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Solutions Slot – 1 (Physics) Page # 1

WAVE OPTICS

EXERCISE – I SINGLE CORRECT

2
⇒ λ= m
100

1. v
Wave front. ∵ f=
λ

3 × 108 × 100
⇒ f= = 1.5 × 1010 Hz
2

2. Imax . = ( I1 + I2 )
2
= 9I [ . R >>2a]

:
=( )
2
Imax . I1 − I2 =I

7. a 2a
d b
3. sin r = a
c i
c
b ⇒ 3a = nλ
sin i = d
c e
n = 15
r ⇒
⇒ isin i = u sin r ∆x = 15λ → Maxima
b ⇒ 14 + 14 + 14 + 14 + 4 = 60
⇒ µ=
d

4. Frequency remains constant wave length


decreases.
x

A Maxima
8.
D
Minima 2
5. D B
3

C
x 5
tanθ = =
⇒ A, C Bright D 2
⇒ B, D Dark
d
9. 2  + 1 = 7
λ

S 10. D = By using white light instead of single


6. wavelength light.
14
13 /2
n λRD λ D
11. = (n + 1) B
13λ d d
= 0.13
2 ⇒ n. 7800 = (n + 1) 5200

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Page # 2 Solutions Slot – 1 (Physics)

⇒ n = 2.
4 × 6500 × 10 −10 × 120 × 10−2
∴ y=
12. C → the fringe next to the central will be red. 2 × 10 −3
y = 0.156 cm
λ
13. ∆x = (2n + 1)
2 d.y 2π
19. ∆φ = ×
λ D λ
∆x = (1 + 3) – (2 + 4) = (2n + 1)
2 λD 1
∵ y= ×
d 4
14. Intensity in first case = 4I0
π
∆φ ∴ ∆φ =
In second case = 4I0 cos 2 2
2
∆φ
∴ Average = 2I0 ⇒ I’ = 4I cos2
2
I1 4I = 2I
⇒ = 0 =2:1
I2 2I0
20. As the D ↑ position of first maxima
15. 4I0 = I
 λD 
I0 = I/4 i.e., y ↑  d 
 
⇒ First decrease then increase.
∆φ
16. I’ = 4I cos2
2
21. I0 = 4I
∆φ 1 Intensity due to one
⇒ cos 2
=
2 4
d.y 2π
∆φ = ×
∆φ 1 D λ
⇒ cos = ±
2 2
0.25 × 10−2 × 4 × 10 −5 2π
2x dy = −2
×
⇒ ∆φ = 100 × 10 6000 × 10−10
λ D ∆φ = π/3
π.dy 1 π
⇒ cos =+
λD 2 3
I’ = I0 cos 2

π.dy π 2
⇒ =
λD 3 3I0
=
λD 4
⇒ y=
3d
22. S1P – S2P = λ/6
17. 4 × 6300 = (4.5) λ ∴ SS1P – SS2P = λ/3 .....(1)
4 × 6300 SS1P – SS3P = 4λ/3 .....(2)
λ = ×2
9 2π 4λ
⇒ ∆φ = ×
= 5600 Å λ 3
(2) – (1)
n1.λD n2λ2.D SS2P – SS3P = λ
18. =
d d 2π
⇒ ∆φ = × λ = 2π
⇒ n1 × 6500 = n2 × 5200 λ
n1 = 4 Take base SS3P

n2 = 5

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Solutions Slot – 1 (Physics) Page # 3


28. ∆φ = .x
λ /µ
I
I 2 πµ x
=
λ
I

(2 I ) ( I ) + 2 .2
2
Inet = + I I c o s 1 2 0º
S1
Inet = 3I S

29. S2
c.m. shift
down
dy 2π
23. × = ∆φ
D λ
∆φ λD
⇒ 2I = 4I cos2 β= = remain same.
2 d

∆φ 1
⇒ cos =
2 2  n3  2π
30.  − 1 t ×
∆φ π n
 2  λ2
⇒ =
2 4
λ1 n2
d.y 2π π ∴ =
⇒ . = λ2 n1
D λ 2

1 × 10 × y
−3
1  n3  2πn2
⇒ = ⇒  − 1 t ×
1 × 500 × 10−1 4 n
 2  λ1n1
⇒ y = 1.25 ×10–4 m

= λ n (n3 − n2 ) t
24. 0.3 ×10–3 × sin30º = n × 500 × 10–9 1 1

⇒ n = 300
∴ 299 + 299 + 1 = 599 31. Path diff. = t (µ – 1)
as µ ↑ Path diff. ↑

O intensity
d/2
2d
25. d 3 x white spot
intensity
O

∆φ
d 2d 32. 2I = 4I cos2
x = − 2
2 3
= d/6 ∆φ 1
⇒ cos =
2 2
d.d ∆φ π
26. = nλ ⇒ =
6D 2 4
2
d  3 − 1 t
⇒ λ= [n = 1, 2, 3.....]  
6nD 2π  2  = π
⇒ ×
λ 2 4
λD ⇒ t = λ/2
27. β=
d
In water λ ↓ so β ↓ d.y
33. (2µ − 1) t − (µ − 1).2t =
D

394 - Rajeev Gandhi Nagar Kota, Ph. No. 0744-2209671, 93141-87482, 93527-21564
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Page # 4 Solutions Slot – 1 (Physics)

d.y tD phase difference


t= ⇒ y =
D d

 ∆φ  o phase difference
34. 0.75 × 4I = 4I cos2  2  37.
 

∆φ 3
cos = ±
2 2

∆φ = π + (2µt).
∆φ π 5π 7π 11π 13π 17π λ
= , , , , , ......
2 6 6 6 6 6 6 at top
t → o
π 5π 7π 11π 13π 17π
∆φ = , , , , , ...... ∆φ = π
3 3 3 3 3 3
Minima for all the wave length.
for third Maxima ⇒ ∆φ = 6π Top position will appear dark.
for second Minima ⇒ ∆φ = 3π ⇒ As we move down violet Maxima will appear
∆φ must lie between 3π and 6π first.
11π 13π 17π first colour will be violet.
⇒ ∆φ = , ,
3 3 3
π
is not lying in the Range.
3

S2
38. 1.33
S1 t

1.5

35.
4
2× t = 600
P 3
t = 225 nm.
S2P – S1P = nλ = const.
⇒ equation of hyperbola
rarer
air
39.
denser

36.
λ
2ut =
2
t changes more rapidly when we go outwards. λ
t=
⇒ path diff. changes more rapidly 4
⇒ fringe width ↓

d
8d
40. d

394 - Rajeev Gandhi Nagar Kota, Ph. No. 0744-2209671, 93141-87482, 93527-21564
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Solutions Slot – 1 (Physics) Page # 5

d = (µ – 1) A × 1

8d2.2
no. of fringes =
λD

16d2 16[(µ − 1)A.1]2


= =
λD 6000 × 10−10 × 5
= 5.33

r
d
r
41.
a

d = 2aδ
= 2a (µ – 1)d
λ(a + D)  D
β = 2a(µ − 1) α  1 + a 
 
a →∞
λ
⇒ β=
2α(µ − 1)

42. If liquid is filled then λ will change but central


maxima is independent of λ
so it will not shift any where
So statement 1 is false
change in path difference will cause the change
in central bright fringe.
statement 2 is true.

43. According to cauchy’s formula.


n = a + b/λ2 + ................
In VlBGYOR λ will increase so n will decrease
c
v=
n
nR < nB
So, vR > vB
statement 1 is True
And the reason of 1 is larger λ

44. Maxima occurs where phase difference is zero.


E.M. field is varying but the variation of both
the slits wave is same

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Page # 6 Solutions Slot – 1 (Physics)

EXERCISE – II MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION


1. For coherent source
⇒ frequency same I/2
⇒ constant phase difference C.M.
O
2. The fringes next to central will be violet and 8. I
there will not be a complete dark fringe.

Red Blue A → The fringe pattern will get shifted


towards covered slit.
3.
= Imax . = ( 2
)
I1 + I2  I1 ≠ I2 then
d 2
Imin. = ( I1 − I2  I)
min .
↑ Imax . ↓

λD λD
4. β= β= (doesn’t change)
d d
as (a) d ↓ , β ↑

VIBGYOR t
(b) d
λ ↑n↓

2d
d.y 9.
5. Shift = (µ − 1)t
D
for C.M.

y = (µ – 1). t.
β
λ
( )
2 − 1 d = (1.5 – 1) t

(
t = 2 2 −1 d )
λD
A 10. β= λ↑β↑
d
P VlBGYOR
6.   →
B λ↑

β λ
At point P we assume tA provide greater path 11. Angular fringe width = =
D d
difff.
⇒ (µA – 1) tA – (µB – 1) tB λD
β=
⇒ tB – tA = ∆x d
if tB > tA ∆x = +ve (shift towards A)
if tB < tA ∆x = –ve (shift towards B) 12. C is not correct
C.M.; does not change.
7. As width ↑ ⇒ I ↑
 2π
⇒ Imin = ( I1 − I2 )
2
13. I(θ) = I0 cos2
φ
2
∆φ = d sin θ
 λ
⇒ I1 ≠ I2
Imin ≠ 0 150 × 106 
I(θ) = I0 cos2  8
× π × sin θ
 3 × 10 
I(θ) = I0 cos2 (sinθ . π/2)

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Solutions Slot – 1 (Physics) Page # 7

 π  I0 λ air λ
at θ = 30º ⇒ I(θ) = I0 cos2  4  = 2 ∆x = 2λair + = (2n + 1)
  2 2
at θ = 90º ⇒ I0 cos2 π/2 = 0 Minima at (1) interface
at θ = 0
I(θ) = I0 cos2 0 = I0.

14. Path difference at 0


= (µ – 1) t

=
3 C.M.
S1 A

2π 7π
∆φ = × O
λ 3 S2 B

14π
=
3
dy1
At A . ∆x = (µ – 1) t – = 2λ
D
1.05 µm = 9000 Å + y1 × 10–3

y1 = .15mm

At B.
dy2
∆x = (µ – 1)t + = 3λ
D
−3
1 × 10 × y2
10500 Å + = 3 × 4500 Å
1

y2 = 0.3mm

(1)

2 =
15.
(2) =t

2 λ a ir
∆x = µ2 µ 2 + ∆x1 – ∆x2
∆x = 2 λair + ∆x1 – ∆x2
µ3 > µ2 > µ1
λ air
⇒ ∆x1 = ∆x2 =
2
∆x = 2λair = nλair
Maxima at Interface (1)
⇒ µ1 < µ2 > µ3
λ
∆x1 = , ∆x2 = 0
2

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Page # 8 Solutions Slot – 1 (Physics)

EXERCISE – III SUBJECTIVE QUESTIONS

λ.D 600 × 10−9 × 1 ∆φ π 5π 7π


1. β= = = , ,
d 4 / 3 × 0.2 × 10−2 2 6 6 6
⇒ β = 0.225 mm dy 2π π 5π 7π
× = ∆φ = , ,
D λ 3 3 6
x
2. = 12 ⇒ β = 600 × D D λ D 5λ D 7λ
β 1
d y= . , , .
d 6 d 
6 d 6
x min.Dis tan ce
= 18 ⇒ β2 = 400 × D
β2 d 7λ D 5λ D
Minimum Distance = −
3. ∆x = nl 6 d 6 d
(1.7 –1).t –(1.4 –1)t = 5λ
λD
5 × 4800 × 10−10 =
⇒ t= 36
0.3
1. × 600 × 10−9
= 8 × 10–6 m = = 2 × 10−4 m
3 × 10−3
2
Imax  0.2I + 0.8 0.27  8. ∆x = dsinθ = λ
4. = 
Imin  0.2I − 0.8 0.2I  y
⇒ d× =λ
2 D + y2
2
 1.8  2
=  = 9 = 81 ⇒ d2y2 = λ2(D2 + y2)
 0.2 
⇒ y2 (d2 – l2)= λ2D2
10−3 × 1
=y= = 0.35m
(32 − 1)10−6
Relative Trensity)

5.

o 0.75 1 2 3

air
λ
∆x =d sin θ = d.θ =
2 9. t 1.2
−3
π 520 × 10
d.0.75 × =
180 2 1.5

d = 1.98 × 10–2
λ
2µt = → minimum
2
9λD 3λD
6. − = 7.5 × 10−3
α 2d λ
t= = 10−7 m

15λD
⇒ = 7.5 × 10−3
2d
10. Loyd’s mirror
⇒ λ = 5000Å
λD 600 × 10−9 × 1
⇒ = {d=2mm} =
2d 2 × 2 × 1 × 10−3

7. 3I = 4I cos2 0.15 mm
2

∆φ 3 11. 2µt = nλ
cos =±
2 2 µ×x
2× = nλ ....(1)
2500

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Solutions Slot – 1 (Physics) Page # 9

µ × x' dy
2× = (n + 1)λ ...(2) ∆x =
2500 D
(2) – (1)
3 × 10−7
⇒ 0.255 × 10–7 = = ×y
2×µ D
⇒ x '− x  = λ
2500   y = 0.085D
fringwidth

∴ x’ – x = 0.85 mm
120
no. of fringes = = 141
x'x
h sec r
λD 16. h
12. β1 = ...(1) r
10−3

λ.(D − 5 × 10−2 )
βb = ...(2) ∆x = h sec α(1 + cos2 a) =λ/2
10−3 ⇒ 2h cos α = λ/2
β 1 – β 2 =3 × 10–5 ....(3)
λ
(1) – (2) ⇒h=
10–3(β 1 – β 2) = λ×5×10–2 ∆ cos α
λ = 6000 Å
β1
17. λ2 = λ1
13. Path diff at centre β1

(µ − 1)t2π λ2D
∆x = 7.5 ×10–7 ⇒ ∆φ = = 3π β2 =
λ d
∆φ β2
I = I 0 cos2 =0 λ2 = β λ1
2 1

yd
∆x = ⇒ y = 1.5m 2.7 × 20
D = × 6000
30 × 2
λ1 n2 λ2 = 5400Å
14. (a) λ = n
2 1

6900 1.33
=
λ2 1

6300
λ2 =
1.33
63 × 1.33
β=
1.33 × 1 × 10−3
β = 0.63mm
 1.58  λ
(b)  − 1 t =
 1.33  2

6300 × 1.33 × 100


⇒ =1.575µm
1.33 × 2 × 0.20

15. ∆x = (µ–1)t
= (1.17–1)(1.5 ×10–7)
= 0.255 × 10–7
Now for central maxima :

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Page # 10 Solutions Slot – 1 (Physics)

EXERCISE – IV TOUGH SUBJECTIVE PROBLEMS

–1
λy cos ∆φ =
1 β= 2
d
x 2π
No. of fringe in x d y ∆φ = , ...........
3
x dx
= = 2π
λy λy For t2 to be max. ∆φ =
d 3
∴ Rate of apperaance of no. of fringes 2π 2π
(0.0602 – 0.5t2) = ⇒ t2 = 120 µm
d  dx  d x xv λ 3
=   = (d) =
dt  λy  dt λy λy λD 6000 × 10 –10 × 1
β= = = 6 mm
d 0.1 × 10 –3

2 (i) x = (µ –1)t Imax = ( I1 + I2 ) 2 = I + 4I + 2 4I2 = 9I

2π Imin = ( I1 – I2 ) 2 = I
∆φ = (µ – 1)t
λ

(c) At O, we have already found out that ∆φ = for
 ∆φ  3
I = I0 cos2  
2 nearest minima, ∆φ should be equal to π.
2π dy 2π π
. =π– =
t µ = 17
. λ D 3 3
C.M λD β
∆x = (17
. – 14
. )t y= =
y 6d 6
(d) 5 cm above O
t µ = 14
. 3rd maxima
2π dy 2π
∆φ = . + =
λ D 3
2  ( µ – 1) tπ 
I0 = I sec   2π 5 × 10 –2 ×.1 × 10 –3
 λ  ×
6000 × 10 –10 1 × 10
50 π 2π 52π
For 3rd maxima ∆φ = + = = 14 π
3 3 3
∆x = (1.7 – 1.4) t = 3λ
I′ = I + 4I + 2 4I2 cos( ∆φ)
3 × 4000 × 10 –10
t= = 4 µm = 5I + 4 I cos(14π) = 9 I
0.3
5cm below O
3 ∆x = d sin 30° + (µ1 – 1) t1 – (µ2 – 1) t2
50 π 2π 48 π
∆φ = – = = 16 π
0 .1 3 3 3
= + (1.5–1) 20.4 × 10–3 – (1.5 – 1) t2 = 0.0602 –
2 λD
0.5 t2 4 β=
d
3I = I + 4I + 2 4I2 (cos ∆φ) I case
λ(100cm)
= 0.25mm ...(1)
d
II case
30° λ(100cm) 2
= (0.25mm) ...(2)
(d + 12
. mm) 3
(1) ÷ (2)

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Solutions Slot – 1 (Physics) Page # 11

d + 12
. mm 3
= ⇒ d = 2.4 mm
d 2 6th
Putting in (1)
we get λ = 600 nm 5th Maxima
when the slabe is placed, C.M. shift to 20th maxima
∴ (µ – 1) t = 20 λ ⇒ (1.5 – 1) t = 20 (600 × 10–9) m
t = 24 µm
31π
 µ   µ  ∆φ = 10 π + π/3 =
3
Q.5 Path difference at C =  µ – 1 t1 –  µ – 1 t 2 =
 w   w 

 27  ∆φ = × 5 λ = 10 π ∴ (1.7 – 1) t –
 – 1 (2.5 – 125
. ) λ
 20 
7 31 λ
∆x = µm (1.4 – 1) t = ⇒ t = 9.3 µm
16 6
2π 7 –6
∴ ∆φ = λ × 16 × 10 Q.8. Maxima ∆x = d = 2 λ
ω
(λair = 5000 Å) λ 3λ
Miximum correspond ± & ±
2π × 4 × 7 × 10 –6 2 2
=
5000 × 3 × 10 –10 × 16 λ 1
 λw µ air  d sin θ = , sin θ =
 =  2 4
 λ air µ water 
1 1
7π tan θ = ∴ y=±
= = 15 15
3
5000(3) 3λ 3 3
λw = A d sinθ = sin θ = ∴y= ±
4 2 4 7
 ∆φ   7π 
I = I0 cos 2   ⇒ I = I0 cos 2   ° +
 2  6 0
in3 C.M.
ds –
3I0 I 3
I= ∴ =
4 I0 4

Q.6 λ = 7 × 107 m λ 1
d sin 30° – d sin θ = ⇒ sin θ =
∴ ∆x = (µ – 1) t = 5 λ ...(i) 2 4
t = 7 µm y 1 1
=
for Green light 2
D +y 2 4 ⇒y= 15
−7
6 × 7 × 10 λ 3
t (µg – 1) = ∆x = 6λr ⇒ µg – 1 = d sin θ – d sin 30° = ⇒ sin θ =
7 × 10–6 2 4

6 y 3 3
= = 1.6 =
10 2
D +y 2 4 ⇒y= 7

∆φ λ
Q.7 3I = 4I cos2 Q.9 A.f.w = 1° → 60 min
2 d
π
∆φ 3 → 60 min
cos =± 180
2 2
∆φ should be in between 10 π → 11 π π 6000 × 10–10
⇒ =
180 × 60 d

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Page # 12 Solutions Slot – 1 (Physics)

v hi
 m= =
5th dark fringe u h0

∆x = 4.5 λ hi = 2h0 = 2(0.25) = 0.5 mm
 π π ∴ d = (0.5 + 0.5 + 0.5) = 1.5 mm
 y = 1. 5 × = mm D = (130 – 30) = 100 cm
 3.6 2.4
λ = 500 nm
6.48 3λD 3(500 × 10 –9 )(100 × 10 –2 )
d= OA = =
π d . ) × 10 –3
(15
yd OA = 1mm
3rd Bright fringe ∆x = =3λ (ii) If 0.5 mm is reduced, then resultant d will reduce
D
3λD
3 × 6000 × 10–10 π π hence OA = will ↑
y= × –3 = mm d
1 6.48 × 10 3.6
Q.10 I & II light wave interfere to produce interference Pattern Q.12 ∆x due to above arrangement = d cos θ
I 3I 2π 2π
I1 = , I2 = (d cos θ) = (2λ cos θ) = 4π cos θ
4 16 ∴ ∆φ =
λ λ
 ∆φ 
I 3I 2 3
+ – I I = I0 cos 2  
Imin ( I1 – I2 ) 2  2
= = 4 16 8 = 1
Imax ( I1 + I2 )2 I 3I 2 3I 49
+ +
4 16 8
II 3I 1
. θ
4 4
S1 O S2
I 3I 3
.
I 4 4 4 2λ

3I
4
I I0  ∆φ 
= I0 cos 2  
2  2

∆φ π
= 2nπ ±
1 1 1 2 4
Q.11 (i) – =
V u f  2n + 1 –  2n + 1
θ = cos –1   & π ± cos  
 8  8 
1 1 1
+ = n = 0, 1, 2, 3 .......
V 15 10

I1 A Q.13 When convex lens is introduced,


v = 70 cm, u = – 30 cm
0.5mm
v h +7 0.7 cm
= i ⇒ 3 = h ⇒ h0 = 0.3 cm i.e. d = 0.3
0.25mm u h0 0
–30cm
S O cm
0.25mm
λD
= 0.0195 cm
d
15cm 0.5mm
I2 λ(100cm)
=.0195cm ⇒ λ = 5850 Å
0.3cm
130cm

394 - Rajeev Gandhi Nagar Kota, Ph. No. 0744-2209671, 93141-87482, 93527-21564
IVRS No. 0744-2439051, 0744-2439052, 0744-2439053 www.motioniitjee.com, email-hr.motioniitjee@gmail.com
v = 30 cm
Solutions Slot – 1 (Physics) Page # 13

EXERCISE – V JEE QUESTIONS


1. A,C,D Plane wave intensity remains constant λ 648
2 µt = ⇒t= = 90 nm
2 4 × 1 .8

yd  µ  3 3  t
 
2. =t  µ – 1 = t  2 × 4 − 1 = n 1
D  0    8 6. d cos θ = ± nλ ⇒ cos θ = ± =± ±1
2 2
10.4 × 10 –6 1 .5 13
(a) y = × –3 = mm O
8 0.45 × 10 3
∆φ λ
(b) I = I0 cos2 λ
2
1
∆x = × 10.4 × 10–6 ⇒ I = I max cos 2 2λ ∆x = 2λ
8 2λ

 2π 1 
 −7
× × 10.4 × 10 − 6  ⇒ I = I cos 2 λ λ
 2 × 6 × 10 8  max
O

 13 π 
 6  π π π π 3π π
 
θ = 0, , , π − , π, π + , , 2π – ⇒ (R, 0),
3 2 3 3 2 3
 π  π
= Imax cos2 2π +  ⇒ = Imax cos2 2 π + 6  ⇒  R 3R 
 6    , 
 2 2  , (0, R)
I  
3
Imax = 4 = 75%
(c) ∆x = n λ 7. B I = I + 4I + 2 I × 4I cos ∆φ ⇒ IA = I + 4I = 5I
1300 = n λ
λ = 650 nm when n = 2 , λ = 433 nm when n = 3  π
∵ ∆φ = 
 2

IB = I +4I – I = I (∵ ∆φ = π) ⇒ IA – IB = 4I

n1λ1D n 2 λ 2D
8. B y= =
d d
3. A
n1λ1 = n2λ2
12 × 600 = n2 × 400
n2 = 18 fringes
4. A Intensity of wide slit increases
Intensities of both maxima & minima increases.
dy 40 1
9. d sin θ = tan θ0 = =
D 200 5
λ
5. 2µ t – = nλ (n = 0, 1, 2, ..... )
2
t is minimum ⇒ n = 0
d sin θ { O
y

θ θ
40cm

D
t
1.8 2m

1.5
1 y 1
= ⇒ y = 19.6 mm ⇒ sin θ0 =
26 0. 1 26

394 - Rajeev Gandhi Nagar Kota, Ph. No. 0744-2209671, 93141-87482, 93527-21564
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Page # 14 Solutions Slot – 1 (Physics)

optical path difference = (µ – 1) × 10


λ λ
2d cos θ = ⇒ cos θ =
2 4d

13. 1. sin 60º = 3 sin r1 ⇒ r1 = 30º ⇒ r1 + r2 = 30 ∴


r2 = 0
∴ ray incident ⊥ on AC, Thin film interference

14. D
(2n1 – 1) λ1 = (2n2 – 1) λ2 ⇒ (2n1 – 1) 400 = (2n2 – 1) 560
⇒ (2n1 – 1) 5 = (2n2 – 1) × 7
n1 = 4, n2 = 3
1
= 0.8 × 4th dark fringe of 400 nm and 3rd dark of 560 nm coin-
26 cide.
µ = 1.0016 Again n1 = 11, n2 = 7 coincide ⇒ ∆x = 7λ1 = 7 × 400 =
2800 nm
10. (a) Fringes will be circular ∆xD
y= = 2800 × 10–9 × 104 = 28 mm
2 2 d
Imax ( I1 + I2 ) ( I + 0.36 I)
(b) I = 2 = 15. n1λ1 = n2λ2
min ( I1 – I2 ) ( I − 0.36 I)2 n1 × 500 = n2 × 700
[n1 = 7, n2 = 5]
P r ∆x = 7 × 500 nm
∆xD
S1 y= = 7 × 500 × 10–9 × 103 = 3.5 mm
d
S1
∆φ 1 ∆φ 1
16. B cos2 = ⇒ cos =±
S1 2 4 2 2

Imin 1
Imax = 16
(c) 2x = λ
λ
x= = 300 nm
2
11. A

12. B Path difference ∆φ π 2π 4 π 5 π 2π.∆x 2π 4 π


= , , , ⇒ = ∆φ= , ,
λ 2 3 3 3 3 λ 3 3
∆x = d sec θ cos 2θ + d sec θ + = d sec θ [2
2 8π 10π
,
λ 3 3
cos2 θ] +
2 2π 2π 4π 8 π 10π  λ 
d sin θ. = , , , ⇒ θ = sin–1  
λ λ 3 3 3 3  3d 
= 2d cos θ +
2

θ θ d sec θ
d
d sec θcos2θ

For constructrive ∆x = nλ

394 - Rajeev Gandhi Nagar Kota, Ph. No. 0744-2209671, 93141-87482, 93527-21564
IVRS No. 0744-2439051, 0744-2439052, 0744-2439053 www.motioniitjee.com, email-hr.motioniitjee@gmail.com
Solutions Slot – 1 (Physics) Page # 15

17,18,19. (A,C,B)

b
d

a
c
f
e h
g

A,B
I1 = 4I I2 = I ⇒ Imax = 9I
Imin = I
(A) If d = λ ⇒ only central one maxima
(B) λ < d < 2λ ⇒ one central and one more
(C) I, I
⇒ Imax = 9I
Imin = 0
(D) 4I, 4I
Imax = 16 I
Imin = 0
21. (A) → (P,S) ; (B) → (Q) ; (C) → (T) ; (D) → (RST)

λ
S1P0 = S2P0, S1P1 – S2P1 = , S 1P 2 –
4

λ
S2P2 =
2
(A) δ(P0) = 0 (P) , I (P0) > I(P1) → (S)
(B) δ(P1) = 0 (Q)
(C) δ(P0) = π, I (P0) = 0
I(P2) > I (P1)
(D) δ(P1) = π , I (P2) = 0 (R) , I (P0) > I (P1) (S), I (P2)
> I (P1) (T)

22. D
Fringe width

λP
β= as (λR > λG > λb)
d
so β R > β G > β B

394 - Rajeev Gandhi Nagar Kota, Ph. No. 0744-2209671, 93141-87482, 93527-21564
IVRS No. 0744-2439051, 0744-2439052, 0744-2439053 www.motioniitjee.com, email-hr.motioniitjee@gmail.com