CAT

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CAT

© All Rights Reserved

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1

These calcculations havve been inco

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o thelast vers

sion of SCT : small boatss scantlings with ISO

12215

657677483@ @orange.es

http://6576777483.wix.com

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ware

ASSUMPTIONS :

Hulls are rigid and are joined by the deck, which is flexible

The upper deck is calculated as always, under normal design pressure for a deck.

The wet deck is calculated by applying a design pressure equal to the slamming pressure. (See

ANNEX I)

Cross beams are considered embedded in hulls so, besides having "brackets" that materialize this

recess, should extend inside the whole width of the hulls.

Hulls can rotate about the three axes of the figure, but being flexible the deck, relative displacements

occur between them. These relative movements are those that result in bending moments to be

supported by the beams.

SSC Rules by Lloyd’s Register : the torsional stress is to be determined by direct calculation methods using

the twin hull torsional connecting moments MB and MT

Torsional moment MT

axis.

As a result of this rotation, the ends of each beam are

no longer in the same plane, a Zx displacement occurs

generating a bending moment in the cross beam.

The relative displacement, different for

each beam, is directly proportional to the

distance of the beam to the torsion axis.

mfx for each beam.

Knowing the overall torque MT we can calculate Θ, the relative torsion angle between the two hulls :

See Annex II

where :

b : length of the cross beam

G : material’s shear modulus

J : St.Venant torsional constant or twisting module.

Thin wall simple closed section : In this case the shear flow is approximately constant along the thickness

of the section wall. Calling A the area enclosed by the middle curve that defines the section, L Γ its perimeter

and e the wall thickness, the torsion modulus is given by the Bredt’s formula:

And knowing the torsional angle we can obtain the following data for a cross beam at a distance of (Xi - x ')

from the torsion shaft:

6 E I (Xi – x’) Θ

Bending moment mt = ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐

b2

E = modulus of elasticity of beam’s material

I = second moment of beam transversal section

b = beam length

mt

Bending stress st = ----------- where SM It is the modulus of the beam

SM (second moment of area)

mt

torsional shear stress for a closed profile tt = --------

2At

where :

A = area enclosed by the cross beam profile

t = profile thickness

Torsional moment MB (X-X axis) is supported by all of the transverse beams that, being all equal to each

other, each one absorbs a partial bending moment mf proportional to their number :

MB

mf = ---------------

No. Beams

.

mf

bending stress sB = ---------- SM is the first moment of the beam area about “X-X”

SM

2 mf

Shear stress tB = -----------

Aw b

where :

Aw = shear area of the cross beam

b = distance between hulls

D.b. at. g

Mbt = ------------------ kN.m

5

where :

at = transverse acceleration

HSL = permissible significant wave height at maximum service speed

r = distance of the point from waterline at mLDC draugh

This bending moment is distributed evenly among all the cross beams.

Mbt

mbt = ---------------

No. Beams

mbt

bending stress sbT = ---------- SMy is the first moment of the beam area about “Y-Y”

axis

SMy Y

2 mbt

Shear stress tbT = -----------

Aw b

where : Y

Aw = shear area of the cross beam

b = distance between hulls

The superposition principle allows us to calculate the total effort as the sum of the partial stresses

ANNEX I

VALUES FOR MT and MB

MT = Gf D LR av kNm

MB = Gf b D av kNm

were :

Gf = service gropu factor.

We’ll take (G4)

Gf = 2 for MB

Gf = 1 for MT

D = displacement, in tonnes

LR = Rule length, in metres

b = transverse distance, in metres, between the centre of the two hulls

av = the vertical acceleration at the LCG

The vertical acceleration in the displacement mode for all craft is to be taken as:

av = 0,2 g+34/LWL

in planning mode :

where :

fa = 4,5 for catamarans and multi-hull craft with partially submerged hulls

JD = dead rise, in degrees

Bm = hullbeam. Multi-hull will be taken as the sum of the breadts of the single hulls.

H1/3 = Minimum significant wave height

Group height in metres H1/3

1 0.6

2 1.0

2A 1.5

3 2.0 4.0

4 4.0

5 4.0

6 4.0

LWL = waterplane length, in metres

Pt 5, Ch 2

H03 = 1.29 H1/3

ANNEX II

THEORETICAL JUSTIFICATION

where the bending moment is given by : mfi = mf0i (1-2y/b), and mt is the torsional momento given by .

By operating is obtained :

As assumed rigid hull, it holds that Z(x) = (xi – x’)Θ for each beam, being (xi – x’) the distance between the axis of

each beam and the torsion shaft. The strain energy of all beams can be determined by the expression:

Equating this formula to the external work done by the torque applied to the ship, you can find the angle of rotation:

once ϑ angle is known :

For a cross-beam located at a distance Xi from the twist axis, we have the following :

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