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Time and works of Paraś urā ma-Arun Kumar Upadhyay

1. Incarnations in space-There are 5 eternal incarnations in space. Out of original source matter of
world, only ¼ is used for creating universe (puruṣa-sū kta, 3). Creation is transformation of
abstract into various forms. Source is up and created form is down, son it is called Aavatā ra
(descending) loosely translated as incarnation. Creative energy is Deva, dormant energy is Asura
which is 3 times Deva energy. Manusmṛti tells that Pitaras were created from Ṛ ṣis, then Deva-
Dā nava, but only from Devas; Jagat was created.

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Forms of incarnation are-(1) Fish-100 billion galaxies are floating in space like fish in ocean. They
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a
rषष Kū rma-Kū rma means it does work. Work starts in space with creation of galaxy whose
(2)

e
creative zone is like oblong sphere. So, the animal with cover of that shape is called Kū rma
(tortoise). It is 10 times size of galaxy (1018 yojanas). Now it is seen as corona of galaxy which is
cषष
mostly neutrino radiation, called Go-loka (region of Go = light rays).

a
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l


रl
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e
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d

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D
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r

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a

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p

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s anku = 1013, Ś akvarī = meter of 14x4 = 56 letters, in Ahargaṇ a scale, it is 253 x earth.
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earth diameter = 103 yojana, solar system and galaxy are successively 107 times bigger, i.e. galaxy
a

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(
ल 103 x 107 x 107 = 1017 yojana)
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=



( Varā ha-Varā ha means boar, which is animal of water and land both. It is also called Megha
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(3)
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d
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(cloud) which is mixture of air and water. The spread source matter in space is called water of
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r

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different
स levels-Rasa beyond galaxy, waves creating galaxy is Sarir or Salila, Ap in galaxy, inner Ap

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o

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with


ह waves or sound is Ambha, matter in solar system in Mara. Created world is compact within a
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,p

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boundary,

म called Bhū mi (earth). Formative stages between the two is called Varā ha or Megha.
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sव 9 cycles of creation in space, there are 9 clouds, which are stated in Bible as 9th cloud. Names
-श
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For



) 5 spheres in space are-Ā di Varā ha, Yajñavarā ha (source of galaxy, same as Kū rma but
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for





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)
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य षष
(

n

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formative stage), Ś veta varā ha (source of solar system), Bhū varā ha (spread matter around earth
which formed earth, Vā yu purā ṇ a, 6/12), Emū ṣa varā ha (atmosphere)

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षष
रह
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=
ष Yajña-This is eternal cycle of creation at different levels.
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(4)
र(5) Vā mana (dwarf)- This is compact form. For us, the field of sun (gravitational or bright zone) is
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षष (ratha =chariot), of sun, its soul is body of sun called Vā mana. Ratha of sun in Vişņ u

body
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य ņ a etc. is stated to be 15.75 million yojanas (1 yojana =sun diameter) This is a sphere of
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purā

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diameter
ह of 2 light years. There is no definition or estimate of solar system in modern times. The
zone of solid planets till mars is called dadhi-vā mana (curd is solid form). This is the size of dadhi
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(
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samudra


= (ocean of curd) in Bhā gavata purā ņ a, part 5.
षषHuman Incarnations-There were 10 incarnations of Viṣṇ u to fight Asuras. As 24 elements of

2.

Prakṛti, 24 incarnations are counted.


)-व
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+
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रष
तषष


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=

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w

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After



h Vaivasvata Manu, Satya, Tretā , Dwā para (4800 + 3600 + 4200 = 10800 years) passed in
3102

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i BC when Kaliyuga started. Thus, his period was in 13902 BC. Before that, Asuras ruled for 10
र(ण

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yugas

c = 10 x 360 = 3600 years. That started with period of Kaśyapa in 13900 + 3600 = 17500 BC.
That

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h was period of Aditi, called his wife when year started with Punarvasu, star ruled by Aditi.
(रषषष equinox occurred in Punarvasu star (800-93020’) in 17500 BC. There were 3 incarnations
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Spring




from
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c Kaśyapa to Vaivasvata Manu, remaining 7 were after this Manu.
/o Manu incarnations-(1) Varā ha-He was a man who put on mask of boar to please Hiraṇ yā kṣa
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Pre

whose
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l people worshipped God in form of Boar (sign of creative stage in space). Hiraṇ yā kṣa was
१/षषष

उ रष
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l
)७
पष
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e

-२
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c
)च
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ruling in Puṣkara Dvīpa (opposite to Puṣkara, 120 west of Ujjain-Viṣṇ u purā ṇ a, 2/8/28). This was
Rasā tala in 8 part map system of globe (Brahmā ṇ ḍ a Purā ṇ a, 1/2/20/9-13). His period is Fourth
Yuga after Kaśyapa (16422-16062 BC). After being cheated by Boar form (mask), boar has
become taboo among Asuras as in Islam now.
(2) Narasimha-Fifth or sixth yuga (16062-15342 BC)-Hiraṇ yakaśipu was king of Libya-Egypt
(Talā tala loka). He was killed by Narasimha (incarnation of Viṣṇ u from west Orissa). He was in
different continent and much later, but being of same power block, was called younger brother
of Hiraṇ yā kṣa.
(3) King Bali was in seventh yuga (15342-14982 BC). When he captured 3 lokas of Indra, Vā mana
(dwarf of child) incarnation took back 3 lokas for Indra as grant. His proper name also was Viṣṇ u
and taught by Bharadvā ja. Many asuras thought that they could have defeated Devas in war and
wars continued. To pacify, Kū rma incarnation explained that unless there is joint mining, there
will be nothing to gain in war. So, there was joint mining. Asuras came from north Africa to
Jharkhanda where Mandā r hill was main region of mining. Vā suki-Nā ga of this region was
coordinator; his temple lies at north end of Mandā r. Later on, Yavanas from nearby region (west
Arab) were expelled to Greece. Thus, names of minerals in Greek are titles of Asuras who came
for mining-Aurum (Oram) = gold, Kerketta (compass)-mapping, Hansadā = refining ores, Minz
(mina = fish) = washing, Khalko (Chalcopyrite-copper ore) = copper, Hembram = mercury,
Toppo = Topaz, Ekka or Kacchhap = persons who built protective walls in mines, Sinku = Tin ore
(Stanic). Devas went for refining gold ores in Zimbabwe (Jā mbū nada svarṇ a) and silver in
Mexico (Mā kṣika = silver). Again, wars started over share of minerals. Finally, Kā rttikeya defeated
Bali based in Krauñcha dvīpa (north America in shape of flying bird). All this happened in period
of Bali who was very long lived. Kā rttikeya period is also indicated in Mahā bhā rata, Vana Parva
(230/8-10) that Abhijit had fallen from pole position (north pole had shifted away from Abhijit =
Vega). Then, start of year was made from Dhaniṣṭhā instead of Abhijit. That is system of
Vedā ñga jyotiṣa where year starts with Mā gha month. Then it was start of rains (varṣā ), so
samvatsara (year) was called Varṣa. Its epoch could be slightly earlier in about 15,500 BC.
From Vaivasvata Manu, Deva supremacy was for 10 yugas (13902-10242 BC). Then, glacial floods
occurred during period of Vaivasvata Yama (called younger brother as in same Deva period). At
end of flood, there was Matsya incarnation in 9533 BC when Prabhava samvatsara started in both
systems-Pitā maha & Sū rya-siddhā nta (Viṣṇ u-dharmottara Purā ṇ a 82/7-8, 81/23-24). Cycle of 60
years follows solar year in Pitā maha system in south India. North India takes actual time of Jupiter
in a sign by mean motion which is about 361 days 4 hours. There are 86 Jupiter years in 85 solar
years. Thus both the cycles match in 85 x 60 = 5100 years. 5100 years after Matsya, Rā ma was
born in 4433 BC when again it was Prabhava in both systems. Persian records also tell glacial
floods in 9564 BC.
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,

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Incarnations
ट after Glacial floods-3 incarnations were to fight Asuras-Varā ha, Narasimha, Vā mana.
ष rma was for cooperation in mining, Matsya was for rehabilitation during floods. Period from
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Vaivasvata Manu to Dvā para end has been called 28 yugas here, but there will be 30 yugas of
य years in which 2 are counted in flood period. In 10th yuga (i.e. 12 including flood), Dattā treya
(स

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360

च born in (9942-9582 BC). Mā ndhā tā Chakravarttī was born in 15th yuga i.e. in (8142-7782 BC).
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was

९ has been called Chakravarttī, as sun was always rising in some part of his rule and setting in
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He



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other

८ parts.
/-
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१ Time of Paraśurā ma-His time is indicated in several ways-

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3.

) In broad period of (6702-6342 BC) shown above.

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(1)
-य 18 generations after Mā ndhā ta was king Bā hu killed in 6777 BC by Dionysus (Megasthenes) =
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(2)

ष of about 800 years. 15 generations after Dionysus was Viṣṇ u incarnation (Paraśurā ma) after
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gap



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whose death Kalamba samvat (Kollam in Kerala) started in 6177 BC = gap of 600 years. Being

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born

व before 6342 BC, he lived at least for 160 years and is called Chirajīvī (long lived). His period
थ democracy for 120 years by Greek. Kṣatriyas were routed 21 times, i.e. there were 21 republics
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saw
रश
षष times election).

(21

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(3)


प 9 generations after Paraśurā ma, Rā ma was born.

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Extracts
रक
उ from Megasthenes: Quotes from Indika is from the website-

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http://projectsouthasia.sdstate.edu/docs/history/primarydocs/ForeignViews/GreekRoman/Megast

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henes-Indika.htm

स India,… Owing to this, their country has never been conquered by any foreign king:
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(37.)
य (38.)
द is said that India, being of enormous size when taken as a whole, is peopled by races both
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It




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।व



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।ऽ

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numerous and diverse, of which not even one was originally of foreign descent, but all were
evidently indigenous; and moreover that India neither received a colony from abroad, nor sent
out a colony to any other nation.
(39.) Herakles also was born among them…. He was the founder, also, of no small number of
cities, the most renowned and greatest of which he called Palibothra.
FRAGM. LVI. Plin. Hist. Nat. VI. 21. 8-23. 11. List of the Indian Races.
(22.) …The river Jomanes flows through the Palibothri into the Ganges between the towns
Methora and Carisobora
BOOK IV. FRAGM. XLVI. Strab. XV. I 6-8,--pp. 686-688.
6. But what just reliance …….Its people, he says, never sent an expedition abroad, nor was their
country ever invaded and conquered except by Herakles and Dionysos in old times, and by the
Makedonians in our own…. Herakles among the Greeks, carried his arms to the Pillars
FRAGM. L. C. Plin. Hist. Nat.VI. xxi. 4-5. Of the Ancient History of the Indians.
For the Indians stand almost alone among the nations in never having migrated from their own
country. From the days of Father Bacchus to Alexander the Great, their kings are reckoned at 154,
whose reigns extend over 6451 years and 3 months.
Solin. 52. 5.-- Father Bacchus was the first who invaded India, and was the first of all who
triumphed over the vanquished Indians. From him to Alexander the Great 6451 years are
reckoned with 3 months additional, the calculation being made by counting the, kings who
reigned in the intermediate period, to the number of 153.
http://ia311205.us.archive.org/2/items/AncientIndiaAsDescribedByMegasthenesAndArrian/HTML/
0000%20-%200044.htm
22. Same as (38) above. Ancient India as described by Arrian-
http://www.shsu.edu/~his_ncp/Indica.html
[Excerpted from Arrian, "The Indica" in Anabasis of Alexander, together with the Indica, E. J.
Chinnock, tr. (London: Bohn, 1893), ch. 1-16]
From Dionysus to Sandracottus the Indians reckoned 153 kings, and 6,042 years. During all these
years they only twice asserted their freedom; the first time they enjoyed it for 300 years, and the
second for 120. They say that Dionysus was earlier than Heracles by fifteen generations, and that
no other ever invaded India for war, not even Cyrus, the son of Cambyses, though he marched
against the Scythians, and in other matters was the most meddlesome of the kings of Asia.
However they admit that Alexander came and overcame in battle all the nations whom he visited,
and that he would have conquered them all if his army had been willing. But none of the Indians
ever marched out of their own country for war, being actuated by a respect for justice.
4. Role of Paraś urā ma-It is indicated by Greeks also that Dionysus invaded India in 6777 BC.
Purā ṇ as tell that, king Bā hu of Sū rya vamśa being addicted to vices was killed in this war. The
invaders were supported by 2 kings of India, Haihaya and Tā lajangha. Dionysus is also called
Baccus in Bible and Koran and Asitadhanvā in Ś atapatha brā hmaṇ a.. During his rule in north
west India (Afghanistan, Pakistan), liquor of barley became popular called Baccus (whisky) as per
Aṣṭā nga Hṛdaya of Vā gbhaṭṭa (Ā yurveda source book). Foreigners Ś aka, Yavana, Pā rada,
Pahlava also helped in attack who were later on punished by king Sagara, son of Bā hu.
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(

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/
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लषष



षषष
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)

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The


त enmity of Haihaya kings with Indian kings continued and they became tyrants. Their
-
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षष
descendant


प forcibly captured Kā madhenu from Jamadagni and killed him. Here, Kā madhenu is
(त an ordinary cow, it is means for production starting with farming.
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not



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/

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तष
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रन

/ Paraśurā ma period-Many of the tribes expelled by Sagara supported Paraśurā ma when

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5.
(र६
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Sahasrā rjuna killed his father Jamadagni and then Paraśurā ma killed Sahasrā rjuna and wiped out
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tyrant



म kings 21 times. The Yavana tribes who were born of Khura (hooves) of Kā madhenu were
)
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स(ष
णcalled Kurda (Khurada). They are geographically at the foot of Taurus (Bull) mountain in Turkey.
ब्रह्मवै
-
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१भ वतत पुराण (३/२४/५९-६४)-
इत्युक्त्वा कामधेनुश्च सुषाव ववववधावन च। शस्त्राण्यस्त्रावण सैन्यावन सूयततुल्य प्रभावण च॥५९॥

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(य


णव

वनगततााः कवपलावक्त्रा विकोट्याः खड् गधाररणाम् । वववनस्सृता नावसकायााः शू वलनाः पञ्चकोटयाः॥६०॥
१(ष
ल /षष
३वववनस्सृता लोचनाभ्ाां शतकोवट धनु र्द्तरााः। कपालाविस्सृता वीरास्त्रस्त्रकोट्यो दण्डधाररणाम् ॥६१॥
वक्षस्सस्सथलाविस्सृ

)३

पषष
२ ताश्च विकोट्यश्शस्त्रिधाररणाम् ॥ शतकोट्यो गदा हस्ााः पृष्ठदे शाविवनगततााः॥६२॥
-/षष
य ष

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)स



/रष
व -षष

षषष

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वववनस्सृतााः पादतलािाद्यभाण्डााः सहस्रशाः। जां घादे शाविस्सृताश्च विकोट्यो राजपुिकााः॥६३॥
वववनगतता गुह्यदे शास्त्रस्त्रकोवटम्लेच्छजातयाः। दत्त्वासैन्यावन कवपला मु नये चाभयां ददौ॥६४॥
वाल्मीवक रामायण, बालकाण्ड, सगत ५४-
तस्य तद् वचनां श्रुत्वा सुरवभाः सासृजत् तदा। तस्या हां भारवोत्सृष्ााः पह्लवााः शतशो नृ प॥१८॥
भू य एवासृजद् घोराञ्छकान् यवनवमवश्रतान् । तैरासीत् सांवृता भू वमाः शकैयतवनवमवश्रतैाः॥२१॥
ततोऽस्त्रावण महातेजा ववश्वावमिो मु मोच ह। तैस्े यवन काम्बोजा बबतराश्चाकुलीकृतााः॥२३॥
सगत ५५-तस्या हां कारतो जातााः काम्बोजााः रववसांविभााः। ऊधसश्चाथ सम्भू ता बबतरााः शस्त्रपाणयाः॥२॥
योवनदे शाच्च यवनााः सकृद्दे शाच्छकााः स्मृतााः। रोमकूपेषु म्लेच्छाश्च हारीतााः स वकरातकााः॥३॥
ब्रह्माण्ड पुराण (२/३/२९)-व्यवथतावतकशापातैाः क्रोधेन महतास्त्रिता।
आकृष्य पाशान् सुदृढ़ान् कृत्वाऽत्मानममोचयत्॥१८॥
ववमु िपाशबन्धा सा सवततोऽवभवृताबलै ाः। हां हारवां प्रकुत्वाणा सवततोह्यपतद्रुषा॥१९॥
ववषाणखुरपुच्छाग्रैरवभहत्य समन्तताः। राजमस्त्रिबलां सवं व्यवद्रावयदमवपतता॥२०॥
ववद्राव्य वकांकरान्सवां स्रसैव पयस्त्रिनी। पश्यताां सवतभूतानाां गगनां प्रत्यपद्यत॥२१॥
स्कन्द पुराण (६/६६)-अथ सा काल्यमाना च धेनुाः कोपसमस्त्रिता॥ जमदवनां हतां दृष्ट्वा ररम्भ करुणां मु हाः॥५२॥
तस्यााः सांरम्भमाणाया वक्त्रमागेण वनगततााः॥ पुवलन्दा दारुणा मेदााः शतशोऽथ सहस्रशाः॥५३॥
These tribes born from Kā madhenu are-(1) Pahlava (both in Persia or Iran and in Kanchi)-It is
derived from Pallava (leaf). Musles of a person doing exercise become thin and cords are visible
like leaves. This has become Pahalavā n = wrestler). (2) Kamboja from Hunkā ra (loud voice of
cow). Kamboja has 2 meanings-from Kambu = Ś ankha (conch), Kambuja is Combodia. Kā ma-
bhoja = enjoying as per desire without any restriction. That was north west of Iran. (3) Ś aka-
scattered tribes of central Asia and east Europe, called Sakṛd part of Kā madhenu (giving birth
once). (4) Yavana-Tribe on west border of Bhā rata near Arab, called Yoni of Kā madhenu. On
chasing by king Sagar, they settled in Greece which was named Ionia or Yunan as per Herodotus.
(5) Tribes which were mix of Ś aka and Yavana. (6) Barbara-It means uncivilized. One region was
north west of Bharata, another was in west Vindhya range. Brahmā ṇ ḍ a purā ṇ a (1/2/16/49)
counts in north regions. Same chapter in verse 65 counts in Vindhya region. Matsya purā ṇ a
(121/45) tells that Barbara region was flooded with water of Chakṣu river (Oxus or Ā mū Daryā ).
(7) From hairs of skin-Mlecchha, Hā rīta, Kirā ta (east of Asam, south China), (8) From Khura
(hoof)-Khurada or Kurda. Turkey is Taurus mountain, its king is called Vṛṣ aparvā = of bull
mountain whose daughter Ś armiṣṭhā had married king Yayā ti of Puru vamśa. Kurds reside in its
foothills. (8) Pulinda (west Bharata, Mā rkaṇ ḍ eya purā ṇ a (54/47), Meda, Dā ruṇ a-all from mouth.
Republics-21 republics needed 2 years war each. There was 8x4 years war in beginning and 6x4
years Tapa by Paraśurā ma. Some intervening period and setting up undersea town Sū rpā raka
makes 120 years of republic period indicated by Megasthenes-details must be available then in
India.
ब्रह्माण्ड पुराण (२/३/४६)-वववनघ्नन् क्षवियान् सवात न् सांशाम्य पृवथवीतले। महे न्द्रावद्रां ययौ रामस्पसेधृतमानसाः॥२९॥
तस्त्रस्मिष्चतुष्कां च यावत् क्षि समु द्गमम् । प्रत्येत्य भू यस्र्द्त्यै बर्द्दीक्षो धृतव्रताः॥३०॥
क्षिक्षे िेषु भू यश्च क्षिमु त्पावदतां विजै ाः। वनजघान पुनभूत मौ राज्ञाः शतसहस्रशाः॥३१॥
वषत ियेन भू योऽवप कृत्वा वनाःक्षवियाां महीम् । षटचतुष्यवषात न्तां तपस्े पे पुनश्च साः॥३२॥
अलां रामे ण राजे न्द्र स्मरताां वनधनां वपतुाः। विाःसप्तकृत्वाः पृवथवी तेन वनाःक्षत्र्या कृता॥३४॥
6. Undersea town-As repentance for many killings while removing tyrants, Paraśurā ma
performed Aśvamedha yajña and donated all land to Kaśyapa. For himself, he procured land
from sea in Gokarṇ a region with help of Varuṇ a. That was 30 yojana long as per Nā rada purā ṇ a
and 200 yojanas as per Brahmā ṇ ḍ a purā ṇ a. These 2 yojanas might be different-smaller yojana is
for measure of marine structures. In Rā ma-setu, 100 yojana = 22 kms from Rā meśvaram to Lanka
coast. That town was called Ś ū rpā raka (in shape of Ś ū rpa = for cleaning grains). It was called
Sopara later on. In watershed management, it is called Chute now.
ब्रह्माण्ड पुराण (२/३/४७)-प्राप्तााः स्म पूवजतााः वकां तु नाक्षय्यफलभावगनाः॥ तस्मात्त्वां वीरहत्यावद पापप्रशमनाय वह॥२६॥
प्रायवश्चत्तां यथान्यायां कुरु धमत च शाश्वतम्। वधाच्च वववनवतति क्षवियाणामताः परम् ॥२७॥
तताः स सवततीथे षु चक्रे स्नानमतस्त्रन्द्रताः। परीत्य पृवथवीां सवां वपतृदेवावदपूजकाः॥३७॥
एवां क्रमे ण पृवथवीां विवारां भृ गुनन्दनाः। पररचक्राम राजे न्द्र लोकवृत्तमनु व्रताः॥३८॥
तेषामनु मते कृत्वा काश्यपां गुरुमात्मनाः। वावजमे धां ततो राजिाजहार महाक्रतुम्॥४७॥
ब्रह्माणां पूजयामास यथावद् गुरुणा सह। अलां कृत्य यथान्याय कन्याां रूपमतीां महीम् ॥५२॥
पुरग्रामशतोपेताां समु द्राम्बरमावलनीम्। आहूय भृ गुशादू त लाः सशै लवनकाननाम् ॥५३॥
काश्यपाय ददौ सवात मृते तां शैलमु त्तमम् । आत्मनाः सविवासाथं तां रामाः पयतकल्पयत्॥५४॥
ब्रह्माण्ड पुराण (२/३/५६)-गोकणतवमवत च क्षे िां पूवं प्रोिां तु यत्तव। अणतवोपात्तववत्तत त्वात्समुद्रेऽन्तस्त्रर्द्तमागमत्॥५६॥
ब्रह्माण्ड पुराण (२/३/५७)-ससह्यमचलश्रे ष्ठमवतीयत भृ गूिहाः। तत्परां सररताां पत्युस्ीरां प्राप महामनााः॥२७॥
ततो रामाः समु त्थाय दवक्षणावभमु खाः स्त्रस्सथताः। मेघगम्भीरया वाचा वरुणां वाक्यमब्रवीत्॥३५॥
तस्त्रस्मिस्त्रां महाघोरां भागतवां वविदै वतम् ॥४६॥ अवधरोवपत वदव्यास्त्रां प्रचकषत महा शरम् ॥५२॥
उत्तीयतमाणाः िजलां वरुणाः प्रत्यदृश्यत। कृताञ्जवलाः सावतहस्ाः प्रचेता भागतवास्त्रन्तकम् ॥७२॥
ब्रह्माण्ड पुराण (२/३/५८)-गोकणतवनलयााः पूवतवममे माां मुवनपुांगवााः। समायाता महे न्द्रादौ वनवसन्तां सररत्पते॥३॥
त्वत्तोये मे वदनी पूवं खनस्त्रभाः सगरात्मजै ाः। अधोवनपावततां क्षे िां गोकणतमृवषसेववतम् ॥४॥
उपलब्धु वममे भू याः क्षेिां तद्बववल्लभम्। अधावन्मामु पागम्य मुनयस्ीथत वावसनाः॥५॥
तस्मान्मदथे सवललां समुत्सायात त्मनो भवान्। दातुमहत वत तत्क्षे िमे षाां तोये च पूवतवत्॥७॥
वरुण उवाच-तस्माद्यावत्प्रमाणां मे भवान्सां कल्पवयष्यवत। तावत्सां धारवयष्यावम भूमौ सवललमात्मनाः॥१२॥
ततो वनरूप्य सीमानां दशत यानो महीपते।।१४॥
भ्रामवयत्वावतवेगेन वचक्षे प लवणाणतवे। वक्षप्तत्वे न समु द्रे तु वदसमु त्तरपवश्चमाम् ॥१६॥
गत्वा स्रु वोपतद्राजन् योजनानाां शतियम् । तीथं शू पात रकां नाम सवतपापववमोचनम् ॥१७॥
तीथं शू पात रकां तत्तु श्रीमल्लोकपररश्रु तम् । उत्सारवयत्वा सवललां समु द्रस्ावदात्मनाः॥२०॥
अवतष्ठदपसृत्योवीं दत्त्वा रामाय पावथत व। अनवतक्रान्तमयात दो यथाकालां भृ गूिहाः॥२१॥
व्यस्मयन्त सुरााः सवे दृष्ट्वा रामस्य ववक्रमम्। नगरग्रामसीमानाः वकांवचस्त्रकांवचत्क्ववचत्क्ववचत्॥२३॥
सह्ये तु पूवतवत्तस्त्रस्मिब्धे रपसृतेऽम्भवस। ति दै वात्तथा स्सथानाविम्नत्वात्स प्रलक्ष्य तु॥२४॥
तत्तोयवनाःसृतां क्षेिमभूत्पूवतवदे व वह। एतस्त्रर्द् दे वसामर्थ्तमवचन्त्यां नृ पसत्तम॥३१॥
एवां रामे ण जलधेाः पुनाः सृष्ा वसुन्धरा। दवक्षणोत्तरतो राजन् योजनानाां चतुाः शतम् ॥३२॥
नारद पुराण (२/७४)-गोकणात ख्यां हरक्षे िां सवतपातकनाशनम्॥२॥
पवश्चमस्सथसमु द्रस्य तीरे ऽस्त्रस् वरववणतवन। सार्द्त योजन ववस्ारां दशत नादवप मु स्त्रिदम् ॥३॥
विां शद् योजन ववस्ाराां सतीथत क्षे िकाननाम् ॥ ततस्विलयााः सवे स दे वासुरमानवााः॥४॥
महे न्द्राचलसांस्सथानां पशुत रामां वददृक्षवाः। जग्मुमुतवनवरा दे वव गोकणोर्द्ारकाां क्षया॥८॥
प्रगृह्य िधनु बात णान् सांप्रतस्सथे स तैाः समम् । सोऽवरुह्य महे न्द्राद्रे वदत शां दवक्षणपवश्चमाम् ॥२०॥
सांप्राप्ताः सागरतटां सार्द्ं गोकणतवावसवभाः॥२१॥मु हूत्तं ति ववश्रम्य वरुणां यादसाां पवतम् ।।२२॥
प्रचेतो दशत नां दे वह कायतमात्त्यावयकां त्वया॥२३॥एवां राम समाहूतो यादाः पवतरहन्तया॥२४॥
एवां पुनाः पुनस्े न समाहूतोऽवप नागताः। यदा तदावभसांक्रुर्द्ो धनु जतग्राह भागतवाः॥२५॥
वरुणोऽस्त्रावभसांतप्तो रामस्य भयसम्प्लुताः। िरूपेण समागत्य रामपादौ समग्रहीत्॥२८॥
ततोऽस्त्रां स वववनवतत्यत वरुणां प्राह सत्वरम् । गोकणो दृश्यताां दे व उत्सपतय जलां वकल॥२९॥
ततो रामाज्ञया सोऽवप गोकणोदकमाहरत्। रामोऽवप तां समभ्र्च्त गोकणं नाम शां करम् ॥३०॥
http://www.dnaindia.com/mumbai/slideshow_photos-8000-year-old-advanced-civilisation-in-
konkan-coast_1547920-2#top
Did the Konkan coast from Shrivardhan in Raigad to Vengurla in Sindhudurga host a human
habitat around 8000 years ago? Did that population have well-developed engineering skills? Was
there a unique Konkan culture in existence in 6000BC? A new archaeological discovery, below sea
level along the Konkan coast, could give answers to these questions. And explorers say the
answer could well be a big ‘Yes!’
7. Places of Paraśurā ma-There is Paraśurā ma kuṇ ḍ a at north east corner of Bharata where
Paraśurā ma had taken bath to be purified from blood shed. On Bihar UP border, Jamania is said
to be place of Jamadagni. Sasaram is place where Sahasrā rjuna was killed by (Paraśu)-Rā ma. In
Odisha, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh, many places are called Tangi which were places of his army
(He wielded Paraśu, called Tangi). Sū rpā raka was first undersea town built by him whose walls
still remain. Kalamba samvat (kollam) started after his death is still followed in Kerala.

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