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Best Tall Building Americas

Winner

The Bank of America Tower


New York, USA

T
he Bank of America Tower at One Bryant urban geometry. The crystalline form—inspired by the
Park was designed to set a new standard in legacy of the 1853 Crystal Palace, which once stood
high-performance buildings, for both the adjacent in Bryant Park, and by a quartz crystal from
office workers who occupy the tower and for a city and the client’s collection—suggests an appropriate natural
country that are awakening to the modern imperative analogue, both organic and urban in nature. With its
of sustainability. Drawing on concepts of biophilia—or crisp, folded façade, the tower changes with the sun
humans’ innate need for connection to the natural and sky; its southeast exposure, a deep double wall,
environment—the vision at the occupant scale was orients the building in its full height toward Bryant
to create the highest quality modern workplace by Park, its namesake and the most intensively-used open
emphasizing daylight, fresh air, and an intrinsic con- space in the US.
nection to the outdoors. At the urban scale, the tower
addresses its local environment as well as the context With the Bank of America as its primary tenant,
of midtown Manhattan, to which it adds an expressive occupying six trading floors and 75% of its interior, the
new silhouette on an already-iconic skyline. tower signals a significant shift in corporate America
and in the real estate industry, acknowledging the
The building responds to the dense urban context higher value of healthy, productive workplaces. One
by weaving into the existing grid at street level, yet Bryant Park’s most lasting achievement is to merge
challenging the boundaries of public and private space the ethics of the green building movement with a
with a highly transparent corner entry. As it rises, twenty-first century aesthetic of transparency and
the tower shears into two offset halves, increasing the re-connection.
verticality of its proportions as well as the surface area
exposed to daylight. Mass is sliced from these two rec- One Bryant Park is the first commercial high-rise
tilinear volumes, producing angular facets that open to earn LEED Platinum certification from the US
up light and oblique views beyond the typical limits of Green Building Council. The building’s advanced
technologies include a clean-burning, on-site, 5.0 MW
cogeneration plant, which provides approximately
Completion Date: May 2010
Height to Architectural Top1: 366m (1,200ft)
65% of the building’s annual electricity requirements
Stories1: 55 and lowers daytime peak demand by 30%. A thermal
Area: 115,000 sq m (1,237,850 sq ft)
storage system further helps reduce peak load on
Primary Use1: Office
Owner: Durst Organization; The Bank of America the city’s over-taxed electrical grid by producing ice
Developer: Durst Organization at night, melted during the day to provide cooling.
Design Architect: Cook+Fox Architects LLP
Associate Architect: Adamson Associates Nearly all of the 1.2m (4ft) of annual rain and snow
Structural Engineer: Severud Associates Consulting Engineers that fall on the site is captured and re-used as gray
MEP Engineer: Jaros, Baum & Bolles Consulting Engineers
Main Contractor: Tishman Construction water to flush toilets and supply the cooling towers.
1
For all definitions used in the data sections throughout this book,
refer to CTBUH criteria shown on pages 184–187 Opposite: Overall view of the building
and Bryant Park from the south east

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“An excellent example of attention to detail, commitment to
sustainability, placing priority on human health and pushing
boundaries in environmental strategies and technology.”
Gordon Gill, Awards Chair, Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture

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Left: Top of One Bryant Park in context
of the Manhattan skyline
Opposite Top Left: Interior view,
floor-to-ceiling glass
Opposite Top Right: Ground floor
lobby on 42nd Street & 6th Avenue
Opposite Bottom: Typical low-rise
(left) and high-rise (right) floor plans

“The architects have made much of the quality of life


for those occupying the building and the angular
form delivers internal spaces of great variety without
sacrificing an efficient and functional building.”
Peter Murray, Juror, New London Architecture Centre

These strategies, along with waterless urinals and low- abundant natural daylight and 2.9m (9.5ft) ceilings;
flow fixtures, save approximately 7.7 million gallons of an under-floor ventilation system with individually-
potable water per year. controlled floor diffusers; round-the-clock air quality
monitoring; and views through a clear, floor-to-ceiling
Recycling was a prominent factor throughout the glass curtain wall. This high-performance curtain wall
building’s construction, with 91% of construction and minimizes solar heat gain through low-E glass and
demolition waste diverted from landfill. Materials heat-reflecting ceramic frit; it also has allowed the
include steel made from 75% (minimum) recycled Bank of America to reduce artificial lighting with an
content and concrete made from cement containing automated daylight dimming system, reducing lighting
45% recycled content (blast furnace slag). To protect and cooling energy by up to 10%.
indoor air quality as well as natural resources, interior
materials are low-VOC, sustainably harvested, manu- On an urban level, the project also represents the
factured locally, and/or recycled wherever possible. culmination of the developer’s multigenerational
The building’s exceptionally high indoor environmen- efforts to revitalize the Times Square area, and gives
tal quality results from hospital-grade, 95% filtered air; back to the city with a street-level Urban Garden

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0m 10m

0’ 50’

0m 10m 30m
20TH
0m FLOOR
10m
0’ 50’ 100’ SCALE: 1/32” = 1’-0”
0’ 50’

20TH FLOOR
SCALE: 1/32” = 1’-0” 50TH FLOOR
SCALE: 1/32” = 1’-0”

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Jury Statement
The Bank of America Tower produces a high level of
sustainability within the commercial market place,
creating a strong identity for itself and acting as
an exemplary execution of sustainable technology
integration, urban intensification, and advanced
workplace design on the most broad levels. With its
chamfered top and crystalline geometry, the form of the
building eschews the orthogonal blocks of the Modernist
tradition creating a sculptural addition to the New York
skyline without sacrificing the efficiency and functionality
of the office floor plans.

It is admirable to see a tall building design that is so


thoroughly focused on the end user, creating a high
quality work space with emphasis on daylight, fresh air,
and a healthy work environment. There is little doubt
that this balanced and sustainable design will be used as
a benchmark for future sustainable and well integrated
projects worldwide.

Room, a mid-block pedestrian passage/performance


space, and the first “green” Broadway theater, the
LEED Gold Stephen Sondheim Theater.

In an era of heightened security, a central challenge of


the project was balancing the complexities of program
and scale with high-performance architecture and
urban design. In its layered connection to the ground
plane, One Bryant Park resolves this question with a
progression of public and private spaces—from Bryant
Park to the Urban Garden Room to the semi-public
lobby. As a total response to the urban environment,
the building’s restorative connections therefore work
on many levels, from green roofs and views of the
park to more subtle and expressive elements. A highly
integrated approach to architecture and engineering
ensured a close relationship between form and
function. Bridging contexts as vastly different as Times
Square and Bryant Park, the project makes a highly
visible statement on urban stewardship and global
citizenship for the 21st century.

Top Left: The ground floor Urban Garden Room,


a public space
Bottom Left: The building entry, subway
connection and canopy
Opposite: Building sections showing air
conditioning and water handling

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(# Indicates gallon capacity)
11 Cooling towers
Heat
Filter

Lavatory

Toilet

Waterless Urinal

Section showing air handling systems Section showing water handling systems
Cooling coil condensate from
AC HVAC units on each floor

Rai
Air Delivery

n
System
Cooling Towers
Evaporative Heat Rejection

1
11 8,500

8,500

AC

8,500

8,500
Rai

Building
n

Power Heat & Building


Generation Hot Water Power
System

3 4 5

7 8 10
Legend
6 Untreated source water line
9 30,000 (from storm water, cooling coil
Condensate, or sink drains)
Domestic water line

Supplemental domestic water line


(in case of drought)

Air Conditioning System Treated “grey water” line


Ground Water
Waste water

m 200m200m Overflow waste water 0m 25m 50m

Rainwater collection tank


500’ 500’
Legend
Legend Keyed
Keyed
notes
notes Legend # (# Indicates gallon capacity) 0’ 50’ 100’ 250’

Outside
Outside
air air 1 195%95%Particulate
Particulate
air filter
air filter Untreated source water line Filter
2 2Air handling
Air handling
unit unit
on eachon eachfloorfloor
(from storm water, cooling coil EAST-WEST SECTION
Filtered
Filtered
outside
outside
air air Condensate, or sink drains) SCALE: 1/128” = 1’-0”
3 3Gas turbine
Gas turbine
& generator
& generator
Domestic water line
Lavatory
Conditioned
Conditioned
air air
4 4HeatHeat
recovery
recovery
steam steam
generator
generator
Supplemental domestic water line
Exhaust
Exhaust
air air 5 5Absorption
Absorption
chiller
chiller
(in case of drought)
Toilet

Chilled
Chilled
waterwater
looploop 6 6Transformer
Transformer
Treated “grey water” line
Condenser
Condenser
water
water
looploop 7 7Ice machine
Ice machine Waterless Urinal

8 8Chiller
Chiller Waste water
Glycol
Glycol
looploop Cooling coil condensate from
9 9Thermal
Thermal
storage
storage
system system
Overflow waste water AC HVAC units on each floor
Electrical
Electrical
power
power
10 10 Heat
Heat exchanger
exchanger
for water-side
for water-side
Rainwater collection tank
Rai

free free
cooling
cooling
cyclecycle
Natural
Natural
gas gas # (# Indicates gallon capacity)
11 11
n

Cooling
Cooling
towers
towers
HeatHeat Cooling Towers
Filter

Lavatory

27 Toilet

Waterless Urinal

Cooling coil condensate from