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“TH” DIGITAL LINEAR HEAT SENSOR CABLES

Sensor Cable Type Alarm Temperature:

TH68 68C/155F
TH78 78C/173F
TH88 88C/190F
TH105 105C/220F

Specification of the most applicable/preferred alarm temperature rating should consider


potential fluctuations in design ambient temperatures that may be generated under “normal”
(non alarm) conditions. A minimum +11C differential should be incorporated between
maximum ambient and minimum alarm temperature – as recommended by at least one
International approval authority.

OPTIONAL EXTRUSIONS & BRAIDINGS


For specific applications additional corrosion resistant or increased mechanical protection
may be required.
ALL of the above range of “TH” digital linear heat sensor cables are all available with either:
“RILSAN” extrusion: coating material (Type N) ANNEALED 316 STAINLESS STEEL BRAID (Type
B) (offers thermal stability, physical durability,)
OR 24/3/0.2mm 85% cover – 13mm “Lay” (chemical resistance and mechanical integrity) (offers
increased protection against mechanical damage.)

PRODUCT APPROVALS
Factory Mutual (FM) Approvals: 3025739 Underwriters Laboratories (UL): S9029

Product Features & Benefits


 Line Detection Coverage of risk with point detector sensitivity
 Cable and Detector combined
 Range of Alarm temperatures to meet different application /risk requirements
 Specified Alarm Temperature tolerances = +/- 4C = +/- 7F
 Detection at EXACT point of risk
 Alarm Response times: LESS than 8 ( eight) seconds - tested to UL 1581 clause 1090 flame
tests
 Meets UL 1581 1090.1 and 1090.2- propagation and self extinguishing requirements
 All sensor cables tested in accordance with IEC 60811-1-4
 Alarm temperature not dependant upon sensor cable length exposed
 Suitable for installation within a wide range of adverse environments.
 Maximum TH sensor cable spacings – 10.6metres/35ft – U.L. listed
 Optional “Distance Read” Alarm location feature available - via ZI-01dedicated interface unit
(of particular advantage on overheat detection = no visible flame) with RS232 serial interface.
2000 metres TH sensor cables per ZI-01/ZI-01RS Interface
5000 metres TH sensor cables per ZI-03 Site Programmable Interface with sub zoning
capabilities
 Multiple alarm temperatures per single zone - series connection of different alarm temperature
rated sensor cables
 No site calibration required to compensate for changes in ambient temperatures or sensor cable
length
 Sensor range suitable for Installation in Maximum continuous Ambient Temperatures to + 70C (+
158F)
 Minimum Temperature exposure: UL tested to -30C (-22F), FM Approvals and material
manufacturers minimum temperature exposure specification: -40C (-40F)
 Sensor cables do NOT incorporate “Mylar” tape in manufacture – results in improved flame &
moisture resistance and installation time.
 Total zone length replacement unnecessary after alarm
 Compatible with ALL Central Fire Alarm Control Panels ( direct connection or via dedicated
interface)
 Hazardous area installation
 Standard jointing / termination methods used
 Underwriters Laboratory (U.L.) and (C-UL) Listed – File No: S9029
 FM Approvals 3025739
 Shenyang laboratories – Tested to new Chinese Fire Standards
 Russian Fire Services Accepted
 RoHS Compliant
 Easily site tested: flame or overheat temperature.
 Industrial grade corrosion protection – Type “N”
 Stainless Steel Braided version available –Type “B”
 Short Delivery leadtimes
 Full product traceability – by reel length supplied

Typical Applications

Cable Tunnel / tray protection


Conveyors
Power distribution apparatus: switchgear, transformers, electrical cupboards
Warehouses – Bulk storage, Rack storage, Refrigerated Storage
Aircraft Hangars
Road / Rail Tunnels
Rail Stations (under platform edge, electrical cupboards, escalators etc)
Rolling Stock (Rail)
Multi-storey Car Parks
Escalators & Elevators / Lifts
Fuel Storage Tanks , pumps and pipelines
Off shore Rigs
On + Off Road Vehicle Engine Bays (combine harvesters, earth movers, HGV’s etc)
Marine Leisure Craft – Fuel Lines
Container ship holds & Commercial shipping – car decks
Point Detector or Call Point zone wiring (increasing detection capability without any major increase
in cost)
Computer rooms & Call Centres
Listed Buildings – Museums , Palaces etc

Introduction
“DIGITAL” Linear Heat Detection has a long established record of effective protection of life and
capital investment throughout an increasing number of International markets. Repeatedly illustrating
its ability to operate within areas of limited access and surveillance and within environmental
conditions that would render other forms of detection, inoperable or subject to high levels of costly
maintenance or false alarms.
Installation of the temperature sensitive cable at “point of risk” (not the most convenient roof or ceiling
height adopted by point type detectors) offers end users, a Fire PREVENTION potential on a large
number of Industrial Fire risks – by locally detecting and signaling an abnormal overheat condition :
pre-combustion!

Description
The “DIGITAL” TH linear heat detection adopts a 3.5 mm (0.138in) external diameter single pair (two
conductors) heat sensitive cable as the basis for its overheat/fire detection system.
At a pre-selected temperature, the thermal sensitive polymer (extruded around BOTH the sensor
cables inner tinplated copper coated steel conductors) softens, allowing the signaling cores/
conductors - that are twisted together to form a spring like pressure between them - to move into
contact with each other producing an alarm signal. A mechanical tension is constantly and uniformly
maintained along the entire length of the detector.
If conductor continuity is broken – with inner insulation maintained (i.e. non alarm state), an open
circuit fault condition will be signaled.
An outer extrusion of corrosion and abrasion resistant polymer maintains the conductor twisting over
the full length of sensor cable installed and allows for its installation in external weather conditions and
its application within more severe local environments. For applications where a high risk of chemical
corrosion or mechanical abrasion has been identified, an industrial “nylon” or stainless steel braided
version of the sensor cable can be supplied.
The TH sensor cable range outer extrusion is colour coded for ease of alarm temperature rating
identification – in strict accordance with Industrial standards including UL 521 “Heat Detectors for Fire
Protective Signaling Systems”.
The specified alarm temperature rating of the “TH” sensor cable is NOT dependant upon a minimum
length of sensor cable being exposed to the overheat/fire condition. System calibration is also not
necessary to compensate for changes in local ambient temperatures or differing zone lengths of
installed sensor cable.

The TH range of linear heat sensor cables are currently manufactured in a choice of four (4)
temperature ratings to allow for variations in individual project maximum ambient and/or alarm
temperature requirements. The authority having jurisdiction should always be contacted to confirm
suitability of specified alarm temperature rating. It is advisable to allow a minimum of +11C/+20F
between maximum normal ambient and minimum alarm temperature in order to avoid any potential
false alarm conditions. (Information origin – UL521 section 53.7).

TH Sensor Cable - Electrical , Mechanical and Shipping

External Diameter : 3.5mm ( 0.138in)


Dielectric Voltage Withstand : 500Vdc- UL tested
Conductors : Tinplated copper coated steel ( x 2 per sensor cable ) – 0.912mm (0.036in) ( 19AWG)
diameter
Electrical Rating: 30VAC (42.2Vdc) , 10A
Monitoring current applied (ZI interface units only): 3mA @ 1Volt.
Conductor Resistance: 88.1 ohms minimum / 92.1 ohms maximum.
Capacitance: TH68: 150pF/m, TH88: 97pF/m, TH105: 88pF/m
Inductance: TH68: 960nH/m, TH88: 540nH/m, TH105: 1060nH/m
Impedance: TH68: ~ 80ohm, TH88: ~ 75ohm, TH105: ~ 110 ohm
Inner Extrusion: “Hybrid” temperature sensitive polymer – 0.294mm (0.011in) per conductor.
External Extrusion / Insulation : Colour coded Class 43 PVC based polymer – Lead & Cadmium
FREE
UTS- tensile strength :1700 minimum ( N/mm2) tested to BS EN 60811-1
Minimum sensor cable bend radius : recommended- 100mm
Gross Shipping Weight per 1000m reel – 26.6kgs (59lbs).
Single 1000m reel: 480mms (18.9 inches) diameter

WARNING: Linear Heat Sensor Cables must NEVER be connected directly to electrical
mains supplies Installation

The “DIGITAL” TH Linear Heat Sensor cable is frequently used as an integral part of a monitored
detection circuit of an approved Central Fire System Control Panel. Connections can be made directly
to the Central Panel or panel supplied ZMU or similar device to achieve dedicated address. OR via
one of the supplied type ZI-01,ZI-01RS or ZI-03 dedicated
interface units – all supplied c/w “ALARM POINT LOCATION” indication.
Installation of linear heat sensor cable is recommended at -10C or above. Continuous operation at -
30C/-22F has been UL tested.
FM Approvals and extrusion material manufacturing specification for minimum temperature operation
= -40C / -40F.
The Detector must be installed in continuous runs without “tees or spurs” in accordance with
applicable sections of NFPA 70
National Electrical Code, NFPA 72 National Fire Alarm Code, or other applicable International
standards.
The hourly rate of sensor cable installation (metres per hour) can be increased by maintaining a
degree of tension on the heat sensing cable and by ensuring excessive lengths do not lay on the
ground in coils. Only that length being fixed between clips should be pulled from the reel.
For space/open area risk applications, the heat sensor cable may be installed at ceiling level or on
side walls within 500mm (20 inches) of the ceiling. The Linear heat sensor has the additional benefit
of being suitable for installation close to the hazard in order to provide a rapid response (proximity or
special application protection). Care must always be taken to ensure the sensor cable presents no
physical obstruction to routine maintenance or repair of the protected risk, as this may result in the
removal of the sensor cable for such work without its subsequent replacement.
On smooth ceilings, the distance between detector runs shall not exceed the U.L. listed
10.6metres/35ft recommended spacing.
FM Approvals spacings are 9.0m/30ft for TH68, TH78 and TH88 OR 7.5m/25ft for TH105. There shall
be a detector run within a distance of one-half the listed spacing, measured at a right angle, from all
walls, or partitions extending to within 18 inches (460mm) of the ceiling.
When linear detection systems are used to activate automatic extinguishing systems, special spacing
guidelines may also be applicable to the specific hazard protected.
Professional fire engineering judgment must be applied in determining final detector location and
spacing on all installations.
In general, the use of linear heat detection in any initiating device circuit is limited to coverage of a
specific hazard or area. Copper wire, of an approved type, 1.5mm sq: minimum shall be installed from
any “remotely” installed interface unit or control panel to the hazard area where it is then connected to
the linear heat sensor cable detection portion of the circuit. Each sensor cable portion of the initiating
circuit shall begin and terminate at each end of the protected risk area in an approved junction box or
end-of-line termination box (complete with open circuit fault monitoring resistor – value appropriate for
control panel or interface unit to which heat sensor cable is connected).

Installation Accessories

We offer an assortment of heat sensor cable fixing devices for ALL product applications. In order to
guarantee product warranties and to ensure uninterrupted operation of the linear heat detection
system only fixings manufactured or recommended by cable manufacturer should be used.
Full details are available upon request.

PRODUCT COMMISSIONING PROCEDURES


Passive Checks
1. Visually inspect the linear heat sensor cable to re-confirm correct alarm
temperature rating has been applied and installed in accordance with the customer
specification/system design for the project/risk protection.
2. Check each sensor cable for mechanical damage and that correct fixing device/s
have been utilised and that maximum spacing between clips/fixings are in
accordance with manufacturers recommendations/relevant approval authority
guidelines.
3. Ensure the linear heat sensor cable is NOT installed against sharp edges and
that any bends do NOT exceed specified minimum bend radius.
4. Verify correct installation positioning of the sensor cable (as per end user
accepted design) and that sensor is correctly installed in ALL clips.
5. Inspect ALL sensor cable joints and terminations to ensure they are correctly
installed and appropriate for the application and local environment.
6. Ensure the correct value used for the remote end of line monitoring resistor,
appropriate to the interface or central control equipment to which it is connected.
7. Check correct wiring connection of the sensor cable for open circuit
FAULT/TROUBLE and short circuit FIRE/ALARM signalling – this should be either:
a. Directly to any Central Fire Alarm Control Panel
b. To the same panel but via end user acceptable interconnecting cabling or
c. Through a supplied dedicated interface unit – which includes multiple output
signaling options.
Where c. above is applicable verify correct output signalling arrangement selected
and wired in accordance with Central Fire Panel requirements.
THE ABOVE CHECKS SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT BY QUALIFIED (END USER
SITE APPROVED) INDIVIDUALS AND SHOULD BE PERFORMED UPON INITIAL
EQUIPMENT INSTALLATION AND AT LEAST ONCE A YEAR THEREAFTER – or
more frequently if required by “authority having jurisdiction”.

PRODUCT COMMISSIONING PROCEDURES


Active Checks
PLEASE DISABLE ANY ASSOCIATED EXTINGUISHING SYSTEM OPERATION OR
CENTRAL FIRE STATION SIGNALLING PRIOR TO CARRYING OUT THE FOLLOWING –
REMEMBERING TO RE-ENABLE SAME UPON COMPLETION OF CHECKS.
1. Check sensor cable conductor resistance is 100 ohms/km maximum PER
CONDUCTOR.
2. Verify correct fault/trouble alarm signalling at sensor cable Interface unit (where
supplied) and at any Central Fire Control Panel to which the linear detection is
connected by disconnecting one of the sensor cable conductors from the in-line or
end of line terminations.
After correct signalling is confirmed re-connect the conductor and re-set the system.
3. Verify correct fire/alarm signalling at sensor cable Interface unit (where supplied)
and at any Central Fire Alarm Control Panel to which the linear detection system is
connected by placing a short circuit across the sensor cable conductors at the
interface connection, in-line joint or end of line terminations. After correct signalling
is confirmed remove the short circuit and reset the system.
4. Where supplied ZI-01 single zone interface units are installed, please read the
appropriate section on “ZI-01 Interface Installation and Operating Instructions”. This
includes a description on local and “remote” sensor cable termination at the
interface unit and the simple push button calibration arrangement to achieve
accurate “Distance Read” (alarm location) indication via a colour change back lit
LCD integral display.
THE ABOVE CHECKS SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT BY QUALIFIED (END USER
SITE APPROVED) INDIVIDUALS AND SHOULD BE PERFORMED UPON INITIAL
EQUIPMENT INSTALLATION AND AT LEAST ONCE A YEAR THEREAFTER - or
more frequently if required by “authority having jurisdiction”.

PRODUCT TEST PROCEDURES


Please ensure all devices and/or services which are connected to or designed to
operate automatically upon receipt of an alarm condition from the linear heat
detection system MUST first be disabled before carrying out the following tests.
As the DIGITAL linear heat detection operating concept is based upon a short
circuiting between conductors it is recommended that one of the following test
procedures be adopted.
Selection of the most appropriate identified test options will be dependant upon
whether the end user wishes to view an alarm condition simulation or heat/flame
test.
Test Procedure - Option 1
Fault/Trouble Condition – disconnect one of the sensor cable conductors from the
in-line or end of line terminations. After correct system signalling is confirmed re-
connect the conductor and re-set the system.
Fire/Alarm Condition – place a short circuit across the sensor cable conductors at
the interface connection, in-line joint or end of line terminations. After correct
signalling is confirmed remove the short circuit and re-set the system.
Test Procedure – Option 2
Fault/Trouble Condition - As option 1 above.
Fire/Alarm Condition – Disconnect the sensor cable from the Interface unit (if
supplied) terminals or alternatively at the junction box to which sensor is connected
at the START of the risk area it is protecting (i.e. applicable for where interface unit
is “remotely” connected to the sensor cable by inter-connecting cable or where no
supplied interface has been installed). Connect one end of a test length of the same
type and specification sensor cable (no minimum length required) to the interface or
junction box terminals and the other end to the installed length of sensor cable. A
simple terminal block connection or other insulated temporary joint method may be
used.
Heat – in whatever form is acceptable to the end user and/or local environmental
conditions (hot air generator/direct flame etc.) – should be applied directly to the test
length of sensor cable ensuring such heat exceeds the alarm temperature rating of
the sensor cable. Once an alarm signal has been generated and correct onward
system alarm signalling arrangements confirmed the test length of sensor cable
should be removed and the permanently installed length of sensor cable re-
connected.
System must now be re-set.
Test Procedure Option 2 provides a physical test of the ACTUAL installed sensor
cable zone/circuit by connecting “in series” the temporary test length. This may be
an end user preferred test method but must NEVER be carried out in areas deemed
to be classified as HAZARDOUS.

SENSOR CABLE IN LINE JOINTING


IP65 RATED ENCLOSURE