Chinese Art

China has an art form called papercuts that does just that. Chinese civilization began more than 4000 years ago. The earliest art forms would use rock and stone for art because they didn’t know to use metal yet. Later there was the Bronze Age, Stone Age, Neolithic or New Stone Age. There were many different dynasties like the T’ang Dynasty, Zhou Dynasty, and the Qin Dynasty were a few dynasties. Influence Chinese arts are influenced by three major religions: Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism. Another major influence was nature. The three major kinds of subject they liked to paint were birds, flowers, and landscapes from the countryside. All the religions stress love for nature. All landscape painters tried to get a feeling of the human spirit and the strength of the wind, water, mist and mountains. Painting became an art form more than 2000 years ago then influenced the later painters. Art Forms Chinese arts come in many different forms such as: painting, folk arts, silk, calligraphy, pottery, sculpture, metal arts and papercuts. Chinese papercuts were created around the first century in A.D. The Chinese invented paper, which was very important for papercuts. It first started in the Tang Dynasty. People then would hang them up to decorate windows, houses, clothes and even ladies hair. In these thin and fragile papercuts, they would create animals, aerobics, Buddha, opera faces and other subjects. Sculptures were made of many different materials: stone, jade, lacquer, wood, metal, clay, etc. They weren’t only for admiring but they were used as everyday items like a wine bucket, mirrors, pottery, and pendants. A famous example is the sculptures of the Terra cotta warriors. They were buried with the body of an emperor to protect the emperor in his afterlife. Paintings became an art form more than 2000 years ago. The Chinese painted emperors, landscape and zodiac animals, flowers, ladies, and birds. Chinese have three thousand years of history of painting starting from 600 A.D T’ang dynasty to the 20th century Process and Material The Chinese used many materials such as medal, bronze, lacquer, jade, clay, silk, and cloth. They made the most flexible of material…paper. Chinese people used jade to make mirrors and clay and stone to make pottery and statues. At a ceremony they would use bronze to make wine vessels in animal shapes. The

and aerobics. which were a symbol for long life. We still appreciate the hard work artists did back then. The front and back has to be made split. . but their art is prized in museums around the world. opera faces. so if painting nature the painter must capture the feeling of nature. having one object with each color. landscapes. figure painting. One of their favorite subjects was nature. Chinese art began more than 4000 years ago. mountains. In papercuts they like to cut Buddhas. Zodiac animals.process of a statue in a human figure is molded separately. We visit the museum to look at the magnificent artwork done long ago. Emperors and their court was an another important subject for painting. Sometimes in their painting they would use black and white. were popular subjects for their paintings. The Chinese culture hasn’t changed much. Subject and Style Chinese arts cover a very broad range of subjects. children. and cranes. They believed that the spirit of nature gives life to everything. animals. flowers. Then the two sides would be put together. opera faces.

the goddess of knowledge. Basant in Pakistan In the pre-partitioned Punjab. It is celebrated every year on the fifth day (Panchami) of the Hindu month Magh (January-February). it is now celebrated by people of all religious backgrounds. flowed southeast. schools become active in organizing various annual competitions of music. In the Vedas the prayer for Sarasvati depicts her as a white lady in white dress bedecked with white flowers and white pearls. Hence the place is called Triveni. like Sitar. music and art. sitting on a white lotus.Basant Basant is short for Basant Panchami a Hindu festival in honor of Saraswati. sports and other activities. Though originally a Hindu festival. "Oh Mother Sarasvati remove the darkness (ignorance) of my mind and bless me with the eternal knowledge. ultimately meeting the Ganges at Prayag. originating from the Himalayas. debate. Sarasvati bestows the greatest wealth to humanity. Prizes are distributed on the day of Basant Panchami. for playing music. the wealth of knowledge. Muslims of Punjab at that time did not celebrate the Basant with the same enthusiasm. JanuaryFebruary of English calendar. She holds Veena. which is blooming in a wide stretch of water. In due time this course of water petered away. invention of Sanskrit language and composition of hymns. It is not a national holiday in India but the schools are closed and the students participate in decoration and arrangement of the worship place. goddess of a river of the same name. The mythological history of Sarasvati associates her with the holy rituals performed on the banks of the river Sarasvati. specially in the Northern India and province of Punjab in Pakistan. attributed to the formation of Vach (words). In the Vedas the day of Basant Panchami is dedicated to Goddess Sarasvati. a string-instrument.Sarasvati is the goddess of learning. Hindus of Punjab--especially Lahore--celebrated the Basant Panchami by flying kites. Origin of Basant In sanskrit Vasant (Basant) means spring and Panchami is the fifth day of the fortnight of waxing moon (Shukla Paksha) in the Hindu month of Magh. She is worshipped as a goddess of speech. Many schools organize cultural activities in the evening of the Saraswati Puja day when parents and other community members attend the functions to encourage the children. A few weeks before the celebration." The Vedas describe Sarasvati as a water deity. as it was considered as a Hindu . According to popular belief Sarasvati. near the confluence of Yamuna. The prayer finally concludes. the first day of spring.

but their tradition of Basant remained. though younger Muslim folk did participate in kite flying as an event. By the Mughal period. population of Lahore city was almost equally divided between Muslims (52%) and Hindus/Sikh (48%). a prosperous Hindu. festivals arranged around the shrines of these various sufi saints. when the king looks at you. (This place is now known as Baway di marrhi. Basant and Sufi Culture Sufis are credited for bringing the festival into the Muslim pantheon in the India subcontinent. At the time of partition in 1947. you meet his eyes. By the end of September 1947. a Hindu of Sialkot. Khwaja Bakhtiar Kaki ki Basant. The Hindu population was stirred to request Zakariya Khan to lift the death sentence given to Hakeekat Rai but he did not accede to their request. As a tribute to the memory of this child. Celebrate basant today O high lady with high looks. Celebrate basant today [bad translation Another historic account is given in the book "Punjab Under the Later Mughals. Kalu Ram initiated the Basant 'mela' in (Marrhi) Kot Khwaja Saeed (Khoje Shahi) in Lahore. O bride." According to this book. when Zakariya Khan (1707-1759) was the governor of Punjab. almost all the Hindus had left West Punjab/Lahore for India. It was for many years officially backed by the government and sponsored by multinational corporations.festival. The court. and even today Lahore take pride in Basant and fly kites from their rooftops with the same enthusiasm.and decorate your long hair Oh why are you the servant of sleep? Even your fate is wide awake. O Bride. mentions of Nizam Auliya ki Basant.) It is the last stop on the route of Wagon . for example. by the name of Hakeekat Rai Bakhmal Puri spoke words of disrespect for the Prophet Muhammad and his daughter Fatima due to teasing by Muslim boys. Although Basant "travels" throughout Pakistani Punjab it is Lahore which made it popular not only in Pakistan but all over the world as the largest kite festival. Khusrau ki Basant. gave him capital punishment. Basant was a popular festival at the major Sufi shrines. Lahori Basant Being the historic capital of Punjab there is no other place where Basant is celebrated with as much vigour and enthusiasm as the ancient city of Lahore. Khusrau. Celebrate basant today. We have. Although traditionally it was a festivel confined to the old-walled city it has spread all through out the city. Eventually the death penalty was carried out and the entire Hindu population went into mourning. He was arrested and sent to Lahore to await trial. Celebrate basant today Bring out your lotions. even composed verses on Basant. the famous sufi-poet of the thirteenth century.

. Today.the painch. Nijjar states on Page no. Indian maanjha is imported due to its unique ingredients. Faisalabad and Rawalpindi. 60 from Bhati Gate. and the treatment of which is an art in itself. glorious opponents who battle for control of all they survey. Capricious breezes blow and the kite makers get busy bending splints of bamboo and gluing on brightly coloured tissue paper to fashion kites that people will buy to fly over the city. Once the kite is air-borne. The string. or the maanjha. to India and similarly. They must fly at a considerable height so that the string can harmonise with the flow and direction of the wind. It is during spring when the trees are in blooming. To attack. Boys of all ages prepare for the event by buying and making kites of tissue and sticks. is said to be originated in India. the Basant is considered a traditional and cultural Kite industry. cross their opponent's string and move swiftly up and down to sever the rival string at its weakest point. criss-crossing like a swarm of crazed butterflies. Against that deep. There are many more techniques for manoeuvring and combating. each deadly. Dr. eventhough small yet rapidly expanding has brought engineering developments in this art. but in the cities of Punjab such as Lahore. B.S. kite flyers must manoeuvre their kites in a hawk-like swoop across the sky. which the kite flyers of Basant spend many days preparing. It has been cursed as an Indian hobby. cool blue there will be thousands of kites. The kite's weapon is its maanjha . which are exported. Everyone takes up residence on the roofs to watch and participate as the spring winds whip brilliantly coloured diamond-shaped paper kites into the air in such quantities that you can barely see the sky above. and everyone in the city is carried away by the light-hearted beauty of the kites. BASANT Basant. The kites of Basant are warriors. is made of very precise quantities of chemicals.its wickedly armoured string. The string is coated in a mixture of rice paste and ground glass to strengthen it and render it capable of slashing through a hapless opponent's maanjha. Basant is the time when skies are filled with kites of all colours. the Festival of Kites. The kites of Basant are beautiful even in combat. it is an open invitation to a severing contest . 279 of his book that the Basant 'mela' is celebrated in memory of Hakeekat Rai. as well as by craftily applying bits of ground glass to their own kite strings in order to cut the opponent's string and reign victorious over any and all kites in reach of their own. yet requiring skilful and quickness of hands and fingers.