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WHAT TO DO:

• Identification of classroom rules and regulations


• Determining the grading system / attendance rules
• Identification of subject requirement/s
• Introduction of the subject matter (refer to the Curriculum
Guide)
LESSON OBJECTIVES:
• Distinguish a holistic perspective from a partial point of view
(PPT11/12-IA-1.1)
• Recognize human activities that emanated from deliberate
reflection (PPT11/12-IA-1.2)
• Realize the value of doing philosophy in obtaining a broad
perspective in life (PPT11/12-IA-1.3)
• Doing a philosophical reflection on a concrete situation from
holistic perspective (PPT11/12-IA-1.4)
PHILOSOPHY
ORIGIN: 2 Greek words: “philo” – to love; “sophia” – wisdom
Philosophy – love of wisdom
• Philosophy is also defined as the science that by natural reason
studies the first causes or highest principles of all things.
• Ang Pilosopiya ay paghahanap ng katotohanan sa mga
maraming kaalamang natuklasan ng tao.
THE MEANING OF PHILOSOPHY
• “love of wisdom”
4 Things to be Considered:
1. SCIENCE
• The investigation is systematic.
• It is an organized body of knowledge just like any other sciences.
2. NATURAL LIGHT OF REASON
* Philosopher uses his natural capacity to think or simply, human
reason alone or the so-called unaided reason.
THE MEANING OF PHILOSOPHY
• “love of wisdom”
4 Things to be Considered:
3. STUDY OF ALL THINGS
• Philosopher studies human beings, society, religion, language, God,
and plants, among other concerns.
• A philosopher does not limit himself to a particular object of inquiry.
He questions almost anything, if not everything.
• It is multidimensional or holistic.
THE MEANING OF PHILOSOPHY
• “love of wisdom”
4 Things to be Considered:
4. FIRST CAUSE OR HIGHEST PRINCIPLE
A principle is that from which something proceeds in any manner
whatsover. The First Principles:
• Principle of Identity – whatever it is; and whatever is not is not;
everything is what it is. Everything is its own being, and not being is
not being.
THE MEANING OF PHILOSOPHY

• Principle of Non-Contradiction – it is impossible for a thing to be


and not to be at the same time, and at the same respect.
• Principle of Excluded Middle – A thing is either is or is not;
everything must be either be or not be; between being and
not-being, there is no middle ground possible.
THE MEANING OF PHILOSOPHY

• Principle of Sufficient Reason


Nothing exists without a sufficient reason for its being and
existence.
JamPHILO OF THE DAY…

“Try to WANDER on things you


WONDER for you to have
something to PONDER.”
- JhamPhi