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5 Types of Functions

Type Form Characteristics Graph
Linear 𝑦 = 𝑚𝑥 + 𝑏 1. m is the slope of
the line
2. b is the y-
intercept
3. x is a variable

Power 𝑦 = 𝑎𝑥 𝑏 1. a and b are
constants
2. x is a variable

Exponential 𝑦 = 𝑎𝑏 𝑥 1. If b < 1, the
graph shows
exponential
decay.
2. If b > 1, the
graph shows
exponential
growth.
Quadratic 𝑦 1. Graphs a
= 𝑎𝑥 2 + 𝑏𝑥 + 𝑐 parabola usually
2. a, b, and c are
constants, x is a
variable

Rational 𝑦 1. The ratio of 2
𝑎𝑥 2 + 𝑏𝑥 + 𝑐 polynomials
= 2 2. Graphs can vary
𝑑𝑥 + 𝑒𝑥 + 𝑓
wildly based on
the polynomials
in the ratio