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Signature Solutions Guidance Package

Annex B: Resources
(26 June 2018)

The following processes and tools are applicable across all six Signature Solutions:

Inclusive stakeholder consultation:

Leave no one behind toolkit for civil society and other stakeholder organisations, coalitions, groups, and individuals.
This toolkit is intended to support campaigning and advocacy efforts to drive implementation of the Sustainable
Development Goals and the commitment to ‘Leave No One Behind’ which is at their heart.
Multi-stakeholder Engagement Processes are (structured) processes that are used to ensure participation on a specific
issue. Based on a set of principles, inspired by the rights-based approach to development, they aim to ensure
participatory equity, accountability and transparency, and the creation of partnerships and networks amongst
different stakeholders for improved dialogue and decision-making in all stages of planning and implementation.
Guidance note for UNDP SES - Stakeholder Engagement - This Guidance Note is part of a set of operational
guidance materials related to the UNDP Social and Environmental Standards (SES). UNDP’ s SES seek to (i)
strengthen social and environmental outcomes of UNDP Programmes and Projects; (ii) avoid adverse
impacts to people and the environment; (iii) minimize, mitigate, and manage adverse impacts where
avoidance is not possible; (iv) strengthen UNDP partner capacities for managing social and environmental
risks; and (v) ensure full and effective stakeholder engagement, including through mechanisms to respond
to complaints from project-affected people.

Assessments, analysis, building the evidence base:

Institutional and Context Analysis Guidance Note is UNDP’s methodology for undertaking political economy analysis to
support development programmes. The Guidance Note has emerged as a direct response to demand from Country
Offices for a resource that helps UNDP staff understand the political and institutional context in which they operate
in a way that is suited to the needs and mandate of the organization. It offers practical guidance to UNDP Country
Offices on how to use ICA to assess the enabling environment.

Policy and programme design and formulation:

IRRF Indicator Methodological Notes
Mainstreaming, Acceleration and Policy Support (MAPS) frames the UN development system’s support to UNCT’s
substantive engagement with governments and partners on the SDGs, paying special attention to the crosscutting
elements of partnerships, data and accountability.
Social and Environmental Standards: UNDP’s Social and Environmental Standards (SES) underpin UNDP’s
commitment to mainstream social and environmental sustainability in its programmes and p rojects to
support sustainable development. The SES strengthen UNDP’s efforts to attain socially and environmentally
beneficial development outcomes and present an integrated framework for achieving a consistent level of
quality in UNDP’s programming.

Policy and programme Implementation, monitoring and evaluation:

Planning, Monitoring and Evaluating for Development Results. This UNDP tool provides a basic understanding of the
purposes, processes, norms, standards and guiding principles for planning, monitoring and evaluation within the
UNDP development context. It offers knowledge of the essential elements of the planning and monitoring processes
in UNDP: developing a robust results framework for projects and programmes, with clear indicators, baselines, and
targets; and setting up an effective monitoring system. It aims to enhance the results-based culture within UNDP and
improve the quality of planning, monitoring and evaluation.

The following processes and tools are specific to Signature Solutions.

SIGNATURE SOLUTION #1 – Keep people out of poverty

Assessments, analysis, building the evidence-base: These include two sets of tools that are (i) meant to provide insights
into the reasons for multi-dimensional deprivation and use tools such as HH Poverty and Vulnerability Assessments,
Poverty Risk Analysis Tool, Participatory Poverty Assessments, and Big Data tools; (ii)help to measure the potential
distributional impact of policy reforms and include Poverty and Social Impact Assessment (PSIA) and integrated
poverty-environment assessments.

The Analysis of Household Surveys: This World Bank tool analyses household survey data from developing countries
and how such data can be used to cast light on a range of policy issues.
Participatory Poverty Assessment: These World Bank assessments have the following principal elements: a poverty
profile (which analyses the depth, social and cultural nature, gender disparities, and geographic spread of poverty);
a review of current government policies relating to poverty; an analysis of the pertinent public expenditures and
institutions; an overview of NGOs and community-based organizations working toward the alleviation of poverty; an
analysis of the safety nets (both government programs and sociocultural mechanisms) in place; and, based on the
above, a suggested country strategy of priority measures the government should take to reduce poverty.
Rapid Integrated Assessment (RIA): UNDP RIA tool aims to aid countries to assess their readiness to implement the
SDGs. The assessment is a first step in the process of localizing the SDGs. It reviews the current National/Sub-national
Development Plans and relevant sector strategies, and provides an indicative overview of the level of alignment
between the plans/strategies and SDG targets. It also identifies the potential need for multi-sectoral coordination
around the achievement of specific SDG targets. The tool has been applied in over 25 countries.
International Futures (IFs) Model: Frederick S. Pardee Center for International Futures’ IFs is a tool for thinking about
long-term global trends and planning more strategically for the future. IFs can help users understand the state of
major global systems, explore long-term trends, learn about the dynamic interactions between global systems, clarify
long-term organizational goals/priorities, develop alternative scenarios (if-then statements) about the future, and
investigate how different groups (households, firms or governments) can shape the future.
Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA): This World Bank PSIA involves the analysis of the distributional impact of
policy reforms on the well-being of different stakeholder groups, with a particular focus on the poor and vulnerable.
Targeted Scenario Analysis (TSA): This UNDP TSA is an innovative analytical approach that captures and presents the
value of ecosystem services within decision-making to help make the business case for sustainable policy and
investment choices.
Integrated Ecosystem Assessments (IEA): This UNDP and UNEP IEA is one of several mainstreaming tools that is
available in the PEI programmatic approach in recognition that assessments can act as a bridge between science and
policy by providing scientific information on the consequences of ecosystem change for human well-being.
Assessment findings, when presented in a readily digestible form, can respond to decision makers’ needs for credible
information, highlight trade-offs between decision options, and model future prospects to avoid unforeseen long-
term consequences.
The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB): It is a synthesis of the approach, conclusions and
recommendations of TEEB. It makes the case for systematic appraisal of the economic contribution of biodiversity
and ecosystem services to human well-being; and for routine steps to prevent that contribution being lost or
diminished through neglect or mismanagement.

Policy and programme design and formulation: These are tools to help design policy that maximize distributional
impacts and include: poverty targeting; social protection systems; fostering local economic development; access to
quality public services; access to markets and inputs; access to ecosystem services; increasing empowerment
approaches, and tools to support entrepreneurs and business leaders to diagnose, develop, measure inclusive
business ventures.

Reaching the Poor and Vulnerable - Targeting Strategies: This World Bank toolkit aims to enhance program design to
better serve the poor. The toolkit provides the concepts, empirical evidence, noteworthy case studies of different
approaches and the operational elements necessary to develop more comprehensive poverty and vulnerability
targeting mechanisms.
Social Protection Systems (SPS): World Bank SPS aims to help the poor and vulnerable cope with crises and shocks,
find jobs, invest in the health and education of their children, and protect the aging population.
Innovating the Public Sector: This OECD report aims to explore innovation in public policy making, drawing on lessons
from the past and evidence of how governments are innovating today to present the framework for a systematic
analysis of public sector innovation.
Empowering Poor People and Strengthening Accountability: This DFID paper provides an overview approaches to
empower poor people to exercise greater choice and control over their own development and to hold decision
makers to account.
Measure Inclusive Business Ventures: This toolkit is a practical reference for businesses to understand why and how
they can embrace social impact in the context of the SDGs, and why inclusive businesses – core business models that
integrate underserved markets into companies’ value chains – can accelerate both business growth and social impact.
Mainstreaming Environment and Climate for Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Development: This UNDP tool is
designed as guidance for policymakers and practitioners to mainstream pro-poor environment and climate concerns
into planning, budgeting and monitoring. Mainstreaming is achieved by putting poverty-environment issues at the
heart of government, particularly the national and subnational planning and budgeting processes led by ministries of
finance, planning and local government, and supported by ministries of environment.

Policy implementation tools: Tools to improve implementation by helping governments to better cost and allocate
budgets; expand fiscal space from public, private and innovative financing; strengthen local governance capacities
for sustainable service delivery (PPP); and improve accountability and transparency through appropriate
mechanisms. Tools to i) select economic sectors, or value chains, for support that can drive inclusive economic growth
and job creation, and ii) to gain a deeper understanding of the sector’s constraints and opportunities, relevant
stakeholders in order to identify entry points and areas of intervention.

Budgeting and Budgetary Institutions: This World Bank guide provides a comprehensive review of budgetary
institutions and practices, and it draws lessons for reform in developing countries. It provides detailed practical
guidance in designing budgetary institutions for accountable governance.
Innovating the Public Sector: This OECD report aims to explore innovation in public policy making, drawing on lessons
from the past and evidence of how governments are innovating today to present the framework for a systematic
analysis of public sector innovation.
Governance for Development: World Bank Governance for Development informs and stimulates debate on how
governments can help end poverty and boost shared prosperity.
Inclusive Market Development (IMD): The UNDP IMD approach focuses on entire markets or sub-sectors that are
important to the poor by addressing barriers to inclusive market development at micro, meso and macro levels. Such
barriers include, e.g. lack of appropriate policies, limited access to finance and markets, weak value chain linkages,
capacity constraints and lack of infrastructure. The IMD approach promotes participation of all relevant actors at
various levels. Which market or sector to target and how to promote inclusion is defined through an open and
participatory process where the focus is on the sectors or markets that are important to the poor.
Value Chain Development (VCD): The ILO VCD approach looks at market dynamics and relationships between the
different actors in the chain with the objective of strengthening the whole market system - enterprises, business
relationships, financial networks, supporting functions, rules and norms, and the business environment – in a way
that ensures greater benefits for the poor from economic growth and development.

SIGNATURE SOLUTION #2 – Strengthen governance

Inclusive stakeholder engagement: These are tools and mechanisms to strengthen stakeholders’ dialogues, which from
an SDG perspective require cross-sectoral, cross-actor and cross-level engagement and coordination. This includes

more participatory local development planning, outreach by elected and non-elected officials, and community
dialogue among others.
UNDP's Strategy on Civil Society and Civic Engagement
UNDP's Private Sector and Foundations Strategy for the Sustainable Development Goals 2016-2020

Assessments, analysis, building the evidence base: A joint understanding of the context as informed by evidence,
analysis and assessment will allow for more adaptable and context specific programming.
Conflict and Development Analysis
UN Support to Core Government Functions in the Aftermath of Conflict
Global Principles for the Capacity Assessment of National Human Rights Institutions
Global Alliance for Reporting on peaceful, just and inclusive societies, a coordinating platform to enable evidence-
based, nationally-driven collective action on peace, justice and inclusion

Policy and programme design and formulation: These are tools to improve implementation by helping governments to
better design, cost and resource integrated, sustainable and accountable service delivery, including expand fiscal
space from public, private and innovative financing; strengthen democratic institutions; support and promote youth
empowerment; and improve accountability and transparency through appropriate mechanisms.
Localizing the SDGs
UNDP Practitioners Toolkit on Women's Access to Justice
UNDP Guidance Note on Constitution-Making Support

Policy and programme implementation:

Handbook on Parliament's Role in Implementing the Sustainable Development Goals
Guiding principles for supporting young people as critical agents of change in the 2030 Agenda
UNDP-SIGOB which focuses on the support needed by a steering body to be successful in delivering results on a broad
and complex agenda, focused on the 2030 Agenda
Global Focal Point for Policy, Justice and Corrections which offers a coordination platform on rule of law which UNDP
and DPKO chair with membership of UNODC, OHCHR, UNHCR and UN Women

Monitoring and evaluation: These are tools to improve the design of indicators so that the governance change over
time and the achievement of the SDG targets can be much better measured and reported at both the national and
local level. The collection of data is a key component of governance programming to inform national and local
development plans and a number of processes are under way in this respect including collaboration with the Praia
City Group on governance statistics and UNODC on anticorruption indicators.
User's Guide to measuring rule of law, justice and security programmes
Washington Group Short Set of Questions on Disability to identify persons with disabilities and ensure adequate
disaggregation by disability status

SIGNATURE SOLUTION #3 – Enhance capacities for resilience

Inclusive stakeholder engagement:
NDC Dialogues: Since 2014, UNDP and the UNFCCC Secretariat – in collaboration with a group of donors, the NDC
Partnership, and other partners – have been implementing a series of regional technical dialogues on Nationally
Determined Contributions (NDCs). The dialogues support countries in defining their climate change targets in the
context of national development priorities and in successfully submitting their (I)NDCs under the Paris Agreement.
Community-based Resilience Analysis (COBRA): Community-Based Resilience Analysis (CoBRA) is a tool which
intends to understand resilience from community and household perspectives based on the assumption
that building blocks of resilience vary from location to location. Using participatory methods, CoBRA strives
to help local populations, who are affected by different shocks and stresses, describe and explain resilience
on their own, based on their successful experiences to cope with these shocks and stresses.
Community-based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM): Community-based disaster risk management creates a
collective learning process, by which local communities can take the lead in identifying risk, prioritizing local needs on

DRR and development, and incorporating the newly obtained risk perception into planning, implementing and
monitoring of local risk reduction interventions. UNDP has at its disposal range of regional and/or country specific
CBDRM tools and manuals.
Community-based Adaptation (CBA): The guide provides general principles for conducting (CBA) processes in a manner
that resembles a ‘cook book’ for CBA project development and implementation. To illustrate the processes and
principles, the guide provides practical examples of how. CBA can be accomplished in real project situations by
drawing on the field experiences of the SPA CBA project, which was implemented across 10 countries in varying
representative geographic areas.

Assessment, analysis, building the evidence base:

Contextual Risk:
UNDP Crisis Risk Dashboard (prototype only; tool being finalized): is a dynamic tool to support UNDP’s more
effective monitoring and understanding of crisis-related risks by managing and helping digest various
information flows, and subsequently visualizing and communicating insights. It aims to ensure that relevant
and up-to-date information is readily available to inform crisis -related responses or anticipatory measures.
As such, the CRD is designed to facilitate information gathering, tracking, and visualization on an ongoing
basis to understand the nature and potential impact of crisis -related risks.
Conflict and Development Analysis (CDA): The CDA tool provides guidance on conducting conflict analysis
and applying the findings of analysis for a range of purposes. The CDA can be conducted as part of a strategic
planning process (for example, the development of an UNDAF or at the start of UN Strategic Assessments),
in anticipation of a new programme with key conflict dimension s, or in light of a potential trigger event
including major elections, referendums, outbreaks of violence, changes in government. The CDA can also
be applied to inform early warning systems and ascertain a country or region’s fragility, to inform conflict
sensitivity frameworks.
Systematic Inventory and Evaluation of Risk Assessment (SIERA): This tool and associated guidelines are designed to
create a comprehensive country profile on national risk assessment and management, a detailed description of
current status, issues and challenges, national strength and weakness, external support needs of a country for its
national risk assessment and management. The country profile will provide essential baselines and critical inputs to:
the development of implementation strategy and action plan for national risk assessment; the establishment of
institutional framework for national risk assessment; and the engagement mechanism of all stakeholders in national
risk reduction.
Catalogue of UNDP Disaster and Climate Risk Information Products/Tools : Disaster Risk Assessment (DRA)
and Information Management are key components of UNDP’s Disaster Risk Management and Disaster Risk
Reduction programmes. UNDP’s DRA activities aim to help disaster -prone countries to establish a
functioning national Disaster Risk Assessment and Monitoring (DRAM) system. The catalogue is a systematic
collection of DRA-related publications that UNDP has produced since 2005 in collaboration with partners
at local, national, regional and international levels, as well as expert groups and communities of practice.
Capacity for Disaster Reduction Initiative (CADRI) Assessment Tools: The CADRI Capacity Assessment and Planning Tool
for Disaster Risk Management was informed by the need for a comprehensive approach to capacity development for
disaster risk reduction (DRR), including preparedness for emergency response, that would inform and facilitate the
setup of a proper framework for DRR in disaster prone countries. The CADRI Tool for Disaster Risk Management is
divided into a generic Disaster Risk Management questionnaire and 9 sectorial modules: Health; Infrastructure;
Agriculture and food security; Human mobility; Education; Environment; WASH; Nutrition; Climate services.
The UN/WB Assessment Framework on (Re)Building Core Government Functions in Fragile and Conflict-
Settings: This is the first and only joint analytical framework between the UN and the World Bank for
identifying critical emerging priorities and key issues for integrated CGFs support in the immediate
aftermath of conflict. It identifies priorities on six core governmental functions: (i) executive decision -
making and coordination at the center of government; (ii) public revenue and expenditure management;
(iii) government employment and public administration; (iv) the security sector; (v) loc al governance; and
(vi) aid management.

Needs Assessment Tools:

Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA): This tool includes two set of Guidance Notes. The first is Volume A which
defines the protocols for cooperation and overview of the methodology. The second is Volume B which includes 19
sector guidelines outlining the methodology for assessing the consequences of a disaster across 19 thematic areas.
Recovery & Peace Building Needs Assessment (RPBA): This is a joint approach of the United Nations, the
World Bank and the European Union to identify and address immediate and medium -term recovery and
peacebuilding requirements while laying the foundations for the elaboration of a longer -term recovery and
peacebuilding strategy in a country facing conflict or transitioning out of a conflict-related crisis. It was
formerly known as Post-Conflict Needs Assessment (PCNA).

Policy and programme design and formulation:

The Handbook and Checklist on Law and Disaster Risk Reduction: The Checklist provides a prioritized list of 10 questions
that lawmakers, officials, practitioners and those supporting them need to consider so that disaster risk management
(DRM) laws, and sectoral laws and regulations provide the best support for disaster risk reduction. The Handbook
provides guidance on how to use the checklist and support countries to undertake legislative reviews, identify
legislative strengths and gaps, and conduct multi-stakeholder consultative processes.
Tool for Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Adaptation into Development Planning and Budgeting
(under development): The purpose of this dynamic tool is to build common understanding and commitment to risk
informing the development agenda by mainstreaming disaster and climate risk management into development policy
and practice. It aims to overcome siloed approaches, and help unpack the process of mainstreaming. It can be used
as an advocacy, diagnostic, implementation or monitoring tool in support of mainstreaming. The tool builds on the
analysis and experiences gained with existing mainstreaming frameworks and tools developed for disaster reduction
and adaptation respectively by UNDP as well as other key international or regional partners. Whilst the methodology
is developed, the documentation on the tool is yet to be finalized.
Technical guidelines for the national adaptation plan process: The guidelines offer a range of options for dealing with
each element of the NAP process, and are based on the guiding principles of the NAP process. The NAP process was
established to build on the rich experiences of the LDCs in addressing adaptation through the NAPAs, and through it,
to address medium- and long-term adaptation. The process aims to assist LDCs to reduce their vulnerability to the
impacts of climate change, by building adaptive capacity and resilience, and by facilitating the integration of climate
change adaptation into development planning.
Guidance for NAMA Design - Building on Country Experience: This NAMA Guide is designed to build on countries’
relevant work in developing mitigation actions, for instance through their National Communications, as well as on the
early experiences of some developing countries in NAMA formulation. It also builds on UNDP’s work supporting
countries in the design of low emission, climate-resilient development strategies and on related experiences of the
UNEP-Risø Centre and the UNFCCC Secretariat.
Nationally Determined Contributions and SDGs: At the national level, the SDG and NDC processes have largely operated
in silos. Different institutional, policy and administrative processes, different actors, and different datasets have been
utilized to translate these global agreements into national actions. The SDGs localization processes (i.e. to develop
national strategies to achieve SDGs) and NDC Implementation Plans are being devised in parallel -- with limited, if any,
communication or interface between the two. The alignment of these two agendas is imperative to reduce duplication
and increase efficiency - maximizing resources, technical capacity, information, and expertise sharing.
Climate and Disaster Risk Management Public Expenditure and Institutional Reviews (C/DRM-PEIR): This Methodological
Guidebook seeks to equip relevant stakeholders (governments, donors, practitioners) with information on a step-by-
step process, methodologies and tools to conduct a PEIR for climate and DRM. It provides readers with background
on context, purpose, process and tools in implementing a CPEIR together with an overview of the key challenges
typically faced during the CPEIR implementation. Currently only the climate related guidebook has been finalized, i.e.
the A Methodological Guidebook: Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Review (CPEIR).
Readiness for Climate Finance: This paper presents a framework for understanding what it means to be “ready” to
plan for, access, deliver, and monitor climate finance in a transformative way at the national level. The aim is to
provide policy-makers with an overall lens through which readiness and preparatory activities offered by a range of
international, regional, and national partners can be organized.

The Checklist on Law and Disaster Risk Reduction. This tool consists of a simple list of structural and non-structural
measures for risk reduction that allows a quick check on ensuring that disaster resilience is integrated across most
relevant sectors.
Disaster Recovery Framework Guide (DRF): The Guide lays out processes and good practices for developing disaster
recovery frameworks that assist governments in detailed recovery planning. The Guide particularly provides insights
on the establishment of Policies, Institutional Arrangements, Financing and Implementation mechanisms for recovery.
Leaving No One Behind - Mine Action and the Sustainable Development Goals: The joint GICHD-UNDP study explores
the links between mine action and the 2030 Agenda and its SDGs. It seeks to reflect the current understanding of the
contribution and impact that mine action is having on achieving the 2030 Agenda in countries affected by landmines,
cluster munitions and other explosive remnants of war. The study also aims to provide guidance to policy and decision
makers from mine action organizations, donors and particularly National Mine Action Authorities.

Policy and programme implementation:

UNDP Crisis Response Package: Is a toolbox for Country Offices and deployed personnel to set up crisis response and
recovery programmatic initiatives in areas where UNDP has tools, expertise and capacity to rapidly engage in the
immediate aftermath of crisis. Each Crisis Response Package provides a comprehensive set of resources including
programme, operations, communications, deployable experts. The Crisis Response Packages are not meant to be
stand-alone products, they are tools to start recovery activities as early as possible and to support the design and
implementation of recovery and resilience frameworks in the medium and long-term.
Global Toolkit on the 3x6 approach - Building resilience through jobs and livelihoods: UNDP’s 3x6 approach has been
applied in several country offices to generate sustainable livelihoods, create resilient communities and support the
meaningful participation of crisis-affected people in local and national recovery. The 3x6 model proposes an
innovative articulation of short-term temporary employment, promotion of entrepreneurship and inclusion into
sustainable economic value chains.
Guidance Note on "National Post-Disaster Recovery Planning and Coordination: This tool provides guidance to UNDP
Country Offices on how to design and implement recovery initiatives that would strengthen government capacities to
lead and manage recovery efforts.
Guidance Note on Risk-Informed Development-Integrating DRR-CC into MAPS Processes: The tool provides guidance to
UNDP practitioners to foster integration of disaster and climate risk considerations into the implementation of the
sustainable development agenda
Supporting Civil Service Restoration and Reform in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Settings. This note aims to provide
practitioners with useful guidance and up to date knowledge as they deliver policy and programme advice
to national counterparts; and design and implement evidence -based programming to support countries in
conflict-affected settings in restoring and/or reforming the civil service, which is indispensable for restoring
or improving basic government functionality. The note does not aim to determine what should be done,
when or for what types of governments; rather it lays out a series of priorities and concerns to keep in
mind, based on UN learning from experience that will, it is hoped, enable more informed decision -making.
Resilience-based development approach to the Syria crises: This paper supports the operationalization of a resilience-
based development approach to dealing with the Syrian refugee crisis by exploring how stakeholders understand the
current challenges and approach vulnerability and criteria that could inform the targeting and prioritization of
resilience-based development efforts. While the resilience-based approach is not limited to a particular context, the
focus of the paper primarily on Lebanon and Jordan, which respectively host 38% and 23% of refugees in the sub-
UNDP Strategic Framework on Development and Mine Action: UNDP’s support to Development and Mine Action is
guided by a Theory of Change that illustrates how UNDP's Development and Mine Action projects contribute to the
achievement of our overarching goal of eradicating poverty and reducing inequalities and exclusion in programme
UNDP Recovery Policy (under development)
UNDP Resilience Policy (under development)

Monitoring and Evaluation:
Climate Action Impact Tool: The Paris Agreement is built on individual national contributions to tackle mitigation and
adaptation actions within their specific country context - termed 'Nationally Determined Contributions' (NDCs). It is
expected that countries will measure and report progress made on their NDCs which will be reviewed in a 5-years
cycle to set increasingly ambitious targets to tackle climate change. UNDP has developed this tool to help a broad
range of stakeholders in managing the design, development, implementation, financing, measurement, reporting and
verification of the various type of actions.
National Communications (NCs): The principal objectives of the guidelines for the preparation of national
communications from Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention (non-Annex I Parties) is to assist parties in
meeting their reporting requirements under the Convention. The national communication shall include a national
inventory of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removal by sinks of all greenhouse gases not controlled by the
Montreal Protocol, to the extent its capacities permit, using comparable methodologies to be promoted and agreed
upon by the Conference of the Parties; and a general description of steps taken or envisaged by the non-Annex I Party
to implement the Convention.
Sendai Monitor: After the adoption of Sendai Framework in 2015, 38 indicators were defined to measure progress in
achieving its 7 Global targets. This system is the official tool to report these indicators to both the Sendai Framework
and SDG's reporting processes. Technical guidance for monitoring and reporting on progress in achieving the global
targets of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction provides the normative that regulates the data required
to monitor the 38 Indicators, provides detailed technical guidance to country users, and is completely aligned with
the online system.
Landmine Monitor: The Monitor provides a global overview of developments in mine ban policy, use, production,
trade, and stockpiling, and it also includes information on contamination, clearance, casualties, victim assistance, and
support for mine action. Landmine Monitor has been released every year since 1999. From 1999–2009, Landmine
Monitor included country-specific chapters in both the print and online versions. Chapters on developments in all
countries and other areas are now available online only as Country Profiles.

SIGNATURE SOLUTION #4 – Promote nature-based solutions

Assessments, Analysis, building the evidence base: These include tools that provide insight into the drivers of
ecosystems health and status, and that measure the potential ecosystems and distributional impacts of policy reforms,
such as integrated ecosystems-poverty-growth assessments.
Mapping of biodiversity, ecosystems and ecosystem services: UNDP offers a global mapping facility of over 70 data
layers in a user-friendly data portal, in partnership with UN Environment, that allows countries to explore how natural
infrastructure affects disaster risk reduction, water security, and climate mitigation and adaptation, among other
SDGs. See

Policy and programme design and formulation: These include policy tools that maximize ecosystem and distributional
impacts, including policy tools for ensuring sustainable ecosystem management, promoting access to ecosystem
services, allowing access to markets, enabling the development of sustainable agriculture commodities, and fostering
social empowerment.
Poverty-Environment mainstreaming: The policy approach of the Poverty-Environment Initiative assists planning
agencies in considering poverty-environment linkages, including climate change, in formulating economic and
development policies, and in helping environment agencies to engage with these policy processes more effectively.
The approach also supports civil society to engage in planning processes, making sure the voice of the poor is heard.

Policy and programme implementation: These include tools to improve implementation by helping governments to
better cost and allocate budgets for nature-based solutions; expand fiscal space from public, private and innovative

financing; strengthen sustainable service delivery, including through local economic development and through public-
private partnerships; and improve accountability and transparency through appropriate mechanisms.
Biodiversity Finance assessment: UNDP offers a methodology, currently rolled out in 30+ countries, to identify and
mobilize finance solutions to fill the finance gap for biodiversity. Details are available at

Monitoring and evaluation: These include tools to improve the design of monitoring systems, including indicators and
spatialized data, such that the ecosystem and distributional impacts of policy implementation on SDG targets can be
measured and reported, and integrated into future implementation.
Using Global Biodiversity Indicators and Underlying Data to Support NBSAP Development and National Reporting. The
main objective of this Roadmap is to provide support and guidance to national biodiversity practitioners in the use of
the global indicators and/or their underlying datasets in the development and implementation of National Biodiversity
Strategy and Action Plans (NBSAPs).
Rapid Assessment and Prioritization of Protected Area Management. This tool helps practitioners assess the overall
effectiveness of a protected area system.

SIGNATURE SOLUTION #5 – Close the energy gap

Assessments, analysis, building the evidence base:
Post Disaster Needs Assessment Guidelines on Energy – United Nations, European Union and World Bank, 2018

Policy and programme design and formulation:

UNDP's corporate energy strategy 'Delivering sustainable energy in a changing climate - Strategy note on Sustainable
Energy 2017-2021 Derisking Renewable Energy Investment (DREI) framework, including: the original report (2013),
a number of follow-up reports (Kazakhstan (2017), Belarus (2017), Lebanon (2017) and Tunisia (2014, 2018); financial
tools (Excel), guidance materials and case studies.
Accelerating SDG7 Achievement – Policy briefs in support of the first SDG7 review at the UN High-Level Political Forum
2018, UNDESA, 2018 (in collaboration with 50 institutions, including UNDP; UNDP led the development of 5 out of the
27 policy briefs).

Policy implementation:
Energy for crisis recovery - Solar solutions for crisis-affected communities in the Arab Region, 2017

SIGNATURE SOLUTION #6 – Strengthen gender equality

Inclusive stakeholder engagement: These are tools and mechanisms to strengthen stakeholders’ dialogues, which
require cross sectoral, cross actor and cross level engagement and coordination. This includes increased space for
women’s organizations and gender-responsive civil society actors to engage in policy decisions. For gender equality it
is critical to interact with grassroots women and organizations as they understand culturally specific issues, have
connections and trust in their communities, and are skilled at mobilizing social capital. Elevating the voices and
experiences of local women, and women’s organizations, and seeking their active involvement and participation, is
essential for developing inclusive programming. Inclusive stakeholder engagement must also include men, boys, youth
groups including of adolescent girls and young women.

Assessments, analysis, building the evidence-base: These are tools to help understand the issues and include, among
others, gender analysis tools, time use surveys, gender-responsive economic assessments, gender-sensitive conflict
analysis, gender-responsive post-disaster needs assessments, comprehensive life-course approach to account for how
events and experiences during a person’s life time build on each other.
Gender and Climate Change - Thematic Issue Briefs and Training Modules

Policy and programme design and formulation: These are policy tools that help maximize gender equality progress.
They include gender mainstreaming tools, quotas for women’s participation in political processes and decision
making, reform of laws and regulations that discriminate against women, including in terms of obtaining legal
identification and have rights and control over land, or finance, for example. Also relevant is fiscal policy including
gender-responsive budgeting and auditing that assess the effect of government revenue and expenditure policies on
both women and men.
A Practitioner's Toolkit on Women's Access to Justice Programming

Policy and programme implementation: These are tools to improve implementation by helping governments to better
cost and allocate budgets and other resources to gender-responsive service delivery, including expanding fiscal space
from public, private and other sources of innovative financing. These can include tools to increase gender capacities
of national and local policy-makers to effectively reach and include women both as beneficiaries and as implementers
in a way that does not perpetuate gender stereotypes and traditional division of paid and unpaid work. They can also
include tools to identify the best times and places to provide services to survivors of gender-based violence.
Gender and Economic Policy Making initiative (GEPMI)

Monitoring and evaluation: These are tools to improve the design of indicators so that the change in gender equality
over time and the achievement of the SDG targets can be measured and reported at national and local level. The
collection of sex-disaggregated data is a key component of programming for gender equality and women’s
empowerment by informing development planning. For gender equality it is also important to consider measuring
impact of interventions on time use, and different measures of women’s empowerment such as greater political
participation or greater economic autonomy. It is also critical to measure the impact on indicators of gender-based
violence. These measures can be policy objectives in themselves, but are also, critically, often results of actions for
achieving other policy objectives. When analysing impact of any intervention, one must be sure to include
measurement on relevant gender indicators. Accountability mechanisms should also be put in place to monitor
UNDP Gender Marker Guidance