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Format No.

:11
K.L.N. COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING Issue No.: 02
Revision No.: 01
Lecture Schedule[Mon:3, Wed 5, Thu:3, Fri:3] Date: 23/06/12

Course/Branch : B.E / ECE Subject : OPTICAL COMMUNICATION


AND NETWORKS
Duration : June’18 to Dec’18 Subject Code : EC6702
Semester : VII Section :A Staff handling : Mr.S.C.Sivaprakash
Regulation : 2013 AUC/AUT/AUM: AUC
AIM:
To introduce the various optical fiber modes, configurations and various signal degradation factors
associated with optical fiber.
OBJECTIVE:
 To facilitate the knowledge about optical fiber sources and transmission techniques
 To enrich the idea of optical fiber networks algorithm such as SONET/SDH and optical CDMA.
 To explore the trends of optical fiber measurement systems.

COURSE OUTCOMEs:After the course, the student should be able to:


Program Specific
Knowledge Program
CO Course Outcomes Outcomes
Level Outcomes (POs)
(PSOs)
PO1, PO2, PO3,
Describe the various optical fiber modes and PSO1, PSO2,
C402.1 K2 PO4, PO5, PO6,
configurations. PSO3
PO7, PO9, PO11
PO1, PO2, PO3,
Discuss the various signal degradation PO5, PO6, PO7, PSO1, PSO2,
C402.2 K2
associated with optical fiber transmission. PO8, PO9, PO11, PSO3
PO12
PO1, PO3, PO4,
PSO1, PSO2,
C402.3 Explain various optical sources and detectors. K2 PO5, PO6, PO7,
PSO3
PO8, PO9, PO12
PO1, PO4, PO6,
Describe the receiver operation and various PSO1, PSO2,
C402.4 K2 PO7, PO8, PO9,
fiber parameter measurements. PSO3
PO11,PO12
Explain the optical networks and its PO1, PO2, PO3,
PSO1, PSO2,
C402.5 associated parameters on system K2 PO4, PO6, PO7,
PSO3
performance. PO8, PO11, PO12

MAPPING OF COURSE & COURSE OUTCOMEs WITH POs & PSOs


Course Code Program Specific
Program Outcomes
& Course Outcomes
Outcomes PO1 PO2 PO3 PO4 PO5 PO6 PO7 PO8 PO9 PO10 PO11 PO12 PSO1 PSO2 PSO3
C402.1 3 1 3 2 1 2 2 - 2 - 1 - 2 2 1
C402.2 3 1 3 - 2 3 1 2 1 - 2 1 1 2 1
C402.3 3 - 3 2 3 3 2 1 1 - - 1 1 3 1
C402.4 3 - - 2 - 1 1 1 1 - 1 1 1 1 1
C402.5 3 1 3 2 - 1 1 1 - - 1 2 2 1 1
C402 3 1 3 2 - 2 1 1 1 - 1 1 2 1 1

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ASSIGNMENTS / SEMINARS / QUIZ

Course Program Program


S.No. Title Outcome Outcome Specific Outcome
(CO) (PO) (PSO)
PO1, PO2, PO3, PO4,
PSO1, PSO2,
1. Assignment – Problems in Unit - I CO1 PO5, PO6, PO7, PO9,
PSO3
PO11
PO1, PO2, PO3, PO5,
PSO1, PSO2,
2. Quiz – Unit - II CO2 PO6, PO7, PO8, PO9,
PSO3
PO11, PO12
PO1, PO3, PO4, PO5,
PSO1, PSO2,
3. Assignment – Problems in Unit - III CO3 PO6, PO7, PO8, PO9,
PSO3
PO12
Assignment – Fiber optic
4. CO4 PO4, PO8, PO12 PSO1, PSO3
measurements
Assignment – Ultra high capacity PO1, PO3, PO7, PO8,
5. CO5 PSO1, PSO3
networks PO11, PO12
 
 
CONTENT BEYOND SYLLABUS
 
Course Program Outcome Program
S.No. Title Outcome (PO) Specific Outcome (PSO)
(CO)
Fiber-In-The (Local) Loop PO1,PO2, PO3,PO6, PSO1, PSO2,
1. CO5
– FITL PO12 PSO3
 
 
ICT TOOL USAGE

Course Outcome
S.No. Tool Name Unit No.
(CO)
1. NPTEL 5 CO5
 
TUTORIALS

S.No. Title Course Outcome


-- Not Applicable --

COURSE SCHEDULE
Period
S.No. Date Topics to be Covered Book No. [Page No.]
Number
UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO OPTICAL FIBERS Target periods : 11
1. 25.06.18 3 Evolution of fiber optic system T-1 1
2. 2.07.18 3 Element of an Optical Fiber Transmission link T-1 7
3. 4.07.18 5 Total internal reflection, Acceptance angle T-2 14
4. 5.07.18 3 Numerical aperture, Skew rays Ray Optics T-2 16
5. 6.07.18 3 Optical Fiber Modes and Configurations T-2 24
6. 9.07.18 3 Mode theory of Circular Wave guides T-2 35
7. 11.07.18 5 Overview of Modes, Key Modal concepts T-2 35
8. 12.07.18 3 Linearly Polarized Modes T-2 36
9. 13.07.18 3 Single Mode Fibers, Graded Index fiber structure T-2 54
10. 16.07.18 3 Single Mode Fibers, Graded Index fiber structure T-2 54
11. 18.07.18 5 Quiz
Mode of Delivery:- [1] Lecture [2] Assignment
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Assignment – I:-Announcement : 09.07.18 ; Submission: 17.07.18

UNIT II SIGNAL DEGRADATION OPTICAL FIBERS Target periods : 11


19.07.18 3 Attenuation, Absorption losses, Scattering losses,
12. Bending Losses
T2–87
20.07.18 3 Core and Cladding losses, Signal Distortion in
13. T1 - 100
Optical Wave guides
14. 23.07.18 3 Information Capacity determination, Group Delay T1 - 105
15. 25.07.18 5 Material Dispersion, Wave guide Dispersion T1 - 106
16. 26.07.18 3 Wave guide Dispersion T1 - 106
17. 27.07.18 3 Signal distortion in SM fibers T1 - 109
18. 30.07.18 3 Polarization Mode dispersion T2 - 140
1.08.18 5 Intermodal dispersion, Pulse Broadening in GI
19. fibers
T2 - 113
20. 2.08.18 3 Mode Coupling Self – Study
Design Optimization of SM fibers, RI profile and
21. 3.08.18 3 cut-off wavelength
T1 -113

22. 6.08.18 3 Quiz


Mode of Delivery:- [1] Lecture [2] Quiz
Assignment – II:-Announcement : 1.08.18 ; Submission: 6.08.18

UNIT III FIBER OPTICAL SOURCES AND COUPLINGTarget periods : 9


8.08.18 5 Direct and indirect Band gap materials,
23. LED structures
T2 - 396
Light source materials, Quantum efficiency and
24. 9.08.18 3 LED power
T2 - 422
25. 10.08.18 3 Modulation of a LED T2 - 435
13.08.18 3 Lasers Diodes, Modes and Threshold condition,
26. Rate equations
T2 - 294
27. 15.08.18 5 External Quantum efficiency, Resonant frequencies T2 - 327
28. 16.08.18 3 Laser Diodes, Temperature effects T2 - 364
Introduction to Quantum laser, Fiber amplifiers,
29. 17.08.18 3 Power Launching and coupling
T2 - 378
30. 20.08.18 3 Lencing schemes Self – Study
Fiber-to-Fiber joints, Fiber splicing-Signal to Noise
31. 22.08.18 5 ratio, Detector response time
T2 - 217
Mode of Delivery:- [1] Lecture [2] Assignment
Assignment – III:-Announcement : 20.08.18 ; Submission: 27.08.18

UNIT IV FIBER OPTIC RECEIVER AND MEASUREMENTSTarget periods : 9


32. 23.08.18 3 Fundamental receiver operation, Pre amplifiers T1 - 250
33. 24.08.18 3 Error sources, Receiver Configuration T1 - 252
34. 27.08.18 3 Probability of Error, Quantum limit T1 - 255
35. 29.08.18 5 Fiber Attenuation measurements T2 - 909
36. 30.08.18 3 Dispersion measurements T2 - 919
37. 31.08.18 3 Fiber Refractive index profile measurements T2 - 926
38. 3.09.18 3 Fiber cut-off Wave length Measurements T2 - 934
39. 5.09.18 5 Fiber Numerical Aperture Measurements T2 - 938
40. 6.09.18 3 Fiber diameter measurements T2 - 941
Mode of Delivery:- [1] Lecture [2] Assignment
Assignment – IV:-Announcement : 6.09.18 ; Submission: 12.09.18

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UNIT V OPTICAL NETWORKS AND SYSTEM TRANSMISSION Target periods : 10
41. 7.09.18 3 Basic Networks, SONET / SDH T2 - 967
42. 10.09.18 3 Broadcast–and–select WDM Networks T2 - 976
43. 12.09.18 5 Wavelength Routed Networks T2 - 992
44. 13.09.18 3 Non linear effects on Network performance T1 - 429
45. 14.09.18 3 Link Power budget, Rise time budget T1 - 522
46. 17.09.18 3 Noise Effects on System Performance T1 - 535
http://nptel.ac.in/courses/
Operational Principles of WDM, Performance of 117101054/downloads/
47. 19.09.18 5 WDM + EDFA system lect19.1.pdf, lect19.2.pdf
& lect20.pdf
48. 20.09.18 3 Optical CDMA T2 - 777
49. 21.09.18 3 Ultra High Capacity Networks T2 - 890
D.P.Malley and
O.K.Tonguz, "Fiber in
the loop: where and
when is it feasible?",
50. 24.09.18 3 Beyond the syllabus:-Fiber-In-The (Local) Loop IEEE Journal on
Selected Areas in
Communications, Vol.
10, No. 9, Aug. 1992,
pp. 1523 - 1544.
Mode of Delivery:- [1] Lecture [2]Assignment [3]Seminar
Assignment – V:-Announcement : 20.09.18 ; Submission: 26.09.18

WEB RESOURCES
 www.nptel.iitm.ac.in www.spoken-tutorial.org
 Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) websites www.eetimes.com

TEXT BOOKS

Book No. Title of the Book Author Publisher Year


Mc Graw -Hill
T1 Optical Fiber Communication Gerd Keiser 2010
International (4th Ed.)
Pearson Education
T2 Optical Fiber Communication John M. Senior 2007
(2nd Ed.)

REFERENCE BOOKS

Book No. Title of the Book Author Publisher Year

Ramaswami,
R1 Optical Networks Morgan Kaufmann 2009
Sivarajan and Sasaki

Optical Communication, Principles Prentice Hall of India


R2 J.Senior 2008
and Practice (3rd Ed.)

R3 Optical Communication System J.Gower Prentice Hall of India 2001

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VISION OF THE DEPARTMENT

To promote as a center of excellence in educational and research activities related to electronics and
communication engineering and its allied areas.

MISSION OF THE DEPARTMENT


To create educational and research environment to meet ever changing and ever demanding needs of
electronics and communication industry along with IT and other interdisciplinary fields.
To mould the students to become ethically upright and recognized as responsible engineers.

PROGRAM EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES

PEO 1. To prepare graduates with a strong foundation in Engineering science and Technology with
more emphasis in Electronics and Communication Engineering and its allied areas.
PEO 2. To prepare the students to pursue successful career in industry and to motivate them for higher
education.
PEO 3. To prepare the graduates to sustain as good professional, researcher and to practice them in
emerging technologies through lifelong learning.
PEO 4. To impart students with ethical standards, professional excellence through effective
communication skills, team work, multi disciplinary projects and social responsibility.

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PROGRAM OUTCOMES

Engineering Graduates will be able to

PO 1. Engineering knowledge: Apply the knowledge of mathematics, science, engineering fundamentals,


and an engineering specialization to the solution of complex engineering problems.
PO 2. Problem analysis: Identify, formulate, research literature, and analyze complex engineering
problems reaching substantiated conclusions using first principles of mathematics, natural sciences,
and engineering sciences.
PO 3. Design/development of solutions: Design solutions for complex engineering problems and design
system components or processes that meet the specified needs with appropriate consideration for the
public health and safety, and the cultural, societal, and environmental considerations.
PO 4. Conduct investigations of complex problems: Use research-based knowledge and research
methods including design of experiments, analysis and interpretation of data, and synthesis of the
information to provide valid conclusions.
PO 5. Modern tool usage: Create, select, and apply appropriate techniques, resources, and modern
engineering and IT tools including prediction and modeling to complex engineering activities with
an understanding of the limitations.
PO 6. The engineer and society: Apply reasoning informed by the contextual knowledge to assess
societal, health, safety, legal and cultural issues and the consequent responsibilities relevant to the
professional engineering practice.
PO 7. Environment and sustainability: Understand the impact of the professional engineering solutions
in societal and environmental contexts, and demonstrate the knowledge of, and need for sustainable
development.
PO 8. Ethics: Apply ethical principles and commit to professional ethics and responsibilities and norms of
the engineering practice.
PO 9. Individual and team work: Function effectively as an individual, and as a member or leader in
diverse teams, and in multidisciplinary settings.
PO 10. Communication: Communicate effectively on complex engineering activities with the engineering
community and with society at large, such as, being able to comprehend and write effective reports
and design documentation, make effective presentations, and give and receive clear instructions.
PO 11. Project management and finance: Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the engineering
and management principles and apply these to one’s own work, as a member and leader in a team, to
manage projects and in multidisciplinary environments.
PO 12. Life-long learning: Recognize the need for, and have the preparation and ability to engage in
independent and life-long learning in the broadest context of technological change.

PROGRAM SPECIFIC OUTCOMES


PSO 1. Apply the fundamental knowledge of mathematics, engineering science to identify, formulate,
research and solve electronics and communication engineering problems in the areas of antenna
design, embedded systems, image processing, VLSI design, wireless communication systems
and sensor networks.
PSO 2. Design of analog and digital electronic circuits by using modern engineering and computing
tools and develop a system component to meet specific needs by considering public health,
safety, societal and environmental issues.
PSO 3. Apply ethical issues, social environmental impact and managerial skills to serve the society and
communicate the engineering activities effectively to engineering community.

STAFF INCHARGE HOD/ECE


[Mr.S.C.Sivaprakash]

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