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Site Name PILE FOUNDATION DESIGN VALIDATION

REPORT
Site ID

CONTENTS

Section Description Page no.

1 Introduction 3

2 Design Checking Specifications 4

3 Design Summary Sheet 5

Attachments

Attachment-1 Foundation design drawing (Provided by client)


Attachment-2 PIT report
Attachment-3 Soil report after conctruction

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Prep. By : KM Chkd. by : SSR
Site Name
PILE FOUNDATION DESIGN VALIDATION REPORT
Site ID

Section : 2
DESIGN CHECKING SPECIFICATIONS

I) Tower height = 40 m

II) Tower type = 40m_GFT12

III) Base width of tower = 5.000 m

IV) Maximum Foundation Forces (Unfactored)(kg)

a) For Original tower design loadings


Compression = 62364
Tension = 57742
T.shear = 3467
L. shear = 0

V) Safe Bearing capacity of soil (T/m^2) = 5.60 @ 3.0m depth


= 5.20 @ 1.0m depth

Soil report after


construction
VI) Ultimate Load carrying capacity (for Group)
a) Compression capacity = 465.3 T
b) Tension capacity = 407.5 T

VII) Design standard = IS:456, IS:2911

VIII) Grade of materials *


Concrete = 20 N/mm^2 * Assumed same as
Steel = 415 N/mm^2 original foundation design

# Depth of water table (m) = 0.0

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Prep. By : KM Chkd. by : SSR
Site Name PILE CAPACITY CALCULATION
Site ID (UNDER REAMED PILES)

Formulas extracted from IS: 2911


1 Uniform Shaft Piles (only for sandy soils)
2 2 2
Qu = AP.(1/2.D. .N + .df.Nq)+Aa.(1/2.Du.n. .N + .Nq. dr)+1/2. .D. .K.tan (d1 +df -dn )

2 Uniform Shaft Piles (For both clayey & sandy soils)


Qu = {Ap.Nc.Cp+Aa.Nc.C'a+C'a.A's+ .Ca..As}+{AP.(1/2.D. .N + .df.Nq)+Aa.(1/2.Du.n. .N + .Nq. dr)
2 2 2
+1/2. .D. .K.tan (d1 +df -dn )}

a) Pile Geometry
Diameter of pile D = 60 cm
Length of single pile Df = 1000 cm
No. of piles under each pile cap (Group) n = 4
Depth of pile cap T = 60 cm
Depth of bulb from GL D1 = 1117.5 cm
Diameter of bulb D' = 150 cm
Length of bulb = 105 cm 1200 1350
No. of bulbs n = 1 11.925 900
Factor of Safety = 2 11.175 450 1050
(As per IS:2911(part-1/sec-2), CL: 5.8.3)

b) Soil Parameters
Depth of ground water table = 3.56 m
Layer-1 (top layer) Layer-2 Layer-3 Layer-4 (last layer)
Sl. No. Item
From To From To From To From To
1 Depth interval (m) 0.0 2.70 2.70 4.0 4.0 8.0 8.0 12.70
2 Depth of Layer (cm) 270 130 400 470
3 Soil Type Silty Clay Silty Sand Silty Sand Silty Sand
4 Cohesion (kgf/cm^2) 0 0.29 0.29 0.29
5 Angle of internal friction 0 6 6 6
6 Effective unit wt. (kgf/cm^3) 0.0019 0.0019 0.00094 0.00094
Bearing capacity factors
Nc 9 9 9 9
7
Nq 1.0 1.8 1.8 1.8
Ny 0.0 0.6 0.6 0.6
8 Passive earth resistance, Ka*y*h 0.770 1.140 1.704 2.367

c) Constants
Coefficient of Earth Pressure K = 1.5 (Avg. value as per IS:2911 (part-1/sec-2))
Reduction factor = 0.5 (As per IS:2911 (part-1/sec-2) )

d) Calculation
d.1) Layer wise
a. Based on angle of internal friction
i End Bearing component from shaft tip - - - 7074
ii Skin friction component from shaft 0 2459 11269 18952
iii End Bearing component from bulb - - - -
iv Skin friction component from bulb - - - 41854
b. Based on cohesion
i End Bearing component from shaft tip - - - 7380
ii Skin friction component from shaft 0 3553 10933 12846
iii End Bearing component from bulb - - - 38743
iv Skin friction component from bulb - - - 7175
d.2) Sum of layers
a. Based on angle of internal friction Load in compression (Kg) Load in Tension (Kg)
i End Bearing component from shaft tip 7074 0
ii Skin friction component from shaft 32680 32680
iii End Bearing component from bulb 0 0
iv Skin friction component from bulb 41854 41854
b. Based on cohesion
i End Bearing component from shaft tip 7379.6 0.0
ii Skin friction component from shaft 27331.9 27331.9
ii End Bearing component from bulb 38742.9 38742.9
iii Skin friction component from bulb 7174.6 7174.6

f) Ultimate & Safe Load carrying capacities

Single Pile Group


Load carrying capacities
Compression (T) Tension (T) Compression (T) Tension (T)
Ultimate load carrying capacity 162.2 147.8 465.3 407.5
Safe load carrying capacity 81.1 73.9 232.6 203.7
Site Name Foundation Design Checking
Site ID (Original design loading)

Case-I: Original design loading

a) Max. Unfactored Foundation forces


Compression = 62364 kg
Tension = 57742 kg
Transverse shear = 3467 kg
Longitudinal shear = 0 kg
Group efficiency 1
b) Pile capacities (single)
Safe capacity of pile in Compression = 162240 kg
Safe capacity of pile in Tension = 147780 kg

c) Geometry of Foundation
Size of chimney = 0.7 m
Height of chimney above GL = 0.4 m
Height of chimney below GL = 0.8 m
Diameter of Pile = 0.4 m
Length of Pile Cap = 2.70 m
Width of Pile Cap = 2.70 m
Thickness of pile Cap = 0.8 m
Safe bearing capacity at pile cap bottom = 5.2 T/m^2
Length of Pile = 10.00 m
Number of Piles (per leg) = 4 Nos
Unit weight of concrete = 2500 kg/m^3

d) Material properties
Grade of concrete = 20 N/mm^2
Yield stress of rebar = 415 N/mm^2
Clear cover = 75 mm
Factor of safety (Structural deisgn) = 1.5

e) Check for Bearing


Volume calculations
Volume of pile cap = 5.83 m^3
Volume of piles (per leg) = 5.03 m^3
Volume of chimney = 0.59 m^3
Total Volume of concrete = 11.45 m^3
Self wt. of foundation = 28616 kg
= (Total volume x Density of concrete)
Net compression load on foundation = 90980 kg
= (Compression load + Self wt. of foundation)
Ultimate capacity of piles in compression (Group) = 648960 Kg
= (No of pile x Ult. capacity )
FOS against pile capacities = 7.13
~ 2.5 Hence safe
Site Name Foundation Design Checking
Site ID (Original design loading)

Ultimate load to be transferred through pile cap bearing = 0 kg


Area of pile cap = 0.00 m^2
Actual bearing pressure (ultimate) = 0 kg/sq.m
Ultimate soil bearing capacity = 0 kg/sq.m
Utilization precentage NA

Decision box % Check


Load shared by pile 259584 285% < 25 %, Advantage
Load shared by cap 0 0% can be taken

f) Check for Uplift


Self wt. of foundation (excluding wt. of piles) = 16050 kg
Tower uplift Load = 57742 kg
Net Load (Uplift) = 41692 kg
= (Uplift load - Self wt. of foundation)
Ultimate capacity of piles in uplift (Group) = 591120 Kg
= (No of pile x Uplift capacity )
FOS against uplift = 14.18
> 2.5 Hence safe
Site Name Foundation Design Checking
Site ID (Original design loading)

g) Design of pile cap

Number of piles = 4 No's


Length = 2.70 m
Width = 2.70 m
Thickness = 0.800 m
Number of piles (per row) = 2 No's
Diameter of bar considered = 16 mm

Load on Each Pile


in Compression = 22745 kg
in Tension = 10423 kg
Max. Load Taken by Each Pile = 22745 kg
Distance of pile from face of column = 0.650 m

Moment at face of chimney


Due to pile = 29569 kg-m
Due to cap resistance = 0 kg-m
Total design moment (Mu) = 29569 kg-m
Factored design moment (Mu. fac) = 435 KN-m
Effective depth required (d. eff.req) = 242 mm
Provided Effective Depth (d. eff.pro) = 717 mm
=> Provided depth is sufficient

Steel Calculation
Mu/bd2
2
= 0.313 N/mm
Pt% of steel (from sp-16) For Fe415 = 0.089
2
Ast. required = 1718 mm
2
Min. area of steel as per IS:456-2000 = 2592 mm
2
Ast. to be provided = 2592 mm
Spacing required using 16mm dia. bars = 209 mm
Spacing provided using 16mm dia. bars = 150 mm
Utilization precentage 72 %
Provided reinforcement is sufficent

h) Check for Two Way Shear


Max. axial Force = 76780 N
= (Compression load +self wt. of column )
Factored force = 115170 N
Width of critical section (B.eff) = 1417 mm
Depth of critical section (D.eff) = 717 mm
2
Actual Shear Stress(Tv) = 0.028 N/mm
= (Factored /( 4* B.eff * D.eff)
2
Permisible shear stress ( as per IS 456) 1.118 N/mm
= ks x 0.25 x sqrt(fck) > Actual Shear Stress Hence safe
Max. Unfactored Foundation forces
Compression 62364 kg
Tension 57742 kg
Transverse shear 3467 kg
Longitudinal shear 0 kg
Factor of safety for chimney design 1.5

Factored foundation forces :


Down thrust 93546 kg
Uplift 86613 kg
Side thrust (T) 5201 kg
Side thrust (L) 0 kg

Column details
Chimney size 0.700 m
Chimney length above ground level 0.400 m
Chimney length below ground level 0.800 m
Total length of the chimney 1.200 m

Moments at the base of the chimney


Transverse moment
Moment due to side thrust at the base of footing (Mux) 2080 kg-m
= 5200.5x(0.8+0.4)

Longitudinal moment
Moment due to side thrust at the base of footing (Muy) 0.0 kg-m
= 0x(0.8+0.4)

DIA Nos.
Steel reinforcement 20 12
25 0
Area of steel (mm2) 3770
Area of concrete (mm2) 486230
Percentage of steel (%) 0.77
Grade of concrete (N/mm2) 20
Grade of steel (N/mm2) 415
p t/fck 0.038
Cover to reinforcement (mm) 40.00

Eccx 63.00 5893.40 5456.619


Eccy 61.00 5706.31 5283.393
COMPRESSION TENSION
WITH BENDING WITH BENDING
Puc (kg) 93546 kg 86613 kg
917373 N 849383 N
Puc/(Fck.b.d) 0.09 0.087
d' 53 mm 53 mm
d'/d 0.08 0.08
From the values Pu/(Fck.b.d) & d'/d & Pt/Fck using SP:16
Mu/Fck.b.d^2 0.083 0.024
Mux1 =Muy1 569380000 N-mm 166698000 N-mm
569 kN-M 167 kN-m
Puz 5549456 N 5549456 N
(0.45*20*486230)+(0.75*415*3770) 5549 kN 5549 kN
Pu/Puz 0.17 -0.15
Bi - axial bending check
(Muy/Muy1)^n + (Muz/Muz1)^n < 1.0 (as per IS:456)
n 'taken from IS:456 as (Pu/Puz) = 0.2 to 0.8. For "< 0.2" - take 1.0 & " >0.8"- take 2.0. # 0.2-0.8 -interpolate
n 1.00 1.00
(Mux/Mux1)^n + (Muy/Muy1)^n 0.24 0.75
SAFE SAFE

DESIGN OF STIRRUPS :

Min. dia of stirrup required (mm) : 6.25


Dia. Of stirrup provided (mm) : 8
As per IS:456-2000 Spacing of stirrups
1. Least lateral dimension (mm) : 700
2. Sixteen times smallest diameter (mm) : 320
3. 300 mm.
Required 8 mm dia. @ 250 mm c/c
=> Provided steel 8mm dia @ 250 c/c . Hence ok