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E-Ductulator - Equal Friction - Equivalent Length Method See HVAC Simplified (Kavanaugh, 2006) available from ASHRAE for

additional details and


instrutions.
Supply Duct Width or Height See HVAC Simplified, pp. 130-138 for Instructions See "Eqv. Len." worksheet for equivalent lengths of common fittings
Air Flow Dia. if round 0 if round Velocity Hyd. Dia. Roughness Δh/100' Length Leqv A # As Leqv B # Bs Leqv C # Cs Leqv D # Ds L(total) Δh
cfm Inches Inches fpm Inches Feet "Wtr./100' ft. ft. ft. ft. ft. (in.wtr.)
1 18 1 18.0 Galv Steel (0.00025) #ADDIN? 0 #ADDIN?
Notes-->
1 14 1 14.0 Galv Steel (0.00025) #ADDIN? 0 #ADDIN?
Notes-->
1 12 1 12.0 Galv Steel (0.00025) #ADDIN? 0 #ADDIN?
Notes-->
1 16 1 16.0 Galv Steel (0.00025) #ADDIN? 0 #ADDIN?
For Sizing Par. Path Notes-->
1 10 2 10.0 Galv Steel (0.00025) #ADDIN? 0 #ADDIN?
For Sizing Par. Path Notes-->
1 1 183 1.0 Galv Steel (0.00025) #ADDIN? 0 #ADDIN?
Notes-->
1 1 183 1.0 Galv Steel (0.00025) #ADDIN? 0 #ADDIN?
Notes-->
Diffuser See "Diffusers" worksheet
cfm Rated cfm Rated Δh
1 1 0.000
Return Duct Width or Height
cfm Dia. if round 0 if round Δh/100' Length Leqv A # As Leqv B # Bs Leqv C # Cs Leqv D # Ds L(total)
1 28 20 0 25.8 Galv Steel (0.00025) #ADDIN? 0 #ADDIN?
Notes-->
1 1 183 1.0 PVC (0.0001) #ADDIN? 0 #ADDIN?
Notes-->
Grill Notes:
cfm Rated cfm Rated Δh
1 1 0.000
Filter See "Filters" worksheet See also HVAC Simplified, pp. 129-130 for Instructions
Rated Vel Face Vel Rated Δh Notes:
cfm Area (sq. ft.) fpm fpm in. water Δh (dirty) ÷ Δh (clean)
1 1 300 1 0.000
Total #ADDIN?
Note 2: If Macro security level is set at high, this program will For 2007 Office products, the terminology "trust" has replaced "security"
result in errors in the cells [NAME?]. To reset the security level and the procedure has been changed (as you might expect). To change
(Office 2003 and earlier), the "trust" settings:
1. Close the program.
2. Click on "Tools" on the main tool bar, select "Macro", select Open Excel
"Security. Click the Office Button (top left corner of screen)
3. Reset security level to Medium (recommended) or Low Click on "Excel Options" button @ the bottom of the pop-up window
4. Exit Excel Click on "Trust Center"
5. Re-Open Excel Click on "Trust Center Settings"
6. Run program Click on "◘ Enable all macros.."
Open and Run the programs
An option would be to reset the trust setting by repeating steps 1 thru 5
and,
Click on "◘ Disable macros with notification"
Round Duct
Fitting Eqv. Length @ Δh/L=0.1”/100’ Eqv. Length @ Δh/L=0.3”/100’
Type 8Ӯ Dia. 12Ӯ Dia. 16Ӯ Dia. 8Ӯ Dia. 12Ӯ Dia. 16Ӯ Dia.
Std. 90°L (R/D=.75) 16 30 40 18 22 44
90°L (R/D=1.5) 8 15 21 10 16 24
Std. 45°L (R/D=.75) 11 18 27 12 21 30
45°L (R/D=1.5) 4 6 9 5 7 10
Tapered (45°) Reducer 4 5 10 4 6 11
Non-tapered Reducer 8 14 21 9 16 23
Tee (branch) 34 60 87 39 67 97
Full Flow Tee (branch) 13 22 32 14 24 35
Wye 8 8 13 14 19 21
Stub Wye 17 29 43 19 43 38
Full Flow Wye 14 24 35 16 27 39
Straight Boot 5 6 11 6 8 13
End Boot 30 55 80 35 60 90
Elbow Boot 20 30 48 21 30 53
Register Saddle 35 60 90 40 65 95
Top Ceiling Box 20 35 50 23 40 55
Plenum Take-off (20°) 13 22 32 14 24 35
45°Tapered Plen. Ret. 10 18 26 12 20 30
No-taper Return 28 50 70 31 55 80
Return Grill Box 13 23 33 15 25 37
Tapered (45°) Ret.Grill 6 10 15 7 11 17

Rectangular Duct
Fitting Eqv. Length @ Eqv. Length @
Δh/L=0.1”/100’ Δh/L=0.3”/100’
3
Type w/h=1 w/h=4 w/h=1 w/h=4
T r a n s it io n
Rectangular Elbow 65 90 70 100 2 S t r a ig h t s i d e s
Rect. Elbow with Vanes 14 14 25 25 Squ
45º Rectangular Elbow 18 27 20 30 T e
Radius Elbow (R/w=.75) 24 40 27 45 R e c t a n g u la r
E lb o w
Radius Elbow w. Vanes 2 4 2 5
Square Tee 50 90 55 100 w
Square Tee w. Vanes 16 30 18 34
Radius Tee (R/w=1.5) 16 30 18 34 h
(Base Leqv on outlet size) Ain/Aout=2 Ain/Aout=4 Ain/Aout=2 Ain/Aout=4 C o n ic a l
T a k e -o ff
Square Transition 12 13 19 21
3-Straight Side Transition 5 5 5 5
2-Straight Side Transition 5 5 5 5
Return Grill Box 19 20 21 22 R
Plenum Outlet (no radius) 40 40 44 44 w
Tapered (45°) Ret.Grill 8 9 9 10 P le n u m
Ain/Aout=0.5 Ain/Aout=0.25 Ain/Aout=0.5 Ain/Aout=0.25 C o il C a
R
w
R
w
P le n u m
C o il C a

45°Tapered Plen. Ret. 15 29 17 32 R


No-taper Return 28 50 31 55 w
8Ӯ Dia. 12Ӯ Dia. 8Ӯ Dia. 12Ӯ Dia.
Round Take-off 35 60 40 70
45º Round Take-off 17 30 20 40
Conical Take-off 25 43 28 48
QTO/QM=.1 QTO/QM=.4 QTO/QM=.1 QTO/QM=.4
Rectangular Take-off 48 52 55 60
45º Rect. Take-off 50 55 60 65
E lb o w B o o t
T a p e re d
End B oot
R ound D uct R ed ucer

F ittin g s a n d T ee
T ra n s itio n s S tu b W y e
B ra n c h A n g le B o o t
fo r T a b le 9 .8
F u ll F lo w T e e
E lb o w
R e g is t e r
( 9 0  , 4 - p ie c e ) S a d d le S id e C e ilin g B o x

F u ll F lo w E l b o w ( 4 5  , 2 - p ie c e )
W y e B ra n c h
R ed ucer S t r a ig h t B o o t
P le n u m
W ye
T a k e -o ff
B ra n c h
20 P le n u m R e t u r n
(N o T a p e r) T o p C e ilin g B o x

P le n u m o r
C o il C a b i n e t R e t u r n G r ill
45 B o x T r a n s it io n
D

R
T a p e re d
R e tu rn 45
T a p e re d R e tu rn
G r i l l T r a n s i t io n

T r a n s i t io n
3 S t r a ig h t s id e s
T r a n s it io n
2 S t r a ig h t s id e s
S q u a re R e c t-R o u n d R a d iu s T e e
T ee T r a n s it io n
R e c t a n g u la r
E lb o w
S q u are
w T r a n s it i o n
S m o o th
h R a d iu s 4 5 R e c t.
C o n ic a l E lb o w T a k e -o ff
T a k e -o ff R e c t a n g u la r
T a k e -o ff
R o u n d T a k e -o ff
45 R ound
T a k e -o ff
R
w
P le n u m o r
C o il C a b in e t R e t u r n G r ill
45 B o x T r a n s it io n
R
w

T a p e re d
R e tu rn 45
T a p e re d R e tu rn
G r i ll T r a n s i t io n
R o u n d T a k e -o ff
45 R ound
T a k e -o ff
R
w
P le n u m o r
C o il C a b in e t R e t u r n G r ill
45 B o x T r a n s it io n
R
w

T a p e re d
R e tu rn 45
T a p e re d R e tu rn
G r i ll T r a n s i t io n
Table 9.7 Air Filter Performance and Ratings
(ASHRAE, 2004, c. 24; American Filtration, 2004, AirGuard, 2004)
Type Depth Std. 52.2 Δh (in.) @ Δh (in.) @ Rec. Final Dust
(inches) MERV 300 fpm 500 fpm Δh (in.) Spot Eff.
Fiberglass 1 4 0.10 0.20 0.5 -
Disposable 2 4 0.13 0.28 0.5 -
Pleated 1 6 0.20 0.45 1.0 25-30%
2 6 0.13 0.30 1.0 25-30%
4 6 0.12 0.25 1.0 25-30%
Pleated 1 8 0.29 0.59 1.0 30-35%
2 8 0.20 0.40 1.0 30-35%
Extended 1 11 0.27 0.54 1.0 60-65%
Surface 2 11 0.18 0.38 1.0 60-65%
Pleated 4 11 0.10 0.22 1.0 60-65%
Ext. Pocket 22 11 0.13 0.37 1.5 60-65%
nce and Ratings
ion, 2004, AirGuard, 2004)
@ Rec. Final Dust
Δh (in.) Spot Eff.
0.5 -
0.5 -
1.0 25-30%
1.0 25-30%
1.0 25-30%
1.0 30-35%
1.0 30-35%
1.0 60-65%
1.0 60-65%
1.0 60-65%
1.5 60-65%
Major Dia. DMajor 28 Inches
Minor Dia. DMinor 18 Inches

Eqv Dia 22.7 Inches


See HVAC Simplified, pp. 124-128 for Instructions
Diffuser Selector
Room = Example Problem 9.1
Diffuser Type = Rect. Louvered Ceiling
Size (in. x in.) = 12 x 12
Manufacturer Nailor

T50/Lmin = 1.4
T50/Lmax = 2.7
Lx 10 ft
Ly 12 ft

T50min 16.8 ft
T50max 27.0 ft

Interpolator
cfm1-table cfm2-table cfm-Reqd
435 520 500
T50 22 26 25.1 ft
NC 27 31 30.1 NC
TP 0.094 0.136 0.126 in. water