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INSTRUCTION MANUAL

TRIP CIRCUIT SUPERVISION RELAY

GKAD1

© Toshiba Energy Systems & Solutions Corporation 2017


All Rights Reserved.

( Ver. 1.7 )
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Safety Precautions
Before using this product, please read this chapter carefully.
This chapter describes the safety precautions recommended when using the GKAD1. Before
installing and using the equipment, this chapter must be thoroughly read and understood.

Explanation of symbols used


Signal words such as DANGER, WARNING, and two kinds of CAUTION, will be followed by
important safety information that must be carefully reviewed.

DANGER Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which will result in death or


serious injury if you do not follow the instructions.

WARNING Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which could result in death or


serious injury if you do not follow the instructions.
CAUTION Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which if not avoided, may result in
minor injury or moderate injury.
CAUTION Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which if not avoided, may result in
property damage.

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WARNING
 Exposed terminals
Do not touch the terminals of this equipment while the power is on, as the high voltage
generated is dangerous.
 Residual voltage
Hazardous voltage can be present in the DC circuit just after switching off the DC power supply.
It takes approximately 30 seconds for the voltage to discharge.

CAUTION
 Operating environment
The equipment must only used within the range of ambient temperature, humidity and dust
detailed in the specification and in an environment free of abnormal vibration.
 Ratings
Before applying DC voltage to the equipment, check that they conform to the equipment ratings.
 Connection cable
Carefully handle the connection cable without applying excessive force.
 Unit
Do not disassemble the unit, as this may cause the unit to be damaged.
 Modification
Do not modify this equipment, as this may cause the equipment to malfunction.
 Disposal
When disposing of this equipment, do so in a safe manner according to local regulations.

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Contents
Safety Precautions 1
1. Introduction 4
2. Application and Function 5
2.1 Application 5
2.2 Function 5
2.3 Connections 7
3. Hardware Structure 9
4. Installation 10
4.1 Receipt of Relays 10
4.2 Mounting 10
4.3 Electrostatic Discharge 10
4.4 Handling Precautions 10
5. Commissioning and Maintenance 11
General 11
5.2 Precautions 11
5.3 Preparation 11
5.4 Storage 11
Appendix A 13
Outline Diagram 14
Appendix B 15
Technical Data 16
Appendix C 19
Ordering 20

 The data given in this manual are subject to change without notice. (Ver.1.7)

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1. Introduction
The GKAD1 is a trip circuit supervision relay, and is provided the following features:

- Trip circuit supervision in both closed and open positions of circuit breaker
- Detection and alarm of trip circuit supply failure and of circuit breaker tripping
mechanism failure
- Single-phase or three-phase types available
- Compact size design
- Flush mounting

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2. Application and Function


2.1 Application
The GKAD1 is used for monitoring of the circuit breaker tripping circuit. The GKAD1 issues an
alarm if the GKAD1 detects trip circuit supply failure or circuit breaker tripping mechanism
failure.
The GKAD1 has two models as shown in Table 2.1.

Table 2.1 GKAD1 Models

Model Configuration
GKAD1-12 Single-phase type
GKAD1-22 Three-phase type

2.2 Function
The GKAD1 monitors the circuit breaker tripping control, and Figure 2.1 shows a typical
scheme. When the trip circuit is complete, a small current flows in photo-couplers PC1 and/or
PC2, the circuit breaker auxiliary contacts and the trip coil. This current flows for both the
breaker open and closed conditions.
Trip circuit
()
GKAD1
Target Indicator
Protection (Hand reset type)
PC1
relay 1 Resistor
3
D 13

PC2 t 0 0 t
2 1 1
4 0.4s 0.4s 14
15
52a 52b

16
17

CB coil

18
()
LCP & GIS Ta
Target Ind
(H
(Hand rese
Target I
(Hand
Targr
Figure 2.1 Trip Circuit Supervision Scheme (1) (Han
D

If the trip circuit supply is lost or if a connection becomes open circuit then the GKAD1 issues a
trip circuit fail alarm and operates the target indicator. As for the sensitivity, the detection
voltage and detection current are 40V or less and 1.5mA or less.
Figure 2.2 shows the special application of GKAD1 relay. This scheme ensures that all trip
circuit wiring (tripping route) from the trip contact to the trip coil is supervised in either the
breaker closed or open condition. At CB closed condition, the monitoring current flows in
photo-coupler PC1. On the other hand, at CB open condition, the monitoring current flows in
photo-couplers PC1 and PC2 via tripping cable and CB auxiliary contact 52b. Under both CB
conditions, if tripping route/trip coil is disconnected, the monitoring current is interrupted and
both PC1 and PC2 are off and the GKAD1 issues alarm.

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Trip circuit
()
GKAD1
Target Indicator
Protection (Hand reset type)
PC1
relay 1 Resistor
3
D 13

PC2 t 0 0 t
2 1 1

4 0.4s 0.4s 14
15
52a 52b

16
17

CB coil

18
()
LCP & GIS

Figure 2.2 Trip Circuit Supervision Scheme (2)

Output Contacts
The GKAD1 provides a normally close and two normally open contacts for the trip circuit fail
alarm and a normally close contact for power supply fail alarm. (See Figures 2.3 and 2.4.)
The detection sensitivity for power supply fail is less than 60V.

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2.3 Connections
The GKAD1 auxiliary supply input has a nominal 110/125Vdc rating or 220/250Vdc rating.
The typical application and connection diagrams are shown in Figures 2.3 and 2.4. Figure 2.3
shows a single-phase application for GKAD1-12 and Figure 2.4 shows a three-phase application
for GKAD1-22.
The two resistors on the PC1, PC3 and PC5 photo coupler circuits are added as shown in Figure
2.3 and 2.4 below in consideration of the fail-safe of relay failure. The resistors can function to
prevent unwanted tripping due to relay internal circuit failure under CB closed condition.
CAUTION
Do not connect anything to 5th-12th terminals in Figure 2.3. These are reserved in
GKAD1-12.
Trip circuit
()
GKAD1-12

Protection Target Indicator


PC1 (Hand reset type)
relay 1 Resistor
3 13
D
PC2 t 0 0 t
2 1 1
4 0.4s 0.4s 14
15
52a 52b
5
6 16
7
17
8
No connection
CB coil 9 (reserved)
10
11 18
()
LCP & GIS 12
(Note)
The dotted line shows the scheme
(2) mentioned in Figure 2.2.

19
POWER SUPPLY FAIL
21
DC (+) Voltage
Regulator
1
SUPPLY 22
(-) 20

Figure 2.3 GKAD1-12 Typical Application Diagram

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Trip circuit (A phase)


()
GKAD1-22
Monitor input circuit Target Indicator
Protection PC1 (Hand reset type)
relay 1 Resistor
A-phase
3 13
D
PC2 t 0 0 t
2 1 1
1
4 0.4s 0.4s 14
15
52a 52b

16
17
CB coil

() 18
LCP & GIS

(Note)
The dotted line shows the scheme
(2) mentioned in Figure 2.2.
Monitor input circuit
PC3
5
B-phase
7
D
PC4 t 0 0 t
Trip circuit (B phase) 6 1 1

8 0.4s 0.4s

Monitor input circuit


PC5
9
C-phase
11
D
t 0 0 t
Trip circuit (C phase)
10
PC6 1 1

12 0.4s 0.4s

19
POWER SUPPLY FAIL
21
DC (+) Voltage
1
SUPPLY 22 Regulator
(-) 20

Figure 2.4 GKAD1-22 Typical Application Diagram

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3. Hardware Structure
The Figure 3.1 shows a hardware structure of GKAD1. The GKAD1-12 is a single phase type
and has one target indicator.

TRIP CIRCUIT
SUPERVISION RELAY

POWER

TRIP CIRCUIT FAIL


A-PHASE
TARGET INDICATOR
B-PHASE
TARGET RESET LEVER
C-PHASE
(Push it left to reset Target)

Figure 3.1 Front View of GKAD1-22

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4. Installation
4.1 Receipt of Relays
On receiving the GKAD1 relays, carry out the acceptance inspection immediately. In particular,
check for damage during transportation, and if any is found, contact the vendor.
Always store the unit in a clean, dry environment.

4.2 Mounting
Refer to Appendix A for details of mechanical fixings.

4.3 Electrostatic Discharge


CAUTION
The printed circuit board (PCB) within the GKAD1 relay is not intended to be a removable
module. Do not remove the PCB from the unit case, since electronic components on the PCB are
very sensitive to electrostatic discharge. If it is absolutely essential to take the PCB out of the
case, do not touch the electronic components and terminals with your bare hands. Additionally,
always put the PCB in a conductive anti-static bag when storing it.

4.4 Handling Precautions


A person's normal movements can easily generate electrostatic potential of several thousand
volts. Discharge of these voltages into semiconductor devices when handling electronic circuits
can cause serious damage, which often may not be immediately apparent but the reliability of
the circuit will have been reduced.
The electronic circuits are completely safe from electrostatic discharge when housed in the case.
Do not expose them to risk of damage by removing the PCB unnecessarily.
The unit incorporates the highest practicable protection for its semiconductor devices. However,
if it becomes necessary to remove the PCB, precautions should be taken to preserve the high
reliability and long life for which the equipment has been designed and manufactured.
CAUTION
 Before removing the PCB, ensure that you are at the same electrostatic potential as the
equipment by touching the case.
 Handle only the edges of the PCB. Avoid touching the electronic components, PCB
surface or connectors.
 Do not pass the PCB to another person without first ensuring you are both at the same
electrostatic potential. Shaking hands achieves equipotential.
 Place the PCB on an anti-static surface, or on a conducting surface which is at the
same potential as yourself.
 Do not place the PCB in a polystyrene tray.
It is strongly recommended that detailed investigations on electronic circuitry should be carried
out in a Special Handling Area such as described in the IEC 60747.

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5. Commissioning and Maintenance


General
Test personnel must be familiar with general relay testing practices and safety precautions to
avoid personal injuries or equipment damage.

5.2 Precautions
CAUTION
 Ensure that the auxiliary supply connections are properly fixed to their terminals.
 Before turning on the power, check that the polarity and voltage of the power supply are
correct.
 Turn off the auxiliary supply before checking the interior of the relay.
 While the power is on, do not mount/dismount the PCB.

Failure to observe any of the precautions above may cause damage or malfunction of the relay.
Refer to section 4.4 for information on handling precautions.

5.3 Preparation

Test equipment
The following test equipment is required for the commissioning tests.
 DC power supply.
 Calibrated voltmeter.

Visual inspection
After unpacking the product, check for any damage to the case. If there is any damage, the
internal module might also have been affected. Contact the vendor.

Unit ratings
Check that the items described on the nameplate on the front of the unit conform to the user’s
specification. The items are: relay type and model, and auxiliary DC supply voltage rating.

5.4 Storage
The spare relay should be stored in a dry and clean room. Based on IEC Standard 60255-0 the
storage temperature should be 25C to +70C, but the temperature of 0C to +40C is
recommended for long-term storage.

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Appendix A
Outline Diagram

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Outline Diagram

Cover

TB: M3.5 Ring terminal

192
185

89 13.5 149 21

1 2

3 4

5 6

7 8
186 +0/0.5

9 10

11 12

13 14

15 16

17 18

19 20

21 22

Terminal Block(TB) Arrangement


(Rear View)
83 +1.0/0

Panel cut-out

GKAD1 Outline and Panel Cutout Diagram

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Appendix B
Technical Data

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Technical Data
Ratings
DC auxiliary supply: 110/125Vdc (Operative range: 88 - 150Vdc),
220/250Vdc (Operative range: 176 - 300Vdc)
Superimposed AC ripple on DC supply:  12%
DC supply interruption:  50ms at 110V
Function
Trip circuit supervision Detection voltage: 40V or less for 110V/125Vdc
70V or less for 220V/250Vdc
Detection current: 1.5mA or less for 110V/125Vdc
1.5mA or less for 220V/250Vdc
Power supply fail Detection voltage: less than 60V
Burden
DC auxiliary supply:  2.5W
Binary input circuit  0.5W per input at 110/125Vdc
(Current:  4mA at 110/125Vdc)
Output Contacts
Number 3: trip circuit fail alarm (2NO, 1NC)
1: power supply fail alarm
Ratings: Make and carry: 4A continuously
Make and carry: 10A, 220Vdc for 0.5s (L/R=5ms)
Break: 0.1A, 220Vdc (L/R=40ms)
Durability: Make and carry: 10000 operations
Break: 100000 operations
Mechanical Design
Weight 1.5kg
Case colour Munsell No. N1.5
Installation Flush mounting

Environmental Performance
Test Standards Details
Atmospheric Environment
Temperature IEC60068-2-1/2 Operating range: -10C to +55C.
Storage / Transit: -25C to +70C.
Humidity IEC60068-2-3 56 days at 40C and 93% relative humidity.
Enclosure IEC60529 IP50
Protection
Mechanical Environment
Vibration IEC60255-21-1 Response - Class 1
Endurance - Class 1
Shock and Bump IEC60255-21-2 Shock Response Class 1
Shock Withstand Class 1
Bump Class 1
Seismic IEC60255-21-3 Class 1

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High Voltage Environment


Dielectric IEC60255-5 2kVrms for 1 minute between all terminals and earth.
Withstand 2kVrms for 1 minute between independent circuits.
1kVrms for 1 minute across normally open contacts.
High Voltage Environment
High Voltage IEC60255-5 Three positive and three negative impulses of
Impulse 5kV(peak), 1.2/50s, 0.5J between all terminals and
between all terminals and earth.
Electromagnetic Environment
High Frequency IEC60255-22-1 Class 3, 1MHz 2.5kV applied to all ports in common mode.
Disturbance / IEC61000-4-12 1MHz 1.0kV applied to all ports in differential mode.
Damped Oscillatory
Wave
Electrostatic IEC60255-22-2 Class 3, 6kV contact discharge.
Discharge IEC61000-4-2 8kV air discharge.
Radiated RF IEC60255-22-3 Class 3, Field strength 10V/m for frequency sweeps of
Electromagnetic IEC61000-4-3 80MHz to 1GHz and 1.7GHz to 2.2GHz. Additional
Disturbance spot tests at 80, 160, 450, 900 and 1890MHz.

Fast Transient IEC60255-22-4, 4kV, 2.5kHz, 5/50ns applied to all inputs.


Disturbance IEC61000-4-4
Conducted RF IEC60255-22-6, 10Vrms applied over frequency range 150kHz to
Electromagnetic IEC61000-4-6 100MHz. Additional spot tests at 27 and 68MHz.
Disturbance
Conducted IEC61000-4-16Class 3 Varying voltages applied in common mode as
Disturbance over follows:
freq. Range 15Hz to 15Hz to 150Hz: 10V  1Vrms (20dB/decade)
150kHz
150Hz to 1.5kHz: 1Vrms
1.5kHz to 15kHz: 1  10Vrms (20dB/decade)
15kHz to 150kHz: 10Vrms
Power Frequency IEC60255-22-7 300V 50Hz for 10s applied to ports in common mode.
Disturbance 100V 50Hz for 10s applied to ports in differential
mode.
Surge Immunity IEC61000-4-5 1.2/50s surge in common/differential modes:
PSU and I/O ports: 2kV/1kV (peak)
Conducted and IEC60255-25 Conducted emissions:
Radiated Emissions EN55022 Class A 0.15 to 0.50MHz: <79dB (peak) or <66dB (mean)
0.50 to 30MHz: <73dB (peak) or <60dB (mean)
Radiated emissions:
30 to 230MHz: <30dB
230 to 1000MHz: <37dB
Power Frequency IEC61000-4-8Class 4 Field applied at 50Hz with strengths of:
Magnetic Field 30A/m continuously,
300A/m for 1 second.

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Appendix C
Ordering

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Ordering

Trip Circuit Supervision Relay


GKAD1

Type:
Trip Circuit Supervision Relay GKAD1
Model:
Single-phase type 12
Three-phase type 22
Monitored DC circuit voltage and DC auxiliary
supply rating:
110V/125V 11
220V/250V 22

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Version-up Records
Version Date Revised Section Contents
No.
0.0 Feb. 20, 2004 -- First issue.
0.1 May 19, 2004 2.2 Modified the description. (Added the detection sensitivity of GKAD1.)
2.3 Added the CAUTION.
Appendix B Added the detection sensitivity of GKAD1.
1.1 Feb. 17, 2005 2.2 Modified the description (sensitivity) and Figures 2.1 and 2.2.
2.3 Modified Figures 2.3 and 2.4.
Appendix B Modified the description.
1.2 Dec. 06, 2005 2.3 Connections Modified the description and Figures 2.3 and 2.4(resistor).
Appendix B Added ‘Mechanical Design’.
1.3 Jun. 05, 2006 2.2 Modified Figures 2.1 and 2.2.
2.3 Modified the description and Figures 2.3 and 2.4.
1.4 Dec. 21, 2007 2.2 Modified the description.
Appendices Modified Appendix B and added ‘Appendix C Ordering’.
1.5 Nov. 11, 2008 2.2 Modified the description. (detection sensitivity of power supply fail)
Appendix B. ditto
1.6 Jun. 08, 2009 2.2 Modified Figures 2.1 and 2.2.
2.3 Modified Figures 2.3 and 2.4.
1.7 Oct. 2, 2017 --- Republished under spin-off company

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