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In this chapter, all steps and procedures that will be done in designing a Flattening, Dipping and

Coating Machine for Chicken Chop will be technically explained. In process of designing a
product, the procedure or the process method is the most important aspect that should be taken
into consideration. The design flow process covers on project flow chart and design process
activities which involves all design phase, by following the method correctly, the product can be
produce systematically.

Product architecture can be defined as the arrangement of functional elements into physical
chunks which become the building blocks for the product or family of product. It also can be
defined as functional elements of a product or system assigned to its constituent section or
subsystem, and of the way in which product interact. In this phase, the function of each
component can be seen and development work is divided as well as the capacity of the product
demand.

After cluster the overall elements, arrangement of physical element can be drawn roughly to show
the location of components in the product. A physical architecture model is an arrangement of
physical elements that provides solution for a product. Mechanism requirements are allocated to
both the logical and physical architectures. In this sub-topic, the design was divided by three
section which are section for flattening mechanism, dipping mechanism and coating mechanism
as shown in figure 4.10, figure 4.11 and figure 4.12.

Configuration design is a kind of design where a fixed set of predefined components that can be
interfaced (connected) in predefined ways is given and an assembly of components selected from
this fixed set is sought that satisfies a set of requirements and obeys a set of constraints. In this
topic, configuration design were divided into three sub-topics which are modelling, simulation
and early stage of material selection as well as manufacturing process.

Modeling is the first stage in the configuration design. At this stage, the concept of the product
was developed using computer aided design software (CAD).

The changes was due to the difficulty in making hole for connection purpose. Besides that, the
improvement of dimension also been made to make sure the chassis was suitable with the
mechanism.

After completing all the concepts for the sub assembly, it was combined to get the whole
flattening, dipping and coating machine concept. Figure 4.24 shows the isometric view for the
whole machine by placing the sub assembly on the proper place. The sub assembly on the proper
place can be seen in Figure 4.25 with transparent casing. While Figure 4.26 shows the isometric
view with simulation.
In this section, the framework structure for the whole mechanism is used to run the simulation
process using Solidworks software. Four types of analysis need to be clarify, which are stress
analysis, displacement analysis and safety factor analysis. Figure 4.39 until 4.42 shows the method
and process of simulation.

A one-three-nine method (1-3-9) is selected to estimate the cost of the product. It means the cost
of the material (1) including raw materials and scraps, manufacturing costs (3) including
manufacturing, installation wages and selling price (9) including salaries, purchases of standard
goods and benefits on the product. On this method, the cost of the material should be higher than
the cost of the actual material due to the value of the scrap material and the cost of the equipment
used. Through the current price monitoring from Alibaba website, the maximum material price
has been taken as a reference therefore the 20 percent increase rate is taken into account.

At this stage, all the designs for each component have been completed. This detailed design is
divided into two parts which are detailed drawing and product specification for flattening, dipping
and coating machine.