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Designation: A 480/A 480M – 08b

Standard Specification for
General Requirements for Flat-Rolled Stainless and Heat-
Resisting Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip1
This standard is issued under the fixed designation A 480/A 480M; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year
of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval.
A superscript epsilon (´) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.
This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the Department of Defense.

1. Scope* 2. Referenced Documents
1.1 This specification2 covers a group of general require- 2.1 ASTM Standards: 3
ments that, unless otherwise specified in the purchase order or A 167 Specification for Stainless and Heat-Resisting
in an individual specification, shall apply to rolled steel plate, Chromium-Nickel Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip
sheet, and strip, under each of the following specifications A 176 Specification for Stainless and Heat-Resisting Chro-
issued by ASTM: Specifications A 167, A 176, A 240/A 240M, mium Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip
A 263, A 264, A 265, A 666, A 693, A 793, and A 895. A 240/A 240M Specification for Chromium and
1.2 In the case of conflict between a requirement of a Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip
product specification and a requirement of this specification, for Pressure Vessels and for General Applications
the product specification shall prevail. In the case of conflict A 262 Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranu-
between a requirement of the product specification or a lar Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels
requirement of this specification and a more stringent require- A 263 Specification for Stainless Chromium Steel-Clad
ment of the purchase order, the purchase order shall prevail. Plate
The purchase order requirements shall not take precedence if A 264 Specification for Stainless Chromium-Nickel Steel-
they, in any way, violate the requirements of the product Clad Plate
specification or this specification; for example, by waiving a A 265 Specification for Nickel and Nickel-Base Alloy-Clad
test requirement or by making a test requirement less stringent. Steel Plate
1.3 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units A 342/A 342M Test Methods for Permeability of Feebly
are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the Magnetic Materials
SI units are shown in brackets, except that when A 480M is A 370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing
specified, Annex A3 shall apply for the dimensional tolerances of Steel Products
and not the bracketed SI values in Annex A2. The values stated A 666 Specification for Annealed or Cold-Worked Austen-
in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each itic Stainless Steel Sheet, Strip, Plate, and Flat Bar
system must be used independently of the other. Combining A 693 Specification for Precipitation-Hardening Stainless
values from the two systems may result in nonconformance and Heat-Resisting Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip
with the specification. A 700 Practices for Packaging, Marking, and Loading
1.4 This specification and the applicable material specifica- Methods for Steel Products for Shipment
tions are expressed in both inch-pound and SI units. However, A 751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for
unless the order specifies the applicable “M” specification Chemical Analysis of Steel Products
designation [SI units], the material shall be furnished in A 763 Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranu-
inch-pound units. lar Attack in Ferritic Stainless Steels
A 793 Specification for Rolled Floor Plate, Stainless Steel
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A 895 Specification for Free-Machining Stainless Steel
This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A01 on Steel,
Stainless Steel and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee Plate, Sheet, and Strip
A01.17 on Flat-Rolled and Wrought Stainless Steel.
Current edition approved Oct. 1, 2008. Published October 2008. Originally
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approved in 1962. Last previous edition approved in 2008 as A 480/A 480M – 08a. For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, or
contact ASTM Customer Service at service@astm.org. For Annual Book of ASTM
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For ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code applications see related Specifi- Standards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page on
cation SA – 480 in Section II of that Code. the ASTM website.

*A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standard.
Copyright © ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, United States.

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A 480/A 480M – 08b
A 923 Test Methods for Detecting Detrimental Intermetallic 4.1.7.1 Thickness shall be ordered to decimal or fractional
Phase in Duplex Austenitic/Ferritic Stainless Steels thickness. The use of the gage number is discouraged as being
E 140 Hardness Conversion Tables for Metals Relationship an archaic term of limited usefulness not having general
Among Brinell Hardness, Vickers Hardness, Rockwell agreement on meaning. The gage number shall not be a basis
Hardness, Superficial Hardness, Knoop Hardness, and for rejection.
Scleroscope Hardness 4.1.7.2 Thickness, width, and length, when applicable,
2.2 AIAG Standard:4 should be ordered in the same units, for example, 0.060 in. by
B-5 Primary Metals Identification Tag Application Standard 48 in. by 120 in. [1.52 mm by 1219 mm by 3048 mm].
2.3 ANSI Standard:5 4.1.8 Edge, strip only (see Section 14 for Cold-Rolled
Accredited Standards Committee X 12, (ANSI ASC X12) Strip),
2.4 Federal Standard:6 4.1.9 Type or UNS designation, refer to the applicable
Fed. Std. No. 123 Marking for Shipment (Civil Agencies) material specification,
2.5 Military Standards:6 4.1.10 Specification designation and date of issue,
MIL-STD-129 Marking for Shipment and Storage 4.1.11 Additions to specification or special requirements,
MIL-STD-163 Steel Mill Products, Preparation for Ship- 4.1.12 Restrictions (if desired) on methods for determining
ment and Storage yield strength (see appropriate footnote to mechanical proper-
ties table of the basic material specification),
3. Terminology 4.1.13 Marking requirements (see Section 25),
3.1 Definitions: 4.1.14 Preparation for delivery (see Section 25), and
3.1.1 Plate, sheet, strip, and cold work as used in this 4.1.15 Magnetic permeability test (when required). Refer to
specification apply to the following: Section 19.
3.1.2 plate—material 3⁄16 in. [5.00 mm] and over in thick- NOTE 1—A typical ordering description is as follows: 200 pieces,
ness and over 10 in. [250 mm] in width. Finishes for plate are stainless steel sheets, 0.060 in. by 48 in. by 120 in., Type 410 No. 2B
actually shown in Section 13. finish, ASTM A 176-XX.
3.1.3 sheet—material under 3⁄16 in. [5.00 mm] in thickness
5. Process
and 24 in. [600 mm] and over in width. Finishes for sheet are
actually shown in Section 11. 5.1 The steel shall be manufactured/produced by the follow-
3.1.4 strip—cold-rolled material under 3⁄16 in. [5.00 mm] in ing or as specified in the applicable material specification.
thickness and under 24 in. [600 mm] in width. Finishes are 5.1.1 The steel shall be made by one of the following
detailed in Section 12 for strip, and strip edges in Section 14 processes: electric-arc, electric-induction, or other suitable
for Cold-Rolled Strip. processes.
3.1.5 cold work—the changing of mechanical properties by 5.1.2 If a specific type of melting is required by the
work hardening. purchaser, it shall be so specified on the purchase order.
6. Heat Analysis
4. Ordering Information
6.1 Methods and practices relating to chemical analysis
4.1 It is the responsibility of the purchaser to specify all shall be in accordance with Test Methods, Practices, and
requirements that are necessary for material ordered under this Terminology A 751.
specification. Such requirements may include, but are not 6.2 An analysis of each heat shall be made by the steel
limited to, the following: producer to determine the percentages of the elements specified
4.1.1 Quantity (weight and number of pieces), in the applicable material specification. This analysis shall be
4.1.2 Name of material (stainless steel), made from a test sample taken during the pouring of the melt,
4.1.3 Condition (hot-rolled, cold-rolled, annealed, heat- or from the in-process product later in the manufacturing flow.
treated), 6.2.1 The heat analysis shall conform to the chemical
4.1.4 Finish (see Section 11 for Sheet, Section 12 for Strip, requirements for each of the specified elements for the grade
and Section 13 for Plates). In the case of polished finishes, ordered, as listed in the applicable product specification.
specify whether one or both sides are to be polished, 6.2.2 All commercial metals contain small amounts of
4.1.5 Temper (if the applicable material specification re- elements other than those which are specified. It is neither
quires this detail), practical nor necessary to specify limits for unspecified ele-
4.1.6 Form (plate, sheet, or strip), ments, whether intentionally added unspecified elements, re-
4.1.7 Dimensions (thickness, width, length), sidual elements, or trace elements, that can be present. The
producer is permitted to analyze for unspecified elements and
is permitted to report such analyses. The presence of an
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Available from Automotive Industry Action Group (AIAG), 26200 Lahser Rd., unspecified element and the reporting of an analysis for that
Suite 200, Southfield, MI 48033, http://www.aiag.org. element shall not be a basis for rejection, unless the presence of
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Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., that element causes the loss of a property typically expected for
4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http://www.ansi.org.
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Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, DODSSP, Bldg. 4,
that metal, for the type and quality ordered.
Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5098, http:// 6.2.3 The purchaser is permitted to require in the purchase
www.dodssp.daps.mil. order a maximum limit for an individual element not specified

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However. the organization supplying the 7.5 Analysis limits shall be established for specific content. Product Analysis material to the purchaser. organization submitting the document is responsible for its 6. rare earths. garded as having the same validity as a counterpart printed in 6. that is.4 The purchaser is permitted to make the requirements one type of steel. Such a requirement for an element process when the purchase order requires either a specific type not listed in the product specification. the elements having specified maximums. that is. Permitted Variations in Dimensions and Weight in the applicable material specification or the purchase order. the requirements less stringent. the organization supply- cation. certificate of inspection.2. a grade is defined as an alloy described individu. document shall clearly identify the organization submitting the mums.1. and Plate—For sheet. with 7. Notwithstanding the requirement. tested.1 A report of the results of all tests required by the product with good manufacturing and inspection practices.1. 9. for the type test report shall reference the product specification designation and quality ordered. and balance. width.2 Sheet. of the product specification and has been found to meet those 1 finish and plate with hot-roll anneal or hot-roll anneal and requirements. strip.1 The purchaser is permitted to perform a product analysis finished material shall provide to the purchaser a printed form (formerly check analysis) to verify the identity of the finished of the original test report or shall retransmit the test report by material representing each heat or lot. 8. including but not 8. reported. or as agreed upon by seller and user and specified in the determinations of any individual element in a heat shall not purchase order. the organization purchase order has required that the material contain as a submitting the report is responsible for the content of the report. forming.2. in compliance with an ASTM product specification when the NOTE 2—Notwithstanding the absence of a signature.4 When finished material is supplied to a purchase order cation listed within the scope as being covered by the specifi. unless all document printed from or used in electronic form from an elements in such a group are similar in technical effect and are electronic data interchange (EDI) transmission shall be re- associated in typical methods of chemical analysis. chemical requirements within this specification or any specifi. with minimum requirements. turer and with all data provided on the test report of the original 7. 8.3 The steel shall not contain an unspecified element for the certifiers’ facility. This material shall have no imperfections of a nature or degree. steel on the report. percentages must exhibit for A 480 and A 480M respectively. or requiring lower maximums for 8. the organization submitting the EDI ally and identified by its own UNS designation in a table of transmission is responsible for the content of the report. sampled. with determination of chemical analysis and reporting of that 8. the manufacturer may indicate each type of for any element more stringent. that the material conforms to the requirements for more than 6. and Terminology A 751. ing that material shall provide the purchaser with a copy of the 6. specifying the product specification. elements rather than groups of elements. absence of a signature.1 When the original manufacturer’s test report was provided by EDI to the organization supplying the finished 7. when acknowledged in of melting or requires that the melting process used is to be the order acceptance. shall be treated as a specified element. However. 10. that will adversely affect the stamping. unless otherwise specified 9. The purchaser is not permitted to make chemical report.4. or ranges with maxi. and year date indicating that the material was manufactured. If certifying analysis.1 Sheet. minimum or range an element that is neither a specified NOTE 3—The industry definition as invoked here is: EDI is the element nor an intentionally added unspecified element for the computer-to-computer exchange of business information in a standard ordered grade in accordance with the definitions of Test format such as ANSI ASC X 12. vary both above and below the specified range. as listed in Annex A2 and Annex A3 below the specified range. or may issue a separate report for each type mums for elements having minimum requirements or ranges of steel. The material test report shall report the melting pickle finish it is permitted to grind to remove surface 3 . The steel specification shall be supplied to the purchaser. and other sample for product analysis is permitted to be either above or properties when specified.1 The material shall be of uniform quality consistent 8. Such analysis shall be EDI to the purchaser. and plate shall conform to the permitted The allowable variation of a particular element in a single variations in thickness. the several form. Material Test Report and Certification 10. The content of the EDI transmitted the ordered grade to the extent that the steel conforms to the document must meet the requirements of the invoked ASTM requirements of another grade for which that element is a standard(s) and conform to any existing EDI agreement be- specified element having a required minimum content. or fabrication of finished parts. Strip.1 shall conform to the limits of the material specification within the tolerances of Table A1. or similar limited to all others. In either case. Practices. length and flatness. for the ordered product the same tendencies in all samples. and inspected in accordance with requirements 10.1 The report shall indicate the type of steel. For this tween the purchaser and the supplier.2 A signature is not required on the report. the test report shall be made by any of the commonly accepted methods that will complete with the full identification of the original manufac- positively identify the material. require higher mini. Workmanship 8. Methods. machining.3 A material test report. Not withstanding the absence of a signature.2 The chemical composition determined in accordance manufacturer. and strip with No. A 480/A 480M – 08b in the product specification.4 The producer is not permitted to certify that material is original manufacturer’s test report.

Scale impairs corrosion resistance. Surface roughness measurements differ with different instru.5 No. one or flatness. This nondirectional finish is favorable for retention of lubricants in deep drawing applications. generally be up to 40 micro-inches. Various production methods may be used to obtain these 11. laboratories. 13. world.1.1.3. this finish. one 12. 11. 1 or 2D finishes.6 No. No. plates in this condition is generally confined to heat-resisting ments of surface roughness for both No. a basis for rejection but is intended to give general guidelines. and Annealed or Heat tampico brushing a No. 2 Finish—Same as No.4 TR Finish—Cold-worked to obtain specified proper- descaled. laboratories. 4 Finish. utensils. An iron free abrasive wheel shall be used Architectural Finishes—Sometimes described as a No.1. applications. 11. 1—Appearance of this finish varies from dull gray matte finish to readily polished than No.3 Hot-Rolled or Cold-Rolled. 1 Finish—Hot-rolled. reflective finish typically resistance. but the grit lines are not removed.1. 11. Typically. mechanical polishing or rolling. and the alloy.3 Bright Annealed Finish—A bright cold-rolled finish NOTE 4—Explanation of Sheet Finishes: retained by final annealing in a controlled atmosphere furnace. 1 Finish—Cold-rolled to specified thickness. and descaled.5 Polished Finish—Stainless steel strip is also avail- descaled finish. 13. A skilled operator can generally blend Bright Annealed Finish—See Note 4. There may also be overlap in measure- ments of surface roughness for both No.1. Blending after part assembly may be done with buffing. 3 and No. rough grind the other side in order to obtain the necessary 11. 4 Finish—General purpose polished finish. 8—This is a highly reflective.8 No. finishes.2 Hot-Rolled or Cold-Rolled. 1—Commonly referred to as hot-rolled annealed and pickled or 12. essentially a No. 4 finishes. and Annealed or Heat generally be up to 25 micro-inches. depending largely upon composition. Tampico brushed.1. 4 finish. such as parts for heat Bright Annealed Finish —A smooth. TR Finish—See Note 4.1. Finish for Sheet names are special finishes.10 Architectural finish.9 TR Finish—Cold-worked to obtain specified proper. and Descaled. 3 and No. 8 Finish—Mirror finish. 11. the so as to prevent oxidation and scaling during annealing. Average surface roughness (Ra) may 13. ing upon the starting finish. and Blast Cleaned or Pickled—Condition and finish No. 12. 7—Has a high degree of reflectivity. 11. tableware. Surface roughness measurements differ with different instru. it is permitted to furnace.1 The types of finish available on sheet products are: 11. 1 Finish. or other proprietary 11. No.4 No. Treated. 5. 12. etc. 3—A linearly textured finish that may be produced by either finish. satin appearance typically produced by 13. bright finish. No. these are a separate category and may be negotiated between buyer and seller. followed by a ties.3 No. for architectural or ornamental purposes. and Annealed or Heat No. There may also be overlap in measure.7 No.1 Hot-Rolled or Cold-Rolled. 6 Finish—Dull satin finish. which are No. both sides.1. 6—This finish has a soft.2 No. then buffing. final light cold-roll pass. where the brighter No.2 No. and Temper Passed—Smoother finish and descaled or bright annealed product to obtain mechanical properties for specialized applications. A 480/A 480M – 08b imperfections. generally on highly polished rolls. 2B Finish—Cold-rolled. 13.1 No. Treated—Scale not removed.1 The types of finish available on plates are: mechanical polishing or rolling. Product with 2B finish is a fairly reflective surface. amount of cold work.1. 2—This finish has a smoother and more reflective surface.1.1.1. annealed. 2D—A smooth. 2D Finish—Cold-rolled. nonreflective finish. 4 .1. widely used for household and automotive trim. 4 finishes. 2B—A smooth. ments. 3 Finish—Intermediate polished finish. nonreflective cold-rolled annealed and pickled or 12. ties. It is produced by buffing a commonly preferred for corrosion-resisting and most heat- finely ground surface. moderately reflective cold-rolled annealed and explained in Note 4. pickled or descaled finish typically produced by imparting a final light NOTE 5—Explanation of Strip Finishes: cold-rolled pass using polished rolls.4 Hot-Rolled or Cold-Rolled. A skilled operator can generally blend this finish. 11. No. It is chiefly used resisting applications. smooth finish typically produced by polishing with successively finer grit abrasives. and operators. 5 finish.12 Sheets can be produced with one or two sides ish retained by final annealing in a controlled atmosphere polished. 11.1. for such grinding and shall be operated at a speed ample to as there are many techniques and finish variations available throughout the ensure that defective areas are cleanly cut out.1. annealed. generally No. 4—A linearly textured finish that may be produced by either 13. When polished on one side only. appearance of which varies with composition. and Surface Cleaned and Polished—Polish finish is very faint buff of polish lines may still be visible on the final product. Finish for Plates No. dull finish.1. 11. and descaled. an intermediate finish.1. This is a dull. 4. 12.1.11 Note 4 is not meant to be restrictive or to be used as 11. This general-purpose finish is more No. bright. Average surface roughness (Ra) may trays. as well as for applications a tensile-rolled product is specified.1 No. 12. This finish normally supplied in the annealed plus lightly cold-rolled condition unless is used for severely drawn or formed parts.1. Appearance will vary depend- thickness or width at any point beyond the permissible varia. 1 Finish.1 The various types of finish procurable on cold-rolled one or both sides.1 Bright Annealed Finish—A bright cold-rolled fin. 2 Finish is not required.1. and operators. tions in dimensions.1. and Annealed or Heat TR Finish—The finish resulting from the cold-rolling of an annealed Treated. strip products are: 11. produced by cold rolling followed by annealing in a protective atmosphere No. Use of ments. able in polished finishes such as No. Treated. 3 and No. 11. Finish for Strip or both sides. provided such grinding does not reduce the higher than that of the annealed condition.1. This is a general purpose No. 7 Finish—High luster finish.

1 Tension test specimens shall be taken from finished XM-29. S30415.2 (to be conducted on to describe a heat-treating operation in which one cut length follows sensitized specimens).1 The heat treatments shown in this section are to be 16. 316Ti.2. either round or square as material specification and (except for 400 Series.1. attack. in-process purchaser to perform a greater number of tests.3 For grades stabilized with titanium or columbium.3 No. 347H.1. specification or agreed upon by the seller and the purchaser. heat to 1750°F [955°C] minimum. Interspersement of different melts is permis- lower temperature resolution anneal or a stabilization anneal after a high sible if they are of approximately the same nominal thickness and are heat temperature solution anneal in order to meet corrosion test requirements. is meant purchaser should specify the corrosion test of 18.2 For S41500. annealing cycle. S44735. sheet. S31726. cool to 200°F [93°C] or lower prior to any optional interme- diate temper and prior to final temper.1. It is permitted to obtain such speci- treatment requirements shown in Table A1. 348. 321.1. S41045. when required. 17. ously. S41050. two or more hardness tests (one from each end of the 15. to the appropriate sections of Test Methods and Definitions lar corrosion (see 18. and Optionally Temper Passed— 15. 3 Edge—An edge produced by slitting. XM-17. shall be capable of meeting the test for lengths. specimens taken from each coil. Heat Treated. S44400.1.2. made on each 100 or less pieces of the same heat and nominal NOTE 6—Solution-annealing temperatures above 1950°F [1066°C] can thickness rolled separately or continuously and heat treated impair the resistance to intergranular corrosion after subsequent exposure within the same operating period. temper rolled (one tension test for single piece lots). when mechanical property requirements of the applicable material required. N08800. S44800.3 Duplex Types—The duplex types shall be solution Treated. shall be conducted at a constant strain corrosion.18 mm] and 1⁄2 in. S44635. 15.4 Martensitic and Ferritic Types: Smooth finish with greater freedom from surface imperfections 15. S20400.1.2. 310HCb. and one or more tension tests shall be made on specification unless otherwise stated in the material specifica.2 In the case of plate.2 The testing speed between the yield strength and the content that can adversely affect resistance to intergranular fracture of the specimen. function of whether the material was cold worked or hot finished. The manufacturer is permitted. and Cold-Rolled. and determined on both coil ends. rate between 1⁄8 in. sheet.4. If the hardness difference tion.1 Note that some of these types contain high carbon 17.2 Except as indicated in Table A1. 202. Types 309Cb. 16. S41500) to provide for adequate resistance to intergranular 14.5 Hot-Rolled or Cold-Rolled.2).2. 310Cb.2 No. shall equally effective for all media. The final temper shall be 15. 5 Edge—An approximately square edge pro. two tension tests if the material is resistance to intergranular corrosion specified in 18. A 480/A 480M – 08b 13.1 Unless otherwise specified by the applicable material specification. S41500. or if the material is temper rolled. when specified on 16.2 differ as a mens from specimens selected for mechanical testing. or strip produced in cut the purchase order.5 The chromium-manganese-nickel types (201. one tension test. 347. 309HCb.3 One intergranular corrosion test. the following thermal cycles are not permitted as a substitute for the separate number of tests are to be performed. [3. S20153. XM-18. The tension test specimen shall conform specification and.1 In the case of plate.1. 321H. as such treatment is not 16. either as a lot or continu- to sensitizing conditions in the stabilized grades. be selected from each heat and thickness subjected to the same 15. or equivalent. 15. 348H.2 Austenitic Types: form. and Annealed or annealed in accordance with Table A1.2. one permeability test. Number of Tests followed unless otherwise specified in the applicable material 16. XM-27. the NOTE 7—The term continuously. treated in the same operating period and under the same conditions (time Consideration should be given to the corrosive media before using a and temperature).2.1 The types of edges available on strip products are: mechanical and bending properties specified in the applicable 14.70 mm] 5 . S30815. and strip produced in coil 15. as applied to heat treatment.1. S31725. tensile properties must be XM-15. the heat treatment is A 370. For S20161. S44660.1 Tension Test: S20103.1 The material shall be solution annealed to meet the coil). [12. S21800. S40945. and Descaled. stabilization anneal at less than 1800°F [982°C]. When intergranular corrosion is of concern. 15. 14. S32615 austenitic chromium-nickel steels. S44700. it is noted that the heat heat treatment practice. S43932. Series 300.1. Edges for Cold-Rolled Strip treated in such a manner as to satisfy all the requirements for 14. S35135. and Descaled.1 No. test when required. 15. and one or more hardness tests shall be refer to Note 6. use a another through the furnace. 316Cb. XM-19. and S35125. 1 Edge—A rolled edge. between the two ends of the coil exceeds 5 HRB.5. 17.2. and XM-33) shall be heat 14. one bend 15. to exhibit adequate resistance to intergranu. Heat treatment thermal cycles shall be separate specification or by agreement between the seller and the from other thermal processing cycles.1 The chromium steels (S32803. Heat Treatment between 1050°F [566°C] and 1150°F [621°C].1. 17. for example.4. Test Specimens 15. if necessary.4.2. unless otherwise specified in the applicable material specified in Table A1. than in 13.2. when required.4 For the stabilized H types. air duced by rolling or filing after slitting. one bend test. S41050. and Annealed or Heat 15. and specified.2. and XM-31) shall be solution annealed to meet the material and shall be selected in either or both longitudinal and mechanical property requirements of the applicable material transverse direction. 400 Series.

[9. it is permitted to use bend test specimens. and S31726. the rate of strain shall be and the purchaser. Practice E of Prac- test specimen to a radius equal to one half the specimen tices A 262. XM-29. shall be the full thickness of the material and approximately 1 18.8 mm] nominal size 17. thickness up to and including 2 in. or controller.2 Material over 3⁄8 in. One surface.1 Bend test specimens (when required) shall be taken material being tested (2T).1] treatment prior to testing shall be a matter for negotiation between the seller and the purchaser. A 480/A 480M – 08b inclusive. the axis of bend shall be 18. is not required unless it is specified on the thickness. [12.40 mm] of gage length per minute. S20400. When the material is too thin to allow has the same nominal thickness of the material being tested hardness testing using any of the Rockwell superficial hardness (1T). it is permitted to specify Practice E 17.1 The intergranular corrosion test. or as follows: when material size or form dictates. Hardness conversion shall 17. purchase order. [mm] Tests. [25. 321.1 Unless otherwise specified in the purchase order. [12. the hardness requirement is waived. 1 [25. [12. When specified. the to the number of thicknesses shown in the applicable material manufacturer may use an alternate hardness test procedure specification. to be the outside surface in bending. It is permitted to remove the sheared 316Ti.5] to specified composition. Note that Practices A 262 Minimum Strip Width and Mini.4 mm] nominal width by 1⁄2 in.2.2.3. and between 1 and 2 in [25.7 mm] nominal and agree upon the requirements and these requirements shall thickness and at least 6 in. 17. 316LN. in. purchaser. and grinding is permitted.2 The H types are not normally subject to intergranular appreciable rounding of the corners is permitted. S31725. 304LN.3 The width of strip for which bend tests can be made the H types are expected to be capable of passing this test. cation without cracking on the outside of the bent portion. 310Cb. 348. [3. machined is of concern. For narrow strip.100 [2. allowing the test material to form its natural curvature. thickness. per inch [25.4 other than 304L.5 mm] and up to and 17.1 If other tests are required. corners of the cross section of the specimen with a file.3. bend tests must be agreed upon between the seller For the purposes of this specification. It is permitted to round the edges of the 18. tests. When intergranular corrosion tests are required. In the case 18. [25. material specification or over a single piece of flat stock equal 17. all flat Bend test specimens shall be of any suitable length over the rolled products of the chromium-nickel series (300 series) in specified minimum length.7 mm] the as shipped condition. XM-19. 347. 317L.5] and over 11⁄2 [38.8 mm] in width.4 mm] in length. In the case of heavier plates of types in thickness.5]. [9. [50.100 [2. indicator. be so stated on the purchase order.1 Material up to and including 3⁄8 in.4] 0. It is permitted to round the edges to a 1⁄16 S21800) are to be heat treated for intergranular corrosion in. Special Tests of transverse bend test specimens. It is permitted to break the seller and the purchaser. the purchaser shall inform the seller to 1 in. of suitable length. the methods and acceptance parallel to the direction of rolling. 316L.2 mm] and it is permitted cability of this test shall be a matter for negotiation between the to smooth the sides with a file.6 In the case of plates over 1 in. or by 17. determined by a strain-rate pacer. 316Cb. is subject to practical limitations on the length of the bend test However. surface of the plate.3. but no 18.4 mm] in a crosshead speed that will give a strain rate within this range. however. it is not necessary to actually run the test unless it is specimen. When agreed by the seller and the resistance. 6 .4. [1.2. the applicability of the sensitizing 0. criteria shall be agreed upon between the seller and the 17. excl. the following widths can be tested: specified on the purchase order.4 Bend test specimens taken from plates shall be in full shall be capable of passing the intergranular corrosion test in thickness of the material up to and including 1⁄2 in. they shall be as agreed upon between the seller and the [12. requires the test to be performed on sensitized specimens in the mum Specimen Length for Bend low-carbon and stabilized types and on specimens representa- Strip thickness. [mm] tive of the as-shipped condition for other types. the appli- edges to a depth of at least 1⁄8 in.3. purchaser. However. and 50. In this case. direction or as indicated in the applicable material specification or as agreed upon by the seller and the purchaser.2 Bend test specimens from sheet and strip product purchaser and specified on the purchase order.3 Bend Test: including 1 in [25.7 The bend test specimen shall withstand cold bending dividing the unit elongation by the elapsed time from yield through the angle specified in the applicable material specifi- strength to fracture. or at 17.4 The bend shall be made over a diameter equal to the tests on the grip ends of the tension specimens before they are number of thicknesses of flat stock shown in the applicable subjected to the tension test.4 mm] in thickness shall be bent over a piece (or pieces) of flat stock equalling two times the thickness of the 17.3. allowing the test material to form its from finished material and shall be selected in the transverse natural curvature. XM-31. surface preparation by light 202. 17.6 mm] radius. XM-17.2.7 mm] in of Practices A 262 for Type 321H when intergranular corrosion thickness. in.2 Hardness Test—It is permitted to perform hardness 17.3.3 Austenitic chromium-manganese-nickel types (201. [25. shall be the original 18.5 In the case of plates over 1⁄2 in.2 Resistance to Intergranular Corrosion: in.140 [3.4. it is permitted to modify the cross section to 1⁄2 in. [152.5 mm] in be done using the applicable tables in Test Methods and thickness shall be bent over a piece (or pieces) of flat stock that Definitions A 370.4 mm] in width.3. XM-18. corrosion tests.7 mm] nominal square.140 [3.5] and under ⁄ [12. In the case of 0. All austenitic chromium-nickel types except 17. 309Cb.7] 12 low-carbon types containing 3 % or more molybdenum in their Over 0.

by welding.1. S44700. Inspection Practices A 262. XM-27.8 mm] specimen or is outside the middle half 23.8 Intermetallic Phases (when specified)—Test Meth.1 Unless otherwise specified. The applica. such as pits or impressions.3 Rockwell Hardness—Test Methods and Definitions 21. material specification. intergranular corrosion testing of Practices A 763. For S44400. Methods A 923 shall be a matter for negotiation between the 21. S44735. The results of and the purchaser.1. or C of Test 21. [203.2. When intergranular corrosion tests are re. any rejection based on tests of the gage length of an 8-in. the requirements of the applicable material specification. the welded area shall be ground A 370. it is not necessary to actually run thickness. However. represented and resubmit it for testing.6 After repair welding. 33. a retest shall be allowed.2 Unless otherwise specified in the contract or purchase 19.2 Brinell Tests—Test Methods and Definitions A 370.1. 7 . the quired. S44800. notified. Repair of Plate by Welding wrought duplex stainless steels. are not required unless it is specified on the permitted unless prohibited by other specifications or purchase purchase order.1 Retests are permitted in accordance with the provisions chaser shall have the right to perform any of the inspection and of Test Methods and Definitions A 370. 22. 19. and the total area shall not exceed 1 % of the plate the tests unless specified on the purchase order.3 Unacceptable imperfections shall be suitably prepared seller and the purchaser. 22. Y.2-mm] specimen. will not necessarily require 19.1 If the percentage of elongation of any tension speci. Retests and Retreatment performance of the inspection and testing. is Methods A 923. 19.1 Tension Tests—Test Methods and Definitions A 370. and XM. a retest scribed in Section 10 subsequent to its acceptance at the shall be permitted.1. A 480/A 480M – 08b 18.1 mm] from the center of the gage length 23.4 Hardness Equivalents—Tables E 140.4 If the results of any test lot are not in conformance with sion resistance. The purchaser. 20. it is permitted to discard the flawed specimen sary to satisfy the inspector that the material is being furnished and substitute another specimen. inspection and test requirements in this specification.2 Material that shows injurious imperfections as de- bending more severe than required by the specification.1. meet any of the test requirements as specified in the applicable 33) are heat treated for resistance to corrosion. the ASME Code. Inspection by the pur- 20. for welding by grinding or machining. S44660. 18. series types. Practice 20. ods and Definitions A 370. B.4 The welding procedure and the welders or welding shall be determined in accordance with the following ASTM operators shall be qualified in accordance with Section IX of standards. 20. listed in Test Methods A 923 are expected to be capable of 21.1. unless prior approval from the purchaser is bility of these tests to duplex stainless steels not listed in Test obtained. [50. between the purchaser and the seller as part of the purchase 19. as made in accordance with this specification shall be reported to indicated by scribe marks placed on the specimen before the seller within 60 working days from the receipt of the testing. this retest shall be within the specified requirements. The manufacturer shall 20.2 Defect depth shall not exceed 1⁄3 of the nominal passing these tests. chaser shall not interfere unnecessarily with the manufacturer. Open clean defects. S44735. they shall be as agreed upon between the seller and producer is permitted the option of retreating such lots. in accordance with the specification. Test Methods preparation.6 Permeability Test (when required)—Test Methods tative at the producing plant shall be made as agreed upon A 342/A 342M. 20. XM-27. (2) the seller is permitted to use own or other suitable facilities for the 20.1 Inspection of the material by the purchaser’s represen- 19. material shall be accepted if the results of retests on retreated 18.7 Charpy Impact Testing (when required)—Test Meth. order. tests set forth in this specification.1.2 19. S44800. plate. it is permitted to reheat treat the material S44635. analysis shall be made on a new sample.3 If a bend test specimen fails. [19.4 N08800 shall be heat treated for intergranular corro. Lower-carbon corrosion-resistant types (S44400.1 The properties enumerated in applicable specifications 21. either on a duplicate specimen or on a purchaser’s works will be rejected and the seller shall be remaining portion of the failed specimen.5 Corrosion tests are not normally required for the 400 material are within the specified requirements.2 If any test specimen shows defective machining or afford the purchaser’s inspector all reasonable facilities neces- develops flaws.3 Detrimental Intermetallic Phases in Duplex Stainless Steels—The tests for detrimental intermetallic phases in 21. Practices A 763. and XM. surface area. and (3) the pur- 20. men is less than that specified and any part of the fracture is more than 3⁄4 in. 19.5 If any specimens selected to represent any heat fail to S44635. material by the purchaser. Methods A.2.2. 21.6 If the product analysis fails to conform to the specified X. All duplex (austenitic-ferritic) types that are order requirements. smooth and blended uniformly to the surrounding surface. 19. order: (1) the seller is responsible for the performance of all the ods A 923.5 The welding consumables shall be suitable with the 19. or Z shall be specified as agreed upon between the seller limits. due to conditions of 23.1 Repair of surface defects of plate.5 Intergranular Corrosion (when specified)— 22. Rejection of the 2 in. S44660. S44700.1.

Use of this method shall be by agreement between number. if to be shipped to the customer.1..S. ferritic and plate whose length and width dimensions are both less than stainless steel. if 25.1.. type of steel (type or UNS designation). The inside of the coil shall also 24.1 When specified in the contract or order.1.4 Material less than 1⁄4 in.1. packaging and loading shall be in accordance with the size as to be clearly legible. it is permitted to mark such pieces in only one place. Rehearing 25. duplex stainless steel. A 480/A 480M – 08b 24. strip. strip.1.1 austenitic stainless steel. 26.2 When specified in the contract or order. and plate shall be marked in two places near the ends or shall be continuously 26. For sheet. as specified in the contract or order. In case of dissatisfaction with the results of the test.2. marking maximum impurity limit of designated elements in the marking for shipment shall be in accordance with Fed. or mark of the manufacturer shall be marked on the piece(s) or 25.4 mm] in thickness rejection. and name purchaser and supplier. No.1) and the heat A 480M (Table A1. weeks from the date of the notification to the seller of the 25. and packed in accordance with the tory tool with a minimum tip radius of 0. and plate in coil form shall be marked near the outside end of the coil. The marking shall be sufficiently procedures recommended by Practices A 700. (c) a vibra- be preserved. and plate whose length and width B-5) is permitted to be used as an auxiliary method of dimensions are both less than 24 in. 25.2 Packaging and Loading—Unless otherwise speci- fied in the applicable material specification or the purchase attached to the item or bundle.1. [6. martensitic stainless steel. used.3 Sheet.1. 25.2.1.1. Government Procurement: fied by the purchaser. or shall be a separate but similar marking immediately tion number.005 in. The specification and designation number. be legibly stamped on each test specimen.1 Marking—Unless otherwise specified in the appli.1. the seller is permitted to make claim for a rehearing within that 25. shall not be marked with die stamps.6 Material that conforms completely with the re- 25. and plate shall be marked on one face. at the producers option.1 mm].1. material adjacent to the marking used for a single type of steel. identification number. stable to withstand normal handling. and the name or mark of the manufac.5 The manufacturer’s test identification number shall time.2). 8 . and Loading 25.1. material shall low-stress blunt-nosed-interrupted-dot die stamp. less steel plate. Std.1.1.1 Sheet. or requirements of MIL-STD-163. stainless steel strip ANNEXES (Mandatory Information) A1. stainless steel. marking that the manufacturer is certifying the material as meeting the shall be conducted as follows: requirements of each of the types of steel. strip. The applicable levels shall be (d) electrochemical etching. Unless otherwise speci- 25. stain- 48 in. packaged. purchase order). Such marking. 123 for fluid is required by the purchaser. strip in cut lengths. PRODUCT ANALYSIS TOLERANCES AND HEAT TREATMENT REQUIREMENTS A1.2 Flat sheet.1. and for direct permitted to be done with (a) marking fluid (if a specific procurement by or direct shipment to the government. strip in cut lengths. Packaging.7 The AIAG primary metals identification tag (AIAG turer.1 Samples tested in accordance with this specification be marked or shall have a tag or label attached and marked with that represent rejected material shall be retained for three the information of 25. each piece shall be identification in cases where a bar-coded identification tag is marked with the type of steel and material identification desired. of steel. tion is permitted to be marked as both types of steel provided cable material specification or the purchase order.1 For Commercial Procurement: quirements of two types of steel within the ordering specifica- 25. the marking. The characters shall be of such order. (b) low-stress blunt-nosed continuous or 25.1. 25. [0. shall be part of the same marking as used for a single type in the location indicated below with the specification designa.1. For flat sheet.1. is 25.1 Listed in Annex A1 are tables showing the permitted treatment requirements for types of stainless steel covered by variations of composition for product analysis relative to product specifications that reference Specification A 480/ specified chemical requirements (Table A1. Keywords line marked along one edge.1. it shall be so stated on the civil agencies and MIL-STD-129 for military agencies. Marking. stainless steel sheet.2 For U.

02 over 0.10 Selenium all 0.50. incl 0.010.00 to 5. incl 0. incl 0.60.00.00 to 3. incl 0. incl 0.03 over 0.20 over 0.00 to 3.05 % have not been established.00.00.02 Phosphorus to 0.03 Molybdenum over 0. incl 0.010 over 5.040 to 0. % Under the Minimum Specified Range. incl 0.040. incl 0.10 Sulfur to 0.005 over 1.25 over 0.20.05 over 2.01B over 0.005.00.00.03 over 1. incl 0. incl 0. incl 0.45 to 0.01 Silicon to 1.06 over 10.030.00 to 2. incl 0.00 to 15. incl 0.10.00. incl 0.35 to 0.1 Chemical Requirements (Product Analysis Tolerances)A Tolerance Over the Tolerance Over the Limit or Maximum of Maximum Limit or Limit or Maximum of Maximum Limit or Elements Elements Specified Range. incl 0.005 over 3.50.00. incl 0. incl 0.020 Aluminum to 0.05 over 0.04 over 1.20 to 0.002 Titanium to 1.00.02 over 2.50.03 over 0.00 to 20. incl 0.50 to 1. incl 0. incl 0.05 over 1.50.20.00 to 20. incl 0. incl 0.00 to 6.00 to 5.010 to 0.00.00. A 480/A 480M – 08b TABLE A1. incl 0.00. incl 0. incl 0.00 to 3.50 to 2.00.20.50.00. +0.02. incl 0.20.05 over 1.03 over 0.00 to 8. incl 0.19 to 0.45.00.15 Nitrogen to 0.60 to 2. 9 .00.00.50 to 1.00.05 over 0.00 to 30.00 to 15.00 to 5.00.10 over 3. incl 0.05 over 0. incl 0. incl 0. incl 0. incl 0.00 to 6.10 over 15.00.05 tantalum over 6.00 to 30.07 over 0.05 Manganese to 1. B Product analysis limits for cobalt under 0.19.00. incl 0.00.25 to 0. incl 0. incl 0.00.50.05 to 0. incl 0.50 to 2.03 A This table does not apply to heat analysis.00 to 10. incl 0.15 over 0.20 over 0. incl 0. incl 0. incl 0.010 over 0.50.040 to 0. incl 0.02 Cobalt over 0.02 to 0. incl 0.20 to 0. % Under the Minimum Limit Limit Carbon to 0.040.01 over 0.10 over 0.005 Copper to 0.20 Vanadium to 0. incl 0.00.03 over 10.05 over 20.05 over 5.00.55.030 to 0.60.01 over 20.00 to 10. incl 0.05 over 3.03 over 0.25. incl 0.00. incl 0.00. incl 0.00 to 10.35.15 Chromium over 4.15 Tantalum to 0.00. incl 0. and the manufacturer should be consulted for those limits.10 Tungsten to 1.00 to 3.03 Nickel to 1.15. incl 0.005 over 15.00 to 10.15 to 0.00.20 to 0.00.00.07 over 0. incl 0.15 over 1.04 Columbium plus to 1.00. incl 0. incl 0. incl −0. incl 0.00 to 20. incl 0.60 to 1. incl 0.10 over 10.

[610 mm] width) Coil- shown in brackets within Annex A2.1 Listed in Annex A2 are tables showing the permis. and flatness tolerance tables. 310Cb. refer to Tables A2. S31803.4. C Quenched in water or rapidly cooled by other means. ($24 in. width.2 Cold-Rolled Narrow (<24 in.1. 310HCb. [610 mm])). These requirements. [610 mm]) or wide tolerance tables.9-A2. 10 . width. 316H 1900°F [1040°C] 309HCb.2 Heat Treatment Requirements Designation/Type TemperatureA Cooling/Testing Requirements Austenitic (Chromium-Nickel) (Chromium-Nickel-Manganese) B All Cr-Ni steels except as listed below 1900°F [1040°C] C 302. tolerance tables.2. length. A2. in Annex A3. 321H. S30452. 310H. and flatness shall not apply to A 480M.—INCH-POUND UNITS A2. S32654 2100°F [1150°C] C S32053 1975 to 2155°F [1080 to 1180°C] C S31727 1975 to 2155°F [1080 to 1180°C] C S33228 2050 to 2160°F [1120 to 1180°C] C S34565 2050° to 2140°F [1120° to 1170°C] C S35315 2010°F [1100°C] Duplex (Austenitic-Ferritic) C S31200. as demonstrable by the capability of passing the test for resistance to intergranular corrosion specified in 18. and by product dimension addressed. width. S30615. but Processed Product— For thickness. length.5 Hot-Rolled Wide ($24 in.5-A2. S32001. refer to Tables A2.1 The dimensional tolerances are grouped by produc. refer to Tables A2. Processed Product— For thickness. shall apply to A 480. 347H. refer to Tables A2. S30601 2010° to 2140°F [1100° to 1170°C] C S31254. A 480/A 480M – 08b TABLE A1.3 Cold-Rolled Wide ($24 in. S32050. sible variations in dimensions expressed in inch-pound units of measurement. PERMITTED VARIATIONS IN DIMENSIONS. and flatness coiling). product width (narrow (<24 in. 348H C Cold Worked 2000°F [1095°C] C Hot Finished 1925°F [1050°C] C S31060 1975° to 2160°F [1080° to 1180°C] C S35115 2000°F (1095°C) C N08811 2100°F [1150°C] C N08020 1700° to 1850°F [925° to 1010°C] C N08367 2025°F [1105°C] C N08700 2000°F [1095°C] C N08810 2050°F [1120°C] C N08904 2000°F [1095°C] C N08926 2010°F [1100°C] C S31277 2050°F [1120°C] C S20161 1900° to 2000°F [1040° to 1095°C] C S30600. 1900°F [1040°C] 310. 308.13-A2. S33228. 309Cb. S32615. S32550 1900°F [1040°C] C S31260 1870° to 2010°F [1020° to 1100°C] C S32003 1850°F [1010°C] C S32101 1870°F [1020°C] C S32202 1800° to 1975°F [980° to 1080°C] D S32205 1900°F [1040°C] C S32304 1800°F [980°C] C S32506 1870 to 2050°F [1020 to 1120°C] C S32520 1975 to 2050°F [1080 to 1120°C] C S32750 1880° to 2060°F [1025° to 1125°C] C S32760 2010°F [1100°C] C S32900 1750° 6 25°F [955° 6 15°C] C S32906 1900° to 2100°F [1040° to 1150°C] C S32950 1850° 6 25°F [1010° 6 15°C] C S39274 1925 to 2100°F [1050 to 1150°C] A Minimum. [610 mm] width) Coil. except that coiled product heat treated in a continuous annealing line shall be water quenched or rapidly cooled by other means. [610 mm] width) Coil- A2. A2. B Quenched in water or rapidly cooled by other means at a rate sufficient to prevent reprecipitation of carbides. width. including the SI units A2.12.4 Hot-Rolled Narrow (<24 in.1-A2. ETC. [610 mm] width) Coil- tion method (hot rolling or cold rolling. 309. and flatness Processed Product—For thickness. S38100 C 304H.16. D Quenched in water. S30215. with or without Processed Product—For thickness. length. 309H. Requirements for A 480M are given tolerance tables. A2.8. A2. length. S31266. unless otherwise indicated.

010 [0. Narrow.020 [0.002 [0.89] to 0.161 [4. incl 0. 0. in.003 [0.30].60] 0.004 [0.010 [0.50] .060 [1.125] 0.40] 0.10] 0.12] 0. Over and Under.050 [1.005 [0.1 Permitted Variations in Thickness for Cold-Rolled. narrow. TABLE A2.005 [0. the tolerances for the next higher thickness shall apply. and flatness tolerance tables.001 [0.069 [1..50] 0.012 [0.12] 0.016 [0. −0 agreed upon by seller and purchaser and specified in the purchase order. [mm] ⁄ [4.015 [0. B For specified thickness other than those shown. . incl 0.00] .070] Over 0. incl 12 [305].005 [0. coil-processed product as listed in Table A2.54]. incl 0.125] 0.04] Over 0.10] 0.30. [mm] Width (w ). .30] to 0. A2. incl 24 [610].100 [2.76] 0.0008 [0.40] 0.005 [0. in.030 [0.80] 0.125 [2. 11 .012 [0. incl 0.12] 0.125] 0.0015 [0. .060] 0.50] to 0. 5.2 [5].024 [0. Width Tolerance.005 [0.006 [0.050] Over 0.070] 0. [mm] in. incl 0.070] 0. TABLE A2.085] 0.3 [8].05] to 0. incl.003 [0.4 mm] the measurements should be taken at least 1⁄8 in.50] 0.020 [0.004 [0.15] 0.020 [0.60 [40] < w # 6 [150] 6 [150] < w # 12 [305] 12 [300] < w # 24 [610] 0.050] 0.40] 0.040 [1.. refer to thickness.27].020] 0.0015 [0.4 Permitted Variations in Flatness of Cold-Rolled.0025 [0.80] A For tolerances applicable to narrow product with Edge No.125 [2.76] to 3 16 Over 6 [152] to Over 12 [305] to 6 [152].005 [0. Narrow.020 [0. 0.003 [0. width.12] Over 0.0015 [0.25] 0.025] 0. TABLE A2. refer to Table A2.100 [2.035 [0.010 [0.120 [3. refer to Tables A2.025] 0. length.75]. Coil-Processed Product as Coils and Cut Lengths NOTE 1—Thickness measurements are taken at least 3⁄8 in.98].0015 [0.8 Tolerances for other dimensional characteristics—For A2.17-A2. incl 0.27] to 0. incl 0. 3A Specified ThicknessB. NOTE 2—The tolerances in this table include crown tolerances.003 [0.25] 0.89].003 [0. width.016 [0.98] to 0.006 [0.40] to 0. Over and Under.020 [0. [9.04] 0. Tables A2.020 [0. length. Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths Specified Length.8 unless otherwise >6 [1830] to #12 [3660] +0. wide.001 [0. Thickness Tolerances.125] 0. . >12 [3069] to #20 [6096] +0.99] .015 [0.010 [0.00] .04] 0.070] 0.50].016 [0.070] 0.125] 0. [25.010 [0.015] 0.025] 0.004 [0.00] 0.004 [0.035 [0.50] 0. [3.54] to 0.005 [0.010 [0.40].001 [0.005 [0.13].005 [0.22-A2.020 [0.25] .030 [0. ft [mm] Tolerances.0015 [0.50] 0.12] Over 0.200 [4. incl 0.003 [0.069 [1. [mm] unless otherwise indicated.7 Cold-Rolled Product Processed Without Coiling—For other tolerance tables.60] 0.070] Over 0.001 [0.40] 0.024 [0. and flatness tolerance tables.13] to 0.002 [0.002 [0.25] 0.020 [0. in.75] to 0.005 [0.160 [4. except on widths less than 1 in. excl w # 6 [152] 6 [152] < w # 12 [305] 12 [305] < w # 24 [610] Thickness TolerancesA 0.12] 0.09].010 [0..030 [0.2 Permitted Variations in Width for Cold-Rolled. for the Thickness and Widths Given.050] Over 0.016 [0. in.025] Over 0. 0.52 mm] in from the edge of the product.60 [40] 1.6 Hot-Rolled Product Processed Without Coiling—For thickness.100 [2. [mm] Tolerances for variations of flatness cold-rolled products.25] 0.003 [0. in. incl 0. 0. excl 10 % 10 % 10 % 0.80] 0.18 mm] from the product edge.010 [0.0015 [0..0006 [0. −0 A2. 1 or No.029 [0. −0 rolled.25] to 0.74] to 0.161 [4.04] 0.003 [0.04] Over 0.50] 0.3 Permitted Variations in Length for Cold-Rolled.25] 0.125] 0.04] 0. coil- processed product as cut lengths shall be identical to the tolerances for cold- #6 [1830] +1⁄8 [3]. [mm] w # 1.001 [0.005 [0.070] 0. Coil-Processed Product as Coils and Cut Lengths for Edge No.21. incl 0.50] 0. [mm] Specified Thickness.25] 0.10] 0.09] to under 3⁄16 [4.025] 0. see Table A2.04] 0.002 [0.10] Over 0.029 [0.0015 [0.050 [1.50] 0.20.74]. Narrow. A 480/A 480M – 08b TABLE A2.005 [0.005 [0. for Thickness and Width Given.31.001 [0.005 [0. Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths Narrow.025] Over 0.15] A Thickness tolerances given in in. 0.

079 [2.2].B. the tolerances for the next higher thickness shall apply.6 Permissible Variations in Width for Cold-Rolled Wide. –0 0.08] 0.040 [1. 0.05] 0.. in.. –0 +0.23] 0.010 [0.040 [1.08 [2.5].00] 0.0025 [0. –0 +1⁄8 [3.002 [0.05 [1.10] 0..15] 0.009 [0.008 [0.2].03 [0.004 [0.10] 0.002 [0. A 480/A 480M – 08b TABLE A2.2].00] 0.00] 0.. –0 +1⁄8 [3.005 [0.6].06] 0. –0 +0.04] 0.004 [0.80] 0.04 [1.5].13] 0.007 [0. 0.20] 0. the tolerances for the next higher thickness shall apply.3125 [8.004 [0.5 Permitted Variations in Thickness of Cold-Rolled. Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths (Not Resquared) and Coil Specified Thickness. incl 3⁄16 [4. Wide.003 [0.04] .003 [0.50] 0. –0 +0..08] 0.19] 0.236 [6. –0 +0.6].05] .6]. [mm]...0]. in.7 Permitted Variations in Length for Cold-Rolled. [mm] w # 6 [150] 6 [125] < w # 12 [300] 12 [300] < w # 24 [600] 24 [600] < w < 48 [1200] 48 [1000] $ w 0. TABLE A2.60] 0. [mm] Permitted Variation.007 [0. Wide.6].25] A Thickness measurements are taken at least 3⁄8 in.04] 0. in. –0 +0.17] 0.10] 0.05] .0015 [0.118 [3. in [mm].50] +0.098 [2.2]. [mm]A for Specified Width (w ).005 [0.00] +0..03 [0.02 [0.00] 0.06 [1. –0 +0. ft [mm] Over Under Up to 6 [1830].007 [0.00] 0.006 [0. –0 +1⁄16 [1.098 [2.50] +0.0045 [0.08] 0.007 [0.17] 0.059 [1.002 [0. –0 0.0075 [0. Coil-Processed Product as Coil and Cut Lengths Specified ThicknessA.08] 0.005 [0.00] +0.40] 0.08] 0.004 [0. Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths Not Resquared Tolerances.0].004 [0.10] 0. –0 0.0025 3 L] 0 12 .0].05 [1. –0 +1⁄8 [3.08 [2.04 [1. –0 +0.13] 0.8] 0 Over 6 [1830] 0.06] 0.30] 0.138 [3. [mm] Specified Length (L). w in in.20] 0.17] 0.0015 [0.50] +0.0].5].001 [0.05 [1.08 [2. –0 +1⁄16 [1. Over and Under. B For specified thicknesses other than those shown.50] 0. Permitted Variation in Width (w ).. –0 +1⁄16 [1.08] 0.2].032 [0.024 [0. for specified width (w ). in. [9.0].05] 0.0].0025 [0. 0. –0 +1⁄8 [3..020 [0.0].2].04 [1.00] 0.7]. –0 A For specified thicknesses and other than those shown. 40 [1000] 50 [1300] w # 40 <w# <w# [1000] 50 [1300] 84 [2100] 0. 0.10] 0.17] 0.17] 0.003 [0.17] 0.0015 [0.016 [0.7].007 [0.030] .059 [1.11] 0.002 [0.012 [0.23] 0. –0 +0. .00] 0.50] 0. –0 +1⁄16 [1.2].03 [0.17] 0.04] 0.009 [0.52 mm] from the edge of the sheet.047 [1.03 3 L [0. –0 +0.7].16 [4.0015 [0. –0 +0. in.003 [0. –0 +0.003 [0.157 [4.197 [5.0].007 [0.13] 0. –0 0.16 [4.007 [0.003 [0. TABLE A2.3125 [8.02 [0. –0 +0.

030 [0.40 [10] >60 [1524] 0.4] $48 [1219] $96 [2438] 1⁄ 4 [6. narrow.016 [0. coil-processed product as cut lengths shall be identical to the tolerances for hot-rolled.4] 2xx and 3xx Series Specified to 1⁄4 and 1⁄2 Hard Tempers Specified Thickness.062 [1.B in.40] 11⁄8 [28.41] 36 [914] to <48 [1219] ⁄ [15. product as cut lengths and coil shall be identical to the tolerances for hot-rolled. coil- processed product as listed in Table A2.40] >0. and deep-drawing sheets. narrow. Width. Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths Tolerances for variations of length of hot-rolled. in.88] 7⁄8 [22.40 [10] >60 [1524] 0. [mm] <3⁄16 [4. [mm] in. B Maximum deviation from a horizontal flat surface.57] #60 [1524] 0.11 Permitted Variations in Length of Hot-Rolled.76] >0. Narrow.12 Permitted Variations in Flatness of Hot-Rolled. in. wide.030 [0. Wide. 13 . wide.05] 34 11⁄8 [28. C Not including hard tempers of 2xx and 3xx Series.062 [1. Flat-Rolled.76] <48 [1219] <96 [2438] 18⁄ [3.76] 1 [25.58] A Not specified to stretcher-leveled standard of flatness.70] 12 ⁄ [19. [mm] ⁄ Hard 14 12⁄ Hard <0.22] #0. [mm] in. coil-processed product as cut lengths and coil shall be identical to the tolerances for hot-rolled.76] $48 [1219] <96 [2438] 1⁄ 4 [6.50 [12] Stretcher-Leveled Standard of FlatnessC Specified Thickness. A 480/A 480M – 08b TABLE A2.016 [0. narrow.76] >0.2] <48 [1219] $96 [2438] ⁄ 14 [6. unless otherwise agreed by seller and purchaser and specified in the purchase order. Flatness in. narrow. Narrow. Width.57] #60 [1524] 0. [mm] Tolerance. [mm] Tolerance.14 unless otherwise agreed upon by seller and purchaser and specified in the purchase order. coil-processed product as listed in Table A2. [mm] in. [mm] in. dead-soft sheets.88] 58 1 [25. coil-processed Tolerances for variations of thickness of hot-rolled. Width. Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths Not Specified to Stretcher-Leveled Standard of FlatnessA Flatness Specified Thickness. TABLE A2.58] 0.9 Permitted Variations in Thickness of Hot-Rolled. TABLE A2.030 [0.41] to 5⁄8 [15. Flat-Rolled.50 [12] $0.16 unless otherwise agreed upon wide. [mm] <0.05] 34 0. wide. coil-processed product as listed in Table A2. coil-processed product as listed in Table A2. [mm] Flatness Tolerance.10 Permitted Variations in Width of Hot-Rolled.4] <3⁄16 [4.B in. upon by seller and purchaser and specified in the purchase order.22] 0. and deep-drawing sheets.15 unless otherwise agreed upon by seller and purchaser and specified in the purchase order. Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths and Coil Tolerances for variations of width of hot-rolled. Narrow.76] ⁄ [19. Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths Coil Tolerances for variations of flatness of hot-rolled.41] to ⁄ [19.8 Permitted Variations in Flatness of Cold-Rolled.05] 34 78⁄ [22.41] 24 [610] to <36 [914] ⁄ [12. coil-processed product as cut lengths shall be identical to the tolerances for hot-rolled. Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths and Narrow. TABLE A2.016 [0.B in. Length. and not including hard tempers of 2xx and 3xx Series.030 [0. TABLE A2.13.016 [0. dead-soft sheets.

50 [12.010 [0.30] 0.011 [0.1] w > 60 [1524] 1.145 [3. Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths (Not Resquared) and Coil Specified Thickness.022 [0.3125 [7.010 [0. ft [mm] Tolerances. [mm] w # 60 [1525] w > 60 [1525] 0.006 [0.68] 0. –0 w $ 48 [1219] +1⁄4 [6.1].072 [1.25] >0.55] –0.A (t ).25].008 [0.16 Permitted Variations in Flatness of Hot-Rolled.49] 0.25].A in.18] 18 w # 48 [1219] L > 96 [2438] ⁄ [6.76] L # 10 [3048] +1⁄2 [12.083 [2. 0. Wide. −0 10 [3048] < L # 20 [6096] +5⁄8 [15.30] to 0.83] to 0.5]. [mm] (L).50 [38] Stretcher-Leveled Standard of Flatness Specified Thickness Specified Width Specified Length Flatness Tolerance. +0. [mm] t < 3⁄16 [4.35] –0. Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths Not Specified to Stretcher-Leveled Standard of Flatness Specified Thickness (t ).90] 0.68] to 0.25].013 [0.11] to 0.130 [3.30] >0. −0 10 [3048] < L # 20 [6096] +1⁄2 [12.35].022 [0. Wide.35].35] 14 A Maximum deviation from a horizontal flat surface.114 [2.25].76] w > 48 [1219] L # 96 [2438] ⁄ [6.35].083 [2.76] w # 36 [914]. in. +0.010 [0.27] >0. +0. Permitted Variations.010 [0.20] 0.55] >0.012 [0. in. in.50] >0.94] –0. [mm] Length (L). [mm] Flatness Tolerance.76] 0. –0 w $ 48 [1219] +7⁄16 [11. Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths Not Resquared Specified Thickness.35] >0. [mm] Except as Indicated Otherwise.35] 14 w > 48 [1219] L > 96 [2438] ⁄ [6. in.49] to 0. A 480/A 480M – 08b TABLE A2.5] w < 48 [1219] +5⁄32 [3.7].59].013 [0. [mm]. for Trimmed Edges t < 3⁄16 [4.22] >0. Wide. Width (w ).030 [0.098 [2. in.97].75] –0. –0 TABLE A2.90 [23] 60 [1524] < w # 72 [1829] 1.11] 0. in.75 [19.010 [0.098 [2.33] 0.33] >0.1875 [4.14 Permitted Variations in Width of Hot-Rolled.014 [0.83] 0.9]. [mm] [mm]. −0 TABLE A2.020 [0.072 [1.33] >0. t.76] w # 60 [1524] 0.00 [25. t.15] 0. +0. Over and Under.27] 0. for Specified Width (w ) in.012 [0. –0 w $ 48 [1219] +3⁄8 [9.250 [6. in.114 [2. Over and Under t < 3⁄16 [4. TABLE A2.011 [0. −0 t $ 3⁄16 [4.52 mm] from the edge of the sheet.23] 0.76] # t < 3⁄8 [9.35] 14 t < 3⁄16 [4.30] 0. in.75] A Thickness measurements are taken at least 3⁄8 in.010 [0. –0 ⁄ 3 16 [4.76] w < 48 [1219] +1⁄16 [1. [9.009 [0.3125 [7.7] 36 [914] < w # 60 [1524] 0.250 [6. in.009 [0.50] –0.76] to 0.007 [0.010 [0.030 [0.7] .13 Permitted Variations in Thickness of Hot-Rolled.4] t $ 3⁄16 [4.25].18] 0.76] L # 10 [3048] +1⁄4 [6. +0. Coil-Processed Product as Coil and Cut Lengths Specified ThicknessA.5] w < 48 [1219] +1⁄4 [6. [mm] (w ). in.76] w # 48 [1219] L # 96 [2438] ⁄ [3. Wide.020 [0. [mm] Tolerances on Width. in. [mm] Width (w ).1875 [4.25].94] –0. [mm] t < 3⁄16 [4. [mm] in. –0 t $ 3⁄8 [9.35] to 0.90] to 0.15 Permitted Variations in Length of Hot-Rolled. [mm].130 [3.013 [0. +0.145 [3. 14 .20 [30] w > 72 [1829] 1. in.

[76.16] 0.050 [1.4] 11⁄2 [38. C For circles. Specified Thickness (t ).05] # t < 1 [25.10] 1⁄4 [6. up to 36 in.16] 0.200 [5.075 [1.90] 0.0] 0. [mm] t < 3⁄16 [4.60] 1⁄4 [6. TABLE A2.14] 0.35] 0.00] 0.160 [4.08] 0.52] 0.355 [9. .9] 84 [2135] < w # 108 [2745] 3⁄4 [19. the over thickness tolerances apply to the greatest width corresponding to the width ranges shown. the tolerance is not greater than 1⁄4 in.9] 3⁄4 [19.4] t $ 4 [101.50] 0.18 Permitted Variations in Width for Hot-Rolled Rectangular Sheared Plate Mill Plates (Quarto Plates) Tolerances.235 [6. [mm] t < 1⁄4 [6.20 mm].05] 0.35 mm].52 mm].19 Permitted Variations in Length for Hot-Rolled Sheared Rectangular Plate Mill Plates (Quarto Plates) Nominal Length (L).255 [6. the tolerance under the specified thickness is 0.070 [1. [mm] 84 [2134] < w # 120 [3048] < w # Specified Thickness (t ). [mm] w # 84 [2134] w > 144 [3658] 120 [3048] 144 [3658] Tolerance Over Specified Thickness..150 [3.B Width (w ).06] 0.02] 0. [6.80] 0.80] # t < 3 [76.335 [8.115 [2.100 [2.72] 4 [101. the permitted variations are increased to 11⁄2 times the amounts shown.435 [11.45] 0.48] 0. not necessarily the rolling direction.055 [1.8] 394 [10 008] # L < 590 [15 000] 21⁄4 [57. in.070 [1.78] 0.35 mm].35] # t < 3⁄8 [9.085 [2. but not more than 3 in. from the edge. Specified Width (w ).40] 5⁄16 [7.4 mm].92] 2 [50.80] 0.40] # t < 2 [50.125 [3. in.4] 0.17 Permitted Variations in Thickness of Hot-Rolled Mill Plate (Quarto Plate)A. [mm] Tolerances. For plates of irregular shape. in. in.200 [5.2] 0.060 [1.090 [2.20] # t < 4 [101.6] # t < 6 [152.8] 240 [6000] # L < 315 [8000] 15⁄8 [41. [6.095 [2.315 [8. [6.57] 0.3] 315 [8000] # L < 394 [10 008] 2 [50.40] # t < 11⁄2 [38.65] 0. NOTE 2—If the longer dimension is under 36 in. in. [914 mm].0] 8 [203..29] 3⁄4 [19.20] 0.1] w > 108 [2745] 1 [25.05] 5⁄16 [7. 3⁄8 [9.76] 0.4] A The tolerance under specified width is 1⁄4 in.81] 0. TABLE A2. excl.52] 38⁄ [9. [914 mm] of longer lengths in the plane of the plate measured while the plate rests on a flat surface with the concavity of the curvature upward.02] 6 [152. in thickness.78] .27] 0.060 [1.16] .010 in.52] 0.70] # t < 3⁄4 [19.0 mm].2] # t < 10 [254.40] 0.25 mm]. 3⁄16 [4.0] A Thickness is measured along the longitudinal edges of the plate at least 3⁄8 in.40] 0.550 [14.180 [4. NOTE 3—For plates with specified minimum yield strengths of 35 ksi [240 MPa] or more.9] 1 [25.00] 0.4] 15 .200 [5. in. [9. in.085 [2.C in. A 480/A 480M – 08b TABLE A2.10] # t < 4 [101.50] 0. the over thickness tolerances in this table apply to the diameter of the circle corresponding to the width ranges shown. [mm] Given.08] 3 [76. Flatness Tolerance for Thicknesses in. [254.20] 0.52] # t < 3⁄4 [19..2] 590 [15 000] # L < 790 [20 066] 21⁄4 [57. [mm] [mm]A w # 84 [2135] 5⁄8 [15.1] 160 [4064] # L < 240 [6096] 11⁄4 [31. over and under. over specified width.055 [1. TABLE A2.355 [9. B For plates up to 10 in.045 [1.2] A The tolerance under specified length is 1⁄4 in.175 [4.35] ⁄ [11] 7 16 14⁄ [6.52] 0.0] 0.435 [11.6] 0.54] 1 [25.52] # t < 1⁄2 [12.225 [5.60] 1⁄4 [6.70] ⁄ [7..41] 0. [914 mm] and to any 36 in.4] # t < 8 [203. [0.5] 3⁄8 [9.05] # t < 1 [25..150 [3.085 [2.9] 5 16 1⁄2 [12.08] 0.20 Permitted Variations in Flatness of Plate Mill Plate (Quarto Plate) NOTE 1—Tolerances in this table apply to any length. [mm]A L < 160 [4064] 3⁄4 [19.335 [8.76] # t < 3⁄8 [9..065 [1.

incl ⁄ 3 32 [2.13] 0.05].03] 0. incl 3⁄16 [4. incl ⁄ [3. Over 48 in.13] 0.21 Cold-Rolled Products.18 0 For thicknesses 0.14] and under ⁄ [1.18] 3⁄16 [4. [762] [1219] [1219] Up to 0. Coil-Processed Product in Coils and Cut Lengths for Edge No.015 [0.18 mm].94] A The tolerances under specified width and length are 1⁄8 in. incl 1⁄4 [6. in. incl 1⁄8 [3.6].56] 0.20].59 0 Widths 48 [1219] and over 18 ⁄ 3.40] to 2 [50.35] 16 .080 [2.20] to 4 [101. Processed Without Coiling Tolerances for cold-rolled products processed without coiling shall be identical to the tolerances for hot-rolled products processed without coiling as listed in Table A2.67] 0. in. [mm] Over Under in.0971 [2. in.35] 3 [76.46].0568 [1.33] up to 3⁄16 .38] 0.010 [0.76].60] to 20 [508.35] 1⁄4 [6. inclB 5⁄16 [7. Table A2.023 [0.80].14] to 3⁄4 [19.131 [3. [3.18 0 Lengths up to 120 [3048] excl ⁄ 1 16 1.60]. excl: All widths and lengths 14 ⁄ 6. [mm] Under 30 in.59] and under 1 16 0. mm For thicknesses under 0.13] 1 and 5 over 9⁄32 [7.6 mm] thick are not included in the table.005 [0. [mm] Thickness.105 [2.46] up to 3⁄16 [4.0567 [1.00] to 24 [610]. [mm] Over Under 1 and 5 ⁄ 9 32[7. to 48 in. [mm] Width Tolerance for Thickness and Width Given Edge No. [mm] Width and LengthA Width Length Up to 1 [25.97] 5 32 ⁄ 7 32 [5.008 [0. 1 or 5 Specified Width. incl 3⁄32 [2.76] 2 [50.40]. incl 0. excl 1⁄8 [3.22 Permitted Variations in Width for Cold-Rolled Narrow.005 [0.00] to 9 [228.19.015 [0.76] 1⁄4 [6. in.18]. [mm] Diameters 30 Diameters Diameters [762] Specified Thickness. TABLE A2. in.38] to 0. in.58] to 0.18] 18 ⁄ [3.05] to 5 [127. TABLE A2.005 [0. B Width and length tolerances for abrasive cut plates over 4 in.24 Permitted Variations in Width and Length for Hot-Rolled Product by Abrasive Cutting Tolerance over Specified Specified Thickness.76] 3 16⁄[4.005 [0. A 480/A 480M – 08b TABLE A2. include ⁄ 1 16 [1. Table A2.25] 5 over 20 [508.94] 5⁄16 [7.13] 1 and 5 over 3⁄4 [19. incl 0.38] and under 0.005 [0.010 [0.0972 [2.25] 5 over 9 [228.76] 0.33]: Widths up to 48 [1219] excl ⁄ 1 16 1. [101.38] TABLE A2.131 [3.59] 18⁄ [3.25 Permitted Variations in Diameter for Hot-Rolled and Cold-Rolled Coil-Processed Product as Sheared Circles Tolerance Over Specified Diameter (No Tolerance Under).00].18.20] to 1⁄8 [3.38] ⁄ [3.18] ⁄ 3 16 [4.23 Permitted Variations in Width and Length for Hot-Rolled and Cold-Rolled Resquared Coil-Processed Product (Stretcher Leveled Standard of Flatness) Tolerances Specified Dimensions. and Table A2.005 [0.18] and under 0.45].25] 0. incl 0. consult producer.17.45] to 0.010 [0.00]. excl 0.35 0 TABLE A2.20 unless otherwise agreed upon by seller and purchaser and specified in the purchase order.18] 18 1 [25.13] 0.80] to 3 [76.59 0 Lengths 120 [3048] and over 18 ⁄ 3.015 [0.010 [0.13] 5 over 5 [127. in.25] 0.

17 . −0 −3⁄4 . Circles.28 Permitted Variations in Weight for Hot-Rolled or Cold-Rolled Coil Processed Product with Thickness less than 3⁄16 in. and Over in Thickness in Thickness ThicknessB To 60 [1524].2 lb/ft2·in. unless otherwise specified. and Sketches Tolerance.46] A No tolerance under.52] to 5⁄8 ⁄ [15.27 Torch Cutting TolerancesA and Recommended Cleanup Allowance for Rectangular Plates.10].A in.92 kg/m2·mm thick] TABLE A2. −0 −1⁄2 .52] 1⁄2 [12.7 lb/ft2·in. in.29] 11⁄16 [17. excl 1⁄4 [6.60]. in.52] ⁄ [12. B Recommended cleanup allowance which.88 mm] in thickness are not commonly sheared but are machined or flame cut. Cleanup Specified AllowanceB per Thickness. excl 7⁄16 [11.70] 5⁄8 [15. [4. in.72 kg].10] to 24 [609. 58 Specified Diameter. in. [mm] Any 8 ft [2438 mm]. [mm] To 11⁄2 [38. [15.29] 84 [2134] to 108 [2743]. A 480/A 480M – 08b TABLE A2.0 lb/ft2·in. excl 14⁄ [6.72 kg] estimated to weigh 200 lb [90.72 kg] actually weigh as much as 71⁄2 % over the theoretical weight Chromium-manganese-nickel 40. in.35] A Camber is the deviation of a side edge from a straight line and measurement is taken by placing an 8-ft [2438-mm] straightedge on the concave side and measuring the greatest distance between the strip edge and the straightedge. TABLE A2. 3⁄8 [9. may [90.88] in. +0 6 3⁄ 8 Over 3 to 6 incl +3⁄4 .07 kg/m2·mm thick] Chromium 41. Outside Dimension Inside Dimension Edge. Note that for some applications user may wish to specify minus rather than plus tolerance or vice versa. [mm] excl. in [15. excl 3⁄8 [9. in. will be applied by supplier to purchasers ordered size.52] in.88] 108 [2743] to 180 [4572]. +0 6 1⁄ 4 Over 2 to 3 incl +1⁄2 .70] Over 11⁄2 [38. thickness [7.76 mm] Any item of five sheets or less. incl 1⁄2 [12.11] 9⁄16 [14. thickness [7. Rings.26 Permitted Variations in Diameter for Circular Plates Taken From Hot-Rolled Product Processed With or Without Coiling Tolerance Over Specified Diameter for Given Diameter and Thickness.35] 38⁄ [9. excl ⁄ 5 16 [7. thickness [8. −0 −3⁄8 .88] in. 2 and under +3⁄8 .11] 9 16⁄[14.. excl. [mm] To 3⁄8 [9.70] 12 60 [1524] to 84 [2134]. or less may actually weigh as much as 10 % over the theoretical weight Any item of more than five sheets and estimated weigh more than 200 lb to weigh more than 200 lb [90.94] ⁄ 7 16 [11..82 kg/m2·mm thick] Chromium-nickel 42. +0 6 1⁄ 2 A Tolerances to apply unless otherwise agreed. TABLE A2.72 kg] or less.29 Permitted Variations in Camber for Cold-Rolled Coil Processed Product in Coils and Cut LengthsA Tolerance per Unit Length of Specified Width. or any item weigh 200 lb [90. B Circular and sketch plates over 5⁄8 in.

60 Product—For thickness. mm Tolerances. and flatness tolerance tables.4. width. >4000.010 0.015 0..524 m A Camber is the deviation of a side edge from a straight line. narrow.8.50 0..060 0. mm Thickness.070 Product—For thickness.17-A3. length.3 Cold-Rolled Wide ($600 mm width) Coil-Processed A3.12.20 0.31.50 0.50 A3. mm Over 150 to Over 300 to 50 to 150.125 0.20 0.025 0.050 1..8 Tolerances for Other Dimensional Characteristics— Product—For thickness.050 tables. A 480/A 480M – 08b TABLE A2. Coil-Processed Product as Coil and Cut Lengths higher thickness shall apply. 3. for the Thickness and Widths Given. 0.30 0. refer to Tables A3.125 0.75 0.4 Hot-Rolled Narrow (<600 mm width) Coil-Processed A3. thickness.80 A For tolerances applicable to narrow product with Edge No.50 0.090 4. and by product dimension addressed.00 . −0 Over and Under.8.020 0.9-A3. #1500 +3.10 0. variations in dimensions expressed in SI units of measurement. Table A3. Coil-Processed Product in Coils and Cut Lengths for Edge No. 1 or No..75 0.00 0. Coil-Processed Products as Cut Lengths NOTE 2—The tolerances in this table include crown tolerances..5-A3..030 0. 0. A3.070 0.15 0.020 agreed upon by seller and purchaser and specified in the purchase order. incl Narrow. refer to Tables A3.99 .30 0.50 0. Specified Length. 3A These requirements shall apply to A 480M but shall not apply Specified Width Tolerance. length. PERMITTED VARIATIONS IN DIMENSIONS.085 0. A3.16.1-A3.070 0.4 Permitted Variations in Flatness of Cold-Rolled. wide. the tolerances TABLE A3.090 4.125 0.30 Permitted Variations in Camber for Sheared Mill and Universal Mill PlatesA Maximum camber = 1⁄8 in. and flatness tolerance 2.31-A3.20.3 Permitted Variations in Length of Cold-Rolled. >1500. for Thickness and Width to A 480. w # 40 40 < w # 125 125 < w # 250 250 < w # 600 tion method (hot rolling or cold rolling. product width (narrow (<600 mm) or wide ($600 0.035 0.25 0.050 0.1 Permitted Variations in Thickness of Cold-Rolled. 4.25 0.99 0. are applicable for measurements at all locations. see Table A2. the tolerances for the next Narrow.7 Cold-Rolled Product Processed Without Coiling—For Product—For thickness.050 1. width.50 . Over and Under.070 0.25 0.060 0.40 0. refer to tables. B For specified thickness other than those shown.—SI UNITS A3. mm Specified Width (w ). Requirements for A 480 are given in Annex A2.060 0. width.080 tables.21.040 0.60 tables. Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths 300. mm A3.2 Permitted Variations in Width of Cold-Rolled. TABLE A3.50 2.040 0. ThicknessB.025 0. length. unless otherwise 0.18 mm in any 1. and measurement is taken by placing a 5-ft straightedge on the concave side and measuring the greatest distance between the plate and the straightedge.125 0.00 0. 0.15 0.030 0. NOTE 1—Thickness measurements are taken at least 10 mm in from the edge of the product. length.050 0.50 1.10 0. TABLE A3.6 Hot-Rolled Product Processed Without Coiling—For A Thickness tolerances given in mm unless otherwise indicated. Narrow.070 0. #4000 +5. #6000 +8.060 1.50 mm)). and flatness tolerance For other tolerance tables. 18 . refer to Tables A3. and flatness tolerance tables.1 The dimensional tolerances are grouped by produc. Narrow. with or without 0. except that on widths less than 26 mm.125 0.070 A3.090 A3.5 Hot-Rolled Wide ($600 mm width) Coil-Processed 2..2 Cold-Rolled Narrow (<600 mm width) Coil-Processed 3.030 0. 1.50 coiling). the toler. excl w # 125 125 < w # 250 250 < w < 600 Tolerances for variations of flatness cold-rolled products.00 0.25 0.15 0.070 0. width.13-A3.00 .1. mm NOTE 3—For specified thicknesses other than those shown. refer to Tables A2.29. −0 Thickness Tolerances. refer to Tables A3. 0. refer to Tables A3. in any 5 ft = 3. and flatness tolerance 4.1 Listed in Annex A3 are tables showing the permitted TABLE A3. 1.070 0.015 0.. 0. width.00 0. coil- A processed product as cut lengths shall be identical to the tolerances for cold- Thickness Tolerances rolled. length. mm Given.40 0. ETC.00 0. and flatness tolerance thickness. A3.045 0.050 0.50 0. −0 ances for the next higher thickness shall apply.050 0.035 0. length.50 0. incl 600.25 0. 5.040 0. coil-processed product as listed in Table A3.25 0. width.

0. –0 +2. A 480/A 480M – 08b TABLE A3..00 0.17 0.08 0.7.07 1. –0 +1. –0 +2. w in mm w # 1000 1000 < w # 1300 1300 < w # 2100 0. Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths (Not Resquared) and Coil Specified Permitted Variation in Width. –0 +2.20 0. the tolerances for the next higher thickness shall apply. –0 +2.6 Permitted Variations in Width of Cold-Rolled. –0 A For specified thicknesses other than those shown.5.2. mm Over Under #2000 5 0 >2000 0.13 3.06 0. for specified width (w ).10 0.40 0.0.00 +0.04 0.00 0.05 . TABLE A3.22 0.055 0. NOTE 2—Cold-rolled sheets in cut lengths and coils are produced in some type numbers and some widths and thickness to tolerances less than those shown in the table.03 . .50 +1. –0 +2.11 0.08 0.08 0. mm Tolerance. –0 +3.. NOTE 3—For specified thicknesses other than those shown.08 0. –0 +0..13 0.50 0.045 0.0. 0.00 0.0..5.25 TABLE A3.2. –0 +1.10 2.50 +0.00 0.30 0. mm..0.0.0.17 0.10 0. the tolerances for the next higher thickness shall apply. –0 +0.00 0.17 0.19 6.0. mm mmA w # 125 125 < w # 250 250 < w # 600 600 < w # 1000 1000 < w # 2100 1.10 0.15 4.05 .7.20 0. mm Permitted Variation. –0 +4. –0 +1.0. –0 3.50 0..17 5.5 Permitted Variations in Thickness of Cold-Rolled. Over and Under.08 1.0. Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths Not Resquared Specified Length (L). Specified Thickness. –0 +1.23 8.00 0..7. 0.80 0. –0 +1.0.2.0.5.. –0 +1. –0 +0.5. Thickness. for Specified Width (w ).. +0 2.50 +1.5.00 0. –0 +2.05 0.17 0. mm.05 0. Coil-Processed Product as Coil and Cut Lengths NOTE 1—Thickness measurements are taken at least 15 mm from the edge of the product in the case of slit edges and at least 25 mm from the edge of the product in the case of mill edges.0025 3 L 0 19 .. –0 +1.. 1.00 +2.60 0.7 Permitted Variations in Length of Cold-Rolled.13 0. Wide.17 0.04 .0. Wide.11 2. Wide. –0 8.5.. –0 +3.0.17 0. 0.05 . +0 1.50 0. –0 +4.

dead-soft sheets.25. Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths and Narrow. mm Width.25 0.B mm ⁄ Hard 14 ⁄ Hard 12 #0. Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths 2.75 20 . TABLE A3. and deep-drawing sheets. Over and Under. B Maximum deviation from a horizontal flat surface. A 480/A 480M – 08b TABLE A3. product as cut lengths and coil shall be identical to the tolerances for hot-rolled.25.47 –0. Specified Thickness.13 Permitted Variations in Thickness of Hot-Rolled.25.04 to #0.33 by seller and purchaser and specified in the purchase order.11 Permitted Variations in Length of Hot-Rolled.30 0.0 –0.5 0. +0.51 8. mm.0 –0.23 0.04 600 to 900.18 0. +0. +0. Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths Coil Tolerances for variations of flatness of hot-rolled.30 coil-processed product as listed in Table A3. TABLE A3.33 5. and deep-drawing sheets.8 Permitted Variations in Flatness of Cold-Rolled. Wide.0 0. TABLE A3.50 <1500 10 $1500 12 Stretcher-Leveled Standard of FlatnessC Specified Specified Specified Flatness Thickness. mm mm Flatness Tolerance. narrow. +0. +0.75 –0.04 900 to 1200. Specified Thickness.99 <1200 <2400 4 $2400 7 $1200 <2400 7 $2400 7 2xx and 3xx Series Specified to 1⁄4 and 1⁄2 Hard Tempers Specified Width.51 –0. coil-processed 2. narrow. Flat-Rolled. for Specified Width (w) TABLE A3.27 product as cut lengths shall be identical to the tolerances for hot-rolled. wide. 3. +0.5 0. dead-soft sheets. unless otherwise agreed upon 3. by seller and purchaser and specified in the purchase order. mm ToleranceB.15.B mm #4. wide. narrow. Wide.9 Permitted Variations in Thickness of Hot-Rolled.25 0.80 19 29 >0. 2.25.13. mm w # 1500 w > 1500 Narrow.80 13 19 #0.12 Permitted Variations in Flatness of Hot-Rolled. Except as Indicated Otherwise. mm Width. Flat-Rolled. excl 19 23 >0.04 to #0. coil-processed product as cut lengths shall be identical to the tolerances for hot-rolled.80 16 26 A Not specified to stretcher-leveled standard of flatness. unless otherwise agreed upon ances for the next higher thickness shall apply. and not including hard tempers of 2xx and 3xx series. narrow. upon by seller and purchaser and specified in the purchase order. wide. Flat-Rolled. coil-processed product as listed in Table A3. unless otherwise agreed upon wide.14.50 <1500 10 $1500 12 $1. mm Length. incl 26 29 >0. Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths Not Specified to Stretcher-Leveled Standard of FlatnessA Specified Specified Flatness Thickness.0 –0.25.25 Tolerances for variations of length of hot-rolled. TABLE A3.0 0. coil-processed product as listed in Table A3. Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths and Coil NOTE 1—Thickness measurements are taken at least 10 mm from the edge of the product.80 16 23 >0. unless otherwise agreed by seller and purchaser and specified in the purchase order. C Not including hard tempers of 2xx and 3xx series.16. Narrow. coil-processed Tolerances for variations of thickness of hot-rolled. mm Tolerance. Permitted Variations of Thickness.20 0. Tolerances for variations of width of hot-rolled. coil-processed product NOTE 2—For specified thicknesses other than those shown.25. the toler- as cut lengths and coil shall be identical to the tolerances for hot-rolled. Coil-Processed Product as Coil and Cut Lengths Narrow.51 6. coil-processed product as listed in Table A3. mm <1.10 Permitted Variations in Width of Hot-Rolled.

.30 2.50 9.0 3000 # L # 6000 (0. mm 150 4.. For plates up to 250 mm.65 2.55 1.30 2.15 1. Specified Thickness Specified Width Flatness (t ).00 5. −0 Maximum deviation from a horizontal flat surface. Wide. Over and Under. mm Tolerances. −0 15 000 # L < 20 000 +100.14 Permitted Variations in Width of Hot-Rolled.70 Specified Length Tolerance. mm w $ 1500 26 w < 2000 +15. mm Thickness (t ).80 4. 50 1.. mm Tolerances.0 L < 3000 12 0 250 8.00 6.10 100 3.00 w < 1200 2 0 Thickness. the circle corresponding to the width ranges shown. Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths the over thickness tolerances apply to the greatest width corresponding to the width ranges shown.35 1.95 Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths Not Resquared 75 3.. TABLE A3.50 11. the tolerance Not Specified to Stretcher-Leveled Standard of Flatness under the specified thickness is 0. mm Tolerance on Width.45 5. mm w < 2100 3000 3600 w $ 3600 w $ 1200 6 0 5. 20 1.55 TABLE A3. the toler- Specified Dimension. Wide.15 Permitted Variations in Length of Hot-Rolled. mm L $ 2400 7 L < 4000 +20..19 Permitted Variations in Length for Hot-Rolled (t ). Trimmed Edges Width (w ).17 Permitted Variations in Thickness of Hot-Rolled Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths (Not Resquared) and Plate Mill Plate (Quarto Plate)A. mm Over Under Specified 2100 # w < 3000 # w < <5.A mm TABLE A3.00 8. mm Width (w ).. for ances for the next higher thickness shall apply. −0 w $ 1200 L < 2400 7 4000 # L < 6000 +30. 10 000 # L < 15 000 +75. mm w $ 1200 9 0 5 1. −0 A 8000 # L < 10 000 +50.90 2. over and under. w $ 1200 12 0 10 1. in thickness. For plates of irregular shape. −0 w $ 1800 38 Stretcher-Leveled Standard of Flatness Specified Thickness Specified Width Specified Length Flatness TABLE A3.005 3 L) 0 A Thickness is measured along the longitudinal edges of the plate at least 10 mm but not more than 75 mm from the edge.15 . −0 L $ 2400 7 6000 # L < 8000 +40.A mm Sheared Rectangular Plate Mill Plates (Quarto Plates) t # 13 w < 1200 L < 2400 4 Nominal Length (L).75 4. mm (w ).00 5. mm Tolerance.. −0 t$5 w < 1500 23 2000 # w < 3000 +20.30 25 1. mm (w ). −0 1500 # w < 1800 30 w $ 3000 +25.30 mm.. mm Tolerance. B For circles. . >10.00 w < 1200 4 0 Tolerance Over Specified Thickness. mm. mm (L).80 1.75 .00 w < 1200 6 0 8 1.55 2.00 11.B Coil NOTE 1—For specified thicknesses other than those shown.15 1.15 2. −0 21 .16 Permitted Variations in Flatness of Hot-Rolled. incl. the over thickness tolerances in this table apply to the diameter of TABLE A3.50 5. A 480/A 480M – 08b TABLE A3.40 1.0 14.00 < t # 10.00 8.15 2.20 3.00 (L).18 Permitted Variations in Width for Hot-Rolled t<5 w < 900 13 Rectangular Sheared Plate Mill Plates (Quarto Plates) 900 # w < 1500 19 Specified Width (w ). mm Over Under 200 6.40 2.15 . Wide.50 9.

[6.50 2 3 5 NOTE 2—If the longer dimension is under 36 in.5] and Thickness. –0 –19.40 [10] Tolerance Over Specified Diameter for Given Diameter 10 3⁄8 [9. mm Tolerance.8 Chromium 7. Taken From Hot-Rolled Product Processed With or Without ances for the next higher thickness shall apply. the toler. Under 1. incl 4. and specified in the purchase order.27 Permitted Variations in Weight for Hot-Rolled and 1200 and over 3000 and over 3 0 Cold-Rolled Sheets 3.30 Up to 1200 Up to 3000 2 0 TABLE A3.92 kg/m2/mm thick 50 to 75. up to 36 in. Tolerance over Specified Width and Length. and weigh 100 kg or less estimated to weigh 100 kg or less. Processed Without Coiling No tolerance under.4 6.A mm 15 5⁄16 [7. may actually weigh 10 % over the TABLE A3. consult producer.21 Cold-Rolled Products.4 mm]. Coiling Specified Thickness (t ).4] 150 1⁄4 [6. +0 66 Over 51 to 76 incl +13. [914 mm]. mm Diameter Diameter mm (Stretcher Leveled Standard of Flatness) 51 and under +10.9 7.8 4.A mm Specified Thickness. –0 –10. [914 mm] and to any 36 in. Tolerances for cold-rolled products processed without coiling shall be identical to the tolerances for hot-rolled products processed without coiling as listed in TABLE A3. +0 613 to tolerances given in this table.4 75 to 100. Thickness Width Length Over Under Under 3. the 1. A 480/A 480M – 08b TABLE A3. 2. the permitted variations are increased to 11⁄2 times the amounts shown. Sketches Cleanup Tolerance. Note that for some applications Width and Length user may wish to specify minus rather than plus tolerance or vice versa. excl 10 to 15.9] Specified Diameter. will be applied by supplier to purchasers ordered size.2 Chromium-nickel 8.9] To 10.25 Permitted Variations in Diameter for Circular Plates NOTE 4—For specified thicknesses other than those shown.4] 2100 8 13 16 2700 10 11 15 4500 11 15 18 A TABLE A3. Circles. 22 .20 Permitted Variations in Flatness of Plate Mill Plate TABLE A3. mm AllowanceB TABLE A3.50 to 2. excl 15 and over 50 1⁄4 [6. [mm] for the next higher diameter shall apply.24 Permitted Variations in Diameter for Hot-Rolled and (Quarto Plate) Cold-Rolled Coil-Processed Product as Sheared Circles NOTE 1—Tolerances in this table apply to any length.50 and thicker 4 5 7 NOTE 3—For plates with specified minimum yield strengths of 35 ksi [240 MPa] or more.4] 1500 and under 7 10 13 >150 1⁄4 [6. inclB 7. Rings. [mm] may actually weigh 7 1⁄2 % over the Width Length theoretical weight Chromium-manganese-nickel 7. Outside Inside Per Edge.9] 20 5⁄16 [7.22 Permitted Variations in Width and Length for Hot. unless otherwise agreed upon by seller and purchaser and Cleanup Allowance for Rectangular Plates. –0 –13. in. Rolled and Cold-Rolled Resquared Coil-Processed Product Specified Thickness.07 kg/m2/mm thick 25 to 50. mm Recommended cleanup allowance which. B Width and length tolerances for abrasive cut plates over 100 mm thick are not included in the table.9 A The tolerances under specified width and length are 3. TABLE A3. in.17. 4 and higher are produced Over 76 to 152 incl +19.2 mm. +0 610 NOTE 1—Polished sheets with Finishes No. mm the rolling direction.23 Permitted Variations in Abrasive Cutting Width and theoretical weight Length for Plates Any item of more than five sheets and weigh more than 100 kg estimated to weigh more than 100 kg. mm Thickness of Plate 25 5⁄16 [7.50 excl 3 4 6 tolerance is not greater than 1⁄4 in. incl 3. A Tolerances to apply unless otherwise agreed. Diameters Diameters 600 Diameters longer lengths in the plane of the plate measured while the plate rests on mm Under 600 to 1200 incl Over 1200 a flat surface with the concavity of the curvature upward. not necessarily Tolerance Over Specified Diameter (No Tolerance Under).30 and over All All 7 0 Any item of five sheets or less. unless otherwise specified. [914 mm] of Specified Thickness. [mm] Flatness Tolerance for Thicknesses NOTE 1—For specific diameters other than those shown.26 Torch Cutting TolerancesA and Recommended Table A3. B Specified Dimensions. incl 6. the tolerance Given. 5 0.2 3.82 kg/m2/mm thick Up to 25.

23 . 2008. excl 4 900 and over 3 A Camber is the greatest deviation of a side edge from a straight line and measurement is taken by placing an 8-ft [2438-mm] straightedge on the concave side and measuring the greatest distance between the sheet edge and the straightedge. incl 7 A Camber is the deviation of a side edge from a straight line and measurement is taken by placing a 2400-mm straightedge on the concave side and measuring the greatest distance between the strip edge and the straightedge. grade to be included in the applicable specification.4 The application shall provide recommendations for tee which has jurisdiction over that specification.2 The application shall be accompanied by a statement A4. SUMMARY OF CHANGES Committee A01 has identified the location of selected changes to this standard since the last issue (A 480/A 480M – 08a) that may impact the use of this standard. REQUIREMENTS FOR THE INTRODUCTION OF NEW MATERIALS A4. TABLE A3. shall be furnished.1 Application for the addition of a new grade to a from a different heat. specification shall be made to the Chairman of the subcommit. mm Tolerance Per Unit Length Of Any 2400 mm To 40. A4.1.5 The application shall state whether the new grade is from at least one user indicating that there is a need for the new covered by patent. 2008. A4. 2008. all requirements appearing in the applicable specification.1. each A4.28 Permitted Variations in Camber for Cold-Rolled Narrow Coil-Processed Product in Coils and Cut LengthsA Specified Width. Test data from a following conditions: minimum of three test lots.1 New materials may be proposed for inclusion in A4.2.1. as defined by the specification. mm Tolerance per Unit Length of Any 2400 mm.1.3 The application shall be accompanied by test data as specifications referencing this specification subject to the required by the applicable specification. A 480/A 480M – 08b TABLE A3.) (1) Added UNS designation S35115 to Table A1.29 Permitted Variations in Camber for Hot-Rolled and Cold-Rolled Wide Coil-Processed Product as Cut Lengths Not Resquared and Cold-Rolled Wide Coil-Processed Product as CoilsA Specified Width. A4. Committee A01 has identified the location of selected changes to this standard since the last issue (A 480/A 480M – 08) that may impact the use of this standard. (Approved April 1.) (1) Clarified hardness testing requirements for thin material. Committee A01 has identified the location of selected changes to this standard since the last issue (A 480/A 480M – 06b) that may impact the use of this standard.1. (Approved May 15. incl 13 Over 40 to 600. (Approved October 1. mm 600 to 900.2.) (1) New grade S32202 added to Table A1.

either reapproved or withdrawn. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you should make your views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of the responsible technical committee. 610-832-9555 (fax). United States. West Conshohocken. This standard is copyrighted by ASTM International.org). which you may attend.astm. This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every five years and if not revised. or service@astm.org (e-mail). PO Box C700. are entirely their own responsibility. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standards and should be addressed to ASTM International Headquarters. 100 Barr Harbor Drive. A 480/A 480M – 08b ASTM International takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any item mentioned in this standard. at the address shown below. or through the ASTM website (www. Individual reprints (single or multiple copies) of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the above address or at 610-832-9585 (phone). 24 . and the risk of infringement of such rights. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights. PA 19428-2959.

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