UNIT ONE BOOK ADVERTISEMENTS

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New Books from Oxford
Britain's Shadow Economy
Stephen Smith
The shadow economy embraces not only the black economy of moonlighting, tax dodging, and scrounging, but also the wide range of ordinary, tough productive, household activities such as washing-up, baby-sitting, and DIY improvements. This book takes a critical look at the whole of the shadow economy and makes new estimates of the scale and pattern of concealed incomes. O 19 828569 8, Clarendon Press, Oxford 19.50 £

Sri Lanka
Ethnic fratricide and the Dismantling of Democracy

S.J. TAMBIAH
A native Sri Lankan of Tamil origins, the distinguished social anthropologist S.J.Tambiah analyzes the causes of the conflict between majority Sinhalese Buddhists and minority Tamils that has wrecked the island of Sri Lanka for almost forty years. In his view, recent social stresses rather than ancient religious and racial differences re the source of the trouble. "An excellent and thought-provoking book." ± Paul Sieghart, Los Angeles Times Book Review. "concise, informative, lucidly written« a powerful case for the importance of pluralism." ± Merle Rubin, Christian Science Monitor $17.95 cloth

The Decline of the British Economy

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An Institutional Perspective Edited by Bernard Elbaum and William Lazonick 'A distinguished contribution« The essays that it contains are coherent and thought-provo-king« this is a fascinating new approach to the analysis and understanding of the decline of the British economy. It should be read.' Pete L/Payne, The Times Higher Education Supplement 0 19 828494 2, Clarendon Press £ 19.50

4 Arab Politics
The Search for Legitimacy Michael C. Hudson The first systematic comparative analysis of political behavior th roughout the entire Arab world, from Morocco to Kuwait. In an attempt to explain why the Arab world remains in ferment, Hudson discusses such crucial factors as Arab and Islamic identity, ethnic and religious minorities, the crisis of authority, the effect s of Western imperialism, and modernization. "Hudson has succeeded brilliantly in surveying and analyzing the entire range of contemporary Arab politics. «[He] focuses his vast knowledge on theory and historical data with valid and illuminating generalizations, perhaps the most basic one being that most if not all Arab countries lack an effective structure for full political participation." ²Library Journal $22.50

Yale
Yale University Press New Haven and London

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Diggs University of Louisville A Volume in LEA Communication Series This ground-breaking volume explores how family communication influences the perennial and controversial topic of race. this volume provides a crucial examination of how families struggle with issues of ethnic cultural diversity. Industrial Avenue.95 [paperback] / approx. 10. / $49. Charting dynamic developments of the American family and television over the past decade. the similarities and differences between and among communication in Black. and in the media. NJ 7 University Paperback Policing Industrial Disputes 1893 to 1985 ROGER GEARY The recent increase of violent confrontation in industrial disputes has led to renewed interest in the nature of industrial violence and the police tactics employed to counteract it.95 Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc. White. Diggs argue that the hope for managing America's troubles with "race" lies not only with communicating about race at public meetings. and Biracial Families Edited by Thomas J. [cloth]/ approx. With the aim of developing a clearer understanding of the role that family communication plays in society's move forward a multicultural world. 192 pages Paperback 0 416 90200 6 £5. Socha Old Dominion University Rhunette C. and family studies.95 [paperback] / approx.95 COMMUNICATION. 252 pp. children and media. NJ Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc. this volume: j Provides a comprehensi ve representation of programmatic research into family and television. editors Thomas J. and how family communication education can contribute to a brighter future for all. j Examines extensively the uses families make of television. / $ 99. Industrial Avenue. / $27. 472 pp. African-American and European American family communication researchers come together in this volume to investigate such topics as how Black families communicate to manage the issue of racism. Mahwah. AND FAMILY Exploring Communication In Black. how extensions of television affect usage. but also ± and more fundamentally ± with families communicating constructively about race at home. The volume charts the dramatic changes in both families and television during the past decade and examines mutual effects of these changes.95 TAVISTOCK 11 New Fetter Lane. In assembling this collection. White. and biracial couples and families. [cloth]/ approx. Roger Geary's study provides a fascinating and hist orically detailed account of the changing nature of industrial violence. the effects television has on families. London EC4P 4EE 13 . in school. families' evolving attitudes toward television.F AMILY COMMUN ICA TION NEW B OOKS FROM 5 6 TELEVISION AND THE AMERICAN FAMILY Second Edition Edited by Jennings Bryant The University of Alabama J. 256 pp. 10. how Black parent-child communication is used to manage the derogation of Black children. It is an invaluable resource for scholars and students in the areas of media and society. / $ 55. Mahwah. the role of television in family communication about race. Socha and Rhunette C. Alison Bryant University of Southern California A Volume in LEA's Communication Series This second edition of a trend -setting volume provides an updated examination of the interaction between families and the most pervasive mass medium: television. RACE. 472 pp. the ways families have been and are portrayed on television. and the ways in which families can mediate its impact on their lives.

sub-title.APPROACHING THE TEXT Look at the texts and answer the following questions: 1.g. Which books are published in paperback? ________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________ ________________________________________________________ 5. Which books are published in hardback (cloth) editions? ________________________________________________________ ____________________________ The first operation we normally perform on texts when we read in our first language is to read them rapidly and superficially to get a general idea of their contents and/ or to find specific information. title. and subject area (e. sociology. What are the five publishers represented? ________________________________________________________ ____________________________ 3. What typographical features of the text characterize the genre book advertisement? ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________ 2. Which books are published in Britain and which in America? _____________________________________________________ ___ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ 4. history. You will be given guided practice in performing these operations when you read in English.Hudson Television and the American Family Roger Geary Exploring Communication 14 . Skimming and scanning WORKSHEET 1 Scan the seven book advertisements and complete the chart below with the following information where possible: author(s) or editor(s). You have just done the latter in order to answer the questions above. etc) Author(s) or Editor(s) Title of Book Britain' Shadow Economy Sub-title Subject Area An Institutional Perspective Anthropology Michael C.

"Hudson has succeeded brilliantly in surveying and analyzing the entire range of contemporary Arab politics. especially when the reader will subsequently need to take notes on what he has read. (See Worksheet 3 below. formulating a definition or hypothesis. from Morocco to Kuwait. the crisis of authority. Often.) 15 . «[He] focuses his vast knowledge on theory and historical data with valid and illuminating generalizations. but the function of those words in context: to understand.g.Hudson The first systematic compar ative analysis of political behavior throughout the entire Arab world. Now underline all the adjectives in the text. Discerning the structure or organization of a text involves understanding not only the writer's words." ²Library Journal $22. perhaps the most basic one being that most if not all Arab countries lack an effective structure for full political participation. (see the OBSERVATIONS at the end of this unit.INTENSIVE READING One useful way of approaching a written text is through an examination of its structure or organization. book advertisements tend to be either predominantly evaluative or predominantly descriptive. e.) WORKSHEET 2 Text structure/ language functions Below. In an attempt to explain why the Arab world remains in ferment. of the structure of the text. and modernization. as in the remaining documents. Hudson discusses such crucial factors as Arab and Islamic identity. that is. Which are descriptive and which are evaluative? Arab Politics The Search for Legitimacy Michael C. not only what the writer is saying. ethnic and religious minorities. marking an example or comparison. however. or schematic summary. Read the text and divide it using a stroke (/) to indicate the position of the function.50 General description Writer's purpose Evaluation Exemplification Notice that the language of description and evaluation in the book advertisement for Arab Politics is rather well balanced. beside the advertisement for Arab Politics. etc. the effects of Western imperialism. but what he is doing. there is a "flow chart".

.g. This not only avoids repetition. contribution in The Decline of the British Economy). but also permits aspects of meaning to be refined and elaborated. Find in the text as many terms as you can which are used to substitute or elaborate on the word book. Race and Family Policing Industrial Disputes Predominantly evaluative Notice that different terms may be used to replace the word book (e. etc).g. (See the Word Building exercises at the end of each Unit. checking with your dictionary if necessary.WORKSHEET 3 Distinguishing the functions of description and evaluation Read the remaining book advertisements carefully and indicate on the table below whether they are predominantly descriptive of the contents of the book or predominantly evaluative of the book itself. the possibility of inferring meaning from context is substantially increased. and Family Policing Industrial Disputes suffixes 16 . Then write the adjectival suffix. adjectives Britain's Shadow Economy The Decline of the British Economy Sri Lanka Television and the American Family Community. LANGUAGE WORK WORKSHEET 4 Discrimination of adjectives and adjectival suffixes Re-read the book advertisements and indicate on the table all adjectives which appear in the book titles and the texts proper (excluding quantifiers. Familiarity with suffixes as "markers" of a particular word class can be extremely useful when an unknown word is encountered.) In the exercise below practice is given in the recognition of adjectives and adjectival suffixes. many. some. One advertisement may be considered balanced. Predominantly descriptive Britain's Shadow Economy Decline of British Economy Sri Lanka Television and the American Family Communication. nouns etc. If unknown lexical items can be identified as adjectives. adverbs. in the column provided. e. if any. Race.

where we may consider as deleted a relative pronoun + verb to be ('tactics which are employed') ± noun+ present participle ("ground-breaking volume". and terminating relationships. e. and consider the processes for such activities as meeting new people. Cognition. Communication. Next. b. and in inferring meaning from the context. An example has been given. communication. clinical psychology. destined centers. As an extended analysis and research review of how thinking about romance influences and is influences by communicative processes. in light of current research supporting systematic gender differences in how people think about romance and relationships. COGNITION. and underline the words you do not know. directs. Be sure to read the section on lexical inference in the notes on reading. AND ROMANTIC RELATIONSHIPS James M. trend-setting volume Lexical inference WORKSHEET 5 a In the following exercise you are given practice in identifying a variety of word classes. study the jumbled definitions and choose the one which fits best. a. communication. and Romantic relationships focuses on the role of memory. 'police tactics') where the noun functions as adjective ± noun+past participle ('pages devoted to literature'. counseling psychology. Communication. adverb) and then infer a possible meaning by examining the immediate and general context carefully. verb. the following ways of qualifying nouns: ± noun+noun ('shadow economy'. and social cognition in the development of romantic relationships. this text offers a deeper understanding of the cognitive and communicative factors in relationship processes. Most of these will be listed in the chart below. to examine method of studying the nature of something or of determining its essential features and their relations intended. and sociology.Notice. d. Section 4. It is designed for use in courses on interpersonal relationships and intimate relations in social psychology. to present a review of in speech or writing. and Romantic Relationships. g.1. aims an emotional or other connec tion between people maintaining. COMMUNICATION. f. sexual intercourse. in addition to the more common adjective+noun combination. 'tactics employed'). dating. First identify word class (noun. c. They also explore the stages through which relationships escalate and deteriorate. Honeycutt Louisiana State University James G. Read the first book advertisement. Differences between men and women are discussed through the text. The authors review developmental models of communication and examine criticisms of these models. before completing the exercise. Cantrill Northern Michigan University A Volume in LEA's Series on Personal Relationships Word class 1 review _ 2 relationship _ 3 designed _ 4 supporting _ 5 analysis 6 focuses 7 developmental Definitions Cognition. advocating that pertains to development 17 . adjective.

and family studies. Follow the same strategy used above in order to infer the meaning of the words in the chart below. Alison Bryant University of Southern California A Volume in LEA's Communicati on Series This second edition of a trend -setting volume provides an updated examination of the interaction between families and the most pervasive mass medium: television. The volume charts the dramatic changes in both families and television during the past decade and examines mutual effects of these changes. children and media.WORKSHEET 5 b Now re-read the book advertisement Television and the American Family. It is an invaluable resource for scholars and students in the areas of media and society. TELEVISION AND THE AMERICAN FAMILY Second Edition Edited by Jennings Bryant The University of Alabama J. this volume: j Provides a comprehensive representation of programmatic research into family and television. Mahwah. Complete the chart by following the same procedure for three other words you did not know in these book advertisements. WORKSHEET Decide the word class of the missing words in the text below. j Examines extensively the uses families make of television. Industrial Avenue. 472 pp. families' evolving attitudes toward telev ision. Take care to use the correct form of the verb. Charting dynamic developments of the American family and television over the past d ecade. Consider carefully the meaning of each of the options with reference to the context: not all the alternatives are interchangeable.95 Word Word class Your guess Dictionary definition 1 trend-setting 2 pervasive 3 charting 4 provides 5 comprehensive 6 interaction 7 8 Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc. NJ 9 Practising the use of lexis common to expository/ evaluative prose. 10. / $49. 472 pp. being careful to copy the correct definition for the function and meaning of the word as used in this text. the effects television has on families. the ways families have been and are portrayed on television. then check with your dictionary. 18 . / $ 99.95 [paperback] / approx. then complete the hypothetical book advertisement by inserting an appropriate noun. how extensions of television affect usage. [cloth]/ approx. and the ways in which families can mediate its impact on their lives. but this time write your guess in the appropriate column. verb or adjective from those listed.

VOCABULARY WORK WORD BUILDING 19 . Sigmund Freud ___________ A wide variety of common dreams. VOCABULARY WORK AND WORD BUILDING Find these words in the texts*.Nouns Synthesis Survey Topic Study History Concept Area Aspect Theme Overview Discussion Analysis system Verbs Explain Survey Discuss Study Present Describe Bring into focus Consider Explore Illuminate Introduce Analyze constitute Adjectives Profound Logical Brilliant Important Comprehensive Invaluable Powerful Sensitive Discussed Rigorous Incisive Considered systematic T h I n t Interpretation of Dreams is the first ____________________________ of dream psychology. and write it and the translation of the word in the space provided. Consult your dictionary. Then complete the table by forming other words using appropriate suffixes if necessary. the author succeeds in _____________ some of the darker workings of the mind. decide the word class. The Interpretation of Dreams is ____________ for all those who are seriously interested in dream psychology. Published in paperback. Among the topics ____________ are the processes of dislocation and transference that occur in dreams. In an attempt to ________________ why dreams are ___________ to the well-being of the mental processes. _____________ and ___________. This ______________ work is the most __________________ of the psychology of the unconscious available.

6 ± Communication. 7 ± Communiation. Tace and Family.Word and Location Pervasive (5) Interaction (5) Comprehensive (5) Extensively (5) Evolving (5) Communication (6) Influences (6) Argue (6) Difference (6) Developing (6) Controversial (7) Race (7) Constructively (7) Manage (7) Assembling (7) Clas s Translation Noun Verb Adjective Adverb * The book advertisements have been numbered as follows: 5 ± Television and the American Family. and Romantic Relationships 20 .

It is important to keep in mind that although adjectives can be broadly categorized into the functions of evaluation (e. This is often a list of the various topics discussed d. What added information have you gained? Read the first and last lines in each paragraph.uk/tutorial/sociologist Skimming the Resource 1. This is particularly apparent in the author's choice of adjectives and adverbs. it is common to find evaluative language. important. historical).rdn. Structure: but will usually include one or more of the following: a. and so on) and description (Arab. Summarizing Internet Resources Quick Reference Title of resource: URL: Summarize y * What are the main points in this resource? This ist o be presented in a separate folder as a condition for the admission in the exam. 2. 2. 3.vts. Aspects of language: general description ± of the subject of the book author's purpose ± a brief consideration of what the author attempts to explain or demonstrate in the book c. evaluation ± positive evaluation as regards the worth and importance of the book e. b. Choosing Internet Resources Quick Reference Title of resource: URL http://www. Read the title(s). particularly considering the function of the book advertisement.OBSERVATIONS ON TEXT BOOK ADVERTISEMENTS TYPE Function: This will vary according to the length and nature of the advertisement. there are many cases in which these two functions overlap. What do they tell you about this resource? Jot down a few key words that tell you what this resource is going to be about. Do you think this resource will be helpful to you? Why or why not? What do you like about this resource? (Amount of information? Organization? Graphics?) How will this information help you in your research? HOME ASSIGNMENT ± Personal File *1 1.g. 21 . brilliant. Look for bold or colored words. Analyze 1. 3. detailed description ± of the contents of the book.ac. quotations from reviewers ± containing positive evaluations from other sources (usually from well-known writers in the field or academic journals) In texts of this kind.

As or than? Put as or than into each gap. Adjective Comparative Superlative Better Easy Much/many Most interesting Fastest Bad Larger thin Harder More expensive Unusual pretty 1. Bob's taller than Jack. 5. As« as/ not as« as. Are you as tall ____ your brother? She's not as clever ____ her sister. / Jack's not as tall as Bob. An orange is ___________ (large) than a plum. 7. c. she looked much ________ (thin) than I remembered her. Using Internet Resources Access www. a. Liz works much harder ____ John. Then complete the sentences below with an appropriate form of the words in brackets. Bringing up children is one of the _________ (hard) jobs in the world. Learning to speak a language is often much ____________ (easy) than learning to write it. His latest film was ______ interesting) than his previous ones. The sun's much hotter than the moon. 2.com (the largest online bookstore) and put in your Personal File 3 samples of book advertisements for sociology textbooks. a. b. This hotel must be ________ (expensive) than the small one next door. 10. This is the _______ (fast) car we produce. Are you and your husband the same age? Bill's not __________________ The moon isn't ________________ Are you ___________ your husband? 22 . He is certainly the ______ (unusual) person I have ever met. e.Amazon. d. c. 8. 4. Ex. I haven't got as many cousins ____ you. Rewrite the following sentences with as«as or not as« as. REVISION AND EXTENSION 1. Grammar practice: Comparatives and Superlatives of the Adjective Fill in the missing words in the table.y y y What facts can you use for your research? Quotes: Statistics: 2. 9. Was Joan's party better _____ Maria's? I'm studying the same subject ____ Emma. b. f. Jill's more intelligent than Bill. Losing your credit card is ______ (bad) than losing your money. 6. What is the __________ (difficult) thing you have ever done? When I saw her. 3.

8. We have requested our lawyers to _____ the document with the greatest care to decide whether it's legal or not. I never liked history at school. 5.d. I had to _______ a dictionary. 5. but that's the ______ price. 3. Before a book is sent to be printed. Where is _____ three of this set of encyclopaedias? The new government report on agricultural statistics is a very interesting _______. Harry won more money than Bill. You just ______ it for things that interest you. Now the publishers are going to bring out a new _____ with illustrations. 6. publication thriller proofs whodunit copy paperback hardback edition You can see the original _____ of Hamlet in Shakespeare's own writing. Have you got a ______ of Graham Greene's Brighton Rock? This book costs $12. 4. The book has already been selling well for five years. I just __________ . Related Word Groups Types of Book Put each of the following words in its correct place below volume best-seller manuscript 1. I sometimes ______ a magazine in a newsagent's but I don't usually buy one. I didn't know the word. which means to read it very quickly. His first three novels didn't sell very well. 7. 9. She likes to relax by reading a _____ about spies or crime. Skip Skim look up dip into browse peruse refer to wade through flip through read from cover to cover 1. The ______ costs only $5. 2. 7. e. I found it very hard to _______ all that boring stuff about wars and revolutions. the author must check the _________ . I spend a lot of time in bookshops. 10. It's fun trying to guess who the murderer is. Some people have the ability to ________ a page. I'll _______ his number in the phonebook. I can't ______________________ Bill didn't win _____________ My work isn't ________________ 2. 3. I just ______ a few pages till the real story starts again. You can read more quickly than I can. I don't often buy books.50. 8. 4. If I come to a boring bit in a book. 9. 23 . but hos fourth was a _____ and made a fortune. I'm reading a ______ . Eva's work is better than mine. f. 2. just taking in the main points. Ways of reading Put each of the following words or phrases into its correct place in the sentences below. Of course an encyclopaedia is not a book you ________ . 6.

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