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T HEOR Y OF ST R UCT UR ES REVIEW – PRACTICE PROBLEMS – 2016

INSTRUCTION: Select the correct answer for each of the following questions. Mark ONLY ONE 7. Which of the following most nearly gives the force in member AD if W = 50 kN?
ANSWER for each item by shading the box corresponding to the letter of your choice on the A. 20.83 kN B. 23.01 kN
answer sheet provided. STRICTLY NO ERASURES ALLOWED. Use pencil No. 2 only. C. 21.65 kN D. 22.48 kN
8. Which of the following most nearly gives the force in member AB if W = 50 kN?
SITUATION I.
A. 23.28 kN B. 22.91 kN
The resultant of a concurrent force system has a magnitude of 650 N passing through points (0, 0,
0) and (3, 6, 2). C. 21.75 kN D. 20.69 kN
1. Which of the following most nearly gives the x-component of the resultant force? 9. Which of the following most nearly gives the maximum W if force in any member is limited to
A. 185.7 N B. 278.6 N 10 kN?
A. 20.35 kN B. 21.83 kN
C. 392.3 N D. 422.6 N
2. Which of the following most nearly gives the y-component of the resultant force? C. 22.54 kN D. 22.99 kN
A. 557.1 N B. 512.9 N
SITUATION IV.
C. 435.8 N D. 278.5 N A 2500 N crate is to be hoisted from the hold of a ship using the cable connection as shown in
3. Which of the following most nearly gives the z-component of the resultant force? Figure ME-SCF-205.
A. 371.4 N B. 442.8 N
C. 185.7 N D. 724.1 N

SITUATION II.
A concurrent force system in space is composed of three forces described as follows: P 1 has a
magnitude of 126 kN and acts through the origin and point x = −1, y = 5, z = −3. P 2 has a
magnitude of 93 kN and acts through the origin and point x = 5, y = −4, z = 6. P 3 has a magnitude
of 38 kN and acts through the origin and point x = 4, y =1, z = −3, where x, y and z are in meters.
4. Which of the following most nearly gives the x-component of the resultant force?
A. 48.05 kN B. 57.48 kN
C. 32.93 kN D. 61.50 kN
5. Which of the following most nearly gives the y-component of the resultant force?
A. 84.52 kN B. 71.55 kN
C. 65.07 kN D. 93.20 kN
6. Which of the following most nearly gives the magnitude of the resultant force?
A. 82.56 kN B. 97.03 kN
C. 73.44 kN D. 61.84 kN

SITUATION III.
For the truss shown in Figure ME-SPF-454, supports B, C and D are pin connected. Joint A is also
pinned.

10. Which of the following most nearly gives the tension in cable AB?
A. 462.96 N B. 674.50 N
C. 980.18 N D. 1429.26 N
11. Which of the following most nearly gives the tension in cable AC?
A. 396.45 N B. 1547.62 N
C. 2125.73 N D. 462.96 N
12. Which of the following most nearly gives the tension in cable AD?
A. 1547.62 N B. 980.18 N
C. 472.33 N D. 396.45 N

SITUATION V.
The framework shown in Figure ME-SCF-160 supports a vertical load of 2000 N applied at A.
Points B, C, and D are in the xz-plane. Points A, O, and D are in the xy-plane.
13. Which of the following most nearly gives the force in member AB?
Figure ME-SPF-454 A. 2236.07 N (compression) B. 2236.07 N (tension)
C. 2494.44 N (tension) D. 2494.44 N (compression)

UNIVERSITY OF NUEVA CACERES Engr. MARK DENNIS S. DOMINGO ☺


T HEOR Y OF ST R UCT UR ES REVIEW – PRACTICE PROBLEMS – 2016
17. Which of the following most nearly gives the value of z of the lower end D of the tripod?
A. 1m B. 2m
C. 4m D. 5m
18. Which of the following most nearly gives the force in leg AD?
A. 39.86 kN B. 160.09 kN
C. 399.99 kN D. 432.67 kN

SITUATION VII.
The points B, C and D of the cantilever framework as shown in Figure ME-SCF-125 are attached
to a vertical wall. The 400 N load is parallel to z-axis and the 1200 N load is parallel to y-axis.

14. Which of the following most nearly gives the force in member AC?
A. 2494.44 N (compression) B. 1374.37 N (compression)
C. 1374.37 N (tension) D. 2494.44 N (tension)
15. Which of the following most nearly gives the force in member AD?
A. 1374.37 N (compression) B. 1374.37 N (tension)
C. 2236.07 N (tension) D. 2236.07 N (compression)

SITUATION VI.
A vertical load P = 800 kN applied to the tripod shown in Figure ME-SCF-150 causes a 19. Which of the following most nearly gives the force in member AB?
compressive force of 256 kN in leg AB and a compressive force of 283 kN in leg AC. A. 538.52 N B. 1134.89N
C. 1615.55 N D. 2332.38 N
20. Which of the following most nearly gives the force in member AC?
A. 1134.89N B. 2332.38 N
C. 538.52 N D. 1615.55 N
21. Which of the following most nearly gives the force in member AD?
A. 2332.38 N B. 1615.55 N
C. 1134.89N D. 538.52 N

SITUATION VIII.
The 1.8-m diameter circular plate shown in Figure ME-SPF-035 is supported by three posts
equally spaced along its circumference. A load of P = 1150 kN is placed at a distance of 0.45 m
from post A along the x-axis.
22. Neglecting the weight of the plate, which of the following most nearly gives the reaction at
post A?
A. 191.67 kN B. 333.33 kN
C. 554.33 kN D. 766.67 kN
23. Neglecting the weight of the plate, which of the following most nearly gives the reaction at
post C?
A. 191.67 kN B. 333.33 kN
C. 554.33 kN D. 766.67 kN
16. Which of the following most nearly gives the value of x of the lower end D of the tripod?
A. 1m B. 2m
C. 4m D. 5m

UNIVERSITY OF NUEVA CACERES Engr. MARK DENNIS S. DOMINGO ☺


T HEOR Y OF ST R UCT UR ES REVIEW – PRACTICE PROBLEMS – 2016
SITUATION X.
Classify the structures shown in Figure TS-DS-201.

24. Considering the weight of the plate, if it has a thickness of 45 mm and has a unit weight of 77
3
kN/m , which of the following most nearly gives the reaction at post B?
A. 152.78 kN B. 477.11 kN
28. Structure A
C. 194.61 kN D. 769.61 kN A. Statically unstable B. Statically determinate
C. Statically indeterminate to 2° D. Statically indeterminate to 4°
SITUATION IX.
29. Structure B
A circular metal plate is supported at points A, B, and C as shown in Figure ME-SPF-036. Assume
the plate weighs 100 kN which is concentrated at its center. A. Statically unstable B. Statically determinate
C. Statically indeterminate to 3° D. Statically indeterminate to 6°
30. Structure C
A. Statically unstable B. Statically determinate
C. Statically indeterminate to 10° D. Statically indeterminate to 8°

SITUATION XI.
Classify the structures shown in Figure TS-DF-105.

25. Which of the following most nearly gives the value of the reaction at A?
A. 27.85 kN B. 34.11 kN
C. 38.04 kN D. 45.38 kN
26. Which of the following most nearly gives the value of the reaction at B?
A. 27.85 kN B. 34.11 kN
C. 38.04 kN D. 45.38 kN
27. Which of the following most nearly gives the value of the reaction at C?
A. 27.85 kN B. 34.11 kN
C. 38.04 kN D. 45.38 kN

UNIVERSITY OF NUEVA CACERES Engr. MARK DENNIS S. DOMINGO ☺


T HEOR Y OF ST R UCT UR ES REVIEW – PRACTICE PROBLEMS – 2016
31. Structure A
A. Statically unstable B. Statically determinate
C. Statically indeterminate to 2° D. Statically indeterminate to 4°
32. Structure B
A. Statically unstable B. Statically determinate
C. Statically indeterminate to 3° D. Statically indeterminate to 6°
33. Structure C
A. Statically unstable B. Statically determinate
C. Statically indeterminate to 8° D. Statically indeterminate to 10°

SITUATION XII.
A composite structure is shown in Figure SM-VM-201.

SITUATION XIV.
A simply supported beam having a span of 6 m carries a triangular load which varies from 12
KN/m at the center to zero at the two supports.
40. Which of the following most nearly gives the vertical reaction at the simple support?
A. 18 KN B. 54 KN
C. 36 KN D. 79 KN
41. Which of the following most nearly gives the rotation at the simple support?
A. 67.5/EI B. 95.8/EI
C. 129.6/EI D. 159.3/EI
42. Which of the following most nearly gives the maximum deflection?
A. 67.5/EI B. 95.8/EI
C. 129.6/EI D. 159.3/EI

SITUATION XV.
34. Which of the following most nearly gives the reaction at C? A beam is loaded as shown in Figure TS-DR-201.
A. 115.37 kN B. 176.15 kN
C. 221.52 kN D. 240.81 kN
35. Which of the following most nearly gives the shear at a section 7 m from A?
A. 53.33 kN B. 66.49 kN
C. 70.51 kN D. 80.25 kN
36. Which of the following most nearly gives the moment at a section 3 m from A?
A. 70.00 kN-m B. 155.00 kN-m
C. 271.80 kN-m D. 428.86 kN-m

SITUATION XIII.
The entrance of a warehouse has a roof that supports a uniform load of 8 kN/m as shown in Figure
TS-FVM-101. The supports at B and C are assumed to be simply supported. 43. Which of the following most nearly gives the deflection at the free end?
37. Which of the following most nearly gives the vertical reaction at C? 5297 5497
A. B.
A. 43.50 kN B. 37.50 kN 2EI 2EI
C. 22.50 kN D. 16.50 kN 5697 5897
38. Which of the following most nearly gives the vertical reaction at the column support?
C. D.
2EI 2EI
A. 43.50 kN B. 37.50 kN 44. Which of the following most nearly gives the slope at B?
C. 22.50 kN D. 16.50 kN 2079 1863
39. Which of the following most nearly gives the maximum positive moment in the beam? A. B.
2EI 2EI
A. 22.87 kN-m B. 28.25 kN-m
1823 1971
C. 35.62 kN-m D. 31.64 kN-m C. D.
2EI 2EI

UNIVERSITY OF NUEVA CACERES Engr. MARK DENNIS S. DOMINGO ☺


T HEOR Y OF ST R UCT UR ES REVIEW – PRACTICE PROBLEMS – 2016
45. Which of the following most nearly gives the slope at A? 54. Which of the following gives the moment at the base when the wall is propped at the top?
2079 1863 A. 736.0 kN-m B. 675.0 kN-m
A. B.
2EI 2EI C. 588.8 kN-m D. 632.5 kN-m
1823 1971
C. D. SITUATION XIX.
2EI 2EI A propped beam having a span of 20 m carries a triangular load that varies from 10 kN/m at the
fixed end to zero at the simple support.
SITUATION XVI. 55. Which of the following most nearly gives the moment at the fixed support?
A cantilever beam of length 5 m is loaded by a uniformly distributed load of 9 kN/m distributed A. 133.33 kN-m B. 169.23 kN-m
partially from the free end to 2 m towards the fixed support. Another load of 30 kN is applied
C. 211.11 kN-m D. 266.67 kN-m
simultaneously at the free end. EI is constant.
46. Which of the following most nearly gives the slope at the free end? 56. Which of the following most nearly gives the location of the maximum deflection from the
simple support?
A. 522/EI B. 151/EI
A. 8.94 m B. 11.06 m
C. 1781/EI D. 450/EI
C. 6.86 m D. 13.14 m
47. Which of the following most nearly gives the deflection at the free end?
57. Which of the following most nearly gives the maximum deflection?
A. 522/EI B. 151/EI
A. 2836/EI B. 4126/EI
C. 1781/EI D. 450/EI
C. 5214/EI D. 3812/EI
48. Which of the following most nearly gives the slope at a point 3 m from the fixed support?
A. 522/EI B. 151/EI
SITUATION XX.
C. 1781/EI D. 450/EI An 8 m long beam has a hinged support at its left end and a fixed support at its right end. It carries
a uniformly distributed load throughout its entire span. Its flexural capacity is 610 kN-m and its
SITUATION XVII. 12
shear capacity is 642 kN. Use flexural rigidity to be 125x10 N-mm .
2
6 4
For the cantilever beam loaded as shown, E = 200 GPa and I = 300 x 10 mm . 58. Which of the following most nearly gives the safe uniformly distributed load that the beam can
carry so that the flexural capacity is not exceeded?
A. 49.06 kN/m B. 76.25 kN/m
C. 61.67 kN/m D. 80.25 kN/m
59. Which of the following most nearly gives the safe uniformly distributed load that the beam can
carry so that the shear capacity is not exceeded?
A. 128 kN/m B. 214 kN/m
C. 160 kN/m D. 235 kN/m

49. Which of the following most nearly gives the moment reaction at the fixed support? 60. If the hinged support at the left end is removed so that it becomes a cantilever beam, which
A. 8.00 kN-m B. 13.33 kN-m of the following most nearly gives the required camber at the free end to offset the end
C. 18.67 kN-m D. 21.00 kN-m deflection due to a uniformly distributed load of 210 kN/m? (Hint: deflection at the free end is
50. Which of the following most nearly gives the rotation () at the free end?   wL4 8EI )
A. 0.1250° B. 0.0956°
A. 573.44 mm B. 726.80 mm
C. 0.0312° D. 0.0216°
C. 860.16 mm D. 1014.50 mm
51. Which of the following most nearly gives the deflection () at the free end?
A. 1.2 mm B. 0.3 mm SITUATION XXI.
C. 2.5 mm D. 3.9 mm A 6-m long restrained beam as shown in Figure TS-DR-501 carries a uniformly distributed load of
6 4
20 kN/m. Use E = 200 GPa and I x = 67.5010 mm .
SITUATION XVIII.
An 8 m high cantilever retaining wall is subjected to lateral earth pressure decreasing from 138
14 2
kPa at the bottom to 0 kPa at the top. Use flexural rigidity EI = 4.5x10 N-mm . Consider 1-m
length of wall.
52. Which of the following gives the moment at the base of the cantilever retaining wall?
A. 1177.6 kN-m B. 1265.3 kN-m
C. 1350.0 kN-m D. 1472.0 kN-m
53. If the wall is braced at the top, which of the following gives the force exerted at the propped
end of the wall so that the resulting deflection is zero?
A. 110.4 kN B. 88.3 kN 61. Which of the following most nearly gives the moment at the fixed end?
C. 94.9 kN D. 101.2 kN A. 50 kN-m B. 55 kN-m
C. 60 kN-m D. 65 kN-m
UNIVERSITY OF NUEVA CACERES Engr. MARK DENNIS S. DOMINGO ☺
T HEOR Y OF ST R UCT UR ES REVIEW – PRACTICE PROBLEMS – 2016
62. Which of the following most nearly gives the maximum shear? 69. Which of the following most nearly gives the moment at D?
A. 50 kN B. 55 kN A. 3.59 kN-m B. 72.03 kN-m
C. 60 kN D. 65 kN C. 87.09 kN-m D. 120.00 kN-m
63. Which of the following most nearly gives the maximum deflection?
A. 5.0 mm B. 5.5 mm SITUATION XXIV.
C. 6.0 mm D. 6.5 mm For the beam shown in the Figure TS-MDM-230:

SITUATION XXII.
Given the continuous beam loaded as shown in the figure:

6 ABC xCB 70. Which of the following gives the fixed end moment AB, in kN-m?
64. Which of the following most nearly gives the value of ?
LBC A. 12 B. 10
A. 8345 N-m
2
B. 9564 N-m
2 C. 8 D. 5
2 2
C. 10325 N-m D. 13344 N-m
71. Which of the following most nearly gives the distribution factor at B for member BA in %?
65. Which of the following most nearly gives the moment over the interior support at B?
A. 45.18 B. 54.82
A. −5117 N-m B. −3460 N-m
C. 66.67 D. 33.33
C. −2452 N-m D. −1392 N-m
72. Which of the following most nearly gives the moment at B in kN-m? (Use 3 - cycles)
66. Which of the following most nearly gives the reaction over the interior support at B?
A. 5.22 B. 7.11
A. 3637.67 N B. 1662.33 N
C. 13.20 D. 14.68
C. 1077.67 N D. 585.33 N
SITUATION XXV.
SITUATION XXIII.
From the two-span continuous beam shown:
A continuous beam is loaded as shown in Figure TS-TME-210. Use Three-Moment Equation.

73. Which of the following gives the distribution factor at B for member BC?
A. 0.40 B. 0.50
67. Which of the following most nearly gives the moment at B?
A. −3.59 kN-m B. −72.03 kN-m C. 0.60 D. 0.80
74. Which of the following most nearly gives the moment reaction at A?
C. −87.09 kN-m D. −120.00 kN-m
A. 42.5 kN-m B. 65.8 kN-m
68. Which of the following most nearly gives the moment at C?
A. 3.59 kN-m B. 72.03 kN-m C. 83.4 kN-m D. 108.4 kN-m
75. Which of the following most nearly gives the maximum positive moment?
C. 87.09 kN-m D. 120.00 kN-m
A. 104.1 kN-m B. 83.4 kN-m
C. 108.4 kN-m D. 158.3 kN-m
UNIVERSITY OF NUEVA CACERES Engr. MARK DENNIS S. DOMINGO ☺
T HEOR Y OF ST R UCT UR ES REVIEW – PRACTICE PROBLEMS – 2016
SITUATION XXVI. SITUATION XXIX.
For the beam as loaded in Figure TS-ILB-052 by a moving concentrated load of 20 kN. For the truss shown in Figure TS-TD-105: Use E = 150 GPa.

76. Which of the following most nearly gives the maximum ordinate of the influence line for the
reaction at the left support?
A. 1.0000 B. 0.1429
C. 0.7143 D. 1.4286
77. Which of the following most nearly gives the maximum positive value of the left reaction due
to the moving concentrated live load if its location is at point B?
85. Which of the following most nearly gives the vertical deflection at B?
A. 14.29 kN B. 20.41 kN
A. 20.93 mm B. 28.00 mm
C. 28.57 kN D. 5.72 kN
C. 45.55 mm D. 60.36 mm
78. Which of the following most nearly gives the value of the maximum positive moment at B due
86. Which of the following most nearly gives the horizontal deflection at C?
to the live load?
A. 28.00 mm B. 39.22 mm
A. 14.29 kN B. 20.41 kN
C. 47.03 mm D. 60.36 mm
C. 28.57 kN D. 5.72 kN
87. Which of the following most nearly gives the horizontal deflection at D?
SITUATION XXVII.
A. 60.36 mm B. 40.31 mm
A 25-m long beam is supported by a hinge support at the right end and a roller support at 5 m from C. 31.33 mm D. 20.93 mm
the left end. The beam is to be subjected to a uniformly distributed moving load and to be analyzed
for maximum shear at midspan. SITUATION XXX.
79. Which of the following gives the ordinate of the influence line for maximum shear at midspan? From the truss shown in Figure ME-MS-201:
A. 0.75 B. 0.50
C. 1.25 D. 0.25
80. Which of the following gives the ordinate of the influence line at the free end that will produce
maximum shear at midspan?
A. 0.75 B. 0.50
C. 1.25 D. 0.25
81. Which of the following gives the maximum ordinate of the influence line for maximum reaction
at the left support?
A. 0.75 B. 0.50
C. 1.25 D. 0.25

SITUATION XXVIII.
A 10 m long simply supported beam has a 2 m overhang beyond the left support. It supports a
distributed moving load of 9.35 kN/m and a concentrated highway load of 116 kN.
82. Which of the following gives the maximum possible positive shear at the midspan?
A. 71.56 kN B. 69.50 kN
C. 44.67 kN D. 59.33 kN
83. Which of the following gives the maximum possible negative shear at the midspan?
A. −53.11 kN B. −62.00 kN
C. −69.69 kN D. −50.43 kN 88. Which of the following most nearly gives the force in member IK?
84. Which of the following gives the maximum shear if the concentrated highway load is placed at A. 44.14 kN B. 26.20 kN
the overhang end? C. 57.28 kN D. 53.88 kN
A. 34.29 kN B. 36.76 kN 89. Which of the following most nearly gives the force in member HK?
C. 32.94 kN D. 37.66 kN A. 53.88 kN B. 57.28 kN
C. 26.20 kN D. 44.14 kN

UNIVERSITY OF NUEVA CACERES Engr. MARK DENNIS S. DOMINGO ☺


T HEOR Y OF ST R UCT UR ES REVIEW – PRACTICE PROBLEMS – 2016
90. Which of the following most nearly gives the force in member FI? 94. Which of the following most nearly gives the axial force on member DE?
A. 57.28 kN B. 53.88 kN A. 37.50 kN B. 30.00 kN
C. 44.14 kN D. 26.20 kN C. 22.50 kN D. 7.50 kN
95. Which of the following most nearly gives the moment at A?
SITUATION XXXI. A. 30 kN-m B. 90 kN-m
The truss shown in Figure TS-STMJ-218 is subjected to a load of 8 kN at B and C. C. 120 kN-m D. 150 kN-m
96. Which of the following most nearly gives the shear on member BE?
A. 7.50 kN B. 10.00 kN
C. 20.50 kN D. 30.00 kN

SITUATION XXXIII.
For the frame shown in the figure, using the cantilever method of analysis,

91. Which of the following most nearly gives the force in member BE?
A. 1.10 kN B. 2.26 kN
C. 3.45 kN D. 5.73 kN 97. Which of the following most nearly gives the moment at A?
92. Which of the following most nearly gives the force in member CD? A. 27.36 kN-m B. 25.32 kN-m
A. 7.87 kN B. 2.62 kN C. 32.78 kN-m D. 52.36 kN-m
C. 4.35 kN D. 6.60 kN 98. Which of the following most nearly gives the axial force on beam EH?
93. Which of the following most nearly gives the force in member AD? A. 32.21 kN B. 75.14 kN
A. 2.26 kN B. 1.75 kN C. 54.78 kN D. 63.17 kN
C. 3.20 kN D. 4.60 kN 99. Which of the following most nearly gives the axial force on column DE?
A. 8.96 kN B. 10.12 kN
SITUATION XXXII. C. 5.26 kN D. 3.25 kN
The frame shown in the figure is to be analyzed using the Cantilever Method.

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UNIVERSITY OF NUEVA CACERES Engr. MARK DENNIS S. DOMINGO ☺