This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
= ka = kya = pa = pyo = chu = meo = neo = ti = yo = tu
= keo = ki = peo = chi = cho = mo =i = ko =o = too
= kyeo = ko = pu = cheo = ma = na = ya = tya = to = ku
"oo" or "yoo" "u" or "yu"
Consonants : "g" or "k" " r " or "m" "l"
"d" or "t"
"b" or "p"
" ch' " ch " "
When constructing a word, you must add a mixture of consonants and vowels, beginning with the consonant at the beginning of the word. In some cases, there is no need to use a consonant at the beginning in which case (null character) is used. + + + + + + + + + = = = = = = = = = a rum kam kkoong ot eop kkot han guk
The first part is the Surname ( such as Kim, Lee and Pak ), it is the followed by a two-syllable first name. In Korean, the surname always comes first which is opposite of Western Names such as Doojin Pak instead of the Korean method of Pak Doojin. When you are referring to someone who you know well, then you may be able to refer to them directly, such as using their first name. However when youare introduced to someone to whom you are not familiar with, or am meeting for the first time, then you would add ssi to the end of the name. An example of this would be Doojin-ssi Making Polite Sentences With verb stems which end in vowels such a ka-, ha- and sa- , it is possible to make these into polite sentences by adding -yo to the end of the words, such as Kayo ( which means "to go", or "I go" or "he goes" ). Verbs in the polite style can be used as statements, questions, suggestions or commands, and may be further emphasised by the tone of your voice. For example, Chal Chinaessoyo may be both expressed as a question by asking how someone is, or can be a question stating that you are fine. Another example is the more common Annyong Haseyo.
" g' " or " k' "
" d' "
" p' "
Note that " ' " means the letter is aspirated, i.e a sharp sound.
+ + = h a n
+ + + + + + + +
More on constructing words + + = g u k guk pronounced HanGuk meaning Korea A syllable that consists of a consonant and a "vertical vowel" is written with the consonant on the left and the vowel on the right + = n + a = na A syllable that consists of a consonant and a "horizontal vowel" is written with the consonant on top and the vowel underneath: + = m + o = mo wo weo If a syllable has a consonant, vowel, and consonant, the final consonant, called patch'im (meaning "supporting floor" in Korean) goes to the bottom -- or floor -of that syllable. + + = m + a + n = man Lesson 4 Grammer Korean Names In general, Korean names consist of 3 syllables.
Lesson 5 - Sentence Structure and order
Korean Sentence Structure and Word order In Korean the structure of sentence differ to English sentences, for example the phrase Chal Chinaessooyo literally means "Well have you been getting on?" which is the opposite from English. In general the structure of the Korean sentences is broken down as subject object - verb "Jon the ball kicked"
Lesson 2 Double Vowels (
yeir ere yere
Lesson 3 Use of Consonants ( Vowels ( )
"To Go" in order to do sentences There are a few words that you may add to the end of verb stems at the end of sentences, these include -yo which makes sentences polite, and -ro which means "in order to".
in-order go to the to buy shops bread Consonant . In English. Vowel stem . when you use the ssi. you cannot say Yoo-ssi. Lesson 6 . whereas Korean is 'mewith'. but -ieyo when B ends on a consonant. attached to chu-. or Yoo SangHyun-ssi. then the "in order section" is next.e "is red". it is the opposite. Koreans use ajossi literally meaning uncle. Doojin-hago shinae-e kayo meaning 'I am going to town with Doojin'.yo Consonant . songsaengnim-ieyo (is teacher) soju-eyo (is soju) IMPORTANT to note that in Korean the copula is only used to describe when this "is equivalent to". such like SangHyun Songsaegnim. such as na-do (me-too). In Korean. in Korean it would be 'burgerhago chips. soju hana chuseyo meaning "soju one give me Using Copula to describe "this is that" In Korean. and for younger woman agassi is used for young women. However if it were to be used in a formal way. this copula is present at the end of a sentence. this literally means teacher. In Korea. if you want to describe A is B . we use a particle which comes after a noun that it relates to. Ordering with numbers When asking for 'one' item we say 'hana' which is said after you have selected the meal you wish to order. For example. In a shop When addressing a shop keeper or waiters. this is a particle so when it is to be used it must be attached to a noun. or "its over there" Issoyo on its own can mean "I have/he has" Opsoyo means "I dont have" or "I havent got" (In I English) bread (in I shops to buy . However in the case where the verb stem ends in vowel. for people over 35-ish. we would say 'with-me'. thus forming the ending -oyo. The word hago becomes part of burger. the subject of the sentences is optional like "I". one would say Yoo Songsaegnim or with the full name Yoo SangHyun Songsaegnim.inKorean) (optional) go order to The Konglish for this sentence in Korean would be na-do ppang sa-ro kayo (I-do bread buy-in order-to go). It is not possible to a Korean persons first name. then she may referred to as Kim songsaengnim-puin (Kim mr-wife). "is happy"). when you want to address men politely. Addressing Korean women. it is only for the referral of a man.with the inclusion of o and the polite particle -yo.Asking for things There Are / There is The Korean verb which means either In Korean. For example if Mrs Han is married to Mr Kim. For example we would say.is opswhich literally means "there isnt" or "there arent". which means "give me please" In context the oppposite of iss. For example. and on what you are talking about. The stem of the verb is iss. when you say 'burger and chips'. in Korea women do not take their husbands surname when they get married. but is used as a general word when addressing someone in a shop. "is near") nor can it be used to say "is a certain way" (i. For females the word ajumma meaning aunt is used. such as -ayo.ayo stem if the last vowel ends with -a or -o . we use -a or -o. one would use the word songsaegnim attached to their surname or full name.Korean Names and Topics Uses of the verbs chogi issoyo means "it exist over there".oyo Stem please". "there are" and "there is" is issoyo ( ) They are dependent on the context in which you use them. It cant be used to say "is located in"(is underneath". If you want to say A is B(like "This is a Korean book"):A B-ieyo (or B-eyo) this Korean book-ieyo It is obvious that you would use -eyo when B ends in a vowel.In some cases the verb stems may in effect end in consonants in which case uro is utilised. * The construction can only be used in verbs involving 'going' and 'coming' and cannot be used with other verbs at the end of sentences. the word for and is -hago. or she maybe reffered to in a similar English terminology such as Misesu Han(Mrs Han). The word chuseyo utilises the polite word stem -yo. Using 'and' In Korean. and behaves a little differently to ordinary verbs. Lesson 7 . but would rather say SangHyun-ssi. which is then followed by "the place you are going". The particle hago can also mean with such as. The order of the sentences for an example sentence of "in order to buy bread I am goin to the shops" is restructured as "bread buy-in order-to the shops go" In Korean unlike English. For that same reason. you will have to use special verbs called copula.
but later on in a conversation... as in: songsaengnim ottaeyo? ( How is teacher ? or What is teacher like? ) saob ottaeyo? (How is business? or What is business like?) Kuraeyo literally means "it is like that".) iss. By doing this. This is a tricky aspect of the Korean language..( go ) but . but. it is quite different to how we would speak in English... For example...for example "Are you Mr Han". on subjects in sentences. and is best used in order to compare two things.. the subject particle is used.) which is a abbreviation of the verb and stem shillye ha-jiman .. For example..( do ) ( does. hanguk hakkwa-ga anieyo ( Not the Korean department ). you would say (X-subject) odieyo? However.. For a sentence . containing the ending -jiman which means but.. and simply add this to the end of a phrase......it can be confusing at first. Ottaeyo means is how?.) sa. used in attachment to place emphasis on what is being talked about. the subject in this case would be The man. this is switched back to the topic particle.but. it is possible to give emphasis. have ) mashi( drink ) mok. The topic particle. Han songsaengnim-iseyo? ( Are you Mr Han?) Note that for the word iss-jiman the double ss is re-written to itjiman Answering questions with Yes and No in Korean Using polite requests . we would say :cho-nun songsaengnim-i anieyo ( I am not a teacher ).but. Subjects and topics of Korean sentences In Korean.) mok-jiman ( eats... whereas -un is attached to a vowel.) mashi-jiman ( drinks..More on Grammar -hamnida and -jiman In Korean... Where is it? When asking where something is in Korean... so you will need to think carefully. but... there is a special verb which may be used in the event where you want to ask someone if they are someone... "it is". songsaenim-i ( teacher ) or maekju-ga (beer) give emphasis on each of these subjects in a sentence. shillye hamnida (excuse me).but.." . shillyejiman (I'm sorry but. Songsaengnim-un (as for teacher). We would use -iseyo.Using Negative Copula's Negative Copula In Korean. we attach -i to the end of nouns which end with consonants. when you are trying to say something is not something else. as for me ( na-nun ).. for example. On the other hand it may be used as a question Kuraeyo? meaning "is it like that?". -nun is attached to a noun..) anj-jiman ( sits.( is/are. Using Korean sentences with but.Hangungmal songsaengnim-iseyo? (Are you the Korean Teacher?) Describing how things are Korean possess words which mean "is a certain way". When saying 'A is not B'. is similar to that of the english "As for". it makes As for Business or As for me. Asking a person In Korean. we use the negative copula anieyo. ka. but.but" or "I'm Sorry. For example: Question in English = "Do you like Korea ?" Answer in English = "Yes I do like it" or "No i dont" Answer in Korean = "No. I love shopping as for mum (ma-nun). "The man kissed the dog"..) ha-jiman ha.( eat ) anj. it is also possible to say (Xsubject) odi issoyo? When answering a Where is question. EG soju-nun (as for soju).) Lesson 9 . which is comprised of the verb stem shille ha-. you must always use issoyo as a verb such that:hakkyo-ga kogi issoyo ( the school is over there ). There is also the verb and stem.(sit ) it-jiman ( has. Lesson 8 .. and may be used as a statement such as "it's like that".( buy ) sa-jiman ( buys. We have previously seen that shillye hamnida and the equivalent shillyejiman mean "Excuse me.... and the verb ending hamnida (note this is the formal style).... On the other hand.. when a subject is mentioned for the first time. it is possible to add polite endings to verbs. "really?" or "is that so?".. For instance. by adding -un or nun. "thats right"... here are a few of them:ka-jiman ( goes..but. There are lots of verbs where you may attach -jiman onto.. Korean has a special particle. I do like it" or "Yes i dont" As you can see... or attach -ga to the end of nouns which end in a vowel. she hates it.
when making requests. are found directly before vowel. shibil shibi shipsam shipsa shibo shimnyuk shipch'il shipp'al shibku iship 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 ishibil 21 ishibi 22 ishipsam 23 ishipsa 24 Making Suggestions When making suggestions. and -useyo is used when the verb stem ends in a consonant. are found directly before a consonant. cho-nun mok-ko ship'oyo which means I want to eat.you are saying Mr Han is going to school. ( But you are also showing special respect for him ). To avoid confusion of syllables. they are romanized as g. 02. When is followed directly by . it takes on the effect of please. b. and -upshida is attached to verbstems ending in a consonant. and the sino korean when used to count minutes. notice that when it is used. for example if you say hansongsaengnim-i hakkyo-e kaseyo . .becomes mashiseyo ha. Here are some examples:Umryosu mashipshida ( Lets have a drink ) ishipku 29 samship 30 saship 40 kuship 90 paek 100 ch'on 1000 man 10. for example Han songsaengnim chom pakkwojuseyo( Can I speak to Mr Han ). . and the other are Sino-korean which is based on the chinese numerals. kong il i sam sa o yuk ch'il p'al ku ship 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 What you want to do ? Koreans use -ko ship'oyo which literally means want to.ajumni . Example: (again) would be dashi. If a character has a romanization with letters separated by an "/". when you use chom in a request immediately before the verb at the end of the sentence. p. . Rules: 01. r. chom may be used to soften up requests by making it more polite. Example: (rice) would be bap. Example: (after) would be hu-e. -pshida is attached onto verb stems ending in a vowel. 05. The polite honorific -seyo can be used to make requests more polite.becomes haseyo kidari. or you might use it in Soju chom chuseyo ( Please give me the Soju ). r. 03.000 Lesson 15 . the word chom is used to mean "please". the first set are known as pure Korean numbers. It is most frequently using in relation to chu. 04. -seyo is used when the verb stem ends in in a vowel.ajumma . The use of these numbers depends on the context in which it is used. The use of -seyo means that you have a special respect for the person. a hyphen can be used. As you can see. it should be romanized as shi.In Korean.becomes kidariseyo iss.Family Members Relative Titles - Lesson 11 Using seyo Making requests more polite Older Woman (aunt) [Polite] Older Woman (auntie) [Less Polite] . . as you may have guessed. for example the pure korean numbers are used when counting hours. they should be romanized as k. and this can be added to a verb stem. however do not mistake it to mean the same as the English word for please for all occurances. For example you may say. t. When .becomes issuseyo anj.becomes anjuseyo If you want to request someone to wait for you. that is what the letter should be romanized as the final letter when found at the end of a syllable. For instance. Examples of these are:mashi. Lesson 10 Numbers and Counting In Korean there are two sets of numbers which are used when counting. When . d. you would say kidariseyo (Please wait !!). Koreans use -(u)pshida ( literally means lets do). the -ko is utilised by being added to the end of the verb stem.
dong saeng (Regardless of speaker's gender) .appa [Informal] .shi ah buh ji .nuna (If the speaker .umma .oppa (If the .hyung (If the Younger Sibling .Older Man - .ajussi (Uncle) Elderly Woman .hara buh ji (Grandpa) [Less Polite] Father Father in law Father in law reun Dad Mum Mother Mother in law ni Mother in law Siblings Older Sister is female) Older Brother speaker is female) Older Sister is male) Older Brother speaker is male) .jang in uh .ah buh ji .hal muh ni (Grandmother) [Polite] Elderly Man .jang mo nim .uh muh ni .unni (If the speaker .shi uh muh .
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.