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Detailed information on Medicinal Plants of Karnataka

SL. Threat Season of System of


Botanical Name Family Vernacular name Habit Habitat Part used Used for Mode of Propagation Trade information
No. Status Reproduction Medicine

Flowerin Fruiting
g
1 Ablemoschus crinitis Wall. Malvaceae No Herb North canara Rare 0 0 Whole Plant dysentry and Gravel Complaints AUS and F Seeds
2 Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Malvaceae Bende kayi(Kan), Herb Bangalore,Coorg,Mysore,raichur Cultivable 0 0 Leaf, Fruit, Seed Fruit used as a plasma replacement or blood volume Ayu, Siddha, Seeds
Moench Bhinda, Vendaikkai expander,also used for vata, pitta, debility.Immature capsules Unani, Folk
(Tam) emollient, demulcent and diuretic, Seeds stimulent, Cardiac and
3 Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medik Malvaceae No Herb Chickmagalur, Hassan, North kanara, Very 0 0 Bark antispasmodic Diarrhoea,leucorrhoea, aphrodisiac
emmenagogue Folk Seeds
Shimoga common
4 Abelmoschus moschatus Medik Malvaceae Latha Kasturi(Kan), Herb Chickmagalur, Coorg,Hassan,Mysore, Cultivable 0 0 Seed,Root,Leaf Seed used for Disease of Ayu, Siddha, 1.Seeds 2.
Kaattu kasturi(Tam) North kanara, face,distaste,anorexia,diarrhoea,cardiac Unani, Folk Vegetative: through
disease,cough,dysponia,polyuria,spermatorrhoea,eye disease, cuttings.
seed musk used as stimulent,leaf and root used for
Headache,veneral diseases,pyrexia,gastric and Skin disease

5 Abrus fruticulosus Wall.ex Wt. & Papilionaceae Angaravallika(San), Climbing Chickmagalore,Hassan,North 0 0 0 Root,leaf,seed Roots diuretic,tonic and emetic. Seeds used in infections of Ayu, Siddha,
Arn. Venkundri or shrub kanara,Shimoga,South kanara nervous system, Seed paste applied locally in sciatica,stiffness Unani, Folk
Vidathari(Tam) of sholder joints and paralysis

6 Abrus precatorius L. Fabaceae-Faboideae


Indian liquorice(E), Climbing Bangalore,Bellary,Bidar,Chickmagalo Cultivable Septembe December- Root,leaf,seed Roots diuretic,tonic and emetic. Seeds used in infections of Ayu, Siddha, Seeds soaked in hot water
Gulagangi(Kan), shrub re,Chitradurga,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar,M r- January nervous system, Seed paste applied locally in sciatica,stiffness Unani, Folk for 5 minutes and then in
Gunja (San), ysore,North Novembe of sholder joints and paralysis.Leaf,Root,Seed are used in cold water for 24 hours are
Kundrimani (Tam) kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,South r leprosy,alopecia,disease of pittam and found to germinate better.
Kanara,Tumkur kapham,jaundice,poisoning,fainting,arthritis,leucoderma.

7 Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet Malvaceae Srimudre Under Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,, Cultivable througho throughou Whole Plant Whole plant used as a febrifuge,anthelmintic and anti- Ayu, Siddha, SEEDS AND
gida(Kan), shrub Chickmagalore,Coorg,Gulbarga,Hass ut the t the year inflammatory,also in urinary troubles and lumbago.Bark is Unani, Folk VEGETATIVE MEANS
Atibala(San), an,Kolar,Mysore,Raichur,Tumkur. year.Spl. astringent and diuretic, Leaf extract used as diuretic and
Thuthi (Tam) October- demulcent. Root nervine tonic, antipyretic and used for
Decembe piles,ulcers,haematemesis,cough,leprosy,dysuria,leucorrhoea,ap
8 Acacia catechu Willd. Fabaceae-Mimosoideae
Kaggali(Kan), Deciduou Bangalore,Chitradurga,North kanara Cultivable rMarch- Bark,Heart wood hrodisiac.Seeds used as laxative andasthma,distaste,stomatitis
Leprosy,pruritus,wounds,bronchial demulcent. Ayu, Unani, 1.Seeds 2.
Khadira(San) s tree July and also for throat and cough Folk Vegetative: through root
and shoot cuttings.

9 Acacia decurrens Willd Fabaceae-Mimosoideae


no Evergree Mysore october- December- Bark Decoction of bark used in dysentry Folk Seeds
n tree Decembe January
r
10 Acacia eburnea (L.f.) Willd Fabaceae-Mimosoideae
Kudai vel(Tam) Armed Bellary,Bijapur,Chitradurga, Very 0 0 Bark,Root,leaf,see Fainting,rheumatic fever,arthritis Folk
small tree common d,gum

11 Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd Fabaceae-Mimosoideae


Kasthuri jaali(Kan), Small Bangalore,Gulbarga,Hassan,Mysore,R Very 0 0 Bark,Heart Leprosy,pruritus,wounds,bronchial Ayu, Siddha,
Arimed(San), thorny aichur common wood,leaf,fruit,flo asthma,distaste,stomatitis,Leucorrhoea,gingivitis and diseases Unani, Folk
Peekaruvel (Tam) tree wer,gum of pittam

12 Acacia ferruginea DC Fabaceae-Mimosoideae


Banni(Kan), Armed Bangalore,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Has Very August- December- Bark,Fruit Giddiness,diarrhoea,dysentry,piles,worm Ayu, Folk
Shamee(San) tree san,Mysore common march February infestation,haemorrhage,cough,dyspnoea,skin diseases

13 Acacia leucophloea (Roxb.)Willd Fabaceae-Mimosoideae


Panicled acacia(E), Deciduou Bangalore,Bellary,Bidar,Bijapur,Chitr Very January- March- Bark,Root,leaf,see Bark used in bronchitis and biliousness and other for Siddha, Folk
Vel- s tree adurga,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,Raichur, common February June d,gum Fainting,rheumatic fever,arthritis
velam(Tam),Tella- Tumkur
lumma(Tam), Bili
jaali (Kan),
14 Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd Fabaceae-Mimosoideae
Karee gobli(Kan), Medium- Bangalore,Bidar,Bijapur, Very 0 0 Root,leaf,bark,see Decoction of bark used as a gargle and pods in urino-genital Ayu, Siddha, 1.Seeds 2.
(A.indica (Benth.)Brenan Babbula(San/Hi), sized Chitradurga,Gulbarga,Hassan,Mysore, common d,gum resin,fruit diseases, and other for Unani, Folk Vegetative: through
Karuvelam (Tam). thorny Raichur,tumkur Wounds,haemarrhage,diarrhoea,dysentery,piles,worm cuttings and air layers.
tree infestation,skin dseases,ulcers,cough,dental
diseases,poyuria,pyrexia and drug reaction
15 Acacia pennata (L.) Willd Fabaceae-Mimosoideae
Kaadu seege(Kan), Stragglin Belgaum,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Chitr Cultivable 0 0 Whole Stem,heart-wood used for leprosy,haemorrhages,wounds.Whole Ayu, Siddha,
Vallikhadira(San), g shrub adurga,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North Plant,Stem,Heart- plant used for coryza,headache,leucorrhoea,pain,burns,digestive Unani, Folk
Indu/Kattu Kanara,Tumkur wood disorders.
Indu(Tam)
16 Acacia polyacantha Willd Fabaceae-Mimosoideae
Mugali(Kan), Medium- Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Chitradurga,H Very 0 0 Seed,Bark,heart- Seeds for hypoglycimia,Bark and heart-wood Ayu, Unani,
(A.suma (Roxb.)Ham.) Somavalka(San) sized assan,Kolar,Mysore,North common wood forLeprosy,pruritus,wounds,bronchial asthma,distaste,stomatitis Folk
tree Kanara,Tumkur and also for throat and cough
17 Acacia sinuata (Lour.) Merr. Fabaceae-Mimosoideae
Seege(Kan), Prickly Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Chickma March- April- Pod,leaf Decoction of pods purgative,relieves biliousness,fruit for Ayu, Siddha, 1.Seed Propagation
Saptala(San), scandent galore,Chitradurga,Coorg,Hassan,Kol July August Oedema,disorders of blood,regurgitation and leaf for Unani, Folk 2.Vegetative propagation:
Sigaikai(Tam) shrub ar,Mysore,North Kanara,Tumkur. constipation,jundice,ulcers,emetic Through cuttings

18 Acalypha fruticosa Forssk Euphorbiacea Chinni mara Shrub Mysore Very 0 0 Leaves,root Leaves for digestive troubles and their infusion used as a Ayu, Folk
e common vulnerary,leaf juice for opthalmia anr root for
indigestion,diarrhoea,vomiting,insect bite,food poisoning
19 Acalypha indica L. Euphorbiacea Kuppi gida (Kan), Erect Bangalore,Bellary,Bijapur,Chickmaga Cultivable 0 0 Whole Whole plant decoction used as a laxative,severe cough Ayu, Siddha, Seeds
e Kuppaimeni (Tam), herb lore,Chitradurga,Coorg,Dharwar,Mys plant,root,leaf associated with bleeding from lungs (haemoptysis).Worm Unani, Folk
Haritmanjari(San) ore,North Kanara,Raichur. infestation,gingivitis,burns,piles,cough,dyspnoea,constipation,sk
in eruption,ear diseases,urinary diseases,purgative.leaf juice for
cutaneous troubles and for emetic,

20 Acalypha sanderi N.E.Br Euphorbiacea No Shrub Mysore Very 0 0 Flower diarrhoea Folk
e common
21 Acampe praemorsa (Roxb.) Blatt. Orchidaceae No Herb Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Mysore,Nort Very 0 0 whole plant rheumatism,it has the anti-typhoid properties.paste of leaf used Folk
(A.wihtiana Lindl.) h kanara common for fractures.
22 Acanthospermum hispidum DC. Asteraceae Kadle mullu(Kan) Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,C Very 0 0 whole plant Dermatological medicamants Folk
hickmagalore,Chitradurga,Coorg,Hass common
an,Kolar,Mysore,North
Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,South
Kanara,Tumkur.
23 Acanthus ilicifolius L. Acanthaceae Hole chulli(Kan), Shrub North Kanara,South Kanara. Very 0 0 Leaves,root Leaves for fomentation in neuralgia, rheumatism and Ayu, Siddha,
Harikasa(San) common expectorant,Roots used in curing alkaloid acanthicifoline Unani, Folk
24 Achyranthes aspera L. Amaranthace Uttaraani(Kan), Under Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Dha Very Novembe January- Whole plant Decoction of whole plant used for diuretic in renal Ayu, Siddha, Seeds
ae Apamarga(San), shrub rwar,Gulbarga,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore, common r-January June dropsies,leucorrhoea,anaemia,dropsy,jaundice,amenorrhoea,pile Unani, Folk
Nayuruvi(Tam) North Kanara s,abdominal disorders,dysuria,ear diseases.
25 Achyranthes bidentata BI. Amaranthace Kaadu Under Belgaum,Bidar,Chickmagalore,Coorg, Cultivable Novembe Througho Whole plant Decoction of whole plant used for diuretic in renal Ayu, Unani, Seeds
ae Uttaraani(Kan), shrub Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North Kanara. r-March ut the dropsies,leucorrhoea,anaemia,dropsy,jaundice,amenorrhoea,pile Folk
Apamarga(San), yrear. s,abdominal disorders,dysuria,ear diseases.
Nayuruvi(Tam)
26 Acorus calamus L. Araceae Baje(Kan), Marshy Mysore, Tumkur Vulnerabl 0 0 Rhizome,Root Rhizomes used in epilepsy and other mental ailments,chronic Ayu, Siddha, Vegetative propogation:
Vacha(San), herb e diarrhoea,dysentery,glandular and abdominal Unani, Folk through rhizomes.
Vasambu(Tam) tumours,Dyspepsia,cold,bronchitis,fever,skin
diseases,emetic,stomachic,expectorant,along with roots used for
rheumatism,pain in jaints,earache,psychosis,inflammation of
throat,piles,hoarseness of voice,urinary calculi,typhoid etc..

27 Acronychia pedunculata (L.) Miq. Rutaceae Muttanari(Tam), Tree Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,North Rare May-July, July- Root,Bark Root and Bark used in sores and ulcers.Bark tonic used in Folk
Mootanari(mal) kanara,Shimoga,South kanara. Septembe August & scabies.
r-October Novembe
r-January

28 Actinodaphne angustifolia Nees Lauraceae Galavaara/ Small Coorg,North Kanara,Shimoga No 0 0 Leaves Infusion of leaves used in diabetes and urinary disorders. Folk
(A. Hookeri Meissn) Tudgensu(Kan) tree
29 Adansonia digitata L. Bombacaceae Aane hunise Medium- Dharwar May- 0 Fruit,leaf,bark,rind Fruits for diarrhoea,dysentery,indigestion,fruit pulp for Ayu, Siddha,
(Kan),Gorakshachu sized August ,seed diaphoretic in asthma and allergic dermatitis,and remaining for Unani, Folk
ncha(San),Anaimar deciduou swelling,veneral diseases,pain,pyrexia.
am/Aanaipuliya s tree
maram(Tam),Monk
ey bread tree(eng)

30 Adenanthera pavonia L. Papilionaceae Doddagulaganji Small Mysore No March- April- Seed,wood,leaf, Decoction of seeds and wood used in pulmonary infection and Ayu, Siddha,
(Kan), Red tree May June root externally applied in chronic opthlmia,leaf root,seed used for Unani, Folk
wood/Coral pain in joints,warts and emetic.
wood(E),
Manjuti(Kan),
Aanaikundrimani(T
am)
31 Adenia hondala (Gaertn.)de Passifloracea Kempu chandina Woody Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassa Vulnerabl Decembe December- Leaves,root Juice of leaves and roots used in skin troubles,root tuber for Ayu, Unani, 1.Seeds 2.Vegetative:
Wilde (Modecca palmataLam.) e hannina balli(Kan), climbing n,North Kanara,Shimoga,South e r-January January urinary disorders,emaciation,bronchial asthma,intermittent Folk through corms and cuttings
Vidari(San) shrub Kanara fever,haemorrhage,burninig
sensation,tonic,aphrodisiac,rejuvenator.
32 Adenosma indianum (Lour.) Scrophulariac Sprikka(San) Herb Chickmagalore,South Kanara No 0 0 Whole plant Aqueous extract of the whole plant is used as a febrifuge. Ayu, Folk
Merr. (A. Capitatum Hk.f.) eae
33 Adathoda zeylanica Medic. Acanthaceae Aadusouge(Kan), Shrub Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,C No August- Novembe leaves,root,bark,fl Fresh or dried leaves used in curing bronchial troubles,leaf juice Ayu, Siddha, 1.Seeds 2.Vegetative:
(A.vasica (L.) Nees) Vasa(San), oorg,Dharwar,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore, Novembe r- ower used in diahoea,dysentery and glandular tumours.Powered Unani, Homeo, through cuttings
Aadaathodai(Tam) North Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara. r December leaves used in skin infection.and other part for Folk
leprosy,piles,vomiting,tuberculosis and dyspnoea
34 Aegiceras corniculatum (L.) Myrsinaceae Soole (Kan), Evergree North Kanara,South Kanara. Least 0 0 Whole plant Analagesic property Folk
Blanco (A.majus Gaertn.) Narikandam(Tam) n tree concern
35 Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr. Rutaceae Bilva patre(Kan), Tree Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Dh Vulnerabl Febr- March- Root,bark,Fruit,flo Unripe and half ripe fruits astringent,digestive and Ayurveda, Folk, 1.Seeds 2.Vegetative:
Bilwa(San), arwar,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North e April May wer,resin stomachic,used in diarrhoea and dysentery, and other foe piles, Homeopathy, through root suckers and
Vilvam(Tam), Bael Kanara,Raichur,Tumkur. veneral diseases,eye diseases,stupor,pyrexia,dropsy etc.. Tibetan, Unani, grafts.
tree Sidha

36 Aerva javanica (Burm.f.) Juss Amaranthace Pashanabeda(San), Herb Bellary,Bijapur,Dharwar,Gulbarga,M No 0 0 Whole plant diuretic and demulcent,also given to horses and camels as Ayu, Siddha
ae Kannupillai(Tam) ysore,Raichur purgative and emetic

37 Aerva lanata (L.) Juss Amaranthace Bili hindee Erect Bangalore,Bellary,Bijapur,Chitradurg Very 0 0 whole plant Cough,sore throat,diabetes, lithiasis,Anaemia urinary Ayu, Siddha,
ae soppu(Kan), herb or a,Coorg,Gulbarga,Hassan,Mysore,Nor common,c calculi,menorrhagia,dysuria,anuresis.Roots for Folk, Homeo
Pashanabedha under th Kanara,Raichur. ultivable wounds,piles,abdominal disorders,cardiac diseases and uterine
(San), Seerupeelai shrub diseases. decoction is diuretic
(Tam)
38 Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) BI. Amaranthace Herb Bangalore,Bijapur,Chickmagalore,Dh Rare 0 0 Root Dysentry Folk
ae arwar,Kolar,North Kanara.
39 Aeschynomene aspera L. Papilionaceae Kare bendu, alagina Aquatic Bangalore,Hassan,Mysore,North No Rainy Novembe Leaves Pain,swelling Ayu, Siddha
gida(Kan), herb Kanara,Shimoga. season r-
Damana(san), December
Punetti (Tam)
40 Aeschynomene indica L. Papilionaceae Bedukasa(Kan), Marshy Bangalore,Bijapur,Chickmagalore,Co No 0 0 Leaf Leprosy Sddha, Folk
Kidaichi (Sadai erect herb org,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North
poondu)(Tam) Kanara,Raichur,South
Kanara,Tumkur.
41 Aganosma dichotoma (Roth) Apocynaceae Malathi lathe(Kan), Climber Bangalore,Shimoga No 0 0 Whole plant Used as an ingredient of Vishagarbha taila which has anodyne Ayu, Unani
K.Schum Malati(San) and sedative properties,also used for paraplegia,sciatica and
neuralgia.
42 Agave cantula Rob. (A.americana Agavaceae Kaththale(Kan), Bushy Bangalore,Hassan,Mysore,North Very 0 0 Leaves,rhizome leaves used as laxative and emmenagogue,also given in Ayu, Unani
auct. Non L.) Ramabhan(San), herb Kanara. common scurvy,syphilis,scrofula and cancer.core of the plant used in
Aanai asctes,dropsy,veneral sores and dysentery.leaf and rhizome for
kaththale(Tam) swelling,retentionof urine,laxative.
43 Agave sisalana Perr Agavaceae Sisal Herb Bijapur,Coorg,Hassan. Very Decembe 0 leaves Juice of leaves used for ecobolic Folk
common,c r-March
ultivable
44 Ageratum conyzoides L. Asteraceae Oorala gida Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Chickma Very 0 0 Whole plant Whole plan used as nervine tonic.Decoction or infusion used in Ayu, Folk,
galore,Chitradurga,Coorg,Hassan,Kol common diarrhoea,dysentery,colic with flatulence and other gastro- Siddha
ar,Mysore,North intestinal ailments.leaves styptic and vulnerary
Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,South
Kanara,Tumkur.
45 Aglaia elaeagnidea (Juss). Benth. Meliaceae Priyangu(Kan), Evergree Belgaum,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Coor Very Novembe July- Fruits,seed Fruits cooling,astringent and employed in inflammation and Ayu, Folk
Chokla(Tam), n tree g,Hassan,North Kanara,South Kanara. common r- August febrile complaints.seeds useful in painful micturition
Punyava/Karagil(M Decembe
al) r
46 Ailanthus excelsa Roxb. Simaroubace Hemmara, Large Bangalore,Bellary,Bidar,Coorg,Mysor Very January- 0 Bark,fruit Bark anthelmintic,febrifuge,expectorant and antispasmodic,used Ayu, Flok,
ae doddbevu(Kan), Tree e common,c March in asthma and bronchitis,dysentery.Fruits for Siddha
Tree of ultivable diarrhoea,polyuria,piles,fever and poisoning.
heaven(Eng),
Aralu(San),
Perumaram(Tam),
Peddaman(Tel)
47 Ailanthus triphysa (Dennst.) Alst. Simaroubace Halamaddi (Kan), Large Mysore,North Kanara, Shimoga, February- April-May Bark, gum-resin Bark carminative,tonic and febrifuge.Bark juice used in asthama Ayu, Folk
Syn.Ailanthus malabarica DC. ae Peru/Mattipal(Tam) Tree South Kanara March exudate and bronchitis and also in dysentery.Bark decoction for typhoid
and constipation.
48 Alangium salvifolium (L.F.) Alangiaceae Ankole (kan), Small Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,C Very February March- Root Root bark used in cutaneous Ayu, Siddha,
Wang Ankola(San), tree or hickmagalore,Coorg,Dharwar,Gulbar common to May May bark,seed,fruit trouble,astringent,anthelmintic,purgatve,emetic,diaphoretic,bilio Folk, Unani,
Azhingil(Tam) shrub ga,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North usness,colic, diarrhoea,leprosy,fever and erysipelas.Leaves Homeo
Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,South hypoglycaemic.fruits for laxative,tonic.Seeds used in
Kanara,Tumkur. haemorrhage.
49 Albizia amara (Roxb.)Boiv. Fabaceae-Mimosoideae
Chujjallu, Medium- Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,C Very April- June- Root,root- Cough,dyspnoea Ayurveda, Folk,
Chigare(Kan), sized tree hickmagalore,Chitradurga,Dharwar,H common June August bark,heart-wood Sidha
Krishnasirisha(San) assan,Kolar,Mysore,Raichur,Tumkur.
, Karuvaagai(Tam)
50 Albizia lebbeck (L.) Willd Fabaceae-Mimosoideae
East indian Large Bangalore,Belgaum,Bidar,Bijapur,Chi Very May- December- leaves,seed,bark,fl leprosy,erysipelas,wounds,cough,dyspnoea,antidote for snake- Ayurveda, Folk, 1.Seeds 2.Vegetative:
walnut(E),Baage(K Tree ckmagalore,Chitradurga,Coorg,Hassa common,c August February ower,resin bite,stomatitis,thirst,leucorrhoea,dental diseases,food an other Unani, Sidha through root and shoot
an), Sireesha(San), n,Kolar,Mysore,North ultivable poisonings, cuttings
Vaagi(Tam) Kanara,Shimoga,South
Kanara,Tumkur.
51 Albizia odoratissima (L.f.) Benth Fabaceae-Mimosoideae
Ceylon Large Bangalore,Bidar,Chickmagalore,Chitr Very May- December- leaves,seed,bark,fl leprosy,erysipelas,wounds,cough,dyspnoea,antidote for snake- Ayurveda, Folk, Seeds
rosewood(E), Tree adurga,Coorg,Gulbarga,Hassan,Kolar, common,c August February ower,resin bite,stomatitis,thirst,leucorrhoea,dental diseases,food an other Unani, Sidha
Bilwara(Kan), Mysore,North ultivable poisonings,
Sireesha(San), Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,South
Bilakambi (Tam ) Kanara,Tumkur.
52 Aleurites moluccana (L.) Willd. Euphorbiacea Naadu akrotu(Kan), Evergree Belgaum,Kolar Cultivable 0 0 Seed laxative,seed oil used as purgative Ayurveda, Folk,
e Katakrote(Tam), n tree Unani

53 Allamanda cathartica L. Apocynaceae Allamanda gida, Climbing Bangalore,chickmagalore,Mysore,Nor Cultivable Various 0 leaves,bark Leaves used as a cathartic.bark and its decoction administered Folk
Haladilu (Kan), shrub th Kanara. times as hydrogogue in ascites.
Manjal-patti(Tam)

54 Allium cepa L. Liliaceae Eerulli (Kan), Bulbuous Most of the dist. Cultivable 0 0 Bulb,flower,seed Bulbs stimulent,diuertic,expectorant,used in flatulence and Ayurveda, Folk,
Palandu(San), herb dysentery,seed, flower along with bulb used for Homeopathy,
Vengayam(Tam) scitica,convulsion,earache,anorexia,piles,jaundice,cardiac Tibetan, Unani,
diseases,cough,dysuria,skin diseases,abdominal Sidha, Modern
diseases,haemorrhage,stomatitis,thirst,diarrhoea,hepatomegaly,a
rthritis,antidote for nicotine poisoning.
55 Allium sativum L. Liliaceae Bellulli(Kan), Bulbuous chickmagalore,Kolar Cultivable 0 0 Bulb,bulb oil Garlic prepartion are used in pulmonary phthisis,gangrene of Ayurveda, Folk, CLOVES OR BULBETS
Rasona(San), herb the lung and whooping cough,abscess,tonsilitis,dyspnoea,worm Homeopathy, sowing is done in April-
Poondu(Tam) infestation,diseases of vatam,piles,digestive disorders,ear Tibetan, Unani, May
diseases.Juice used in laryngeal tuberculosis,lupus and Sidha, Modern
duodenal ulcers, applied in skin troubles

56 Allophylus cobbe (L.) Raeusch. Sapindaceae Kasaballi/Sidisaale Large Bellary,chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan, Very 0 0 fruit,bark,leaves Fruits used against tapeworm.Bark and leaves in Folk
(Kan), shrub or Mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga common elepantiasis.Decoction of leaves in colic.
Sirusaale(Tam) small tree

57 Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f. Liliaceae Lole sara(Kan), Perennial Most of the dist. Cultivable 0 0 leaf,root Fresh juice of leaves cathartic and refrigerant,used in liver and Ayurveda, Sidha Vegetative propagation
(A.barbadensis Mill.) Kumari(San), herb spleen ailments,abdominal diorders,worm through suckers
Katrazhai(Tam) infestation,dysuria,blood disorders and for eye troubles.Leaves
in chronis constipation along with root used for leprosy,fistula
etc..
58 Alpinia galanga Sw. Zingiberacea Dumarasme(Kan), Rhizomat Coorg,North Kanara. No May-June August- rhizome,seed Rhizome used in rheumatism,nervous Ayurveda, Folk, Vegetative propagation (2006-07) Market
e Malayavacha(San), ic herb Septembe diseases,distaste,anorexia,cardiacdiseases,hoarseeness of Unani, Sidha Rhizome cuttings/root price: Rs.50/kg
Perarathai(Tam) r voice,stammering,polyuria,aphrodisiac,sinusitis,poisoning.Seed slips, Market demand:
s used in colic,diarrhoea and vomiting. above 100MT

59 Alpinia malaccensis (Burm.f.) Zingiberacea Sugandhivacha Rhizomat Coorg,Hassan,Shimoga Very 0 0 Rhizome Diseases of cardiac,throat,nervous system cold,rheumatoid Ayurveda, Folk,
Roscoe e (Kan), ic herb common arthritis,diabetes mellitus also sores Unani, Sidha
Kulinjana(San),
Sugandam(Tam)
60 Alpinia nigra (Gaern.) BI. Zingiberacea Aanedumarsme Rhizomat South Kanara Cultivable 0 0 Bark,root,leaves,la Bark used fo febrifuge,anthelmintic and galactogogue,chronic Folk
e (Kan) ic herb tex diarrhoea,asthama,cardiac troubles.Leaves used in beri-
beri,dropsy and congested liver. Latex applied to
sores,ulcers,tumours and rheumatic swellings.

61 Alstonia scholaris (L.)R. Br. Apocynaceae Maddale/Doddapal Large Bangalore,Coorg,Hassan,North Very Novembe January Bark,root,leaves,la Bark used fo febrifuge,anthelmintic and galactogogue,chronic Ayurveda, Folk, Freshly collected seeds
a(Kan), tree Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara common,c r- and April- tex diarrhoea,asthama,cardiac troubles.Leaves used in beri- Homeopathy, (directly from the tree)
Saptachada(San), ultivable Decembe May beri,dropsy and congested liver.Root and bark used for Tibetan, Unani, need to be sown.
Ezhilai r and pyrexia,dysentery,earache,skin eruption and abdominal Sidha
palai/Mukam- March disorders.Latex applied to sores,ulcers,tumours and rheumatic
palei(Tam) swellings.

62 Alstonia venenata R. Br. Apocynaceae Adda sarpa(Kan), Shrub Chickmagalore,North No 0 0 Fruit insanity and epilepsy Ayu, Folk
Vishagni(San), Kanara,Shimoga
Palamunnipalai
(Tam)
63 Alternanthera pungens Kunth Amaranthace Herb Very 0 0 Whole plant plant diuretic,decoction given in gonorrhoea Folk
ae common
64 Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R.Br. Amaranthace Honagone soppu Herb Very througho throughou Whole plant night blindness,leprosy,fever,diseases of pitta and Ayurveda, Vegetative: through
ae (Kan), Matsyakshi common,c ut the t the year kapha,haemorrhage,rejuvenator,febrifuge,galactagogue and Tibetan, Unani, cuttings/divisions.
(San), ultivable year cholagogue. Sidha, Folk
Ponnaankanni
(Tam)
65 Althaea rosea (L.0 Cav. (Alcea Malvaceae Dodda bindige gida Under Mysore No 0 0 Whole plant Chest complaints Folk
rosea L.) shrub
66 Alysicarpus longifolius Wt.& Arn. Papilionaceae Herb Bellary,Gulbarga,Raichur Very 0 0 Root Folk
common
67 Amaranthus spinosus L. Amaranthace Mullukeere soppu Herb Very 0 0 root,leaf,Whole Whole plant considered sudorific and febrifuge,recommended Ayurveda, Folk, Seeds sown 1 to 2 cm
ae (Kan), common,c plant for eruptive fevers,also used as lactagogue. Leaves Tibetan, Unani, deep along lines in raised
Tanduliyaka(San), ultivable emmollient.Infusion of shootsused in eczema.Root used in Sidha beds
Mullukeerai(Tam) uterine diseases,burning sensation along with leaf used for
snake-bite,amenorrhoea,leucorrhoea,anuresis and abscess.

68 Amaranthus tricolor L. Amaranthace Dantina Herb Very 0 0 root,leaf Blood Ayurveda, Sidha
(A.gangeticus) ae soppu(Kan), common disorders,piles,strangury,scrofula,menorrhagia,fever,leucorrhoe
Kumarajeeva (San), a and dysentery
handukkeerai
(Tam)

69 Amischophacelus axillaris Rolla Commelinace Negalu kanne Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Coorg,Hassan,M No 0 0 Whole plant tympanitis,mixed with oil used externally in ascites Folk
Rao ae soppu ysore,Raichur,Shimoga,Tumkur
70 Ammannia auriculataWilld. Lythraceae Herb Mysore No 0 0 Whole plant Blistering agent and as hypotensive Folk
(A.senegalensis Lam.)
71 Ammannia baccifera L. Lythraceae Kallurive(Kan), Herb Bangalore,Bijapur,Chickmagalore,Chi Very 0 0 Whole plant,leaf Leaves bruised and used against ringworm and other parasitic Ayurveda,
Pashanabedha tradurga,Coorg,Gulbarga,Hassan,Kola common skin infections,glandular swellings,leucorrhoea,snake-bite Unani, Sidha
(sub.), r,Mysore,North poisoning,abscess,intermittent fever,ulcers,polyuria and
Kalluruvipoondu Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,Tumkur. diseases of vatam.
(Neermelneruppu)
72 Amorphophallus paeoniifolius Araceae Suvarna Climber Coorg,Hassan,North Kanara. Very 0 0 Corm,root,seed Corm used in dysentery,piles,aperient,carminative,expectorant Ayurveda, Sidha
(Dennst.) Niocl. (A.campanulatus gedde(Kan), common,c liver and spleenic diseases,carcinoma,constipation,abdominal
(Roxb.) BI. Ex Decne.) Soorana(San), ultivable diseases,anorexia and in haemorrhoides.Root used in
Karakarunai(Tam) opthalmia,boils and as emmenagogue.Fermented juice of
petiole used to cure diarrhoea.Seeda used in treating rheumatic
swellings.

73 Ampelocissus araneosa (Laws.) Vitaceae Asvakathara(San), Climber Mysore Endangere 0 0 Root Tuberous roots astringent and refrigerant Ayurveda,
Planch Kattuttiratcai(Tam d Unani, Sidha
74 Ampelocissus latifolia (Roxb.) Vitaceae Kaadu Climer Kolar,North Kanara,South Kanara Very 0 0 Leaves,root Juice of tender leaves used in dental troubles and as a detergent Ayurveda, Folk
Planch drakhshi(Kan), common for indolent ulcers.Decoction of roots given in dysentery.
Amlavetasa(san),
Kattukodimindri(Ta
m)
75 Ampelocissus tomentosa (Heyne Vitaceae Ashwashakrta(San), Climer Bangalore,Belgaum,Bidar,Chickmaga Very 0 0 Root,Bark Root and bark used for haemorrhoides.Roots used in Ayurveda, Folk
ex Roth) Planch. Cirunaralai(Tam) lore,Chitradurga,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar, common application for swellings.
Mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga,South
Kanara,Tumkur.

76 Anacardium occidentale L. Anacardiacea The cashew nut Evergree Most of the dist. Very Decembe February- fruit,seed,root,bar Rejuvenator,diabetes,poisoning,ulcers,corn,aphrodisiac Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seeds:Direct sowing in
e tree(E), Godambi n tree common,c r-January June k Homeopathy, 30cm3 size pits about one
mara(Kan), ultivable Unani, Sidha seed sown per pit 4-5cm
Kajoo/Agnikrita(Sa deep. 2. Vegetative
n), Mundhiri(Tam) Propagation :
a. Through cuttings
b.Through air-layers
c.Through grafts
77 Anagallis arvensis L. Primulaceae Suryakanthi soppu Herb Bijapur,Tumkur,Kolar No 0 0 Whole plant dropsy,leprosy,hydrophobia,manial and other cerebral Homeopathy,
infections.Herb accredited with Unani
expectoran,stimulant,diaphoretic and vulnerary properties.
78 Anamirta cocculus (L.) Wt.& Arn. Minispermac Kaagemaari(Kan), Climber Coorg,Hassan,North Very 0 0 Root,fruit,seed Plant useful for external application for ringworms and skin Ayurveda, Folk,
eae Kakadani(San), Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara common,c infections.Root for tumours,filariasis,poisoning, Homeopathy,
Kakkai kollu(Tam) ultivable Unani, Sidha,
Modern

79 Ananus comosus (L.) Merr. Bromeliaceae Ananas gida, Herb Coorg,South Kanara Cultivable 0 0 Fruit,leaf Fruit used for distaste,hyperacidity,jaundice,cardiac Ayurveda, Folk,
(A.sativus Schult.f.) Poonthazham diseases,amenorrhoea,urinary calculi,dysuria,burning Unani, Modern
pazham (Annasi sensation.Along with leaf used for hiccup,constipation,diseases
pazham) of
pittam,vomting,diarrhoea,jaundice,leucorrhoea,abortifacient.Jui
ce of ripe fruits diuretic and antiscorbutic
80 Ancistrocladus heyneanus Wall. Ancistroclada Large Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,North Very 0 0 Aerial parts Extract of aerial parts show spasmolytic activity. Folk
ceae woody kanara,Shimoga. common
climber
81 Andrographis paniculata Acanthaceae Nela bevu(Kan), Herb Belagaum,Bidar,Bijapur,dharwar Very Novembe December- Whole Whole plant forms ingredient of a medicine used as a bitter Ayurveda, Folk, 1.Seed propagation
(Burm.f.)Wall Yavatikta common,c r- January plant,leaves,root tonic and febrifuge.Plant astringent,anodyne,tonic.Used in Homeopathy, 2.Vegetative propagation
(Bhoonimba,Kalme ultivable Decembe dysentery,cholera,diabetes,influenza,bronchitis,itches and Unani, Sidha, through cuttings
gh), Nilavembu r piles.Leaves and roots used as a cholagogue and anthelmintic Modern

82 Anethum sowa Kurz Apiaceae Sabbasige Herb Gulbarga,Hassan Cultivable 0 0 Seed,Leaf,flower Stomachache,hemiplegia,pain in Ayurveda,
soppu(Kan), joints,earache,odema,wounds,distaste,anorexia,indigestion,wor Tibetan, Unani,
Shatapushpa(San), m infestation,heart Sidha
Sadakuppai(Tam) weakness,amenorrhoea,cough,dyspnoea,lactagogue,skin
diseases, and carminative
83 Aniseia martinicensis (Jacq.) Convolvulace Herb South Kanara No 0 0 Seed Juice given in bilious dyspepsia.Seeds used as a purgative. Folk
Choisy ae
84 Anisochilus carnosus (L.f.) Wall Lamiaceae Karpoorada Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,C Very 0 0 Whole Plant stimulant,expectorant and diaphoretic.Juice given in Folk
gida(Kan), hickmagalore,Chitradurga,Hassan,Kol common plant,leaves urticaria associated with liver disorders.leaf used for
Karpooravalli ar,Mysore,North cough,digestive disorders,dropsy,diseases of kapham
Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,Tumkur.
85 Anisomeles indica (L.) O.Ktze Lamiaceae Hennu karee Shrub Bangalore,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Chi Very 0 0 Whole plant astringent and carminative Folk
thumbe tradurga,Coorg,Dharwar,Hassan,Kola common
r,Mysore,North
Kanara,Shimoga,South
Kanara,Tumkur.
86 Anisomeles malabarica (L.)P Lamiaceae Gandu karee Shrub Bangalore,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Chi Very 0 0 Whole plant,leaf Infusion of leaves used in dyspepsia and fever accomanying Folk
R.Br. thumbe(Kan), tradurga,Tumkur. common teething in children.Decoction of the plant or its essential oil
Mahadronah(San), used in rheumatism.Whole plant and leaf used in digestive
Perunthumbai disorders,diarrhoea,eceza,fever,intermittent
(Rattai fever,cough,rthritis,diseases of head,poisoning
peimarutti)(Tam)
87 Annona muricata L. Annonaceae Mullu Small Bangalore Cultivable April- June- Leaves,flowers,bar Leves and flowers used in kidney troubles.Bark for purgative. Folk, Siddha
ramaphala(Kan), tree June August k
Seethaphala (sub.),
Mulluccitta(Tam)

88 Annona reticulata L. Annonaceae Ramphala Small Bellary,Mysore,Kolar Cultivable 0 0 fruit Unripe fruits used as anthelmintic and for diseases of pittam Ayurveda, Folk,
(San/Kan),Rama- deciduou Unani, Sidha
Sita(Tam/Tel),Cust s tree
ard apple(Eng)
89 Annona squamosa L. Annonaceae Seethaphala(San/Ka Shrub Most district Cultivable May-July June- root,seed,bark,frui Roots purgative.Seeds abortifacient.Fruits used for Ayurveda, Seed propagation
n) Duranji(Kan), August t diarrhoea,dysentery,cardiac Unani, Sidha,
Sitapandu(Tel) diseases,haemorrhage,dysuria,fever,thirst,fainting,epilepsy,wor Folk
m infestation,constipation,diarrhoea.
90 Anogeissus latifolia (Roxb.ex Combretacea Dindiga(Kan), Deciduou Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Bij Very Dec-Jan Jan-Feb & Bark polyuria,anaemia,piles,leprosy Ayurveda, Folk, Seed propagation: sowing
DC.) Wall e Dhawa(San), s tree apur,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Gulbarga, common,c & Jun-Jul Jul-Aug Tibetan, Unani, is done in heaps of loose
Tintukam(Tam) Hassan,Mysore,North ultivable Sidha earth and rubble
Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur.
91 Anthocephalus chinensis (Lam.) Rubiaceae Vella Large Belgaum,Coorg,North Rare,culti May- August- Bark,fruit,stem,lea Bark used as tonic,febrifuge and oher for burninig Ayurveda Seed propagation: Seeds
A. Rich.ex Halp. (A.cadamba kadambu(Tam), tree Kanara,Shimoga vable August October f,seed sensation,poisoning,wounds,gynaecological are collected in January-
(Roxb.)Miq.; A. Indicus A. Rich.) Kadambe(Tel), disorders,cough,oedema,alleviating kapha and pitta,and February and September-
Kadamba aphrodisiac. October. Seeds are sown in
boxes or in raised nursery
beds in February-March.

92 Antiaris toxicaria Lesch. Moraceae Ajjana Large Chickmagalore,Coorg,North Rare Septembe January- Latex,seed Latex in small dose is a mild cardiac and circulatory Ayurveda, Folk,
patte/Vishvruksha( Tree Kanara,South Kanara r-October May stimulant,in large doses a myocardial poison.Seeds used as Sidha
Kan), Valkal(San), febrifuge and in dysentery.
Paymaram(Tam)

93 Antidesma bunius Spreng. Euphorbiacea Kari komme(Kan), Evergree Belgaum,Chickmagalore,North Rare 0 0 leaves diaphoretic Folk, Sidha
e Nolaiali(Tam) n tree Kanara,South Kanara

94 Antirrhinum majus L. Scrophulariac No Herb No 0 0 leaves Infusion used as cardiotonic,sedative and hypotensive.Leaves Folk
eae applied in poultices to tumours and ulcers

95 Antirrhinum orantiumL. Scrophulariac No Herb No 0 0 leaves Infusion used as cardiotonic,sedative and hypotensive.Leaves Folk
eae applied in poultices to tumours and ulcers

96 Aphanamixis polystachya Meliaceae Rohitaka/Mullumut Evergree Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,North Endangere January- January- Seed,bark Seeds laxative,anthelmintic.Bark astringent,used in diseases of Ayurveda, Seed propagation: Fruits
(Wall.)Parker (Amoora rohituka tuga(Kan), n tree Kanara,South Kanara. d/Vulnera February June liver and spleen and for abdominal complaints and Homeopathy, are collected essentially
W. & A.) Rohitaka(San), ble tumours.Pounded bark in poultice form applied in rheumatism. Unani, Sidha when ripe, during January-
Kokitam(Tam) June.
97 Aphananthe cuspidata (BI.) Ulmaceae Gabbu chakke Large Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,North Kanara. Rare 0 0 whole plant itches Folk
Planch. Gironniera cuspidata tree
(BI.) Planch.
98 Aponogeton natans (L.) Engl. & Aponogetona Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Dharwar,Kolar,M No 0 0 Tuber Skin diseases,leucorrhoea,tonic Siddha, Folk
Krause ceae ysore,Shimoga,Tumkur.
99 Arachis hypogaea L. Papilionaceae Kadale kaayi(Kan), Herb Tumkur,Kolar Cultivable 0 0 Seed,oil Oil used in massage for infantile paralysis,along with seeds used Ayurveda, Folk,
Bhusimbi (San), for cystitis,abortifacient. Unani, Sidha
Nilakadalai

100 Archidendron monoadelphum Fabaceae-Mimosoideae


Kalpakku(Tam), Medium- Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore No january- June-July leaves,seed Decoction of leaves used as a nostrum for leprosy and for Folk
(Roxb.) Nielson (Pithecellobium Kaadu konde sized tree ,North Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara February promoing growth of hairs.Seedsused for diabetes.
bigeminum auct. Non (L.) Mart.ex mara(Kan),
Benth.)

101 Ardisia solanacea Roxb. Myrsinaceae Bodina gida(Kan), Shrub Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,hass Very 0 0 Root fever,diarrhoea and rheumatism Folk, Siddha
Narikandam(Tam) an,Mysore,North kanara,South kanara common

102 Areca catechu L. Arecaceae Adike mara(Kan), Tall tree Bangalore,Corrg,Hassan,North Cultivable 0 0 nuts,fruit Nuts used as a masticatory,fresh nuts intoxicating,juice of Ayurveda, Folk,
Puga(San), Kanara,Shimoga tender fruits laxative,burnt nuts used in dentrifice.Fruits used for Homeopathy,
Kamugu(Tam) worm infestation,diarrhoea,dental Tibetan, Unani,
diseases,leucorrhoea,constipation. Sidha, Modern

103 Argemone mexicana L. Papavaraceae Dhatturada gida, Herb Most of the dist. Very througho throughou Whole Yellow juice of the plant used in scabies and in opthalmia.Seed Ayurveda,
Arasina common, ut the t the year plant,root,seed,oil, oil in cutaneous troubles,it is a cathartic,the other part alo used Homeopathy,
ummathi(Kan), cultivable year latex, for stomach disorders,diseases of nervous Unani, Sidha,
Swarnaksheeri(San) system,paraesthesi,pruritus,stomatitis,leprosy,scorpion-sting Folk
, Kudiyotti poisoning,eceza,leucorrhoea,dental diseases,eye diseases etc..
poondu(Brahmatha
ndi)
104 Argyreia cuneata (Willd.) Ker. Convolvulace Kallana Shrub Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Chitradurg Very 0 0 Leaves diabetes Folk
ae hambu(Kan), a,Coorg,Dharwar,Hassan,Kolar,Myso common,c
re,North Kanara,Shimoga. ultivable
105 Argyreia nervosa (Burm.f.) Boj. Convolvulace Samudra Climbing Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Mysore,Nort Very Various 0 root,stem,seed,leaf Hoarseness of voice,tuberculosis,piles,anorexia,cardiac Ayurveda, Folk
(A.speciosa Sweet) ae haale(Kan), shrub h kanara common times diseases,polyuria,emaciation,wounds,sores,nervine
Vrddhadaru(San), tonic,distaste,diseases of kapham and vatam
Kadalpalai(Tam)
106 Arisaema tortuosum (Wall.) Araceae Kaadu suvarna Tuberous Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 root used to kill worms which infect cattle and for brain tonic Folk
Schott gedde, Haavumari herb ,North Kanara,Shimoga.
gida(Kan),
Mahadrona(San),
Kattu-chenai(Tam)

107 Aristida depressa Retz. Poaceae No Herb Tumkur No 0 0 Flower Itches and ringworm
108 Aristolochia bracteolata Lam. Aristolochiac Kaththe kirubana sub- Bangalore,Bellary,Bijapur,Coorg,Dha Very Duck Novembe leaves,root,seed,w Bruised leaves mixed with castor oil and applied to control Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed propagation
(A.bractata Retz.) eae gida(Kan), errect rwar,Mysore,North Kanara,Raichur. common,c shaped r- hole plant eczema.Decoction of roots efficaceous in expulsion of round Sidha 2.Vegetative propagation
Keetamara (San), herb ultivable purple December worms.It is purgative and anthelmintic.other for intermittent through cuttings
Aadutheendapalai flowers fever,worm infestation,skin
(Tam) August- diseases,urticaria,leprosy,gonorrhoea and amenorrhoea.
October
109 Aristolochia indica L. Aristolochiac Eeshwari climbers Very Novembe December- root,rhizome,seed, Roots and rhizome used as gastric stimulant and bitter Ayurveda, Folk,
eae beru(Kan), or common,c r-January February leaf tonic.aristolochic acid used for stimulating phagocytosis in Tibetan, Unani,
Ishwari(San), twiners ultivable infectious diseases in combination with antibiotics.Juice of Sidha
Aadutheendapalai leaves used in cough and seeds in inflammation and
(sub.)(Tam) biliousness.Snake-bite poisoning,spider poisoning
110 Aristolochia tagala Cham. Aristolochiac Ishwari(sub.), Large Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore Very Septembe Througho root carminative and emmanogogue Ayurveda, Folk, Seed propagation: Seeds
eae Aadutheendapalai climbing ,North Kanara,South Kanara common,c r- ut the year Tibetan, Unani, are sown in April-May 2.
(sub.) shrub ultivable Decembe Sidha Vegetative propagation
r through divisions and
layers
111 Artabotrys hexapetalus Annonaceae Manoranjini Scandent Bangalore,Mysore Very Novembe 0 leaves it contain an antifertility principal Ayurveda
(L.f.)Bhandari (A.odoratissimus hoovu(Kan), Tiga shrub common,c r-
R.Br.,non BI.) sampige(tam) ultivable February

112 Artemisia nilagirica (CI.) Pamp. Asteraceae Manijipatre(Kan), Herb Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassa No 0 0 whole leaves and flowering tops used in asthama and other for Ayurveda,
(A.vulgaris auct.plur.,non L.) Damanaka(San), n,Mysore,Tumkur. plant,leaf,flower anorexia,stomach pain,liver disorders,cardiac Siddha, Folk
Masipathri diseases,oedema,cough,dyspnoea,dysuria,leprosy,itching,fever,a
(Marukozhunthu) nemia,ulcers,arthritis
113 Artocarpus gomezianus Wall.ex Moraceae Vaate gida(Kan), large tree Chickmagalore,Coorg,Dharwar,Hassa Rare,culti 0 0 fruit,bark,leaves anoreia,eye diseases ,aphrodisiac Ayurveda
Trec. Ssp.zeylanicus Jarett Lakucha(San), n,Mysore,North vable
(A.lakoocha suct.,non Roxb.) Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara.

114 Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. Moraceae Halasu(Kan), large tree Most of the dist. 0 0 ripe and unripe permatorrhoea,bleeding,wounds,carminative,constipator,liver Ayurveda, Folk,
(A.integrifolius auct. Non L.f.) Panasa(San), fruits,seeds,leaves, disorders,indigestion,stomachache,phelm,rejuvenator,wheezing. Unani, Sidha
Paala(Tam) latex

Artocarpus hirsutus LAM. Moraceae Hebbalasu(Kan), Tree North Canara, South canara, shimoga Vulnerabl April- May-July Fruit, Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seeds 2.Vegetative
Lakucha(san) e june Sidha propogation : Through
cuttings and air layers.
115 Arundinella nepalensi Trin. Poaceae No Herb Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Hassan,Nort No 0 0 whole plant A lotion prepared from grass used as vulnerary Folk
h kanara,Shimoga.
116 Arundo donax L. Poaceae Baalada Herb Bangalore,Coorg,Hassan,North Rare 0 0 root wounds,haemorrhage,erysipelas,skin diseases,burning Ayurveda, Sidha
Kaddi(Kan), Kanara. sensation.
Nala(San),
Velam(Tam)
117 Asclepias curassavica L. Asclepiadace Kakatundi(Kan), Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,C Very 0 0 Whole Roots emetic, and cathartic,used in piles and gonorrhoea.Leaf Ayurveda,
ae Kakanasa(san), oorg,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North common,c plant,root,latex juice anthelmintic,antidysenteric and sudorific,used against Unani, Sidha
Ariyaman(Tam) Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara. ultivable cancer.Latex used to remove warts and corn.Whole plant for
hair falling,epilepsy,cough,leprosy,mental disorders,alleviating
pitta,tonic and rejuvenator

118 Asparagus gonoclados Baker Liliaceae Abheerupatri(San), Shrub Chickmagalore,Hassan,Mysore,North Cultivable 0 0 Tuberous roots skin troubles,urinary diseases,gyn Folk
Thanneervittan Kanara,Shimoga
kizhangu (sub.)
(Tam)
119 Asparagus racemosus Willd. Liliaceae Halavu makkala Shrub Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,C Very Decembe December- Tuberous roots urinary diseases,gynaecological disorders,diseases of nervous Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed Propagation 2006-07 Market
thai(kan), oorg,Dharwar,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore, common,c r-January January system,hyper acidity,gastritis,menorrhagia,eye Tibetan, Unani, :Sowing is done in June- Price: Rs:180-340/Kg
Satavari,Abheerupa North Kanara,Shimoga,South ultivable diseases,galactagogue,tonic.Root and leaf for Sidha July. 2.Vegetative Market Demand: 900
tri(San), Kanara,Tumkur,. diabetes,rever,cough,leucorrhoea,diseases of Propagation Through tonnes or more
Thanneervittan pittam,diarrhoea,pain,skin diseases,aphrodisiac. tillers
kizhangu

120 Asphodelus tenuifolius Cav. Liliaceae Herb Bangalore,Mysore. 0 0 seed diuretic Folk
121 Asystasia gangetica (L.) Acanthaceae Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Chickma Very 0 0 Whole plant Juice of the plant adminstered o children suffering from Ayurveda, Folk,
T.Anders. (A.coromandeliana galore,Dharwar,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore common swelling and rheumatism. Sidha
Nees) ,Tumkur.
122 Atalantia monophylla (Roxb.)DC Rutaceae Kanchi/Kaadu Large Bangalore,belgaum,Bellary,Coorg,Ko Very February- Berry,root,leaf,frui fever,snake-bite poisoning, antiseptic,stimulant, Paralysis, Ayurveda, Folk,
limbe(Kan), Atavi shrub or lar,Mysore,North Kanara common April t,seed abdominal disorders, skin eruptions,vomiting,indigestion. Sidha
jambeera(San), small tree
Perungurundhu
(Kattu
elumicchai)(Tam)

123 Atylosia goensi Dalz Papilionaceae Kaadu Woody Bangalore,Coorg,South Kanara No 0 0 root Decoction of root powder used in rheumatism,fever,in Ayurveda, Folk
thogari(Kan), climber biliousness and as febrifuge.
Masaparni(San),
124 Averrhoa bilimbi L. Averrhoaceae Bilimbi, Small Mysore,Hassan Cultivable 0 0 Fruit fistula,pyrexia,astringent,stomachache,refrigerant Folk
Pilimpi(Tam) tree
125 Averrhoa carambola L. Averrhoaceae Kamarakshi Tree Most of the dist. Cultivated Cultivable 0 0 root,flower,seed Root given as an antidote poisoning.Crushed leaves or shooe Ayurveda, Folk,
mara/Daarehuli used externally in chiken pox,ring worm,scabies and Unani, Sidha
(Kan), headache,antiscorbutc.Deciction of leaves used for aptha and
Karmaranga(San), angina and to arrest vomiting.Flowers vermicidal.Fruits
Tamaratham(Tam) laxative,antiscorbutic,febrifuge,antidysenteric and
antiphlogistic.Fruit juice used in bleeding,piles.Seeds usedv as
galactagogue,emmenagogue,abortifacient,emetic,in
asthma,colic, jaundiceand genera debility

126 Avcennia officinalis L. Rhizophorace Kaandal/Uppati Shrub or North Kanara,South Kanara. Very 0 0 fruit Green fruits made into a poultice and applied against boils Ayurveda, Folk,
ae (Kan), Tuvara small tree common Sidha

127 Azadirachta indica A. Juss. Meliaceae Bevinamara(Kan), Large Most of the dist. Cultivated Very March- June- bark,leaves,flower bark used in skin troubles.Leaves antiseptic,applied to boiles in Ayurveda, Folk, Seed Propagation
Nimba(San), tree common, April August s,seed the form of poultice.Decoction given for ulcers and Homeopathy,
Vembu(Tam) cultivable eczema.flowers stomachic and toni.Berries Tibetan, Unani,
purgative,emollient.Seed oil used in skin problems,Fresh tender Sidha
twigs used to clean teeth particularly in pyorrhoea.
128 Azima tetracantha Lam. Salvadoracea Bilee uppi Bushy Bangalore,Belgaum,Bijapur,Chitradur Very 0 0 Root,leaf,bark Juice of leaves used to relieve cough in phthisis and in Ayurveda, Folk,
e gida(Kan), shrub ga,Dharwar,Gulbarga,Hassan,Mysore, common asthma.Bark expectorant.Root and leaf for Unani, Sidha
trikantajata(San), Shimoga. dropsy,eczema,ulcers,swellings in joints,diseases of
Sangan(Tam) vatam,pittam,poisoninganaemia,cough,glandular swellings.
129 Bacopa monnieri (L.) Penn. Scrophulariac Neer Brahmi(kan), Decumbe Bangalore,Belgaum,Bijapur,Chickma Very Septembe Septembe whole plant Plant said to improve intelligence,used in epilepsy,insanity and Ayurveda, Folk, Vegetative Propagation 2006-07 Market
eae Brahmi(San), Neer nt or galore,Chitradurga,Gulbarga,Hassan, common, r- r- stammering,dumbness,anaemia,leprosy,polyuria,psychosis,emac Homeopathy, Price: Rs:25-75/Kg
Brahmi(Tam) creeping Kolar,Mysore,North cultivable October( October(T iation,epilepsy,fever,tonic,rejuvenator,constipation etc.. Tibetan, Sidha Market Demand: 1000
herb Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,Tumkur. Througho hroughout tonnes
ut the the year)
year)
130 Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del. Balanitaceae Ingulada Thorny Belgaum,Bellary,Chitradurga,Coorg, No February- Septembe Bark,leaf,fruit Bark anthelmintic.Unripe fruits cathartic,ripe fruits used for Ayurveda, 1. Seed Propagation
mara/Ingalika(Kan), tree Dharwar,Mysore,Tumkur. March r-October whooping cough and skin troubles,Seed extract Tibetan, Unani, 2. Vegetative Propagation
Ingudee(San), hypotensive.Seed oil used for burns and freckles,also these three Folk A.Through cuttings
Nanjundan/thoruvat are used for blood purifier,diuretic,leprosy,leucoderma,anorexia B.Through suckers
tu(tam), etc..

131 Balanophora fungosa J.R. & Balanophorac Marakatapippali Leafless Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass No Whole plant Diseases of vatam and kapham,ecema,throat Ayurveda, Sidha
G.Forst eae (San), Yanai root an,Mysore. diseases,sinusitis,dyspnoea,digestive disorders.
thippali(Tam) parasite
132 Balanophora polyandra Griff. Balanophorac Mysore No 0 0 whole plant asthma Folk
eae
133 Baliospermum montanum (Willd.) Euphorbiacea Kaadu haralu(Kan), Under Bidar,Chickmagalore,coorg,North January- February- Seed,Root,Leaf Seeds are drastic purgative.Seed oil used as a powerful Ayurveda, 1. Seeds 2.Vegetative 2006-07 Market
Muell e Dantee(San), shrub Kanara February March hydrogogue,cathartic,also used externally in Siddha, Folk propogation : Terminal Demand: 100 MT/year
rheumatism.Root,leaf and seed used for liver cuttings.
disorders,abdominal diseases,piles,blood disorders,urinary
calculi,skin diseases,snake-bite poisoning and for purgative.
134 Bambusa arundinacea (Retz.) Poaceae Hebbidiru(Kan), Herb Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,North Very Once in Once in root,leaf,calcareou Leprosy,wounds,oedema,amenorrhoea,hypertension,fever,disea Ayurveda,
Roxb. Vamsha(San), Kanara,South Kanara,Tumkur common,c its life its life s deposits,seed ses of vata and pitta,thirst,eye Siddha, Folk
Moongil(Tam) ultivable time time diseases,dyspnoea,leucorrhoea,wasting
diseases,jaundice,ulcers,worm infestation and for anemia.
135 Barleria buxifolia L. Acanthaceae Gandikottimullu(Ka Erect Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Chitradurg Very 0 0 leaves,root cough,inflammation Ayurveda,
n), Ikshura(San), under a,Coorg,,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,Tumk common Siddha, Folk
Kattimullu(Tam) shrub ur.
136 Barleria courtallica Nees Acanthaceae Unarmed Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,North No 0 0 leaves,root cough,inflammation Ayurveda, Folk
shrub kanara,Shimoga,South kanara.
137 Barleria cristata L. Acanthaceae Spatikada hoovu Erect Bangalore,Bellary,Bidar,Coorg,Kolar, Very 0 0 leaves,root cough,inflammation Ayurveda,
(Kan), Sahachara herb Mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga common,c Tibetan, Sidha
(Saireyaka) (sub.), ultivable
Semmulli
(Mulliver)(Tam)
138 Barleria prionitis L. Acanthaceae Mullugoranti(Kan), Erect Bangalore,Bellary,Bidar,Bijapur,Chic Very 0 0 Whole A paste of roos applied to boiles and glandular swellings.Roots Ayurveda,
Sahachara(San), shrub kmagalore,Coorg,Mysore,Raichur,Shi common plant,root,leaf febrifuge.Leaves chewed to relieve toothache.Juice of leaves Unani, Sidha,
Semmulli(Tam) moga,Tumkur. with honey given in catarrhal infections in children,diseases of Folk
nervpus system,leprosy,pruritus,gout,arthralgia,rheumatiod
arthritis,oedema,swelling of joints,poisonong.

139 Barleria strigosa Willd. Acanthaceae Kurantaka(san) Unarmed Belgaum,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Nort No 0 0 leaves,root cough,inflammation Ayurveda,
Mancatcemmuli herb or h Kanara Tibetan, Sidha
(Tam) under
shrub
140 Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Barringtoniac Dhariphala(Kan), Medium- Belgaum,Mysore,North Kanara Rare,culti January- April-May fruit,root,leaves Powered seed used as an emetic and expectorant.Fruit,root Ayurveda,
Gaertn. eae Hijjala(San), sized tree vable March andleaves used for diseases of head,hemiplegia,pain in Tibetan, Unani,
Kattapam(Tam) joints,eye diseases,jaundice,stomach dsorders,diarrhoea,blood Sidha, Folk
disorders,cough,dysponea,leprosy,intermittent ever,spleenic
disorders and for poisoning.

141 Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Barringtoniac Samudraphala(san), Medium- Coorg,North Kanara,Shimoga,South Rare througho throughou fruit,seed fish poison Ayurveda, Folk,
Spreng. eae Nichula(San), sized tree Kanara. ut the t the year Sidha
year
142 Basella alba L. Basellaceae Basale soppu(Kan), Herb Bangalore,Coorg,Kolar,Mysore Very 0 0 leaves Mucilaginous leaves pulped and used as poultice.Juice of leaves Ayurveda, Sidha 1. Seed propagation:sown
Upodika(San), common given to children and pregnant women to get relief from in mid Januaryto mid
Kodipasarai(Tam) constipation,drug addiction,leaf March or Mid April to mid
forthirst,cooling,swelling,abscess,retention of urine. june
143 Basilicum polystachyon (L.) Lamiaceae Naukachini(Tam) Herb Shimoga No 0 0 leaves Crushed leaves applied to sprains.Decoction of leaves given as Folk, Siddha
Moench. (Moschosma sedative, in epilepsy,palpation of heart,neuralgia and convulsion
polystachyum Benth,)
144 Bauhinia acuminata L. Caesalpiniace Bilee mandara Errect Coorg,North Kanara No 0 0 bark Decoction of bark or leaves given in biliousness,leprosy,asthma Ayurveda,
ae (Kan), shrub and stone in bladder. Sidha, Folk
Kanchanara(san),
Mandharai (sub.)
(Manjal
mandharai)(Tam)
145 Bauhinia purpurea L. Caesalpiniace Mandara(Kan), Small Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Kolar,Mys Very Septembe February- root,flower,bark Roots carminative.Bark used in diarrhoea,Flower buds laxative Ayurveda,
ae Kanchanara(San), tree or ore,Shimoga,Tumkur common,c r- March and anthelmintic.These are also used for Tibetan, Sidha,
Mandharai(Tam) large ultivable February cooling,cough,menorrhagia,bleeding Folk
shrub piles,scrofula,ulcers,stomachache.
146 Bauhinia racemosa Lam. Caesalpiniace Kanchvala(Kan), Deciduou Bangalore,Belgaum,Bidar,Bijapur,Chi Cultivable February Novembe bark,leaves Bark astringent,used in dysentery.Leaves given with onions in Ayurveda, Seeds propagation: sedds
ae Kanchanara (sub.), s tree ckmagalore,Chitradurga,Gulbarga,Ha to May r- diarrhoea and as an anthelmintic.Decoction of leaves in malaria. Unani, Sidha swon inApril-May
Arampali(Mal, ssan,Kolar,Mysore,North December
Are(Tel), Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur.
Mandarai(Tam)

147 Bauhinia tomentosa L. Caesalpiniace Kaadu Shrub Mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga. Very August- 0 root,flower,bark,fr Decoction of root bark used in inflammation of liver and as Ayurveda, Folk,
ae Mandara/Vanasamp common April uit vermifuge.Leaf,flower,fruit used for diarrhoea,digestive Unani, Sidha
igegida(Kan), disorders,cough,leucorrhoea,tonic.
Kovidara (San),
Kattathi(Tam),
Kanchini(Tel)
Bauhinia vahlii Wight and Arn. Caesalpiniace Camel foot Woody Moist deciduous fores April- July- Root,bark,Seed, Seeds-Aphrodisiac, tonic. Leaves demulcent and mucilaginous. Folk
ae climber(E), Ane climber June August leaves
pada(Kan),
Kattumandarai
(Tam), Arise(Kan),
Adda(Tam)

148 Bauhinia variegata L. Caesalpiniace Kempu Small Bangalore,Bidar,Chickmagalore,Coor Very February- Rainy Root,bark,flower worm Ayurveda,
ae mandara(Kan), tree g,Kolar,Mysore,Tumkur. common,c April season infestation,leprosy,wounds,menorrhagia,gout,scrofula,wasting Unani, Sidha,
Kanchanara(San), ultivable diseases,cough,haemorrhage,urinary disorders,glandular Folk
Mandharai(Tam) swellings,goiter,constipation,haemorrhage,ulcers, obesity.
149 Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC Cucurbitacea Herb Chickmagalore,Hassan,Tumkur No 0 0 rhizome,stem Rhizome Folk
e expectorant,deobstruent,carminative,diuretic,alexipharmic,used
in tonsilitis,pulmonary and liver complaints and breast
cancer.Stem pulp used as a tomachic
150 Bidens bipinnata L. Asteraceae Tall herb Bidar,Chickmagalore,Kolar,Mysore,N No 0 0 whole Herb expectorant and emmenagogue.Juice of fresh herb used in Folk
orth Kanara,Tumkur plant,root,seed eye ad ear drops.Roots and seeds used in asthma.
151 Biophytum reinwardtii (Zucc.) Oxalidaceae Lajjalu(San) Small Chickmagalore,Coorg,Mysore,Shimo No 0 0 leaves Decoction febrifuge.Leaves and roots used in insomnia. Ayurveda, Unani
Kiotzch. herb ga,South Kanara
152 Biophytum sensitivum (L.) DC. Oxalidaceae Haramuni/Jalapush Errect Bangalore,Belgaum,Bidar,Chickmaga Very March- Septembe whole plant,leaves Herb tonic stimulent,used in chest Ayurveda, Folk, Seed Propagation:Seeds
pa(Kan), herb lore,Coorg,Gulbarga,Shimoga common,c April r -October complaints,convulsions,cramps and inflammatory tumours.Ash Unani, Sidha are sown in raised beds
Dusparsha/ ultivable mixed with juice given in stomachache.Leaves and roots preferably in shade. Seeds
Dulupushpa(San), styptic.Decoction of leaves given in diabetes,asthma and are sown in November-
Tintanali(Tam), phthisis.Powered seeds applied to abscesses to promote December.
suppuration.
153 Bischofia javanica BI. Bischofiacea Deciduou Very 0 0 Bark throat troubles Folk, Sidha
e s tree common
154 Bixa orellana L. Bixaceae Kunkuma/Ranguma Woody Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass Very 0 0 flower alleviating kapha and vata,diseases of head,anodyne. Ayurveda, Folk, 1.Seed Propagation : Best
le(Kan), shrub or an,North Kanara. common,c Homeopathy, time for raising nursery is
Sindoori(San), small tree ultivable Sidha during April-May.
Kunkumama(Tam)

155 Blepharis madearspatensis (L.) Acanthaceae Uttangansa (sub.) Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,C Very 0 0 seed dysuria,diseases of nervous system,diuretic,aphrodisiacs Folk
Roth (B.boerhaviifolia Pers.) hickmagalore,Coorg,Dharwar,Hassan, common
Kolar,Mysore,Raichur.
156 Blepharispermum subsessile DC. Acanthaceae Adavibanti(Tel), Woody Belgaum,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Dhar No 0 0 leaves,root Juice of leaves dropped in the ear in dtitis and other Ayurveda, Folk
Rasna(San) shrub war,Mysore,North Kanara inflammatory conditions.Roots used in
dyspeosia,bronchitis,rheumatism and fevers.Roots from a
constituent of medicated oils,used externally on rheumatic
swelling and nervous troubles.
157 Blumea lacera (Burm.f.) DC Asteraceae Gandhari Herb Chickmagalore,Coorg,Dharwar,Hassa Very 0 0 root,leaves Juice of leaves anthelmintic,particularly against thread Ayurveda,
gida(Kan), n,Mysore,North common worms.Herb used as a febrifuge,diuretic,antiscorbutic.Roots and Unani, Sidha
Kulahala Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga leaf alleviating vataand kapha,fever,thirst,oedema,worm
(kukundara)(San), infestation,leprosy and menorrhagia
Tevuppulu(Tam)
158 Blumea lanceolaria (Roxb.) Asteraceae Karpoora (sub.) Large Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore No 0 0 Whole plant poisoning,burning sensation,thirst,leprosy,boils,vomiting,eye Folk
Druce shrub or ,North Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara diseases,worm infestation,diseases of throat
under
shrub
159 Blumea oxyodonta DC. Asteraceae Herb Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass No 0 0 Whole plant poisoning,burning sensation,thirst,leprosy,boils,vomiting,eye Ayurveda
an,Mysore,North kanara,Shimoga diseases,worm infestation,diseases of throat

160 Blumea virens DC Asteraceae Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Coorg,Hassan,No No 0 0 Whole plant poisoning,burning sensation,thirst,leprosy,boils,vomiting,eye Karpoora (sub.)
rth Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara diseases,worm infestation,diseases of throat

161 Blumeopsis flava (DC.) Gagnep. Asteraceae Herb Coorg,Hassan No 0 0 Whole plant Whole plant used with mustard oil in dropsy Folk
(Laggera flava (DC.) Benth.)

162 Boerhavia diffusa L. Nyctaginacea Sanadika/kempu Herb Most district Very Novembe January- Whole plant Roots expectorant,diuretic,laxative,used in asthma, in dropsy Ayurveda, Folk,
e punarnava(Kan), common,c r- June associated with chronic bright's disease and also for Sidha,
Punarnava(San), ultivable February oedema,spleenic disorders,urinary Homeopathy,
Mukkirattai(Tam) disorders,piles,anaemia,sprue,dyspnoea,jaundice,retention of Unani
urine,anasarca
163 Bombax ceiba L. (Salmalia Bombacaceae Boorgada Tree Belgaum,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Chitr Very February March- Bark,friut,gum,flo Bark demulcent,tonic and styptic.Fruits stimulent,expectorant Ayurveda, 1. Seed Propagation:Seeds
malabarica (DC) Schott.& Endl.) mara(Kan), adurga,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,N common,c to March May wer,leaf,seed and diuretic,used in calculous infection and ulceration of Unani, Sidha, are sown in May.
Shalmali/Mocha orth Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur. ultivable bladder and kidneys.Gum is a demulcent,tonic and styptic.These Folk
(San), are also used in
Mulilavu(Tam), constipation.anuresis,leucorrkoea,polyuria,abdominal
Silk cotton disorders,stomach diseases etc..
tree(Eng)
164 Bombax insigne Wall. (Salmalia Bombacaceae Shalmali (sub.), Tree Bangalore,North Kanara No Decembe April-May Bark,friut,gum,flo Bark demulcent,tonic and styptic.Fruits stimulent,expectorant Ayurveda
insignis (Wall.) Schott. & Endl.) Kutasalmali(San), r-January wer,leaf,seed and diuretic,used in calculous infection and ulceration of
Kalilavu(Tam) bladder and kidneys.Gum is a demulcent,tonic and styptic.These
are also used in
constipation.anuresis,leucorrkoea,polyuria,abdominal
disorders,stomach diseases etc..
165 Borassus flabellifer L. Arecaceae Talemara(Kan), Tree Most of the dist. Very 0 April- Root,leaves,inflore Fresh sap of palm is called 'Nira' which has stimulant and Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed Propagation: Seeds
Taala(San), common,c scence,fruit,seed,a antiphlegmatic properties,useful in inflammatory infections and Tibetan, Unani, are collected in August to
Panai(Tam) ultivable sh leprosy.Bleeding,thirst,oedema,fainting,burning Sidha September.
sensation,constipation,anorexia,disorders of spleen and
abdomen,cardiac diseases,amenorrhoea,dysuria,skin
diseases,fever,general ability,cooling restorative.
166 Boswellia serrata Roxb. Burseraceae Shallakee(San), Tree Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Bijapur,Chick Very February May-July Bark,resin Bark used in diarrhoea and skin troubles.Gum considered Ayurveda, 1. Seed Propagation: Ripe
Vellaikungiliyam magalore,Chitradurga,Gulbarga,Hassa common,c to May expectorant,diuretic and stomachic,used in diarrhoea and Unani, Sidha seeds are collected off the
(Kunthirikkam) n,Kolar,Mysore,North ultivable dysentery,pulmonary infections and cutaneous. trees in May. 2. Vegetative
(Tam), Kanara,Tumkur. Propagation:a) through
Chitta/Dhupadamar cuttings :b) through root
a(Kan), suckers :

167 Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.& Brassicaceae Sasuve(Kan), Herb Chickmagalore,Coorg,Gulbarga,Hass Cultivable 0 0 Seed,oil Coryza,headache,pruritus,leprosy,worm infestation,diseases of Ayurveda, Sidha 1. Seed Propagation:
Coss. Rajika(San), an,Kolar,Shimoga. nervous system,anorexia,pain,urticaria,hiccup,emetic.
Kadugu(Tam)
168 Brasica napus L. (B. Campestris Brassicaceae Sarshapa(San), Herb North Kanara No 0 0 Seed,oil Seeds used in exacerbations,cancer and 1. Seed Propagation:
L.) tumours,leprosy,dysuria,spleenic disorderss,anorexia.Roots
emollient and diueretic,juice used in chronic cough and Ayurveda,
bronchial catarrh. Siddha
169 Brassica nigra (Koch) Deutsch. Brassicaceae Karisasuve(Kan), Herb Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Chitradurg Cultivable 0 0 Seed stimulant,digestive secretion,used as counter Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed Propagation:
Krishna a,Coorg,Mysore. irritant,rubefacient,in pleurisy and pneumonia. Homeopathy,
Sarshapa(San), Tibetan, Unani,
Kadagu(Tam) Sidha, Modern

170 Brassica oleracea L. Var. Brassicaceae Patragobhi(San), Herb Most of the dist. Cultivable 0 0 Leaf Fistula,liver troubles. Ayurveda,
Capitata (L.) Alef. Siddha
171 Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Aist. (B. Euphorbiacea Kambogi(San) Herb Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass Very 0 0 Leaves,bark Leaves employed as poultice to hasten suppuration,used as Ayurveda, Folk,
Patens (Roxb.) Rolfe) e an,Kolar,Mysore,North common galactagogue,Bark for diseases of nervous Unani
Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara. system,oedema,disorders of blood.
172 Breynia vitis-idaea (Burm.f.) Euphorbiacea Kamboji(Sub)(San) Shrub Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Kola Very 0 0 Leaves Leaves applied as a poultice to hasten suppuration.Leaf juice Ayurveda, Folk,
Fisch. (B.rhamnoides e , Kattuniruri(Tam) r,Mysore,North common given after parturition to prevent haemorrhage.Dried leaves Unani, Sidha
(Willd.)Muell.) Kanara,Shimoga,South smoked like tabacco for relief in tonsilitis.Astringent bark used
Kanara,Tumkur. to guard against haemorrhage.
173 Bridelia montana (Roxb.) Willd Euphorbiacea Tall Bellary Very 0 0 Bark Astringent and anthelmintic No
e shrub common
174 Bridelia retusa (L.) Spreng. Euphorbiacea Mullu-honne(Kan), Small Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Mysore,Nort Rare May- 0 Bark,root Pain in lumbago,sciatica Ayurveda, Folk,
e Ekaveera (San), tree h kanara October Sidha
Kaduga(Tam)

175 Bridelia scandes (Roxb.) Willd. Euphorbiacea Pashanabedha Shrub Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Shimog No 0 0 whole plant cough,sore throat,diabetes, lithiasis,Anaemia urinary Folk
e (sub.) a,South Kanara. calculi,menorrhagia,dysuria,anuresis.Roots for
wounds,piles,abdominal disorders,cardiac diseases and uterine
diseases. decoction is diuretic
176 Bridelia stipularis BI. Euphorbiacea Shrub Belgaum,Coorg,Dharwar,North Very 0 0 Bark,leaves Decoction used in cough,fever and asthma.Leaves used in No
e Kanara,Shimoga. common jaundice.
177 Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) Moraceae Kaagda(Kan), Medium- Bangalore,Belgaum,Shimoga. No 0 0 Leaves Leaves used in indigestion,diaphoretic.Seeds diuretic,tonic Folk
Vent. Paper sized tree
mulberry(Eng)
178 Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Rhizophorace Sigapukokandam Medium- North Kanara No June- 0 Bark Diarrhoea Folk
Sovigy. ae (Tam), sized tree October
Kandal(Mal),
Dhudluponna(tel)
179 Brunfelsia americana L. Solanaceae Shrub Bangalore No 0 0 Fruits,seed Fruits astringent,used as tonic,diarrhoea and stomach troubles. Folk

180 Buchanania axillaris (Desr.) Anacardiacea Saaraparuppu(Tam) Medium- Bellary,Chitradurga,Coorg,Hassan,Ko No Decembe April- Seed Dysuria,polyuria,antidote for mercury and sulphur Folk
Ramam. (B. Angusifolia Roxb.) e The cuddapaha sized tree lar,Mysore,Tumkur. r- June poisonings,aphrodisiac.
almond(eng),Sara(t February
el), Cheru(Mal)
181 Buchanania lanzan Spreng. Anacardiacea Priyala(San), Medium- Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Chickmagalor Very Decembe April- Gum,seed,bark,ro Gum used in diarrhoea and intercotal pain.Seed oil glandular Ayurveda, 1. Natural regeneration
e Calumpang nut sized tree e,Chitradurga,Coorg,Gulbarga,Hassan common,c r to May June ot. swellings of the neck.Other part for haemorrhage,burning Tibetan, Unani, 2.Seed propagation
tree(Eng),Nurkul,M ,Mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga,South ultivable sensation,fever,thirst,cardiac diseases,disorders of Sidha, Folk 3.Vegetative propagation
urkali, Kanara. blood,stomach disorders,leprosy,poisoning. through cuttings.
Nurchilla(Kan),
Kaattumaa(Tam),
182 Buddleja davidii Franch. Buddlejaceae Karukattan(Tam) Shrub Mysore No February- 0 Leaves Diuretic Folk
July
183 Bulbostylis barbata (Rottb.) CI Cyperaceae Tufted Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,H No 0 0 Whole plant Herbs boiled in water and brew given in dysentery Folk, Sidha
(Scirpus barbatus Rottb.) herb assan,Kolar,Mysore,North
Kanara,Raichur,Tumkur.
184 Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub. Papilionaceae Mutthuga(Kan), Bangalore,Bidar,Chickmagalore,Chitr Very February- June-July Bark,flower,seed,r Bark astringent,used in piles,tumours and menstrual Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed Propagation:The
(B.frondosa Koen.ex Roxb.) Palasha(Sa), Palasu adurga,Coorg,Gulbarga,Hassan,Kolar, common,c March esin,leaf. disorders.Gum called Butea gum is astringent and used in Tibetan, Unani, seeds ripen in May and are
(Murukkan)(tam) Mysore,North ultivable diarrhoea.Seeds pounded with lemon juice acts as powerful Sidha collected off the trees.
Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,South rubefacient and used as a cure for a form of herpes called 2. Vegetative Propagation:
Kanara,Tumkur. 'Dhobies' itch. Extract os seeds,flowers and leaves peputed to Stump Planting
have contraceptive property.
185 Butea superba Roxb. Papilionaceae Muttuganaballi Large North Kanara Very 0 0 Gum,seed Gum used as a tonic and poultice.Decoction of shoots Ayurveda, Folk,
(Kan), climber common considered as emollient and sedative,used in piles.Seeds Sidha
Palashinee(San), sedative and anthelmintic.
Kodi-
palashini(Tam)
186 Byttneria herbacea Roxb. Sterculiaceae Shrub Bangalore,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,Tum Very 0 0 Root Pulversied root-stock used in swellings.also used in cholera and Folk
kur common diarrhoea.
187 Cadaba fruticosa (L.) Druce Capparidacea Maragadegida Shrub Bangalore,Bellary,Bijapur,Chitradurg October- 0 Leaf,fruit Worm infestation,swellings,eczema,constipation Ayurveda, Folk,
e (Kan), a,Coorg,Dharwar,Hassan,Kolar,Myso Novembe Sidha
Kadamba(San)Chik re,North Kanara,Raichur,Tumkur. r,
ondiVizhuthi(Tam) January,
March
188 Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. Caesalpiniace Gajjaga- Shrub Bangalore,Bidar,Chickmagalore,Chitr July- August- leaves,bark,fruit,se Leaves and bark febrifuge,emmenagogue,anthelmintic.Fruits Ayurveda, Seed Propagation
(Caesalpinia crista L.) ae Kayi(Kan),Lata adurga,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,North Septembe October ed tonic and antipyretic.Seed oil used in discharges from the Sidha, Folk
karanja(Kuberakshi Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga. r ear.Also used for orchitis,intercostal neuralgia,anuresis,urinary
)(San),Kazharchiko calculi,abdominal diseases,piles,leprosy,intermittent
di(Tam) fever,speenic disorders.

189 Caesalpinia coriaria Willd Caesalpiniace Ingimaram(Tam) Armed Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,D july- October- Fruit Decoction of pods used to stop bleeding in piles.Fruits for Sidha, Unani
ae shrub harwar,Mysore,North Kanara. August December stomatitis,ulcers.

190 Caesalpinia cucullata Roxb. Caesalpiniace Shrub Chickmagalore,Hassan,North 0 0 Seed Given to cows as vermifuge.
(Mezoneuron cucullatum (Roxb.) ae Kanara,Shimoga.
Wt. And Arn.
191 Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw. Caesalpiniace Kenjige mara(Kan), Shrub Bangalore,Chitradurga,Hassan,Mysor At At various Bark,leaves,flower Bark used as abortifacient.Leaves purgative, tonic and Ayurveda, Folk,
ae Krishnachuda(San), e,Tumkur. various times s emmenagogue.Infusion of flowers used as pectoral anf Sidha
Mayuram/Mayil- times febrifuge.
Konnai(Tam)
192 Caesalpinia spicata Dalz. Caesalpiniace Woody Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Hassan,Mys 0 0 Root,bark Pneumonia and skin troubles
(Moullava spicata (Dalz.) Nicols.; ae climber ore,North Kanara,Shimoga,South
Wagatea spicata (Dalz.) Wt.) Kanara.

193 Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp Papilionaceae Thogaribele(Kan), Shrub Bangalore,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Co 0 0 Seed,leaf Diarrhoea,hiccup,gout,gingivitis,swellings,dental Ayurveda, Folk, Seed propagation
Aadhaki(San), org, Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North disorders,stomatitis Tibetan, Sidha
Thuvarai(TaM), Kanara,Tumkur.

194 Calamus huegelianus Mart. Arecaceae Vetra (sub.) Armed Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan 0 0 Leaf,young buds Fever,haemorrhage,gout,burning sensation,alleviating pitta Ayurveda
climbing
shrub
195 Calamus thwaitesii Arecaceae Vetra (sub.) Thorny Coorg,Hassan,North Kanara. 0 0 Ayurveda
Becc.var.canaranus Becc. climber
196 Calamus travancorius Bedd. ArecaceaeNaayi betha(Kan), Armed Coorg 0 0 Leaves Tender leaves used in dyspepsia,biliousnes and as an Ayurveda, Folk
Vetra (sub.), climber anthelmintic
Pirambu(Tam)
197 Calendula officinalis L. Asteraceae Calendula/Marigold Herb Most of the dist. 0 0 Whole plant Whole plant diaphoretic,diuretic and stimulant.Capitula used Homeopathy,
(Eng) adulterant of saffron Unani, Modern
198 Callicarpa tomentosa (L.) Murray Verbenaceae Doddanaathada Shrub or Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassa 0 0 Bark, leaf, flower, Decoction of the bark us in skin troubles,hepatic obstruction Folk, Siddha
gida(Kan), Priyangu small tree n,Mysore,North fruit and fever.Leaves haemorrhage,oedema,cardiac
(sub.), Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara. diseases,dysuria,flower and fruits for epilepsy,diseases of
Kattukkumil(Tam) nervous system,cardic diseases etc..

199 Calophyllum apetalum Willd Clusiaceae Punnaga(San),Shrih Tree Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore October- December- Bark,leaf,flower,se Eye diseases,skin eruptions,ecema,ear No
onne/ Holihonne/ ,North Kanara,Shimoga,South Novembe January edresin diseases,epilepsy,diseases of vatam,convulsion.
Calhonne (Kan), Kanara. r
Cherupinna(Mal)

200 Calophyllum inophyllum L. Clusiaceae Punnaga(San), Medium- Mysore,North Kanara,South Kanara. march- May-June Bark,seed,kernal,r Haemorrhage,burning sensations,fever,thirst,cardiac Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed Propagation
Surahonne(Kan), sized tree April oot,resin diseases,disorders of blood,stomach disorders,leprosy,general Unani, Sidha
Priyala(San), debility,dysmenorrhoea,leucorrhoea,colic,poisoning.
Poona/Punna
(Tel),Punnai/Pinnai
(Tam)

201 Calotropis gigantea (L.) R. Br. Asclepiadace Ekka(Kan), Tall stout Most of the dist. througho May- Root, bark, leaf, Diseases of nervous system,leprosy,pruritus,spleenic Ayurveda, Folk, 1.Seed Propagation :
ae Arka(San), shrub ut the August flower, latex disorders,abdominal disorders,piles,worm Homeopathy, collected 2 days before
Erukku(Tam) year infestation,cough,snake bite,convulsions,swelling in joints,skin Tibetan, Unani, they break open.
diseases,dyspnoea. Sidha

202 Calotropis procera (Ait.). R. Br. Asclepiadace Shwetarka(San), Errect Bangalore,Belgaum,Tumkur througho May- Root,bark,leaf,flo Diseases of nervous system,leprosy,pruritus,spleenic Ayurveda, Seed propagation
ae Vellai erukku(Tam) shrub ut the August wer,latex disorders,abdominal disorders,piles,worm Tibetan, Unani,
year infestation,cough,snake bite,convulsions,swelling in joints,skin Sidha, Folk
diseases,dyspnoea.
203 Calycopteris floribunda Lam. Combretacea Marasuthu Scandent Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,North March- 0 Leaves astringent,laxative,anthelmintic,used in colic and applied in Ayurveda, Folk,
e balli(Kan),Pullani shrub Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara. July ulcers. Unani
(Shweta
Dhataki),Mannar
koti(tam)

204 Camellia sinesis (L.)Ktze. Theaceae Chaha Evergree Coorg 0 0 leaf astringent,stimulant,diuretic and nervine,conjuctivities Ayurveda, Folk,
soppu/Thesoppu n shrub Homeopathy,
(Kan), or tree Unani, Sidha,
Chaipatta(Hi), Modern
Caha(San)
205 Canarium strictum Roxb. Burseraceae Manda dhupa(Kan), Large Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore Vulnerabl January- Novembe Gum Rheumatism, Chronic skin diseases Ayurveda, Folk, Seed Propagation:
Black tree ,North Kanara,Shimoga. e March r-January Unani, Sidha Propagation is best done
dammar(Eng), by direct sowing in the
Thelli(Mal), open at the break of
Karunkungiliyam(T monsoon rains.
am)

206 Canna indica L.Cannabis sativa Cannaceae Sugandharaja Herb Bangalore,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 root Diuretic and diaphoretic Ayurveda,
L. (Kan), Sidha, Folk
Sarvajaya(San),
Kalvazhai(Tam)
207 Cannabis sativa L. Cannabinace Bhangi gida(Kan), Tall Cultivated in hilly district. 0 0 Leaves,leaf- Piles,diseases of kapha and Ayurveda, Seed propagation
ae Bhang(San/Tam) errect resin,flowering vata,headache,sleeplessness,pain,diarrhoea,dysentery,stomachac Siddha, Folk,
herb and fruiting tops he,uterine disorders,antipyretic,sedative,anaesthetic. Unani
208 Canscora decussata (Roxb.) Gentianaceae Shankapushpa(Kan Errect Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore April- May-June Whole plant Fever,liver disorders,intermittent fever,leprosy Ayurveda,
Schult. ), herb ,Shimoga. May Sidha, Unani
Shankapushpi/Yava
tikta (sub.)(San),
Tantorpalam (Tam)

209 Canscora diffusa (Vahl) R.Br. Gentianaceae Shankapushpi Tall Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Chickma 0 0 Whole plant Anorexia,somatitis,piles,abdominal disorders,sterility in Ayurveda
(sub.) errect galore,Coorg,Dharwar,Hassan,Kolar, female,haematemetis,insomnia,epilepsy,psychosis,skin
herb Mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga,South diseases,carminative,rejuvenator.
Kanara.
210 Canthium dicoccum (Gaertn.) Rubiaceae Hatteranike(Kan), Unarmed Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Chitradurga, 0 0 Bark Febrifuge and applied externally in fractures Folk
Teys.& Binn. Var.umbellatum Imburuttam(Tam) tree Coorg,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North
(Wt.) Sant.& Merch. Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,South
Kanara,Tumkur.
211 Canthium parviflorum Lam. Rubiaceae Balasu/Kakorla/Kaa Armed Most of the dist. April- May-June Fruits, Root,seed Anthelmintic,distate,disorders of throat,alleviating pain. Ayurveda, Folk,
re/Kaaki(Kan), shrub May Unani, Sidha
Gangeruki(San)
212 Capparis decidua (Forsk.) Capparidacea Uppina Shrub Bijapur,Chickmagalore,Gulbarga 0 0 Bark,root,fruits Diaphoretic,alexiteric,used in cough and asthma,biliousness and Ayurveda, Folk,
Edgew. e gida/Karee(Kan), cardiac troubles,constipation,stomach disorders,worm Tibetan, Unani,
Kareera(San), infestation,dyspnoea,general debility. Sidha
213 Capparis grandis L. F. Capparidacea Mudkondai(Tam), Small Bellary,Chitradurga,Dharwar,Kolar,N March- 0 Bark,leaves Swelling and eruption Folk, Sidha
e Guli(Tel), tree orth Kanara. April,
Torate(Kan), June-July
Decembe
r-January

214 Capparis moonii Wt. Capparidacea Mullu Katthari Climbing Coorg,Chickmagalore,Mysore,North Decembe 0 Fruit Tuberculosis,dyspnoea,delirium,polyuria,worm Ayurveda
e balli(Kan), Rudanti shrub Kanara. r- infestation,haemorrhage,diseases of kapha,rejuvenator.
(sub.), February
215 Capparis sepiaria L. Capparidacea Kathira Climbing Bangalore,Bellary,Bijapur,Chickmaga February- 0 Whole plant Febrifuge,tonic,and for skin troubles. Ayurveda, Folk,
e mullu/Thotitilu shrub lore,Coorg,Dharwar,Hassan,Kolar,My March Unani, Sidha
mullu/Uppina sore,North Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur
gida(Kan),
Himsra(San),
216 Capparis spinosa L. Capparidacea Kathari mullina Shrub Coorg February May-June Bark Diuretic,expectorant,tonic,infection of Ayurveda, Unani
e gida(Kan), to May liver,rheumstism,tubercular glands.
Himsra/Kakadani(S
an)
217 Capparis zeylanica L. Capparidacea Muthukallari(Kan), Scandent Most of the dist. Decembe 0 Root bark, leaves The root bark, fruit and leaves of Kanthari are used to treat Ayurveda, Folk,
e Vyagranakhi shrub r-April and fruit burning sensation, stomache, irritation, boils, swelling, piles and Sidha
(Himsra,Kanthari)( cholera.
San),
Aathondai(Tam)

218 Capsicum annum L. Var. Solanaceae Menasinakayi(Kan) Herb Hassan,Kolar,Mysore, Most districts. througho throughou Root,fruit,seed Lumbago,neuralgia,rheumatism,carminative,indigestion,chest Ayurveda, Folk,
Acuminatum Fingh. , Katuvira(San), ut the t the year diseases,arthritis,scabies,skin Homeopathy,
Seemai year diseases,earache,headache,paralysis. Unani, Sidha,
milagai(Tam) Modern

219 Capsicum frutescens L. Solanaceae Holada menasina Herb Chickmagalore,Coorg througho throughou Fruit Carminative,rubefacient. Ayurveda,
kaayi(Kan), ut the t the year Unani, Sidha,
Maricha(San), year Folk, Modern
220 Cardiospermum halicacabum L. Sapindaceae Erumballi(Kan), Climbing Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,C Decembe March- Root,leaf The root of Kakadani is used in the form of powder to treat Ayurveda, Folk, Seed propagated through
Karanaspota(San), shrub hickmagalore,Chitradurga,Coorg,Gul r- May abdominal disorders, rat-poisoning, snake-poisoning, cough Homeopathy, seeds; fruits are collected
Mudakkattran(Tam) barga,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,Raichur,S February with fever, scrotal enlargement, alopecia, anaemia and jaundice. Unani, Sidha in July-November.
, (Kakatikta) himoga,Tumkur.

221 Careya arborea Roxb. Lecythidacea Kumbhi/Girikarnik Medium Belgaum,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Chitr February March- Root,bark The bark of Kumbhi is used in the form of decoction to treat Ayurveda, Folk,
e a(san), Guddada sized tree adurga,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,N to May June sinus.Anthelmintic, Antiseptic, Abscesses, Colic, Snake bite, Unani, Sidha
ippe/Hennu orth Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara. Tumours, Ulcer
mathi(Kan)
222 Carica papaya L. Caricaceae Papaya, Eranda Tree Most of the dist. througho throughou Leaf,fruit,seed,late Hemipelgia,rheumatoid,arthritis,anorexia,indigestion,spruce,col Ayurveda, Folk,
karkatee(San) ut the t the year x,seed ic,hepatomegaly,spleenomegaly,piles,cardiac,diseases,oedema,a Homeopathy,
year menorrhoea,fever,worm Unani, Sidha,
infectation,gastritis,dermatitis,indigestion etc.. Modern
223 Carissa congesta Wt. Apocynaceae Karamarda(San), Scandent Hassan,Coorg 0 0 Root,fruit,flower Stomachic and anthelmintic,cardiac Folk
(C.carandas Grah.,non L.) Kalakkai(Tam) shrub diseases,haemorrhage,diseases of nervous
system,thirst,alleviationg vata and
pitta,hypertension,indigestion.Decoction of leaves given in
intermittent fever.
224 Carissa spinarum L. Apocynaceae Chikka Kavali Scandent Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,C January March- Root,flower,fruit Purgative,eye and ear Ayurveda, Folk,
hanu(Kan), Siru shrub hickmagalore,Chitradurga,Dharwar,G to May June disorders,vomiting,distaste,carminative,bodyache,throat Sidha
kazha(Tam), ulbarga,Mysore. pain,sweating.
Karamardika(San)

225 Carmona retusa (Vahl) Boraginaceae Charmakaravata Small Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Dharwar,H 0 0 Whole plant Leprosy,sterility,diarrhoea,skin disorders caused by congential Folk
Masamune (Ehreta buxifolia (sub.)(san), tree assan,Kolar. veneral diseases,digestive disorders,astringent.
Roxb.; E.microphylla Lam.) Kuruvichchi(Tam)
226 Carthamus tinctorius L. Asteraceae Kusube(Kan), Herb Bidar,Chickmagalore,Dharwar. Cultivated 0 0 Flowers, Leaves, laxative,diaphoretic,jaundice,aphrodisiac,rheumatism,skin Ayurveda, Folk,
Kuumba(San), seed disorders. Tibetan, Unani,
Kusumbi(Tam) Sidha

227 Caryota urens L. Arecaceae Dheergamada(San), Lofty tree Belgaum,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,North 0 0 Leaf Diarrhoea,migraine,scorpion-sting poisoning, Thirst Ayurveda, Folk,
Bagane(Kan), Kanara,Shimoga bud,seed,toddy Unani, Sidha
Koondal
panai(Tam)
228 Cascabala thevetia (L.) Lippold Apocynaceae Kadakasikanagilu( Small Bangalore,Coorg,Kolar,Mysore,North Cultivated througho throughou root,root Roots are made into a plaster and applied to tumours.Tincture Ayurveda, Folk,
(Thevetia peruviana (Pers.) Kan), tree Kanara,Shimoga.- Most districts ut the t the year bark,flower,leaves, of bark cathartic and emetic,also used as a febrifuge.Leaves Homeopathy,
K.Schum.) Peetakaraveera(San year seed purgative and emetic.Seeds used as abortifacient and Sidha
), Manjal purgative,in rheumatism and dropsy,also as an alexeteric.
alari(Tam)
229 Casearia elliptica Willd. Flacourtiacea Hlingi(Kan), Large Belgaum,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Chitr May-June July fruit, leaves, bark Dropsy,diuretic, ringworm, snakebite, sprain Ayurveda, Folk
(C.tomentosa Roxb.) e Kampillaka(San), shrub or adurga,Coorg,Gulbarga,Hassan,Mysor August
(Tam), Chilaka- small tree e,North Kanara.
duddi(Tel)
230 Casearia ovata (Lam.) Willd. Flacourtiacea Doddahaniche(Kan Small Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass Novembe Root Diabetes and piles. Folk
(C.esculenta Roxb.) e ), Saptachakra tree an,North Kanara,Shimoga,South r-March
(sub.) Kanara.
231 Cassia absus L. Caesalpiniace Kannu kutukana Herb Bangalore,Bidar,Chickmagalore,Coor 0 0 Seed,leaf The seeds of Kulatthika is used in the form of powder to treat Ayurveda, Folk,
ae beeje(Kan), g,Mysore,North eye diseases,opthalmia ,skin Tibetan, Unani,
Chakshushya Kanara,Shimoga,South diseases,piles,pain,constipation,ulcers,hiccup,retention of urine. Sidha
(Vsnakulatha)(San), Kanara,Tumkur.
Kaattukollu (Idi
kollu)(Tam)
232 Cassia alata L. Caesalpiniace Dhavala Shrub Chickmagalore,Coorg,South Kanara Decembe 0 Root,leaf,flower Juice of leaves used in skin troubles.seed vermifuge,purgative. Ayurveda, Folk,
ae gida/Seeme r- Unani, Sidha
thangadi(Kan), February
Dadrugna(San),
Vandu kollu(Tam)
233 Cassia auriculata L. Caesalpiniace Aavarike/Tangadi( Shrub Most of the dist. January- May- Bark,flower,seed,l Polyuria,leprosy,worm infestation,diarrhoea,eye Ayurveda, Folk,
ae Kan), July August eaf. diseases,haemorrhage,Diabetes mellitus,urinary Unani, Sidha
Aavartaki(San), disorders,thirst,haematuria,diseases of pittam.
Aavari(Tam)
234 Cassia fistula L. Caesalpiniace Kaki(Kan), Small Most of the dist. March- April- Root,bark,leaf,flo Leprosy,fever,cardiac Ayurveda, Folk,
ae Aaragwadha/Rajavr tree may Septembe wer,fruit diseases,jaundice,polyuria,urticaria,constipation,skin Tibetan, Unani,
iksa(San), r pulp,stem-bark diseases,veneral diseases,Worm infestation,diabetes, Sidha
Kirutamala/Sarakko
ndrai(Tam)
235 Cassia occidentalis L. Caesalpiniace Kasamarda(San), Undershr Bangalore,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Chi 0 0 Root,leaf,seed,flo Eczema,filariasis,cough,dysponea,polyuria,constipation,diseases Ayurveda, Folk,
ae Ponnavaarai(Tam), ub tradurga,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,Kolar, wer of vatam,rejuvenator Tibetan, Unani,
Doddathagache(Ka Shimoga,South Kanara. Sidha
n)

236 Cassia pumila Lam. Caesalpiniace Nelathagache(Kan), Herb Bidar,Bijapur,Mysore,North 0 0 Seed Purgative Folk
ae Nelajiluga(Tam), Kanara,Raichur,Tumkur.

237 Cassia senna L. Caesalpiniace Swarnapatree(San), Undershr Bellary,Coorg 0 0 Leaf,fruit Skin diseases,constipation,fever,abdominal disorders,gout,blood Ayurveda, Folk, Seed Propagation: Sowing
ae Sonamukhi/Nelavar ub disorders,worm infestation. Homeopathy, Season is either January-
e(Kan), Tennevelly Unani, Modern February or June-July.
senna(Tam)
238 Cassia sophera L. Caesalpiniace Kasamarda(San/ Shrub or Bijapur,Gulbarga,Mysore,North 0 0 Root,leaf,seed,flo Eczema,filariasis,cough,dysponea,polyuria,constipation,diseases Ayurveda, Folk,
ae Kan/Tam) under Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga. wer of vatam,rejuvenator Homeopathy,
shrub Unani, Modern

239 Cassia tora L. Caesalpiniace Chakramarda (San), Herb Most of the dist. Novembe December- Leaf,seed,root Skin diseases,hemiplegia,constipation,abdominal Ayurveda, Folk,
ae Usithagarai(Tam) r and March disorders,obesity,dysponea,blood disorders,veneral Tibetan, Unani,
Decembe diseases,inflammations,glandular swllings,urticaria. Sidha
r
240 Cassine glauca (Rottb.) O. Caesalpiniace Bhootakeshi (Kan), Small Most of the dist. 0 0 Bark,flower,root dysuria,wounds,burning sensation,hyperacidity,snake-bite Ayurveda, Folk,
Ktze.(Elaeodendron glaucum ae Krishanmushkaka(S tree poisoning,swellings. Sidha
(Rottb.) Pers.) an),
Selluppaimaram
(Tam),

241 Cassytha filiformis L. Lauraceae Mangana Twining Bangalore,Bellary,Bidar,Coorg,Dhar 0 0 Whole plant Anorexia,hyperacidity,worm infestation,rheumatiod Ayurveda, Folk,
udidaara/Akashabal parasite war,Gulbarga,Hassan,Mysore,North arthritis,cardiac diseases,stomach disorders,hair Unani, Sidha
li(Kan), Kanara,Raichur,Soth Kanara,Tumkur tonic,leucorrhoea,micturition,diseases of pittam
Aakashavalli
(Aamaravalli)
(San),
Ammaiyarkonthal/
Ovaiyarkoonthal
(Tam)
242 Casuarina equisetifolia Forst. Casuarinacea Kasarike/sarve Tall tree Most of the dist. 0 0 Bark,leaves. Diarrhoea,dysentery,astringent Folk, Sidha
And Forst.f. e mara(Kan),
Savukkumaram
243 Catha edulis Forsk. Celasteracese Small Bangalore Introduce 0 0 Leaf Astringent, Cough,asthma,chest problems. Folk
shrub d
244 Catharanthus pusillus Apocynaceae Sadapushpa (sub.) Erect Bangalore,Bellary,Bijapur,Chickmaga 0 0 Whole plant Decoction of dried plant boiled in oil and rubbed on the loins in Folk, Sidha
(Murr.)G.Don (Lochnera pusilla herb lore,Chitradurga,Dharwar,Hassan,Kol lumbago
K.Schum.) ar,Mysore,North
Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur
245 Catharanthus roseus G.Don Apocynaceae Batla hoo/Sadaa Erect Most of the dist. througho throughou Root,leaf,whole Diabetes, menorrhagia, Juice to provide relief in pain of wasp Ayurveda, Folk,
mallige(Kan), herb ut the t the year plant stings. Roots hypotensive, sedative and tranquiliser. Modern
Sadapushpa(San), year
246 Catunaregam rugulosa Rubiaceae Madanaphalam Unarmed Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 Fruit,root,bark Insomia,cancer,diabetes,dysentery,blood Ayurveda
(Thw.)Tiruv. (Randia rugulosa (sub.) scandent ,North Kanara,Shimoga,South ressure,anxiety,neurosis,cardiac tonic.
(Thw.) Hk.f.) shrub Kanara.

247 Catunaregam spinosa (Thunb.) Rubiaceae Madanaphalam Large Most of the dist. 0 0 Fruit,root,bark Pain,tympanitis,bronchial asthma,constipation,diseases of Folk
Tiruv. (Xeromphis spinosa (San), Marukkaarai shrub or kapha,ascites,dysentery,eczema,digestive
(Thunb.) keay) (Tam) small tree disorders,amenorrhoea,emetic.

248 Cayratia mollissima (Wall.) Vitaceae Softy Chickmagalore,Hassan,Shimoga,Sout 0 0 Berry Swellingand aching parts Folk
Gagnep hairy h Kanara
Climber
249 Caryatia trifolia (L.) Domin. Vitaceae Heggoli(Kan), Tendrilife Bijapur,Chickmagalore,Dharwar,Nort 0 0 Root,eaf Astringent,rubefacient Ayurveda, Folk
(C.carnosa (Lam.) Gagnep Amlavetasa(San), rous h Kanara,Shimoga
shrub
250 Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gertn Bombacaceae Bili buruga(Kan), Tree Coorg,Mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga January- Septembe Root,leaf,flower,se Micturition,leucorrhoea,aphrodisiac,food poisonings Ayurveda, Folk,
(Eriodendron anafractuosum Shalimali/Kutasalm March r-October ed,bark,cotton, Unani, Sidha
DC.) ai(sub.)(San),
Ilavumaram (Tam),
White silk cotton,

251 Celastrus paniculatus Willd Celasteracese Kariganne/Gange Scandent Most of the dist. Near March- December- Leaf,seed,oil Epilepsy,stomach disorders,psychosis,diseses of Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed Propagation
balli(Kan), shrub thretened july February head,oedema,diseases of nervous system,brain Tibetan, Unani, 2.Vegetative Propagation:
Jyotishmati(San), tonic,diarrhoea,constipation,ulcers. Sidha Through cuttings
Vaaluluvai(Tam)

252 Celosia argentea L. Amaranthace Anne soppu(Kan), Erect Most of the dist. 0 0 Whole plant Eczema,glandular Ayurveda,
ae Tanduliyaka(San), herb swellings,ulcers,constipation,dysentery,menorrhagia,dysuria. Tibetan, Folk
Pannai keerai(Tam)

253 Celosia argentea L. Var. Crist Amaranthace Mayurashikhi(Kan), Erect Most of the dist. 0 0 Seed Urinary calculi,dysuria,cough,worm infestation,eye diseases. Ayurveda
(L.) Schinz. ae Pattura(Sub.) herb
(Shitivara)(San),
Pannai keerai
(sub.)(Tam)
254 Celtis cinnamomea Lindl. Ulmaceae Small Chickmagalore,Mysore,North 0 0 Whole plant nervous disorders Folk
tree Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara
255 Celtis philippensis Blanco var. Ulmaceae Bili kaka Small Coorg,Hassan 0 0 Whole plant nervous disorders Folk, Siddha
Wighti (PI.) Scop (C. Wightii PI.) musthi(Kan), tree
Vakkanai(Tam)
256 Centarium centaurioides (Roxb. ) Gentianaceae Yavatikta (sub.), Erect Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Dharwar,Ha 0 0 Whole plant Bitter tonic,stomachic and febrifuge Ayurveda
Rolla Rao (Erythraea roxburghii herb ssan,Mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga.
D. Don)

257 Centella asiatica (L.) Urban Apiaceae Ondelga(Kan), Trailing Most of the dist. January- February- Whole plant,leaf Epilepsy,leprosy,polyuria,distaste,psychosis,fever,bronchial Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed Propagation: Fresh
Mandookaparni(Sa herb March March asthma,stammering,brain tonic,rejuvenator,urinary Homeopathy, seeds are collected during
n), Vallari(Tam) diseases,cough,dyspnoea,vomiting,mental retardation,fainting. Tibetan, Unani, of February-March
Sidha, Modern 2. Vegetative Propagation
Direct planting of cuttings

258 Centipida minima (L.) A. Br. and Asteraceae Kshavaka(San) Prostrate Bangalore,Coorg,Hassan,North 0 0 Whole plant Leprosy,worm infestation,diseases of Ayurveda,
Asch. herb Kanara head,sprue,dysentery,eczema. Tibetan, Unani
259 Centranthera indica (L. Gamb. Scrophulariac Hemi- Chickmagalore,Hassan,Mysore,North 0 0 Whole plant Used as an external application for sore eyes and as a febrifuge. Folk
eae parasite Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara
260 Ceratophyllum demersum L. Ceratophyllu Haval(Kan), Slender Hassan,Mysore,North Kanara 0 0 Whole plant cooling,biliousness Ayurveda
ceae Jalakesha/Shaivala( rootless
San), herb
261 Cerbera odollam Gaertn (C. Apocynaceae Katabalari/Kadama( Large Mysore,North Kanara,South Kanara. througho throughou Bark Purgative
Manghas L.) Tam), Chende(Kan) shrub or ut the t the year
small tree year

262 Ceriops tagal (Perr.) C. B. CL. Rhizophorace Chiru- Shrub or Coorg,South Kanara Septembe 0 Bark Decoction of bark used to stop haemorrhages.Bark used in Folk
ae kandal/Pandikutti(T small tree r- lotions for malignant ulcers.
am),Gatharu/Geder Novembe
a(Tel), r
263 Ceriscoides turgida (Roxb. Rubiaceae Maha pindee Small Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Dhar 0 0 Bark Skin diseases,blood disorders. Ayurveda, Folk
)Tiruv. (Gardenia turgida Roxb.) armed war,Hassan,North Kanara
tree
264 Ceropegia bulbosa Roxb. Asclepiadace Soma Trailing North Kanara 0 0 Root Bitter tonic, and digestive Ayurveda
ae (sub.)/Gilodayam(S tuberous
an), Halike(Kan), herb

265 Ceropegia candelabrum L. Asclepiadace Soma (sub.) Twining Chickmagalore,Coorg,Dharwar,Hassa August- October- Stem Dysponea,cardiac diseases,fever,cold,oedema,mental Ayurveda
ae tuberous n,Mysore,South Kanara,Tumkur Novembe January disorders,rejuventaor.
herb r
266 Ceropegia juncea Roxb. Asclepiadace Soma (sub.) Erect Coorg,Bijapur,Chickmagalore,Dharw 0 0 Stem Dysponea,cardiac diseases,fever,cold,oedema,mental
ae herb ar,Hassan,Mysore,North disorders,rejuventaor.
Kanara,Tumkur Ayurveda
267 Ceropegia tuberosa Roxb. Asclepiadace Soma (sub.) Twining Hassan,Shimoga 0 0 Tubers Tonic,digestive,diarrhoea and dysentery.
ae tuberous
herb Folk
268 Chenopodium album L. Chenopodiac Vastuka Erect Bangalore,Belgaum,Bidar,Coorg,Dha 0 0 Whole plant Laxative and anthelmintic property,Spruce,worm
eae herb rwar,Gulbarga,Mysore. infestation,general debility,brain tonic,purgative. Ayurveda, Folk,
Unani, Sidha
269 Chenopodium ambrosoides L. Chenopodiac No Herb Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar, 0 0 Root Anthelmintic,intestinal parasite include round worms,hook
eae Mysore. worms and intestinal amoebae. Homeo, Folk
270 Chlorophytum arundinaceum Liliaceae Eerulli yele Tuberous Hassan,Coorg June- June- Root tonic,spruce,piles,disorders of blood,aphrodisiac,rejuvenator. 1. Seed Propagation:
Bak. gida(Kan),Musali(S herb Septembe Septembe Sowing in 1st & 2nd week
an0 r r Ayurveda, of June 2. Vegetative
Tibetan, Unani, Propagation
Folk through divisions
271 Chlorophytum tuberosum (Roxb.) Liliaceae Musali(San), Safed Tuberous Konkan Cultivated Root 1. Seed Propagation:
musali(Hin), herb Sowing in 1st & 2nd week
Dravanti(Kan) of June 2. Vegetative
Ayurveda, Sidha, Propagation
Unani, Folk through divisions
271 Chloroxylon swietenia DC. Rutaceae Bimbilota(San), Tree Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Bijapur,Dhar March- March- Leaves Rheumatism Ayurveda, Folk,
Huragalu war,Gulbarga,Hassan,North April June Sidha
mara(kan),Paracu(T Kanara,Raichur.
am), Satin
wood(En)
272 Chenemorpha fragrans Apocynaceae Chandrahoovinabal Climbing Chickmagalore,Coorg,North Endangere 0 0 Root Diarrhoea,fever,polyuria,anaemia,boils,leprosy,eye Ayurveda, Vegetative
(Moon)Alst. li(Kan), Murva shrub Kanara,Shimoga. d diseases,vomiting,poisoning,intermittent fever. Unani, Folk propagation:Through
(sub.)(San), cuttings : Soft green stems
of 2 x 150 mm with 2
nodes
273 Chrozophora rottleri (Geisel) A Euphorbiacea Gurugu/Lingamena Undershr Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Dh 0 0 Seed Cathartic Ayurveda
Juss. e su(Kan), ub arwar,Gulbarga,Hassan,Mysore,North
Suryavarta(tam) Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga.
274 Chysanthemum indicum L. Asteraceae Shavantige(Kan), Erect Kolar 0 0 Flower Amenorrhoea,digestive Ayurveda, Folk,
Sevanti(San) herb disorders,fever,headache,laxative,stimulant,tonic. Unani, Sidha
Shamanathi
poo/Cevanthi(Tam)

275 Chukrasia tubularis A. Juss var. Melliaceae Chittagong Large Bellary,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Mysore April- December- Heart-wood,gum Coryza,headache,fever,skin diseases,vomiting. Folk
tabularis wood(E), tree ,North Kanara. May January
Devakanni(Tam),
Madagirivembu
(Tel), Agil (sub.),
Dalmara/Kal-
hathuri(Kan)
276 Cicer arietinum L. Papilionaceae Kadle/Kempukadle( Herb Bijapur,Coorg,Hassan 0 0 Seed Germinated gram used as a prophylactic against deficiency Ayurveda, Folk,
Kan), diseases,scurvy in particular. Tibetan, Unani,
Chanaka(San), Sidha
Chanakam(Tam)
277 Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Lauraceae Karpoora Medium Chickmagalore,Kolar 0 0 Wood Poisoning,burning sensation,thirst,leprosy,boils,vomiting,eye Ayurveda, Folk,
Neesand Eberm. sized tree extract,exudate diseases,worm infestation,diseases of Tibetan, Unani,
(juice) throat,convulsions,analgesic. Sidha

278 Cinnamomum malabatrum (Burn. Lauraceae Lavanga Medium Coorg,Hassan,Kolar,North Vulnerabl 0 0 Bark,leaf,oil Rheumatism,anorexia,bronchial asthma,diseases of Ayurveda, Folk
F.) BI. pathre(kan), sized tree Kanara,Shimoga e mouth,thirst,nausea,chronic
Twak(Sub(San), cold,convulsions,trachyphonia,dental
Peria diseases,borborygmus,vomiting,carminative,indigestion,dysente
Lavangapattai(Tam ry.
)
279 Cinnamomum sulphuratum Nees Lauraceae Matta Medium Coorg,Hassan Vulnerabl 0 0 Bark,leaf,oil Rheumatism,anorexia,bronchial asthma,diseases of Folk 1. Seed Propagation:
Dhalchini(Kan), sized tree e mouth,thirst,nausea,chronic 2.Vegetative Propagation:
Twak(San), cold,convulsions,trachyphonia,dental a) through root suckers
diseases,borborygmus,vomiting,carminative. b) through cuttings

280 Cinnamomum Lauraceae Twak (sub.) Small Coorg 0 0 Bark,leaf,oil Rheumatism,anorexia,bronchial asthma,diseases of Ayurveda
travancoricumGabm. tree mouth,thirst,nausea,chronic
cold,convulsions,trachyphonia,dental
diseases,borborygmus,vomiting,carminative.
281 Cinnamomum wightii Meissn. Lauraceae Lavangapattai Stout tree Coorg Endangere 0 0 Bark,leaf,oil Rheumatism,anorexia,bronchial asthma,diseases of Ayurveda, Sidha
(Bark);lavangapatri( d mouth,thirst,nausea,chronic
leaf)Twak/ cold,convulsions,trachyphonia,dental
Tejpatra, diseases,borborygmus,vomiting,carminative.
Nagakeshara
282 Cinnamomum verum J. S Presl Lauraceae Patha(San), Tree Chickmagalore,Coorg,Dharwar,Mysor March- May- Bark,leaf,oil Anorexia,bronchial asthma,diseases of Ayurveda, 1. Seed Propagation:
(C. zeylanicum BI.) Vattathiruppi(Tam) e,North Kanara,Shimoga,South April August mouth,thirst,nausea,chronic Homeopathy, 2.Vegetative Propagation:
Kanara cold,convulsions,trachyphonia,dental diseases,dropsy. Folk a) through root suckers
b) through cuttings

283 Cissampelos pareria L. Menispermac Kandagunduchi/Pa Twining Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass July- October- Root Diuretic,antiperiodic,purgative,used in dyspepsia,dropsy and Ayurveda, Folk,
Var.hirsuta (Buch-Ham.ex eae davali(Kan), herb an,North Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur. Septembe January urinary troubles,coryza,diarrhoea,sprue,cardiac Homeopathy,
DC.)Forman Tittar(Tam), r diseases,hydrocele,burning Tibetan, Sidha,
Ambasta(San) sensation,poisoning,pruritus,dysponea,wasting diseases,arthritis, Modern, Unani

284 Cissus adanta Roxb. Vitaceae Gudametake(Kan), Scandent Hassan,North Kanara 0 0 Tuber,root Diuretic,depurative,Powdered and heated roots applied to cuts Folk
shrub and fractures.
285 Cissus pallida (W. And A.) Steud. Vitaceae Mandaka Scandent Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Hassan,Mysor 0 0 Root Rheumatic swellings. Folk
balli(Kan), or erect e,North Kanara,Tumkur.
Asthishrinkhala shrub
(San), Sathura
pirandai (Tam)
286 Cissus quadrangularis L. Vitaceae Mangaravalli(Kan), Scandent Bangalore,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Chi througho 0 Stem,root,whole Gout,syphilis,veneral Ayurveda, Folk, Vegetative Propagation:
Asthisrinkala(San) shrub tradurga,Hassan,Mysore,Kolar,Raichu ut the plant diseases,piles,aphrodisiac,leucorrhoea,anorexia,worm Unani, Sidha Through cuttings
r,South Kanara,Tumkur. year infestation,piles,abdominal disorders,diarrhoea,dysentery.
287 Cissua setosa Roxb. Vitaceae Talavaranaballi(Ka Shrub Bellary,Bijapur,Dharwar,Mysore,Raic August- Novembe Leaves Leaves applied to ulcers for promoying suppuration and to Folk, Sidha
n), hur. Septembe r assist in extraction of guinea worms.
Cangugelari/Kumat r
ti(Tam),
Barrebachali(Tel)
288 Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad. Cucurbitacea Havu Mekke Herb Bellary,Chitradurga,Gulbarga,North 0 0 Root,fruit,bark Hydragogue,purgative,ascites,jaundice,rheumatism,urinary Ayurveda, Folk,
e Kayi(Kan), Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga. troubles,skin diseases,stomach Homeopathy,
Indruvarunee(San), disorders,oedema,diuretic,cathartic,gastrointestinal Tibetan, Unani,
Kicchili irritant,jaundice etc.. Sidha
pazham(Tam)
289 Citrus aurantium L. Rutaceae Sakkarekayi/Kithale Tree cultivated in most district. 0 0 Fruit Carminative,diseases of vata and pitta,worm Ayurveda, Folk,
(Kan), pulp,flower,rind infestation,vomiting,distaste,antipasmodic,anodyne,dropsy,stom Unani, Sidha
Jambeera/Nimbuka( ach disorders,cooling,digestive disorders.
San),
Elumichai(Tam)
290 Citrus limon(L.) Burm.f. Rutaceae Nimbe(Kan), Small cultivated in most district. 0 0 Fruit,leaf,bark,root Thirst,anorexia,distaste,liver Ayurveda, Folk,
Jambeera(San) tree disorders,vomiting,constipation,cough,dyspnoea,worm Homeopathy,
infestation,eye diseases,dyseanery,rejuvenator. Tibetan, Unani,
Modern

291 Citrus maxima (Burm) Merr. Rutaceae Kahi Small Bangalore,Coorg,Kolar(Cultivated in 0 0 Leaves,fruit Epilepsy,chorea,convulsive cough,refrigerant Ayurveda, Folk,
(C.grandis (L.) Osbeck); chakkotha/Arilabdh tree most dist.) Tibetan, Unani,
(C.decumana Watt.) i(Kan), Sidha
Beejapoora(San),
Elumicchai
(sub.)(Tam)
292 Citrus medica L. Rutaceae Maadala Small Coorg,North Kanara,Shimoga/ April- December- Fruit,leaf,fruit Pain,abdominal disorders,emetic,indigestion,piles. Ayurveda, Folk,
hannu(Kan), tree Cultivated in most of the dist.) May March juice,oil Tibetan, Unani,
Naranga/ Sidha
mathulunga(San),M
aturcampiram(Tam)

293 Citrus reticulata Blanco Rutaceae Svadunarang(San), Small Coorg,Hassan 0 0 fruit Distaste,thirst,oedema,cardiac diseases.alleviating vata and pitta Ayurveda,
Kamalappalam bushy Tibetan, Unani
(Tam), Kithale(kan) tree

294 Clematis gouriana Roxb. Ranunculace Belkangu(Kan), Climbing Most of the dist. October- December- Ayurveda
ae Morta/Murva (san), shrub January March

295 Clematis smilacifolia Wall. Ranunculace Hottuhambu(Kan), Climbing Chickmagalore,Hassan,North 0 0 Root Root decoction used aganict courbature Folk
ae shrub Kanara,South Kanara.
296 Clematis triloba Heyne ex Roth Ranunculace Hegguru(Kan), Climbing Shimoga 0 0 Whole plant Leprosy,anemonin Ayurveda, Folk,
ae Madhulika/Murva(S shrub Unani
an)
297 Cleome chelidonii L.f. Cleomaceae Herb Belgaum,Mysore,North 0 0 Whole plant Vermifuge,Infusion of the plant employed in gingivitis and skin Folk
Kanara,Shimoga. troubles.
298 Cleome felina L.f. Cleomaceae Swarna Herb Bijapur,Chitradurga,Dharwar,Raichur 0 0 Whole plant Vesicant an vermifuge Ayurveda, Folk,
ksheera(San), . Sidha
Nalvelai(Tam)
299 Cleome gynandra L. Cleomaceae Suryavarta, Herb Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Kolar,Mys after rain after rain Root,leaf,flower,se Headache,neuralgia,rheumatism and other local Ayurveda, Folk,
(Gynandropsis pentaphylla DC.) Naivelai (kaattu ore,North Kanara, ed pains,rubefacient,anthelmintic,coryza,oedema,anasarca,digestiv Sidha
kadubu) e disorders,fever,worm infestation.
300 Cleome viscosa L. Cleomaceae Kaadusasuve, Herb Most of the dist. 0 0 Whole Fever,diseases of kapha,poisoning,indigestion,skin Ayurveda,
Tilaparni, plant,root,leaf,see eruptions,fever,worm infestation,abdominal disorders,coryza. Unani, Sidha,
Adutyabhaksha, d Folk
wild masturd
301 Clerodendron indicum (L.)O. Verbenaceae Angaravalli, Shrub Chickmagalore,Mysore January January to Root,leaves Asthama,cough,scorfuolous infections,vermifuge. Ayurveda, Folk Vegitative propagation:
Ktze. Bharangi(San), to May May Stem cuttings and root
Choti arani(Hi), cuttings in July-August
Sangamkuti
(peenaari) (Isangu)

302 Clerodendron inerme (L.) Gaertn. Verbenaceae Hole Stragglin Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Hassan,Kol 0 0 Root,leaf Glandulr swellings,eczema,leucorrhoea,scabies,pain,diseases of Ayurveda, Folk,
madarangi/Visamad g shrub ar,Mysore,North Kanara,South vatam,snake-bite poisoning. Sidha
hari(Kan), Kshudra Kanara.
agnimantha(San)
Thazhuthaazai
303 Clerodendron phlomidis L.f. Verbenaceae Bharangi/Agnimant Large Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Coorg,Dharwa 0 0 Root,Bark,leaf Anaemia,oedema,anorexia,constipation,piles,cardiac Ayurveda, Folk,
ha(San), shrub r,Hassan,North Kanara,Raichur. diseases,polyuria,measles,syphilis,bitter tonic Sidha, Unani
Naruvala/Hosa
lakki(Kan),
Siruthekku(Tam)
304 Clerodendron serratum (L.) Verbenaceae Gantu Large Bangalore,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Chi August- 0 Root,leaf Intermittent fever,bronchial asthma,hiccup,worm Ayurveda, Folk,
Moon bharangi(Kan), shrub tradurga,Coorg,Dharwar,Kolar,Mysor Novembe infestation,burning sensation,abdominal disorders,wasting Tibetan, Unani,
Bhandera, e,North Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur. r diseases,diseases of head,sprue,dropsy,mantal disodres,coryza Sidha
Angaravalli(Tam),
Angaravallari(San)

305 Clerodendron viscosum Vent. Verbenaceae Bhandeera(San), Shrub Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,C 0 0 Leaves,roots,bark Bitter
Bandira/Madras oorg,Hassan,Mysore,North tonic,vermifuge,laxative,cholagogue,tumours,ascarids,diabetes
mallige(Kan) Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara. Ayurveda, Folk
306 Clitoria ternatea L. Papilionaceae Shankapushpi(San/ Slender Bangalore,Bellary,Bijapur,Chickmaga througho throughou Whole plant,roots Anorexia,stomatitis,piles,abdominaldisorders,sterility,i Ayurveda, Folk, Propagated through seeds
Kan), twiner lore,Coorg,Chitradurga,Dharwar,Hass ut the t the year female,haematemesis,insomnia,epilepsy,psychosis,kin Tibetan, Unani,
Aparajitha/Girikarni an,Kolar,Mysore,Raichur. year diseases,carminative,rejuvenator,constipation,retention of urine. Sidha
ka(San), Kakkanam

307 Coccinia grandis (L.) Vogit. Cucurbitacea Thonde balli(kan), Shrub Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,C 0 0 Root,leaf,stem,frui Coryza,polyuria,diabetes,skindiseases,fever,anorexia,liver Ayurveda,
(C.indica Wt. And Arn.) e Bimbee(San0, hitradurga,Coorg,Gulbarga,Mysore.(C t diseases,jaundice,dysentery,ulcers,drug Homeopathy,
Kovai(Tam) ultivated through out) reactions,stomatitis,diabetes,asthma,arthralgia,retention of Sidha
urine.
308 Cocculus hirsutus (L.) Diels Menispermac Patalagaruda(San), Twining Most of the dist. January- 0 Root,leaf,stem,frui Polyuria,eczema,dysuria,abdominal Ayurveda, Folk
eae Kattukodi(Tam), herb March t disorders,menorrhagia,diseases of
Daagadi vatam,diarrhoea,fever,syphilis,alleviating vata and
balli/Sugadigida(Ka kapham,disorders of blood,aphrodisiac.
n)
309 Cocculus pendulus (J.R.and Menispermac Stragglin Bellary 0 0 Root Febrifuge,tonic Folk
G.Forst.)Diels eae g shrub
310 Cochlospermum religiosum (L.) Cochlosperm Adavi buruga(Kan), Shrub Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Biiapur,C February April-May Flower,gum Cough,gonorrhoea,cooling,sedative,stimulant. Ayurveda, Folk,
Alst. aceae Girisalmalika(San) hitradurga,Coorg,Gulbarga,Hassan,K to April Unani, Sidha
Kongilavu(Tam), olar,Mysore,North Kanara,Tumkur.

311 Cocos nucifera L. Arecaceae Tenginamara(Kan), Tall tree Most of the dist. 0 0 Root, Flower, urinary disorders, thirst, gastritis, haeomorrhage, pain in Ayurveda, Folk,
Narikela(San), Fruit, oil,shell, bladder, diseases of pitta, fever, polyuria, leucorrhoea. Tibetan, Unani,
Thengu ash, spadix Sidha
(Ilaneer)(Tam)
312 Codiaeum variegatum BI. Euphorbiacea Croton Shrub Mysore 0 0 Leaves For urinary troubles Folk
e
313 Coffea arabica L. Rubiaceae Coffee, Shrub or Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,C 0 0 Leaf, seed Anorexia, dysentery, cardiac diseases, urinary calculi, stomach Ayurveda, Folk,
Kapikottai(Tam) small tree oorg,Kolar,Mysore,North Kanara. disorders, vomiting, headache, diuretic, antilithic, antisporific Homeopathy,
Unani, Sidha,
Modern

314 Coix lacrymajobi L. (C. Poaceae Garedhuka Aquatic Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Dhar 0 0 Graine, root Grains used in infections of air passage and urinary Ayurveda, Folk,
Lachryma L.) herb war,Hassan,Mysore,Shimoga. tract,simulant,diuretic,dysuria. Unani, Sidha

315 Coldenia procumbens L. Boraginaceae Hamsapadi(Kan), Herb Bangalore,Bijapur,Chitradurga,Hassa 0 0 Leaves Rheumatic Swelling Ayurveda, Folk,
Tripakshi(San), n,Mysore,North Sidha
Seruppadai(Tam) Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,South
Kanara,Tumkur.
316 Colebrookea oppositifolia Sm. Lamiaceae Thuggi gida (Kan), Shrub Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 Leaves Wounds, bruises and epilepsy Folk, Sidha
Vitupucittalai ,North Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara
(tam),

317 Coleus amboinicus Lour. Lamiaceae Pashanabedha Herb Most of the dist. 0 0 Whole plant Urinary disorders, vaginal discharges, colic, dyspepsia, Folk, Modren,
(sub.), carminative. Homeopathy
Karpooravalli
318 Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott Araceae Kesavegadde Rhizomat Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 Corm, Leaves Genaral debility,piles,alleviating kapha nd pitta.Juice of the Ayurveda, Folk,
(C.antiquorum Schott) (Kan), ic herb ,Shimoga. petiole used as astringent and styptic. Unani, Sidha
Aalukee(San),
Chembu(Tam)
319 Colubrina asiatica (L.) Brongn. Rhamnaceae Mayiramanikkam(T Scandent Shimoga 0 0 Fruit decoction,abortifacient Sidha, Folk
am) shrub
320 Commelina benghalensis L. Rhamnaceae Dodda gubbachi Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,C 0 0 Whole plant Diseases of Sidha, Folk
yele(Kan), hitradurga,Coorg,Gulbarga,Hassan,K vata,haemorrhage,dysuria,fever,mastitis,demulcent,emmolient,l
Kacchata(San), olar,Mysore,North Kanara,Tumkur. axative,refrigerant,leprosy.
Kaanom
vazhai(Tam)
321 Commelina paludosa BI. Commelinace Bidiru soppu/Kaadu Herb Bidar,Chickmagalore,Hassan,Mysore, 0 0 Whole plant, Root Laxative,bilious infection Folk
(C.obliquq Buch.) ae benne(Kan), North Kanara,Raichur,South Kanara

322 Connarus monocarpus L. Connaraceae Mochaka/Tholiga/T Shrub North Kanara,South Kanara. 0 0 Root,bark,fruit Root yields an oil used in swellings.Bark and wood in the Folk, Sidha
holage(kan) treatment of ulcers.Pulp of fruit in eye troubles.
323 Convolvulus arvensis L. Convolvulace Bhadrabala/Rajabal Trailing Bellary,Bidar,Bijapur,Chickmagalore, 0 0 Root Cathartic, Purgative Ayurveda,
ae a(San), herb Dharwar,Gulbarga,Kolar,Mysore,Nort Homeopathy,
Bhoochakraballi/Ha h Kanara. Unani, Sidha
suraani balli(Kan)

324 Corallocarpus epigaeus (Rottl.ex Cucurbitacea Pathala Climbing Belgaum,Bijapur,Chickmagalore,Gul June- July- Root, whole plant Root for chronic mucous Ayurveda,
Willd.)Benth.ex Hk.f. e garuda(Kan/San), herb barga,Kolar,Mysore,North August October enteritis,dysentery,anaemia,herps,glandular Tibetan, Sidha
Shukanaasa Kanara,Raichur. swellings,leprosy,poisoning,eczema,arthritis,diseases of
(Shukashimba), vatam.Stem for filariasis,emetic,anaemia,wounds,goiter.
Aakasa
garudankizhangu

325 Corchorus aestuans L. Tiliaceae Chanchu(San),Chan Herb Bangalore,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,Nort After rain 0 Seed,leaves Stomachic,wounds,stomach Ayurveda
(C.acutangulus Lam.) chu gida(Kan) h Kanara,Raichur,South Kanara. till march disorders,dysentery,haemorrhage,leprosy,itching,rat poisoning.

326 Corchorus capsularis L. Tiliaceae Chanchu/ Herb North Kanara,Shimoga.-Waste land Septembe 0 Leaves Stomachic,wounds,stomach Ayurveda, Sidha
Nadika(San), r disorders,dysentery,haemorrhage,leprosy,itching,rat poisoning.
Senabu(Kan),
Naruvali(Tam)
327 Corchorus fascicularis Lam. Tiliaceae Chanchu/Bhirupatri Herb Bellary,Dharwar,Mysore 0 0 Herb Astringent,restorative Ayurveda, Unani
ka(San)
328 Corhorus olitorius L. Tiliaceae Sthulya Herb Belgaum,Chickmagalore,gulbarga,My 0 0 leaves Febrifuge,demulcent in cystitis and dysuria Ayurveda,
Chanchu(San), sore,North Kana,Shimoga. Unani, Sidha,
Kaadu Folk
senabu(Kan),
Natikam(Tam)
329 Cordia dichotoma Forst.f. Boraginaceae Kaadu Challe(Kan), Medium Bangalore,Chitradurga,Coorg,Gulbarg March- April- Fruit, Leaves, Astringent,anthelmintic,diuretic,demulcent,expectorant,used in Ayurveda, Folk
Shleshmtaka sized tree a,north Kanara April Septembe Stem diseases of chest and urinary passages.
(sub.)(San), r

330 Cordia gharaf (Forssk.) Eherb. Boraginaceae Karee challe/Kiri Small Bellary 0 0 Bark Astringent,gargles Ayurveda, Sidha
and Asch.(Cordia rothii R. and challe(Kan), tree
S.)
331 Cordia macleodii Hk.f. Boraginaceae Bili challe/Gaavudi Small Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Dharwar,My 0 0 Stem Bark Jaundice Ayurveda, Sidha
(Kan), tree sore,North Kanara
Shleshmtaka(San)
332 Cordia obliqua Willd. Boraginaceae Shleshmtaka(San), Small Chickmagalore,coorg,Hassan,North 0 0 Bark,leaf,fruit,see Demulcent,expectorant,astringent,bronchial Folk
Var.tomentosa (Wall.) Kazmi Naruvizhi deciduou Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur d infections,fever,worm
s tree infestation,boils,wounds,erysipelas,leprosy,pain,poisoning,dysp
noea,cough,abscess,acne,skin diseases,dental disorders,colic

333 Coriandrum sativum L. Apiaceae KottumbariDhaniya Herb Bangalore,Bijapur,Coorg,Hassan,Kol 0 0 Whole Diuretic,carminative,vomiting,cardiac diseases,burning Ayurveda, Folk, 1.Seed Propagation : The
(Kan),Dhanyaka(Sa ar plant,fruit,oil,leaf, sensation,dysponea,eye Tibetan, Unani, seeds are split into halves
n), seed diseases,pain,cough,piles,fever,diarrhoea,carminative,mental Sidha by rubbing before sowing,
Kothumalli(Tam) disorders,indigestion,hiccup,ulcers,headache,Digestive as split seeds germinate a
disorders. little earlier than whole
seeds.

334 Coscinium fenestratum (Gaertn.) Menispermac Maradaarisina(Kan) Large Coorg, Westren ghats Critically 0 0 Root,stem,fruit Stomachic,wounds,stomach Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed Propagation
Clebr. eae , woody endangere disorders,febrifuge,ulcers,jaundice,pruritus,polyuria,chronic Tibetan, Unani, 2. Vegetative Propagation:
Daruharidra/Peetac climber d fever,piles,intermittent fever. Sidha Through cuttings 15 to 25
andana(San), cm long, pencil-thick, semi-
Maramanjal (Tam) hard wood cuttings are
planted in polybags and
kept in mist chamber

335 Cosmostigma racemosum (Roxb.) Asclepiadace Ghara hoo Twiner Hassan,North Kanara 0 0 Root bark Cholagogue,dyspepsia Folk, Sidha
Wt. ae gida(Kan),
Karuthanakanni(Ta
m)
336 Costus speciosus (Koen.) Sm. Costaceae Kemuka(San), Rhizomat Chickmagalore,Coorg,Haan,Mysore, July- July- Seed,leaves Purgative,tonic,anthelmintic,leprosy,cough,polyuria,haemorrhag Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed Propagation:Ripe
Padmapatra/Changa ic shrub North Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara October October e,fever,snake-bite and rat-bite poisoning,urinary diseases,mental Unani, Sidha mature seeds are collected
la kostha(Kan), disorderx,diseases of head. during December and
Kottam(Tam) sown on raised, moist, fine
seed beds
2. Vegetative
Propagation:Through
rhizome :December to
March.

337 Crateva magna (Lour.) DC. Capparidacea Hole Tree Coorg,Hassn,Mysore,North March- July- Bark,root,leaf laxatie,urinary Ayurveda, Unani 1. Seed Propagation:
(C.religiosa auct. Non Forst.f.) e thumbe/Holenekki( Kanara,Shimoga May. August infection,rubefacient,astringent,haedach,scorfula,carcinoma,car Seeds can be collected
kan), Varuna(San), diac diseases,gout,urinary calculi,disorders of blood,rheumatoid between June to
Maavilangam arthritis,worm infestation,abdominal disorders,gastritissnake- September
(Tam) bite poisoning,skin eruption.

338 Cressa cretica L. Zygophyllace Mullumaddu Tree Bellary,North Kanara 0 0 Whole Aphrodisiac,stomachic,tuberculosis,dyspnoea,polyuria,worm Ayurveda,
ae gida(Kan), plant,fruit,oil,leaf, infestation,haemorrhage,rejuvenator. Unani, Sidha
Rudanti(San), seed
Upucanaka(Tam)
339 Crinum asiaticum L. Amaryllidace Vishamungali(Kaan Under Bangalore,Hassan,Kolar 0 0 Leaf,rhizome,bulb Emetic,diaphoretic,biliousness,urinary Ayurveda, Folk,
ae ), shrub troubles,carbuncle,dropsy,ear disorders,diaphoretic. Unani, Sidha
Sudarshana/Visham
andala(San),
Vishamungil(Tam)
340 Crinum latifolia L. Amaryllidace Sudarsana(sub.), Bulbous Kolar,Mysore,north Kanara 0 0 leaf,rhizome,corm, Rheumatism,earache,gout,oedema,fever,diseases of Ayurveda, Folk
ae Visha moongil herb bulb,leaf kapha,leprosy.
341 Crinum viviparum (Lam.) Amaryllidace Sudarsana Bulbous Belgaum,Coorg,Hassn,Mysore,North 0 0 Leaf,bulbs Diaphoretic,emollient,burns,whitlow,carbuncles,dropsy,earache Ayurveda, Sidha
Hemadri (C.defixum Ker.) ae (Kandalee), herb Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara ,paronychia.
342 Crossandra infundibuliformis (L.) Acanthaceae Kanakambara(kan), Under Bijapur,Coorg,Dharwar,Mysore,North 0 0 Whole plant Aphrodisiac, Bleeding
Nees Kanakambaram(Ta shrub Kanara.(Cultivated)
m)
Folk
343 Crotalaria albida Heyne Papilionaceae Herb Bangalore,Bellay,Chickmagalore,Coo 0 0 Root Purgative Folk
rg,Hassan,Mysore,North
Kanara,Kolar
344 Crotalaria juncea L. Papilionaceae Sanabu(Kan), Undershr Bangalore,Bellary,Gulbarga,Hassan, 0 0 Root,leaf,seed Anorexia,constipation,blood disorders,amenorrhoea,skin Ayurveda, Folk,
Dhanahaari/Karnas ub Mysore,North Kanara,Kolar diseases,obesity,fever,diseases of vatam,poisoning,dysentery Unani, Sidha
hoola(San),Sannapp
u(Tam)
345 Crotalaria retusa L. Papilionaceae Shanapushpi (San), Undershr Bidar,Gulbarga,Bijapur,Raichur,Tum Novembe December- Whole plant Scabies,impetigo Ayurveda, Folk
Gejje gida/Dhingla ub kur,Kolar,Bellary r and March
(Kan), February
Kilukiluppai(Tam)

346 Crotalaria sericea Retz. Papilionaceae Ghuntarava(San) Undershr Chickmagalore,Gulbarga,North 0 0 Whole plant Poisoning, Scabies,impetigo Folk
(C.spectabilis Roth) ub Kanara,South Kanara
347 Crotalaria verrucosa L. Papilionaceae Ulukina gida/gijigiji Herb Bangalore,Bellary,Chickmgalore,Chit 0 0 Leaves Scabies,impetigo,leprosy,diarrhoea,dysentery,bood Folk
gida(Kan), radurga,Kolar,Mysore,Raichur,Shioga disorders,emetic,skin disorders,vermicide,antisialagogue
Shanapushpi(San) ,South Kanara
348 Croton roxburghii Balak. Euphorbiacea Bhoota bhairavi/ Medium North Kanara,South Kanara. 0 0 Leaves, Roots, Purgative, dogbite, boils, cholera, constipation, scabies, Ayurveda
(C.oblongifolius Roxb.) e Vumme marada sized tree whole plant snakebite, syphillis
gida(Kan),
Hastidanti/Nagadan
ti(San)
Dantee(sub.),
349 Cryptocarya bourdillonii Gamb. Lauraceae Cork screw(eng), Large Chickmagalore,Coorg,Dharwar,North 0 0 Leaves Leaves pounded,boiled in oil and applied in elephantiasis
Gooli tree Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara
mavu/Gulmar(Kan)

350 Cryptocoryne spiralis (Retz.) Araceae Aquatic Coorg,Mysore,South Kanara 0 0 Rhizome abdominal complaints,cough and vomiting in infants Folk
Fisch. herb
351 Cryptolepis buchanani R. and S. Asclepiadace Jamboopatra sariva Twining Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,C 0 0 Root Polyuria,haemorrhage,gou,wounds,leprosy,disorders of Ayurveda, Folk,
ae (San), Country herb hickmagalore,Chitradurga,Coorg,Hass blood,anaemia,jaundice Unani, Sidha
sarsaparilla(Eng), an,Kolar,Mysore,North
Metaguli Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur.
hambu(Kan)
352 Cucumis callosus (Rottl.) Cogn. Cucurbitacea Sariva (sub.) Creeping Belgaum,Bijapur,Chitradurga,Gulbarg 0 0 Fruit,root Insect bite,worm infestation,swelling,purgative
(C.trigonus Roxb.) e or a,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North Kanara.
climbing
herb
353 Cucumis melo L. Cucurbitacea Ervaruka/Trapusha( Climbing Most of the dist. Cultivated 0 0 Seed,pulp Diuretic,refrigerant,chronic eczema Ayurveda, Folk,
e san), or Tibetan, Unani,
Mulvellari(Tam), creeping Sidha
Kallangadi(kan), herb
354 Cucumis melo L.var.agrestis Cucurbitacea Trapusa Herb Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Mysore,No Cultivated 0 0 Fruit,leaf,seed Dysuria,haemorrhage,urinary disordrs,diseases of Ayurveda, Folk,
Naud. e (sub.),(Kharbuja) rth Kanara,Shimoga. pitta,anaemia,hypercidity,eczema,oliguria,retention of Tibetan, Unani,
urine,urinary calculi,leucorrhoea Sidha
355 Cucumis prophetarum L. (C. Cucurbitacea kakadani/Aindri, Prostrate Bellary,Gulbarga,Hassan 0 0 whole plant Purgative Ayurveda, Folk
Myriocarpus Naud.) e (San) or
climbing
herb
356 Cucumis sativus L. Cucurbitacea Sautekayi(Kan), Climbing Bangalore,Coorg,Mysore Cultivated 0 0 Fruit,leaf,seed Dysuria,haemorrhage,urinary disordrs,diseases of Ayurveda, Folk,
e Trapusa(San), herb pitta,anaemia,hypercidity,eczema,oliguria,retention of Tibetan, Unani,
Vellari(Tam) urine,urinary calculi,leucorrhoea Sidha
357 Cucurbita maxima Duch.ex Lam. Cucurbitacea See Creeping Bangalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore Cultivated 0 0 Fruit,seed Dysuria,alcoholism,diseases of pittam,poisoning,worm Ayurveda, Folk,
e kumbala/Chinikayi( or infestation Unani, Sidha
Kan), climbing
Peetakushmanda, herb
Sarkarai (San)
pusunai(parngikayi)

358 Cucurbita pepo L. Cucurbitacea Boodagumbala(Kan Herb Coorg,Hassan Cultivated 0 0 Seed,fruit Mental disorders,dysuria,urinary Ayurveda,
e ),Kushmanda (San), calculi,debility,tuberculosis,feve,burning Homeopathy,
Kalyana sensation,psychosis,cough,abdominal Tibetan, Unani,
poosunai(Tam) disorders,haemoptysis,cough, Sidha
359 Cuminum cyminum L. Apiaceae Jeerige(Kan), Herb Hassan Cultivated 0 0 Seed,fruit Carminative,stomachic,astringent,dyspepsia,diarrhoea,stimulant Ayurveda, Folk, 1.Seed Propagation:Seeds :
Jeeraka(San), ,carminative,aromatic,oedema,skin Tibetan, Unani, are sown in November,
Cheerakam(Tam), discolouration,itching,distaste,anorexia,indigestion,stomachic,pi Sidha sown by broadcasting or by
Cumin(Eng) les,cardiac diseases,urinary calculi,leucorrhoa,general debility. drilling or line sowing

360 Curculigo orchioides Gaertn. Hypoxidacea Talamuli, Nilapanai Tuberous Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Chitradurg October- October- Root Skin Ayurveda, Folk, Vegetative propagation: Market price:
e herb a,Coorg,Dharwar,Hassan,Kolar,Myso January January troubles,demucent,diuretic,tonic,diarrhoea,piles,jauncice,asthm Tibetan, Unani, tuber segments of 1.5-2 cm Rs.300/kg. (2006-07)
re,North Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur. a,spruce,disorders of Sidha size containing apical bud
blood,rejuvenator,diabetes,leucoderma,wasting diseases. are collected during Feb-
March and used for
propagation.
361 Curcuma aromatica Salisb. Zingiberacea Kaaduarisina Tuberous Chickmagalore,shimoga 0 0 Rhizome Skin diseases,aromatic,tonic,digestive disorders,eczema,gastric Ayurveda, Folk,
e (kan),Vanaharidra( herb disorders,body pain,carminative. Unani, Sidha
San),Kastoori
manjal (Tam)

362 Curcuma longa L. Zingiberacea Rhizomat Most of the dist. 0 0 Rhizome Leprosy,urticaria,skin Ayurveda, Folk, Turmeric can be
e ic herb diseases,polyuria,jauncice,ascites,anaemia,pox,fever,eye Homeopathy, propagated through seeds
Arisina, Haridra, diseases. Tibetan, Unani, and rhizomes
Manjal Sidha

363 Curcuma pseumontana Roxb. Zingiberacea Tavaksheera (sub.) Tuberous Mysore Vulnerabl 0 0 Rhizome Leprosy,dysentery,sprue,cardiac Split mother rhizomes
e herb e diseases,haemotthage,dysuria,general debility weighing 35-45g are
planted.
364 Curcuma zedoaria (Berg.) Rosc. Zingiberacea Karchoora (kan), Herb Chickmaglore may-June occurs Rhizome,leaves Anorexia,distaste,abdominal disorders,pain,piles,worm Ayurveda, Folk, Vegetative propagation: Market price rs.Rs.15
e Gandhamulaka rarely infestation,cardiac diseases,oedema,blood Tibetan, Unani, Rhizome collected in (Nov- per kg, market
(San), diseases,cough,amenorrhoea,jaundice,pulmonary diseases. Sidha Dec) demand:2.5 tonnes
Kicchilikizhangu
(Tam)
365 Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. Cuscutaceae Amaraballi/Shavige Twiner Most of the dist. 0 0 Whole plant Purgative,flatulence,liver complaints,externally for Ayurveda, Folk,
balli(Kan), itching,diaphoretic,demulcent and tonic. Unani, Sidha
Aakashavalli(sub.),
Ammaiyarkonthal(s
ub.)(Ovaiyarkoonth
al)
366 Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Papilionaceae Javalikayi/Gorikayi( Her or Most of the dist. 0 0 Leaf,fruit Diseases of pitta,night blindness,diabetes. Ayurveda,
Taub. kan), shrub Sidha, Unani
Cakkumi(Tam),Gor
akshaphalini/Ksudr
ashimbi(San)
367 Cyanotis tuberosa (Roxb.) Commelinace Gopashimbee Herb Most of the dist. 0 0 Whole plant febrifuge
Schult.and Schult.f. ae
368 Cyathula prostrata (L.) BI Amaranthace Rakthaapamarga(Sa Herb Belgaum, 0 0 Root Dysentery, Skin complaints Ayurveda, Folk
ae n), Civappu Chickamagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysor
nayuruvi(Tam) e,North Kanara,Shimoga,South
Kanara
369 Cycas circinalis L. Cycadaceae Goddu Tree or Hassan Critically 0 0 Stem, Leaves Flatulence, Urinary disorders,emaciation,bronchial Ayurveda, Folk, 1.Seed Propagation: Seeds
eechalu(kan), shrub endangere asthma,intermittent fever,Haemorrhage,burning Unani, Sidha are collected soon after
Hintalah(San), d sensation,tonic,aphridisiac,rejuvenator ripening. 2.Vegetative
Kamappu(tam) Propagation:Through
suckers :

370 Cyclea arnottii Miers Menispermac Vidari (sub.) Herb Coorg,South Kanara 0 0 Tuber Stomachic,tonic Ayurveda
eae
371 Cyclea peltata (Lam.) Hk.f.and Menispermac Paduvala Herb Bellary, 0 0 Root diuretic,antiperiodic,purgative,dyspepsia,dropsy,urinary troubles Ayurveda, Folk, Vegetative Propagation
Thoms eae balli(kan),Ambasta/ Chickamagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysor Unani, Sidha Through Root suckers :
Pata (sub.)(San), e,North Kanara,Shimoga,South
Ponmucuttai (Tam) Kanara

372 Cymbidium aloifolium (L.) Sw Orchidaceae Pata (sub.) Herb Chickmagalore,Hassan,Mysore,North 0 0 Whole plant Emetic,purgative,demulcent
Kanara
373 Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf Poaceae Majjige hullu(Kan), Tufted Kolar(Cultivated) 0 Oil,leaf Carminative,pyrexia,distaste,carminative,stomachic,vomiting,art Ayurveda, Folk,
Guchalla/Jambeerat herb hritis,nervine stimulant Unani, Sidha
rina(San),
Karpurapul(Tam)

374 Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb.) Poaceae Kaasihullu (Kan), Aromatic Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Bijapur,Chitra 0 February - Oil,leaf,stem,flow Throat diseases,cardiac Ayurveda, 1. Seed Propagation :
Wats Kannampillu Herb durga,Coorg,Dharwad,Mysore,North June er diseases,indigestion,cough,dysponea,fever,diseases of kapha Tibetan, Sidha Usually seeds are sown by
(Tam), Rohisha Kanara end of April to mid May.
(San) 2.Vegetative Propagation:
a.Through root slips

375 Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle Poaceae Rohisha(San), Herb Bangalore,Hassan, Mysore, Shimoga 0 0 Leaf,oil Digestive disorders,eye Ayurveda, Folk
Citronella diseases,pyrexia,diarrhoea,stomachache,pain
hullu(Kan)
kavuttampillu
(Tam)
376 Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers Poaceae Garike hullu (Kan), Herb Most of the dist. Decembe 0 Rhizome,root,who Genito-urinary Ayurveda, Folk,
Dhoorwa (San), r-March le plant troubles,haemorrhage,fainting,erysipelas,thirst,burning Homeopathy,
Bermuda sensation,skin Tibetan, Unani,
grass(Eng), Aruvam diseases,menorrhagia,distaste,vomiting,poisoning,hypertension, Sidha
pullu/Kaavattum diseases of eye,diseases of pitta
(Tam)

377 Cynoglossum wallichii G. Dom Boraginaceae Durva(San),Pisinott Herb Chickmagalore,Chitradurga,North 0 0 Whole plant Checking vomiting in infants Folk, Sidha
arai/Arugampul Kanara
(Tam)
378 Cynoglossum zeylanicum (Vahl ex Boraginaceae Herb Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassa 0 0 Root Alleviating pitta and kapha,tonic,rejuvenator
Hornem.) Thunb. (C.denticulatum n,Mysore,North
A.DC. Var. zeylanicum (Hornem.) Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur
CI.)
379 Cyperus articulatus L. Cyperaceae Lakshmana (sub.) Tufted Bangalore,Bellary,Bijapur,Dharwad,H 0 0 Tuber stimulant Folk
(Schoenoplectus articulatus (L.) herb assan,Mysore,North Kanara,Raichur
Palla)
380 Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Cyperaceae tufted bangalore,Coorg,Chickmagalore,Hass 0 0 Leaf diarrhoea Folk
Hassk.(Kyllinga Brevifolia Rottb.) creeping an,Mysore,North
herb Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur
381 Cyperus cyperoides (L.) Cyperaceae Herb Bangalore,Bidar,Chickmagalore,Coor 0 0 Whole plant vermifuge Folk
Ktze.(Mariscus sieberianus Nees g,Hassan,Mysore,North
ex CI.) Kanara,Shimoga
382 Cyperus esculentus L. Cyperaceae Neelabadami Herb Bangalore,North Kanara 0 0 Tuber stimulant and aphrodisiac Ayurveda, Unani
hullu(kan),
Kshudramusta/Suga
ndi(San)
383 Cyperus iria L. Cyperaceae Dabbe jambu Tufted Bangalore,Bijapur,Chickmagalore,Chi 0 0 Whole plant Stimulant,tonic,stomachache,astringent Folk, Sidha
hullu(Kan), Kaseru herb tradurga,Dharwad,Hassan,Mysore,No
(sub.) (Chichataka), rth Kanra,Shimoga,Tumkur
Yanaikkitti (Tam)

384 Cyperus pedunculatus (R. Br.) Cyperaceae Herb South Kanara 0 0 Roots,rhizome Sudorific,diuretic,astringent Folk
Kern(Remira maritima AubI. )
385 Cyperus rotundus L. Cyperaceae Konnari Herb Bangalore,Bijapur,Coorg,Dharwad,G 0 January to Whole plant,tuber Diuretic,diaphoretic,astringent and stomach Ayurveda, 1.Seed Propagation
gadde(Kan), with ulburga,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North April complaints,fever,thirst,intermittent Tibetan, Unani, Ripe mature seeds are
Must/Mustaka(san), Tubers Kanara,Shimoga fever,diarrhoea,sprue,pain,worm infestation,distaste,diseases of Sidha collected between January-
Karkolippul(Tam) kapha and April, Sown in April. 2.
pitta,dysentery,fainting,hypertension,vomiting,dysponea Vegetative Propagation:
Through root slips

386 Cyperus stoloniferus Retz. Cyperaceae Mustaka/Bhadramu Herb Mysore,North kanara 0 0 Tuber Stimulant and cardiac tonic Ayurveda, Sidha
sta(San),
Mucil(Tam)
387 Cyperus triceps (Rottb.) Endlich. Cyperaceae Ananthagonde Tufted Bangalore,Bidar,Bijapur,Chickmagalo 0 0 Root oil,tuber Stimulating liver and to relieve pruritus,fever,thirst,intermittent Ayurveda, Folk
(Kyllinga triceps Rottb.) hullu(Kan), herb re,Coorg,Gulburga,Hassan,Mysore,Sh fever,fever with diarrhoea,pain,worm
Mustaka(Sub)(San), imoga,Tumkur infestation,sprue,distate,dysentery,diseases of kapha and pitta

388 Dactyloctenium Poaceae Kaadu ragi Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Bijapur,chickmag 0 0 whole plant Worm infestation,wounds Ayurveda,
aegypticum(L.)Willd. (Elelusine hullu(Kan), alore,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,No Siddha, Folk
aegyptica (L.) Desf.) Takrahva(San), rth kanara,Raichur,South
kanara,Tumkur.
389 Dalbergia lanceolaria L.f. Papilionaceae Hasaru Tree Belgaum,Chickmaglore,Coorg,Dhara 0 0 Whole plant,seed Dyspepsia,rheumatism,oedema,arthritis,anorexia,debility Ayurveda,
ganni(Kan),Goraks wd,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North oil Siddha, Folk
ha(kapotavanka)(Sa Kanara,Shimoga,South
n) Kanara,Tumkur
390 Dalbergia latifolia Roxb. Papilionaceae Rose wood(E), Large Most of the dist. January- August- Root,bark,leaf Polyuria,sciatica,chronic ulcer,leprosy,leucoderma,urinary 1.Seeds are collected in the
Beete(Kan), tree March- Septembe bladderdisorders,burning sensation,brain tonic month of December-April.
Kushimshipa(Sub)( septembe r 2.Vegetative propagation
San), Karu- r by root suckers, planted at
veetti(Mal), the beginning of the rainy
Virugudu(Tel) season.

391 Dalbergia sissoides Grah. Ex Wt. Papilionaceae Malbar Tree Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,South Kanara July- October- Root,bark,leaf Polyuria,sciatica,chronic ulcer,leprosy,leucoderma,urinary Ayurveda, Folk
and Arn. blackwood(E), August January bladderdisorders,burning sensation,brain tonic
Karemuthhala/Chel
abeete(Kan),
Kushimshipa(San)
392 Dalbergia sissoo Roxb.ex DC. Papilionaceae Sisoo(Eng), Shista Medium Bangalore,Bidar,Bijapur,chitradurga, August- October- Root,bark,leaf Polyuria,sciatica,chronic ulcer,leprosy,leucoderma,urinary Ayurveda, 1. Seed Propagation Pods
baage(Kan), sized tree Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,Raichur,Shimo Novembe march bladderdisorders,burning sensation,brain tonic Tibetan, Unani, are collected between
Shimshapa(San), ga r Sidha November-March. 2.
Sishan(Tam) Vegetative Propagation:a)
through cuttings b)through
layers.

393 Dalbergia sympathetica Nimmo Papilionaceae Shrub Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,North 0 0 Bark Pimples Ayurveda, Folk
kanara,South kanara
394 Dalbergia volubilis Roxb. Papilionaceae Sirisika/Goraksha(s Shrub Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 Root,bark,leaf Polyuria,sciatica,chronic ulcer,leprosy,leucoderma,urinary Ayurveda, Folk,
ub)(San), ,North kanara,Shimoga,South kanara bladderdisorders,burning sensation,brain tonic Sidha
Punali(Tam)
395 Datura innoxia Mill Solanaceae Datturi gida(Kan), Herb or Bijapur,Chickmagalore,Gulburga,Kol Novembe January to Leaves Cerebral deprasant,maniacal condition,narcotic,antispasmodic Ayurveda, 1. Seed Propagation Sown
Dattura, sub.(San) under ar,raichur r- May Siddha in October/January 2.
shrub February Vegetative Propagation:a)
through cuttings b) Tissue
culture.

396 Datura metel L. Solanaceae Dhaturi gida(Kan), Under Most of the dist. Novembe January to Leaves Narcotic,antispasmodic,srrofula,eye diseases,scorpion-sting Ayurveda, Seed Propagation
Umatta/Sweta shrub r- May poisoing,psychosis,epilepsy,fever,delirium,burning Siddha, Folk, Sown in june on hills and
datura(San), February sensation,dysponea,leprosy,boils,dysuria,dog-bite poisoning Unani in july in plains.
Umatai(Tam),
397 Datura stramonium L. Solanaceae Ummatti(Kan), Under Dharwad,Hassan,kolar,mysore,Tumku 0 0 Leaves Narcotic,antispasmodic,srrofula,eye diseases,scorpion-sting Ayurveda, Seed Propagation
Dhattura, sub.(San), shrub r poisoing,psychosis,epilepsy,fever,delirium,burning Siddha, Folk, Sown in june on hills and
Umathai(Tam) sensation,dysponea,leprosy,boils,dysuria,dog-bite poisoning Unani in july in plains.

398 Daucus carota L. Apiaceae Gajara gedde(san), herb Most of the dist. 0 0 Root Diuretic,deobstruent,stimulant,haemorrhage,piles,sprue,diseases Ayurveda, Folk,
Ggrinjana(San) of kapha and vata Siddha

399 Decalepis hamiltonii Wt. and Arn. Asclepiadace Magali beru(Kan), shrub Mangalore,bellary,Hassan,Kolar,Mys Endangere April-July August- Roots,leaf,flower,f Appetizer,depurative,polyuria,haemorrhage,gout,wounds,lepros Ayurveda, Folk, 1.Seed propagation: fruits
ae Sariva (sub.)(San), ore,Tumkur d Novembe ruit,whole plant y,disorders of blood,anaemia,jaundice,diseases of Unani, Siddha collected in March.
Perum- r pittam,urticaria,polyuria,glandular 2.Vegetative propagation:
nannari(Tam) diseases,fever,thirst,oilguria,diseases of vatam,aphrodisiac through cuttings and
suckers.
400 Delonix elata (L.) Gamble Caesalpiniace Vatanarayana, Medium Bangalore,Bijapur,Chitradurga,Gulbu March- Jul- Leaves,bark Rheumatism,flatulence,glandular swelling,sinus wounds Ayurveda, Folk,
ae Kempukenchaga(K sized tree rga,kolar,Mysore,Raichur April August Siddha
an),
Siddeshwara(San),
Vatanarayanan(Tam
),
Sunkatti/Niranji(Ka
n)

401 Delonix regia (L.) Gamble Caesalpiniace Gul- Medium Bangalore,belgaum,Hassan,Kolar,Shi April- August- Leaf Diseases of vatam,cnstipation,inflammation,arthritis,hemiplegia Siddha
ae Mohur/Flamboyant sized tree moga,Tumkur, May October
tree(E),Doddaratna
gandhi(Kan),Sima-
sankesVatanarayana
n(Tam), Sima-
sankesulu(tel)

402 Dendrophthoe falcata (L.f.) etting Loranthaceae Badanike/(Kan), Medium Most of the dist. 0 0 bark,whole plant Narcotic,astringent,menstrual Ayurveda, Folk
Plavithil(Tam), sized tree troubles,asthma,mania,wounds,urinary
Vruksharohini calculi,haemorrhage,worm infestation,sterility in
(San) female,poisoning
403 Dentella repens (L.) J.R. and Scrophulariac Herb Bangalore,Bijapur,coorg,Hassan,Mys 0 0 Whole plant Poulticing sores Folk
G.Forst eae ore,North kanara,Shimoga,South
Kanara
404 Derris elliptica (Wall.)Benth Papilionaceae Meenu maari(Kan), Shrub Most of the dist. 0 0 Root Insecticidal purposes and in fish poisoning Folk

405 Derris scandens (Roxb.) benth. Papilionaceae Handi Shrub Bangalore,Bijapur,Coorg,Gulburga,M July- 0 Whole plant Fish poison Sidha, Folk
balli/Hallebilu(Kan) ysore,North Kanara,Raichur,South August
, Nalla tiga(Tel), kanara
Tekil, Punali(Tam)

406 Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC Papilionaceae Moorelehonne(Kan Herb or Belgaum,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Coor May-June May-June Root,whole plant Febrifuge,expectorant,diuretic,oedema,intermittent Ayurveda, Folk, Seed Propagation 2006-2007 Rs.16 per
), Salaparni(San), under g,Mysore,North kanara,South kanara and and fever,diarrhoea,cardiac Homeopathy, Ripe pods harvested in kg Market
Pulladi(Tam) shrub Septembe Septembe diseasae,pain,emaication,fever,dysponea,polyuria,piles,vomiting Tibetan, Unani, July-August and october- demand:Above
r-October r-October ,rejuvenator Sidha November 19MT/year

407 Desmodium heterocarpon (L.)DC Papilionaceae Salaparni sub.(San), Herb or Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass 0 0 Decoction coughs,convulsions Ayurveda
Sirupulladi(Tam) under an,Mysore,North
shrub kanara,Shimoga,South kanara
408 Desmodium heterophyllum Papilionaceae Salaparni(sub.) Herb Chickmagalore,Hassan,Mysore,North 0 0 Root,leave Carminative,diuretic,galactagogue Folk
(Willd.) DC Kanara
409 Desmodium motorium (Houtt.) Papilionaceae Telegraph Under Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore August- Novembe Whole plant Wounds,snake-bite poisoning Folk, Siddha
Merr.(D. gyrans (L.f.) DC.) plant(E),Nagatagare shrub ,North kanara,South kanara Septembe r-January
gida(Kan), r
Thozhuganni(Tam)

410 Desmodium trifolium (L.) DC. Papilionaceae Kaadu pullam Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,C 0 0 Leaves Dysentery,diarrhoea,convulsions,galactagogue Ayurveda, Folk,
purasi(Kan), oorg,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North Unani, Siddha
Thozhuganni(Tam) Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara.

411 Desmodium triquetrum (L.) DC. Papilionaceae Shrub Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore July Septembe Extract of herb piles Folk
,North kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara August r-
December

412 Desmostachya bipinnata (L.) Poaceae Kusha(San/Kan), Tall Bellary,Bijapur 0 0 Culms,root Diuretic,dysentery,menorrhagia,haemorrhage,uterine Ayurveda,
Stapf Darbaipul(tam) tufted bleeding,diarrhoea,tuberculosis of breast,urinary calculi,pain in Tibetan, Sidha,
herb theurinary bladder Unani
413 Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Mimosaceae Wadu warada Thorny Bangalore,Bellary,Bidar,Chitradurga, June- 0 Root,whole Rheumatism,opthalmia,piles,diarrhoea,dysentery,leucorrhoea,ec Ayurveda, Folk,
Wt.and Arn. mara(Kan), shrub or Gulburga,Kolar,Mysore,raichur,tumk november plant,resin zema,eye diseases Tibetan, Sidha
Vallataru/Veerataru small tree ur
(San),
Vadathalai(Tam)
414 Dicoma tomentosa Asteraceae Sanni gida (Kan) Woody Bangalore,Bellary,Bidar,Bijapur,Chic 0 0 Whole plant febriruge Folk
Cass.(D.lanuginosa DC.) herb or kamaglore,Dharwad,Hassan,Mysore
under
shrub
415 Digera muricata (L.) Mart. (D. Amaranthace Chenchali Tall herb Bangalore,bellary,Bijapur,Chickmagal 0 0 Flower,whole urinary discharges,diseases of kapha and vata Ayurveda, Sidha
arvensis Forsk.) ae soppu(Kan), ore,Chitradurga,Dharwad,Gulburga,M plant
Gangatiya(Hin), ysore,Raichur
Ventoyili(Tam)
416 Dillenia indica L. Dilleniaceae Kaad Small to Belgaum,Coorg,Shimoga 0 0 Fruit Sprue,alleviating pitta and kapha,tonic,laxative Ayurveda, Folk,
kanagilu(Kan), medium Tibetan, Sidha
Bhavvya(San), sized tree Katingara
Uvvttekku (Tam)

417 Dillenia pentagyna Roxb. Dilleniaceae Kaad kanagilu/Kal Medium Chickmagalore,Coorg,North 0 0 root,leaf,flower,fru Leucorrhoea,cough,anuresis,diarrhoea,indigestion,intermittent Ayurveda,
tega(Kan), sized tree Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara it,seed fever,dysentery Sidha, Folk
Punnaga/Nagakesar
a(sub.)(San),
Pattipunnai(Tam)
418 Dimocarpus longan Lour. Sapindaceae Sirunagapoo(sub.)K Tree Chickmagalore,Coorg,hassan,Kolar, 0 0 Aril Tonic,refringerant Folk, Sidha
(Nephelium longana (Lam.)b attupuvam/Cempuv Mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga,South
Cass.) am(Tam) Kanara
419 Dioscorea alata L. Dioscoreacea Thoona genasu/ Tuberous chickmagalore,Coorg 0 0 tuber Anthelmintic,leprosy,piles Ayurveda, Folk,
e Mudigenasu(Kan), climber Sidha
Guyana
arrowroot(Eng),
Perumvallikilanku(
Tam), Alukam(San)

420 Dioscorea belophylla Voigt. Dioscoreacea Varaheekanda(San) Climbing Hassan,North Kanara,South Kanara 0 0 tuber,fruit,whole Ulcers,piles,dysentery,leprosy,worm infestation,cardiac Ayurveda,
e shrub plant disaeses,polyuria,urinary Siddha, Folk
calculi,aphrodisiac,rejuvenator.fever,diarrhoea
421 Dioscorea bulbifera L. Dioscoreacea Heggenasu(Kan), Climber Bangalore,belgaum,Chickmagalore,C Vulnerabl Septembe Septembe tuber,fruit,whole Ulcers,piles,dysentery,leprosy,worm infestation,cardiac Ayurveda, Folk, Propagated by 2006-2007 Rs.16
e Vaarahee(San), oorg,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North e r- r- plant disaeses,polyuria,urinary Tibetan, Sidha, underground corms/aerial per kg Demand:3
Kaivalli kodi(Tam) Kanara,Shimoga Novembe Novembe calculi,aphrodisiac,rejuvenator.fever,diarrhoea Unani, bulbils, Collection of tonnes per annum
r r bulbil done in November-
December

422 Dioscorea hamiltonii Hk. F. Dioscoreacea Vaarahee(sub.) Unarmed Coorg Septembe Septembe tuber,fruit,whole Ulcers,piles,dysentery,leprosy,worm infestation,cardiac Ayurveda
e climber r r plant disaeses,polyuria,urinary
calculi,aphrodisiac,rejuvenator.fever,diarrhoea
423 Dioscorea hispida Dennst. Dioscoreacea Kaadgumbala(kan) Climber Coorg,Hassan,North Kanara,Shimoga 0 0 tuber,fruit,whole Ulcers,piles,dysentery,leprosy,worm infestation,cardiac Ayurveda, Folk
e plant disaeses,polyuria,urinary
calculi,aphrodisiac,rejuvenator.fever,diarrhoea
424 Dioscorea pentaphylla L. Dioscoreacea Varaheekanda(San) Climber Bangalore,Belgaum,Bidar,Chickmaga August- August- tuber Tonic,sweeling Ayurveda, Folk,
e lore,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,Nort October January Sidha
h kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara,
Tumkur
425 Dioscorea tomentosa Koen. Dioscoreacea Climber Bangalore,Belgaum,Coorg,mysore,Sh June- June- tuber,fruit,whole Ulcers,piles,dysentery,leprosy,worm infestation,cardiac Folk
e imoga Septembe Septembe plant disaeses,polyuria,urinary
r r calculi,aphrodisiac,rejuvenator.fever,diarrhoea
426 Dioscorea wallchii Hk. F. Dioscoreacea Climber Chickmagalore,Coorg,Mysore,North 0 0 tuber,fruit,whole Ulcers,piles,dysentery,leprosy,worm infestation,cardiac Folk
e kanara,Shimoga,South kanara plant disaeses,polyuria,urinary
calculi,aphrodisiac,rejuvenator.fever,diarrhoea
427 Diospyros candolleana Wt. Ebenaceae Kare mara(Kan), Small Chickmagalore,Coorg,hassan,North Vulnerabl 0 0 root bark rheumatism, swelling Ayurveda, Folk,
Nil vruksha(San), tree Kanara,Shimoga,SouthKanara e Sidha
Karkkattai(Tam)
428 Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Ebenaceae Medium Coorg,Mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga 0 0 seed oil, bark, dysentery, diarrhoea, febrifuge, aphthae, sore throat, boils, Ayurveda, Folk,
Kostel. (D. peregrina (Gaertn.) sized tree infusion of fruit leucorrhoea, blood disorder, haemorrhage, polyuria. Leprosy, Unani
Gurke) urticaria, intermittent fever, snake bite poisoning, stomatitis,

429 Diospyros melanoxylon Roxb. Ebenaceae Thoopra/Bedi Tree Bangalore,belgaum,Bellary,Coorg,Ha February- 0 leaves, dried diuretic, laxative, carmanative, styptic, urinary and skin Ayurveda,
ele(Kan), ssan,Kolar,Mysore,north April flower, decocation troubles, diarrhoea dn dyspepsia, leprosy, abdonminal disorders, Unani, Sidha,
Tinduka(San), kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,Tumkur of bark, wood ascites, worm infestation Folk
Beedi elai(Tam) extract
430 Diospyros montana Roxb. Ebenaceae Jagalganti(Kan), Shrub or bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,chickmag 0 0 leaves, dried diuretic, laxative, carmanative, styptic, urinary and skin Ayurveda, Folk,
Tumala/Vishamusti small tree alore,Chitradurga,Coorg,Dharwad,has flower, decocation troubles, diarrhoea, dyspepsia, leprosy, abdonminal disorders, Sidha
(San), san,Kolar,Mysore,North of bark, wood ascites, worm infestation
Karungali(Tam) Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur extract

431 Diospyros oocarpa Thw. Ebenaceae Tinduka(sub.), Tree Chickmagalore,Coorg,North 0 0 leaves, dried diuretic, laxative, carmanative, styptic, urinary and skin Sidha
Thumbilikkai/ Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara flower, decocation troubles, diarrhoea dn dyspepsia, leprosy, abdonminal disorders,
Venkali(sub.) of bark, wood ascites, worm infestation
extract

432 Diospyros paniculata Dalz. Ebenaceae Tinduka(San), Medium North Kanara,Shimoga. Vulnerabl 0 0 fruit, leaves burns, biliousness, fish poison Ayurveda, Folk,
Karikoomar (Kan), sized tree e Sidha
Karunthovarai
(tam),

433 Diospyros tomentosa Roxb. Ebenaceae Small North kanara 0 0 fruit astringent Folk
tree
434 Diploclisa glaucescens (BI.) Diels Menispermac Kottiyachachai Climbing Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassa 0 0 leaf powder, latex biliousness, gonorrhoea and syphilis Folk, Sidha
eae (Tam) shrub n,Mysore,North
Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara.
435 Diplocyclos palmatus (L.) Jeffrey Cucurbitacea Linga tonde Tuberous Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,C 0 0 fruit, whole plant aphrodisiac, tonic, constipation Ayurveda, Folk
(Bryonopsis laciniosa sensu e balli(Kan), climbing hitradurga,Coorg,gulburga,Hassan,Ko
Naud., non(L.) Naud.) Shivalingee(San), herb lar,Mysore,North
Iyveli/Iyvirali(tam) Kanara,Shimoga,South kanara
Dipterocarpus indicus Bedd. Dipterocarpa Ennemara/Vanasam Lofty Western ghats Endangere Decembe April-May Oleo-gum-resin Rheumatism Folk, Ayurveda, Seed propagation:Seeds
ceae pige(Kan), Wood Evergree d r-January Unani collected in May-June
oil tree of n tree
malabar(Eng),
Karanjili(Mar),
Ennei maram (Tam)

436 Dipteracanthus prostratus (Poir.) Acanthaceae Pottakanchi(Tam), Herb Bangalore,Bidar,Chickmagalore,Dhar 0 0 whole plant ear trouble Folk
Nees Bheemana wad,Hassan,Mysore,North kanara
soppu(kan)
437 Dodonea viscosa Jacq. Sapindaceae Bandharike(Kan), Bushy Most of the dist. Novembe Novembe leaves,bark febrifuge, burns, swelling, wounds, inflammatory conditions, folk
Rasna(sub.)/Aliar(S shrub or r -April r -April rheumatism, snake bite
an), small tree
Virali/Valari(Tam)
438 Dolichandrone spathacea (L.f.) Bignoniaceae Rasna(sub.) Medium South Kanara 0 0 seed anthelmintic, spasmodic infection Folk
Schum. sized tree

439 Drosera burmannii Vahl Droseraceae Sundew plant(Eng) Herb Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass 0 0 whole plant rubefacient, antiseptic,phthisis Folk
an,Kolar,Mysore,NorthKanara,Raichu
r,Shimoga,Tumkur
440 Drosera indica L. Droseraceae Kriminashini(Kan), Herb Bangalore,Bijapur,Chickmagalore,Co Endangere June- August- maceration of external application on corns Unani, Sidha, Seed propagation:
Akara- org,Hassan,Mysore,Shimoga,South d Septembe December plant Folk Vegetative propagation:
puda(M),Cirukanni( Kanara r through leaf
Tam) cuttings/divisions
441 Drosera peltata J.E. Sm Droseraceae Mukhajali(Hin), Tuberous Chickmagalore,Coorg,hassan,Mysore Endangere June- August- crushed leaves blistering agent Folk Seed propagation:
Theeppullu(Mar)Ko herb d Septembe December Vegetative propagation:
cu vetti(tam) r through leaf
cuttings/divisions
442 Drymaria cordata (L.) Willd. Caryophyllac Shady dry Herb Bangalore,chickmagalore,Coorg,Mys 0 0 whole plant laxative and antifebrile Folk
eae maria(Eng) ore,South Kanara
443 Drypetes roxburghii (Wall.) Euphorbiacea Putranjeevi(Kan),P Evergree Bangalore,belgaum,Chickmagalore,C 0 0 leaves, seeds cold, fever, rheumatism, burning sensation, thirst, constipation, Ayurved, Folk,
Hurasawa (Putranjiva roxburghii e utranjeeva/Kumara n tree hitradurga,North Kanara filariasis, abortifacient Siddha
Wall.) beeja(San)
444 Dysoxylum binectariferum Meliaceae Agil/Kadu- Medium Coorg,Hassan,North Kanara June-July 0 heart wood, oil, dyspnoea, diseases of head, ear and eye, leprosy, wounds, Folk, Sidha
(Roxb.) Hk.f. gadda/Kadgandha( sized tree gum coryza, headache, fever, skin diseases, vomiting
Kan),Akuniyakil
(Tam)
445 Dysoxylum malabaricum Bedd. Meliaceae Bilee agilu(kan), Large Coorg,Mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga Endangere March- June-July wood, wood oil rheumatism, ear and eye troubles Ayurveda, Folk, Seed propagation:
Agaru(san), tree d April Sidha Vegetative propagation:
Agil(sub.)(tam),Wh through semi-hard wood
ite cedar(Eng) cuttings.
446 Ecbolium viride (Forsk.) Alst. (E. Acanthaceae Kappu Woody North Kanara,Shimoga. 0 0 root, leaves dysuria, jaundice, menorrhagia, rheumatism, stricture Ayurveda,
linneanum Kurz) bobbali(Kan), under Sidha, Folk
Sahachara(San), shrub
Nilambari(Tam)
447 Echinochola crusgalli (L.) P. Poaceae Jungle rice(Eng) Herb bangalore,chickmagalore,hassan,Kola 0 0 whole plant spleen and haemorrhage Folk
Beauv. r,North kanara
448 Echinochola frumentancea Link Poaceae Kaadu haraka Herb Gulburga 0 0 whole plant, biliousness, constipation, stiffness of lower limbs, ascites, Folk
(Panicum stagninum Retz.) hullu(Kan), grains obesity, diabetes
Syamaka(San),
Floating barnyard
grass(Eng),
Kudiravalli
pullu(Tam)
449 Echinochloa stagnina (Retz.) Poaceae Kaadu dabbe Aquatic Bangalore,chickmagalore,coorg,Dhar 0 0 decoction of pith diuretic Folk
P.Beauv. hullu(Kan), herb wad,Hassan,Mysore
Floating barnyard
grass(Eng)
450 Echinops echinatus Roxb. Asteraceae Brahma Herb Most of the dist. 0 0 root diuretic, destroy maggots and lice, facilitates easy delivery, Ayurveda,
dande(kan), diseases of kapha and vata Unani, Sidha,
Brahmadandi/Teeks Folk
nagra(San),
Kokkilam/Utkantak
a(Tam)
451 Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. Asteraceae Bhrngaraja(San/Ka Herb Most of the dist.(Damp area) F March- August- whole plant, seed, spleenic enlargements, skin troubles,emetic,purgative,eye Ayurveda, 1. Seed Propagation
n), Karisalankanni July(Thro December root diseases,hair falling,cold,diseases of head,dental Sidha, Folk Seeds should be collected
(Tam) ugh out diseases,wasting diseases,bronchial asthma,leprosy,worm from mature plants during
the year) infestation,oedema,anaemia August-December and are
generally sown in Spring.
2. Vegetative Propagation:
a) through cuttings. b)
through root suckers

452 Ehretia aspera Roxb. Boraginaceae Shrub North Kanara 0 0 Root veneral diseases Folk

453 Ehretia canarensis Miq.ex CI. Boraginaceae Halippe/Haatippe(K Small Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,North 0 0 bark Polyuria,snake bite poisoning Ayurveda,
an), tree Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara. Sidha, Folk
Carmivriksha(San),
Kalivirusu(Tam),

454 Eichhlornia crassipes (Mart.) Pontederiace Water Aquatic Bangalore,Coorg,Gulburga,Mysore,T 0 0 Whole plant Goiter,disorders of Ayurveda, Sidha
Solms. Laub. ae hyacinth(Eng), herb umkur blood,emaciation,haemorrhoides,dysentery,refrigerant,demulcen
Variparni/Jalakumb t,diuretic
hee
(sub.)(Sitakumbhee
)(san),
Antharagange/antar
a tavare(kan),
Venkayattamarai(T
am)

455 Elaeagnus conferta Roxb. Elaeagnaceae Hunise Unarmad Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,North 0 0 flower cardiac, astringent Folk, Unani
(E.Latifolia auct. Non L.) balli(Kan),Kulangi( sherb Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara.
Tam),
456 Elaeocarpus serratus L. Elaeocarpace Guddada rambe Large Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore January- Months leaves, fruits, seed rheumatism, antidote to poisoning, dysentry, diarrhoea, hiccup, Ayurveda, Folk,
(E.oblongus Gaertn) ae (Kan), Wild olive tree ,North kanara,Shimoga,South kanara March later giddiness, hysterical convulsions, expectorant, antibiliousness Unani, Sidha
tree(Eng), and July
Rudraksham (Tam), Septembe
Aravata(San) r

457 Elaeocarpus sphaericus (Gaertn.) Elaeocarpace Rudraksha (sub.) Tree North Kanara 0 0 fruits, seed epilepsy, cough, dyspnoea, wasting diseases, boils, liver Ayurveda, Folk,
Schem.(E.ganitrus Roxb.) ae disorders, diseases of nervous system, chicken pox, fever, Unani, Sidha
psychosis, vomiting
458 Elaeocarpus tuberculatus Roxb. Elaeocarpace Rudraksha Large Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassa Decembe July- bark, fruit haematemesis, biliousness, indigestion, typhoid, rheumatism Ayurveda, Folk,
ae (Kan/San), tree n,Mysore,North r-January August and epilepsy Unani, Sidha
Kadambola(Kan)R Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara.
udraksham (sub.)

459 Elatostema sessile Forst Urticaceae Prostrate Mysore 0 0 leaves abdominal disorder Folk
herb
460 Elephantopus scaber L. Asteraceae Naayi nalige Herb Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassa 0 0 whole plant, root, emollient in dysruia, diarrhoea, dysentery, swelling, Ayurveda, Folk,
gida(Kan), Mayura n,Mysore,North leaves stomachache, toothache, eczema, ulcer, haemorrhage, urinary Unani, Sidha
shika (sub.) Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara. calculi, leprosy, retention of urine
(Gojivha)(San),
Gobhi(Eng)

461 Elettaria cardamomum(L.) Maton Zingiberacea Elakki(Kan), Herb Chickmagalore,Coorg,hassan,Shimog 0 0 seed, fruit carminative, aromatic, stimulant, diuretic, cardiac diseases, Ayurveda, Unani
e Ela(San), a,South Kanara,North Kanara dysuria, burning sensation, cough, asthma, colic, anorexia,
Elam(Tam) thirst, nausea, hiccup, vomiting, diseases of pittam, digestive
disorders
462 Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn Poaceae Madhulika(San), Herb Most of the dist. 0 0 grain, seed tonic, astringent, biliousness, urinary calculi, cold, fever, cough, Ayurveda, Folk,
Kezhvaragu(Tam) dyspnoea, ascites, debility Tibetan, Unani,
Sidha

463 Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Poaceae Ragi(Kan), herb Bangalore,Coorg,Dharwad,Hassan,M 0 0 grain, seed tonic, astringent, biliousness, urinary calculi, cold, fever, cough, Ayurveda, Folk,
Raajika(San),Finger ysore,North Kanara dyspnoea, ascites, debility Tibetan, Unani,
millet(Eng), Sidha
iragi(Tam)
464 Embelia ribes Burm.f. Myrsinaceae Vayuvidanga(Kan), Seandend Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,North Vulnerabl February- April- fruits, seed worm infestation, distaste, anaemia, oedema, fever, anorexia, Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed Propagation:Fresh
Vidanga(San), shrub Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara. e April Septembe urinary calculi, polyuria, rigidity in lower limbs, fistula, pain, Homeopathy, seeds should be collected
Vaivilangam(Tam) r vomiting, abdominal disorders, obesity, diseases of vatam, Tibetan, Unani, during May-August and
snake - bite, rat - bite, poisonings, worm infection, digestive Sidha sown directly in raised
disorders, skin diseases beds. 2. Vegetative
Propagation: Through stem
cuttings

465 Embelia tsjeriam-cottam A.DC. Myrsinaceae Vidanga (sub.), Deciduou Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass Vulnerabl February- April- fruit carminative, antispasmodic and taenifue Ayurveda, Folk 1. Seed Propagation:Fresh
(E.robusta CI.) Vaivilangam (sub.) s Shrub an,Mysore,North e April Septembe seeds should be collected
or small kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur r during May-August and
tree sown directly in raised
beds. 2. Vegetative
Propagation: Through stem
cuttings

466 Emilia sonchifolia (L.) DC. Asteraceae Ili kivi gida(Kan), Herb Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Chitradurg 0 0 whole plant, febrifuge, bowel complaints, eye sores, night blindness Ayurveda, Folk,
Sasasruti(San), a,Coorg,Hassan,kolar.Mysore,North leaves, Unani, Sidha
Mayuracevi(Tam) Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,South
Kanara

467 Enicostemma axillare (Lam.) Gentianaceae Chikka Herb Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,Chitradurga, 0 0 whole plant abdominal disorder, diseases of vatam and pittam, scabies, Ayurveda, Folk,
Raynal. (E.hyssopifolium (Wild.) chirayata(Kan), Dharwad,Gulburga,Mysore,North leucorrhoea, glandular swelling Sidha
DC.;E.littorale Bl.) Mamajjaka(san), Kanara,Raichur
Cakkiraviraiyanatan
(Tam)
468 Eniada pursaetha DC. Mimosaceae Haalu kaayi Liana Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,North 0 0 seed tonic, emetic, anthelmintic Folk
(E.scandens auct.non Benth.) balli(Kan), Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara
469 Epaltes divaricata (L.) Cass. Asteraceae Herb Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Hassan,Kola 0 0 roots astringent, tonic Folk
r,Mysore,North Kanara,Raichur
470 Eranthemum roseum (Vahl) R.Br. Acanthaceae Gulsham(Hi), Shrub Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Dharwad,Gu 0 0 roots leucorrhoea Folk
Nilamuli(Tam) lburga,North Kanara,Shimoga,South
kanara,
471 Erigeron canadensis L. Asteraceae Jarayu Herb Mysore 0 0 whole plant astingent, stimulant, haemostatic, diuretic, diarrhoea, dysentery, Homeopathy,
priya/Makshika uterine haemorrhages, dropsy, gravel and renal infections, Folk
pri(San),,Hogweed( ringworm, eczema, internal haemorrhages, sterols
Eng),
472 Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Rosaceae Lakkote Small Bangalore,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore 0 0 flower expectorant Ayurveda, Folk,
Lindl. hannu(Kan),Japane tree Unani
se medlar(Eng)
lottaka(san)
473 Eriolaena quinquelocularis (Wt. Sterculiaceae Gomajjige/katthale( Small Belgaum,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Dhar July- January- root poultice form against wounds Folk
& Arn.) Wt. Kan), tree wad,Mysore,Shimoga,Tumkur August February
Naiunnam(Tam)
474 Ervatamia heyneana (Wall.) Apocynaceae Small Chickmagalore,Coorg,hassan,Kolar, 0 0 root, flower local anodyne and chewed for relief from toothache, Folk
Cooke tree Mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga inflammations of cornea
475 Erycibe paniculata Roxb. Convolvulace Ankola Shrub chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore, 0 0 bark cholera Ayurveda, Folk
ae balli/Singaaraballi North kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara
(Kan), Unankodi
(Tam),
Ashokarohini (San)

476 Erythrina stricta Roxb. Papilionaceae Hemmuruku/keechi Small Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,North Kanara January- July- bark, flower biliousness, itches, rheumatism, asthma, leprosy, epilepsy, Ayurveda, Folk,
ge(Kan), tree April August antidote to poisoning Unani, Sidha
Paribhadra(San),
Murukkai(Tam)
477 Erythrina variegata L. Papilionaceae Parijathaka/Mullum Medium bangalore,chickmaglore,Coorg,North January - April-July leaves, bark, laxative, diurtic, anthelmintic, galactagogue, emmenagogue, Ayurveda, 1. Seed Propagation:Pod
utla(kan), sized tree Kanara,Shimoga April flower, seed applied externally in venereal buboes,worm infestation, ear Tibetan, Unani, should be collected in
Paribhadrika/Rakta diseases, dyspnoea, cough, alleviating kapha and vata, anorexia, Sidha, Folk June. 2.
pushpa(San), distaste, pain, leprosy, vomiting abdominal disorders, fever, Vegetative
Kalyanamurungai(T stomatitis dysentery, arthritis, diabetes, sterility Propagation:Through
am),Indian coral cuttings :
tree(Eng)

478 Erythroxylum coca Lam. Erythroxylace Coca plant Shrub North Kanara 0 0 leaves, seeds stimulant, masticatory, cerebral stimulant Folk,
ae and small Homeopathy
tree

479 Erythroxylum monogynum Roxb. Erythroxylace Devadhari(Kan), Shrub bangalore,Chickmagalore,Chitradurga 0 0 infusion of wood stomachic, diaphoretic, diuretic, dyspepsia and fever Folk
ae ,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar.Mysore,Tumkur and bark

480 Eucalyptus cameldulensis Denst. Myrtaceae Nilagiri mara(Kan), Tall tree Mysore 0 0 gum dysentery, diarrhoea, relaxed throats and dentistry Folk
Australian
kino(Eng),

481 Eucalyptus citriodoraHk. Myrtaceae Tall tree Mysore 0 0 leaves, gum diseases of vata and kapha, wounds, pain in joints, pleurisy, Folk 1.Seed Propagation :
worm infestation, diarrhoea, dysentery, cardiac diseases,
oedema of the bladder, headache, intermittent fever
482 Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Myrtaceae Nilgiri mara(Kan), Tall tree Bangalore,Mysore March- May- leaves antiseptic, expectorant, febrifuge, diaphoretic, diseases of Ayurveda, Folk,
Eucalyptus(Eng), April August respiratory tract Homeopathy,
Tailaparni(San), Modern, Sidha
Karpuram(Tam)
483 Eulophia nuda Lindl. Orchidaceae kandadala/Malakan Herb Belgaum,Hassan,Mysore,North 0 0 tubers tumours, scrofulous glands of the neck and bronchitis, Ayurveda,
da(San), Kanara,Shimoga vermifuge Tibetan, Unani
484 Eupatorium triplinerve Vahl Asteraceae Aayapaana Under Chickmagalore 0 0 whole plant bleeding, poisoning, anorexia, indigestion, gastroenteritis, Ayurveda, Folk
(Kan/San), shrub diarrhoea (with blood), lood disorders, haemorrhage, uterine
bleeding, skin diseases
485 Euphorbia antiquorum L. Euphorbiacea Chadara Shrub Bangalore,Belgaum,Bijapur,Chitradur 0 0 whole plant, root, abdominal disorders, diabetes, oedema, psychosis, leprosy, Ayurveda, Folk,
e Kalli(Kan), ga,Coorg,Dharwad,Kolar,Mysore,Nor leaves, stem and coryza, anaemia, rheumatioid arthritis, skin diseases, urticaria, Unani, Sidha
Snuhi(San), th Kanara.raichur latex diseases of kapham, abdominal disorders, constipation,
Cathurakkalli leucorrhoea, leprosy
(Tam)
486 Euphorbia atoto Forst. Euphorbiacea Snuhee (sub.), Shrub South Kanara 0 0 latex abortifacient and emmenagogue Folk
e Sathura kalli(Tam)
487 Euphorbia dracunculoides Lam. Euphorbiacea Herb Bijapur,Gulbarga,Mysore,Raichur 0 0 capsule, seed, remove warts, abdominal disorders, scorpion sting, worm No
e whole plant infestation, ulcers
488 Euphorbia hirta L. (E.pilulifera Euphorbiacea Dugdhika (sub.), Herb Most of the dist. 0 0 latex, whole plant urinary disorders, worm infestation, dyspnoea, sterility, Shankinee
auct.non L.) e Ammanpaccharisi( purgative, aphrodisiac, leucorrhoea, constipation, polyuria,
Tam) genito-urinary tract diseases
489 Euphorbia nivuliaBuch. Euphorbiacea Snuhee(kan), Ilai Shrub or Bangalore,Bijapur,Coorg,Hassan,Mys 0 0 root, bark, stem, purgative, diuretic, dropsy, abdominal disorders, diabetes,
(E.neriifolia Roxb.) e kalli(tam) small tree ore leaves, latex oedema, psychosis, leprosy, coryza, anaemia, rheumatioid
arthritis, skin disorders, ear disorders, retention of urine,
swellings, worm infestation, rubefacient, purgative
490 Euphorbia rosea Retz. Euphorbiacea Aappuka(Tam) Herb Bellary,Bijapur 0 0 leaves, whole vermifuge, purgative Sidha
e plant, seeds
491 Euphorbia thymifolia L. Euphorbiacea Bilee Herb Most of the dist. 0 0 leaves, whole stimulant, astringent, anthelmintic, laxative, bowel complaints, Ayurveda, Folk,
e chitraphala(Kan), plant, seeds ring worms, urinary disorders, worm infestation, dyspnoea Unani
Dugdika(san),
Chinamampatcha/C
hinnamman
paccharisi(Tam)
492 Euphorbia tirucalli L. Euphorbiacea Kolukalli(kan), Shrub or Bangalore,Bijapur,Chitradurga,Coorg, 0 0 latex vesicant, rubefacient, used externally to remove warts, also Ayurveda, Folk,
e Dugdhika/Snuhi small tree Dharwad,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore applied in neuralgia and toothache, skin diseases, diseases of Unani, Sidha
sub.(San), Sivappu vatam and kapham, leprosy, glandular swellings, intestinal
amman worms
pachharisi/Kalli
kombu(Tam)
493 Eurya nitida Korth. (E.japonica Theaceae Folk Shrub Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Shimog 0 0 leaves, polulticing skin eruptions
auct.non Thunb.) a,South kanara

494 Evolvulus alsinoides (L.) L. Convolvulace Shankapushpi/Vish Shrub Most of the dist. During 0 whole plant anorexia, stomatitis, piles, abdominal disorders, sterility in Ayurveda, Folk,
ae nukarantha(Kan/Sa rainy female, haematemesis, insomnia, epilepsy, psychosis skin Tibetan, Unani,
n), season diseases, carminative, rejuvenator, fever, cough, diseases of Sidha
Vishnukanthi(Tam), and other vatam, amenorrhoea, diarrhoea
English speed times
wheel(Eng)
495 Exacum bicolor Roxb. Gentianaceae Herb Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassa 0 0 whole plant tonic and stomachic
n,Kolar,Mysore,North
kanara,Shimoga,South kanara
496 Exacum lawii CI. Gentianaceae Herb Belgaum,Chickmagalore,North 0 0 whole plant laxative, renal troubles
Kanara
497 Exacum pedunculatum L. Gentianaceae Kanapoondu (Tam) Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,h 0 0 whole plant, tonic and stomachic, venereal disorders, pyrexia, dropsy Sidha
assan,Mysore,North Kanara leaves,
498 Exacum tetragonum Roxb. Gentianaceae Avachiretta(Hi) Herb Mysore,south Kanara 0 0 whole plant tonic and stomachic Folk

499 Excoecaria agallocha L. Euphorbiacea Haaro gida(Kan), Evergree North kanara 0 0 latex, root, leves, ulcers, rheumatism, leprosy, paralysis, purgative, abortifacient, Ayurveda, Folk,
e Tilvam/Thillai n tree bark epilepsy, emetic, swellings, poisonings, diseses of pittam, Unani, Sidha
(Tam), vesicant hemiplegia, pain, convulsions
Tilwaka/agaru
(San)
500 Fagonia indica Zygophyllace Dhanvayasa/Durala Under Bellary,Bijapur,Chitradurga,Gulbarga, 0 0 whole plant giddiness, fainting, skin diseses, sprue, corya, dyspnoea, fever, Ayurveda
Burm.f.var.schweinfurthii Hadidi ae bha(San), shrub Tumkur general debility
(F.cretica auct.non L.) Mullumaddu
guda(Kan)
501 Fagraea ceilanica Thunb. Loganiaceae Jinnunnu(kan) Small South Kanara 0 0 leaves poultice form, used in headache and fevers Folk
tree
502 Farsetia jacquemontii Hk.f. and Brassicaceae Shrub North Kanara 0 0 whole plant refrigerant, rheumatism
Thoms.
503 Ficus amplissima J.e.Sm. (F.tsiela Moraceae Bili basari Large Bidar,Bijapur,Chickmagalore, 0 0 bark colic Ayurveda, Folk
Roxb.) mara(Kan), tree Coorg,gulbarga,Hassan,Mysore,
Plaksha(San), Shimoga,Tumkur
504 Ficus arnottiana (Miq.) Miq. Moraceae Kaadu Small Bellary,Chickmagalore,Chitradurga,G 0 0 leaves, bark cutaneous infections Ayurveda, Folk,
ashwatha(Kan), tree or ulbarga,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,Shimog Sidha
Plaksha/Nandi(San) shrub a,North Kanara
, Kodi arasu(Tam)

505 Ficus benghalensis L. Moraceae Aladamara(Kan), Large Most of the dist. February- April-May latex, bark, leaves, diabetes mellitus, erysipelas, burning sensation, uterine Ayurveda, Folk, 1.Seed propagation:
Vata(San), tree March January- seed, flower diseases, fainting, vomiting, polyuria, diarrhoea, leucorrhoea, Homeopathy, 2.Vegetative propagation:
Alamaram(Tam), October- March dental and gum disorders, poisoning, ulcers, aphrodisiac Tibetan, Unani, Through stem cuttings in
banyan tree(Eng) Decembe Sidha January-March
r
506 Ficus benjamina L. Moraceae Java athi(Kan), Large Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Mysore 0 0 leaves ulcer Folk
tree
507 Ficus carica L. Moraceae Phalgu(San), Small Most of the dist. 0 0 figs, latex, fruits laxative, emollient, diuretic, anthelmintic, oedema, constipation, Ayurveda, Folk,
Seemai tree liver disorders, piles, jaundice, disorders of spleen, lood Unani, Sidha
Aththi(Tam), disorders, pain in joints, urinary calculi, discoluration, burning
Anjoora(Kan) sensation geral debility, skin disorders

508 Ficus heterophylla L.f. Moraceae Balli atthi(Kan) Shrub Belgaum,Mysore,North 0 0 root, leaves, bark colic, dysentery, cough, asthama Ayurveda, Folk,
Kanara,Raichur Sidha
509 Ficus hispida L.f. Moraceae Kakodumbara/Phal Shrub or Belgaum,Bidar,Chickmagalore,Coorg, 0 0 fruit, root, bark, leprosy, leucoderma, anaemia, jaundice, piles, wounds, burning Ayurveda, Folk,
gu(San), small tree Gulbarga,Hassan,Mysore,North fig, seed, latex sensation, haemorrhage, ulcers, skin diseases, leprosy, Tibetan, Unani,
Peiatthi(Tam), KanaraRaichur,Shimoga intermittent fever, fissures, fainting, galactagogue Sidha
Kaadu atti(Kan)
510 Ficus microcarpa L.f. (F.retusa Moraceae Plaksha(San), Medium Bellary,Chickmagalore,Chitradurga,H 0 0 bark, root, leaf liver diseases, decayed or aching tooth, wounds and bruises, Ayurveda, Folk 1.Seed propagation:
auct.non L.) Kallicchi(Tam), sized tree assan,Kolar,Mysore,Shimoga,North septic wounds, abscess 2.Vegetative propagation:
Peelaalada Kanara,Tumkur Through stem cuttings in
mara/Kirgoli/Hillala January-February
(Kan)
511 Ficus racemosa L. (F.glomerata Moraceae Sadaphala/Udumba Small or Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass 0 0 leaves, bark, root, bilious infection, cattle in rinder-pest disease, diarrhoe and Ayurveda, Folk, 1.Seed propagation:
Roxb.) ra/Gullar(San),Atthi Large an,Kolar,Mysore,North fruit diabetes, stomachic and carminative, hemoptysis, piles and Tibetan, Unani, 2.Vegetative propagation:
(Kan/Tam),Gularfig tree Kanara,Shimoga,South diarrhoea, oedema, wounds, dysentery, discoloration, uterine Sidha Through stem cuttings in
/Crattock(Eng) Kanara,Tumkur. bleeding, leucorrhoea, polyuria, constipation, anaemia January-February
512 Ficus religiosa L. Moraceae Ashwatha/Asvatha( Large Bangalore,Belgaum,Coorg,Hassan,M February- April-May root, bark, leaf, oedema, uterine disorders, thirst, burning sensation, polyuria, Ayurveda, Folk, 1.Seed propagation:
San/Kan), Arasa tree ysore,Shimoga March seed, figs, latex ulcers, diseases of pittam, constipation, cough dyspnoea, Homeopathy, 2.Vegetative propagation:
maram(Tam),Pipal( leucorrhoea, aphrodisiac Tibetan, Unani, Through stem cuttings/air
Hi/Mar), Peepal Sidha layers.
tree(Eng)

513 Ficus talbotii King & Roy Moraceae Large Belgaum,Hassan,Mysore,North 0 0 bark ulcers, venereal diseases, diarrhoea, leprosy Ayurveda, Folk
tree Kanara,Shimoga
514 Ficus tinctoria Forst.f. Moraceae Itti(Tam) Large Coorg,Mysore,Shimoga 0 0 root bark diarrhoea, menorrhagia, cooling, constipation, fever, astringent Ayurveda
ssp.gibbosa (Bl.)Corner tree
(F.gibbosa Bl.)
515 Ficus tsjahela Burm.f. Moraceae Kari Large Chickmagalore,Coorg,hassan,Kolar, 0 0 bark, leaves fainting, haemorrhage, oedema, erysipelas, uterine disorders, Ayurveda
basari(Kan),Plaksha tree Mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga,South burning sensation
(sub) Kanara
516 Fimbristylis falcata (Vahl) Kunth Cyperaceae Tufted Bangalore,Hassan,Mysore,North 0 0 roots dysentery Folk
(F.junciformis (Nees) Kunth) herb or Kanara,Shimoga.
Creeping
rhizome
517 Flacourtia indica (Burm.f.)Merr. Flacourtiacea Vikankata(San), Armed Most of the dist. Cold 0 fruits, bark, appetiser, digestive, jaundice, enlarged spleen, astringent, Ayurveda,
e Hettari mullu/ shrub or season duiretic, liniment in gout and rheumatism, diseases of pitta and Tibetan, Unani,
Miradi/Bilehuli(Ka tree sleshma, diseases caused due to tridosha Sidha, Folk
n), Kodi-
Karai(Tam)
518 Flagellaria indica L. Flagellariacea Vanambu shrub North Kanara 0 0 leaves astringent, diuretic and vulnerary Sidha, Folk
e balli(Kan)
519 Flemingia grahamiana Wt.& Arn. Papilionaceae Shrub Mysore 0 0 whole plant anthelmitic Folk
(Moghania grahamiana Kuntze)

520 Flemingia macrophylla (Wild.)Pr. Papilionaceae Shrub Chickmaglore,coorg,Hassan,Mysore, 0 0 roots ulcers, swellings Ayurveda, Folk
North Kanara
521 Flemingia nana Roxb. Papilionaceae Woody north Kanara 0 0 roots ulcers, swellings
Herb
522 Flemingia strobilifera(L.) R.Br. Papilionaceae Kanpooti(Kan) Shrub Chickmagalore,Corg,Hassan,Mysore, 0 0 roots, leaves epilepsy, hysteria, sleep and relieve pain, vermifuges Folk
North Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara

523 Flemingia tuberosa Dalz. Papilionaceae Herb or North Kanara 0 0 root tubers leucorrhoea Folk
under
shrub
524 Flickingeria macraei (Lindl.) Orchidaceae Jeevanti Epiphytic Coorg,Hassan,North Kanara 0 0
Bennet (Dendrobium macraei gida(Kan/San) herb
Lindl.)
525 Floscopa scandens Lour. Commelinace Creeping Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,North 0 0 whole plant fractured bones, sore eyes Folk
ae herb Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara.
526 Foeniculum vulgare Gaertn. Apiaceae Dodda Herb Hassan 0 0 root, seed oil cardiac diseases, blood disorders, cough, dyspnoea, Ayurveda
jeerige(Kan), amenorrhoea, skin disorders, fever deformity of breast, general
Mishreya(San) debility
527 Garcinia gummi-gutta(L.) Robs. Clusiaceae Mantulli/Punarpuli/ Medium Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,North Near Decembe March - decoction of rind, rheumatism, bowel complaints, purgative Ayurveda 1. Seed Propagation 2.
(G. cambogia(Gaertn.) Desr.) Votekaayi sized tree Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara. threatned r - August resin Vegetative Propagation: a)
(Kan),Vrukshamala February through cuttings b) through
(San),Kodakkapuli( grafts
Tam),

528 Garcinia indica (Du Petit-Thou.) Clusiaceae Murugala/Dupadam Slender Coorg,North Kanara,Shimoga,South Vulnerabl Novembe May- root, bark, fruit, thirst, piles, sprue, abdominal disorders, cardiac diseases, worm Ayurveda, 1. Seed Propagation:Seeds
Choisy ara(Kan), tree Kanara. e r- August oil infestation Tibetan, Unani need to be collected from
Kokam(Eng), February fresh fruits during the first
Vrikshamala(San), week of June.
Murgal mara(Tam) 2. Vegetative Propagation
a) through cuttings b)
through grafts

529 Garcinia morella Desr. Clusiaceae Devanahuli/Reval Medium Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore Vulnerabl January April- resin hydragogue, cathartic, dropsical infections, obstinate Ayurveda, Folk, Vegetative
chini mara(Kan), sized tree ,North Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara e June constipation, cerebral congestion, oedema, pain, spleenic Homeopathy, Propagation:Through
Vrkshamla(San), disorders, abdominal disorders, borborygmus, wounds, Tibetan, Unani, grafts : Root stocks should
Revalchini(tam), purgative Sidha be prepared during May-
Ceylon June
gamboge(Eng)
530 Garcinia xanthochymus Hk.f.ex Clusiaceae Devambu/Devanah Medium Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore April- Novembe fruits, leaves, resin biliousness, abdominal disorders, vomiting, piles, anaemia, Ayurveda,
T.And. uli(Kan), sized tree ,North kanara,South kanara May r-January fever, giddiness, cardiac diseases, glandular swellings, ulcers Unani, Sidha
Kankushtha(San),
Malaippuli(Tam)
531 Gardenia angusta (L.) Merr. (G. Rubiaceae Small Mysore 0 0 roots, flowers dyspepsia, nervous disorders, stimulant, emetic, Amlavetasa(sub.
jasminoides Ellis) tree or diuretic,jaundice, pulmonary, renal troubles )
shrub
532 Gardenia gummifera L.f Rubiaceae Bikkigida/Kalkambi Shrub or Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Bijapur,Chick Vulnerabl 0 0 bark, gum exudate obesity, intermittent fever, skin diseases, dyspnoea, liver Ayurveda, Folk, Vegetative Propagation:-
(Kan), small tree magalore,Chitradurga,Coorg,Dharwad e disorders, constipation, abdominal diseases, worm infestation, Tibetan, Unani, Through cuttings :
Naadihingu(San), ,Kolar,Mysore,North wounds, piles, ulcers, cancerous growth, venereal diseases Sidha
Dikamali/Kambli(T kanara,Shimoga,South
am), Kanara,Tumkur
533 Gardenia latifolia Ait. Rubiaceae Adavibikke(kan), Unarmed Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,Chickmaglo 0 0 fruits kapha and ptta, haemorrhage, fever Ayurveda, Sidha
Parpataki(San), tree re,Chitradurga,Gulburga,Hassan,Kola
Kambili(Tam) r,Mysore,North
Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur
534 Gardenia resinifera Roth (G. Rubiaceae Naadihingu/Dikama Shrub or Belagaum,Bellary,Bidar,Chickmagalo 0 0 gum cutaneous diseases Ayurveda,
lucida Roxb.) li(Kan), small tree re,Coorg,Gulburga,Hassan,North Unani, Sidha
Naadihingu(San) kanara
535 Garuga pinnata Roxb. Burseraceae Kinkerata Decidous Belgaum,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Chitr April- October- bark, flowers, diseases of kapha, rabies Ayurveda, Folk,
(Kekara)/Karnikara tree adurga,Corg,hassan,Mysore,North May Novembe fruits Tibetan, Sidha
(San), kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur r
Kadambatte/Halaba
lagi(Kan),Vilangam
/Karivembu(Tam)

536 Gendarussa vulgaris Nees. Acanthaceae Krishna vasa(San), Shrub Mysore 0 0 leaves febrifuge, emetic, emmenagogue, diaphoretic, cephalgia, Ayurveda,
(Justica gendarussa Burm.f.) hemiplegia, facial paralysis, internal haemorrhage, oedema, Sidha, Folk
rheumatism
537 Geophila repens L.(G.reniformis Rubiaceae Kakamachi(San) Creeping Chickmaglore,Coorg,North 0 0 whole plant used in diarrhoea Ayurveda, Folk
D. Don.; G. herbacea Ktez.) herb kanara,Shimoga,South kanara

538 Geranium nepalense Sweet Geraniaceae Bhanda(Hi) Herb North kanara 0 0 whole plant astringent, renal diseases Folk
539 Girardinia diversifolia (Link) Urticaceae Surusurike/Thurike( Stinging Bellary,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan, 0 0 root hydrocele, oedema Folk
Fris. (G. leschenaultiana Decne.; Kan), herb Mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga,South
G.zeylanica Decne.) Romalu/santativard Kanara
hini(San), Nilgiri
Nettle(Eng)

540 Gisekia pharnaceoides L. Molluginacea Manali keerai(Tam) Subsuccu Bangalore,Bijapur,Mysore,South 0 0 whole plant aperient, anthelmintic, taenia, astringent
e lent herb Kanara,Tumkur

541 Glinus lotoides L. (Mollugo hirta Molluginacea Umshadi(San), Stellatehe Bangalore,Bijapur,Belgaum,Coorg,D 0 0 tender abdominal disorders, anorexia, gastro-enteritis, cough, Ayurveda, Sidha
Thunb.; M. lotoides (L.) Ktze.) e Siruseruppadai(Ta rb harwad,Gulburga,Hassan,Mysore,Nor shoots,whole plant vomiting, venereal diseases, leucorrhoea, diseases of vatam,
m) th kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,Tumkur pain, leprosy, indigestion

542 Glinus oppositifolius (L.) A. DC. Molluginacea Chadaraasi Herb Banaglore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,h 0 0 whole plant, stomachic, aperient and antiseptic, skin troubles, kapha and Ayurveda, Folk,
(Mollugo oppositifolia L.) e soppu(Kan), assan,Mysore,North leaves, pitta, ulcers, glandular swellings, abscess, amenorrhoea, Sidha
Ushnasundara(San), Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara galactagogue
Thura poondu(sub.)

543 Glochidion zeylanicum (Gaertn.) Euphorbiacea Kumbala Small Chickmaglore,Hassan,Mysore,North 0 0 bark, fruits stomachic, refrigerant, restorative Folk, Sidha
A. Juss. e gida(Kan), tree Kanara
Kumbalm(Tam),
544 Gloriosa superba L. Liliaceae Langali, Kaanthal Climbing Bangalore,belgaum,Chickmaglore,Co Vulnerabl May-July August- tubers tonic, stomachic, anthelmintic, abortifacient, neuralgic pains, Ayurveda, 1. Seed Propagation:Fresh
kizhangu (Kalappai shrub org,hassan,Kolar,Mysore,Shimoga,So e October skin troubles, gout, rheumatism, leprosy, piles, oedema, pain, Tibetan, Unani, seeds are collected during
kizhangu) uth kanara,tumkur worm infestations, wounds Sidha, Folk October. 2. Vegetative
Propagation: Tubers with
atleast two eye buds
weighing not less than 50
to 60 g are used.

545 Glossocardia bosvallea (L.f.) Asteraceae Kallu Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,C 0 0 whole plant emmenagogue Ayurveda, Unani
DC.(G.linearifolia Cass.) susege/Parpata hickmagalore,Chitradurga,Coorg,Dha
(sub.)(Kan), rwad,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North
Parpata(san), Kanara
Parapalanam(tam)
546 Glossogyne bidens(Retz.)Alst. Asteraceae Herb Bangalore,Dharwad,Tumkur 0 0 roots tooth ache Folk
547 Glycosmis arborea (Roxb.) Rutaceae Shrub Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassa 0 0 leaves fever, liver complaints, vermifuge, antidote for eczema and
DC.(G.cochinensis Pierre) n,Mysore,North other skin troubles
Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara.
548 Glycosmis mauritiana (Lam.) Rutaceae Jangama/Otamadik Small Bellary,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,Shimog Through Through roots, bark, leaves, Anti dote for snake bite Folk
Tanaka (G. pentaphylla DC.) a/Guruvade(Kan),B tree a,South Kanara out the out the seeds,
an_Nimbu(Hin), year year
Gonji(Tel),Anam/K
ula panai(Tam)

549 Gmelia arborea Roxb. Verbenaceae Shivani/Kulimavu( Decidous Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Chitradurg February- April- leaves, root, bark, diseases of nervous system oedema cardiac diseases, pain, Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed Propagation
Kan),Gambhari/Kas tree a,Coorg,Gulburga,Hassan,Kolar,Myso April June fruit dysuria, piles, poisoning, burning sensation, rejuvenatior, Tibetan, Unani, 2. Vegetative Propagation:
mari(San),Perungu unarmed re,North kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur diabetes mellitus, leucorrhoea, fever, diseases of pittam and Sidha Through root suckers
mizh(Tam) tree vattam, fainting

550 Gmelia asiatica L. Verbenaceae Kshudragambhari(S shrub Bangalore,Coorg,Kolar,Mysore,Tumk 0 0 root, leaves astringent, rheumatism, cararrh of bladder, grbrtd, diarrhoea, Ayurveda, Folk,
an),Kalshivani(Kan ur diseases of kapham and vatam, digestive disorders, leucorrhoea, Unani, Sidha
),Nelakumizh(Tam) cystitis, oliguria, inguinal bubo

551 Gmelia philippensis Champ. (G. Verbenaceae Bushy Bangalore 0 0 whole plant poultices, cough Folk
hystrix Schult.) shrub
552 Gnaphalium luteo-album L. Asteraceae Herb Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Shimog 0 0 leaves astringent, vulnerary Folk
a
553 Gnetum ula Brongn. (G. scandens Gnetaceae Kodkambali/Navur Woody Chickmagalore,Hassan,North 0 0 fruit, oil rheumatism, aphrodisia, stimulant, diseses of kapha and vata Ayurveda
Brandis) ukatte(Kan), climber kanara,Shimoga
Anapendu(Tam)
554 Gnidia glauca (Fresen.) Gilg. Thymelaeace Mukkudaka/Raami( Large Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,North 0 0 leaves swellings, contusions Folk
9Lasiosiphon eriocephalus ae Kan), shrub Kanara,Shimoga,South kanara
(Meisner)Decne.) Nucchinar(Tam),

555 Gomphrena globosa L. Amaranthace Adake hoo Herb Mysore 0 0 roots coughs Sidha, Folk
ae gida/Nelarudrakshi(
Kan),
Kurapakam(Tam)
556 Gossypium aboreum L. Malvaceae Karpasi(San), Shrub Mysore 0 0 seeds, whole plant demulcent, laxative, galactagogue and expectorant, dysentery, Ayurveda, Folk,
Karee-Hatthi(Kan), intermittent fevers, gonorrhoea, gleet, chronic cystitis, Unani, Sidha
Semparuththi rheumatism
(Tam)

557 Gossypium herbaceum L. Malvaceae Hatthi(Kan), Undershr Bijapur,Coorg,Mysore,South Kanara 0 0 root, bark, flower, diseases of nervous system, hemiplegia, leucorrhoea, ulcers, Ayurveda, Folk,
Karpasa(San), ub seeds, leaves swellings, fevers, dysentery, piles, cut wounds aphrodisiac Homeopathy,
Karbasam/Parutti(ta Tibetan, Unani,
m), Sidha

558 Grangea maderaspatana (L.) Asteraceae Kaadu uddu(Kan), Herb Bangalore,belgaum,Bijapur,Chitradur 0 0 leaves stomachic, antispasmodic, deobstruent Folk, Unani,
Poir. Mashipatri(San), ga,CoorgDharwad,Gulburga,Hassan, Sidha
Kolar,Mysore,North
Kanara,Shimoga,South kanara
559 Graptophyllum hortense Nees Tiliaceae Shrub Most of the dist. 0 0 whole plant cuts and skin cmoplaints, swellings, ulcers Folk

560 Grewia hirsuta Vahl Tiliaceae Nagabala(San), Large Bangalore,Bellary,Bidar,Bijapur,Chic 0 0 fruits, root diarrhoea, dysentery, suppuration, cardiac diseases, wounds, Ayurveda, Sidha
Kukurbicha(Tam), shrub kmagalore,Coorg,,Dharwad,HassanM leprosy, erysipelas, polyuria, diseases of nervous system,
Chikku ysore,Shimoga,Tumkur. aphrodisiac, rejuvenator
dippe/Dadachelu(K
an), Tavadu(Tam)

561 Grewia subinaequalis DC.(G. Tiliaceae Parushaka(San), Shrub or Bangalore,Chickmgalore,Mysore,Tum 0 0 bark, fruit astringent, coolinga and stomachic, rheumatism, hiccup, Ayurveda
asiatica Mast.) Tadasala(Kan), small tree kur dyspnoea, throat disorders, distaste, anorexia, diarrhoea,
Tadachi(Tam), dysentery, liver disorders, thirst, cardiac diseases,
Phalsa(Hin) spermtorrhoea, fever
562 Grewia tiliifolia Vahl Tiliaceae Dhanwana(San), Medium Chitradurga,Kolar,Coorg 0 0 bark dysentery, cough, cardiac diseases, disorders of blood, diseases Ayurveda, Folk,
Tadasale(Kan), sized to of kapha and vata, wounds Sidha
Large
tree
563 Grewia villosa Willd. Tiliaceae Sannudippe/Garake Shrub Bellary,Bijapur,Chickmagalore,Mysor 0 0 roots diarrhoea Folk
le(Kan),Kullai e
(Tam)
564 Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. (G. Sterculiaceae Rudrakshi(Kan), Medium Bangalore,Dharwad,Mysore May-July Novembe fruit, leaves, bark pectoral, corpulence, tonic, demulcent Folk, Sidha
tomentosa H.B. & K.) Rudraksha(Tel), sized tree r-January
Kattu
utharaksham/Tenpu
cchimaram(Tam),
Bastard cedar/West
indies elm(Eng)

565 Gymnema hirsutum Wt. &Arn. Asclepiadace Woody Shimoga 0 0 leaves paralyses sense of taste Folk
ae climber
566 Gymnema montana (Roxb.) Hk.f. Asclepiadace Twining Shimoga Endangere 0 0 leaves paralyses sense of taste Folk
ae Shrub d
567 Gymnema sylestre (Retz.) R. Br. Asclepiadace Madhunashini/Sann Large Most of the dist. Septembe February- leaves,root diabetes, cardiac stimulant, diuretic, headache, hydrocele, Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed Propagation:In 2006-2007 Market
Ex Schult ae agarase(Kan), climbing r- April polyuria, leprosy, pruritus, poisoning, wounds, bronchial asthma Homeopathy, June, seeds mixed with price:Rs.50/kg.
Ajasringi/Madhuna shrub Decembe , diseases of kapha Tibetan, Unani, fine sand are directly sown Market demand:1
shini(San), r Sidha into polybags. 2. tonne per annum
Meshasringi/Gudm Vegetative Propagation:a)
ar(Hin), through cutting b) through
Sirukurinjan (Tam) apical shoots :

568 Gymnostachyum febrifugum Acanthaceae Narambaale/Nelam Herb or Coorg,South Kanara 0 0 root febrifuge, blisters, sores on tongue Folk
Benth. uchala(Kan) under
shrub
569 Habenaria ovaifolia Wt. Orchidaceae Rddhi(San) Tuberous Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,North Kanara 0 0 tuber wasting diseases,fever,disorders of blood,haemorrhage,fainting Ayurveda
herb
570 Habenaria rariflora A. rich. Orchidaceae Tuberous Coorg,Kolar,Mysore,Shimoga 0 0 tuber wasting diseases,fever,disorders of blood,haemorrhage,fainting Ayurveda
herb
571 Habenaria roxburghii (Pers.) Orchidaceae Rddhi(San) Tuberous bangalore,Belgaum,Coorg,dharwad,K 0 0 tuber wasting diseases,fever,disorders of blood,haemorrhage,fainting Ayurveda
R.Br. herb olar,Hassan
572 Hackelochloa granularis (L.) Poaceae kaadu sanna Tufted Bangalore,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Chi 0 0 Whole plant Ayurveda
O.Ktze.(Manisuris granularis L.f. haaraka hullu(Kan), herb tradurga,Dharwad,Hassan,Kolar,Myso
Rddhi(San) re,North Kanra,Tumkur

573 Haldina cordifolia (Roxb.) Ridsd. Rubiaceae Dodda Large Bellary,Chickmaglore,Coorg,Hassan, May- October- Bark worm infestation,vomiting,fever,liver Ayurveda, Folk
(Adina. Cardifolia Roxb.) kadaga/Arisina tree Kolar,Mysore,North August Novembe disorders,leprosy,sprue,anaemia,febrifuge
thega(Kan), Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara r
Girikadamba/Dhara
kadamba(San),Poon
thekku(Tam)
574 Hamelia patens jacq. Rubiaceae Fire brush(Eng) Woody Chickmaglore,Mysore 0 0 berry dysentery Folk
shrub
575 Haplanthodes verticillatus Acanthaceae Herb Belgaum,Bellary,North Kanara 0 0 Whole plant febrifuge Folk
(Roxb.) Majumdar (Haplanthus
verticillatus (Roxb.) Nees )

576 Harpullia arborea (blanco) Sapindaceae Bidisaale(Kan), Medium- Chickamagalore,Coorg,Hassan,North 0 0 seed oil rheumtism Folk, Sidha
Radlk. Neykkottai(tam) sized tree Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara

577 Hedychium coronarium Koun. Zingiberacea Shatee(sub.)(San), Rhizomat Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,North Kanara Near 0 0 rhizome febrifuge,tonic,excitant,anti-rheumatism Ayurveda, Sidha Propagated using rhizome
e Butter lilly(Eng) ous herb threatned cuttings.
Kacchoram(Tam)
578 Hedychium spicatum Buch./ Zingiberacea Karchur/Shati(San), Rhizomat North Kanara August- Septembe rhizome stomachic,carminative,stimulant,tonic,dyspepsia Ayurveda, Propagated using Seeds 2006-07 Market
Ham.ex J.E.Sm e Kapoor kachri(Hin) ous herb October r- Unani, Folk, and rhizome cuttings. price: Rs.10-12/kg of
Novembe Sidha dry rhizomes. Market
r damand:15 tonnes per
annum.
579 Hedyotis auricularia Rubiaceae Herb Coorg,Dharwad,Hassan,North 0 0 Whole plant diarrhoea,dysentery,colites,cholera,wounds
L.(oldenlandia auricularia (L.) Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara
K.Schum.)
580 Hedyotis corymbosa Rubiaceae Parpata (sub.) Herb Belgaum,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Chitr 0 0 Whole plant haemorrhage,fever,diarrhoea,vomiting,menorrhage,burning
(L.)Lam.(Oldenlandia corymbosa adurga,Coorg,Hassan,North sensation,distaste,giddiness,intoxication
L.) Kanara,Shimoga,South kanara
581 Hedyotis diffusa Willd. Rubiaceae Tufted Belgaum,Coorg,Hassan,North 0 0 herb decoction general weakness,biliousness,fever,gonorrhoea,toothache
(Oldenlandia diffusaRoxb.) small Kanara,Shimoga
herb
582 Hedyotis herbacea L.(oldenlandia Rubiaceae Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Bijapur,Chickma 0 0 herb bitter
herbacea (L.) Roxb.) galore,Chitradurga,Coorg,Hassan,Kol decoction,leave tonic.febrifuge,malaria,rheumatism,elephantiasis,expectorant
ar,Mysore,North
Kanara,Shimoga,South
Kanara,Tumkur.
583 Hedyotis puberula (G.Don) Rubiaceae Herb Bangalore,Bellary,Chitradurga,Dharw 0 0 leaves,root,bark expectorant,asthma,bronchitis,consumption,tuberculosis,haemo
Arn.(Oldenlandia umvellata L.) ad,Kolar,Mysore,Raichur,South ptysis
Kanara,Tumkur
584 Helianthus annus L. Asteraceae Suryakanti(Kan),Ad Herb Most of the dist. 0 0 seed,flower diuretic,expectorant,arthritis,dropsy Ayurveda,
ityabhakti(San), Homeopathy,
Common Unani, Sidha
sunflower(Eng),
Suryakanthi (Tam)
585 Helicanthes elastica Loranthaceae Hemipara Chickmagalore,Coorg,Mysore,North 0 0 leaves lithnotroptic,check abortion Folk
(Desr.)Danser (Loranthus site kanara,Shimoga,South kanara
elasticus Hk.f.)
586 Helicteres isora L. Sterculiaceae Kaadu Large Most of the dist. April- 0 Root,bark,fruit blood disorders,diarrhoea,dysentery,pain,polyuria,worm Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed Propagation
kalnaaru/Edamuri( shrub or Decembe infestation,eye and ear diseases,disease of kapha,hiccup,veneral Unani, Sidha Seeds are sown in beds
Kan), small tree r diseases eczema during July-August. 2.
Avartani/Mrigashri Vegetative Propagation:
nga(San), Through cuttings
Valampurikai(Tam)
, Screw nut
tree(Eng)
587 Heliotropium indicum L. Heliotropiace Chelubalada Herb Bangalore,Chickmaglore,Coorg,Hassa July- 0 Whole plant emollient,diuretic,ulcers,sores,throat,wounds,boils,skin Ayurveda,
ae gida(Kan), n,North Kanara,Shimoga,South March infection,urticaria,fever,abortifacient,stomachic,ecema,poisonin Unani, Sidha,
Hastishundi/Suryav kanara,Tumkur. g Folk
arta(San),
Thelkodukku(Tam)

588 Heliotropium ovalifolium Forsk. Heliotropiace Hatishundi(sub.) Herb Belgaum,Bijapur,Coorg,Gulburga,Ha 0 0 Whole plant syphilitic ulcers Ayurveda, Folk
ae ssan,North Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga

589 Heliotropium strigosum Willd Heliotropiace Herb Chickmagalore,North Kanara 0 0 Whole plant laxative,diuretic,sore, eyes,boils,wound,ulcers Folk
ae
590 Hemidesmus indicus (L.) Schult. Asclepiadace Anantamoola/Soga Herb Most of the dist. August- Novembe root,flower,leaf,fru demulcent,diaphorticdiurtic,rheumatism,urinary disorders,skin Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed propagation: Seeds 2006-07 Market
ae de beru(Kan), October r-January it troubles,polyuria,haemorrhage,gout,glandular sweeling Tibetan, Unani, are collected in Dec-Jan. price:Rs.65/-dry roots.
Sariva(San), Sidha 2. Vegetative propagation: Market demand: 85
Nannari(Tam), through stem and root tonnes per annum
Indian cuttings.
sarsaparilla(Eng)
591 Heracleum rigens Wall. Apiaceae Gaali beeja(Kan), Herb Coorg,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,Shimoga 0 0 seed,seed oil urinary disorders,cough,hyperacidity,wasting diseases,cardiac Folk
Sukshma Ela(San), ,South kanara diseases,wounds,pruritus,abdominal
Cittrelam(Tam) disoedrs,vomiting,constipation,stomachache,sialagogue,diarrho
ea,headache,phlegm,gastric disorders,indigestion
592 Heterophragma quadriloculare Bignoniaceae Kaligottu Tree Belgaum,North January- 0 wood extract cutaneous diseases Folk
(Roxb.) K.Schum.(H.Roxburghii mara(Kan), Bara- kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara April
DC.) kalagoru(Tam),
Bondgu(Tel)

593 Heteropogon contortus (L.) Poaceae Uccipul(Tam) Herb Chitradurga,Gulburga,Kolar,Tumkur, 0 0 root stimulant,diuretic Folk
P.Beauv.ex R. and S.
594 Hibiscus aculeatus Roxb. (H. Malvaceae Trailing
Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassa 0 0 leaves,infusion of anthelmintic,improves digestion,refrigerant
furcatus Roxb.) herb n,North Kanara,Shimoga,South root
Kanara
595 Hibiscus cannabinus L. Malvaceae Ambalika/Bhinda(S Unarmed Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Hassan,Kol 0 0 Whole plant stomachic,aphrodisiac,diet Ayurveda, Folk,
an), herb ar Tibetan, Unani,
Pundisoppu(Kan) Sidha
Pulimachai(Tam)

596 Hibiscus mutabilis L. Malvaceae Bettadavare/Nelada Large Mysore 0 0 whole dysuria,urnary calculi,abdominal Ayurveda, Folk,
vare(Kan), shrub plat,leaf,flower disorders,dyspepsia,cough,poisoning,respiratorydiorders,headac Sidha
Sthalakamala (San), he,diabetes,anti-inflammatory
Velai cemparattai
(Tam),

597 Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. Malvaceae Dasavala(Kan), shrub Most of the dist. Through 0 flower,leaves bronchial Ayurveda, Folk, Vegetative propagation
Japa(San), out the catarrh,anodyne,aperient,emollient,diarrhoea,piles,haemorrhege Unani, Sidha
Semparathai/Cempa year ,polyuria,hair
rutti(Tam) falling,menorrhagia,contraceptive,leucorrhoea,hypertension,dys
uria,diseases of Pittam
598 Hibiscus sabdariffa L. Malvaceae Pundi soppu/bilee shrub Chitradurga 0 0 fruit,leaves,seed antiscorbutic,ripe calcyces,diuretic,antiscorbutic Ayurveda, Folk,
dasavala(Kan), Sidha, Modern
Ambastaki(San),
Puliccai(Tam)
599 Hibiscus surattensis L. Malvaceae Ran bhindi(Kan), Herb Bangalore,North Kanara,South 0 0 twig preparation of lotion,urethritis,penlie irritation Folk, Sidha
kattupuliccai(Tam) Kanara

600 Hibiscus tiliaceus L. Malvaceae Samudra Shrub or North Kanara Decembe May-June leaves,root,bark,se laxative,resolvent,dysentery,rheumatism,lumbago,emetic Ayurveda, Folk,
teeradatthi(Kan), small tree r -March ed Sidha
Bala(San),
Nirparutti(Tam)
601 Hibiscus trionum L. Malvaceae Herb Dharwad,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 leaves,flower stomachic,diuretic,skin troubles Folk
602 Hiptage benghalensis (L.) Kurz Malpighiacea Madhavi Large Chickamagalore,Chitradurga,Coorg,H February- May-June leaves,flower cutaneous Ayurveda, Folk,
e lathe(Kan), climbing assan,Gulburga,Mysore,North April diseases,insecticidal,scabies,rheumatism,asthma,diseases of Unani, Sidha
Madhavilatha(San), shrub Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur pittam,poisoning,thirst,ulcers
Kurukkathy(Tam),
Madhmalati(Hin)
603 Holarrhena antidysenterica Apocynaceae Kutaja(San), Shrub or Most of the dist. June-July February- bark,seed,root astringent,anthelmintic,stomachic,antipyretic,tonic,antidysenteri Ayurveda,
(Roxb.ex Flem.) A.DC. Kodasa/Kodasige(K small tree March c,diarrhoea,piles,leprosy,worm Sidha, Folk
an) infestation,thirst,pain,diarrhoea,dysentery,
Kudasappalai(Tam)
,Karchi(Hin),Kolam
ukki(Tel)
604 Holigarna arnottiana Anacardiacea Holigar/Hole Large, S.canara to Malabar W.ghats January- June-July
e geru(Kan), Kattu- evergreen February
cheru(Tam), The tree
black varnish tree
of Malabar(E)
605 Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxb.) Ulmaceae Tapasi(Kan), Large Bangalore,Bellary,Belgaum,Coorg,Dh February- March - bark tuberculosis,piles,fistula,abdominal Ayurveda, Seed Propagation
Planch. Chirabilwa(San), deciduou arwad,Gulburga.Hassan,Mysore,Nort April May diseases,leprosy,polyuria,vomiting,diseases of vatam Sidha, Folk The ripe fruits are
Ayil (Aaya)(Tam) s tree h Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,South collected in April-May and
Indian elm(Eng) Kanara,Tumkur,Kolar dried in the sun.

606 Holostemma annulare (Roxb.) Asclepiadace Arkapushpi(San) Twining Bellary,Chickmagalore,Hassan,Mysor 0 0 root diabetes,gonorrhoea,cough,stomachache,tonic,laxative,general Ayurveda, Folk 1. Seed Propagation 2006-07 Market
K.Schum. ae shrub e,North Kanara,Shimoga debility The ripe fruits are price:Rs.65 per kg dry
collected in December- roots. Market
January before they demand:85 tonnes per
disperse. 2. Vegetative annum in south india
propagation through root
and stem cuttings.
607 Homonoia retusa (Grah.ex Euphorbiacea Pashanabedha Shrub Coorg,North 0 0 Whole plant Urnary calculi,dysuria,wounds,polyuria,piles,abdominal Ayurveda
Wt.)Muell. e (sub.)(San) Kanara,raichur,Shimoga,South disorders,cardiac diseases,uterine
Kanara diseases,anaemia,menorrhage,dysuria,anuresis
608 Homonoia riparia Lour. Euphorbiacea Pashanabedha Shrub or Bellary,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan April- May-June root Urnary calculi,dysuria,wounds,polyuria,piles,abdominal Ayurveda,
e (sub.)(San), Kat- small tree Mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga,South May disorders,cardiac diseases,uterine Unani, Sidha
allari(Tam), Kanara diseases,anaemia,menorrhage,dysuria,anuresis,stone
Tanika(Tel) bladder,vesical calculi
609 Hoppea dichotoma Willd. Gentianaceae Small Bangalore,Belgaum,Bidar,Chitradurg 0 0 herb piles,epilepsy Folk
herb a,Gulburga,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,Sou
th Kanara
610 Hugonia mystax L. Linaceae Mulankode(Kan), Shrub North Kanara August- Septembe root,root bark inflammatory swelling,anthelmintic,febrifuge,antidote to Ayurveda, Folk,
Mothira- r-October poisoning Sidha
kanni/Kodivirai
(Tam),
Kakibira(Tel)
611 Hybanthus enneaspermus Violaceae Sthalakamala(San), Herb Most of the dist. 0 0 Whole plant demulcent,diuretic,urinary infection,bowel complaints, Ayurveda, Folk,
(L.)F.v.Muell. Oorithalthamarai Sidha

612 Hydrocotyle javanica Thunb. Apiaceae Creeping Chickmagalore,Hassan,Mysore,Shimo 0 0 leaves diuretic,stimulent,cutaneous Folk
herb ga,South kanara diseases,indigestion,nervousness,dysentery
613 Hydrocotyle sibthirpiodes Lam. Apiaceae Herb Hassan,Mysore,North Kanara,South 0 0 root rheumatism,pulmonary,digestive and cutaneous Folk
Kanara troubles,diuretic,vemifuge
614 Hydrolea zeylanica (L.)Vahl Hydrophyllac Herb Chickmagalore,Mysore,North 0 0 leaves antiseptic,cleansing and antiseptic properties Ayurveda, Folk,
eae Kanara,South Kanara Sidha
615 Hydnocarpus alpinus Wt. Flacourtiacea Sanua sotti(Kan), Dioeciou South Kanara Vulnerabl February- October- seed,seed oil leprosy,leucoderma,worm infestation,polyuria,pruritus,eye Folk, Sidha
e Muchathunika s tree e March December diseases,sinus wound,tumours,skin iseases,fungal infections
(Tel),Maravetti
(Tam)
616 Hydnocarpus pentandra (Buch.- Flacourtiacea Tuvaraka(Garuda Medium Coorg,Hassan,North Kanara,South Vulnerabl February- October- seed,seed oil leprosy,leucoderma,worm infestation, polyuria, pruritus, eye Ayurveda 1. Seed Propagation: ripen
Ham.) Oken (H.laurifolia e phalam)(San), sized tree Kanara,Shimoga e March December diseases,sinus wound,tumours,skin iseases,fungal infections, seeds are extracted and
(Dennst.)SI.) Neeradimuthu Rhumatism. dried in the sun before
(Tam), storage.
Surante/Toratti(kan 2. Vegetative
), Kastel(Mar) Propagation:Through
grafts.

617 Hygrophila auriculata (Schum.) Acanthaceae Kokilahsha(San), Herb Most of the dist. 0 0 root,seed,whole oedema,wasting diseases,urinary calculi,dysuria,gout,thirst,eye Ayurveda, Folk
Heine (Asteracantha longifolia Neermulli(Tam) plant,flower diseases,aphrodisiac,rejuvenator,naemia,dropsy,oliguria,ascites,
Nees) constipation,piles

618 Hygrophila quadrivalvis(Buch.- Acanthaceae Unarmed North Kanara 0 0 leaves poulticing wounds and in toothache Folk
Ham.) Nees herb

619 Hygrophila salicifolia (Vahl)Nees Acanthaceae Kokilaksha (sub), Unarmed Belgaum,Hassan,Mysore,South 0 0 root,seed,whole oedema,wasting diseases,urinary calculi,dysuria,gout,thirst,eye Ayurveda, Sidha
(H.angustifolia auct. Non R. Br.) Itkata(San),Nircculi herb Kanara plant,flower diseases,aphrodisiac,rejuvenator,naemia,dropsy,oliguria,ascites,
(Tam), constipation,piles

620 Hygroryza aristata (Retz.) Nees Poaceae Juarahumedhe(Kan Aquatic Shimoga 0 0 herb biliousness Ayurveda, Folk
), Jangli herb
dal(Hin),Vanavrihi/
Aranyajali(San)Deo
bhata(Mar)

621 Hymenodictyon obovatum Wall. Rubiaceae Gandale(Kan), Medium Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Hassan,Mys 0 0 inner bark astringent,Fever Folk, Sidha
kadwa-sirid(Mar), sized tree ore,North Kanara,Shimoga,South
yellamalla(Tam) Kanara.
622 Hymenodictyon orixense (Roxb.) Rubiaceae Brnghavriksha(San) Medium Belgaum,Bellary,Coorg,Mysore,Shim 0 0 inner bark febrifuge,antiperiodic,children's diseases,eye Ayurveda,
Mabb. (H.excelsum (Roxb.) Wall.) ,Kathambu(Kodam sized or oga,South kanara diseases,dropsy,diseases of vatam,urticaria Sidha, Folk
bu)(sub.)(Tam),Du large tree
dippa/Pottaka(Tel)

623 Hypericum japonicum Thunb. Ex Hypericaceae Bhuin khaju(Hin) Herb Bangalore.Belgaum,Chickmagalore,C January- herb astringent,asthma,dysentery,styptic Folk
Murray oorg,Dharwad,Hassan,Mysore,North March
Kanara,Shimoga
624 Hypoxis aurea Lour. Hypoxidacea Herb Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Hassan,Mys 0 0 root tonic,aphrodisiac Folk
e ore,North Kanara,Shimoga.
625 Hyptis suaveolens (L.)Poit. Lamiaceae Bhoostrna(San), Herb Bellary,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Gulbur 0 0 Whole plant worm infestaton,diseases of vata and Ayurveda, Folk
Gangbasil(Eng) ga,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,Shimoga,So kapha,emetic,stimulant,carminative,sudorific,lactagogue,uterous
uth Kanara infection,colic disorders,
626 Iberis amara L. Brassicaceae Herb Mysore 0 0 Seed,whole plant asthma,bronchitis,rheumatism,antiscorbutic Homeopathy,

627 Ichnocarpus frutescens (L.) R.Br. Apocynaceae karihambu/Manabil Twining Most of the dist. October- March- Root Tonic, Diphoretucm dyspepsia, Skin troubles, Gall stone. Ayurveda, Folk,
u(kan), shrub Decembe May Tibetan, Unani,
Sariva(sub.)(San), r Sidha
Udar-
Kodi/Nannari(sub.)
(Tam)
628 Impatiens balsamina L. Balsaminacea Garden Succulent Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,C 0 0 Flowers Coolant,lumbago,intestinal neruaglia, improves circulation Ayurveda,
e balsam(Eng), Gul herb hitradurga,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar,Mysor Unani, Sidha,
mehandi(Hin), e,North Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur Folk
Tairinee(San),
Karnakundala
(Kan),Kacittumpai
(Tam),
Kasitummi(Tel)

629 Impatiens chinensis L. Balsaminacea Onapu(Mal) Succulent Coorg,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,Shimoga 0 0 whole plant Burns, gonorrhoea. Folk
e herb ,North kanara
630 Imperata cylindrica (L.) P. Poaceae Darbha(San),Tharp Tufted Bangalore,Coorg,Kolar,Mysore, After 0 Rhizome Diuretic,dysentery,menorrhagia,haemorrhage,uterine Ayurveda, Folk
Beauv. ai pullu/Dharbai rhizomati North Kanara,Tumkur rainy bleeding,diarrhoea,tuberculosis of breast,urinary calculi,pain in
pul(Tam),Sanna c herb season theurinary bladder
dabbe hullu(Kan),
Cotton grass(Eng)
631 Indigofera aspalathoides Vahl Papilionaceae Shivamalli Under Belgaum 0 0 Leaves, flowers & Leprosy, cancer, oedema, abscess, skin diseases Ayurveda,
gida(Kan), Sivanaar shrub tender shoots Sidha, Folk
vembu(Tam),
Sivanimba(San)

632 Indigofera cassioides Rottl. (I. Papilionaceae Shrub Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Chickmagalor 0 0 Flower coughs Folk
pulchella Roxb.) e,Chitradurga,Coorg,Dharwad,Hassan
,Mysore,North Kanara,Tumkur.
633 Indigofera glabra L. Papilionaceae herb Bangalore,Bijapur,Shimoga 0 0 Leaves Used as febrifuge and also emollient in external applications. Folk

634 Indigofera linaaei Ali Papilionaceae Kenneggilu(Kan), Herb Bangalore,Bidar,Bijapur,Chickkmagal 0 0 Root, fruit, whole Fever, leucorrhoea, oliguria. Ayurveda,
(I.enneaphylla L.) Cheppu ore,Chitradurga,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore plant Sidha, Folk
nerungil(Tam) ,North Kanara,Raichur,South
chala pachi(Tel) kanara,Tumkur

635 Indigofera linifolia (L.f.) Retz. Papilionaceae Burbur(Mar), Herb Most of the dist. 0 0 Whole plant Febrile eruptions, vermifuge. Folk
Pandar-phali(Hin)
636 Indigofera oblongifolia Forssk. Papilionaceae Dillah(San), Pandar- Woody Bellary,Dharwad,Raichur 0 0 whole plant Used for enlargement of liver, spleen, improves appetite. Ayurveda,
phali(Hin) under Sidha, Folk
shrub
637 Indigofera tinctoria L. Papilionaceae Neelinee(San), Woody Banagalore,Chickmagalore,Hassan,K 0 0 whole plant Intoxication, giddiness, fainting, constipation, regurgitation, Ayurveda, Folk,
Avuri(Tam), herb olar,Mysore,Raichur,South kanara ascites. Homeopathy,
Niligida/Rajani Tibetan, Unani,
(Kan), Black Sidha
henna(Eng)
638 Indigofera trifoliata L. Papilionaceae Deep indigo(Eng), Herb Bellary,Hassan 0 0 Seed Restorative, astringent, aphrodisiac, rheumatism and Folk
leucorrhoea.
639 Indigofera trita L.f. Papilionaceae Thorematthi Under Bangalore,Belgaum,Bijapur,Chickma 0 0 seeds Nutritive tonic. Folk, Sidha
neeli(Kan), shrub galore,Hassan.Mysore,North Kanara
Nakkanam(Tel),
Kuttukkar
chammatti(Tam)
640 Indonesiella echioides (L.) Sreem. Acanthaceae Gopuram Herb Bangalore,Bellary,Bijapur,Dharwad, 0 0 Whole plant Whole plant forms ingredient of a medicine used as a bitter Folk, Sidha
(Andrographis echioides Nees) tangi(Tam), Pee- Mysore,Raichur tonic and febrifuge.Plant astringent,anodyne,tonic.Used in
tumba(Mala), dysentery,cholera,diabetes,influenza,bronchitis,itches and
piles.Leaves and roots used as a cholagogue and anthelmintic

641 Iphigenia indica (L.) Gray ex Liliaceae Slender Bangalore,Bijapur,Gulburga,Hassan, 0 0 Corms Colic. Folk
Kunth herb Kolar,Mysore,Shimoga,Tumkur
642 Ipomea alba L. Convolvulace Chandrakanti(Kan), Twining Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Hassan,My 0 0 Root, bark Purgative. Folk, Sidha
ae Moonflower(Eng), shrub sore,North kanara
Nagamukkori(Tam)
,
Nagaramukkate(Tel
)
643 Ipomea aquatica Convolvulace Neeru bilee Aquatic Banagalore,Bellary,Chickmagalore,C 0 0 juice, plant In arsenic poisoning. Useful for Ishwarya suffering from Ayurveda, Folk,
Forrsk.(I.reptans Poir.) ae gadde(Kan), trailing or oorg,Gulburga,Hassan,Mysore,North nervous and general debility. Sidha
Kalambee(San), floating Kanara,Shimoga
Vaaai herb
kodi(Aaraikeerai)(T
am), thooti
koora(tel)
644 Ipomoea batatus (L.) Lam. Convolvulace Genasu(Kan), Tuberous Bangalore,Coorg (Cultivated) 0 0 Tubers Vata-pitta, general debility, scorpion sting poisoning. Ayurveda,
ae Sitaluka(San), trailing or Unani, Sidha,
Sarkarai valli(Tam), procumb Folk
Sweet potato ent herb

645 Ipomoea cairica (L.) Sw. Convolvulace Climber Bangalore,Bijapur,Chickmagalore,Dh 0 0 Seeds Purgative. Folk
ae arwad,Hassan,North Kanara
646 Ipomoea carnea Jacq. Convolvulace Stragglin Bangalore,Hassan,Shimoga 0 0 Leaves, seeds. Mild purgative
ae g shrub
647 Ipomoea coptica (L.) Roth (I. Convolvulace Siru-thali- Twining Mysore,North Kanara 0 0 Plant Cold infusion given in dizziness and intoxication. Herb also Folk
dissectab Willd.) ae kodi(Tam) herb used in chest compliants in children
648 Ipomoea eriocarpa R.Br. (I. Convolvulace Mullu balli(Kan), Twiner Bangalore,Bellary,Bijapur,Bidar,Chic 9 0 Plant boiled in oil. Rheumatism, epilepsy, leprosy and ulcers. Ayurveda
hispida (Vahl) R.& S.) ae Boota(Hin),Puritite kmagalore,Coorg,Dharwad,Gulburga,
ega(Tel), Hassan,Mysore,North Kanara,Raichur
Sheetavalee/Nakhar
i (San),
649 Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq.(I. Convolvulace Vidari(sub.), Climbing North Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara 0 0 Tuber. Tonic, aphrodisiac, demulcent, lactagogue. Spleen and liver Folk
digitata L.;I. paniculata R.Br.) ae Nilapusini(Tam) shrub diseases, fat accumulation and menorrhagia treatment.
650 Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth (I. Convolvulace Krishna Herb Bangalore,Bellary,Bidar,Chickmagalo 0 0 dried seeds purgative Ayurveda,
hederacea auct. Plur. Non (L.) ae beeja/Kalanjanee re,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North Unani, Sidha,
Jcq.) (San),Jigiri Kanara,South Kanara Folk
vida/kodi kakkattan
vidai(Tam)

651 Ipomoea obscura (L.) Ker-Gawl. Convolvulace lakshmana/vachaga Slender Most of the dist. 0 0 Leaves Apthous infections. Ayurveda, Folk,
ae ndha(San),Nallakok twiner Sidha
kita(Tel),
Tirutali(mal)
652 Ipomoea pescaprae (L.) R. Br. (I. Convolvulace Goats foot Climbing Coorg,Gulburga,Mysore,North Rainy & 0 plant and seeds Hoarseness of voice,tuberculosis,piles,anorexia,cardiac Ayurveda, Folk,
biloba Forssk.) ae creeper(Eng), or trailing kanara,raichur,South kanara Cold diseases,polyuria,emaciation,wounds,sores,nervine Sidha
Aaduballi(Kan), herb season tonic,distaste,diseases of kapham and vatam
adambu/Mkathialai(
tam),Vrddhadaru(su
b.),
653 Ipomoea pes-tigridis L. Convolvulace Trailing Twining Bangalore,Bellary,Bijapur,Chickmaga Novembe 0 Leaves and root. Boils, sores, pimples and carbuncles. Purgative. Ayurveda, Folk,
ae Ipomea(Eng), herb lore,Mysore,Tumkur r-January Sidha
Kamalata(Hin),
Vyagranakhi(San),P
ulichuvatu(Mal)
654 Ipomoea quamoclit L. (Quamoclit Convolvulace Handara Slender Mysore 0 0 Leaves,root haemorrhoides,carbuncles,sternutatory,piles,cooling,diabetes Ayurveda, Folk,
pinnata (Desr.) Boj.) ae hoovu/Kaamamalli twiner Sidha
ge(Kan),
Tarulata(San),
Kasiratnam(Tam),
655 Ipomoea sepiaria Koen. Convolvulace Aakhukarnee(sub.) Slender Bangalore,Mysore,Chitradurga,Gulbu 0 0 herb diuretic,deobstruent,antidote for arsenic poisoning
ae twiner rga,North Kanara,Raichur
656 Ipomoea turbinata Lag. (I. Convolvulace Kattutalai(Tam), Slender Bellary January- 0 seed cathartic Folk
muricata (L.) Jacq.) ae Michai(Hin), twiner March
Mookathikaya(Tel),

657 Ischaemum muticum L. Poaceae Tagadi(Mal), Creeping South Kanara 0 0 leaves poultice,relieve headache Folk
herb
658 Ixora arborea Roxb. (I. parviflora Rubiaceae Korgi/Gorivi(Kan), Tree or Most of the dist. January- January- leaves headache
Vahl, non Lam.) The Torch shrub May May
tree(Eng),Kotagand
hal(Hin),Korai(Tam
)
659 Ixora coccinea L. Rubiaceae Bandhuka/Paranti(S Shrub or Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Mysore,No January- January- root,flower veneral Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed Propagation
an),Kempugundu small tree rth Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara May May diseases,fever,thirst,leucorrhoea,dysentery,ulcers,sedative,loss Unani, Sidha Fresh seeds are directly
hoo/Male appetite,hiccup,diarrhoea,astringent,antiseptic sown into polybags
gida(kan), without drying. 2.
(malVetchi Vegetative Propagation:
Through cuttings

660 Jacaranda acutifolia Humb. Bignoniaceae Shurbs or Most of the dist. April- 0 Bark, leaves Syphilis, blennorrhagia, vulnerary infusion given as pectoral. Folk
medium- May
sized tree

661 Jasminum angustifolium Willd. Oleaceae Adavimallige/Kaad Shrub Mysore,Shimoga 0 0 Leaf, root emetic poisoning, ringworm infections. Ayurveda, Folk,
Var. angustifolium umallige(Kan), Unani, Sidha
Kanakamallika(San
), Garuda
mallige(Tel),
kattumalli(Tam)
662 Jasminum arborescens Roxb. Oleaceae Dodda Climbing Belgaum,Mysore 0 0 Leaf, berries emetic, bronchail obstruction, astringent, stomachache, tonic Ayurveda, Folk,
kabmallige(Kan) shrub Tibetan, Unani

663 Jasminum auriculatum Vahl Oleaceae Davana Shrub Most of the dist. 0 0 Flowers Digestive disorders, indigestion, fever, dropsy, venereal Ayurveda, Folk,
mallige/Sannamalli diseases. Tibetan, Sidha
ge(Kan),
Hemapushpika(San
),
osimalli/Vanamallig
ai(Tam)
664 Jasminum azoricum L. var. Oleaceae Tarunee Climbing Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass 0 0 Bark, Flower Haemorrhage, diarrhoea, worm infestation, wounds, Ayurveda
azoricum (J.flexile Vahl) shrub an,Mysore,North rejuvenator.
kanara,Shimoga,South kanara
665 Jasminum bignoniaceum Wall. Ex Oleaceae Jaatee(sub.) Shrub Bangalore,Coorg,North 0 0 Roots Used in ringworm infections, Sinuses and fistulae.
G. Don (J.humile sensu Cl.) Kanara,Shimoga

666 Jasminum malabaricum Wt. Oleaceae Mudgara(San). Climbing Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Nort 0 0 herb cataract Ayurveda, Sidha
Mallai(tam) or h Kanara,Tumkur
scandent
shrub
667 Jasminum multiflorum (Burm.f.) Oleaceae Kundh(San), Shrub Banaglore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Nort 0 0 dried leaves poultice,ulcers,diseases of head,cataract,stomatitis,ear Ayurveda, Folk,
Andr. (J. pubescens Willd.) Kasturi h Kanara diseases,corn,lueucoderma,skin diseases,mastitis,aphrodisiac Tibetan, Sidha
Mallige(kan), Jungli
chamali(Hin)

668 Jasminum officinale L. Oleaceae Jaatee(San), Jaaji Twining Bangalore,Chickmagalore 0 0 root,leaf,flower anthelmintic,diuretic,emmenagogue,ulceration of Ayurveda, Folk,
(J.grandiflorum L.) mallige(Kan), shrub mouth,amenorrhoea,poisoning,leprosy,sterility,regurgitaion,bloo Homeopathy,
Sannajaaji(Tel), d Unani
Chamba(Hin), disorders,wounds,giddiness,fainting,itching,earache,toothache,h
emiplegia
669 Jasminum ritchiei CI. Oleaceae Karumullai(Tam) Climbing Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassa 0 0 leaf,flower toothache,piles Folk, Sidha
or n,Mysore,north Kanara,Shimoga
scandent
shrub
670 Jasminum rottlerianum Wall.ex Oleaceae Vanamallige(San), Shrub Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mandy 0 0 leaf,flower eczema Ayurveda, Folk,
DC. Vaaramallige(Kan), a,Mysore,North Sidha
Mallikai(Tam) Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara
671 Jasminum sambac (L.) Oleaceae Dundumallige(kan), Shrub Bangalore,Coorg,Kolar,North Kanara 0 0 root,leaf,flower, diseases of nervous system,haemorrhage,eye Ayurveda, Folk,
Ait.var.sambac Kodimalli/Iruvatchi diseases,leprosy,poisoning,wounds,foetid smell in ear and Tibetan, Unani,
(Tam),Gandharaja/ nose,vomiting in hypertension cases,lactifuge Sidha
Mallika(San)

672 Jatropha curcas L. Euphorbiacea kaadharalu/Bettada Large Bangalore,Belgaum,bidar,Chickmagal February- May-June root,leaf,seed,latex sciatica,dropsy,paralysis,externally for skin troubles and Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed Propagation
e haralu(Kan), Shrub ore,Chitradurga,Coorg,Hassan,Mysor April rheumatism,abortifacient,scabies,eczema,ringworm,rubefacient, Homeopathy, Seeds are collected in May-
Dravanti/Vyagra e,North Kanara,Shimoga,South lactagogue,constipation,leucorrhoea,rat-bite Unani, Sidha June. 2. Vegetative
eranda(sub.)(San), Kanara,Kolar poisoning,abdominal disoredrs,aphrodisiac Propagation: Through
Adavi cuttings
amudamu(Tel),
Acanankai(Tam)
673 Jatropa glandulifera Roxb. Euphorbiacea Seeme-haralu(kan), Shrub Bellary,bijapur,Chitradurga,Guburga, 0 0 seed,seed oil purgative,rheumatism,abdominal enlargment,reduce glandular Ayurveda, Folk,
e Vyagra Raichur swelling,worm Unani, Sidha
eranda(San),Kaatta infestation,ascites,constipation,oedema,leprosy,snake-bite
manakku poisoning
(sub.)(San)

674 Jatropha gossypifolia L. Euphorbiacea Dravanti/Vyagraera Bushy Banaglore,bellary,Chitradurga,Gulbur 0 0 root,leaves,latex,s leprosy,purgative,stomachic,febrifuge,intermittent Ayurveda,
e nda(sub.)(San), Shrub ga,Mysore,Raichur,South eed oil, fever,emmenagogue,purgative,emetic Sidha, Folk
Chikka kaad Kanara,Tumkur
haralu(Kan), Katta-
manakku(Tam),
Nalamudamu(Tel)

675 Jatropha multifida L. Euphorbiacea Havaladaharalu(kan Large Bangalore 0 0 root,leaves,seed indigestion,colics,purgative,scabies,fever,veneral Ayurveda, Folk,
e ),Badradanti(san),M shurb or diseases,criminal poisoning Sidha
alai- small
amanaku(Tam), shurb
676 Justicia betonica L. Acanthaceae Sahacara(San), Shrub or Bangalore,Bijapur,Chickmagalore,Co 0 0 herb boils,swelling,diarrhoea Ayurveda, Folk
Bem- under org,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North
curini(Mal),Tellara shrub Kanara,Shimoga
ntu(Tel),
677 Justicia tranquebariensis L.f. Acanthaceae Pindi(San), Shiva Herb or Bangalore,Mysore 0 0 leaves cooling,aperient,small pox,contusions Ayurveda, Folk,
naaru balli(Kan), under Sidha
Kakanacam(Tam) shrub
678 Kaempferia rotunda L. Zingiberacea Kalluloove/Nelasa Herb Shimoga 0 0 rhizome,tuber stomachic,gastric complaints,remove blood Ayurveda, Folk, 1.Vegetative Propagation;
e mpige(Kan), Konda- clots,tumours,swelling,wounds Unani, Sidha Tubers should be planted
kalava(Tam), at a depth of 7 cm. during
Bhuchampakamu(T spring.
el)

679 Kalanchoe integra (Medic.) Crassulaceae Parna beeja(sub.) Tall herb Bijapur 0 0 leaves purgative,tonic,abscesses Ayurveda
O.Ktze.
680 Kalanchoe laciniata (L.)Pers. Crassulaceae Parna beeja(sub.), Large Dharwad,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 leaves styptic,astringent,antiseptic,diarrhoea,dysentery,lithiasis,phthsis Ayurveda,
Gandu sacculent Unani, Sidha
kalinga/kalnaru herb
(Kan),
Hamsagar(Hin),
Astibhaksha(San)
681 Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers. Crassulaceae Parna beeja(San), Tall herb Bangalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,Nort 0 0 leaf dysentery,menorrhagia,wounds,leprosy Ayurveda,
(Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Jaka me jayat(Hin), h Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara Unani, Sidha
Kurz) Air plant(Eng),
Gandukaaling/Kaad
u basale(Kan),
Malaikalli(Tam)

682 Kandelia candel (L.) Druce Rhizophorace Kaanadale(Kan), Small North Kanara May- 0 bark diabetes Folk
ae Thuvar- tree Septembe
kandan(Tel), r
Kandal(Tam),
683 Kedrostis rostrata (Rottl.) Cogn. Cucurbitacea Herb Belgaum,Chickmagalore,North 0 0 root demulcent,asthma,piles
e Kanara
684 Kickxia romosissima (Wall.) Scorophulari Herb Belgaum,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Kola 0 0 herb daibetes Folk
Janchen (Linaria ramosissima aceae r
Wall.)
685 Kirganelia reticulata (Poir.) Euphorbiacea Sannakaagesoppu/ Large Most of the dist. 0 0 fruit,bark syphilitic sores,purgative,rheumatism,dysentery,veneral diseases Folk
Baill. (Phyllanthus reticulatus e Karesuli(Kan), straggling
Poir.) Karuneli(Tam), shrub

686 Kleinhovia hospita L. Sterculiaceae Puntekku(Tam) Tree Mysore 0 0 decoction of scabies,skin eruption,eye diseases Folk, Sidha
leaves
687 Lablab purpurea (L.) Papilionaceae Nishpava(khalva),A Climbing Coorg,Raichur 0 0 seed,leaf,friuit febrifuge,stomachic,antispasmodic,aphrodisiac,haemorrhage,an Ayurveda
Sweet(Dolichos lablab L.) varai shrub aemia,hiccup,chronic dysentery,cholera,ulcers,headache

688 Lagenandra ovata (L.) Thw. Araceae Karin-pola(Mal) Rhizomat Belagaum,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,Nort 0 0 herb,tuber ointment for itches,renal troubles,cardiac ailments Folk
ous herb h Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara

689 Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Cucurbitacea Ikshvaku(San), Large Banaglore,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 fruit pulp,seed cooling,diuretic,antibilious,dropsy,anthelmintic,headache,laxati Ayurveda,
Standley (L. vulgaris Seeringe) e Suraikai/Halagumb climbing ve,burning sensation Tibetan, Unani,
ala/Soreballi(Kan), or trailing Sidha, Folk
Sorakkai(Tam), herb

690 Lagerstroemia indica L. Lythraceae Crepe flower(Eng), Shrub or Mysore, S.kanara, on River banks stimulant,febrifuge,purgative,hydrogogue,astringent,narcotic,ap Ayurveda, Folk,
Pavalakkurinca(Ta small tree hthae of mouth,glandular swelling,sinus wound Sidha
m), Siddeshwara

691 Lagerstroemia parviflora Roxb. Lythraceae Chanangi(Kan), Deciduou Most of the dist. April- February- bark,leaves,flower, stimulant,febrifuge,purgative,hydrogogue,astringent,narcotic,ap Ayurveda, Sidha
Cinnanci(Tam), s tree June December fruit hthae of mouth,glandular swelling,sinus wound
Siddeshwara(sub.)
692 Lagerstroemia reginae PI. (L. Lythraceae Kramuka Deciduou Banaglore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Nort March- October- leaf,bark,fruit purgative,diuretic,deobstruent,diabetes,purgative
speciosa Pers.; L. flos-reginae s tree h April January
Retz.) Kanara,hassan,Mysore,Shimoga,Sout
h Kanara
693 Laggera aurita (Willd.) Sch. Asteraceae Herb Mysore 0 0 herb arrest bleeding Folk, Sidha
694 Lamprachaenium microcephalum Asteraceae Brahmadandi/ Herb Chickmagalore,Shimoga 0 0 herb antiseptic Ayurveda, Unani
Benth. Ajadandi(San)
695 Lannea coromandelica (Houtt.) Anacardiacea Geru/goddal Medium Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Chickmagalor January- May-June bark,resin,root,leaf astringent,wounds,cardiac diseases,diarrhoea,diseases of Ayurveda, Folk,
Merr. (Odina wodier Roxb.) e mara(Kan), sized or e,Chitradurga,Coorg,Gulburga,Hassan April , gum nervous system,inflammation, ulcers, menorrhagia, leucorrhoea, Unani
Jingani(San) large ,Mysore,North dental diseases, eye diseases, cough
Othiyamaram(Tam) deciduou Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,South
s tree Kanara,Tumkur
696 Lantana camara L. var. aculeata Verbenaceae Nadi bhallataka Shrub Most of the dist. 0 0 Leaf Diaphoretic, carminative, antispasmodiac, fistulae, tumors, Folk, Sidha
(L.) Moldenke rheumatism, malarai, haemorrhage, Kapha.
697 Laportea interrupta (L.) Chew. Urticaceae Kaaduchuruchuruk Stinging Chickmagalore,Coorg,Shimoga 0 0 Root Chronic fever Folk
(Fleurya interrupta (L.) Gaud.) ana gida(Kan), herb
Perunkanchori(Tam
),
698 Launaea acaulis (Roxb.) Babcock Asteraceae Gojivha(sub.), Small Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,North 0 0 Leaf, flower, Dyspnoea, cough, burning sensation, thrist, dysuria, rheumatoid Ayurveda, Sidha
ex Kerr. Ahzuttaani herb Kanara,Mysore,Shimoga whole plant arthritis, blood disorders, constipation, skin disorders
poondu(sub.)
699 Launea sarmentosa(Willd.) Alst.( Asteraceae Gojivha(sub.) Herb Chickmagalore,North Kanara,South 0 0 root, leaf Tonic, sporofic, diuretic, aperient. Ayurveda, Sidha
L. pinnatifida Cass.) Kanara
700 Laurentia longiflora (L.) Campanulace Herb North Kanara 0 0 Whole plant Blood pressure. Folk
Petermann(Isotoma ae
longiflora(L.)Presl.)
701 Lawsonia inermis L. Lythraceae Mehandi/Madarang Shrub or Banaglore,Bijapur,Gulburga,Mysore 0 0 Leaf flower, seed Skin troubles, coryza, Diarrhoea, leprosy, fever, headache, Ayurveda, Folk, 1.Seed Propagation : Seeds
i(Kan), small tree bark. cardiac diseases, odema, sporofic, deodorant, astringent, Tibetan, Unani, should be kept in moist
Madayantika(San), sedative, alterative, rheumatoid arthritis, ulcer. Sidha cloth for 6-8 days till they
Azhavanam/Marud sprout. 2.
onri(Tam) Vegetative Propagation.

702 Leea asiatica (L.) Ridsd.(L.crispa Leeaceae Kaadumari Under Bellary,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan, 0 0 Root Guinea worms, cardiac diseases, leprosy, poisoning, diseases of Folk
v. Royen) drakshi(Kan), shrub Kolar,Mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga vata & kapha, Erysipelas.
Nalagu(Mal),
Jeeravali
703 Leea guineensis G.Don Leeaceae Jeeravali Under Coorg,Hassan 0 0 Root Guinea worms, cardiac diseases, leprosy, poisoning, diseases of Ayurveda
shrub vata & kapha, Erysipelas.
704 Leea indica (Burm.f.) Merr. Leeaceae Andilu/Gadhapatri( Shrub or Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore Through Through Root Sudorific, diarrhoea, dysentry, colic. Ayurveda, Folk,
Kan),Nekku/Ottama small tree ,North kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara out the out the Sidha
le (Tam), year year
Karkatajihva/Chatri
(San)
705 Leea macrophylla Roxb. Leeaceae Dhola Herb North Kanara 0 0 Root Guinea worms, cardiac diseases, leprosy, poisoning, diseases of Ayurveda, Folk
samudrika/Hastipar vata & kapha, Erysipelas.
ni(San),
Samoodraka(Hin)
706 Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R. Br. Lamiaceae Kaaduthumbe/goag Under Banagalore,bellary,Coorg,Chickmagal Novembe Novembe Flower, leaf Skin infection, scalds and burns, rheumatism, disases of vata Ayurveda, Folk
adde(Kan), shrub ore,Gulburga,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,N r- r- and kapha, nasal disorders, stomatitis, indigestion, worm
Ranaperi(Tam), orth Kanara,Shimoga Decembe December infestation.
Granthiparni(San) r
707 Leonnurus sibiricus L. Lamiaceae Quma(Hin) Herb or Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,hassa 0 0 Leaf, root Emmenagogue, vulnerary, menstrual disorders, febrifuge, uterus Folk
under n contraction.
shrub
708 Lepianthes umbellata (L.) Raf. Piperaceae Under Chickmagalore,Coorg,hassan,North 0 0 Leaf. Poulticing. Folk
(Pothomorphe subpeltata (Willd.) shrub Kanara,Shimoga.South Kanara
Miq.
709 Lepidagathis cristata Willd. Acanthaceae Herb Bangalore,bellary,Bijapur,dharwad,gu 0 0 Whole plant Tonic in fever, itchy infections of the skin. Folk, Sidha
lburga,Hassan,North Kanara,Raichur

710 Lepidagathis incurva D.Don Acanthaceae Herb Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,North 0 0 Leaf Chewed to relieve cough. Folk
Kanara,South kanara
711 Lepidagathis trinervia Wall Acanthaceae Woody Bellary,Chitradurga,Hassan,Kolar 0 0 Whole plant bitter tonic. Folk
suffrutico
se herb
712 Lepidium sativum L. Brassicaceae Alavibeeja/alvi(Kan Small Bangalore,kolar 0 0 Seed, flower, leaf, Stimulant, diuritic, tonic, aphrodisica, laxative, rubefacient, Ayurveda, Folk, 1.Seed Propagation:Seeds :
), Garden herb root irritations, dysentry, diarrhoea, anorexia, indigestion, stomach Unani, Sidha are planted in Rabi i.e., in
cress(Eng),Chandsu ache, abdominal disorders, debility, spleenic disorders, hiccup, the month of October-
r(Hin),Chandrasura abortifacient. November.
(San), Kokila(Tam),
Adiyalu(Tel)

713 Leptadenia pyrotechica (Forssk.) Asclepiadace Jeevantee(sub.) Shrub Bellary 0 0 Whole plant Root, stimlant, resortative, skin infection, cardiac diseaseas,
Decne. ae haemorrhage, fever, tuberculosis, diuretic, emaciations, Eye
disorders.
714 Leptadenia reticulata (Retz.) Wt. Asclepiadace Palatheege Twining Belgaum,chickmagalore,Chitradurga, May- October- Whole plant Root, stimlant, resortative, skin infection, cardiac diseaseas, Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed propagation: Seeds 2006-07 Market
& Arn. ae balli(Kan), shrub Dharwad,Hassan,Mysore,North August Novembe haemorrhage, fever, tuberculosis, diuretic, emaciations, Eye Sidha collected in November. price-Rs.65/kg dry
Dori(Hin), Kanara,Raichur,Tumkur r disorders. 2.Vegetative propagation. roots. Market
Atapatiyan(Mal),Pal demand:23 tonnes per
akudai(Tan), annum.
Jeevanti(San),
Kharkhoda(Marathi
),

715 Leucas aspera (Wiild) Link. Lamiaceae Thumbe hoovu Herb Bangalore,Bellary,Kolar,Mysore October- 0 leaf,flower chronic skin erruption,painful Ayurveda, Folk,
(Kan), February swelling,cold,antipyretic,fever,eye diseases,thirst,snake-bite Homeopathy,
Dronapushpee(sub. poisoning,nasal disorders,coryza,cough,leucorrhoea,veneral Unani, Sidha
),Thumbai(Tam) diseases
716 Leucas cephalotes (Roth) Spreng. Lamiaceae Dronapushpee(San) Herb Bidar,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Kolar,No 0 0 Whole stimulant,diaphoretic,laxative,anthelmintic,cough,cold,jaundice, Ayurveda,
,Guma(Hin),Tumba rth Kanara plant,flower intermittent fever,skin diseases,dysponea Tibetan, Unani,
(Mal), Sidha
Tumbai(Tam),
Tummi(Tel)
717 Leucas indica (L.) R. Br. Ex Vatke Lamiaceae Heddumbe/Deva Herb Banaglore,belgaum,Chickmagalore,C October- 0 Leaf sedative,stomachache,vermifuge,sores,dermatosis Ayurveda, Folk
(L. lavandulifolia J.E.Sm.) thumbe/ hitradurga,Dharwad,hassan,Kolar,My Decembe
Hasiruthumbe sore,North Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur r
(Kan),
Mosappullu(Tam),
718 Leucas lanata Benth. Lamiaceae Woody Belgaum,bellary,Chickmagalore,Myso 0 0 Tender shoots. Cough Folk
herb re,North Kanara,Shimoga
719 Leucas martinicensis (Jacq.) R. Lamiaceae Herb or Banagalore,Belgaum,Bijapur,Chickm 0 0 Whole plant Gastrointestinal disorders. Folk
Br. under agalore,Dharwad,Hassan,Mysore,Shi
shrub moga
720 Leucas stelligera Wall. Ex Benth. Lamiaceae Barumbi(Mar) Herb Bangalore,Belgau,,Chickmagalore,Co 0 0 Whole plant Stimulant, carminative, emmenagogue. Folk
org,Mysore,North
Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara
721 Leucas zeylanica (L.) r.Br. Lamiaceae Hucchuthumbe Herb Gulburga,Bijapur 0 0 Whole plant Antipyretic, skin troubles, ulcers in the nose. Folk
(Kan),
722 Limnophila indica (L.) Druce (L. Scrophulariac Tsjeria-manga- Small Banagalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,C 0 0 Whole plant, Antiseptic, carminative, elephantiasis, dyspepsia, dysentry. Ayurveda, Folk
racemosa Benth.; L. gratioloides eae nari(mal) herb hickmagalore,Dharwad,Hassan,Kolar, infusion of leaves.
R. Br.) Mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga,South
Kanara
723 Limnophila rugosa (Roth) Merr. ( Scrophulariac Herb North Kanara 0 0 Infusion of leaves diuretic,stomachic,digestive Folk
L. roxburghii G. Don) eae

724 Limnophyton obtusifolium (L.) Alismataceae Kudirai Large Bangalore,Hassan,Mysore,Shimoga 0 0 Whole plant Epilepsy,diseases of vatam,pittam and kapham,swelling Sidha, Folk
Miq. kulambai(Tam) aquatic
herb
725 Limonia acidissima L. (Feronia Rutaceae Wood apple, Moderate- Bangalore,Belgaum,Chitradurga,Dhar February- Novembe Fruit,bark Tonic,antiscorbutic,alexipharmic,aromatic,carminative,astringe Ayurveda Seed Propagation
elephantum Corr.) Kapittha(San),Kattu- sized wad,Kolar March r- nt,biliousness,astringent,stimulant,carminative The ripe fruits are
elimichai/Villa(Tam prickly December collected in November.
), tree Vegetative propagation:
Naibela/Aranamull through grafts.
u/Kadubela(Kan)

726 Lindenbergia indica (L.) Vatke. Scrophulariac Dhol(Mar) Tufted North Kanara 0 0 Whole plant Chronic bronchities,skin eriuption Folk
eae herb
727 Lindernia crustacea (L.) F. v. Scrophulariac Katu-pee-tsjanga- Herb Bijapur,Chickmagalore,Hassan,Mysor 0 0 Whole plant Bilious infection,dysentery,poultices for Folk
Muell. eae puspam(Mal) e,North Kanara,shimoga boils,sores,itches,ringworms
728 Lindernia oppositifolia (Roxb.) Scrophulariac Kondam-pullu(Mal) Herb Bangalore,Mysore 0 0 Root Febrifuge Folk
Mukerjee (Ilysanthes oppositifolia eae
(Roxb.) Urb.) Bonnaya
oppositifolia Spreng.)

729 Lindernia pyxidaria All. Scrophulariac Herb Mysore 0 0 Whole plant. Gonorrhoea
eae
730 Linderina ruellioides (Colsm) Scorophulari Creeping Chickmagalore,Shimoga 0 0 Whole plant. Application for worm infested skin. Folk
Pennell (Ilysanthes reptans aceae herb
(Roxb.) Urb.)
731 Linum usitatissimum L. Linaceae Seeme agase Herb Bidar,Bijapur,Raichur 0 0 Flower, seed oil Hemiplegia, skin diseases, diarrhoea, sprue, constipation, Ayurveda, Folk,
beeja(Kan), cardiac, oedema of bladder, cough, dysponia, fever, Homeopathy,
Atasi(san), Alisi micturitation, leucoria, hysterical convolution, burns, swelling, Tibetan, Unani,
virai(Tam), eye diseases. Sidha, Modern
Atasi(Tel)
732 Litchi chinensis Sonner. Sapindaceae Lihce Evergree Bangalore,kolar 0 0 Seed, fruit Anodyne in neuralagic disorders, and orchitis, diseases of vata. Folk, Unani,
(Nephelium litchi (Lour.) Gamb.) hannu(Kan),Leeche n tree
e(San), Litchi(Eng),

733 Litsea glutinosa (Lour.) Lauraceae Lakki(Kan), Large Belgaum,Dharwad,North 0 0 Bark., leaves, Diarrhoea, Dysentery, sprains, bruises, rheumatic gouty joints Ayurveda, The plant may be
C.Robinson (L. chinensis Lam.) Medh(Hin),Medasa shrub or Kanara,Shimoga flower and as an emollient and styptic, Oedema of joints, pain in Sidha, Folk propagated either by seeds
ka(san), tree lumbafo, sciatica, convolutsions, bleeding, skin disorders. or by coppice shoots.
Ranamba(Mar),
Elambiragi(Tam)
734 Litsea stocksii HK.f. Lauraceae Small Chickmagalore,Coorg,North 0 0 Leaf, seed. Irritations of bladder and urethra, sprains and itches. Folk
tree Kanara,Shimoga
735 Lobelia leschenaultiana (Presl) Lobelliaceae Tall herb Mysore 0 0 Infusion of leaves Insecticide. Folk
Skottsb. (L. excelsa Lesch.)
736 Lobelia nictianiifolia Roth ex R & Lobelliaceae Kaadu Under Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore October- 0 Whole plant. antiseptic Ayurveda, Folk, propagated both by seeds
S. thambaku/Kaadu shrub ,North Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara March Tibetan, Sidha as well as vegetative
hoge means. The sowing season,
soppu(Kan),Suranal in plains, is during
a/Vansapatra(San), September or October and
March or April in the hills

737 Ludwigia octovalvis (Jacq.) Onagraceae Kaattu Under Coorg,Kolar 0 0 Whole plant. Leucorrhoea,dysentery,indigestion,worm infestation Ayurveda
Raven ssp. Sessiliflora (Mich.) kirambu(Tam), shrub
Raven Bhulavangah(San)
738 Ludwigia perennis L. Onagraceae Kere bendu Herb Banagalore,Chickmagalore,Chitradur 0 0 Leaf dropsy,pain,swelling,deobstruent Folk
gida(Kan), ga,Coorgh,Gulburga,Hassan,Kolar,M
Musalkathilai(Tam) ysore,North kanara,tumkur
, Paddy
clove(eng)Carambu
(Mal)
739 Luffa acuntangula (L.) Roxb.) Cucurbitacea Kahire(Kan), Large Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,C 0 0 Leaves,root,fruit,s Poultice in Ayurveda, It can be propagated using
e Koshataki/Kritaved climber oorg,Dharwad,HassanMysore,Raichur eed haemorrhoids,leprosy,spleenitis,conjuctivites,uraemia, Homeopathy, seeds.
hana/Mrudangaphal ,Shimoga amenorrhoea, emetic, purgative, abdominal disorders, blood Sidha
ika(San), disorders, cough, anemia, polyuria.
Vatarokaari/Peerkk
u(Tam),
Verribira(Tel)
740 Luffa cylindrica (L.)Roem. Cucurbitacea Dhamargava(San) Large Most of the dist. 0 0 Tender fruits, leaf, Diuretic, lactogogue, carminative, antihelminthic, purgative,
e climber flowers. abdominal disorders, cough, blood disorders, dysponea,
eczema,dental diseases,poisoning
741 Luisia tenuifolia (L.) BI. Orchidaceae Epiphyte Mysore,North Kanara 0 0 Whole plant Emollient,poultices of boils,abscesses,tumours Folk
742 Lumnitzera racemosa Willd. Combretacea Tipparathai(Tam),K Shrub or North Kanara March- May-July stem Itches,herpes Folk, Sidha
e adivi/Thandara(Tel) small tree April

743 Luzula campestris (L.) DC. Juncaceae Rhizomat Coorg 0 0 Rhizome Diuretic Folk
ous herb

744 Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. ( Solanaceae Tomato(Eng/Kan)R Herb Most of the dist. Through Through Fruit General debility,cooling,tonic Folk, Sidha
L. lycopersicum (L.) Karst.) aktavrthantaka(Tam out the out the
atar),Seemai year year
thakkali(Tam),
745 Macaranga peltata (Roxb.) Muell. Euphorbiacea Chandakanne(Kan), Tree Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassa 0 0 Decoction of vulnerary Ayurveda,
e Kenda(Eng), n,North Kanara,Shimoga,South leaves and bark Sidha, Folk
Vattakanni(Tam), Kanara
Vatta(Mal)
746 Madhuca longifolia (Koen.) Sapotaceae Hippe/sanna Deciduou Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,North Vulnerabl March- Septembe Flower,seed,root Rheumatism,skin Ayurveda, Folk, 1.Seed Propagation
Macbr. Var.longifolia (Bassia hippe(Kan), s tree Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara. e April r- bark,stem bark,oil infection,laxative,constipation,piles,demulcent,tonic,sprue,oede Unani, Sidha The ripe fruits are
longifolia Koen.) Madhuca(San), Novembe cake ma,leprosy,polyuria,diarrhoea,fever,gout,wasting collected in June-August.
Iluppai(Tam), r diseases,thirst,eczema,aphrodisiac 2.Vegetative propagation:
Ippa(Tel),The through grafts and
Mohwa tree(eng) budding.
747 Madhuca nerifolia (Moon) Sapotaceae Medium- Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore Vulnerabl 0 0 Flower,seed,root Rheumatism,skin Folk
H.J.Lam. sized tree ,North Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara e bark,stem bark,oil infection,laxative,constipation,piles,demulcent,tonic,sprue,oede
cake ma,leprosy,polyuria,diarrhoea,fever,gout,wasting
diseases,thirst,eczema,aphrodisiac
748 Maerua oblongifolia Capparidacea Nela sakkare Shrub Bellary,Bijapur,Chitradurga,Coorg,Dh Decembe 0 Root Tonic,stimulant,rigidity in lower Ayurveda, Folk
(Forssk.)A.Rich. e gadde(Kan), arwad,Hassan,Kolar,Raichur r-March limb,fever,poisoning,tubercular ulcer,sterility
Peeluparni/Morata(
San),Morinika/Bho
ochakramu (Tel),
749 Maesa indica (Roxb.) DC. Myrsinaceae Kirithi(Mal),Gudde Shrub or Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassa 0 0 Fruits Anthelmintic Folk
hargi(Kan), Atki small tree n,Mysore,North
(Mar) Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara.
750 Mangnolia grandiflora L. Magnoliacea Loblollymagnolia/B Evergree Coorg 0 0 Bark Stimulant,diaphoretic,tonic,malaria,rheumatism Homeopathy,
e ull bay(Eng), n tree
Himachampaka(Ka
n),
751 Malaxis rheedii Sw. (Microstylis Orchidaceae Basaala-poulou- Terrestria Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 Rhizome Wasting diseases,fever,burning sensation,diseases of nervous Folk
versicolor (Lindl.)Abeyw.) maravara(Mal), l herb ,North Kanara system,haemorrhage,disorders of blood,aphrodisiac
Rshabha(San)
752 Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Euphorbiacea Kampillaka(San), Small Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Chi Novembe January- Fruit Anthelmintic,cutaneous infection,abdominal disorders,worm Ayurveda, It can be propagated using
Muell. Var.philippensis e Kamala/rohini(Hin) tree ckmagalore,Chitradurga,Coorg,Hassa r-January April infestation,tympanitis,constipation,polyuria,poisoning,disorders Sidha, seeds.Fruits are collected
, Shindur(Mar), n,Kolar,Mysore,North Kanara,South of kapha,wounds,urinary calculi,purgative,skin diseases Homeopathy, in April, washed to clean
Kunkumada(Kan) Kanara,Tumkur Unani, Folk the resin and dried in the
sun.

753 Malva parviflora L. Malvaceae Panirak(Hin), Herb Mysore 0 0 Infusion of leaves Nervine tonic,demulcent,cough,ulcers of the bladder6 Folk
Egyptian
mallow(Eng)
754 Malva sylvestris L. Malvaceae Seeme bende/Sanna Herb Mysore 0 0 Leaves,flower Demulcent,emollient,pulmonary and urinary infection,external Folk, Unani
bindee application for inflammations and abscesses,gargle fpor mouth
gida(Kan),High wash
Mallow/Common
mallow(Eng)

755 Malva verticillata L. Malvaceae Curled Herb Chickmgalore, 0 0 Root,dried leaves Emetic,whooping cough,scabies Folk
mallow(Eng)
756 Malvastrum coromandelianum Malvaceae Red Herb or Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Gul 0 0 flower Emollient,resolvent,dysentery,pectoral and diaphoretic Folk
(L.) Garcke malvastrum(Eng) under burga,Hassan,Mysore,Tumkur
shrub
757 Mangifera indica L. Anacardiacea Mango(Eng), Large Most of the dist. Novembe February- Bark,leaf,flower,fr Laxative,diuretic,uterine haemorrhege,asthma,ear Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Mango seeds for root
e Mavinamara(Kan), tree r-January July uit,seed diseases,diarhoea,haemorrhage,menorrhagia,urinary Homeopathy, stock purpose germinated
Aamra(San), Maa kernal,root troubles,thirst,ulcers,intermittent fever Tibetan, Unani, better if the endocarp was
maram bark,stem Sidha opened and the kernel
bark,fruit,gum extracted. 2. Vegetative
Propagation :
a. Inarching or Approach
Grafting

758 Manihot esculenta Crantz. Euphorbiacea Arrowroot(Eng),Ma Tall herb Hassan,Mysore 0 0 Tuber Tonic Ayurveda,
(M.utilissima Pohl) e ragenasu(Kan),Daar Homeopathy,
ukhand/Saadahaa(S Sidha
an),Allvalli
kizhangu(Tam),
Sakkarkhand(Hin)
759 Manilkara hexandra (Roxb.) Dub. Sapotaceae Ksheerika/Rajadana Small or Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,North 0 0 Bark,latex Febrifuge,general debility,giddiness,aphrodisiac Ayurveda, Folk,
(Mimusops hexandra Roxb.) (San), medium Kanara Unani
Palu(Eng),Hale sized tree
hannu(Kan)
760 Manilkara zapota (L.) Royen Sapotaceae Tree Most of the dist. 0 0 Gum Gum from bark called 'Chicle' gum is used in dental surgery
(Achras sapota L.)
761 Marsdenia tenacissima (Roxb.) Asclepiadace Murva/Peeluparni(s Large Gulburga March- May-June Root Purgative,diarrhoea,fever,polyuria,anaemia,boils,leprosy,eye Ayurveda 1.Seed propagation 2. 2006-07 Market
Moon ae an), climbing April diseases,vomiting,poisoning,intermittent fever Vegetative propagation demand: Above
Panjukkodi(Tam),K shrub 6tonnes per year.
arudushtupa-
tige(Tel)

762 Martynia annua L. Martyniaceae Garuda Herb Bangalore,Chitradurga,Gulburga,Hass 0 0 Leaves,fruit Epilepsy,gargle for throat disorders,alexeteric,inflammation Ayurveda, Folk,
mooga(kan), an,Mysore,Raichur Sidha
Bichu(Hin),Garuda
mukku(Tel),
Kakanasa(sub.)
763 Maytenus emarginata Celastraceae Tandrasi(San/Kan), Shrub or Bangalore,Bellary,Bidar,Bijapur,Chic Various Various Paste of bark, Colic dysentery, diarrhoea. Folk
(Willd.)D.Hou (Gymnosporia Kattangi(Tam), small tree kmagalore,Coorg,Gulburga,Hassan,M times times decoction of
montana (Roth) Benth.) Chinni(Tel), ysore,North shoot.
Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,Tumkur
764 Mazus pumilus (Burm.f.)van Scorophulari Small Chickmagalore,Coorg 0 0 Infusion of plant. Tonic, aperient febrifuge. Folk
Steenis aceae herb
765 Melastoma malabathricum L. Melastomata Nekkare/Nekkarike( Shrub Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassa Through 0 Bark, leaf. Skin troubles. Ayurveda, Folk,
ceae Kan),Phutki(Hin),T n,Mysore,North Kanara,Shim out the Sidha
inisha(san)Kadali( oga,South Kanara year.
Mal),Katalai(Tam), Mainly
Pathudu(Tel) March-
July
766 Melia azedarach L. Meliaceae Hebbevu(Kan), Medium- Bangalore,Bellary,Bidar,Coorg,Dhar March- July- Leaf, gum, fruit, Antheliminthi, diuretic, emanagogue, spleen enlagement, Ayurveda, Folk,
Mahanimba(San), sized tree wad,Kolar,Mysore,North Kanara May Novembe seed kernel, root. ascariasis, tonic, leprosy, blood disorders, gasteroenteritis, Tibetan, Unani,
Malai vembu(Tam) r fever, polyuria, piles, rat bite poison, intermittent fever, eczema, Sidha
worm infestation, sterility in female.
767 Melia dubia Cav. (M. composita Meliaceae Bettabevu/Hebbevu Medium- Bangalore,Bellary,Bidar,Dharwad,Kol January- October- Fruit. Anthelmintic, skin troubles. Ayurveda
Willd.) (Kan), sized tree ar,Mysore,North Kanara March January
Kadkajur(Hin),
Malavepu((Mal),(M
alai vembu
(sub.)(Tam)
768 Melilotus indica All. Papilionaceae Vanamethika(San) Herb 0 0 Whole plant, seed. Discutient, emolient, narcotic, bowel compliant, infantile Homeopathy
Kaadu wosarane diarrhoea
soppu(Kan),
Banmethi(Hin)
769 Melochia corchorifolia L. Sterculiaceae Chitrabeez(Hin), Herb Bangalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,Nort 0 0 decoction of Dysentery, constipation, venereal diseases, Glucoria. Folk, Sidha
Niruren(Mal), h Kanara,South Kanara,Tumkur leaves.
Tutturubenda(Tel),
Pinnakku
keerai(Tam)
770 Memecylon angustifolium Wt. Melastomata Mundimara(Kan),K Small Hassan Novembe 0 Bark tonic. Refrigerent. Ayurveda, Folk,
ceae akajambu(San),Attu tree r Sidha
kanila(Mal),Attunja
rei(Tam)
771 Memecylon malabaricum (Cl.) Melastomata Dodda Shrub or Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore January- April- Decoction of Skin troubles. Folk, Sidha
Cogn. ceae nekkare(Kan), small tree May August floweres and
Kasavu(Mal), twigs.
Puvai(Tam),
772 Memecylon umbellatum Burm.f. Melastomata Anjani(San), Shrub or Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass March- June-July Leaves, root, bark. Astringent, lotions used in eye troubles, leucorrhoea, polyuria, Ayurveda, Folk
(M.edule Roxb.) ceae Udaballi/Huli small tree an,Kolar,North May menorrhagia, dysentery.
soppu(Kan), Kanara,Shimoga,South
Korakaha(Eng), Kanara,Tumkur
Nirasa(Hin)
773 Mentha piperita L. Lamiaceae Pudeena/Puthina Herb Kolar 0 0 Whole plant. Stimulant, stomach ache, carminative, nausea, flatulence, Homeopathy,
(San/Kan.), rheumatism, neuralgia, congestive disorders, headache, Modern, Unani
Pepermint(Eng), toothache, ulcers, hiccups, skin disorders, jaundice, vomiting,
Vailaiti- distaste, indigestion;
Pudina(Tam),
Puthina (sub.)
774 Merremia gangetica (L.) Cufod. Convolvulace Aakhukarnee(San), Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Bidar,Bijapur,Chi Rainy 0 whole plant Deobstuent, diuretic, rheumatism, neuralgia, leprosy, fever,
(M.emarginata (Burm.f.)Hall.f. ae Elikadilai/Elik- tradurga,Hassan,South Kanara season pain, polyuria, diarrhoea, stomach disorders, anemia, pyrexia,
kadhu keerai(Tam) and cold worms, fistula.
weather
775 Merremia tridentata (L.) Hall.f. Convolvulace Prasarini(San/Mal), Trailing Bangalore,Hassan,North Kanara Rainy 0 Decoction of root, toothache, rheumatism, facial paralysis, hemiplegia, arthritis, Ayurveda
(M.hastata(Desv.)Hall.f.) ae Mudiyaakkonthal(T herb season leaf. constipation, piles, urinary disorders, laxative.
am) and cold
weather
776 Merremia umbellata (L.0 Hall.f. Convolvulace Kolavara(Mal),Kola Woody Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassa 0 0 whole plant fistulae, pistules, tumors, burns, sores, cutaneous diseases. Folk
ae varavalli(Tam),Ver climbing n,North Kanara,Shimoga,South
umalle(Tel) shrub Kanara
777 Merremia vitifolia Convolvulace Navalicha vel(Mal) Twiner Belgaum,Coorg,Hassan,North 0 0 Whole plant, root. Stranguary and urethral discharges, stomachache, diuretic, Folk
(Burm.f.)Hall.f. ae Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara cooling.
778 Mesua nagassarium Clusiaceae Nagakesara(San), Tree Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore January- October- Seed, bark, flower, Diseases of head & throat, urinary bladder, disorders, Ayurveda, Folk, Seed propagation :
(Burm.f.)Kosterm. (M.ferrea Sirunagapoo(Tam), ,North Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara April March anther, root. poisoning, nausea, vomiting, leprosy, erysipelas, piles, Tibetan, Unani, The brownish coloured
auct.non L.) Nagasampige intermittent fever, dysentery, diarrhoea, indigestion, anuresis. Sidha fruits that fall in the month
(Kan), Naga- of April are collected
champa(Mar) either from the ground or
from the tree or the seeds
are collected in the third
week from the beginning
of seed fall

779 Meyna laxiflora Robyns Rubiaceae Mainaphalam(San), Small Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassa 0 0 Dry fruit, leaves.
Narcotic, dysentery, boils, diphtheria, cold, abdominal Ayurveda
tree n,North Kanara,Mysore,Shimoga disorders, urinary bladder diseases, tympanitis, leprosy, wounds,
fever, purgative.
780 Michelia champaca L. Magnoliacea Sampige(kan), Evergree Most of the dist. Endangere May- Novembe Flower, root, root Burning sensation, diseases of kapha, skin diseases, headache, Ayurveda, Folk,
e champaka(San) n tree d August r- bark, flower oil, anorexia, cardiac diseases, worms, cough, dysponia, intermittent Tibetan, Unani,
Shenbagam(Tam) December flower bud. fever, scrofela, urinary disroders Sidha

781 Michelia nilagirica Zenk. Magnoliacea Kenda Tree or Chickmagalore,Mysore Vulnerabl March- 0 Bark, leaf. Febrifuge. Folk, Sidha
e sampige(Kan), Pila shrub e April
champa(Hin), Kattu
shanbagam(Tam)
782 Miliusa velutina (Dunal) Hk.f. & Annonaceae Rushya Medium- Bangalore,Coorg,Hassan,Tumkur January- March- Bark. Pirgative, gout, tonic. Folk
Th. proktha(San), sized March May
Kanakaitha, deciduou
Villui(Mal), s tree
Nalladudduga
(Tel),Domsal(Hin)
783 Milletia racemosa Benth. Papilionaceae Woody Belagaum,Bellary,North Kanara 0 0 Root. Sores of cattle, to kill vermins. Folk
climber
784 Millingtonia hortensis.L.f. Bignoniaceae Indian Large bangalore,Dharwad,Mysore October- 0 Tannin from bark. Antipyretic. Folk, Sidha
cork(Eng),Biratuma tree Novembe
ra(Kan),Mara- r and
mallikai(Tam) after
785 Mimosa pudica L. Mimosaceae Sensitive pplant(E), Prickly Most of the dist. During During Root, whole plant, Diarrhoea, dysponia, leprosy, uterine disorders, haemorrhage, Ayurveda
Lajwati(Hin), woody rainy rainy leaf. wounds, oedema, burning sensation, diabetes, sinus, eye
Muttidare herb season season diseases, diseases of Vattha, anuresis, urinary calculi
muni(kan),Lajjalu(S
an), Thottar
chunnungi(Tam)

786 Mimusops elengi L. Sapotaceae Bakula(San), Large Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass March- August- Bark, fruit, flower Diarrhoea, dysentery, constipation, dental diseases, burning Ayurveda, Folk, Seed Propagation
tree an,Mysore,North April Septembe sensation, thirst, leprosy, uterine disorders, cardiac diseases, Tibetan, Unani, The seeds are collected in
kanara,Shimoga,South kanara r fever, eye diseases, poisoning, aphrodisiac. Sidha June-July.
787 Mirabilis jalapa L. Nyctaginacea Gulambasa(San), Herb or Bangalore,belgaum,Kolar,Mysore,Nor After 0 Leaves, root, stem. Tonic, boils, abscess, wounds, itching in urticaria, piles, ulcers. Ayurveda, Folk,
e Andimalli under th Kanara,Tumkur rainy Unani, Sidha
(bhathrakshi)(Tam), shrub season
The four O' clock
plant.
788 Mitragyna parvifolia (Roxb.) Rubiaceae Kadamba Deciduou Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Chickma June-July Septembe Bark, fruit, stem, Colic, febrifuge, burning sensation, poisoning, wounds, Ayurveda, Folk,
Korth. (sub.)(San),Kongu/ s tree galore,Chitradurga,Coorg,Gulburga,H r- seed, root. gynaecological disorders, cough, oedema, alleviating kapha and Unani, Sidha
Nayekadamba(Kan) assan,Kolar,Mysore,North Novembe pittha, eye diseases, dropsy, urticaria.
,Kathambu(Kdamb Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur r
u)(sub.)(Tam),
Nirkadambu(Tel)
789 Mollugo cerviana (L.) Seringe Molluginacea Parpaatakam (Tam) Herb Bangalore,Bellary,Bijapur,Chickmaga 0 0 Whole plant, root, Stomachache, aperient, antiseptic, rheumatism, promotes flow Ayurveda, Folk,
e lore,Hassan,Mysore,Raichur flower. of lochial discharges, gonorrhoea, febrifuge, antipyretic, Sidha
astringent.
790 Mollugo nudicaulis Lam. Molluginacea Herb Bangalore,Bijapur,Mysore 0 0 Flowers & Leaves. Whooping cough, boils for suppuration. Folk
e
791 Mollugo pentaphylla L. Molluginacea Turapoondu (Tam) Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Bijapur,Chickma 0 0 Whole plant. Stomachache, aperient, antiseptic, rheumatism, emmenagogue, Folk, Sidha
e galore,Chitradurga,Dharwad,Hassan, poultice for sore legs, antilperiodics, skin diseases, earache,
Kolar,Mysore,North fever.
Kanara,Raichur,Tumkur
792 Momordica charantia L. Cucurbitacea Karavellaka(San), Climber Bangalore,Belgaum,Coorg,Gulburga, 0 0 whole plant, fruit Stomachache, corminative, cooling, disease of liver and spleen, Ayurveda, Folk,
e Paagal(Tam) Kolar,Mysore,North Kanara,Tumkur rind, leaf, seed. diabetes bilious infection, leprosy, oedema, distaste, anorexia, Tibetan, Unani,
rheumatism, piles, mellitus, urticaria, obesity, jaundice, Sidha
dysmenorrhoea.
793 Momordica cochinchinensis Cucurbitacea Jalakaaravallee(San Climber Mysore,North Kanara,South Kanara. 0 0 Seed, fruit, leaves. Aperient, ulcers, external application for lumbago, fractures. Ayurveda, Unani
(Lour.) Spreng. e )
794 Momordica cymbalaria Hk.f. Cucurbitacea kuduhunchee Herb Bellary,Bijapur,Dharwad,Raichur,Shi 0 0 Root, tuber. Abortifacient, piles, uterine disorders. Ayurveda
(Luffa tuberosa Roxb.; e moga
Momordica tuberosa (Roxb.)
Cogn.)
795 Momordica dioica Roxb.ex Willd. Cucurbitacea Karkotaka, Kaattu Climber Bijapur,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan 0 0 Whole plant, leaf, Bleeding piles, stomach ache, urinary compliants, eye diseases, Ayurveda, Folk,
e Pagal (pazhu pagal) ,Mysore,North Kanara,shimoga fruit, root. poisoning, fever, diseases of vattham, mental disorders, Sidha
digestive disorders.
796 Monochoria hastata (L.) Solms. Pontederiace Herb Bidar 0 0 Whole plant, Tonic, cooling, boils Folk
(M.hastaefolia Presl.) ae rhizome
797 Monochoria vaginalis (Burm.f.) Pontederiace Senkazhuneer Aquatic Bangalore,Chickmgalore,Coorg,Hassa 0 0 juice of leaves, Cough, stomach ache, liver compliants, astha, toothache. Ayurveda,
Presl. ae kizhangu herb n,Kolar,Mysore,Shimoga,South root. Unani, Sidha,
Kanara,Tumkur Folk
798 Morinda citrifolia L. Rubiaceae Noni(Eng), Small Bellary,North Kanara,South Kanara May- October Root, leaf juice, cathartic, febrifuge, applied in gout, throat compliants, Ayurveda, Folk,
Nona(Tam), tree Septembe fruit. dysentery, leucorrhoea, sapraemia. Unani, Sidha
Maddi(Tel), r
799 Morinda pubescens Sm. Rubiaceae Manjanathi (nunaa) Small or Most of the dist. 0 0 Root, leaf, fruit, eczema, fever, ulcers, glandular swelling, digestive disorders
(M.tomentosa Heyne ex Roth; medium bark. especially in children.
M.tinctoria Roxb.var.tomentosa sized tree
(Roth)Hk.f.)

800 Morinda umbellata L. Rubiaceae Shrub Mysore 0 0 Decoction of roots Diarrhoea, dysentery. Ayurveda, Folk,
and leaves. Sidha
801 Moringa oleifera Lam Moringaceae Nuggekayi(Kan), Medium- Most of the dist. January- May-June Whole plant. Ascites, venomous bite, rheumatism, caridiac and circulatory Ayurveda, Folk, Seed Propagation
(M.pterygosperma Gaertn.) Shobhanjana(San), sized tree April and other stimulant, rubefacient, vescicant, scurvy, catarrhal infection, Tibetan, Unani, The seeds are collected in
Murungai(tam),Dru other times diuretic, cholagogue, antipyretic, unconsciousness, psychosis, Sidha June. Vegetative
mstick(Eng),Mulag times fever, scrofula, amenorrhoea, carcinogenic growth, worm. propagation: through
a(Tel) cittings.
802 Morus alba L. Moraceae Tooda, Kambali Medium- Most of the dist. 0 0 Fruit, leaf, root. Diaphoretic, anthelminthic, purgative, vermifuge, sorethroat, Ayurveda, Folk,
poochi chedi sized tree dyspepsia, melancholia, laxative, acidity, haemorrhagia, vattha Unani, Sidha
and pittha.
803 Morus macroma Miq. Moraceae Tooda (sub.) Tree belgaum,Dharwad, 0 0 Milky juice of Sores.
(M.laevigata Wall.ex Brand.) plant.
804 Mucuna atropurpurea DC. Papilionaceae Kapikachhu (sub.) Woody Mysore,south Kanara 0 0 Root, seed tonic, stimulant, diuretic, purgative, emmenagogue, nervous Ayurveda, Sidha
clmber disorders, elephantiasis, dropsy, aphrodisiac, wasting disease,
wounds, worms, alleviating vattha, parkinsons, menorrhagia,
eczema, filiriasis.
805 Mucuna monosperma DC. Papilionaceae Kapikachhu (sub.) Woody Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 Seed. Restorative, expectorant, asthama, cough, tongue infection. Ayurveda, Folk,
climber ,North Kanara,Shimoga Sidha
806 Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC. Papilionaceae cowhage(E), Climbing Bangalore,Bidar,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar, February- cold Root, seed tonic, stimulant, diuretic, purgative, emmenagogue, nervous Ayurveda, Folk,
(M.prurita Hk.) Nasugunni(kan), shrub Mysore,North Kanara,South Kanara Maech season disorders, elephantiasis, dropsy, aphrodisiac, wasting disease, Homeopathy,
Kapikachhu wounds, worms, alleviating vattha, parkinsons, menorrhagia, Tibetan, Unani,
(atmagupta), eczema, filiriasis. Sidha
Poonaikkali(Tam)
807 Mukia maderaspatana (L.) Roem. Cucurbitacea Gopalakarkati, Climbing Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Bij 0 0 Tender shoots, Aperient vertigo, biliousness, toothache, flatulence, sudorific, Ayurveda, Folk,
(Melothria maderaspatana (L.) e Musumusukkai herb apur,Chickmagalore,Coorg,HassanMy leaves, fruit and tuberculosis, abdominal disorders, vomiting, cough. Sidha
(Cogn.) sore,North Kanara,Tumkur root.
808 Muntingia calabura L. Tiliaceae Medium- Bangalore,Mysore 0 0 infusion of Headache, cold Folk
sized tree flowers.

809 Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng. Rutaceae Karibevu(Kan), Shrub or Most of the dist. 0 0 Leaves,root,bark Tonic,stomachic,carminative,diarrhoea,dysentery,vomiting,ranal Ayurveda, Folk,
Kaidarya(San), small tree pains,dropsy,dysentery,diarrhoea,chronic fever,mental Unani, Sidha
Karivembu(Tam)C disorders,nausea
urry leaf plant(eng)

810 Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack Rutaceae Chinese Shrub or Bangalore,chickmagalore,coorg,Dhar March- October Leaves Diarrhoea,dysentery,cuts,coughs,rheumatism,hysteria,dropsy Ayurveda, Sidha
box(Eng),Ekangi/K small tree wad,Hassan,Mysore,Kolar,North Sepyemb February
aidarya (sub)(San), Kanara,Shimoga er,
Kadarkongi (Tam) through
out the
year
811 Musa paradisiaca L. Musaceae Kadali(San), Stolonifer Most of the dist. 0 0 Fruit,rhizome,stem Laxative,intestinal Ayurveda, Folk,
Vazhai(Tam) ous herb ,leaf,flower disorders,uraemia,nephritis,hypertension,vascular Homeopathy,
diseases,diarrhoea,wasting diseases,eye Tibetan, Unani,
diseases,ascites,dysuria,anaemia,dysentery Sidha

812 Mussaenda belilla Buch.- Ham. Rubiaceae Shrub Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,C 0 0 Decoction of dried Cough,demulcent,leprosy,eye troubles,intestinal worms Folk
(M.glabrata Hk.f.; M.frondosa L.) oorg,Hassan,Mysore,North shoots and leaves
Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara.
813 Myristica dactyloides Gaertn. Myristicaceae Jateephala (sub.) Tall tree Chickmaglore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore, Vulnerabl 0 0 Flower bud Inflammation of bladder and urinary passages,stimulant in Ayurveda,
North Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara e ointments,rheumatism,sprains,paralysis Unani, Sidha

814 Myristica fragrans Houtt. Myristicaceae Jateephala(san), Tree Most of the dist. Vulnerabl 0 0 Nutmeg and mace Inflammation of bladder and urinary passages,stimulant in Ayurveda, Folk,
Saathikkai(Tam) e ointments,rheumatism,sprains,paralysis,worm Homeopathy,
infestation,cough,dyspnoea,vomiting,coryza,cardiac Tibetan, Unani,
diseases,amaciation,diarrhoea,sprue,pain,thirst,poisoning,urinar Sidha, Modern
y calculi,liver diseases
815 Myristica malabarica Lam. Myristicaceae Jateephala Medium- North Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara Vulnerabl 0 0 Seed,ripe fruit external application for indolent ulcers,rheumatism Ayurveda, Folk,
(sub.)(San), sized tree e Unani, Sidha
Saathikkai
(sub.)(Tam)
816 Naregamia alata Wt.& Arn. Rutaceae Under North Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara 0 0 Root,leaves Emetic,cholagogue,expectorant,chronic bronchitis,biliousness Ayurveda, Folk
shrub
817 Naringi crenulata (Roxb.) Nicols. Rutaceae Bilwaparnee Throny
Bangalore,Belgaum,Chitradurga,Dhar 0 0 Fruit,root tonic,stomachic,malignant and pestilent Ayurveda, Folk
(Limonia acidissima L.; tree wad,Kolar,Tumkur fever,purgative,sudorific
Hesperethusa crenulata (Roxb.)
M.Roem.)
818 Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. Nelumbonace Tavare Rhizomat Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass 0 0 Root,flower,seed,t Thirst,burning sensation,boils,haemorrhage,sterility,skin Ayurveda, Folk,
ae hoovu(Kan),Kamal ous herb an,Mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga uber,anther diseases,diarrhoea,menorrhagia,bleeding piles,diseases of Tibetan, Unani,
a(san), pittam,aphrodisiac Sidha
Thamarai(Tam)
819 Neolitsea cassia (L.) kosterm. (N. Lauraceae Medium- Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Kola 0 0 Root and bark skin eruptions Folk
zeylanica (Nees) merr.) sized tree r,Hassan,Mysore,North
Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara
820 Neptunia oleracea Lour. Mimosaceae Floating North Kanara 0 0 Stem juice, root. Earache, syphilis. Ayurveda, Folk,
aquatic Sidha
herb
821 Neptunia triquetra (Vahl) Benth. Mimosaceae Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,D 0 0 Leaves Headache, cold Folk, Sidha
harwar.
822 Nerium indicum Mill. Apocynaceae Kanagilu(Kan), Woody Most of the dist. Through Through Root, root bark, Leprosy, wounds, oedema, skin diseases, glandular swelling, Ayurveda, Folk
Alari,Arali(Tam),K shrub or out the out the flower. poisoning.
araveera small tree year year
(Arali)(San)
823 Nervilia aragoana Gaud. Orchidaceae Tuberous Hassan,Mysore,North Kanara Near 0 0 Decoction of Parturition. Ayurveda
herb threatened leaves.

824 Neuracanthus sphaeostachyus Acanthaceae Herb Shimoga 0 0 Root paste. Ringworm infection, indigestion, Folk
(Nees) Dalz.
825 Niacandra physalodes (L.) Solanaceae Herb Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass 0 0 Whole plant. Diuretic, insecticidal and anthelmintic. Folk
Gaertn. an,Mysore,North Kanara,Tumkur

826 Nicotiana tabacum L. Solanaceae Hogesoppu(Kan), Herb Bangalore,Bellary,Coorg,Dharwar 0 0 Leaf. Sedative, antispasmodic, skin troubles, vermifuge, Ayurveda, Folk,
Tamraparna(San), gastrointestinal disorders, local infection, arthralgia, toothache, Homeopathy,
Pugaiyilai(Tam) cough, dysponea, worms, urinary disorders, ascitis, liver Unani, Sidha
disorders, oliguria, snakebite.
827 Nilgiranthus ciliatus (Nees) Acanthaceae Shrub Chickmagalore,Hassan,North Endangere 0 0 Bark, flower. Emollient, vulnerary. Ayurveda, Unani
Bremek. Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara d
828 Nilgiranthus heyneanus (Nees) Acanthaceae Sahachara(sub.) Herb Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 Whole A paste of roos applied to boiles and glandular swellings.Roots Folk
Bremek. (Strobilanthes heyneanus ,North Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara plant,root,leaf febrifuge.Leaves chewed to relieve toothache.Juice of leaves
Nees) with honey given in catarrhal infections in children,diseases of
nervpus system,leprosy,pruritus,gout,arthralgia,rheumatiod
arthritis,oedema,swelling of joints,poisonong.

829 Nothapodytes nimmaniana Icacinaceae Durvaasane Small Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassa Endangere March- Septembe Whole plant. Anticancer., Anti-Viral Folk
(Grah.) Mabb. (Mappia foetida mara(Kan), tree n,North Kanara,Shimoga d July r-
(Wt.) Miers) Arali(Tam) Novembe
r
830 Nothosaerva brachiata (L.) Wt. Amaranthace Pashanabedha(sub.) Herb Bangalore,Coorg,Mysore 0 0 whole plant cough,sore throat,diabetes, lithiasis,Anaemia urinary Ayurveda, Folk
ae calculi,menorrhagia,dysuria,anuresis.Roots for
wounds,piles,abdominal disorders,cardiac diseases and uterine
diseases. decoction is diuretic
831 Notonia grandiflora Wall. Euphorbiacea Herb or Mysore 0 0 whole plant Mild aperient, against pimples.
e under
shrub
832 Nyctanthes arbortristis L. Oleaceae Parijata(San), Large Bidar,Gulburga,Kolar,North Kanara 0 0 Bark, leaf, root, Antibilious, expectorant, rheumatism, sciatica, cholagogue, Ayurveda, Folk,
Pavazha shrub or seed. laxative, diaphoretic, diuretic, anthelminitic, scalp infection, Homeopathy,
malli(Tam) small tree anorexia, liver disorders, worms, oliguria, snake bite, Unani, Sidha
intermittent fever, constipation, scabies.
833 Nymphaea nouchali burm.f. (N. Nymphaeace Kumada Aquatic Banagalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Ha 0 0 Rhizome, flower, Demulcent, dysentery, dyspepsia, cardiotonic, cutaneous Ayurveda, Folk
stellata Willd.) ae herb ssan,Mysore,Shimoga,South Kanara seed. diseases, burning sensation, thirst, menorrhagea, erysipelas,
diarrhoea
834 Nymphaea pubescens Willd. (N. Nymphaeace Kumada(sub.) Aquatic bangalore,bellary,Coorg,Hassan,Shim 0 0 Rhizome, flower, Demulcent, dysentery, dyspepsia, cardiotonic, cutaneous Folk, Sidha
nouchali auct. Non Burm.f.; (N. ae stolonifer oga,Tumkur seed. diseases, burning sensation, thirst, menorrhagea, erysipelas,
lotus L. var. pubescens (Willd.) ous herb diarrhoea
Hk.f.)
835 Nymphoides Menyanthace Tagara(sub.) Aquatic Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Hassan,Nor 0 0 Root, Rhizome, Rheumatism, Hemiplegia, psychosis, epillepsy, joint pain, gout, Ayurveda,
hydrophylla(Lour.)Ktze. (N. ae herb th Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara leaf. stomach ache, anorexia, cardiac diseases, leprosy, herpes, blood Sidha, Folk
cristata (Roxb.) O. Ktze.) disorders.
(Limnanthemum cristatum
Griseb.)
836 Nymphoides indicum (L.) O. Ktze. Menyanthace Tagara(sub.) Aquatic Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Chitradurg 0 0 Root, Rhizome, Rheumatism, Hemiplegia, psychosis, epillepsy, joint pain, gout,
(Limnanthemum indicum Griseb.0 ae herb a,Hassan,Mysore,North leaf. stomach ache, anorexia, cardiac diseases, leprosy, herpes, blood
Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara disorders, antiscorbutic febrifuge.
837 Ochna obtusata DC. Var. gamblei Ochnaceae Narole/Mudamara( Woody Kolar,North kanara February- May-June bark, root digestive, tonic, emollient cataplasm, astma, constipation, Folk, Sidha
(Brandis ) Kanis(O. squarrosa L.) Kan),Kalkurvi/Chil shrub March menstrual complaints
anti(Tam),Sunari,
Kukkamavi(Tel)
838 Ocimum americanum L. (O. Lamiaceae Tulsi(Sub), Naayi Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Chickma Rainy 0 leaf cough, digestive disorders, fever, skin diseases, Ayurveda, Folk,
canum Sims.) Tulasi(Kan), galore,Chitradurga,Coorg,Gulburga,H season Homeopathy,
Kanjankorai(Tam), assan,Kolar,Mysore,Raichur,South and cold Sidha
Kukka tulsi(Tel), Kanara,Tumkur weather

839 Ocimum basilicum L. Lamiaceae Tulasi(sub.), Herb or Mysore,Shimoga Decembe 0 whole plant, seeds diuretic carminative, gonorrhoea, dysentery, diarrhoea, ear ache, Ayurveda, Folk,
Kamkasturi(Kan),Ti under r- stomach disorders, nasal disorders Homeopathy,
runeetruppachilai(R shrub February Tibetan, Unani,
udrajadai) Sidha

840 Ocimum gratissimum L. Lamiaceae Tulasi(sub.), Under Belgaum,Mysore 0 0 whole plant, seeds swelling, abscess, cough, diuretic, arthritis, carminative Ayurveda, Folk,
Elumichantulasi shrub Homeopathy,
Unani, Sidha
841 Ocimum tenuiflorum L. (O. Lamiaceae Tulasi, Thulasi Herb Bellary,Chickmagalore,Chitradurga,C 0 0 leaves, seed fever, coryza, mental disorders, diseases of vatam and kapham, Ayurveda,
sanctum L.) oorg,Gulburga,Kolar,Mysore,North digestive disorders, cough, dyspnoea, leucorrhoea, ulcers Homeopathy,
Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga Unani, Sidha,
Folk
842 Olax scandes Roxb. Oleaceae Karru/Nakkare.Kar Throny Gulburga,North Kanara February- March- bark, root Anaemia Folk, Sidha
adu(Kan),Kadalran shrub March, April,
chi(Tam), July August
Kurpodur/Tigenaku
(Tel), Rajjudala
843 Olea dioica Roxb. Oleaceae Small Chickmagalore,Mysore 0 0 bark, leaves febrifuge Folk, Sidha
tree
844 Oligochaeta ramosa (Roxb.) Asteraceae Brahmadandi(sub.) Herb Bellaey,Gulburga,Kolar,Raichur 0 0 whole plant aperient, febrifuge, tonic, cough Ayurveda
Wagen. (Volutarella divaricata
Benth.)
845 Opercula turpathum (L.) Silva Convolvulace Trivrt, Sivadai Large Coorg,Dharwad,Mysore,North Septembe March- root, bark delirium cardiac diseases, diseases of throat, burning sensation, Ayurveda 1.Seed propagation: April- 2006-07 Markat
Manso (Merremiaturpethum (L.) ae (Karunsivadai) climber Kanara,South Kanara r- May diabetes mellitus, fever, oedema, worm infestation, anaemia, May season fr seed demand: About
Shah & Bhat) Novembe stomach disorders, hyperacidity, ear diseases, spleenic collection. 2.Vegetative demand 5 tonnes
r disorders, wounds, tonic, abdominal disorders, constipation, propagation
worm infestation, rat-bite poisoning
846 Ophiopogon intermedius D.Don Liliaceae Tuberous Chickmagalore,Hassan,Mysore,North 0 0 tubers dropsy Folk
herb Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara
847 Ophiorrhiza mungos L. Rubiaceae Sarpakshee, Keeri Decumbe Chickmagalore,South Kanara 0 0 root, leaves poisoning, carminative, laxative, soporific, snake and dog bite Ayurveda, Folk,
poondu nt herb poisoning, tonic Tibetan, Unani,
Sidha

848 Ophrestia pentaphylla (Dalz.) Papilionaceae Twining North Kanara 0 0 leaves fever, liver complaints, vermifuge, antidote for eczema and
Verdc. (Glycine pentaphylla herb other troubles
Dalz.)
849 Opuntia elatior Mill. (O. Cactaceae Prickly Shrub Bellary,Gulbarga,Mysore,Raichur Variuos 0 bark, fruit, pulp whoopin cough, antispasmodic, expectorant, opthalmia, Folk, Sidha
nigricans Haw.) pear(E),Pappaskalli times poisoning, diseases of vatam, cough, leucorrhoea, constiapation
(Kan),Nagadali(Tel
),nagphana(Hin),

850 Opuntia stricta (Haw.) Haw. Var. Cactaceae Nagathali Shrub Bangalore,Bellary,Chitradurga,Hassan 0 0 bark, fruit, pulp whoopin cough, antispasmodic, expectorant, opthalmia,
dillenii (Ker.-Gawl.) Benson (O. ,Mysore,Raichur poisoning, diseases of vatam, cough, leucorrhoea, constiapation
dillenii (Ker.-Gawl.) Haw.)

851 Origanum vulgare L. Lamiaceae Anavu(Kan), Herb Bangalore Vulnerabl 0 0 whole plant carminative, stomachic, diuretic, tonic, diarrhoea, colic, Folk
Attuobanji(Tam) e rheumatism, toothache, earache, whooping cough, bronchitis

852 Oroxylum indicum(L.) Vent. Bignoniaceae Syonaka Tall or Chickmagalore,Coorg,North Kanara Vulnerabl July- December root, bark fever, oedema, earache, diarrhoea, urinary bladder disorders, Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed propagation Seeds 2006-07: Market
medium- e August - March cough, dyspnoea, distaste, diseases of kapha Tibetan, Unani, collected during February- price: Rs.20-30per
sized tree Sidha March kg(per year stem bark)
Market demand:
Above 600 tonnes per
year.
853 Oryza sativa L. Poaceae Dhanya Herb Most of the dist. 0 0 root, seed diseases of pitta, aphrodisiac, diuretic, galactagogue, vomiting, Ayurveda, Folk,
abdominal disorders, fainting, debility, piles Tibetan, Unani,
Sidha

854 Osbeckia cupularis D. Dan ex Wt. Melastomata Small Chickmaglore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore, 0 0 whole plant swellings Folk
& Arn. ceae herb Shimoga
855 Osyris quadripartia Salz. Ex Santalaceae Shrub or Chitradurga,Kolar,Tumkur 0 0 leaves emetic Folk
Decne. small tree
856 Ottelia alismodes (L.) Pers. Hydrocharita Aquatic Bangalore,Bijapur,Chickmagalore,Chi 0 0 whole plant haemorrhoids Sidha, Folk
ceae floating tradurga,Gulburga,Kolar,Mysore,Raic
herb hur
857 Ougeinia oojeinensis (Roxb.) Papilionaceae Tinisha(San), Medium- Coorg,Mysore,North Kanara February- May-June bark, heart wood anaemia, leucoderma, worm infestation, leprosy, wounds, Ayurveda
Hochr. Karimutal(Kan),Va sized April polyuria, obesity, disorders of blood
ndanam/chikkudu(T deciduou
el)Naiponai, nari- s tree
vengai(Tam)
858 Oxalis acetosella L. Oxalidaceae Changeri(sub.) Creeping Coorg 0 0 whole plant diuretic, antiscorbutic, refrigerant, liver and digestive disorders, Ayurveda,
rhizomat urinary infections, heamorrhage, remove cancerous growth from Homeopathy
ous herb lips
859 Oxalis corniculata L. Oxalidaceae Changeri, Puliyarai Creeping Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass 0 0 whole plant sprue, piles, leprosy, diarrhoea, anorexia, fever, distaste, fever, Ayurveda, Folk,
herb an,Kolar,Mysore,North headache, abdominal disorders, venereal diseases, abscess, Unani, Sidha
Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur warts, digestive disorders, antidote for dhattura posioning

860 Oxalis latifolia H.B.& L. Oxalidaceae Changeri(sub.) Bulbous Bangalore,Kolar,Mysore 0 0 leaves soporific Ayurveda
herb
861 Oxystelma secamone (L.) Karst. Asclepiadace Oosippalai Laticifero Belgaum,Chitradurga,Mysore,North 0 0 leaves,roots, latex antiseptic, depurative, galactagogue, jaundice, leucorrhoea, Sidha
(O. esculentum (L.f.) R. Br.) ae us Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga micturition, cooling, tonic,
climber
862 Pachygone ovata (Poir.) Hk.f. & Menispermac Climbing Bellary,Mysore 0 0 Dried fruit. Vermicide, fish poison. Folk
Thoms. eae shrub
863 Pachystoma senile (Lindl.) Orchidaceae Rhizomat Belgaum,South Kanara 0 0 Rhizome. Seminal troubles. Folk
Reichb. ous herb

864 Pajanelia longifolia (Willd.) K. Bignoniaceae Large Hassan,North Kanara,Shimoga,South 0 0 root, bark fever, oedema, earache, diarrhoea, urinary bladder disorders, Folk
Schum. (P.rheedii Wt.) deciduou Kanara cough, dyspnoea, distaste, diseases of kapha
s tree
865 Pancratium triflorum Roxb. Amaryllidace Bulbous Belgaum 0 0 whole plant Cardiotonic, Diuretic, expectorant, bronchial troubles. Folk
ae herb
866 Pancratium zeylanicum L. Amaryllidace Bulbous Bangalore 0 0 whole plant Ear troubles. Folk
ae herb
867 Pandanus fascicularis Lam. Pandanaceae Ketaka Shrub or Most of the dist. 0 0 Root, flower, leaf Rheumatism, headache, anorexia, indigestion, constipation, Ayurveda, Folk
(P.odoratissimus small tree polyuria, eye diseases, leprosy, amenorrhoea, dropsy, headache,
L.f.;P.fascicularis Lam.) earache, pox, diseases of pittha.
868 Panicum antidotale Retz. Poaceae Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,D 0 0 whole plant Throat infection, antidote in hydrophobia Folk, Sidha
harwar
869 Panicum miliaceum L. Poaceae Kuree(sub.), Herb Mysore,Kolar 0 0 Grains. Fever, thirst, oedema, dysentery. Ayurveda, Folk,
Saamai Unani, Sidha

870 Panicum psilopodium Poaceae Kuree Herb Coorg,North Kanara 0 0 Grains. General debility,cooling,tonic Ayurveda
Trin.var.colorata Hk.f.
871 Panicum psilopodium Poaceae Kuree(sub.) Herb Coorg,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 Grains. General debility,cooling,tonic Ayurveda
Trin.var.psilopodium
872 Paracalyx scariosa (Roxb.)Ali Papilionaceae Woody Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Chickmagalor 0 0 Root decoction. Dysentery, leucorrhoea. Folk
(Cylista scariosa Roxb.) twiner e,Coorg,Gulburga,Hassan,North
kanara
873 Paramignya monophylla Wt. Rutaceae Climbing Coorg,Hassan,North 0 0 Whole plant. Duretic, cattle in haematuria and other blood fluxes from Folk
shrub Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara abdomen.
874 Parkia timoriana (A.DC.)Merr. Mimosaceae Sivalinga(kan), Large Mysore 0 0 Pods, seeds, bark, Stomach disorders, applied to sores and skin infections.
(P.roxburghii G. Don) Mavukai(Tam), tree leaf.
Badminton ball
tree(E)
875 Parsonsia alboflavescens Apocynaceae Woody Chickmagalore,Hassan,North 0 0 Whole plant. Insanity. Folk
(Dennst.)Mabber. (P.spiralis twiner Kanara.Shimoga,South Kanara
Wall.)
876 Parthenium hysterophorus L. Asteraceae Herb Most of the dist. 0 0 Whole plant. Tonic, febrifuge, emmenagogue, analgesic, dysentery. Folk
877 Paspalum scrobiculatum L. Poaceae Kodrava Tufted Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,C 0 0 Juice of stem, Clear corneal opacity, polyuria, obesity, stiffness of lower limbs, Ayurveda, Folk,
herb oorg,Hassan,Mysore,Shimoga grain. ascites, sinus, wound, thirst. Tibetan, Unani,
Sidha
878 Passiflora foetida L. Passifloracea Climber Most of the district 0 0 Fruit, leaf. Emmetic, asthama, biliousness, emmenagogue, hysteria. Ayurveda, Folk,
e Sidha
879 Pavetta indica L.var.indica Rubiaceae Pavattai Shrub or Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar, 0 0 Root, leaf, fruit. Purgtive, diuretic, visceral obstruction, urinary diseases, Ayurveda, Folk,
small tree mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga jaundice, dropsy, diseases of vaatha, pittha, diarrhoea. Sidha

880 Pavetta tomentosa Roxb. Rubiaceae Shrub or Bidar,Chickmagalore,Chitradurga,Co 0 0 Root, leaf, fruit. Purgtive, diuretic, visceral obstruction, urinary diseases, Ayurveda
(P.indica L.var. tomentosa Roxb.) small tree org,Dharwad,Gulburga,Hassan,Mysor jaundice, dropsy, diseases of vaatha, pittha, diarrhoea.
e,North Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga
881 Pavonia odorata Willd. Malvaceae Bala(sub.), Woody Bangalore,Belgaum,Bijapur,Hassan,K 0 0 Root, whole plant. Antipyretic, stomachache, refrigerant, dysentery, intestinal Ayurveda, Folk,
Sugandhabala(Hin), herb olar,Raichur,Mysore,Tumkur haemorrhage, rheumatic fever, indigestion, diseases of pittam, Tibetan, Unani,
Peramutti(Tam) oliguria, cough. Sidha
882 Pavonia zeylanica (L.) Cav. Malvaceae Antuthogare/shivan Woodyhe Bangalore,Bellary,Bijapur,Chickmaga During 0 whole plant. Disease of vaatha pitha, fever, diarrhoea, thirst, sprue, Ayurveda, Folk,
akadale(Kan), rb lore,coorg,Gulburga,Hassan,Kolar,My rains abdominal disorders, eye diseases, febrifuge, anthelmintic. Sidha
Bala(sb)(San), sore,North Kanara,Raichur,Tumkur
Sitramutti(Tam)
883 Pedalium murex L. Pedaliaceae Brhat Herb Most of the district 0 0 Whole plant. Urinary disorders, leucoderma, urinary calculi, wasting Ayurveda, Folk,
gokshura(san), diseases, antibilious, urinogenital disorders, incontinence of Unani, Sidha
Yenai urine, nocturnal emissions, spermatohhoea, impotence.
nerungil(Tam)
884 Pedilanthus tithymaloides (L.) Euphorbiacea Shrub Bangalore,Hassan,Mysore,Shimoga 0 0 Root, latex. Emmetic, irritant, caustic, venereal diseases, leucoderma Folk, Sidha
Poir. e patches.
885 Peganum harmala L. Zygophyllace Soma(sub.) Herb Bellary,Bijapur, 0 0 Stem Dysponea,cardiac diseases,fever,cold,oedema,mental Ayurveda, Folk,
ae disorders,rejuventaor. Unani, Sidha

886 Peltophorum pterocarpum Caesalpiniace Rusty shield bearer, Large Bangalore,Mysore,Shimoga April- Bark. Dysentery, eye lotions, muscular pains, sores Folk, Sidha
(DC.)Baker ae Konda cinta(Tel), tree May
Iyalvakai(Tam)

887 Pennisetum americanum Poaceae Vajraanna(San), Herb Bangalore,Bellary,Hassan,Mysore,Tu 0 0 Grains. Diseases of Kapha and vatha, tonic, cooling piles. Ayurveda, Sidha
(L.)Leeke (P.typhoides (Burm.f.) Kambu(Tam) mkur
Stapf et Hubb.)
888 Pentatropis capensis (L.f.)Bullock Asclepiadace Kutumbinee(San) Climbing Bellary,Bijapur,Dharwad,Gulburga,M 0 0 Whole plant. Alterative, refrigerant, general debility. Ayurveda, Folk
ae shrub ysore,Raichur
889 Peperomia tetraphylla (G.Forst.) Piperaceae Slender Chickmagalore,North 0 0 Whole plant. Kidney disorders. Folk
Hk. & Arn.(P.reflexa epiphytic Kanara,Shimoga
(L.f.)A.Dietr.) or
creeping
herb
890 Pergularia daemia (Forsk.) Asclepiadace Yugmaphala(Visha Hispid Most of the district 0 0 Root, leaf, whole Emmetic, expectorant, anthelmintic, asthama, infantile Ayurveda, Folk,
Chiov.(Daemia extensa R.Br.) ae nikaa,Uttaramani)(S climber plant, latex. diarrhoea, rheumatic swelling, uterine and menstrual troubles, Sidha
an), mental disorders, anaemia, leprosy, piles, convolutions,
Utthamani(Tam) poisoning, worms, carbuncle,digestive disorders

891 Peristrophe paniculata Acanthaceae Kakajanga(San), Herb bangalore,Bellary,Bidar,Chitradurga, 0 0 Root Filariasis,skin diseases,worms,wounds,indigestion,intermittent Ayurveda, Folk
(Forsk.)Brumm.(P.bicalyculata(R Coorg,Gulburga,Hassan,Mysore,Nort fever
etz.)Nees h Kanara
892 Persea macrantha Lauraceae Medium- Chickmaglore,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar,M Endangere 0 0 Bark Asthma,consumption,rheumatism,ulcers Folk
(Nees)Kosterm. (Machilus sized tree ysore,North Kanara,Shimoga,South d
macrantha Nees) Kanara
893 Peucedanum dhana Buch.- Apiaceae Herb Belgaum 0 0 Root tonic,febrifuge Folk
Ham.var.dalzellii.Cl.
894 Phaseolus vulgaris L. Papilionaceae Rajamasha(sub.) Twining Raichur 0 0 Pods,juice of herb Diuretic,kidney and heart troubles,hyperacidity Folk, Sidha,
(Brihat shimbee) herb Unani
895 Phaulopsis imbricata (Forsk.) Acanthaceae Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Bijapur,Chickma 0 0 Fresh juice of Sores, dressing for wounds. Folk
Sweet (Micarnthus oppositifolius galore,Coorg,Dharwad,Hassan,Mysor plant
Wendl.) e,North Kanara,Shimoga,South
Kanara
896 Phoenix acaulis Roxb. Arecaceae Kharjura(sub.) Stemless North Kanara 0 0 Roots and pith of Aperient, wasting diseases, diseases of vatha and kapha, fever,
short young stems. thirst, cough, dysponea, intoxication, fainting, psychosis.
palms
897 Phoenix loureirii Kunth (P. Arecaceae Kharjura(sub.), Tall Chickmagalore,Hassan,Coorg,Mysore 0 0 Fruit, whole plant. Wasting diseases, diseases of vatha and kapha, fever, thirst, Ayurveda, Sidha
humilis Royle var.pedunculata Sittreechu(sub.) palms ,North Kanara,Shimoga cough, dysponea, intoxication, fainting, psychosis.
Becc.)
898 Phoenix sylvestris (L.) Roxb. Arecaceae Kharjura(sub.), Small Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickamagalore, 0 0 Root, gum, fruit, Dysentery, ulcer, wheezing, pyrexia, leucorrhoea, digestive and Ayurveda, Folk,
Sittreechu(sub.) tree Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,North seed, juice, tender urinary disorders, eye diseases, retention of urine, diseases of Tibetan, Unani,
kanara,Tumkur shoots. vaata and pitham Sidha
899 Pharagmites karka (Retz.) Trin.ex Poaceae Nala(sub.) Aquatic Bijapur,Chitradurga,Kolar,Raichur,Tu 0 0 whole plant. antiemmetic, diuretic, diaphoretic, diabetis. Ayurveda,
Steud. or mkur Sidha, Folk
rhizomat
ous herb
900 Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene Verbenaceae Jalapippali, Creeping Most of the district 0 0 Whole plant, leaf, Diuretic, febrifuge, boils, chronic disorders, dysentery, diseases
(Lippia nodiflora (L.) Michx.) Poduthalai herb fruit. of vatham, ulcers, piles, digestive disorders, venereal diseases.

901 Phyllanthus acidus(L.) Skeels (P. Euphorbiacea Lavalee, Arunelli Small Bangalore,Bijapur 0 0 Root, fruit, seed Cathartic, diseases of vaatha and pitha, piles, blood clotting, Ayurveda, Folk,
distichus (L.) Muell.) e tree urinary calculi, diaphoretic, laxative, biliousness. Unani, Sidha
902 Phyllanthus amarus Schum. & Euphorbiacea Bhoomyamalakee(s Slender Bangalore,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Has 0 0 Whole plant. Astringent, deobstruent, stomach, diuretic, febrifuge, diarrhoea, Ayurveda, Folk,
Thonn. (P. niruri auct. non L.) e ub.), Keezhkai herb san,Kolar,Mysore,North Kanara dystentery, dyspepsia, urinogenital disorders, jaundice, Unani, Sidha
nelli(sub.) vomiting.
903 Phyllanthus emblica L. (Emblica Euphorbiacea Aamalaki/ Small Most of the district 0 January- Fruit, bark, leaf, Astringent, cooling, diuretic, laxative, cardiac diseases, chronic Ayurveda, 1.Seed propagation:
officinalis Gaertn.) e Dhatri(San),Bettada tree March flower, seed. diseases, chronic fever, polyuria, vomiting, constipation, Unani, Sidha, 2.Vegetative propagation:
Nelli(Kan),Nelli/Ne eyediseases, haemorrhage, tuberculosis, cough, dysponia, blood Folk through budding/graftng
llikai(Tam),Usiri/U disorders, anaemia, fainting, piles, dropsy.
srikayi(Tel)

904 Phyllanthus maderaspatensis L. Euphorbiacea Bhoomyamalakee(s Decumbe Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Bij 0 0 Seed, infusion of Laxative, diuretic, carminative, headache. Ayurveda, Folk,
e ub.) nt herb apur,Chickmagalore,Chitradurga,Dhar leaves. Unani, Sidha
wad,Gulburga,Hassan,Mysore,Raichu
r,South Kanara,Tumkur
905 Phyllanthus rheedii Wt. Euphorbiacea Herb Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Mysore,So 0 0 Whole plant. dysentery Folk
e uth Kanara
906 Phyllanthus urinaria L. Euphorbiacea Bhoomyamalakee, Herb Chickmagalore,Coorg,HassanMysore, 0 0 Whole plant. Eyediseases, hiccup, polyuria, anaemia, jaundice, thirst, leprosy, Ayurveda,
e Keezhkai nelli North Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara urinary disorders. Unani, Sidha

907 Phyllanthus virgatus Forst.f. (P. Euphorbiacea Bhoomyamalakee(s Woody Bangalore,Bijapur,Chickmagalore,Co 0 0 Whole plant. Eyediseases, hiccup, polyuria, anaemia, jaundice, thirst, leprosy, Folk
simplex Retz.) e ub.) herb or org,Chitradurga,Bidar,Gulburga,Hass urinary disorders.
under an,Kolar,Mysore,North
shrub Kanara,Shimoga,South
Kanara,Tumkur
908 Physalis minima L. Solanaceae Avagutha(Chirapot Erect or Bangalore,Belgaum,Mysore,Chickma 0 0 Fruit, leaf, whole Tonic, diuretic, purgative, diabetes, swelling, bronchial astama, Ayurveda, Folk,
aa,Parpotee,Tanaka prostrate galore,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,N plant. fever. Tibetan, Unani,
ri), Sodakku herb orth Kanara,Tumkur Sidha
thakkali
909 Physalis pervuianaL. Solanaceae Avagutha(sub.)(Par Decumbe Chickmagalore,Coorg,Mysore 0 0 Fruit, Leaves. Abdominal disorders, Tonic, diuretic, purgative, diabetes, Ayurveda, Sidha
potika), nt herb or swelling, bronchial astama, fever.
undershr
ub

910 Pilea microphylla (L.) Liebm. (P. Urticaceae Succulent Coorg,Kolar,Mysore,Shimoga 0 0 Whole plant, Gastric and intestinal troubles, diuretic, sores, bruises, Folk
mucosa Lindl.) herb
911 Piliostigma malabaricum (Roxb.) Caesalpiniace Mandara(Kan), Small Bellary,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Mysore Septembe March- Root,bark, flower worm infestation, leprosy,wounds,menorrhagia, gout, scrofula,
Benth. (Bauhinia malabarica ae Kanchanara(sub.)(S tree ,North Kanara,Shimoga,South r-October April wasting diseases,cough,haemorrhage,urinary
Roxb.) an), Vellathi/ Kanara, disorders,glandular swellings,goiter, constipation, haemorrhage,
Mantharai(Tam), ulcers, obesity.
Pulishinta(Tel)
912 Pimpinella heyneana (Wall.ex Apiaceae Herb Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Chitradurga, 0 0 Root. Febrifuge. Folk
DC.) Kurz Coorg,Dharwad,Gulburga,Hassan,Nor
th Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara

913 Pinanga dicksonii (Roxb.) BI. Arecaceae Slender Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,North 0 0 Dried husk. Flatulence, obstructive diseases of stomach and dropsy. Folk
palms Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara.
914 Piper betle L. Piperaceae Tamboola, Vetrilai Woody Most of the district 0 0 Leaf, root. Coryza, hoarseness of voice, fever, cough, anorexia, diseases of Ayurveda, Folk,
climber throat, diphtheria, constipation, worms, cardiac diseases, Tibetan, Unani,
distaste, indigestion, dysponea, earache. Sidha
915 Piper longum L. Pippali, Climber Coorg 0 0 Root, fruit. Distaste, anorexia, constipation, piles, liver disroders, cardiac Ayurveda, Folk,
Thippili(Arsithippili and urniary disorders, cough, asthama, bronchitis, carminative, Tibetan, Unani,
,Thippili ver) stimulant, expectorant. Sidha
916 Piper mullesua Buch.-Ham. Ex D. Piperaceae Pippali(sub. Climber Chickmagalore,Coorg Vulnerabl 0 0 Root, fruit. Distaste, anorexia, constipation, piles, liver disroders, cardiac Ayurveda
Don e and urniary disorders, cough, asthama, bronchitis, carminative,
stimulant, expectorant.
917 Piper nigrum L. Piperaceae Maricha, Milagu Climbing Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Dhar 0 0 Root, fruit. Distaste, anorexia, constipation, piles, liver disroders, cardiac Ayurveda, Folk,
shrub wad,North Kanara,Shimoga,South and urniary disorders, cough, asthama, bronchitis, carminative, Homeopathy,
Kanara stimulant, expectorant, leprosy, leucoderma, coryza, Tibetan, Unani,
convolutions, polyuria, piles, anaemia, spleenic disorders, Sidha
worms, sprue, fistula.

918 Piper trioicum Roxb. (P. Piperaceae Slender Hassan,Shimoga 0 0 Whole plant. Rubefacient, poultices. Folk
attenuatum Buch.-Ham.ex Miq.; climber
P. bantamense Bl.)
919 Pisonia aculeata L. Nyctaginacea Scandent Mysore,North Kanara 0 0 Bark and leaves Swelling, rheumatic pains, pulmonary compliants, scabies. Folk, Sidha
e shrub
920 Pistia stratiotes L. Araceae Jalakumbhee(Sitaku Aquatic Bangalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,Nort 0 0 Whole plant. Goitre, disorders of blood, emaciation, haemorrhoids, Ayurveda,
mbhee) free h Kanara,Shimoga,South dysentery, refrigerant, demulcent, diuretic. Unani, Sidha,
floating Kanara,Tumkur Folk
stolonifer
ous herb
921 Pisum sativum L. Papilionaceae Sateena, Tendrillar Most of the district 0 0 Seed, oil. Preventing pregnancy, reduction in number of spermatozoa, Ayurveda,
herb haemorrhage, contraceptive. Unani, Sidha
922 Pittosporum floribundum Wt. & Pittosporacea Tammata (Kan), Small Belgaum,Hassan,Mysore,Coorg,North January- April- Bark, paste of Expectorant, febrifuge, narcotic, chronic bronchitis, leprosy, Folk, Sidha
Arn. e Kattusampige tree Kanara June Novembe root. rheumatism.
(Tam) r
923 Pittosporum tetraspermum Wt. & Pittosporacea Kuyimavu(Kan), Shrub or Coorg February- May-June Bark, paste of Expectorant, febrifuge, narcotic, chronic bronchitis, leprosy, Folk
Arn. e Kachapatta(Mal), small tree March root. rheumatism.
Sunari(Tam)
924 Plantago erosa Wall. (P.asiatica Plantaginacea Ishappukol Herb Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Mys 0 0 Seed,root Astringent, febrifuge, diarrhoea, piles, dysentery, micturation,
auct. Non L. ) (P. major sensu e ore,Shimoga diuretic, stimulant, skin troubles.
Hk.f.,non L.)
925 Platanthera susannae (L.) Lindl. Orchidaceae Terrestria Belgaum,Chickmaglore,Hassan,Myso 0 0 Tuber. Cure for belebs or bulle, specially on palms. Folk
l re,North Kanara
tuburous
herb
926 Platostoma africanus Beauv. (P. Lamiaceae Herb Mysore,North Kanara 0 0 Leaf, seed. Cough, local haemostatic, rheumatism, fever. Folk
flaccidus Benth.)
927 Plectranthus barbatus Andr. Lamiaceae Khandeera, Rhizomat Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,C 0 0 Whole plant. Hypotensive cardioactive and spasmolytic activity, carcinoma, Ayurveda
(Coleus barbatus (Andr.) Benth.) ous herb hitradurga,Coorg,Mysore,North haemorrhage, worms, oedema, piles, cough.
(Coleus forskohlii (Willd.) Briq.) Kanara,Tumkur

928 Plectranthus mollis (Ait.) Spreng. Lamiaceae Nonadakasa(kan0, Herb or Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Chitradurga, 0 0 crushed leaves Arrest bleeding, ferifuge, mosquito replellent, cardiac Folk
(P. incanus Link.) Perim-tolassi(Mal) under Coorg,Dharwar,Hassan,Mysore,North depressent, respiratory stimulant, vasconstrictor.
shrub Kanara,Shimoga
929 Pleiospermium alatum (Wall.ex Rutaceae Large Mysore 0 0 Leaf and bark. Fomentation, rheumatic pains. Folk, Sidha
Wt. & Arn.) Suringle. tree or
(Hesperethusa alata (W. & A.) small tree
Alst; Limonia alata W. & A.)

930 Plumbago auriculata Lam. (P. Plumbaginac Chitraka(sub.), Shrub or Bangalore,Kolar,Mysore 0 0 Root. Styptic in scrofula, emetic, smeared to remove warts, sprue, Ayurveda, Sidha
capensis Thunb.) eae Kodiveli(sub.) small tree leprosy, worms, oedema, piles, anaemia, anorexia, fever,
bronchial asthama, hemiplegia, epillepsy, jaundice, coryza,
inguinal bubo, glandular swelling, carbuncle, carcinoma,
arthritis, abdominal diseases.
931 Plumbago indica L. (P. rosea L.) Plumbaginac Chitraka(sub.) Shrub North Kanara 0 0 Root. Vesicant, abortifacient, syphilis, Sprue, leprosy, worms,
eae oedema, piles, anaemia, anorexia, fever, bronchial asthama,
hemiplegia, epillepsy, jaundice, coryza, inguinal bubo,
glandular swelling, carbuncle, carcinoma, arthritis, abdominal
diseases.
932 Plumbago zeylanica L. Plumbaginac Bilee Subscand Bangalore,Belgaum,Bijapur,Chickma Septembe January- Root. Sprue, leprosy, worms, oedema, piles, anaemia, anorexia, fever, Ayurveda, Folk, Seed propagation and 2006-07 Market
eae chitramula(Kan), ent galore,Coorg,Dharwad,Gulburga,Hass r- March bronchial asthama, hemiplegia, epillepsy, jaundice, coryza, Tibetan, Unani, Vegetative propagation price-Rs.55-95 per
Chitraka(San), undershr an,Kolar,Mysore,North Kanara Novembe inguinal bubo, glandular swelling, carbuncle, carcinoma, Sidha through stem kg(Dry roots), Market
Chitrak(Hin), ub r arthritis, abdominal diseases. cuttings.(Cuttings obtained demand:1000tonnes
Kodiveli(sub.) during March-April per year.

933 Plumeria acuminata Ait. Apocynaceae Laticifero North Kanara,Shimoga 0 0 Bark, root. Stimulant, purgative, febrifuge, emmenagogue, dropsical and Ayurveda, Folk,
(P.acutifolia Poir.) us tree venereal infection, anti herpatic, rubefacient, rheumatism. Unani

934 Plumeria alba L. Apocynaceae Bhavya(San), Kadu Small Mysore(Cultivated) April- 0 Bark, root, seeds, Ulcer, Stimulant, purgative, febrifuge, emmenagogue, dropsical Ayurveda, Folk,
sampige(Kan), tree Septembe latex. and venereal infection, anti herpatic, rubefacient, rheumatism. Sidha
Navilla arali(Tam) r

935 Plumeria rubra L. (P.acutifolia Apocynaceae Kadu Small Bangalore,Hassan,Mysore(Cultivated) April- 0 Bark, root, seeds, Ulcer, Stimulant, purgative, febrifuge, emmenagogue, dropsical Ayurveda, Folk,
Poir. Var. rubra L.) sampige(Kan), tree Septembe latex, flower. and venereal infection, anti herpatic, rubefacient, rheumatism, Sidha
Ceemai alari(Tam) r pectoral syrups.

936 Pogonatherum crinitum (Thunb.) Poaceae Herb Chickmagalore,Mysore,North 0 0 Whole plant. Skin troubles. Folk
Kunth Kanara,Shimoga
937 Pogostemon auricularius (L.) Lamiaceae Herb Bellary,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Mysore 0 0 Whole plant. Stomach troubles, rheumatism. Folk
Hassk. (Drysophylla auricularis
(L.) Bl.)
938 Pogostemon benghalensis Lamiaceae Gondri poolu(Tel) Shrub Chickmaglore,Coorg,Hassan,North Rainy 0 Leaf & root. Stimulant, styptic febrifuge, antihaemorrhagic. Folk
(Burm.f.) O. Kteze. Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara season
(P.plectranthoides Desf.)
939 Pogostemon heyneanus Benth. Lamiaceae Paachee Shrub Coorg,North Kanara,Shimoga,South 0 0 Whole plant, root. Diuretic, carminative, cough, athama, dropsy, skin diseases, Ayurveda, Folk,
Kanara. wound, alleviating vaatha. Sidha
940 Pogostemon pubescens Benth. (P. Lamiaceae Herb Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassa 0 0 Leaf & root. Stimulant, styptic febrifuge, antihaemorrhagic. Folk
parviflorus Benth.) n,Mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga
941 Pogostemon purpurascens Dalz. Lamiaceae Undershr Chickmagalore,Hassan,North 0 0 Leaf & root. Stimulant, styptic febrifuge, antihaemorrhagic. Folk
ub Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara
942 Polianthes tuberosa L. Amaryllidace Tuberous Most of the district 0 0 Bulbs Diuretic,emetic Folk, Sidha
ae herb
943 Polyalthia longifolia (Sonn.) Thw. Annonaceae Kasthadaru (San), Tall tree Most of the district March- July- Bark Febrifuge,diarrhoea,dysentery,manorrhagia Ayurveda, Folk,
Nakali May August Sidha
Ashoka/Pungu
(Kan),
NessilingamNetilin
gam(Tel)
944 Polyalthia suberosa (Roxb.) Thw. Annonaceae Duddguga(Tel), Large Mysore April- February- Decoction of fresh Abortifacient, piles, uterine disorders. Folk
Karadia(Urdu), shrub or May Mrch root
small tree

945 Polycarpaea corymbosa (L.) Lam. Caryophyllac Parpata(sub.) Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,C 0 0 Leaves Jaundice,poultice to boils and inflammatory swelling Ayurveda, Folk,
eae hickmagalore,Coorg,Dharwad,Hassan Sidha
,Kolar,Mysore
946 Polycarpaea prostratum(Forsk.0 Caryophyllac Herb Hassan,Mysore 0 0 Infusion of roasted Cough,fever,maesles Folk
Asch. & Schweinf. eae leaves

947 Polygala arillata Buch.-Ham.ex Polygalaceae Shrub Chickmagalore,Coorg,Mysore,Shimo 0 0 Root Purgative,febrifuge Folk
D.Don ga
948 Polygala arvensis Willd. Polygalaceae herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,C 0 0 Whole plant Snake-bite poisoning Sidha, Folk
hickmagalore,Chitradurga,Dharwad,G
ulburga,Hassan,Mysore,North
Kanara,Raichur,Tumkur
949 Polygala elongata Klein Polygalaceae Herb or Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,C 0 0 Whole Biliousness,constipation,skin eruption,urticaria,diseases of Folk
under hickmagalore,Chitradurga,Hassan,Kol plant,decoction of pittam
shrub ar,Mysore,North leaves
Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga
950 Polygala sibirica L. Polygalaceae Herb Mysore 0 0 Leaves,decoction Spermatorrhoea,expectorant,cold,cough,chronic chest Folk
of root troubles,diarrhoea,inflammation of urinary bladder,externally
for mammary abscesses and carbuncles
951 Polygonum barbatum L. Polygalaceae Large Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 Whole plant Ulcers,stomachache,diarrhoea,cooling,carminative, Sidha, Unani,
herb ,North Kanara,Shimoga Folk
952 Polygonum chinense L. Polygalaceae Scandent Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Dhar 0 0 Whole plant Tonic,antiscorbutic,vulnerary Folk
undershr war,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North
ub Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara

953 Polygonum glabrum Willd. Polygalaceae Undershr Bidar,Gulburga,Bellary,Chitradurga,T 0 0 Infusion of Clolic,febrifuge,piles,jaundice,debility,consumption Folk, Sidha
ub umkur,Kolar leaves,root stock
954 Polygonum hydropiper L.var. Polygalaceae Herb Coorg,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 Whole plant Stimulant,diuretic,emmenagogue,lithotriptic,contraceptive,uteri Homeopathy,
hydropiper ne disorders,hemostatic,stimulant,carminative,anthelmintic,skin Folk
infection,poultices

955 Polygonum minus Huds. Polygalaceae Creeping Mysore 0 0 Decoction of Indigestion,parturition Folk
herb leaves
956 Polygonum nepalense Meissn. Polygalaceae Herb Chickmagalore,Shimoga,Coorg 0 0 Leaves Swelling Folk
(P.punctatum Buch.-Ham.;
P.alatum Buch.-Ham)
957 Polygonum plebeium R. Polygalaceae Raktashankapushpi Woody Bangalore,Belgaum,Bidar,Bijapur,Chi 0 0 Whole plant,root Bowel complaints,pneumonia,urinary disorders,poisoning Ayurveda, Folk
Br.var.plebeium diffuse ckmagalore,Chitradurga,Coorg,Hassa
herb n,Kolar,Mysore,North
Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga
958 Polygonum pulchrum Bl. (P. Polygalaceae Herb Chickmagalore,Hassan,Mysore,North 0 0 Rootstock Cardiac depressant Folk
tomentosum Willd.) Kanara
959 Polygonum stagninum (Buch.- Polygalaceae Kunma kudori(Neer Small Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 Whole Ulcers,tonic,purgative,emetic Sidha
Ham ex Meissn.) Steward var. alari) herb ,North Kanara,Shimoga plant,decoction of
stagninum shoot,seed
960 Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre Papilionaceae Indian beech Medium- Most of the district March- June-July Bark,leaf,seed,flo Oedema,poisoning,piles,worms,leprosy,uterine Ayurveda, Folk,
tree(E),Honge(Kan) sized tree May wer,root disorders,wounds,polyuria,diseases of head,stomach Tibetan, Unani,
, Karanja(San), disorders,fainting,snake-bite poisoning,skin eruption,pain Sidha
Pungu(Tam)

961 Portulaca oleracea L. Portulacaceae Lonika(sub.), Succulent Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Chitradurg 0 0 Bark,leaf,seed,flo Eye diseases,anuresis,headache,diseases of spleen,kidney and Ayurveda, Folk,
Vayalai herb a,Coorg,Dharwar,Gulburga,Hassan,K wer,root bladder,Oedema,poisoning,piles,worms,leprosy,uterine Unani, Sidha
kodi(Paruppukeerai olar,Mysore,North Kanara disorders,wounds,polyuria,diseases of head,stomach
disorders,fainting,snake-bite poisoning,skin eruption,pain
962 Portulaca pilosa L. Portulacaceae Mukkuli keerai, Herb Hassan 0 0 Whole plant Cooling,laxative,aphrodisiac,febrifuge,aperient,diuretic,poultice Folk
s for boils
963 Portulaca quadrifida L. Portulacaceae Lonika, Succulent Bangalore,Bijapur,Coorg,Dharwad,G 0 0 Whole Piles,wounds,abdominal disorders,alleviating vatha and kapha, Ayurveda, Folk,
Pasarai(Pasarai herb ulburga,Kolar,Mysore,North Kanara. plant,leaf,seed oedema, bronchial asthama, poisoning polyuria, eye diseases, Unani, Sidha
keerai) urinary diseases, vomiting.
964 Pothos scandens L. Araceae Climbing Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 Stem, root, leaves. Asthama, small pox, pustules, application to abscess. Fok, Unani
shrub ,North Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara

965 Pouzolzia zeylanica L. Urticaceae Procumb Bangalore 0 0 Leaf. Vulnerary, ulcers, galactogogue, sores and boils. Folk
ent herb
966 Premna coriacea Cl. Verbenaceae Agnimantha(sub.) Scandent Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 Root, leaf. Laxative, stomachache, cardiac, tonic, fevers, galactogogue, Ayurveda
shrub ,North Kanara,Shimoga carminative, antiperiodic.
967 Premna latifolia Roxb. Verbenaceae Agnimantha Large Chickmagalore,Mysore,North Kanara 0 0 Leaf. Diuretic, used both internally and externally in dropsy.
shrub or
small tree

968 Premna serratifolia L. Verbenaceae Agnimantha(sub.), Large North Kanara,South Kanara. 0 0 Root, leaf. Laxative, stomachache, cardiac, tonic, fevers, galactogogue, Ayurveda, Folk,
Munnai shrub or carminative, antiperiodic. Unani, Sidha
small tree

969 Premna tomentosa Willd. Verbenaceae Agnimantha(sub.), Medium- Bangalore,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar,Mysor 0 0 leaf, root diuretic, vulnerary, dropsical infections, diarrhoea, stomach Folk, Sidha
Pidangunaari sized tree e,Tumkur decoction. ache, digestive disorders, dropsy, anaemia, jaundice.

970 Premna villosa Cl. Verbenaceae Large Bellary 0 0 Root,Bark,leaf Anaemia,oedema,anorexia,constipation,piles,cardiac Folk
climber diseases,polyuria,measles,syphilis,bitter tonic
971 Priva cordifolia (L.f.) Druce (P. Verbenaceae Herb Bangalore,Bijapur,Chickmagalore,Dh 0 0 Leaf infusion, Eyeballs inflammation, sores, Folk
leptostachya Juss.) arwad,Kolar,Mysore seed paste.
972 Prosopis chilensis (Molina) Mimosaceae Bellary jali(Kan), Armed or Bellary,Bijapur,Chitradurga,Gulburga Septembe October- Bark, fruit, pods. Astringent, demulcent, pectoral, giddiness, diarrhoea, dysentery, Sidha
Stuntze (P.juliflora (Sw.) DC.) Mesquite(E), unarmed ,Kolar,Raichur,Tumkur r-October november piles, worms, haemorrhage, cough, dysponea, skin diseases,
Vanni(sub.) tree or poisoning, diseases of kapha.
shrub

973 Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce Mimosaceae Shamee, Vanni Armed Bangalore,Bellary,Chitradurga,Gulbur 0 0 Bark, fruit, pods. Astringent, demulcent, pectoral, giddiness, diarrhoea, dysentery, Ayurveda, Folk
tree ga,Hassan,Mysore piles, worms, haemorrhage, cough, dysponea, skin diseases,
poisoning, diseases of kapha.
974 Prunus cerasoides D. Don Rosaceae Padmaka, Tree Mysore 0 0 Kernel, bark. Stone gravel, boils, leprosy, herbs, haemorrhage, urinary calculi, Ayurveda,
uterine disorders, poisoning fever. Tibetan, Folk
975 Prunus ceylancia (Wt.) Miq. Rosaceae Palan- Tree Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,hassa July- December- Bark. Stomach ache. Folk, Sidha
(Pygeum gardneri Kacchi/Attanarei(T n August June
Hk.f.;P.wightianum Bl.) am), Nai-
kambagam(Mal)
976 Prunus dulcis (Mill.)D.A.Webb. Rosaceae Vaataama, Medium- Most of the district 0 0 Fruit. Diseases of vaata, debility, aphrodisiac, giddiness, demulcent,
(P.amygdalus Batsch.) Vaadumai sized tree sedative, tonic.

977 Pseudarthria viscida (L.) Wt. & Papilionaceae Salaparni(sub.), Undershr Bangalore,Bidar,Chickmagalore,Coor 0 0 Decoction of root. Biliousness, rheumatism, diarrhoea, asthama, cardiac troubles, Ayurveda,
Arn. ub g,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North worms, piles. Unani, Sidha,
kanara,South Kanara,Tumkur Folk
978 Pseuderanthemum bicolor Acanthaceae Undershr Shimoga 0 0 Decoction of root Aphthae and cicatrizant. Folk
(Schrank.)Radik. (Eranthemum ub stem leaves.
bicolor Schrank.)

979 Psidium guajava L. Myrtaceae Amarutha, Koyya Small Most of the district August- August- Decoction of bark, Diseases of pitta,urinary disorders,nausea,vomiting Ayurveda, Sidha
tree or Novembe Novembe fruit, leaf
large r r
shrub
980 Psoralea corylifolia L. Papilionaceae Bakuchi, Woody Bangalore,Belgaum,Gulburga,Mysore 0 0 Seed oil,seed Leprosy,leucoderma,anorexia,rheumatism,constipation,worms,o Ayurveda, Folk,
Kaarpooga arisi erect herb edema,polyuria,glandular swelling,skin Homeopathy,
diseases,carminative,stimulant Tibetan, Unani,
Sidha

981 Ptercarpus indicus Willd. Papilionaceae Red sanders(E), Large Bangalore,Coorg February- February- Decoction of Dropsy,stone in the bladder,sores,diarrhoea,emetic,sternutatory Folk Seed propagation:matured 2006-07 Market
Raktachandana buttresse April Mrch wood,seed,leaves fresh are plucked from demand:Above
(San/Kan), d tree trees in March 100MT per year.
Lalchandan(Hin)
982 Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb. Papilionaceae Kino tree(E), Medium- Belgaum,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Chitr Novembe March Heart Leprosy,worms,wounds,erysipelas,leucoderma,polyuria,dysente Ayurveda, Folk, Seed propagation:matured 2006-07 Market
Asana(San), sized to adurga,Coorg,Dharwad,Hassan,Mysor r wood,leaf,gum,ste ry,cough,vomiting,dental diseases,kin diseases Homeopathy, fresh are plucked from price:Rs 70 per kg of
Honne(Kan), large tree e,North Kanara,South Kanara,Tumkur m bark Tibetan, Unani, trees in April-May before dry heart wood.
Vengai(Tam), Sidha they fall.
Beddagi(Tel)
983 Pterospermum acerifolium Willd. Sterculiaceae Muchakunda, Large Bangalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,Nort 0 0 Flower Inflammation,ulcers,tumours,leprosy,haemorrhage,headache,ski Ayurveda, Folk,
tree h Kanara,Shimoga n diseases,haemorrhage,hoarseness of voice,cough,poisoning Sidha
984 Pterospermum diversifolium Bl. Sterculiaceae vatta-polavu(Tam), Medium- Shimoga,South kanara August- February- Bark,leaves Masticatory Folk
Pambaram(Mal), sized tree Septembe April
r
985 Pterospermum xylocarpum Sterculiaceae Tree North Kanara 0 0 leaves leucorrhoea.
(Gaertn.) Sant & Wagh
986 Pueraria lobata (Willd.)Ohwi Papilionaceae Climbing Bangalore,Chickmagalore 0 0 Decoction of root, Cold, dysentery, febrifuge, lactogogue.
shrub shoot.
987 Pueraria tuberosa (Roxb.ex Papilionaceae Vidari Climbing Chickmagalore,Chitradurga,Coorg,M Critically 0 0 Root, tuber. Demulcent, refrigerant, urinary disorders, emaciation, bronchial Ayurveda, Folk,
Willd.)DC. shrub ysore,North kanara,Shimoga endangere asthama, intermittent fever, haemorrhage, burning sensation, Tibetan, Unani
d tonic, aphrodisiac, rejuvenator.
988 Punica granatum L. Punicaceae Dalimbe(Kan), Armed Most of the district April- july- Bark, Rind, Expel tapeworms, astringent, diarrhoea, dysentery, bronchitis, Ayurveda, Folk,
Daadima(San), shrub or May Septembe flowerbud, seed. distate, hyperacidity, cardiac diseases, fever, haemorrhage, Homeopathy,
Mathulai(Tam), small tree r piles, intermittent fever, sterility, anaemia. Tibetan, Unani,
Danima(Tel), Sidha
Anar(Hin)
989 Pupalia lappacea (L.)Juss. Amaranthace Herb or Bangalore,Bellary,Bidar,Bijapur,Chic 0 0 Fruit. boils, cough, fever, flatulence, leprotic sores. Folk, Sidha
ae under kmagalore,Chitradurga,Gulburga,Kol
shrub ar,Mysore,North
Kanara,Raichur,tumkur
990 Pyrus communis L. Rosaceae Tanka(Arutha)(Nas Tree Chickmagalore,Kolar 0 0 Fruit. General debility. Ayurveda,
pati) Unani, Sidha
991 Quisqualis indica L. Combretacea Rangoon Shrub Bangalore,Hassan,Mysore March- 0 Fruit and seed. Anthelmintic, sporific, diarrhoea, fever, rickets, skin troubles, Folk, Sidha,
e creeper(E), April At purgative. Modern
Rangoon various
mallikai(Tam) times
992 Radermachera xylocarpa Bignoniaceae Patala(sub.) Medium- Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Chitradurga, 0 0 Resin, wood, Skin troubles, asthama, cough, chronic dyspepsia. Ayurveda, Folk
(Roxb.)K.Schum. sized tree Coorg,Dharwad,Hassan,Mysore Decoction of root

993 Raphanus sativus L. Brassicaceae Moolaka, Mullangi Herb Most of the dist. 0 0 Root, leaf, seed. Oedema, Jaundice, carminative, abdominal diseases, piles, Ayurveda, Folk,
diseases of vaata kapha, headache, dental disorders, dysponea. Homeopathy,
Tibetan, Unani,
Sidha

994 Rauvolfia densiflora (Wall.) Apocynaceae Shrub or Chickmagalore,Coorg,Mysore,North 0 0 Root. Adulterant of Rauvolfia root. Folk
Benth.ex Hk.f. small tree kanara,Shimoga

995 Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. Apocynaceae Sarpagandhi(Kan/T Undershr Chickmagalore,Coorg,Dharwad,North Endangere Novembe January- Root. Insomnia, psychosis, worms, epillepsy, anorexia, nervous Ayurveda,
am), ub Kanara,Shimoga,South kanara d r- March diseases, mental disorders, pain, poisoning, hypertension. Unani, Modren,
Sarpagandha(san) Decembe Sidha,
r Homeopathy,
Folk
996 Reinwardtia indica Dumort. Linaceae Basant(Hin) Undershr Chickmagalore,Hassan,Mysore,Shimo February- April- Whole plant, Paralysis, wounds. Folk
ub ga,South kanara April June crushed leaves.
997 Reissantia indica (Willd.)Halle Hippocrateac Climbing Mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga,South 0 0 Leaf, sap, root Febrifuge, respiratory troubles, effective against viral and Folk
eae shrub Kanara bark. bacterial origin.
998 Remusatia vivpara (Roxb.) Schott Araceae Cormous Chickmgalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore, 0 0 Root. Ointment, itches, alexipharmac. Ayurveda, Folk
herb or North Kanara,Shimoga
epiphytic
999 Rhamnus virgatus Roxb. Rhamnaceae Small Mysore April- Ocober- Fruit. Emetic, purgative, spleenic infections. Folk
tree or June December
large
shrub
1000 Rhamnus wightii Wt. & Arn. Rhamnaceae Buckthorn(E), Large Chickmgalore Rainy 0 bark. Tonic, astringent, deobstruent. Ayurveda, Folk,
Peypulla(Tam) unarmed season Sidha
shrub
1001 Rhinacanthus nasutus (L.) Kurz Acanthaceae Undershr Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Bij 0 0 Root. Skin diseases, worms, blood disorders, poisoning, aphrodisiac, Ayurveda, Folk,
(R.communis Nees) ub apur,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Dharwad, snake bite, eczema, bar Sidha
Gulbarga,Hassan,Mysore,North
Kanara,Shimoga,Raichur,Soujth
kanara.
1002 Rhizophora mucronata Poir. Rhizophorace Kandle(Kan), Upoo- Evergree North Kanara,South Kanara. April- June- Bark. Astringent, haemorrhage, hematuria, diabetes. Folk, Sidha
ae poma/Kandla(Tel), n shrub Septembe October
Kandal(Tam),Yuthi or small r
parni(San), tree
Naagamalli

1003 Rhynchosia minima (L.)DC. Papilionaceae Twining Bangalore,Bellary,Bijapur,Chickmagl Novembe 0 Leaves. Abortifacient. Folk, Sidha
herb ore,Dharwad,Gulburga,Mysore,Raich r-January
ur
1004 Rhynchostylis retusa (L.) Bl. Orchidaceae Epiphyte Dharwad,Hassan,mysore,North 0 0 Whole plant Emollient. Folk
Kanara
1005 Richardia scarbra L. Rubiaceae Procumb Mysore 0 0 Root. Emetic, diaphoretic. Folk
ent herb
1006 Ricinus communis L. Euphorbiacea Haralu(Kan), Shrub or Most of the dist. Novembe May-July Root, leaf, seed, Abdominal disorders, piles, worms, chestpain, cough, dysponia, Ayurveda, Folk,
e Castor small tree r-April oil. dysuria, constipation, leprosy, fever, jaundice, intercostal Homeopathy,
seed(E),Eranda(San neuraglia. Tibetan, Unani,
), Sidha, Modern
Aamanakku(Tam)

1007 Rivea hypocrateriformis (Derr.) Convolvulace Pothikkeerai(Tam), Climbing Bellary,Bidar,Bijapur,Chickmagalore, February- March- Root. Parturation. Sidha, Folk
Choisy. ae shrub Chitradurga,Hassan,North May June and
Kanara,Raichur,Tumkur. other
times
1008 Rivea ornata (Roxb.)Choisy Convolvulace Scandent Bijapur,Kolar February- March- Juice of herb. Piles, phthiriasis. Ayurveda, Folk,
ae shrub May June and Sidha
other
times
1009 Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern Brassicaceae Vatta thiruppi Herb Bangalore,belgaum,Coorg,Dharwad, 0 0 Whole plant, seed. Stimulant, antiscorbutic, diuretic, diarrhoea, dysentery, fever, Folk
(sub.) Kolar,North Kanara laxative, asthama.
1010 Rosa multiflora Thumb. Rosaceae Scandent Hassan 0 0 Fruits. Cathartic, applications for foul ulcer. Folk
shrub
1011 Rosa rubra Blackw. (R.gallica L. Rosaceae Panneer poo(Tam) Shrub Most of the dist. 0 0 Flower. Pyrexia, thirst, leucorrhoea, carminative, laxative, stomachache.

1012 Rostellularia procumbens Acanthaceae Parpata (sub.), Slender Chickmagalore,Coorg,Dharwad,Hassa 0 0 Whole plant. Laxative, diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, anthelmintic,
(L.)Nees. (Justicia procumbens Kodagasalai herb n,Mysore,North Kanara,South kanara febrifuge, asthama, cough, rheumatism, lumbago, flatulence,
L.) skin diseases, wounds, dysuria, poisoning, intoxication,

1013 Rotula aquatica Lour. Broaginaceae Pashanabedha Woody Chickmagalore,Coorg,hassan,Mysore, 0 0 Root decoction. Diuretic, laxative, piles, bladder stone, venereal diseases. Ayurveda, Folk,
(sub.), shrub North kanara,Shimoga,South kanara Unani

1014 Rourea minor (Gaertn.)Alst. Connaraceae Climbing Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,hassa 0 0 Root, decoction of Rheumatism, scurvy, pulmonary compliants, diabetes, external Folk
(R.santaloides (Vahl)W.& A.) shrub n,North Kanara,South Kanara wood. applications for ulcers and skin troubles, febrifuge.
1015 Rubia cordifolia L. Rubiaceae Manjista(San/Kan), Scabrid Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg, August- October- Root. Oedema, disorders of blood, gout, diarrhoea, leprosy, Ayurveda, Folk, 1. seeds Propagation Market Demand:
Manjitti climber Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North Septembe Novembe erysipelas, polyuria, gynaecological disorders, dysuria, eye Tibetan, Unani, Mature fruits are collected Above 100MT per
(Sevallikodi)(Tam), kanara,Shimoga r r diseases, inflammation, burns, fractures. Sidha and seeds are separated. year
Indian 2. Vegetative Propagation
Madder(Eng), Tillers arising from the
Chiranji(Tel) mature plant can be
separated and planted
individually, between
Spring and Autumn

1016 Ruellia tuberosa L. Acanthaceae Herb Bangalore 0 0 whole plant. Emetic. Folk

1017 Rumex acetosella L. Polygonaceae Herb Bangalore 0 0 leaves. Cancers and other tumors. Refrigerant, diaphoretic, diuretic, Ayurveda,
antiscorbutic. Tibetan
1018 Rumex dentatus L. Polygonaceae Herb Belgaum,Dharwad 0 0 Root. Cutaneous diseases. Ayurveda

1019 Rungia pectinata (L.) Nees Acanthaceae Stragglin Belgaum,Bellary,Coorg,hassan,Mysor 0 0 Leaf. Refrigerant, aperient, febrifuge. Folk
g herb e,North kanara,Shimoga,South kanara

1020 Rungia repens (L.) Nees Acanthaceae Parpata (sub.), Decumbe Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,C 0 0 Whole plant Cough, fever, vermifuge, diuretic, applied to scalp, scaly fungal Ayurveda, Folk,
nt herb hitradurga,Gulburga,Hassan,Mysore, infection. Sidha
North Kanara,Shimoga
1021 Ruta chalepensis L. (R.graveolens Rutaceae Sitabha, Aruvada Herb or Most of the dist. 0 0 Whole plant, leaf. Hemiplegia, oedema, ear ache, convulsions, epillepsy, Ayurveda, Folk,
L. var. angustifolia sensu Hk.f.) (Sadappu) under indigestion, stomach ache, worms, skin diseases, coryza, Homeopathy,
shrub dysponea. Unani, Sidha,
Modern

1022 Saccharum officinarum L. Poaceae Ikshu, Karumbu tall herb Most of thedistrict 0 0 Root,Juice,Sugar Urinary diseases,weakness,cardiac diseases, cough, dyspnoea, Ayurveda, Folk,
jaundice, Haemorrhage, Thirst, aphrodisiac, coryza, poisoning, Tibetan, Unani,
eye diseases, hiccup fever Sidha
1023 Saccharum spontaneum L. Poaceae Kasha, Naanal Rhizomat Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Co 0 0 root, whole plant Urinary diseases, wasting diseases, diarrhoea, haemorrhage, Ayurveda, Folk,
ous herb org,Dharwad,Gulburga,Hassan,Mysor urinary calculi, burning sensation, diseases of vata and pitta, Tibetan, Sidha,
e,Tumkur vomiting, mental diseases, anaemia, obesity Unani
1024 Sageraea laurifolia Blatt. Annonaceae Manja Small North Kanara Novembe July- leaves fomentation in rheumatism Folk
nara/Kanakaitha tree r-January August
(Mal)
1025 Sagittaria sagittifolia L. ssp. Alismataceae Aquatic Dharwad 0 0 whole plant Cutaneous diseases, inflammation of the breast, soar throat Folk
Sagittifolia herb
1026 Salacia chinensis DC.(S.prinoides Celastraceae Saptachakra Climbing Belagaum,Coorg,North Kanara 0 0 Root Diabetes, abortifacient, amenrohhoea, dysmenorrhoea, veneral Ayurveda,
DC.) shrub or diseases, liver disorders and piles Sidha, Folk
straggler
1027 Salacia fruticosa Heyne ex Laws. Celastraceae Saptachakra(sub.) Climbing Coorg 0 0 Root Diabetes, abortifacient, amenrohhoea, dysmenorrhoea, veneral Ayurveda
shrub diseases, liver disorders and piles
1028 Salacia macrosperma wy. Celastraceae Saptachakra(sub.) Large Coorg 0 0 leaves and root Hypoglycaemic property Ayurveda
climbers
1029 Salacia oblonga wall. Celastraceae Shrub Coorg,North Kanara,Shimoga Endangere 0 0 Root bark rheumatism, gonorrhoea, itches, asthama, ear troubles Folk, Sidha
d
1030 Salix tetrasperma Roxb Salicaceae Jalavetasa(Nichula) Medium- Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,C 0 0 Dried leaves, bark, Rheumatism, epilepsy,veneral diseases, stone in the bladder, Ayurveda, Folk,
sized tree oorg,Hassan,Mysore,North root piles, swelling, febrifuge, dog bite and other poisoning Unani, Sidha
Kanara,Shimoga.
1031 Salvadora oleoides Decne. Salvadoracea Shrub or North Kanara 0 0 Leaves,fruit,root Cough, rheumatism, vesicant
e small tree

1032 Salvadora persica L. Salvadoracea Peelu(San), Uka Large Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,Dharwad,No 0 0 Root bark, stem Pain in joints, rheumatism, carcinoma, piles, stomach and Ayurveda, Folk,
e shrub or rth Kanara,Raichur bark, fruit, leaves, abdominal disorders,haemorrhage,coryza,amenorrhoea,skin Unani, Sidha
small tree seed diseases, fever,snake bite
poisoning,cough,cooling,laxative,diseases of vata and pitta,
kapha, carminative, diuretic, purgative
1033 Salvia aegyptica L Lamiaceae Undershr Bijapur 0 0 seed Demulcent, diarrhoea,haemorrhage
ub
1034 Salvia coccinea Buchoz ex Lamiaceae Slender Chickmagalore,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 whole plant Renal troubles, lumbago, relief from tubercular cough, Folk
Etlinga. herb
1035 Salvia officinalis L. Lamiaceae Undershr Most of the district 0 0 Infusion of leaves Gingivitis, carminative,sore throat,diaphoretic, disorders of
ub women.
1036 Salvia plebeia R. Br. Lamiaceae Herb North Kanara Through 0 Seed, whole plant Menorrhagia, diarrhoea, haemorrhage,diuretic, anthelmentic
out the
year
1037 Sansevieria roxburghiana schult. Liliaceae Nagadamana(san), Herb Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,Kolar 0 0 Root, Constipation, piles, cough, asthama, tuberculosis, dysuria, fever,
& schult.f. Marul(Tam) leaves,rhizome earache, skin erruption, oedema, ascites
1038 Santalum album L. Santalaceae Candana(San), Medium- Most of thedistrict Vulnerabl 0 0 Heart wood Diuretic, diaphoretic, refrigerant, expectorant, worms, fever, Ayurveda, Folk,
Sandanam(Tam) sized tree e burning sensation, polyuria, poisoning, debility, dysuria, Homeopathy,
emaciation, veneral diseases, herpes, dropsy, diseases of pitta, Tibetan, Unani,
piles, dysentery Sidha, Modern

1039 Sapindus laurifolia vahl Sapindaceae Antuwala(Kan), Medium- Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,C October- March Fruit,root,leaf Emetic,astringent,anthelmintic,asthma,colic,indigestion,diarrho Ayurveda, Folk,
Aristaka(San), sized tree hickmagalore,Coorg,Chitradurga,Hass Decembe ea,cholera,tubercular glands,paralysis of Unani
Saopnut tree(E), an,Kolar,Mysore,North r limbs,lumbago,expectorant,demulcent,leprosy,pruritus,boils,dis
Manipungu/Kavadi Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,South eases of head, abortifaciant, snake bite poisoning, intercostal
pungai(Tam), Kanara neuralgia
Kunkudu(Tel)
1040 Sapium insigne (Royle) Benth Euphorbiacea Medium- Coorg,North Kanara,Shimoga,South 0 0 Milky juice of Vesicant, Acrid Ayurveda
e sized tree Kanara. herb

1041 Saraca asoca (Roxb.) de wilde Caesalpiniace Asoka(San), Small Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass Endangere July- July- Bark Worms, polyuria, fever, leprosy, gynaecological disorders, Ayurveda, Folk, Seed propagation: Mature 2006-07 Market
ae Ashoka(kan), tree an,North Kanara,Shimoga,South d October October menorrhage, diarrhoea, piles, astringent, uterine infection, Homeopathy, seeds are collected demand:1800Tonnes
Ashokapattaia Kanara. dysentery, diabetes, biliousness Unani, Sidha fr6 year old plants in Dec- per year. Price: Rs10-
(Tam) Jan 17per kg
1042 Sarcostemma acidum (Roxb.) Caesalpiniace Soam(sub)(San), Stragglin Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,C 0 0 Stem Ayurveda
voigt ae Kodikkalli g herb hitradurga,Coorg,Dharwar,Gulburga,
sub.(Tam) Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,Raichur,Tumku
r
1043 Sarcostemma brunonianum wt. & Asclepiadace Soma(sub.), Stragglin Mysore 0 0 Stem Dysponea,cardiac diseases,fever,cold,oedema,mental Folk
Arn. ae Kodikalli(Tam) g shrub disorders,rejuventaor.
1044 Sarcostemma intermedium Decne Asclepiadace Climbing Chickmagalore,Dharwar,Kolar,Hassa 0 0 Stem, latex Digestive disorders, diseases of vata, eczema, scabies, Ayurveda, Sidha
ae succulent n poisoning, skin diseases, abdominal disorders
shrub
1045 Sarcostemma stocksii Hk. Asclepiadace Shrub Bijapur,Dharwar 0 0 Stem Dysponea,cardiac diseases,fever,cold,oedema,mental Folk
ae disorders,rejuventaor.
1046 Sarcostigma kleinii wt. & Arn. Icacinaceae Large Belgaum,Coorg,Hassan,North 0 0 Fruit and seed oil, Rheumatism, leprosy, hysteria Ayurveda, Folk
climbing Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara bark
shrub
1047 Sauromatum pedatum (willd.) Arecaceae Herb Hassan 0 0 Tuber. Poultices Folk
schott.
1048 Sauropus quadrangularis (Kl.ex Euphorbiacea Shrub North Kanara,Shimoga 0 0 Dried leaves Tonsilitis Ayurveda
Willd.) Muell. e smoke
1049 Scaevola sericea Vahl (S. Goodeniacea Large Coorg,South Kanara 0 0 Leaves, dicoction Indigestion, tumours, swollen legs, eye troubles, mantruation, Folk
frutescnes Krause;S. koenigii e shrub or of root dysentery
Vahl) small tree

1050 Schefflera venulosa (Wt. & Arn.) Araliaceae Stragglin Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass 0 0 Root Dropsy Folk
Harms. g shrub an,Mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga

1051 Schinus molle L. Anacardiacea Medium- Bangalore,Mysore 0 0 Fruit, Stomachic, expectorant, diuretic, bronchial and urinary
e sized tree leaves,gum,resin infection, purgative, amenrrhoea, dysmenorrhoea

1052 Schleichera oleosa (Lour.) Oken Sapindaceae Chakota/Sagade(Ka Medium- Belgaum,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Coor february- May-June Bark, seed, oil Diseases of kapha and vata, boils, leprosy, skin diseases, ulcers, Ayurveda, Folk,
(S. trijuga Willd.) n),Koshamra(San), sized tree g,Dharwar,Hassan,Mysore,North March pain in the joints, blood disorders, uterine bleeding, intermittent Sidha
Ceylon Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara fever, snake bite, poisoning
oak/macassar oil
tree(E),
Puvam(Tam),
Puska/Pulusari(Tel)

1053 Schrebera swietenioides Roxb. Oleaceae Shweta Medium- Bellary,Gulburga,Mysore,North Vulnerabl 0 0 Leaves, root, bark, Enlargement of sleen and urinary discharges, leprosy, boils and Ayurveda, Folk,
mushkaka(Patali) sized tree Kanara e fruit burns, hydrocele Tibetan, Sidha

1054 Scilla hyacinthina Liliaceae Vanapalandu(sub.) Bulbous Belgaum,Bidar,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 Corm, bulb Expectorant, cardiac stimulant, diuretic, worms, leprosy, Folk, Sidha
(Roth.)Macbride herb ,North Kanara,Shimoga poisoning
1055 Scleria laevis Retz. (S. Cyperaceae Herb Chickmagalore,Chitradurga,Mysore,N 0 0 Rhizome, fruit Stomach disorders, cough Folk
herbecarpa Nees) orth Kanara
1056 Scleria lithosperma )L.) Sw. Cyperaceae Herb Bangalore,Hassan,North Kanara 0 0 Decoction of root Enlarged stomach, parturition, antiseptic Sidha, Folk
and whole plant

1057 Scleria pergracilis (Nees) Kunth Cyperaceae Slender Hassan 0 0 Decoction of Cough, foot and mouth diseases of Cattle
herb whole plant
1058 Scleria poaeformis Retz. Cyperaceae Herb North Kanara 0 0 Fruit Poulitices Folk
1059 Scoparia dulcis L. Scrophulariac Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,chickmagalore,H 0 0 Infusion of leaves Fever, cough, bronchitis, gargle for toothache, renal troubles, Folk
eae assan,Kolar,Mysore,North anti diabetic
Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara
1060 Scutallaria discolor Colebr. Lamiaceae Herb Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Hassan,Nort 0 0 Whole plant Rheumatism Folk
h kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara
1061 Scutia myrtina (Burm.f.) Kurz Rhamnaceae Badisulle/Kuradi(K Stragglin Bangalore,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Co October- 0 Leaves Ointment which is locally applied to hasten parturition Sidha, Folk
an), Gariki(Tel), g shrub org,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North April
Tuvadi/Thoratti(Ta Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur
m)
1062 Sebastiana chamaelea (Spreng.) Euphorbiacea Herb Bijapur,Tumkur,Shimoga,Hassan 0 0 Decoction of herb Tonic, vertigo, diarrhoea Folk, Sidha
Muell.-Arg. e
1063 Secamone emetica (Retz.) R.Br.ex Asclepiadace Naipaalai Woody Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Hassan,Kol 0 0 Root, leaves Acrid, Emetic, Leucorrhoea, fever, diseases of pitta, dysentery, Folk, Sidha
Schult. ae climber ar,Mysore,Tumkur headache, aphrodisiac
1064 Securinega leucopyrus (Willd.) Euphorbiacea Varal poola Shrub or Bangalore,Bellary,Bijapur,Hassan,Chi 0 0 Paste of leaves Worms, sores, dysentery, digestive disorders Ayurveda, Folk
Muell. (Flueggea leucopyrus e small tree tradurga,Coorg,Dharwar,Kolar,Mysor
Willd.) e,North Kanara,ShimogaTumkur

1065 Securinega virosa (Roxb.ex Euphorbiacea Varala poola(sub.) Unarmed Kolar 0 0 Leaves Analgesic, aphrodisiac, worms, laxative, antipyretic Folk
Willd.) Baill. e shrub
1066 Semecarpus anacardium L.f. Anacardiacea The marking Medium- Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Chitradurga,C June-July Novembe Gum, resin, fruit, worms, abdominal disorders, piles, sprue, leprosy, arthritis, Ayurveda, Folk,
e nut(E), Geru(Kan), sized tree oorg,Gulburga,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore, r seed polyuria, fever, leucoderma, tuberculosis, poisoning, diseases of Homeopathy,
Cherangkottei/shen North Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur vata, pitta, skin diseases, glandula swelling, carcinoma, Tibetan, Unani,
kottai(Tam),Bhilaw rejuvinator Sidha
a(Hin),
Bhallataka(San),

1067 Senecio tenuifolius Burm.f. Asteraceae Herb Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,Chickmagal 0 0 Leaves Emollient, vulnerary Folk
ore,Chitradurga,Dharwar,Hassan,Kola
r,Mysore,Raichur,Shimoga,Tumkur

1068 Sesamum indicum L.(S. orientale Pedaliaceae Tila, yellu Herb bijapur,Chitradurga,Coorg,Gulburga, 0 0 Seed, leaf, flower, Emollient, lactogogue, diuretic, piles, opthalmic, cutaneous Ayurveda,
auct. Non L.) North Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga fruit complaints, hiccup, brochial asthma, polyuria, diseases of vata, Sidha, Unani,
ulcers, abscess, eye diseases, burns, abortifacient Folk
1069 Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Poir. Papilionaceae Agastya(San),Avesi Medium- Bangalore,Coorg,Mysore February- 0 Root, stem, Body pain, boild, coryza, epilepsy, emaciation, fever, worms, Ayurveda, Folk,
(Tel), sized tree March flower, leaf, fruit, haemorrhage, night blindness, promoting memory, food Tibetan, Unani,
Agaththi(Tam) bark poisoning, intermittent fever, headache, sinusitis, eyte diseases, Sidha
chickenpox, wasting diseases
1070 Sesbania sesban (L.) Merr. (S. Papilionaceae Jayanti(San),Surimi Tall Bangalore,Bidar,Chickmagalore,Coor October- 0 Seed, root, bark, Intermitten fever, leprosy, polyuria, poisoning, leucoderma, Ayurveda, Folk,
aegyptica Pers.) nta/Somintha(Tel), shrub g,Mysore,Shimoga Novembe leaf, flower blood purifier, wounds, ulcers, eczema, coryza, nasal disorders, Sidha
Sembai(Tam) r worms

1071 Sesuvium portulacastrum L. Aizoaceae Vangaravallai Herb South Kanara 0 0 Stem and leaves Remove excess of salt, carminative, diuretic, laxative Ayurveda, Folk,
keerai Sidha
1072 Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. Poaceae Kangu(Priyangu) Herb Bellary,Dharwar,Tumkur 0 0 Whole plant grains Sedative to the gravid uterus, pains after parturition, Ayurveda, Folk,
haemorrhage Tibetan, Unani,
Sidha
1073 Setaria plicata (Lam.) Cooke Poaceae Tall herb Belgaum,North Kanara,Shimoga, 0 0 Whole plant Emollient,diuretic,decoction used in irregular menstruation Folk
Tumkur
1074 Shorea robusta Dipterocarpa Sala(San), The Large Westren ghats March June Ayurveda, Folk,
ceae sal(Eng), Raalada evergreen Sidha, Unani
mara(Kan), Saluvai tree
maram(Tam)

1075 Shorea tumbaggaia ROXB. Dipterocarpa Kaladamar(Hin),Da Large Westren ghats Critically Bark Folk, Sidha Seed propagation
ceae mmar tree(Eng), evergreen endangere 2.S.tumbuggaia produces
Tambagam(Tam),G tree d large number of root
uggilapukam/ suckers which helps the
Tamba(Tel) natural regenaration of this
species.
1076 Sida acuta Burm.f. Malvaceae Bheemana kaddi Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Chickma Septembe 0 Root , leaf Diseases of vatta, fever, ear diseases, poisoning, tuberculosis, Ayurveda, Folk, Seed Propagation: Sowing
gida)Kan),Bala(sub. glore,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar,Raichur,Sh r- diarrhoea, skin erruptions, worms, arthritis, diaphoretic, anti- Unani, Sidha Method: Seeds should be
)(San), imoga,South Kanara,Tumkur Novembe pyretic, nervous and urinary disorders sown in nursery beds
Ponmusuttai(Tam), r preferably between March -
Chittimu(Tel), Blue May.
Okra(Eng)
1077 Sida cordata (Burm.f.) Borss. Malvaceae Bekkinathale Herb Bangalore,belgaum,Bijapur,Chickmag 0 0 Root, leaves Pain, nervous disorders, coryza, cardiac diseases, piles, abscess, Ayurveda,
gida(Kan), alore,Coorg,Gulburga,Hassan,Kolar, urinary trouble, cystitis, stranguary, haematuria, paralysis, Unani, Sidha,
Bhumibala/nagabal Mysore,North Kanara,South leucoria, frequent micturition Folk
a(San), Nila Kanara,Tumkur
thuthi(sub)(Tam)
1078 Sida cordifolia L. Malvaceae Hettutti gida(Kan), Undershr Bijapur,Chitradurga,Tumkur,Kolar,Be 0 0 Root, leaves Pain, nervous disorders, coryza, cardiac diseases, piles, abscess, Ayurveda, Folk, Seed Propagation: Sowing
Bala(San), Nila ub llary urinary trouble, cystitis, stranguary, haematuria, paralysis, Tibetan, Unani, Method: Seeds should be
thuthi(Tam), leucoria, frequent micturition Sidha sown in nursery beds
Chittimutti(Tel), preferably between March -
Katturam(Mal) May.

1079 Sida ovata Malvaceae Undershr Chickmaglore,Chitradurga 0 0 Powdered seed Lumbago


ub
1080 Sida rhombifolia L. ssp. Retusa Malvaceae Baralukaddi/Bolana Woody Bangalore,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Co October- 0 Root, leaves Rhematism, tuberculosis, emollient, Pain, nervous disorders, Ayurveda, Folk,
(L.) Borss. gadale(kan),Maha herb org,Dharwar,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,N Decembe coryza, cardiac diseases, piles, abscess, urinary trouble, cystitis, Tibetan, Unani,
Bala(San), orth Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara r stranguary, haematuria, paralysis, leucoria, frequent micturition Sidha
Nilathuthi
(sub.)(Arivalmookk
upacchillai)(Tam),
Gubatada(Tel)
1081 Sida spinosa L. Malvaceae Kaadumethya/gattig Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,D 0 0 Root, leaf Diaphoretic, debility, fever, veneral diseases, leucorrhoea, Ayurveda, Unani
aruke(Kan),Gangot harwad,Hassan,Mysore,North Kanara wasting diseases, wounds
ee/Gangeruki(San),
Gulsakari(Hn),
Mayilu-
manikyam(Tel/Tam
)
1082 Siegesbeckia orientalis L. Asteraceae Herb Bangalore,Bellary,Belgaum,Chickma 0 0 Whole plant Gangrenous ulcers and sores, ring worm, parasitic infection, Folk
galore,Hassan,Mysore,Coorg,Dharwa diaphoretic, cardiotonic, antiscorbutic, sialagogue, rheumatism,
d,Kolar,North Kanara,Shimoga renal colic, anti viral

1083 Smilax aspera L. Smilacaceae Climbing Mysore 0 0 root,flower,leaf,fru demulcent,diaphorticdiurtic,rheumatism,urinary disorders,skin Ayurveda,
shrub it troubles,polyuria,haemorrhage,gout,glandular sweeling Homeopathy

1084 Smilax perfoliata Lour. Smilacaceae Chopachinee(sub.) Woody Coorg,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 Root Diseases of nervous system, epilepsy, psychosis, veneral Ayurveda, Folk
climbing diseases, urinary diseases, polyuria, wasting diseases,
shrub hemiplegia, parkinsonism, leprosy, rejuvinator, congenital
diseases
1085 Smilax zeylanica L. Smilacaceae Chopachinee Climbing Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass Near 0 0 Root Veneral diseasess,skin diseases,sores,swelling,abscesses Ayurveda, Folk,
shrub an,Mysore,North threatened Unani, Sidha
kanara,Shimoga,South kanara
1086 Smithia conferta Dalz. Papilionaceae Herb Chickmagalore,Hassan,Mysore,Belga 0 0 Whole plant Laxative,tonic,rheumatism,wome in sterility Ayurveda, Folk
um,Coorg,North
Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara
1087 Smithia sensitiva Ait. Papilionaceae Herb Belgaum,Dharwar,North 0 0 whole plant Micturition Folk
Kanara,South Kanara
1088 Solanum aculeatissimum Jacq. Solanaceae Spiny Chickmaglore,Coorg,Shimoga,South 0 0 Root, fruit Skin complaints, enema, toothache, ulcerated nose Ayurveda
shrub Kanara
1089 Solanum anguivi L. (S. indicum Solanaceae Brhati, Karimulli Shrub Most of the district Septembe October Root, fruit Cough, dyspnoea,dsuria,dental Ayurveda, Folk Seed propagation: Mature 2006-07 Market
auct. Non L.) (Mulkathari) r-October disorders,rheumatism,arthritis,oedema,pain,anorexia,alopecia,ur seeds are collected in May- Demand: above 4
inary calculi,dysponea,fever,dental disorders,dysuria June. tonnes per year
Market price: Rs 13
per kg dried roots.
1090 Solanum erianthum D. Don (S. Solanaceae Sundai Shrub Bangalore,Belgaum,Bidar,Chickmaga 0 0 Decoction of root, Body pain, vertigo, urinary troubles, vaginal discharges Ayurveda, Folk
verbascifolium auct.non L.) lore,Coorg,Dharwad,Hassan,Kolar,M leaves
ysore,North Kanara,Tumkur
1091 Solanum giganteum Jacq. Solanaceae Shrub Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Myso 0 0 Leaves, berries Ulcer, abscesses in the throat Folk, Sidha
re,North Kanara,Shimoga
1092 Solanum melongena L. Solanaceae Vartaka, Kathari Unarmed Most of the district 0 0 Fruit, root, leaf Diseases of vata, pitta, kapha, tonic, cough, dyspnoea, Ayurveda, Folk,
herb stimulant, ulcers in the nose, liver complaints, cholesterol Unani, Sidha

1093 Solanum nigrum L. Solanaceae Kakamachi, Unarmed Most of the district 0 0 Leaf, fruit, whole Leprosy, piles, fever, oedema, polyuria, hiccup, cardiac
Manithakkali herb plant diseases, vomiting, rejuvinator, tuberculosis, stomatitis,ascites
(Manathakkali)
1094 Solanum seaforthianum Andr. Solanaceae Unarmed Most of the district 0 0 Fruit, root, leaf Diseases of vata, pitta, kapha, tonic, cough, dyspnoea, Folk
shrub stimulant, ulcers in the nose, liver complaints, cholesterol
1095 Solanum surattense burm.f. (S. Solanaceae Kantakari, Herb Bangalore,Bellary,Bidar,Bijapur,Chic 0 0 Whole plant. dyspnoea,anorexia, constipation, worms, blood disorders, Ayurveda, Folk,
xanthocarpum Schard.& Wendl.) Kanndankathri kmaglore,Chitradurga,Gulburga,Kolar hemiplegia, trachphonia, skin disorders, oedema, urinary Homeopathy,
,Mysore,North calculi, amenorrhoea, coryza, epillepsy, dysuria, expectorant, Sidha
Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,South diuretic, carminative, hydrogogue, cough, tuberculosis,
Kanara,Tumkur indigestion, hysteria, fever.
1096 Solanum torvum Sw. Solanaceae Brhati(sub.) Shrub Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass 0 0 whole plant, root. Spleen enlargement, cough, sedative, diuretic, digestive, Ayurveda, Folk,
an,Kolar,Mysore,North poultices applied for cracks in feet. Sidha
Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,South
Kanara,Tumkur
1097 Solanum trilobatum L. Solanaceae Kantakari(sub.) Shrub Bangalore,Bijapur,Chickmagalore,Chi 0 0 Whole plant. Consumption, bronchitis, respiratory disorders, carcinoma, Ayurveda, Folk,
(Agnidamani), tradurga,Dharwad,Mysore aphrodisiac. Sidha
Thooduvalai
1098 Solanum tuberosum L. Solanaceae Aalooka, Herb Most of the district 0 0 Tuber, leaf. Aperient, antiscorbutic, diuretic, galactogogue, antispasmodic, Ayurveda,
Urulaikizhangu in cough, applied to burns, haemorrhage, sneezing, debility, Homeopathy,
insomnia. Unani, Sidha
1099 Solena amplexicaulis (Lam.) Cucurbitacea Climber Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Chitradurg 0 0 Root, leaf, stimulant, invigorating, purgative, dysuria, spermatorrhoea. Ayurveda, Folk
Gandhi e a,Mysore,North
Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur
1100 Sonchus brachytus DC. Asteraceae Herb Bangalore,Bellary,Bijapur,Chickmagl 0 0 Whole plant, root Sporific, cough, Bronchitis, asthama, pertusis, swelling, eye Folk
(S.arvensis auct. Non L.) ore,Hassan,Mysore leaf, latex. troubles.
1101 Sonchus oleraceus L. Asteraceae Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Bijapur,Chitradur 0 0 Stem, root, gum, Galactogogue, liver troubles, vermifuge, indigestion, febrifuge, Folk, Sidha
ga,Coorg,Gulburga,Hassan,mysore,N leaves. sedative, tonic, catheretic, ascites, hydrothorax.
orth Kanara
1102 Sopubia delphiniifolia (L.) G.Don Scrophulariac Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Chi 0 0 Whole plant Applied to sores on feet. Folk
var. delphiniifolia eae ckmagalore,Dharwad,Hassan,Kolar,M
ysore,Raichur,Shimoga,South
Kanara,Tumkur
1103 Sorghum vulgare L. Poaceae Joorna, Cholam Herb Most of the district 0 0 Grains. Diseases of kapha and pittha, oedema, antispermicidal, nutrient,
retention of urine, Phlegm.
1104 Soymida febrifuga A. Juss. Meliaceae Swamy mara(Kan) Large Bellary,Bidar,Coorg,Gulburga,Mysore April- July- Bark. Diarrhoea, dysentery, tonic, gargles, vaginal infection, Ayurveda, Folk,
Indian red wood(E), tree ,North Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur May August rheumatism, swelling, enemata, blood coagulation, oedema, Tibetan, Unani,
Semmaram(Tam),S wounds, dental diseases, uterine bleeding, haemorrhage, Sidha
omi(Tel), malarial fever.
Mamsarohini(San)

1105 Spathodea campanulata P. Bignoniaceae The Squirt Tall tree Bangalore,Hassan,Mysore February- 0 Bark, infusion of Skin diseases, dysentery, renal and gastrointestinal troubles, folk
Beauv. tree(Eng) April leaves. urethral inflammation.
1106 Spathodea parviflorus (Roxb.) Papilionaceae Large Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Nort 0 0 Decoction of bark. Dropsy and bowel compliants.
Ktze. climbing h Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara
shrub
1107 Spermacoce hispida L. Rubiaceae Nathaichuri Herb Bangalore,Bellary,Bijapur,Chickmagl 0 0 Root, seed. Haemorrhoids, gall stones, demulcent, diarrhoea, dysentery,
ore,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,Nort fever, coryza.
h Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,South
Kanara,Tumkur
1108 Spermadictyon suaveolens Roxb. Rubiaceae Shrub Chickmagalore,Kolar,North Kanara 0 0 Root. Diarrhoea, courbature.
(Hamiltonia suaveolens Roxb.)

1109 Sphaeranthus africanus L. Asteraceae Mundee(sub.) Herb Coorg,North Kanara,Shimoga,South 0 0 Whole plant, leaf. Emollient, resolvent, gargles. Ayurveda
Kanara.
1110 Sphaeranthus indicus L. Asteraceae Mundee, Kottai Herb Most of the district 0 0 whole plant. Anorexia, pain, jaundice, piles, worms, blood disorder, oedema, Ayurveda, Folk,
karanthai scrofula, filariasis, dysuria, fever, diuretic, aphrodisiac, Tibetan, Unani,
rejuvenator, skin diseases. Sidha
1111 Sphenodesme involucrata (Presl.) Verbenaceae Woody Coorg 0 0 Root. Abdominal disorders, ear troubles, worms, burns.
var.paniculata (Cl.) Meissn. (S. clmber
paniculata Cl.)
1112 Spilanthus calva DC. (S. acmella Asteraceae Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,C 0 0 Flower root. Throat infection, paralysis of tongue, inflammation of jaw Folk, Sidha
auct. Non (L.) Murr.) oorg,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North bones, dysentery, lithotriptic, diuretic, scabies, psoriasis,
Kanara,Shimoga purgative.
1113 Spilanthes paniculata Wall.ex Asteraceae Herb Hassan,Mysore 0 0 Flower root. Throat infection, paralysis of tongue, inflammation of jaw
DC. bones, dysentery, lithotriptic, diuretic, scabies, psoriasis,
purgative.
1114 Spinacia oleracea L. Chenopodiac Herb Gulburga 0 0 Leaves, fruit. Diuretic, demulcent, inflammation of bowels. Ayurveda, Folk,
eae Unani, Sidha

1115 Spondias pinnata (L.f.)Kurz Anacardiacea The indian Hog- Small Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmaglore,Co Decembe July- Fruit, root, gum. Astringent, antiscorbutic, diarrhoea, dysentery, rheumatism, Ayurveda, Folk,
(S.acuminata Roxb.) e plum(E), tree org,Hassan,Mysore,North r-April Novembe regulating menstruation, anti tubercular property, demulcent, Tibetan, Unani,
Murthiga,Ambatte( Kanara,Shimoga,South kanara r debility, thirst, TB, blood disorders, nausea, fever, dyspepsia, Sidha
Kan), alleviating vata and kapha.
Aamrataka(San),
Marima(Tam)
1116 Stachytarpheta jamaicensis Verbenaceae Undershr Bangalore,Bellary,Chickmaglore,Chit 0 0 Whole plant. Intestinal worms, venereal disease, ulcers, erysipelas, dropsy, Folk, Sidha
(L.)Vahl (S.indica (L.) ub radurga,Coorg,Dharwad,Hassan,Kolar stomach alignments, abortifacient, diarrhoea, dysentery, cardiac
,Mysore,North troubles, ulceration of nose.
Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,Tumkur
1117 Stachytarpheta mutabilis(Jacq.) Verbenaceae Undershr Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,Shimoga 0 0 Decoction of Menstruation, abortifacient. Folk
Vahl. ub leaves.
1118 Stemodia viscosa Roxb. Scrophulariac Herb Bijapur,Dharwad,Hassan,North 0 0 Dried whole plant. Demulcent. Folk
eae Kanara
1119 Stephania japonica (Thunb.) Menispermac Patha(sub.) Climber Chickmaglore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore, 0 0 Root. Fever, diarrhoea, dyspepsia, urinary disease. Ayurveda, Folk,
Miers. eae North Kanara,Shimoga Sidha
1120 Sterculia urens Roxb. Sterculiaceae Medium- Gulburga,Bellary,Tumkur,Kolar 0 0 Bark powder, Given to women to facilitate easy delivery. Ayurveda,
sized tree gum. Unani, Sidha,
Folk, Modern
1121 Stereospermum personatum Bignoniaceae Large Belgaum,Bidar,Chickmagalore,Coorg, 0 0 Decoction of root. Skin troubles, asthama, cough, chronic dyspepsia.
(Hassk.) Chatterjee tree Hassan,Mysore,North
Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,South
Kanara
1122 Stereospermum suaveolens Bignoniaceae Patala, Pathiri Large Banglore,Dharwad,Mysore,North January- March- Root bark, leaf, Hiccup, vomiting, oedema, burning sensation, wounds, Ayurveda, Folk, Seed propagation:
(Roxb.) DC. tree Kanara March May flower, seed, ash. hyperacidity, thirst, distaste, dysponia, diabetes, leucorrhoea, Tibetan, Unani,
eczema, fever, ulcers, diuretic, vata and kapha. Sidha

1123 Streblus asper Lour. Moraceae Mitli/Punjai(Kan),P Large Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,C February- April-May Root, bark, leaf, Diarrhoea, dysentery, filariasis, nervous disorder, fever, fissures, Ayurveda, Folk,
ura/Pirasu(Tam),Pa shrub or oorg,Dharwad,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore, march exudate, seed. sprue, dental diseases, aphrodisiac, sedative, piles, leucorrhoea, Unani, Sidha
kki(Tel),Shakhotak small tree North Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,South swelling, astringent, antiseptic, neuralgia.
a(San), Kanara

1124 Striga asiatica (L.)O. Ktze. Scrophulariac Pallipoondu Herb Bangalore,Bijapur,Chickmagalore,Chi 0 0 Whole plant Snake bites, vata pitha, dental disorders, improve appetite. Ayurveda,
(S.lutea Lour.) eae tradurga,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North Sidha, Folk
Kanara,raichur,Shimoga,South
Kanara,Tumkur

1125 Striga gesnerioides (Willd.) Vatke Scrophulariac Herb Bellary,Bidar,Chickmagalore,Gulburg 0 0 Whole plant. Diabetes. Folk
eae a,Hassan,North
Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,South
Kanara
1126 Strychnos cinnamomifolia Thw. Loganiaceae Large Mysore,south Kanara 0 0 Decoction of root. Rhuematism, ulcers, elephantiasis, fever, epillepsy.
woody
tendrillar
climber
1127 Strychnos colubrina L. Loganiaceae Anganaki Large Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,North 0 0 Root Purgative, febrifuge, anthelmintic, cutaneous troubles, worms,
woody Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara. dyspepsia, fever, malarial infections, rheumatism.
climber
1128 Strychnos nux-vomica L. Loganiaceae Kupeelu Large Belgaum,Bijapur,Chickmagalore,Coo March- December Seed kernel, root Pain in joints, rheumatism, wounds, sprain in sinus, Ayurveda, 1. Seed propagation; 2006-07 Market
(Karaskara), Yetti tree rg,Mysore,North May bark, bark, leaf, hemiplagia, insomnia, anorexia, stomach disorders, sprue, Homeopathy, 2.Vegetative propagation demand:Above
Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara. fruit. oedema, cough, pleurisy, general debility, leprosy, boils, Tibetan, Unani, 100MT per year.
intermittent fever, absciss, dropsy, fainting. Sidha, Modern,
Folk
1129 Strychnos potatorum L. Loganiaceae Kataka, Medium- Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Coorg,Gulbur February- October- Seed, fruit. Tonic, stomachache, demulcent, emmetic, diarrhoea, diabeteic, Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed propagation; 2006-07 Market
Thettrankottai sized tree ga,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North May March gonorrhoea, cutaneous troubles, eye diseases, leprosy, Tibetan, Unani, 2.Vegetative propagation; demand:Above
Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur abdominal disorders, oliguria, piles, cardiac diseases, dropsy. Sidha through cuttings. 100MT per year.

1130 Stylosanthes fruticosa (Retz.) Alst. Papilionaceae Herb Bangalore,Dharwad,Hassan,Kolar,My 0 0 Whole plant. Diarrhoea, cold. Folk
sore,Tumkur
1131 Swertia angustifolia Buch.- Gentianaceae Herb Bellary,Chickmaglore,Mysore 0 0 Whole plant. Febrifuge, tonic. Ayurveda, Unani
Ham.var. pulchella Burk.
1132 Swertia corymbosa (Griseb.) Cl. Gentianaceae Kirata Tikta(sub.) Herb Chickmaglore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore, Vulnerabl 0 0 Whole plant. Typhoid, cough, dysponia, thirst, burning sensation, oedema, Folk
North Kanara e lerosy, wounds, worms.
1133 Swertia densiflora Gentianaceae Herb Chickmagalore 0 0 Whole plant. A good substitute for Swertia chirayita and gentian. Folk
(Griseb.)Kashyapa
1134 Swertia minor(Griseb.)Knobl. Gentianaceae Small Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Mysore,Shi 0 0 Whole plant. A good substitute for Swertia chirayita, in treatment of malaria Folk
erect herb moga and other fevers.

1135 Swietenia mahogani (L.) Jacq. Meliaceae Mahagony Lofty Bangalore,Coorg,Mysore,Tumkur April- Ocober- Bark. Antipyretic, tonic, astringent. Folk, Sidha
buttresse June January
d tree
1136 Symplocos cochinchinensis Symplocacea Lodhra(sub.) Medium- Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassa Near 0 0 Bark, heart wood. Polyuria, sprue, leucoderma, menorrhagia, leprosy, dental Ayurveda
(Lour.) S. Moore (S. spicata e sized tree n,Mysore,North threatened diseases, stomatitis, dysentery, diarrhoea, oedema, poisoning,
Roxb. Var. laurina Cl.) Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara. TB, ascitis, eye diseases, liver diseases, amenorrhoea.

1137 Symplocos racemosa Roxb. Symplocacea Lodhra, Large Belgaum,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassa Vulnerabl Decembe March- Bark, heart wood. Polyuria, sprue, leucoderma, menorrhagia, leprosy, dental Ayurveda, Folk, 1.Seed propagatiom:
e Vellilothiram pattai shrub or n,Mysore,North e r- May diseases, stomatitis, dysentery, diarrhoea, oedema, poisoning, Tibetan, Unani, 2.Vegetative propagation
tree Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara. February TB, ascitis, eye diseases, liver diseases, amenorrhoea. Sidha

1138 Synadenium grantii Hk.f. Euphorbiacea Shrub or Bangalore,Hassan,Mysore Vulnerabl 0 0 Whole plant. Considered to a stimulant of CNs, irritant. Ayurveda, Folk,
e small tree e Tibetan, Unani,
Sidha
1139 Synantherias sylvatica Schott Araceae Cormous North Kanara 0 0 Fruit, seed. Paste is used for bruises, toothache, due to their benumbing
(Amorphophallus sylvaticus herb effect, glandular enlargements
(Roxb.) Kunth)
1140 Synedrella nodiflora (L.) Gaertn. Asteraceae Herb Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Chickma 0 0 Leaves. Laxative, embrocations, used in rheumatism. Folk
glore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,North
Kanara,Shimoga
1141 Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels Myrtaceae Indian Large Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bidar,Chi February- June- Whole plant. Haemorrhage, burning sensation, polyuria, diabetes, alleviating Ayurveda, Folk,
Cherry/Black tree ckmaglore,Coorg,Dharwad,Hassan,K May August vatha, cough, dysponia, menorrhagia, eczema, thirst, antidote Homeopathy,
plum(E), olar,Mysore,North for strychnine poisoning Tibetan, Unani,
Nerale(Kan), Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara Sidha
Jambu(san),
Naaval(Tam),
Neredu(Tel)
1142 Syzygium jambos (L.) Alst. Myrtaceae Rose Medium- Bangalore,Chickmaglore,Coorg,Hassa January- May- Whole plant. Haemorrhage, burning sensation, polyuria, diabetes, alleviating Ayurveda, Folk,
apple(E),Malle- sized tree n,Mysore,north Kanara,Shimoga April August vatha, cough, dysponia, menorrhagia, eczema, thirst, antidote Homeopathy,
Nerale(Kan), for strychnine poisoning Unani
Gulabjama(Tel),
Jambu(sub.)
1143 Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. Myrtaceae Large North Kanara 0 0 Root , bark, leaf. Diuretic, itches, astringent, mouth washes, thrush, cracked Folk
& Perry shrub or tongue.
medium
sized tree

1144 Syzygium travancoricum Gamble Myrtaceae Medium- Westren ghats Critically April- May-June Bark, Folk 1.Seed propagation:
sized tree endangere May 2.Vegetative propagation:
d Through cuttings.

1145 Syzygium zeylanicum(L.) DC. Myrtaceae Large Chickmaglore,Coorg,Hassan,North 0 0 Decoction of Vermifuge. Folk
shrub or Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara leaves and root.
small tree

1146 Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) Apocynaceae Nandhibatlu(Kan), Shrub Bangalore,North Kanara During 0 Roots. Toothache, vermicide. Ayurveda, Folk
R. Br.(Ervatamia coronaria Nandhiavattam rains and
Stapf) (Tam), after
1147 Tacca leontopetaloides (L.) O. Taccaceae Kaattu karunai Herb Mysore,North Kanara 0 0 Corm. Diarrhoea, dysentery, diseases of vatam, leucorrhoea, piles, Folk
Ktze. (T.pinnatifida J.R.& G. fever.
Forst.)
1148 Tagetes erecta L. Asteraceae Jhandu Herb Most of the district 0 0 Infusion of herb, Rheumatism, cold, bronchitis, renal troubles, muscular pains, Ayurveda,
root, leaves, boils, carbuncles, immunogogue, carminative, diuretic, Unani, Sidha,
florets. vermifuge, wounds, blood disorders, haemorrhage Folk
1149 Tagetes patulaL. Asteraceae Herb Most of the district 0 0 Roots, seeds, Purgative, antiseptic, carminative. Folk
decoction of
capitula.
1150 Tamarindus indica L. Caesalpiniace Amlika/Cincha(San Large Most of the district January- April-May Fruit, bark, leaves, Refrigerant, carminative, laxative, biliousness, febrile Ayurveda, Folk, 1.Seed propagation:
ae ), Imli(Hin), tree March flower, seeds, ash. conditions, hyperacidity, pain, leucorrhoea, oedema, diseases of Tibetan, Unani, 2.Vegetative propagation:
Hunise/Hunasemar kapha and pita, ulcers, dropsy, anaemia. Sidha Through air layering and
a(Kan), cuttings.
Puli/Valampuli(Mar
), Amlikai(Tam),
Tamarind(Eng)
1151 Tamarix ericoides Rottl. Tamaricaceae Jhavuka(sub.), Shrub Bijapur,Gulburga,Mysore,North August- 0 Leaves, latex Cough, enlarged spleen, laxative, oedema, diarrhoea, Ayurveda, Folk
Manna(sub.), Kanara February haemorrhage, leprosy.
Jhau(Hin)
1152 Taraxacum officinale Wigg. Asteraceae Dughdhapheni Herb Bangalore 0 0 Rhizome, roots, Laxative, diuretic, stomachic, hepatic stimulant, tonic, Ayurveda,
leaves, antiscorbutic, blood disorders, debility, dysuria, skin disorders, Homeopathy,
poisoning. Folk, Modern
1153 Tarenna asiatica (L.) O. Ktze. Rubiaceae Large Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Chitradurg 0 0 Fruits, leaves Boils. Folk, Sidha
shrub or a,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North
small tree Kanara,Shimoga,South
Kanara,Tumkur
1154 Taverniera cunefolia Arn. Papilionaceae Undershr Bellary,Bijapur,Raichur 0 0 Leaves, roots. Poultice applied to sloughing wounds. Folk
ub
1155 Tecoma stans (L.) Juss Bignoniaceae Large Most of the district 0 0 Roots, flowers. Diuretic, vermifuge, tonic. Folk, Sidha
shrub or
small tree

1156 Tectona grandis L.f. Verbenaceae Shaka(San), Tree Most of the district 0 Novembe Heart-wood, bark, Haemorrhage, leprosy, polyuria, female sterility, diseases of Ayurveda, Folk, Seeds propagation: sedds
Thega/Sagvani r-January bark, flower, fuit, pitam, inflammatory swelling, dyspepsia, skin diseases, ulcers, Tibetan, Unani, swon inApril-May.
(Kan), seed. worms, diuretic, astringent, bronchitis. Sidha Vegetative propagation:
Thekku(Tam), through grafts and
Teak(Eng), budding. Clonal
propagation from terminal
and axillary buds.

1157 Tephrosia hirta Buch.-Ham. Papilionaceae Sharapunkha(sub.) Undershr Bangalore.Bijapur,Chickmagalore,Ha 0 0 Leaves Dropsy, diabetes
ub ssan,Kolar,Mysore

1158 Tephrosia purpurea(L.) Pers. Papilionaceae Sharapunkha, Undershr Most of the district 0 0 Whole plant, root. Spleenic and liver disorders, cough, dysponea, disorders of Ayurveda, Folk,
Kozhungi(Kollukai) ub blood, chronic ulcers, fever, pain, poisoning, vata diseases, Unani, Sidha
thirst, gingivitis, abdominal disorders, hepato megaly and
spleenomegaly, elephantiasis, asthama, scabies, itches, eczema,
skin disorders, laxative.
1159 Tephrosia spinosa (L.f.) Pers. Papilionaceae Kantapunkha Shrub Chitradurga,Mysore 0 0 Whole plant, root. Dropsy, diabetes, Spleenic and liver disorders, cough, dysponea, Ayurveda, Sidha
disorders of blood, chronic ulcers, fever, pain, poisoning, vata
diseases, thirst, gingivitis, abdominal disorders, hepato megaly
and spleenomegaly, elephantiasis, asthama, scabies, itches,
eczema, skin disorders, laxative.
1160 Tephrosia uniflora Pers. Ssp. Papilionaceae Kantapunkha Procumb Bellary,Bijapur 0 0 Leaves. Syphilis, Dropsy, diabetes, Spleenic and liver disorders, cough, Ayurveda
Petrosa (Blatt. & Halib.) Gill. & ent or dysponea, disorders of blood, chronic ulcers, fever, pain,
Ali suberect poisoning, vata diseases, thirst, gingivitis, abdominal disorders,
shrub hepato megaly and spleenomegaly, elephantiasis, asthama,
scabies, itches, eczema, skin disorders, laxative.
1161 Teramnus labialis (L.f.) Spreng. Papilionaceae Mashaparni, Kattu Climbing Bangalore,Belgaum,Bijapur,Chickma 0 0 Whole plant, root , Rheumatism, TB, nerve infection, haemoptysis, catarrh , Ayurveda, Folk,
uzhundu herb galore,Coorg,Gulburga,Mysore,North seed. astringent, Stomachache, febrifuge, oedema, fever, disorders of Tibetan, Sidha
Kanara,Shimoga blood, pitha, burning sensation, aphrodisiac, tonic, pain.

1162 Teramnus mollis Benth. Papilionaceae Mashaparni(sub.) Twining Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan 0 0 Whole plant. Antiperiodic, blood purifier. Ayurveda
herb
1163 Terminalia alata Heyne ex Roth Combretacea Jaranadruma(San), Large Bellary,Bidar,Chitradurga,Coorg,Hass May Novembe Bark, leaf, gum. Styptic, cardiotonic, purgative, fever, boils, pruritus, diseases of Ayurveda, Folk
(T.tomentosa Roxb.ex DC) e Karumarudam(Tam tree an,Kolar,Mysore,South r-January head, earache.
)Karumarurhu(Tam Kanara,Tumkur
),Nallamaddi/Madd
i(Tel),(Banappu/Ka
rimaddi(Kan),

1164 Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.ex DC.) Combretacea Arjuna(San), Large Bangalore,belgaum,Bellary,Chickmag Near April- Novembe Bark, leaf, fruit. Polyuria, cardiotonic, Blood disorder, chronic fever, obesity, Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed propagation: 2006-07 Market
Wt. & Arn.) e Holematti/Bileemat tree alore,Gulburga,Mysore,North threatened June r-March skin diseases, diabetes, leucorrhoea, leprosy, worms, abdominal Homeopathy, Mature seeds are collected demand:400tonnes
ti(Kan), Kanara,Tumkur disorder, pain, ulcer. Tibetan, Unani, from 6 year old plants per year. Market
Marudu(Tam), Sidha inMarch.. 2. price:Rs.8-13per kg
Kahu/Arjun(Hin) Vegetative propagation
through stump

1165 Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Combretacea Bibhitaka(San), Large Bidar,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan, April- Novembe Fruit, leaf, seed. Bronchial astama, trachyphonia, eye diseases, diseases of throat, Ayurveda, Seed propagation:seeds are
Roxb. e Bharla(H), buttresse Gulburga,Kolar,Mysore,North June r-February oedema, diarrhoea, constipation, worms, cardiac diseases, Unani, Sidha, sown in March-April in
Tarikay(Ka), d tree Kanara,Shimoga,South guinea worm diseases, leucorrhoea, venereal diseases, Folk nursery and June-July in
Tanni/Tusham(Mar Kanara,Tumkur hypertension, pox, dysponea. the field.
),Thaandrikkai(Tam 2.Vegetative Propagation:
) through stumps.

1166 Terminalia catappa L. Combretacea Indain almond(E), Large Coorg,North Kanara,South Kanara February- January- Leaves, bark. Sudorific, rheumatic joints, ointment for scabies, cutaneous Ayurveda, Folk,
e Taree (Kan), Desi deciduou May & July infections, diuretic, cardiotonic, dysentery. Unani, Sidha
badam(Hin), Nattu s tree October-
vadam(Tam), Novembe
r

1167 Terminalia chebula Retz. Combretacea Haritakee(san), Large Bangalore,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Co April- January- Fruit, bark. Laxative, stomachache, tonic, alterative, diuretic, cardiotonic, Ayurveda, Seed propagation: Mature 2006-07 Market
e Aralekayi/Harade(K tree org,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,North June March asthma, dentrifrices, anorexia, constipation, tympanitis, Homeopathy, seeds are collected in May- demand:above 100MT
an),Harada(Hin),Ka Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur abdominal disorders, piles, jaundice, sprue, coryza, trachyponia, Tibetan, Unani, June. per annum
dukkai(Tam), hiccup, skin diseases, eye diseases, dysponea, rejuvenator, Sidha, Folk
Karakkaya(Tel) carcinoma.
1168 Terminalia paniculata Roth Combretacea Honnal/Hongal/Ho Large Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,C July- Novembe Bark. Cardiotonic, diuretic. Ayurveda, Folk,
e nagalu(Kan),Pillam deciduou oorg,Hassan,Mysore,North Decembe r-February Sidha
arudu(Tam), s tree Kanara,Shimoga,South r
Neemeeri(Tel) Kanara,Tumkur.
1169 Thalictrum javanicum Bl. Ranunculace Herb Chickmagalore 0 0 Root. Diuretic, purgative, dyspepsia, opthalmia. Folk
ae
1170 Thecagonium biflorum (L.) Babu Rubiaceae Herb Mysore 0 0 Whole plant. Fever, gastric irritation, nervous depression.

1171 Thespesia lampas (Cav.) Dalz. & Malvaceae Karpasa(sub.) Large Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 Root, fruit, floral Gonorrhoea, syphilis, cutaneous diseases. Ayurveda, Folk,
Gibs. shrub ,North Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara parts. Sidha

1172 Thespesia populnea (L.)Sol. Malvaceae Huvarasi(Kan), Large Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore All the All the Bark, leaf, flower, Cutaneous infection, skin troubles, astringent, dysentery, Ayurveda, Folk, Seed propagation: Seeds
Bhendi(Mar), shrub or ,North Kanara,South Kanara,Tumkur year year fruit, seed oil. haemorrhoids, purgative. Unani, Sidha collected during April-
Gangarevi(Tel), small tree round round May. Vegetative
Puvarasam(Tam) propagation: through
Kapitanah/Parisa(S cuttings: cuttings planted
an),Indian tulip in January/June-July.
tree(Eng)

1173 Thottea siliquosa (Lam.) D. Hou Aristolochiac Herb Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,North 0 0 Mature roots Dysentery, cholera, chronic sores and ulcers. Folk
(Apama siliquosa Lam.) eae Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara.
1174 Thunbergia alata Boj. Acanthaceae Slender Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass 0 0 Whole plant,. Headache. Folk
twiner an,Kolar,Mysore,North
Kanara,Shimoga
1175 Thunbergia grandiflora (Roxb.ex Acanthaceae Large Bangalore 0 0 Decoction of Stomach compliant. Folk
Rottl.) Roxb. woody leaves.
climber
1176 Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Menispermac Guduci(San), Large Bangalore,Belgaum,Bijapur,chickmag January- January- January-March Fever, anaemia, jaundice, leprosy, worms, polyuria, poisoning, Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed propagation: 1500kg fresh(300kg
Hk.f. & Th. eae Amrutaballi(Kan) climbing alore,Coorg,Kolar,Mysore,Shimoga March March burning sensation, gout, delirium, vomiting, fever, digestive Homeopathy, 2.Vegetative propagation dry) per hectare in
Seendil(Tam), shrub disorder, diarrhoea, snakebite poisoning, diseases of pita, Tibetan, Unani, through stem cuttings. about two years.
Tippatiga(Tel), urinary disorders, emetic, general debility, dyspepsia, leprosy, Sidha Cuttings obtained in June-
Goluncha(Hin) tonic. July
1177 Tinospora sinensis (Lour.) Merr. Menispermac Guduci(sub.) Large Chickmagalore,North Kanara 0 0 Whole plant. Chronic rheumatism, fever, anaemia, jaundice, leprosy, worms, Ayurveda, Folk
eae climbing polyuria, poisoning, burning sensation, gout, delirium,
shrub vomiting, fever, digestive disorder, diarrhoea, snakebite
poisoning, diseases of pita, urinary disorders, emetic, general
debility, dyspepsia, leprosy, tonic.
1178 Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsley)A. Asteraceae Large Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,H 0 0 Flowerheads. Wounds and bruises.
Gray shrub assan,Mysore
1179 Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam. Rutaceae Milagaranai(Tam), Shrub Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,C February- july- Root, bark, leaf. Diaphoretic, stomach ache, antipyretic, carminative, pain in Ayurveda, Folk,
Kadu hitradurga,Coorg,Kolar,Mysore,North April & Septembe bowels, diseases of kapha and vata, cough, dysponea, Sidha
menasu/Mullumasti Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur Septembe r intermittent fever, tuberculosis, bronchial asthama.
ge(Kan), r-October
Kondakasinda(Tel)

1180 Toddalia asiatica (L.) Rutaceae Shrub Hassan 0 0 Root, bark, leaf. Diaphoretic, stomach ache, antipyretic, carminative, pain in Ayurveda, Folk,
Lam.var.floribunda Gamb. bowels, diseases of kapha and vata, cough, dysponea, Sidha
intermittent fever, tuberculosis, bronchial asthama.
1181 Toona ciliata Roem. (Cedrela Meliaceae Kempu- Tall Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,North January- May- Bark. Chronic dysentery of infants, extenal application of ulcers, Folk
toona Roxb.) gandgheri(Kan), deciduou Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara April October wounds, leprosy, blood disorders, haemorrhage.
Shevagil/Malavemb s tree
u(Tam), Red
Cedar(E), Nadi
vruksha(Tunee)
1182 Torenia thouarsii (Cham.& Schl.) Scrophulariac Herb North Kanara,Shimoga, 0 0 Whole plant. Cure for yaws and ulcers. Folk
O.Ktze. (T. parviflora Buch.) eae

1183 Torenia travancorica Gamb.(T. Scrophulariac Herb Belgaum,Shimoga 0 0 Leaf extract. Gonorrhoea. Ayurveda
asiaticaHk.f.,non L.) eae

1184 Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Apiaceae Yavani, Omam Herb Bangalore 0 0 Seed. Skin diseases, blood poisoning, scorpion sting, distaste, Ayurveda, Folk,
Sprague (Carum copticum anorexia, indigestion, stomach, abdominal and spleenic Tibetan, Unani,
Benth.ex Cl.) disorders, worms, cardiac diseases, general debility, digestive Sidha
disorders, cough, diarrhoea, venereal disorders, insect bite
poisoning, antiseptic, stimulant, sialagogue.
1185 Tragia cannabina L.f. Euphorbiacea Climbing Bellary,Bijapur,Coorg,Gulburga,Myso 0 0 Decoction of root. Treatment of sore tongue.
e shrub re,Raichur,Tumkur
1186 Tragia involucrata L. Euphorbiacea Vrschikali, Trailing Bangalore,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar,Mysor 0 0 Whole plant. Diaphoretic, guinea worms, itchy eruptions on the skin, Ayurveda, Folk,
e Kaanchori or e,North Kanara,South Kanara,Tumkur epillepsy, anaemia, psychosis, stomach disorders, diseases of Unani, Sidha
climbing kapha vata, dropsy, cough.
herb
1187 Trapa natans L. (T. bispinosa Trapaceae Sringataka(Shaphak Aquatic Bangalore,Chitradurga,Hassan,North 0 0 Seed. Thirst, burning sensation, sprue, haemorrhage, dysuria, general Ayurveda, Folk,
Roxb.) a), Pannimonthan herb Kanara debility, carcinoma, eye diseases, cooling, diarrhoea, Unani
kizhangu menorrhagia.

1188 Trema orientalis (L.) Bl. Ulmaceae Small Most of the district 0 0 Decoction of root. Diarrhoea, bloody urine, epillepsy. Ayurveda, Folk,
tree or Sidha
large
shrub
1189 Trewia nudiflora L. Euphorbiacea Deciduou Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,North 0 0 Root Gout and rheumatism.
e s tree Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga
1190 Trianthema portulacastrum L. Aizoaceae Varshabu, Saranai Herb Bijapur,Gulburga,Mysore 0 0 Root, leaf. Cathartic, irritant, abortafacient, asthma, amenorrhoea, dropsy, Ayurveda, Folk,
oedema, ascitis, antidote to alcohol poisoning, rheumatism, Unani, Sidha
abscis, piles, dysponea, constipation, urinary diseases,
abdominal disorders.
1191 Trianthema triquetra Rottl.ex Aizoaceae Siru charanai Herb Bellary,Bijapur,Mysore 0 0 whole plant, leaf, Astringent, abortifacient, abdominal disorder, abscess, piles, Sidha
Willd. root. cataract, chest pain, gastric disorders, skin disorder,
leucorrhoea, cough, swelling, urine retention, headache, eye
disorder, jaundice, carminative, arthritis, hydrocele.
1192 Tribulus terrestris L. Zygophyllace Trikantaka/Gokshur Procumb Most of the district After rain October- Whole plant. Dysuria, polyuria, oliguria, oedema, bronchial astama, piles, Ayurveda, Folk, Seed propagation: Seeds
ae a(San),Nerunjil(Ta ent herb December cardiac diseases, urinary calculii, anorexia, nerous diseases, Homeopathy, collected in December.
m),Neggilu/Neggilu fever, vata, leucorrhoea, thirst, retention of urine, aphrodisiac. Tibetan, Unani, Seeds are sown in the
mullu(Kan), Sidha month of May-June
Nerungil(Mar),
1193 Trichilia connaroides (Wt. & Meliaceae Kora(Kan), Medium- Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,North March- December- Bark and leaves. Bitter tonic, cholera. Folk
Arn.) Bentvelzen(Heynea trijuga Korakkadi(Mal), sized tree Kanara,Shimoga April February
Roxb.) Karaikaruvilangam(
Tam)
1194 Trichodesma indicum (L.) Lehm. Boraginaceae Aadhapushpi(San), Herb Bangalore,Bellary,Bijapur,Chickmagl 0 0 Whole plant. Arthritis, anorexia, sprue, dysentery, snakebite poisoning, skin Ayurveda, Folk,
Kavil thumbe ore,Chitradurga,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar, diseases, fever, inguinal bubbo, diseases of vata, menorrhagia. Sidha
soppu(Tam) Mysore,Tumkur
1195 Trichodesma zeylanicum Boraginaceae Herb Bangalore,belgaum,Bijapur,Chickmag 0 0 Leaves, flowers, Emollient, demulcent, diuretic, sudorific, pectoral, analgesic. Ayurveda,
(Burm.f.) R. Br. alore,Gulburga,Hassan,Mysore,North fruit. Sidha, Folk
Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur
1196 Tricholepis glaberrima DC. Asteraceae Brahmadandi(San) Herb Chickmagalore,Coorg,Mysore,North 0 0 wholeplant. Antiseptic, skin troubles, nervine tonic, seminal debility, urinary Ayurveda, Unani
kanara,Shimoga,South kanara troubles, cough, diseases of vata kapha and oedema.

1197 Trichosanthes anguina L. Cucurbitacea Chichinda, Pudal Tendrillar Most of the district 0 0 Fruit, root Improve appetite, biliouness, diarrhoea, vermifuge, aphrodisiac,
e creeping diseases of vata and pitta.
herb

1198 Trichosanthes cucumerina L. Cucurbitacea Paypudal, Climber Chickmagalore,Mysore,North 0 0 Fruits,root,seed Cathartic,bronchitis,biliousness,alopecia,anthemintic,antifebrile, Ayurveda, Folk,
e Kanara,Shimoga emetic,emmenagogue. Unani, Sidha

1199 Trichosanthes nervifolia L. Cucurbitacea Patola(sub.)(Kulaka Woody Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Shimog 0 0 Root,fruit Purgative,dental troubles,pruitus,burning sensation,fever,cardiac Folk, Unani,
e ), monoecio a diseases,stomach Sidha
us disorders,pain,poisoning,vertigo,cough,worms,leprosy,jaundice,
climber diseases of blood
1200 Trichosanthes tricuspidata Lour. Cucurbitacea Indravarunee(sub.), Woody Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass 0 0 Fruit,root Sores,carbuncles,hemicrania,ozoena Ayurveda, Folk,
(T.palmata Roxb.) e Savurai(Kurattai) climbing an,Mysore,North Kanara,Shimoga Sidha
shrub
1201 Trichosanthes wallichiana Cucurbitacea Climber North Kanara 0 0 Leaves Applied to abdomen after miscarriage Folk
(Seringe) wt.(T.multiloba Cl.) e
1202 Tridax procumbens L. Asteraceae Bhrngaraja(sub.), Herb Most of the district 0 0 Leaves Bronchial catarrh,dysentery,diarrhoea,haemorrhage,wounds Ayurveda, Folk,
Sidha
1203 Trigonella foenum-graecum L. Papilionaceae Methika, Vandayam Aromatic Bangalore 0 0 Seed,whole plant Aromatic,carminative,tonic,galactogogue,boils,ulcers,emollient, Ayurveda, Folk,
herb intestinal Unani, Sidha,
inflammations,anorexia,arthritis,haemorrhage,indigestion,aphro Modern
disiac,antidysentric,refrigerant.
1204 Triticum aestivum L. Poaceae Godhuma, Herb Most of the district 0 0 Grains. Gout,wounds,genearl Ayurveda, Folk,
(T.vulgareVill.) Kothumai debility,aphrodisiac,demulcent,nutritive,tonic,gastric Unani, Sidha,
disorders,fever Modern
1205 Triumfetta rhomboides Jacq. Tiliaceae Kaadu Woody Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,C August- 0 Bark,leaves,root Diarrhoea,dysentery,intestinal ulcers,leprosy,aphrodisiac,tonic Ayurveda, Folk,
bende(Kan)Adayott herb or oorg,Dharwad,Hassan,Mysore,North October Unani, Sidha
i(Tam),Nichardi(M under Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara
ar), Jhinjhirita(San) shrub

1206 Triumfetta rotundifolia Lam. Tiliaceae Jingirita(sub.) Woody Bangalore,Bellary,Bijapur,Dharwad,G Novembe 0 Bark,leaves,root Demulcent,diarrhoea,dysentery,intestinal Ayurveda, Sidha
(Gippita)(San), herb ulburga,Hassan,Mysore,North r- ulcers,leprosy,aphrodisiac,tonic
Bunki tuthuru(Tel), Kanara,Raichur February
Benki tutturi(Kan)

1207 Turbina corymbosa (L.) Convolvulace Large Bijapur,north Kanara 0 0 Decoction of seed Narcotic and hallucinogen Folk
Rav.(Rivea corymbosa Hall.f.) ae climber

1208 Turnera angustifolia Mill. Turneraceae Woody Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Mysore,Shi 0 0 Whole plant Ailments of the
(T.ulmifolia auct.plur.non L.) herb moga chest,indigestion,biliousness,rheumatism,dysentery
1209 Turraea villosa Benn. Meliaceae Large North Kanara 0 0 Root Application for fistula,leprosy Folk
shrub or
small tree

1210 Tylophora fasciculata buch.- Asclepiadace Gocandana, Undershr Belgaum,Bidar,Chickmaglore,Coorg, 0 0 Root,leaves Emetic,purgative,ulcers,febrifuge Ayurveda
Ham.ex Wt. ae ub Hassan,Mysore,North
Kanara,Shimoga,Tumkur
1211 Tylophora indica (Burm.f.) Merr. Asclepiadace Antrapachaka(Arka Undershr Most of the district 0 0 Root,whole plant Stimulant,emetic,expectorant,stomachic,diaphoretic,asthma,bro Ayurveda, Folk, Seed propagation and
ae parni), Nanjaruppan ub nchitis,whooping cough,antidote for strychnine and arsenic Homeopathy, Vegetative propagation
poisoning,snake-bite poisoning,food poisoning,dysponea,spider Unani, Sidha through stem cuttings and
poisoning,thirst,diseases of head. ground layering.
1212 Tylophora tenuis Bl. Asclepiadace Twining Chickmagalore,Hassan 0 0 Whole plant Urticaria,excessive perspiration,bilious swelling,small
ae herb pox,antidote to arsenic poisoning,scabies.
1213 Typha angustata Bory & chaub. Typhaceae Gundra Marshy Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Chitradur 0 0 Whole Astringent,diuretic,urinary calculi,dysuria,erysipelas,syphilis. Ayurveda,
(T. australis Schum. & Thonn.) or aquatic ga,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,North plant,rhizome Tibetan
herb Kanara,Raichur

1214 Uraria alopecuroides (Roxb.) Wt. Papilionaceae Trailing Bidar,Mysore,Shimoga 0 0 Roots and pods Ringworm
herb
1215 Uraria lagopodioides (L.) Desv. Papilionaceae Salaparni(sub.), Undershr Chickmagalore,Coorg,North Kanara 0 0 Decoction of Diarrhoea,intermittent fever,inflammation of the Ayurveda, Folk,
Orilai ub leaves chest,amenorrhoea,general debility,abortifacient. Unani, Sidha
1216 Uraria picta (Jacq.) Desv.ex DC Papilionaceae Suffrutic North Kanara July- December- Decoction of Cough,fever,sore mouth Ayurveda, 1. Seed propagation: seeds 1500kg fresh(300kg
ose herb Septembe January root,pod Tibetan, Sidha, collected in December- dry) per hectare in
r Folk January about two years.
1217 Uraria rufescens (DC.) Schindl. Papilionaceae Salaparni(sub.) Stragglin Chickmagalore,Coorg 0 0 Root,whole plant Febrifuge,expectorant,diuretic,oedema,intermittent Ayurveda
(U. hamosa Sweet) g fever,diarrhoea,cardiac
undershr diseasae,pain,emaication,fever,dysponea,polyuria,piles,vomiting
ub ,rejuvenator
1218 Urena lobata L.ssp.lobata Malvaceae Congo Woody Bangalore,Belgaum,Bijapur,Chickma July- 0 Root,flower,leaf,ro Piles,abscess, wounds, vomiting, cough, aphrodisiac, pains, Ayurveda, Folk,
jute(Eng),Baralu herb or galore,Chitradurga,Coorg,Hassan,Kol Novembe ot,bark disorders of the gums, diarrhoea, leucorrhoea, worms, oliguria, Sidha
kaddi under ar,Mysore,North r sore throat.
mara(Kan),Bachata shrub Kanara,Shimoga,South
(Hin),Atibala(San), Kanara,Tumkur.
Udiram(Mal),Ottu
thuththi(Tam)

1219 Urginea indica (Roxb.) Kunth. Liliaceae Vanapalandu, Herb Belgaum,Bidar,Hassan,North 0 0 Bulb Worms, Leprocy, cardiac diseases,diuertic,poisoning,snake-bite
(Scilla Hyacinthina (Roth0 Kaattu Kanara,Shimoga poisoning,chronic
Macbr; S.indica Bak.) vengayam(Nariveng cough,asthma,dysponea,piles,fistula,ascotes,corn
ayam)
1220 Utricularia bifida L. Lentibulariac Herb Hassan,Mysore,Shimoga,Tumkur 0 0 Whole plant Urinary troubles Folk
eae
1221 Utricularia stellaris L.f. Lentibulariac Aquatic Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,H 0 0 Whole plant Cough Folk, Sidha
eae free assan,Mysore
folating
herb
1222 Uvaria hookerii King Annonaceae Climbing Coorg,North Kanara,Shimoga 0 0 Decoction of root Rheumatism,bowel
shrub and bark complaints,eczema,jaundice,biliousness,fever
1223 Uvaria narum (Dunal)Bl. Annonaceae Puliccan(Tam), Climbing Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,North 0 0 Decoction of root Rheumatism,bowel Folk
Karibilu, shrub kanara,South kanara and bark complaints,eczema,jaundice,biliousness,fever
pandil(Kan),
Narum panal(Mal)
1224 Vallaris solanacea (Roth) O. Apocynaceae Aasphota(San), Twining Bangalore,belgaum,Chickmagalore,D February- 0 latex, root applied to wounds and sores, astringent, diseases of vata, Ayurveda, Unani
Ktze. (V.heynei Spreng.) Ramsar(Hin) srub harwad,Mysore,North Kanara March leprosy, sprue, syspnoea, piles, carcinoma, poisoning
1225 Vallisneria spiralis L. Hydrocharita Aquatic Bangalore,Bijapur,Chitradurga,Gulbu 0 0 whole plant stomachic,refrigerant, demulcent, leucorrhoea Folk, Sidha
ceae herb rga,Hassan,Mysore
1226 Vanda spathulata (L.) Spreng. Orchidaceae Epiphyte Bangalore 0 0 dry flowers, whole consumption, asthma, maniac troubles, bile and abate frenzy Folk
plant
1227 Vanda tesselata (Roxb.) Hk. Orchidaceae Rasna/Chhatraki(Sa Epiphyte Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 juice of leaves, dyspepsia, bronchitis, rheumatism, fevers,swellings, nervous Ayurveda, Folk, Propagated through
(V.roxburghii R. Br.) n),Bandanike/ ,North Kanara root. troubles, diseases of nervous system, sciatica, fistula, ear Unani, Sidha pseudobulbs.
vandaka(Kan),Kant diseases, poisoning
anakuli(Tam),Vand
a/Rasna(Hin)
1228 Vateria indica L. Dipterocarpa Sarja(San), Large Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore Vulnerabl March- June-July bark, gum leprosy, eczema, rheumatoid arthritis, diarrhoea, itching, urinary Ayurveda, Folk, Seed propagation:fruit
ceae Dhupa/Rala(Kan),D tree ,North Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara e April exudate, resin disorders, urethritis, piles, ulcers, burns Unani, Sidha collected in July-August.
hupamaram/Vellaik Direct sowing of fresh
ungiliyam(sub.)(Ta seeds.
m), The Piney
varnish tree(Eng)

1229 Ventilago denticulata Willd. Rhamnaceae Woody belgaum,Bidar,Bijapur,Chickmagalor 0 0 bark sprains, cure for deafness Folk
climber e,Chitradurga,Coorg,Dharwad,Gulbur
ga,Kolar,Mysore,North
Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,Tumkur
1230 Ventilago maderaspatana Gaertn. Rhamnaceae Kobbilu(Kan), Large Bangalore,Chitradurga,Coorg,Hassan, Novembe Ocober- whole plant anorexia, bronchial asthma, jaundice, abdominal disorders, Ayurveda, Folk,
Dinesha woody Mysore,North Kanara,Raichur,South r-March December piles, spleenic disorders, worm infestation, skin diseases, Sidha
valli(Rohhitaka climbing Kanara aphrodisiac, diseases of vatam
lata, Rakta valli, shrub
Tamra valli),
Vembadam (Tam),
Suratichekka(Tel)

1231 Vepris bilocularis Engl. & Prantl Rutaceae Unarmed Coorg,Hassan,Mysore,North January- May-June Decoction of rheumatic swellings, asthma leprosy, biliousness Ayurveda, Folk
mediun- Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara April wood and root
size tree
1232 Verbascum chinense (L.) Sant. Scrophulariac Herb Belgaum,Bijapur,Hassan,Kolar,North 0 0 juice of leaves sedative, astringent, diarrhoea, dysentery, febrifuge, skin Folk
eae Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga infection
1233 Vernonia albicans DC. Asteraceae Herb Bellary,Chitradurga,Hassan,Kolar,Rai 0 0 whole plant fever, boils, eye diseases, blood disorders, worm infestation , Folk
chur,Tumkur sedative, leucoorhoea, skin diseases, stomatitis, thirst, vomiting,
coryza, fainting, diseases of pittam
1234 Vernonia anthelmintica (L.) Asteraceae Arjuna jeeraka, Herb Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Chitradurg 0 0 seed, leaf oedema, pruritus, leprosy, worm infestation, chronic fever,
Willd. Kaattu seeragam a,Coorg,Dharwad,Hassan,Mysore,Nor wounds, leucoderma, urinary disorders, abdominal disorders,
th Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara skin diseases, eczema, mental disorders

1235 Vernonia cinerea (L.) Less. Asteraceae Sahadevi, Herb Most of the district 0 0 whole plant fever, boils, eye diseases, blood disorders, worm infestation , Ayurveda,
Neichittii(Sagadevi) sedative, leucoorhoea, skin diseases, stomatitis, thirst, vomiting, Tibetan, Unani,
coryza, fainting, diseases of pittam Sidha, Folk
1236 Vetiveria zizanioides (L.)Nash Poaceae Usheera(San), Rhizomat Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Kolar,Nort 0 0 root anorexia, indigeston, thirst, emetic, diarrhoea, blood disorders, Ayurveda, Folk, 1.Seed propagation
Laavancha(Kan), ous herb h Kanara cough, hiccup, diuretic, debility, diseases of pittam, thirst, Homeopathy, 2.Vegetative propagation:
Kuruver/Vettiver(T jaundice, fever, head ache, burns Tibetan, Unani, Through tillers, root slips
am), Khas(Hin) Sidha during February-March or
during rains. Planting is
done in June-July.

1237 Viburnum coriaceum Bl. Caprifoliacea Rohini Small Chickmagalore,Coorg May-June July- bark fever, eye diseases, psychosis, intermittent fever, glandular
e tree August swellings, leprosy
1238 Viburnum punctatum Buch.- Caprifoliacea Yella- Small Chickmagalore,Coorg October- October- bark rat-bite poisoning, purgative Ayurveda
Ham,ex D.Don (V. acuminatum e sunde/Nonna/Kamp tree April April
Wall.ex DC) ari(Kan),Konakara
m(Tam)Tilwaka(su
b.)
1239 Vicoa indica (L.) DC. Asteraceae Herb Most of the district 0 0 whole plant antifertility activity, scorpion sting, throat disorders Folk, Sidha
(V.auriculata Cass.)
1240 Vigna aconitifolia(Jacq.) Papilionaceae Payaru Prostrate Bangalore,chickmagalore,Gulburga,M 0 0 seed flatulence, fever, nutritive, tonic Ayurveda, Folk
Marechal (Phaseolus or diffuse ysore
aconitifolius Jacq.) herb

1241 Vigna mungo(L.) Hepper Papilionaceae Masha, Ulundu Herb Most of the district 0 0 root, seed diseases of nervous system, aphrodisiac, tonic, galatagogue, Ayurveda, Folk,
(Payaru) diseases of vatam, arthritis deformities Sidha
1242 Vigna radiata (L.) Papilionaceae Mudga, Pacchai Erect or Most of the district 0 0 Seed eye diseases, fever, wounds, gut, epilepsy, polyuria, diseases of Ayurveda, Folk
Wilezek(Phaseolus radiatus L.) payaru suberect pitta and kapha, diuretic, inflammations, galactagogue
herb
1243 Vigna trilobata (L.) Verdc. Papilionaceae Mudgaparni, Nari Trailing Bangalore,Bellary,Bijapur,Hassan,Kol Septembe Septembe Root, whole plant oedema, eye diseases, blood purifier, aphrodisiac, diarrhoea, Ayurveda, Folk, Seed propagation: seeds 2006-07 Market
(Dolichos trilobusL.) payaru herb ar,Mysore,Raichur r-October r- sprue, piles, fever, haemorrhage, tuberculosis, rat poisoning, Sidha collected inNovember price:Rs 40 per kg of
Novembe leucorrheoa, mictutition, eczema, expectorant, refrigerant dry seeds. Rs.10 per
r kg (Dried plant-
panchang)
1244 Vigna unguiculata (L.) Papilionaceae Kulattha, Suberect Most of the district 0 0 Seed, whole plant piles, pain, constipation, wounds, urinary calculi, cough, Ayurveda, Folk,
Walp.ssp.unguiculata (Dolichos Kollu(Kaanam) Herb dyspnoea, worm infestation, diseases of kapham, diarrhoea, Sidha
biflorus L.) abdominal diseases, fever, dyspnoea, eye diseases, dysentery,
filariasis
1245 Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Papilionaceae Rajamasha, Kaattu Suberect Bangalore,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar,Raich 0 0 Seed, root hypereacidity, diseases of kapha and vatam, tonic, galactagogue, Ayurveda, Folk,
Ssp.cylindrica(L.) van Eseltine ulundu (Karamani) climber ur hypertension, aphrodisiac Sidha
(V.catjang (Burm.f.) Walp.)

1246 Viola patrinii DC. Violaceae Herb Chickmagalore,Mysore,Shimoga 0 0 Whole plant ulcers, foul sores, syphilis, scroful, biliousness, cough, cold,
with cancer, purgative
woody
rootstock

1247 Viola serpens Wall. (V.pilosa Bl.) Violaceae Banafsha(sub.) Stolonifer Chickmagalore,Coorg,Mysore February- April-May whole plant, skin diseases, headache, carcinoma, liver disorders, Ayurveda, Folk Seed propagation
ous herb March flowers constipation, blood disorders, coryza, cough, pleurisy, fever

1248 Viscum articulatum Burm.f. Loranthaceae Hemipara Bangalore,Chickmgalore,Dharwad,M 0 0 whole plant febrifuge, aphrodisiac, cuts Ayurveda
site ysore,North Kanara,Shimoga
1249 Viscum monoicum Roxb.ex DC. Loranthaceae Katavee Hemipara Hassan,Kolar,Shimoga, 0 0 whole plant cough, dyspnoea, fever, tuberculosis Ayurveda, Folk
site
1250 Viscum nepalense Spreng. Loranthaceae Hemipara Bellary,Bidar,Bijapur,Chitradurga,Gul 0 0 whole plant febrifuge, aphrodisiac, cuts
(V.articulatum auct.non Burm.f.) site burga,Hassan,Kolar,Raichur,Tumkur

1251 Viscum orientale Willd. Loranthaceae Large Bangalore,Coorg,Mysore,North 0 0 whole plant neuralgia, itches
hemipara Kanara
site much
branched
shrub

1252 Vitex altissima L.f. Verbenaceae Kankola(sub.) Large Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hass 0 0 fruit stomatitis, cardiac diseases, anorexia, blindness, leprosy, worm Folk, Unani,
tree an,Kolar,Mysore,North infestation, digestive, carminative Sidha
Kanara,Shimoga,South
Kanara,Tumkur.
1253 Vitex leucoxylon L.f. Verbenaceae Paaraavatpadee Small or Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 root, leaf febrifuge, astringent, leprosy, emetic Ayurveda, Folk,
large tree ,North Kanara,Shimoga Sidha

1254 Vitex negundo L. Verbenaceae Nirgundi, Nochhi Large Most of the district 0 0 leaves, root, fruit, diseases of nervous and ear diseases, pain, rheumatioid arthritis, Ayurveda, Folk,
shrub or bark leprosy, wounds, oedema, cold, bronchial astma, abdominal Tibetan, Unani,
small tree disorders, distaste, intermittent fever, coryza, worm infestation, Sidha
ear diseases, cough, dyspnoea
1255 Vitex peduncularis Wall. Verbenaceae Paaraavatpadee(sub Medium- Mysore 0 0 infusion of leaves malarial and black water fever, antibacterial properties Ayurveda, Folk,
.) sized tree and bark Unani

1256 Vitex pinnata l. Verbenaceae Moderate Mysore 0 0 decoction of bark, stomachache, wounds Folk
sized tree leaves

1257 Vitex trifolia L. Verbenaceae Nirgundi/Jalanirgun Large Mysore,North Kanara,South Kanara. February- 0 leaves, root, fruit, diseases of nervous and ear diseases, pain, rheumatioid arthritis, Ayurveda, Folk, Vegetative propagation:
di(San), Nira-lakki shrub or April bark leprosy, wounds, oedema, cold, bronchial astma, abdominal Tibetan, Unani, Through air layering
gida(Kan), small tree disorders, distaste, intermittent fever, coryza, worm infestation, Sidha during February-March or
Niruvavill\(Tu) ear diseases, cough, dyspnoea during rains.
1258 Vitis vinifera L. Vitaceae Draksha(San), Tendrillar Most of the district 0 0 fruits pleurisy, tuberculosis, hoarseness of voice, cough, regurgitation, Ayurveda, Folk,
Drakshi(Kan), climber gout, general debility, oedema, fever, skin diseases, thirst, Tibetan, Unani,
Thiratchai cough, demulcent, laxative, tonic Sidha
1259 Wahlenbergia marginata Campanulace Herb Bellary,Coorg,Hassan,North 0 0 whole plant, root skin troubles, strengthening loose teeth, pulmonary infections Folk
(Thunb.) A. DC. ae Kanara,Shimoga
1260 Walsura trifolia (A.Juss.) Harms. Meliaceae Valsura(Tam), Medium- Coorg,Hassan,North Novembe February- bark stimulant, expectorant, emmenagogue, emetic, itches Folk, Sidha
(W.piscida Roxb.) Yerravalsura(Tel) sized tree Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara r April

1261 Waltheria indica L. Sterculiaceae Herb or Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,C 0 0 whole plant febrifuge, purgative, emollient, haemorrhages, induce fecundity Folk
under hickmagalore,gulburga,Hassan,Kolar, in women
shrub Mysore,Raichur,Tumkur
1262 Wattakaka volubilis (L.f.) Stapf Asclepiadace Murva(sub.) Large Bangalore,belgaum,Bellary,Chickmag 0 0 wholed plant sternutatory, emetic, purgative, boils, abscesses Ayurveda, Sidha
(Marsdenia volubilis (L.f.) Cooke) ae climbing alore,Chitradurga,Coorg,Hassan,Kola
shrub r,Mysore,North
Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,Tumkur
1263 Wedelia biflora DC. Asteraceae Climbing North Kanara 0 0 leaves, decoction poultice on cuts, ulcers, sores, varicose veins, stomachache,
shrub of roots, flower diuretic, purgative
1264 Wedelia chinensis (Osb.) Merr. Asteraceae Bhrngaraja(sub.), Herb Mysore,North Kanara 0 0 leaves tonic, cough, cephalgia, alopecia, menorrhagia, uterine Ayurveda, Folk
(W.calendulacea Less.) Manja; haemorrhages, jaundice, skin diseases, alternative deobstruent
karisaali(Potralai
kairan tagarai)
1265 Wendlandia exserta DC. Rubiaceae Tilaka Small North Kanara 0 0 bark, root urinary complaints, poisoning
tree
1266 Withania coagulans Dunal Solanaceae Rushya Undershr Mysore 0 0 fruit emetic, sedative, diuretic, chronic hepatic complaints,
gandha(Ashwagand ub dyspepsia, flatulent colic, intestinal complaints, asthma,
ha-sub.) biliousness, strangury
1267 Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal Solanaceae Ashwagandha Undershr Bangalore,Bellary,Bidar,Bijapur,Chitr July- Novembe root, leaf, seed goittre, fainting, insomnia, worm infestation, blood disorders, Ayurveda, Folk, Seeds propagation
(San), Hiremaddina ub adurga,Gulburga,Hassan,Kolar,Mysor Septembe r- cough, dyspnoea, leucoderma, leprosy, tuberculosis, emaciation, Homeopathy,
gida/ashwagandhi e,North Kanara r December tonic, aphrodisiac, fever, swellings, glandular swellings, Tibetan, Unani,
(Kan), diseases of vatam, ulcers, diseses of nervous system, Sidha
Amukkara(Tam), aphrodisiac
Asgandha(Hin)

1268 Woodfordia fruticosa(L.) Kurz Lythraceae Dhataki(San), Shrub


Banaglore,Chickmagalore,Dharwad,G 0 0 flower thirst, bleeding, wounds, anorexia, diarrhoea, dysentery,
ulburga,North Kanara leucorrhoea, amenorrhoea, herpes
1269 Wrightia tinctoria R.Br. Apocynaceae kodmurki/Beppale( Small Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,Chickmaglo March- August- bark, leaf, seed diseases of pittam and vatam, skin diseases, eczema, dysentery, Ayurveda, Folk,
Kan),Sveta deciduou re,Chitradurga,Coorg,Gulburga,Kolar, July Septembe psoriasis, venereal diseases Homeopathy,
kutaje/Stree s tree Mysore,North r Unani, Sidha
kutaja(San), Nila Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga,Tumkur
palai/Irumpalai/
Vetpalai(Tam),
Dudhi(Hin)
1270 Wrightia tomentosa Roem. Apocynaceae Kaduveppale(Kan), Small Bangalore,Belgaum,Chickmagalore,C January- June-July bark, leaf, seed diseases of pittam and vatam, skin diseases, eczema, dysentery, Folk
Veppalai(Tam), deciduou oorg,North Kanara,Shimoga,South April psoriasis, venereal
Kutaja(sub.)(Stree s tree Kanara diseases,stringent,anthelmintic,stomachic,antipyretic,tonic,antid
kutaja) ysenteric,diarrhoea,piles,leprosy,worm
infestation,thirst,pain,diarrhoea.
1271 Xanthium indicum Koen. Asteraceae Maruloomattai, Unarmed Most of the district 0 0 Whole plant Anaemia, jaundice, veneral diseases, cooling, demulcent, tonic,
(X.strumarium L.) Kacchaka herb diuretic, sedative, inflammatory swellings, erysipelas, urino-
genital diseases, astringent, anti-syphilitic, scrofula, herpes,
cancer, ulcer
1272 Xantolis tomentosa (Roxb.) Raf. Sapotaceae Medium- Belgaum,Chickmagalore,North 0 0 Fruit pulp Cholera
(Sideroxylon tomentosum Roxb.) sized tree Kanara,Shimoga

1273 Xeromphis uliginosa (Retz.) Rubiaceae Pindaara Armed Belgaum,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar,North 0 0 Unriped fruit, root Astringent, diarrhoea, dysentery during pregnancy, biliousness Ayurveda
Mahesh.(Randia uliginosa DC.) small tree Kanara,Shimoga.

1274 Ximenia americana L. Oleaceae Bastard sandal(En), Large Belgaum,Bellary,Bijapur,Dharwad,Gu January- March- Fruit, seed, root, Laxative, dropsy, rheumatism, diarrhoea, cathartic, veneral Folk, Sidha
Uranechra/Billa(Tel straggling lburga,Hassan,Kolar,Raichur February April leaves diseases, astringent, applied to sores
), Chiru- semi-
illantai(Tam) parasitic
shrub or
small tree

1275 Xylia xylocarpa(Roxb.) Taub. Mimosaceae Tirwa/Jambe(Kan), Large Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,North March- December Decoction of bark Gonorrhoea, diarrhoea, vomiting, vermifuge Ayurveda, Folk
Konda- deciduou Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara. April
tangedu(Tel) s tree
1276 Xyris complanata R.Br. Cyperaceae Herb Shimoga 0 0 Whole plant Antiseptic, itches, ring worm, leprosy Folk
1277 Xyris indica L. Cyperaceae Herb Belgaum,Coorg,Mysore,North Kanara 0 0 Whole plant Itches, ring worm, leprosy Ayurveda, Folk,
Sidha
1278 Xyris pauciflora Willd. Cyperaceae Herb Bangalore,Bellary,Gulburga,Hassan,K 0 0 Whole plant Insomnia Folk
olar,North Kanara,Shimoga,South
Kanara
1279 Zaleya decandra (L.) Burm.f. Aizoaceae Charanai Herb Bangalore,Bijapur,Chickmagalore,chi 0 0 Root, bark. asthama, hepatitis, apperient.
(Trianthema decandra L.) tradurga,Dharwad,Hassan,Mysore,Tu
mkur
1280 Zaleya pentandra (L.) Jeffrey Aizoaceae Sakthichaaranai Herb Chickmagalore,Dharwad 0 0 whole plant, leaf, Astringent, abortifacient, abdominal disorder, abscess, piles, Sidha
(Trianthema pentandra auct.non root. cataract, chest pain, gastric disorders, skin disorder,
L.) leucorrhoea, cough, swelling, urine retention, headache, eye
disorder, jaundice, carminative, arthritis, hydrocele.
1281 Zanonia indica L. Cucurbitacea Climbing Chickmagalore 0 0 Leaves, fruit. reduce inflammation, antispasmodic, irritation stopper, Ayurveda, Folk,
e shrub cathertic, antiseptic, cough, asthama, antidote to venom. Unani
1282 Zanthoxylon rhesta (Roxb.) Rutaceae Jummina/Kadumen Medium- Bellar,Coorg June- October- Fruit, bark, Dyspepsia, asthama, brohchitis, heart trouble, Rheumatism, Ayurveda, Folk,
Z.limonella(Dennst.) Alst.) asu(Kan),Tejovati(s sized tree Novembe January toothache, astringent, stimulative, urinary disorders, leprosy, eye Sidha
ub.)(Tejaphala)(San r and ear diseases, worms.
),indian prickly
ash(Eng)
1283 Zanthoxylum tetraspsermum wt. Rutaceae Tejovati(sub.)(San) Woody Coorg 0 0 Aerial parts of Stimulant, astringent, digestive, dyspepsia, diarrhoea. Ayurveda, Sidha
& Arn. climber plant.
1284 Zea mays L. Poaceae Mahaakaaya(San), Herb Most of the district 0 0 Style, grain, corn. Astringent, Diuretic, chloretic, Phlegm, Haemorrhage, retention Ayurveda, Folk,
Macca of urine, dysuria, cough, diphtheria. Homeopathy,
cholam(Tam) Unani, Sidha,
Modern

1285 Zehneria scabra (L.f.) Sond. Cucurbitacea Tendrillar Bangalore,Chickmagalore,Coorg,Nort 0 0 Root. Diarrhoea, fever. Ayurveda
(Melothria perpusilla (Bl.) Cogn.; e herb h Kanara,Shimoga
M. mucronata (Bl.) Cogn.)

1286 Zehneria maysorensis(Wt.& Arn.) Cucurbitacea Naai pagal(Tam) Climber Chickmagalore,Coorg,Hassan,Mysore 0 0 Leaf, root, seed. Disease of Vaatha pitha, kapha, vermifuge, fever, leucorrhoea, Folk
Arn. e ,North Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara cough, wheezing, piles, skin diseases

1287 Zeuxine strateumatica (L.) Schltr. Orchidaceae Herb Bangalore,Dharwad,Mysore,Raichur 0 0 Fleshy root. Salep. Folk
(Z.sulcata Lindl.)
1288 Zingiber officinale Rosc. Zingiberacea Shuntee(San), Rhizomat Coorg,North Kanara 0 0 Rhizome Cardiac Ayurveda, Folk,
e Sukku(Tam) ous herb diseases,hiccup,oedema,coryza,anorexia,piles,filariasis,anaemia Unani, Sidha
,dysuria,haemorrhage,wounds,vomiting,indigestion,hyperacidity
,cough,asthma,dysponea,diarrhoea,stomach diseases,polyuria

1289 Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Sm. Zingiberacea Shuntee(sub.) Herb Most of the district 0 0 Rhizome Cough, stomachache, asthama, vermifuge, leprosy, skin Ayurveda, Folk,
e diseases, Cardiac Diseases, Unani, Sidha
hiccup,oedema,coryza,anorexia,piles,filariasis,anaemia,dysuria,
haemorrhage,wounds,vomiting,indigestion,hyperacidity,cough,a
sthma,dysponea,diarrhoea,stomach diseases,polyuria
1290 Zizyphus glabrata (Heyne) Roth Rhamnaceae Karukattaimara Unarmed Bidar April- 0 Leaves. Cachexia, venereal diseases Ayurveda, Sidha
(Z. trinervia Roxb.) (Kan), tree August
Karkala(Mal),
Karukavu(Tam)
1291 Zizyphus mauritiana Lam.var Rhamnaceae Yalachi/Elachi Small Bangalore,Bellary,Bijapur,Chitradurg Decembe February- Fruit, root bark, Diarrhoea, dysentery, skin diseases, urinary diseases, Ayurveda, Folk, 1. Seed propagation; Seeds
mauritiana(Z.jujuba Lam.,non (Kan),Badara/Kola tree a,Dharwad,Kolar,Mysore,North r-January Mrch stem bark, wood, indigestion, vomit, pittha diseases, ulcer, chest pain, Sidha colected In the month of
Mill.) (San), Indian Kanara,Tumkur leaf. diopheretic. February-March.
jujube(Eng), Regu, 2.Vegetative
Ganga regi(Tu), propagation:August-
Ilandai(Tam) september and February-
March
1292 Zizyphus nummularia (Burm.f.) Rhamnaceae Thorny Bangalore,Belgaum,Bellary,Gulburga, 0 0 Leaf, fruit. Scabies, cutaneous diseases, cough, cold, astringent, bilious Ayurveda, Folk,
Wt. & Arn. shrub Hassan,North Kanara infection. Unani
1293 Zizyphus oenoplia (L.) Mill. Rhamnaceae Soormullu(Kan),Pa Shrub Most of the district April- December- Root, fruit. hyperacidity, ascaris infection, fever, stomachache, urine Ayurveda, Folk,
riki(Tel), June March retention, poisoning, coryza, aphrodisiac, tonic. Sidha
Kottei(tam),
Makoh(Hin),Badara
(sub.)
1294 Zizyphus rugosa Lam. Rhamnaceae Badara(sub.), Stragglin Belgaum,Bellary,Chickmagalore,Chitr 0 0 Root bark, fruit. Diarrhoea, menorrhagia, thirst, bronchial asthama, aprhodisiac,
Soorai(sub.) g armed adurga,Coorg,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,N emetic, carminative, digestive.
shrub orth Kanara,Shimoga,South Kanara

1295 Zizyphus xylopyrus (Retz.) Willd. Rhamnaceae Gotte(kan),Kotta/K Armed Bellary,Bijapur,Chitradurga,North April- Septembe Root bark, fruit. Diarrhoea, menorrhagia, thirst, bronchial asthama, aprhodisiac, Ayurveda, Folk,
ottamullu(Mal), shrub or Kanara,Raichur,Shimoga June r-February emetic, carminative, digestive. Sidha
Gol/Gotti(Tel),Katb small tree
er(Hin), Badara
1296 Zornia gibbosa Span. (Z.diphylla Papilionaceae Nellu jollu Diffuse Bangalore,Bellary,Bijapur,Chickmaga 0 0 Whole plant. Dysentery, sporific. Folk
auct.plur.non Pers.) soppu(Kan), Nelam- herb lore,Hassan,Kolar,Mysore,Raichur,So
mari(mal) uth Kanara,Tumkur