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Republic of Equatorial Guinea

 República de Guinea Ecuatorial (Spanish)
 République de Guinée équatoriale (French)
 República da Guiné Equatorial (Portuguese)


Coat of arms


 "Unidad, Paz, Justicia" (Spanish)
 "Unity, Peace, Justice"

Anthem: Caminemos pisando las sendas de nuestra inmensa
felicidad (Spanish)
Let us walk the paths of our immense happiness

Location of Equatorial Guinea (dark blue)
– in Africa (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union (light blue)

Capital Malabo
3°45′N 8°47′E

Largest city Bata

7% Fang  6.442[9] GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate • Total $27.4% Igbo and othersa Demonym  Equatorial Guinean  Equatoguinean Government Unitary dominant-party presidential republic (de jure) under an authoritarian dictatorship (de facto)[7] • President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo • Prime Minister Francisco Pascual Obama Asue • First Vice President Vicente Ehate Tomi Legislature Parliament • Upper house Senate • Lower house Chamber of Deputies Independence • from Spain 12 October 1968 Area • Total 28.222.931[10] .490[8] • 2015 census 1.050 km2 (10.221.1% Bujeba (Kwasio)  5.5% Bubi  3.6% Annobon  1. Igbo[4][5] Ethnic groups(1994[6]) 81.830 sq mi) (141st) • Water (%) negligible Population • 2016 estimate 1. Official languages Spanish (national language) French Portuguese[1][2][3] Recognised Fang regional languages Bube Combe Pidgin English Annobonese.611 billion[10] • Per capita $31.6% Ndowe  1.

Equatorial Guinea (Spanish: Guinea a. such as Corisco. Equatorial Guinea's largest city."[17] .[a] French: Guinée équatoriale. Portuguese: República da Guiné Equatorial). consistently ranking among the "worst of the worst" in Freedom House's annual survey of political and civil rights. OPEC and the CPLP.[13] and its gross domestic product (GDP) adjusted for purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita ranks 43rd in the world. the country had an estimated population of 1. The country ranks 135th on the UN's 2016 Human Development Index. Malabo. Equatorial Guinea has become one of sub-Saharan Africa's largest oil producers. Equatorial Guinea is the only sovereign African state in which Spanish is an official language. It is the richest country per capita in Africa. its post- independence name evokes its location near both the Equator and the Gulf of Guinea. Including Equatoguinean Spanish (Español ecuatoguineano). Formerly the colony of Spanish Guinea. and few people have benefited from the oil riches. Trafficking in Persons Report stated that Equatorial Guinea "is a source and destination for women and children subjected to forced labor and FC sex trafficking.[14] however.[16] Human trafficking is a significant problem.907 billion[10] • Per capita $11.000 sq mi). Rio Muni also includes several small offshore islands. The country's authoritarian government is cited as having one of the worst human rights records in the world.592[11] medium · 135th Currency Central African CFA franc (XAF) Time zone WAT (UTC+1) Drives on the right Calling code +240 ISO 3166 code GQ Internet TLD . and Oyala.[b] is a country located in Central Africa.[12] Equatorial Guinea consists of two parts. with an area of 28. an insular and a mainland region. It is the location of Bata. officially the Republic of Equatorial Guinea (Spanish: República de Guinea Ecuatorial.[15] Reporters Without Borders ranks President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo among its "predators" of press freedom. The mainland region. The island nation of São Tomé and Príncipe is located between Bioko and Annobón. the 2012 U. GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate • Total $9. Francophonie. Since the mid-1990s. the country's planned future capital." The report rates Equatorial Guinea as a government that "does not fully comply with minimum standards and is not making significant efforts to do so.245. Bioko Island is the northernmost part of Equatorial Guinea and is the site of the country's capital. As of 2015.S.000 square kilometres (11. Río Muni. and Elobey Chico. a small volcanic island which is the only part of the country south of the equator. French: République de Guinée équatoriale.222. The country is a member of the African Union. The UN says that less than half of the population has access to clean drinking water and that 20% of children die before reaching the age of five. The insular region consists of the islands of Bioko (formerly Fernando Pó) in the Gulf of Guinea and Annobón.457[10] HDI (2015) 0. is bordered by Cameroon on the north and Gabon on the south and east. Elobey Grande. the wealth is distributed extremely unevenly. Portuguese: Guiné Equatorial).