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# Power PE

## This prodduct has bee

en updated to t incorporatte all changees shown in the comments on the
c as
a of Octobe er, 30 2017. If you have purchased tthis product prior
to this da st version then please e
ate and wish for the lates email Justin K
Kauwale at
contact@@engproguid des.com.

## es have not been incorp

The following change porated into tthe product as of the da
ate above an
nd
should bee noted.

## y 21, 2018: Solution 3 was

February w updated as shown in
n red in the iimage below
w.

March 16
6, 2018: Pro
oblem 2 was
s revised in red
r as shown
wn below.

A three-p
phase, wye connected,
c balanced
b ad consumess 100 kW an
loa nd is rated a
at 480 V (line
e
voltage). If one of the load’s pha
ases is lost ( 0 , what is th
he new poweer consumpt tion?
Assume a power factor of 1.0.

March 24
4, 2018: Sollution 54 wa
as revised to include morre steps for clarity.

Power PE Full
F Exam E
Errata -1 www.en
ngproguidess.com
QUESTION 1 – CIRCUIT ANALYSIS
A three phase, 500 kVA load is served by a 13.2∠0 kV line. The load has a power factor of
0.85 leading. What is the line to neutral impedance of the load?

## QUESTION 2 – CIRCUIT ANALYSIS

A three-phase, wye connected, balanced load consumes 100 kW and is rated at 480 V (line
voltage). If one of the load’s phases is lost ( 0 , what is the new power consumption?
Assume a power factor of 1.0.

(A) 50 kW

(B) 66 kW

(C) 75 kW

(D) 100 kW

## Power PE Full Exam

AM Session Questions -1
http://www.engproguides.com
QUESTION 22 – ROTATING MACHINES
A three phase, 500 HP, 480 V line voltage, motor has a synchronous reactance of 2 ohms per
phase. The motor power factor is 0.85 leading and the windings are wye connected. What is
the line current?

(A) 244 A

(B) 528 A

(C) 621 A

(D) 914 A

## QUESTION 23 – ROTATING MACHINES

A 3 phase, 60 HZ, 480 V, 16-pole induction motor has a slip of 5%. If the voltage supplied to
the motor is reduced to 400 V, then what will be the actual motor speed? Assume the change in
motor slip is negligible.

## Power PE Full Exam

AM Session Questions -12
http://www.engproguides.com
SOLUTION 3 – CIRCUIT ANALYSIS
Given the figure below, what is the line voltage , ? Assume a balanced 3 phase load.

The first step is to find the current at AN. This is possible because you know both the voltage
drop and the impedance between A and N.

120 120
22.3∠ 21.8°
5 2 5.39∠21.8°

Since the circuit is wye configured, the phase current is equal to the line current. Then you can
use line current to find the voltage drop due to Z and Z_ph_AN. The impedances can be added
since they are in series.

## 22.3∠ 21.8° ∗ 5.5 2.1 22.3∠ 21.8° ∗ 5.89∠20.9°

131.4∠ .9°

This voltage drop is equal to the phase voltage. In order to get the line to line voltage, you need
to multiply this term by the root 3 term and account for the 30 degree phase shift.

## Power PE Full Exam

AM Session Solutions -3
http://www.engproguides.com
SOLUTION 23 – ROTATING MACHINES
A 3 phase, 60 HZ, 480 V, 16-pole induction motor has a slip of 5%. If the voltage supplied to
the motor is reduced to 400 V, then what will be the actual motor speed? Assume the change in
motor slip is negligible.

## First calculate the synchronous speed.

120 ∗ 60

120 ∗ 60
450
16

Next use the slip to calculate the actual speed. In a practical application, the reduction in
voltage will cause the slip % to decrease as well. However, for this problem, you can assume
the slip % remains the same.

1 ∗

## 1 .05 ∗ 450 428

The reduction in voltage will not affect the motor speed. The motor speed is only affected by
the frequency of the power.

## Power PE Full Exam

AM Session Solutions -23
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QUESTION 40 – TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION
The secondary of a three phase, delta-wye transformer is being converted from an ungrounded
system to an intentionally grounded neutral system. A low-resistance grounding system will be
used. In which of the fault conditions, will the fault current most likely be increased? Assume
the location of the fault is the same in these two conditions: (1) condition prior to grounding and
(2) condition after grounding.

## Power PE Full Exam

AM Session Questions -21
http://www.engproguides.com
SOLUTION 40 – TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION
The secondary of a three phase, delta-wye transformer is being converted from an ungrounded
system to an intentionally grounded neutral system. A low-resistance grounding system will be
used. In which of the fault conditions, will the fault current most likely be increased? Assume
the location of the fault is the same in these two conditions: (1) condition prior to grounding and
(2) condition after grounding.

## (D) None of the above.

The fault current will be increased in (B) Phase to ground fault. In an ungrounded system the
fault current will be close to zero, since there is no return path. In a grounded system, the fault
current will travel from the phase and through the grounding system back to the source, which
will cause an increase in fault current. The other faults, phase to phase and three phase fault
will not change whether the system is grounded or not grounded.

## Power PE Full Exam

AM Session Solutions -41
http://www.engproguides.com
QUESTION 54 - PROTECTION
If a phase A to phase B fault occurs at Bus 2, what will be the short circuit current in phase A at
Bus 2? Assume the positive and negative sequence impedances are equal for all components.

## Assume a base of 1 MVA and 13.8 KV.

Since the generator and transformer have the same power values, the impedances are on the
same power base and the same voltage base.

0.15

0.08

## Now find the base current on the 1 KV side.

1 ∗ 1,000
577.4
√3 ∗ 1

Next find the per unit current by dividing the per unit voltage by the sum of the per unit
impedances, since all the impedances are in series from the power source to the fault location.
Also since the base voltage is 13.8 KV and the actual voltage is 13.8 KV, then the per unit
voltage is 1.0.Remember you also need to add the negative sequence impedances which are
the same as the positive sequence impedances.

1.0
, 2.174
, , , , , , , , 0.15 . 08 ∗2

Find from the base current and the per unit current.

∗ 2.174 ∗ 577.4

1,255

## Power PE Full Exam

PM Session Solutions -15
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Then use the following equation to find the phase current in A.

1
∗ ∗ 1
3

1
1,255 ∗ ∗ 1
3

a →1 √3∠ 30°

3
1,255 ∗
√3∠ 30°

2,173

## The correct answer is most nearly, (B) 2,200 A

The MVA Method is only for a 3-phase bolted fault. As you can see below, if you use the MVA
method then you will get the incorrect answer.

100%
1 ∗ 12.5
8%
100%
1 ∗ 6.7
15%

1 1 1
→ 4.36
12.5 6.7

4.36
, 2,521
√3 ∗ 1.0

## Power PE Full Exam

PM Session Solutions -16
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