You are on page 1of 30

ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS AND FUTURE EVELOPMENTS

verall background

bania is situated in the Balkan Peninsula with a long Adriatic and Ioni
oastline. In recognition of its natural beauty, Albania was also listed fourth on t
ew York Times’ “52 places to go in 2014”. The country’s location offers invest
gnificant advantages with strategic access to European and regional markets.

ana Capital is eminently suited, being situated in the heart of the region havi
ost of the transport modes active, good road connections and short travelli
mes with FYROM, Kosovo, Montenegro, respectively with Serbia, Bosnia a
xcellent travel connections with all major European destinations and beyond.
ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS AND FUTURE EVELOPMENTS

Albania are developed all kind of transports such as road,


, air, maritime, inland waterway and pipeline transport as
ell, and we have continued working on the development of
e transport networks in region and beyond. The Albanian
overnment is orienting its policy making towards the
tainability and optimization of its infrastructure and
rastructure planning.

e responsible toward the transport in Albania, Ministry of


nsport and Infrastructure is working hard to accelerate the
egration of the transport system, and to establish an
egrated market, consisting of infrastructure and transport by
d, sea and inland waterways, in order to efficiently support
e transport development.

nsidering that the transport infrastructure is fundamental to


e economic and social development of the country, as a
ect contributor to the economic growth and employment,
e public-private partnership model has proven to be an
ective collaborator, aiding the governance of a country.
Albanian GDP evolution, 2010‐‐2014 (Source
ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS AND FUTURE EVELOPMENTS

Adriatic – Ionian Highway/expressway (Route


d Route 2), included on the indicative
nsion of the TEN – T Core Network,

East – West Road Corridor between the Port


urres and FYROM, part of Corridor VIII, which
nects countries of Central Europe with the
k Sea area.

Route 7 Niš - Priština – Durrës, which in terms


ew Nine TEN – T Corridors established in Riga,
013, and Indicative Extension of TEN – T to
tern Balkans (Berlin Process)
ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS AND FUTURE EVELOPMENTS

urrently, we have already identified and approved the national an


gional short-term and mid-term goals and sub-measures, related
ur transport network. Investments in the core transport network an
orridors have been prioritized through the Single Sector Project Pipelin
PP/SPP, a process launched on 2015. Prioritization is done on the ba
f an Evaluation and Ranking Methodology, which is based on
igibility criteria and 14 strategic relevance criteria.
urrently, for the year 2016–2017, 29 transport infrastructure projec
ave been prioritized and are included in the priority list. Having in min
e last developments in the region, our core transport network is no
art of the TEN-T Network (Trans-European Network) and according to
ethodology shall be completed by 2030.
ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS AND FUTURE EVELOPMENTS

addition to the infrastructure development, realization of futu


frastructure projects will be a good signal and stimulus for the future
eople in this region and that can also contribute to the furth
evelopment and cohesion of the Western Balkans Region.
banian transport sector has achieved good progress in the past ye
016 by adopting legislation and preparing strategic documents, suc
s the Transport Sectorial Strategy, which aims to further develop th
ational transport system in Albania, in the region and beyond.
here is further potential for development and cooperation in the regio
nd in order to achieve synergies from our cooperation, it is necessa
better coordinate the common infrastructure planning, financing
eir implementation but also the maintenance and sustainability
vestments.
ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS

nother booster of fruitful cooperation would be the further liberalizatio


f transport services in the region, through the removal of non – physic
arriers and simplification of services at the border is seen as a necessi
In this framework, currently, we are also working on the Connectivity
Reform Measure Plan, aiming at the reduction of bottleneck and non
physical barriers, together with other WB regional partners.

On 31st of December, 2016 the Albanian Government has launched a


ew "A billion for reconstruction" national program. The program aims
obilize a substantial capital to promote at a much higher intensity tha
has been so far, a comprehensive process of reconstruction which h
ready started, but which needs a massive funding nationwide for roa
infrastructure, educational infrastructure and health infrastructure.
ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS
Investments in the Transport Sector in Albania, 2010‐2014 (in EUR million18) 
2010-2014
sport Sector 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
TOTAL GROWTH

ads 239.82 212.29 181.02 236.54 194.19 1,063.87 -19%


mestic financing 189.08 140.78 63.71 149.10 157.26 699.93 -17%
ernal funding 50.74 71.52 117.30 87.44 36.93 363.93 -27%
xternal/domestic 21% 34% 65% 37% 19% 34% -10%

ways 0.36 0.88 0.46 0.67 0.70 3.07 94%


mestic financing 0.36 0.88 0.46 0.67 0.70 3.07 94%
ernal funding 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
xternal/domestic 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Maritime
2.49% Air transport
Railway
ritime 4.91 10.09 8.91 1.12 2.21 27.24 -55% s
0.04%
mestic financing 1.26 1.83 1.87 0.64 0.74 6.34 -42% 0.28%
ernal funding 3.65 8.25 7.05 0.49 1.47 20.91 -60%
xternal/domestic 74% 82% 79% 43% 67% 77% -10%

transport 0.12 0.14 0.08 0.05 0.01 0.40 -95%


mestic financing 0.12 0.14 0.08 0.05 0.01 0.40 -95%
ernal funding 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
xternal/domestic 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% Roads
97.19%
AL 245.22 223.40 190.47 238.39 197.11 1,094.58 -20%
mestic financing 190.83 143.63 66.12 150.46 158.71 709.74 -17%
ernal funding 54.39 79.77 124.35 87.93 38.40 384.84 -29%
xternal/domestic 22% 36% 65% 37% 19% 35% -12%

P at current prices 8,900.00 9,300.00 9,500.00 9,600.00 10,000.00 12%

nvestments / GDP 2.8% 2.4% 2.0% 2.5% 2.0% -28%


ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS
– Investments on SEETO transport networks since 2004 (Source: MAP 2016)

Comprehensive Network Core Network


Share
(Amounts in EUR million) Western Western
Albania Share Albania
Balkans Balkans

90,162 12,166 14%


GDP 2014
Total investments since 2004 12,028 2,047 17% 11,167 1,636 15%

Disbursed 1,312 1,271 22% 5,372 1,205 22%

Committed 6,277 776 12% 5,795 431 7%

Road 9,845 1,846 19% 9,088 1,451 16%


Investments per
transport mode Rail 1,621 0 0% 1,552 0 0%

Maritime 124 104 84% 108 88 81%

Airports 437 97 22% 420 97 23%

Budget 29.8% 39.5% 23% 29% 44% 22%


Main source of
funding
IFI loans 39.5% 19.8% 9% 40.1% 15% 5%

Concessions 2.9% 4.7% 28% 3% 6% 30%

EU funds 1.4% 1.6% 19% 1.4% 1% 11%

Other 26.3% 34.4% 22% 26.6% 34% 19%


ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS

Comparative basic data of Comprehensive and Core networks by transport mode 

Transport Comprehensive Network Core Network

Mode Western Balkans Albania Western Balkans Albania

Road Total: 4,924 km 729 km Total: 3,519 km 563 km


Corridors: 2,195 km (15%) Corridors: 1,967 km (16%)
Routes: 2,729 km Routes: 1,522 km

Railways Total: 3,857 km Total: 2,602 km


392 km 156 km
Corridors: 1,984 km Corridors: 1,486 km
Routes: 1,873 km (10%) Routes: 1,116 km (6%)

3
Riverport 3
3 2
Seaport Vlora Durres
10 6
Airport Tirana
IWW port 4 4
ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS
SEETO Priority projects involving Albania 
Total Total
Corridor / Route length estimated
TEN-T Network Type of priority project Name of the project cost (EUR
/ Node (km)
million)21

Construction of Central East


Route 2c Comprehensiv Eligible for funding Corridor and Central South 44 210
e Corridor (Berat to Tepelena)
- Road
Corridor VIII Core - Road For preparation Construction of Tirana by-
by-pass 22 109
Route 1 /
Route 2b / Core - Road For preparation Adriatic-
Adriatic-Ionian Highway/ 698
Expressway 194.5
Corridor VIII /
Route 2c
Core-
Core- Road For preparation Upgrade of Thumana-
Thumana-Kashar-
Kashar- 22 90
Vora
Road connection node
Route 2b Core - Road For preparation Construction of Tepelena by-
by- 3.5 38
pass
Core - Road For preparation Construction of Lezha by-
by-pass 4 24
Core - For preparation Modernisation of the railway line 35 61
Railways of
Corridor VIII Tirana-
Tirana-Durres
Partly Core / For preparation Development of the Corridor VIII
Comprehensi - section Durres-
Durres-Rrogozhine - 137 206
ve Pogradec/Macedonian border
- Railways

For preparation Improvement of the railway link


Route 2 Core - Durres-
Durres-Vora-
Vora-Shkodra-
Shkodra-Hani Hotit 140 165
Railways (border with Montenegro)

For preparation Implementation of a Vessel


Seaport n/a Traffic Monitoring and 4.9
Information System (VTMIS) for
Albania
Total estimated cost 1,605.9
(M€
(M€)
ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
PROGRAMS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS

• East-West Corridor
– 260 km The main section
– 96 km Other branches
• North-South Corridor DURRES
TIRANE

− 339 km The main Section


− 72 km Other branches
• Durres–Morine (Albania to Kosovo)
Corridor

– 169 km Motorway
• Road of Arberit (Albania-Macedonia)
Corridor 1
− 72,6 km Highway
ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS

oad Transport

The National Road Network estimated by the studies carried


out by the Albanian Road Authority is 3,848 km of national
roads. All roads leading network and about 2/3 of the tota
ength of the secondary network are paved roads. About 48
f the total length of the main network and 21% of seconda
etwork walks on flat land, while 34% of the main network an
56% of secondary road network located in mountainous
terrain.
ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS

rridors leading international interest for Albania are:

e Adriatic – Ionian Highway/expressway (Route 1 and Route 2), included on the indicative extension
e TEN – T Core Network (PMs WB6 Joint Statement, Brussels, April, 2015), which encompasses the Croat
rder – Bar – the Albanian Border through Montenegro territory (Route 1) and the Albanian North – So
ad Corridor linking the Montenegro Border with the Greek Border, through Albanian territory (Route 2).
s project under WBIF is financed the Feasibility Study, the ToRs of which are currently approved.

e East – West Road Corridor between the Port of Durres and FYROM, part of Corridor VIII, which conne
untries of Central Europe with the Black Sea area. This corridor is almost completed. Works on so
gments are still ongoing;

e Route 7 Niš - Priština – Durrës, which in terms of new Nine TEN – T Corridors established in Riga, in 20
d Indicative Extension of TEN – T to Western Balkans (Berlin Process) as well, connects the Adriatic – Ion
rridor (Indicative Extension of TENT-T MEDITERRANEAN Corridor), through Pristina (Skopje - Pristina - N
grade), with the Indicative Extension of TEN-T ORIENT/EAST MED Corridor. A part of this corridor w
cently granted by concession for its maintenance and is a good example to be followed in other ro
gments of our network.
ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS

ailway transport

e Albanian Railway consisting of 447-km main rail line and 230 km secondary r
e. It is extended from Durres port in four directions: in north in border Alban
ontenegro, in south in railway station of Ballsh, in east in railway station ne
acedonian cross border and again in east until Tirana capital.

e Railways in Albania are administered by the national railw


ompany (Hekurudha Shqiptare-HSH). HSH On 22nd of December 2016 the Parliame
the Republic of Albania approved the Law nr. 142/2016 "The Railway Code
e Republic of Albania". It shall be in force within one year after its publication, i
January 2018.
ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS

egarding the railway infrastructure, the Paris High Level Summit, held on 4 Ju J
016 produced concrete results for Albania. The rehabilitation/construction of t
ilway Tirana – Rinasi – Durrësi, in a total of 91.5 Million EUR, was one of t
ojects selected to be supported from the EU and the EBRD. This decisi
flected the fulfillment of Vienna Summit obligations, especially the soft measu
plementation and the existence of the strategic documents in the field
ansport. The implementation procedures are recently in process.

e rehabilitation of the railway infrastructure sector is intended, initially throu


me internal measures, aiming to increase the transport volumes, mainly from t
ort of Durrësi railway connection. Albania aims to improve the railway links with
eighbors and it is closely working with the Montenegrin counter partners in ord
start the operation of the Tuzi railway joint station before Trieste high lev
mmit 2017.
ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS

grant from WBIF of 720,000 EUR will finance the Feasibility Study for the railw
e Durres-Rrogozhinë-Elbasan-Pogradec-Lin-FYROMacedonian Border, which
art of the Corridor VIII and Comprehensive Network SEETO. We are convinced t
ilway line should be included in the Core Network SEETO and hope the stu
ould demonstrate that.

nother grant from WBIF of 4.5 million EUR will finance the detailed Design for t
ehabilitation of Vora – Hani Hotit (Montenegro Border) railway line that is the o
ternational link (Montenegro) Albania has hence the most important one af
urres-Tirana-Rinas railway section. After completing the Detailed Design and ES
e are confident will have from WBIF and EBRD the necessary instruments
ancing the rehabilitation of this important railway line for the Albanian railwa
nd the economy either.
ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS

bania is the only SEETO-WB6 country not having railway border with EU. For t
ason is very important and viable to have a railway connection with Greece t
nly EU member state we have in our borderline. Ministry of TI has applied togeth
th Hellenic railways (ERGOSE+OSE) in the INTERREG Cooperation Progra
bania-Greece for a feasibility Study for construction of new railway connecti
ogradec (AL) – Kapshtica/Kristalopigi - Florina (GR). The project cost is 1 milli
UR and it is expected to start.

urrently, a Concession contract for operation and maintenance of the railw


eri – Ballshi and Fieri – Vlorë (ALBARAIL) was signed on 4/02/2016 and is bei
plemented.
ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS

aritime transport

e 320 km coastline of the Republic of Albania has four main ports which are Durrës, Vlo
randë and Shëngjin.

e development of maritime transport and ports is indispensable not only for provid
onnectivity, but also for the economic development of the country. We are investing
most all ports of Albania to improve and expand their infrastructure, superstructure a
roduce by concession modern processing technologies, such as containers, silos, et
rgeting the orientation of the ports towards market economy.

e rehabilitation and expansion of port infrastructure and superstructure of Durres, Vlo


randa Shengjini Ports is considered as a necessary process to increase also, dock
apacities, processing and effectiveness of service, for good ships and passenger ferr
us creating access also to the development of maritime tourism.
ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
PROGRAMS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS Shengjin

Durres
SEA PORTS

• Durres

• Vlora

• Shengjin Vlora

• Saranda

Saranda
DURRES PORT

• The main Gate of 8th Pan-European


Corridor
• Multi-Modal Containers Terminal
• Construction of Quays in Ferries Terminal

2
DURRES PORT

The main and biggest Port in Albania and the gateway of Corridor no. 8th
It’s situated in SW part of the city of Duress and 36 km West of Tirana.

DPA is a joint stock Company Where 100% of shares belong to the


government.
• The port has 11 wharfs
• Road and Railway access
• Water area 67 Ha
• Land area 80 Ha
• Length of the quay 2.2 km
• Water Depth in the basin 7.5 - 11.5 m
• Cargo volume over 3 Mio Ton/Year
ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS

e highly advantageous geographical location of Durrës makes the biggest p


Albania and among the largest in the Adriatic and Ionian seas. In 2014, the P
Durres ranks also as one of the largest passenger ports in Albania and t
driatic Sea, with annual passenger volume of approximately 1.5 milli
assenger, mainly with Italy and Croatia.

urrently, construction of the passenger terminal at the ferries quay, with a fund
bout 22.6 M Euro (EIB and EBRD) is completed and is in operation. T
onstruction of quay 10 in the East part, with funds of about EUR 8.5 M from Dur
ort Authority funds is completed and work continues for its completion a
ommencement of goods operation. Specialized terminals for processing
ontainers, processing of bulk cargo and services in the passenger terminal a
ven into concession and are being operated.
PASSANGERS TERMINAL IN DURRES PORT

Total Construction Cost


• 21 mln EUR
Financing
• EIB & EBRD
ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS

hereas the following projects are ongoing:

Detailed project of dredging of the channel and port basin with a funding of about
llion EUR, the Durres Port Authority is working to secure the funding;
roject for the rehabilitation of quays 7-8, with funds from the package of EIB and EBRD
ear completion;

the Port of Vlora,


Vlora it is ongoing the project for the rehabilitation of the port infrastructu
nd superstructure, construction of a new quay for ferry and Ro-Ro processing and go
ocessing quay. The funding of about 15.3 M Euro is provided by the Italian Cooperatio
s foreseen to be completed within 2017.

the Port of Saranda,


Saranda it is built the new quay for cruise ships, with a funding of 4.7 Mill
D from the World Bank and is fully operable.
SARANDA SEAPORT

• Tourism Oriented Priority

• Master Plan financed by WB

2
VLORA SEAPORT

• Gate of 8th Pan-European Corridor


Implementation of Master plan of Vlora Port:
• Construction of ferry terminal
• Construction of cargo peer
• Construction of port superstructure
• Overall cost of Master plan 31 Mio Euro.
• Italian Cooperation 15,3 Mio Euro

2
SHENGJIN SEAPORT

• Master Plan financed by WB

• Rehabilitation of Port financed


by GOA

2
ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS

the Port of Shengjini, on the basis of the project, for "the Rehabilitation of the P
Shëngjini” with a funding of about 3.6 M euro, funded by IPA 2008 and t
overnment of Albania, was built the New quay and squares for processing
oods. The port has already finished dredging of the quay, with financing of t
ate budget and now is operational even for ferries and for efficient processing
fferent freight/goods ships, not only for the Albanian export – import but also
ose transit to Kosovo and beyond.

e construction through concession (with national and foreign capital) of Tou


orts, marinas, for the accommodation of yacht and other vessels, in accordan
th the needs of maritime transport of passengers and tourism development.
is regard, some tourist ports are in concession procedure.
ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS

r transport

bania's only international airport is the Tirana Mother Thereza Internation


rport. It is the only port of entry for air travelers to the country. The airport off
ternational connections among many major European cities and beyond. Chi
erbright Limited (CEL) now owns 100% of TIA's capital stock on October 6, 2016

2016, the Government of Albania reached an agreement with Tira


ternational Airport on ending its monopoly on flights, opening the way to t
ternational operations of the already built Kukës Airport in the northern part
bania.

nother important planned project is a new airport in the southern part of Alban
ving it access to the vast tourism potential of the Albanian part of the Ionian Se
ALBANIAN TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAMS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS

TIRANA MOTHER THERESA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT

Related Interests