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Name: Charity Anne Camille B.

Penaloza Course: BSEd-English IV

Subject: English

Grade & Section: 9- Gold, Aluminum & Silver

Time: 9:00-10:00, 1:00-3:00

A Detailed Learning Plan in English

I. Objectives
At the end of the discussion, the students will be able to:
a. identify the Modals according to its functions,
b. apply modals in different scenarios,
c. relate the importance of Modals through using it in daily life conversation.

II. Subject Matter

A. Topic: Modals
B: References:
 A Journey through Anglo-American Literature, pp. 515
 Lesson Plans for English as a Foreign Language. Lesson Plans by
Catherine Schell & Dr. Gerard Beck, Lesson 7.p2-7
 Functions of Modal Verbs in English compiled by G.V Kuzmina
C. Materials: instructional aids, hand-outs
D. Values Integration: cooperation, self-esteem, optimism, appreciation
E. Teaching Strategies: Discovery Approach, Cooperative Approach
III. Learning Procedure
Teacher’s Activities Students’ Activities
A. Preliminary Activities

1. Prayer

Good morning, class! Good morning, Ma’am! (Standing)

You may now take your seats. Okay, please Student does as told
lead the prayer, Christy.

2. Checking of Attendance

Now class, are all present? Response may vary.

Okay, so who are absents for today? Response may vary.

Thank you, class.

(After checking of attendance, there will be

a short explanation for the lesson’s
3. Collecting and Checking of

Class, get your assignment and pass it

forward. At the count of five, your papers Students do as told.
must be in front. I want you to do it, without
talking and standing.

Yes Ma’am!
Are all papers submitted?

4. Review
Our topic last meeting was all about A
Okay class, what was our topic last Raisin in the Sun?
A Raisin in the Sun is all about a poor
black family struggling to escape the
So class, what is A Raisin in the Sun all hardships of life. But still ended up with
about? broken dreams. The play shows us about a
family that stands together against racial
and economic adversity.

Very well said, class!

5. Spelling

Okay class! Please get ¼ sheet of paper.

Because we will have a spelling test before
having an activity.

Am I clear?

Okay, are you ready?

Listen carefully to my instruction. I will use

the word you are going to spell in a
sentence. I will read the sentence once and
the word to be spelled twice.

Okay let’s start. Number 1…

1. I can give you money if I have

permission from my boss.
2. It’s an obligation to pay taxes every
3. The house needs a lot of work, but it got
4. We must take into account the probability
of another earthquake.
- probability
5. We’ll hire new staff when the necessity
-necessity Yes Ma’am!

Are you done answering?

Now, exchange your papers with your

seatmate and write corrected by.

Who wants to answer number 1?

Come in front and write your answers on

the board. Yes Ma’am!

Are you done checking?

Pass your papers forward at the count of

five without talking and standing. Yes Ma’am!

Are all papers submitted?

4. Motivation
Class, kindly look at the board. Please read
the dialogue of Lovely and Noli.

At the school gate,

Lovely: Can I go with you?

Noli: No, you can’t!
Lovely: Please, I must be home
before it gets dark.
Noli: Really? Ahhm, okay!
Lovely: Will it be okay with you?
Noli: Yes, shall we go?
Lovely: Yes, of course!
We don’t know Ma’am!

Now, do you know what are those

underlined words, class?
Okay Ma’am!
Okay, in able for you to determine what are
those words. Then, kindly listen to our

B. Developmental Activities

1. Presentation of the Topic

Class, our topic for today is all about
Modals. Based from your activity earlier,
those words being underlined are called
Modals. Answers may vary.

Now, do you know what modal is?

Okay before defining what is modal, let’s

have first our today’s words to learn.
2. Words to Learn
Class, as you can remember, we had a
spelling activity earlier. Those spelled
words were the terms that we could
encounter in the discussion. But class, in
order to discover the definitions of each
word. I need first 5 volunteers.

So, here’s my instruction. I have here five

definitions of the words you have spelled
earlier. Those five volunteers will match
these definitions to the corresponding word.
So volunteers please come in front and start
matching it.

 Permission- agreement to allow

something to happen.
 Obligation- the state of being under
a moral or legal duty to do
 Probability- something that is likely
to happen or exist.
 Possibility- something that is
 Necessity- the condition of being
needed or required.

3. Discussion and Application

(Note: Discussion and application will be

integrated since I am engaging in a
discovery approach.)

Now class, I have a challenge for you. But

first, proceed to your groups (5 groups)
before I will give my instruction.

I have here 5 rolled papers. Each paper

contains two modals and a scenario, which
means the modals you have will be used in
a scenario, of course. So, to avoid bias.
Let’s have draw lots!

Okay, since each group has its modals. I

will give you 10 minutes to finish the task.

So, the challenge starts now!

Yes Ma’am!
(After presenting)

Now class, I have said earlier about modals, Answers may vary.

So, what are modals?

Okay class, modals are a type of auxiliary

that expresses an attitude to what we say.
They expresses how certain or uncertain we
are about an event or how willing or Yes Ma’am!
unwilling we are to do something.

Now, let’s know and understand how The functions of can are the ff:
modals can help us. Okay?
1. Showing ability.
Let’s have first the modal can and could. 2. Suggest possibility or give an
3. To ask for or give permission.

Could functions as:

1. Past ability.
2. Polite permission
3. Suggestion/option
4. It also shoes possibility.

May is used to:

1. Asks for a polite permission

So, in may and might...
(formal way).
2. Give possibility, more probable
than could.


The functions of the modal will are the


Now, let’s proceed to will and would. 1. State future action.

2. Voluntary action.
3. Promise
4. Prediction
5. To ask polite question

1. Would function to indicate a

repeated action in the past.
2. It also indicates future time in
the sentence that is in the past.

Modals are quite confusing but you should Function of shall:

analyze the sentences to use the appropriate
modals and don’t wonder if modals can be 1. It states obligation.
used in the past form. Because it can really 2. Suggestion
be! 3. Future action
Let’s continue to shall and should.

1. To give advice.
2. To show obligation.
3. To show expectation.

Functions of must:

1. Indicates necessity or
And lastly, we have the modal must.
2. Shows very high probability.

4. Generalization
Do you have any questions concerning our None Ma’am!
topic for today, class?

Okay, very good!

So, what are modals? Modals- are a type of auxiliary that

expresses an attitude to what we say. They
expresses how certain or uncertain we are
Very good, class! about an event or how willing or unwilling
we are to do something. For example, can
and could, will and would, may and might,
and shall and should, and one of the
singular forms- must and also its different

Class, why modals are important in daily Modals are important in our daily life
life conversation? conversation because it can be a great way
Well said, class! of expressing our feelings and intention
using the different modals. Also, it gives
emphasis and clarification when it comes
on sating or saying something.
Very well said, class!

IV. Evaluation
Instruction: In your ¼ sheet of paper, choose among the choices of modals to
what is appropriate in the following sentences.

1. They _____ (must/may) be away for the weekends but I’m not sure.
2. He_____ (can/could) be French, judging by his accent.
3. I _____ (could/shall) go to the town plaza on Saturday.
4. This _____ (must/could) be the right answer but we’ll have to check with your teacher to
make sure.
5. _____ (May/Can) you play the piano?
6. That looks very expensive. It _____ (should/must) have cost a fortune!
7. Hello Juan! Diego_____ (may/might) cook a viand if we visit him.
8. If I go to Laguna, I _____(would/will) see the house of Jose Rizal’s family.
9. I think you ____ (should/can) take the train, it’s faster than the bus.
10. _____(Will/Would) you lend me two dollars to buy a coffee please?

V. Assignment

 For 0-5 scores

Instruction: In your ½ crosswise sheet of paper, construct one sentence for each
 Can  Shall
 Could  Should
 May  Will
 Might  Would
 Must

 For 6-10
Instruction: In your ½ crosswise sheet of paper, make an essay about “Love”
using the different modals. There should be at least 6 modals in the content.

Mrs. Lorna N. Saldon

Cooperating Teacher