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m1 = Unsprung mass

m2 = Spring mass, a quarter of the car´s mass


b = damping coeff. of shock absorber
k1 = Tire stiffness (damping in tire is neglected)
k2 = Stiffness of suspension coil spring
u = motion of the ground stiffness
x = coordinate for motion of unsprung mass
y = coordinate for motion of sprung mass