Category
1st place Gold Medallist: EngTong Tan, Malaysia
Australia's Entries (Left to Right): Yane Sotiroski – Finalist, 5th Place, Ken Drake – Finalist, 10th Place, Andrew Campbell

29
World Photographic Cup - Wedding Category
1st place Gold Medallist: Raymond Phang, Singapore
Australia's Entries (Left to Right): James Simmons, Kelly Tunney, Dan O’Day

30
World Photographic Cup - Reportage / Photojournalism Category
1st place Gold Medallist: Gail Nogle, United States
Australia's Entries (Left to Right): Christopher Ian - 2nd place Silver Medal, Andy Cheung – 10th Place, Selena Rollason

31
EDUCATION

What Exactly Makes A Great Experience?


Portrait photography mentor Tanya Addison explains some simple
things we can all do to make our portrait photography experience
more enjoyable and engaging.

Began Tanya Addison, “A lot of photographers And as a woman, wouldn’t you rather have a
are worried about their skill sets with a camera, portrait taken in your 30s or 40s, rather than your
rather than thinking about how the client is 60s or later?
feeling at the other end. “Let’s give the family an opportunity to have
photos taken at the best time in their life.
THE EXPERIENCE FROM YOUR “If your clients don’t buy this argument, then
CLIENT'S PERSPECTIVE you can’t have sold it properly.
"This is why I suggest all family photographers "And having had your own family’s
have their portrait taken so they know what it photograph taken by a professional, you’ll better
feels like from a client’s point of view. understand your client and be able to talk from
“For instance, most women are self-conscious experience."
and don’t like to be photographed, so how can
we make that experience enjoyable for them? WHAT ARE GREAT
“If we just photograph the kids, then we are EXPERIENCES?
robbing those children because they won’t have So, to set up a great experience in your business,
photos of their parents in the prime of their life. ask yourself how your clients would like to be

32

Matt Streatfeild APP AAIPP

33

Fiona Handbury APP AAIPP
34
EDUCATION

treated. For instance, Tanya suggests: need to cost a lot to do. Just ask yourself, how
can you make your clients experience more
IDEA #1 enjoyable?
All inbound emails are responded to within four
hours, all inbound telephone calls are answered BUYING ON EMOTION
within an hour, and text messages are replied to “People buy on emotion, so after the shoot, the
in 10 minutes. In this way, your client knows that photographer should visit the client’s home to
you value them. show mum and dad the images and talk about
how each image shows different emotions",
IDEA #2 suggests Tanya.
If you’re shooting on location at sunrise, you "To be able to do this, you need to work
could ensure you have some nibbles for the kids backwards, meaning on the day of the shoot,
and a coffee for mum and dad. You could also you’d take different photographs of each of
ensure there’s a bathroom nearby so the kids the kids with different poses, expressions and
aren’t forced to disappear behind a bush. You emotions.”
want the family to remember the experience for And then once you have a range of different
your photography, not searching for a toilet. photographs for your clients to choose from, you
IDEA #3 need products to sell them.
At the other end of the day, if you’re shooting While some photographers manage to sell
on location (or even in the studio), offer your digital files, it is much easier (and usually much
clients cheese and champagne at the end of the more profitable) if you're selling a range of
session. physical products.
IDEA #4 Physical products are prints, prints in folders,
Or if it’s a hot day, keep a supply of cold water prints in boxes, framed prints, photo books and
on hand and refreshing towels to wipe their face photo albums.
and hands.
IDEA #5 Tanya Addison runs the successful Gap Studios with

If your clients are on location and are asked to sit her partner Glenn in Australia and USA. She offers

on a rock, have a blanket with you so they won’t a 10-week mentoring program for portrait studios

dirty their clean white dress. needing to move to the next level. For more infor-

“It’s not really difficult to do. It’s just a matter mation, contact Tanya via email:

of setting up a great experience which doesn’t tanya@lovepetsphotography.com

35
NEWS
EDUCATION

Claiming Travel On Your Tax!


Photographers are often working while away on travel which makes it a
legitimate tax deduction, but still there are certain things you must do
if your accountant or tax agent is to make a claim!

Let's set the scene: You are away on a trip important as a legitimate claim.
with your partner for a bit of a holiday, but like
many photographers, you can't just sit idly by THE TRAVEL DIARY
the pool and read a book. Rather, you'll find a If you travel away for more than five nights in
photography project, develop new pieces for Australia, or overseas at all, you must keep a
your portfolio, shoot some stock photos, visit travel diary to substantiate your trip.
galleries to inspire you and so on. The diary simply records the date, place,
nature of your business activity, the time started
YOU REALLY ARE WORKING! and duration of the activity. This allows you to
To an outsider, you're working. You have a determine whether or not expenses incurred on
camera in your hand and even though the a particular day are tax deductible.
images you capture might not be sold directly, For instance, if you travelled to a week long
they become a part of your personal body of seminar, but stayed at your destination for
work – which is certainly used for marketing two weeks, the expenses for the seminar week
purpose. would be deductible, but the second week
However, to visit this destination and capture spent on holiday would not.
your images, costs have been incurred! You've A travel diary would show which days could
bought plane tickets, hotel accommodation, be claimed.
TAGS rental cars, food and other incidentals. On some trips, your travel agent or organiser
Busine s s
R egist r a ti o n s On this basis, some of your travel may provide you with an itinerary and this
expenditure is definitely tax deductible – if you may be sufficient - as long as it has all the
do things correctly! information required by the ATO.
However, forget to keep receipts or don't On the other hand, a holiday-style trip with
write up a diary and there may be no claim multiple purposes probably doesn't come with
at all! Paperwork, for the tax office, is just as a well-defined itinerary, so you will need to do
This is general information only. We do not know your specific financial or legal situation and we are not providing you with advice. As such, this article
should not be relied upon as legal, financial or accounting advice. Please use this article as a conversation starter with your own adviser.

36
An Incomplete List of
Travel Deductions
• Accommodation
• Aeroplane charters
• Airfares
• Airport car parking
• Art galleries etc
• Bridge tolls
• Bus fares
• Car hire
• Dry cleaning & laundry
• Ferries
• Film & processing
• Helicopter hire
• Left luggage storage
• Luggage for business
• Maps and apps
• Meals - including snacks
• Passports (sometimes)
• Porters
• Petrol
• Seminar fees
• Stationery and postage
• Taxis
• Telephone & internet (business calls)
• Tips
• Train tickets
• Tram fares
• Visas

38
EDUCATION

your own. It's certainly not a difficult thing to If you're thinking of claiming all your airfare,
do - write notes in your smartphone's diary or please discuss this with your accountant
use an app. Or even pencil and paper if you can because there are different views on this. The
remember how to hand write! ATO generally likes to apportion the airfare
If the diary isn't done while you are away based on the time spent on business, so even
(sometimes it's not possible), prepare it as soon if the dominant purpose was for business, any
as possibly upon your return. private time away would serve to reduce the
amount claimable.
APPORTIONING COSTS
The cost of getting to the destination might be ACCOMMODATION TOO
100 percent deductible, even though only half When it comes to accommodation, you may
the time was spent on business. find a single room costs $100 and a family room
This is because you would have purchased costs $120. You could be entitled to claim the
the airfare for the business component anyway. $100 it would cost you to stay at the hotel had
Of course, if you were planning on a holiday and you travelled on your own (make sure you get a
you tacked on a few days of business as an after price list from the hotel to substantiate this).
thought, you might only claim a proportion of Again, the tax office doesn’t always agree
the airfare. You need to look at the dominant with this stand, but there are cases to support it,
purpose of the trip, and if that purpose was as long as your dominant purpose of travelling
business, claim the entire airfare. was business.
If you’re taking your spouse or family, you Of course, for any days you are away on
will have to decide whether or not your spouse holiday (not working), then no deduction is
is travelling on business or personally. If your available.
partner works with you in the business, then With car hire and taxis you can probably
you can claim for both of you, assuming you are claim all of it during the business period
both also working! because it’s a fixed cost. However, with food you
Travelling with young kids probably makes can only claim the cost of your meals, not the
it a little difficult for both parents to claim family’s.
(someone has to look after them), but not
impossible. It may be that you can only claim TRAVEL EXCUSES
for your airfare and the spouse and kids must be So, how do you make your holidays tax
paid for privately. deductible? The simple answer to this question

39
EDUCATION

is to turn the holiday into a working trip. When company or trust as an employee. Perhaps the
you realise the travel diary is the key to claiming best approach is to ensure you have receipts
a proportion of a trip away, all you need to for absolutely everything you spend while
do is work for a few days. The more you work, travelling, no matter how you operate.
the more you can claim - and maybe the less Your credit card statement may assist in
you enjoy your holiday! It might not be worth establishing some expenses, like hotels and
ruining your holiday for a meager tax deduction, meals where it is obvious what the purchase is
especially if your spouse or family never see you! for.
However, if you have photographs in a stock In short, if you don't have a receipt, there
library or you are interested in visiting other may be no tax deduction.
studios and galleries overseas or interstate,
there is absolutely no reason you can’t claim a TRAVEL ALLOWANCES
proportion of your travel expenses. If you operate through a company or trust and
Let’s face it, if you take some great stock you are an employee, you may be able to pay
shots or come back with a profitable idea from yourself a travel allowance which does not
an overseas studio, the tax office will have no need to be substantiated. It can be difficult
hesitation taxing you on the income! You really keeping receipts for all meals, taxis and fares, so
should claim what you’re entitled to. an allowance is attractive because it does away
Some professionals don’t want to know with a lot of paperwork. However, you still need
about their cameras on holidays – so leave it to keep a travel diary, the allowance should be
that way. paid before you travel, and the amount of the
However, if holidays are an opportunity to allowance should be no more than that allowed
pursue personal projects, try new techniques or by the tax office's guidelines.
simply recharge your batteries, then the hours This system is not available for
you spend with a camera around your neck photographers working as sole traders or
could very likely be classified as ‘business’. through a partnership. If this is you, you must
have receipts for all your expenditure, including
PAPERWORK food. In some countries, this can be difficult
There are slightly different rules for the receipts if not impossible, in which case you should
and paperwork required (called substantiation document the expenditure in your travel diary
by the ATO), depending on whether you are a and discuss the matter with your accountant
sole trader or partnership, or working through a before lodging a tax return.

40

Linda Warlond APP

41
NEWS

Nikkor 180-400mm f/4 Super Zoom


Shooting sport or wildlife? Nikon's latest AF-S Nikkor 180-400mm f/4E
TC1.4 FL ED VR zoom will let you frame more subjects without needing
to change lenses – and the image quality is stellar!

Is this another example of 'one-up-manship' 560mm requires a lot of glass, which in turn
or a genuine boon for wildlife and sport means a very large and heavy lens. Check out
photographers? The answer is probably both! the 600mm f4 as an example and now add in all
Nikon has long included a wonderful 200- the complexities of a zoom.
400mm f4 super zoom in its lineup, but then The AF-S Nikkor 180-400mm is already 3.5
Canon released a 200-400mm super zoom with kg, but this 'weight reduction' is achieved by
a 1.4x teleconverter built-in. Now, while it is offering the 560mm focal length with the tele-
unlikely Nikon shooters would switch to Canon converter. And as we know, when you add a
on the basis of a single lens, there's no doubt teleconverter you lose light – a full stop for a
the new Nikkor 180-400mm super zoom with 1.4x teleconverter. So, at 560mm, you're actually
a built-in 1.4x teleconverter squashes that little shooting at f5.6, not f4, but with modern
worry wart! cameras able to shoot at higher ISO settings
without any noticeable noise, this is simply
NEW 180-400MM ZOOM not a problem. In fact, it is intelligent use of
The new AF-S Nikkor 180-400mm f/4E TC1.4 advancing technology.
FL ED VR is compatible with both FX- and DX-
formats. It covers the 180-400mm focal-length FLIP ON THE FLY
range in FX-format and extends to 252-560mm You can engage the 1.4x teleconverter without
TAGS when using the built-in 1.4x teleconverter. changing your shooting posture – the switch
Equ ip m e n t
Ca mer a s So, what's the advantage of a super zoom can be easily enabled with a flip with one hand
Fujif ilm
with a built-in 1.4x teleconverter? Why not just while holding the camera grip with the other.
design a 180-560mm f4 zoom and be done with This, says Nikon, ensures you never miss out
it? on the action, while also making photography
The problem with such a designed lens is equipment more compact.
size. To offer f4 as the maximum aperture at Other reasons for the lens's light weight

42
43

Scott Portelli APP M.Photog.

44
NEWS

(we're talking relatively here) are the use of a usage and even in the peripheral areas of the
fluorite lens element and magnesium alloy. frame. Most photographers will not be using
The lens is also equipped with a dust- and a tripod with this lens, so an improved and
drip-resistant structure, so it will work happily in evolved VR (vibration reduction) system with
inclement and difficult weather. NORMAL and SPORT modes provides for quick
A tripod collar ring enables smooth tracking of subjects that are moving erratically,
switching between horizontal and vertical all the time offering an effect equivalent to a
orientation, along with a zoom ring that is easily shutter speed of 4.0 stops faster in terms of
operated while holding onto the tripod collar. image sharpness.
Other features include high-performance,
anti-reflective coatings (including Nano Crystal BUT THE PRICE!
Coat) to minimise ghost and flare effects that So, what does a lens like this cost? The pre-
would otherwise degrade images. order price is $18,945 as the lens has yet to be
delivered, but already a number of retailers are
CLOSE FOCUSING taking orders.
High maximum reproduction ratios allow close- There's no doubt $19,000 is a lot for a lens,
up shooting at telephoto positions (0.25× when but this is a specialist end of the market and, by
the built-in teleconverter is not used, 0.36× comparison, the Canon 200-400 1.4x retails for
when it is), while MTF charts indicate the new $12,000 to $14,000. Similarly, a Nikkor 600mm f4
lens is significantly sharper than its predecessor is $14,000 to $16,000.
- and it's predecessor was no slouch! Of course, if you don't need the wide
And maintaining focus is that much easier maximum aperture, there are much less
again. An enhanced drive control algorithm expensive (and much lighter) alternative lenses
of the AF motor increases accuracy of subject that produce great results, but generally they
tracking based on AF detection results, ideal for are not quite as 'great' as the image quality you
photographers capturing moving subjects, such get from these higher priced, super optics.
as sports people and wildlife. The new AF-S Nikkor 180-400mm f/4E TC1.4
And when attached to the Nikon D5, D850 FL ED VR is a specialist lens for a specialist part
or D500, focus points located in sections of of the market – and there's no doubt they will
the outer areas of the 153-point AF system love it!
can be used as cross sensors for easier subject
acquisition, regardless of built-in teleconverter For more information, visit www.nikon.com.au.

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Peter Eastway’s

Lightroom Atelier – Easy Online Learning


The Lightroom Atelier will quickly turbo-charge your creativity! Don’t waste need if you’re happy with the average results that come out of your camera.
your time using Lightroom the wrong way, subscribe to the LIghtroom However, as all creative photographers discover, using Lightroom isn’t just a
Atelier now to learn how you can transform your photographs into incredible matter of sliding controls left or right, it’s also an amazing tool with unlimited
works of fine art! We know there are lots of free tutorials around that show creativity – if you know how to use it properly. The reason you’ll be interested
you how to use Lightroom, so why would you be interested in the Lightroom in Peter Eastway’s Lightroom Atelier is because you like what you see on the
Atelier by Peter Eastway? Well, if you’re really new to Lightroom, you should these pages and you’d like to achieve something similar with your own work.
take advantage of all those free tutorials first - even if they are produced by If that’s you, check out the free lesson on our website and follow the links ...
people with limited photography experience. And maybe that’s all you’ll

www.betterphotographyeducation.com
Lightroom Atelier – some of the techniques you will learn

46