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YJACK Technology Sdn Bhd (1086910-H)

25-2, Jalan Pandan Prima 1, Dataran Prima, 55100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
(TL) +6016-2168129/2158129 (FX) +603-92026811 (EM) YJACKpiletest@hotmail.com
(W3) YJACKpiletest.com | BDpiletest.com (SN) Facebook.com/YJACKpiletest | YouTube.com

METHOD STATEMENT
(US ASTM/D1143, Singapore SS/CP4, Malaysia JKR/20800, UK FPS/Handbook)

BI-DIRECTIONAL (static)
BD PILE LOAD TEST
YJACK Pile Test on Bored Pile: Pile Size BP600mm, Working Load 2,827kN, Test Load 5,654kN
(This Method Statement is prepared for YJACK on Bored Pile. For YJACK on Driven Pile, please refer to other Method Statement.)

Project Name: Proposed Subdivision of Part PT.20-1040179 For 10 Storey Town &
Regional Planning Department at Jalan Tasik, Distric of Kota
Kinabalu, Sabah.
Main Contractor: Wijaya Daya Sdn Bhd

YJACK | World’s Patent. The bi-directional pile test for bored and driven piles.
Page | 1
Method Statement for Bi-Directional (balance) Pile Test Method using YJACK Type B 20170211
Pile Size BP1000mm, Working Load 2,827kN, Test Load 5,654kN)

0.0 TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0 INTRODUCTION
2.0 YJACK MODEL & ASSEMBLY LOCATION
3.0 YJACK FABRICATIONS & INSTALLATIONS
3.1 Fabrication on small piles
4.0 YJACK INSTRUMENTATIONS & PRESSURIZATIONS
5.0 YJACK TEST PROCEDURES & PLOTS
6.0 YJACK TEST REPORT
6.1 BD Test Curves
6.2 BD Analysis Curves
6.3 BD Acceptance Criteria
6.4 BD Friction Correction
6.5 BD Ultimate Load
7.0 WORK MATRIX
8.0 TECHNICAL CHIEF

ANNEXURE O: YCELL Product Specification Sheet


ANNEXURE A: YJACK Balance Point Calculation Sheet
ANNEXURE B: YJACK Fabrication Schematic Drawing Sheet
ANNEXURE C: YJACK Instrumentation Schematic Drawing Sheet
ANNEXURE D: YJACK Instrumentation Calibration Certificates (sample)
ANNEXURE E: YJACK Pile Test Loading Schedule Table

ATTACHMENT A: Int’l Tech Paper 2013 – State-Of-The-Art of YJACK in Bi-Directional Pile Test (PILE2013 Indonesia)
ATTACHMENT B: Technical Chief CV: Wai Yee Kong
ATTACHMENT C: YJACK Installation on Bored Piles (YJACK Type B) and Driven Piles (YJACK Type C)
ATTACHMENT D: International Standards for Bi-Directional Pile Load Test

YJACK | World’s Patent. The best bi-directional pile test on bored and driven piles.
Page | 2
Method Statement for Bi-Directional (balance) Pile Test Method using YJACK Type B 20170211
Pile Size BP1000mm, Working Load 2,827kN, Test Load 5,654kN)

1.0 INTRODUCTION

YJACK Technology, associated companies, distributors and resellers are specialists to propose, supply, install,
test and analyze bi-directional pile test (single level or multi levels configurations) on the following pile types:
(1) Driven/injection close ended piles (+ H-piles), International World Patent
(2) Drive/injection open ended piles (+ offshore), International World Patent
(3) Cast in situ API-micro piles, and
(4) Cast in-situ bored piles

This Method Statement mainly focus on installation and testing on bi -directional (BD) pile test to be carried
out on cast in-situ bored pile, with pile diameter BP600mm to be tested to working load 2,827kN (WL) and
test load 5,654kN (= 2.0*WL).

The objectives of the tests are to obtain the design parameters for cast in-situ piles and test will be executed
as a single level bi-directional configuration.

The pile descriptions, YJACK model and capacity are summarized as follows:

Borehole No BH-1 BH-2 BH-3


Pile No PTP600 PTP600 PTP600
Pile Type Bored Pile Bored Pile Bored Pile
Pile Size (mm) Ø600 Ø600 Ø600
Piling Platform (m) 0.0 BGL 0.0 BGL 0.0 BGL
Cut-Off Level (m) 1.5 BGL (assumed) 1.5 BGL (assumed) 1.5 BGL (assumed)
YJACK Level (m) 12.0 BGL 9.0 BGL 17.0 BGL
Toe Level (m) 13.0 BGL 10.0 BGL 18.0 BGL
Work Load (kN) 2,827 2,827 2,827
Test Load (kN), 2.0*WL 5,654 5,654 5,654
YCELL Model 3GYJ3D400 3GYJ3D400 3GYJ3D400
YCELL Capacity (kN), in 1D 3,000 3,000 3,000
YCELL Capacity (kN), in BD 6,000 6,000 6,000
YCELL Quantity (NOS) 1 1 1
YJACK Capacity (kN), in BD 6,000 > 5,654 6,000 > 5,654 6,000 > 5,654
YCELL Stroke (mm) 80 80 80
BGL: below ground level
YCELL: the single hydraulic unit prior to fabricate the YJACK

YJACK | World’s Patent. The best bi-directional pile test on bored and driven piles.
Page | 3
Method Statement for Bi-Directional (balance) Pile Test Method using YJACK Type B 20170211
Pile Size BP1000mm, Working Load 2,827kN, Test Load 5,654kN)

2.0 YJACK MODEL & ASSEMBLY LOCATION

There are many type of YJACK Model for different bored pile sizes and test loads. The selected model is
3GYJ3D400, in which:
3G: 3 rd generation design
YJ: YJACK trademark
3D: manufacturing model design
400: the diameter of the jack

ANNEXURE O: YCELL Product Specification Sheet


(Note: YCELL, is the single hydraulic unit prior to fabricate the YJACK)

Positioning of YJACK assembly is determined based on static analysis on soil data. This is used as the basis to
compute the expected skin friction and end-bearing capacities of the test pile.

The YJACK assembly location will ideally be located at the middle of total pile capacity (= skin friction + end
bearing). The main aim of positioning the assembly will be to “ balance” the bi-directional forces in the pile so
that failure in one direction does not occur prematurely. The de tailed location requirements will be based on
the pile design and the soil conditions.

ANNEXURE A: YJACK Balance Point Calculation Sheet (assumed, not computed)

It must be stressed that all calculations are based on empirical formulae which does not imply that they are
fail-proof but at the time represents the most prudent and accurate location based on available information
and knowledge.

YJACK | World’s Patent. The best bi-directional pile test on bored and driven piles.
Page | 4
Method Statement for Bi-Directional (balance) Pile Test Method using YJACK Type B 20170211
Pile Size BP1000mm, Working Load 2,827kN, Test Load 5,654kN)

3.0 YJACK FABRICATIONS & INSTALLATIONS

Bored pile boring works will proceed under the piling contractor’s work plan. Upon reaching the final toe
elevation, the pile bottom will be cleaned for concrete placement.

The fabrication of the YJACK assembly will be carried out on site. The YJACK will be welded with the rebar
cage at the location as determined from YJACK balance point calculations .

ANNEXURE B: YJACK Fabrication Schematic Drawing Sheet

The hydraulic supply, telltales, grouting pipes (optional to be used for post grouting at split zone; and to be
access tubes for ultra-sonic pile integrity testing) will be attached to the rebar cage. The rebar cage will be
fabricated in few pieces (depending on the pile length) and spliced together over the bored hole.

A 12m top rebar cage will be ready to fabricate with YJACK.

The orientation of the YCELLs (single hydraulic unit) and positions will be fixed on a flat ground and welded
together to become an YJACK (Step 1).

Once the YJACK is ready, the 12m rebar cage will put on top of the YJACK (perpendicular) and weld together
to fabricate as a single piece of JACK with the rebar cage (Step 2).

Subsequently, connect 12m rebar cage with the another top 12m rebar cage. The hydraulic supply hoses and
telltales will be attached out from YJACK connections.

Step 1 Step 2 Step 3

The connections of the rebar cages shall compliance to the contractor’s method statement.

It should be noted that, the contractor at project site shall use their most appropriate method to assist the
YJACK installer to fabricate the YJACK onto the rebar cage. Precautions shall be taken in order not to damage
the hydraulic hoses, telltales and connections.

YJACK | World’s Patent. The best bi-directional pile test on bored and driven piles.
Page | 5
Method Statement for Bi-Directional (balance) Pile Test Method using YJACK Type B 20170211
Pile Size BP1000mm, Working Load 2,827kN, Test Load 5,654kN)

3.1 FABRICATION ON SMALL PILES

The first section of the reinforcing cage below the YJACK will be lowered into the bored hole and 1 st concrete
placement will commence with suitable tremie pipe to reach the pile toe and until reaches 1m above the
YJACK location.

Pre-bore the 1m soft concrete before harden within 2 hours and cleaning the base. Subsequently lower down
the upper rebar cage with YJACK fabricated to be seated onto the solid concrete surface. Next, the concrete
will be placed up to the designed level illustrated below.

(1) Boring to depth & clean the pile bottom


(2) Lower down the bottom rebar cage & fix position perpendicu lar to pile axis
(3) 1 st time concreting until above 1m of split zone (i.e. YJACK location)
(4) Pre‐bore the 1m soft concrete before harden within 2 hours & clean the base
(5) Lower down the upper rebar cage with YJACK fabricated
(6) 2 nd time concreting until pile top
(7) Apply load to YJACK after X-days

YJACK | World’s Patent. The best bi-directional pile test on bored and driven piles.
Page | 6
Method Statement for Bi-Directional (balance) Pile Test Method using YJACK Type B 20170211
Pile Size BP1000mm, Working Load 2,827kN, Test Load 5,654kN)

4.0 YJACK INSTRUMENTATIONS & PRESSURIZATIONS

Measurement of YJACK Pressure


A calibrated electronic pressure gauge will be used to monitor the hydraulic jack pressure, from which the loading is
derived by applying the calibration factor of the hydraulic jack to the pressure.

Measurement of Displacements
For measurement of the displacement of the YJACK (top and bottom parts), telltales will be used. The end of telltales
will be connected to LVDTs (linear vertical displacement transducer) to measure displacements:
- Four (4) measurements on pile top displacement combined with physical measuring
- Four (1) measurements on YJACK up and displacements
- Four (1) measurements on YJACK down displacements

The following table is the general guideline for the quantit ies of the measurements to be used:

Pile Top YJACK(up) (YJACK(down)


Pile Size < 600mm 4 1 1
Pile Size < 1,000mm 4 2 2
Pile Size < 1,500mm 4 3 3
Pile Size > 1,500mm 4 4 4

Reference Beams
- For pile top measurements, two (2) reference beams will be cross-connected and laid on supports, firmly embedded
in the ground
- For telltale measurements, one (1) reference beam will be laid on supports, firmly embedded in the ground.
- The supports shall be far enough as required in the specifications or ASTM/D1143.

LVDTs (Liner Vertical Displacement Transducers)


- Four (4) LVDTs will be fixed to measure the pile top displacements (movements)
- Four (1) LVDTs will be fixed to measure the YJACK up displacements
- Four (1) LVDTs will be fixed to measure the YJACK down displacements
- LVDTs must be in good conditions and calibrated half yearly with the range of 0-50mm with accuracy of 0.01mm.

ANNEXURE D: Pressure and Displacement Gauges Calibration Sheet (sample)

Leveling Instrument
Relative displacements of the pile head, reference beam supports will be checked by leveling instrument with accuracy
0.01mm. Readings will be made on vertical scale fixed on the reading points with accuracy 0.1mm.

YJACK | World’s Patent. The best bi-directional pile test on bored and driven piles.
Page | 7
Method Statement for Bi-Directional (balance) Pile Test Method using YJACK Type B 20170211
Pile Size BP1000mm, Working Load 2,827kN, Test Load 5,654kN)

5.0 YJACK TEST PROCEDURES & PLOTS

The BD pile test will be carried out when the bored pile is obtaining the required pile bearing capacity ( at
least 14-days after concreting) to be determined by engineer to sustain the maximum required test load.

The YJACK will be internally pressurized using a common hydraulic system, creating an upward force on the shaft in
upper friction and an equal, but downward force in lower shaft friction plus end bearing. As mentioned, the hydraulic
jack load is determined by relating the applied hydraulic pressure to load calibration. A high-range calibrated pressure
gauge will be used to read the pressure on the pump line with minimum 600Bar (or 60MPa).

ANNEXURE E: BD Pile Test Loading Schedule Table

The termination shall be subjected to Engineer’s instruction; or the load will be removed and testing finished once either
one of the following criteria occur:
i. A pre-determined test load has been achieved prior to reach ultimate capacity.
ii. The test pile reaches its ultimate capacity in either upward or downward direction exceeds the limit defined
by the Engineer.
iii. The smaller value of 5% of pile diameter or maximum travel of the YJACK (80mm) is reached.
iv. The ultimate YJACK capacity is reached.

Load-displacement readings will be recorded accordance to the load test procedure determined by the engineers, which
generally adopting maintained load test procedure with the sample plots shown below for (i) Load-Settlement, (ii) Load-
Time, and (iii) Settlement-Time.

Sample (left): Load~Settlement, Q~s Plot

Sample (bottom): Time~Settlement, T~s Plot

YJACK | World’s Patent. The best bi-directional pile test on bored and driven piles.
Page | 8
Method Statement for Bi-Directional (balance) Pile Test Method using YJACK Type B 20170211
Pile Size BP1000mm, Working Load 2,827kN, Test Load 5,654kN)

6.0 YJACK TEST RESULTS

Test report will be issued to the client with load-settlement Q~s curves upon completion of the test.

6.1 BD Test Curves

The test results are plotted as load versus displacement curves for the upward and downward displacements
independently as recommended by Singapore Standard SS/CP4 (2003), Figure 7.16(b):

6.2 Equivalent Q-s Curve (by analytical method)

The two (2) component curves as illustrated in Section 6.1 may then be utilized to construct an equivalent pile-top load
(Q) versus displacement curve (s) as recommended by Singapore Standard SS/CP4 (2003), Figure 7.16(c):

YJACK | World’s Patent. The best bi-directional pile test on bored and driven piles.
Page | 9
Method Statement for Bi-Directional (balance) Pile Test Method using YJACK Type B 20170211
Pile Size BP1000mm, Working Load 2,827kN, Test Load 5,654kN)

6.3 BD Acceptance Criteria

The Q-s curve from Section 6.2 will be utilized to compare with the acceptance criteria as defined by the Engineer.

6.4 BD Friction Correction

In bi-directional testing, the hydraulic jack is pushing the pile top section in upward direction. In other words, the pile
top section is subjected to tension load behavior. In order to simulate the compressive load behavior, the following skin
friction correction factor, γ, at pile top section shall be taken in considerations as follows:

Soil Type Friction Correction Friction Corrected Friction


Factor, γ At Pile Top Section At Pile Top Section
Sand 0.7 Qu(top) Qu(top)/0.7
Clay 0.8 Qu(top) Qu(top)/0.8
Rock 1.0 Qu(top) Qu(top)/1.0
Note: for different soil layers, take average values of γ

6.6 BD Ultimate Load

The test pile ultimate load, Qu = Qu(top)/γ + Qu(bottom) – W(weight of pile top section); must exceed the Q(test load).

YJACK | World’s Patent. The best bi-directional pile test on bored and driven piles.
Page | 10
Method Statement for Bi-Directional (balance) Pile Test Method using YJACK Type B 20170211
Pile Size BP1000mm, Working Load 2,827kN, Test Load 5,654kN)

7.0 WORK MATRIX

No Item Scope of Works Remarks


[S] [D] [C]
A YJACK Consumables
1 YJACK apparatus  Whole set of instruments, pipes,
2 Calibration certificates  hoses, telltales used for BD pile test
3 Hydraulic hoses  instrumentations will be supplied by
4 Telltale wires  Distributor
5 Pipes to protect hoses and wires 

B Man Power during Installation


1 Welding: YJACK Installation  The welder shall be competent so
2 General workers (when required)  that YJACK integrity is maintained
3 Supervision: YJACK installation 

C Equipment during Installation


1 Welding set  Service crane to lift YJACK; or use
2 Service crane  boring rig

D Setup for BD Pile Test


1 Reference beam  Generally provided by piling/main
2 Lighting  contractor or 3rd party such as testing
3 Shelter  service provider
4 Physical leveling measurements 

E Reusable for BD Pile Test


1 Hydraulic pump and pressure gauge  Generally provided by Distributor
2 LVDTs  cum a testing service provider
3 Data logger 
4 Wheels & weights 

[S] YJACK Supplier; [D] Appointed Distributor; [C] Piling/Main Contractor

YJACK | World’s Patent. The best bi-directional pile test on bored and driven piles.
Page | 11
Method Statement for Bi-Directional (balance) Pile Test Method using YJACK Type B 20170211
Pile Size BP1000mm, Working Load 2,827kN, Test Load 5,654kN)

8.0 TECHNICAL CHIEF

Mr WAI, Yee Kong, 25 years in piling and testing industry since 1991 (Attachment A & B):
 1991: Bachelor in Civil Engineering (Hons), UTM
 1991: Research Officer in dynamic pile testing (hardware & software), UTM
 1994: Pile Test Engineer in private firms
 2000: USPTO Patent Holder for new dynamic pile test method (YLOAD Method)
 2004: Certified Pile Test Engineer (Advance Level), Deep Foundation Institute/USA
 2008: Key Trainer in dynamic pile testing (Asia Pacific Countries)
 2014: MyIPO Malaysian Patent Pending for static pile load test method (YJACK)
 2015: PCT World Patent Pending for static pile load test method (YJACK)
 2015: Int’l Invention and Innovation Expo (ITEX15) Gold Medal for YJACK
 2015: Int’l Construction Industry Council (CIC) Innovation Award 2015 for YJACK
 2016: Int’l Global CleanTech Innovation Program (GCIP) Award 2016 for YJACK
 2016: Appointed Advisory Panel Member for Construction Industry Competency Blueprint, CIDB Malaysia

Mr Wai is the Founder and Executive Vice President (Technical) of the company for all the technical cum operational
matters. He has 25 year experiences in static and dynamic pile testing, and became Certified Pile Test Engineer (Advance
Level) in 2004, accredited by Deep Foundations Institute, United States (DFI/USA).

He is the inventor and has the technical know-how of the YJACK. He leads a team of engineers and technicians in Asia
Pacific Countries in the productions and installations of the YJACK.

As an entrepreneur, Mr Wai had established good reputations and contacts with governments, clients, contractors and
counterparts in the industry. His technical expertise is beyond doubt in the pile testing industry. He is always the point
of reference for the consultants and engineers if any issue pertaining to the pile testing arises.

He had also presented many technical papers in the international conferences:


 Dynamic Pile Test Tech Paper 1997 – Impact Load Analogy in Pile Driving (Hong Kong)
 Dynamic Pile Test Tech Paper 2003 – PileTalk 2003 New Breakthrough in Testing (Malaysia)
 Dynamic Pile Test Tech Paper 2003 – Impact Load Theory - A New Testing Method (China)
 Dynamic Pile Test Tech Paper 2003 – Advance Analysis in Low-Strain Pile Integrity Test (China)
 Dynamic Pile Test Tech Paper 2005 – Conventional and Innovative Methods in Pile Driving and Testing (Indonesia)
 Dynamic Pile Test Tech Paper 2013 – 22 Years Experiences in High-Strain Dynamic Load Test (PILE2013 Indonesia)
 Static Pile Test Tech Paper 2013 – State-Of-The-Art of YJACK in Bi-Directional Pile Test (PILE2013 Indonesia)

YJACK | World’s Patent. The best bi-directional pile test on bored and driven piles.
Page | 12
Method Statement for Bi-Directional (balance) Pile Test Method using YJACK 20170211
Test Pile BP600mm, Working Load 1,500kN, Test Load 3,750kN)

ANNEXURE
ANNEXURE O: YCELL Product Specification Sheet

YJACK | World Patent. The bi-directional pile test for bored and driven piles. Page | Annexure
YJACK Technology Sdn Bhd (1086910-H)
No 25-2, Jalan Pandan Prima 1, Dataran Pandan Prima, 55100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
(TL)+6016-2168129/2158129 (W3)www.YJACKpiletest.com (FB)Facebook.com/YJACKpiletest

YCELL Hydraulic Jack Specifications


Effective Date: 20160101

Piston Height (max)

Norminal Pressure

Tested Pressure
Outer Diameter

Nominal Force
Effective Area
Physical Area
YCELL Model
YCELL Series

Unit Weight
Wall Thick

Jack Height
D t H H1 w A Ae F p p1
mm mm mm mm kg mm2 mm2 kN MPa MPa
YCELL 300 3GYJ2D300 325 10 150 120 28 73,062 67,500 1,350 20.0 22.0
YCELL 300 3GYJ2D300s 325 10 150 120 28 73,062 67,500 1,650 24.4 26.9
YCELL 300 3GYJ3D300 325 10 150 120 28 73,062 67,500 2,000 29.6 32.6
YCELL 300 3GYJ4D300 325 10 150 120 28 73,062 67,500 2,800 41.5 45.6
YCELL 400 3GYJ2D400 425 14 150 120 46 123,786 117,500 2,350 20.0 22.0
YCELL 400 3GYJ2D400s 425 14 150 120 46 123,786 117,500 2,600 22.1 24.3
YCELL 400 3GYJ3D400 425 14 150 120 46 123,786 117,500 3,000 25.5 28.1
YCELL 400 3GYJ4D400 425 14 150 120 46 123,786 117,500 3,800 32.3 35.6
YCELL 500 3GYJ2D500 500 25 150 120 88 159,044 145,500 3,100 21.3 23.4
YCELL 500 3GYJ2D500s 500 25 150 120 88 159,044 145,500 4,050 27.8 30.6
YCELL 500 3GYJ3D500 500 25 150 120 88 159,044 145,500 4,950 34.0 37.4
YCELL 500 3GYJ4D500 500 25 150 120 88 159,044 145,500 5,800 39.9 43.8

YCELL with Flat Jack Design YCELL Pressurization Mechanism


(Patented Technology since 2010) (The pile top and bottom sections still partially integrated.)

YJACK | World's Patents. The best bi-directional pile test. Page | 1 of 1


Method Statement for Bi-Directional (balance) Pile Test Method using YJACK 20170211
Test Pile BP600mm, Working Load 1,500kN, Test Load 3,750kN)

ANNEXURE
ANNEXURE A: YJACK Balance Point Calculation Sheet

YJACK | World Patent. The bi-directional pile test for bored and driven piles. Page | Annexure
YJACK Technology Sdn Bhd (1086910-H)
Level 16, 1 Sentral, KL Sentral,
50470 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
(T)+603-20929274 (F)+603-20929201

PROJECT : Luyang Kota Kinabalu DATE : 19/02/17


BOREHOLE NO. : BH 1 TIME : 11:22:30 PM

LOAD CAPACITY OF BORED PILES


(BY MEYERHOF EQUATION)

FOR SAND : where Pu = Ultimate load capacity (kN)


Pu = 2 x N' x As x L + 400 x N x Ab (Use Kb =200 for soil and 400 for sand) N = Standard penetration, N at pile base
N' = Average value of N along pile shaft
FOR CLAY : Ab = Area of pile base (m2)
Pu =5 x N' x As x L + 45 x N x Ab As = Gross surface area of pile (m2/ m run)

PILE DIMENSION (600 Bored Pile) :


OD = 600 mm Ab = 0.283 m2
THK = - mm As = 1.885 m2/ m run
F.Sb = 3.0 NOTES
F.Ss = 2.0 Quc = N/A Mpa (N/mm2)
Highly Weathered Sandstone
REDUCED LEVEL = m Nmax Limit to 150
CUT OFF LEVEL = 1.50 m fsa Limit to 300 Kpa fsu 600 Kpa
fba Limit to 500KN

DEPTH SPT SOIL BASE ADDITIONAL TOTAL SKIN ULTIMATE LOAD SAFE WORKING
TYPE BEARING SKIN FRICTION FRICTION CAPACITY LOAD
(m) (S / C) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN)

0.0 0 S 0 0
0
1.5 65 S 0 0
382
3.0 70 S 0 382
396
4.5 70 S 0 778
509
6.0 110 S 0 1287
622
7.5 110 S 0 1909
622
9.0 110 S 0 2531
415
10.0 110 S 0 2946
Highly Weathered Sandstone
10.0 600 R 0 2946 2946 1473
1131
11.0 600 R 1500 4077 5577 2538
1131
12.0 600 R 1500 5208 6708 3104
1131
13.0 600 R 1500 6339 7839 3669
Note 1 : 2.0 WL = 2.0 X 2827 = 5654 KN
Note 2 : At balance point, min friction to be 5654 KN.
Note 3 : The proposed balance points at 12 M with total Resistance of 5208 KN from pile above
Note 4 : The proposed balance points at 12 M with total Resistance > 2827 KN from pile below
Note 5 : Proposed Bored Pile Length is 12 M (2 M Socket Length)
YJACK Technology Sdn Bhd (1086910-H)
Level 16, 1 Sentral, KL Sentral,
50470 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
(T)+603-20929274 (F)+603-20929201

PROJECT : Luyang Kota Kinabalu DATE : 19/02/17


BOREHOLE NO. : BH 2 TIME : 11:18:56 PM

LOAD CAPACITY OF BORED PILES


(BY MEYERHOF EQUATION)

FOR SAND : where Pu = Ultimate load capacity (kN)


Pu = 2 x N' x As x L + 400 x N x Ab (Use Kb =200 for soil and 400 for sand) N = Standard penetration, N at pile base
N' = Average value of N along pile shaft
FOR CLAY : Ab = Area of pile base (m2)
Pu =5 x N' x As x L + 45 x N x Ab As = Gross surface area of pile (m2/ m run)

PILE DIMENSION (600 Bored Pile) :


OD = 600 mm Ab = 0.283 m2
THK = - mm As = 1.885 m2/ m run
F.Sb = 3.0 NOTES
F.Ss = 2.0 Quc = N/A Mpa (N/mm2)
Highly Weathered Sandstone
REDUCED LEVEL = m Nmax Limit to 150
CUT OFF LEVEL = 1.50 m fsa Limit to 300 Kpa fsu 600 Kpa
fba Limit to 500KN

DEPTH SPT SOIL BASE ADDITIONAL TOTAL SKIN ULTIMATE LOAD SAFE WORKING
TYPE BEARING SKIN FRICTION FRICTION CAPACITY LOAD
(m) (S / C) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN)

0.0 0 S 0 0
0
1.5 24 S 0 0
187
3.0 42 S 0 187
257
4.5 49 S 0 444
450
6.0 110 S 0 894
415
7.0 110 S 0 1308
Highly Weathered Sandstone 0
7.0 600 R 1500 1308 2808 1154
1131
8.0 600 R 1500 2439 3939 1720
1131
9.0 600 R 1500 3571 5071 2285
1131
10.0 600 R 1500 4702 6202 2851
Note 1 : 2.0 WL = 2.0 X 2827 = 5654 KN
Note 2 : At balance point, min friction to be 5654 KN.
Note 3 : The proposed balance points at 9 M with total Resistance of 3751 KN from pile above
Note 4 : The proposed balance points at 9 M with total Resistance > 2827 KN from pile below
Note 5 : Proposed Bored Pile Length is 10 M (4 M Socket Length)
YJACK Technology Sdn Bhd (1086910-H)
Level 16, 1 Sentral, KL Sentral,
50470 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
(T)+603-20929274 (F)+603-20929201

PROJECT : Luyang Kota Kinabalu DATE : 19/02/17


BOREHOLE NO. : BH 3 TIME : 11:18:56 PM

LOAD CAPACITY OF BORED PILES


(BY MEYERHOF EQUATION)

FOR SAND : where Pu = Ultimate load capacity (kN)


Pu = 2 x N' x As x L + 400 x N x Ab (Use Kb =200 for soil and 400 for sand) N = Standard penetration, N at pile base
N' = Average value of N along pile shaft
FOR CLAY : Ab = Area of pile base (m2)
Pu =5 x N' x As x L + 45 x N x Ab As = Gross surface area of pile (m2/ m run)

PILE DIMENSION (600 Bored Pile) :


OD = 600 mm Ab = 0.283 m2
THK = - mm As = 1.885 m2/ m run
F.Sb = 3.0 NOTES
F.Ss = 2.0 Quc = N/A Mpa (N/mm2)
Highly Weathered Sandstone
REDUCED LEVEL = m Nmax Limit to 150
CUT OFF LEVEL = 1.50 m fsa Limit to 300 Kpa fsu 600 Kpa
fba Limit to 500KN

DEPTH SPT SOIL BASE ADDITIONAL TOTAL SKIN ULTIMATE LOAD SAFE WORKING
TYPE BEARING SKIN FRICTION FRICTION CAPACITY LOAD
(m) (S / C) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN)

0.0 0 S 0 0
0
1.5 14 S 0 0
88
3.0 17 S 0 88
113
4.5 23 S 0 201
167
6.0 36 S 0 368
238
7.5 48 S 0 605
271
9.0 48 S 0 877
348
10.5 75 S 0 1224
424
12.0 75 S 0 1649
424
13.5 75 S 0 2073
424
15.0 75 S 0 2497
Highly Weathered Sandstone 0
15.0 600 R 1500 2497 3997 1748
1131
16.0 600 R 1500 3628 5128 2314
1131
17.0 600 R 1500 4759 6259 2880
1131
18.0 600 R 1500 5890 7390 3445
Note 1 : 2.0 WL = 2.0 X 2827 = 5654 KN
Note 2 : At balance point, min friction to be 5654 KN.
Note 3 : The proposed balance points at 17 M with total Resistance of 4759 KN from pile above
Note 4 : The proposed balance points at 17 M with total Resistance > 2827 KN from pile below
Note 5 : Proposed Bored Pile Length is 17 M (2 M Socket Length)
Method Statement for Bi-Directional (balance) Pile Test Method using YJACK 20170211
Test Pile BP600mm, Working Load 1,500kN, Test Load 3,750kN)

ANNEXURE
ANNEXURE B: YJACK Fabrication Schematic Drawing Sheet

YJACK | World Patent. The bi-directional pile test for bored and driven piles. Page | Annexure
MAIN BAR
(refer to Engineer Drawing)

YJ3D400
Ø425mm 4*NOS YJ3D400
F(BD)= 6,000kN
(Test Load = 5,654kN)

Ø600

PLAN VIEW

MAIN BAR
(refer to Engineer Drawing)

150
15151515

ELEVATION VIEW
YJACK Test Pile BP Ø600; Working Load = 2,827kN; Test Load = 5,654kN
Project Name: Project at Jalan Tasik, Kota Kinabalu
Project ID: YJMY-KK-SABAH
YJACK TECHNOLOGY SDN BHD
www.YJACKpiletest.com
YJACK TYPE B
Drawing ID: YJMY-20170211-DW-01-R0
FaceBook.com/YJACKpiletest
YJACK FABRICATION SCHEMATIC
YouTube.com/YJACKpiletest
(NOT TO SCALE) Issued Date: 2017.02.11
Method Statement for Bi-Directional (balance) Pile Test Method using YJACK 20170211
Test Pile BP600mm, Working Load 1,500kN, Test Load 3,750kN)

ANNEXURE
ANNEXURE C: YJACK Instrumentation Schematic Drawing Sheet

YJACK | World Patent. The bi-directional pile test for bored and driven piles. Page | Annexure
Method Statement for Bi-Directional (balance) Pile Test Method using YJACK 20170211
Test Pile BP600mm, Working Load 1,500kN, Test Load 3,750kN)

ANNEXURE
ANNEXURE D: YJACK Instrumentation Calibration Certificates

YJACK | World Patent. The bi-directional pile test for bored and driven piles. Page | Annexure
Method Statement for Bi-Directional (balance) Pile Test Method using YJACK 20170211
Test Pile BP600mm, Working Load 1,500kN, Test Load 3,750kN)

ANNEXURE
ANNEXURE E: YJACK Pile Test Loading Schedule Table

YJACK | World Patent. The bi-directional pile test for bored and driven piles. Page | Annexure
Method Statement for Bi-Directional (balance) Pile Test Method using YJACK 20170211
Test Pile BP600mm, Working Load 1,500kN, Test Load 3,750kN)

ATTACHMENT
ATTACHMENT A: Technical Chief CV: Wai Yee Kong

YJACK | World Patent. The bi-directional pile test for bored and driven piles. Page | Annexure
Wai Yee Kong,
Resume, October 2016

Mr Wai Yee Kong (Yekong Wai)


Company : YJACK Professional Group
Address : 20-2, Jalan Pandan Prima 1,
Dataran Pandan Prima,
55100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Contact : yekong2012@gmail.com | www.YJACKpiletest.com |
Social : yekong2012 | YouTube.com/YJACKpiletest | Facebook.com/YJACKpiletest |

EDUCATION
Bachelor in Civil Engineering (Hons), 1991
TECHNOLOGY UNIVERSITY OF MALAYSIA
(UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA, UTM)

SUMMARY

Mr WAI, Yee Kong (male), 25 years in piling and testing industry since 1991:
1991: Bachelor in Civil Engineering (Hons), UTM
1991: Research Officer in dynamic pile testing (hardware & software), UTM
1994: Pile Test Engineer in private firms
2000: USPTO Patent Holder for new dynamic pile test method (YLOAD Method)
2004: Certified Pile Test Engineer (Advance Level), Deep Foundation Institute/USA
2008: Key Trainer in dynamic pile testing (Asia Pacific Countries)
2014: MyIPO Malaysian Patent for static pile load test method (YJACK)
2015: PCT World Patent for static pile load test method (YJACK)
2015: Int’l Invention and Innovation Expo (ITEX15) Gold Medal for YJACK
2015: Int’l Construction Industry Council (CIC) Innovation Award 2015 for YJACK
2016: Int’l Global CleanTech Innovation Program (GCIP) Award 2016 for YJACK
2016: Appointed Advisory Panel Member for Construction Industry Competency Blueprint

Mr Wai is the Founder and Executive Vice President (Technical) of the company for all the
technical cum operational matters. He has 25 years experiences in static and dynamic pile
testing, and became Certified Pile Test Engineer (Advance Level) in 2004, accredited by
Deep Foundations Institute, United States (DFI/USA).

He is the inventor and has the technical know-how of the YJACK. He leads a team of
engineers and technicians in Asia Pacific in the installations and testing of the YJACK.

As an entrepreneur, Mr Wai had established good reputations and contacts with governments,
clients, contractors and counterparts in the industry. His technical expertise is beyond
doubt in the pile testing industry. He is always the point of reference for the consultants
and engineers if any issue pertaining to the pile testing arises.

With the recognitions as the pile testing specialist, Mr Wai has been appointed as an
Advisory Panel Member for Construction Industry Competency Blueprint (CICB) of
Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB), Malaysia.

He had also presented many technical papers in the international conferences:


 Dynamic Test Tech Paper 1997 – Impact Load Analogy in Pile Driving (Hong Kong)
 Dynamic Test Tech Paper 2003 – PileTalk 2003 New Breakthrough in Testing (Malaysia)
 Dynamic Test Tech Paper 2003 – Impact Load Theory - A New Testing Method (China)
 Dynamic Test Tech Paper 2003 – Advance Analysis in Low-Strain Pile Test (China)
 Dynamic Test Tech Paper 2005 – Innovative in Pile Driving and Testing (Indonesia)
 Dynamic Test Tech Paper 2013 – 22 Years Experiences in High-Strain Test (PILE2013)
 Static Test Tech Paper 2013 – State-Of-The-Art of YJACK in BD Pile Test (PILE2013)

World’s leading pile test specialist with 25 years experience. Page | 1 of 6


Wai Yee Kong,
Resume, October 2016

PROFILE
Pile Test Specialist (Static, Dynamic, Bi-Directioncal, Imaging)
Certified Pile Tester (US/DFI Advance Level Certified, 2004)
USPTO US Patent Holder (YLOAD Dynamic Pile Test Method, 2000)
PCT World Patent Holder (YJACK Static Pile Test Method, 2014)

ADVISOR
Traswaja Pile Testing Sdn Bhd, West Malaysia (pile design and testing, since 2008)
Geospec PileTech Sdn Bhd, East Malaysia (pile design and testing, since 2002)
Geotech Enginering Sdn Bhd, South Malaysia (pile design and testing, since 2006)
GGK Pile Testing PT, Jakarta (pile design and testing, since 2005)
Infratech ASTM Co Ltd, Bangkok (pile design and testing, since 2012)
Intell-Equipment Designer, Beijing (bi-directional pile test method, since 2014)
Bakat Geotechnique Pte Ltd, Singapore (pile design and testing, since 2015)
Bakat Geo Teknik PT, Jakarta (pile design and testing, since 2016)
Nattest Lab Sdn Bhd, South Malaysia (pile design and testing, since 2016)

CAREER
YJACK PROFESSIONAL GROUP
2014/02 - Present
Founder, Vice President (Technical)
 technical support for YJACK bi-directional pile test on bored and driven piles
 product development on autoYJACK bi-directional pile test on offshore piles
 international marketing to South East Asia and Asia Pacific countries

TECHNOSTAR PROFESSIONAL GROUP


2008/08 – 2014/02
International Marketing Chief
 technical support for all dynamic pile testing analysis and reporting
 international trainings, examinations and proficiency tests for pile testing
 international marketing to South East Asia and Asia Pacific countries

TRASWAJA TECHNOLOGY SDN BHD, MALAYSIA


2002/07 – 2008/08
Chief Research Officer
 develop pile testing system using state-of-the-art technology under MSC flagship
 R&D on YBearing Method and commercialization of Pile Bearing Calculator (PBC)
 upgrade and enhance the dynamic pile testing instruments with RSM Trademark
 develop high strain wave analysis software with ASIAWAP Trademark
 collaboration partner with research and higher education institutions

TRASWAJA PILE TESTING SDN BHD, MALAYSIA


1997/07 – 2008/08
Technical Director
 responsible for the overall technical operations
 ensures the quality of testing & test reports are maintained
 field testing of dynamic pile measurement
 performs CAPWAP analysis
 handles technical complaints

World’s leading pile test specialist with 25 years experience. Page | 2 of 6


Wai Yee Kong,
Resume, October 2016

DYNAMIC PILE TESTING SDN BHD, MALAYSIA


1996/08 – 1997/07
Technical Manager
 responsible for the overall technical operations
 ensures the quality of testing & test reports are maintained
 identifies the training needs for all the technical personnel
 responsible for the usage & maintenance of the testing equipment
 field testing of dynamic pile measurement
 performs CAPWAP analysis
 handles technical complaints
 maintains the ISO/IEC G25 system (in the process of accreditation)

DYNAMIC PILE TESTING SDN BHD, MALAYSIA


1995/05 – 1996/08
Quality Assurance Manager
 development of the ISO/IEC G25 system
 training & motivation of the technical personnel
 calibration & instrumentation of the testing equipment
 field testing of dynamic pile measurement
 performs CAPWAP analysis

SOIL DYNAMICS (M) SDN BHD, MALAYSIA


1994/01 – 1995/05
Testing Engineer
 field testing of dynamic pile measurement
 bridge diagnostic testing
 pile instrumentation testing
 performs CAPWAP analysis
 prepares test report
 calibration & instrumentation of the testing equipment
 handles technical complaints

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA, MALAYSIA


1991/05 – 1993/12
Research Officer
 R&D on determination of pile bearing capacity by high-strain dynamic method

TRAINING
Since 2008 Bi-Directional Pile Test using various types of hydraulic jack systems
TECHNOLOGY: piston jack, capsule jack, flat jack, for bored & driven piles

Since 2007 Key Trainer in Int’l Pile Dynamics Workshop and Proficiency Tests, Wuhan
INSTITUTE OF ROCK AND SOIL MECHANICS (IRSM), WUHAN, CHINA

Since 2007 Key Trainer in Int’l Pile Dynamics Workshop and Proficiency Tests, Bandung
GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING CENTER, UNPAR UNIVERSITY, BANDUNG, INDONESIA

Since 2002 Dynamic Pile Testing using various types of testing instruments
TRADEMARKS: PDI, TNO, SIMBAT, RSM, MCT, GEOSTAR, ROCKSEA, CSCEC, Y-LINK

2015/05 Project Partner, Performance Test Program (PTP) for YJACK Pile Test Method
GEOTECHNICAL DEPARTMENT, PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT MALAYSIA (aka JKR)

2014/10 Project Leader, Technical Opinion Program (TOP) for YJACK Pile Test Method
CONSTRUCTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE MALAYSIA (CREAM)

2013/06 Int’l Conference on State-Of-The-Art of Pile Foundation (PILE2013), Bandung


INT’L SOCIETY OF SOIL MECHANICS AND FOUNDATION ENGINEERING (ISSMGE)

World’s leading pile test specialist with 25 years experience. Page | 3 of 6


Wai Yee Kong,
Resume, October 2016

2013/01 Training on Soil Profiling (SP) for Pile Borehole using Radar Technology
INSTITUTE OF RADIO-WAVE PROPAGATION (RADAR), QINGDAO, CHINA

2012/10 Training on Bi-Directional (BD) Pile Bearing Testing using New Technology
TRADEMARK: YJACK FOR BD TEST METHOD, BEIJING, CHINA

2011/02 Seminar & Exhibition HATTI 2005, Yogyakarta, Indonesia


INDONESIAN SOCIETY OF GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERS (aka HATTI)

2008/11 Certified HS/PDA Engineer (Expert Level); Institute of Rock & Soil Mechanics
INT’L PILE DYNAMICS WORKSHOP, EXAMINATIONS AND PROFICIENCY TESTS, WUHAN

2006/09 Impact Load Theory – Compatibility Study Compared to Hiley and Case Methods
6TH ASIA PACIFIC STRUCTURAL ENG. & CONST. CONFERENCE (APSEC 2006), MALAYSIA

2006/06 Implementation of State-of-the-Art Pile Driving Tools in Modern Pile Designs


INSTITUTE ENGINEERS MALAYSIA (IEM), MELAKA BRANCH, MELAKA, MALAYSIA

2005/08 Seminar & Exhibition HAKI 2005, Jakarta, Indonesia


INDONESIAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS (aka HAKI)

2005/08 Pile Design & Problems, Wave Equation Analysis and Dynamic Pile Testing
PUBLIC WORK DEPARTMENT (JKR), CORPORATE SECTION, MALAYSIA

2004/08 Certified HS/PDA Engineer (Advanced Level); Deep Foundation Institute, USA
STRESS WAVE CONFERENCE 2004, KUALA LUMPUR, MALAYSIA

2004/08 2 Days PDA and CAPWAP Workshop


STRESS WAVE CONFERENCE 2004, KUALA LUMPUR, MALAYSIA

2004/02 4D (dimensional) Project Management & Engineering Software Training


VeirtualSTEP, TAIPEI, TAIWAN

2003/11 Educational and Technical Exchange in Kuala Lumpur


INSTITUTE OF ROCK & SOIL MECHANICS (IRSM)

2002/11 Educational and Technical Exchange in Wuhan


INSTITUTE OF ROCK & SOIL MECHANICS (IRSM)

2001/11 Departmental Visits and Technology Demonstrations in Wuhan


CHINA UNIVERSITY OF GEOTECHNICAL/GEOSCIENCES (CUG), WUHAN, CHINA

2001/11 On-Site Training at Various Piling & Foundation Sites in Wuhan


INSTITUTE OF ROCK AND SOIL MECHANICS (IRSM), WUHAN, CHINA

2001/11 Presentation: New Development of High/Low Strain Dynamic Pile Testing


INSTITUTE OF ROCK AND SOIL MECHANICS (IRSM), WUHAN, CHINA

2001/11 Presentation: Hiley Formula, PDA Case Method and Beyond


CHINA UNIVERSITY OF GEOTECHNICAL/GEOSCIENCES (CUG), WUHAN, CHINA

1999/07 Short Course on Design and Construction of Steel Pile


MALAYSIAN STRUCTURAL STEEL ASSOCIATION (MSSA), KUALA LUMPUR, MALAYSIA

1999/05 National Seminar on Pile Testing & Performance


TECHNOLOGY UNIVERSITY OF MALAYSIA (UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA, UTM)

1997/07 PDA User's Day 1997


PILE DYNAMICS INC (PDI), KOWLOON, HONG KONG

1996/05 PDA User's Day 1996


PILE DYNAMICS INC (PDI), KUALA LUMPIUR, MALAYSIA

World’s leading pile test specialist with 25 years experience. Page | 4 of 6


Wai Yee Kong,
Resume, October 2016

1995/08 Internal Quality Auditing Course


STANDARDS AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF MALAYSIA (SIRIM), MALAYSIA

1995/06 ISO/IEC Guide 25 & ISO 9000 Appreciation Course


STANDARDS AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF MALAYSIA (SIRIM), MALAYSIA

1995/06 ISO/IEC Guide 25 & ISO 9000 Quality Manual Writing Course
STANDARDS AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF MALAYSIA (SIRIM), MALAYSIA

1992/12 Seminar on Non-Destructive Testing on Concrete


TECHNOLOGY UNIVERSITY OF MALAYSIA (UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA, UTM)

1992/04 Seminar on Patent, Innovations and R&D


TECHNOLOGY UNIVERSITY OF MALAYSIA (UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA, UTM)

PUBLICATIONS
2015/06 YJACK, An Industry Building System (IBS) To Be Applied On Static Pile Test
IBS Digest Bulletin, Malaysia, Issue 2015/Jun (Wai YK)

2015/02 Method and Apparatus for Bi-Directional Pile Test on Driven & Injection Piles
PCT International Patent Application (Wai YK)

2014/02 Method and Apparatus for Bi-Directional Pile Test on Driven & Injection Piles
MyIPO Malaysian Patent Application (Wai YK)

2013/06 22 Years Experiences in High-Strain Wave Analysis and Guidelines


Published to Int’l Conference on State-Of-The-Art of Pile Foundation
(PILE2013), Bandung (Wai YK)

2013/06 State-Of-The-Art Technology of Yjack in Bi-Directional Pile Test


Published to Int’l Conference on State-Of-The-Art of Pile Foundation
(PILE2013), Bandung (Yu SL, Wai YK)

2012/01 Release of High-Strain Asia Wave Analysis Program, ASIAWAP


Technostar Professional Group

2010/11 Development of Pile-Soil Modeling in High Strain Wave Analysis Program, HSWAP
In-House Publication

2006/09 Impact Load Theory – A New Theory and Its Compatibility Study Compared to Hiley
and Case Methods
Published to 6th Asia Pacific Structural Engineering & Construction Conference
2006 (APSEC), Malaysia (Wai YK)

2006/04 Piling Handbook for Design and Construction of Driven Pile Foundations
Edition 2006, Malaysia

2005/08 Conventional and Innovative Methods in Pile Driving and Testing


Submitted to Seminar & Exhibition HAKI 2005, Indonesian Society Of Civil And
Structural Engineers (aka HAKI), Jakarta, Indonesia (Wai YK, Md Nuri Salimin)

2004/08 Impact Load Theory – A New Theory and Its Compatibility Study Compared to
Impulse-Momentum Theory and Wave Mechanics Theory in Pile Driving (unpublised)
Submitted to 7th International Conference On The Application Of Stress Wave
Theory To Piles, Malaysia (Wai YK)

World’s leading pile test specialist with 25 years experience. Page | 5 of 6


Wai Yee Kong,
Resume, October 2016

2004/08 One Dimensional Wave Approximation in Integrity Testing of Piles (unpublised)


Submitted to 7th International Conference On The Application Of Stress Wave
Theory To Piles, Malaysia (Prof. Chai HY, Prof. Liu MG, Wai YK)

2003/04 Driveability Prediction Report


Published to International Prediction Event 2003, for the Performances of
Impact Driven Piles in Flenders Clay, North France

2003/03 Dispersion Phenomenon and Numerical Analysis on Validity of One-Dimensional


Analysis in Low Strain Pile Integrity Testing
Published to Shock & Impact Loads in Structures, 5th Asia Pacific Conference,
Changsha, China, November 2003 (Prof. Chai HY, Prof. Liu MG, Wai YK)

2003/03 Impact Load Theory - New Testing Method in New Millennium on Driven Piles
Published to Shock & Impact Loads in Structures, 5th Asia Pacific Conference,
Changsha, China, November 2003 (Wai YK, Md Nuri Salimin)

2003/03 New Breakthrough in the History of Pile Driving and Testing Industry on
Driven Piles
Published to National Seminar, Exposition and Corporate Talk on Civil
Engineering (NASEC), Technology University of Malaysia (UTM), Kuala Lumpur,
May 2003 (Wai YK, Md Nuri Salimin)

2002/08 Case Study: WEAP, Hiley and Y-bearing Driveability Study


In-House Publication

2000/09 Optimum Hammer Selection in Pile Driving


In-House Publication

2000/05 Correlation Report: Comparison of PBC Predicted Pile Capacities Against


ENR Formula, GRLWEAP, Case Method, CAPWAP and Static Test.
In-House Publication

2000/05 Method and Apparatus for Estimating Pile Load Bearing Capacities
USA/USPTO Patent Application (Granted 2002)

1999/05 Composite Pile And Method For Making Same


Malaysian Patent Application (Pending)

1998/11 Correlation Report: Accuracy of Y-bearing Predicted by Pile Bearing Calculator


In-house Publication

1998/11 Literature Study: Reliability of Dynamic Formula (Hiley) and the Solutions
In-house Publication

1998/07 Method and Apparatus for Pile Driving (codename: YBearing)


USA/USPTO Patent Application (Granted 2000)

1997/07 Impact Load Analogy in Pile Driving (codename: YBearing)


Published to PDA User's Day 1997, Kowloon, Hongkong

End of Resume

World’s leading pile test specialist with 25 years experience. Page | 6 of 6


Method Statement for Bi-Directional (balance) Pile Test Method using YJACK 20170211
Test Pile BP600mm, Working Load 1,500kN, Test Load 3,750kN)

ATTACHMENT
ATTACHMENT B: Int’l Tech Paper 2013 – State-Of-The-Art of YJACK in Bi-Directional Pile Test (PILE2013)

YJACK | World Patent. The bi-directional pile test for bored and driven piles. Page | Annexure
_______________________________________________________

Proceedings of International Conference Pile 2013, June 2-4 2013


_______________________________________________________

STATE-OF-THE-ART TECHNOLOGY OF Y-JACK IN BI-DIRECTIONAL PILE TEST

SL, Yu 1 and Yekong, Wai 2

ABSTRACT: The innovative pile testing that is categorized as a bi-directional test method (BD) obtained worldwide
popularity for very large pile load design. For pile load design exceeded test load of 30,000kN, BD is a practical and an
economical type of static load test method (SL). Presently, the most popular BD technology is using O-cell which was
introduced by Prof Osterberg in 1989. O-cell or mechanically called as O-Jack is a piston type hydraulic jack which is
embedded in the test pile for static load test. Load is applied bi-directionally from the jack to simulate static load test
using the top load method. In year 2007, Y-Jack is an innovative jack specially designed for BD static load test. It is
invented and named by Engineer Yu. Technically, Y-Jack is conceptually different in design compared to O-Jack with
more advantages. Functionality, both jacks are the same, i.e. to conduct BD pile test. The type of Y-Jack is a capsule
hydraulic jack, instead of piston hydraulic jack. This technical paper will introduce Y-Jack technology and its
installations and some comparisons to O-Jack.

Keywords: pile test, load test, pile load test, hydraulic jack, piston jack, capsule jack, static pile test, dynamic pile test

THE PILING AND TESTING DEVELOPMENT method is almost impossible due to technical constraints
and economical considerations.
Pile foundation has been widely used worldwide In order to solve pile testing problem on large cast in-
since thousands years ago. In convention, piling is a situ piles, a new technology was introduced in three (3)
terminology used in pile foundation for piles installed by decades ago by installing a hydraulic jack embedded in
pile driving hammers. Since last century, piling included the pile to conduct the pile load test. This new test
cast in-situ and injection piles. method is named as bi-directional pile load test (BD).
For driven piles installed by pile driving hammers, Table 1 is a glance on piling and testing methods.
the piling industry already gone through four (4) major
development (Wai, 2003), i.e.:-. Table 1. A Glance on Piling and Testing Methods
- Development 1: pile as rigid body Piling and Testing Methods vs. Test Load
- Development 2: impulse-momentum theory (1930s) SL+HS
- Development 3: wave mechanics theory (1960s) driven
- Development 4: impact load theory (2000s) SL+HS HS
For cast in-situ piles such as bored piles and caissons, driven (steel/offshore)
the trend of pile design became bigger and higher load SL+HS BD
since three (3) decades ago with following pile design bored piles
classifications:- SL+HS BD
- Small piles: test load less than 30,000kN caisson
- Large piles: test load more than 30,000kN 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 kN

For large pile testing, the BD pile test has


INTRODUCTION OF BI-DIRECTIONAL PILE TEST unmatchable advantages.
- Unlimited test load, higher load lower unit cost
For test load less than 30,000kN, the pile can be - Small work area, small headroom required
tested either using static load test (SL) or dynamic load - Improved safety, no reaction system required
test based on high-strain method (HS). However, for test - Friction and end bearing ratio computed
load more than 30,000kN, the test using SL or HS

1 Patent Holder, I-Equipment Co Ltd, Beijing, CHINA


2 International Technical Chief, PT Geoindo Technostar, Jakarta, INDONESIA

1|Page
M
e
c _______________________________________________________
h
a Proceedings of International Conference Pile 2013, June 2-4 2013
n _______________________________________________________
i WHAT IS BD PILE TEST results and the simulated SL test results will be
s illustrated in Figure 3(A) and 3(B).
m
A sacrificial and embedded hydraulic jack is cast
2 within the pile body.
o Upon application of load, the pile is separated into
i two sections and load is applied to both sections
l simultaneously and reacting against each other in two
directions; upward against upper skin friction and
f downward against base end bearing and lower skin
u
friction as illustrated in Figure 1.
l
l
y pile top
section
o
c upper
c skin friction
u
p
Figure 3(A). BD Load-Displacement Plot
y
embedded (Singapore Standard CP4: 2003)
t BD-jack
h
e pile bottom lower
section skin friction
b
l base
a end bearing
d
d Figure 1. BD Loading Mechanism
e Figure 3(B). Simulated SL Load-Displacement Plot
r (Singapore Standard CP4: 2003)
Practically, the BD pile test does not require reaction
beams, anchor piles or Kendledge during load applying.
However, technically BD is equivalent to SL test method.
THE HISTORY OF BD PILE TEST
In other words, BD simulates the SL results.
The BD is the test method used to conduct SL pile
load test. The hydraulic jack embedded in the pile to
conduct BD test is called as BD-jack.
Since the introduction of BD pile test in three (3)
decades ago, there are three (3) types of BD-jack:-
(1) Tomer Method (www.tomer-systems.com)
This is patented technology in Europe in the year
1978. However, this method is less popular
worldwide.
(2) Osterberg Method, O-Jack (Osterberg 1989)
This is patented technology in the USA in the
year 1989. Since then, it becomes worldwide
popularity. It is using friction sealing
Figure 2. Analogy of SL to be BD Test
components such as commonly used in
hydraulic jack.
With the analogy, as illustrated in Figure 2, if the SL
(3) Yu Method, Y-Jack (Yu 2007)
reaction system (either Kentledge or anchor piles)
This is patented technology in China in the year
covered by soil and apply loading, the system becomes
2007. Since then, it has become very popular in
bi-directional (BD). The hydraulic jack in SL test
China due to many advantages and cost
becomes BD-jack.
effective. It is using flexible capsule for sealing
The load applying on BD is exactly same as SL test
with a mechanism similar to basketball bladder.
method with designated loading steps. The BD test

2|Page
_______________________________________________________

Proceedings of International Conference Pile 2013, June 2-4 2013


_______________________________________________________

WHAT IS Y-JACK testing to avoid pile damage caused by overloading on to


the pile material.
Y-Jack is a special jack designed for BD pile test. It In practice, many testing organizations fix 20-30mm
is invented and named by Engineer Yu. thick steel plates on top and bottom of BD-jacks in order
Presently, there are two (2) types of jacking and to enlarge the applied force bearing area.
sealing methods. However if the steel plates are too thin, the plates
(A) Friction Sealing will deform during load applied to BD-jack and over-
Use friction sealing components (sealing ring, stress the concrete.
piston ring and etc.) to ensure the sealing Appropriate steel plate thickness should be calculated
performance, such as commonly used hydraulic as per area ratio as illustrated in the Figure 5.
cylinder and jack. The main advantage is long
product life (thousands of time in applying load).
But the disadvantage is needed to be precisely
produced, hence cost relatively high.
(B) Bladder Sealing
Use flexible capsule for sealing. The mechanism
is similar to basketball bladder. The advantages
are excellent sealing performance with low
production cost. The disadvantage is relatively
short product life (few times in applying load).
Professional Y-Jack adopts capsule sealing
technology. That gives a more reasonable product value
which avoids too wasteful long life of normal sacrificed
test jacks. Meanwhile it offers lower height, larger
loading area, lower oil pressure and safer loading results.
The cross-section details of Y-Jack are illustrated in Figure 5. Steel Plate Thickness in BD Test
the Figure 4.
For a piston diameter of 300mm, for a loading
Cylinder Shell delivery pressure of 40MPa, the steel plate should be
Piston Shell thicker than H=0.212*d=62mm to ensure the bearing
Bladder strength of the plate to the pile is less than 20MPa.
Concrete (part of pile) Due to Y-Jack mechanical design is a capsule type of
hydraulic jack instead of piston type, the large surface of
cylinder shell will ensure a low bearing stress on to the
pile.
The Y-Jack has the following loading mechanism as
illustrated in Figure 6.

Mechanism 1
pump oil into the concrete at pile
Figure 4. Y-Jack Cross-Section Details bladder body is intact

Mechanism 2
THE Y-JACK LOADING MECHANISM oil fully occupy concrete will split
the bladder at split zone
Y-Jack is designed to load low pressure (20-30MPa)
onto pile body to ensure the pressure applied on the pile
is less than the pile structural capacity. Mechanism 3
In practice, many piles were designed as a high high oil pressure pile body split to
open up the shells sections
concrete material, but the pile actual strength usually
does not meet the designed value due to the complex
positions of the BD-jack and low flow-ability of Figure 6. Y-Jack Loading Mechanism
sediments. Therefore, the safe loading is essential in BD

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THE ADVANTAGES OF Y-JACK


Pile Body & Y-Jack Intact Together
Due to many advantages since the introduction of Y- After concreting and before the loading, the pile
Jack in year 2007, it gains popularity very quickly. The body will be intact together with Y-Jack. The Y-
advantages are:- Jack cylinder shell and piston shell rigidly
Flexible Assembly and Low Cost: connect upper and lower parts of the pile body.
Y-Jack adopts standardized and serialized In other words, the Y-Jack is “embedded” in the
manufacturing mode. Y-Jacks are mass pile body. Obviously, there are no spaces or
productions, hence lower the unit costs. Users cavities generating within the Y-Jack after
select appropriate specification of Y-Jack under concreting (before loading).
various situations and weld them to freely form
up different combinations and sizes of Y-Jack
as shown in Figure 7. before loading

after loading

Figure 9: Pile Body & Y-Jack Intact Before Loading

Low Apply Load Limited to 30MPa:


Y-Jack uses low-medium pressure to meet the
testing requirement, i.e. not over-stress the pile
material with loading that is usually not higher
than 30MPa. It will reduce the risk of
unexpected crush at the contact faces of the pile
during loading. Thus, the safety and the success
rate can be enhanced.
Figure 7. Flexible Assemble of Y-Jack
In summary, the advantages are:
 Y-Jacks are easy handling and very mobility in
Bigger Space for Concrete to Flow:
remote area
In order to provide more free spaces for concrete
 Y-Jacks can be calibrated at the factory prior to
flowing throughout the Y-Jack and to reduce
mobilize to project site
cavities, Y-Jack enables abandoning top and
 Assembly at the site is relatively easy and
bottom steel plates. As the result, the concrete
simple
flows fluently through the Y-Jack without
 Multiple Y-Jacks can achieve very high load
sediments clogging. Sediments will form low
(unlimited)
stress concrete.
 Y-Jacks are mass productions, hence lower the
costs per unit test load
Y-Jack  Manufactured in a factory and pass QA/QC to
1 maintain consistent quality
Y-Jack Y-Jack  Y-Jack is a closed form super press jack that no
6 2 hydraulic leakage (no oil seal ring)
hole for
tremie  The pressure of Y-Jack is limited to 20MPa (for
pipe high bearing design pile, limited to 30MPa)
Y-Jack Y-Jack  The Y-Jack location only occupies < 50% pile
5 3 section area for the concrete to flow fluently
Y-Jack  Y-Jack is “embedded” in the top and bottom
4 pile sections to form the whole intact pile (not
separated)
Figure 8. Bigger Space for Concrete to Flow

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THE DIFFERENT OF Y-JACK AND O-JACK - Pile Type: cast in-situ bored pile
- Pile Length: 54.0m
Technically, Y-Jack is conceptually different in - Pile Diameter: 1200mm
design compared to O-Jack with more advantages. - BD Location: 35m from top
Functionally, both jacks are the same, i.e. to conduct BD - Working Load: 8,000kN (800T)
pile test. - Test Load (ult.): 16,000kN (1,600T)
The Y-Jack and O-Jack have three (3) major - Factor of Safety: 2.0
differences:-
(1) Mechanical Design Y-Jacks are produced in standardized mass
production. Table 2 is the sample specification table of
Y-Jack.

Table 2. Y-Jack Specification


Y-Jack Rated Nominal External
Model Pressure Force Diameter
(MPa) (T) (mm)
The loads are applied by The loads are applied by
YJ2D300 ≈ 20 135
using hydraulic capsule using hydraulic jack
YJ2D300s ≈ 25 165 330
units units
YJ3D300 ≈ 30 200
(2) Top and Bottom Steel Plates YJ2D400 ≈ 20 235
YJ2D400s ≈ 23 260 430
YJ3D400 ≈ 27 300
YJ2D500 ≈ 20 310
YJ2D500s ≈ 28 405 500
YJ3D500 ≈ 34 495
No steel plates and the Steel plates located at
Y-Jack only occupy bottom & top of the From the Y-Jack specification table, select model
relatively small cross- O-Jack which occupy YJ2D500. Apply Load 310T on Y-Jack will generate a
section, hence the most of the cross- bi-directional load = 310*2 = 620T. Quantity Y-Jack
concrete can flow section, hence block required = 1,600/620 = 3nos.
upward fluently the concrete to flow

(3) Concrete Fluently Flow

Model: YJ2D500 Model: YJ2D300

By referring the above diagram for model YJ2D500,


Due to concrete can Due to difficulty of the Y-Jack orientation in 1,200mm diameter pile will be
flow upward easily, concrete to flow, the very congested in the pile center for allowing the
hence the contact bottom of the cells concrete tremie pipe to lower down to pile bottom for
points at bottom are may not fully intact. concreting. Hence the selection of model YJ2D500 is not
100% intact. Accurate Measurement may not appropriate.
measurement. accurate. By re-select model YJ2D300. Apply Load 135T on
Y-Jack will generate a bi-directional load = 135*2 =
270T. Quantity Y-Jack required = 1,600/270 = 6nos.
THE Y-JACK SELECTION EXAMPLE By selecting model YJ2D300, the Y-Jack orientation
in 1,200mm diameter pile will have sufficient space for
The following will demonstrate an example to install concrete tremie pipe.
Y-Jack:-

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Proceedings of International Conference Pile 2013, June 2-4 2013


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CONCLUSION

The innovative design of Y-Jack with mass


production in a factory allows the cost of BD pile test
reduces substantially. The implementation of Y-Jack
BD pile test enables the pile design for large diameter
pile become possible to carry out the pile load test. For
pile load design exceeded test load of 30,000kN, BD is a
practical and an economical type of static load test
method.
After three (3) decades of development, BD tests
obtained worldwide acceptance especially in developed
and rich countries such as United States, Europe, Middle
East and Singapore. These countries adopting BD tests
because many of their skyscraper buildings are using
large pile designs.
Without BD test method, to verify pile bearing
capacity with high design load is almost impossible due
to technical constraints and economical considerations in
conducting pile load test.

REFERENCES

Yekong, Wai (2006), “Impact Load Theory – A New


Theory In Pile Driving And Its Compatibility Study
Compared To Hiley And Case Methods”, Asia
Pacific Structural Engineering and Construction
Conference 2006 (APSEC 2006).
Osterberg, J.O., (1989), “New device for load testing
driven piles and Drilled Shafts separates friction and
end bearing”, Proceedings International Conference
on Piling and Deep Foundations.
SL, Yu (2011), “Patent Number: CN201694784U”,
Chinese Patent And Trademark Office.

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Method Statement for Bi-Directional (balance) Pile Test Method using YJACK 20170211
Test Pile BP600mm, Working Load 1,500kN, Test Load 3,750kN)

ATTACHMENT
ATTACHMENT C: YJACK Installation on Bored Piles (YJACK Type B) and Driven Piles (YJACK Type C)

YJACK | World Patent. The bi-directional pile test for bored and driven piles. Page | Annexure
Method Statement for Bi-Directional (balance) Pile Test Method using YJACK 20170211
Test Pile BP600mm, Working Load 1,500kN, Test Load 3,750kN)

ATTACHMENT
ATTACHMENT D: International Standards for Bi-Directional Pile Load Test

YJACK | World Patent. The bi-directional pile test for bored and driven piles. Page | Annexure