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APPROVED / COMMENTED BY:

FOR APPROVAL

CLAUSE:
METHOD STATEMENT

DOCUMENT NO: REV:


S86088-LKA-C07CE-MS-0004
0

0 Submitted for approval 30.09.2017 Hoo Jefrey Johnny

Rev Description Date Prepared Checked Approved Remarks


CLIENT / OWNER: MAIN CONTRACTOR:

MICRON
SEMICONDUCTOR ASIA PTE LTD
CONTRACTOR:

PROJECT NAME:

PROPOSED ADDITIONS & ALTERATIONS TO EXISTING 2-STOREY


CENTRAL UTILITY PLANT (CUP) INVOLVING 2-STOREY EXTENSION
AT EXISTING FAB 10X FOR MICRON FAB FACTORY ON LOTS 05539C,
06230W & 06219P MK 13 AT 1 NORTH COAST DRIVE, WOODLANDS,
SINGAPORE.
Document Title:

METHOD STATEMENT FOR CONSTRUCTION WORKS RELATED TO


C07-CE SUBSTRUCTURE & SUPERSTRUCTURE PACKAGE

PAGES: 46
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Contents
Revision
No. Title
1 2 3 4 5 6

1.0 Purpose

2.0 Scope of work & Sequence


2.1 Proposed Cranes and Other Equipment
2.2 Construction of Pilecap and First Level Slab
2.3 Superstructure Construction Work

3.0 Work procedure & Method

3.1 Ground Breaking (Site Praying).


3.2 Precautionary measures and preparation prior to
commence work.
3.3 Responsibility and persons involved in the activities.
3.4 Pre-mobilization and site set up.
3.5 Cable detection and protection.
3.6 Installation of ground instruments
3.7 Marking and setting out
3.8 Demolition Works
3.9 Micro Bored Pile
3.10 Excavation.
3.11 Dewatering
3.12 Disposal of excavated materials.
3.13 Soil Compaction.
3.14 Back filling.
3.15 Anti-termite treatment.
3.16 Lean concrete.
3.17 Waterproofing membrane
3.18 Installation of reinforcement bar (rebar).
3.19 Installation of BRC/ Wire Mesh.
3.20 Installation of angle frame / angle bar/ hold down bolt
(Embedded parts)
3.21 Installation of formwork.
3.22 Installation of waterstop for construction joint
3.23 Concreting.
3.24 Plinth Construction
3.25 Power Floating for concrete surface.

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3.26 Installation of column system formwork
3.27 Installation of slab system formwork
3.28 Dismantle of formwork
3.29 Scaffold Erection
3.30 Removing of formwork.
3.31 Concrete honeycomb repair works
3.32 Housekeeping

4.0 Resource
4.1 Materials.
4.2 Equipments
4.3 Tools.

5.0 HSE Plan


5.1 General requirement
5.2 Control of Work.
5.3 Stop the job Policy.
5.4 Emergency Response Plan.
5.5 Permit to work.

6.0 Appendix
6.1 Risk Assessment.
6.2 Safe Work Procedure.

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1.0 PURPOSE

This Method Statement cover the works related to the CONSTRUCTION WORK FOR
SUBSTRUCTURE AND SUPERSTRUCTURE FOR NEW ERECTION OF 2-STOREY
EXTENSION AT CENTRAL UTILITY PLANT (CUP), MICRON SEMICONDUCTOR ASIA
PTE LTD at WOODLANDS, SINGAPORE.

2.0 SCOPE OF WORK & SEQUENCE

CONSTRUCTION SEQUENCE

After complete the demolition work at North Side (Zone 1) and East Side (Zone 2 & 3), micro bored
piling work at Zone 2 & 3 and get approval from Authority submission for ECM from PUB and
ERSS from BCA, then the substructure construction work start. However, there is no piling work at
Zone 1, therefore once get approval for ECM and ERSS, start the excavation work at Zone 1. The
following discuss regarding the construction sequences for substructure and superstructure.

2.1 Proposed Cranes and Other Equipment


(i) Cranes
In this project, selections of the cranes are depending on the site situation. Since the site is
very congested and locate in live plant, therefore proposed mobile crane to use on site.
During the construction work of pile cap (Zone 1, 2 & 3), Level 1 ground beam (Zone 1)
and slab (Zone 1, 2 & 3), there will be no crane use on site.

After completion of the 1st floor, there will be one numbers of 50T/ 70T mobile crane
position either (Crane 1) or (Crane 2) on site and move as where require. Some time may
use additional adhoc mobile crane if necessary.

The superstructure work from Level 1 to 2 and Level 2 to roof at Zone 1, 2 and 3 will be
using the 50Ton/ 70Ton of mobile crane. The weight and the working radius have to be
considered choosing the cranes.

By considering the above following crane positions are proposed. Refer to Figure 2.1 shows
the mobile crane parking plan on site, while Figure 2.2 shows the section plan of Mobile
Crane during construction works.

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Sometimes for a short period may require to block the access outside the hoarding. For those
operations shall require to plan in advance as require MICRON permit to be obtained before
block the road.

Stage 1 (Substructure and Level 1 beam & slab)


 If necessary use ad hock basis Crane operate at Zone 1, 2 and 3

Stage 2 (Superstructure Works)


Zone 1
 Crane 1: 50 ton/ 70 ton mobile crane (Main Boom = 26.6m, SWL = 5.3Ton @ 10m)
for regular casting, cast in situ columns and other construction activities

Zone 2 & 3 (Commence once Zone 3 micro bored pile complete)


 Crane 2: 50 ton mobile crane (Main Boom = 52.1m, SWL = 4.5Ton @ 24m) for
regular casting, cast in situ columns and other construction activities.

Mobile Crane will be parked on the 20mm thick steel plate as per PE advice.

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Crane 2

Crane 1

Figure 2.1: Mobile Crane Parking Plan

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Figure 2.2: Section A & B of Crane Parking Plan

(ii) Concrete Pump truck

Elephant concrete pump cars length varies from 36-52m shall be ordered as when necessary
for casting work. The pump car will be used to cast big pour more than 100m3 or if no
access for cranes.

Crane and bucket will be used to cast column and small pour.

2.2 Construction of Pilecap and First Level Slab

(i) Zone 1 (North Side)

The casting sequences for the pile cap (Figure 2.3) start from gridline C6 to C1. There are
two different dimension of pile cap which are 2000x2000mm (1 no of type 1B14) and
2200x2200mm (5 nos of type 1B16). After completion of pile cap construction, backfill and
compact the ground. Then, anti-termites and lean concrete to the soil. Commence ground
beam rebar works. There is a challenge for the construction, since the existing column
locates at gridline CJ. Beam rebar need to be drilled into the existing column as per
technical requirement. Cast the beam once complete rebar and formwork. Remove the
formwork and start backfilling to slab soffit. Anti-termite, lean concrete and waterproofing
membrane work to the slab soffit. Cast the Level slab after complete and inspect by M+W

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Engineer and RE/ RTO. Figure 2.4 shows the Level 1 slab at Zone 1.

(ii) Zone 2 & 3 (East Side)

There are two different dimension of pile cap which are 2000x950mm x 1200mm (H) (2 no
of type 2MB1) and 2000x1860mm x 1000mm (H) (6 nos of type 3MB1) at Zone 2 and Zone
3. The construction of pile cap and 1000mm (W) x 1000mm (D) ground beam start
simultaneously from gridline CB to CD (Zone 3) and gridline CE to CJ (Zone 2) as shown
in Figure 2.3. After cast pile cap and ground beam, backfill with compaction and carry out
anti-termites work and lean concrete to the slab soffit, then follow by waterproofing work to
the bottom of Level 1 slab. Zone 3 slabs will start to cast first, while Zone 2 slab will cast at
different days. After inspection by M+W Engineer and RE/ RTO, proceed with slab cast.
Figure 2.4 shows the Level 1 slab at Zone 2 and 3.

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Figure 2.3: Pilecap Construction Sequences

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Figure 2.4: Level 1 Slab Layout Plan

During the construction of Zone 2 and 3, the access within gridline CD to CE must be
provide for vehicle access to the existing building as shown in Figure 2.5. Therefore,
movable barricade by GI Pipe with netting will be used to block at the side of access.

Figure 2.5: Vehicle access to existing building

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2.3 Superstructure Construction Work
(i) Zone 1 (North Side)

After construction of the Level 1 slab, continue with construction work of column. There are
three types of column which are Type C2 (800x600mm), Type 1TC1 (400x400mm), and
Type C3 (1200x1200mm – Column Stump). The column for Type C2 and 1TC1 will
connect from Level 1 to 2. Pre-fabricate column rebar cage on site and then use 70 ton
mobile crane (Crane 1) to hoist and insert to the column starter bar. After inspection by
M+W Engineer and RE/ RTO, close up formwork and cast it. Repeat the same procedure
and cast the column from gridline C5 to C1. While construct the column, start erect the
staging for Level 2 slab soffit from gridline C5 to C1. Complete the staging for Level 2 by
using Band 2 or 3 system formwork after all column cast. Start the rebar work for Level 2
beam. The existing column at gridline CJ is connecting to the new beam. Therefore, drilling
method need to carry out as follow technical specification (Figure 2.8). Complete the beam
and Level 2 slab rebar and formwork. The Level 2 slab and beam will be casting in one time
by using concrete pump. Once approved by M+W Engineer and RE/ RTO, proceed with
casting. Figure 2.6 shows the overall Level 2 Building plan. Repeat the same procedure to
cast the column from Level 2 to roof and roof beam from gridline C5 to C1. Figure 2.7
shows the overall roof level building plan.

(ii) Zone 2 & 3 (East Side)

The slab for Zone 2 and Zone 3 at Level 2 will be combined together. There are 8 numbers
of types C1 column (400x800mm) at the East Side from gridline CB.1 to CJ. 70 ton mobile
crane (Crane 2) to hoist and insert to the column starter bar. After inspection by M+W
Engineer and RE/ RTO, close up formwork and cast it. Repeat the same procedure and cast
the column from gridline CB.1 to CJ. While construct the column, start erect the staging for
Level 2 slab soffit from gridline CB.1 to CJ. Complete the staging for Level 2 by using
Band 2 or 3 system formwork after all column cast. Start the rebar work for Level 2 beam.
The existing column at gridline C1 is connecting to the new beam. Therefore, drilling
method need to carry out as follow technical specification (Figure 2.8). Complete the beam
and Level 2 slab rebar and formwork. The Level 2 slab and beam will be casting in one time
by using concrete pump. Once approved by M+W Engineer and RE/ RTO, proceed with
casting. Figure 2.6 shows the overall Level 2 Building plan. Repeat the same procedure to
cast the column from Level 2 to roof and roof beam from gridline CB.1 to CJ. Figure 2.7
shows the overall roof level building plan.

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Zone 1

Zone 2 & 3

Figure 2.6: Level 2 CUP Building Plan

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Zone 1

Zone 2 & 3

Figure 2.7: Roof Level CUP Building Plan

Figure 2.8: Drill in bolt detail

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SCOPE OF WORK
1. Ground Breaking (Site Praying)
2. Precautionary measures and preparation prior to commence work.
3. Responsibility and persons involved in the activities.
4. Pre-mobilization and site setup.
5. Cable detection and protection.
6. Installation of ground instruments.
7. Marking and setting out
8. Demolition works
9. Micro Bored Piling
10. Excavation.
11. Dewatering
12. Disposal of excavated materials.
13. Soil Compaction
14. Backfilling
15. Anti-termite treatment.
16. Lean concrete.
17. Waterproofing membrane
18. Installation of reinforcement bar (rebar).
19. Installation of BRC/ Wire Mesh.
20. Installation of angle frame/ angle bar/ hold down bolt (Embedded parts)
21. Installation of formwork.
22. Installation of water stop for construction joint
23. Concreting.
24. Plinth Construction
25. Power floating for concrete surface
26. Installation of column system formwork
27. Installation of slab system formwork
28. Dismantle of formwork
29. Scaffold Erection
30. Removing of formwork
31. Concrete honeycomb repair works
32. Housekeeping.

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3.0 WORK PROCEDURE & METHOD.

3.1 Ground Breaking (Site Praying)


1. Setting up of prayer area with incense and joss stick.
2. Burning of candles, incense and joss sticks.
3. Transfer of burning candles and joss sticks to the burning pool of burnt incense towards the
end of prayer session.
4. End of burning, prayer process.

3.2 Precautionary measures and preparations prior to commence work


1. It shall be done dilapidation survey, before commencement of work.
2. Pre-mobilization inspection shall be conducted to ensure that all equipments and
machineries are in safe condition inspected by PE verification with COS(if applicable) to
use and one day advance notice shall be given to the M+W group EHS department for
inspection before entering to site.
3. Refer 4.2 (Equipment List) for the equipments to be inspected before delivery to site.
4. All loads must be fully secured and restrained from possible movement after loading and
during transportation by means of suitable chains, slings or ropes that were submitted
certificates to the M+W group EHS department.
5. Safe and suitable means of access to the cranes/lorries/trailers shall be provided. If at any
time the access is deemed not suitable for unloading the operation shall stop.
6. Working area shall be barricaded and unauthorized workers are forbidden to enter the
barricade. Barricade shall be hard enough to take human impact load.
7. Lifting supervisor, rigger man and signal man shall be deployed for lifting activities and
approval should be obtained for lifting plan and lifting permit prior to commencement of
any lifting works.
8. Lifting supervisor and riggers must inform the crane/lorry crane operator the weight of the
component to be lifted.
9. Before starting of work, supervisors shall identify the hazards and brief the workers about
the hazards and mitigating steps.
10. All the lifting gears used on site must be checked for valid certification and monthly colour
code.
11. Proper access and parking for crane, concrete truck shall be identified; barricade and safety
signage will be erected to keep away from unauthorized persons.

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12. Vehicles shall be guided by the banksman to the designated location and banksman shall
check the access route prior guiding the lorry, crane and concrete trucks to designated
location.
13. Paints/water proofing materials/construction chemicals/diesel/oil shall be stored in a
designated location at storage area with displaying of signage and portable sprinkler and
emergency eye wash shall be provided near to the work area.
14. SDS for all the chemical need to be used shall be displayed on the storage area.
15. Dip trays shall be provided to contain spillage and spillages of paint/water proofing
materials/construction chemicals/diesel/oil should be absorbed onto earth, sand or other inert
material and transfer to suitable disposable vessel and dispose according with local wastage
regulations.
16. Upon receiving the rebar, received rebar shall be inspected and the mill certificate will be
submitted to main contractor or owner representative.
17. For concreting, concrete pump car should be used and for the larger (more than 50m3)
quantities, concrete bucket will be used for casting by crane. For ground level we use
excavator bucket to carry concrete for lean concrete and pilecap casting. The hook those
weld at excavator bucket should have design and endorsed by PE.
18. Steel plate must be provided for the crane/ concrete pump truck at all times and the area
must be barricaded and safety signage must be displayed.
19. Crane, concrete pump and concrete trucks shall be guided by the banks man to the
designated location and the banks man shall check the access route prior guiding the crane,
concrete pump car and concrete trucks to designate location and the concrete pump shall be
arranged based on the concrete quantity.
20. Temporary shoring (TERS drawings) with PE endorsement and COS shall be submitted to
main contractor/ owner’s representative for approval.
21. Excavate shall be ~1:1.0 – 1:1.5 slopes to prevent any collapse if open cut excavation is
possible and when the excavation depth reaches more than ~1.2m, the step excavation shall
be applied.
22. Step ladder with fall protection system will be used to access into the excavation area.
Intermediate platform to be provided at 6m interval.
23. Hard barriers and safety signs will be erected and displayed to keep unauthorized personnel
clear and monitoring traffic near the excavation area.
24. Periodic inspection shall be conducted by a designated person for all the excavated area and
also after every rain storm or other hazard increasing occurrence.
25. Excavation check list to be filled-up and submitted to main contractor /owner’s
representative.

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26. Once completion of crane erection PE shall conduct an inspection and issue the certificate to
use.

3.3 Responsibilities and persons involved it this activities


1. Safety person/Engineer to brief the working crew during the tool box meeting about the
method statement, sequence of work, safe working practices and risk assessment to all the
persons who are involved in this work activities.
2. Documents shall be filed with everybody signs off to acknowledge for the briefing of
method statement, sequence of work, safe working practices and risk assessment to has been
done.
3. All the persons should report to the supervisor if there are no sufficient lights after 19.00 hrs
and all the works should be STOPPED and NO work will be carried out unless sufficient
lights are provided.
4. All the persons should report to the supervisor to take immediate action if there is any
unsafe condition and no work will proceed unless all rectification work is completed.
5. All the scaffold erection and dismantling works will be carried out by approved scaffold
company and the registered certificate (ASC) shall be submitted to main contractor/owner
representative.
The following persons shall be involving in this construction work activities.
 Engineer/supervisor
 Senior foreman/foreman
 Surveyor and surveyor assistant
 Safety co-ordinator and safety supervisor
 Lifting coordinator/Lifting supervisor
 Rigger and Signalman
 Banksman
 Crane operator
 Excavator operator
 Dump truck driver
 Concreter
 Plasterer
 Carpenter
 Rebar installer
 Welder
 Scaffold supervisor
 Scaffold erector

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 Water proofing applicator
 Power float machine operator
 Lorry driver
 Trailer driver
 Crane erector
 Pump operator
 Piling Rig operator

3.4 Pre-mobilization and site setup

3.4.1 Equipment and materials delivery

1. Inspected machineries such as piling rig, PDA machine, excavator, cranes, boom/scissor lift,
etc. shall be delivered to site via low bed trailer with ramp.
2. The low bed trailer with ramp shall be guided to be designated parking position and piling
rig, PDA machine, excavator, cranes, boom/scissor lift, etc. shall be unloaded from the
trailer and travelled to designated location. (To be guide by Signalman / Banksman).
3. Machineries such as generator, compressor, tower light and materials such as bricks, cement
bags, shall be stacked in pallet and delivered to site by lorry crane and unloaded at
designated material laydown area.
4. Site office containers, store container, portable toilet, temporary shelter materials, short
reinforcement bars, formwork materials, pipes, rebar cutting & bending machine and steel
plate shall be delivered to site by lorry crane and unloaded at designated area.
5. Long reinforcement bars, long container and precast elements shall be delivered to site by
trailer and unloaded using lorry crane or mobile crane at designated area.
6. Small tools and materials shall be delivery to site by lorry and unloaded manually at
designated area.
7. Ensure a proper storage area is prepared and all the materials shall be properly stacked to a
safe height.
8. Diesel for equipment and machineries shall be delivery to site by lorry tanker and shall be
top up. During toping up all the equipment and machinery shall be switch off.
9. Banksman must be deployed for traffic controlling and ensure that all the vehicle drivers
follow the instruction of the banks man when entering inside the site.

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3.5 Cable detection and protection of existing services

1. Prior to commencement of excavation, it is necessary to check the existing cables and other
services. License Cable Detection Worker (LCDW) must get the existing services drawings
and then do the physical service detection for the verification.
2. If necessary trial trench shall be excavated using manual or mini excavators as directed by
the LCDW. This is to expose the existing services and to confirm the service location, depth
and other necessary information.
3. Upon confirmation of the service location, the proper and permanent marks shall be
installed at the services location for the demarcation and identification.
4. To avoid damages the service locations to be disclosed to all parties involved in the
construction activities and a copy of cable detection drawing should be kept on site for
reference.
5. Prior to do excavation work, confirm all the underground services and provide such
information to the site staff and operators if any.
6. Once complete the setting out, check existence of underground services within the affected
zone.
7. If any services within the affected area and not directly affect for the construction work
mark those services with clear identification for construction team information and if
necessary, the services need to be protection.
8. In case of these services need proper supporting structure, the structural drawings and
supporting sequence shall be provided separately.
9. Any services within the construction area should be protected, not only those you deemed
necessary.

3.6 Installation of ground instruments

3.6.1 Installation of settlement marker

1. Settlement points are installed to measure ground settlement/ heaving. Generally they are
mounted placed at fixed intervals on the ground or structure. On pavement typically a
concrete nail is installed with a plastic grommet.
2. For green field a H10/ H13/ H16 steel rod with convex top shall be installed on the ground
and secured with concrete as shown in the sketch.
3. The SOKKIA C230/C330 digital level is used to measure settlement. The level is housed in
a rugged water resistant housing with a shock resistant pendulum compensator with
magnetic damping system ensuring accuracy and durability.

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4. The portable SOKKIA digital level must be calibrated and the validity of the calibration is
12 months.
5. To obtain settlement readings a RAB-Code Staff (Random Bi-directional Code), is held
vertically on top of the settlement points and the level immediately identifies the unique
pattern on the staff. The digital display reduces miss-reading and eliminates operator
interpretation error, standard measurement accuracy is one millimeter for 1 km.
6. Changes in settlement are found by comparing the current reading to the initial reading
against time. Suitable temporary benchmark for monitoring of settlement/ heave movements
shall be identified and the benchmark shall be outside the zone of influence of construction.

Figure 3.1: Settlement Marker

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3.6.2 Installation of inclinometer

1. The inclinometer shall be of a plastic type with an outer dimension of 70mm or equivalent
and the coupling used shall be of the manufacturer’s detail.
2. Borehole shall be drilled by ‘A’ frame drilling machine and the borehole shall be terminated
at the required depth, which will be advised by the QP.
3. The borehole shall be vertical with inclination nor more than 1:30.
4. The bottom section of the casing pipe shall be fitted with a protection cap and lowered into
the borehole and progressively filled with water to overcome buoyancy until the casing
reaches the desired depth.
5. The casing is joined using rivets and sealed in accordance with the manufacturers
specification.
6. The annulus between the casing and the sides of the borehole are filled with fine sand, or
grout and a protective cover will then be installed.
7. During backfilling the top of the top of the inclinometer casing shall be rigidly held
8. Inclinometer systems are used to measure accurately the deflections normal to the axis of
the pipe by means of a probe passing along the pipe.
9. The probe contains a gravity sensing transducer designed to measure inclination with
respect to the vertical axis.
10. The inclinometer casing should be installed in a near vertical alignment so that the
inclinometer provides data for defining horizontal deformation.
11. The inclinometer system consists of the followings
i. Inclinometer probe.
ii. Cable and readout device.
iii. Casing with machined grooves.
12. The readout device must be calibrated and the validity of the calibration is 12 months.

Figure 3.2: Typical inclinometer probe, cable and readout device

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Figure 3.3: Schematic of inclinometer probe inserted in casing that is installed to monitor ground
deformations

Figure 3.4: Inclinometer casing with machined grooves and connection detail

3.6.3 Installation of piezometer

1. The piezometer is designed to monitor the ground water conditions during and after the
construction works.
2. Piezometer will be installed by rotary drilling rig or by ‘A’ frame drilling rig, the borehole
shall terminate at 1.0m deeper than the proposed piezometer depth. which will be advised by
the QP
3. The borehole will be flushed with water until it is free of debris, the piezometer tip will be
connected with the appropriate length of tubing for installation in Marine-Clay or Sand.
4. The borehole will be initially backfilled with 500mm of fine and clean sand the piezometer
will then be wrapped with geofilter cloth/green-mesh or similar and fine sand, and then
lowered into the borehole.
5. After placing an additional 500mm more of sand into the borehole ensuring that the
piezometer sensor is in the sand pocket, the borehole is backfilled with two 250mm layers of
compacted bentonite pellets.

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6. The hole will then be backfilled with the original soil, fine grained sand or bentonite grout
as required, and a protective box or cover will then be installed, if required
7. The pneumatic piezometer indicator which incorporates a diaphragm bypass valve for
balancing the pressure acting on the diaphragm will be used to read the pneumatic
piezometer sensors.
8. The indicator has a maximum range of 0-2000kPa with an accuracy of 0.25%. It is mounted
in a portable case and contains all the circuitry required for the reading of the transducer and
refilling the self-contained nitrogen gas cylinder.

3.6.3 Vibration Monitoring

1. Vibration monitoring systems shall be set up in a metal box and the box shall be placed
where the vibration need to monitor.
2. The vibration monitoring system automatically reads and stores any vibration above the
predetermined limit.
3. The stored readings shall be transferred to the computer and report shall be prepared for the
required intervals.

Figure 3.5: Vibration Monitoring

3.6.4 Noise Monitoring


1. Noise monitoring systems shall be set up in a metal box and the box shall be placed where
the noise need to monitor.
2. The noise monitoring system automatically reads and stores any noise above the
predetermined limit.
3. The stored readings shall be transferred to the computer and report shall be prepared for the
required intervals.
4. The noise monitoring results should be compared with the previous report so that any
significant changes can be identified and investigated.
5. It is important that monitoring is performed after implementation of noise control measures
to evaluate the residual risk.

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3.7 Marking and setting out
1. Waste rebar shall be used to mark the necessary setting outs on the ground and a piece of red
& white tape to be tied on top of the peg for clear demarcation.
2. In the case rebar is used as marking, rebar cap should be provided at all times to prevent any
injury to the workers.

3.8 Demolition Works (Refer to S86088-LKA-C07CE-MS-002)

3.9 Micro Bored Piles (Refer to S86088-LKA-C07CE-MS-003)

3.10 Excavation

1. Exclusion zone must be in place to prevent persons entering to the excavator swing area and
excavator machines should be equipped with adequate visibility aids.
2. Excavator operator shall check the excavator daily before use and the record will be filed
and maintain properly for checking.
3. Dump truck shall be used to remove excavated soil and will be controlled at site by banks
man.
4. Personnel engaged for manual execution operations will be briefed on the actions to be
taken when uncovering marker tiles, cables, pipe work etc.
5. Excavated soils will be stacked a minimum distance of one (1) meter from the edge if there
is space or shall be removed from the site.
6. No workers should be inside the excavation area during excavator machines are in
operation.
7. Banksman should be providing in a safe distance to direct excavator operation and any
pedestrian movements.
8. Excavator shall be used to excavate to required level and worker shall manual trim the final
level. Once reach to the final level, engineer/supervisor shall mark the lean concrete level.
9. In case of excavated slope exposed to weather for a short period of time, it shall be covered
with tarpaulin sheets. If the slopes are needed to be exposed for a longer term, the exposed
slope to be covered with erosion blanket or screed lean concrete to prevent erosions.
10. Ensure all unwanted materials and debris is cleared and removed to allotted disposal area or
shall be removed from site.
11. Adequate safety access, ladder with fall protection should be provided to entry/exit inside
the excavated area.

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3.11 Dewatering
1. For dewatering, manually operated submersible water pump will be installed for de-water
system and the water will be discharged to the existing ECM drain constructed around the
site.
2. Always ensure the wire rope hanging on top of hanger to prevent contact with ground.

3.12 Disposal of excavated material


1. All excavated soil/sand shall be disposed or transferred to laydown stock pile area or
designated storage area within the site using dump truck and no over loaded to the truck.
2. If the stockpiled soil is near the public drains, the stock pile soil/sand shall be protected and
covered with tarpaulin to avoid erosion and siltation to the public drains.
3. Since the site is too congested, excavated soil/ sand will be disposed off site to designated
location.

3.13 Soil Compaction


1. Once the required level excavated and worker shall manual trim to the final level.
2. Engineer/supervisor shall mark the lean concrete level after the final level.
3. Roller compactor operator shall compact the formation level using one ton roller or using
tamping rammer or plate compactor.

3.14 Backfilling
1. Once the formwork is removed engineer/supervisor shall arrange inspection with main
contractor/owner representative to check the concrete surface finishing.
2. If there is any damage has occurred, or if spots of honeycomb become visible, such areas
have to be repaired immediately according to the approved methods.
3. Engineer/supervisor shall arrange for re-inspection. Once the inspection cleared then use
excavator to back fill.
4. The excavated material shall be used for back fill or back filling materials shall be bringing
from outside using dump truck which will be controlled at site by banksman.
5. The depth of each layer shall be follow as per M+W specifications.

3.15 Anti- termite treatment


1. This type of scope of work shall be issued 10 years warranty.
2. The chemical toxic barrier is created between the soil and the foundation that has to be
protected and this treatment shall be executed by a specialist.

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3. After backfill the extra excavated area, the soil is dressed and compacted in a manner that no
other excavation has to take place.
4. Applicator shall spray the chemical on the compacted soil surface using a spray gun
connected to a pump through a long hose which was inside the covered small lorry or closed
van.
5. The applicator shall spray the anti-termite solution at a uniform rate in according with
manufacturer’s specification from one end to another end and ensure the solution was
sprayed the entire soil surface.
6. When the treatment is carried out vapour barrier sheet shall be unrolled and laid on the soil
treated surface and shall be prepared to receive lean concrete.
7. Lean concrete shall be laid immediately after the vapour barrier sheet has been placed in
position.
8. The soil treatment shall not be carried out during raining or there are any symptoms for
raining.

3.16 Lean concrete


1. Upon finalize the lean concrete level, the base shall be compacted with 1ton roller.
2. Tamping rammer or plate compactor shall be used for compaction wherever 1 ton roller
cannot reach.
3. Crane or excavator with valid LM shall be used to hoist 1 ton roller/ rammer to the
compaction area based on the lifting plan.
4. Surveyor or engineer shall mark the lean concrete boundary line and timber or hollow
sections shall be used as formwork at the edge for the lean concrete.
5. Carpenter shall place the timber or hollow section horizontally along the boundary line and
hammer rebar vertical down to the ground near timber or hollow section and secure with
binding wire.
6. Rebar with cap shall be used as level pegs with an interval of approximately 3.00m in all
direction.
7. Surveyor or Engineer shall mark lean concrete level in the level peg with insulation tape.
8. Pour concrete into the concrete bucket, crane or excavator with valid LM shall be used to
hoist the concrete bucket to the casting area.
9. The concrete bucket shall be lower down to the casting area and the concreter shall pour by
opening the concrete bucket using the handle provided in the concrete bucket and level with
aluminium or timber leveller or runner.
10. Lifting supervisor, rigger man and signalman shall be deployed for the crane activity.

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11. If excavator is used for casting, pour concrete into the excavator bucket and excavator
operator swing the excavator bucket to the casting location and pour.
12. Concreter shall level the lean concrete with aluminium or timber leveller or runner.
13. Banks men shall be deployed for the excavator activity.
14. If the location is freely accessible the concrete shall be discharged directly through the
hopper provided in the concrete truck.
15. Plastic sheet shall be used to protect the wet lean concrete from rain.
16. Remove the timber or hollow sections after the concrete harden to proceed next sequence of
work.

3.17 Water proofing membrane


3.17.1 Surface preparation
1. It shall be get approval materials and detail drawings, before start of work.
2. The horizontal and vertical surface, to which the membrane shall be applied, shall be
smooth, cleaned and dry.
3. The worker shall clean the surface and remove loose materials and laitance using wire
brush, brush hammer, scrapper.
4. Moisture meter shall be used to carry out a moisture content test to verify the moisture
content of the substrate is within the product specific tolerance, suitable for the application
of waterproofing membrane.

3.17.2 Application of PU membranes (Liquid Type)


1. Applicator shall apply the liquid type membrane by roller/brush to form a seamless coating
layer as first layer.
2. Applicator shall apply an additional coating at the corners/angle/upturns/pipe penetrations
by brushes for adequate coverage.
3. Applicator shall apply the second coat after the first coat has cured as mentioned in the
above steps.
4. Care must be taken to exclude air pockets/bubbles entrapping within the coating during the
application.
5. Depending upon the ventilation and ambient temperature curing shall be allowed for 6 to 12
hours in between the first and second coating.
6. MSDS should be briefed to all the persons who involved in the activities and documented
using hazards communication record.

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3.17.3 Membrane type water proofing
1. Water proofing membrane shall be delivered to site by roll and primer shall be delivered to
site by 5 to 20 liter container.
2. Applicator shall apply the liquid type primer by roller/brush to form a seamless coating on
the roof surface.
3. Applicator shall unroll and place the membrane on the primed area and apply pressure
manually using a piece of timber.
4. Applicator shall use pen knife /scissors to cut the membrane to the required size.
5. MSDS should be briefed to all the persons who involved in the activities and documented
using hazards communication record.

3.18 Installation of reinforcement bar (rebar)


1. Upon receiving the approval of the rebar by the Owner/ Main contractor, bring in the rebar
to the construction site by trailer/ lorry crane.
2. After completion of the lean concrete, the surveyor shall mark on the lean concrete surface
by spray paint/marker pen the reference grid line and formwork out line.
3. Based on the surveyor marking, the rebar worker shall mark the spacing for the bottom rebar
on the lean concrete with marker pen and the rebar shall be installed on the lean concrete
based on the markings.
4. The bottom rebar shall be hoisted down by using crane and lifting supervisor, rigger and
signal man shall be deployed for this activity.
5. Rebar worker shall tie the reinforcement bars from one end to the other end using tying wire
and tying lever and make sure that the main access should not be blocked at all times.
6. The top rebar shall be hoisted down by using crane and lifting supervisor, rigger and signal
man shall be deployed for this activity.
7. Rebar worker shall tie the reinforcement bars from one end to other end using tying wire
and tying lever.
8. Rebar workers will tie the column rebar cage, then hoist and insert it to the column starter
bar.
9. At the time of placing concrete, the reinforcement cage shall be free of corrosive pitting,
loose rust, and other foreign substances.
10. LK Ang Site Engineer /supervisor and RE/RTO to check the concrete cover and rebar lap
length as stated in the general notes.
11. Once the rebar tying is completed, the engineer/supervisor shall arrange for inspection for
rebar prior to closing formwork.

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3.19 Installation of BRC/ Wire Mesh
1. Upon receiving the approval of the rebar by the Owner/ Main contractor, bring in the BRC
mesh to the construction site by trailer/ lorry crane.
2. After completion of the lean concrete, the surveyor shall mark on the lean concrete surface
by spray paint/marker pen the reference grid line and formwork out line.
3. Based on the surveyor marking, the rebar worker shall mark the spacing for the BRC with
marker pen where it is required and the BRC mesh shall be installed based on the markings.
4. Install the support bracketry / channels as per the approved shop drawing details.
5. Make sure that correct levels are maintained and all the fixtures are in place properly.
6. Check the overlap of BRC mesh shall be as per approved shop drawings details.
7. Check the installed mesh for its final alignment, and level.

3.20 Installation of angle frame / angle bar/ hold down bolt (Embedded parts)
1. After completion of top rebar the surveyor shall mark setting out line for the installation of
embedded parts on the top rebar by using marker pen.
2. All embedded parts shall be fabricated outside and send to site by lorry crane/lorry.
3. All angle bar/ angle frame/ hold down bolt need to modify or cut away using by oxygen/
acetylene gas cutter or electrical cutting tools. (if applicable)
4. Welder shall hoist manually and install on the top rebar and secure the angle frame to the
top rebar by welding.
5. After installation of angle frame surveyor shall check the position and top level of the angle
frames and shall be recorded.

3.21 Installation of Formwork


1. Formwork design calculation, PE endorsed drawings shall be submitted before start of work.
2. 18mm ply wood sheet with 25x50 mm soldier timber framed shall be used as formwork
panel.
3. Carpenter shall cut 25 x 50 mm timber using timber cutting machine or by hand saw and
nail behind the ply wood along the longer direction and also the perimeter of the ply wood
sheet.
4. Surveyor shall mark the formwork line using marker pen with the reference of the grid lines
and construction drawing.
5. Welder shall weld (5mm fillet weld) H10 rebar to the D12 form tie rod to extend the tie rod
using welding machine to secure the formwork panel.

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6. Carpenter will install the timber formwork panel on the formwork line and secure the
formwork with D12 form tie rod nut &washer using D12 plastic cone and secure the
formwork panel with 50 x 100 timbers for supports.
7. For the construction joints the worker shall install expanded metal and securely fixed to
prevent bulging in any direction, taking into account the pressure of wet concrete and also
the effects of vibration, pumping and the free fall of concrete.
8. The expansion metal must be in full bonding with the first stage concrete and the remove
loose materials if any.
9. Carpenter shall use plumb bob to check the verticality and adjust the propping to align the
verticality of the timber formwork panel.
10. Only good quality of formwork shall be used and formwork supervisor shall check the
condition of formwork.
11. Formwork surface shall be clean and clear of all debris and form oil will be applied on the
formwork surface as a releasing agent before installation of formwork.
12. If there is any gap in the formwork joints, the joints shall be sealed with cement to avoid
leakage of grout and prior to place concrete.

3.22 Installation of water stop for construction joints


1. The construction joints below the ground level are required to install swellable water stops
or PVC water stops.
2. To install PVC water stop rebar worker shall tie a piece of rebar perpendicularly to the wall
direction and the PVC water stop shall be tied to the rebar at the center of the wall/slab
parallel to the wall direction with tying wire.
3. Worker shall laminate the two end of the water stop with electrical operated knife to join the
water stop.
4. The worker shall lap the two end of the water stop and place the electrical knife in between
the water stop and slowly pull the knife outside by pressing the water stop with timber
5. To install swellable water stop carpenter shall clean the surface and place the swellable
water stop along the joints and stick using adhesive.

3.23 Concreting
1. Concreting must be carried out in one uninterrupted operation, being at one end of each part
and continuing from there.
2. Prior to placing order for the concrete, the grade of concrete need to verify from the
drawings as stated in the general notes.
3. Slump must be checked and cube sampling done according to the specification prior and

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during casting.
4. Prior to placing concrete formwork shall be cleaned and all surplus water must be removed.
5. The concrete truck shall be guided by the banks man to the designated location near to the
crane or excavator.
6. If crane is used for concreting, concrete truck driver shall release concrete into the concrete
bucket and the concrete bucket shall be hoisted by crane to the designated casting area.
7. The concrete bucket shall be lower down to the casting area and the concrete shall pour by
opening the concrete bucket using the handle provided in the bucket.
8. Concreter shall level the concrete with aluminium or timber leveller or runner and shall use
vibrator needle to vibrate the concrete.
9. Lifting supervisor, rigger man and signal man shall be deployed for the crane activity.
10. If excavator is used for concreting concrete truck driver shall release concrete into the
excavator bucket and operator shall swing the bucket to the designated casting area and pour
the concrete.
11. For concreting, excavator with bucket, concrete bucket hoisting with LM certified excavator
or crane shall be used if possible concrete shall be directly discharged.
12. Vibrator needle of 75mm size shall be used for consolidated the concrete and the concreter
shall insert the needle vertically to be kept in a particular position inside the concrete and
then with draw vertically at a slow pace.
13. Concrete shall be thoroughly consolidated during the placement and shall be thoroughly
worked around the reinforcement and embedded items if any by using sufficient number of
vibrator needles.
14. Concreter shall take care for the embedded parts if any while vibrating the concrete and the
vibrator needle shall not be touched the embedded parts directly.
15. For curing, exposed surfaces of concrete such as floor shall be splash water with gunny sack
and kept moisture not less than 3 days.
16. Vertical concrete body shall be used curing compound according to approved materials as a
curing.
17. If raining, canvas sheet to protect the concrete during casting.
18. M&E engineer shall inspect and clear all embedment items, pipes, pipe sleeves and conduits
if any.

3.24 Plinth Construction


1. Upon completion of ground slab, mark the locations of the plinths by surveyor.
2. Roughen the surface with approved equipment and clean with air compressor.
3. Drill the slab for T10 @ 150mm C/C vertical bars at where it is necessary for plinth.

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4. Lay the BRC mesh on top of the prepared slab and weld or tie with starter up bars.
5. Do the formworks for the plinth and concreting.
6. Make the surface with the power float finish and chamfer.

3.25 Power floating for concrete surface


1. Once finished the concrete pouring, compaction and leveling to the required level.
2. The worker will check the concrete and when the bleeding of water disappeared the worker
shall place the power floater machine over the fresh concrete surface.
3. The concrete surface should be firm enough to set feet on without sinking in.
4. The worker shall spread hardener cement over the concrete surface manually and the
quantities of hardener shall be used is 5kg/sq.m (follow approved materials and
specification) if applicable.
5. The worker shall start trowel using the power float machine from one end to another end.
6. During toweling the worker shall spray water over the concrete surface to maintain the wet
surface to get a smooth finishing during power trowel.
7. Power float shall be continued until the concrete surface harden and dense.

3.26 Installation of column system formwork


3.26.1 Material Delivery and assembling
1. The column formwork panel deliver to the site than fabricate full height of column
formwork panel
2. The walkway will be mount once ready to install the formwork
3. There are two “L” shape formwork system will be prepared for one column. The column
heights should be 3500mm and 7000mm

Figure 3.6: “L” Shape Column System Formwork Panels (Illustration Purpose Only)

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3.26.2 Installation of the column system formworks
1. Mark the location to erect the rebar works and formworks.
2. Install the probing struts and walkway
3. Hoisting the system at the allocated lifting hook as shown in Figure 3.7 with mobile crane/
crawler crane.

Figure 3.7: Fabricating the Column System Formwork

Figure 3.8: Hoisting the column “L” system formwork

4. Each column has two “L” shape system to complete the full formwork
5. Set the vertical alignment and positioning properly of the column formwork system.
6. Once install the system to the rebar cage, install the supporting struts at the slab
7. Both “L” shape formwork will be tie together with clips after system in steady position as
shown in Figure 3.9.

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Figure 3.9: Installation of the struts at the slab

8. System hoisting point of the column should be on top of the panel


9. When releasing the lifting chain from the lifting hook, provide one mobile stool (500mm
high or 1000mm) with proper handrail to man climb up and release the lifting chain.

Figure 3.10: Column System Formwork Lifting Points

10. Remove the clips and the struts from the slab to lift the formworks one by one when
concrete is set (basically after 24hrs or earlier which get approve by RE/ RTO).

Figure 3.11: Access Ladder

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11. Release halfway or loose the Tie-yoke of the both side tie-rods and lift the whole system
vertically and install to the upper level column or same size column to cast.
12. Same procedure will be repeat for every column works.

3.27 Installation of slab formwork (Band 2)


1. Formwork design, PE endorsed drawings and calculation shall be submitted before
commencement of work.
2. All materials of formwork panels shall be delivered to site by lorry crane or trailer and
unloaded in the lay down area using lorry crane or mobile crane.
3. The RL48/60 Ring Lock Modular Scaffold System can be used as conventional system.
4. After completed install precast column, scaffolding work can be started next to the column.
The erection work starts from column to column.
5. Erection of scaffold shall be erected by trained formwork worker and under supervision of
formwork supervisor.
6. Workers will start to erect the scaffold as per below discussion.

(i) Vertical Assembly of Ring-Lock System


A. Plan View
a. First, check the dimension from the PE endorsed drawings. Then start to erect first
Layer of standard and ledger in completed square or rectangle.
b. Once the first square/ rectangle is completed. Proceed to join the next section to the first
square. Assembling in square/rectangle section provide stability.
c. Proceed to add another section to step b. At all times maintain dimension as per PE
endorsed drawings.
d. Always completed in the same sequence before erecting the next level. Horizontal
completion allows decking to be installing for the next level.

Step a Step b

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Step c Step d

Figure 3.12: Step a, b, c & d for slab system formwork erection

B. Elevation View
1. First, the worker will hold the prop inner upright, then insert prop collar into prop inner.

Figure 3.13: Installation of prop collar into prop inner

2. Connect the prop collar together using the ledgers. Assembly of the first layer is very
important take extra care to ensure the ledgers are level as this will ease the connection
of other parts as the tower is built up. (Complete the first square/ rectangle as shown in
Plan view Step a).

Figure 3.14: Section View of Prop Collar

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Figure 3.15: Installation Sequences

3. Install the first level of the ledger until the whole base is completed as indicated in the
PE endorsed drawings. Once completed, start to install standard, ledgers and diagonal
brace for the next level. The erection of standard must complete one by one of the
square shape before proceed to the next.

Figure 3.16: Installation Sequences of standard, ledgers


and diagonal brace for the next level

4. Ensure the ledgers and diagonal are all install and all the wedge is tighten before
proceeding to next step.

Figure 3.17: Section View of ledger and diagonal installation

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5. After complete the erection, access to the next level must be provided hence erect cat
ladder. Ladder must be secure to the ledgers using steel wire. Then, install decking
board and secure on to ledgers using steel wire. While working on next level, workers
must secure safety harness to standard before carrying out any work. Only workers with
train on working at height and approved Scaffold supervisor allow erecting the false
work tower.

Figure 3.18: Provide Access to upper level

6. Install all ledgers and diagonal braces similar to the same sequence as the lower level.
Installation of ledgers and diagonal must be by square/section.

Figure 3.19: Installation of ledgers and diagonal brace

7. After completion of the next level by section, install the cat ladder for the next level. Cat
ladder must be secured with steel wire to the ledgers. Install scaffold decking and secure
with steel wire. Workers must secure safety harness to the ledgers before install at the
next level of standard. The sequence will continue until the required design height /level
for slab formwork installation is achieved.

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Figure 3.20: Provide Access to upper level

8. The completed scaffolding shown at below.

Figure 3.21: Basic Design Concept

9. Once completed the bottom scaffolding erection, temporary access are needed to provide to
reach Level 2. Workers will fix the safety harness to the lifeline provide between column to
column. Carpenters will start to install the primary bearer double H20 timber beam on the U-
head jack, follow by 1 by 2 timber and 18mm plywood on top of the scaffolding.
10. The equipment/system must be inspected by the assigned formwork supervisor and
professional engineers before use, to ensure that it is in suitable condition. Steps must be
taken to rule out the use of any components that are damaged, deformed, or weakened due to
wear, corrosion or not.
11. Based on the approved concrete body plan, fix the level of the scaffold to prevent any
discrepancies from drawing.
12. Scaffolding erection will close up all the slab area including column.
13. Formwork supervisor will arrange scaffolder to put up the edge barricade and toe board with

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the safety net once the gap is covered. The edge protection must be extended to a minimum
of 2m above the future slab being formed, to be integrated to the scaffolding system
formwork.
14. Once the gap of table form and barricade is done, formwork supervisor will handover to
rebar supervisor for next stage of work.
15. Rebar workers and carpenters will start to fix the rebar and formwork according to the design
details.
16. For the material on top the formwork, it shall be placed at least 1m away from the edge. Only
specific material that will be used at the zone to be hoisted up and it should be made known
to workers by the Supervisor.
17. After inspection by M+W Engineer and RE/ RTO, the Level 2 slab will start to cast.
18. When the Level 2 slab achieves required strength, dismantle the scaffold and shift the
materials from Level 1 to Level 2 to construct column and roof beam.
19. Signage to place at the barricade (horizontal GI pipe) for demarcation of formwork activities
ongoing zone.

3.28 Dismantle of slab formwork


1. Once the slab achieves the required strength and get approval, start to dismantle slab
formwork and staging. But there must be back propping below the slab to support the load.
2. The removal of formwork should be carried out with the direct supervising of formwork
supervisor.
3. First, lower down the scaffolding to certain height. Remove the slab soffit formwork and
then dismantle the scaffold level by level. The dismantle work must be carry out by train on
working at height and approved by scaffold supervisor.
4. The workers must wear safety harness and secure to lifeline. Then the dismantle work just
able to conduct.
5. Dismantle all of the ledger, standard and diagonal. Stack the materials properly and bring it
partial of the materials up to level 2 after construct the column from Level 2 to roof. Erect
the staging to construct roof beam.
6. Repeat the same process from Level 2 to roof after finish cast the roof beam.

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3.29 Scaffold erection
1. All scaffolding will be erected by qualified scaffold erector who are certified by CITI, ITE
or any other ATP (Approved Training Providers) and supervised by qualified scaffold
supervisors.
2. Whenever possible, competent workmen erecting/dismantling the scaffold will work from
the minimum of a two board run (min 500 mm).
3. It is not acceptable for scaffold erectors to be work on tubes, unless a fall arrest device is
provided and secured to a suitable anchorage point at all times.
4. Do not leave any unused materials lying on any work platforms and all unwanted or surplus
material must be returned to store.
5. Uncompleted scaffolds must be displayed with “unsafe for use” sign prominently displayed
on the scaffold.
6. Inspection to be repeated on a 7day interval after initial certification for use has been issued.
7. Scaffold should be checked prior to every shift by the work crew especially after wet
weather or change in ground conditions.
8. A copy of the scaffold register must be maintained by the scaffold supervisor.
9. Safety harness with 2 lanyards attached to a shock absorbing device must be worn when
working above 2m in height.

3.29.1 Erection of scaffold


1. Scaffold erector shall place the timber/metal sole plate on the ground to support the scaffold
base plate.
2. Scaffold erector shall place three number of standard vertically with a spacing of not more
that 2500mm on the base plate.
3. Scaffold erector shall connect foot tie horizontally to the three standards with right angle
coupler and the height of the foot tie shall be 150mm to 450mm from the ground.
4. Another set of three number of standard vertically with a spacing of not more than 2500mm
on the base plate and the two set of standard shall be placed parallel to each other with a
spacing of not more than 2500mm.
5. Scaffold erector shall connect the two sets of standards with two foot tie on either side with
right angle coupler.
6. Scaffold erector shall connect the standard with transoms and ledger using right angle
coupler with a spacing of not more than 2000mm.
7. Scaffold erector shall be braced by means of longitudinal and transverse bracing systems
which shall be lapped and spliced and extend from the base to the top of the scaffold and the

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joints in bracing members shall be continuous and fixed at approximately 45 degree to the
horizontal.
8. Scaffold erector shall secure ladder to the scaffold components with G16 tying wire and this
access is provided to gain access from one level to another of scaffold and ensure these
ladders are secured firmly on the scaffold component.
9. Scaffold erector shall place planks/ decking of uniform thickness on transoms and ledge and
the plat form should have the capable to support a load of 670kgf per meter.
10. All metal decking shall be provided with non-skid surfaces and any platform shall project
beyond its ends support to a distance not less than 500mm and not more than 4 times the
thickness of the plank.
11. Scaffold erector shall fix toe boards on the platforms with tying wire with a minimum height
of 90 mm.
12. Scaffold erector shall install 2 guard rails with right angle coupler and rail should be erected
not more than 1 meter above the work platform, the mid rail should not exceed 600mm.
13. Scaffold erector shall extended standards with pipe joint pins and the above sequence shall
be followed to erect each level of the scaffold.

3.29.2 Dismantle of scaffold.


1. Exclusion zone must be in place to unauthorized workers are forbidden to enter the working
area.
2. Dismantle in the reverse order of erection methods; lower all scaffolding components
carefully to the ground. Stack, clean and check whilst dismantling and dispose of any
damaged components.
3. During dismantling, DO NOT removes any ties or braces in advance of general dismantling-
it may be necessary to provide additional ties to give stability during dismantling.
4. DO NOT overload platforms with stacked fittings or tubes.
5. DO NOT throw tubes, fittings and platforms to the ground. DO NOT pass down tubes with
clips attached.

3.30 Removing of Formwork


1. The removal of formwork should be carried out with the direct supervising of formwork
supervisor.
2. Get approval before strike any formwork and it should inspect by M+W, L.K. Ang Site
Engineer and RE/RTO and all the 3 parties must sign the form.
3. If early striking is required, obtain approval from main contractor/consultant/owner
representative.

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4. Carpenter shall remove the formwork propping by loosen the U jack and followed to loosen
the form tie nuts and washers with the use of hammer and hand tools.
5. Carpenter shall remove the timber formwork panel without damaging the concrete structure
and the D12 plastic cone shall be removed using hand tools.
6. Upon removing of the formwork exposed tie rod holes plasterer shall patched with non-
shrink grouts and make the surface good.
7. Upon removing of formwork, the curing to the exposed concrete need to be commenced.
8. All the removed formwork materials shall clean and clear of all debris and stacked properly
and these materials shall be shifted to the lay down area using crane and lorry.
9. Lifting supervisor, rigger man and signal man shall be deployed for the crane activity.

3.31 Concrete honeycomb repair works


1. If identify the honeycomb at construction site, inform RE/ RTO to get approval for
rectification work.
2. Remove all defective and loose concrete knocking manually by hammer.
3. Clean/brush/wash surface with clean water. Use compressor if necessary to further clean the
surface. Ensure that the surface is free from oil, grease, or any loose material.
4. Call for inspection to confirm that the area/surface is ready for grouting.
5. Apply bonding agent to the surface.
6. Patch up with non-shrink grout. If the area is too large and deep to plaster, install formwork
and pour non-shrink grout.
7. Remove the formworks after 24hours and patch up finish the surface.

3.32 House keeping


1. Supervisor shall ensure all access/egress to work area are not block and free from any
materials.
2. Workers to ensure that they use the proper walkway provided.
3. Keep and store all unused materials and keep site clear from materials.
4. Housekeeping shall be done every day before and after the work and also whenever site
requires.

4 RESOURCE

4.1 Materials

 Orange net and safety tape.


 Barricade materials.
 Step Ladder.

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 Warning signs.
 100 x 75 mm timber.
 25 x 50 mm timber.
 Hollow section
 Binding wire
 Ready mix concrete.
 Insulation tape.
 Plastic sheet
 Canvas sheet.
 Cut and bend rebar.
 Welding rod.
 18 mm plywood sheet.
 D12 Plastic cone.
 D12 form tie.
 Expansion metal (hi rib)
 Form oil.
 GI pipes and jacks
 Curing compound.
 Hardener cement
 Spacer block
 Embedded items.
 Sand
 Bentonite, bentonite pellets.
 Cement
 Hand drill & Grinder
 PVC Pipe
 Steel Plate
 H20 Timber beam
 U head holder
 Primary clamp
 Pin for standard
 Prop collar
 Pin for prop collar
 Ledger
 Diagonal brace

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 Standard
 Waler
 Prop inner base
 Prop inner
 Table trolley
 Guardrail post holder
 Prop Inner screw
 U head jack
 Base jack
 Starter Piece

4.2 Equipment

 Rebar cutter/bending machine


 Mobile crane/ Lorry Crane
 1Ton roller
 Jumper/plate compactor
 Excavator / mini excavator/ long arm excavator.
 Concrete pump car/stationary concrete pump
 Welding machine.
 Makita cutting
 Vibratory engine with poker
 Concrete bucket.
 Tower light
 Generator.
 Webbing slings.
 Electrical drilling machine.
 Power float machine
 ‘A’ frame drilling machine
 Water pump
 Diesel engine compressor unit
 Air hoses & water hoses

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4.3 Tools.

 Hammers
 Measuring tapes
 Hoes.
 Spade.
 Aluminium or timber leveller or runner.
 Bar fixing player.
 Quick setting level.
 Spanner.

5 HSE PLAN

5.1 General Requirements

The work will be executed in accordance to the requirements under the local legal, M+W
and owner safety requirements
Following are the mandatory PPE.

 Safety helmet with chin strap.


 Safety shoes with ankle support.
 Eye protection.
 Safety gloves to be worn appropriate to the task.
 Reflective vest.
 Ear plug where applicable.
 Face mask.
 Full body safety harness.

5.2 Control of Work

General work permit, lifting permit, hot work permit and entry/exit permits shall be applied
and these permit systems shall be implemented to control the work.

5.3 Stop the Job Policy

All work will be stopped if any unsafe act or unsafe condition arises, haze more than 200
and during heavy rain in accordance to the stop the job policy.
Rain/ heavy rain-Supervisor to decide and arrange work where shelters are provided and to
STOP all lifting activities.
WAH work supervisor to minimize the workers and to provide rain coat for workers.

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Lightning- To STOP all outdoor work activities and workers to be under a lightning
protected area.

5.4 Emergency Response Plan

Prior to the commencement of work, planning for various reasonable foreseeable


emergency situations shall be conducted. Action plan dealing with each emergency shall be
formulated and communicated to all personnel involved. Reference shall be made to
Emergency Response plan. In case of any incident/ accident/ property damage, reporting
procedure shall be complied with immediately. Assembly area to be noted by all work force.

5.5 Permit to work

Prior to commencement of work the following permit shall be applied and the permit shall
indicate clearly the description of work, location and the permit should signed off and
closed on the job completion.
Types of permits
1. General work permit.
2. Lifting permit.
3. Hot work permit.
4. Entry/Exit permit.
5. Piling permit.
6. Demolishing permit.

6 APPENDIX

6.1 Risk assessment.


6.2 Safe work procedure.

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