Benigno S. Aquino, Jr.

Senator of the Philippines In office December 30, 1967 ± September 23, 1972[1] Presidential Adviser on Defense Affairs In office 1949±1954 Mayor of Concepcion, Tarlac In office December 30, 1955 ± December 30, 1959 Vice-Governor of Tarlac In office December 30, 1959 ± December 30, 1961 Governor of Tarlac In office December 30, 1961 ± December 30, 1967 Born Died November 27, 1932 Concepcion, Tarlac, Philippines August 21, 1983 (aged 50) Manila International Airport, Pasay City, Metro Manila, Philippines Filipino Liberal (1959-1983) LABAN (1978-1983)

an opposition leader against President Ferdinand Marcos. He was assassinated at the Manila International Airport (later renamed in his honor) upon returning home from exile in the United States. His death catapulted his widow, Corazon Aquino, to the limelight and subsequently to the presidency, replacing the 20-year Marcos regime. In 2004, the anniversary of his death was proclaimed as a national holiday now known as Ninoy Aquino Day. Early life and career Benigno S. Aquino, Jr. was born in Concepcion, Tarlac, to a prosperous family of hacienderos (landlords). His grandfather, Servillano Aquino, was a general in the revolutionary army of Emilio Aguinaldo while his father, Benigno S. Aquino, Sr. (1894± 1947) was a prominent member of the World War II Japanese collaborationist government of José P. Laurel, as Vice-President. His mother was Doña Aurora Aquino-Aquino (who was also his father's third cousin). His father died while Benigno Aquino was in his teens prior to coming to trial on treason charges resulting from his collaboration with the Japanese during the occupation. Aquino was educated in private schools ² St. Joseph's College, Ateneo de Manila, National University, and De La Salle College. He finished high school at San Beda College. Aquino took his tertiary education at the Ateneo de Manila to obtain a Bachelor of Arts degree, but he interrupted his studies.[6] According to one of his biographies, he considered himself to be an average student; his grade was not in the line of 90's nor did it fall into the 70's. At age 17, he was the youngest war correspondent to cover the Korean War for the newspaper The Manila Times of Joaquín "Chino" Roces. Because of his journalistic feats, he received the Philippine Legion of Honor award from President Elpidio Quirino at age 18. At 21, he became a close adviser to then defense secretary Ramón Magsaysay. Ninoy took up law at the University of the Philippines, where he became a member of the Upsilon Sigma Phi. He interrupted his studies again however to pursue a career in journalism. According to Máximo V. Soliven, Aquino "later 'explained' that he had decided to go to as many schools as possible, so that he could make as many new friends as possible."[6] In early 1954, he was appointed by President Magsaysay to act as personal emissary to Luis Taruc, leader of the Hukbalahap rebel group. After four months of negotiations, he was credited for Taruc's unconditional surrender. He became mayor of Concepcion in 1955 at the age of 22. Personal life

On October 12, 1954, he married Corazon "Cory" Cojuangco, and they had five children (four daughters and a son): y Maria Elena Aquino-Cruz (Ballsy, born August 18, 1953) Married: Eldon Cruz Children: Justin Benigno "Jiggy" Cruz and Eldon "Jonty" Cruz, Jr. Aurora Corazon Aquino Abellada (Pinky, born December 27, 1957) Married: Manuel Abellada Children: Miguel and Nina Abellada President Benigno Simeon III (Noynoy, born February 8, 1960) Victoria Eliza Aquino-Dee (Viel, born October 27, 1961) Married: Joseph Dee Children: Francis "Kiko" Dee and Jia Dee Kristina Bernadette (Kris, born February 14, 1971) Spouse: James Yap (separated) Children: Joshua Salvador and James Yap, Jr.

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Political career Benigno Aquino was no stranger to Philippine politics. He came from a family that had been involved with some of the country's political heavyweights. His grandfather served under President Aguinaldo, while his father held office under Presidents Quezon and Laurel. Benigno Aquino became the youngest municipal mayor at age 22, and the nation's youngest vice-governor at 27. He became governor of Tarlac province in 1961 at age 29, then secretary-general of the Liberal Party in 1966. In 1967 he made history by becoming the youngest elected senator in the country's history at age 34. He was the only "survivor" of the Liberal Party who made it to the senate, where he was inevitably singled out by Marcos and his allies as their greatest threat. In 1968, during his first year as senator, Aquino warned that Marcos was on the road to establishing "a garrison state" by "ballooning the armed forces budget", saddling the defense establishment with "overstaying generals" and "militarizing our civilian government offices"²all these caveats were uttered barely four years before martial law. In myriad ways Aquino bedeviled the Marcos regime, chipping away at its monolithic facade. His most celebrated speech, "A Pantheon for Imelda", was delivered on February 10, 1969. He assailed the P50 million Cultural Center, the first project of First

Resting place Manila Memorial Park, Parañaque City Nationality Political party

Other political Nacionalista Party (1955±1959) affiliations Spouse(s) Corazon C. Aquino Ma. Elena Aquino-Cruz Aurora Corazon Aquino-Abellada Benigno S. Aquino III Victoria Eliza Aquino-Dee Kristina Bernadette Aquino-Yap Times Street, Quezon City

Children

Residence

University of the Philippines Alma mater Ateneo de Manila University San Beda College High School (Class of 1948) Occupation Politician Profession Religion Journalist Roman Catholic

Benigno Simeon "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr.[2][3][4][5](November 27, 1932 ± August 21, 1983) was a Philippine Senator, Governor of Tarlac, and

Syria to meet with Muslim leaders. illegal possession of firearms and subversion. and dubbed it "a monument to shame". Later. 1972 and he went on air to broadcast his declaration on midnight of September 23. On fellowship grants from Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.. dubbed Lakas ng Bayan ("People's Power").. The band played. praying for his survival. pointing out that even Christ fasted only for 40 days. Massachusetts. On April 4. The police later discovered two fragmentation grenades that had been thrown at the stage by "unknown persons". he was selected by the Philippine Free Press magazine as one of the nation's most outstanding Senators. Even as he grew weaker. which he did five weeks later. He made a quick recovery. His achievements at such a young age earned him the moniker "Wonder Boy" of Philippine politics. At 9:15 p. Aquino refused to submit himself to Philippine doctors. An outraged President Marcos called Aquino "a congenital liar".S. Aquino was seen as a contender by many for the highest office in the land. perhaps. rushed to his home on Times Street to pack. Martial law. he subsisted solely on salt tablets. He was transported to the Philippine Heart Center where he suffered a second heart attack. Imelda Marcos made an unannounced visit to Aquino at his hospital room. Aquino might have had a hand in the blast in a bid to eliminate his potential rivals within the party. Aquino announced that he was going on a hunger strike. from his prison cell. many critically. and two glasses of water a day. the presidency. . possibly the result of seven years in prison. begged him to end his fast. he preferred to go to the United States for the procedure or else return to his cell at Fort Bonifacio and die. and 120 others were wounded. preferred to boycott the elections. 1975. suggesting that the bombings were the handiwork of the growing New People's Army. and arrested a score of known "Maoists" on general principle. Eventually. classrooms and auditoriums. 1978 elections. ever the shrewd strategist.S. 1971 (12 years to the day before Ninoy Aquino's own assassination)²that the pattern of direct confrontation between Marcos and Aquino emerged. his family and several priests and friends. Not surprisingly.. delivering speeches critical of the Marcos government. He traveled extensively in the U. at the kick-off rally of the Liberal Party. Marcos allies sought to deflect this by insinuating that. Aquino suffered a heart attack. living with his family in Newton. the candidates had formed a line on a makeshift platform and were raising their hands as the crowd applauded. ECG and other tests showed that he had a blocked artery. the police captured one of the bombers. People agreed with him that his party would win overwhelmingly in an honest election. a fast to the death to protest the injustices of his military trial.Lady Imelda Marcos as extravagant. former Senators Gerry Roxas and Jovito Salonga. fearing possible Marcos "duplicity". In mid-March 1980. Aquino spent three years in self-exile. 2) while in the U. Although suspicions pointed to the Nacionalistas (the political party of Marcos). amino acids. Additionally. mostly in a solitary cell which must have taken a heavy toll on his gregarious personality. was born. Aquino's weight had dropped from 54 to 36 kilos. These so-called "fiscalisation" tactics of Aquino quickly became his trademark in the Senate. When he reiterated that he was returning to the Philippines. His family and hundreds of friends and supporters heard Mass nightly at the Santuario de San José in Greenhills. The party's acronym was "LABAN" ("fight" in Tagalog). But he remained in prison. would not let him suffer a death that would surely make Aquino a martyr. She then ordered General Fabian Ver and Mel Mathay to provide passports and plane tickets for the Aquino family. Aquino was shoved in a closed van. the Marcos government presented "evidence" of the bombings as well as an alleged threat of a communist insurgency. He was tried before Military Commission No.S. he would not speak out against the Marcos regime. Foreign correspondents and diplomats asked what would happen to the LABAN ticket. Thus his political party.m. hustled to the airport and put on a plane bound for the U. Ironically. confident that he had made a symbolic gesture. bypass surgery. that same day accompanied by his family. Eight people died. He was allowed one television interview on Face the Nation (hosted by Ronnie Nathanielsz) and proved to a startled and impressed populace that imprisonment had neither dulled his rapier-like tongue nor dampened his fighting spirit. Marcos made this a pretext to suspend the right of habeas corpus. this man was later snatched from police custody by military personnel and never seen again.S. when suddenly there were two loud explosions that obviously were not part of the show. sodium bicarbonate. In an instant the stage became a scene of wild carnage. She asked him if he would like to leave that evening for the U. On May 8. San Juan. he worked on the manuscripts of two books and gave a series of lectures in school halls. According to Aquino. the Commission found Aquino guilty of all charges and sentenced him to death by firing squad. During his tenure as Senator. but not before agreeing on two covenants: 1) that if he left. He acquiesced. 2 headed by Major-General José Syjuco. on the 40th day. a fireworks display drew all eyes. Aquino added. Aquino urged his supporters to organize and run 21 candidates in Metro Manila. Aquino decided to renounce his two covenants with Malacañang "because of the dictates of higher national interest". As weeks went by. 1977. President Marcos declared martial law on September 21. Surveys during those times showed that he was the number one choice among Filipinos. exile In 1978. was walking within two weeks and making plans to fly to Damascus. suffering from chills and cramps. 1980. all his candidates lost due to widespread election fraud. On May 13. soldiers forcibly dragged him to the military tribunal's session. hunger strike It was not until the Plaza Miranda bombing however²on August 21. who was identified as a sergeant of the firearms and explosive section of the Philippine Constabulary. vowed that the killers would be apprehended within 48 hours. a military arm of the government. On November 25. he was allowed to take part in the elections for Interim Batasang Pambansa (Parliament). he received a surreptitious message from the Marcos government saying that he was now granted an extension of his "medical furlough". he instructed his lawyers to withdraw all motions he had submitted to the Supreme Court. Aquino was one of the first to be arrested and imprisoned on trumped-up charges of murder. Aquino and many others believed that Marcos. "a pact with the devil is no pact at all". Philippine surgeons were reluctant to do a coronary bypass because it could involve them in a controversy. Although his friends. The First Lady's friends angrily accused Aquino of being "ungallant". and the trial continued. Ten days through his hunger strike. Texas. Near the end. since President Marcos by law was prohibited from serving another term. drawn out for several years. Aquino nonetheless was able to walk throughout his ordeal. he would return. However. Aquino was absent at the incident. Aquino was operated on at a hospital in Dallas. After all. 1975. a suburb of Boston.

An official government investigation ordered by Marcos shortly after the assassination led to murder charges against 25 military personnel and one civilian. Manila. They therefore formulated a plan for Ninoy to fly alone (to attract less attention). Imelda. It carried the alias Marcial Bonifacio (Marcial for martial law and Bonifacio for Fort Bonifacio.Marcos and his officials. Moreover. so be it. the Taiwan authorities could pretend they were not aware of his presence. and Rolando Galman) Belligerent(s)Rogelio Moreno The assassination of Benigno Aquino. Aquino's assassination is credited with transforming the opposition to the Marcos regime from a small. or fear of assassination. After spending 7 years and 7 months in prison. 1981. Jr. and I may not be able to talk to you again after this. their visas had expired and their renewal had been denied. He left Logan International Airport on August 13. he said. minutes before being killed." Sensing his own doom. Aquino decided to go back to the Philippines. all were acquitted by the Sandiganbayan (special court). California on February 15. He was imprisoned on trumped up charges shortly after Marcos' 1972 declaration of martial law. and declared himself willing to lay his own life on the line. . however Ninoy asserted his willingness to suffer the consequences declaring. but warned that radicalized oppositionists were threatening to use violence soon. Philippines Date: August 21. Corazon. Since their conviction. Aquino denied that he was advocating a bloody revolution. Anticipating the worst. then Tunku Ibrahim Ismail of Johor met Aquino upon his arrival in Singapore and later brought him to Johor to meet with other Malaysian leaders.[7] In the first quarter of 1983. this was never definitively proven. but for the head there's nothing else we can do. who was later implicated in Aquino's murder."[12] He wished to express an earnest plea for Marcos to step down. for a peaceful regime change and a return to democratic institutions. Aquino insisted that it was his natural right as a citizen to come back to his homeland. Aquino received news about the deteriorating political situation in his country and the rumored declining health of President Marcos (due to lupus). But I cannot be petrified by inaction. This made him feel more secure. From Taipei he flew to Manila on China Airlines Flight 811. he suffered a heart attack in prison and was allowed to leave the country two months later by Marcos' wife. I seek no confrontation. The most memorable was held at the Wilshire Ebell Theater in Los Angeles. Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino.. via Los Angeles to Singapore. 1983 at Manila International Airport in the Philippines. Also killed was Rolando Galman. attending symposiums.[9] He eventually obtained a legitimate passport from a sympathizer working in a Philippine consulate. Marcos wanted Aquino to stay out of politics. and giving speeches in freedom rallies opposing the Marcos dictatorship. After Marcos was ousted. his years of absence made his allies worry that the Filipinos might have resigned themselves to Marcos' strongman rule and that without his leadership the centrist opposition would die a natural death. Planning return A moving screen shot of Sen. Aquino as he was being escorted out of the plane by military personnel. Aquino was elected to the Philippine Senate in 1967 and shortly thereafter began speaking out against Marcos' authoritarian rule. all of whom were sentenced to life imprisonment. Aquino was always aware that his life in the U. and therefore stay in the side. "I have returned to join the ranks of those struggling to restore our rights and freedom through violence. with the rest of the family to follow him after two weeks. He had chosen Taipei as the final stopover when he learned the Philippines had severed diplomatic ties with the Republic of China (Taiwan). into the public spotlight and her running for president in the snap election of 1986. In 1980. which resulted in Marcos fleeing the country and conceding the presidency to Corazon Aquino. had just landed in his home country after a 3-year political exile in the United States when he was shot in the head while being escorted from an aircraft to a vehicle that was waiting to transport him to prison..[11] He then left for Hong Kong and on to Taipei. At that time. In a matter of 3 or 4 minutes it could be all over. Making up for the lost time as the family's breadwinner. Throughout his years of expatriation. was temporary. a former Mindanao legislator and founder of the Bangsamoro Liberation Front." Assassination Ninoy Aquino assassination Location: Manila International Airport.. at an interview in his suite at the Taipei Grand Hotel. lectures. he told the journalists accompanying him on the flight. 1983 Attack type: Shooting assassination Weapon(s): small arms Death(s) 2 (Benigno Aquino. Despite the government's ban on issuing him a passport. and that no government could prevent him from doing so."[13] In his last formal statement that he wasn't able to deliver. Aquino's finances were in ruins.S. Though many including the Aquino family maintain that Marcos ordered Aquino's assassination. Aquino answered. widespread allegations of fraud and illegal tampering on Marcos' behalf is credited with sparking the People Power Revolution. he revealed that he would be wearing a bullet-proof vest. Jr. 1983. in turn accused Aquino of being the "Mad Bomber" and allegedly masterminding a rash of bombings that had rocked Metro Manila in 1981 and 1982. however. learned from a Philippine Consulate official that there were orders from Ministry of Foreign Affairs not to issue any passports for them. but he also said that "it's only good for the body. took a circuitous route home from Boston. Sultan Iskandar. was an act of murder that occurred on August 21. Jr. He spent the next three years in exile near Boston before deciding to return to the Philippines. a Moro separatist group against Marcos. "You have to be ready with your hand camera because this action can become very fast. before extremists took over and made such a change impossible. He never stopped affirming his eventual return even as he enjoyed American hospitality and a peaceful life with his family on American soil."[8] His family. isolated movement into a nationally unified crusade. a former member of the Philippine Senate and longtime political opponent of Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos. who was a close friend to Aquino. fully aware of the dangers that awaited him. aware of Aquino's growing popularity even in his absence. There would also be a couple of Taiwanese friends accompanying him. He urged Marcos to "heed the voice of conscience and moderation". "if it's my fate to die by an assassin's bullet. Though Marcos was officially declared the winner of the election. "the Filipino is worth dying for. Warned that he would either be imprisoned or killed. In Singapore. It is also credited with thrusting Aquino's widow. Aquino acquired one with the help of Rashid Lucman. Aquino met up with Tunku Ibrahim's father. He believed that it was expedient for him to speak to Marcos and present to him his rationale for the country's return to democracy. The Marcos government warned all international airlines that they would be denied landing rights and forced to return if they tried to fly Ninoy to the Philippines. he toured America. his erstwhile prison). another government investigation under Corazon Aquino's administration led to a retrial and the conviction of 16 military personnel.[10] Once in Johor.

Over the years. but evidence suggests this was not the case. Some remained skeptical of Aquino's redirected spiritual focus. According to Maximo V. and an opposition leader against President Ferdinand Marcos. Although Aquino was recognized as the most prominent and most dynamic opposition leader of his generation. but it ultimately had an effect on his wife's political career. Servillano Aquino. some were released. Laurel. Ninoy Aquino¶s mother was Doña Aurora Aquino-Aquino (who was also his father¶s third cousin). We only have to echo Ninoy Aquino's hauntingly patriotic statement to remember his heroism and love of country: "I have weighed all the virtues and faults of the Filipinos. Aurora Corazon (Pinky). there is a place called Aquino in Italy. Tarlac. Ninoy Aquino: Behind the Name Opinion and Name Analysis Published in cebu Daily News on 21 August 2003 TODAY is Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino Jr. The Marcos government claimed Galman was the triggerman in Aquino's assassination. In the same year he married Corazon ³Cory´ Cojuangco. Ninoy took up law at the University of the Philippines. A subsequent investigation produced controversy but produced no definitive results. Spanish. His grandfather. Benigno. 1983) was a Philippine Senator. 1932 ± August 21. to the limelight and subsequently to the presidency. where he became a member of the Upsilon Sigma Phi. he was appointed by President Ramon Magsaysay to act as personal emissary to Luis Taruc. and the last one was let out in March 2009. Because of his journalistic feats. the Manila International Airport (MIA) where he was assassinated was renamed Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) and his image is printed on the 500peso bill. Corazon Aquino. His last name.. Aquino. He was assassinated at the Manila International Airport (later renamed in his honor) upon returning home from exile in the United States. His first name. After four months of negotiations.one of the convicts was pardoned. Another man on the plane. Most renowned is the bronze memorial in Makati City near the Philippine Stock Exchange. is "Ninoy Aquino Day". His father died while Benigno Aquino was in his teens amid rumors of collaboration with the Japanese during the occupation. in the years prior to martial law he was regarded by many as being a representative of the entrenched familial elite which to this day dominates Philippine politics. and De La Salle College. it was his assassination that was pivotal to the downfall of a despotic ruler and the eventual restoration of democracy in the Philippines. (1894-1947) was a prominent official in the World War II Japanese-organized government of José P. His death catapulted his widow. another investigation found sixteen defendants guilty. who was among the world's earliest proponents of the use of non-violence to combat a repressive regime. Victoria Eliza (Viel). It is derived from the Latin name "Benignus" which means "kind" and "friendly. he was the youngest war correspondent to cover the Korean War for the newspaper The Manila Times of Joaquin ³Chino´ Roces. three died in prison. While atypically telegenic and uncommonly articulate. how he stood up against the Marcos dictatorship. is a Spanish/Portuguese name that traces its roots to Italy. Jr. (November 27. and how he bravely went home to the Philippines on that fatal August day in 1983 despite repeated warnings that his life was in danger. They were all sentenced to life in prison. and the remainder had their sentences commuted at various times. Maria Elena (Ballsy). At 21. Portuguese name that is very common in these three places of origin.. and I have come to the conclusion that the Filipino is worth dying for. how he fearlessly campaigned for the return of democratic values and ideals to the Filipino people. While some may question the prominence given Aquino in Philippine history. Rolando Galman. bodyguards were assigned to him by the Marcos government. the remainder of his personal and political life had a distinct spiritual sheen. Aquino read the book Born Again by convicted Watergate conspirator Charles Colson and it inspired him to a religious awakening. Benigno Simeon III (Noynoy). Joseph¶s College. and actress and TV host Kristina Bernadette (Kris). 1983 when he was shot in the head after returning to the country. and all over the Philippines people who can still remember.'s 20th death anniversary. is an Italian. was shot dead onboard shortly after Aquino was killed. replacing the 20-year Marcos regime. he became a close adviser to then defense secretary Ramon Magsaysay. but he interrupted his studies. August 21. including a fifth-century disciple of Saint Patrick who later became the chief Bishop of Ireland. He finished high school at San Beda College. Aquino was educated in private schools±St. Benigno Aquino. At the time. Benigno Servillano Aquino was born in Concepcion. I would like to share insights on his person by extrapolating on his given names. he was credited for Taruc¶s unconditional surrender. Aquino ³later µexplained¶ that he had decided to go to as many schools as possible. Ninoy Aquino took his tertiary education at the Ateneo de Manila to obtain a Bachelor of Arts degree. he had his share of detractors and was not known to be immune to ambitions and excesses of the ruling political class.[14] Several monuments were built in his honor. Jr. Aquino was assassinated on August 21. Tarlac. and they had five children. Ateneo de Manila. Let's begin with the definition and history of Ninoy's full name. Governor of Tarlac. In fact. the last convicts were released from prison in 2009. or care to remember. He emerged as a contemporary counterpart of the great Jose Rizal." This name was very popular during the early years of Christianity as was in fact the name of several saints.´[4] In early 1954. which today is a venue of endless anti-government rallies and large demonstrations. He became mayor of Concepcion in 1955 at the age of 22. After the Marcos government was overthrown. an annual public holiday in the Philippines. Biography Life Achivements Benigno Servillano ³Ninoy´ Aquino. leader of the Hukbalahap rebel group. during his seven years and seven months imprisoned as a political prisoner of Marcos. Sr. are commemorating the late senator's martyrdom. was a general in the revolutionary army of Emilio Aguinaldo while his father." As a way of paying tribute to this brave man. he received a Philippine Legion of Honor award from President Elpidio Quirino at age 18. so that he could make as many new friends as possible.[4] At age 17. Soliven. and .[citation needed] As a result. the anniversary of his death. There is no argument about what he did. He interrupted his studies again however to pursue a career in journalism. However. Another one bronze statue is in front of the Municipal Building of Concepcion. Legacy In Senator Aquino's honor. Benigno ³Ninoy´ Aquino. to a prosperous family of hacienderos (landlords).

B ENIGNO A QUINO Born: November 27. At age twenty-two Aquino became the Philippines' youngest mayor in his home-town of Concepcion. At the same time Marcos dissolved the constitution. Aquino. But not once. His name was common only in the sense that it was used by many holy men. and magnanimity is all aspects in life power." According to genealogists. the coat of arms of the family indicates that they have always served the country through the military. Jr. Italy. was a general in the Philippine Army during our war of independence from Spain. but always accompanied with the fervent love of God and fellowmen. of his purpose in life. A person whose life was lived based on other's needs and desires. "his thoughts were often on others and their needs. was born in a place near Aquino. where he was held a captive for a year or two and besieged with prayers. or military court. Although he denied the charges. and a life of service and sacrifice. Thomas of Aquinas and Ninoy both had the same fates: they had a purpose in life which they knew they should pursue. the last name Aquino is considered to be one of the oldest and noblest families in the Spanish peninsula. Aquino was found guilty and was convicted by a military tribunal. Meanwhile he married Corazon Cojoangco. but both in the end decided that their life's purpose was worth dying for. Just six years later he became governor of Tarlac province (a position similar to governing a state). He was. His first name show us his virtues. A fallen leader Aquino became famous for his gifts as a public speaker and for his brilliant mind. however. and illegal possession of firearms. He remained in the United States as a refugee until returning to the Benigno Aquino. The family later on branched out to Spain and Portugal and there established their name. Youthful accomplishments Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino was born on November 27. When given a numerological report. eagerness to be of service. who governed the Philippines from 1966 to 1986. In 1980 he was allowed to go to the United States for a heart bypass operation. Aquino's opposition ended in August 1983 when. for one of Ninoy's ancestors. and even sensual temptation to make him relinquish his purpose. Here. with whom he eventually raised five children. was destined to greatness. is a reminder of just how strong a name Aquino is. 1983 Manila. did he let go of his dream. a great and noble person. especially those close to him. He was often seen as responsible. His last name also stands for courage. the name Benigno S. Aquino was charged with murder. and their magnanimity is all aspects in life. Luzon. courage. too. Inspiration and imagination were his in abundance and to some extent he was somewhat of a dreamer. indeed. He became the leading candidate for the presidency in 1973. to a prominent family. and was a war in which the United States and China eventually joined. Thomas decided to devote his entire life to the service of God. His ambition and energy stood out early when. According to family historians. and the symbolism of their shield says it all. in Tarlac Province. and this was observed through his projected personality. his name alone meant service and purpose. Even the numerological value of Ninoy's name pertains to something important. Philippines Filipino politician Benigno Aquino of the Philippines was a leading opponent of the rule of President Ferdinand Marcos (1917±1989). Aquino's death touched off massive demonstrations against President Marcos. in the two years that he was held prisoner in his own home. He was the grandson of a general and the son of a Philippine senator who was also a wealthy landowner.the last name of Aquino would signify the bearer as "coming from Italy or with Italian roots. on the island of Luzon. as his name implies. would show that Ninoy "always responded to life from the heart. both had many obstacles along the way. at age seventeen. including Aquino. The gold in the shields represent the family's boldness. from the very beginning. The red in the two shields were used to represent the family's value of the virtues of power and force. claiming supreme power and jailing his political opponents. Aquino's ambition to be president was never realized. 1932. Simply put. as well as his great ambition. we see the parallelisms of the histories of the full name of Ninoy. our personalities. Philippines Died: August 21. his kindness and ability to empathize with his fellow Filipinos. after living in the United States for three years. but it is a power that is always accompanied by love for God and love for others. It is even more interesting that St. he returned to the Philippine capital of Manila and was assassinated (killed) at the airport. . Philippines in 1983. he was seized by his brothers and brought back to his parents at their castle. Saint Thomas of Aquinas. our given names define our purpose in life. and our destiny. Ninoy Aquino. Reproduced by permission of AP/Wide World Photos . It is interesting to note that his last name was almost always synonymous to military service in Spain. 1932 Tarlac Province. The coat of arms of the Aquino family is traced to as early as the 11th century in Naples. when President Marcos was scheduled to leave office after completing the maximum two terms as president. in service to others. the Aquino family was awarded with their shields primarily because of their valuable service to country and God. It is also interesting that one of the most famous saints in history. and trying to establish emotional harmony. Italy. threats. His last name shows even more just how great Ninoy's character was. and spent over seven years in prison. his grandfather Don Servillano Aquino. service. and his story. because President Marcos declared martial law (a state of emergency in which military authorities are given temporary rule). In 1967 Aquino once again made history when he became the youngest senator ever elected in the Philippines. It is interesting to note that even the shields of the Aquino family stand for something noble in both spirit and deeds. Upon arriving at the Manila airport he was shot and killed. He always wanted joy and happiness for himself and for those around him. from the very beginning. it also stood for power and force." Could you have known of a more loaded and meaningful name that Ninoy's? Clearly. It is said that when St. he was sent by the Manila Times newspaper to report on the Korean War (1950±53)." Further. The war was between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) and the Republic of Korea (South Korea). Thus. According to the study of numerology. subversion (intention to undermine legal authority).

No proof was ever presented that directly showed Marcos was involved. As Marcos lost the trust of his people. who had been shot at the airport immediately following the shooting of Aquino. Corazon. Those who suspected Marcos's involvement noted that Aquino posed a threat as someone who might unite the opposition and who had been the president's main rival for decades. but was the victim of a "criminal conspiracy" by the military led by General Fabian C. unseating Marcos. led by Judge Corazon Agrava. could not be cross-examined. however. but almost no one in the Philippines believed that military generals would order the execution of Aquino on their own. She was elected president of the Philippines in 1986. the Philippine economy also fell apart. Ver. with Marcos under attack by the press and by the strengthened political opposition.Following the assassination President Marcos was pressured to appoint a five-person. Marcos promptly returned Ver to his former position. although from the beginning most Filipinos doubted the official version of the assassination. Marcos and the military stated that a lone gunman who had been hired by the Communist Party had carried out the assassination. Aquino's legacy As it turned out the democratic opposition to Marcos was strongest after its leader's death. Popular unrest with Marcos's rule grew steadily. The official commission's majority report found that Aquino was not slain by the alleged gunman. The commission's findings were astonishing. In December 1985 the court proclaimed that General Ver and the others charged with Aquino's murder were not guilty. and reported that no military personnel were involved in the death. as Marcos and the military claimed. who was the armed forces chief of staff. The military carried out its own investigation. The alleged gunman. politically neutral investigative board. Within weeks a political movement formed around Aquino's widow. By 1985 the nation was in political and economic chaos. . He was also a close friend and cousin of President Marcos. which did well in elections.

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