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UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA FACULTAD DE INGENIERÍA DEPARTAMENTO DE INGENIERÍA QUÍMICA Topic: Research and development. Title: How

UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA FACULTAD DE INGENIERÍA DEPARTAMENTO DE INGENIERÍA QUÍMICA

Topic: Research and development.

UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA FACULTAD DE INGENIERÍA DEPARTAMENTO DE INGENIERÍA QUÍMICA Topic: Research and development. Title: How

Title: How water contaminated with heavy metals can be purificated by banana peel before being consumed by population located near Chocó rivers affected by mining.

Problem statement.

Access to drinking water is a basic human right that should be enjoyed daily and unfortunately is not a reality for everyone. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there are around 884 million people around the world who do not have access to drinking water. More than half of these people live in developing countries like Colombia, where the consequences of drinking contaminated water results in millions of deaths each year; children between 5 and 10 years old are the most vulnerable. Before, drinking dirty water meant a high risk to contract diarrheal diseases, viruses or bacteria that ended with the lives of hundreds of people, today the consumption of contaminated water not only affects the lives of people, but also puts the ecosystem in imbalance.

Industrial activities in developing countries and the quality of water in more impoverished areas have become increasingly worse. Bacteria and parasites in the water are not the only problem; something that has become a big problem for the populations is mining and heavy industry pollution that are constantly adding toxic metals to clean water, among other waste.

Problem justification.

Recently, several technologies have been developed to specifically remove toxic substances from water that have been successful but rather expensive and have side effects like silica, alumina, cellulose, activated carbon and resins; while there is a technology for water purification that is practical and less expensive, in rural and remote villages, activated carbon filters are an option for purification as well as banana peel. An investigation by the State University of Sao Paulo showed that dried banana peels can successfully eliminate copper and lead, which are heavy metals in polluted water. The banana peel contains nitrogen, sulfur and carboxylic acids, the latter are responsible for the high capacity in the shells since it can bind or retain the toxic metals and remove them from the water. Due to the high content of these acids, not only eliminates contaminants but its operation is just as efficient as industrial filters or even better. Not only banana peels are useful for water purification, as an alternative to conventional treatments for water purification, photocatalysis can be used, which is a simple and economical solution for domestic water treatment using catalytic substances that they absorb energy from the sun and inactivate some microorganisms and also treat non- biodegradable contaminants.

Problem question:

Is it possible to decontaminate water for people affected by mining, through banana peels?

Objectives: General: UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA FACULTAD DE INGENIERÍA DEPARTAMENTO DE INGENIERÍA QUÍMICA Develop a water filter

Objectives:

General:

UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA FACULTAD DE INGENIERÍA DEPARTAMENTO DE INGENIERÍA QUÍMICA

Objectives: General: UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA FACULTAD DE INGENIERÍA DEPARTAMENTO DE INGENIERÍA QUÍMICA Develop a water filter

Develop a water filter based on banana peels that allows to purify water of heavy metals that come from mining activities.

Specifics:

Research about the efficiency of banana peel filters and required components for a

correct assembly. Design a banana peel filter with specifications that allow a right filtering of heavy metals

from water. Build a functional filter prototype based on the previous design with de required components.