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You are on page 1of 8

REPORT

Site ID

CONTENTS

1 Introduction 3

Attachments

Attachment-2 PIT report

Attachment-3 Soil report after conctruction

------------------------------------------ -----------------------------------

Prep. By : KM Chkd. by : SSR

Site Name

PILE FOUNDATION DESIGN VALIDATION REPORT

Site ID

Section : 2

DESIGN CHECKING SPECIFICATIONS

I) Tower height = 40 m

Compression = 62364

Tension = 57742

T.shear = 3467

L. shear = 0

= 5.20 @ 1.0m depth

construction

VI) Ultimate Load carrying capacity (for Group)

a) Compression capacity = 465.3 T

b) Tension capacity = 407.5 T

Concrete = 20 N/mm^2 * Assumed same as

Steel = 415 N/mm^2 original foundation design

------------------------------------------ -----------------------------------

Prep. By : KM Chkd. by : SSR

Site Name PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION

Site ID (UNDER REAMED PILES)

1 Uniform Shaft Piles (only for sandy soils)

2 2 2

Qu = AP.(1/2.D. .N + .df.Nq)+Aa.(1/2.Du.n. .N + .Nq. dr)+1/2. .D. .K.tan (d1 +df -dn )

Qu = {Ap.Nc.Cp+Aa.Nc.C'a+C'a.A's+ .Ca..As}+{AP.(1/2.D. .N + .df.Nq)+Aa.(1/2.Du.n. .N + .Nq. dr)

2 2 2

+1/2. .D. .K.tan (d1 +df -dn )}

a) Pile Geometry

Diameter of pile D = 60 cm

Length of single pile Df = 1000 cm

No. of piles under each pile cap (Group) n = 4

Depth of pile cap T = 60 cm

Depth of bulb from GL D1 = 1117.5 cm

Diameter of bulb D' = 150 cm

Length of bulb = 105 cm 1200 1350

No. of bulbs n = 1 11.925 900

Factor of Safety = 2 11.175 450 1050

(As per IS:2911(part-1/sec-2), CL: 5.8.3)

b) Soil Parameters

Depth of ground water table = 3.56 m

Layer-1 (top layer) Layer-2 Layer-3 Layer-4 (last layer)

Sl. No. Item

From To From To From To From To

1 Depth interval (m) 0.0 2.70 2.70 4.0 4.0 8.0 8.0 12.70

2 Depth of Layer (cm) 270 130 400 470

3 Soil Type Silty Clay Silty Sand Silty Sand Silty Sand

4 Cohesion (kgf/cm^2) 0 0.29 0.29 0.29

5 Angle of internal friction 0 6 6 6

6 Effective unit wt. (kgf/cm^3) 0.0019 0.0019 0.00094 0.00094

Bearing capacity factors

Nc 9 9 9 9

7

Nq 1.0 1.8 1.8 1.8

Ny 0.0 0.6 0.6 0.6

8 Passive earth resistance, Ka*y*h 0.770 1.140 1.704 2.367

c) Constants

Coefficient of Earth Pressure K = 1.5 (Avg. value as per IS:2911 (part-1/sec-2))

Reduction factor = 0.5 (As per IS:2911 (part-1/sec-2) )

d) Calculation

d.1) Layer wise

a. Based on angle of internal friction

i End Bearing component from shaft tip - - - 7074

ii Skin friction component from shaft 0 2459 11269 18952

iii End Bearing component from bulb - - - -

iv Skin friction component from bulb - - - 41854

b. Based on cohesion

i End Bearing component from shaft tip - - - 7380

ii Skin friction component from shaft 0 3553 10933 12846

iii End Bearing component from bulb - - - 38743

iv Skin friction component from bulb - - - 7175

d.2) Sum of layers

a. Based on angle of internal friction Load in compression (Kg) Load in Tension (Kg)

i End Bearing component from shaft tip 7074 0

ii Skin friction component from shaft 32680 32680

iii End Bearing component from bulb 0 0

iv Skin friction component from bulb 41854 41854

b. Based on cohesion

i End Bearing component from shaft tip 7379.6 0.0

ii Skin friction component from shaft 27331.9 27331.9

ii End Bearing component from bulb 38742.9 38742.9

iii Skin friction component from bulb 7174.6 7174.6

Load carrying capacities

Compression (T) Tension (T) Compression (T) Tension (T)

Ultimate load carrying capacity 162.2 147.8 465.3 407.5

Safe load carrying capacity 81.1 73.9 232.6 203.7

Site Name Foundation Design Checking

Site ID (Original design loading)

Compression = 62364 kg

Tension = 57742 kg

Transverse shear = 3467 kg

Longitudinal shear = 0 kg

Group efficiency 1

b) Pile capacities (single)

Safe capacity of pile in Compression = 162240 kg

Safe capacity of pile in Tension = 147780 kg

c) Geometry of Foundation

Size of chimney = 0.7 m

Height of chimney above GL = 0.4 m

Height of chimney below GL = 0.8 m

Diameter of Pile = 0.4 m

Length of Pile Cap = 2.70 m

Width of Pile Cap = 2.70 m

Thickness of pile Cap = 0.8 m

Safe bearing capacity at pile cap bottom = 5.2 T/m^2

Length of Pile = 10.00 m

Number of Piles (per leg) = 4 Nos

Unit weight of concrete = 2500 kg/m^3

d) Material properties

Grade of concrete = 20 N/mm^2

Yield stress of rebar = 415 N/mm^2

Clear cover = 75 mm

Factor of safety (Structural deisgn) = 1.5

Volume calculations

Volume of pile cap = 5.83 m^3

Volume of piles (per leg) = 5.03 m^3

Volume of chimney = 0.59 m^3

Total Volume of concrete = 11.45 m^3

Self wt. of foundation = 28616 kg

= (Total volume x Density of concrete)

Net compression load on foundation = 90980 kg

= (Compression load + Self wt. of foundation)

Ultimate capacity of piles in compression (Group) = 648960 Kg

= (No of pile x Ult. capacity )

FOS against pile capacities = 7.13

~ 2.5 Hence safe

Site Name Foundation Design Checking

Site ID (Original design loading)

Area of pile cap = 0.00 m^2

Actual bearing pressure (ultimate) = 0 kg/sq.m

Ultimate soil bearing capacity = 0 kg/sq.m

Utilization precentage NA

Load shared by pile 259584 285% < 25 %, Advantage

Load shared by cap 0 0% can be taken

Self wt. of foundation (excluding wt. of piles) = 16050 kg

Tower uplift Load = 57742 kg

Net Load (Uplift) = 41692 kg

= (Uplift load - Self wt. of foundation)

Ultimate capacity of piles in uplift (Group) = 591120 Kg

= (No of pile x Uplift capacity )

FOS against uplift = 14.18

> 2.5 Hence safe

Site Name Foundation Design Checking

Site ID (Original design loading)

Length = 2.70 m

Width = 2.70 m

Thickness = 0.800 m

Number of piles (per row) = 2 No's

Diameter of bar considered = 16 mm

in Compression = 22745 kg

in Tension = 10423 kg

Max. Load Taken by Each Pile = 22745 kg

Distance of pile from face of column = 0.650 m

Due to pile = 29569 kg-m

Due to cap resistance = 0 kg-m

Total design moment (Mu) = 29569 kg-m

Factored design moment (Mu. fac) = 435 KN-m

Effective depth required (d. eff.req) = 242 mm

Provided Effective Depth (d. eff.pro) = 717 mm

=> Provided depth is sufficient

Steel Calculation

Mu/bd2

2

= 0.313 N/mm

Pt% of steel (from sp-16) For Fe415 = 0.089

2

Ast. required = 1718 mm

2

Min. area of steel as per IS:456-2000 = 2592 mm

2

Ast. to be provided = 2592 mm

Spacing required using 16mm dia. bars = 209 mm

Spacing provided using 16mm dia. bars = 150 mm

Utilization precentage 72 %

Provided reinforcement is sufficent

Max. axial Force = 76780 N

= (Compression load +self wt. of column )

Factored force = 115170 N

Width of critical section (B.eff) = 1417 mm

Depth of critical section (D.eff) = 717 mm

2

Actual Shear Stress(Tv) = 0.028 N/mm

= (Factored /( 4* B.eff * D.eff)

2

Permisible shear stress ( as per IS 456) 1.118 N/mm

= ks x 0.25 x sqrt(fck) > Actual Shear Stress Hence safe

Max. Unfactored Foundation forces

Compression 62364 kg

Tension 57742 kg

Transverse shear 3467 kg

Longitudinal shear 0 kg

Factor of safety for chimney design 1.5

Down thrust 93546 kg

Uplift 86613 kg

Side thrust (T) 5201 kg

Side thrust (L) 0 kg

Column details

Chimney size 0.700 m

Chimney length above ground level 0.400 m

Chimney length below ground level 0.800 m

Total length of the chimney 1.200 m

Transverse moment

Moment due to side thrust at the base of footing (Mux) 2080 kg-m

= 5200.5x(0.8+0.4)

Longitudinal moment

Moment due to side thrust at the base of footing (Muy) 0.0 kg-m

= 0x(0.8+0.4)

DIA Nos.

Steel reinforcement 20 12

25 0

Area of steel (mm2) 3770

Area of concrete (mm2) 486230

Percentage of steel (%) 0.77

Grade of concrete (N/mm2) 20

Grade of steel (N/mm2) 415

p t/fck 0.038

Cover to reinforcement (mm) 40.00

Eccy 61.00 5706.31 5283.393

COMPRESSION TENSION

WITH BENDING WITH BENDING

Puc (kg) 93546 kg 86613 kg

917373 N 849383 N

Puc/(Fck.b.d) 0.09 0.087

d' 53 mm 53 mm

d'/d 0.08 0.08

From the values Pu/(Fck.b.d) & d'/d & Pt/Fck using SP:16

Mu/Fck.b.d^2 0.083 0.024

Mux1 =Muy1 569380000 N-mm 166698000 N-mm

569 kN-M 167 kN-m

Puz 5549456 N 5549456 N

(0.45*20*486230)+(0.75*415*3770) 5549 kN 5549 kN

Pu/Puz 0.17 -0.15

Bi - axial bending check

(Muy/Muy1)^n + (Muz/Muz1)^n < 1.0 (as per IS:456)

n 'taken from IS:456 as (Pu/Puz) = 0.2 to 0.8. For "< 0.2" - take 1.0 & " >0.8"- take 2.0. # 0.2-0.8 -interpolate

n 1.00 1.00

(Mux/Mux1)^n + (Muy/Muy1)^n 0.24 0.75

SAFE SAFE

DESIGN OF STIRRUPS :

Dia. Of stirrup provided (mm) : 8

As per IS:456-2000 Spacing of stirrups

1. Least lateral dimension (mm) : 700

2. Sixteen times smallest diameter (mm) : 320

3. 300 mm.

Required 8 mm dia. @ 250 mm c/c

=> Provided steel 8mm dia @ 250 c/c . Hence ok

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