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- Collins Selective and Wideband Voltmeter 476J-1 Manual 523 0276 00, Revised 15 June 1961.
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Semester I&II

No Code Subject L T D/P Marks Hours Marks

1 93.101 Mathematics I (CMNPHETAR) 2 2 - 50 3 100

2 93.102 Applied Physics “ 2 1 - 50 3 100

3 93.103 Engg.Chemistry “ 2 1 - 50 3 100

4 93.104 Engg.Mechanics “ 2 1 - 50 3 100

5 93.105 Engineering Graphics “ 1 0 3 50 3 100

6 93.106 Humanities “ 2 - - 50 3 100

7 93.107 Into. To Comp. Sc. “ 2 - 2 50 3 100

8 93.108 Elements of Electronics TA 2 1 - 50 3 100

9 93.109 Engg. Workshop (CMNPHETAR) - - 3 150 - -

Total 15 6 8 550 800

Total Marks 1350

Semester III

No Code Subject L T D/P Marks Hours Marks

1 93.301 Mathematics II (CMNPHETAR) 3 2 - 50 3 100

2 93.302 Electrical Technology 3 1 - 50 3 100

3 93.303 Solid State Devices & Microelectronics 3 2 - 50 3 100

4 93.304 Electronic Circuits-I 3 1 - 50 3 100

5 93.305 Network Analysis & Synthesis 3 2 - 50 3 100

6 93.306 Electronics Workshop - - 3 150 - -

7 93.307 Basic Electronics Lab - - 3 150 - -

Total 15 8 6 550 500

Total Marks 1050

Semester IV

No Code Subject L T D/P Marks Hours Marks

1 93.401 Mathematics III (CMNPHETAR) 3 2 0 50 3 100

2 93.402 Mechanical Technology 3 1 0 50 3 100

3 93.403 Signals & Systems 3 1 0 50 3 100

4 93.404 Electronics Circuits-II 3 1 0 50 3 100

5 93.405 Digital Electronics 3 1 0 50 3 100

6 93.406 Electrical Engineering Lab - - 4 150 3 -

7 93.407 Electronic Circuits Lab - - 4 150 - -

Total 15 6 8 550 500

Total Marks 1050

Semester V

No Code Subject L T D/P Marks Hours Marks

1 93.501 Mathematics IV (CMNPHETAR) 3 2 0 50 3 100

2 93.502 Electronic Instruments & Measurements 3 1 0 50 3 100

3 93.503 Computer Organisation 3 1 0 50 3 100

4 93.504 Linear ICs & Applications 3 1 0 50 3 100

5 93.505 Electromagnetic Theory 3 1 0 50 3 100

6 93.506 Digital Electronics Lab - - 4 150 - -

7 93.507 Integrated Circuits Lab - - 4 150 - -

Total 15 6 8 550 500

Total Marks 1050

ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING (Code T) Hours/Week Sessional University Exams

Semester VI

No Code Subject L T D/P Marks Hours Marks

1 93.602 Industrial Engineering & Management 3 1 - 50 3 100

2 93.602 Communication Engineering 3 1 - 50 3 100

3 93.603 Industrial Electronics 3 1 - 50 3 100

4 93.604 Computer Programming 3 - 2 50 3 100

5 93.605 Microprocessors 3 1 - 50 3 100

6 93.606 Communication Engineering Lab - - 4 150 - -

7 93.607 Mini Project - - 4 150 - -

Total 15 4 10 550 500

Total Marks 1050

Semester VII

No Code Subject L T D/P Marks Hours Marks

1 93.701 Microwave Engineering 3 1 - 50 3 100

2 93.702 Digital Signal Processing 3 1 - 50 3 100

3 93.703 Control Systems 3 1 - 50 3 100

4 93.704 Radiation & Propagation 3 1 - 50 3 100

5 93.705 Elective-I 3 2 - 50 3 100

6 93.706 Microprocessor Lab - - 2 150 - -

7 93.707 Industrial Electronics Lab - - 2 150 - -

8 93.708 Project Design & Seminar - - 2 50 - -

2 50 - -

Total 15 6 8 650 500

Total Marks 1150

Semester VIII

No Code Subject L T D/P Marks Hours Marks

1 93.801 Microprocessor Based Systems 3 1 - 50 3 100

2 93.802 Television Engineering 3 1 - 50 3 100

3 93.803 Advanced Communication Systems 3 1 - 50 3 100

4 93.804 Radar, Guidance & Navigation 3 1 - 50 3 100

5 93.805 Elective-II 3 1 - 50 3 100

6 93.806 Communication Systems & Microwave Lab - - 3 150 3 100

7 93.807 Project & Project Seminar - - 6 100 - -

8 93.808 General Viva-Voce - - - - - 100

Total 15 5 9 500 600

Total Marks 1100

Elective I Elective II

Information Theory & Coding Digital image Processing

Optical Communication I Optical Instrumentation

Computer Architecture & Parallel Processing Computer Networks

Biomedical Instrumentation – I Biomedical Instrumentation - II

Modern Control Theory - I Modern Control Theory - II

VLSI Design

SEMESTER I & II

93.101-93.107. (CMNPHTEAR)

See CIVIL SYLLABUS

93.108 ELEMENTS OF ELECTRONICS

Module 1

critical R value, high frequency equivalent circuit, temperature coefficient of

resistor, voltage coefficient of resistor.General purpose resistor, carbon

composition resistors, film resistors, carbon film, oxide film, thick and thin film,

thin metal film resistors, low power wire wound resistors, medium power

resistors, high power resistors, precision resistors. Specialised resistors, high

frequency types, meter multipliers and shunts, shunt, power ceramic composition

type, high resistance type, fusible resistors, positive temperature coefficient

resistors, ballasts. Trimming potentiometers, wire wound cermet, carbon

composition, metal film, specifications such as total resistance, resolution, setting

stability rotational life. Capacitors, colour code, classification base on dielectric,

paper, film glass, ceramic(general purpose) temp. compensating, tantalum.

Aluminium electrolytic main applications, advantage, disadvantage,range of

values, range of maximum DC voltage rating for above. Electrolytic capacitor,

theory, polarized, semipolarized and non-polarized types, voltage rating, riple,

leakage current, application & precaution, tantalum electrolytic and stable

capacitors. Trimmer capacitors, air, ceramic, glass, plastic, mica types, and

applications. Transformers, audio video, pulse transformers, inductors, various

types. Resonance, series, parallel, expression for half power frequency, relation

between bandwidth Q and resonant frequency comparison of parallel and series

resonance.

Module 2

Vaccum tubes, basic principles of diodes, triodes, tetrode and pentode.

Semiconductor theory, band theory of metals. Intrinsic and Extrinsic semi

conductors. PN junction diodes characteristics. Basic transistor theory, different

configuration and characteristics.

Module 3

Electron dynamics, motions of charge particles in electric, magnetic and

combined electric & magnetic fields. Basic instruments for electronic

measurement, use of multimeter for measurment of Current, Voltage and

Resistance. FET, Vacuum tube voltmeter, Digital voltmeter, Digital frequency

meter, Oscilloscope, measurement of frequency and phase. AF generators,

Function generators, function of control knobs and switches of above mentioned

instruments.

93. 109 ENGINEERING WORKSHOPS (CMNPHETARSee CIVIL

SYLLABUS

SEMESTER III

See CIVIL SYLLABUS

93.302 ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY

Module 1

SI units of current, voltage, power and energy; relationships between electrical

mechanical and thermal units. Electrostatics: Electric field intensity, flux density,

permittivity, Electric potential and potential gradient, dielectric, capacitance,

breakdown voltage construction and performance of (Leclanche Cell, Mercuric

Cell), and secondary cell (Lead acid Cell), maintenance of secondary cells.

Electromagnetism: Magnetic effect of electric current, flux density, field intensity,

permeability, reluctance. Force acting on a current carrying conductor,

electromagnetic induction, Faradays Laws, lenz’s law, statically and dynamically

induced emf, self and mutual inductance.Transformers: Principle of operation,

EMF equation, phasor diagram, equivalent circuit, regulation, losses, efficiency,

auto transformer, OC and SC tests.

Module 2

AC Circuits: Waveform, frequency, peak, rms and average values, peak factor,

form factor, sinusoidally varying quantities, phase representation, reactance

impedance, power factor, Analysis of simple series and parallel circuits consisting

of R, L and C. Three phase system: Star and delta connection, relationship

between line and phase values, power in three phase circuits, lay out of a typical

power system (Block diagram only), Measurement of power using two

wattmeters.

Module 3

DC generators - principles of operation, emf equation, type of generators,

characteristics and applications. DC motors: torque and speed operations, types

characteristics and applications, principles of starting.Synchronous machines:

Alternator, emf equation, principles of operation synchronous motor: methods of

starting, applications.3 phase induction machines: types, slip, characteristics and

applications.

References.

1. H. Cotton, Applied electricity. 2. B.L. Theraja, Electrical technology.

N.B.. : Total nine questions: Three from each module. Answer any two questions

from each module.

Module 1

The Schrodinger wave equation. Potential well problem - Energy bands - Metals,

semiconductors and insulators - direct and indirect band gap

semiconductors.Charge carriers in semiconductors - electron and holes -

Effective mass - intrinsic material - extrinsic material - Carrier concentration -

Fermi level - Electron and hole concentration at equilibrium - temperature

dependence of carrier concentration - Drift of carrier - conductivity and mobility -

Effect of temperature and doping on mobility - hall effect.Direct and indirect

recombination, trapping - Steady state carrier generation - Quasi fermi level -

measurement of lifetime - diffusion of charge carriers - diffusion coefficients -

Einsten’s relations Continuity equations - diffusion length, diffusion current, drift

current.

Module 2

PN diode structure - equilibrium condition - The contact potential - Equilibrium

Fermi level - Space charge at a junction - Forward and reverse biased junctions -

Carrier injection - Minority and majority carrier currents – V-I characteristics -

Diode equivalent circuit - Small signal parameters - Reverse bias breakdown -

Transient ac conditions, temperature dependence of parameters - Metal semi

conductor junctions - photo diodes - LED LCD.Bipolar junction transistors - BJT

structure fundamentals of BJT Operation - Minority carriers distribution and

terminal current - the coupled diode model - small signal equivalent circuit - V-I

characteristics, switching - high current and high voltage effect - photo transistor.

Module 3. JFET structure - JFET principle of operation, V-I characteristics,

equation for drain current, small-signal linear equivalent circuit, equation for

transconductance, JFET fabrication - MOSFET structure - fabrication out line -

MOS Capacitor, enhancement and characteristics of UJT and SCR. Processes

involved in integrated circuit, planar process, diffusion and epitaxy, monolithic

circuits, photolithography, isolation techniques, packing and interconnection,

Monolithic components, capacitor, resistors, diodes, bipolar and field effect

devices, A typical Monolithic circuit, Ion implantation, Principles of thin and thick

film technologies, Basic principles of LSI and VLSI.

References:

1. Ben.G. Streetman, Solid state electronic devices, PHI .

2. Mauro Zambuto, Semiconductor Devices,.

3. D. Nagchoudhuri, Semiconductor Devices,

4. M.S. Tyagi, Introduction to Semiconductor material and devices, John Wiley

and Sons.

5. Millman and Grabel, Micro Electronics.

Module 1

Rectifiers, Filters and Regulators Rectifiers: Half wave, fullwave and bridge

rectifiers. Filters:- Capacitor, inductors, LC filters, Pi filters, voltage regulators -

Shunt and series types, line regulation, output impedance, short circuit

protection, fold back current protection, pre regulators, Design of voltage

regulator circuits. Diode Circuits .Analysis of simple diode circuits, ac load line,

dc load line, function generator circuits, diode array applications, analog switch,

multipliers, phase detector, clipping circuit, parallel clipping circuits, zener

clipping, transfer characterstics of clipper, Synthesis and analysis of clipping

circuits, clamping circuits, clamping of sinusoidal and non sinusoidal wave forms.

RC Circuits. High pass and low pass RC circuits, response to sine, step, pulse

and square wave inputs, high pass RC as differentiator and low pass RC as

integrator.

Module 2

BJT Amplifiers CE, CB, CC configurations, DC analysis of transistor circuits,

Analytical and graphical approach, h-parameter model of transistor. Relationship

between CC, CB, CE parameters, expression for voltage gain, current gain input

resistance and output resistance - Analysis cascaded stages. High input

impedance - of BJT amplifiers. Effect of coupling and bypass capacitor. Hybrid Pi

equivalent circuit gain band width calculation, gain band width product, Emitter

follower at high frequency, Frequency response of cascaded stages, Design of

cascaded RC coupled CE transistor amplifier for a specified gain and bandwidth,

Frequency compensation, Low frequency compensation, High frequency

compensation, Cascade amplifier.

Module 3

FET as an amplifier, DC analysis of FETs, Biasing of FET circuits, self biasing,

biasing to compensate for temperature variations, Biasing of depletion and

enhancement type MOSFETs. Small signal analysis of FETs, Equivalent circuits

of FETs, CG, CD and CS configurations, Low frequency and high frequency

response of FET amplifier, Frequency response of cascaded FET amplifiers,

Design of cascaded FET amplifiers for specified gain and bandwidth. Feedback

amplifiers, classification of amplifiers, Feedback concepts, Feedback amplifier

topologies, properties of negative feedback amplifier, General analysis of

feedback amplifier, Multi loop feedback amplifier.

References:

1. Electronic Circuit Design - An Engineering Approach Savant, Roden

Carpenter, Benjamin. Cumming Publishing Co. 1987.

2. Electronic Devices and Circuits - M.S. Ghausi 1985, Holt Saunders Int. ed.

3. Microelectronics - Milman and Grabel Mc Grawhill.

4. Integrated Electronics - Milman and Halkias,Mc Grawhill.

5. Pulse Digital and Switching Circuits, Millman and Taub, Mc Grawhill.

6. Advanced Electronic Circuits, Titze and Schenk.

N.B..: Set total nine questions, three from each module. Answer any two

questions from each module.

93.305 NETWORK ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS

Module 1

Network theorems, Thevenin’s theorem, Norton’s theorem - Superposition

theorem, Reciprocity theorem, Miller theorem - Maximum power transfer theorem

& Maximum transfer by impedance matching and by transformer adjustment -

Insertion loss.Signal representation - Impulse, step pulse and Ramp function.

Use of Laplace Transform in the transient analysis of RC and LC networks with

impulse, step, exponential, pulse and sinusoidal input, initial and final value

theorems, step input for RLC circuits.

Module 2

Network functions - The concept of complex frequency - driving point and

transfer functions - Impulse response - Poles and Zeros of network functions and

their locations and effects on the time and frequency domain. Restriction of poles

and zeros in the driving point and transfer function. Magnitude and phase plots

from s-plane phasors, Bode plots. The dominant pole approximation - The time

constant method of obtaining the response. Parameters of two-port network;

Definition of Z, Y ABCD & h-parameters and their determination for given

network, conversion formulae.

Module 3

Coupled circuit, single tuned and double tuned circuit effect of coefficient and

coupling, Selectivity, Image impedance, Characteristic impedance and

propagation constant - Wave filters - L.P.F. H.P.F., B.P.F., B.R.F., Constant - k and

m - derived, terminating half sections - Attenuators and equalizers. Positive real

function, Testing and synthesis of one port LC, RL and RC network (foster and

cauer forms only)

References:

1. Network Analysis - Van Valkenburg

2. Network Analysis - G.K. Mithal, Khanna Publishers.

3. An Introduction to Network Synthesis - Van Valkenburg

4. Micro electronics - Millman dnd Grabel.

5. Network theory and filter design - V.K.Aatre, Wiley Eastern.

N.B. : Set total 9 questions, three from each module. Answer any two questions

from each module.

Part A

1. Identification of components and devices.

2. Testing of components and devices.

3. Coil winding, Design and construction single and multilayer Coil.

4. Design and construction of small transformers.

5. Use of measuring instruments like Multimeter, RLC meter, Power meter,

Frequency meter, CRO for the measurements Voltage current frequency,

phase, rise time fall time etc.

6. Preliminary idea of PCB fabrication.

Part B

. Soldering practice - Soldering of given circuits.

SCRs.

2. Rectifiers circuits with filters, simple regulator circuit, regulation

characteristics, series regulator.

3. Differentiating and integrating circuits, RC filter circuits, clipping and

clamping circuits.

4. RC coupled amplifiers using transistors and FETs, determination gain

input and output impedance, frequency response characteristics.

SEMESTER IV

See CIVIL SYLLABUS

Dirichlet’s conditions - Eulers’s formula - functions with period - even and odd

functions - Halfrange expansions - complex form. Fourier Integral - Fourier

transform - elementary properties.

Module 2. PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS; Formation - solution of first

order equations - Homogeneous linear - equations with constant

coefficients.Applications of Partial Differential Equations - The vibrating string -

One dimensional heat flow - formation of the wave equation and heat equation by

the method of separation of variables - solution of the Laplace equation in two

dimensions.

Module 3. LINEAR PROGRAMMING PROBLEMS: Formulation - solution by

graphical and simplex methods - dulaity - The Transportation problem -

Assignment problem.

gases- Universal gas constant - specific heats - internal energy enthalpy - laws of

thermodynamics - thermodynamic processes - constant volume, constant

pressure, isothermal, adiabatic, polyenthropic, throttiling and free expansion -

P.V. diagrams, workdone - air cycles - Carnot, Otto and diesel cycles.IC engines -

working of two stroke and four stroke engines cycle-petrol and diesel engines -

carburators - spark ignitions system - diesel fuel pump and injector (principle

only) Power transmission - Belt, rope, chain and gear drives. (Principle only)

Module 2. Refrigeration and airconditioning - air refrigeration - vapour

compression and vapour absorption refrigeration, principles of airconditioning

(description only).Fluid mechnanics: Properties of fluids - pressure, vapour

pressure, compressibility, viscosity, surfacetension, toral pressure on a surface -

centre of pressure. Principles of fluid motion - continuity - Bernollie’s equation -

venturi meter - pitot tube - flow moist - oriffice meter - laminar and turbulent flows

- Reynolds number (no problems).

Module 3. Power plants - general layouts of hydro thermal and nuclear

powerplants - head works - penstokes - hydrolic tar lines - generation of steam -

modern biolers - steam turbines - condersers - diesel engine power plants - basic

principle of nuclear reactors - solar, tidal and wind power (description only).

Reference: Ballaney, Heat Engines Morse, Power Plant.

N.B.: Set total 9 questions, three from each module.Answer any two questions

from each module.

Module 1. Signals and Spectra. Line spectra and Fourier series - periodic signals

and average power - Gibbs phenomenon - Parseval’s power theorem - Fourier

transforms and continuous spectra-symmetric and causal signals - time and

frequency relations - time delay and scale change - frequency translation and

modulation - differentiation and integration - convolution and multiplication -

impulses and transforms in the limit - properties of the unit impulse - impulses in

frequency - step and signum function - impulses in time. Signal Transmission and

Filtering. Response of linear time invariant (LTI) systems - Impulse response and

super position integral - transfer function and frequency response - signal

distortion in transmission - distortionless transmission - linear distortion -

equalization - transmission loss - power gain - repeaters - radio transmission -

filter and filtering - ideal and real filters - pulse response and rise time -

correlation and spectral density - correlation of power signals, energy signals.

Module 2. Probability and Random Variables ,Probabilities and events -

probability as frequency of occurrence - sample space and axiomatic probability -

conditional probability and statistical independence - random variables and

probability funcitons - discrete random variables - continuous random variables -

CDF’s - PDF’s - Joint and conditional PDF’s statistical average - Means,

moments, expectations and standard deviation - probability models - Binomial,

Poisson, Gaussian and Rayleigh Distributions.Amplitude Modulation AM signals

and spectra - DSB signals and spectra - modulators: Product, Square law,

Balanced and switching modulators - SSB signals and spectra, VSB signals and

spectra.

Module 3. Exponential Continuous wave Modulation FM and PM signals - Narrow

band FM and PM - Tone modulation of FM and PM signals - Multitone and

periodic modulation - Modulation index and frequency deviation - Wideband FM -

Limiters - Reactance and Armstrong modulators.Detection of AM and FM

signals.AM detection; Frequency conversion and demodulation - Synchronous

detection - Envelope detection - Principles of superhetrodyne receivers - RF and

IF amplifiers - Mixer and local oscillator circuits - Tracking and alignment -

Neutralization and unilateralization.Detection of FM waves - Balanced slope

detector - Foster Seely discriminator - Ratio detector.

Text Bookss: Bruce Carlson - Communication systems 3 ed. Mc Grawhill.

N.B.: Set total nine questions, three from each module.Answer any two questions

from each module.

B, C, D, S - Harmonic distortion, efficiency and figure of merit of class A, AB, B;

transformer - coupled amplifiers, push pull amplifiers, advantages of push pull

amplifiers, complementary symmetry amplifiers, Design of a public address

system amplifier, power FETs, VMOS, amplifiers.Tuned Amplifiers Single tuned

circuits using BJTs and FETs, impedance transformations and transformer

coupling, narrow band tuned amplifiers, cascade tuned amplifiers, synchronous

and stagger tuning oscillation possiblilities in tuned amplifiers, Neutralisation,

Class C amplifiers, Power calculations, Expression for efficiency.

Module 2. DC Amplifiers.Various configurations of direct coupled amplifiers, study

of drift effect of Vbe, hfe, Icbo, Difference amplifier: Common mode and

difference mode signals, CMRR, Methods to improve CMRR, Cascading of

difference amplifier, chopper stabilized amplifier. Oscillators. Sinusodial

oscillators The Barkhausen criterion, practical considerations, Analysis and

design of RC phase shift oscillators, Wien bridge oscillators, Hartley and Colpitts

oscillators (all circuits using BJTs and FETs). Amplitude stabilizations, Crystal

oscillators, Frequency stability, stability criterion, UJT and Tunnel diode

oscillators.

Module 3. Astable, Monostable and Bistable multivibrators using BJTs, triggering

considerations, analysis and design of multivibrators. Schmitt trigger circuits,

Hystersis, Analysis and design of schmitt trigger circuits. Sweep Circuits .

Linearity, sweep speed error, displacement error, transmission error, voltage

sweep circuits, Transistor constant current sweep, Miller Sweep, Bootstrap

sweep Analysis and design of voltage sweep circuits, current sweep circuits,

simple current sweep, Linearity correction through adjustment of driving

waveforms transistor current time base generators, Blocking oscillators, a

triggered transistor blocking oscillator, base timing, emitter timing, Recovery,

Astable Blocking oscillators, Application of blocking oscillators.

References: 1. Electronic Circuit Design - An Engineering Approach Savant,

Roden, Carpenter, Benjamin. Cumming Publishing Co. 1987. 2. Electronic

Devices and Circuits - M.S.Ghausi 1985. Holt Saunders International Edition.3.

Microelectronics - Millman and Grabel Mc Grawhill 4. Integrated Electronics -

Millman and Halkias, Mc Grawhill. 5. Pulse Digital and Switching Circuits,

Millman and Taub, Mc

Grawhill. 6. Advanced Electronic Circuits, Titze and Schenk.

N.B.: Set total nine questions, three from each Module . Answer any two

questions from each module.

specified switching functions, Karnaugh method, Quine Mc-cluskey method,

Number system and their conversions, basic binary adders and subtractors, carry

look - ahead adders representation and addition of signed binary numbers, codes

for decimal numbers and their conversions, decimal adders/subtractors.

Integrated circuit gate, TTL, ECL, CMOS, NMOS, IIL Logic families,

characteristics and comparison of the major IC logic families, combinational logic

design using SSI gates, combinational logic design using MSI devices and

applications, combinational logic design using ROM array.

Module 2. Difference between combinational and sequential circuits, Flip - Flops,

Design of counters, up-down counters, shift registers, shift registers, ring

counters. Basic models of sequential machine, Equivalence and minimization,

General procedures for analysing and synthesizing synchronous flip flop circuits,

analysis of asynchronous sequential circuits, state assignment without critical

races for asynchronous circuits, synthesis fo asynchronous sequential circuits.

Memories ROM cells and circuits, PROMS, EPROMs, EEPROMs, static

read/write memories (RAMs) Bipolar RAM, MOSFET RAMs, ECL RAMs,

Dynamic RAMs programmable logic array, Magnetic disc memory, magnetic

bubble memory, CCDs.

Module 3. CMOS multivibrators, The CMOS astable multivibrators, Multivibrators

for short timing intervals. An integrated circuits TTL Monostable multivibrator

(74121), An integrated circuit timer (555). Fault detection and location classical

methods, path sensing methods, equivalent normal form method, Two level

circuit fault detection, multilevel circuits fault detection, boolean difference

method SPOOF method. Fault detection and location in sequential circuits -

Circuit test approach, initial state identification, final state identification Design of

Fault detection experiment in diagnosable machines.

References: 1. Digital circuits and logic design, Samuel C Lee 2. Introduction to

digital circuits, Theodore f. Bogart 3. Digital Integrated Electronics, Taub &

Schlling.

N.B.: Set nine questions, three from each Module Answer any two from each

module.

phase power using 2 wattmeters 03. Transformation Ratio and load test on single

phase transformer. 04. OC & SC tests on single phase transformer pre-

determination of efficiency and regualtion. 05. Seperation of core losses in a

single phase transformer . 06. O C C of self exited DC generator . 07. External

and Internal characteristic of DC generator . 08. Brake test on DC series Motor -

Determination of Motor characteristics. 09. Induction Motor starting and load

tests. 10. No load and blocked rotor tests on induction motor

(Use descrete components only) 01. RC coupled amplifiers using BJTs and FETs

. 02. Feed back amplifiers, Gain and frequency response. 03. Power amplifiers,

Maximum power transfer . 04. Difference amplifiers . 05. Cascade amplifiers . 06.

Phase shift, Wein Bridge, Hartly and Colpitts Oscillators, . UJT Oscillators. 07.

Astable, Monostable and Bistable Multivibrator circuits. 08. Schmitt trigger

circuits.

09. Tuned amplifiers, frequency response

SEMESTER V

See CIVIL SYLLABUS

INSTRUMENTS. Introduction - Classification of variables and analogies

-Generalised approach to a measuring system - Performance characteristics of

instruments - Analysis of errors - Units. TRANSDUCERS AND DISPLAY

DEVICES Introduction - Passive transducers - Active transducers - Resistive,

Inductive, Capacitive types - Electromagnetic, Thermo electric, Photovoltaic and

piezo electric transducers - Digital transducers. Theory of LED, LCD EPID

display devices and applications. SIGNAL CONDITIONING AND CONVERSION

Introduction - Transducer bridges - Instrumentation amplifiers - Analog digital

data and sampling - Interference, screens and shielding, signal recovery, filtering

to remove noise, lock in amplifiers, magnetic taperecording.

Module 2. SIGNAL GENERATORS Block schematics and principles of operation

of audio generators - Functions generators - Pulse generators - RF generators -

Frequency synthesizers. DIGITAL INSTRUMENTS Frequency counters - Period

counters, counting errors, digital voltmeters, autoranging, Digital LCR meters.

POWER METERS Block schematic and principles of operation of AF power

meter, RF power Microwave power meter, VSWR meter, Measurement using

above.

Module 3. CATHODE RAY OSCILLOSCOPE The cathode ray tube deflection

amplifier, wave form display, oscilloscope time base, automatic time base, dual

trace oscilloscope dual beam & split beam CRTs. Oscilloscope controls,

measurement of voltage, frequency and phase. lissajous figures. Pulse

measurement - Oscilloscope probe. SPECIAL OSCILLOSCOPES Delayed time

base oscilloscope and controls, analogue storage oscilloscope storage

oscilloscope controls, sampling oscilloscopes, digital storage oscilloscope.A/D

Conversion, storage, digital memory, D/A conversion, Recovery from memory

and digital oscilloscopes.Principles of operation of spectrum analysers, logic

state analysers.

References: 01. JONES: Instrumentation Measurement and Feedback, TMH

EDITION. 02. DOEBLIN: Measurement Systems: Application and Design, MC

GRAW-HILL BOOK COMPANY. 03. DAVID A BELL: Electronics Instrumentation

and Measurement, RUSTON PUBLISHING CO. INC. 04. OLIVER: Electronic

Measurement and Instrumentation, MC GRAW-HILL. 05. B.C. NAKRA:

Instrumentation Measurement & Analysis, TMH

diagram of a computer, Functional description of each unit, Basic operational

concepts, Bus structures, Software, Distributed computing, Addressing methods

and machine program sequencing memory locations, address and encoding of

information, main memory opeartions, instructions and instruction sequencing,

adddressing modes assembly language, PDP-11 addressing modes and

instructions, (programming not required), stacks, subroutines features of

instruction set of VAX, IBM AND CYBER, central processing unit, fundamental

concepts, execution of complete instruction, sequencing of control signals-

hardwired control and microprogrammed control micro intstructions, grouping of

control signals, imcroprogram sequencing, branch address modification, wide

branch addressing, micro instructions with next address field, prefetching

microinstructions, emulation bit slices, RISC processors multiprocessors.

Module 2. Design of ALU, Address, Fast address, Subtractors, Multiplication of

positive numbers, single operand multiplication-Booth algorithm, fast

multiplication, integer division, floating point numbers and operations, guard bits

and rounding Implementation of floating point operation, IEEE floating point

standards. I/O devices. Videoterminals, video displays, flat panel display graphic

input devices, printers. Mass storage devices, basic magnetic storage

techniques, magnetic disc systems, floppy discs, winchester discs, magnetic-

drum systems, magnetic tape systems, cartridge tape systems, magnetic bubble

devices, charge couple devices, file servers.

Module 3. I/O organization (1)accessing I/O devices (2)direct memory access,

(3)Interrupts and interrupt handling, enabling and disabling interrupts, handling

multiple devices, device identification, vectored interrupts, interrupt nesting

simultaneous requests, controlling device requests, PDP-11 interrupt structure,

types of interrupts. (4)I/O interfaces, interface design example, serial interface,

bus scheduling, standard I/O interfaces - multibus, Nubus, IEEE-488 bus, I/O

channels. Memory organization, cache memories, mapping functions, virtual

memory, memory management requirements, VAX-11 virtual memory system,

translation process- translation speed uptechniques paging, memory

management hardware.System software - assemblers, compliers, interpreters,

text editors, debuggers, loaders, linkers, operating system. Computer

communications, communication with a remote terminal, error control,

multiterminal configuration, circuits and message switching, Local Area

Networks.

Text Bookss: Computer Organization, V.CARL HAMACHER, ZVONKO G.

VRANESIC & SAFWAT G. ZABY, MC GRAW-HILL.

References: 01. STURCTURED COMPUTER ORGANIZATION, Andrew S.

Tanenbaum. 02. COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE AND ORGANIZATION, John P.

Hayes, MC Graw Hill.03. COMPUTER SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE, Mano. 04.

COMPUTER ORGANIZATION AND PROGRAMMING, C.William Gear.

of 741, qualitative description, dc and ac analysis of the circuits, frequency

response and high frequency equivalent circuits of 741, definition and

measurement of performance parameters of OP amplifiers, universal balancing

techniques, frequency compensation of OP amplifiers. Inverting non-inverting

types of amplifiers, adder, integrator voltage follower, Bridge amplifiers, reference

voltage source, V to I and I to V converter, current amplifiers, charge amplifiers,

differential amplifier, instrumentation amplifier, log and antilog amplifiers,

temperature compensation, limiter circuits, function generators, precision

rectifiers, comparators, window comparators, S/H circuits, schmitt trigger. Analog

multipliers, logarithamic, quarter square, triangular, averaging, time division and

current ratio multiplier circuits, analog divider, squre rooters.

Module 2. DACs, Specification, weighted resistor, R-2R ladder, current driver,

inverter ladder and bipolar DACs, comparison of various types. ADCs,

specification, single slope, dual slope, parallel and successive approximation

ADCs, ADCs using V to F conversion Comparison of various types of active

filters, characteristic, Butterworth function, second order transfer function of

various types of filters, frequency transformation, Infinite gain multiple feedback,

filter, infinite gain state. Variable filter, universal active filter, GIC, NIC, simulated

inductance circuits.

Module 3. RC phase shift, Weinbridge and quadrature oscillators, astable

monostable multivibrator, square wave form generators and its

application.Switched capacitor filters, advantages, limitation, integrators,

summing integrator, differential integrator lossy integrator, second order switched

capacitance filter. (only approximate analysis is required for SC filter) PLL and its

application, circuits of VCO, PD, study of 565 and 4046 PLL IC, (block

schematic). 8038 wave form generator ic, study of timer IC 555 and its

application.Study of voltage regulator IC 723, analysis and design of low voltage,

high voltage, positive and negative voltage regulator circuits, fold back current

limiting, floating voltage regulator circuits, fold back current limiting, floating

voltage regulator, 3 pin fixed, variable regulator, switching mode voltage

regulator, IC power amplifiers.

References: 01. OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS DESIGN AND APPLICATIONS -

G.E.Tobbey, J.G.Grame, L.P. Huelsman, M.C.Grawhill. 02. APPLICATION OF

ANALOG INTEGRATOR CIRCUITS - S. Soclof, PHI. 03. ADVANCED

ELECTRONICS CIRCUITS - Tietze and Shenk, Narosa Publishing House. 04.

OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS - Gaykward, PHI.

Transformation among rectangular, spherical and cylindrical co-ordinate

systems.Coulomb’s law, electric fields, electrical potential, fields of continuous

charge distribution, equipotential surfaces, fields due to the line and surface

charges. The gradient and its use in obtaining the force field from the work field.

Electric flux density and Gauss’s law, application of Gauss’s law, boundary

conditions for the electric field. Divergence and differential form of Gauss’s law.

Laplace’s equation, Poissons, equation, capacitance and electrostatic energy.

Two postulates for the magnetic field, Larentz force, magnetic field of a long

straight wire carrying. Force between two parallel wires, Magnetic field from a

wire loop, magnetic field in a solenoid and torrid magnetic flux and flux density,

Ampere’s law, magnetic field strength H and magnetomovive force F.

Applications of Ampere’s law, Inductance, energy stored in inductor. Circulation

and Curl of a vector field. Differential form of Ampere’s law. The magnetic vector

potential. Boundary conditions for the magnetic field.

Module 2. Maxwell’s equations - Interpretations - Vector in differential form. The

wave equation, wave equation for free space, wave equation in material media,

sinusoidal plane waves, plane waves in insulating and dielectric media. Plane

waves in conducting media. Conductors and insulators. Wave polarisation-Linear,

Elliptical, and circular polarisations. Flow of energy and pointing vector for

sinusoidal time variation complex pointing vector - simple application. Reflection

and refraction of plane wave at boundaries for normal and oblique incidence.

Brewster angle.

Module 3. The uniform transmission lines, The lossless lines. Reflection and

transmission at the end of a line. Reflection and transmission at a discontinuity

on the line. Lossless transmission lines with sinusoidal voltage sources.

Reflection and voltage standing wave ratio impedance matching using stub lines,

half wave transformer, quarter wave transformer, lines with losses - D.C. line,

Low frequency line (RC Cable). High frequency line, Smith chart.The hollow

rectangular wave guide-modes of propagation - wave guide as high pass filter-

dominant mode-concept of-calculations attenuation in wave guides. Intrinsic,

characteristic and wave impedances.

References: 01. MARTIN A PLONUS: Applied Electromagnetics . 02. JOHN D

DRAUS: Electromagnetic MC GRAW HILL. 03. HAYT (TMH): Engineering

Electromagnetics. 04. EDWARD C JORDAN: Electromagnetic waves and

Radiating Systems.

01. Characteristics of TTL and CMOS gates . 02. Realisation of logic circuits

using TTL & CMOS NAND/NOR gates. 03. Astable & Monostable using TTL and

CMOS gates . 04. Realisation of RS, T, D, JK & Master slave flip-flop using

gates. 05. Arithmetic circuits, Half adder, Full adder, 4-bit adder/subtractor, BCD

adders. 06. Shift register,counters,up/down counters,using flip-flops.07. Counter

ICs, Programmable counters/sequence generator. 08. BCD to decimal and BCD

to 7 segment decoder. 09. Multiplexers, Realization combinational circuits using

multiplexers.10. Monostable ICs.11. Timer Circuits.

Inverting and Non inverting amplifiers, frequency response of OP amplifiers,

Summing amplifier.. 03. Weinbridge Oscillator using OP amplifier with amplitude

stabilisation. 04. Triangular and square wave generators using OP amplifiers. 05.

Voltage comparator IC’s, Window Comparator. 06. IC voltage regulator, Fold

back protection. 07. IC power amplifiers. 08. Astable monastable and Schmitt

trigger circuits using OP amplifiers. 09. Simple type of switching mode power

supply. 10. Precision rectifier using OP amplifier. 11. Familiarisation of multiplier

IC, DAC, ADC, VCO.

SEMESTER VI

Common with 5 EE (93.502), 5 R (93.502),5 H (93.502)

circuits - simplex and duplex circuits - basic principles of teleprinter, fascimile, E

mail.TELEPHONY: Telephone hand set - dial - ASTIC - Uniselector and two

motion selectors - Trunking diagrams for 1000 and 10,000 line exchanges - IDF

and MDF - Line protectors. Basic principles of 3 channel power line, carrier

communication.

Module 2. Radio communication, Block diagram of AM and FM Radio

Transmitter, Circuits, Block diagram of AM and FM radio receiver circuits. Noise:

Different types of noise, Equivalent noise Bandwidth, Noise temperature, S/N

Ratio, Noise figure, Cascaded stages, experimental determination of Noise

figure. Pulse Modulation Systems. Sampling theorem - Analog pulse modulation

schemes - PAM and PPM - Generation and detection circuits - Bandwidth

requirements of each scheme, S/N of each, time division multiplexing.

Module 3. Digital pulse modulation - Pulse code modulation - generation and

reconstruction,quantization noise, nonuniform quantization and companding -

DPCM - Delta modulation adaptive delta modulation. PCM schemes - FSK, PSK,

QPSK & QASK, MSK, M- ary schemes, coherent and noncoherent systems

-detection of binary signal in the presence of noise, matched filter, correlation

Receiver, Data modems. Information Theory and Coding Information theory -

Source coding, Shannon - Fano Coding, Huffman Coding - Entropy and

information rate-Discrete channel Capacity. Shannons theorm, Shannon Hartley

law, Principles of channel coding, Block codes and convolutional codes Cyclic

code (Hamming Code) Generation and detection - Channel coding and Trellis

code modulation, ARQ systems.

References: 01. N.N. BISWAS - Principles of Telegraphy. 02. J.W. FREEBODY -

Telegraphy. 03. N.N.B.ISWAS - Automatic Telephony. 04. TAUB AND SCHILLING

- Principles of Communication Systems. 05. SAM SHUNMUGOM - Analog and

Digital Communication. 06. STREMLER - Introductin to Communication Systems.

07. HAYKIN - Digital Communication

power converters. Classification of switches diodes and silicon controlled

rectifiers. Controllable switches such as bipolar junction transistors (BJTs), power

MOSFETs, GTOs, Insulated gate Bipolar transistors(IGBTs). Static and dynamic

characteristics of these switches, spice models for these switches. DIODE

RECTIFIERS: Single phase three phase bridge rectifiers. LC and C filters.

Definition of power factor, influence on the AC line. Inrush currents at turn on.

Design of rectifier circuits. CONTROLLED RECTIFIERS: Single phase half wave

rectifier with different types of loads, extention to 1 phase full wave controlled

rectifieres and 3 phase half and full wave controlled rectifiers. Choice of inrush

and fuse protection considerations. AC/AC controllers.

Module 2. DC-DC SWITCHED MODE CONVERTERS: Introduction to switched

mode power converters. Basic principles of operation of Buck converters,

continuous and discontinuous conduction modes operation of PWM control I.C.

Buck boost and Cuck converters. Derived converters like push pull, forward, half

and full DC-DC converters.Introduction to magnetic components like

transformers and inductor. LINEAR AND SWITCH MODE POWER SUPPLIES:

Introduction to linear power supplies. Design of linear supply using linear

regulated ICs. Advantages and limitations of linear power supplies isolation

requirements. Design of multi-output half bridge converter and switched mode

power supply with a case study.

Module 3. POWER CONDITIONERS AND UNINTERRUPTABLE POWER

SUPPLIES: Power line disturbances, effect on sensitive loads such as computer

power supplies etc; power conditioners like voltage stabilisers EMI filters

principles of servo controlled and electronic stabilisers. Introduction to

Uninterruptable power supplies, battery chargers. Different types of inverters for

UPS system. Static switches. SOLID STATE CONTROLLED DRIVES: DC motor

system. Application of rectifier circuits and chopper circuits. AC motor system

application of AC regulators, inverters, and Cyclo converters. Pulse controlled

resistance. INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION: Photo electric devices and

optoisolators. Industrial application like counting of moving objects, automatic

control olf lighting, garage door opener etc. Basic theory of high frequency

heating and its industrial application.Ultrasonic and its application in industry.

Industrial X-ray application electrostatic precipitation and its application in

industry. Principle of resistance wilding. Resistance welding control with solid

state circuits.

References: 01. Ned Mohan :POWER ELECTRONICS: CONVERTERS,

APPLICATIONS AND DESIGN, John Willey & Sons 1989.02. Umanand &

Bhat :DESIGN OF MAGNETIC COMPONENTS FOR SWITCHED MODE

POWER CONVERTERS, Willey Eastern Ltd 1992. 03. Chryssis :HIGH

FREQUENCY SWITCHING POWER SUPPLIES: THEORY AND DESIGN, Mc

Graw Hill Book Company 1984.. 04. Cage :THEORY AND APPLICATION OF

INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, Mc Graw Hill Book Company. 05. Chute

:ELECTRONICS IN INDUSTRY, Mc Graw Hill Book Company (Fifth Edition). 06.

Cyrl W. Landu :POWER ELECTRONICS, Mc Graw Hill.07. P.C. Sen :POWER

ELECTRONICS, Mc Graw Hill.

key words, Data types, constants, variables and arrays, declarations

expressions, Relational and logical operators the conditional operator, Library

functions-Data Input and output-getchar, putchar, scanf, printf, gets and puts

functions-interactive programming.

Module 2. Control statements - While, do-while, for, nested loops, ifelse, switch,

break continue. The comma operator, goto statements. Functions-a brief

overview, defining a functions, accessing a function, passing arguements to a

function, specifying argument data types, function phototypes,

Recursion.Programme structure-storage classes, automatic variables, external

variables, static variables, multi-file programs, more about library functions.

Arrays:- Defining an array, processing an array, passing arrays to a function,

multimentionals arrays, arrays and strings.

Module 3. Pointers - Fundamentals, Pointer declarations, passing pointers to a

function, pointers and One-Dimensional arrays, Operations on Pointers, Pointers

and Multi-Dimensional arrays, Passing functions to other functions, More about

pointer declarations, Structures and unions: Defining structures, Processing a

structure, User defined data types (type DEF), Structures and pointers, passing

structures to a function, self referencial structures, Unions. Datafiles: Opening

and closing of a data file, Creating a data file, Processing a data file, Unformatted

details. Low level Programming: Register Variables, Bitwise operation,

bitfields.Some additional features of C:Enumeration, command line parameters,

More about library functions, mocros, the C pre processor.

Text Bookss: Theory and Problems of Programming with C Byron S. Gottfried.

(Schaums Outline Seris)

References: 01. The C Programming Language By Berain W. Kerningham &

Dennis M.Ritchie. 02. The Spirit of C - An Introduction to Modern Programming

By Mullish and Cooper. 03. Programming in C . By E. Balaguruswammy. 04.

Shaums Series - Programming with C . 05. Ram Kumar - Programming in ANSI

C

93.605 MICROPROCESSORS

Architecture and microcomputer - organisation of 8085 - comparitive study of the

architectural features of 280, 6800 and 6502. Instruction types, Addressing

modes - Instruction set of 8085 - Assembly language programming,

Programming examples. Instruction cycle, Machine cycle, clock cycle, Instruction

and Data flow, Timing diagrams. Interrupts, Basic Concepts, polling ventured

interrupts Priority Interrupt, Non maskable interrupt, Masking of interrupt in 8085,

Timing diagrams for interrupt.Functions of READY, Hold, HLDA. Timing diagram

associated with Halt instruction.

Module 2. Study of memory chips commonly used in present micro computer

system, memory access time, Cycle time, Timing of memory Read and write

cycle.Memory map of a typical microprocessor - Design of a memory system

using standard memory chips - Interfacing memory with 8085 CPU. I/O

interfacing - Memory maped I/O and I/O maped I/O. Data Trasfer schemes

between I/O and CPU. Synchronous and asynchronous, Interrupt driven data

transfer schemes, DMA data transfer, serial data transfer.Functional Diagram,

and Interface with CPU of the following peripheral devices .a. Programmable

Peripheral Interface - 8155 and 8255. b. Programmable interval timer - 8153. c.

Programmable Communication Interface - 8251. d. Programmable DMA

controller - 8257

Module 3. Functional diagram, interface with CPU and programming of the

following peripheral devices.. a. Programmable interrupt controller - 8259. b.

Programmable Key Board/Display Interface - 8279. c. Floppy Disk Controller -

8272. d. Winchester Disk controller - 82064. e. CRT controller - 8275, M6845.

Study of the design of a typical 8085 Microprocessor kit - study of Monitor

program.

Text Bookss: Microprocessor Architecture, Programming and application with the

8085/8080A by RAMESH S. GOANKAR.

References: 01. ROY W. GOODY: Microprocessors - Mc Graw Hill. 02.

SCHAMM’S SERVICES:Microprocessor Fundamentals - Mc Graw Hill. 03.

ADITYA P. MATHUR: Introduction to Microprocessors. 04. KENNETH L. SHORT:

Microprocessors and Programmed Logic. 05. GILMORE: Microprocessors -

Principles and Applications.

demodulation. 03. Passive filters, low pass, high pass, Band pass and Band stop

constant K and M derived filters. 04. Active filters configuration, low pass, band

pass, high pass, band stop filters. 05. Universal active filters. 06. Voltage

controlled oscillators. 07. Frequency modulation and frequency of demodulation.

08. Gyrator circuits, inductive simulators. 09. Harmonic generators. 10.

Familarisation of PLL, measurement of lock capture range, frequency

demodulation, frequency multiplier using PLL. 11. Measurement of sensitivity,

selectivity and fidelity of radio receivers.

Design Fabrication and Testing of simple systems like power supply function

generator, public address system, radio receiver, tape recorderss etc., Study of

PCB fabrication, circuit design using computer and lay out.

SEMESTER VII

and interelectrode capacitance effects, scorn tube, light house tube pencil tube,

Transit time effects, Introduction to wave guide cavity, Resonators.Klystrons,

Two-cavity Klystrons, velocitymodulation process and Bunching process

including analysis, applegate diagram, output power and efficiency, Reflex

Klystrons, velocity modulations, Oscillations mechanism with the help of

admittance diagram, power output and efficiency travelling wave magnetrons,

different modes of oscillation in travelling wave magnetrons, Mode seperators,

Riecke diagram, tuning of magnetron.

Module 2. TWT, slow wave structures, Helix travelling wave tubes, analysis of

TWT, performance comparison of Klystron, Magnetron and TWT. Introduction to

microwave solid state devices, Varactor diodes, PIN diodes, Gunn diodes, Tunnel

diodes, IMPATT, TRAPATT, Microwave transistors, Microwave field effect

transistors. Principles of parametric amplifiers, masers, essential components of

a Ruby maser amplifier, Elemetary ideas on laser.

Module 3. Scattering Matrix and its uses, Waveguide Tees, Eplane Tees, H Plane

TEE magic Tee, Hybrid ring, Directional Couplers, Simple analysis using S

matrix, waveguide corners, Bends, Twists.Farady rotation, circulation, Isolators,

Phase shifter, Duplexer, Diplexer.Microwave measurement of impedence, Power

frequency attenuation and VSWR, Industrial application of microwave,

Microwave heating.

References: 01. Microwave Devices and Circuits - Samuel Y. Liao. 02.

Microwave principles - Reich, Ordung & Skolnik. 03. Theory and applications of

Microwave - Arthur B. Brownwell and Robert E. Collins. 04. Foundations of

Microwave Engineering - R.E. Collins. 05. Microwave Theory and Application -

Stephen F. Adams. 06. Microwave Engineering - R. Chetterjee. 07. Microwave

Engineering - Helsazajir.

Module 1. Discrete time signals and systems linearity, time invariances, causality,

impulse response, step response, convolution difference equation, frequency

domain representation of discrete time system & signals, effect of sampling on

frequency response, aliasing frequency response from impulse response.Z

Transform, region of convergence, properties of Z Transform, inverse Z

Transform, pole-zero location of discrete time system on Z plane, stability and

frequency response from pole-zeros plot.

Module 2. Digital filters representation - signal flow graph. Basic network

structure for IIR filter. Direct cascaded, parallel form, Basic network structure for

FIR filters, direct, cascaded form, linear phase FIR filters, Canonic form.Discrete

fourier transform - properties: Circular convolution, Linear Convolution using D F

T, Fast fourier transforms - decimation in time and decimation in frequency, FFT

algorithms - general computation considerations. Bluestein algorithm, DSP chip -

a general study. Application of FET for spectral analysis, convolution, spectral

density, Power spectrum.

Module 3. Properties of FIR filters, design of FIR filters using windows, computer

aided design of FIR filters, Optimisation, Frequency sampling method.Design of

IIR digital filters from analogue filters, Impulse invariant and Bi-linear

transformation, computer aided design of IIR filters. A comparison of IIR digital

filters with FIR filters.

References: 01. Digital Signal Processing - Alan V. Oppenhein, Ronald W

Schafer. 02. Introduction to Digital signal Processing - KUC. 03. Principles of

Signals & Systems - F.J. Taylor. 04. Principles of DSP - Johnson. 05. Digital

Signal Processing - Lonnie C. Ludeman.

systems transfer function of linear systems - feed back control systems -

convolution integral - transfer functions of simple mechanical and electro

mechanical systems.Block diagrams and signal flow graphs - block diagram

reduction - Meson’s gain formula - typical examples.

Module 2. Standard test signals time response of second order systems - natural

frequency and damping ratios - steady state and dynamic error coefficients.

Effect of derivative and Integral controls error coefficients. Effect of derivative and

integral controls on the transient performance of control systems.Root locus

method - construction of Root Locus stability analysis - Routh’s & Hurwitz stability

criterion. Frequency response analysis - polar and lograithmic plots (Nyquist and

Bode plots) - Nyquist stability criterion - phase and gain margins - closed loop

frequency response - lead, lag, lead-lag compensation - M & N Circles Nichol’s

charts.

Module- 3. Elements od discrete control systems, introduction to Z Transforms

and inverse Z-Transforms, transfer function of discrete data stystem, simple

closed loop discrete data systems, stability of closed-loop discrete data systems

by Routh Hurwitz cirterion.Control system components - DC and AC servometers

- Pneumatic Hydraulic systems - examples - fluidics - typical fluidic system -

stepper motors.

Text Bookss: 01. Modern Control Engineering - OGATA, Prentice Hall. 02.

Automatic Control System - B.C. KUO, PHI.03. Feedback of control system -

Distefano, Mc Graw Hill. 04. Linear Control Systems - D Azzo-Houpo, Mc Graw

Hill.

potential radiation from current element -field component of far field. Current

contributions - radiation resistance of a half wave dipole. Basic ideas of

reciprocal resistance - gain, radiation intensity, directiveity, beam width, HPBW,

BWFN, Effective area, effective length wave polarisation, FBR, antenna

efficiency, radiation pattern, effect of earth on horizontal and vertical

pattern.Antenna arrays-factors affecting radiation pattern-Array of point sources -

Broadside and fire arrays condition - Hansen - Woodyard arrays. Principle of

pattern multiplication. Non-uniform arraya - Binomial array. Pascal - Triangle,

Distribution, Antenna Terminal impedance, Antenna Temperature and signal to

noise ratio.

Module 2. Special purpose antenna - Marconi Antenna - Antenna Relector

Antennas, V & Rhombic Antenna - Frequency Independent antenna - Log

periodic. Yagi-Uda antenna, Horn Antenna - Helical antenna - circular

polarisation. Antenna matching: Measurements: Measurement of field strength

impedance, radiation pattern radiation resistance gain directivity and effective

length.

Module 3. Basic ideas of ground propagation - Surface wave propagation - plane

earth reflection - field strength at a distance wave tilt space wave field strength at

a distance effect of earth’s curvature, distance between elevated antenna.

Troposphiric scattering super reflection. Ionosphiric propagation - structure of

Ionosphere - Effective di-electric constant of Ionosphere - effect of earth’s

magenetic field Gyro frequency, mechanism of radio wave reflection- critical

frequency and virtual height, maximum usable frequency and skip distance.

Optimum working frequency.

References: 01. Antennas - John D Draus, Mc Graw Hill. 02. Antenna Circuits

Theory - Bellanis. 03. Electronics and Radio Engineering - Terman . 04. Antennas

and Radio Wave Propagation - Collins.

ELECTIVE I

amount of information - units, entropy - marginal, conditional and joint entropies -

relation among entropies, Mutual information, Information rate, Shannon’s

theorm, channel capacity - Redundancy and efficiency of a channel, symmetric

channels - Binary symmetric channel (BSC), Binary erasure channel (BEC),

capacity of a channel of infinite bandwidth, Use of orthogonal signals to attain

Shannon’s limit, Efficiency of orthogonal signal transmission.

Module 2. Source encoding: Instantaneous codes, construction of instantaneous

codes, Kraft inequality, coding efficiency and redundancy, Noiseless coding

theorm, construction of some basic source codes - Shannon - Fano coding,

Huffman coding. Channel Coding:Coding for error detection and correction -

Block codes - Error detecting and error correcting capabilities - generator and

parity check matrices, standard array and syndrome decoding, examples of

algebraic codes - Hamming codes, Cyclic codes - Encoding and decoding.Burst

error correction - Block and convolutional interleaving. Introduction to ARQ

systems.

Module 3. Convolutional codes - Encoding, Tree, Trellis and state diagrams,

Transfer function and minimum free distance, decoding in the presence of noise

viterbi decoding, sequential decoding - Stack algorithm, Trellis decoded

modulation. Information Theory application:Optimum modulation system,

comparison of AM system with the optimum system, comparison of FM system,

comparison of PCM & FM system.

References: 01. H. TAUB & D.L. SCHILLING - Principles of Communication

Systems (TMH, New Delhi). 02. Dr. P.S.SATHYANARAYANA - Probability,

Information Coding Theory (Dynaram Publication, Bangalore). 03. J.DAS, S.K.

MULLICK, P.K.CHATTERGEE - Principles of Digital Communication (Wiley

Eastern Ltd.)04. JOHN G. PROAKIS - Digital Communication (Mc Graw Hill)

Module 1. Optical fibre types - Rays and modes - stop - index fibre structure -

Ray optics representation - wave representation - grade - index fibre structure -

GI numerical aperture.Fibre material and Fabrication methods: Outside CVD,

Modified CVD and VAD methodes - losses in fibres - attenuation absorption,

scattering and radiation losses - signal distortions - intra model and inter model

distortions: Group delay, material and wave guide distortions - fibre optic cables.

Module 2. Mode Theory for Circular Wave Guides:Wave and field equations in

the circular cylindrical wave guides - wave equation for step index fibres - model

equations modes in step index fibres - model equations modes in step index

fibres, cut-off condition and V-parameter. Optical sources: Light Emitting Diodes -

LED structures - surface and edge emitters, mono and hetero structures -

internal quantum efficiency - Injection Laser Diodes structures - comparison of

LED and ILD.

Module 3. Optical Detectors: The PN junction photo diode - PIN photodetectors -

Avalanche photo diode construction characteristics and properties - comparison

of performance noise sources - simple - simple model of photo receiver - Its

equivalent for circulation of noise SNR. Transmission Link Analysis: Point to point

links - system consideration - Link power budget - rise time budget - transmission

distance version bit rate - wave lingth division multiplexing - data buses - star

configuration and coupler data buses.

Text Bookss: 01. Optical Fibre Communication - Gerd Keiser, Mc Graw Hill’83.

PROCESSING

addressing formates of recent computers - VAX-11/785, IDM 378/168, RISC

machines (R3000), microprocessors and micro controllers - MC68020/30, Intel

80383/486, pentium, GSPs TMS 32020 etc. Concepts of parallel processing,

SISD, SIMD, MISD, MIMD architectures, multi programming, time sharing,

parallel computer structures - pipe line computer structures, array processors,

data flow, paralel applications - predictive modelling and process simulations,

CAD CAE/CAX, medical, military and basic research.

Module 2. Memory and I/D subsystems, addressing schemes for main memory,

virtual memory, paged and segmental memory, memory allocation and

management, cache memories, block replacement policies, characteristics of I/O

sub systems, interrupt handling, I/O processors/channels/pipelining concepts

classification of pipeline processors/channels-pipelining concepts classification of

pipeline processors, reservations tables, interleaved memory organisations,

instruction arithmetic pipelines, design of piplined instruction units, design of

arithmetic pipelines, principles of designing pipelined processors, instruction

prefetch, branch handling, data buffering, intel forwarding and register tagging,

hazard detection and resolution, job sequencing and collision avoidance, vector

processing requirements.

Module 3. Vector super computers, attached processors, architecture of star -

100 and TIASC. architecture of AP-120B, back-end vector computers, FPS-164,

IBM3838 recent vector computers - Cray X-MP, Cyver 205, CDC-NASF, Fujitsu

Vp-200 design of vectorizing compilers, optimization of vector perations, SIMD

inter connection networks, static, dynamic and mesh connected networks, cube

inter connections, barrel shifter and data manipulation, parallel algorithms for

array processors - Associative Array processors - associative memory

organizations, associative processors, basic ideas regarding SIMD computer

performance enhancement, multiprocessor architecture, loosely/tightly coupled

multi processors, multi processing control and algorithms, case studies of S-1,

C.mmp, IMD 370/168 3033, 3081,Cray X-MP & Cray 2.

References: 01. Computer Architecture & Parallel processing - KAI Hwand &

Driggs, Mc Graw Hill. 02. The Architecture of Pipe Lined Computers-Kogge,Mc

Graw Hill. 03. IEEE Computer

systems of the body - generation & propagation of Bioelectric

potentials.Transducers, Leads & Electrodes: Transducers for biological

applications types, properties, characteristics & selection.Leads & Electrodes:

Types, materials, properties, characteristics. Method of application and selection

- equivalent circuits of leads & electrodes. Fundamentals of biomaterials:

Compatability studies of metals, ceramic plastics used in the inplantable devices.

Module 2. Biopotential amplifiers, recorders & monitors: Amplifiers - types and

characteristics. Recorders & monitors Galvanometric, potentiometric, ultra-violet

electrostatic, thermal array, Ink jet recorders, video monitors, colour

printers.Electro physiological recorders:EC : Working principles, Electrode

system & clinical applns. EEG : Working principles, lead system & clinical

applicationsEMG : Working principles, & clinical applications. Evoked potential

systems, Audiometry.

Module 3. Theraputic instruments: Diathermy, defibrilletor, cardiac pacemakers,

stimulators. Power source for implantable devices.Laser Applications in

machine.X-Rays: Production & use in machine, basics of radiography, diagnostic

& therapeutic - X-Ray film construction and processing, interaction with

body.Fundamentals of Radiation Therapy.

References: 01. Principles of applied Biomedical intstrumentation - Geddes &

Baker.02. Biomedical Instrumentation & Measurements - Gromwell. 03.

Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation - R.S. Kandpur.

Module 1. State Space Analysis: Concept of state, State variables, state space

representation of physical systems, cononical form of state space representation.

Solution of state equations - time variant and time invariant systems, Laplace

Transform solution, state transition matrix - interpretation and properties -

computation by different methods. Transfer function from state space

representation. State variable analysis of linear discrete systems.

Module 2. Controllability and Observability: Definition, physical meaning and

conditions - phase variable forms, effect of pole zero cancellation. Detectability

and stabilizability.State space Design: State feedback and pole placement,

limitations of state feedback, tracking problems, bass - Gura formula.Computer

aided design tools for control systems: Introduction to MATLAB -formation of M-

files. Introduction to SIMULINK.Modeling of physical systems by energy method -

Lagrange’s equation - derivation.

Module 3. Modeling of complex physical systems: Inverted pendulum on moving

cart, study of blood sugar and insulin level in a diabetic patient, stirred process

tank, Hot air balloon - controllability and observability of these systems.

Reduction of lime stone by heating, Distillation column, motion of coupled

masses, speedometer, Rocket dynamics.

References: 01. Friedland B., Control Systems Design - An Introduction to State

Space Methods, Mc Graw Hill, New York, 1987. 02. Kailath T., Linear Systems,

Prentice Hall, Englewoods Cliffs, N.J., 1980. 03. Chen C. and I.J. Hass, Elements

of Control Systems Analysis - Classical and Modern approaches, PHI, Inc., N.J.,

1968.04. Ogata K., State Space Analysis of control Systems, PHI, Englewood

Cliffs, N.J., 1967.

Elevator simulator board. b. EPROM programmer. c. Data Acquisition board. d.

Hardware Single Stepping Board. e. Video Display board. f. LED moving graphic

display board.

01. Characteristics of SCR, holding current, latching current, turn off time, etc.

02. MOSFET Drive-measurement of input capacitance, Rds on 03. Single phase

gate control circuits for bridge circuits. 04. Trigerring circuits using UJT. 05. Study

of fully controlled converters - single phase. 06. Study of half controlled

converters - single phase. 07. Control circuits for single phase bridge inverter. 08.

Study of single phase bridge inverter. 09. PWM controller - (TL494/UC3524)

study. 10. Study of DC/DC chopper. 11. Control circuit for DC/DC chopper. 12.

Non-isolated bick converter.

Expected specification of the project and its design are to be completed in this

semester. Markas for the project design is to be awarded as per a continuous

monitoring and evaluation of the progress of the project design. Viva-voce

(internal) is to be conducted by two staff members (one staff member is guide) of

the department to award the 50% of sessional mark. A seminar is to be

presented by each student on an emerging & current topic. A report is to be

prepared. Sessional mark is to be awarded on the basis of presentation, and the

contents of

the report. This report should be brought at the time of final viva-voce to be

conducted at the end of the eighth semester.

SEMESTER VIII

Module 1. Introduction to 16 and 32 bit microprocessors - Internal architecture of

8086 - comparative study of the architectural features of 8086, 8088, 80186.

80188 and 80306. Study of coprocessor chip 8087. The architecture of IBM PC

based on the 8008 CPU.Hardware overview of 8086 - pin functions of 8086.

Maximum and minimum mode of 8086 - Basic signal flow on 8086 buses. Timing

diagrams associated with required machine cycle. 8086 memory addressing and

I/O addressing 8086 memory banks - Timing parameters of 8086.

Module 2. Addressing modes of 8086 - Instruction set of 8086 - constructing the

machine for 8086 instruction - Developing 8086 assembly language programs.

Features of assemblers - macros directives. 8086 interrupts and interrupt service

routines - 8086 interrupts and interrupt responses. Hardware interrupt

applications.

Module 3. Interface design and programming.. 01. A speech synthesiser

interface.. 02. Parallel printer interface.. 03. Interfacing Keyboards.. 04.

Interfacing microcomputer ports to high power devices.. 05. LCD interfacing.. 06.

Interfacing microcomputer ports to high power devices.. 07. D/A converter

operation and interfacing to microcomputer.. 08. A/D converter operation and

interfacing.. 09. 8086 based process control system. 10. Microcontroller and

interfacing.. 11. Interfacing with IBM PC bus. 12. Using a logic analyser to

trouble-shoot a micro computer system.

Text Bookss: Microprocessor and Interfacing - Programming and Hardware By

Douglas V. Hall.

References: 01. Intel Data Sheets.. 02. Microprocessor Systems: The 8086/8088

Family - Architecture . Programming and Design., Yu Cing Liu, Glenn A Gibson.

and synchronisation, nature of picture signal, line and field frequency, video

bandwidth, interfacing, complete video waveform, TV standards (CCIR). Signal

generation, vidicon and plumbicon, principle and operation of each, transfer

characteristic, theory of orthogonal scanning, focussing and alignment target

materials, comparison of their characteristics. Aperture distortion and correction.

Video mixing, DC restorer. Gamma correction, silicon diode array vidicon.

Module 2. Transmitter: Modulation systems used in vision and audio transmitter,

merits of vestigial sideband modulation, block diagram of a TV transmitter,

transmitter and receiver response characteristics - diplexer - transmitting

antenna, TV signal propagation, range.Receiver: Sensitivity and noise figures,

tuner circuits, choice of IF, IF amplifier Detectors, sound separation, keyed

AGC,Video frequency amplifiers, sync pulse separation, deflection circuits,

receiver controls - distortion and correction. Receiver power supply system, TV

receiving antennas.

Module 3. Colour TV, colour characteristics, colour mixing, colour theory

chromaticity diagram. PAL system - colour difference signals and chroma signal

generator. encoder and decoder. Block diagram of a PAL D colour TV transmitter

colour picture tube - delta gun, PIL trinitron ADG circuits receiver block diagram.

Principle of video cassette recording (VHS), salient features of NTSC and

SECAM system. Basic ideas of satellite TV and Cable TV system.

References: 01. A.R.Gulati - Modern TV Practice - Wiley Eastern. 02. A.M.Dhake

- Television Engineering - Tata Mc Graw Hill. 03. S.P.Bali - Colour TV, TMH 04.

R.R.Gulati - Monochrome & Colour TV.

propagation, characteristics of LOS systems, choice of frequency - fading

diversity reception modulation scheme - Transmitters receivers - repeaters

antenna design - design of microwave links. Principle of satellite communication -

Geostationary orbits, global positioning systems, transmission path - Noise

consideration satellite transponders Earth station EIRP, Back off - microwave link

design multiple access system - Telemetry.

Module 2. Optical communication systems - details of fibers characteristics -

sources & detectors - Transmitters/receivers system loss budgeting, connectors

& splicers - system power budgeting, Optical integrated circuits optical logic

gates, Fibre Optic transducers, photonic switching, optical LOS systems, current

trends. Mobile communications Land mobile and paging - Cellular telephony,

PCM systems.

Module 3. Basic principles of data communication - synchronous and

asynchronous transmission - digital data transmission formats NRZ, RZ, AMI, ASI

& Manchester coding, Error correcting codes, hamming codes, orghogonal

codes, switching - circuit switching, message switching, packet switching -

standard communication interface multipliers and concentrators - protocols

(BOP-COP - standard networks and standards, OSI, (D) ARPANET, NICNET,

SNA, SELS etc. Lan types of LAN - WAN, Digital telephony, basic principle of

ISDN - E Mail - Voice mail.

References: 01. Communication Systems Design, Loss and Troposcattering

Philips Panther (Mc Graw Hill). 02. Optical Fiber Communication, John M. Senior,

(Prentice Hall). 03. Optical Fiber Communication, Crower. 04. Satellite

communication, James Martin. 05. Computer Networks, Andrew S.Tanenbaum,

(Prentice Hall of India). 06. Mobile Cellular Communication, W.Y. Lee, (Mc Graw

Hill).

- Radar range equation - Radar range performance factors - Radar cross section

of targets. Beacon and beacon equation, system losses - CW and FM-CW Radar

- the Doppler effect - Block diagram of CW radar and FM-CW radar operation -

Multiple frequency CW radar. MTI & Pulse Doppler Radar - Introduction,

Description of operation - block diagram - Delay line Cancellers - multiple of

staggered PRFs - Range gated doppler filter - pulse doppler Radar and its

performance. Tracking with Radar - tracking method - sequential lobing - conical

scanning - Monopulse tracking.

Module 2. Radar transmitters and receivers. Introduction to modulation - Line

type modulator hard tube modulator - Saturable Reactor modulator - Solid state

modulator - Receiver - Block diagram - and operation - Crystal mixer - Balanced

mixers - Low noise front ends - Duplexer and Receiver protector - Radar

Displays. A-scope and PPI.

Module 3. Navigation Aids: Introduction - Radio direction finding - the loop

antenna - Goniometer - Adcok direction finders - errors in direction finders - VHF

ef radio ranges LF/MF radio range VHF maximum range - block diagrams of

transmitting and receiving equipment range and accuracy - doppler VOR -DME-

Hyperbolic Navigation.Systems - LORAN-DECCA-TACAN-Landing Systems-

GCA-ILS-MLS Guidance: Basic guidance-Block diagram - Inertial guidance -

Stabilised platform - Inertial guidance - components. Gyroscopes-free

gyroscopes-rate integrating gyroscopes-single degree freedom gyros - servo

accelerators - application of gyroscopes - basic principles of serve system

components.

References: 01. Introduction to Radar Systems - Merril I.Skolnik (Mc G H). 02.

Principles of Radar - Rointies J.F. and Coata (Mc Graw Hill). 03. Elements of

Electronic Navigation - N.S. Nagarja (Mc G.H). 04. C. Kingston - Understands

Radar System - (Mc Graw Hill). 05. Manual of Avionics - Drian Kendal (B SP

professional Books Oxford). 06. Intertial guidance - Pitman U.R. (John Wiley)

ELECTIVE II

multidimensional sequences, Digital image processing in practice, digitalising

images, characteristic of an image digitiliser, types of image digitisers,

components, electronic image tubes, other systems, Film scanning digital image

displays, display characteristics technologies, image processing software,

software organisation, processing sequence, the grey level. Histogram,

Introduction to Histograms, Uses of histograms, Relations between histogram

and image. Point operations, linear point operations, point operations and the

histogram, applications of point operations.

Module 2. Introduction to Algebraic operations, applications, geometric

operations, grey level Interpolation, spatial transformation, Applications,

geometric operations, Linear filtering theory Harmonic signals and complex

signal analysis, Convolution operation, Applications of digital filtering some useful

functions, Convolutional filtering, Filter design, examples of common filters,

optional filter, design, ocessing sampled data, computing data, truncation, optics

and system analysis, diffraction limited optical systems, Aberrations in an

imaging system.

Module 3. Applications of digital image processing - image restoration,

Approaches and models, super resolution, system identification DTF from

degraded image spectrum, Noise modelling. Image segmentation by thresholding

optical threshold selection, gradient optical threshold selection, gradient based

structure. Measurement and classification - size, shape, measurements, feature

selection, classification 3 dimensional image processing optical sectioning; CAT,

stereo metric ranging, stereoscopic image display shaded surface display.

References: 01. Kenneth R. Castleman: Digital Image processing, PHI. 02.

Oppenheim & Schaffer: Discrete Time signal Processing,PHI. 03. Gonzalaz R.C.

& P. Wint:Digital Image Processing, Addison. 04. Jensen J.R: Introducing Digital

Image Processing..05. Lim : Digital Image processing Mc Graw Hill.

Multiprocessing and multitasking, Network structures - network tapologies,

communication protocols and standards, design issues, messages and

switching, circuit switching and packed switching, OSI refrence model physical

layer and data drink layer, Network layer, session layer presentation layer,

application layer, Data Transmission in the OSI model.

Module 2. OSI Terminology connection oriented and connection less service,

service primitives, The relationship of service to protocols, public network,

USENET, BITNET, ERNET, NICNET, VVCP, SNA, E-mail, voice mail, services,

ISDN system architecture, digital PBX & PABX, ISDN interface, C-Dot PAD,

PABX Terminal handling, polling, multiplexing verses concentration.

Module 3. Theoritical basis for data transmission, maximum data rate of a

channel baseband coaxial cable, broadband coaxial cable, FDDI, communication

satellites, the telephone system, modules, RS449, digital channel error

detection/correction parity check, CRCs, ARQ, transmission strategies, stop -

and wait ARQ, ARPANET ARQ, Go back ARQ, selective repeated ARQ,LANs,

and WANs, ALOHA protocols, LAN protocols SONET and satellite network,

packet radio network, routing algorithms Inter Networking - bridges and

gateways, quality of services, connection management dialogue management,

data exchange, activity management, RPC, Orphans, Data presentatiion, data

compression, network security and privacy, application lever issues, virtual

terminals, file transfer access and management.

References: 01. Andrew S. Tanenbaum : Computer Network, PHI.. 02. Dimitri

Bertsekas & Robert Gallager : Data Network, PHI. 03. Gilli Wates : Computer

Communication Network, Mc Graw Hill.

attenuation measurement method - optical time domain reflectometer - Fibre

Facult location - Dispersion measurements - refractive - index - profile

measurements - end reflection technique - Transmitted near - field scanning

method - refracted near field technique - interferometric method - focussing

method - Eye pattern.

Module 2. Interferometers Principle of interferometers wavefront - splitting &

amplitude splitting - various types of interferometers such as Young’s,

Michelson’s, Twyman - Green, Fabri - Parot Jamime, Machzehader, and Sagnac

Newton’s rings and multiple beam interferometry - application of interometry.

Module 3. Holography Holographic recording - Mathematical principles - off - axis

holography - recoding and reconstruction classification of holograms Fresal

helogram - Fourier transform hologram - Microwave, Acoustic and computer

holograms - holographic interferometry - application of holography in industry.

References: 01. Gerd : Optical Fiber Communication. 02. Guenther : Modern

Optics (J.Wiley). 03. Hecht & Zajac : Optics (Addisonwerly 1974). 04. Gerd

Keiser : Optical Fiber Communications, Mc Graw Hill.

non invasive methods - Ultra sound, Spygmomanometer Automated methods -

direct methods. Blood flow: Electro-magnetic, Ultrasound, Blood cell counters.

Applications of Ultra sound-basic physics of Ultra sound generation, Echo

cardiography, Modes of Scan, Doppler measurements, Biological effects - colour

doppler.

Module 2. Fluoroscopic Imaging Systems - Image intensifier, Subtraction

Angiography CT scanner. MRI - PET - Radio Isotope imaging - Gama Camers.

Therapeutic Systems: Respiratory Equipment: Inhalator, Nebuliser, Aspirator,

Humidifier, Ventilators: Electrolyte balance & blood gas instrumentation - Gas

analysers.

Module 3. Lithotripters Orthotics and prosthetics: Heart - Lung machine - artificial

kidney artificial heart. Electrical Safety: Response of human body to voltages of

different levels and frequency - micro shock and macro shock - operating

precautions. Hospital Utilities: (General description only). Gas supply, Theatre

lighting, tables, air-conditioning, sterilisation systems.

References: 01. Principles of Applied Biomedical Instrumentation, Geddes &

Baker.. 02. Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurements, Cromwel.. 03. Hand

book of Bio -medical Instrumentation, R.S. Kandpur.. 04. Fundamental Physics of

Radiography, Massey & Meridith.. 05. Medical Physics , Christanson.. 06. Hand

book of Analytical Equipment, R.S. Kandpur.

compensator, Realisation of basic compensators - lag, load,

lag-lead compensators, compensator design - root locus method - frequency

domain approach, comparison of cascade compensators, feedback

compensation, rate feedback compensation.

Module 2. Control system design by state space approach: Review of state

space analysis, state feedback and pole placement, tracking problems, observer

design - separation property, reduced order observer. Multivariable control

systems - state space representation, controllability and observability -

contributions by Kalman, Gilbers, Hautus. Polo assignment. Linear Quadratic

Regulator problem - properties, introduction to H control.

Module 3. Nonlinear system control systems: Common physical non-linear

systems, phase plane method - construction of phase trajectories - by analytical

method, graphical method - Isocline method, delta method. Describing function

method - basic concepts, describing function of different non-linear systems -

Ideal relay with dead zone, relay with hysterisis etc. Stability analysis - Lyapunov

method, construction of Lyapunov functions.

References: 01. D’Azzo, J.J. and C.H. Houpis, Linear control systems analysis

and design, conventional and modern, Mc Graw Hill Inc., New York, 1995. 02.

Friedland, B., Control Systems Design - An Introduction to State Space Methods,

Mc Graw Hill, New York, 1987. 03. Stefani., R.T., C.J. Savant, B. Shahian and

G.H. Hostotter, Design of feedback control systems, Saunders college publ.,

Florida, 1994. 04. Gibson, J.E. Nonlinear Automatic control, Mc Graw Hill,1963.

05. Hau, J.C. and A.U. Meyer, Modern control principles and applications, Mc

Graw Hill, New York, 1968.

Module 1. MOS structure. Threshold voltage, its correction by body bias and ion

implantation. NMOS, PMOS, CMOS.MOS IC to chronology: Masking steps in

Metal gate and silicon gate technologies. Basic bipolar IC Technology: Masking

steps, component isolation techniques, problems of metal corss over. Digital

MOS circuits with saturated mode, triode mode and depletion mode loads and

CMOS, static and dynamic performance bR ratio, ratioless logic. MOS circuits

design on the chip for given set of technology parameters and voltages. Effect of

tolerances or spreads in V , V , V , mobility and temperature on design. Influence

of body affect on design. Manufacture design rules: Circuit layout in metal gate

and silicon gate technologies. Design using Lambda based design rules of Mead

and Conway. Pass transistor logic in NMOS and CMOS systems: Mapping from

relay logic into silicon to evolve pass transistor logic, pass transistor ALU, tree

network, multiplexer - demultiplexer circuits, selectro logic, tally circuits, delays in

pass transistor logic, use of level resotoring inverters. Driving large capacitive

loads ordinary buffer chain and super buffers. Two phase clocking schemes, gate

capacitance as a temporary store and pass transistor shift registers, register to

register, transfer structured design methodology of mead and convey. Use of

stick diagrams for design of topology of layout. MOS PLAS, their stick diagrams

and layout, finite state machines .Bottom up and top down design, Custom

design. Various semicustom design approaches. Choice of technology, 1 L logic.

Computer aids for design: logic simulation, circuit simulation, layout, VLSI testing.

Problems in going from LSI to VLSI scaling for VLSI.

kit. Digital optical communications using fibre optic communication kit.

Communication switching circuit design of a 2 x 2 cross bar switch. Hamming

codes - Encoder/Decoder, Digital filters - first order filter, ADC/DAC. ADC/DAC

Microprocessor based. Frequency shift keying - decoding using PLL.Delta

modulation using discrete ICs. Display systems.

MICROWAVE LAB: Familiarisation of microwave components. Reflex Klystron

characteristics. Low and high VSWR measurements. Verification of relation

between L(g), L() and L(). Calibration of crystal, attenuator and frequency meter.

Radiation pattern of pyramidal horn.

93.807 PROJECT

Each student is expected to prepare a report on the project work done by him/her

and present paper highlighting the work done by him/her in a seminar. The

student is expected to complete the project work assigned to him/her and submit

the project report by the end of the semester.

assessing the students overall ability and knowledge in special field in

engineering. He is expected to present his academic records including project.

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