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The proponents aim to come up with a machine that can split the bamboo that

complies with the design constraints. With the two designs the proponents is confident

that the designs was able to satisfy the constraint.

Design Standards.

In making the design of the bamboo splitting machine there are standards set by

an organization that we considered during its design process. We use the Philippine

National Standards for construction material for the selection of steel for the body of

the machine since it is the implemented standard in the country. For the chains we used

data from American National Standards Institute ANSI standard B29.1-2011

(Precision Power Transmission Roller Chains, Attachments, and Sprockets) developed

by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). The American Gear

Manufacturers Association (AGMA) will be our standard for the gear that will be

used in the speed reduction. For the belt we will use Japanese Industrial Standards

(JIS).And International Organization for Standardization (ISO) for the fasteners.

In terms for the safety standards of the machine we choose to follow standards

set by the American National Standards Institute to ensure the quality and safety of

the operation.

 Steel- PNS 49:2002

 Chains- ANSI B29.1-2011, Size- 40

 Spur Gear- AGMA 901- A92

 V- Belt- JIS K 6323:1995 (Classical V-belts for Power Transmission)

 Hex Bolt- ISO 4032


 Hex Nut- ISO 4033

 Hex Cap Screw- ISO 4014 and ISO 4017

 Machine Safety Standard- ANSI B11.19 - 2003: Machine Tools Performance

Criteria for Safety

Design Criteria

Before designing the researcher have to set criteria. This criteria will be the basis

on what should the design accomplish during the design procedure. It can help the

researcher how or what should the design should be. The design criteria is the following:

 The design must contain the following components; machine frame, bed, carriage,

dye, feeder, and motor.

 The design feeder must be automated.

 It must capable of loading a 1ft length of bamboo.

 The dye must contain 16 blades to split the bamboo in 16 pieces.

 The dye must able to withstand the force exerted by the splitting operation.

 The design carriage must have a reciprocating motion along the horizontal line

on the bed.

 The design should follow the safety standard that the researchers refers to.

 The design should be powered by a motor.


Design Description

Contains the specifications involved in the design. This covers the detailed

depiction of every components used in the schematics but emphasizes more on the

components that are to be fabricated due to inability of the materials to be purchased in

local hardware suppliers. This section contains the general description of the designs

and the description of both designs involved in the study which is the Design 1: Geneva

Mechanism inclusive Design and Design 2: Ratchet Mechanism inclusive concept

design and how they differ respectively.

General Description

The two designs are to be built with major components such as frame, feeder

mechanism, carriage mechanism, blade mount component and power transmission

components which primarily consist the following components; motor, chains, belts,

and speed reducer mechanism. Both design will be driven by an estimated 3 hp motor

connected to a double speed reduction mechanism which is consist of gears, shafts,

sheave, bearings and sprocket. Speed reduction will be necessary to both design to

reduce the speed to the desired value. Additionally after reducing the operating speed

the torque will increase which is needed to split a bamboo. The two design consist of

similar components except for minor differences in the frame design, Carraige design

and feeder design as refered below with Design 1 and Design 2 respectively.
Design 1: Geneva Mechanism inclusive Design

Design 2: Ratchet Mechanism inclusive Design


Design 1- Geneva Mechanism inclusive Design

Geneva cam mechanism is a component introduced in the design for the

purpose of translating continuous rotary motion into intermittent motion. The cam

introduced in the design consist of a 1:4 relation which would translate one continuous

motion into a quarter intermittent motion of the follower which would trigger the feeder

jaw to rotate by a quarter as well together with the follower. The said process produces

a motion that drops in one bamboo cut length from the bamboo rack into the suspended

horizontal rod which helps in positioning the bamboo cut length concentrically with the

blade die then pushed by the carriage component causing the bamboo to be split into

the number of blade present in the blade die which is in this case 16 splits. Bamboo is

fed during the reversed motion of the carriage to be later pushed by the forward motion

of the same component. Thus the motion of the feeder and the carriage must be

coincident relative to each other. To achieve this condition, the design 1 feeding motion

is dependent mainly on the rotary conditions of the sprockets. This means that the

motion of the feeder draws dependence on the rotation of the shaft of the idler sprocket

which located at the rear of the machine. Due to difference of the axis and non-

intersecting at the same, this poses a challenge to the designers on how to transmit rotary

motion from the shaft of the idler sprocket into the shaft of the Geneva cam with existing

conditions stated above. The designers decide to utilize bevel gear and timing belts as

shown in the figure below.


Figure: Back view of Design 1 and detailed view of the Geneva cam Mechanism

Visible in the figure are the back plate, side cover, AC Motor, Bamboo rack,

Power transmission mechanism, machine frame, carriage, carriage bed and the feeder

jaw. Detailed caption on the left shows the position of the Geneva cam mechanism

relative to the frame and feeder mechanism.

Design 1: Machine Frame Assembly

The Machine frame is the main components with which all the other components

are attached. This components carries all the weight and forces exerted by the machine

during operation thus it needs to withstand a fairly great magnitude of force considering

the vibration of the machine as a byproduct. For the reason formerly stated, the

designers decided to select a combination of various types of metal to form a rigid

frame. The frame assembly houses all the other moving components in the machine. It

serves as a base so that moving components could move relative to it, but unnecessary

exposure of the said moving members could pose a threat to operational safety thus the
designers opt to add cover plating’s as visible in the nearest figure below which are the

back plate, side plate A, Side Plate B and the front plate. This plating’s would prevent

unnecessary contact with the moving parts such as power transmitting components and

could also serve as for the cost of minimal additional weight. The frame component

will be expounded further in the later section of the narrative.

Figure: Frame assembly in an exploded view

Design 1: Machine Frame Assembly: Frame

The frame design consist of 2x2in square tube foundation, 2x2 Angle Iron, 1x1

Angle Iron, 1x1 Square Tube, 2x1 ½ C Section Bar, 1 1/2x 1 ½ Angle Iron and 1/4in

steel plate. The machine is roughly 42in in length, 47in high and 18in wide. It is

designed to sufficiently accommodate the carriage bed and Carriage assembly with a C

Section bar in the middle to be bolted with the carriage bed C section which act as a
guiderail for the reciprocating motion of the Carriage. Also noticeable in the design is

the protruding 1x1square bar with a flange of 1/4in thick steel plate positioned 13 in

apart, this serves to support the feeder assembly which mainly consist of the feeder jaw,

bamboo rack and Geneva cam mechanism. Due to the complexity in the placement of

the components of this design, a flange is needed to be placed in the backside of the

frame (shown below) to accommodate the pillow block that supports the shaft for the

bevel gear to the timing belt pulley. The right side of the frame consist of 1 1/2x1 1/2

in Angle iron welded in the manner that could support the blade mount which is

constantly subjected to a tremendous force during the splitting process. The lower part

of the frame consist of 2x2in Angle iron with a noticeable perpendicular relation in the

middle part. This welded perpendicular feature would function as a seat where the motor

is to be positioned. (See Appendix for Detailed View)

Figure: Machine Frame and its Basic Metal Components


Design 1: Carriage

The carriage is the component that pushes the bamboo concentrically into the

blade die to split into sections. The carriage converts the rotary motion of the chain

drive component into reciprocating motion suitable for the splitting process. This is

done by means of sandwiching the pin tangent to the outer parts of the chain-link via

slot in flange located in the middle of the carriage thus resulting in the reciprocating

motion of the carriage. The carriage is composed mainly of 1in thick face plate, 1/2in

thick mid flange and 1/4in plate bent into profiles as shown below. The face plate is

made round by 7in diameter, slightly concave to ensure that the bamboo is positioned

in the center and slotted to accommodate the suspended rod that help keep the bamboo

cut length positioned during the thrust of the forward motion of the carriage.

Figure: Carriage profile with Actual Dimensions in inches


Design 1: Bamboo Rack

This component stores the bamboo cutlenght to be fed into the splitter, the

design is made to accommodate roughly ten(10) 12in bamboo cutlenght at the same

time. The bamboo rack will have have a lengh of 13in with is slightly oversized

compared to the length of the bamboo cutlenght, 7in wide and has a total hieght of 28in.

This will be made entirely of 2mm sheetmetal bent according to profiles shown below.

Figure: Bamboo rack with standard view and actual dimension

Design 1: Feeder Jaw

This components function as the forcing element to force the bamboo cut length

out into the suspended rod. The feeder jaw profile is patterned ensuring that the bamboo

cut length is transitioned smoothly from the bamboo rack in the suspended rod that
positions the bamboo cut length concentrically with the blade die. See Profile in the

figure below.

Figure: Left: Feeder Jaw Profile with actual dimensions Right: Blade Mount with actual dimensions

Design 1: Blade Mount

The blade mount holds the blade die in position providing a rigid base for the

said component during the splitting process. This components should be sufficiently

strengthened to withstand the forces the blade die is subjected to, adjustable along its

axis and could house the blade die conveniently without much work required in cases

of replacements and removal of blade die. The blade mount consist mainly of ¼in steel

plate arrange and welded into the profile shown above, the base plate is made up of

5x10in ¼in steel plate with 6 holes located in the position shown above, these holes

serves as slots for bolts that act as locking mechanisms when the mount is properly

positioned relative to the frame and the minimum clearance required between the blade
die and the carriage face plate. The design showcases simple construction geometry

which greatly influences its manufacturability as a component.

Design 1: Blade Die

The blade die is the primary component affecting the behavior of the split

and the number of split output from the bamboo cut length. The blade die is composed

of 16 blades, side flanges which fits snugly with the blade mount, external rim and

middle block which serves a center which the blade are to be welded to ensure that the

blades are joined together via common center. The blade die profile is shown below.

Figure: Blade Die Profile Standard Views and section views with Actual Dimensions
Design 2- Ratchet Mechanism inclusive Design

The second design utilizes ratchet mechanism in the feeder component. This

would make use of the oscillating motion of the ratchet component into an intermittent

motion of the feeder jaw. The said process produces a motion that drops in one bamboo

cut length from the bamboo rack into the suspended horizontal rod which helps in

positioning the bamboo cut length concentrically with the blade die then pushed by the

carriage component causing the bamboo to be split into the number of blade present in

the blade die which is in this case 16 splits. Bamboo is fed during the reversed motion

of the carriage to be later pushed by the forward motion of the same component. Thus

the motion of the feeder and the carriage must be coincident relative to each other.

Unlike the first design which draws rotary motion from the shaft of the idler sprocket

making the motion relations between the feeder mechanism an the carriage indirectly

related, the second design draws oscillating motion directly from the carriage motion

itself thus making it simpler with less motion transmitting component compared to the

design 1. From oscillating motion, it is then converted into intermittent motion via the

ratchet mechanism, the same intermittent motion introduced in the first design but with

less complex mechanical members. However to prevent over oscillation, the designers

introduced the components which is termed as the angular displacement limiter which

functions as the name implies which also help keep the timing precise relative to the

motion of the carriage.

Due to the difference in machine members, the second design varies slightly

with the first design. Flange housing is introduced as housing for the ratchet mechanism,

trigger rod and angular displacement limiting component as shown below.


Figure: Back view of Design 1 and detailed view of the Ratchet Mechanism Relative to the frame

Visible in the figure are the back plate, side cover, AC Motor, Bamboo rack,

Power transmission mechanism, machine frame, carriage, carriage bed and the feeder

jaw. Detailed caption on the left shows the position of the Ratchet mechanism relative

to the frame and feeder mechanism.

Design 2: Machine Frame Assembly

The Machine frame is the main components with which all the other components

are attached. This components carries all the weight and forces exerted by the machine

during operation thus it needs to withstand a fairly great magnitude of force considering

the vibration of the machine as a byproduct. For the reason formerly stated, the

designers decided to select a combination of various types of metal to form a rigid

frame. The frame assembly houses all the other moving components in the machine. It

serves as a base so that moving components could move relative to it, but unnecessary
exposure of the said moving members could be a threat to operational safety thus the

designers opt to add cover plating’s as visible in the nearest figure below which are the

back plate, side plate A, Side Plate B and the front plate. This plating’s would prevent

unnecessary contact with the moving parts such as power transmitting components and

could also serve as for the cost of minimal additional weight. The frame component

will be expounded further in the later section of the narrative.

Figure: Frame assembly in an exploded view

Design 2: Machine Frame Assembly: Frame

The frame design consist of 2x2in square tube foundation, 2x2 Angle Iron, 1x1

Angle Iron, 1x1 Square Tube, 2x1 ½ C Section Bar, 1 1/2x 1 ½ Angle Iron and 1/4in

steel plate. The machine is roughly 42in in length, 47in high and 18in wide. It is

designed to sufficiently accommodate the carriage bed and Carriage assembly with a C

Section bar in the middle to be bolted with the carriage bed C section which act as a

guiderail for the reciprocating motion of the Carriage. The machine frame of the second
design is fairly similar to the first design except for the changes In the protruding 1x1in

square bar which now has a new flange profile in one of its edges, this serves to support

the feeder assembly which mainly consist of the feeder jaw, bamboo rack, ratchet

mechanism and angular displacement limiter.. The right side of the frame consist of 1

1/2x1 1/2 in Angle iron welded in the manner that could support the blade mount which

is constantly subjected to a tremendous force during the splitting process. The lower

part of the frame consist of 2x2in Angle iron with a noticeable perpendicular relation in

the middle part. This welded perpendicular feature would function as a seat where the

motor is to be positioned. (See Appendix for Detailed View)

Figure: Machine Frame and its Basic Metal Components

Design 2: Carriage

The carriage is the component that pushes the bamboo concentrically into the

blade die to split into sections. The carriage converts the rotary motion of the chain

drive component into reciprocating motion suitable for the splitting process. This is
done by means of sandwiching the pin tangent to the outer parts of the chain-link via

slot in flange located in the middle of the carriage thus resulting in the reciprocating

motion of the carriage. The carriage is composed mainly of 1in thick face plate, 1/2in

thick mid flange and 1/4in plate bent into profiles as shown below. The face plate is

made round by 7in diameter, slightly concave to ensure that the bamboo is positioned

in the center and slotted to accommodate the suspended rod that help keep the bamboo

cut length positioned during the thrust of the forward motion of the carriage.

Figure: Carriage profile with Actual Dimensions in inches

The second carriage design is fairly similar to the for design except a minimal

change. The second carriage design has an added flange on the rightside in which the

trigger rod engages into contact producing a oscillationg motion then transmits it to the

base of the ratchet component. The flange profile on the side of the carriage is made of

1 1/2in flat bar with the thickness of 1/8in and is positioned as shown in the figure

above.
Design 2: Bamboo Rack

This component stores the bamboo cutlenght to be fed into the splitter, the

design is made to accommodate roughly ten(10) 12in bamboo cutlenght at the same

time. The bamboo rack will have have a lengh of 13in with is slightly oversized

compared to the length of the bamboo cutlenght, 7in wide and has a total hieght of 28in.

This will be made entirely of 2mm sheetmetal bent according to profiles shown below.

Figure: Bamboo rack with standard view and actual dimension

Design 2: Feeder Jaw

This components function as the forcing element to force the bamboo cut length

out into the suspended rod. The feeder jaw profile is patterned ensuring that the bamboo

cut length is transitioned smoothly from the bamboo rack in the suspended rod that
positions the bamboo cut length concentrically with the blade die. See Profile in the

figure below.

Figure: Left: Feeder Jaw Profile with actual dimensions Right: Blade Mount with actual dimensions

Design 2: Blade Mount

The blade mount holds the blade die in position providing a rigid base for the

said component during the splitting process. This components should be sufficiently

strengthened to withstand the forces the blade die is subjected to, adjustable along its

axis and could house the blade die conveniently without much work required in cases

of replacements and removal of blade die. The blade mount consist mainly of ¼in steel

plate arrange and welded into the profile shown above, the base plate is made up of

5x10in ¼in steel plate with 6 holes located in the position shown above, these holes

serves as slots for bolts that act as locking mechanisms when the mount is properly

positioned relative to the frame and the minimum clearance required between the blade
die and the carriage face plate. The design showcases simple construction geometry

which greatly influences its manufacturability as a component.

Design 2: Blade Die

The blade die is the primary component affecting the behavior of the split

and the number of split output from the bamboo cut length. The blade die is composed

of 16 blades, side flanges which fits snugly with the blade mount, external rim and

middle block which serves a center which the blade are to be welded to ensure that the

blades are joined together via common center. The blade die profile is shown below.

Figure: Blade Die Profile Standard Views and section views with Actual Dimensions
Design Capacity

The researchers design the bamboo splitter which can handle up to 12 inch or 1

feet length of bamboo. In terms of operation the researchers aims to split a single

bamboo in 4 seconds or less (See Appendix). In which we used this value in our

computation for the machine components and will be considered for motor selection

which is 3-5 HP. A single bamboo cut length can generate 16 splits. Therefore if the

machine can able to yield the same time of cutting time, 1 bamboo per 4 seconds the

machine can work at a maximum of 900 bamboo per hour or has a maximum output of

14,400 splits per hour or 115,200 Splits in an 8 hours operation basis. Bamboo rack can

hold up to 10 bamboo at a time with diameter of 3.8-4.2 inches external diameter.

Client

This research aims to improve the production of bamboo sticks here in the local

area. The researchers target to market this machine to from small to large bamboo stick

manufacturer to help them adapt to the future growing demands. It will also help poor

communities who have access to bamboo resources by livelihood of bamboo stick

production.

Cost

Economically the bamboo machine that the researcher design will have a less

initial cost due to much smaller size and less motor power rating. However the less of

initial cost didn’t compensate the efficiency of the machine. The application of bamboo

rack of the machine will provide less human intervention therefore it can reduce the

number of operator to a single operator from 2 operators. This can reduce the man power
cost. Since the capacity of the machine is higher compare to the existing bamboo splitter

in the market in terms of skewer stick production, it can reach the production demand

earlier than the existing machines to reduce operation cost. The machine will only

powered by 3Hp motor to reduce the factor of oversizing that can reduce power

consumption.
Research Constraints

The research constraints chosen by the researchers are presented in this section.

These are Manufacturability, Economic, and Sustainability.

The researchers uses Pugh matrix to analyze how important is each of the

research constraints. They will then compare the two designs presented in terms of the

constraints formulated by them.

Manufacturability- Refers to the level of ease with which the machine can be

manufactured employing generally referred non-complex techniques and materials that

are locally available or not difficult fabricate.

The researchers wanted to come up with an output of a barbeque stick sized bamboo

with no-sharp tip that has a length of 12 inches. The raw material bamboo should have

a diameter of 4 inches and a thickness of 0.39 inches to be able for the blades to split it.

Aside from other parts of the machine, the researchers will only need to fabricate the

blades because of the specificity of its design and the number of blades needed which

are 16 blades and also the cam of the machine which is a ratchet mechanism. For some

parts of the machine like the gears and the pulley, the researchers will just purchase

them in local surplus stores with the same or near to the specifications that they needed.

In building the machine, the researchers will use oxyacetylene torch in cutting and

welding for connecting the metal parts.

Effectiveness of the machine – The ability of the machine to

deliver its desired or intended output.


Availability of Materials – The compatibility of the machine to

be built using locally available materials or materials that takes minimal effort to

procure.

Simplicity of building the machine - The capability of the

machine to be built using commonly referred techniques and materials.

Economical. Refers to the degree of minimalism in terms of cost needed to attain

and maintain the expected benefits featured by the machine throughout its projected

lifespan.

The designers’ expected total maximum expenditure will be 40,000 Php.

Low Maintenance Cost – the ability of the machine to be

maintained in an operation worthy condition with little or minimal cost. Also refers to

the ability of the machine to deliver its expected output with minimal financial

expenditure.

Low Initial Cost – the plausibility of the machine to be built using

minimal financial cost.

ROI (Return of Investment) – is usually expressed as a

percentage and is typically used for personal financial decision to compare the

machine’s profitability or to compare the efficiency of different investments. Also the

gain or loss generated on an investment relative to the amount of money invested. It is

the most common profitability ratio. There are several ways to determine ROI. But the

most frequently used method is to divide net profit by total assets.


Sustainability. Refers to the degree with which the machine can be utilized and

upgraded without compromising the performance and output quality throughout its

expected length of service. Also refers to the expectancy of the machine to deliver its

function without being mutilated beyond repair.

The researchers expect the machine to deliver its function without being mutilated

beyond repair for at least 4 years. To attain a durable machine, the researchers used

good quality yet affordable materials in fabricating every parts of the machine. The

machine is intended to have only one specific output which is a barbeque stick sized

bamboo, but the designers made the machine to have an interchangeable blades so that

in the future other research, it can be used as a bamboo splitter with a different output.

Robustness of the machine – The ability of the machine to

withstand operating conditions without showing any sign of failure. Also refers to how

strong and durable the machine is built.

Estimated lifespan – Refers to the projected length of service

usually in years that machine oath to be subjected while maintaining its performance

and output quality.

Upgradability – Refers to the compatibility of the machine to be

outfitted with various technological trends for the purpose of improving its performance

and output quality while retaining the general characteristics of the machine.
Tradeoff Analysis

Tradeoff Analysis will provide a comparison of the 2 design. It contain the score

of each design in each aspect which is; Manufacturability, Economic and Sustainability.

This way we can able to select which design will be more effective.

Design Concepts
Weight (%)

Weight (%)
Constraints

Pugh Concept Selection Design Design

Matrix 1 2

Effectiveness of the
11.43 2 4
Manufacturability

machine
27.21

Availability of Materials 8.27 3 4


Selection Criterion

Simplicity of building the


7.51 2 3
machine

Low Maintenance Cost 13.02 3 4


Economic

39.10

Low Initial Cost 12.03 2 3

ROI 14.05 3 4

Robustness of the
12.01 3 4
Sustainability

machine
33.69

Estimated lifespan 12.27 5 5

Upgradability 9.40 3 3

Total 100 26 34
Each constraints consist of three sub-constraints that the researchers need to

consider in rating the two designs. They rated it from 1 to 5 being 1 is the lowest and 5

is the highest. The designs showcases similar general characteristics and differ only

with the means to position the bamboo blocks concentrically with the blade die which

is covered by the bamboo mainly by the bamboo feeding mechanism. Design 1 is the

machine with Geneva mechanism while Design 2 is the machine with Ratchet

mechanism.

Manufacturability

 Effectiveness of the machine- The researchers rated Design 1 low because it

includes a Geneva mechanism and this mechanism incorporates belts to operate

the system, and

 Availability of Materials- In this area the researchers rated Design 2 being the

highest due to the difficulty of the Geneva mechanism to manufacture because it

needed precision work while Design

 Simplicity of the machine- Design 2 scored 2, higher than the design 1 by only

1 point. This is due to the point of view of the designer that the design 1 has more

complex feeding mechanism because of involvement of helical gear compare to

design 2.

Economic

 Low maintenance cost- Design 2 scored 4 than design 1 which scored 3. 4

because design 2 will have lesser parts and has cheaper parts compare to

design 1 which can be replace easily.


 Low initial cost- Both design scored low but somehow design 2 still scored

higher compare to design 1. Taking consideration of the complexity of the

design the design 1 is more complex making it more costly in manufacturing

compare to design 2.

 Return of Investment (ROI) - Design 2 will have shorter period of return due

to lower initial cost and maintenance cost.

Sustainability

 Robustness of the Machine- Design 2 is more robust of compare to the design

1. Design 2 have involves sturdier and fixed design compare to design 1.

 Lifespan- From the point of view of designers, the design will have the same

design materials therefore both design will have the same duration of

lifespan.

 Upgradability- Both design will have the similar potential of upgrade since

they will can be both improve electronically.

Cost Analysis

Cost Analysis refers to the act of breaking down a cost summary into its

constituents and studying and reporting on each factor. The comparison of cost between

the two machines for the purpose of disclosing and reporting on their respective

conditions. Also refers to the accumulation of cost between the two machines for

comparisons and projection. This contains cost estimates on each parts comprising the

machine components for the purpose of comparison.


Cost Analysis

Design 1- Geneva Cam Driven Feeder Design


Component Input Quantity Est. Unit Cost Cost
Carriage 3'x4'x1/2" Sheet Metal 1 888.00 888.00
Roller Bearing 8 100.00 800.00
Fabrication 1 1,000.00 1,000.00
Feeder 3'x8' 22 Gauge 1 205.00 205.00
1''x20'' CR Shafting 1 250.00 250.00
1'x2'x2mm Sheet Metal 1 200.00 200.00
Flange Mounted Ball Bearing 2 500.00 1,000.00
Fabrication 1 500.00 500.00
Carriage Bed/Slidder 2"x1.5"x40" C Section Bar 2 300.00 600.00
Fabrication 1 500.00 500.00
Frame 2"x2"x20' Square Bar 1 1,400.00 1,400.00
2"x2"x10' Angle Iron 1 1,000.00 1,000.00
Fabrication 1 1,000.00 1,000.00
Die Custom Blade Profile 16 200.00 3,200.00
Fabrication 1 1,000.00 1,000.00
Motor 3Hp/5hp AC Electric Motor 1 10,000.00 10,000.00
Chain Drive 3/4 Pitch-20 Teeth Chain Sprocket 4 350.00 1,400.00
3/4 Pitch-60Pitch Length Roller Chain 2 500.00 1,000.00
Pillow Block 4 400.00 1,600.00
1/2Dia.x1' Cold Rolled Shafting 1 200.00 200.00
Fabrication 1 500.00 500.00
Geneva Mechinism Timing Belt 1 450.00 450.00
Bevel Gear 2 3,500.00 7,000.00
Shafting 2 350.00 700.00
Geneva Cam 1 1,750.00 1,750.00
Fabrication 1 740.00 740.00
Power Transmission Gears 4 1,000.00 4,000.00
V-Belt 2 350.00 700.00
V-Belt Pulley 2 700.00 1,400.00
Shafting 4 150.00 600.00
Fabrication 1 1,500.00 1,500.00
Angular Displacement Limiter Fabrication 1 600.00 600.00

Total 47,683.00
Cost Analysis

Design 2- Rachet Driven Feeder Mechanism


Component Input Quantity Est. Unit Cost Cost
Carriage 3'x4'x1/2" Sheet Metal 1 888.00 888.00
Roller Bearing 8 100.00 800.00
Fabrication 1 1,000.00 1,000.00
Feeder 3'x8' 22 Gauge 1 205.00 205.00
1''x20'' CR Shafting 1 250.00 250.00
1'x2'x2mm Sheet Metal 1 200.00 200.00
Flange Mounted Ball Bearing 2 500.00 1,000.00
Fabrication 1 500.00 500.00
Carriage Bed/Slidder 2"x1.5"x40" C Section Bar 2 300.00 600.00
Fabrication 1 500.00 500.00
Frame 2"x2"x20' Square Bar 1 1,400.00 1,400.00
2"x2"x10' Angle Iron 1 1,000.00 1,000.00
Fabrication 1 1,500.00 1,500.00
Die Custom Blade Profile 16 150.00 2,400.00
Fabrication 1 1,000.00 1,000.00
Motor 3Hp/5hp AC Electric Motor 1 10,000.00 10,000.00
Chain Drive 3/4 Pitch-20 Teeth Chain Sprocket 4 350.00 1,400.00
3/4 Pitch-60Pitch Length Roller Chain 2 500.00 1,000.00
Pillow Block 4 400.00 1,600.00
1/2Dia.x1' Cold Rolled Shafting 1 200.00 200.00
Fabrication 1 500.00 500.00
Rachet Mechanism Fabrication 1 1,250.00 1,250.00
Power Transmission Gears 4 1,000.00 4,000.00
V-Belt Pulley 2 750.00 1,500.00
V-Belt 2 350.00 700.00
Shafting 4 150.00 600.00
Pillow Block 4 400.00 1,600.00
Fabrication 1 800.00 800.00
Angular displacement LimiterFabrication 1 600.00 600.00

Total 38,993.00
APPENDIX

A-1 Computation for the shear force need to split a bamboo.

Critical Shear Stress = 𝜏 =2.2 𝑁/𝑚𝑚2

Bamboo outer radius = 2 inches or 5.08 cm

Bamboo internal radius = 4.08 cm

Thickness = 1 cm

Length of the bamboo = 12 inches

Assumed cutting speed of the bamboo = 10 inches/s or 25.4 cm/s

No. of split = 16 and 32 splits

𝑉𝐴𝑦⁄
𝜏= 𝐼𝑡

Which:

A = Cross sectional area of a single split

I = Inertia

y = distance of the centroid from the axis

𝜏 = shear stress

For 16 splits

For cross sectional area for a single split


A = 𝜋 [ (5.08 𝑐𝑚)2 − (4.08 𝑐𝑚)2/16

A = 1.8 𝑐𝑚2

For the Inertia

I = 𝜋 [ (5.08 𝑐𝑚)4 − (4.08 𝑐𝑚)4 /4

I = 305.42 𝑐𝑚4

Assumption for y = 4.58 cm

For shear force

𝑁
(2.2 )(305.42 𝑐𝑚4 )(1 𝑐𝑚)
𝑚𝑚2
𝐹1 =
(1.8 𝑐𝑚2 )(4.58 𝑐𝑚)

𝐹1 = 8. 15 𝐾𝑁

For 32 splits

Since I and y is constant no need to re-compute

For cross sectional area for a single split

A = 𝜋 [ (5.08 𝑐𝑚)2 − (4.08 𝑐𝑚)2/32

A = 0.9 𝑐𝑚2

For shear force

𝑁
(2.2 )(305.42 𝑐𝑚4 )(1 𝑐𝑚)
𝑚𝑚2
𝐹2 = (0.9 𝑐𝑚2 )(4.58 𝑐𝑚)

𝐹2 = 16.3 𝐾𝑁

For the power


Since the 32 split has the higher amount of force needed. The 16.3 KN will be

used in computing power.

P = (16.3 KN)(25.4 cm/s)

P = 4.14 KW (1Hp/0.746KW)

P = 3.08 Hp

Therefore taking consideration for the mechanical losses and efficiency of motor to be

used. The researchers decided to use 5 HP motor.

Transmission of power from motor sheave to Shaft 1

Motor Hp = 5 Hp

Sf @ table 17.7 by FAIRES = 1.4

Design Hp = (5 Hp)(1.4) = 7 Hp

𝑁𝑚𝑜𝑡𝑜𝑟 = 1740 rpm


Computation for the No. of belt of Motor to shaft

Since the sheave diameter is unknown. We had to assume the sheave

diameter in which it will be suitable for speed reduction.

𝐷1 = 4.75 𝑖𝑛𝑐ℎ𝑒𝑠

𝐷2 = 10.25 𝑖𝑛𝑐ℎ𝑒𝑠

Approximating the center distance of the motor sheave and the shaft 1

sheave

𝐷 + 𝐷2⁄
𝐶1 = ( 1 2) + 𝐷1

𝐶1 = (15/2) + 4.75

𝐶1 = 12.25 in.

Computation for belt length

𝐿𝑏𝑒𝑙𝑡 = 2 (12.25) + 1.57 (15) + (5.52 )/4(12.25)

𝐿𝑏𝑒𝑙𝑡 = 48.667 in

Computation for the actual center distance

Choosing B51 , length 52.8

B= 4 (52.8)-6.28(15)

B= 117

117√1172 −32(5.5)2
𝐶1′ =
16

𝐶1′ = 14.362 in
For the linear velocity of the motor sheave

1740𝜋(4.75)
𝑉𝑚 = 12
= 2163.772 𝑓𝑡/𝑚𝑖𝑛

Rated Hp of the belt

0.09
103 13.962 2163.7722
Rated Hp = [4.737 (2163.772) − 1.13(4.75) − 0.0234 106

Rated Hp =3.696 Hp

Number of belt to be used.

Number of belts = 7Hp/3.696 Hp ≈ 2 strands

Computation for the speed reduction

𝑁1 = (1740)(4.75)/(10.25)

𝑁1 = 806.34 rpm

Transmission of power from shaft 1 to shaft 2

𝑃𝑑1 = 16

Pinion Diameter = 1 inch

14.5° full depth

Radius tooth Flank

Solving for the dimensions of the gears 1 and 2


Linear Velocity of the pinion in shaft 1

1
𝑉𝑝 1 = 𝜋(1)(806.34) (12)

𝑉𝑝 = 211 𝑓𝑝𝑚
1

Gear falls under commercially cut

𝐷 𝑁
Gear ratio = 5/1 = 𝐷2 = 𝑁3
1 1

𝐷2 = (1)(5)

1 1
𝑁2 = (5) (𝑁1 ) = (5) (806.34)

𝑁2 = 161.268 𝑟𝑝𝑚

𝑇2 = 16(5)

𝑇2 = 80 𝑡𝑒𝑒𝑡ℎ

33000(𝐻𝑝) 33000(5)
𝐹𝑡1 = 𝑉𝑝
= 211
1

𝐹𝑡1 =782 lb

782
𝐹𝑛1 = cos 14.5° = 751.95 lb

𝐹𝑟1 = 782 tan(14.5) = 202.24 𝑙𝑏

From table AT24 𝑦1 = 0.255

𝑆𝑦 (𝑓1 )(𝑦1 ) 600


𝐹𝑡1 = 𝑃𝑑1
(600+𝑉 )
𝑝1

140000(𝑓1 )(0.255) 600


782 = ( )
16 600+211
𝑓1 = 0.4735

𝑓1 = 0.4735 𝑥 𝑆𝑓 = 0.4735(1.4)

𝑓1 = 0.663 𝑖𝑛.

Transmission of power from shaft 2 to 3

𝑃𝑑2 = 16

Pinion Diameter = 3 inch

14.5° full depth

Radius tooth Flank

161.628= 806.34(1/5)

Linear velocity of pinion at the shaft 2

1
𝑉𝑝2 = 𝜋(161.628) (12) (1.5)

𝑉𝑝2 = 63.3298 𝑓𝑝𝑚

Gear ratio = 2/1

𝐷2 = (1.5)(3) = 4.5

𝑁4 = ½ (161.268) = 80.63 rpm

33,000(5)
𝐹𝑡2 = 63.33
= 2605.4 𝑙𝑏

2605.4
𝐹𝑛2 = cos 14.5° = 2691.12 𝑙𝑏
𝐹𝑟2 = 2605.4 tan 14.5° = 673.8 𝑙𝑏

From table at 24, 𝑦1 = 0.302

140000(𝑓2 )(0.302) 600


2605.4 = 16
(600+63.33)

𝑓2 = 1.09

𝑓2′ = 1.09 𝑥 𝑆𝑓 = 1.09 𝑥 1.4

𝑓2′ = 1.5 𝑖𝑛
Trade off Analysis

COMPARISON OF ALTERNATIVES: WEIGHTS OF CRITERIA

1 Equal

2 Moderate

3 Strong

4 Very Strong

5 Extreme

Values Interpretation

1 i and j are equally important

2 i is slightly more important than j

3 i is more important than j

4 i is strongly more important than j

5 i is absolutely more important than j

Constraints:
A

Manufacturability Manufacturability

B Economic Economic

C Sustainability Sustainability

A B C

A 1 1 3 4 3 4

B 4 3 1 1 5 4

C 4 3 4 5 1 1

Squaring the matrix

0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7

1 5 5 1 5 5

1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2

3 1 5 3 1 5

1.3 1.3

3 0.8 1 3 0.8 1
WEIGHT

SUM (%)

2.4 7.5

3 2.1 4 4 27.21

4.3 10.

3 3 3.5 8 39.10

3.7 9.3

3 2.6 3 3 33.69

27.

7 100.00

Manufacturability 27.21

Criteria:

A Effectiveness of the machine

B Availability of materials

C Simplicity of building the machine


A B C

A 1 1 5 3 5 4

B 3 5 1 1 4 3

C 4 5 3 4 1 1

Squaring the matrix

1 1.67 1.25 1 1.67 1.25

0.6 1 1.33 0.6 1 1.33

0.8 0.75 1 0.8 0.75 1

WEIGHT

SUM (%)

3 4.27 4.72 12 41.99

2.27 3 3.42 8.68 30.40

2.05 2.83 3 7.88 27.60

28.6 100.00
Actual Weight (%)

11.43

8.27

7.51

27.21

Sustainability 33.69

Criteria:

A Robustness of the machine

B Estimated lifespan

C Upgradability

A B C

A 1 1 1 1 5 4

B 1 1 1 1 4 3

C 4 5 3 4 1 1
Squaring the matrix

1 1 1.25 1 1 1.25

1 1 1.33 1 1 1.33

0.8 0.75 1 0.8 0.75 1

WEIGHT

SUM (%)

3 2.94 3.83 9.77 35.65

3.07 3 3.92 9.98 36.43

2.35 2.3 3.0 7.65 27.92

27.4 100.00

Actual Weight (%)

12.01

12.27

9.40

33.69
Economic 39.10

Criteria:

A Low Maintainance cost

B Low Initial cost

C ROI

A B C

A 1 1 3 4 4 3

B 4 3 1 1 3 5

C 3 4 5 3 1 1

Squaring the matrix

1 0.75 1.33 1 0.75 1.33

1.33 1 0.6 1.33 1 0.6

0.75 1.67 1 0.75 1.67 1


Actual

SUM Weight weight

3.00 3.72 3.12 9.84 33.29 13.02

3.12 3.00 2.98 9.09 30.78 12.03

3.72 3.90 3.00 10.6 35.93 14.05

29.6 100.00 39.10