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A-2017 SA-790/SA-790M



SA-790 /SA-790M cO
Standards Worldwide

(ldentical with ASTM Specification A790/ A790M-ll.}

SA -790/ SA-790M ASME BPVC.II.A-201 7

Standard Specification for

Seamless and Welded Ferritic/Austenitic Stainless Steel

L Scope A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing

1.1 Th is specification covers seam less and strai ght-seam of Steel Products
we lded ferrit ic/austenitic steel pipe intended for general corro- A923 Test Methods for Detecting Detrimental Intermetallic
si ve service, with particular emphasis on resistance to stress Phase in Duplex Austenitic/Ferritic Stainless Steels
corrosion cracking. These steels are susceptible to embrittle- A941 Terminology Relatin g to Steel. Stainless Steel , Related
ment if used for prolonged periods at e levated temperatures. Alloys, and Ferroalloys
A999/A999M Specification for General Requirements for
1.2 Optional supplementary reguirements are provided for Alloy and Stainless Steel Pipe
pipe whe n a greater degree of testing is desired. These E213 Practice for Ultrasonic Testing of Metal Pipe ami
supplementary reguirements cal! for additional tests to be made Tubing
and. when desired, one or more of these may be specified in the E309 Practice for Eddy-Current Examination of Steel Tubu-
o rder. lar Products Using Magnetic Saturation
1.3 Appendix X 1 of this specification lists the dimensions of E381 Method of Macroetch Testing Steel Bars. Billets,
welded and seamless stainless steel pipe as shown in ANSI Blooms. and Forgings
836.19. Pipe having other dimensions may be furnished E426 Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy-C urrent ) Examina-
provided such pipe complies with all other reguirements of this tion of Seamless and Welded Tubular Proclucts. Austen iti c
~peci fication . Stainless Steel ancl Similar Alloys
1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units E527 Practice for Numbering Metal s ancl Alloys in th e
Unifíecl Numbering System (UNS)
are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the
SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each 2.2 ANSI Standard.s·:
system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system B 1.20.1 Pipe Threads. General Purpose
shall be used independently of the other. Combining values 836 .10 Welclecl ancl Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe
from the two systems may result in non-confonnance with the 836.19 Stainless Steel Pipe
sta ndard. The inch-pound units shall app ly unless the M 2.3 SAE Srandwd:
designation of this specification is specified in the order. SAE .J 1086
Non, 1-The dimen,ionless designator NPS (nom inal pipe size) ha, 2.4 Other Sta!ldatd:
been substituted in this stan dard for such traditional term s as nominal SNT-TC-1 A Personal Qualification ancl Certi fic at ion m
diameter. size. and nominal s ize. Nonclestructive Testing

2. Referenced Documents 2.5 AWS Standard

A5.9 Corrosion-Resisting Chromium ancl Chromium-Nickel
2. 1 ASTM Srandards: Steel Welcling Rocls ancl Electrocles

3. Terminology
3.1 Definitions- For clefinitions of terms used in thi s speci-
ficat ion refer to Terminology A941.

ASME BPVC.II.A-2017 SA-790/SA-790M

4. Ordering Information 4.1.8 Optional requirements (product analysis, Section 9;

4.1 Orders for material under this specification should hydrostatic test or nondestructive electric test, Section 14),
include the following, as required, to describe the desired 4.1 .9 Test report required (section on certificat ion of Speci-
material adequately : fication A999/ A999M),
4.1.1 Quantity (feet, [metres], or number of lengths). 4.1.10 Specification designation. and
4.1.2 Name of material (ferritic/austenitic steel pipe), 4.1.11 Special requirements and any supplementary require-
4.1.3 Process (seam less or welded). ments selected.
4.1.4 Grade (see Table 1),
4.1 .5 Size (NPS designator or outside diameter and sched-
5. General Requirements
ule number of average wa ll thickness),
4.1.6 Length (specific or random) (see Section 11), 5.1 Material furnished under th is specification shall con-
4.1.7 End fin ish (section on ends of Specification A999/ form to the applicable requ irements of the current edition of
A999M), Specification A999/ A999M unless otherwise provided herein.

TABLE 1 Heat Treatment

TypeA Temperatura "F ¡oc¡ Ouench
S31200 1920-2010 Rapid cooling in water
[1 050-11 00]
S31260 1870-2010 Rapid cooling in air or water
[1 020-11 00]
S31500 1800-1900 Rapid cooling in air or water
S31803 1870-2010 Rapid cooling in air or water
(1 020-11 00]
S32003 1850-2050 Rapid cooling in air or water
S32101 1870 [1020] Quenched in water or rapidly
cooled by other means
S32202 1870-1975 Rapid cooling in air or water
[1 020-1 oso¡
S32205 2205 1870-2010 Rapid cooling in air or water
[1 020-11 00]
S32304 2304 1700-1920 Rapid cooling in air or water
[925--1 050]
S32506 1870-2050 Rapid cooling in air or water
S32520 1975--2050 Rapid cooling in air or water
S32550 255 1900 [1 040] min Rapid cooling in air or water
S32707 1975-2050 Rapid cooling in air or water
[1 080-1120]
S32750 2507 1880-2060 Rapid cooling in air or water
[1 025--1125]
S32760 1960-2085 Rapid cooling in air or water
S32808 1920-2100 Rapid cooling in air or water
[1 050-1150]
S32900 329 1700-1750 Rapid cooling in air or water
S32906 1870-2100 Rapid cooling in air or water
S32950 1820-1880 Aircool
S33207 1905--2085 Rapid cooling in water or by
[1040-1140] other means
S39274 1920-2060 Rapid cooling in air or water
[1 025-1125]
S39277 1975-2155 Rapid cooling in air or water
[1 080- 1180]
S81921 1760-2010 Rapid cooling in air or water
S82011 1850-2050 Rapid cooling in air or water
[1 010-1120]
ACommon name, not a trademark. widely used, not associated with any one
producer. 329 is na Al SI number.

SA- 790/SA-790M AS M E BPVC. II.A-2017

6. Materials and Manufacture No final heat treatment of pipe fabricated from plate
6. 1 Mmu~facture: that has been heat treated as requíred by Table l for the
6. 1.1 The pipe shall be made by the seamless or an particular grade is required, ¡)l'ol'ided a sample of 1/wt heat of
automa tic welding process. with no addition of filler metal in jinished pipe or mm erial representatil'e of that heat ofpipe as
the welding operation. a pro/ongation of tite weld passes the Test Methods A923
6.1.2 At the manufacturer" s option. pipe may be eit her Method B or C (See Note 2). includíng base metal, weld metal.
hot-finished or cold-finished. ancl heat affected zone per heat. Each pipe supplíecl uncler this
6.1.3 The pipe shall be pickled free of scale. When bright requirement shall be ste ncilecl wi th the sutiíx "HT-0.''
an nealin g is used. pickling is not necessary. For materials not listed in Table 3 of Test Melhods
A923. the HT-0 provision doe~ not apply.
6.2 Discard-A sufticicnt discard shall be made from each NOTL 2-The Te't Method ' A92.1 tc-.t method (B or C¡ is al thc
ingot to secure freedom from injurious piping and undue manufacturer·' option . unless otherwi'e 'pecified by the purchaser.
7. Chemical Composition
6.3 Unless otherwíse stated in the order. all pipe shall be
furnished ín the heat-treated condition as shown in Table l . 7.1 The stee l shall conform lo the chemical requirements as
6.3.1 For seamless pipe, as an a lternate to final heat lreat- prescribed in Table 2.
ment in a continuous furnace or batch-type furnace, ímmedi-
8. Heat Analysis
ately following hot forming while the temperature of the pipes
is not less than the specifiecl mínimum solution treatment 8.1 An analysís of each heat of sleel shall be macle by the
tcmperature. pipes shall be inclividually quenched in water or slee l manufacturer to determine the percentages of the e le-
rapidly cooled by orher means. except for UNS 532950. which ments spec ified.
shall be air cooled.
6.3.2 lf the purchaser clesires pipe without heat treatment 9. Product Analysis
subsequenl lo welding. the purchase order sha ll specify th e 9.1 Al the request of the purchaser's inspector, an ana lys is
following condition: of one billet or one length of Aat-rolled stock from each heat.

TABLE 2 Chemical RequirementsA

Designa- Typé e Mn p S Si Ni Cr Mo N Cu Others
tion 8
S31200 0.030 2.00 0.045 0.030 1.00 5.5-6.5 24.0-26.0 1.20-2.00 0.14-Q.20
S31260 0.030 1.00 0.030 0.030 0.75 5.5-7.5 24.0-26.0 2.5-3.5 0.10-Q.30 0.20-0.80W
S3 1500 0.030 1.20-2.00 0.030 0.030 1.40-2.00 4.2-5.2 18.0-19.0 2.50-3.00 0.05-o.10
S31803 0.030 2.00 0.030 0.020 1.00 4.5-6.5 21.0-23.0 2.5-3.5 0.08-Q.20
S32003 0.030 2.00 0.030 0.020 1.00 3.0-4.0 19.5-22.5 1.50-2 .00 0.14-0.20
S32101 0.040 4.0-6.0 0.040 0.030 1.00 1.35-1. 70 21.0-22.0 0.10-Q.80 0.20-Q.25 0.10-Q.80.
S32202 0.030 2.00 0.040 0.010 1.00 1.00-2.80 21.5-24.0 0.45 0.18-Q.26
S32205 2205 0.030 2.00 0.030 0.020 1.00 4.5-6.5 22 Q-23.0 3.0-3.5 o 14-Q.20
S32304 2304 0.030 2.50 0.040 0.040 1.00 3.0-5.5 21.5-24.5 0.05-0.60 0.05-Q.20 0.05-0.60.
S32506 0.030 1.00 0.040 0.015 0.90 5.5-7.2 24.0-26.0 3.0-3.5 0.08-0.20 w
S32520 0.030 1.5 0.035 0.020 0.80 5.5-8.0 24.0-26.0 3.0-5.0 0.20-0.35 0.5-3.00
S32550 255 0.04 1.50 0.040 0.030 1.00 4.5-6 .5 24.0-27.0 2.9-3.9 0.10-Q.25 1.50-2.50 .
S32707 0.030 1.50 0.035 0.010 0.50 5.5-9.5 26.0-29.0 4.0-5.0 0.30-Q.50 1.0 Co
S32750 2507 0.030 1.20 0.035 0.020 0.80 6.0-8.0 24.0-26.0 3.0-5.0 0.24-Q.32 0.5
S32760 0.05 1.00 0.030 0.010 1.00 6.0-8.0 24.0-26.0 3.0-4.0 0.20-Q.30 0.50-1.00 w
40 min°
S32808 0.030 1.10 0.030 0.010 0.50 7.0-8.2 27.0-27.9 0.80-1.20 0.30-0.40 w
S32900 329 0.08 1.00 0.040 0.030 0.75 2.5-5.0 230-280 1.00-2 .00
S32906 0.030 0.80-1.50 0.030 0.030 0.80 5.8-7.5 28.0-30.0 1.50-2.60 0.30-Q.40 0.80
S32950 0.030 2.00 0.035 0.010 0.60 3.5-5.2 26 0-29.0 1.00-2.50 0.15-Q.35
S33207 0.030 1.50 0.035 0.010 0.80 6.0-9.0 29.0-33.0 3.0-5.0 0.40-0.60 1.0
S39274 0.030 1.00 0.030 0.020 0.80 6.0-8.0 24.0-26.0 2.5-3.5 0.24-0.32 0.20-0.80 w
S39277 0.025 0.80 0.025 0.002 0.80 6.5-8.0 24.0-26.0 3.0-4 .0 0.23-0.33 1.20-2.00 w 0.8- 1.2
S81921 0.030 2.00-4.00 0.040 0.030 1.00 2.00-4.00 19.0-22.0 1.00-2.00 0.14-0.20
S82011 0.030 2.0-3.0 0.040 0.020 1.00 1.00-2.00 20.5-23.5 0.10-1.00 0.15-Q.27 0.50
AMaximum. unless a range or minimum is indicated. Where ellipses ( .. ) appear in this table, there is no minimum and analysis for the element need not be determined
or reported .
8 New designat1on established in accordance with Practice E527 and SAE J 1086.

ccommon name. not a trademark. widely used. not associated with any one producer. 329 is na AISI number.
0 0 -o Cr + 3.3 x % Mo + 16 x % N.

ASME BPVC.II.A-2017 SA-790/SA-790M

o r two pipes from eac h l o t , sh all b e m ad e b y the m anufacturer. 10. Tensile and Hardness Properties
A lo t of pipe sh a ll con si st of t h e fo ll owing number of l eng th s
10.1 Th e materi a l sh a ll co n form t o the ten sil e and h ardness
of the sa m e size and wa ll t hic kn ess f rom an y o ne heat of steel:
p r o p erti es prescrib ed in T abl c 3.
NP5 Designator Lengths of Pipe in Lot
11. Lengths
Under 2 400 or fraction thereof
2 to 5, incl 200 or fraction thereof ll. 1 Pipe l en g th s sh a ll be in acco rd an ce with the follo win g
6 and over 100 or fraction thereof r egul ar practi ce:
9.2 The r es ul ts of these an al yses sh all b e r e po n ed to the 11 . 1. 1 U nl ess o therwi se agr eed upo n , a ll si zes fr o m PS /s

p urc haser o r the purc h aser' s representative and sh a ll conform to and inc luding NPS 8 ar e avai l able in a l e ng th up to 24 f t (see
to th e r equirements sp ecified in Sec ti o n 7. N o te 3) wi th th e p ermi s ibl e r an ge o f 15 to 24ft (see N o te 3).
Sho t1 l en g ths ar e acceptabl e a nd the number and m í nimum
9 .3 l f the an al ysis of o ne of t h e test s spec i fied i n 8. 1 or 9. 1
le n gth sh all b e ag r eed upo n be t ween the m anu fac turer and the
does no t con form to t h e r equi re m ents sp ec ifi ed in Secti o n 7, an
an a l ys i s o f each bill et o r p i p e f r o m the sam e h eat o r l o t m ay be p u rch aser.

m ad e, and all billet s o r pipe co n fo rmin g t o the r equire m ents

sh all be accepted .

TABLE 3 Tensile and Hardness Requirements

Tensile Yield Elongation Hardness, max
UN5 5trength, 5trength, in 2 in. or
Designation min, ksi min, 50 mm,
[MPa] ksi [MPa] min,%

531200 100 [6901 65 [4501 25 280

531260 100 [6901 65 [450] 25
531500 92 [6301 64 [440] 30 290 30
531803 90 [6201 65 [450] 25 290 30
532003 95 [655] 65 [450] 25 290 30
t s 101 [700] 77 [530] 30 290
0.187 in.
[5.00 mm!
t> 94 [650] 65 [450] 30 290
0.187 in.
[5.00 mm(
532202 94 [650] 65 [450] 30 290 30
532205 2205 95 [655] 65 [450] 25 290 30
532304 2304 87 [600] 58 [400] 25 290 30
532506 90 [620] 65 [450] 18 302 32
532520 11 2 [770] 80 [550] 25 310
532550 255 110 [760] 80 [550] 15 297 31
532707 133 [920] 101 [700] 25 318 34
532750 2507 116 [800] 80 [550] 15 300 32
532760 8 109 [750] 80 [550] 25 300
532808 11 6 [800] 80 [550] 15 310 32
532900 329 90 [620] 70 [485] 20 271 28
Wall below 116 [800] 94 [650] 25 300 32
0.40 in.
Wall 0.40 in. 109 [750] 80 [550] 25 300 32
and above
532950 100 [690] 70 [480] 20 290 30
Wall below 138 [950] 112 [770] 15 336 36
0.157 in. [4 mm!
Wall 0.157 in. 123 [850] 101 [700] 15 336 36
[4 mm! and above
539274 116 [800] 80 [550] 15 310 32
539277 120 [825] 90 [620] 25 290 30
581921 90 [620] 65 [450] 25 290 30
Wall below 101 [700] 75 [515] 30 293 31
0.187 in. [5 .00 mm(
Wall 95 [655] 65 [450] 30 293 31
0.187 in. [5.00 mm(
and above
ACommon name, not a trademark, widely used, not associated with any one
producer. 329 is na Al51 number.
Prior to A790/A790M - 04. the !ensile strength value for UN5 32760 was
109-130 ksi [75Q-895 MPa].

SA-790/ SA-7 90M ASME BPVC.II.A-201 7

NoTF 3-Th i;, value applie > whe n the inc h-po und desionati o n of th i;, method o utlined in the steel tubul ar product supple ment of Test
specification is the ba; is of purchase. When the M de; i;nation of thb M ethods and De finiti o ns A370. The d uctility of the we ld shall
s pecitícation is the basis of purchase. the corresponding metric value(>)
shall be ag reed upon between the ma nu fac turer a nd purc haser.
be co ns ide red acceptable whe n there is no ev idence of cracks
in th e we ld or betwee n the we ld and the base meta l after
ll. l .:?. If defi nite cut le ngth s are des ired, th e le ngths re- bendin g . Tes t spec ime ns from 5 'le of the lo t sha ll be take n
quired shall be spec ified in the arder. No pipe sha ll be less than fro m the pipes or tes t plates of the sa me mate ri al as the pipe ,
the specified length and no mo re th an '/ • in. [6 m m] over it. th e test plates being att ac hed to the end of th e cylinder and
l 1. 1.3 No jointers are permitted unl ess otherwise speci fi ed. we lded as a pro longa ti o n of the pipe longitud ina l seam.
12. Workmanship, Finish, and Appearance 13.4 Hardness Test- Brine ll o r Rockwe ll hardness tests
shall be made on speci mens from two pi pes from eac h lot (see
12.1 The fi ni shed pipes shall be reaso nab ly stra ight and
sha ll have a wo rk manlike fi nis h. lmperfecti o ns may be re-
moved by g rin d ing. prov ided th e wa ll thi ck nesses are not 14. Hydrostatic or Nondestructive Electric Test
dec reased to less tha n that pe rmitted , in th c Perm issible
14 .1 Each pi pe shall be subjected to th e no ndestructi ve
Variatio ns in Wa ll T hi ck ness Section of Spec ifica ti o n A999/
electri c test or the hydrostatic test. T he type of test to be u ~ed
shall be at the o ption of the man ufac ture r. unl ess oth erwise
13. Mechanical Tests Required specified in the purchase order.

13 . 1 Tram·l'erse or LongiTudinal Tension Test- One tens ion 14.2 The hydros ta ti c test sha ll be in accorda nce with Spec i-
test shall be made on a specime n for lots of not mo re than 100 fic atio n A999/ A999 M. except that the va lue for S to be used in
pipes. Tens io n tests shall be made o n specimen s from 2 pipes the ca lc ulatio n o f the hydro stati c tes t press ure sha ll be equ a l to
fo r lots of more tha n 100 pipes. 50 % of the specified minimum yie ld strength o f the pipe.

13.2 Mechanica/ Testing Lot Definition- The term Lot fo r 14.3 Nolldest ructil'e Electric Test: Nondes tructive e lec tri c
mec hani cal tes ts appl ies to all pipe of the same nominal size tests shall be in acco rdance with Practices E2 13 or E309.
and wa ll thi c kness (or sc hedule) th at is produced from the same 14 .3. 1 As an alte rnati ve to th e hydrostati c test, and whe n
heat of steel and subjec ted to th e same fini shin g treatment as spec ifi ecl by th e purchaser, each pipe shall be exa mined with a
defi ned as fo ll ows: nondestructi ve tes t in accorda nce with Practi ces E2 l3 o r E309.
13.2. 1 Where the heat treated co nditi o n is obtained. co nsis- Unl ess spec ificall y call ed out by the purchaser. the selec ti o n of
te n! wi th th e require ments of 6.3 , in a co ntinu o us hea t the nondes tructi ve e lectric tes t will be at the o ption of th e
trcatme nt furnace or by directl y o btaining th e heat treated manufac turer. The range of pipe s izes that may be examined by
co nditi o n by qu enc hin g aft er hot fo rming. the Jo t shall include each meth od shall be subject to the limitati o ns in th e scope of
all pipe of the same size and heat, heat treated in the same the respec tive practi ces .
furn ace at the sa me te mperature, time at heat, and furn ace 14.3 .1 . 1 T he fo ll ow ing inform ati on is fo r th e be nefi t of th e
speed o r all pipe of th e same size and heat, hot form ed and user of thi s specifi cati on:
qu enched in the same productio n run . 14.3 .1.2 Th e referenc e sta ndard s de fin e d in
13.2.2 Whe re fin al heat treatme nt is obtained. co nsisten! 14.3.1. 3- 14.3. 1.5 are co nvenie nt standard s fo r calibrati o n of
with the req uire ments of 6.3, in a batch -type heat-treatment nondestruc ti ve tes tin g equipm e nt. The dime nsio ns of thcse
furnace equipped with recording py rometers and automatically standards should not be co nstru ed as th e minimum s ize
co ntrolled within a 50 °F [30 °Cj or smaller ran ge. the Jot shall imperfecti o n detec table by suc h equipme nt.
be the larger of (a) each 200ft [60 m 1 or fracti o n thereof or (b) 14.3 .1 .3 The ultrasonic testin g (UT ) can be perfo rmed to
th at pipe heat treated in the same batc h furnac e charge. detect both long itudinall y and c ircumfe renti a ll y ori e nted de-
13.2.3 Where the fi na l heat treatme nt is obta ined . consiste n! fects. It should be recog nized th at different tec hniques sho uld
wi th the requirements o f 6.3, in a batch-type heat-treatment be employed to detect differentl y ori ented imperfecti o ns. The
fu rn ace not equipped with recording pyrometers and automati- examinati o n may not detect sho rt, deep, de fects.
call y conl ro lled within a 50 °F [30 °C] or sma ller range. the 14.3. 1.4 The edd y-c urrent tes ting (ET) refere nced in this
term lot for mec hanical tests applies to the pipe heat treated in spec ification (see Practi ce E426) has the capability of detec tin rr
the sa me batch furnac e charge. prov ided that suc h pipe is ofthe sig nifi can! discontinuities. especi a ll y the sho rt abrupt type. o
same no min al s ize a nd wall thi ckne ss (or schedule) and is 14.3. 1.5 A purchaser interested in ascert aining th e nature
prod uced fro m th e same heat of steel. (type. size. location , and orientati on) of di scontinuities that ca n
be detec ted in the specific appli cati on of th e~e examin ati o ns
13.3 Flattening Test- For pipe heat treated in a batch-ty pe sho uld di scuss thi s with the manufacturer of th e tubul ar
furnace. fl attenin g tes ts shall be made o n 5 % of the pipe from product.
eac h heat-trea ted Iot. For pipe heat treated by the continuous
process. or by direc t qu enching after hot formin g, thi s test shall 14.4 Time of E.wmination- No ndestru c ti ve tes tin o fo r
be made on a suffi cie nt number of pipes to constitute 5 % of the specificati o n acceptance shall be perfo rmed aftcr a ll me~hani ­
lot, but in no case less th an two len gths of pipe. cal processing, heat treatm ents, and strai ghtenin g operatio ns.
13.3. 1 For we ldecl pipe with a di ameter equal to or exceed- This requirement does not preclude additi onal testing at ea rli er
ing N PS 1O. a transve rse g uiclecl face be nd test of th e we lcl may stages in the process ing.
be co nd ucted instead o f a fl atte nin g tes t in acco rd ance with the 14.5 Su rface Condition:

ASME BPVC.II.A-2017 SA-790/SA-790M

14.5 .1 All smfaces shall be free of scale, dirt, grease, paint, drill one hole in the weld and run the calibration standard
or other foreign material that could interfere with interpretation through the test coils three times with the weld turned at 120°
of test results. The methods used fo r cleaning and preparing the on each pass. The hole diameter shall vary with NPS as
surfaces for examination shall not be detrimental to the base fo llows:
metal or the surface finish. NPS Designator Hole Diameter
14.5 .2 Excessive smface roughness or deep scratc hes can 0.039 in. [1 mm]
above '12 to 1'/• 0.055 in . [1.4 mm]
produce signals that interfere with the test.
above 1'/• to 2 0.071 in . [1.8 mm]
14.6 Extent of Examination: above 2 to 5 0.087 in. [2 .2 mm]
above 5 0. 106 in. [2 .7 mm]
14.6. 1 The relative moti on of the pipe and the transducer(s),
coil (s), or sensor(s) shall be such that the entire pipe surface is Transverse Tangential Notch-Using a round too!
scanned, except as in 14.6.2. or fil e with a V4-in . [6.4-mm] diameter, a notch shall be filed or
14.6.2 The ex istence of end effects is recognized and the milled tangential to the surface and transverse to the longitu-
extent of such effects shall be determined by the manufacturer dinal axis of the pipe. Said notch shall have a depth not
and , if requested, shall be reported to the purchaser. Other exceeding 12 V2 % of the specified nominal wall thickness of
nondestructi ve tests may be applied to the end areas. subj ect to the pipe or 0.004 in. [0.102 mm], whichever is greater.
agreement between the purchaser and the manufacturer. J Longitudinal Notch-A notch 0.03 1 in . or less in
width shall be machined in a radial plane parallel to the tube
14.7 Operator Qualificarions-The test unit operator shall
axis on the outside surface of the pipe to have a depth not
be certified in accordance with SNT-TC-lA, or an equivalent
exceedi ng 12 IJ2 % of the specified wall thickness of the pipe
recogni zed and documented standard.
or 0.004 in ., whichever is greater. The length of the notch shall
14.8 Test Conditions: be compatible with the testi ng method .
14.8. 1 For eddy-current testing, the excitation coi! fre- More or smaller reference discontinuities, or both, may be
quency shall be chosen to ensure adequate penetration yet used by agreement between the purchaser and the man ufac-
provide good signal-to-no ise ratio. turer.
14. 8.2 The maximum eddy-c urrent coi! frequency used
14.1O Standardization Procedure:
shall be as fo llows:
On specified walls up to 0.050 in.-1 00 KHz max 14.l0.1 The test apparatus shall be standardized at the
On spec ifi ed walls up to 0.150 in.-50 KHz max beginning and end of each series of pipes of the same size
On specified walls o ver 0.150 in.-1 O KHz max (NPS or diameter and schedule or wall thickness, grade, and
heat treatment condition), and at intervals not exceeding 4 h.
14.8.3 Ultrasonic-For exami nation by the ultraso nic
method, the mínimum nominal transducer freq uency shall be More freq uent standardi za ti on may be performed at the manu-
fact urer's option or may be required upon agreement between
2.00 MHz and the maximum nominal transducer size shall be
1.5 in . If the equipment contain s a reject notice filter setting, the purchaser and the manufacturer.
this shall remain off during ca libration and testing unless 14. 10.2 The test apparatus shall also be standardized after
lineari ty can be demonstrated at that setting. any change in test system settings, change of operator, equip-
ment repair, or interruption due to power loss, process shut-
14.9 Reference Standards- Reference standards of conve- down, or when a problem is suspected .
nient length shall be prepared from a length of pipe of the same
14.10.3 The reference standard shall be passed through the
grade. size (NPS. or outside diameter and schedule or wall test apparatus at the same speed and test system settings as the
thickness), surface fi nish and heat treatment condition as the
pipe to be tested.
pipe to be examined.
14.10.4 The signal-to-noise ratio for the reference standard
14.9.1 For Ultrasonic Testing, the reference ID and OD
shall be 2 1/ 2 to 1 or greater. Extraneous signals caused by
notches shall be any one of the three corru11on notch shapes
identifiable causes such as dings, scratches, dents. straightener
shown in Practice E213 , at the option of the manufac turer. The
marks, and so forth shall not be considered noise. The rejection
depth of each notch shall not exceed I 2 V2 % of the specified
amplitude shall be adj usted to be at least 50 % of full scale of
nominal wall thickness of the pipe or 0.004 in ., whichever is
the readout display.
greater. The width of the notch shall not exceed twice the
14.10.5 If upon any standardization, the rejectio n amplitude
depth. Notches shall be placed on both the OD and ID surfaces.
has decreased by 29 % (3 dB ) of peak height from the last
14.9.2 For Eddy-Current Testing, the reference standard
standardization. the pipe since the last calibration shall be
shall contain, at the option of the manufacturer, any one of the
rejected . The test system settings may be changed or the
followin g di scontinuities:
transducer(s), coil(s), or sensor(s) adj usted and the unit restan- Drilled Hale- The reference standard shall con-
dardized. But all pipe tested since the last acceptable standard-
tain three or more holes equa ll y spaced circumferentially
ization must be retested for acceptance.
around the pipe and longitudinall y separated by a suffi cient
distance to allow distinct identification of the signa! fro m each 14.1 J Evaluation of Impe!fections:
hole. The boles shall be drilled radiall y and complete!y throu gh 14. 11.1 Pipes producing a signa! equal to or greater than the
the pipe wall , wi th care being taken to avoid distortion of the lowest signa! prod uced by the reference standard(s) shall be
pipe while drilling. One hole shall be drilled in the weld, if identifi ed and separated from the acceptab le pipes. The area
visible. Alternately, the producer of welded pipe may choose to prod ucing the signa! may be reexamined .

13 59
SA-7 90/SA-790M ASME BPVC.II.A-2 01 7

14.11.2 Such pipes shall be rejected if the test signa! was same classification of bare filter rod qualified to the most
produced by imperfections that cannot be identified or was current AWS Specification A5.9 as the grade of pipe being
produccd by cracks or crack-likc impc!t'ections. These pipes repaired as given in Table 4.
may be repaired per Sections 12 and 13 . To be accepted, a 15 .3. L Subject to approval by the purchaser, it shall be
repaired pipe must pass the same non-destructive test by which permissible for weld repairs to be made with the gas tungsten-
it was rejected, and it must meet the mínimum wall thickness arc welding process using a filler metal more highly alloyed
requirements of this specification. than the base metal. if needed for corrosion resistance or other
1-1.11.3 If the test signals were produced by visual imper- properties.
fections such as: (/) scratches. (2) surface roughness, (3) dings. 15.4 Pipes that have had weld ~cam repairs with filler metal
(4) straightener marks, (5) cutting chips. (6) steel die stamps. shall be identified with the symbol "WR" and shall be so stated
(7) ~top marks. or (8) pipe reducer ripple. The pipe may be and identified on the certificate of tests. lf filler metal other
accepted based on visual examination. provided the imperfec- than that listed in Table 4 is used , the filler metal shall be
tion is less than 0.004 in. [0.1 mm] or 12 1/2 % of the specified identified on the cenificate of tests.
wall thickness (whichever is greater).
1-1.11.4 Rejected pipe may be reconditioncd and retested 15.5 Weld repairs shall be completed prior lo any heat
providing the wall thickncss is not decreased to less than that treatment.
required by this or the product specification. The outside
di a meter at the point of grinding may be reduced by the amount 16. Product Marking
so removed . To be accepted. retested pipe shall meet the test 16.1 In addition to the marking prescribed in Specitication
requirement. A999/A999M. the marking shall include the manufacturer' s
14.11.5 lf the impetfection is explored to the extent that it prívate identifying mark and whether the pipe is seamless or
can be identified as non-rejectable, the pipe may be accepted welded. lf specified in the purchase order, the marking for pipe
without further test providing the imperfection does not en- larger than NPS 4 shall include the weight.
croach on the mínimum wall thickness.
17. Keywords
15. Repair by Welding
17.1 duplex stainless steel; fcrritic/austenitic stainless steel;
15.1 For welded pipe of size NPS 6 or larger with a seamless steel pipe: stain less steel pipe ; steel pipe: welded steel
specified wall thickness of 0.188 in. [4.8 mm] or more. weld pipe
repairs made with the addition of compatible filler metal may
be made to the weld seam with the same procedures specitied
for plate defects in the section on Repair by Welding of
Specification A999/ A999M. TABLE 4 Pipe and Filler Metal Specification
Pipe Filler Metal
15 .2 Weld repairs of the weld sea m shall not exceed 20 'k of UN5 Designation AW5 A5 .9 Class UN5 Designation
the seam length. 531803 ER2209 539209
532205 ER2209 539209
15 .3 Except as allowed by 15.3.1, weld repairs shall be 531200 ER2553 539553
made only with the gas tungsten-arc welding process using the



One or more of the following supplementary requirements shall apply only when specitied in the
purchase arder. The purchaser may specify a different frequency of test or analysis than is provided
in the supplementary requirement. Subject to agreement between the purchaser and manufacturer.
retest and retreatment provisions of these supplementary requirements may also be modified.

S l. Product Analysis S 1.3 Individual lengths fai lin g to conform to the chemical
S 1.1 For all pipe over NPS 5 there shall be one product requirements specified in Section 7 shall be rejected.
analysis made of a representative sa mple from one piece for
each ten lengths or fraction thereof from each heat of steel. S2. Transverse Tension Tests
S 1.2 For pipe sma ller than NPS 5 there shall be one product S2. 1 There shall be one transverse tension test made from
analysis made from ten lengths per heat of stee l or from 1O CJc one end of 1O o/c of the lengths furnished per heat of steel. This
of the number of lengths per hcat of steel, whichever number
appl ies only to pipe over NPS 8.
is ~ma ller.

ASME BPVC. II.A-2017 SA-790/SA-790M

S2.2 lf a specimen from any length fai ls to confo rm to the S4. Etching Tests
tensile properties specified that length shall be rejected.
S4.1 The steel shall be homogeneous as shown by etching
S3. Flattening Test tests conducted in accordance wi th the appropriate portions of
S3.1 The flattening test of Specification A999/A999M sha ll Method E381. Etching tests shall be made on a cross section
be made on a specimen from one end o r both ends of each pipe. from one end or both ends of each pipe and shall show sound
Crops ends may be used. lf this supplementary requirement is and reasonably uniform material free of injurious laminations,
specified, the number of tests per pipe shall a lso be specified. cracks, and simil ar objectionable defects. If thi s supplementary
If a specimen from any length fails because of lac k of ductility requirement is spec ifi ed, the number of tests per pipe req uired
prior to satisfactory comple ti on of the first step of the flattenin g shall also be spec ified. If a specimen from any length shows
test req uirement. that pipe shall be rejected subj ect to retreat- objectionable defects, the le ngth shall be rejected, subject to
ment in accordance with Specification A999/A999M and removal of th e defective end and subsequent retests indicating
sati sfact ory retest. If a speci men from any length of pipe fa il s the remainder of the length to be sound and reasonably uniform
because of a lack of soundness that length shall be rejected, material.
unless subsequent retesting indicates that the remaining length
is sound.


(Nonmandatory Information)


TABLE X1 .1 Dimensions of Welded and Seamless Stainless Steel Pipe

N oTE 1- The decimal thickness li sted for the respective pipe sizes represents their nominal or average wall dimensi ons.
Outside Diameter Nom inal Wall Thickness
Schedule 5SA Schedule 1osA Schedule 40S Schedule 80S
Designator in. mm
in. mm in . mm in . mm in. mm
'la 0.405 10.29 0.049 8 1.24 0.068 1.73 0.095 2.41
% 0.540 13.72 0.065 8 1.65 0.088 2.24 0.119 3.02
3fe 0.675 17.15 0.065 8 1.65 0.091 2.31 0.126 3.20
'12 0.840 21 .34 0.065 8 1.65 0.083 8 2.11 0.109 2.77 0.147 3.73
% 1.050 26.67 0.065 8 1.65 0.083 8 2.11 0.113 2.87 0.154 3.91
1.0 1.315 33.40 0.065 8 1.65 0.109 8 2.77 0.133 3.38 0.179 4.55
1V• 1.660 42 .16 0.065 8 1.65 0.109 8 2.77 0.140 3.56 0.191 4.85
11/ 2 1.900 48.26 0.065 8 1.65 0.109 8 2.77 0.145 3.68 0.200 5.08
2 2. 375 60.33 0.065 8 1.65 0.109 8 2.77 0.154 3.91 0.218 5.54
2112 2.875 73. 03 0.083 2. 11 0.120 8 3.05 0.203 5.16 0.276 7.01
3 3. 500 88 .90 0.083 2.11 0.120 8 3.05 0.216 5.49 0.300 7.62
3'12 4.000 101 .60 0.083 2.11 0.120 8 3.05 0.226 5.74 0.318 8.08
4 4.500 114.30 0.083 2.11 0.120 8 3.05 0.237 6.02 0.337 8.56
5 5.563 141 .30 0.109 8 2.77 0.134 8 3.40 0.258 6.55 0.375 9.52
6 6.625 168.28 0.109 2. 77 0.134 8 3.40 0.280 7.11 0.432 10.97
8 8.625 219.08 0.109 8 2. 77 0.148 8 3.76 0.322 8.18 0.500 12.70
10 10.750 273.05 0.134 8 3.40 0.165 8 4.19 0.365 9.27 0.500 8 12.70 8
12 12.750 323.85 0.156 8 3.96 0.180 8 4.57 0.375 8 9.52 8 0.500 8 12.70 8
14 14.000 355 .60 0.1568 3.96 0.188 4.78
16 16.000 406.40 0.165 8 4.19 0.188 4.78
18 18.000 457 .20 0.1658 4.19 0.188 4.78
20 20 .000 508.00 0.188 8 4.78 0.218 8 5.54
22 22 .000 558.80 0.188 8 4.78 0.2 18 8 5.54
24 24.000 609.60 0.218 8 5.54 0.250 6.35
30 30.000 762.00 0.250 6.35 0.312 7.92
A Schedules 58 and 108 wall thicknesses do not permit threading in accordance with the American National Standard for Pipe Threads (ANSI 91 .20.1) .
These do not conform to the American National Standard for Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe (ANSI 936 .10-1979) .