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International Journal of Operations Research and Information

Systems
Volume 9 • Issue 2 • April-June 2018 • ISSN: 1947-9328 • eISSN: 1947-9336
An official publication of the Information Resources Management Association

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
John Wang, Montclair State University, USA

MANAGING EDITOR
Steve Bin Zhou, University of Houston-Downtown, USA

INTERNATIONAL ADVISORY BOARD


Yuval Cohen, Tel-Aviv Afeka College of Engineering, Israel

ASSOCIATE EDITORS
Sungzoon Cho, Seould National University, Korea
Theodore Glickman, George Washington University, USA
Manoj K. Jha, Morgan State University, USA
Eva K. Lee, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA
Panos Pardalos, University of Florida, USA
Roman Polyak, George Mason University, USA
Jasenkas Rakas, University of California at Berkeley, USA
Kathryn E. Stecke, University of Texas at Dallas, USA

EDITORIAL REVIEW BOARD


Anil K. Aggarwal, University of Baltimore, USA
Adedeji B. Badiru, Air Force Institute of Technology, USA
Xuegang Jeff Ban, University of Washington, USA
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Melike Baykal-Gursoy, Rutgers University, USA
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Barry Cobb, Virginia Military Institute, USA
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Lauren Davis, North Carolina A&T State University, USA
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Jin Dong, IBM China Research Lab, Chile
Matt Drake, Duquesne University, USA
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Ali Elkamel, University of Waterloo, Canada
Murat Erkoc, University of Miami, USA
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Javier Faulin, Public University of Navarre, Spain
Yudi Fernando, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia
William P. Fox, Naval Postgraduate School, USA
Hise Gibson, INFORMS, USA
Genady Grabarnik, IBM TJ Watson Research, USA
Editorial Review Board
Continued
Scott E. Grasman, Rochester Institute of Technology, USA
Nalan Gulpinar, Warwick Business School, UK
Roger Gung, Response Analytics Inc., USA
Zhinling Guo, University of Maryland-Baltimore County, USA
Ülkü Gürler, Bilkent University, Turkey
Alexander Gutfraind, Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA
Peter Hahn, University of Pennsylvania, USA
Mohammed Hajeeh, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Kuwait
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Michael J Hirsch, Raytheon Inc., USA
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Nanda Kumar, University of Texas at Dallas, USA
Chang Won Lee, Hanyang University, Korea
Hyoung-Gon Lee, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
Loo Hay Lee, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Fei Li, George Mason University, USA
Feng Li, IBM China Research Laboratory, China
Jian Li, Northeastern Illinois University, USA
Jing Li, Arizona State University, USA
Kunpeng Li, Utah State, USA
Xueping Li, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA
Igor Linkov, US Army Engineer Research & Devel. Center, USA
Dengpan Liu, University of Alabama in Huntsville, USA
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Tie Liu, IBM China Research Laboratory, China
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Kaye McKinzie, U.S. Army, USA
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Soumyo Moitra, Carnegie Mellon University, USA
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Josefa Mula, Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain
B.P.S. Murthi, University of Texas at Dallas, USA
Nagen Nagarur, Binghamton University, USA
Olufemi A Omitaomu, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA
Mohammad Oskoorouchi, California State University San Marcos, USA
Kivanc Ozonat, HP Labs, USA
Dessislava Pachamanova, Babson College, USA
Julia Pahl, University of Hamburg, Germany
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Young-Jun Son, University of Arizona, USA
Huaming Song, Nanjing University of Science & Technology, China
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Editorial Review Board
Continued
Yang Sun, California State University - Sacramento, USA
Durai Sundaramoorthi, Washington University in St. Louis, USA
Pei-Fang Tsai, State University of New York at Binghamton, USA
M. Ali Ülkü, Dalhousie University, Canada
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Banu Yukse-Ozkaya, Hacettepe University, Turkey
Jun Zhuang, SUNY Buffalo, USA
International Journal of Operations Research and Information Systems
Volume 9 • Issue 2 • April-June 2018 • ISSN: 1947-9328 • eISSN: 1947-9336
An official publication of the Information Resources Management Association

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International Journal of Operations Research and Information Systems
Volume 9 • Issue 2 • April-June 2018 • ISSN: 1947-9328 • eISSN: 1947-9336
An official publication of the Information Resources Management Association

Mission
The International Journal of Operations Research and Information Systems (IJORIS) aims to present
new and innovative contributions in Operations Research (OR) theories, applications, and case studies, from
a wide spectrum of academics and practitioners. IJORIS spans the traditional functional areas of business,
including management information systems, production/operations management, business processes, quantitative
economics, accounting, finance, marketing, business administration, and international business. IJORIS also
incorporates applications from the related natural and social sciences, including the decision sciences, management
science, statistics, psychology, sociology, political science, and other behavioral sciences. IJORIS encourages
exchange, cooperation, and collaboration among business, industry, and government.
IJORIS encompasses and bridges the following seven channels through theories, applications, and case studies:

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Computational Intelligence • Computing and information technologies • Continuous and discrete optimization
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International Journal of Operations Research and Information Systems
Volume 9 • Issue 2 • April-June 2018

Linear Programming Approach for Solving


Balanced and Unbalanced Intuitionistic
Fuzzy Transportation Problems
P. Senthil Kumar, PG and Research Department of Mathematics, Jamal Mohamed College (Autonomous), Tiruchirappalli, India

ABSTRACT

In this article, two methods are presented, proposed method 1 and proposed method 2. Proposed
method 1 is based on linear programming technique and proposed method 2 is based on modified
distribution method. Both of the methods are used to solve the balanced and unbalanced intuitionistic
fuzzy transportation problems. The ideas of the proposed methods are illustrated with the help of real
life numerical examples which is followed by the results and discussion and comparative study is
given. The proposed method is computationally very simple when compared to the existing methods,
it is shown to be and easier form of evaluation when compared to current methods.

Keywords
Balanced and Unbalanced Intuitionistic Fuzzy Transportation Problems, Intuitionistic Fuzzy Set, Optimal
Solution, Triangular Fuzzy Number, Triangular Intuitionistic Fuzzy Number

INTRODUCTION

In several real-life situations, there is need to transport the homogeneous product from numerous
origins (sources) to different destinations and the aim of the decision maker is to find how much
quantity of the product from which source to which destination should be supplied so that all the supply
points are fully used and demand of all the destinations is fulfilled as well as total transportation cost
is minimum. The transportation problems play a vital role in logistics and supply chain management
for reducing cost and improving service. In today’s highly competitive market, the pressure on
companies to find better ways to create and deliver products and services to customers becomes
stronger. How and when to send the products to the customers in the quantities which they want
in a cost-effective manner becomes more challenging. Transportation models provide a powerful
framework to meet this challenge. They ensure the efficient movement and timely availability of raw
materials and finished goods.
Resource allocation is used to assign the available resources in an economic way. When the
resources to be allocated are scarce, a well-planned action is necessary for a decision-maker (DM)
to attain the optimal utility. If the supplying sources and the receiving agents are limited, the best
pattern of the allocation to get the maximum return or the best plan with the least cost, whichever
may be applicable to the problem, is to be found out. This class of problems is termed as ‘allocation

DOI: 10.4018/IJORIS.2018040104

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International Journal of Operations Research and Information Systems
Volume 9 • Issue 2 • April-June 2018

problems’ and is divided into ‘transportation problems’ and ‘assignment problems’. This type of
allocation problems is studied in operations research.
During World War-II, Britain was having very limited military resources; therefore, there was
an urgent need to allocate resources to the various military operations and to the activities within
each operation in an effective manner. Therefore, the British military executives called upon a team
of scientist to apply scientific approach to study the strategic and tactical problems related to air and
land defence of the country. As the team was dealing with research a military operations, the work
of this team of scientist was named as operations research.
The Transportation Problem (TP) is one of the subclasses of Linear Programming Problem (LPP).
The objective of the transportation problem is to transport various quantities of a single homogeneous
product that are initially stored at various origins, to different destinations in such a way that the total
transportation cost is minimum for a minimization problem or total transportation profit is maximum
for a maximization problem. The conventional transportation problem consists in transporting a
certain commodity from each of m origins i = 1, 2, 3, …m to any of n destinations j = 1, 2, 3, …n .
The origins are factories with respect capacities a1, a2 , a 3 ,…am and the destinations are warehouses
with required levels of demands b1, b2 , b3 ,…bn . For the transport of a unit of the given commodity
from the ith origin to the jth destination a cost cij is given for which, without loss of generality, we
can assume cij ≥ 0, ∀i, j . Hence, one must determine the amounts x ij to be transported from all the
origins a1, a2 , a 3 ,…am to all the destinations b1, b2 , b3 ,…bn in such a way that the total cost is
minimized.
The conventional transportation problem can be mathematically stated as follows:

m n

Minimize Z = ∑∑cij x ij
i =1 j =1

subject to:

∑x ij
≤ ai , for i = 1, 2, …, m (Row restriction)
j =1

∑x ij
≥ bj , for j = 1, 2, …, n (Column restriction)
i =1

x ij ≥ 0, for i = 1, 2, …, m

and:

j = 1, 2, …, n

Hitchcock (1941) developed a basic transportation problem.


The classical transportation problem is a special class of linear programming problem in which
all the constraints are equality type, widely used in the areas of inventory control, communication
network, aggregate planning, employment scheduling, and personnel assignment and so on. Depending
on the nature of the cost function, the transportation problem can be categorized into linear and
nonlinear transportation problem.

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Linear Programming Approach for Solving Balanced and Unbalanced Intuitionistic
Fuzzy Transportation Problems

P. Senthil Kumar (PG and Research Department of Mathematics, Jamal Mohamed College
(Autonomous), Tiruchirappalli, India)

Source Title: International Journal of Operations Research and Information Systems (IJORIS)
9(2)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 28
DOI: 10.4018/IJORIS.2018040104
OnDemand PDF Download:
$30.00
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Reference to this paper should be made as follows:

MLA
Kumar, P. Senthil. "Linear Programming Approach for Solving Balanced and Unbalanced
Intuitionistic Fuzzy Transportation Problems." International Journal of Operations Research
and Information Systems (IJORIS) 9.2 (2018): 73-100.
APA
Kumar, P. S. (2018). Linear Programming Approach for Solving Balanced and Unbalanced
Intuitionistic Fuzzy Transportation Problems. International Journal of Operations Research
and Information Systems (IJORIS), 9(2), 73-100.

Chicago
Kumar, P. Senthil. "Linear Programming Approach for Solving Balanced and Unbalanced
Intuitionistic Fuzzy Transportation Problems." International Journal of Operations Research
and Information Systems (IJORIS) 9, no. 2 (2018): 73-100.

Harvard

Kumar, P.S., 2018. Linear Programming Approach for Solving Balanced and Unbalanced
Intuitionistic Fuzzy Transportation Problems. International Journal of Operations Research
and Information Systems (IJORIS), 9(2), pp.73-100.

Vancouver

Kumar PS. Linear Programming Approach for Solving Balanced and Unbalanced
Intuitionistic Fuzzy Transportation Problems. International Journal of Operations Research
and Information Systems (IJORIS). 2018 Apr 1;9(2):73-100.
International Journal of Operations Research and Information Systems
Volume 9 • Issue 2 • April-June 2018

3. Assuming that m is a membership value and n is a non-membership value at c. Then 100m%


experts are in favour and 100n% experts are opposing but 100 (1 − m − n ) % are in confusion
that the transportation cost is c .

Values of mZI (c ) and nZI (c ) at different values of c can be determined using equations given
as follows:

0, for c < 108



c − 108
 , for 108 ≤ c ≤302
 194
mZI  (c ) = 1, for c = 302

 341 − c
 , for 302 ≤ c ≤341
 39
0, for c >341
1, for c <83

 302 − c
 , for 83 ≤ c ≤ 302
 219
nZI  (c ) = 0, for c = 302

c − 3022
 , for 302 ≤ c ≤ 387
 85
1, for c > 387

Advantages of the Proposed Method


By using the proposed method, a decision maker has the following advantages:

1. The optimum objective value of the unbalanced IFTP is non-negative triangular intuitionistic
fuzzy number i.e., there is no negative part in the obtained triangular intuitionistic fuzzy number;
2. The proposed method is computationally very simple and easy to understand.

CONCLUSION

On the basis of the present study, it can be concluded that the IFTP and UIFTP which can be
solved by the existing methods (Hussain and Kumar (2012a), Gani and Abbas (2012), Antony et
al. (2014), Dinagar and Thiripurasundari (2014)) can also be solved by the proposed methods.
However, it is much easier to apply the proposed methods as compared to all the existing methods.
The solution obtained by this method the objective value of the unbalanced IFTP remains always
positive i.e., there is no negative part in the TIFN. Hence the proposed method is physically
meaningful and computationally very simple when compared to all the existing methods. In
feature, the proposed method may be modified to find intuitionistic fuzzy optimal solution of solid
intuitionistic fuzzy transportation problems and solid assignment problems with intuitionistic
fuzzy numbers. This method can help decision makers in the logistics related issues of real life
problems by aiding them in the decision-making process and providing an optimal solution in
a simple and effective manner.

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International Journal of Operations Research and Information Systems
Volume 9 • Issue 2 • April-June 2018

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

The author sincerely thanks the anonymous reviewers and Editor-in-Chief Professor John Wang for
their careful reading, constructive comments and fruitful suggestions. The author would also like to
acknowledge Dr.S.Ismail Mohideen, Additional Vice Principal, My Guide and Associate Professor
Dr.R.Jahir Hussain, Dr.A.Nagoor Gani, Associate Professor, Dr.K.Ramanaiah, Associate Professor
(retired), Mr.N.Shamsudeen, Associate Professor (retired), Jamal Mohamed College (Autonomous),
Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India for their motivation and kind support.

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Kumar, A., Kaur, A., & Gupta, A. (2011). Fuzzy linear programming approach for solving fuzzy transportation
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Mohideen, S. I., & Kumar, P. S. (2010). A comparative study on transportation problem in fuzzy environment.
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Figure 1. Graphical representation of FIFTC

P. Senthil Kumar has been working as an Assistant Professor in PG and Research Department of Mathematics at
Jamal Mohamed College (Autonomous), Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India. His research interests include operations
research, fuzzy optimization, intuitionistic fuzzy optimization, numerical analysis and graph theory, etc. He was
born in Tamil Nadu, India in the year 1985. He graduated B.Sc., M.Sc., M.Phil degrees from Jamal Mohamed
College, Tiruchirappalli, in 2006, 2008, 2010 respectively. He completed B.Ed in 2009 at Jamal Mohamed College
of Teacher Education. He completed PGDCA in 2011 in the Bharathidasan University and PGDAOR in 2012 in
the Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, India. He has done his Ph.D in the area of Intuitionistic Fuzzy Optimization
Technique at Jamal Mohamed College in 2017. He has published many research papers in referred national and
international journals like Springer, IGI Global, Inderscience, etc. He also presented his research papers in Elsevier
Conference Proceedings (ICMS-2014), MMASC-2012, etc.

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