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FUJINUMA DAM • Traveled 6 miles inland

• Covered approximately 217 square


miles
HISTORY AND CHARACTERISTICS
Type of Dam: Embankment Dam
CAUSES OF FAILURE
Location: Southern Fukushima Prefecture
Breach resulting from a slope stability
Maximum Height: 18.5 meters
failure.
Reservoir Capacity: 1.5 million cubic meters
a) Weak foundation
Also called: Fujinuma-ike
b) Non-homogeneous fill
Construction Began: 1937
c) Not heavily compacted
Construction Completed: 1949
d) Very strong seismic shaking
Two embankment dams retaining the
e) High reservoir water level
reservoir:
f) Occurred soon after the
 18.5 m-High Main Dam
earthquake
 Crest Length: 133.0 meters
 Crest Width: 6.0 meters
ANALYSIS OF TOHOKU EARTHQUAKE EFFECT
 6.0 m-High Auxiliary Dam TO THE FUJINUMA DAM
Date of Failure: March 11, 2011 Failure in Main dam
“There are no currently no drawings available - Earthquake force pushed the toe of
writings to detail the design and construction of the dam that forced the soil in the embankment
the dam.” dam to topple. Thus, allowing the water to
overtop the dam. The failure in overtopping
TOHOKU EARTHQUAKE further destroyed the main dam completely.
Magnitude: 9.0-9.1 in Richter’s Scale
When: March 11,2011 14:46 (JST) Failure in Saddle dam
Epicenter: 70 kilometres (43 mi) East of - The failure in the main dam caused
the Oshika Peninsula of Tōhoku the water in the reservoir to quickly decrease,
leaving the hydraulic pressure within the soil of
the saddle dam. This failure is called Rapid
Tohoku Tsunami
Drawdown.
• Occurred 200km off the coast and
took 10-15 minutes to reach the
shore POSSIBLE REHABILITATION METHODS
• Tsunami reached North and South Proposed Methods:
American and stretched all the way a) Adding downstream berms
From Alaska to Chile b) Increasing freeboard
• Triggered warnings in over 50 c) Enlarging a dam
countries d) Replacing improper soil
• Highest waves were recorded at e) Enhancing drainage system
38.9 meters f) Reinforcing with Geogrid