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You are on page 1of 9

en updated to t incorporatte all changees shown in the comments on the

webpage e and email comments

c as

a of Octobe er, 30 2017. If you have purchased tthis product prior

to this da st version then please e

ate and wish for the lates email Justin K

Kauwale at

contact@@engproguid des.com.

The following change porated into tthe product as of the da

ate above an

nd

should bee noted.

February w updated as shown in

n red in the iimage below

w.

March 16

6, 2018: Pro

oblem 2 was

s revised in red

r as shown

wn below.

A three-p

phase, wye connected,

c balanced

b ad consumess 100 kW an

loa nd is rated a

at 480 V (line

e

voltage). If one of the load’s pha

ases is lost ( 0 , what is th

he new poweer consumpt tion?

Assume a power factor of 1.0.

March 24

4, 2018: Sollution 54 wa

as revised to include morre steps for clarity.

Power PE Full

F Exam E

Errata -1 www.en

ngproguidess.com

QUESTION 1 – CIRCUIT ANALYSIS

A three phase, 500 kVA load is served by a 13.2∠0 kV line. The load has a power factor of

0.85 leading. What is the line to neutral impedance of the load?

A three-phase, wye connected, balanced load consumes 100 kW and is rated at 480 V (line

voltage). If one of the load’s phases is lost ( 0 , what is the new power consumption?

Assume a power factor of 1.0.

(A) 50 kW

(B) 66 kW

(C) 75 kW

(D) 100 kW

AM Session Questions -1

http://www.engproguides.com

QUESTION 22 – ROTATING MACHINES

A three phase, 500 HP, 480 V line voltage, motor has a synchronous reactance of 2 ohms per

phase. The motor power factor is 0.85 leading and the windings are wye connected. What is

the line current?

(A) 244 A

(B) 528 A

(C) 621 A

(D) 914 A

A 3 phase, 60 HZ, 480 V, 16-pole induction motor has a slip of 5%. If the voltage supplied to

the motor is reduced to 400 V, then what will be the actual motor speed? Assume the change in

motor slip is negligible.

AM Session Questions -12

http://www.engproguides.com

SOLUTION 3 – CIRCUIT ANALYSIS

Given the figure below, what is the line voltage , ? Assume a balanced 3 phase load.

The first step is to find the current at AN. This is possible because you know both the voltage

drop and the impedance between A and N.

120 120

22.3∠ 21.8°

5 2 5.39∠21.8°

Since the circuit is wye configured, the phase current is equal to the line current. Then you can

use line current to find the voltage drop due to Z and Z_ph_AN. The impedances can be added

since they are in series.

131.4∠ .9°

This voltage drop is equal to the phase voltage. In order to get the line to line voltage, you need

to multiply this term by the root 3 term and account for the 30 degree phase shift.

AM Session Solutions -3

http://www.engproguides.com

SOLUTION 23 – ROTATING MACHINES

A 3 phase, 60 HZ, 480 V, 16-pole induction motor has a slip of 5%. If the voltage supplied to

the motor is reduced to 400 V, then what will be the actual motor speed? Assume the change in

motor slip is negligible.

120 ∗ 60

120 ∗ 60

450

16

Next use the slip to calculate the actual speed. In a practical application, the reduction in

voltage will cause the slip % to decrease as well. However, for this problem, you can assume

the slip % remains the same.

1 ∗

The reduction in voltage will not affect the motor speed. The motor speed is only affected by

the frequency of the power.

AM Session Solutions -23

http://www.engproguides.com

QUESTION 40 – TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION

The secondary of a three phase, delta-wye transformer is being converted from an ungrounded

system to an intentionally grounded neutral system. A low-resistance grounding system will be

used. In which of the fault conditions, will the fault current most likely be increased? Assume

the location of the fault is the same in these two conditions: (1) condition prior to grounding and

(2) condition after grounding.

AM Session Questions -21

http://www.engproguides.com

SOLUTION 40 – TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION

The secondary of a three phase, delta-wye transformer is being converted from an ungrounded

system to an intentionally grounded neutral system. A low-resistance grounding system will be

used. In which of the fault conditions, will the fault current most likely be increased? Assume

the location of the fault is the same in these two conditions: (1) condition prior to grounding and

(2) condition after grounding.

The fault current will be increased in (B) Phase to ground fault. In an ungrounded system the

fault current will be close to zero, since there is no return path. In a grounded system, the fault

current will travel from the phase and through the grounding system back to the source, which

will cause an increase in fault current. The other faults, phase to phase and three phase fault

will not change whether the system is grounded or not grounded.

AM Session Solutions -41

http://www.engproguides.com

QUESTION 54 - PROTECTION

If a phase A to phase B fault occurs at Bus 2, what will be the short circuit current in phase A at

Bus 2? Assume the positive and negative sequence impedances are equal for all components.

Since the generator and transformer have the same power values, the impedances are on the

same power base and the same voltage base.

0.15

0.08

1 ∗ 1,000

577.4

√3 ∗ 1

Next find the per unit current by dividing the per unit voltage by the sum of the per unit

impedances, since all the impedances are in series from the power source to the fault location.

Also since the base voltage is 13.8 KV and the actual voltage is 13.8 KV, then the per unit

voltage is 1.0.Remember you also need to add the negative sequence impedances which are

the same as the positive sequence impedances.

1.0

, 2.174

, , , , , , , , 0.15 . 08 ∗2

Find from the base current and the per unit current.

∗ 2.174 ∗ 577.4

1,255

PM Session Solutions -15

http://www.engproguides.com

Then use the following equation to find the phase current in A.

1

∗ ∗ 1

3

1

1,255 ∗ ∗ 1

3

a →1 √3∠ 30°

3

1,255 ∗

√3∠ 30°

2,173

The MVA Method is only for a 3-phase bolted fault. As you can see below, if you use the MVA

method then you will get the incorrect answer.

100%

1 ∗ 12.5

8%

100%

1 ∗ 6.7

15%

1 1 1

→ 4.36

12.5 6.7

4.36

, 2,521

√3 ∗ 1.0

PM Session Solutions -16

http://www.engproguides.com

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