Different Types of Timber Flooring

Timber Blocks
These are usually made of a hardwood species laid on a screed of concrete. They are laid in a herringbone or brick bond and basket pattern. They require a dry and stable atmosphere. The blocks are jointed with tongue and grove edges and fixed with an adhesive.

Floor Boards
These make up part of the construction of some houses; timber tongue and groove floorboards are fixed with nails to the floor joists. With the increased use of concrete substrate floors, a timber floorboard finish can be achieved by fixing battens into a concrete screed. Uplifting carpet and finding timber floorboards is a great coup as sanded and polished they provide a simple form of redecoration.

Parquet
This is used mainly for high quality domestic projects. It is available in square panels that hold all the timber pieces together. It is fixed by gluing to the base substrate, which is required to be level and free of lumps. The style of parquet is usually three fingers of timber facing vertical with three adjacent facing horizontal and so on. They are available with a prefinished coated surface or raw and require a polyurethane coating finish.

Chipboard
This is made of chips of timber combined with urea formaldehyde resins bonded to form a board. It is fixed by nailing to timber joists. It is a cheap product with a moderate wearability. Its surface looks like cork when it is sealed.

Bamboo floors are gaining popularity. Bamboo floors are available in a variety of constructions, designs and finishes. A bamboo floor is essentially a type of engineered wood floor. Installing it is therefore relatively easy. The ease with which a bamboo floor can be installed depends on the type of subfloor over which you are planning to install it. Bamboo floors are not technically made of wood. Though they are harder than most hardwoods, they are actually a form of grass. Often grown in China and other regions of Asia, these hollow shoots are cut down, sliced into strips, and then laminated together to look like traditional wooden plants. They often come

If hardwood flooring gives a home a traditional elegance. there is strand woven where the appearance is the same as other styles. . revealing the plant¶s growth rings (also called ³knuckles´) for a more natural look. allowing your floors to have a tight. but the strips are uniquely coated. fire. Bamboo flooring is flexible! Though stronger than most hardwoods. and flexible enough to fit any room dimensions. easy to cut for installation. thinner rows. The ornate floors that you might imagine in a palace or museum are high-end examples of parquet flooring. On the other hand.in only two shades: their natural light-colored tint or they can be boiled²often called carbonized²for a darker look. and stain resistant. which is when the planks are laid flat on the ground. compressed. on any type of sub-floor. Benefits of bamboo flooring: y y y Due to its strength. and milled to retain an even greater strength. it is still lightweight. so any contractor should be able to take care of it. There is no accent carpet or rug anywhere that will give you the same kind of visual interest as a parquet floor. It is mildew. Using the parquet as a border can give a room an extra flair without making the price too exorbitant. intricate look. Mixing and Matching with Borders y y Something else you might consider with parquet flooring is framing the design with a regular border or using the parquet itself as a border. In case you don¶t know exactly what parquet flooring is. bamboo flooring is often impervious to dents and lasts a long time (it often come with a 10-20 year warranty). A Unique Choice: Parquet Flooring Parquet flooring can involve cutting a uniform wood into geometrical pieces to give the floor a pattern or it can involve more complex splicing of different woods to give a fully custom made appearance. Bamboo will stand up to the test of time. parquet flooring is a step beyond the regular straight planking of wood flooring. Its installation is like that of any other wood product. so that the strips appear in longer. pest. Installation of Bamboo Flooring Bamboo floors can be installed in any room. Finally. Another option is vertical style where the strips are laminated on their sides. it¶s any form of ornamental design associated with wood flooring. You may lay bamboo horizontal style. no matter how beautiful the design. framing the parquet with a regular plank border emphasizes the parquet.

Prefinished wood can be installed much more quickly. Cherry.y When done well. Wood Flooring Finishes When installing a wood floor one can obtain either pre finished or unfinished wood depending on one¶s taste and time available for installation. y y Softwood Flooring Softwood flooring is obtained from fast growing and evergreen trees like Pine. The wood floor in this case is installed over a sub floor of concrete. . tiles. trees that shed their leaves usually in autumn or in winter. These are mostly deciduous trees i. etc. sand board. If unfinished wood is chosen it will require a lot of sanding and coating before the installation is complete resulting in plenty of sawdust and odors during installation. stapling. Wood flooring may be obtained from used railway sleepers. Maple. Soft woods are generally not suited for flooring but some species like pine can be a good flooring choice. demolished houses or from sustainably managed forests. Ambience and warmth ± Wood flooring creates an ambience that is difficult to imitate even when one uses the best imitation vinyl. You may also choose to install a floating floor. Wood flooring is often maligned for being responsible for rampant logging. Wood flooring imparts grace and character to any room. laminate or other material and is free to move over the sub floor. Spruce.e. Installing hardwood flooring increases the value of any property. and Poplar.. Wood is a flooring material that adds economic value to any property. and gluing are some of the common techniques used to install a wood floor. Wood Flooring Installation Nailing. parquet borders make the floor take on the absolutely stunning appearance of an area rug made from wood. Pine trees accumulate tannins in their wood and these make the wood tough and resistant to pests. But for the ecologically conscious there are several sustainable wood flooring options available now. y y y Two types of wood flooring Hardwood Flooring Hardwood flooring is obtained from plants like Oak. Advantages of Wood Flooring y y Hardwood flooring adds value to a property ± Hardwood flooring is not a favorite of homeowners for nothing. These trees have narrow vessels in their stem and this makes the wood dense and hard. The advantage of unfinished wood is that it may be possible to get a finish and texture that is not available in prefinished wood.

Wood flooring is therefore an excellent choice for people suffering from allergies. There are more choices of materials. Area rugs installed in areas that see heavy use ensure that a wood floor requires less maintenance. . Bleaches and harsh chemical detergents are a strict no when it comes to cleaning and maintaining wood floors . Versatility ± Wood floors can be painted to change the look of a room. Easy to change and replace ± compared to ceramic tiles and stone it is easy to change wood flooring or to replace a damaged portion. Wide range of choices ± Wood flooring comes in a truly mind boggling variety of choices. textures. That is part of the reason it has become increasingly popular. Maintenance of Wood Flooring Wiping with a damp mop is usually sufficient for daily care of a wood floor. One can also choose to apply a polyurethane coat over a wood floor that will dramatically enhance its life. It is possible to add a theme to any room by painting suitable design on a wood floor. It can also be damaged by pests like termites. and better durability than ever before. Furniture glides ensure that the floor is not scratched when heavy furniture is shifted. In a kids room for example board games painted on the floor can add a dash of spice. Disadvantages of Wood Flooring Wood flooring and its installation is expensive. it requires more care than many other flooring options and is not suited to areas that see water seepage or use. It also comes in a variety of price ranges. Vinyl tile flooring has come a long way in the last ten or fifteen years.y y y y Healthy and hygienic ± Wood flooring does not trap pollen and dust particles like carpets and grouts of tile flooring can. There are the traditional maples and oaks and then there are the imported varieties that are sure to be any home owners delight and his neighbor¶s envy. colors. so you can find a vinyl flooring choice in your price range even if you are on a budget.

put together look. It does not absorb moisture and doesn¶t require any special maintenance. Peel and stick installation makes it perfect for do-it-yourselfers. Its popularity in construction is mainly due to its durability and low cost as compared to other kinds of stone flooring. durability. marble. This will save you money when you don¶t have to hire a professional to put down your floor. This contributes to your indoor air pollution and can cause health problems if you do not have a way to remove these pollutants. why not use stone as your flooring? Stone is naturally strong. Granite stone flooring is also favored by many due to its easy cleaning and . If this is a major concern of yours there are other green flooring choices available. easy to install and has lots of color and pattern options. limestone. Vinyl tile is easy to afford. You are sure to find just the right floor in your price range with vinyl tile. we can still observe the majesty and awesomeness of this world¶s wonders. Vinyl tile is easy to clean. Types of Stone Flooring y Granite Stone Flooring Granite stone remains to be one of the hardest materials known to man. Other buildings that made use of stone in their construction include Roman and Greek temples as well as other notable structures in China and India. or granite. Advantages of vinyl tile flooring: y y y Vinyl tile is easy to install. formed from the depths of the earth through a combination of pressure and heat. Pretty amazing. Environmental Concerns of Vinyl Tile Although vinyl tile has many advantages. You can mix and match colors and patterns for a fun floor. slate. there has been some concern over the release of VOC¶s (Volatile Organic Compounds) into the air inside your home. and long life of stones. The use of stone in the construction of buildings and other structures dates back to 2500 BC at the time when the first pyramids (considered as the first structures to be built in stone) were being constructed in Egypt. These structures are but living testaments of the strength. or go with just one choice for a seamless. To this day. One of Mother Earth¶s products.Vinyl tile flooring is durable. isn¶t it? If you want your home to have this kind of long lasting material. natural stone may be travertine.

That just shows how versatile the designs of this flooring are. cork. The only downside to marble flooring maybe its expensive cost but if you are someone who invests in things that last lifetimes. Black. Slate flooring is best if you love a rustic and old world look. Other than that. The process by which slate is created makes it extremely strong and tough. It is also available in a wide array of colors: white. brown.maintenance. green. you just need a broom or vacuum and a damp mop to clean this type of flooring. rubber. These are the more famous structures that used marble in its construction. kitchen. gray. It is also much more affordable as compared to the other kinds of stone flooring available. y Marble Stone Flooring The US White House and India¶s Taj Mahal. and ceramics. The impurities in the clay and silt make up the varied texture and appearance found in different designs of slate. and even outdoors. Stone floors have a low moisture content and if sealed properly. y Slate Flooring Slate comes from a combination of silt and clay that is bonded together at very high temperatures. Stone flooring can be a terrific display in any setting. black. to different shades of green and black. Stone Flooring Cons . just like the other kinds of stone flooring. become absolutely water resistant and is suitable for use in the bathroom. limestone flooring is also a hit in the world of architecture and carpentry as it affords them a lot of choices in terms of colors and appearances. then marble stone flooring is a good choice for you. purple. Colors for marble stone flooring range from white. slate is more appealing to buyers as it is not as expensive as granite and marble. Price-wise. Stone flooring only needs yearly sealing to maintain its stain resistance. Stone Flooring Benefits y y y y Stone flooring surpasses the strength and durability of other types of flooring available like hardwood. peach/pink. blue. y Limestone Flooring Although not as hard as granite or marble. Easy cleaning and maintenance. and gray. Marble flooring transforms an ordinary looking building into a royal and regal structure. and other neutral shades are the most common colors of granite flooring. Its long life is also a factor that you and the many generations after you will like. green.

its look definitely compensates for its high cost. installation can be quite difficult. such as carpets. it is therefore recommended that a professional install your stone flooring. The most common types of flooring in India include y y y y y y y y Marble flooring Tile flooring Concrete flooring Laminate flooring Vinyl flooring Ceramic flooring Hardwood flooring Bamboo floorin Flooring materials The choice of material for floor covering is affected by factors such as cost. kitchens or bathrooms during the period of construction. Stone flooring is expensive as compared to other flooring materials. Besides majestic POP and decorative items. Hence. see: y y Earthen floor adobe or clay floors Solid ground floor cement screed or granolithic . High cost. you may take the advice of interior decorators to select appropriate floor coverings. the home should have a great flooring too. There are many types of flooring and each one is marked with some distinguishing features. After the construction is over. Some types of flooring must not be installed below grade (lower than ground level). noise insulation.y y y Because of its hardness. Flooring goes a long way in giving a neat look to your sweet home. always use the right kind of flooring to give your home an enhanced look. The shimmering floors add spice to the decor of the house. Stone flooring gets really cold during wintertime. in sync with the décor of your home. endurance. Types of Flooring in India It is basically your home architect who choose the type of materials to be used as flooring in living rooms. The decor of your home finds a new expression with the choice of appropriate flooring materials blending well with its interior architecture. and laminate or hardwood should be avoided where there may be moisture or condensation. The sub-floor may be finished in a way that makes it usable without any extra work. A good remedy to this is to install infloor heating or place rugs and carpets on the area. However. comfort and cleaning effort. bed rooms. rugs or mattresses etc.

and textures. Cork floors are very durable due to their honeycomb cellular structure. Laminate may be more durable than hardwood. extends wall-to-wall. Rugs may either be temporarily attached to the flooring below by adhesive tape or other methods to prevent creep. It is available in many different patterns. Hardwoods are typically much more durable than softwoods. cork (sheet or tile). and cannot be moved from place to place. and can have glue or glues-less installation. rubber. have a finished edge. An underlay can extend carpet life and improve comfort. but are smaller than the room in which they are located. Reclaimed lumber has a unique appearance and is green. [edit] Wood flooring Many different species of wood are fabricated into wood flooring in two primary forms: plank and parquet. It usually locks or taps together. [edit] Hard flooring . [2] [edit] Resilient flooring Resilient flooring is made of material that has some elasticity. or may be loose-laid. It includes many different manufactured products including linoleum. Laminate flooring is available in many different patterns which can resemble different woods or even ceramic tile. Laminate is a floor covering that appears similar to hardwood but is made with a plywood or medium density fiberboard ("MDF") core with a plastic laminate top layer. Cork flooring comes in both tiles and planks. and usually lie over another finished floor such as wood flooring. sheet vinyl. Cork Flooring is a flooring material manufactured from the by-product of the cork oak tree. HDF laminate consists of high density fiberboard topped by one or more layers of decorative paper and a transparent protective layer. though technically not a wood. vinyl composition tile (VCT).[edit] Soft coverings Carpet is a floor covering woven or felted from natural or man-made fibers. colors. but cannot be refinished like hardwood. Fitted carpet is attached to the floor structure. allowing compress up to 40% and then returning back to its normal shape. Bamboo flooring is a floor manufactured from the bamboo plant and is a type of hardwood flooring. Performance surfaces used for dance or athletics are made of either wood or resilient flooring. Rugs are also woven or felted from fibers. and others. Bamboo is known to be durable and environmentally friendly. Cork floors are considered to be eco-friendly since the cork oak tree bark is stripped every nine to ten years and doesn't damage the tree.

porcelain tile. Slate and marble are popular types of stone flooring. New technologies are emerging since 2004 to produce hard floorings having the ability to light up when needed. Stone flooring is usually set in mortar and grouted similar to ceramic tile. A Mosaic consists of many small pieces of stone arranged to form a design or picture and are common in cultural and religious centers. urethane or epoxy compounds which are applied in liquid form to provide a completely seamless . These are usually latex. and others. and thicknesses for use as flooring. Many different natural stones are cut into a variety of sizes. Varieties include quarry tile. terracotta tile. shapes. [edit] Seamless chemical flooring Many different seamless flooring materials are available. polyester.Ceramic tiles flooring in Istanbul street Ceramic tile includes a wide variety of clay products fired into thin units which are set in beds of mortar or mastic with the joints between tiles grouted. These security glazing materials contain transparent LED embedded films laminated between glass[3]: Terrazzo consists of marble or other stone aggregate set in mortar and ground and polished to a smooth surface.

These are usually found in wet areas such as laboratories or food processing plants.com http://www.ehow. It is thought that sustainable flooring creates safer and healthier buildings and guarantees a future for tradi Function Strength and longevity are two main attributes of porcelain mosaic tile. but should only be used in light to medium traffic areas. Luxurious hardwoods or shimmering glass indicate style and elegance. lending itself beautifully to bathroom application.com/about_4616111_whatmosaic-flooring. Read more: What Is Mosaic Flooring? | eHow. Mosaic hardwood flooring sets a distinctive tone for any home or office with patterns limited only by your imagination and your wallet. mosaic flooring is usually not slippery when wet. The clean lines of porcelain or ceramic mosaic flooring suggest an attention to detail while pebble mosaics show preference to a more natural beauty.floor covering. These may have granular or rubberized particles added to give better traction. Due to the numerous grout lines. Glass and ceramic are also good choices for flooring. Effects The effects of mosaic flooring can change the feel of your home or office.html#ixzz10q1Hf2OO . [edit] Sustainable flooring Main article: Sustainable flooring Sustainable flooring is produced from sustainable materials (and by a sustainable process) that reduces demands on ecosystems during its life-cycle.

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