You are on page 1of 12

156

157
19-O Sta.Irtttf;r of Efoa.tLng EBod.les ila6lprrlty ol Fl-oa"ilngA Bod"l€s

,:Tl$;.ll Ac aitig i t :l,.b.iii$:i}:,\i rn


i s,:;,l0n,iatilti d',

tri
i,t tnegeorrui rric center ;of the,;,;disptacemgnt
voltntu,:Tlw magnitudc q@ geoy;tetry of the;
illll
displaced "volvnu maybe fomd from the
rulll
fft;labiliA of afloating abject is Mined as irc
'b; qf,,eqwtion,,Tltc;distance,;Jrom1he
rtltr aotttti to return to ils neutral pgsitiii.after c eintei :of ,,hwyancy to thct; nrctalicc nli r.' :':;':':.:..':
tlll the
t?rce has been applled, andiittwved,
?::erFat
9f the'metacenter ii i*priiou ir,
rrlri t,he loc.a!.iqn
y r m nt g t ne y a:! i li ty.' T tu',ntc tac c n t i r, a
!: f ;
I

MB;=
ylnt ,n the veriical newral axis tiroich:ikch
\ lwtlnt,fo1ce always acu joita tmitt anples
"i'
i :,:' '
o! 4tt,; tor,a large angles of tilt;'1he
natq:ce;tet ,.,,, ,,'. ,.:','.,'i.'.
, ',
m!,Hte,.tlong the ne una!, afk for statitiii
;,, tb
l:st, t!!;obiecls3eniC1 of iraviry ntut,oe: bitow'
uf F or obje i'ts',to ially,
#!.or, ltn,,,
,

sttbder*e d,li n lititmoment of incrtia about thc,'lalgest axii'


n9 e n te r. i s, ib c a te d
l{!:* !, !,M,*
Duoyanct::.,
e
., ,, ,
:

,..,ii,rt it i: c
::: :i: :rei:t :r, ey, :
produced tf the bi,bieit i,ere
,,,, ,,,,:,,o1t;hc,,arga

. ,.. ,'...,'.',',.,,, ,: ,' ', ,,,, ,, .',.',',.''' ,,'' ''

|:: *: ::, !l',s


,i:,rff:rrr^ter
ub yw rp e d o bj c iit i
*to n' sf,
is faund fiani the fottai:n,r
t he,l t i s Wlnil:,the Cener of
gravity'is 'below the,
melacenrcr, fiere is a couple acling to
- a , ,' , '.
. .., . , .,',,,.,,
:'.'j. '. ,i,. .
tiei*n thdiessel to its iletilral position but if
,;;,the,r,,i€iiCt,,tof g,tavi ty is abov e l he 1mi ibd-e iIC,i;'
l,

, ,, ' ,,; Alt=ABo+MBio,,,


,, ..,
,,.i, ,,.1 , ):iWt|.t-b:W,li,willcontinugtotipt;1rc:,',viis€l,i,:.iii.,.i.,.,

, ,..,., r,,.,,,,,, . .,.,..,..,..,=...,,...t,.,,.,,, ,

",'' e,*t i asin l i;i'ini uttai aiii,,t,',,',,,,,,,.,1;,,,,


:

: .,,', i :'',objecjto,tlw ilu1sc[nre|, t,;,1,,


,',t,',l&o=tfliitance.i,lnc
An;itq,n*,',,,,,,,.
: :::j : .,,btDltMC!,:,, ,,,, ,. :,,.,: ,, .: :,
15E

Sta,Ililttgr of, tloati.ng E3odles


Bta.IetllQyr of EloatlrrgS Eod'l.err

',';:;,,
,i,",, ,,lt$) r.;,wt1
1:...!-!l'--:-+rr#+ :: .: ::r.r: ::::::,,,:i:.i:*
,
:,,:,,,:,,,,r,,:
i i :.: :.:.::i ::r i.: i.l ::r': I ^'
r':.: r.rii

:.t.:.i,.r.ll:B.itAn:.0:.l
/:.- :i: .a.: .:::.::l
, ,|||: |, |,|4,,i ., ,,.
': ::::]:,::
:,1:1:,: :,:: : :,]:l:

illrl

llll

,{t

ill
W(D
Tot yiew
lii
160
I

Sta,Ietltf5r of tloatl:rg E3odt es lll.nbt lltSr of Floa.tfurg ElodJecr

O',= it
the. center of buoyaitcy,
thc wment
,*srup $ filtedil anangle p.
tt^,
= center of gravity'of tle floatinn bodv
MG=nntacentricheight' , " I
D;dcpthqlllotation '

86:=, ce,nter of baoyancy w,hen the ytoaifn*

, .
lrrll a
,eoayunanupight.posilion,
a-, '

'!:,.,'l:,rl of buoyancy o' is ,also rhe


ly ceilrord of thc area which is submcr:p*i
ihich is equal to tne orri oy-ie;;;1;;;
| ilul
ly

Location l: @ejerence linc is EF)


l,i,l; o, G
ri ) =, (o ,|;r^ r)t tia
I

t
lr

II i(* l=,rw
,2!=or=:W,
tl
p *=ff -i2 ffL,'.
n
*=T- iz*i"
-m1, .
'

[,-
162
ffi&er,IDf t |,t:'r o:f, trFloa,tllret t6l
Bodles
9.0 llta,Iol-Lltlr of lFl.oa,tlrror Bod.ler

';,,9t','1gr2,
6,'
I.::-*l!-+.
;i',,t',;,;,,,,,,W-t,t,,tl,,tt:,:,,:, ,,::::,],:,,:,.
I i'11 'lr I Anr. 7,200 kg

.,',: ,' ,:..l


t-- -'
a) 7200kg
b) 6,600 kg
Yol. of c) 7,500 kg
.'.. - -.' o 6,800 kg
Solution:
1 111" '
P = (Q(8)(r[1000)
I
P = 48,000r
I)l Momcnt of shifting of wedge
= momcnt of man's weight

utlt = ffit'D (8xlooox4)

48,000.r (3) = (0.6 - .rX6)(8X1000)


0.6- x=3x
x= 0.15
P = 48,000(0.15)
P =7,2ffi kg

Ton,view iiffii.itrr-[ i,i [n...t0n..:$1fflii*p[t ,r.3t0...r.


,'!i0,.1,m..muete llx.....I10..1,deip.'1.[h01m.1'1ifi 1t;tse1
;,llgurtr ttqdts in *ater r:::drflft .04,0{i0 :,8.
, ,,,,,, .,Ho*,,,pueh ; lmd
:.;tr,:,Appilied, 0l?5 m', off
Itlt csntci is rsquired-: ,tir,,sink, it?,:,, If eig[t,,:of

tlii
[--:.'----l i

.:*atoi.;.::t000 k81m3; ,::,: , ,,:i,..,',:,.,..,,,,,.,,,,,,, ,,.,,,',.,,,.,.-..,l,,..',,,..

ll)lii a) 1440 kg"


lll
b) 1640 ks.
c) 1220 kg.
d) 1060 kg.
164
ISta,IlLltttrr of lirloa,ttrr4g Bo.Ile{s !, a rr lll r I I Jl' <Df lrl(>ar,tlllG nl(}dlef,l
,lilrtil

lllllrrr
lltr
Solution:
wedge couple = load couple
lil[ ,\rr!. 5l -770 kg-mlm A submerged submarine of circular
i

rll
', L(0.75)=Or"1re (il, scction amidship (diameter = t m) ha* its
center ofgravity of2 m above the bottom
i illll
lrll
ll
I =y (3)(3)(1000) ln salt water. If tipped 30", what is the
'1r,,,,,
moment in kg-m/m of length of the
L,r ,$ubmerinc?: :trs this righting;, reutral,or
,,
ELEV.dTION y(3X3X10mX0.75)
llllrrr upsrtting moment? ' ,

l yyirlri
=u@4s@(), a) 59.388
) = 0.16 b) 5I.7?0
r c) 64.920
= 0.16(3X3X1000) d) 55.867
L = 1440 kg
Solwtion:

\
llit

Sp.gr. of salt water =


u
dA
, l, Ans 3,A00,A00 kg.m If the center of gravity of a ship in the Sp"gr" af salt water * 1.03
I upright position is l0 rn. ebove the cmter
MG =2 m.
of gravity of thc portion under water, the
dhplacement being 1000 nnetric tons. and x= MG Sin 30"
I rrrlru thr shlp is fip6r,ird 30' causing the ccnter
I of huoymncy $w ,$hift sideqais*rA m.:,,S41n**
is the value uf the momaent iu kg. m,?
x=2sin30'
.x = I.0 nn.
l,lll,,,
a) 3,0Cr0,ffi0 kg.rn
b) 4,000,000 kg.rn I m" wi,lth of submarine:
Consitlering
c) 3,500,000 kg.m
d) 2,000,000 kg.m BF =n(4)2 (lxl.03)
IIF = 51.77 ntetric tans
Solution:
M= EF x
i
sin 30"=
# M = 51.^17

'tl MB, =16 m*tric tons - m


M= 51"77
MG =MBa-GBo m
rlll

rlll MG=16-1{)*6
M =51.77a fY ftighting)
,rllli .r=6Sin30'
t=3m.
il)ri,
Momrnt = 1,0m,mCI(3)
Momcnt = 3,00A,$W) kg.m
r
i
1,,
'[lli

rrr
r,
'
166
Eta,fllllty of Floa,tlng Ins4a-* ,-t I l)t I l a.Jr o-f llloa,tlng Bodl€;

Ans. /J-l :r
hrtt,,, A rectrngular scow 9 m wide lS m hnn Arns. 4-695 m. .A:scow havlnf length,,bf :,15 m.,,t m;
atrd 3.6 m high has a draft iu ,"r-*.tui.i wide and 6 m. decp tras e dbphcemert of
lr , 154 mctric tons If the $cow tilts rt an
L4lnn" ILs cemter of grevity is 2.T m.
,

irrlllrll
,ii
,
sbove the hottortr of the$cow."n t*.ri"" rrgl", ;; 14" without overturnitrg,
llllrl ,futirmine tht Ioc.stibtr, of,,,thc, ccnitil ;of
.

Irrtr,,rr iiriiti',,.,*hisX,l[4s'::on,:,thb I tertleal,bf


1;lltlr a) 2.23m symmetry? , i :

llylllrili b) 3.43 m
c) 1.31 rn a) 4.695 m.
d) 3"35 m b) 5.272m.
c) 5.876 m.
Solution: 0 3.684 m.
{nitial metacentrh height MG:
Solution:
ll l MB.. -
r"u,o- B' {, -'ad-o\
l2D \tn-_-l So that there. will be no overturning when it
whcre: tilts at an angle of l4', then its center of
6=0
fl gravity coincides wilh the metacenter.
MB6=
MB" = 2.81 m.
ffi(l+o) 164= D (8)(15X1)
iffi d=1.37 m.
Another solutian:
lv{Bs=pGocheck)
I MB6=
#(r.*)
il'tiii
. (1$(9)3
t2
MB6=#*, [,.4*]
MB6 =4.0tr m.
I = 911.2-5 m4
(M9mgn1 of inertia abaut the
axis af tlrc waar line sectian)
langitudinal n= +A1 +\
r/= (2"4X15X9)
V=3?4 m3
h= 4.01
" ry
IvGs = Y#l h = 4.695
Center of gravity is located at a distance af
rlllr
MB*=2.81m (check) h .from the bottom.
I

,iiltil MG=MEo-BGo
MG = 2"8i - (2"?" 1"2)
lr$h
MG * 1"3/ m.
168
1 68-A
Bta,lrlllty of Floa,tkrE B<rd-les
Il'!lrlIlalr tDf Floa,tlng B(!d"l€!

Ans. 6640k9.
Ans. ).05 n.
A haded sco,q las ilrrn of f J m: in fresh
for r shtp with i'witer-lini cross section
Eaterr *hen et'ect; ,The scrw is 6 m;,wiae as shown has a displaccment of 5350 kN.
l,,h ur ,md,,12 m..long end 2.i,,m.
i iit[ ill nirni,,,,1,n" Iletermine,the maximum distance GE,
iiI riil :cenler of gravity of tne Scow is,i.t ab ve
,,,1,,,,,,,
,the b0ltom along. the,,veiticat :axis of that the center ol gravity mey lie above
,the center bf buojancy if ihc ship is to
lr[ ur rsymmatry., Whrt ir :ihe, max; slnslc remain,stable.",,,,,,,,,,,, :' .'.'
I illlr ill
:can bc.'moved transverselv
,weight that
from thC center ofthe pCAq nna unmaaei
over the side wittout fiXing the scoy? . a) 2.09 m.
b) 2.05 m.
a) 6640 kg. c) 2.60 m.
b) 5530 kg. 0 3.01 m.
c) 5630 kg.
d) 50a0kg.
Solution:
Solution: MG=LlBo -GBo
I
I
tans=
T = 0., MBO -V
6= ll.3'
MB6=
#(r.*) r-30(2.il3
12 *41fr<z>
t2
1= 1120"6l m4
rVlBs=#ft}('.Y)
MBe = l.l s350
' - g.8l
MC=1.7-0.9
V = 545.36 m3
MG = 0.8 m.
F= (lm0xl.8)(6X12)
F = 129,600 kg
MBO=|ffi
MBo = 2.05 m.
,illr IMG= 0
For stabh cquilibrium MG = 0
rllltrll
ffi = F(MG sin 6) A=MBo - GBo
Wt (3\
trllt iltl

= (129,600)(0.8 Sin I 1.3") GBo = MBo


,i4lD
C*ll,.
' il[h GBo = 2.05 m.
I
Wt = 6640 kg
tl
.16t-B
T 68.C
ftta,bff1tJr ol Floa,trrrgs Bo{ilI€- ilo lrl I I l,1r <r-t Fl.orLtlrr@ B{rd.LG-
rfihi
I
r lllll r/il
ll lll rrl[

Ans. 1.17 m. Arr. J.0t I|iN.n


llii ri,
,A ihip fiias,e dbphtemenl of 60100 meria
tons., Aibody:of 30 mctric tons msss is
I
,pwed laterally oa the deck,l2 m. and
111r r,l
irrlltrlrlt
'iiltt 4
I
thc end of_ o l.E0 m. plumb bob movcs
ttllt lrrlr 6000 ,92,,mm.;; ; :What::,is,,the transvcrbi
I rrllur, ,metracentricheight?,,, .,,, :,,,,.
I lllll rilflr .,.,.

i,iriiin, a) l.l7 m.
b) 2.10 m.
c) 1.20 m.
Q 1.89 m. a) 4.09 MN.m
b) 3.80 MN.m
c) 3.08 MN.rn
lrr[,,,
Solution:
0 4"10 MN.rn

lI Solution:
.ote =# (9800) l0 (rt) (30) = 5 x 106
0=2.93' h= 1"7 m.
GBo=0.5+0.85
Itlm GBo * 1.35
eMG=0 MG=htBo-GBo
oolor=affi I
I MBO =V
ttil,,il
r = 0.0598 m. ,=P{S= 25oo
l2lCos0 r=llGSin6
Y= l0 (30) (1.7) = 510
0.0598 =,lfG Sin 2.93'
MBo =# = 4.90 m.
MG = 1,17 * MG=lvtBo-GBo
MG=4.90-1.35
MG = 3.55
iii x = 3.55 Sin 10'
I
x = 0.616 m.
1ll 11111
RM = BF (x)
ll ttlJ1,,11
RM=5x106(0.616)
,0tlti
I
.RM = 3.08 MN.nr
ilritlt
riill
16E.D
Eta,bUlfJr o:f trloerttnc Boalle Ia.. trl I I I t' i>f llrl<ltr,t.Lrrgtr Bod"toB

Amr. ll.J crr. i.A.iUloctliff 'l$oi"fiig..64sl:kgml,.ln'.U


Ans. 1.746 m. the shapc of a rectangulrr parallelepiped
'A' CiunOiitit bu6; n0,,,,shown',in',,th",
,,h4ving,..,a....1.0i Imlil s4i....b5ser.,.,,.If ...the...hlock
:figure tla,e' diatnetei:of
",.

,l:g u..,1.C,:n. r.floats in.ft€sh,,watcr with.:the'r$quex6 .bssb


high;;ahd, weighing' l0::'kN ,floits' :in' :horiuental, what h the maxiunum lreight
salt,w*ter',of dcnsity,1S25 i'[763,,,,,..,t13 for :strble equilibiium ,,In"'the upright
2kN centrr of gravity ,ls:,0.45 ,,in.,r,rfhbm:
:the:bottom. :If :s Ioad.,of 2 [iN.,,,.,1s
placcd on the topr fina tnr,,,max.: ,heicht, a) 8.5 cm
of the cepter of:grriity of thiS,,tdia. b) 7.3 cm
above the bottou if the bilay.,h,rCmlin'' c) 9.2 cm
instable qquiHbriuE;;,; .;;, , ;;',:,r; 1,,;,;,;
,,,,:,,;,
i,,,,,,:t,,,,,,.,.,,,,, d) 6.8 cm
Solution:
rrl,,' a) 1.892 m. c) 2.135 m.
h) 1.746 m. A 2.457 m. Sp.gr. of blocO=
ffi
Solution: Sp.gr. of block
}} =4.&
,nP o(lo2s) (e.81) * r2,ooo d = 0.64h
d = 0.47 m. For stable equilibrium MG = 0
il|ilfi;
i=ry= o'235 m' rvrBo=
#0.*)
MG'= MBo - G'Bo
For stable equilibriun MG, = 0
,lllllr,iXtl;
MBo = G'Bo
MBe =
tjfth (r +o)
1
MBo =f, MBo =70s,

, =r** = 0.515 MG=MBo-GBo


y-L*!14(0.47)= r.rs6 o=*r gi)
,ilfl
MBo =H# = 0.431 m. ^1h0.&h
u=768r,'z* z
G'Bo = A.431
lrtltl,,,rtt,
Position of the new center of gravity G,. lP =A.ffi723
I rrrrr Z=G'Bo + 0.235
p1
/r = 0.085 rn.
,,iilnl Z = 0.431 + 0.235 = 0.666 m.
2h = + l0 (0.45) = (2 + l0) (0.66d) h = 8,5 cm,
'
I
rr)thr
2h = 3.492
lrl,
h = 1.746 m.

t
170
171
€lta,Irtlr.tlr oDt Fl"ota,ttrlg Bodles
Il.. lrl I Il,Jr ol Floa,tf,.D.g Bodlec
iflrlr
I
r

4iulril
Solution:
Ans. I"Cd m" ':A cylindilcal caisson hCvinr:au outslae
liil,,ii,rr
:dir..of g:m. floats
io sea:oit.i;ifh tr-
rr/Is.=7*;-
L,,,i,, ,verticel aud ,ib lower bnd submJrCed
I iiltl
' llll
itilltu

ilrrl
,9 n, below the wateriCurface., if ,'its , = GaryoI)
)
t[t t|l]ilt 'center of graiity is on the vertical axis
I rilrlr,ru
,and is 3.6 m. above
the bottom. Find the v = 40.5 m3
fnuemetacCntric,hAisht-:: :
i .. ::: ,:., .:
r = 21O) =Am.
Irtllrrlr,it

a) 1.46m.
lilriiiln b) 2.57 m. y= (2.4X9X15)
c\ 2.28m. V=3'2Am3
d) 3.ll m. 1)
tano- # =o.Zml
Solution:
trill T 6 = L4.93'
nABo =V
rrD
rvPo _
(40.5X6)
- 324 Sin 14.93"
,= W = !a2.5n
lp MBo = 2.91m.
I ., _ ,r(9)2 (9)
4
Y = 182.25n Using the formula:
1iltl,,
MBo =
#f#
lMBs = 0.56 m.
MBo=
#Q.ry)
I

l,llllihllliil
IvfG=MBo+GBo
MG=0.56+0.9
MB6=
ffi('.^Tt)
MB6 = 2.91m (che*)
I
MG = 1.46 m. grue twtacentic height)
MG=MBo-GBo
MG=2.91-1.5
I
MG = 1.41 m.
Ans. r=MG Sin 0
171,?30 kg-rn A rectfpsl ' g'.rn. Vidc lS un lonr

l*
I .pM.3.fi n x = 0.363
[rg& htr'E dr*ft,irh rm w*er #
2.4:m, ;,,fts,;center,,,6J ;rlvity is:f.7 m
ogqre thc bottoun,,of :tha,scow. ,,If,:the (Ur, ,r. wt. of sea water = 1030 E)
il fl1,rrrrrt
*oy tilb,.,*tit,ont ifule,:h iiust on :the B.F. = (2.4X1sXgX1030)
,point oI cuUnnengencer,,:determiEc,thc,
ll ' ,r', *,,
:righfing;pgple or *e overturning mupk B.F. = 333,720 kg
It ',"tlrtl a) 121,230 kg-m Righting Moment 1BF(x)
,
| urrr b) 164,380kg-m RM = 333720 (0.363)
c) 103,210 kg-m RNl= 1?1330 ks-m
d) I It!,300 kg-m
I

t
172
Et{i.bflnf,t}. eff [}}o{il,&IrlgH If o{Al{Ds
tlt r I. r' rlf l.l(>rr,tf, lrn0f f,BOdlOs
-..r

Solution:
Ams. A.594 m.
l[ttt'[tttt $ uhup of 4000 tonns dlsplacement floats
rn serwrtrr wiih its axis of symmctru Y GX0.3X1000) = 70 kg
ve{icat whtn i weight d S0 ioooC f. 0.2333
iiiiii'iiii'ifl midship. Moving the weicht 3 y= -_L
rlltlliitll townrds oue side of the decli- causc* a
pluurb boh suspended at thr end
lilr of a
llrlil strln* 3.6 m &ong to move Z2S mnn. FinJ Monunt af wedge shift
tftG anetlcemrrie hrigbt. . ,

= Motnent af rnan's weight


a) 0.594 n. (0.15 - y) (iX.}) (o.3xrffio)(?L)
b) 0.372 rn.
c) 0.93'7 m.
d) 0.732 rn. = ro 4|- rl.otr

Solutian: (o.rs -n?"1iso 12) =35t, -42


0.21s
'__.--
)IilP=
1.h L2-6.222L+5.6*0
14 = 3.-58" l=5m"
LNIG = 0
-tr050(x)= _5qL_
Cos 3.5ti"
,r = 0.0371 m.

hlC :i- ,\rts. 1,200,000 kg-m ilf thi.cehtei:of Xfasity:o{:a bs&t ln th*
= Srn 16
upnight pqcitfum k,3 m, uhove thc c.E'of
pert ilnd€r rrrater, the totnl displactnnent
MG ' * -o'q'lzl-
Sin 3.58" being !0Q toms and the & -mt ls tipped 30"
MG - {).591 m" (rnetacenlric i;eiglLt )
casuing the cemter'of hllnyancy to shift
sidewise 2.4 m., what is lhc v0tue in kg-m
of,the "moment of the wedge couple"?
a) 1,200,(H0 kg-m
b) 1,300ffikg-nr
Ans. 5 rr" The timher,,showm :is :30:con scluare and c) 1,000,000 kg-m
,uflf
d) 1,5ff),0t0 kg-m
..A, *io *uquruma iO
,flao a,sp"gr"of O.gO.
lll
kg standing at a point 60 cm f*unaine
rl
emd e8uses that end te he Solwtion:
llr
iust
suhmerged. tlow long is the siflmber?- Morwnt af wedge coaple
.rrrill0

a) 5 rn. = rvtfirwnt af sfu.f,t of center ai bwoyancy


dlrtl
rl
b) 3m. = 50t(1$Hl.r(2.a)
c) /m. * 1)0$,*$$ kg-wt
d) 4 nl.
174
8'&ai,}rArlty 6'l IFI"oa,tlD.g Eloillc! tll.r lrl I l a t' (>f Fl(}a,ttrrg lB{Ddls3
lirrilill

illlirliilili

Ans. I05 kgtp2 :i:,: Artn. l6 vtU, i .totat a$Ucemeni,.of f8OO


,r! qi,leCnt$,or., ffiviry,,,or
m.
l1illi4,lr rt,,:ia:, sl ,
0.7 ,l .rffip,
:Uonqec rolb to one:sida,,through an engh
,,Wrtgttlopilp-nr::h,3rh,.r[,gryC,,the,Cirof ,

:pq,tuBdlr::wlrtcr;,1hq'1o{dtabn nr of l deger:wten * dcch,lord,of.$ ionnes,


.,IS;,qry. q* ire,tnc. :Dqqt h iiippcd'so'=;,, ,ic moved Iettrelly throush l:ttistsncc of
iiitiiillm
I
11 l[ ftl illl
,$.IsrTt tXg ctnter,of brro;1rcy,g6 str;6
l5 '* go-puie thO nctacentrf hcisht
Ir I rililrln
,flETi9 2J m- h much ev.trarc,wind ior, trie'p{rriculsr p06frbtr of the: vesotl?,:,:
I iih p,rG$,Brp ii' kdcq.ll
'rltlrll
, :witi, it tate,to toU a) 0.716 m.
:,rBc Qo$
in t6 3gl,ripffi pqttiod f lSO
]
,u1r1
s.qfi: rr€,€xp@ to:rlitrd rveruinr {.6 b) 0.a82 m.
c) 0.264 m.
,:D.,.aPOyc :thc fesUltanf ,of :tne:,iitimt. d) 0.947 m.
fl!rFl$*ny, support of rhG rrst?E?,, r,,,. ,,, r ,
Solution:
a) 105 1800r = (5 Cos 0) (4.5)
b) 130 (s esE l'X45)
*__1g0il
lrlL c) 123 ,=
d) ll3
it x = 0.0125

f* Solution: MG=ffi
I
MBe=#{r ,lfc=m
= 4.8 MG =0"716 m.'
lflm'n Mff *MBo,-Gfro
I *4.8,3
= l.B
jiilllr'illlllr 1.8

I
'= $;5il; nns- 37.74 N llilliiiisms$,:.:'m€tsl,,, ptll, .Uf .,,tensth,,r [00,;tm;
= 0.9 :uddth 20 cm" and depth 4 cnn. ii floatin[
ln wetw" Wben * uniform verticgt hsd
wind pressrre mwt be equal
TP^,yy,r:rf
to the ighting ,of ,,.1;S..Nlu',.i*.'$$
gIied..:etr,,s.ho$,tr,.,.thc.,. BCn
i momcnt i:a$lunei:::thc,.,.#*,en:,.c-obf lXUrOtioU.il.:l'f lnd
,the weight of tht pnu ,,,,, ,: ,,, ', ,,,,, ,: :, ,',,,,' ' ,,,,

I P @.q =aF (x) a) 35.34 N

ll,
I Ii
P (4.6) _- (500) (1000) (.e)
P = 97826 kg ( totat
force )
Wind Pressure- 97826 kg
b)
c)
d)
30.73
37,74
40.38
N
N
N

h "1"*ru
,lntttl Solwtion:
Wind Pressure ilS $/+ 1.5 = BF
li utt, = kgtm2
$r+ l"s = *P* (rxerro)
l' .,.,*{ni

W* 37.V4 N