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STRESS MANAGEMENT AMONG SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS OF


VICENTE D. TRINIDAD HIGH SCHOOL

A Research presented to

the Senior High School Faculty of

Vicente D. Trinidad High School

In partial fulfillment

(of the requirements in

Practical Research)

By

Crystal Mae Egipto

Angela Daproza

Jenalyn Gammad

Jessica Egipto

Rizal Rick Gaspar

A.Y. 2017-2018 (2nd Semester)


ABSTRACT

This research was designed to study Stress Management


among Senior High School students of Vicente D. Trinidad
High School. The objectives of this study were to find out
the experiences of SHS students when stress and to suggest
stress management techniques used by students to relieve or
reduce stress. The researchers will use descriptive study
for this study. The respondents were limited to 60 SHS
students of VDTHS due to population size.
Keywords: stress, stressors, stress management techniques,
Senior High School
CHAPTER I

THE PROBLEM AND ITS REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND


STUDIES

INTRODUCTION

Each person living in this world had their own


problems that may cause stress. Dealing with stress will
depend on people on how they will manage it. It’s either
they will face it in positive or in negative ways. As time
goes by, and children grows up, they will start to get be
curious about many things. They want to experience those
things that they want. This shows us that when we grow up,
our mind will also grow. It will have the ability to
understand things deeper which sometimes we wish not too.
Why? Because sometimes this ability will gave us heart
aches that makes us stress.

Stress and dealing with stress are phenomena closely


intertwined with human life (Shahmohammadi, 2011). They
relate to all minor and major events in life
(Shahmohammadi, 2011). Even in our day to day life, stress
is the topic of many conversations people talk about
(Shahmohammadi, 2011). Stress is defined as a state of
mental tension and worry caused by problems in our life and
something that causes strong feelings of worry or anxiety
(Merriam-Webster Dictionary). Too much stress sometimes
leads to depression or mental disorder. And depression
sometimes makes a certain person to commit suicide if they
cannot handle this strong feeling of worry or anxiety
anymore.
Some facts that we have been search, that there were
seven Filipinos reportedly commit suicide every day. And
the reason for these suicides is because of depression.
While the suicide rate in the Philippines is lower compared
to other countries, the figures have steadily risen over a
period of 20 years from 1992 to 2012 (Butuyan, 2016). It
was found that in 2012 alone, as many as seven Filipinos
took their own lives in a day (Butuyan, 2016). That’s a
troubling rate of one person committing suicide every three
and a half hours.

A student of the University of the Philippines,


Tristan Yuvienco, made a research about mental depression
among college students in Metro Manila. Yuvienco made a
survey involving a sample size of 135 students, ages 16 to
24. They are predominantly students of the prestigious
schools in the Philippines, the University of the
Philippines Diliman and Manila, with some coming from the
University of Santo Tomas, De La Salle University, Ateneo
de Manila University and Far Eastern University. According
to his survey, 96 percent of the participants reported
having experienced an episode of moderately intense to very
intense depression during their stay in school. Academic
work is the biggest factor that gave them “depressed
feelings,” followed by family issues and relationship
problems. (as cited in Butuyan, 2016)

Every individual experiences stress occasionally.


Students in general experience stress in situations such as
going to a new college, appearing for the exams, dealing
with their friends or peers, when their friends were not
feeling well, divorce or separation of parents, death of a
relative, etc (Shahmohammadi, 2011).
Stress is one of the major phenomena students
experiencing right now, especially, the Senior High School
students. Senior High School is the last 2 year of high
school and this is also the time where in students were
being chiseled and prepared for college. As the Senior
High School students were being chiseled, teachers have
given them multi task, that cause of the major stress of
the students.

Oftentimes, students have lack of sleeps because they


need to finish their task in school, finished their
assignments, review for exams, having a group projects and
need to have an overnight, wake up early in the morning so
that they will not be late, etc. and even none school days
is filled with the task in school. These were just some of
the hectic routines experienced by students these days and
some cause of stress as a student. Some students also have
their own problems in their personal life, leading them to
even greater levels of stress.

Sometimes students feel lost, overwhelmed, frozen, or


unable to cope when confronted with so many tasks (Essel &
Owusu, 2017). Busy schedules crammed with studies, study,
and extracurricular activities can take a toll on student’s
physical and mental health, especially if one is not eating
or sleeping properly (Essel & Owusu, 2017).

With all of these, stress management is the needed for


the students. Today stress management is important in
everyone's lives. It's necessary for long happy lives with
less trouble that will come about. Stress management
involves understanding the psychology behind or that is
causing the stress and finding strategies to deal with,
reduce, or eliminate the stress (Jadoun, Kushwah, Barodiya,
& Holani 2012). Stress can result from viewing yourself or
your situations negatively or with insecurity solutions
(Jadoun, Kushwah, Barodiya, & Holani 2012). Stress
reduction results from managing or viewing situations in a
positive way, taking action, organizing, planning, and
finding solutions (Jadoun, Kushwah, Barodiya, & Holani
2012). By doing this you will also feel a sense of control
over the situation and your life.

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

INTRODUCTION

This chapter reviews the literature of Essel and Owusu


(2017) about the types of stressors, major sources of
stress in students and adverse effects of stress in
students. It also reviews the literature of Jadoun,
Kushwah, Barodiya, and Holani (2012) about, learning
healthier ways to manage stress.

Types of Stressors

Stress is a reality of our everyday life. At the point


when individuals search for help, they are regularly
managing conditions, circumstances, and stressors in their
life that leave them feeling emotionally and physically
troubled. Countless people feel that they have very little
resources or assistances to deal with the high levels of
stress they are expe0riencing. Circumstances that trigger
stress are known as stressors. According to (Centre 2010,
4–6; Davidson 2001) Stress is not only negative things that
happens positive things also cause stress. In our life we
only know stress to be bad but that’s not the cases. There
are two types of stressors which is the positive stressors
which is known as eustress and negative stressors which is
also known as distress.

There some positive situations that causes a person to


be stressed up. Some examples of these circumstances are,
promotion at work, starting a new job, getting married, and
having a child which are few of the many. Positive
stressors are usually not noticed because it has some
characteristics.

Positive Stressors Characteristics:

• It is a short term event • Its improves one’s


attitude and performance
• It feels very exciting
• It motivates people.

On the other hand, negative stressors happen to be the


bad things or event which causes us to be stress and these
types of stressors is easily noticed. Examples of negative
stressor are death of a loved one, unemployment, divorce
and illness which are also few of many. There are also some
characteristics of negative stressors that’s makes it
easily for them to be noticed.

Negative Stressors Characteristics:

• It causes anxiety and • It feels unpleasant and


makes one troubled disturbing

• It’s also short term but • Decrease ones’


can have long term productivity and moral
implications
In the book of Brain, Luke Seaward (2012) also
mentions some other types of stress which are different in
their own ways. There is another type of stress which is
the eustress and “this is any kind of information or
sensory stimulus that is perceived as unimportant”.

Major Sources of Stress in Students

Indeed, students have a unique cluster of stressful


experiences. Student’s academic performances can be
affected by many factors. Bernstein et al. (2008) define
the sources of stress as every circumstance or event that
threatens to disrupt people’s daily functioning and causes
them to make adjustments.

Similarly, Phinney and Haas (2003) stressed out


sources of stress more specifically as a unique set of
stressful encounters among student which includes:
difficult financial challenges, domestic responsibilities,
responsibilities related to holding a job while in school,
and a heavy academic load.

Relationships as a source of stress

Relationship or Relations on its own is a broad topic


that can be discussed and it has had a lot of effect on
most aspects of a life of individuals. The term
relationship talks about how people are connected and the
connection can be through blood, marriage, adoption and
other legal ways like neutralization for a country and
registration. This bond that is created between people can
at times turn to be a burden on them and others to turn out
to be victims of relationship abuse.
Relationship abuse is an example of oppressive and
coercive practices used to keep up force and control over a
previous or current cosy accomplice. Abuse can be
enthusiastic, money related, sexual or physical and can
incorporate dangers, seclusion, and terrorising.

Abuse has a tendency to raises after some time. All


these relationship issues can be in the form of change in a
relationship, conflicts with a roommate, working with
people you don't know, contact with strangers and family
problems. The student turns to stress up to about these
issues and begins to think a lot about ways to solve them
which leads to them being distracted or having divided
attention from academic work.

In view of this relationships might look very simple


and easy but at the long run, they really cause so much
stress than one can imagine especially in the life of
students.

Personal factors as a source of stress

Personal factors happen to really cause so much stress


than we can imagine and they also play a very important
role in the various aspect of the life of a student. These
factors vary from person to person that result in a
different set of perceptions, attitudes and behaviors.
Personal factors can take a form of so many ways which one
way or the other affect student performance and stress them
up. Some of these factors are

Change in Living Environment

The reality that stress occurs when an event or


stimulus requires us to change in some way makes a change
in living environment a stressful experience. Apart from
moving from home to school, our daily bumping into new
faces on campus, disorders from roommates, etc. is tensed
experience.

Change in Sleeping Habits

The somewhat burdensome nature of student-life causes


a drastic change in sleep pattern. More to the point, this
newly adopted pattern is unstable, as it is often tied to
academic workloads and/or tasks at hand.

New responsibilities

Responsibilities related to holding a job while in


school will certainly compound to a heavy academic load
which is bound to result in stress. This is really
challenging, as one has to financially rely on a job for
sustenance.

Financial Difficulties

It is definitely not a conducive experience when a


student has to handle dual challenges of academics and
financial constraints. Life becomes very challenging when a
student is behind on bills payment; for when deadlines are
not met and bills stares at you, it is enough to get a
student tensed and depressed.

Combining Job with studies

Many take part -time job or short term job during


their period of studies. Some of them do this to gain
experience for the future and also other to support their
studies and themselves financially. Although working while
in school is very beneficial to a student it also causes a
lot of stress for them which might be too difficult to
handle. Students will not have much time to study for their
quizzes or exams and some even miss a lot of classes
because they will be worn out or tired by the time they
come back from their workplace. Students turn to face a lot
of challenges when they combine work with studies

Health Problems

Health issues are a concern to everyone because bad


health causes a lot of damage to the life of a person. In
the life of a student, health problems cause a lot of
stress and these stress turn out to even make the
conditions worst by adding insult to injury. Stress can
lead to physical symptoms including headaches, upset
stomach, elevated blood pressure, chest pain, and problems
sleeping. Research suggests that stress also can bring on
or worsen certain symptoms or diseases.

Poor Eating Habit

Poor nutrition and unhealthy eating habits can


increase a student's stress level, according to the
Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine. Diets that
can build stress levels in understudies incorporate those
that are high in fat, caffeine, sugar and refined starches
Examples of stress-inducing foods are sodas, energy drinks,
doughnuts, candy bars, processed snack foods, white bread,
and French fries. A healthy diet that helps to reduce
stress includes foods that are low in fat and high in fiber
and complex carbohydrates. Such foods include fruits,
vegetables, whole grains, nuts and lean proteins.

Academic factors as a source of stress


There are some factors that happen in the academic
curriculum that causes so much stress to students. So many
things take place in the day to day activities of the
academic processes that make students stress up.

Increased class workload

An increase in class workload stresses up students in


the sense that when students have to do more than they can
handle, they turn to get frustrated and are unable to focus
and think straight. Students will overschedule their plans
to meet up with the class workload in other to get good
grades but eventually because these tasks are too much for
them, they end up messing everything up.

Especially in situations where there are a lot of


assignments to do after having a very long day at work
makes students more confused. Also Too much workload can
also make student to be stressed in the sense that, when a
student is undergoing so many courses in school and each of
these courses are also demanding it make the student not
have enough time to handle all these courses to his or her
perfection and ones that happen the student turns to think
so much and as a result will be stressed up and this will
have a great effect on the academic performance of the
student.

Lower grade

It is the desire of every student to excel in their


field studies as such high grades mean a lot to students.
In situations where students believe they expect a higher
grade but at the end get a lower grade than they expected
it weighs them down and kills the motivation they have.
Once this happens students start to think a lot about what
they didn't do, where they went and most times are not able
to find answers to those questions. At the long run, they
become stressed up with that and are not able to do
everything right again.

Many hours of studies

Every student has a life outside the academic


curriculum and environment. When a student has to
compromise and use their personal time for other activities
for studies, they turn to get bored and lose interest in
studies. At the long run, this situation stresses them up
which causes them to lose focus on academic work. As the
saying goes "all work and no play make Jack a dull boy ",
it also applies to students since they will become dull if
all they do is to use their private time for studies and
not have time for themselves.

Procrastination

Procrastination, as they say, is the thieve of time,


one attitude that is very common among a lot of students is
procrastination. Procrastination is the avoidance of doing
a task which needs to be accomplished. It is the act of
accomplishing more pleasurable things set up of less
pleasurable ones or completing less critical errands rather
than more pressing ones, in this manner putting off
approaching assignments to a later time. When student keeps
doing this they lose interest in doing that particular task
or assignment and once the loss of interest sets in stress
follows up since they will be thinking how to meet up with
the deadline for the assignment or task.
Examinations

Periods for examinations causes so much stress in


students than one can imagine. Examination is the only
means for a student to prove that he deserves a better
grade for a course and due to these students think a lot
and also revise everything they have learnt during the
whole period of the cause, in doing so, some students get
confused about some topics they treated and others also
don't know where to begin their studies from. The thought
of these stuff makes them frustrated and confused which at
the long run stress them up.

Frustration due to misunderstandings

A lot of students get frustrated when they don’t


understand what is being taught by the teachers in class.
Some also misinterpret what the teacher said in a different
way or meaning. This frustration leads to students being
stressed up because they wonder how they will pass the
course because they hardly get what the teachers say in
class.

Environmental factors

The environments students leave in plays a major role


in how their life will be in school. Some students turn to
adapt to new environment whiles others also feel discomfort
being in a new environment. The environment student finds
themselves in can stress them up which may cause them not
focus on their studies or other academic issues and work.

Lack of vacations or Breaks


The human body is in such a way that it needs some
rest and break from time to time. In a situation where
students have to be in the learning and teaching
environments for long period of times affects the cognitive
thinking of the students. They became tired and lazy to
continue the studies. These feeling in the long run, makes
the students stressed up since the body does not have
enough energy and zeal to continue with the teaching and
learning process.

Computer problems

We are in the era of technological world and as a


result of that most aspect of the human life is adapting to
changes to suit the environment to avoid difficulty, these
changes do not only affect humans but also institutions.
The introduction of information technology and also
computers have done a lot of good to schools and students
especially but on the other hand, has also created problems
for certain students. Most students lack the skills of
using the computer for academic purpose and unfortunately
for most of the curriculum in our modern schools make so
much use of the computer and this creates so many
challenges and discomfort for the students which cause them
to start thinking and become stressed up eventually.

Bad living conditions

Living conditions of people place a major role in the


feeling and thinking of students. When students live in a
condition which is difficult to afford some basic amenities
of life they really live unhappily and this affects almost
all the aspect of their life. Therefore, when they start to
ponder about this issue they get stressed up and lose
focus.

Divorce between parents

Major life changing events or happens can be very


stressful to everyone, especially students. Unpleasant
events like the divorce of parents make the student not be
themselves because they become victims of broken homes.
Divorce takes away the happiness students have and once
that happiness they lose themselves and reflect on the past
which stresses them up at the long run.

Placed in unfamiliar situations

There are a lot of situations that when someone finds


themselves in they become frustrated and try to find ways
and means out of that situation. Students are also victims
of some of these situations. Some kind stuff or issues take
places in school which might involve a student and he or
she knows nothing about that situation and most often they
are unpleasant ones. Students become disturbed and worried
when they find themselves in such situations and thinking
about that stress them up a lot.

Fear

Fear is one of the biggest problem student faces each


day in and out in their academic life. Fear in a student
can be about failure or talking in public. When a student
has the fear of failure they are always scared to undertake
any initiative even when they know it's the right thing to
do due to this they always stress up when they are
confronted with such situations. It's the same with fear of
talking in public. They always try to escape public so as
not to talk.

Adverse Effects of Stress in Students

Students today experience high levels of stress in


many areas of life. This is an important domain for further
research and an effective channel of intervention for
university mental health professionals. Study schedules,
especially in universities, are very challenging. The act
of combining a busy life along with education causes stress
and depression. Limited stress is beneficial and can lead
to excellent performance. However, uncontrolled stress can
lead to exhaustion, depression and several other
sicknesses. In fact, students are prone to episodic stress.
This happens when exams are around the corner. Stress and
depression also occur when getting ready for a presentation
or an interview. Several students contemplate or commit
suicide.

Student life is a changeover period. They do a course


supposing it will empower them to do or have something that
they need, for example, expanded openings for work or
upgraded delight in life. Concentrating on is a piece of a
procedure of progress and, here and there, change can bring
about a considerable measure of nervousness. Students in
school experience an intense stage taking care of anxiety
and misery.

Firstly, their hormones are in overdrive, which causes


stress. Furthermore, the weight to do well adds to their
anxiety levels. Homework, issues at home, connections at
school and associate weight all add to stress and
depression. The stress students experience may test their
ability to cope and adapt to the environments they find
themselves in.

Learning healthier ways to manage stress

If your methods of coping with stress aren’t


contributing to your greater emotional and physical health,
it’s time to find healthier ones. There are many healthy
ways to manage and cope with stress, but they all require
change. You can either change the situation or change your
reaction. When deciding which option to choose, it’s
helpful to think of the four as: avoid, alter, adapt, or
accept.

Since everyone has a unique response to stress, there is


no “one size fits all” solution to managing it. No single
method works for everyone or in every situation, so
experiment with different techniques and strategies. Focus
on what makes you feel calm and in control.

Dealing with Stressful Situations: The Four A’s

Change the situation: Change your reaction:

 Avoid the stressor.  Adapt to the stressor.


 Alter the stressor.  Accept the stressor.

Stress management strategy #1: Avoid unnecessary stress

Not all stress can be avoided, and it’s not healthy to


avoid a situation that needs to be addressed. You may be
surprised, however, by the number of stressors in your life
that you can eliminate.

 Learn how to say “no” – Know your limits and stick to


them. Whether in your personal or professional life,
refuse to accept added responsibilities when you’re
close to reaching them. Taking on more than you can
handle is a surefire recipe for stress.
 Avoid people who stress you out – If someone
consistently causes stress in your life and you can’t
turn the relationship around, limit the amount of time
you spend with that person or end the relationship
entirely.
 Take control of your environment – If the evening news
makes you anxious, turn the TV off. If traffic’s got
you tense, take a longer but less-traveled route. If
going to the market is an unpleasant chore, do your
grocery shopping online.
 Avoid hot-button topics – If you get upset over
religion or politics, cross them off your conversation
list. If you repeat argue about the same subject with
the same people, stop bringing it up or excuse
yourself when it’s the topic of discussion.
 Pare down your to-do list – Analyze your schedule,
responsibilities, and daily-tasks. If you’ve got too
much on your plate, distinguish between the ―should‖
and the “musts”. Drop tasks that aren’t truly
necessary to the bottom of the list or eliminate them
entirely.

Stress management strategy #2: Alter the situation

If you can’t avoid a stressful situation, try to alter it.


Figure out what you can do to change things so the problem
doesn’t present itself in the future. Often, this involves
changing the way you communicate and operate in your daily
life.
 Express your feelings instead of bottling them up. If
something or someone is bothering you, communicate
your concerns in an open and respectful way. If you
don’t voice your feelings, resentment will build and
the situation will likely remain the same.
 Be willing to compromise. When you ask someone to
change their behavior, be willing to do the same. If
you both are willing to bend at least a little, you’ll
have a good chance of finding a happy middle ground.
 Be more assertive. Don’t take a backseat in your own
life. Deal with problems head on, doing your best to
anticipate and prevent them. If you’ve got an exam to
study for and your chatty roommate just got home, say
up front that you only have five minutes to talk.
 Manage your time better. Poor time management can
cause a lot of stress. When you’re stretched too thin
and running behind, it’s hard to stay calm and
focused. But if you plan ahead and make sure you don’t
overextend yourself, you can alter the amount of
stress you’re under.

Stress management strategy #3: Adapt to the stressor

If you can’t change the stressor, change yourself. You can


adapt to stressful situations and regain your sense of
control by changing your expectations and attitude.

 Reframe problems. Try to view stressful situations


from a more positive perspective. Rather than fuming
about a traffic jam, look at it as an opportunity to
pause and regroup, listen to your favorite radio
station, or enjoy some alone time.
 Look at the big picture. Take perspective of the
stressful situation. Ask yourself how important it
will be in the long run. Will it matter in a month? A
year? Is it really worth getting upset over? If the
answer is no, focus your time and energy elsewhere.
 Adjust your standards. Perfectionism is a major source
of avoidable stress. Stop setting yourself up for
failure by demanding perfection. Set reasonable
standards for yourself and others, and learn to be
okay with ―good enough.‖
 Focus on the positive. When stress is getting you
down, take a moment to reflect on all the things you
appreciate in your life, including your own positive
qualities and gifts. This simple strategy can help you
keep things in perspective.

Adjusting Your Attitude: How you think can have a profound


effect on your, emotional, and physical well-being. Each
time you think a negative thought about yourself, your body
reacts as if it were in the throes of a tension-filled
situation. If you see good things about yourself, you are
more likely to feel good; the reverse is also true.
Eliminate words such as "always," "never," "should," and
"must." These are telltale marks of self-defeating
thoughts.

Stress management strategy 4: Accept the things you can’t


change

Some sources of stress are unavoidable. You can’t prevent


or change stressors such as the death of a loved one, a
serious illness, or a national recession. In such cases,
the best way to cope with stress is to accept things as
they are. Acceptance may be difficult, but in the long run,
it’s easier than railing against a situation you can’t
change.

 Don’t try to control the uncontrollable. Many things


in life are beyond our control— particularly the
behavior of other people. Rather than stressing out
over them, focus on the things you can control such as
the way you choose to react to problems.
 Look for the upside. As the saying goes, “What doesn’t
kill us makes us stronger”. When facing major
challenges, try to look at them as opportunities for
personal growth. If your own poor choices contributed
to a stressful situation, reflect on them, and learn
from your mistakes.
 Share your feelings. Talk to a trusted friend or make
an appointment with a therapist. Expressing what
you’re going through can be very cathartic, even if
there’s nothing you can do to alter the stressful
situation.
 Learn to forgive. Accept the fact that we live in an
imperfect world and that people make mistakes. Let go
of anger and resentments. Free yourself from negative
energy by forgiving and moving on.

Stress management strategy #5: Make time for fun and


relaxation

Beyond a take-charge approach and a positive attitude, you


can reduce stress in your life by nurturing yourself. If
you regularly make time for fun and relaxation, you’ll be
in a better place to handle life’s stressors when they
inevitably come.
Healthy ways to relax and recharge:

 Go for a walk.  Take a long bath.

 Spend time in nature.  Play with a pet.

 Call a good friend.  Curl up with a good


book.
 Sweat out tension with
a good workout.  Listen to music.

 Write in your journal.  Watch a comedy.

Don’t get so caught up in the hustle and bustle of life


that you forget to take care of your own needs. Nurturing
yourself is a necessity, not a luxury.

 Set aside relaxation time. Include rest and


relaxation in your daily schedule. Don’t allow
other obligations to encroach. This is your time
to take a break from all responsibilities and
recharge your batteries.
 Connect with others. Spend time with positive
people who enhance your life. A strong support
system will buffer you from the negative effects
of stress.
 Do something you enjoy every day. Make time for
leisure activities that bring you joy, whether it
be stargazing, playing the piano, or working on
your bike.
 Keep your sense of humor. This includes the
ability to laugh at yourself. The act of laughing
helps your body fight stress in a number of ways.

Stress management strategy #6: Adopt a healthy lifestyle


You can increase your resistance to stress by
strengthening your physical health.

 Exercise regularly. Physical activity plays a key


role in reducing and preventing the effects of
stress. Make time for at least 30 minutes of
exercise, three times per week. Nothing beats
aerobic exercise for releasing pent-up stress and
tension.
 Eat a healthy diet. Well-nourished bodies are
better prepared to cope with stress, so be
mindful of what you eat. Start your day right
with breakfast, and keep your energy up and your
mind clear with balanced, nutritious meals
throughout the day.
 Reduce caffeine and sugar. The temporary "highs"
caffeine and sugar provide often end in with a
crash in mood and energy. By reducing the amount
of coffee, soft drinks, chocolate, and sugar
snacks in your diet, you’ll feel more relaxed and
you’ll sleep better.
 Avoid alcohol, cigarettes, and drugs. Self-
medicating with alcohol or drugs may provide an
easy escape from stress, but the relief is only
temporary. Don’t avoid or mask the issue at hand;
deal with problems head on and with a clear mind.
 Get enough sleep. Adequate sleep fuels your
mind, as well as your body. Feeling tired will
increase your stress because it may cause you to
think irrationally.

Conclusion
Reducing stress in your everyday life is vital for
maintaining your overall health, as it can improve your
mood, boost immune function, promote longevity and allow
you to be more productive.

There are plenty of good reasons to learn some stress


management techniques. It'll save you more than it will
cost you. Stress management is important because it can
save your life and your relationships. Due to stress people
attention on there are goals in life is diverted to another
directions.

The consequences of stress can cause specific


disorders in both mind and body. Many people suicide
because of stress. Stress effect health, family,
relationship, and work. Stress leads to marriage breakups,
family fights, road rage, suicides and violence. Stress
accounts for 80 percent of all illnesses either directly or
indirectly. So stress management is the need of the hour.
It's necessary for long happy lives with less trouble that
will come about.
CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

INDEPENDENT VARIABLE DEPENDENT VARIABLE

How Senior High


School students
manage their stress
caused by the
following stressors;
SENIOR HIGH
 Personal
SCHOOL
factors as a
Figure 1
STUDENTS source of
stress
 Academic
stressors
 Family
Relationship
stressors

Figure 1

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Too much stress is a serious matter not just for students


but to everyone who feel stressed. This study attempts to
recognize the cause of stress among Senior High School
students of Vicente D. Trinidad High School and their
strategies in dealing with stress.
Specifically, it aims to address the following
questions:

1. What is the profile of the respondents as to;

1.1 age

1.2 gender

2. In what aspect of life do Senior High School


students have the most problems?

3. What do Senior High School students feel when


stress?

4. How Senior High School students manage their stress


caused by the following stressors;

4.1 Personal factors as a source of stress

4.2 Academic stressors

4.3 Family Relationship stressors

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The researchers believe that this study will benefit the


following:

Parents: It will raise their awareness about the different


forms of managing stress for their children, thus, it will
serve as their basis on their parental guidance practices.

Students: The study will help students to be aware on the


harmful effect of stress if they will not handle it
properly, thus, this study may help the students to view
stress in positive ways and may improve their strategies in
managing stress.
Teachers: The data gathered will help them understand their
students behavior, thus, it may help them plan for
effective strategies and techniques in teaching.

Guidance Counselor: the results of the study will serve as


baseline information for guidance counselors in planning
counselling programs to better help students on the success
of their stress management.

Future Researchers: This study will become the basis for


the future researchers in studying stress management among
students.

SCOPE AND DELIMITATIONS

The study aims to identify stress management among


Senior High School students, of Vicente D. Trinidad High
School for S.Y.-2017-2018. Since the population quite
large, the respondents of this study were limited to 60
students.

DDEFINITION OF TERMS

The following terms are operationally defined to help


the readers better understand the studies.

Stress: Is one of the major phenomena experience by the


students that caused by problems they encounter in daily
life.

Stressors: Is any event or experiences that causes stress


in an individual.

Senior High School Students: They were a group of students


who most experience stress.
Stress Management: The techniques of students that can help
them to avoid the destructive consequences of excessive
stress.
CHAPTER II

METHODOLOGY

This chapter presents the method of the research that


was used in the study. The research design, sample and
sampling procedure, instruments and other sources of data,
data collections, and data analysis.

Research Design

The researchers will employ descriptive survey in this


study. This design is the most suitable in this study since
it aims to identify how Senior High School students manage
their stress. Moreover, it also seeks to increase their
awareness about the harmful effect of stress if they will
not handle it properly. Through increased awareness, people
will view stress in positive ways.

Sample and Sampling Procedure

Senior high School students of Vicente D. Trinidad High


School will serve as respondents of this study. They were
identified with the use of random sampling method.

Instruments and Other Sources of Data

To determine how Senior High School students manage


their stress, the researcher gathered information by
administering objective type exam and yes/no type of exam.

The questionnaire is compose of different part; the


first part is the profile of the respondents, the second
consist of 3 item questions check list related to stress
based from the stress management questionnaire made by
Ideposa (2012) and Baring (2011). On the last part of our
questionnaire, the yes/no type exam about managing stress
brought by the different stressors:(personal factors as a
source of stress, academic stressors, family relationship
stressors).

Data Collection

Prior to the administration of the questionnaire, a


letter of permission will be given to the Senior High
School Coordinator and upon approval, the questionnaire
will personally floated by the researchers. This is to
ensure that the participants are assisted if there will be
questions or clarifications they wish to addressed.

Data Analysis

Prior to the analysis of data the researchers will use


analytical and logical reasoning with the goal of
discovering useful information, suggesting conclusions, and
supporting decision-making.
APPENDIX A

INFORMED CONSENT TO PARTICIPATE IN THE STUDY ON STRESS


MANAGEMENT OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS OF VDTHS

A research study on stress management is being


conducted by the Grade 11- ABM-GAS students of Vicente D.
Trinidad High School year 2017-2018 (2nd semester).

The purpose of the study is to determine, what aspect


of life, do SHS students have most problems that caused
them stress, their experiences during stress and how they
manage their stress.

You are being asked to take part in this study by


completing the questionnaire. Your participation is
valuable since this information will be used as a tangible
reference in making your right decisions in managing your
stress.

Your participation is anonymous, confidential, and


voluntary and will take you approximately 10-15 minutes.
Please be aware that you are not required to participate in
this research. You may skip discontinue your participation
at any time without penalty. You may skip any item on the
questionnaire if you prefer not to answer.

There are no expected risk(s) to you for being a part


of the research.

If you have any questions or concerns regarding the


study, you may contact the researchers on this mobile
number: ______________
If you voluntarily agree to participate in this study,
please indicate your agreement by signing below.

___________________________________________________

Signature over printed name of participant/Date

___________________________________________________

Signature over printed name of person obtained consent/Date


APPENDIX B

LETTER OF PERMISSION

Republic of the Philippines

VICENTE D. TRINIDAD HIGH SCHOOL

Ajat, Iguig, Cagayan

Dr. Christopher Masirag

Grade-11/SHS Coordinator

Sir:

The undersigned Grade-11 ABM-GAS students are


conducting a study titled “Stress Management among Senior
High School students of Vicente D. Trinidad High School” in
partial fulfillment of the requirements for the subject
Practical Research for this 2nd semester, AY 2017-2018.

In line with this, may we request your permission


from your good office to approve this activity and be
allowed us to float questionnaire as one instrument to the
aforesaid respondents.

We shall acknowledge with deep gratitude your


approval of our request.
Very respectfully yours,

Crystal Mae Egipto Angela Daproza

Jenalyn Gammad Jessica Egipto

Rizal Rick Gaspar

Approved by:

Christopher Masirag, Ph.D.


SHS Coordinator
APPENDIX C
STRESS MANAGEMENT QUESTIONNAIRE
Dear respondents,
We are presently conducting a research titled, “Stress
Management among Senior High School students of Vicente D.
Trinidad High School”. The researchers prepared series of
questions which are deemed important in the conduct of the
said research. Thank you for your willingness to help us by
completing this questionnaire. By answering this
questionnaire, it is understood that you are agreeing to
participate in this study. Thank you for your time.

The Researchers

I. Respondents Profile

Name (optional): __________________________________________


Gender: ____
Age: ____
II. Direction: Please check ( ) and answer honestly
the following questions.
1. How often do you feel stressed?
( ) always ( ) everyday
( ) sometimes ( ) once in a while
( ) never
2. In what aspect of life you have the most problems?
( ) school ( ) family
( ) friends ( ) love life
( ) social life/community
( ) others, please specify ______________________________
3. What are the symptoms, feelings, or problems do you
experience when stress?
( ) Headaches ( ) High blood pressure
( ) Fatigue ( ) Sweaty palms
( ) Dizziness ( ) Rapid heart rate
( ) Trouble in breathing ( ) Neck/low back pain
( ) Chest pains Other: _____________
Difficulty:
( ) Concentrating ( ) Listening
( ) Reacting ( ) Remembering
( ) Decision making ( ) Problem solving
( ) Reasoning ( ) Thinking
Feeling:
( ) Angry ( ) Moody
( ) Anxious ( ) Nervous
( ) Irritable ( ) Panicking
( ) Hopeless ( ) Restless
( ) Loss of control ( ) Self-conscious
( ) Upset Other: _____________
( ) Tense
Problems with:
( ) Being lazy ( ) Complaining
( ) Biting nails ( ) Eating
( ) Being sarcastic ( ) Giving compliments
( ) Changing tone of ( ) Sleeping
voice
Other: _____________
III. Please check ( ) yes/no to the following
techniques in managing stress brought by the
following stressors (personal factors as a source of
stress, academic stressors, family relationship
stressors), that you do in order to reduce your
stress.
PERSONAL FACTOR AS SOURCE OF STRESS

Stress Management Techniques YES NO

1. I always make sure to have a


quiet time with God.

2. I let God controlled my life.


3. I always make sure to myself that
I am not alone to all the things
that I do because God is always
with me.

4. I do not let myself get tired.

5. I make sure to myself to have


enough sleep.

6. I set time to do the things that


I am interested (such as,
watching movies/TV, drawing,
painting, shopping, writing,
dancing, listen to music,
singing, etc.)

Others please specify:

ACADEMIC STRESSOR

Stress Management Techniques YES NO

1. I use my time productively.

2. I gave myself a break for all,


the task in school.
3. I sleep early at night.

4. I make sure to finish my school


works on time and I do not rush
it.

5. I think positively to all the


activities and works in school.

6. I do not worry my grades in


school.

Others please specify:

FAMILY RELATIONSHIP STRESSOR

Stress Management Techniques YES NO

1. I make sure to have a time to


bond with my family.

2. I discuss my problems with my


parents.

3. I help my parents with their


works.

4. I always communicate with my


family.

5. I think positively to all the


stress brought by my family.

Others please specify:


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Shahmohammadi, N. (2011). Students’ ‟coping with Stress


at high school level particularly at 11th & 12th grade.
Retrieved from
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S187
7042811019033

Butuyan, J. R. (2016). Seven Filipinos commit suicide


every day. http://opinion.inquirer.net/95929/seven-
filipinos-commit-suicide-every-day

Essel, G. and Owusu, P. (2017). Causes of students’


stress, it’s effects on their academic success, and
stress management by students. Retrieved from
https://www.theseus.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/124792/T
hesis%20Document.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Jadoun, N.K., Kuswah, A.S., Barodiya, P., Holani, U..


Need of Stress Management (Journal of Management Value
and Ethics july-sep.12 Vol. II No. III) pp.8-13.
Retrieved from
http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/1111
23/14/second%20paper%20need%20of%20stress%20management
.pdf

Ideoposa (2012).School Stress Management


Questionnaire. Retrieved from
https://www.scribd.com/doc/78726937/School-Stress-
Management-Questionnaire

Baring, N. (2011). Stress Management Qustionnaire.


Retrieved from
https://www.scribd.com/document/62089454/Stress-
Management-Questionnaire