cM 0182 s

O

I

STANEDAFItrT CHINEEiE A MODULAF| APPFIOACH
R E S O U R CM O D U L E S : E
P R O N U N C I A T I O Nd R O M A N I Z A T I O N an NUMBERS CLASSROOM EXPRESSIONS

a

I
O

TIME and DATES
SPONSORED EIY AGENCIES OF THE UNITED STATES AND CANAOIAN GOVEFNMENTS

Thir Dubli@tion isto be usedDimanlv In tullon ol intrrucrinomrlirarvDe6onnel 4 pa.t ol the oeleme Lanquage Program(iesidentand noniesidentl.hquiriee .onernrngthe $e ol materialr, includinq.equetB cooies, for ehouldbe addre$ed D€fente Language l.nitul€ Foreign Langua9e c€nter NonretidentTr.inino Division Presidro Monterev-- 939,14-5006 of CA

o

Topi6 in the drearof politi6, inremarional .elariorE, moret , conrideredascontroveBial hom rohe pojhtr of vletv..relometf ldn9uageinstructionfor DUFL< ttudeoti 3in.e mllha.y ii thems€lves positions in wb€rea Glearifiid€Etandlng 6nl!b of matenalrof this n.lure will be e$ential to thei. mittionDepartment Delens€. ol

.ontroveBial stat€ments-whetier rcal or apparent-inDUFLC hateifal be conrtrued!s rep.etenti.g rhe opin'ons of the wrireB, the OO

EErh.

Adual brand namesand buih$ser are 3ometimes cired in DLTFLC innrudoral maieri.ls to provideInrtrudion 'n pronuncialionr and meanrnqs. eled&{-ol The 3u.h proprietdryterms nEmes based and B 30l.lyon thervalue lor innructionh ihe lanquaqe. lt doe not con3lirureendoBement of anv Drodu( or comm€.cial enterprhe,nor it it intendedto invite a comoarison with othe. bra.d names.nd buti.eset not mentioned. publicationr, wordt he, tim, and/orr'i denote borh mas(uline In DLIFLC lhe and f e m i n i n eg e n d e B T h r sn a t e m e r r d o e sn o t a p p l v r o r r d n s l d i r o no f f o r e i g n r The DLIFLC not havefull right3to the mareriakir produce! Durchare the may by cutlomerdoesnct coNtitute aLrhoriz.xon for.eoroducton. r$ale, orihowina tor p.of't. Generally, products d,rtnbutedby the DLIFLC be uled In any noifor may profit5ettinqwirhout prior approvalfrohthe DLlFLc.

CHINESE STANDARD
A 'IIODULARAPPROACH'

MODULES: NESOURCE ANd PRONUNCIATION ROMANIZATION NUMBERS EXPRESSIONS CLASSROOM TIME ANdDATES

AUGUST197S

a
PBEFACE
S + a n d a r d h l n 6 s 6 . A M o d u l a rA p p r o E c h . l g l n . t € d l i . n C o lnt.ra 9 6 r c t c o r r 6 r € 1 c o \ o r d a t f h € r o r 6 q n s . r v r c 6 I n s r l t u l € l i A ug us t l 9 7 i i o a d d r € s sT h o n e e d g € n € r a l l y f e l + l i t h € l a n g u a g €t r a l n l n s c o h h u n i ' f yf o r l n p r o v l n g a n d n.tsrrals to reilecl cu.r€ni usaq6 ln 86lJlng Th€.onrerenco f,ai€.l.ls rhlch rer6 f l € t l b l € 6 n o u g hT n r o r m . n d c o n + 6 i t f o n 6 6 l t h o 1 6 q u l r . n € n t s o r . r i d € r a n ! 6 o f s o v € r n n e n ra g e n c i € s a n d s c . d € h l . l n s t l + u t l 6 i s . A Prol€ct Boa.dva5 e5r.blish6d conststln! of repres6nl.trv€s ot th6 C€drr.t tirettig6nc€ A96n.y Language o.FnlngC6nt.r, L l l r s D € f € n s €1 6 n g u a g o n s i t t u . i e , f h 6 S i . t € D € p . r t i 6 n r ' s F o r 6 t g n I s € r v i c € l n s + l + u + e ,+ h € C r y p t o t o q t . S c h o o to r r h o N ! t t o . a t S € c ! rrty Ageicyr and +h€ !,5. 0rfTce ot Edu..tton, tar.r jotn€d bv th€ Ca.€dl.n Forc€s Fo.eiSn Lenqua96 .hoot. Tho.6pr€s€ntattv€s S h ! v € I n c l u d o d A . + h u r T , r r c N e T t t ,J o h n H o p k l n s , a n d J o h n a o : g ( C l A ) : C o l o n 6 lJ o h n F . E l d . r t t t , J o s € p h . X u t c h t n s o n t, v y C G i b l e i , E n d M . j o . B € r n ! r d M u l e r - T h y m{ D L l ) r J . n € s R . F . t + i r . n d J o h n 3 . R . t l l f f l l l ( F 5 l ) ; K a z u oS h l t . h . ( N S A ) ,R t c h . r d T . T h o n p s . n. n d J u i , . P 6 t . o v ( O E ) r a n d L t e u l 6 n a . t C o t o n . t c . o r q s r h € F r o J e c r B o . r d s . + u p t h e C h l h o s oC o r . C u . . r c u t ! i P r o J o c t ln l9?4 In spac6providdd at tho aorelsn 5€rvtc€ Ins+tfu16. E.ch 6 t t h € s l r U . S . . n d C e n a d l a ng o v s . i n € i t a ! € n c t . s p r o v t d . d t u i d s rid oth€r asslsfance. G . r . r d F . K o k r a s a p p o T n t . dp r o j € e t c o o r d t n ! t o r , a n d ! pl!nnrn9 council ras io.med conslsllng ot fir. Kok, Fr.nc6s Lt of r h o D 6 l € n s . L . n g u a g eI n s + l + u + e , P d r r t . i a 0 ' c o n n o . o l r h 6 u n t e 6 r s l t y o l T € x a s , E a . l t r . R l c k 6 . s o n o t t h e L ! n s u a 9 6L € . r n t n g c o n t 6 r , a n d J . h 6 s l , l r € n io t g r o k d U i T v € r s t t y . r i r h 6 f a ot 197i, L s c i l l 6 A . a a r a l 6 v a s . p p o l n t € d d € p c 1 yp r o J . c t c o o r d t n a l o r . D a v l d l { . D 6 l l l n g € r o r T h e L . n q u a g sL 6 6 . n t n g C 6 n t € . ! n ! C h . . t 6 s F. Snooh.r l th€ roro 9l s€rvlc€ rrer..u.e atso o plannrng councll and cont.rbutod naterl6l ro +h6 p.oj.ct. Th. p l a . . r n g c o u i c l l d r € * u p r h € o r l g i ^ ! l o v € r a l l d 6 s l 9 nr o . t h . m61roqularly to.6vler Th€lr d€v6toohont |lrl+ers lor tho flrs+ hslf ol the h.t€rtats sero John H. T. H!.v6yr Lucllle A. Aar.l€, and RoberlaS. a..rv, rho ,ork6d in cros6 coop€r.tlon rlth th. pl6i^tn!.ounc aid rtth th6 chin€s€ statt ot the Forotgn S€rvtc6 tistttu+.. I,r.. H6.v€v d6votoD6d ihs Instructloh.l ro.nats ot rh€ c.npr6h6nstoi.nd p.oduciton selt-study n.terl6lE, !nd also d.sisned th€ cohhuitcattoi-b.sed class.oon ac'tlvl+ies .nd vrot6 the reacher,s q!td6s. LucI te A. SEral€ and RobertaS. Barry rrot. the t6p6 s.rtDts and th6

t

I
3 y 9 ? 3 ' ' 6 _ a s C , M a o o € ra r d 9 J s . 1 c . o o l . t t d . a r -ho 5r.ri, rr€v 1av. rorl6d as a iotl€o f o p r o d u c . i h € n a t € r r a l s s u b s € q u o i rr o M o d u l o6 . p . € p a - o do . s e r . c ' 6 d b v All Cnln€s€lano"so€ (16r, Fc ao-j-1q cFl, !!3 0lao, rdl rlu, c sL d a - o .t c \ . o , Y n q - ; \ i -l ri n n L t , a n d " ; . F J c , v ! . s , a s s i s r € dl o - D a r ' o l l \ € ' l - € r bv c;r6^-t.1a ou 166, w rs-n 19 c1o-, a_d locao. L' r s' ua19. rf€ orop' -il C\.., 6rd F€"y rrJo elp€d A i r . A f l h o l d a r .U € . r a t l c i o l . o i . l l n l n t r V c o r p u 5o l d T ! l o g u € s . r Adnlilsr..+lv€ 6ssl5+6nc€ ae provrdod.r varlous tlh€s bv F , Vln..nf E.scl.no,Lls. A. Bo{denJlll U. Elll5, oonda ong, Pola, !nd Kr+hl€€n R . n € oT . C . L l r n g , l h o n . s E . t d d . n , S ! s . n C . T h s o r o d u c t l o no t r a o € r o c o r d l i g s v a s d l r 6 c t 6 d b v J o s o I l . R . n l . € z o i t h o F o r . ! 9 n s 6 r v l . € I n s t T t ! + € R € c o . d l n gs t u d l o . T h € . C h l n . s e s . f l o r w . s v o l c € d b y 1 . 1 sC h a o , i l s C h o n , H . . C h e n / L tls. olao, Ms, Nu, Ilr. Kh!o, 1.1.. l, and lls Yang Tho Eng Tsh s.rlo+ e!s .6ad bv M5. BaraE, Ms. 3trry, Mr' gascl.no, s. E!lls, ds. Fola, and ris. sr.YPe, T h e g r a p h l . s , 6 . e p . 6 d u c 6 db y J o h d M c C l € l l . n d o r t h o F o . e l q n ih€ 9oi6.ar sup€rs6rvlc€ Ins+rture Audlo-vlsual A ! l r l o n o f J o s e p h . s a d o t 6 ,c h r o t o i A u d i o _ v i s u r l . S r . r d a - dC . r 6 s o : r v o o J . a -! o o r o . c F" 6 r r i € o - 1 € s - o .r l r F th€ cooD€.0+lon f Broir !1 va'e o tuf€, F;.6lgn L6iguaqo oi+e.r'th€ F.r€lgn Servlca nstlluret C th€ L.nsu!se L..rnlig Coit€-; tho Uiit€d Sfat€s al. Fo.c€ A..d6hv + h e ! n l v 6 . s l t v o f l l l l n o l s r . n d + h o U n i v e . s l r yo f v l r g r i l . . c o r o n a l s a n u € l L . s + 6 p l e ' i o i a n d c o l o n e T h o h a sG , F o 5 + o r , C o m n a n d a n t s T h € D a t € ^ s 6L a n q ! a 9 €l n s +i r ! r e . F o r e l S i L a i g u a q € or s c € n t 6 r , a u t h o . l z 6 d r h e D L F L c s u p p o . l n e c e s a . y r o . p . e p a r a ti o n l o r + r r T 5€ d i f l o n o t t h e c o u r t o m a r e r l a s . I h l s s u p p o r tI n c l u d e d i c o o r dr ^ a t l o i , g r a p h l . a r f e , € d l t l ^ 9 , + y p i i s , p . o o r . € e d i g ,
p r l n t l n g , 6 n d n s * € . l a l s n a . € s 3 a r yr o

Ja n € s R . r r l t h , c h a r r n a n C C h l n 6 s e o . 6C u r r l c u l c h

/-tu/

qONTE TA

t $
f
i

||l I

a
I

t

t

5 !6 t9

?
s!hr".ry . .

)

zt

E
I
,

,o
S..t.nc€ Inion.tton l: ll: NUxE€RS
|-6)

2t

a1
tls+ of Inttt.t. Llsi ot Fl.!t.

8",

t I
I f

50

r r t t
t
! F

t-99'

52 5t ,t t9 6t

oo-999t
Sunn.ry.., c L A S S R 0 0E X P R E t 0S I S ST TI E AIID DAIES

I

2
J

.nd D.y. ol +h. tr.€kt
Tln. 6nd P.ri6 ot rh€ D.y)

17 1A 6l

5unn.ry...

I

E
t

t

I

(P&Rl and PRONUNCIATION nOMANIZATION
INTRODUCTION Y o u r c h l o r c o n c e r n€ s y o 0 s t a . t t h l s c o ! r s e l s l 6 . . n l n g C h l n e s € . I h € 0 r T o n t a + l o i r . i o d ! l e ,v h l . h p l u n g s g you rlght Into +rylnq to say thlngs ln chln€se, trat!.ally Tils rosourco l n ! o l v e s e c € r + a l n a n o u n +o f p . o n u n c i . + i o n r o r l , n o d u l 6 l 5 d 6 s l 9 n € dt o s u p p l € n o n r+ h 6 + t o r k v l t h a b r l . l r s y s lena+tc ln+roductlon syston ot Stand.rd Chlh.s., r €s *.ll es io lts vrl++.n r€p16sGnie+roi n ll!)4! rom.nl2.flo^. Th6 ess6ntiai pa.t ol thts nodul€ conslsfs of rh€ P.onun( d R o m a n l z a t l o n P & F )t a p o s a n d t h € a c c o n p a n y l n g l s clEtloi..d ln tho rorkbook soction of +hls nodul6, You olays 6dd 6rer.lses should vo.k ihrouqh at lBast tho llrst four ol th€5e top€s, and pr€f6rably rhe firs+ sTt, vhlle you a.o studylnq +h€ 0rl€nlatlon F o l l o * l r s + h e , o r k b o o ks e c + i . n o f t h l s n o d ! l € , y . c , l l l t l n d . s ! F h . r y o t p r o n u n c l a t l o na n d r o h s n l ? a l l o n . Y o u h l 9 h i r . h t t o g.nc€ Et this b€fo16sla.llng the i.p€5, p.rtlc!la.ly to loc.+o c€rtalnchorts.nd lisfs shlchcouldb6 hel0ful But lt rocld prob.bly b€ b€tter +o p!+ otl s+udyiig rh€ 3uhn6ry un+ll afler you hav€ Jlhlsh€d th6 1ap6s. The rap6s a.€ Int6nd€d a s a n l i t . o d u c + l o n , f , h ll 6 t h € s q h h a r y i s n o i . F o r o n € t h l n 9 , t € r t d l s . u s s l o n s o t t h 6 s o u n d so l + h o l a n q u . g € c a n n o t 6 q u a l t h e .€.ordod p.€se.1.tion5 .nd your teach.rrs oral pr€s€nlatlons. Fo. anoth6r Thing, +ho suhna.yprovldos coisldarably nor€ lnforhatlon th.n you rl I I i€ed Both th6 leoes.nd +he sunhsrvcoit.ln di.cussions ot +h€ souids 6t +he l€i9u696aid rh6r. sp6rrin9s. Younay tlnd fh.t th65€ dis.ossions ofl6r us6ful hlnt's, Ellorlng you 1o put your ntoll€ct .}o *ork on tho orobl€nsor D.onuncl€1lon.id rom.nz.TIon. Nor€vo., porTlcularly In pronunci!+ioi, h.s+ or tou. o.rdlng hust cone troh dolng. lT Ts Tnporl.il to p.6ctlce r € e d i n 9a n d v . l t i n g t h 6 . o n a n r 2 € t l o i , b u t r t i 3 v l r a l + o p r a c t l c e r e c o g i i z l n g . n d p . o d 0 c i n 9 ? h € s o u n d so t r h e l a n g u a g 6 . Serlous and susialned att€np+sto nlml., as lalrhfully .s poss l b l o , o i t h 6 . y o u r T n s * r u c + o .o r + h € s p e . k o r s o n + h € t . p e s r i l l allo, you fo plck up uiconsclo!sly far 60re rhan you c.n rlt6nd The mo3t lmpo.tant thlnq for yoo to do ls +o.b.ndon thg phoioricrtprojudlcesl you hav€ bullt !p as a sporker of Engll3h a n d s u r . e n d e r y o u . s e l f l o t h o s o u n d so l C h l i e s € . S e l i g l o s s s € t + h a na d u l t s l n t h 6 l r u . y s r c h l l d r € n a r € q u l c k € . r o p l c k u p . prop€r ..c€nt. T r y t o . 6 9 . € s s f o t h 6 p h o n . + l c s u q g € s t l b lI l r y o t chl ldhood,ho*6v6r hard it Is to sh€dtho sef. and confortable rlgldl+y !nd c.r+ainty of adulthood. Th6 host your ln+€ll6cl c€i s u p p l y l s € c € r t a i n . m o u i + o f S u i d a n c oa i d i o n l t o r l n 9 .

PiR

ODIIIE

n*'rutfi*#"r

::lir"" :r.:'iiili:'::ri;;:'il"i:ii,':litffi:'h

" lii:i;;::*ri;ll":;:rri:1"#

li:llii'::ihiiiillil''ii*{-,:*''i:i

}tisru#titffijr":"::"s\;ro? iili!:li*itiit,; rr" "ic.,*." ii'l;iri::!ililliilr;1:'ii;!"i;i:;:'.;;;;,

;*ili:q"ll'i'+*gi*"**':;",;;lri::r:"

,i:lli;i:#*i::lhi:i!i:1"i,:ir"':

NoTE:

A numb6. oi

iit-.v.n coitr.sfs

b6 uiranl li sound

C h l n o s . ' a l r h o u g ha r I a r ' a16 r seo to

(TONES) TAPE 1 WORKBOOX
DlsPlAY l: TB€ FOUnTONES

HIGH

RISING

!g,

"horh6r"

tA, "n".p"

LOW

FALLING

!l

"ro

!.!q. "s. L!-!9

!.!l

l vs.!1 3.
6. lll

r,lI lO. r ,Il

!I9r9lr.3--1.:

v3. !.!

!!.!

tll

I.

YI

11 !s. !1 vs. 2. \l
\l

{'". I
5. t0. Yt Yt YI

II. I6.

YI YI

t2.

I5.

(CONSO]{ANTS VOWELS TAPE2 WOAKSOOK AitD D
DIsPLAYI ANGIE VOIIEIa

F!ns r,i! H! H9ng
En
l.hltl Hll

rinsrhl

fl-ng

2. 7, H

....:

ng

l9
H-nE

H-ns

t0.

.

t. [a
II. lLng

2,

fl

3. 0,

Ft Ei

l.

!6no
lO. | 5. Y!.9 H6n9

e' L{
la, Ntng

12. f,n

ll: DISPLAY DIPH'fIOXGS

s h a n s hI ( S h l n s h ! ! ) a I . r p i L ( T 6r b E l) M e T s s - t u n 9{ & Z 5 d 6 n s ) c h o uEi - l . l t z h t u E n l t I )

l.

l,la I

2.

16l 3. Lal L6ng I4. LT
10. Maig

It.

6|

ll.

III: DISPLAY EEMIVOWEIS

!ais U6o

!6ng !6n
160

M$o L$is

5. lr.

ltuan tllns

Il,

Hu6

12.

tr,

L tl o

voti!! otsptay rv: riREGulaBcofBtrafloNS 0F 3Gxtvowlt AND
s€nlvor.l Plu3 vor.l

E

Y! Y!n

lt! Ll!n
!!6

L$s

r. Yl
6. l l, LUD Hu3

2. ?.

Y6n Ilang

,.
3.

tl
L6ng

4. 9.

ttl !{tl

5,

Lltn

to. Ha
|5. Nlan 20, Ltl

12. Y6ng t?, E

rr, In
la. lud

t4. Ya r9, Llan

6. luo
l.l . H6r9
1 7 , Ll , n

9. tr,

lal H5

to. f0 20. Yl

t6, Lta

1.

lJ.

L

n9 13,

t5.

L 20. L

TAPE 3 WORKAOOK (coNsoNA[Ts vowElg aND

]

?.

t.
Yl_ 8, tJ. Ll6_ yl_ 9. t4. IT_ !l_ tO. t5.

Ia
Lr' Hu6

6. I t.

ll€_ ia_

7.

12. H!6_

olSPLAYt: 3lOP6
orl.niltton [odut. E!.ro t..

grn gd.s
G'

gloltn

IllAfng Y5i!.

!ons
K'

Dl.lan
algu6

!a
!!nnlns

_rn

2.

_rn

,.
7,

_!ng

4.

!ng

to,

g

.

.pprotrr.r..r.ip!.3
in.5. ,o.il. tn t!t.r

In th. o.l.n+.tlon [od! to.

Ex.rcl5. t t. Blt 2.
DINE Tf

1 0 . Dat

BI6

12.

IT OISPLAY AFFRICATES o.l.it.tlon l l o d u l 6 E x . n pl € 3

1!Ene lltns
4ng

S.""a
ql5n9 9lie

+6ir:!t

9!6iod!r

,Lrln
:io

9r
glngzhdu'

FOSITION OIE LAY lll: /r/ ANDTHE FETROFLET l orl6ntailon llodu6 Ex.ntl6

!6n

+6is4l

9!6isdE

olS?lAY lv: tHE PAlAtAl 'OSITiON
qtanpl€3 Nunb.rs R.sourco lilodul.

i!

(ono)

ll!

(.tne)

g! (5'v")

0rleh+.tlon Modul6.

t0

|. 2. l.

Zhtng Zhlng zhEng

J I Eng

7. 3.

Zh!ng Zh!h9

JIlno 'J

J I ENg J Ilng

9. lo. I l.

zhlng zhlng Zhlng

llng

5. 6.

Zhlng Zhan9

J I tng

J llng J llng

Jl ang

12. 2hlns

I. 6.

zilng QT

2.

Jl!.9

i, 3.

QlSns Zht

9.

Cho

lO.

Zhlo

r r . c h 5 n t 4 . Jt l

15. R6.g

R€f.otl€x

F!lat!l

D.n+.

R6+.ol l.x 7. 0. zhlng Zhl.g

!slE!.|
Jl!ng Jl!ng Jllng J Itng J I!n9 .

qgrlgjZ!nq Zlrlg

|. 2. l. 4. 5, 6.

Zhlng Zh|,ng zhlng Zhlng Zhlng zhlng
J llng J Itng

Ztng

zho zang
Z!ng z!ng zlng

9. lo. I r.
12.

zhtn9 zh!n9 Zhlng
Zhlng

Zan9

1"n'
Ztng z!ng

L 6, .

Zhlng Clng Qtln

2, 1.

J llng 26!

t.

zang

". 9.

chtng

t.

QI6ns

Chan 10, zhlo

IA.

JT

r9, cll

r5. cha 20. zel

t.
!ns

2.
6.

-ln9

t. tng
1,

_lan9

_l5ng

t0.

at
t7.
13. t9.

t6. 20.

t2

lll) TAPE4 WORKBOOK (cor€oNAt'lB A D vOwELS
DI'PLAY T AFFFICAI!9 AIID FiICANYEA

4Fhs {l!.s Zrns

g$ie . glans Itis

!$ne
!lth9 glng

!.i.gr v3' Il!,c

!e!e!.g
l. Shlng

E@!s
6. Xllnt Xllng xl!ng Xlang t. 3, 9. lo. Shlng Shlng Shlng shlng Shrng xl!ng

2.
5. 4.

9nhg
Shlng Shlng

x ltng xItng
XIlng

5,

Shang

!Ig-rs.!sg,

$!!s v.. Il!!s
P.llirl

vE. .:!.rs

R.irol l.x

D.ni.l

Elrglllr
5. ?. 8. 9. lO. Shln9 sh!.g Shlng ' Shans Sh!.9

e4!!4
Xltng Xllnq xltng Xllng xl !ng

t . sh!ng 2 . shan9
Slrlng

xl !n9 xltng
Xl!.9 Xll.g

s!ng
Sln0 S!nt slng stng

sln9
Slng slng sang shg

Shl.g

xllng

L

Shhg

2, xllng L Xllo

Slng

a. S!

t. sho
ll. Su5

6. xtn
12. ShSn

Sdng lO. xll

,J. Zgng

ll: DISPLAY FFICATIVES

!Ivs.{
7, ST

vs. !-!l
3,.ST

|l, xt

t2. shl

t. shT

2. ChT 9, Ll

l. zht t0. st
. Zl

5. Xf

6. QI ll. Qt 20. DI

r. Jl

t2. cl.
t9. Jt

tt. 5t

16. ItI

t7. zht t 3 . z I
2r, ltl

t.

J.

ana
_l6ug lo. _lEng
| .

t2.

.ftls

I. not . n.no.

?.

9.

to.

12. rh

-

lV) ANDVOWELS (coNso ANTS TAPE5 WOFKBOOK
olStLAY I

Gual
Ll!

DtatlAYll
Y6u Ll! DtStlAY lll

Lr6

6.

Ll!

3.

l,lb

lO.

Nlr:

tr. Qr!

t.

7,

!,

g I

t0.

12, 15,

t
r F t
LI

DIgPIAYIV LN Llt

t.
3. 4. 5.

tt
Ll Lt LI

Li L! L! L' It

Li
![

6. 7. 3. 9.

tl t-t tr Ll

t!

Llt L! L! l!

2. tl

ta
L'

Li Li Li

t0. !t

tn

r-i
uI
t-0

t
[

'

I. 6.

LI LI

?.

L!

!.

L!

4, 9.

!! LT

?. Ln

Li

I t
I

Ylta

Y[an

I

i

otaPtaY vl
Y'

t t
i t

Ylta
YllSn

vfn

l.

sh!

2.

Si

6. Za I t. lta

7.2h!

xI Ji

:. vi
9. Cha rl. 46

ro. Qf

r2. Yi

r6

rr, rt

l7

l. 9.
IJ.

sh!

2.

Si

?. ,tun
Qoa
Jq | 0. Lll

6.

Y!|

||. tr.

li Q06n

I2. YU

t3

TAPE 6 WORKBOOK (TONES COMBTNATTON) tN
DISPIAYt lHE NEUTFAI TONE

2.

F5l

5. Fal

IHE HA|.FIHINO TONE

T6lb6l

!!LJ ris

!!.u,l.s

!!gdl ns

DISPIAY THEFAISED III TIIIRDTONE

t { 6n h l I

alth!l

t9

EIS::E2J
l. 9. rtlb6l B ah a r l ?, 8 6r J l n g
7, A6rJlng 4. 3. t2.

BEh5l I T 5 rb 6 l 8 6 lh l I

h 6. 35r 6r

(1) otlPr Y tv: Two.To ESEOUENCES
2 t

xl !ngglng

vinnan
3

t5lbEr
86thl I

B EJ t n g l

12. BolJlng

t3. Y.n,.n

2.

Xllngglng l.

9.

661hil

tq. vtnnln I t3. Fe 16

15. 1 9 . 86l JTng

o f a t o r m o r P r o vI n c e .

20

DI3PLAV lWGTOlilEs€OUEXCEI{Zl V:
2 I 2

o
B6yl

zhtt(
J l 6 s hl Jl! l6ng

[6nEzt
Li6h!i

a
Zhal !n9

?. zhttu
9. lr. Z h . Jl . n O loy I 20. QlngC.o

2. 6.

Z h l Jt l n g Iaixlln Y!1.6h

t. ?. fl.

Jl!l6ig Flt t. P[ar

a. 8. 12.

sutyqln ZarhOc

zhtt!

lo.

15. tlchln!

16. Jl a . h l 20.

Qrngdao 1 3 . R lb l n

19. tllhon

tThl3 l. ih. n.h. ol . fori.r

p.ovtnc.,

zl

TONE CARD

(9
=

=t
U)
=

-J .J

u-

G?

22

SU
TOTEA
,

ANY

t I

t
I
!
I
I

t v . r v 3 y l l . b t . l n s + . n d . . r tc h l i . 5 € h . 3 o r . o f t o u r d l s l l n c i l v . ( + o i . . r r o r p . t t € r n 3 o t p l + c h . T h aq l y . : . . D t t o n to thl3 .!1. l6 +hat..vrl.bl. ro... lir lnb...n+ ion. rlr.n li l. !ns+.....d. Th€i6n. l..j!!r !3 i{ch ! p!r+ ot. syll.bt. .6 lh..on3on..t!.nd voral..nd o.rfori. th...D tunctlon-slgn.llng ih. n..nlng or +h..yllill.. In oih.r ro.d!, dltl.r6nc. In ion. b.t*o.r lf,o !yr l!bl€3 c.n !lgn.l . dltl.r.n.. ln n..nln9, Jusl .r. dltl.r.n.. In.on3on.nt..r vor.l..lo.!. It rlll !. dlttl.uli.l llral to.ppr.cl!+. lully ih.t t ro.. l. .o6.thrnsth.+ bolon!. to. .vllrbl...th.r th...on.rhlng fh.+ 6...1y h.Dp.n6 to ll. Thls t. b.c!!!. fh. onty u6. 6t DIl.h D.tt6.ns In Ehgll.h l. lo. Inton.rlonor .ntlr. ..nr.nc.E, .tl.c+lnq ohly fh. i..nIna3 6t rhot..an+.nc€.. tcr 6x!ry1., th. rlrlns tItch.+ th..nd ot ,'SDlnlch. d.llelou3?" l h.6 nolhlng to do rlth ih. m€.nlngoi th. ro.rl ,d.llclouan blt t.ll. uB th.+ +h. rhol...lll.nc.6holtd !a rntaturetai.r r^r! you ..yrn9 th.t 6trn.ch l5 d.llclou.?n li n.y b. dltllc!li at flFt* to r.n.rb.r th. ton6ol . syll.Dl... r.ll .. you r.i.nb.. th. .on.o..nls lnd vor.l!. Thl. ls b.c.u.. you h.vo to d.v.loD th€ coflpl.l.ly n.r h.blt of n!.klnE +on.. In yoli m.nl6t dlcf lon.ry.

t
I !

I

I

a
a

25

TONCS DISPIAY l}lE FOUR l:

HIGH

RISING

r,,

"h.nt,'

LOW

FALLING

!!,

"hor3."

24

Th6 Four lon€s
0lsplay I dlagrahs+h€ pllch p6fi.r.s of th. fou. +o..s €id grvos tholr descrlorle€ ian6s and tradltlon.l nuhb.rs. As e x a n p l € s , f o u r s l n g t € - s y l l € b l e , o r d s , t t h c o m p l 6 + 6 l yd l l f . r € . t ie!nrngs but dltt.16nt to +h. eer only l. +h€lr toi6s .r. proiouic€d.T +he b6ql.nlhg of +h€ tl.s+ PIR t.p€.
-h. v€.iIcal lo16 dla9r.trs n.y bo r.ad !s mLslc!' not.rl6n3. Th. dlnoislol sr.nds ror tt-ch, ylrh t\e iop or -h6 dt.9r.n

slrght!y.bovo your norhal plt.h ran!€ li angtlsh.nd tho botton sll!h+ly b€ro{. -h€ hortzolret ror du.!+ton. T h 6 + h l c k i e s s o t t h e c u r v € s f . i d s t o . l o u a i € s s , T h € 3 6d r . g r . n s shoerh. ton.s es +h6y..€ h..rd In tsot.+€d sytt.bt€sTh. Hlgh ton€ (o. Flrst +on€) i.s ! sl..dy hrgh pltch !nd a v s r . € . l € n 9 i h . Y o u m . y t t n d t t s o m . e h . +u n c o n { o r + . b t . l o D . o nounc..r !,rst, h t g h p r t c h t s s . t d o Fu e . d t n Lrgrrsh--yor. 6nty -€t.van' €ro.rt€nc€ com.stroh nuslc. \ottce t h . t t h . . c c 6 n l n . r k v h l c h . o O 1 6 s 6 n t si h l s t o n € I n + h o r o n a n r z a rron c.ptu16s the t.v€t .ontour r€rh.r ti.n th6 htgh pltch. aho Ri.lng toh6 (or 5.cond ton6) rls.s fron +h. nlddto ot lho pltch ra.9o lo th€ +op. It too h.s.v...!. tcngtn. Un k. th€ .lslng Inton.tloi us.d ln Engllsh fo. qu.stlons, th. ililig +or€ g.+s loLd* !s l-.ls.t. Notlc. rh.t th. +oh. F6rk In +h.

IG

Th. L6k tor€ (o. thl.d ton.t .t".*. ,or. o,"" to th. botioh ol tho pltch rang€, and then.lses. Th6 lor6sl p.rt of thrs ion. !s +h6 mo3tdl3tlnctlv., th. part to toco. on borh Nh.n you.r€ t r y l n g l o p r o n o u n c .t h € t o n o e n d r i e n y o u . r . t r y r n g f o r 6 c o g n l r . Tho lor€51 part ta*€s fb€ gre.t.s1 .rforl Ir, !nd ls th. ho.t. prooln€ntr desplt. fh. f.ct ih.t lt ls actu.rlv ^ot autt6 .s loqd rs rh6 resl of th€ ton€. Thls p.ft IE 6x.gg€rat.d, bo+h In l.n9th and ln pllch, ,h.i rh6 syttabt. t3 3t16!36dtor siph.sls. P.rtlcularly rlth male sp6.k.rs, tt n.y hav6. h..sh, 3c.!trn9 q!.llty. Th6 Lo, ton. has gr..to. th.n .v€ra!. lonEth. In Engllsh a slmlla. lnton.tlon ls son€tln6sus.d lo.,'U.tt?tt *h€n you h.v6 b..h {al+ln9 }o h6.r 3oh6thlnq. No+t.o li.t th€ ton6 m.rk c.ptur6s th6 dlpplng pltch p.116rh. . -lh. Falllng t.i6 (.r Fou.th ton6) s+..t3 !t ih€ +op ot th€ pltch r.ngo.nd drops sharply +o th€ bottofr, dtnlntshtng ln l o u d n € 5 sa . l t d r o F 3 . l t h . s E h o r t € r ' l h a n . v o . ! g € t € n q + h . l n Engllsh th6 fallln9 lnt.natlo^ ur6d tor €rct.i.tton., .s In but th6 F.t tlng lon€ star+s htgh6r .nd .nds loror Th.n .ll but our nosi €ophaflc oxctlna+tois. Nottc. ti.t rhB +oh€n.rt falls fron l6tr to rlght.

25

+o^' rh'i r F ' ' r . r " g * o a k r d f u r ' rs d 'nr +r rr n s' v ' ^" ""itiliiii l,iiiii", i""ra"" a+hor o ' h r i " i i i i f l ' . + I s n o +3 o ; . t h r n s . r I t s o r ' bs u r r o u n d sn s r ' ! r ' s ' r vr th' A ivll!blo lo3€3 lts llF.r'nt

lr

; " : + i ; i ; ; ; " ; ; J i r i - u v' ' " ' t ' * " o r qv rne rr'br' rn 'uch i i i i r i i r i i i i - i i i i i " + . " i ' r l ' " hp rs'tc € d r + s r u r r t o h € ' t h ' r r t 3 a os+
:;;;;-;; -i ti'+ th' 3vrt'br€ + h €\ 6 u r r r r - o n ' ' iii!-ril i"!" n.!rr.n,;d, or o'R T!o' 6 ) iiiil ir!iriii +J;i il i;iii "p "* l'" oosraniie
II OISFLAY T'IE NEUTRAIIONE

",,":'i i i r . t . * ' , € . c h r o r r o e ' db Y' s r u n n ' r r c r 'lr ' n ' n r i ' ;31:",:1.::"i^:':':ili:"":.:':.1:'l:".1"':li";':ii IirJ i" Ind'c'+'d ll::"::'.r':'r:1.1'n'kr3 iFl*r*i"i:::i."tl,i;: li: ::l':1";:"'?"lil'r vb o v:l^:l'-l:::'il":::'" ",.""i:-?:; p b ! c k r o , . r s r rl|;"1'l;:n d+' h 6r r d d r €o r r h ' o sr'r : ;;i; +;;-j.

:i:;.:l' r 5 o b € ' t r 6 c " d :i:'i;'i.li."ii" iii:l.i'uri'.rl'l: " v l::.*"*i::''il:r \ 6 r o n ' o r ! bv i"ut.oronu ;i;.h';r';i; -on€
:;'j;".i; ";i"" rorro's, rovrnsti' Nou'r'r I1 +hodr16ctron 6. n - r r " r ' . r . p . r l € c r l v d l s r l n s u s h '.bl s l v lh o 9 u . 1 I r 9 s : i da r . : i : . i i l i " i r " ! ' ; . " . u t " ,""r " " c ' n r r n d r h € o o s , ' . . a r r n o u e lr,i - h s t ' o s s ' ;;:;; i;: ';.;.s

'''. ii"ll:;l:i:";l,ll'"1:l'!t't?"-iii;,l?ii"ii''i'i'ii3l'!.3
;6fi;F;1-TGntrffir I zo+lor napDe.s'o v o { €l s l n E . 9 l l s h .

v.-.i.

Th€ro..€ . f€r sytt.btBs, nosi of ih.i gr.nFatl..l .l.n.nts, r h l c h . 1 6 a l v a y s u n s + r e s s € di n o r n . l s p 6 . c h ! n d , t h . r . f o r . , . r . l
ll ll'o Neurrar

f h € r u l € + h a t 6 v o . y s y t t . h 6 has a baslc full 1.h6, . ron6 th.t n6!t.attz.d bul * t . € a o D 6 . ru n d € r s r . 6 . 3 . T o m . k o . c o i rl+r E.9llsf, rr ls hard ro r6y k'rat +h€ "Foulr.l vorolr'

eyll.Dl63

a16 6rcop+lons to

l n t h e r o r d ' r g l v . n ( h a . b 6 € n . € d q c 6 dr o m , s l n . . 1 h € . n d l n g l -s ls n6v€r stress6d.

T h o L o , + o n €t r o n o u n c o di I s o l ! t l . n h . s . d l p p r n g - r l s l n g l prtch p.lrori. Thls rs ih€ shrp€ll .lr.y5 hrs b€lo.o. p.us€, 30t th. Lo, +on6los6s l+s .lslng 1.1| b6to.€ . N€ut.rl ton., a n d D l s p l a vl l l s h o r st h . t t h € L o * t o n € . l s o l o s . 3 l r s * . l l

befo.6.iy non-Lort.ns, Thls dlsDl.y lurlho.3hors +h.t soh.thlng 6v€n nore unoxpoctod .pp.ns to. h Lor ton. b.lor...o+hor L o r r o n s . l t c h D n ! € st o a R l s l n 9 t o i e , o . . t l..st +o sonsthrng so closo to . Rlslng toi6 thrt .v€n n.tlv6 sperk.13c3nn.i +6ll th€ dllt.ronc6. A Lo{ +o.o rhlci h.s l.s+ lts rl.lng +.ll b6tor. ! dlff6r.it 10n6 Is stlll 16.09nlz.bl€, or ls €va. nor. r6.0gnrz.bl., .5 . Lo{ +ono. Aut. Lov ton. rhlch h!s chrig.d to. Rrsrns tor6 b.to.o eioih.r Lo, toi. ls io lon9.r r.cognlz.bl€. Hh.r yol rl ll l.€.r for'rlrn lln6r lr {6 hao. Th. oaty r.v vou c.n t€ll th.r th. tr.s! 16rd ls f.6 r,t-;FT3 Dy ho.r'hg lr rh.h

1 Is mi follor€d by o Lo* +on€. A.6tF;r qul.t of +ha Lor ton€ s t h . t l i s o h € t l h 6 s h . n g . st o . R l s l n s t o n . b 6 f o r € . n . u t r . l c 2 6 d L o * + o n 6 . V h € t h . r r h l s h . p p . n s o r n o r d . p € n d 3o n c o n s l d . r . t l o n s o f g r . n n . r a n d r o r d f o r n . i l o n . l r . l r ! y s h . p p 6 n s ,l o r 6 x 6 n p l 6 ,{ h . n t h e s y l l a b l 6 s D r . s € p a r a t . r o r d 5 , ! s * l t h + h a e o r d s
o T n a . " t o ! s k . " . n d n I . ' v o u . ' l n + h € . x o r . s s l o n0 l n o h 1 . . . .

t.k€n !p ln th€ srxfh t.p6 of thl3 6odul6, rlgnt !t+6r th. s..tlon on th. N.ut..l ton6.)

I t d 0 6 s n o t h a p p . nl n J l E J r . ( r . o n l r E J l a ) , (rho .r..ptlon!l b.h.vlof ol th€ Lo* +on. Is

DISPIAY lll: THIBOTONEBEFOFE FUtt TOIES

Ba Jrns l
21

B 6| h i l

lh.re.ro c . f t . l n o t h . . + o n 6 c h a n g . s+ h . l t . k € p l . c ' l n l o n g . r E . q u . n c e so t 3 y l l ! b l e s . T h € n . l i € x . n p l . o t t h l s I 3 rh.r. Rlslnq +o ! HIqh !oi. For Hlah ton. or RIslna ron; ;nd l3 roiloY.d bv .nv tull toi.. p . o n o ! n c . dJ I r n l d a . U t l n g r o n ' In;t.nc., JI!i5dl,-'Crn!d.," I6 h!v b..xpf.r5€d rIk€ rnrs:

lon. ch.ng.3 Nl ll b. .tudl.d ol iro-Evl l.b l. 3.4!.ne.3.

onlY .ft.r

vou h.v.

+holr Th.r. !r€.t30 c.3.5 vh... D..tlcul.r fo.d3.h.it. ton.s und.. th6 Intlu.nc. ol tollorlna ton€3. lh. nuhb.r I of l 6 v l r h . n l t l 3 D . o h o u n c € d . l o n .o r . 5 o n . o t ! . . r 1 . . dl.TT3. l+ ls vl b.tor. ! f!llrnq loh. or n.u+.!llz.d F.llI.g +6;.. .nd vl b.Fd..iv olh.r +ona. th. nunb.re ?, qt, lnd 6,

h qt m . i r i e r o3t ; . rM . - i , ; !i+i l v 6 - . - o k oo - Ti i t o i e o r e t t r n s Ft.o nr.n Eo i. o in o o . ' p .€F .t.r. . l l z €rd . n u ll It b! b.ror.. r.Y +1r.3 F.illis ton.. Ir-rhlt-@uF.. yourlll rlnd !!culr.. qL, b!+ k..p In nrrd +h.i !g I3 th. ror. D.3rc b€for. you tl.d to.i. "No,r ror.r.hpr., I3 !9.

L9!!-l4!!ei!r-sl-L!s!!d!r4r.s
ln !ddltlon +o th. dr.nltlc 1o.. chri9.s dlrcurs.d pr.vr_ .u3!v, rh.r. !.. c.r+.ln nl.or.uron.+lc ch.ng.Erblch.lt.ct Tho3. Involv. !tl iull loi.. ln ro.de of lro oF nof.6vll.bl.3. tnr€. t.otor. 3horn In lh. ton. dr.sran--lo!dn€.., .ll tl fch, n r l t h D s l h l l a r p h € n o n € n o ln E n g l l s h , I n . . 1.t,.31!rt Engllsh rord oa tro or nor. 3yll.bl.s, th. syll.bl.s v..y In U. hor lorc.fol rhav ar. !nd hor iu.h .npha3l3 th.y r.c€le€. n o r n . l l v t h l n k o l 1 i 6 5 6 l . v € l s o t r ' s + r . 5 s ul n f B r m s o l t h 6 l o ! d n€ssot th. syllabl€, bul olbor t.ctors, lncludlng 3yll!bl. lnpori!nf. The on. thlng you lEnglh.nd prtch, n € € dt o k i o r . b o u f t h B s t r . r s g . t f o r n o f a n E n ! l l s h r o r d l s *hlch syll!bls h.s +h€ narn st.6ss. Thls syll.Dl. rlll h.v€ the Th€ s . n 6 * 6 r g h t . s . s l n ! l e - 5 y l l ! b l 6 r o r d p r o n o ! n c . d. l o n . . st16ss l.vols 6l th€ oth.r syll.bl6s, dorn to the l6v6l ,E cail i ' u n s + . . . s o d , rr ! l l f h € n t r l l l i t o p l . c e . l n . s l . u i o h a i l c a l l y . t

2B

r ' E x € o p l o ss u c h a 3 " F H o - t o - g r . p h , r r p h o - T o G - r . - p h y , r r . h d r p h o i o - G R A P H - l c t"€ l l v o u a t t v o i r i 6 . d + o k i o , a b o u t t h . 3 + r € s s D.tt€rns ot th.s6 rords. T h o b s s l w a y i o ao D r o . c h t h e s r r € s s D € + + . . n . o f c h l n € s . rords Is ih€ o+h6r eay ; r o u n d . T h o t l r s l + h l n g t o i l n d o u + l s r h € + h . r e i y o f t h e s y r 6 b r e s . r € u n s t r o s s o d .+ h . t l s , r h . l h 6 . .iy.ro In +h. N€u+r. ton€. (Bv ter th6 nost llkalv c.ndld!+. l s l h e l e s t s yl l . b t s , th. romlnlng, lheh lh6 etr.s3 l.vols.f rl l-ton6 syl labl€s r ll r.ll Int. ol.c. !ccordlns +o th. tolL Th. fl.st tull-+on. sylt.bl. rlll h.vo nortul tho s.n€ a5 *h6n lt ls pronounced. 2. Th6 last full-toi€ syll.ble (ll th6r6 l3 horo lh.n ..) rl | | havohe.vlor-th..-n.rh.l 3+r€ss. lts lo!dn.ss, titch ..96, .nd l6ngth ,l t I b€ .x!99.r!16d. L A.y ilddlo syl l.bl.s ,l | | h!v. t lghtor-+h.n-norn.l T h 6 l r l o o d n € s s ,p l t . h r a h g 6 , . n d l s n g r h r r l l b . r d ! c 6 d . r.s3, th. chln€s6phon.tlc oq!lv.l.nr !.t's t!k6, .s.n.x.npl€r "rr.lv," Yld!rl, All th16.syrl!br.s h.v. lull F!lllng fon.5, of bur n.rlc€ l;-T6;dlaqr.h b6lov thEt lh€ +hr6. plt.l'P.rl.Fhs .r€ sllghtly dlll6.€it: +h. tlrst on6 ls nori.l; tho nlddl€ on6 ls r.duc.dr !nd th. l.3t on. ls .x.qg.r.16d.

-n
T h . 1 . * € r c . p t r o h st o t h . s 6 r u l . 3 l o . r . l . t l v . l . v . l s o l 3 + . € s s . 1 6 d u o r o n s . n l n q , 0 n . s u c h6 x c € t t l o n l s t h . t t h . t l r s t ot teo tull-ton. syll.bl.5 n.y b. grv.n th. h..vl6r-th.n-norn.l Fo. .r.npl., sr..ss It th6 rl-sr syll.bl€ ls ro.. slE.ltlc.i+, {G€r'.hyr rs prorounc.dbv hosr 3Do.k.rs .€ qlrgl. Th6eyll.ol€ D6- Idontlrlss rio couit.y tlt l5 d.rtvod phonallcally r.om o€;Tschl..d), rhtl. -gu6, 'aouitry,!' l5 u5.d ri ln. r...s ol n.Fy cornt.los. IhuE th. tlrsl RIslng-ion. syll.blc ls strong€r, ln vl6la+lon ol +h.9.n.r.1 rut63 lo. slros5

29

D6-

Th. !ubo.dln.to st..u3 0l -qu6 li lho n.n.3 0t cou.+r1.3 l3 ho.' .3 t...t I+.i.osl cl.!rly 3..n hv th€ f.ct tiiT-ton.3p..t.rs th.+ I'G.Fn.ny" . r u f l i r , t r o n o u n c l n gI + t i t h o N . u t F . l + o n . , . o

b.con.s glss.

A5 vlth Engll5h l€v.1. ol 3t16ss, tho6o dlltor.n.6. .r. l.l.l! 6ubtl6. Yoqn.y.ot b..bl. +. h6!r th€h loo cl3..ly' .nd va! c.n n.k. yoursell lnd..s+ood {sll .nough .v.n ,lthout E.rtii! th.r qulr; rlghl, .trnougF you !r. llk.ly to s.und llk6 to l€.r.3+r.sE p.l1€f.s ritiout . conDul... You3h.ulo b..bl. rh.h ll you rlll t.y lo nlFIc chln.3. 5p..k€r5 .v€n +hlnkl.s !bout .r clo3slv.s oo33l1.. b Aft6r lo..^lnq nor. !bo!f conson.nts .nd vof€13 li lh6 ..xr rl ll b. ln+roduc6d s.ctlon of thl3 l o n . l l o n l n t h 6 l . . t 3 6 c + l o n ,r h e r s v o u f l l l t l n d + h . t t n . 1 6 . r . t!r+i€r 6odlflc.tlon3 li th. pllch prito.ns ot th6 ton6s. lt you.r..6!dl.g rhls surn!.y.. y.d b€glrrf€ cours.,.6r Inro.h.rlon lE plllng ut too t.sr. Don'r rry lo k66o.v..ythlng In nlnd .1 on.5. As. flr6t !pp.oxln.+lon ot th. lones, ror.t.npl.' try olvlng your 5yll.bl6s Id6ntlll.bl. ..d corr.ct lono.. rln€n you h.v6 nast..6d th.t, ,orl oi on€ or t*o hor. polnt3. t16.irblle, your €!r {lll h.v€ b6gui to l6ck l^ on rh.t Chln..r sou.cs llk.. .nd voa rlll b€sln +o.6r.h lh6 pol.+ ot .uton!tlc conrrol.

CONSONANTSAND VOWELS !ch of th.3trucrur.l slhpllclty of +h6chli.so l.ngu!9. l s m a d .o v l d € n t b y f r . d l + l 6 i . l . n . l y s l s o f s y l l . b l . s t r u c t u r € . Th6ro stDrt vllh fh. syll.bl6s {hl.h .ro dltter.ni ro +he€.r. €r. only !bouf l,rOO suchdlstlng!lshabl€ syllabl.s, no+ n6a.ly ! s n . n y . s I n E n ! l l s h . ( l , l . n ys y l l . b l o s r h i c h s o ! n d r l l k o c ! r r y nor€ th.n on. n.rnlnq !nd.16 rrltien wlth dltf..€nt cha.acterE f o . € . c h h 6 6 n l n s , n u c h a s t h € s a m €E n q l l s h s p o k o ns y l l a b l 6 c . . r l e s t h € t h 1 6 6 n o . n i n s r r s p r 6 s . n t € db y + h . s p . l l l h q s r r r * o , r r

30

LE P&R MODU
a 5 t t t g n t I a 5 t 3 aa c

c t x
a t i, I

c

)

c

C

IE t

u o t 3 >, s g

c t
5
g

,.
e

x
E' t<

ta

I

:t

!3

i8

e

*
u
!3 g n x

E

b3 e

Ei

et a

* .€

EE tg

most as
Inytt *
ffi 4

s

€ , € €
x
a x


tr

e &
h

:
{t a, .o

7 tt

h

I
o >r

o

c,

o

o

e,

r

.g
tt

)
l2

g
@

th

.B

!t g

o x

6 b

o

h €


E


1

(t

It llke ' h o uf

) € ak er s n ex t ln) are t
lfor* ln t a m pe , l fhen rniounds rtro | .

O &)
.T

& @ s
€ d I


EI e
E lt
E! -J g I I

c,

x
dl

t

,
6

€ ,
g

el


tr a
N

EI

E

3 c

{

s g
'E

t s

g

,
e 5

t =t
g t! t

t 2

ci t

C t

*
a u

5 .5 E a!

el

Ei 7 N g E
ll

e

,
I

g a

3

E z .t N

, € €
C:
(J

8

o

=
g g

[L J

s
t 3

"o

a9 g

=
t l.

a

,
t N

EI fr 5 t


e
5 a

83 a 3
N


I ti

c E

E a! 5
q

e e t

*

ts z_
; 4 J &

{,
5

3

e

I ht
6

t a

g

o 3
6

s 3

g t E'

€ z
J

6 3 a

3 *
N

* {,
g ti a 3 6

t o
a 69 5

a0
I

:
t a t T 2 J BI

,
3 E a

a N

:

e
a

o
t I

N a a N

'
g

5 a! 5
g g

(J

g a

:3

tt !r3 c ba

,

3
N BE gi N

t

t N

,

:' €
g a

'
2 t

3 &

s

q!

ba

.G E 8
N

s e
a3 g o N !6 g N a3 g o

g :l

&
ta g e x
EE a 5

3t -a

:{
:t

:t g

:a


qt

q) E
:t c

= tr

E Q,

o
!8

!a C:

:a c

s
E' cl a u

FA c Q) bt

ia g g

g

E
E' t i,

s

t8 o

,
g

ba G

o

EO o

.J :l g g

:l

c

at c
N

!a


EC t
g

u! .U
g 38

e

o, u
c
G

o

€,

C! o
N g s

s
c !g

E o
N

c

o
4

c,
t !E

g

E


g

tr

3.
2


N

E ag

|E

.E v .E
ei

e

IE

)ge '€. t €r e r rl y r rr y ' er s
), tt

I

t

2

e s 4
N

t sl .e N t, N n 2

e

I

5

\ {,

il

G

n

s

s

t E!

s
.L

E ID
q|

a

i,

o
n, 2
!E 4
F q'


a,

q

o

s

.s

t,

s s

e{ g a a
'al

lff g

(u d E'
t

N

s

gi

!, T

i,

t

s
z
2
!

o
G

a

J

s

s

a !t #

e

o

E

c

3

I

s

s s

.c

c,

I

a

5t

E

3

e
2 t

I

.E

E t
6

E

3

a

6l

! i

E;r;i; e-i-Ei €;:i i s
E . t

z
I

E€iii E

ii::E ! :
.5 Ei;l

F '
: t

r5i: E E iI :: : -g

:€3:E !

i 3
t

iiiiii=; ;rf!: iii

Ei;Ei 1?+
a

5r

;Ei' +E!3t :iF;i5iE

Th.n,.trl9 oll ihe four foie5. lhls l.av.s voq rlth !bout 4 o o d l l l . . o n i s t r l . g s o l . o n s o n . n +! n d v o t 6 l s o u n d s . ( s . . .xrr strlp ott !ny In rilch 1h6.. .r. 2t. lS.o D trovrdlng .i .lph.b6tlc!l I !r. th. aln.ls. 1h6...r. r.n.g€.bra nuhhor.

r l . l c o n s o n . n + so r l n l + r . l s , o f . V ! n d A D p . n d l xl r t h . l . t t 6 r 3ol.y .+ oi th. lnl+l.ls ) l{h.} ls lort .s5 th.h 40 dlflo..n+ fln.lr-_!

.t
!

I i

I^ 1.5t. cl.s.lfv *fo rl..ls bv +h.r. n.dl.l3, th.'I3, Plnvrn.on.nl2.tlo;, bv vt6rh6. th€ ilntl s'.rts {lth u (or 1)' ;TIf,-T lor X), rlrh g io. !g), o. {lrh non€ of rh. . l.bov..r, rhls ' k .boJl hof s r v . ! - y o u r o - u rc l . s 3 ; 3 * h l a F . r . u t € f ! l r h . r v o J You rlso cross_clas3lfv th. tl..l< conbrh. ir+h tho liltl.ls.

in. tln.ls by vh.t tollor3 +h. n.dr.ls. (5.6 0rspl.v Vl .nd A p p € n d l x l , t h . l ! t t € r p . o v l d l n g! n ! l p h . b € t l c . l l l . t o f t h . l

L.ttE t.k€ ! clos6r look.1 th. s+ruct!r. of th6 lln.l. E v . . y f l n ! 1 , a n d h 6 n c o6 v . r y s y l l ! b 1 6 , h . 3 ! t l € a s t a v o v € r . Her. !.. tlv. vor.ls vhlchc.n sl.nd.lon€.s fln!ls,.llh.r rlth o. rllhout lnltl!ls: E N G L I S IE Q UV A L E N T S ] I

ml

io Enqll5h.qulvdl..r

rtn thls 3onm..yunderllnlis..ll5.ft€ntlon to lott.rs {1he , leltsr u) ..d 3l.nt lln€s call !ttonfloi +. eoundt (+h€ sound
r*ft.nd.rd PTivl. romahlza-lol ll Is hrrlrel

t. evorvrri;*-Tse ;lnp ry q.

(.rt€r l, q; r, .10 y

ArI or -ho Ela,l5i €oulval.nts In rh6 6xarp os .r., ot co,rs., arDro,r.!ra ar o6;r .no H ll b. rJril^€r ott lt your Pron ! n c i a l l 6 i d o o s n o t h a D o 6 no b e t h e h o s t s t . n d s r d l n 6 . l c . . p . o t nunclatlon. Th€ vorot /u/. ior.xriol., ls rather drff6r.n+ troh I ' s € q J l v ! l . r t I h ' 3 L d a D € s + . r ' . v e lf o r p . o p l . t F o 5 ' ! . r l r . ^ ! n 6 3 - . r l s I B J d l p € s ti starr "6oorv. ,le ti," +"" cohparlsonl3 *ay ort.- -ho rh€ "oy h€ srsrts Chli€s. vor€r ls pro;;tnc.d vlth th€ Tohgu6 tarth6r b.ck In th6 houlh and vl.th tho tiDr ioro round6d. T h . r o l s n o E i g t t s h € q ur v 6 l € n t f o r / U / , r h l c h l s p r o i o u i c . d rr'rh th€ +oigue In posltlon to. /t/ a^d tl,a llps ln posltlon tor / u / , s l h u l t . n . o u s l y . l T l s not th6 s.h6 as +he trr5t vov.l ln " g t a h , ' r h r c h I s p r o n o u n c € d* l + h t h 6 | l p s l n p o s l t l o . f o . / u / , but wlth +h€ tonq!€ gtldlng froh the Dosltlan 1.. /l/ +o t6. r r o v o e € r s/ r / , / ! / , . 1 d l t J / . . 6 r . l r i 6 . L L , : g , . r d ! q * h € nl \ . y d o r o l t o l l o r . n I n r t l s l . In nost c.s.s, yourllr no? b e . b l e t o h € a f s e p . 1 6 + €s o u n d sc o r r . s p . n d l n g r o ! a n d { , . s y o u c3i hs6r li lh6 Ensllsh ,ords ry€n .nd !{oo.n Th. threo vo*6rs a r e d l s c u s s € d. g ! l n i n t h . s u n n a r y 5 € c t l o n s o n u r l n . l s , I t r i . l s ,

T h 6 r o . r e l r o n o r s v o r € l s o o n d s* h l c h c . n s t . n d . l o h . ! . confuslngly, both tlnals, on6 ot th€h only.ttor Inrtr.ls, sounds.16.opresoit.d by +h€ l.tt€. I (.lro.dy s..n.3.r.ndlng lh. T.tt.r p..c.dlng +h. ! lor th€ vor.l /l/ ln "Tahltl"). d.tsrnln.s *hl.h voeol soundls +o b€ us.d, Alro. a conso..nt pronounc.d rlth th6 tong!. ln th. /e/ p o s l l l o . ( s 6 € p 6 9 € 4 2 ) , I s - D n d st o . . vor.l P.oiouic.d rlrh + 1 6 l . n 9 u e . s c r o 5 . r s p o - s s l b l .t o t h € / s / p o s r t l . n . r i . h y A n s r l c . . s h a v . a s l h l l a r e o t . l l n i J u . + ! h o n . n + r ' to t t . n l n d l tor.x!npl6. c.rod by tho st.lllrg'jrs+.tr a p p r o x l n . + e l yr 3 l n 4 J l s + r pronourc€d lth.h€ +on9u. In th6 /r/ r that ls, ,lth th. tongu. st.ongly curl.d b€c! (3.. toiltlonr p a g . a 2 ) , ! s _ . r d s t o r ! v o i 6 l r f l c h l 3 s l r p l v ! p r o l o n g € d/ r / .ppro:l n6t6| y l { h € i t h o . € l s n o r n l t l . l c o n s o n E n t o u n db 6 f o r . t h l 5 v o * . 1 , s rrltt.n: rl. Th€ r t€lls vou hor to Drohouhc€ ths l.tf.r.l3 s.D.-Et6 sound. Tho *hol. tho r, r+ d;6s not s+.id r;?. l s o n . p r o l o n g € d/ . / 6 o u n d . syll;bl6 Ev6ryrhe.. €1s6, I st.hds for th. nE+.nd.rdr/l/,.s l.

A f l . . l n . y . l s o c o n s l 3 + i a vovol follor.d bY ! c.nsoi.^r, o €rthor /n/r o. /ng/ tor /r/, hlt +hl3 h.5 . rath6. drft.r6ht
s r . l a 3 ) . H . 1 6 , . 6 6 x B 6 pl € s o l ! | I t h . thus f.r..n c o n b l n 6r t r h / n / . n d tr0nt. r lor

v.Ys th€ vor€13 P.6s.nlod

Lu
l$9

'!n
nirs Jg!.
/u/ +

or !!g't i'n!!9"

T h . . n ! l v s l 5 o t / U i / . 3 s r m p l v/ t ! / p l ! s / n / * l l l n o t t l { t v s h o l d u D . E 3 o ; e l a l l vf h . n t h . r . l 5 i 6 r n l f l a r , l o u n a v h € ! . . 16.r v;'.1 /;/.^6.i l n b € f o 1 6r h . / n / . s o t h . r / 0 n / . l n o s r

T h o r sl s r l s o . l l n . l r r l t t . ^ . vof.l v6ry doch ! rk€ /u/. ac+u. s o u n d l n ' g g g d r it h . h i o + h € v o * 6 1

lch tho o stlnd. for cro5.f:Fo th. voH.l

l9!r.
{hl.h fh. vossl /./ ls follov€d bY . tlh a strong c!rl lig b.ck ot +h.

O t h . . s y l l D b l o 3r h r c h . n d r n / . / h . v o b . . n f o r n 6 d b y . d d r n g +n. suffl! !, aor.xanpl.: (ueh..6") !3 In "Nr.li.uso nir

. T h 6 . o n s o n . n t / n / a f + h . o n d o f . s y l l t b l e n d y s o u n d! l l t t l € F . l r k . / n o / r h e . + \ 6 r o r l 5 v l l . b l . s t ! . t s i l + h a nn /Y ./n t. n " a l o k o i Acrlalrv good," a.o Y6n'ltl, rr sound,;s or /n/, p-o.oulcod *_:I; tl'€ 'orsuo nor h.,6v.r. thrssw-T;rt q t. dl + 6 u c h l n ot h . . o o t o f l h 6 n o u t h , l 3 - F u l - o . s us + l n g u i s h a b l ef r o m 6 loLcl'lls. No'rco € / ^ a / . o i . r o - n . . d r l ' l - r h 6 o-trc f r o { -. a. apos'-oo!6 shors k\lch tn--ie ro.ar'zartor I{rl!! r syllabl6th. h b€longso.

rn n.ny e.s6s, addtnE.n /r/ sutttr has . constd€r.bt..ttect oh rh€ fln.l, kiocklig .!t a^ /^/ or /ngl ..d ch.nglng +h. vor.l, ior ex.hpl6. (Yourlll d.!t rlth th.ro ln3i.nc.3 on. c!s.-bvcas€ basls ln tho.oqrso.) Th€ /r/ suftlx l3 6ost pop!lar li t h 6 P € k l n ! d l . l € c l b u + r s o i 6 t o € + u 1 6o f + h . t d l . l 6 c t t h r t h € s nor bo.n fldely acc6Dt€d s. na+loi3l norn. a i r r n o r r o y a l . o c o n s r s +o t . d l p h t h o n g , r h . r l ! , . v o r 6 l tollo*€d b, . r..k6. SIti,o to th6 posltlon ot /1/ or /u/. l s l h l l . . d l p h + h o i g€ x t s + t h E n g t l s h . ) T h € 1 6 . r . f o u r 3 ! c h s

hil h!e
lal (rttlr€dr')
ro look.t ih. t.tt.r o h.s ! .hd th.T th€ In ., *. .nd !I9.

dgr
Th6s. dlOhthonss.r€ b.5t l€..n6d .e u.lr3. lf lndlrldu!l l€tt€fs. ho*.!6.. v. noltce th!t th6 d t f t € r . n t s o u n dv a l u € l n o u t h . n l a r o . n d o h o . l6rt€r o h.s . drrrer€n. ;;Lnd varue-Tn 4 rfi?i

A fln.l 6.y 6lso conslsr ol rny ot th..bov6 typ.6 (vo".l . l o n € , v 6 r e l p l u s c o n s o n a n t ,o . d l p h t h o n q ) p r . . . d 6 d b y . h . d l . l , th.t Is, by. f€ak v6.sloi or ono or th. !o*6ls /!/, /l/,.nd /!/. Ih€ n.dl.ls /!/.^d /l/... l l k . t h 6 E h g l l 3 h5 a n l v o r 6 l s rrllt€n r.nd y In r'ret,iandt,v.tt,.nd rrltioi o !id I ln trJ.guar'-aidntntoi.n Ftn.)e;t..+lhg rlth th.;. tnr'o 6.dl.l! .r. dlrcus56d ln 1n. i€xt th-6. suhn!ry s6ctlois.

Y o uh . v o h . . . d . n d s . . n t h o f u l l v o r . l / u / t o l l o r l . g . n l.rtr!l li th. vord bi, nno.n rlionlh6 vor.t do.! no+r6ttor . i l n r t l . r , I t r s , . T T + . nr u . (" t I v . ' ) ,!
A s s u g S . s t 6 db y t h . E h g l l s h . q u l v . l . n f s , . /r/ sound b€to.o +h. /!/. A / r / s o u n dh 6 y . l s o o c c l r b . f o r . boglniln9 of . tl.Dl. lh. sou.d l3 rr ! n l h l t l . l ! n d - r cr*h .1 l t d o 6 s n o f . ( S n r 6 v.rslon of th6 /u/, fho sound rl I n t h 6 f o l l o v l n g 6 r . m p l o s6 t l l i . l s r h th..orore /u/, son. h.vo Inltl.ls.nd h.v. no Ihltl.ls.nd tho.€1or. us€ +h. yo! i.y

oth€r vo*ors .r th6 tt.n u eh.n lt lol lors nc. 1F. sound rs ! r..k I b . . . l l 6 d n € d r a l/ u / . ) ch st!rt {l+h tho n.dt!l
s6 th6 ! spoll lh9, Son€

(',sp..ch," .. In "qul lty" hll .s l. rsl r" {6 lrtn) 6d l { o t l c . + h . t t h . l . l t € r o l n { o . h d u o I s u 5 € dl o r v n .+ r n '' t h o r Th' ".'.i ".""4, .."qhiv tr'i v;v;i In rtrt Eisrrsh ,ord lnllr.l3 *rrii€n . o € l l l . q u o l 5 ! b b . a v l . t . or o o . t l . r + h . h l i l t . " l ; i a i i i r ' . i " u t i i c o n _ r c i . i f s ,I n v o l v r n s+" l . kl,p s ) . T h . +l'al ma' n i l3r ; ; d T ! r _ ; o u n dT 6 E t r r r + h . r . , h o v . v 6 . , s o p r o n o u n c . dr s l r l t , e r € . p 6 l l . d M t .

4-u.
4!

'r .3 In nqdtllY, 's .3 li i!9!9,!'/ual "q4llly + /n9/ nMfl e3 ln ttov{,u

In

Y o ur o ! l d . x o . c t r . n + o b . 3 ! o l l . d u . n . { t . r I n l + l ! 1 3 ,b u + I t l 3 allrovtcrro io un:-1th, nnlx up.a Y6; c.n 3rl | | h..r lh. vorol No c. t'8. ;tfr!bro3 r.ttt.n llg.id /./, ho,.v.r, !39 rhvi.. ro tho o.ry ..ntrnrn9 m..k ln hunh!r b€6! Fhrr16d voY.l l€ti.r. (n.n. or..rv€r) as tn "lrclkrkl,n'!4I' H4-! (,t6ron!cht) ylr .. li n!gl!!.n t A o ! l n . v o u r o v l d . r D . c l r . l ' o b . r r ro r €.n i u-q l . r + a r I n l + l ' 1 5 , "c rr c ; Y o uc . n 3 r r r r h e . r lii ii i.,ri.."t"tia t o - i T , -TF; dul,

. v.ry r.r. fln.l !9!9. )

iii

.hvE.. (Th€.6 ls soh. Ju3rlflcttlor lor rhI. 30€lrlng. r' rh6 Hl;h.nd Rlslng foi.., +hlE fln.l do.s so!^d qulro llL. +h€ Eiill5h groiou;'*6," !s th€ so.lllng gl-roulc augg€sr.) NorIc' +h;+ +hrroh6 h.rk in dul h!3 b..n thliF6d ro rho l!st.v.ll6bl. eoe.l l.+t.r.

iipiir'.is t"ii,

ho@"i;.

syrr!or6skrrrr.n qs!.nd !e!

s..n th. You h.v. h...d.id nT,'rYo!'tt lnllt!ls lD th. *ords an trh6nth. vor.l ao6. hofrollov

vor€l /r/ rollotrn! np.oplsr'r .nd qlIg, "b.l sht. +r!1, lt ls {rltt.h [. as ri rdsrr o. n!9gs+r
.s ln nYln (Yrigrr)

Il!.

rll

/y/ + /lns/ .s rn 'rs!gr'

As.sugg.s_€d y th€ En!t sh 6!utv€t6rts, you nry or ..y ior ho.r b soJld boror6 rtr6 /t/ In vTn 6nf-vtno..1d th. voh.r t+s€tr t; nor€ rko rh6 "sFor-' EliffsF v.ftfin's!",. ard',sLrs.'. ^ /y/ .orhd n.v atso occur b.ro.€ b.glnnlng of . ttn.t. T . h 6s o u n d l . , . an lnril.l .nd ! rhon t+ doos^or. (S v o h 6 l / 1 1 , r h € s o u n dr l i n . r h o r . ) l o r l n g e x . i p t 6 so r r r n r t s r h rnltlals .nd +ha..ror. h.v6 no Inltl.ls.nd rh616lor. us6 +h.

oth6r vorols rt th. +16n I rh.n l+ fol lors hc€ t['. round ts . ,..k
I b. c.ll6d n.dl!l /l/,) ch start rllh th6 h€dl.l s 6 t h a , e p . ll r n g , s o n .

$. .Y!

3s tn rY.nDh.,i {xgnoon

s you r.v. s6€1,tn rh€ ft.ats rrltt€n o. 6n. .--€. o st.nds tor a v6H€t r. r1. e r;';Fick6n.Ftirortco rhar I +1..trnat Lrrrten €rT6r . 3r.id; tor . vor.l 1 +h. drp\.holS rrtrr6n .t. In ln!l n6!n3 th.t g 5+€nds-Tor +h. vovor of .. I oF v tn th6 ir6n.ot

(,'y..r"r n!!i 'n rhl3 trn!l rrir.on I.n o. !!!, rh. tor'o.. h.s.n.xc.p+ror!l . s s € n t r s r r yr h 6 v o r . t l n t h € E n q | l r hr o r d . ' h . n . 1

r.!-!r
TE;
Ybnq

/e/ + /./ .3 tn 't4." + lndlt a; ri,'Y6"k"."'

rle
x9!.

r n o r o n l n ' t+ / n s / 4t + tias .e |i "yg!|ll

Y e r a 9 3 1 . ,y . u r o u l d e x p 6 c +h . f t n . t y o ! + o b . r r l t l . n t o u s t t . r t I n r + r ! l s , b u r r r r s r b b r . v t . r o d? o , u , - T ' _ i ,' s r r . ' v o u a ; ; s r r t l
h.!r +h. dlphlhong /orl, hok6v€r. fn ;;iI v6u fhvm.. tn rh. Hlsh.nd Rls'nq ronos rhrs ..t do;isouid_;;rr. k. th. ' E n g l l s hD . o n o u n y o u , ' . s s u g g . 3 r . d y . h € 3 r . | | t n o r u . b oftc. lh.t rho ton. n.rk IF tti h.s b.6n shtr-cd ra rh. i.tf.v!||.bt.

Th... r3.

very 16r. frn.l Ig!, no+3hornIn Drspt!y lv.

hrslorlc!l

1 6 ! s o n t . r + h l s s p 6 ll r n 9 , + h G . . t s t n .

/./ "brIngi h.ci',.

no.n.t.

t9

0.

ii Finals
r

T h € t u l l v o r € l / i i l t o i r o r T n ga n I n l t l . l o c c u . s l i r h € . nol lolLot an Inriiar, s y l l . b l 6 i 0 , r r o m a nu

I5 rrrtt€n !q.

d
!!a

i o E n g l l s h € q uI v . l € n r

Y o u n . y o r n . y n o t h s a r s o n o t h l i ! I l k e : / y / s o u n db s t o r € t h € r /u/r rhlch le pronounc.d lth th. tonsu6 posltl6i ol /l/ 6.d t h 6 l l p p o s l t l o no l / u / . A r€.k v.13lon of lhe !o*.1 /iil, chlch *lll b6 call6c n € d l . l / ! / . n . v o c c u r b € t o r o o t h € r v . { 6 1 3 . 1 t h € b o g l n h r n 9o r . tri.l. ih6 loundls,.l+16n u th€i rt rollo{s.o lnr+lar and t"ls vu xh€n ll oo€srot. on6 ot lh; rollo*rns 6ra.ples o' f :Tl.h.r'.r x t l h t n . h € d l . l / u , h ! s . n r r l _ a l r t l ' 6 r o { o r 6t F € U s o . r r l n o l s u s o o , T l ' €o r h e . ih.;€r6.6-th€ tq sporirns ls us6d. /U/ + /./ as tn 1'F'a" ila Notlc€ that th€ l.tf6. € li thls fln!l stands o do6s ln th6 tln.l llk. th..n€ ln tho EnEilsh ,r, rEs -rg sare I o a ^ d I ; r h o t r . E t s F 6 r r e de r . .o"ir"" ri..

Zi t""t "?, tr

x!.aa
I n 3 t € . d o f r h y m l n gt h l s f l n a l * l t h

/ir/ + /an/..

in th€ arllrsh

so."*r'

.r,v.i yu;1 ,r'f
saund-T-ih€

ri'o 'o,€l

tho llnal w.ltlsn !!, soi. 14 or !.1-J,rrs Engllsh ihqn ''

r'16

[. rNtTtats
s Ea.h groupot lnltlal consonan+In rh€ rollorlig sonnarv e s n t s o c t l o n E ( A t h . o u g h F ) c o n t a T n so n e c o n s o n ! n T h l c h u ln € d lp ltrl ! tc -d" s . llvoly "!spl..tod'i.ndoi6 vhlch Is dIstiic+l!€lv " o T h € a s p l r a t o d c o n s o n a n t s x P l o d 6r l t h F 5 + . o n g p 0 t t o f f ,r€r e, r, ! {o- s. as Ir b69lrl r9 o' asp -a'ed o"\6 ' lr voL o' vorr l-and +o a ,oia. as_"o' .en-ro " p a . " T h o s ss a n e l e r + e r s , I n c l u d l n g vour nouth rhil6 saylnq + h € c o n b l n . + l o nc h , e . e u s € d t o . o n a i l z d + h e d l s t l n c l l v o l v , asilra+6d fl i 1e'€ colsolar |,

puff ol .lr. Ui!splrat6d coiso.aits 6rplod6 rltho!t. Th. E n 9 l l s h J l g h i l y 6 s p l 1 6 + e d o i s o n a n f sb d c o h . u i € s p l r a t . d ! f l € r c / s / , 6 s y o u c . n 1 € l l l r y o u s a y ! p a ! . n d u s p a u! q . l n s + t h € b l c k of yo!. h..d. Thls ls an.u+onrtlc.dJuslE6nt tor Engllsh s p € a k e r s ,a i d l t e t t t + . k e p 1 6 c t l e 6 t o l 6 . r n t o p r o n o ! n c s E i s l t s h a . D l r n 1 6 d c o n s o n : i + s . s u n a s o l r E t 6 dr h € n + h . r € l . . o /s/ to -.l99er tn6 ! d J L s t n . rt . t n g l l s F h ! s a s € r ' € s o l " v o l c 6 o " c o r s o n a r + s" h r c \ a r o p . o nocic€d*lth vlbr€tlon of tho vo.al cords. Th€s€ lnclude con(.s b , d , q ( a s l l b o - 1 .I ' C a r y r ' . . d ! c . . r v ' r t , " J . r . y P ) , ! n d - 2 . - t F o s . s . n o t 6 € r s o r L s r h € c o n b r n . rtT o i 2 h Ir a-. rsoo ro.ohDrTz6 drs lcttv.ly unrsptr.r6d T h 6 c o n s o n ! n t sk h t c h ! r € i 6 r t h € r d l s t l i c t l v . l y .spl.at.d n o r d I s t , n c l l v ot y u n . s D r . t . d t rhl.h ctn b. prolon96d,such .s /./, /l/, .^d
h.vo b.€r grorp€d tl +q.ns of rh. S€n...1

I n 1 € r h . o t i h 6 + o n g u 6 . n dI t p p o s l f t o n s u s € d I n ! r o d u . t n g t h € r .

lilll.ls

liJ b, p,

Th€s6.ro pronouic.d l. fh€ posl+lois sugg.3t.! by th.

gin
("dlvld.rt)

! 5 I n n f r ll l " as li as li .r ti

!.i

(',.ook.d

rl..,t)

nfr

n

s !r€ nav6. fol lo*.d by th6 6t /!/. Addltton.t lf, /t/ (5.. Dlsplav lV.) .l /l/.

l. +h. posl+lon3 su99.3+.dby th.

!a 4i
1a
ll

.r.

n6v€. l.l

l0,6d

o. 6.61.t /n/. follor.d .lfh.r

/N/ by

C.

Inlrl.ls s, k, h (V.1.r) prono!n..d ln lh6 poslrrons sug9.st.d by +h6

Th.s..r€

ga $ Ia
.r. n6vo. rol lo*€d

but hore .ePlr!t.d

D.

o r o i o u n c . d . . I n d l c r t . d b y t h . E n g l l s h6 q u l v . l . . f s . (surnlno) b u r 0 n v o lc 6 d atis (surn!n€) b u t n o r . . s Dl r . t € d faiE (scrn!n.) qhg .. ln'46$,r but sfrons.r . T o . n E . g l l 5 l 's p . . k 6 r rr h 6 s p o l l l r g 3 1 3 o n l y 5 u g g . . r l v . r . d +h. sp.llln! c l! qull..rblrr!Fy, flk. rh6v€l.rs (/g/, /k/, /h/). tn.s. lilrl!i5 .r€ n.v.r roll.rod by 'Fe voisls .nd r.drtl. l / t / . ^ d / U / , ( D r s D r . yv ) Ih.s..r. A . n € n t l o n . dt r o v l o u s l Y , t h . l 6 r t . . I ! t + € r t h . E . / s / p o 3 l t l o n . o q . d s 3 + . . d 3 f o r . v 0 * 6 1* l t h t F 6 t o n g u . . s c l o 6 . . s p 0 3 s l b l €t o t h . / s / t o s l t l o n .

Th.s€.rc p.o.ou.c.d as Indtc.t.d by +h€ En9llsh equrval€nr5, Nlth rh6 ro^gq€sl.ongry curlod blck +ore.ds th6 p6sltioi

Z$is 9!tie S.[tie
!ai!

.s Ii

but unvolcod r!.h!r,!r but noro

Llke th€ ! / /, / / n s /./ ' r h € s el n l vl6 ll s r s a <osn € v k /r, o / no ) . n d dt.h .+ . to r te t s. / c / , t s / ) , t . r € f tt r.d by v !nd ..dl.ts /t/ a n d / 0 / . ( DI e pt . y t v ) Som€ p€ak6.s 9r.nornc. /./ rl fh . c€.t.tn .hount ot frtcs tron 30 that It ts sonovh.t k. tio /./ Eoundntrn.!suf..,, l \otlco tnar +n€!n..., a - z r s p o | |r ^ g l s o l r y s u g g o s - I v a . r l o l e 1 1 € r ! a f i e r . c o 1 - 6 " . r r T Z d , ; ' + 6 s; p r o n u h ; t . r i ; n r n r h 6 / r /
As a.nlror.d or€vlouslv. +h. l6tt.r | !t+.r th.3. /r/p o s l ' r o n s o L n o s5 t a n o 5 t 6 r ! r o r . l r h l c r T 5 . t . . l o i g . d / r / .

l3l,i;ri,,

,,"

r F € 1 6 n s u . L s h o do r r . r d r o f . r d s , h . o o . r , r o n p f
.s li nl.6p,r bur !.eor..d !i In nch..p,n b!t nor.

qrtis
!llhs

b.rr..n rh€ /sh/ or r'.h..D,, .nd th6 /!/ or "!.€tr T h Bp r l . + . l s . r . f o t t 0 1 6 d n l y b v t h . v o f . f 3 ! . d ^ . d l . t s / t / o .nd /d/. (S.. Dtspt.y tV,) Favp.rtlcul.. .tr..1ton +o ih. s p . l I I n 9 3g . n o r , s t n c . + h . y . . . q u l f o . r b r t r . . y +o .p.!t6r3

ftrlFaEn-TTrfifffTdtriinE-

iITH TI]E TONGI'-

SIlRtrItrE-

/s|,/, L

4t

SENTENCE INTONATION
l n + h € o r € v l o u s d l s c u s s l o no l d l f l ' r o n i l € v 6 l s o t s v l l ' b l ' on th. pltch P.ti€rns of the toi6s' vou stross.nd tir€l..ft€ct ,.." "."..-"a onlv tlth tords iron.unc.d Ii rsolrlloh, 's lf .o.d frot . llsr' Usu!llv, ot cours., ro'ds rre strung to96lh6' rn,t+."onc"s. iren, +t. iutes 6l 16l!irv€ 31r€ss'pPlv oesr long€r uilnt;rrupted str.tch€! thlch hsv6 ! g.n6rtlly sp€edsd_up t.iDo.id n.rror.d, lorored pl'tch raig€. nor!co _f€ 6F'11\!9' or fh€ pllct li rhe tollorl.s .t.ipl., D . l l . r n s . n d t h . o v o r . l l l o k . ' l n g . T h . 3 u r n a n 6. i d 9 r v t n n ' n ' stiql6 vo.d__*lth norn!l iog.th.r h.v. th6 str.5. P.+t6ri ot. llghter st16sson tho nlddl' si;.sE oi th6 llrsr .lll!bt., on tho l!st 3tll.bl.. svll.!1....d h€.vl.r sir.55

._1_:
T'
Hlj

a l-

+s l r ! d d l t l o n t o t h e s . ! u t o n t t l c € l l E c r n t o r . tsl f r.l n g l i 9 ' o r d s ol o 3lrgl. oLr too.lho., d€llb...-o .l{ocls o{ s€n^.ic. p.rts or lldlc.l. hor ' to; rtt.;troi Dortlcul!. {holo sont€nc6 Is t. b€ cnd.rsfood. Norn!llY,. surn.h. rl ll c!rry mo.€ litorhatlon +h.i ' { o t l o * l i E t l t l € . n d , + h ! 3 , * l l l b € 9 l v . n g r o t l . . 6 6 P h a s r sb y

TE

H'i

Th6 subordli.t€ si.tu5 o, ls ofton proiounc6d rtth

Ehori Dy th. f.ct

rh.l

5hr

80

X r5 o - - J I 6 .

gon.r.r ry, tho k€y eord or phr.s. In ..y Ir6d by h.!vy srr.ss.

3.ni6ic.

n.y

on th€ 169€trv. n.rk.r b'l .rDh.stz63 ro.on.o^. + 1 . . +h . l 3 r r o n s t o t h t i k t 1 . + h . h . s t d ; ; t t . d r , t r . sH r . Ilrh th€ €rcoprtonof rords +h.+.r..m!h.srzod. *o.ds th rapld norn.l sp€€.h i.y s6Bn +6 h.v. tos+ rh. toi6s yo! !r. *orklng ro ha.d to l6.r^. Bul donrt t.ot ch..t.d. tn th. ft.st pr.c€,.rh. rords !.. s6tdon.6.||y nonotoi., th.r. r3 p.ot!bty .oi€'h rng t\6re 06rlg ov.rtv 0r.cts6, stnc. onry th6 ftu.ir 3p€.kor has th. rtgh+ fo nqfrbt€.) In +h. s.co;d pt.c6, +h..o *ords 8.6 9otng to b. ohph.slz.d.on6tlm.3,.id ti,.n Vo! c!nr+

,r Elg sh. a€ glv6 lh6 sy lgblo. f. thSpt'cn p.r.o.n, - u r n y 6 u - 5 - r € r e 6 dc h t n € 5 € r s sv .bt€s tnto Fr rng_

s . r h o u s . . o t . t . 6 ss t o s l n g t o o u + f o r . + i 6 i t t o n p . r r t c u t a . t b . s t c . y r h e s d n oI n C h t n . s € . . de n o s h . h 6 o ^ l y n . J o - d r f l . r s h . 6 t o k o 6 pr n n , n d r s r l a r l l c h t n 6 ; o s r - € s s € r . 9 9 e . 6 r € s F € p t t c \ o . f t e r r o t a - o n o . S r r o s sd o 6 s n o r

e^srr"i;-iirr^.".".i
..;+...""...

Tndra Is consld€r.blv moro d'tl'r€nc€

rh€ - o r ' s t ot ii trreEnas s€nt€ncos' t o rtvprc'r! r ' iil 'l.i-..ir.iiui! u + h os s h r e ' c 6 , s € d 6 n do t ii,i" ii " iii'-.i:r" " ' h o "o r r H i i i i " l ^ i i i , i " " i t " , " i i i " ^ ' , t t t ' q u s s + r o ' o r d sr k '
I'h D.nt.l Klng.\

ro b. undorstooo. lr !ngllsh, Iflonalloh otrt"ns p'r-

tiri-rt."

h r pattorns ' IndrcEto or rFore

b o + ' 6 € nC h l n 6 s " i d

tho.r.

Y . 0 ?\

T h . n o s l c o n f , o n. x c . t t l o n t o i n l s t y P l c ' l p ' + 1 6 ' i l i E n 9 l l e h 1.. .lr..t th...d ot th. s.nl..c6, !3€d lor mo3fqutsrrons rno.r *h!t cln b. !n3r.r6d flY€3i or

r ( n € . n l n 9 r r Y o ur . a 3 k l n g oilv itr6 rtslhg lnron'tlon shors'thDt ln lhc l!3t tro.r.npl.3! r'.cio cu.sllons'r c.ll lig lor v.s/no tnsrers' tlrer. .r. ln chln.s., th. +vplc.l Into.!lton p!rt€rn-_th€ P'+r'rF tor lh6 noe+ Eiaionen+si-ts rri onc ra travs !1..!dv Fr'6'it'd: rl+h . {!3f'r r'npo tho 3.au.nc6.f loi€!r nodlll.d bv.tr.s5' i iarrorcr, torcr_rt+ch r..g. +htn t.. iords In l.ol'tron' You *lll h!v. ro llghi your i.tur.l t.nd.ncv., ! 6p'!k6' A Hlgh t'h' ntE rllh ! drop In prt.h. or En.ii3; ro.nd 5r.l. t o n . . . n r r n s . R r 3 l n 0i o n ' r ' i o ! ..h.t;!. H l a ht o n . r ! R l . l h s L;r toi.. "lih l+i .l3lis +.i l, ..nDIhs . Lor D. nor ch.ns. +h.n Inro FallIn9 f6n'3 6id ot ! 3i.t.r.nt. ro +hl3 lvplctl Th. nost coinoi.x..Plloi r.le€d 6.qu.nc. tlon Drtl..i ls. sllgh+lv Chlnos' lilon!-

iiif

chli.;. r.l3.d Inton.+lonpfoduc.s r'l9h.r-rh!i_horh!r prrcn r s u . . d l o r q u . e + l o n sr l + h q u ' 3 t r o n + h r o u E h o d tt h o ! . n + . i c . . n d ,oFds. !3 t.l I .3 tor v.E/no qu.srronr. ln th. tollorlnq lr. s6nl.nc.3, onlv th. drft"6nco b''{6'n norr.l Inron.tlor srgn.ls +h!1 +h6 flrsr .'ls.d Inton.tl.i.^; ls. v.s/no ou.stlon.nd th...cond ! s+.t€nont.

6...tr.t".

u n l r i . t i , . € h s l l . n a l s l n E I n t o n . t l o n 't h ' .

NI hlo? (Yo!t.e I ln6 Nor l.trs co@!.. th.

ol . q!.sllo.-ro.d

q!.6-

tlon rl+h l+. !nsr.r.

Nl . h l n I l l u o r 6 n? ( I h . t r . y o ! r n ! t r o n rl l t y ? )

ri6 .hl r,lalsuo ran ( I ' n . n A n . r c . n ,) l

Anolh€. Chln.3. lnfon.tron p.tt.rn lor..s th. Pl+.h throughr.+h6. out th. s.nt.n..r oli.n grvlng th. volc. . b..!thy q!.llty r 5lgh. Thrs p.t+.rn l3 oscd lor '.cho qu.!+lon!,I rhlch llk. L.t'6 cohplr. ! .orn!l .r. u3.d to v.rlly rn.+ h.. b..n t!ld. qu.6tton l..l3sd l.+o.!+loi, .nd .n d.cho cu.3tlon' (lor...d

NI

.? Nl xl.g *aig ( [You s.y] your 3!.n.n.

I n d l s c u s s l n gr h € 5 € ! F - € € C h l i . s s l n f o 1 . + l o n o ! + t € r n s , f l ' . Dolnr rrs r6D..t€dlv b.6r h.d€ rh.t +heyalf6c+ +h€ 9on€..1 plt l 6 v o l o f + h € * h o l e s 6 n t € n c e , H o * € v € r ,t h 6 r . a r o n o t l c 6 . b l . l n toiatron.l l..tur5s.t i h . B i d s o l s € i t o n c e s . T h e e €a 1 6 p ! r T I cul.rly notlc6.!1. rhen +ho last syllabl6 l3 ln thE Na!r.al ton lF t.ct, tho n!rk6r. h.s no r..l n6rilng o.9.smna+lc.r fuhcllon ol Its orn, n..€ry st vli! rs . c.rrl.r ol v.rlou5 tlnal plfch c o i t o r r s r i l c h . t l . c t n 6 . n l n g . T h 6 1 6. r . . l s o fln.l 5vll!bl. rl1h lull ton. ls eri6nd.d *o c..ry on. ol ih.s. lln.l pt+ch contou.s.

T o g . t h 6 rr l t h l ^ + € f J . c + l o n s . i d t h . v . r l o u . p . u 3 € h . . k . r e *hlch punctu.to s.nt.nc.3, ii€3. lnton.+ron.l d.vlc.. provrd. nu.i ol lh6 .xpr.eslv€n€ss oa chln.s. sp...h. K..p I l3+€nlng

APPENDIXl: LIST OF lillTlALS

N6!r.st Enqllrh Eeuv.l.nt I rrb ll,r I but uneolc6d

!rb.1s,rr but no.€ a.pl..t.d !sprF.f€d.id
rldlI l,!r b!t !hvolc.d

li /r/

p o 3 li l o i

I

trft

n

s
J
I

t ' 9 1 | l , ! ' b c r u n v or c . d t r h l| 1 , t r b u t h ! r s h . t "I.op,,'but uivolc€d.id rn /l/ posrtlon

r r k ll l i b u t h o 1 6 . . r 1 . ! 1 . d I

rfll I lu rnl ltr

ugr ll,"

but ho16 .3pl r.t.d ti /r/ !.ck ftor. posttlor

t r c h e . p , rb u t n o . . . s p r r . r . d . i d rr!.e,rr but *lth +oiqo. cu.t.d

rrB.$,rrb!t itfong.r nSh.r," but l. /r/ po.rtton

t

,,tl I t,,, bu+no.. r3pt..f.d ( s . o a P P o n d l |x| , L t s f o l F t n . l 3 , l b€+r€6. rh6 /.h/ ot isno.D,i .hd th. /s/ iA.€p,r'but In /r/ po;T+t;i { 5 6 €A p p € n d l r r L t 3 t o f F I n . t s . ) I t b 6 d s , r ' b u iu n v o l . € d 'rl.*,u but unvorcod.hd ln /r/ poslrroi

or

APPE DIX tl: LISTOF F|i'IALS
rrth;ut In!l!f.l

nO.t.rlon

n !o T6.-iun9,tr 'r699+hn

nrnln." l (.ft.r $ :, nJr!+r (/3/ po3lilont

,:ll.:"i, .!, nr..h.r" (/r/ Po'rrron)
l.l!.rh...t iBl kl n!,' iy.n.h.,n ntghootrr rlEcht!'

'rg'
/r/ +n.a itgll tr nlgt ro*,, + /iE/,'r!g!k.r!r

50

N.'..sf

E . o l l s h E o ul v ! r 6 n r

/\/+1'q6t^'+/n9/

I
tr€lltr

ni.tkl

kr,r

trllll

rqllgr I ry, n

u { 9 I ! . , ' ' q u l r + y n+ / n g l "r4l.["

trsll" l n o E n g ll s h 6 q u l v r l . n t i p . o n o u n c € de l l h t h . t o n g u 6 l . th. /l/ posllloh ..d th. I lt. ln ih. /u/ Doslllon, sl6ult.i6005ly. ) /!/ +'0^t..lo"

vlt

!, !'
' !!!,
9, !'.id l.

!.
!9,

5l

(NUM} NUMBERS

INTFODUCTION
Th6.bl lly 1. Js6 ln6 chr.65c lLro6r sys-6nhay bs one o t i n o n o s t L 3 € r u ls ( l l t 5 y o u k r t . l c d J t r . o r r r . g r o d L l . I n r . o o u c o sr h € c h t n o E on L - b 6 . e r r o n 2 . . . t h r o u g h 9 9 , 9 9 9! n d o r d l h € t i u h b 6 r s , Th. osssi+l!l pa.t 6r rhts nodot. coistsre or'lhs Nunb.rs(\U , -ap€s a.d rh..cco.p.1yl.9 dtspt.ys ahd a r a r c r s . s l r i l . € v 6 r k b o o ks o c t l . n . t r h l 5 n o d u l 6 , l h € ro.kbook t.xi ls toi lo*€d bv Y o u 3 h o u l dr o . k t h 1 6 ! g h . r l o . . + t h e t l . 5 l t o u . r . p 3 3 , * h l . h I n t r o d u c € i h € n u n b 6 r su p t o 1 0 0 , r h l l . y o u . r o s t u d y I n 9 t h 6 O r l . n t . t l o i M o d u l 6 . T h . 3 € t . p e s l n c l u d 6 s o 6 €{ o r k on p.o^uncl.+lon. lrorkl.e *lrh nunb.rsoftsr3 .i .rcerl6hl o p D o . t u n l t yi o b u l l d u p t l u s n c y . i d . c c u r a c y o f p r o n u n . l ! tlon rlrhout h.vlng fo 1..rn. n.r eoc.bulrry. l.t.t NU *ap.s 5 a^d 5.16 ln+.nd.dro bo usodrlth ih. 3 6 c o ^ dh . l f o t t h . M 6 n 6 y o d u l 6 , y h o r o h l q h 6 r n c h b € r sr . . n u 3 . d I n b . n k l i g 3 l t u . t l o n 5 . N o H € v . r ,b € . r u s € t a p . s t o r t h 6 r . s o ! r c € n o d u l . s . r € a s s € 1 1 - c o n t a l i € da . p o 3 3 r b l . , y o ! n . y u 3 . f h . n a t . i y t l n . * l + h . m l n l n u no t . . f . r . n c o t o o t h o . cooo.i6nts of ths cours€,

(NUmBEnS 1-5) TAPE1 WORKBOOK

l|L

c.
t t 2 1

1 t r 2

2 t 4 5

0.

E.

1 2 1 1

a42l

c.

t!24

4t12

E,

2431

6 5 t

D,

5 6 2 5

D.

2t64

E,

6t55

(NUIiBERS TAPE2 WOFKBOOK 7-10rnd 0)

I lir

5

Jr!
t0

o

llig

c.

E.

B.

7 3 t 6

l r 5 1

a 6 4 2

9 0 0 9

t 9 6 o

9 0 6 ?

t 9 o 6

, r o t 9

t959

c.

4096

2oo5

E.

7960

t 1 7 6

t 1 9 2

0. t 6 2 0 t 9 ? 9

NoH oDULE

(NUMAERS Il-99) TAPE3 WORKBOOK

20

22

Ir6hlar

t5

t5

r!.h lr!
lli.hlll!

t6

. h lr u

Jr I . h l

JI!.hrJl!

t.

2.
l0

t l

l. 6.

a5 29

2.

tl

53

(NUIIBERS TAPE4 WORKBOOK I-99, REVIEW)

t.

3

2.

5,

.48

2,

Ex.r.ls. ! 2 . J + 8 t. | + 2 3. 5 + 5

t.

55

t,

12
9.

t6

to. 21

E x € . c l s .5 l. 2l r t0
l0

l.

J3+to

(NUMBERS 100-999) taPE 5 WORKBOOK

lrirbtrl
200

3oo

600 900

blbll J Inbal

(lribir

I r lb v!snrr!
( | r6; sb6I a. 3h I I r )
999

q l b l l . l r hr q l

lltrbllll!6hlJrI (JlibllJl!!hlJlEt

rRon.nlz!tlon In p..6iih.s.s

lndlc!+.3

r A n 5 r € r sa r € 0 6 t . p . . )

2.
!.

5.

6lo
3.

224 292
569

C O L U ! 4IN

202

220

I r l n g ! ll a r s h t

ztl tt2 9ta
J

{J

| l l t2l tll

2t2

2t2

tol ,03 6t! 6, lo.

O 7,

270 901

220

.

at2

t2.

721

l. 2. 3.

909 141 20t

919 7.200 21t '|! 6t2
230 l,l 621 364 206

230

'r. ltl 5.602

661
l

t0.

t0 l

An.r6rs +o Ex.rcls.4! 5.602 ?.208

2. 111

t. 2to 9.606

to. t l o

5tI

62

(l{U BEnSI,000.99,090) TAPE6 WORKBOOK

Jliqrln

y l q l l n I I I i g b l l s l s h| | i i s f n qI 6 n r ! b l l q l s h l r i

2.

t,694

9,

Att29

t. 5,

t,tll 4,9t2

t.2,2lo
7. t,3l l

III DI3PLAY
I COLL'MN

2 coLUlrN
l,lql

I '991 2,92
5, Q95

ylqltn!!!ryr r r!nEql!i!l!slr lliqt!n!!u!ri

yl q | lhyl btl LL!4!r

r 2,2O_2 I lansq !i I I !nsb!| Lbgir

6,6qt

lllql.nlribtrlLbS{I

7 , 0 - 9 7 qrqt rn!b$it

rb 1,191 qrq I Rnq i I l_ilgc I

e'9!e JlUqI.iLhr.lI!

e,ege

J ! !qr5iJ | !btr | l_!!!,1li

t.
2.
1.

,.

(Ansr.rs !r.

on D.go 54.)

3.

ta. 2,222

r :o ,o o o

6io,ooo

5 0,000

2. t,

t.

lo.
o n p . g . 6 3 ,)

NIII'I MODULE

l. 5.

42,t39 93,551

9!l!!!_r
|,9.9q1 y l vNilbgyr

C O L UN 2

r,q9ql r , r 9 g l r I ri nylq rsnlhgyr r ,I r g l
v I r i ^ y I q l S n y lb l l -

r,gql
t , 0 tr l

yl,inLbsyrshlvr

tli_sv I

t. 2.
7.

( A n s r 6 r s. r . o n p . g . 6 3 . )

--

NUI'IMODI.JLE

22,201
3,

rr
tl

42Dilt

2 9 D it I

NU I,IODULE A N S I I E RT O T A P E 6 E X E R C I S E S S

2,

t,t9l

9,
5, 8,6t0

', tol

t. 2, t.

,

l

6, 1. 8. 9.

at,2l, 2t,3tO 67,490 t4,813 29,612

'2,52O 74,2t4

t.

1,,1ta

to.

I.

20,00 |

l.

, r , 0 0|

6, 9.

59,OOi t0,050

5.

9 3 , 0t 5

-----------

SUMMARY
C h l i € s o s v s f 6 mo t n u h b € . s l s s t n D l € tr.d lt n.ro r€sut6r thon th6 iunior fhe iuhb€.s I ro t0 pt!s zerol
)

tiu (6)
(t)

Jti

(9)

lO, shl, fol to(.d

forn.d (tth th€ vo.d tor shlqi shlba shlJri ll lhrough l9 ( l7) (t3) (l9) r6s€nbt6s

You cai 3oo th.t the syEi6h lor rorntn. .ddltlo^: lO + l, otc.

Th. iunb6r 20 ts I I t . r a l l y I ' t { o t e n s . ' r of ro ..€ fo.n6d *lth rho vo.ds ror 2 through th. rord for 10, shl:

Y o u c . n s 6 6 f h . r t h T s s v s t € n . 6 s o h b l € sn u l t t p
,. Ih6 r6n.rnlng nuhb.rs up 1o too a16 ro.hsd by conbtilng rh€1 .dd it-. rord .o. t.

6rshtyt slshljru arshtbr l29t stshlyt (12) ssnshta. Nishtstn sanshl ! (36) rishtbt slshlrn t45) ]lUshr,i N o t i c ot h a t s h l , t 0 , t o s € s i t s f o n e

(2t)

(49) l,sht!t (67) (41) tjA) ltshlsl (53) (36) bsshl il (53) Jrishter (92) (65) JrlshtJrn {99) I n t h 6 e x . n p t 6 sa b o v . .

N U r 'M O 0 U L E t

HUNDAEDS
ol I l u l t l p l € s o t I O O€ . € f o . m e d T n t h . s . n o * . v a s h u l t l p l € s lo: rho ,ords for I through 9 folloved by +h€ *ord fo.

( t00)
I l 6n ! b ; i (200)

(jr'ibil) '{o+lc.+h.t rh. ro.o tor r, -bIl, .lt5ou9l' I!, o.cur5 b€for. b6lo.€ 10. shI. Not. !rso rho 2 lor 2 us.d rh€n forhl.g +h.-Eiudrods. lh th6 hunbors , 12, c ..d.ll nunb615ont.rnlns2 up ro l0o, !! ls us.d. !L!ig_
l! q3.d xlih huhdrBds. {h6n lormlng nunb.rs *l1h "h!ndr.d," r.hohb6r fh.t son. ot th. nuhb6.s froF I throu!h 9 ch.ig€ +on. b.roro lh. Lo* ton. of -bll. Y i ( l ) c h . i E € sI t o F . H l g h + o n . 1 o a F . l l l n g

||!bar (600)

toi€.

llE

(2t !L (5), .id il!

{9) ch.ne6tron Lov ton.s

It

ylb!l I l!i9bll

( | l6ngbil)

Jri

J r E b l r( J r n b i i )

T h . n u n b 6 . s I t h r o u g h 9 . 1 1 . r t h . h u n d r B d sb r l n g u 0 . 5p.cl!l pol.t rh6h th.r. l3 io ^u6b€r ln +h€ t6ns pl.c.: . 2610, llig, l! us.d l. i!rk lhlt pl6c..

r r U b a ll n g r l U l r l l n E b al'l ^ s a r ( 2 0 2 )

sanbll s l b a Ir
v!bll I

l ) J r v b alrn l J r ! ( 9 0 9 (Jl'ib;ll l i g J l n ) (505)

H h o nn u d b 6 r s l n + h € + . . i r r o l l o , t h e h u i d 1 6 d s . v r { l ) l s r o u n d o . s r ! i d _ T h vr F l s Ini6.red b.to.o -l^6rord !o_ lO, sfl. ls n6c6.E.ry, you n.cd to drsrlnqiT-3h bstve.n tho nunb.rs I ihrou9h 9 .nd +h€ n!nbo.s *hlch l.b.l . 9roup of nunb.rE--no.e s p 6 . l t l c a l v , r h l c h l a b € l . p o * € ro r 1 0 , s r c h a s " t € . , " r h l , ''hundr.d.' -bil. lnd so on. Th6 rulo ls th.t tHo nurb€rs rhrch.16 la5;Ts tor oth€r nunb€rs(such.s -bEI .nd shl) ri€.€ior.,-tT c!n.o+ occur or6 .t'6r +l'. orh6-. 3 a;;;o

b o t o . 6: I L t n

rro 'r.ousn re.

{tl5) (316) I lingb6lytshlyl (2ll) (517) (4t2) slbllytshlar j libi lylshIs5i llUbiiylshlbt (613) {9lJ) ylbEiylshlJli (ll9) r'14) q T b il y r s h l s l q6'llrs to1€ bozo-. th€ Lor Th€ illoh 16i€ ol vi ch.raes to a ' o r € o ; - 0 6 i o r r a 6 6 s n o i c h a i s . D € t o r 6q 1 l , ! s v o u d o J r d -oh6 ihtcF .i;;.i. fi; +oi. or vr ,s Lsu; v .'r6cra? by !iy follo*s, buf thls c.3;-ls 6n oxcoptlon. ,ib:lytshlr! btbalyishlt Ii I ly sEnbE 15h ql T h . f € m o l n l n gn u n b 6 . s I n t h 6 ylbllbtshlJln lllnqb6larshl6r l 3 5 n b as l s h I l i s l b i l b l s h| (139) (222) (546) (430) llJb;lslshlql qtb,l s5^sh lli I bllbllqlshll Ii (647) (716) latq)

J r U b 5 r l r i s h r a(re 5 ? )

viblrsrnrhryr

(5rr)

THOUSANOS Iho kord ror "thousand" 13 -!!g
tori6d li th€ s.h€ ray !s th6 hu.dr€d3,

rhe
(6,000) (7,000) (4,000) (9,000)

ylqTln ll;ngql6.

(1,000) (2,000) ( r , o o 0) (4,000 ) (5,000)

lllqlti qtqltn

brqlli sEnqTSn slqlSn iliqlrn v!qrrn 'no tlar r1e qls5 tolo o'!! N o + r c et t . ' 2 l s L t 3 -o a c.rrrls ton€ b€5.e r1. HlsF 'oro o, -91!a.

R u 1 6 sc o n c € r n r n s r o n E c h a n s € s6 r d u 5 € o r ! : . n d n u n b o . s l i t h € h u n d r s d sa l s o . p p l v t o n u n b € . s I n r h o (1,036) y l q l s n l l n q b J s h ll i l I i , n q q l E nl lS n q b E l a r s h l( 2 , 2 2 0 ) (5,610) N! q | 5 n I I i bi I y t s h I (6, 05) b 5 qi t n y l b EI l l n g N i (9,017) Jliqltnlligylshlql

NIJM l,l00ULE
l s € x D s i d e dI n n u n b 6 . s . 5 l a . g 6 a s rh6 us6 of ]!9 dJ. + h o u s a n d T h o t o r d l l n o a . i s r a n d r o r + r oI '6 rn n o r e ao n oc o n f s. a d!In " t. +n" Enqrrsh z6ros. Ihis !56 ls 'fifir.

) r h o u s . n de l g o n e " ( | ,gqr rr,00l) ylqrsn!b!yr I lahqqrlnl-Llgir {2,9q2) I r,99, ) EliqlEnl!-!gs!i

( 4,qq4, .l q l!nlbgsl ( 5,9q5 ) *!q I rnlbgH! S € 6 r l . s l y , r h l s . x o a r s l o no t + l ' o n . ! . l r s o t ] - t i t o c o n t u s l o n ,b u f c o n p . r o r h € i o r r o e r n g : ylqr!nslbllll^slln (1,496) y l q l ! i l l ^ s s l s hI l l i ( 1 , 9 4 6 )

'JliqrrilbgJli

) Iir I ruqrtnl!-!gr (6,996 ( 7,99r ) qrq I lnlbgq I ( I ,993 ) brq rriL!-!gbt

(e,gge )

c'u'o le!d

( r,996) at , q 6 0 )
l The r.o!lnlng nqnb€.En +hoth.!3!nds.r. l J I U q r i l l a n g b laq t s i I b t qlqll.slnbalyl3htyt slqrlnr!bllar3hlir I I l l h g ql r n y l b E l l i s n l s r n (9,273) 11,3ll) (4,527t (2,l6r) forn.d

'EN 'HOUSAN9S
T h 6 , o r d f o r u + € nt h o u s a i d r l s - r i n . ( lo,ooo) lli*ln yl*tn (20,000) qt*ln |llng{}i (ro,ooo) b6!An slnfln (60'000) (?o,0oo) (30,000)

'roa ql Norlc€ +hsi vr, ql, ..d bl ch€rg. -41 to Rlslig roros Deto.6 tTE l;Tllrg tin. o' T h € r u l . s t o . h u n d r . d s ! n d t h o u s a n d sa l s o . p p l y +ho!sands: l) rh. {o.d !l-4ig- (2) Is usod rlth -gia. 2) N!nb.rs rhlch Itb6l a Dosltlon ctnnof occur on. rl J) Iho ford l_!.!g ca. staid for +f6 or n..6 .no1h.r. J r!,!i!fqlsnssnbirslshl I iir (92,346)

slv.n ririi

(4o,ooo) (5 o , o o o )

Jr!ii.

(9o,ooo)

I r;nsvinarqisnArbllirshler22,222) .

b{rlnlhgbl b6rl n!!-!9b tsh I br

( 39r9q3 ) {3qaq8a )

b6*inll]gbtba ibrsh I bE (30,333) rn th. flrst +ro ox.hplos g! ls us.d tor 2 *h.n lt l. not ihs t l r s i d l 9 l + I n . n u h b € r . T h € s o c o n d€ x . n p l 6 c r . . r r y . n o * e +ha+ n.frv6 sp€.k..s nry st3.t ofr *lth Il_I!g- .hd thon 5rrtch ro !!. N u n h . r s l n t h . f 6 n t h o u s . n d sb f l n g o u t t c h . . ! c t . r l s t l c o f t h . C h l n 6 s 6n u n b o t s V s t € n r h l c h I s l r u l y d r f t 6 r . i t f . o n f h € Ensllsh syst.n of nurb.rs, Tradl+lon.lly, Chln... nunb6.s v€r6 vrltt.i vlth rh. conh. +o th6 l.ft 6f th6 tou.th drqll. 2,5556 I l a i g * i n r i q I t h , i b l l s t n s h lI r !

b r v l n I I i r qI t n q r b i I s l s hI q r OROINAL TtIUMAEFS
I L l k o t h 6 c . r d l n . l n u n b € r s ,o r d l n r l n u m b 6 r s n c h 1 n . . . . . . lorn.d. Th. {ord to. triunb.r,i 3!.lso..srly.nd r.sur!rly (ln th. E.ns6ol'tnumb€r lr') h!y b6 pl!c.d b.toro !ny cr.dlnrl nunb.. to fr.k6 l1 .n ordln.l nunbo..

( " n u n b . r 2 , " " s . c o n d ")

dlArshl Ih6 p16tlx dl- nusr bo fol lor.d by . qnr+ nunb..r iot by ro. r groupof nunb..3. Fo. ln3t.nc.: ( " t o n 6 l h ui d r o d t h " ) dlylbli { N O Td l b i r ) ( i i c o n . l r h o u s 6 n d r h i), dlyl! Itn ( N o Td l q l a n ) (r'ton€r+€n thousanrh!'t d ( N 0 Td l * i n ) N o i r c 6 t h a f r h r . d . 6 s N o T h o l d t r u € f o . t h 6 n u n b € r sl o t o l 9 : ("nuhbe.10,'oi€.thtr) dlshl dlshlyt ( " n l n b e r1 9 " dlshlJrn

IlUM I,IODUIE T h e r o l 5 . l s o . n o t h . r f o r d . - h a o , r h l c h r h € n u s € dt l t h I n u n b 6 r r . f 6 r s t o t h l n g s I n . n o r d . F - u . l l k o + h . n u n b . r su s 6 d v l t h d 1 - , t h € n u n b 6 r s* l t h - h t o c o n 6 r o b . u 3 € d t s n . n e s t o r ih6 tFTnss th€y r6rsr t., as-T; !ddr€s36i or d!t€s. D!lI J l5 sl.hlarhio

I'tNo.42 DalI Str..t")

S!nyili s!isn rYrhao

I{TJMEEFS ALOUD SAYII{G
nunb..s.loud. 0n. r.v I3 to Th..6.ro r*o ih. n!nb6" Incl!dlng th. lrb.ls tot rh' !lv€ ih. full forn ot

a0r0tl t2,105

yl{)nr la.sqltnqlbll| (nsHi

3 l r a n b l qI t n 3 t n b l I s l 3 h I q t tno o+h€r i.y l5 to !.. r!+.l.phon. .rYl.l th. l.b.l3 to. +h. Dor.r3ot 10. bl-rln9_llng-YI-Yl 80'oll 12,1o5 Yl-ar_ql_ltng-t! q r - l l n 9 _r I n s - | l n g _ JI 70,009 /t3,!4? 3l -br-5r.-31-qt Th.r. !.. t{o thln9. +o notlc. rh.n r6.dlng nuib.r!'+ol.phon. FIrst ol .lt, !1.c. th..€ I3 r sllEht p.us. b.rr..n slvl.." I. no+ ch.ng.d bv th. n.xt .!;h nurb.F, +h. ton. ol . .yll.hl. . v l l . b l . . T h . r . t o r . , . l I i ! i b . F 3 ! r . D r o n o u n c .{ l t h t h . r r d s.condly, l-lng c.iiot e+.nd h;€r. roi.3,
!.ro l!nd 13..D..1.d ll n..d b.).

'T€l.Dhoi..tvl.n l3 olt.n u!.d to ld.n+lft I v..r' ro||or3 rh. nlnDers. rord for ,ty.!.,'r -al!, 11950) yI-Jl!-*!_llns-nl6n

Th.

-

(CEl CLASSROOM EXpnESSTONS cEl

2.
3, '1,

N 6 f r . ns h l n s k a b . .
Nl rliE ,6 shu6. n!?

L.trs b69ln c l.ss. Lr316r to h. s.y lt. 0o you und€.s1.nd no*? I donr+ und..3t.nd.

NI d6ng l.

?. 3.

Ql^g 9ah:ho v. shu6. Qlig il zil lhoO ylcl

Plo.36 rop..i.lt.r P l 6 . s os r y l t . S . l n .

16.

I l, 12.

lt6 bL zhldlo. S hI s h 6 . n . y l . l ?

r,ih.t does It n6an? 0kDy, clrss l3 ovor.

15. Hlo, r6n.n xla ka b!.

cE2
l. 2. l. 4. 5, $6 n6l tlnOqtngchu. !i6 y6u ylg. rlntl. N I s h u d c u 6l € . NId6 rEyrn b'i rlr Nl 95n t5 shu5. h!o. I dldir't h€.r cl.a r ly. t I h.v€. qu6slo.. You s!ld lt *.on9. You. pronunclallonlsirt You+.lk ylth hln too

0R You

6.
7.

w 6 n s i n r 6 n ,n l * e n * i n + 1 . 0
H O l . l b Il l n g , n f h u l d l

r i ,d q D ! i r 6 n , y o u . s k r h € H i I r E ll l n g , y o u ! n s x . r r h € n .

3.

Q I n g n I ttnch6.g zhdnsr6n. P l € . s € t . . n s l l t e Pl.as6 tr.^3lat.

lr lr

10, QInsdl yldllnr 5h!ngyt. I l. Q I n gd l n y l d l , n r E h u d .

P1..5.t.lk a llttlo

Pl.!s. r! lk a llttl. l,lr. (T..che.) zhlng,

12, zhtngLlosht' nln ha.l ll. r4. I l l n g t l a nJ l a n . C r z h 6 n s r 6 n! l n n . t h u t ?

Hov do tou 3ry "c.r"

(T&O) TIMEand DATES
INTBODUCTION T h l s r o s o u . c . n o d i € s u h 6 . r t z 6 s r n d 3 u p p l o n . n t sc o . € n o d u r o p . 6 s o n t . . t l o n sl n v o t v l n g d a r € s a n d f t n o . T I m € . n d 0.1€s (T&0)t.pes I and 2 cov€r d.tos (y€ar,60irh, day of th€ nonlh, d!y ot th. r..k, and such€rp.ssstons.E !'n6x+ r66klr.id I'yost..day,'). T!0 lap6s 5.nd 4.ov.r tt66 (ctock € x p . e s s l o n s. s , ! l ^ tho no.ntngu).

Iho pror€qusl+€s fo. thls nodule€.e PrR t.p6s t-6.nd I N U M. p 6 s - 4 . 0 r h € . r l s € , t h 6 T l h o ! n d 0 . t € s o d u l . l . . . t l i codr.ln.d. Not6, hof.v.r, rh!t d.t€s a16 l itroduc.d rrlh f . p 6 s 5 a n d 6 o t t h . a l o g r . p h l c riforhatloi rlod t. !nd +rr.i u t l n 6 l s l n f . o d c c . d r t t h + a p € r t .nd 6 ot fh. I,roi€yModul..

1l

TID MODIILE

* (DATES) TAPE 'I WORKBOOK
Er.rcl r. I lAns16rs .r€ on t.P.. )

t,
2,.

(|t
tt) (l)

(r) Nov.ob€r lOth
5. 6. (l) lt)

7. 8. 9. 10.

t ) ( ) ,

DISPLAYI

20th

6.

S.pt€ib.. 2ttn

DI6PLAYII

fo5+at.5 th. rul€s

(YEARS ANODAYSOF THE WEEK} TAPE2 WORKBOOK
DISPIAY I

, l. 2. 5.

t F.h.!.ry 22' 17 2 July 4th, 1776 J.o!.ry l, 166!

15, t2t,

I ?, t9f9

THIS

NEXT

t92r

l

1926

l

1921

1960

I

r95t

I

t962

?

|

R€.|

|

|

LE T6D I'IODU

otSPlaYrll

t2

tl

ir4

t,

t6

It

20

2l

22

2t

26

TrrrE) TAPE3 WORKBOOK(cLocK

t,

DISPLAY II

^g' l t l ] n , y

!.

i''__J
I
\

/'i

iI
t l l2

I

D

It l5 2 t5
4, l2

!o

4'

2 t2
t2

t2 I5

5. rr

3 r .)

Et.rcle. 2

2. t.

Ex.rcl16 J

2,

3 5 .)

t.

4 :l o

!.

1t3,

,,

2, l2t2t

a2

2.

4.

l2t I5

t,
2.
!.

I It ,0 9. t 2 lo 2 1'

lo

to.

05

l!

o7
J, 9 20

It 3. 9. tl l2

t0 ,9

,o

gt

TIO I,IODU!E

T (CLOCK OF TIMEANDPARTS THEDAU TAPE 4 WORKBOOK

t.

1.

I otSPtAY

t.
2.
ll!!o

otaPtaY tl
t. I
45
!. ll!40

,o

-

Bro.

I
ir rc-;T].J_iT, h-T

!4or,

TTDIIODULE Ex6.cl s€ 2 1.

2.

,.

Ex.rcl.. t
l..r n.tt Y'!r Y€tr

n6tt Y6'r

tSlh i.xt Eonih

2otn

tth n.it *"x

{.dn.!d.l D...nb€r I lth 9. JulY 2nd oclob.r Itth
lun. Sth

l O . F o b . u . r Yl ? i h

OD

I

Te0 t00uLE

\ t';
' r0 t I

l' \.r'l
G12

II

''

t

"

l1

l'--=-'l

TiO }IODOLE
T A P E4 E X E R C IE S S

t.
2.
6!t5

1.

,t l,

7.

20 t lo

to

1,

a.

to

Ex.rcr6. !

9.

20th

to.

l

CD

TTO MOOULE

SUiIMARY
ONTH, OAY, AND YEAF l i C h l i e s s r t h o i . m € ! t o . t h o h o n t h so r t h o n u h b o r 5I + h r . u g h l 2 t . l l o * o d b y t h o r o . d l o r ('Janua.y") Ylyua Qtyua ("^ogustt') s6yui Lr v " n ("llarch'I) {"s6pt.nb6r") Ji!yui 55ny b u (oap.ll") Shlyua u 51y A (r'Nov.nb€r" ) {iyui 5 hl y l y u i (t'0€c6nbsr") ("Jun.") Shlaryui Lliyub +o qtsrr9 r6d6s b € r o r o + h € F a r r r n q + o n €o - r E ; o dav T h € d a ! o l t h o n o i + h l s € x o r . s 5 o d b v f h € i u n b s r o f i hn u n b € . . ! ' !l+€ral y, -I!g m€.ns rr 1ol ov€d by th€ bouid ro.d -\!q.
s1h16 qlhlo s hl q r h l o ( s hl q I h l o ) !.shlbth;o ( i r s h I b S h l o) (itho ?+hr) ({th. l?fh") ('rfh€ 23thrr)

1 u n D 6 r 3t _ , q t , a r d b 6 d o i o ' ! r r a v s Tlls Filber, ro.€ ih€1 pa-- o' a lars; Ihe ord€. ol +h6 monthtid lh6 day or th€ nonth sshe In Chln€s€.s lt Is Ii Englls[: { r ' J q L Y4 " ) QIY!a slhio (iausust etr) Biyui i I!h;6

r s h l i . y u € a r s h l a . h i o { " 0 6 c € n b €2 2 )

r Y u a e € s r ^ r r o d u c € d n + h o B l o g r a p h r cn f o r h ! t l o n r l o d u l € , 1 + h I l l s i a . r r n e r r + h r h 6 M o i € y M o d u€ , t h 6 u n l a u + fF-ep€r lne di. rr l!-LIa: aft€. n and r, + o d r s r i n s u i s h ! r r r e o 4 3 i d . l . l rf r o n l i i .

To ask rhal honth or rh.t day ot +h€ nonlh lt Is, u3e +h€ {hov nany": questlon *ord j!-, z h a l g 6 y u i 3 h l J l y u i ? ( ' r l i h a ih . . t h l s t h l s ? " ) ('r$h.l rs tod.vts d.re?'r) Jrirls^ jlhlo? nLaborlr rFs ansto. rs .rp6cr€d JI- ls usL.llv iO of 50 (duash60 €lrg cs€dotl.rrlso). D T6 oE no nore thrn But nor'.6 -fal l!- ls Lsod tor tl'. o€v ol +h. € n u n b € ru P r o r I

by +h. word -Alrgt,

1 i l d o i t l f t l n q y . . r 5 , t o u r s l . 9 l € - d l g l t n u n D . . e. r e t o l r o * . d

Y r Jl ! . r l l U n l S n ( 1 9 2)6 YlJl!etnstnnlan (1935' (r942) Y r Jr i s l i r i l 6 n r Y r Jr ! , ! l l n 9 n 6 n l l 9 5 O ) T h . . 6 n u n b . r s . . . ! l v s n l n ' ! 1 6 l . p h o n .s f v l s ' r ( o n . b y o n . , , i . t c o n b t n o d l n i 6 s 1 . . 9 e r n u"n b . . . l ! , g ! , a n d b t d o i o + c h a n q . s + o n €l n r r ' l . l . p h o n 5 t y 1 . . rs u36d: {h.n askr.9 'i*h.t y6ar?" th. quoefron {ord &!l!a N I 3 h l n E I h l S ns h a h g d 6 ?( ' t { h a t v . . . * o . 6 v o u b . . i ? " ) t.om+h. Irrso. Y l q T q r l l U n l S . l y u os l h a o ( r ' J u l v ' l ' 1 7 7 6 " ) Q YljlU,!Itngnl6nStnyu.stn3hlylhlo (rt[!!rch,l, 1950'r) L YlJlUtlnsllngnrdn liyu. .hlrnhlo ("Jun€15, l9O0'r) No+rc. that th. rord ]-!-!g, 't2€.o,t' l. In3.rl.d ..ch iln6.
hF.n glvlng th6.olth,6ay, Enoy€ar I4 Chll€s€, p.oc.od

DAYS IHE WEEK OF
T h . i ! n . 3 t o r d . v s o f t n . r . . kr . 6a r,o n l ' l o i d . l t h r o u ! h S ! t u . d . y k " !r. fo.meo by uslns lh. rord fo. r 4Ig, nuno.r. Nollc. lh.t !hs c\ln€86 v€.k bo9li3 0n /on6.Y

TID I,IODULE T h a r . . 1 6 t r o d rf f 6 r € . 1 * o r d 3 lor I'Sundry," i.lth.r Xlngqtti!n Xt^gqlrl v, xTnqot^lln ls 'ho.voi d.y,"..d con-

-lt6.6l

Ilnqqtrl

ls "6ui

ln addltloh to th.s. c.nnonly ur.d n.m.s, rnrch !r. ^.r.s standafd In th. P.opl.r3 R.publlc ot Chln., ihor..r. form.d rlfh lTbil:

L I b ll l r

Llblr rL
tlbl tl t!n Llbl I rl d.y ol ttre ro€k lt r., th€ qu.silo. rord IL,tn9qiJ!
("Ihlt d!y l. lr tod.ylrr) n.d!y?i )

rI ba rl!

i'!Nhrt d.y

TIMEWOFDS WIIH DAY, WEEK, MOI{TH, AIiID YEAR
rnd 50 0i .nd th. Tho ro.ds fo. p.r.ll.l, rr+h ,o.ds for tod!y,i itororrov,r' rnd so lorth..o (r): oi6 6xc.ptlon

("y6!r.tro.

noir')

(r'd.y .lt.r (rrdayb.fof.

ionof ro*!r) yo3terdayr')

( " y € . r b s f o 1 6l 5 t r " )

9l

TTD I'IOOLJLE v o r d s 1 o r r r t hl r f , o n t h , " Jor'r+hi5 r6.k," "noxt zhilg6

TELLING TIME
l 5 f h . c o u n t o rt o . h o u r 3 olIn, lli.r!l1y n..nl.i'dot,' "clock"), o n t h ; - c l o c k , T h . r o r d 2 h 5 n q ," o ' c l o c k r r ( l l f . r . l l y ls !dd6doPtlonallY. (?:00) ( l oo) l Yldl!n (zh6ng) Q T d5 n ( z h 5 n g ) (3:O0, B l dI l n ( z h 6 n g ) L l l i g d r i n l ? h d n € ) ( 2 oo) (9:00) (, Jlidlln (1h6ng) S t n dl l n { z h d n 9 ) ( l0:00) (4 00) shldl6n (2hdng ) sldlin (zn6ng) 5 ht y l d t i n ( z h 6 n g ) ( l l : 0 0 ) I5 {idl!n (!h6ns) ) Shterdlln (zh6ng (12,00) L r i d r 6 i ( z h a n r ) ( 6 o0)

.To €xpr.ss tri€ oh th6 h.lt ho!r, th€ vord !!!, I L l 6 n g d6 n b l n ( z h 6 n g ) ( 2 : ! o ) (5:10) |{idlln bln (zh6ng) (9:ro' Jt!dlai bin lzhsng) l s h l y T dl n b a n ( r h l n 9 ) ( 1 1 : i 0 ) c N o t r c . f h . t t h o 3 6o r F . . 5 3 l o n 3 . n . l 3 o . n d To.xt..sr

"h!1f,"

In !!!lg,

no'clock."

tln. on lh. qur.t.. hour, th6 ro.d ka, uqo..t6r,"

(l:r5, ". qq..f.r.rt.r l") Yldllnylk! L l ! n g d l l n s l n k | ( 2 : , 1 5 ," 1 h . . € q ! . . t € r s l . . t 2 " ) (rr lr, ". qu.rt.r p!sr t") ri!dl!n ylk! ShlArdlii !aika (l2r.1t, r'thr.. qu6rt6r, P.s+ 12") a n o . € s p 6 c r t l c t . t + o 6 x P . € 5 sr h o l d . a o r ! q u . r t € r P g q Lr h s hour" l. ,lth tho ,..d 9!i, 'fo pass"'

I
(r'. qu.rt6r p!sf {'r) .rcl6n 9u. yl ki shlardlli 9ui'yl ka ("! q0..t.. p.si t2") T6 oxpr.ss th6 ld6. ol " q u . 1 1 6 rt o t h o h o u r , ! r h . f o . d c h l , "to r.ck," h.y b. ussd: j r i d l a i c h l y lk l ' (". qu!r16. +o 9') .hi ylkajridiln shlyrdr!i.hl vlka chl yl kb shlyrdrln l"a qurrtor to lln) { l r h e x p r o s s l o n so l q u a . r . . rh6 hou., tro ro.d ord6.s aro posslbls. (0nly on. rs posslbl€HIth 6xt16sslons ot rln6.tror th. hou, ) r E x p . € s s l o i so t q u 6 r l o r h o u r s b . l o f o f h 6 h o ! . o r p . 3 t t h 6 h . u . do iot end ln The {o.d fan, rntnut., u I3 u50d 10 glv€ th.6x..t l l i i g d l E h s hl r i t E n b r dl ! . A . r h I ! . f a i shldlli 5hll5n s ht a r d l a n s a n s h q t t a n t F 6 nn a y b . o n l t + € d l i l o i g . . y l d l l n s t n s hi * i y l d r a i s a i s hl r i t s n -F€ -.y bo roo.dto ct.rtry. rcrd jg,'z€ro,' .tndlSi v!t6. s l n dl E n I t i ! v ! f g n C u d r n d c h a n ! v b € u 3 6 d r l + h t l n 6 € x p 1 6 3 3 l o n 5I n c l u d l n ! l s5ndli sud irsh If En
ltne:

fin.

T o a s k r h a t l l n € o f d . y r . r t s , u s . . rh 6 q u 6 s r r o n * o r d J l JIdlin zh6^g? ("thar rtm.

9J

PARTSOF IHE DAY
l. Chtn€ss' th' tlosh.ns (zhochan) .hlnor! i.hl;gsu) dltfor"+ p'r'ls of ! dtv l ! n o r i I n 9 ! r - - t u || d ' v l l g h r unll I i'6r 'oon' (trlo..noonn-_no'mlrorkln9 hourt untrI ioon'

(r'.lt.rnoon't--noon untl I lh' ..rl ol lh. bualn.3a6'Y' ih. 'v'nl nt (i.v.nlnEtr_-.lt.r

blnyl
vl

( " h 1 " ' r s n t ") rrouio tt P'n un+ll sunrr"t
bY ('!nlEhlt'--!...r.11!.?roi

l' oft'n t"c'd'il ln Chlr..., clock tli' dtY Invorv'o: n.tlne lh. F.rt of th'

zlorh.ns qldr.n 'h6nE

t']

'"

::;:i'-

(hs:'o ,!n.n.ns bldr!n bln 'hsnE ::,i!'

*-'*'"

li:'i:.::i"l'li :ij";::":::: i[':;.':;:'i:::"

b'!rnG''th

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful