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22222 UNIVERSITY

ENGINEERING

MIE 00000: THERMODYNAMICS

STREAM: MSc. (MIE) TIME: 3 HOURS

EXAMINATION SESSION: MARCH YEAR: 2017

INSTRUCTIONS

(ii) Do not write on the question paper

(iii) Show your working clearly

(iv) Submit all practical drawing in Solid Works Cad format

Question One.

The water in a tank is pressurized by air, and the Pressure is measured by a multi-fluid

manometer as shown in Figure below. Determine the gage pressure of air in the tank if h1

5 0.2 m, h2 5 0.3 m, and h3 5 0.4 m. Take the densities of water, oil, and mercury to be

1000 kg/m3, 850 kg/m3, and 13,600 kg/m3, respectively (20 Marks)

Question Two.

Two sites are being considered for wind power generation. In the first site, the wind

blows steadily at 7 m/s for 3000 hours per year, whereas in the second site the wind

blows at 10 m/s for 1500 hours per year. Assuming the wind velocity is negligible at

other times for simplicity, determine which a better site is for wind power generation.

Note that the mass flow rate of air is proportional to wind velocity. (20 Marks)

Question Three.

Consider a 1000-W iron whose base plate is made of 0.5-cm-thick aluminum alloy 2024-

T6 (r 5 2770 kg/m3 and cp 5 875 J/kg·8C). The base plate has a surface area of 0.03 m2.

Initially, the iron is in thermal equilibrium with the ambient air at 228C. Assuming 90

percent of the heat generated in the resistance wires is transferred to the plate, determine

the minimum time needed for the plate temperature to reach 2008C. (20 Marks)

Question Four.

Two mass streams of the same ideal gas are mixed in a steady-flow chamber while

receiving energy by heat transfer from the surroundings. The mixing process takes place

at constant pressure with no work and negligible changes in kinetic and potential energies.

Assume the gas has constant specific heats.

(a) Determine the expression for the final temperature of the mixture in terms of the rate

of heat transfer to the mixing chamber and the inlet and exit mass flow rates.

(b) Obtain an expression for the volume flow rate at the exit of the mixing chamber in

terms of the volume flow rates of the two inlet streams and the rate of heat transfer to the

mixing chamber.

(c) For the special case of adiabatic mixing, show that the exit volume flow rate is the

sum of the two inlet volume flow rates. (20 Marks)

Question Five.

Determine the power required for a 1150-kg car to climb a 100-m-long uphill road with a

slope of 308 (from horizontal) in 12 s (a) at a constant velocity, (b) from rest to a final

velocity of 30 m/s, and (c) from 35 m/s to a final velocity of 5 m/s. Disregard friction, air

drag, and rolling resistance (20 Marks)

MIE 831

MOI UNIVERSITY

ENGINEERING

MIE 831: THERMODYNAMICS

STREAM: MSc. (MIE) TIME: 3 HOURS

EXAMINATION SESSION: MARCH YEAR: 2017

MARKING SCHEME

Question One.

Solution

The pressure in a pressurized water tank is measured by a multi-fluid manometer. The gage pressure of air

in the tank is to be determined.

Assumptions The air pressure in the tank is uniform. Its variation with elevation is negligible due to its low

density, and thus we can determine the pressure at the air-water interface.

The densities of mercury, water, and oil are given to be 13,600, 1000, and 850 kg/m 3, respectively.

Starting with the pressure at point 1 at the air-water interface, and moving along the tube by adding (as we

go down) or subtracting (as we go up) the gh terms until we reach point 2, and setting the result equal to

Patm since the tube is open to the atmosphere gives

(20 Marks)

Question Two.

Solution

(20 Marks)

Question Three.

Solution

(20 Marks)

Question Four.

Solution

(20 Marks)

Question Five.

Solution

(20 Marks)

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