US ICOMOS 8th International Symposium Heritage Interpretation May - 2005

Case Study: Parque del Este Caracas, Venezuela
190 acres public park Design by Roberto Burle Marx and Associates 1956 to 1964

Authors: Diana Henriquez de Fernandez - Landscape Architect-SVAP-ASLA-IFLA Maria Eugenia Bacci - Architect and Tourism Planner- ICOMOS Venezuela

Content
• History, description and main heritage values • Management Plan for conservation • Existing situation • Proposed Protection/Interpretation Strategies

At the beginning of the 20th century, Caracas still kept its colonial urban pattern, which did not include green open areas, other than a few squares. The east side of its valley was still occupied by coffee and sugarcane plantations, which were progressively integrated into the city.

FIRST MAP OF CARACAS, VENEZUELA

- 1585

An

Ca

au

Ca a at ro

e ch tu

co

CARACAS - VENEZUELA

PLAZA BOLÍVAR

CARACAS - VENEZUELA

LESSMANN – SIGLO XIX

CARACAS - VENEZUELA

1.924

SABANA GRANDE–LOS CAOBOS

1.924

Plano de Caracas y sus alrededores – Eduardo Rohl (1951)

In 1950 the dictatorial government sees into modernity as a political strategy and started the project of Caracas International Exposition. In this last project Burle Marx was commissioned to develop the plan. In 1958, the democratic government decided to change this into a public park.

CARACAS INTERNATIONAL EXPOSITION - 1960

PRE CONSTRUCTION CIRCA - 1958

POST CONSTRUCTION CIRCA - 1958

Parque del Este
Sobreposición de la estructura del parque (1964) Foto áerea del terreno en situación previa al desarrollo (1959)

1 5

2

PARQUE DEL ESTE ORIGINAL PLAN
2

5 3 6 4 6 4 4 6 2 1 2
LEGEND: 1.- ACCESO 2.- LAGOS–CUERPOS DE AGUA 3.-SELVA TROPICAL 4.- SABANA 5.- XEROFÍTICO 6.- BOSQUES DE GALERÍA

FIRST PLANTED TREE PLAN END OF CONSTRUCTION DRAWING

1963

CARACAS PARKS 2000

Plaza Bolívar – 1578 Parque El Calvario -1875

Parque Los Caobos – 1924 Parque Del Este -1961

Heritage values
Unique setting connecting the park with the Avila mountain.

Heritage values
A space for recreation and education

Heritage values
Sinuous ribbon walkways connecting the different areas of the park

Heritage values
The treatment of topography gives different experiences and scales, which create enclosures and visual barriers.

Heritage values
The courtyards (Los Patios) as semisecluded spaces, each one with a different design to produce an emotional response in the visitor.

PLANTA DEL SECTOR DE LOS PATIOS DE AGUA

Heritage values
The use of bodies of water is a constant in Burle Marx designs allowing the exhibit of rich unknown aquatic vegetation, which opens new opportunities for aesthetical experiences.

Heritage values
For the first time, the park incorporates local and Latin American Flora

2- Management Plan for conservation

PARQUE DEL ESTE
National Cultural Heritage July 13th1998
82 Ha. (77 Ha. Developed)

Parque del Este Management Plan

Heritage Values
• Inventory and Recording of all structural values Building and Plants related to GIS (Geographic Information System)

JARDÍN XEROFITICO - RENOVACION EN AGOSTO - 2002

3- Existing situation
The park as part of the city of Caracas Lack of an integral recreational strategy for the city has left Parque del Este as the only recreational well equipped open space in metropolitan area of 7 millions citizens,

CARACAS TODAY

Fuente: Secretaría de Planificación Urbana y Gestión Ambiental, Alcaldía del Dtto. Metropolitano de Caracas

Parque del Este Participación en el DMC
328,43

350,00 300,00 250,00 has 200,00 150,00 100,00 50,00 0,00 Total área equipada de parque Parque del Este
77,00

Fuente: elaboración propia en base información de la Secretaría de Planificación Urbana y Gestión Ambiental de la Alcaldía del Dtto. Metropolitano de Caracas.

The institutional framework where the park is inscribed.
• The National Park Institute, INPARQUES, has to deal at the same time with 43 National Parks such as Canaima with 3 mm Ha, 21 Natural Monuments, and 74 recreational parks nationwide. • The money collected by the entrance fee and concessionaires goes to a general fund and has to be divided among all the sites

The park’s management and operation, both as a recreational and a heritage site.
The main challenges are related to maintenance, budget, use by the public, institutional coordination, security and the loss of heritage values

MAINTENANCE

BUDGET RESTRICTIONS

OVERUSE

OVERUSE

LACK OF SECURITY AND CONTROL

NEED OF INSTITUTIONAL COORDINATION

LOSS OF HERITAGE VALUES

LOSS OF HERITAGE VALUES

LOSS OF HERITAGE VALUES

PATIO ROJO - original design

PATIO ROJO - actual situation

LOSS OF HERITAGE VALUES

4- Proposed Preservation and Interpretation Strategies
Development of public awareness
Environmental education Interpretation of Heritage values Encourage community participation

Involvement of stakeholders in the maintenance and conservation of the park Fund recollection to specific projects

Interpretation Strategies
The original design and the vision for the whole park
• To make it available to the general public and park personnel, and to encourage new researchers to continue documenting the park and its related subjects.

The operational concept or what the manager thinks about the site
Work closely with the park personnel and conciliate the operational problems of the site as a public recreational area with its heritage values. Talks to park personnel and concessionaires of the park about its heritage values and the implications of being a heritage site. Consolidation of the Heritage Committee as a permanent advisor in day-by-day operations.

The visitor’s concept, what they demand and think about the park
• Encourage users to appreciate the park for its outstanding landscape and aesthetic values. • Develop visitor surveys and participation strategy in order to identify their specific characteristics, needs and expectations. • Creation of a visitor’s center, a park guide, brochures and media material that illustrate park values and the need for its conservation.

The international concept
• • • Consolidate the role of the park as one of the most important modern designed parks in Latin America. Establish contact with other countries and institutions to share experiences and collaborate in the conservation of Parque del Este. Complete the inscription of the park in the World Heritage Site Tentative List and the ongoing preparation of the Dossier to be presented to UNESCO as a strategy to gain local, regional and international attention on the site and its importance.

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