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Appendix A: Maps A1

APPENDIX A
MAPS

 Annual Rainfall
 Annual Potential Evapotranspiration (PET)
 50 Year Rainfall Intensity 12 Hour Storm
 100 Year Rainfall Intensity 12 Hour Storm

Note: Additional rainfall intensity maps are available on the web site.

Return Period Storm Duration
5 years 10 min 30 min 1 hour 2 hour 3 hour 6 hour 12 hour 24 hour
10 years 10 min 30 min 1 hour 2 hour 3 hour 6 hour 12 hour 24 hour
25 years 10 min 30 min 1 hour 2 hour 3 hour 6 hour 12 hour 24 hour
50 years 10 min 30 min 1 hour 2 hour 3 hour 6 hour 12 hour 24 hour
100 years 10 min 30 min 1 hour 2 hour 3 hour 6 hour 12 hour 24 hour

Practice Manual for Small Dams, Pans and Other Water Conservation Structures in Kenya

Annual Precipitation (mm)
34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42

45
450

0
5 5
150

300

LOKICHOGIO

4 MANDERA 4
TURKANA

450
KAKUMA

450
300
MOYALE

450 LODWAR

3 3
ELWAK

600 30
0
MARSABIT

2 300 2
750 WEST
POKOT

900
SAMBURU
10
50

12
KAPENGURIA

00
1350
MARAKWET MARALAL
KITALE HABASWEIN
KAPSOWAR
1 1
MT.ELGON MATUNDA
BARINGO
UASIN
ITEN
MALABA GISHU

1350
WEBUYE
BUNGOMA KEIYO
ELDORET KABARNET
0 MALAVA MARIGAT
135 BUSIA
MUMIAS ISIOLO
135 KAKAMEGA LAIKIPIA
0 BUTERE MAUA
KAPSABET
VIHIGA
SIAYA KOIBATEK
LUANDA NYAHURURU MERU
NANYUKI
0 BONDO KISUMU
300 0
MUHORONI
NYANDO KIPKELION NYANDARUA
NAKURU
KERICHO
SUBA NYERI 00 GARISSA
12 KIRINYAGARUNYENJES
NYAMIRA EMBU KYUSO
LITEIN
HOMABAY
120 KISII SOTIK MWEA
0 1050
12

BOMET
MARAGWA
00

SORI GUCHA

MWINGI

THIKA
-1 MIGORI NAROK -1
KIAMBU BURA
KURIA TRANS-MARA NAIROBI TANA

0
KANGUNDO
KITUI RIVER

120
HOLA
MACHAKOS
450
00
50

12
10
900

KAJIADO
60
0
0
75

-2 EMALI MAKUENI 750 -2
0
60

MAKINDU
LAMU
KIBWEZI
90
0

0
75
900

0
75

0
60

0
-3 75 -3
MALINDI 900
750

900
TAITA-TAVETA
VOI

600 KILIFI

0
105

MOMBASA
-4 -4
KINANGO
KWALE
1050
DIANI
0

00
12
00

75

Legend
12

0
90

Isohyte
50
00

10
12

Town
×
MN
Country Boundary Ù Coordinate System: GCS WGS 1984
-5 GN 0°0´
Datum: WGS 1984 -5
Water Body 0 MILS
0 25 50 100 150 200 250 Miles 37°0´
658 MILS
Units: Degree
County Boundary 0 55 110 220 330 440
Kilometers Esri, DeLorme, GEBCO,
UTM GRID AND 2015 MAGNETIC NORTH
Reference other contributors
NOAA NGDC, and Scale: 1:2,000,000
DECLINATION AT CENTER OF SHEET

34 35 36 37 38 39
³ 40 41
Referenced from the ILRI Surface Climate Dataset
42

Annual Evapotranspiration (mm) 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 16 00 5 5 1600 00 2000 1900 21 1900 LOKICHOGIO 2000 1800 2100 4 MANDERA 4 TURKANA 1800 1700 KAKUMA 0 170 20 MOYALE 00 210 0 LODWAR 3 3 2000 ELWAK 20 00 1900 180 0 MARSABIT 18 00 2 2 WEST POKOT 1700 16 SAMBURU 00 15 KAPENGURIA 00 2000 MARAKWET MARALAL 1400 KITALE HABASWEIN KAPSOWAR 1900 1 150 1 16 0 MT. GEBCO.000 DECLINATION AT CENTER OF SHEET 34 35 36 37 38 39 ³ 40 41 Referenced from the ILRI Surface Climate Dataset 42 . UTM GRID AND 2015 MAGNETIC NORTH Reference other contributors NOAA NGDC.000. and Scale: 1:2. DeLorme.ELGON MATUNDA 00 BARINGO UASIN ITEN MALABA GISHU WEBUYE BUNGOMA KEIYO ELDORET KABARNET BUSIA MALAVA MARIGAT 16 MUMIAS ISIOLO 00 KAKAMEGA LAIKIPIA BUTERE MAUA KAPSABET VIHIGA 0 SIAYA KOIBATEK 180 LUANDA NYAHURURU MERU NANYUKI 0 BONDO KISUMU 0 MUHORONI NYANDO KIPKELION NYANDARUA NAKURU KERICHO SUBA NYERI RUNYENJES GARISSA KIRINYAGA 1500 NYAMIRA EMBU KYUSO LITEIN HOMABAY KISII SOTIK MWEA BOMET GUCHA MARAGWA SORI MWINGI 00 THIKA -1 MIGORI NAROK -1 17 KIAMBU BURA 00 KURIA TRANS-MARA NAIROBI TANA 15 KANGUNDO KITUI RIVER HOLA MACHAKOS 00 14 KAJIADO -2 EMALI MAKUENI -2 00 0 14 150 MAKINDU 1600 LAMU 00 KIBWEZI 00 16 15 -3 -3 16 00 MALINDI 140 0 TAITA-TAVETA VOI KILIFI MOMBASA 1500 -4 -4 KINANGO KWALE DIANI Legend Evapotraspiration Isolines Town × MN Country Boundary Ù Coordinate System: GCS WGS 1984 -5 GN 0°0´ Datum: WGS 1984 -5 0 MILS Water Body 0 25 50 100 150 200 250 Miles 37°0´ 658 MILS Units: Degree County Boundary 0 55 110 220 330 440 Kilometers Esri.

6 BOMET GUCHA MARAGWA 18 SORI MWINGI 9 -1 13.000 ³ DECLINATION AT CENTER OF SHEET 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 Referenced from the 1987 Rainfall Atlas of Kenya. GEBCO.8 MUHORONI 17.8 0 BONDO KISUMU 6.7 EMBU KYUSO LITEIN HOMABAY 9.4 NAROK 13 10 KIAMBU BURA 14 KURIA TRANS-MARA TANA 12 NAIROBI 12 RIVER KANGUNDO KITUI 14 8. NOAA NGDC. DeLorme.2 -1 20 THIKA MIGORI 8.5 MAKINDU LAMU KIBWEZI 20 -3 -3 MALINDI VOI TAITA-TAVETA KILIFI 12 14 -4 MOMBASA -4 16.5 HOLA 16 MACHAKOS 11 KAJIADO 20 10 -2 -2 EMALI MAKUENI 11. RFL@ 2015 .ELGON MATUNDA 13 BARINGO UASIN ITEN MALABA WEBUYE GISHU BUNGOMA KEIYO ELDORET BUSIA MARIGAT MALAVA 11 ISIOLO 12 LAIKIPIA BUTERE MAUA 10 KAPSABET 12 VIHIGA KOIBATEK 7 SIAYA MERU 13 LUANDA NANYUKI 0 8.2 NYANDO KIPKELION NYANDARUA 10 NAKURU KERICHO SUBA NYERI GARISSA KIRINYAGA 11 8 NYAMIRA 15. and other contributors Kilometers UTM GRID AND 2015 MAGNETIC NORTH Reference Scale: 1:2.3 KISII SOTIK MWEA 9 8 5. MoWD.000. Fifty Year 12 Hour Rainfall Intensity (mm/hr) 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 5 5 14 12 LOKICHOGIO 10 4 14 14 4 TURKANA 8 KAKUMA 7 MOYALE LODWAR 3 3 ELWAK 12 MARSABIT 13 2 2 WEST POKOT SAMBURU KAPENGURIA MARAKWET MARALAL KITALE HABASWEIN 1 KAPSOWAR 1 MT.9 KINANGO KWALE DIANI 16 × Legend MN Ù Town Isohytes GN 0°0´ 0 MILS -5 Country Boundary 37°0´ -5 0 25 50 100 150 200 250 Miles 658 MILS Coordinate System: GCS WGS 1984 Water Body Datum: WGS 1984 0 55 110 220 330 440 Units: Degree County Boundary Esri.

5 MUHORONI NYANDO 9.5 MALINDI VOI TAITA-TAVETA 14 KILIFI 20 15 -4 18. and other contributors Kilometers UTM GRID AND 2015 MAGNETIC NORTH Reference Scale: 1:2.000.5 LOKICHOGIO 10 4 16 4 TURKANA 15 7. KAJIADO 10 -2 -2 EMALI MAKUENI 14 MAKINDU LAMU KIBWEZI 5. GEBCO. 17 × Legend MN Ù Town Isohytes2 GN 0°0´ 0 MILS -5 Country Boundary 37°0´ -5 0 25 50 100 150 200 250 Miles 658 MILS Coordinate System: GCS WGS 1984 Water Body Datum: WGS 1984 0 55 110 220 330 440 Units: Degree County Boundary Esri. MoWD.5 -1 MIGORI 17. 2 2 WEST POKOT SAMBURU KAPENGURIA MARAKWET MARALAL KITALE HABASWEIN 1 KAPSOWAR 1 .9 7.3 ELDORET MARIGAT 9.4 BOMET GUCHA MARAGWA SORI 20 MWINGI 10 22.9 BUSIA MALAVA .5 0 BONDO KISUMU 7. 5 MT. 12 -3 -3 22. KIAMBU BURA 10 15 TANA 15 10 KURIA TRANS-MARA NAIROBI KANGUNDO 23 RIVER KITUI 5 17.5 17.9 MOMBASA -4 KINANGO KWALE DIANI 5 .9 6.5 NYAMIRA EMBU KYUSO LITEIN 10 HOMABAY KISII SOTIK MWEA 9.5 HOLA 20 MACHAKOS 5 22.3 KEIYO 8.ELGON MATUNDA 12 BARINGO ITEN 9 MALABA UASIN GISHU WEBUYE BUNGOMA 9. DeLorme.3 NAROK 12.4 NYANDARUA NAKURU 11. Hundred Year 12 Hour Rainfall Intensity (mm/hr) 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 5 5 16 12.4 SUBA NYERI GARISSA KIRINYAGA 15. RFL@ 2015 .000 ³ DECLINATION AT CENTER OF SHEET 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 Referenced from the 1987 Rainfall Atlas of Kenya.6 SIAYA KOIBATEK LUANDA MERU NANYUKI 0 7. NOAA NGDC.5 ISIOLO 12 KAKAMEGA LAIKIPIA BUTERE MAUA KAPSABET 13.2 THIKA 5 -1 9. 9.5 KAKUMA MOYALE 7 3 3 ELWAK 15 MARSABIT 5 12.

 14/17 Type Drawing X: Gabion Sand Storage Dam (1/2).  13/17 Type Drawing IX: Standard Cross Sections Concrete Sand Storage Dams.  12/17 Type Drawing VIII: Water Storage Pan on Inclined Location. Capacity 20. Capacity 20.  6/17 Type Drawing IV: Cattle Trough (2/2).  9/17 Type Drawing VI: Water Storage Pan.600 Cubic Metres (2/2). Appendix B: Reference Drawings B1 APPENDIX B REFERENCE DRAWINGS  1/17 Type Drawing I: Small Earth Dam. Note: Additional drawings (Autocad and PDF) available on the web site.000 Cubic Metres.  15/17 Type Drawing X: Gabion Sand Storage Dam (2/2).  3//17 Type Drawing II: Spillway for Small Earth Dam (2/2).000 Cubic Metres (2/2). Practice Manual for Small Dams.000 Cubic Metres (1/2).  16/17 Type Drawing XI: ALDEV Weir Cross Section.  4/17 Type Drawing III: Intake.  5/17 Type Drawing IV: Cattle Trough (1/2).  10/17 Type Drawing VII: Water Storage Pan.  8/17 Type Drawing VI: Water Storage Pan. Drawoff and Valve Chamber for Small Earth Dam.  7/17 Type Drawing V: Communal Water Point. Pans and Other Water Conservation Structures in Kenya . Dug Well and Filter (1/2).600 Cubic Metres (1/2).  11/17 Type Drawing VII: Water Storage Pan. 38. Capacity 11. Capacity 11.  17/17 Type Drawing XII: Lagoon on an Inclined Site. Capacity 17.000 Cubic Meters.  2/17 Type Drawing II: Spillway for Small Earth Dam (1/2).

1 : 500 PE GRAVEL MS SLO LAYER LOP E AM 1.W.00m SAND FILTER FLOOD SURCHARGE FLOOD WATER CORE TRENCH LEVEL (F.00m.00m (min) MINIMUM (NET) FREEBOARD 3.00m 0.00 to3. HORIZ.L) NORMAL LEVEL (N.L RIP RAP PROTECTION IN ZONE AFFECTED BY WAVES Client: Location: Surveyed By: File Name: Scale: AS SHOWN Drawn By: Project: Designed By: TYPICAL PLAN Drawing Title: SCALE 1 : 500 Checked By: SMALL EARTH DAM Drawing No: Rev: Sheet: Approved By: TYPE DRAWING I 1/16 .50m TYPICAL CROSS-SECTION CREST LEVEL WITHOUT CAMBER CREST PROTECTION SLOPE 1% SETTLEMENT ALLOWANCE SCALE 1 : 200 GRASSING ON TOP SOIL TOE DRAIN 200 300 SAND FILTER 300 ALTERNATIVE FILTER AND TOE ARRANGEMENT 1.00m N.00m 4.00m (min) CREST PROTECTION (MURRAM OR GRASSING) GROSS FREEBOARD 1.W. (min.00m DAM CREST 5.00m 5.00 TO 3. VERT.L) GRASSING ON 0.) DO TYPICAL LONGITUDINAL SECTION WN PROTECTIVE CORE STREA SCALES.20m TOP SOIL LAYER 2. CAMBER (SETTLEMENT ALLOWANCE) 2.) SAND FILTER EXCAVATION LEVEL 4.00 min ORIGINAL GROUND LEVEL 1 1 1 1.00 to 5.00m 1.00m 5.00m SCALE 1 : 100 1.W.00m 5.00m (min) 1 5.30m (min.00m 4. 1 :100.00 TO 5.00m S TRE UP 1.

0 m SPILLWAY PROTECTION TRENCH DEPTH 1.FLOOD WATER LEVEL (F.L) INFLOW SECTION SLOPE 0.3% .0m TOWARDS RIVERBED 4.0m TYPICAL ARRANGEMENT FOR EARTH CHANNEL SPILLWAY (TO BE CONSTRUCTED WHERE REQUIRED ONLY) SCALE 1 : 250 Client: Location: Surveyed By: File Name: Scale: 1 : 250 Drawn By: Project: Designed By: SPILLWAY FOR SMALL EARTH DAMS Drawing Title: Checked By: Drawing No: Rev: Sheet: Approved By: TYPE DRAWING II A 2/16 .1% A SPILLWAY SILL A EMBANKMENT CREST 5.W.0m 5m (FIXED CREST LEVEL) E SPILLWAY CENTRELIN C C OUTFLOW i CHANNEL SIL (F L IX LE ED VE L) 10.

30 0.30m RIP-RAP 1 to 3 1 0.10 SAND/GRAVEL LAYER (COMPACTED) SILL CROSS-SECTION B-B SCALE 1 : 20 NATURAL EARTH DETAIL OF SPILLWAY PROTECTION SCALE 1 : 20 F.1% CROSS-SECTION A-A (SPILLWAY CREST) SCALE 1 : 100 0.80m ANGULAR RIP-RAP (0.1/0.30 DOZER 0.L 0.2m) COMPACTED BY 0.80m F.10 i 0.EMBANKMENT CREST LEVEL 0.10m SAND/GRAVEL ORIGINAL GROUND LEVEL CROSS-SECTION A-A (SPILLWAY DETAIL SCALE 1 : 100 SLOPE 1 Client: Location: 1.W.80 GROUND 1 SPILLWAY WIDTH (w) B 0.60 to 0.0m 1 Surveyed By: Scale: File Name: AS SHOWN Drawn By: Project: Designed By: CROSS-SECTION B-B PROTECTIVE TRENCH Drawing Title: Checked By: SPILLWAY FOR SMALL EARTH DAMS SCALE 1 : 100 Drawing No: Rev: Sheet: Approved By: TYPE DRAWING II 3/16 .L B NATURAL 1 to 3 0.W.3% .

SECTION A-A SCALE 1 : 20 INTAKE STRUCTURE SECTION B-B SCALE 1 : 25 GROUND PLAN SCALE 1 : 20 DETAIL OF DRAW PIPE WITH COLLARS SCALE 1 : 20 Client: Location: Surveyed By: File Name: Scale: AS SHOWN Drawn By: CLOSING TOP END PERFORATED PIPE 5mm Project: PERFORATED PIPE HOLES EVERY 5cm Designed By: PLAN OR SOLID PLUG SCALE 1 : 10 Drawing Title: Checked By: INTAKE. DRAW OFF AND VALVE CHAMBER SCALE 1 : 25 FOR SMALL EARTH DAMS Drawing No: Rev: Sheet: Approved By: TYPE DRAWING III 4/17 .

S PIPE OUTFLOW SECTION E-E 200 100 CONCRETE 1:2:4 REINFORCED BY WIRE MESH SCALE 1 : 20 OVERFLOW 1100 40 SECTION G-G Client: Location: SCALE 1 : 20 Surveyed By: File Name: Scale: AS SHOWN Drawn By: Project: WASHOUT PIPE 50mm G.05 SCALE 1:20 2000 B 300 1250 D 780 235 STEEL COVER DITCH DITCH IS ONLY REQUIRED IF D SURROUNDING AREA 660 SLOPES TOWARDS TROUGH PLAN 200 620 200 SCALE 1 : 50 100 440 600 G.S PIPE WITH GATE VALVE Designed By: Drawing Title: Checked By: CATTLE TROUGH FRONT VIEW H-H Drawing No: Rev: Sheet: SCALE 1 : 20 Approved By: TYPE DRAWING IV 5/17 . SEE NOTE 2 2000 B 1040 400 100 2000 SLOPE STEEL COVER G SLOPE 660 A F H A 0. DITCH LEADING TO RIVER OR DEPRESSION 2000 1550 LT.05 C E E 100 5100 100 SUPPLY C PIPE 200 GATE OUTFLOW F H VALVE G SLOPE SECTION F-F 0.

STRUCTURE IN 400 x 200 x 100mm CEMENT BLOCKS PLASTERED 1 : 3 MIX ON ALL SHOWING SURFACES 2.05 BROKEN STONE OR GRAVEL Surveyed By: File Name: Scale: 2000 LENGTH OF FOUNDATION 2000 Drawn By: AS SHOWN LF = LT + 1800 Project: Designed By: SECTION A-A Drawing Title: Checked By: SCALE 1 : 50 CATTLE TROUGH Drawing No: Rev: Sheet: Approved By: TYPE DRAWING IV 6/17 . LENGTH OF TROUGH ACCORDING TO EXPECTED HERD SIZES L. NB: 1.SMALL CATTLE HERDS. SEE NOTE 2 STONE PITCHING DITCH SLOPE Client: Location: 0. GOATS AND SHEEP L.BIG CATTLE HERDS PLASTERING 250 50 100 450 SECTION C-C SCALE 1 : 20 200 400 200 400 SECTION D-D SCALE 1 : 20 ISOMETRIC VIEW SCALE 1 : 50 STONE PITCHING 150 BROKEN STONE OR GRAVEL 2000 1100 2000 SECTION B-B SCALE 1 : 50 LT.00m .00m .T = 5.T = 10.

2400 800 100 ROCK OR RUBBLE FILLED TRENCH CONCRETE DRAIN SLOPE 4% B LENGTH CONNECTION TO MAIN LINE 2400 550 C C CONNECTION TO MAIN LINE 1600 CONCRETE DRAIN: SLOPE 4% 300 APPROX.5% A A 100 PLAN 2 TAP CWP ROCK OR RUBBLE FILLED TRENCH 300 SCALE 1 : 40 2400 B 1800 PLAN 4 TAP CWP 740 100 150 300 300 230 SCALE 1:40 200 700 100 150 100 350 2.5% SLOPE 2.5% 200 2000 50 100 SECTION THROUGH DRAIN 100 10% 150 250 SCALE 1 : 40 300 5% 300 SECTION A-A SCALE 1 : 40 SECTION B-B SCALE 1 : 40 1800 5000 100 800 Client: Location: Surveyed By: File Name: Scale: 500 1:40 OR AS SHOWN 50 Drawn By: 100 Project: Designed By: 150 Drawing Title: 250 SECTION C-C Checked By: COMMUNAL WATER POINT SCALE 1 : 40 Approved By: Drawing No: Rev: Sheet: TYPE DRAWING V 7/17 . LENGTH SLOPE 2.

00 A A 15.00 SECTION G-G SCALE 1 : 50 80.50 AS SHOWN 1 Drawn By: Project: RIP RAP PROTECTION Designed By: 03.00 Client: Location: Surveyed By: File Name: Scale: 2 2.30 SECTION H-H SCALE 1 : 50 5. OUTLET CHANNEL TOWARDS FENCE NATURAL DRAINAGE RIP RAP PROTECTION OF OUTLET CHANNEL 0.50 1:2 30.00 CATTLE RAMP 1.30 10.00 6.0 (COVERED WITH GRAVEL) Drawing Title: Checked By: CATTLE RAMP PROTECTION Drawing No: Rev: Sheet: SCALE 1 : 200 Approved By: TYPE DRAWING VI 8/17 .00 RIP RAP PROTECTION 50.00 SILT TRAP 10.30 6.00 0.00 C RIP RAP PROTECTION 1.30 0.00 SECTION J-J SCALE 1 : 50 DUG WELL 0.00 +4.00 PLAN VIEW PAN INLET CROSS SECTION F-F SCALE 1 : 500 SCALE 1 : 200 15.00 C D D RIP RAP 0.00 +3.30 SILT TRAP B 5.00 B 0.70 0.30 7.

00 10.00 1 1 2.20 EARTH BERM OF E J COLLECTION TRENCH SILT TRAP CROSS SECTION A-A SCALE 1 : 500 0.00 10.00 2.00 10.00 4.5 0.00 10.50 10.5 2.00 +3.30m TOP SOIL COVER Client: Location: Surveyed By: File Name: Scale: Drawn By: AS SHOWN 0.00 2.00 20.50 30. 1.00 2.20/0.00 5 1 1 0.00 CROSS SECTION B-B SILT TRAP DETAIL SCALE 1 : 200 EXCAVATED EARTH +4.00 1.00 +4.30m STRIPPING OF TOP SOIL Project: EXCAVATED MATERIAL Designed By: FROM PAN Drawing Title: Checked By: DISPOSED MATERIAL CROSS SECTION SCALE 1 : 200 Approved By: Drawing No: Rev: Sheet: TYPE DRAWING VI 9/17 .30 NATURAL GROUND J OVERFLOW TO OUTLET CHANNEL SECTION D-D SCALE 1 : 200 1.00 +4.20/0.00 10.5 F SILL 1 1.5 0.25 2.50 +2.00 2.00 5.00 ORIGINAL SURFACE EXCAVATED EARTH E +4.00m 0. F ORIGINAL SURFACE +4.00 +4.50 EARTH BERM OF +4.00 2.00 G COLLECTION TRENCH H G ORIGINAL GROUND H INLET TO SILT TRAP CROSS SECTION C-C SCALE 1 : 200 COLLECTION TRENCH CROSS SECTION SCALE 1 : 25 max.

00 .00 10.00 PLAN TANK SCALE 1 : 1000 INTAKE SECTION A-A 0.00 120.00 INTAKE SILL 0.00 6.30 SCALE 1 : 500 Client: Location: Surveyed By: File Name: Scale: 0.00 0.00 25.00 5.30 1:2.50 AS SHOWN CONCRETE 1:2:4 Drawn By: Project: Designed By: Drawing Title: Checked By: SILL DETAIL Drawing No: Rev: Sheet: SCALE 1 : 20 Approved By: TYPE DRAWING VII 10/17 .5 RIP RAP PROTECTION C SANDY CLAY LAYER CLAY BLANKET 40.5 4.50 60.00 10.00 CATTLE RAMP AND INTAKE 0.00 0.00 1:2 1:1 25.00 2.50 12.00 AND COMPACTED IF SOIL IN BOTTOM OF RAMP IS TOO PERVIOUS CATTLE RAMP SECTION C-C SCALE 1 : 200 10.00 20.00 4.5 TO BE DECIDED FOR EACH SITE SILL INDEPENDENTLY RIP RAP LAYER (SEE LAYOUT) B SANDY CLAY LAYER 2. B MAXIMUM LEVEL COMPACTED RIP RAP SANDY CLAY 4.50 NOTE: 7.00 1:2 1:1 4.00 4.30 1:2.50 C 7.00 .00 6.50 SANDY CLAY LAYER TO BE PLACED 15.00 25.30m THICK 800 2500 25.00 CATTLE RAMP SECTION D-D SCALE 1 : 500 5.50 EXACT LOCATION OF 4.5 4.00 LAYER 0.00 10.

00 6.00 100.00 6.00 4.00 10.00 5 1:2 1:1.00 4.30 0.50 5.30m 1:2 5 1:2.00 SECTION A-A SCALE 1 : 500 1:2 BOTTOM OF INTAKE CHANNEL 1:2 3.00 10.15m TOP SOIL COVER 7.00 40. 120.50 6.5 4.00 30.50 INTAKE 1:4 SILL 5.00 4.40 Client: Location: INTAKE CHANNEL SILL CROSS SECTION D-D Surveyed By: SCALE 1 : 500 File Name: Scale: AS SHOWN Drawn By: Project: Designed By: Drawing Title: Checked By: Drawing No: Rev: Sheet: Approved By: TYPE DRAWING VII 11/17 .00 1:2.30 0.00 SECTION B-B SCALE 1 : 500 NOTE: DIMENSIONS OF WALL ARE SHOWN WITHOUT 0. 1:1.00 1.70 0.00 10.00 1:2.00 7.00 7.00 4.00 5 1 :2 1:1.00 7.40 0. 1:1.00 60.00 0.00 40.5 0. CLAY BLANKET 0.5 0.30m 1:2 5 1:2. CLAY BLANKET 0.5 4.

00 20.12 0.W.00 1.5 1:2.00 0.00 NATURAL GROUND 1:2.00 1.00 SAND-GRAVEL MIXTURE GRAVEL FILL FILTER RING 10.L (+4.00 CATTLE RAMP WELL COVER FULLY CONCRETE RING FILTER RING A A SCALE 1 : 40 SCALE 1 : 40 SCALE 1 : 40 + 6.00 OUTLET TOWARDS 0.25 15.5 +0.25 0.45 CO WELL COVER SECTION E-E SILT TRAP LL SCALE 1 : 40 EC TI COVER DUG WELL O PUMP OPENING 7.00 50.00 15.00 CONCRETE SEAL +0.10 1.8-0. FENCE E E 10.50 NATURAL DRAINAGE 0.00 0.00 10.10 0.00 0.00 0.15 FULLY CONCRETE RING WATER PAN ON INCLINED LOCATION PLAN VIEW SCALE 1 : 1000 1.10m THICK CONCRETE 1.50 1.30m TOPSOIL STRIPPING Client: Location: 15mm CROSS SECTION A-A Surveyed By: File Name: Scale: SCALE 1: 500 50mm Drawn By: Project: Designed By: Drawing Title: Checked By: TOP AND BOTTOM OF WELL RINGS DUG WELL AND FILTER SCALE 1 : 10 Approved By: Drawing No: Rev: Sheet: TYPE DRAWING VIII 12/17 .00 30.00) ORIGINAL SURFACE +4.00 10.00 60.00 SCALE 1 : 100 +6.00 0.18 6.00 N.00 5.20m TOPSOIL COVER DUG WELL SECTION 5.00 + 0.15 0.00 N MAN HOLE TR 5.00 EN 0.20m CH +4.70 0.00 + 2.10 1.

50 1.60 H2 = 2.50 2.00 0. H2 = H .20m 650 R 400 0.80m 3.40m INCLINED LUMBER SHUTTERING NUMBER AND ELEVATIONS OF REQUIRED H = 3.D SECTION A-A 0.00 b 5.30 b2=1.85 D=0.65 with plums with plums 0.50 1. Storage requirements . overflow CONSTRUCTION STAGES HAVE TO BE VERTICAL LUMBER SHUTTERING ESTIMATED ACCORDING TO SEDIMENT 0.50 0.40m 800 @ 200mm SPACING b1=1. STAGE (1.50 1.00 2.00 3.00 0.20 A 2.90m Client: Location: FIRM ROCK Surveyed By: Scale: File Name: T SECTIONS WITH OVERFLOW ONLY AS SHOWN 300 Drawn By: Project: H (m) 1 2 3 4 5 CREST DETAIL Designed By: T (cm) 20 25 30 35 40 Drawing Title: STANDARD CROSS SECTIONS CONCRETE SAND SCALE 1 : 50 Checked By: STORAGE DAMS THE DEPTH OF THE TRENCH MIGHT BE ALTERED Approved By: Drawing No: Rev: Sheet: ACCORDING TO THE ROCK ENCOUNTERED TYPE DRAWING IX 13/17 .40 1.30m TRANSPORT OF RESPECTIVE RIVER 1.40m B 0.00 1.00 4.00 2.20 3.80m no overflow NOTE: max.90m H=3.40 CONCRETE 1:3:6 100.40m . STANDARD CROSS SECTIONS 2.00 H3 H1 3.40 HEIGHT OF WINGWALL b3 b 1.00 4.50 D= depth of overflow 0.0m b2=0.50 SCALE 1 : 100 plus safety 0 0 b (m) 0 (m) 0 (m) 1.00 H2 4.H1 0.00 1.90m 0. STAGE H = H1 + D B B 5.00 1.00 0.50m T=0. STAGE D = 1.40m 0.80 OVERFLOW D=0. Height of wing wall 2.40 SECTION 0. H = 1.00 1.50 2.50 0.65 b2=1.40m fixed by stability calculations (INITIAL ELEVATION) 6.20 SCALE 1 : 50 H1=2. Depth of overflow plus safety 3.00 H 1.10m 4.80 DETAIL OF FOUNDATION 0.30m. Q50 and length of overflow section .50 CONCRETE 1:3:6 b1=1.20m D = 0.00 1.1.Depth of overflow d FINAL ELEVATION 0.40 2.5d + 0. D = 1.20 B 1.00 b b 5.40 1.50 7.00 3. Base width from graphs A H = 3.00 H2 (m) b b Upstream Downstream H (m) 0.50 2.65 H1 (m) Upstream Downstream DESIGN PROCEDURE 1.

30m WIDE 0.50m DEEP ACCORDING TO HARDNESS OF SUBSTRATE DOWNSTREAM APRON OF TWO GABION MATTRESSES EMBEDDED 0.0mMAX DEPTH IMPERVIOUS SEAL FIXED MINIMUM 0.30-0. WATER SUPPLY BY GRAVITY Designed By: FROM SAND STORAGE DAM Drawing Title: Checked By: Drawing No: Rev: Sheet: Approved By: TYPE DRAWING X 14/17 .30m TO 0.00 5 2.0m DEEP IMPERVIOUS SEAL ANCHORED 0.50m IN FOUNDATION NO DOWNSTREAM APRON NECESSARY UPSTREAM CLAY CORE 0. DOWNSTREAM ROW PLACED SIDEWISE ACROSS THE RIERBED (TRANSVERSE) A ROW OF TRANSVERSE GABIONS ON TOP ALIGNED WITH THE UPSTREAM ROW OF BASE GABIONS AN IMPERVIOUS SEAL IS ADDED UPSTREAM PROTECTED BY SAND/SILT BACKFILL AS SHOWN BELOW CASE 1: SOFT ROCK/ SOIL FOUNDATION (SEE DRAWING BELOW) BASE GABIONS EMBEDDED 0.30m DEEP UPSTREAM CLAY CORE 1.30m DEEP TO FIX THE IMPERVIOUS SEAL 0.50m MINIMUM IN CLAY CORE TYPICAL CROSS SECTION (PHASE 1) SCALE 1 :50 Client: Location: Surveyed By: File Name: Scale: Drawn By: Project: GABION SAND STORAGE DAM.50m INTO FOUNDATION COMPACT CLAY CORE 1.00 2.30 2.0m WIDE UP TO IMPERVIOUS SUBSTRATE 1.00 2. OP TWO GABION MATTRESSES FOREARM STONE COVER SL SAND/SILT BACK PROTECTION IN CASE OF RIVER BED FILL FOR SOIL ROCK FOUNDATION PROTECTION RIVERBED SEAL ORIGINAL SEDIMENTS 2.00 OR MAXIMUM 2.50m DEEP IN CLAY CORE CASE 2: HARD ROCK FOUNDATION (SEE MIDDLE DRAWING) BASE GABIONS EMBEDDED 0.0m WIDE DOWN ONTO IMPERVIOUS LAYER OR 2.00 E 1:1. UPSTREAM ROW OF GABIONS PLACED LENGTHWISE ACROSS THE RIVERBED. CONSTRUCTION PHASE 1: BASE GABIONS EMBEDDED IN FOUNDATION.00 1.00 ORIGINAL SEDIMENTS CASE: CLAY SOIL OR SOFT ROCK FOUNDATION CORE GABIONS AND RENO MATTRESSES (DOWNSTREAM PROTECTION) EMBED 0.20m TO 0.50 1.

30 RIVER BED PHASE 1 PHASE 1 HARD ROCK min 0.05 TO WATER DEMAND IF ROCK DOES NOT EXIST BUILD FILTER EVERY 100mm ALSO BELOW PIPE OR PLASTER OR SLOTTED PIPES DRAW OFF PIPE WITH FILTER GROUND WITH MORTAR SCALE 1 : 100 PIPE DETAIL GRADUATION OF FILTER CAN BE ALTERED SCALE 1 : 5 TO SUIT MATERIAL AVAILABLE AT SITE 0.V.30 2.30 0.30m NO SHOULDER NECESSARY BASE GABIONS EMBEDDED 0.30m IN FOUNDATION TYPICAL CROSS SECTION (PHASE 3) SUB SURFACE DAM SCALE 1 : 50 PUBLIC WATER POINT Client: Location: Surveyed By: File Name: Scale: RIVER Drawn By: Project: GABION SAND STORAGE DAM.00 1.30 x 0.30m PHASE 1 OF BASE GABIONS FOUNDATION PHASE 1 SEDIMENTS CLAYFILL TO FIX THE SEAL 0. GRAVEL 5-10mm PLUG IF POSSIBLE GRADIENT TOWARDS OR P.00 0. 100mm LAYERS EACH SAND SUB-SURFACE DAM PROTECTION OF PIPE IN THE RIVER COURSE BY MASONRY OR 50 FILTER CONCRETE OR STONE PITCHING 100 SAND 0.00 FOR PROTECTION SCALE 1 : 20 STONE COVER PHASE 2 STONE COVER PHASE 3 1.5-5mm CLOSED BY PIPE 75mm TO VALVE CHAMBER.3-2.50 5 FOR PROTECTION 1:1.50 SAND/SILT BACKFILL 0.30 0. WATER SUPPLY BY GRAVITY VALVE CHAMBER Designed By: FROM SAND STORAGE DAM Drawing Title: SAND RESERVOIR DRAW OFF PIPE WITH FILTER CATTLE TROUGH Checked By: Drawing No: Rev: Sheet: Approved By: TYPE DRAWING X 15/17 .30m TYPICAL CROSS SECTION (PHASE 2) FOUNDATION SCALE 1 : 50 CASE: CLAYFILL TO HARD ROCK SUBSTRATE HARD ROCK FOUNDATION FIX THE SEAL BASE GABIONS EMBEDDED 0.I PIPE 75mm IN STRAIGHT ALIGNMENT SAND 2.70 RIVER BED PHASE 1 PHASE 1 ADDITIONAL PROTECTION HARD ROCK min 0.50m SIDE ANCHOR INTO BANK IMPERVIOUS SEAL FIXED IN CLAY TRENCH 0.C PIPE PERFORATED GRAVEL 10-20mm VALVE CHAMBER TO BE PREFERABLY LENGTH OF PIPE ACCORDING MORE THAN 0.30m INTO FOUNDATION HARD ROCK FOUNDATION AND BANK NO DOWNSTREAM PROTECTION NECESSARY 0. SAND/ SILT BACKFILL FILTER DETAIL OF SEAL 1.00 PHASE 1 PHASE 1 PHASE 2 SEDIMENTS PHASE 2 SEDIMENTS 0.5mm G.

dwg Not to Scale Suitable downstream slope protection to be Designed by ALDEV Project 1950 Project placed after construction Standard ALDEV Weir Take additional advice for weirs over 3.0m) Solid Foundation Material 0. Revision Sheet Approved by A TYPE DRAWING XI 16/17 . Every 5cm. Key to be cut into foundation material as shown Pipe positioned as shown with gravel filter. 0. Title Checked by ALDEV Cross Section Keep Crest Width Constant based on Max Height Drg.2h (if possible) 0.75h Notes: Weir constructed of Rubble Stone Masonry 3 metre 3" GI with 4 times 83" dia holes with 25% mortar to 75% rock.2h (if possible) Reducer and 2" Gate Valve 0.2h 0. No. Scrap iron lugs should be welded on to fix pipe in wall. (offset each row 45 deg) Mortar 1:3 mix with waterproof cement Include End Cap (pr similar arrangement) Weir to be bedded on firm rock throughout.0m Surveyed by Filename Scale Weir Length not to Exceed 50m without buttressing ALDEV Weir.125h Main Weir Approx 3 meter 3" GI Pipe with Starters welded to it to fix it to Concrete Plaster U/S Face with 40mm Waterproof Plaster (min) Key Into Foundation Tee and Slotted/Drilled Inlet Pipes Loose Gravel Filter h (Max 5.0m tall Drawn by or 30m long Drg. Client Location Standard Drawing Weir Height not to Exceed 5.