You are on page 1of 36

IHotion Picture CAMERA magazine

this I ssue
Portable Background Projector

New Carbon Arc Development

Photography of the Month

. . and other features

or the amateur

16mm. Fine Crain Negative


Making Pictures Under Water

Here s How Answers Many


Published in HOLLYWOOD
by the American Society of Cinematographers

• AUCUST 1933 Price 25c

In Bright Sunlight or Deep Shadow .

Under Incandescent or Arc Light

MU W & PA* 9Pf


Will Give a Better Result Than

Is Otherwise Obtainable


*!« W S PAT O**

trade - mark has never been

placed on an inferior product.


HOIIvwood 5 47
6656 Santa Monica Boulevard 1


Pacific Coast Distributors for


35 West 45th Street New York City

August 1933 9 American Cinematographer 127

A Technical and Educational publication
of motion picture photography.

Published monthly by the

Suite 222 Guaranty Building,

Hollywood, California.

Telephone Granite 4274.

JOHN ARNOLD, President, A. S. C.


Vol. XIV August, 1933 Number 4

What to Read
DEVELOPMENT of Carbon Arc Lighting
by Elmer C. Richardson.. 131

SENSITOMETRIC Control and Processing

by Emery Huse, A.S.C 1 32

PORTABLE Background Projector

The Staff
by Frank B. Good, A.S.C 1

RIBBON Microphones in the Tropics
by Len Roos, A.S.C — 1 35 Charles J. VerHalen

PHOTOGRAPHY of the Month 1 36
Emery Huse, A. S. C.


William Stull, A. S. C.

Walter Blanchard
Karl Hale


Next Month Victor Milner, A.

Chas. G. Clark, A.

Hatto Tappenbeck, A. S. C.
•EMERY HUSE will continue with his series on Jackson J. Rose, A. C.
Sensitometric Control —
Next month we will Fred Gage, A.

S. C.

have Hartley Harrison with us again. He will Dr. J. S. Watson,

Jr., A. S. C.
Dr. L. M. Dieterich, A. S. C.
discuss filters, their uses and effects in the
Dr. L. A. Jones, A. S. C.
third of his series of articles on this subject
Dr. C. E. K. Mees, A. S. C.
A.S.C. members will contribute timely and in- Dr. W. B. Rayton, A. S. C.
formative articles on the tools of their craft . . .
Dr. Herbert Meyer, A. S. C.
give you the information of how they apply the Dr. V. B. Sease, A. S. C.

various things at their command for the im- FOREIGN REPRESENTATIVES

provement and betterment of photography Georges Benoit, 100, Allee Franklin,
Next issue promises unusual interest. Pavillions-sous-Bois. France. Seine. Tele-
phone LeRaincy 13-19. John Dored, Riga,
Latvia. Herford Tynes Cowling, 1430 Mon-
roe Avenue, Rochester, N. Y.


S. R. Cowan, 19 East 47th St., New York
City. Phone Plaza 3-0483.

ESTABLISHED 1918. Advertising Rates on appli- Neither the American Cinematographer nor
cation. Subscription: U. S. $3.00 a yeer; Canada the American Society of Cinematographers
$3.50 a year; Foreign, S4.00 a year, single copies 25c. is responsible for statements made by au-

COPYRIGHT, 1933, by American Society of Cine- thors. This magazine will not be responsible
matographers, Inc. for unsolicited manuscripts.

Down to the sea in


0 In their unceasing quest for lamp improvements, General

Elect ric’s scientists tracked down the cause of that light-reducing,
black deposit on the inside of lamp bulbs. The tungsten filament,
like heated water, was evaporating and then condensing on the glass.
But how to check it ?

The evaporation of water can be checked by gas pressure: Anyone

who has ever driven a car in the mountains knows that water boils
more readily there than where the pressure of the atmos-
at sea level
pheric gases is Yet experiments tended to show that heated
metals in the presence of gas, united with the gas and disintegrated.
I ndeterred, General Electric’s fact-hunters filled some lamps with

chemically inert gas.

The first test showed no improvement. They tried it again . . .

and again . . . and they found that the rate of filament evaporation
did decrease! Through gas pressure, they could make lamp filaments
“come down to the sea from the mountains.”

But the vital importance of this discovery for you springs not from
its use to lessen bulb blackening ;
other means were found to do that.
General Electric seized on the more practical application which gas
pressure offered the ability to burn the filament at a higher tempera-

ture, without changing the rate of evaporation, or in other words,

its life. This gives you a light that is much brighter, and photograph-

ically more effective

Such research is typical of General Electric’s constant efforts to

provide you with the best lamps that money and brains can produce.
General Electric Company, Nela Park, Cleveland, Ohio.


August 1933 • American Cinematographer 129

Abel, David MacWilliams, Glen
Allen, Paul H. Marsh, Oliver
Arnold, John Marta, Jack A.
Miller, Arthur
Bell, Chas. E.
Milner, Victor
Benoit, Georges
Boyle, John W.
Brown, Jas. S., Jr. O’Connell, L. Wm.
Clark, Daniel
M. Palmer,
Perry, Harry
Clarke, Chas G.
Cowling, H. T.
Pomeroy, Roy
Powers, Len
Daniels, Wm. H.
Davis, Chas. J. Rees, Wm. A.
DeVinna, Clyde Roos, Len H. JOHN ARNOLD President
DeVol, Norman Rose, Jackson J. VICTOR MILNER First Vice-President
Dored, John Rosher, Chas. CHARLES C. CLARKE Second-Vice-President
Dubray, Jos. A. Rosson, Harold
Dupar, E. B.
ELMER C. DYER Third Vice-President
Schneiderman, Geo. GEORGE SCHNEIDERMAN Treasurer
Dupont, Max
Schoenbaum, Chas.
Dyer, Edwin L.
Scott, Homer WILLIAM STULL Secretary
Dyer, Elmer G.
Seitz, John F.
Edeson, Arthur Sharp, Henry
Shearer, Douglas G. BOARD OF GOVERNORS
Fildew, William
Sintzenich, Harold John Arnold John W. Boyle
Fisher, Ross G.
Smith, Jack Charles G. Clarke Daniel B. Clark
Folsey, Geo. J., Jr.
Snyder, Edward J.
Elmer Dyer Alfred Gilks
Freund, Karl
Stengler, Mack Frank Good Fred Jackman
Gaudio, Gaetano Struss, Karl Charles B. Lang, Jr. Victor Milner
Gilks, Alfred Stull, Wm. Arthur Miller Hal Mohr
Good, Frank B. Stumar, Charles George Schneiderman John F. Seitz
William Stull
Haller, Ernest Tappenbeck, Hatto
Herbert, Chas. W.
Van Buren, Ned
Hilburn, Percy
Horne, Pliny
Varges, Ariel Philip E. Rosen Hal Mohr
Hyer, Wm. C.
Wagner, Sidney C.
Gaetano Gaudio Homer Scott
Jackman, Dr. Floyd James Van Trees John F. Seitz
Walker, Joseph
Jackman, Fred John W. Boyle Daniel B. Clark
Walker, Vernon L.
June, Ray Fred W. Jackman Arthur Webb,
Warrenton, Gilbert
Jansen, W. H. General Counsel
Wenstrom, Harold
Kershner, Glenn Westerberg, Fred
Koenekamp, H. F. Wilky, L. Guy
Lang, Chas. B., Jr.
Wyckoff, Alvin Mr. Albert S. Howell, Chicago
Lockwood, J. R.
Lundin, Walter Zucker, Frank C.


John Arnold Herford T. Cowling
ASSOCIATE MEMBERS Frank Zucker Edwin L. Dyer
Mr. Emery Huse Dr. Lloyd A. Jones
Charles Bell Charles W. Herbert
Mr. Fred Gage Dr. V. B. Sease
Charles J. Davis Mack Stengler
Paul H. Allen Ross Fisher
Dr. W. B. Rayton Dr. L. M. Dieterich
Georges Benoit John Dored
Dr. C. E. K. Mees Dr. J. S.Watson, Jr.
Glenn MacWilliams Philip M. Chancellor
Dr. Herbert Meyer
Ariel Varges W. H. Jansen
Max B. DuPont
* Membership by Invitation Only.

Daniel B. Clark Elmer G. Dyer
John W. Boyle Ned Van Buren
William Stull

Charles G. Clarke Alfred Gilks
George Folsey

John W. Boyle Frank B. Good
Charles B. Lang, Jr. Vernon Walker
Alvin Wyckoff

Victor Milner, Arthur Miller, William Stull, WELFARE COMMITTEE
Dr. Herbert Meyer, John Arnold, John F. Hal Mohr James Van Trees
Seitz. Emery Huse. Dr. L. M. Dieterich Fred W. Jackman
The B
the first of the new Bell & Howell Rotambulators was rolled
&H Rot ambulator
onto an M-G-M sound stage at Culver City, perfection had come to
another phase of cinematography. The utmost smoothness and pre-
cision in camera mobility had arrived. And movies since made with
the Rotambulator attest this fact. They include: "Turn Back the
Clock", "Hold Your Man” and "Hell Below.” The camera may be
rotated, panned, raised, lowered, and tilted at will with amazing —
freedom and steadiness with every movement smooth and sure. Write
for complete technical description.

B &H Cooke
Varo Lens
The B & H Cooke Varo
Lens, originated to over-
come limitations of dolly
shots in awkward situa-
tions, has led to picture
results far beyond those
originally contemplated.
This ingenuity in the use
of new products on the
part of cameramen is
matched only by the in-
genuity of the Varo Lens
itself. The lens varies
focal length while auto-
matically retaining criti-
cal focus and correct ex-
posure. Current results:
"Strangers Return" and
"Night Flights." Avail-
able on rental to respon-
sible studios.

B & H Cooke Varo Lens

Jl rite for complete data and prices. Available on rental to responsible studios.

Professional features for your FILMO

Filmo 70 utility equipment, specially designed on
specifications of individual movie-makers, now avail-
able to all owners . . . gives new professional ver-
satility to Filmo.

dvanced amateurs,
A producers, and other serious 16
scientists, explorers,
mm. film

from time to time commissioned Bell & Howell to build
them special equipment to increase the versality of their
Hlmos. Now these professional features, pictured at right,
are available to all. They include:

When the camera is wanted for ordinary use, the magazine

and motor or hand crank are instantly removable, so that
Filmo's lightness, compactness, and portability are all re-
tained. Write for complete information.

External 200-foot magazine . . . Electric motor, either 12- or 110-volt,

for interrupted operation. Permits remote control . . . Hand crank,
8 to 1 ratio. Permits moving film backward .Precision range
. .

finder, built into the variable viewfinder on the 70-D Camera door.

New! Peak Screen Brilliance!

BELL & HOWELL LILMO A New 750-Watt Filmo Projector

Personal Movie Cameras and Projectors The new Filmo JS Projector hits the peak of screen
brilliance with a powerful 750-watt lamp. The increase
Bell & Howell Co., 1848 Larchmont Ave., Chicago, 111. in illumination over 500-watt systems is approximately
New York, Hollywood, London, (B & H Co., Ltd.) Est. 1907 fifty per cent. Automatic rewinding, fully gear-driven
mechanism, fast F 1.65 lens, aero dual cooling.


August 1933 9 American Cinematographer 131

Sun Arcs and 80 ampere Rotary Spots used by many studios

in combination with incandescent lighting have been suit-
ably silenced so that they can be operated in conjunction
with sound recording apparatus. However, for the new
color process there being no satisfactory general lighting
unit, the firm of Mole-Richardson, Inc., was requested to
develop a broadside lamp which would meet the following
1. The lamp to produce an illumination level of
200-foot candlepower as measured at fifteen
feet with a standardWeston photometer.

The lamp being required for general illumi-
nation purposes must have a comparatively
flat distribution curve over a projection angle
of sixty degrees or more, and the field of
illumination to be devoid of any hot spots,
i.e., areas of illumination which are photo-
graphically objectionable
3. The feeding mechanism of the lamp to be so
designed as to give a reasonably uniform
level of light intensity during its period of
operation, and the spectrum of the light
emitted is not to show any alteration of its
characteristics during the period of operation.
4. The lamp to be silent in operation so that it
may be satisfactorily operated in conjunction
with modern sound recording apparatus.
5. The lamp to take a form, and be so mounted
that it will be convenient for placement, and
to be of such weight as to be easily handled
on the set.

6. The lamp to be economical in operation both

as respects attendance and the consumption
of currents and carbon electrodes.
The requirements set forth in this specification demand
a type of equipment far superior to any type of broadside
lamp heretofore supplied to the industry.
Mole-Richardson, in the design of their new 40 ampere
Type No. 29 Twin Arc Broadside lamp, have not only met
the specifications, but in a number of instances exceeded
The lamp, which is illustrated in the accompanying pho-
tograph, has been designed for operation at all times with
cover glasses to eliminate the possibility of injury to the

New Development eyes of the actors. The diffusion glass which is supplied
with the equipment has a high lead content which impedes
the transmission of ultra-violet light, which is the compo-

In Carbon A rc
nent of arc radiation which causes the inflammation of the
eyeball popularly known as “Klieg eye.” When equipped
with cover glasses these lamps produce more than twice the
illumination afforded by the old types of side arcs of simi-
lar current capacity when operated open, and produce a

Lighting very smooth field of illumination. The area of the aper-

ture of the lamp has been made larger than was that of
the old type equipment, so that though the lamps are of
higher intensity the illumination is so distributed as to be
by comfortable to the actors in the set.
Elmer C. Richardson It was characteristic of the old broadside equipment that
of Mole-Richardson, Inc. at the time it was initially switched on, its intensity was
at the maximum, and after operating for three rr four min-
utes the of intensity would drop thirty or forty per
cent. operating the color process for which this equip-
ROGRESS inthe development of carbon arc lighting ment has been developed it is most desirable, that at all

P equipment for use in motion picture production was

retarded by the
the sensitivity of which
of panchromatic film,
so well adapted for photograph-
times during the photographing, the level and quality of
illumination be uniform; to comply with this requirement
rather unique principle of arc control has been devised for

ing with filament light source. this new lamp.

The photographic requirements of a new color process, The old type of broadside struck the arc and maintained
developed by one of the leading firms in this field of pho- the position of the carbon electrode by means of a single
tography, seem to be best met with carbon arc lamps. The (Continued on Page 151)
132 American Cinematographer Q August 1933


contrast it is necessary to determine the density at some

fixed point on the toe and shoulder and contrast can then
be expressed in terms of a density value. The difference
between the density chosen on the toe and that on the
shoulder gives this data. It has been sensitometric practice

to consider the extremes of the curve as the density at

Fig. 4 those points on the toe and shoulder where the slope is
equal to .20. From the curve as shown in Figure 4 a .20
gradient on the toe and shoulder would be slightly above
point A and slightly below point D. The word “gradient”
signifies the slope of the curve atany given point. How-
Editor’s Note: This is the second in a series of articles by ever, along the straight line of the curve the gradient is
Emery Huse, A.S.C., on Sensitometric Control. In the Sep-
tember issue Mr. Huse will discuss actual motion picture constant and is equal to gamma.
laboratory negative and sensitometric control.
As was previously indicated, there is one instance in prac-
tical sensitometry where gamma and contrast can be used


picture negative film

very important item which should be well un-
derstood in the practical application of sensitom-
etry to the control of the
development of motion
the fact that a sensitometric strip
which has been made under precisely controlled conditions
of time and intensity can only give data as to the degree of
synonymously and that is in the sensitometric control of
sound track. Inasmuch as the exposures on the track are
based upon the straight line portion of the H and D curve,
and for most recordings densities in the actual track fall
within the limits of the straight
where the maximum and minimum
line, then
in this instance
recorded are
completely included in the straight line, it is quite simple
development obtained. Thus, such a sensitometric strip to see that contrast and gamma are identical.
developed with an exposed picture negative will show a
Every major studio or commercial laboratory in Holly-
definite gamma value for the strip, but will not give any
wood isadequately equipped with or has access to the in-
precise information as to the contrast of the picture nega-
struments which have been described in the early part of
tive developed along with it. Contrast in the negative is
this paper. Furthermore, each laboratory has a man, or
not only a function of gamma but also of the lighting bal-
several men, taking care of the sensitometric routine. It
ance in the set at the time of exposure. If at all times
can be stated rather strongly that with the advent of sensi-
the brightness balance would be maintained constant in the
tometric control motion picture film processing has attained
various scenes to be photographed, then the sensitometric
a degree of perfection which has not been hitherto pos-
stripwould give a true indication of the contrast of those
sible. Of course all of the current quality should not be
scenes after development. However, this is not possible.
laid to sensitometric control because during the past sev-
Each and every scene of different subjects has an inherent
eral years much has been accomplished from the standpoint
brightness contrast characteristic of its own and upon con-
of improved machine development, photographic emulsions,
trolled development the resultant densities in each scene
developers, and processes which have aided in this improve-
indicate the contrasts which were in those scenes. The
ment. However, it is the candid opinion of the author that
point which is being stressed is the fact that because pic-
sensitometric control has revealed deficiencies in the process-
ture negatives are developed in a solution which gives a
ing systems which have not heretofore been observed, or if
definite value of gamma from the sensitometric control
observed, were not properly taken care of because there was
strip, it does not follow that these negatives have the same
no technical control available to indicate the direction in
degree of contrast as shown by the gamma value of that
which improvement should be made.
strip. They bear a very definite relationship to each other
and under certain conditions can be used synonymously, but In attempting to convey clearly a concise picture of the
this condition does not always hold. If we refer to Figure
actual control methods in use it is felt that the subjects of

4 it will be readily observed that the straight line portion control for negative, positive and sound track should be
of the H and D curve from which gamma is determined treated individually. Furthermore, that this paper might
exists only between points B and C. This straight line por- contain more than the opinion of the author, data will be
tion contains only part of the various densities which go presented from actual production laboratories, which data
to make up the complete curve. This being the case, the will show clearly the degree of consideration which is given
densities which are beyond either extreme of the straight to sensitometric control.
line must play some part in the photographic rendering of Before discussing actual laboratory data there is an im-
subject or scene. When one looks at a motion picture on portant consideration which should be given to the develop-
the screen and studies it for contrast, all thoughts of gamma ment of negative film. In Hollywood there are two dis-
disappear. What the observer is looking at is the relation- tinctly differentmethods by which negative film is devel-
ship existing between the highlights and shadows. Sensi- oped. One method is that of a constant time of develop-
tometrically this refers to the toe and shoulder portions of ment. The other method is that which is colloquially
the H and D curve. Therefore, it seems evident that in termed the test method. By the constant time method is
studying contrast sensitometrically that densities which lie meant that the developing solution is maintained at a
on the toe and shoulder must be considered. In evaluating definite control gamma, as shown sensitometrically, and
August 1933 0 American Cinematographer 133

a of practice which now exists in the laboratories

it is simple procedure to determine the rate at which a
replenisher must be added to the developing solution to
maintain it at its predetermined controlled developing power.
Naturally, during the course of development by either sys-
tem the developing strength of the solution changes as in-
Control in creased footage goes through it. It is necessary to find
a means of maintaining the fixed development condition,
whether it be by altering the time of development or the

the Processing chemical replenishment.

In some laboratories samples of a test negative are de-
veloped along with their sensitometric strips.
This test negative is usually a closeup of a girl. Many
of Motion laboratory men still feel that they can see more
ture than they can be told about that picture from the data
in the pic-

which is indicated by the sensitometric analysis. By de-

veloping both and practical tests a double

Picture Film check is made. It is remarkable to observe the fine details

of density and contrast which can be seen by the experi-

enced laboratory man in the examination of the test picture
by negative. All laboratory men are becoming more thoroughly
"Emery Huse, A.S.C. educated in the art of sensitometry and are becoming quite
able in determining from the sensitometric data the cause
of any differences which might occur and show themselves
that exposed negatives of all types, except very special effect
between two successive tests. There is still in existence in
shots, are developed under this standard predetermined con- Hollywood one or two smaller laboratories operating by the
dition. By the test method it is necessary that the camera- rack and tank method. Their system of sensitometric con-
man photograph an extra portion of each scene to be used trol is quite similar to that applied to machine development.
as a test for development. These tests are developed for a With very carefully laid down manipulative procedures good
constant time, which time has been predetermined as nor- results can be and are being obtained. One laboratory in
mal for correct exposures. After the development of these particular uses the rack and tank method for the develop-
tests the responsible party in the laboratory examines them ment of all film, including picture negative and positive and
and determines the time of development which in his opinion sound track. However, inasmuch as we are more par-
would be best suited for each take. When one considers a ticularly interested in the modern methods of control, we
large production company with several individual companies shall not deal further with any system except one which
in production, the number of tests which go through by this
makes use of developing machines.
system is appreciable. Over a period of time it is found
All of the foregoingunder the general heading of nega-
that many of these scenes receive normal development. The
tive development has dealt with the procedure involved.
remaining scenes may vary from plus or minus one-half to
Nothing has been said quantitatively about the results ob-
several minutes from the normal. In many instances where
tained. During the past five years there have been some
scenes were shot under adverse conditions their photographic
rather definite changes in what is desired from the stand-
quality is materially improved by this method of negative
point of negative quality. In 1928 the author had occa-
development. The time consumed is greater and the work
sion to measure sensitometrically the control gammas of
slightly more involved, but in view of the results obtained
the solutions used by the various major laboratories in Hol-
the quality is very favorable.
lywood. This was before any sensitometric methods were
The author after having observed over a five-year period in use in these laboratories. The film which was used was
the results of the development of negatives by either of these panchromatic negative which was then in style. The sensi-
two systems is convinced that both have their merits and can tometric exposures were made on a time scale sensitometer
be and are productive of excellent results. From the stand- in the West Coast Laboratories of the Motion Picture Film
point of pure sensitometric control, the developing solution Division of the Eastman Kodak Company. This instrument
itself is studied before any production work goes through it. was a duplicate of the time scale sensitometer in use in
One of the first things done when a new developer is put into the Research Laboratories in Rochester. The gamma values
the system is to run a sensitometric control, which consists resulting from exposures made on this instrument were of
of the development of a group of sensitometric strips all the same general order as those obtained currently with
made under a set condition. It is determined from the re- the Type Mb sensitometer. At the time of these tests the
sults of these developed strips just what time of development average negative picture gamma was very close to .80, some
is necessary to give the desired control gamma. Once this is laboratories running higher values. A few years ago, par-
which of the two systems of
established, then regardless of ticularly after the introduction of the high speed super-sensi-
negative development is to be employed that time becomes tive type of film, it was found that the trend in general
the standard for that machine operating at a definite speed negative quality was toward a lower degree of contrast,
under a definite condition of developing solution and tem- which exhibited itself from the sensitometric data made at
perature. If the laboratoryis operating purely on the time the time. Measurements of negative gamma from .55 to
basis then all of the negative to be developed goes through .65 were quite normal. At the present time, 1933, the
that solution for the time which the tests indicate produces average negative gamma has increased somewhat and mea-
the desired control gamma. The sensitometric control urements show negative gammas falling between .60 and
which is applied to this system consists of periodic tests, such .75, with the average being very close to .67. It is not with-
which give data showing whether
as at half hour intervals, in the scope of this paper to explain why this trend has taken
or not the degree of development was greater or less than place, if it were possible, although it can be stated in brief
that determined by the original test. With knowledge as that as the details of the photographic method of recording
sound were improved, changes were necessitated in the en-
- Paper delivered bv Mr. Huse at April, 1933 S.M.P.E. Convention. tire processing system of both sound and picture films.
134 American Cinematographer 0 August 1933

least one transparency sequence and — in a majority of in-

stances, more than one sequence.
Heretofore, however, this process has suffered from the
fact that most transparency instalations have been of the
fixed type, and accordingly, confined to a single stage. In
natural consequence, the scheduling of process sequences
in a large studio has become increasingly difficult. To re-
duce this congestion, process technicians throughout the
industry have been experimenting with the development of
portable transparency installations, with varying degrees of
success. —
The latest and probably the most successful of —
these is one recently developed by George J. Teague, one of
the pioneers in transparency work.
designing this equipment, Mr. Teague (who will be
remembered as one of the designers of the equipment first
used for projected-background work, and associated with
the process department of the Fox Studio on all process work
from the first examples in “Liliom’’ and “Just Imagine’’
down to such recent productions as “State Fair’’) has had
in mind the ideal of creating a background-projector as

portable as a modern blimped camera. In attaining this

end, however, he has taken pains to attain equal flexibility
combined with the greatest rigidity and precision.
As can be seen from the illustration, the projector is
mounted on a wheeled base, fitted with pointed jacks by
which it can be rigidly anchored to the stage-floor. Above
this comes a geared hoist, by which he projecion-head can
be raised or lowered in a vertical plane, and locked rigidly
at any point. Above this is a firm base fitted with ad-
justments by which the projection-head may be tilted or
revolved to any desired position; the- tilt giving a range of
The new Teague mobile process projector. 20° each way from tne horizontal, and the revolving head
allowing a full 360° swing. Both of these movements, of
course, are also fitted with positive locks, so that the pro-
jector, though easily adjusted, is held rigidly in place when

A in use. The lamp-house is mounted on a rigidly-cast gib,

which can be slid forward and back in absolute optical
alignment and with the projection lens, or instantly removed.
This movement, too, is fitted with postive locks.
The projection-head itself is extremely compact, yet rigid.
Super-Portable Registration is secured by the Technicolor method.
shutter —
balanced with extreme precision, and allowing the

maximum opening it is behind the film apereture. The
projector powered by an interlock motor, placed on the
Background- is

right-hand side, and fitted with a simple connection allowing

an exceptional degree of adjustment for synchronization with
the taking camera. The whole mechanism is rigidly fitted

Pro|ector into a finely machined base-plate, and demountable by re-

leasing a single bolt and disconnection of the motor-shaft
slip-joint. By this means, if it is desired to fly the
equipment, the head and lamphouse can be removed from
by the base in a matter of seconds, and reassembled in an
equally brief interval.
Frank B. Good, A.S.C. The lamp-house is a standard, high-intensity projection
mirror-arc type; this is an integral part of Mr. Teague’s

design. Only, he says, by absolute co-ordination of all of
the optical units of the projector can the maximum effi-
ITHIN the past two or three years, the “trans- ciency be attained. In a majority of installations, he points
parency” or projected-background process has out, the lamp-house is considered solely as a light-source,
revolutionized the art of trick cinematography, not as an intergral part of the optical system. Accordingly,
and effected tremendous savings in production-cists. Its though transparency-technicians frequently change the focal-
basic principles are too well known to merit repetition be- length of the projection-lenses used, according to the re-
yond the simple statement that the process consists of the
projection of any desired cinematographic background upon
quirements of the scene to be made —
but use the same
reflecting-system at the light-source throughout. This prac-
a translucent screen behind the actors, with background- tice, he has found, is in a large measure the cause of the
projector and camera operating in an electrical interlock. “hot-spot” which so frequently causes trouble in this work.
This process has literally made possible the making of sev- Accordingly, he has gone to great pains to co-ordinate the
eral of the most successful productions of the day, and has foci of the mirrors used with the foci of the projection-
saved hundreds of thousands of dollars —
and incalculable lenses employed; he has, moreover, found it imperative to
time and effort — in its application to other productions. use mirrors and lenses of the same manufacture. By this
It is probable that nine productions out of ten contain at
(Continued on Page 148)
August 1933 0 American Cinematographer 135

Work Best
In Tropics
Len Roos, garbed in dinner clothes at 7
Len Roos, A.S.C. o’clock in the morning to photograph the
Sultan in his palace. This Leica shot was
As told to Karl Hale taken in the interior of the palace.

ment and
HEN Universal assigned
ture to be
me the
the jurisdiction of the sound equipment.



used the RCA single sound system to reduce equip-

to their
Java, they not only
the camera,

to reduce personnel in that jungle covered coun-

animal pic-
but also
panied me on this trip.
When he was operating the
would use the small lea Kinamo which we picked

up in Germany to secure close-ups of the animals. We

had the apereture of the Ica-Kinamo rebuilt so as to mask
out the space usually required by the sound track.
found this little camera a mighty ideal bit of equipment
But, I

try. We kept our equipment down to a minimum, al- under the circumstances in which we worked. It was the

though we did take about four each of everything for an first time had handled I this foreign camera and it worked

emergency. The thing to suffer mostly, however, was the perfectly for me at all times.
microphone. Wekept the microphone in a humidor in The nature of the story also required many street shots.
which we had placed Calcium Chloride until a minute or The Ica-Kinamo was pressed into service on practically all
two before we wanted to use it. The damp-sweating at- of these.
mosphere of Singapore affected the microphone more than Weused the Leica camera for all of our production stills.
any other piece of equipment we had with us. A micro- I mounted myLeica on my viewfinder synchronized the . . .

phone of the condenser type which we had for picking up Leica the 35 mm. finder and as the camera
finder with
the sound is naturally affected more by atmospheric con- ground would snap the Leica as we went along and pick

ditions than any other type. Contraction and expansion of up the same action as the 35 mm. camera registered for
the materials directly in line with the picking up of the our production stills.
sound is a serious matter. We
kept the microphone, for Itmore or less a familiar fact to
is cinematographers all
this reason, in the humidor constantly ... in fact, we called
who have worked in the tropics that it is necessary to keep
it the "Mike Incubator.’’ We
had to handle it like a sick the moisture out of the film before and after being ex-
child. Placing it back in the humidor immediately we were
posed. have found during my 19 years of travel making

finished, or replacing it with a fresh microphone if we were

pictures in every corner of the world and in every conceiv-
compelled to expose it to the atmosphere for too long a
able climate that when working in the tropics it is advan-
tageous to have the raw stock packed in small rolls from
In my opinion the only successful microphone to use in 400 feet to 100 feet of film so as not to expose to the
that climate is the ribbon type. The dynamic mike is atmospheric conditions that might not be used for several
affected by the winds . . . the condenser is affected by days.
atmospheric conditions. The Ribbon Mike is the only type Before leaving had the Eastman company pack this film

available that the atmosphere will not injure in its repro- in small containers seal it with tape and over that seal
. . .

duction values. The ribbon, hanging as it does between the it with hot wax so as to keep out every vestige of moisture.
two elements, has a great flexibility in contraction and ex- When we had exposed the film, we put it first in a humidor
pansion that is advantageous under tropical conditions. we had made of a fireless cooker. We had a second fire-
The three microphones we took with us were com- less cooker for drying the paper in which we would wrap
pletely ruined before we finished with the picture. All the film. Of course, in each of these humidors we had
of them will have to be rebuilt before they will again be
placed the calcium chloride to attract the moisture. After
serviceable. both the film and paper were perfectly dry we wrapped the
The 35 mm. hand camera was indeed a mighty handy film in the paper, placed it in a can and then sealed the
equipment operating as we were. Paul Perry accom-
bit of
(Continued on Page 152)
1 36 American Cinematographer August 1933

of the MONTH
“SONG OF SONGS’’ than any act or word could portray. Later in the story, a
sequence in which the sole illumination used is an ordinary
Paramount Production
flashlight proves of artistic and dramatic as well as technical
photographed by Victor Milner, A.S.C. Some of the scenes the tropical village are
This production — despite the fact that

it was made under
interest. in
likewise excellent examples of high-key photography; they
a variety of difficult ranks with the best work
conditions are highly atmospheric —one can almost feel the sultry heat
that Cinematographer Milner has ever turned out. He gives portrayd.
his well-known lighting skill full play, and makes the most
One of Mr. Winchell’s best orchids is due to Director
of the manyopportunities afforded by sets, locations and
ac tj on —
n ot to mention doing marvelously by Marlene Diet-
his camera-mindedness, and another to Art-
Parker; but the balance of the bouquet is
rich, the star, who has seldom, if ever, appeared to more
surely the due of Cinematographer Mohr, whose artistry
photogenic advantage.
makes he seem better than it really is.
“Song of Songs,” however, is primarily a study in pic-
composition; almost every scene is a compositional
gem, well worth the careful study of cinematographers ev-
The these scenes, too, show the
majority of Fox Production
vital part which lighting and light-patterns can play in pic- photographed by Arthur Miller, A.S.C.
torial composition. Sketchily episodic, perforce, this celluloid biography of
The major flaw that can be found with the production the late Mayor Cermak of Chicago is made well worth see-
(aside from a weak story, about which the lay critics have ing by the intelligent direction of Hamilton McFadden, and
already written a great deal) lies, to my mind, in Director by superb photography from the camera of Arthur Miller,
Reuben Mamoulian’s misuse of the camera in the early se- A.S.C. The earlier sequences especially abound in striking
quences. In this portion of the film, Miss Dietrich’s char- pictorialism and rich atmosphere. The scenes of the Chicago
acterization is German peasant girl; such
that of a simple fire, and the sequences in the colliery, especially, are not-

a characterization by no means advanced by the use of

is able; not to mention the treatment
— —
photographic and di-
While the later sequences
such a profusion of abnormal angle-shots as have been used. rectorial of the mine-disaster.

Admittedly, the sets for this sequence provided opportuni- — laid in modern times —
do not offer so fruitful a field for
ties such as would try the patience of a cinematographic atmospheric pictorialism, they are none the less beautifully
Job: but Mamoulian's proven understanding of the funda- handled by Cinematographer Miller.
mentals of cinematics should have enabled him to resist
these temptations, and hew strictly to the line of his story. “DON’T BET ON LOVE”
Universal Production
‘‘THE DEVIL’S IN LOVE” photographed by Jackson J. Rose, A.S.C.
Fox Production It has been some time we have seen a picture from
photographed by Hal Mohr, A.S.C. Cinematographer Rose, for due to an automobile accident
he has been inactive for many months; but his recent pro-
There will undoubtedly be a strong difference of opinion i
duction, “Don’t Bet on Love,” proves that his injury did
regarding the dramatic worth of this production; but there
no harm to his camera-craft. On the contrary, despite the
can be no question of the fact that Hal Mohr, A.S.C., has
limited opportunities vouchsafed him by the story, his work
contributed some of the finest cinematography seen in a
has improved. Always artistic, never conspicuous, it is a
long time. In addition to the rich quality that always char-
an out- fine example of what the treatment of such a plot should
acterizes Mohr’s work, “The Devil’s in Love


of the fine art of utilizing chiaroscuro

be. There is also a most interesting series of optically-
standing example
light-and-shadow patterns — There are
for pictorial effect.
printed transitions at the start of the picture, planting the
New York locale, and another similar one toward the end,
many scenes which, without Mohr’s pictorial lighting,
wherein the hero’s easily-won bankroll is speedily dimin-
have been ordinary to the point of worthlessness, yet which
Memorable ished at the race-tracks. Rose has handled the players ex-
are made outstanding by masterly lighting.
the star, as cellently (Ginger Rcgrs, in particular, should be grateful for
among these is a medium-shot of Victor Jory,
his skillful lighting) and made the most of everything placed
military court-martial pronounces sentence upon him: just
front of before his lens. The only technical flaw in the production
a blank wall, with an immobile soldier standing in
it; yet by casting upon the wall the shadows
of the slanting — an unusually poor crane shot —
can hardly be traced to
Rose’s door, forit is clear that he was in this instance over-
rifles and bayonets of the guard, Cinematographer Mohr not
ridden by the impatience of either director or supervisor,
only gives a striking pictorial effect, but establishes an at-
mosphere of menace and oppression infinitely more telling • Continued on Page 154)

August 1933 O American Cinematographer 137

Contents . . .

16 MM. Fine Grain Developing

by William Stull, A.S.C 140

AN Amateur Makes An Industrial

by Edw. ). Schon 142


by J. A. Dubray, A.S.C. 143

MAKING Movies Under Water

by Joseph Walker, A.S.C 144

oy A.S.C. Members 146

Next Month . . .

• AN UNUSUALLY interesting story in Microscopic Photography with the

1 6mm. camera.

• A PROFESSIONAL will give you his experiences with an Exposure


• WE WILL TELL you how to equip a Laboratory for development of

1 6mm. negative.

• IN ADDITION to these there will be other stories that will touch on

continuity, more about fine grain development . . . and if our plans do

not go awry a story on Slow Motion by a man who has had had much
experience in this work.

Photograph by Jackson Rose, A. S.C.

•PROFESSIONAL Criticism of the Amateur

picture is a part of the service offered by the
are not aware of this. Hundreds of pictures
have been reviewed this past year by mem-
bers of the American Society of Cinematog-
raphers for the Amateur.
138 American Cinematographer £ August 1933

1 6 mm. Films of Fair ful for extremely long distance shots and New Bass Bargaingram
in photographing wild life, birds, sports,
• Bell &
Howell Company announce the etc., where the Cinematographer would
• Camera Company has just issued
exclusive distribution of the Burton a new 16 mm. Bargaingram, listing 18
be unable to secure a picture without
Holmes pictures of the Chicago 1933 pages of apparatus and supplies.. This
the use of an extremely long focus lens.
World’s Fair through their dealer affilia- Bargaingram No. 211 is mailed free on
tions throughout the world. request. A new department in this Bar-
This series consists of the following Booklet on Medical Pictures gaingram is the listing of a set of thir-
teen filters.
subjects: ‘‘Around the Fair with Burton
Holmes,” 400 feet. An abbreviated ver-
® Physicians and surgeons who are inter- The materials listed comprise prac-
ested in making medical, surgical or everything from cameras and pro-
sion of this is available in 100 feet. tically
other scientific films will welcome a jectors to the many accessories used by
‘‘Opening Day Ceremonies,” feet; 100
monograph entitled “The Motion Picture the Cinefilmer.
‘‘Streets Paris,” 100 feet; “Indian
as a Professional Instrument,” prepared
Village,” 100 feet; “Wings of a Cen-
tury,” 100 feet; “The Lama Temple,”
by W. F. Kruse, of the Educational Di-

100 feet; “The Belgian Village,” 100

vision of the Bell & Howell Company.
Agfa Consolidated Offices
feet; “Enchanted Island,” 100 feet, and Following are some of the topics dis-
“The Fair at Night,” 100 feet. cussed: The doctor his own cameraman; ©The Agfa Ansco Corporation and Agfa
Developing the scenario; Sixteen mm. Raw Film Corporation have consoli-
film vs. thirty-five; Why is interest in dated the Los Angeles and Hollywood
medical and surgical motion pictures in- branches. This consolidated office is now
Movies to Teach Coif
creasing; What lenses? Lights or lenses; located at 1043 South Olive Street. The
• The use of motion pictures for teach- Focusing; Filters; Color pictures; Micro- Pacific Coast Technical and Research of-
ing golf has been officially adopted by motion study; Time-lapse films; Cine- fice has been located at 14261/2 North
the golf department of the big Carson, microscopy; Animation; “Talkies”; Uses Beachwood Drive under the direction of
Pirie, Scott & Co. department store in of motion pictures in medical schools and Dr. Ing. Herbert Meyer. The Olive Street
Chicago, according to announcement hospitals; Films in lay health education office is under the management of Mr.
made by Bell & Howell Co. Walter Kel- and professional societies; The individual E. M. St. Claire.
ler, well-known golf pro, in charge of practitioner.
the store’s golf section, is using a Bell
The monograph consists of 28 pages
& Howell personal movie camera to take and is both comprehensive and concise. New Model Leica Camera
slow motion shots of his golf pupils’
It concludes with an extensive and valu-
strokes to diagnose just what is wrong • E. Leitz, Inc., announces the introduc-
able bibliography.
with their play; and then having located tion of a new Model F Leica Camera,
It be sent free of charge to doc-
will one that includes, besides the usual shut-
the weak points, he proceeds to apply the
tors or hospital executives on application ter speed range of /20th to /500th
proper corrective instruction. 1 1

to the Educational Division, Bell & Howell second exposure, slow shutter speeds
Company, 1801 Larchmont Avenue, Chi- ranging from one full second to one-
New cago. eighth second. An interesting feature
Craig Announces Prices
of this device lies in the fact that inter-
• In a recent bulletin sent to the trade mediate shutter speeds may be secured
the Craig Movie Supply Co. has an- Weston Leica Meter by setting the index pointer between
nounced new prices on its line of 16 two calibrated speeds, thus, if the indi-
mm. splicers and combination rewinds
©A special exposure
meter has been de-
cator is set between “4” and “8,” a
signedby the Weston Electric Com-
and splicers, to take effect September shutter speed of 1 /6th second will result.
pany for use with the Leica camera.
1st. In some instances the reductions The new shutter speed control consists
This is claimed to be the smallest and
have been as high as thirty-three and of a tiny, calibrated knob situated near
most compact of the Weston Exposure
one-third per cent. the lens on the front of the camera. It.
Meters. It is similar in design to the
operates independently from the regular
Cine iVieter turned out by Weston. It
shutter speed setting dial located on top
is provided with simple conversion tables
Hugo Meyer Telephoto Lenses of the camera. The slow speeds marked
covering the most popular types of films.
on the dial are 2, 4, and 8, which cor-
• Two new telephonto lenses for both The weight is 'claimed to be only 6 1 ,

respond to second, Vz second, \4 sec-

16 and 35 mm. cameras announced
are ounces and the meter will sell for less

ond, and Vs second.

by Hugo Meyer & Company. They are than $25.00. The Leica Meter is cali-
their 7-inch and 10-inch f:5.5 Tele- brated in accordance with the lens and A new magnifier lens is built into the
Megor Telephoto lenses. shutter settings on the Leica camera, 1
range and view finders of the new LEICA
It is claimed they are particularly use- second to 1/500 second. (Continued on Page 158)

EXHIBITIN G extremely fine grain
combined with reasonably high
speed, Eastman Background Nega-
tive admirably fulfills its function
as a negative medium for composite

shots. Both in the camera and in the

processing laboratory it performs
in a manner that makes it an out-
standing film for this new era of
the motion picture . . . Make your
own tests of it as soon as possible.

Eastman Kodak Company. (J. E.

Brulatour, Inc., Distributors, New

York, Chicago, Hollywood.)

1-90 American Cinematographer • August 19 65

HE negative-positive system unquestionably offers

many advantages to the 16mm. worker especially the —
ability to make fresh prints at any time, at a moderate
cost. Unfortunately, however, it has also gained the reputa-

which in the minds of
tion of being undesirably grainy
many users more than offsets the advantages offered
Since inquiry shows that most 16mm. negative film is coated
Fine Crain
with the identical emulsion used for the same manufac-
turers’ highly successful 35mm. product, this writer has fre-
quently doubted the justification of this reputation. The
16mm. picture is, roughly speaking, about half the size of
the 35mm. image; it is rarely subjected, in projection, to
any enlargement even remotely comparable to the tre-
mendous magnification generally practiced in our larger
theatres; and even though the 16mm. audience is often
much nearer the screen, proportionately, than is the the-
atrical audience, why should the graininess of the two
identical emulsions be so greatly disproportionate?

Careful consideration of the problem will show that the

only point in the lines followed by 35mm. and 16mm. film
from factory to screen, at which there is an appreciable de-
gree of divergence, is in the developing laboratory. It must

be admitted that few commercial film laboratories are in a

position to be so painstaking as are the specialized plants Enlargement from 16mm. negative devel-
devoted to the processing of a studio’s negative. It is like- oped by ordinary commercial laboratory.
Note greater graininess. Both illustrations
wise well known that the grain-producing characteristics of made on DuPont Panchromatic 16mm. Neg-
ative film, with same camera and lens.
different developing solutions vary considerably; and, further,
Enlargements by Cilbert Morgan.
that those producing the finest grain are as a rule more ex-
pensive, and require more care in compounding and man-
ipulation than do the more familiar ones which produce a paramount importance: absolute cleanliness; protecting the
larger grain. film from any dirt or chemical impurities (for which reason
distilledwater and filtered solutions are always preferable,
Such being the case, the only solution to the problem was
though in some localities the regular tap water may be ade-
obviously to experiment personally with 16mm. negative and
quately pure. Tap water can, of course, be used for the
a variety of the fine-grain developers recommended by the
washing.); and thirdly, protecting the film from anything
various research engineers. The results have more than
which might scratch or mar the soft emulsion. All of the
justified the experimentation, for the finest-grained results
solutions, too (including the rinsing-water) should be kept
produced have shown that 16mm. negative film, properly
cool, between 65 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit, so that the
processed, will give results absolutely comparable to re-
emulsion will not be unduly softened. All solutions should
versal emulsions. Compared with reversal film by simul-
have found little be kept at as nearly uniform a temperature as is possible.
taneous projection on a ten-foot screen, I

or no difference in grain characteristics between comparable As far as the developing solutions themselves are con-
scenes made with the same equipment on reversal and nega- cerned, the production of truly fine-grain results demands
tive films. highly specialized developers. It is true that motion picture

film can be developed in any solution that can be used for

The equipment used for processing negative film, while
ordinary photographic negatives; but this is not de-
important in itself, is of less importance than the develop-
good results, it is imperative that the
ing solutions used. Almost any method will suffice pin-
racks, Stinemann racks, “Correx” apron-rolls, or (in the case
— sirable:
for really
devised for cine-film processing be

of short lengths) revolving drums —

so long as the operative
used. It must be remembered that the problems involved in

still photography and cinematography are decidedly different.

procedure is correct.
One of the most outstanding if the features which differ-
Since the majority of cine-amateurs have had more or entiate the two is the vital importance of grain-size. The
less experience in still photography —
including developing tremendous enlargement demanded of a motion picture
and printing —
it is hardly necessary to state that negative image is many times more exacting than anything normally
development requires two chemical solutions —
the developer demanded is still photography. In the latter, we rarely go
and the fixing-bath —
and at least two (preferably three) beyond an 11x14 inch print: and even when miniature-
intermediate washings in cold water. The best method is to camera negatives are used, the enlargement is in no way
put the film on the rack, immerse it for a few minutes in comparable to that involved in projecting 16mm. picture-
cold water (this promotes better and more uniform chem- less than Vz inch square —
onto a five or six foot screen.
ical action, and retards the formation of air-bubbles) then ;
(And it must be remembered, too, that with modern equip-
immerse it for the required time in the developer, agitating ment many users of 16mm. employ
screens ten feet or more
it by lifting the rack up and down a few times immediately in width.) Professional experience has proven that we can
on immersion, and also several times during the developing only go a certain distance in this direction before being
process; then immerse the film again in cold water, to clear stopped by the fact that the grain of the emulsion becomes
away the developer before immersing in the acid hypo enlarged to the point of objectionable visibility.
fixing-bath; then, after fixing for eight to ten minutes in Scientific investigation has proven that the grain in posi-
the typo (the regular Eastman Acid Hypo is excellent for this tive is so small
film as to be negligible: accordingly, any
purpose) wash in running water for at least twenty minutes,
steps toward fine-grain results must be taken with the nega-
and dry. All operations up to and including the first minute tive. Normally speaking, the actual grain-size of either
or two in the Hypo should be done in total darkness. 35mm. or 16mm. negative emulsions is such as to be within
Throughout all of these manipulations, three things are of satisfactory limits. Unfortunately, however, many develop-
August 1933 • American Cinematographer 141

Elon 1 20 grains.
Sodium Sulphite (E. K. Co.) 14 ounces.
Hydroquinone 300 grains.
Borax 120 grains.

Developing Water
difficult to
to the high concentration of sulphite, this
mix unless done in
128 ounces

the following manner: dis-

(1 gallon).
is rather

solve the Elon in a small quantity of warm water (about 125

For 16 mm.
degrees F. and add this to the tank. Then dissolve ap-
) ,

proximately one quarter of the sulphite separately in hot

water (about 160 F.) and add the hydroquinone, while
stirring, until completely dissolved. Add this solution to
the tank. Then dissolve the remainder of the sulphite in

Negative hot water (160 F.) and add the borax.

and temperature with cold water or

When dissolved,
pour this into the tank, and dilute to the required volume
if necessary ice. — —
The development time for this solution (for a normal
William Stull, A.S.C. negative, of course) is 10 to 15 minutes at 65 degrees
Fahrenheit. The life of the solution is quite long, if it is

kept in a well-stoppered bottle when not in use; as the

solution ages, development time increases.
of course, the
This developer may be revived once or twice during its life
by the addition of half the quantity of borax originally used.
With use, the developer may become slightly muddy, due
to a suspension of colloidal silver in the solution; the tank
also becomes coated with a thin, white deposit of silver:
but both of these effects are harmless, and can be ignored.

DuPont Borax Developer

A somewhat similarsolution is the DuPont Borax de-
veloper, which may, of course, be used with any type of
film, just as the D-76 formula which originated in the
Eastman laboratories, is quite satisfactory for DuPont film.

Rhodol (Metol, Elon, etc.) 2.5 grams.

Sodium Sulphite (anhydrous) .... 75.0 grams.
Hydroquinone 3.0 grams.
Borax 5.0 grams.
Enlargement from 16mm. negative devel- Water to make 1 liter.
oped in Paraphenylene-Diamine developer.
Note fine grain. Development time: 5 to 7 minutes at 68 F.

The Borax developers are highly satisfactory, and give a

far finer grain than is generally obtainable with commercial
16mm. The Paraphenylene-Diamine de-
laboratory service.
velopers, however, give a much finer grain; the finest grain,
ing agents and formulae actsuch a way as to artificially
in fact, thus far known. They are attended, on the other
accentuate this grain or, —
to be exact, the graininess.
hand, by certain disadvantages, including (due to their
strong alkalinity) a marked tendency to irritate sensitive
According to the researches of such scientists as Dr. C. E. K.
skins (this can, of course, be overcome by wearing rubber
Mees, A.S.C. and Dr. V. B. Sease, A.S.C. the appearance
, ,

gloves) poor keeping quality; and a requirement of extra

of grain in motion picture film is not due so much to the ;

actual size of the silver grains in an emulsion as it is to the

exposure and longer developing time. Some of them give
fact that many developers have a tendency to cause the
a rather high degree of contrast also. The following solu-
grains to move physically in their supporting gelatin, and
tion, which have tried with great success, requires

clump together in irregularly-shaped particles which, on DOUBLE NORMAL EXPOSURE (that is, one stop larger
than would otherwise be required) and a developing time of
projection, become individually visible as single grains. The ,

problem is developing agent which will satisfac-

to find a
30 minutes.
torily develop the latent image without causing this clump- Paraphenylene-Diamine Develcper
ing which gives rise to graininess.
For Twice Normal Exposure
There are a number of excellent developing-solutions Paraphenylene-Diamine 540 grains.
suitable for this work: the most
however, are satisfactory, Sodium Sulphite (E. K. Co.).... 7 ounces.
the so-called “Borax Developer,’’ such as the Eastman D-76 Water to 120 ounces.
formula, and the DuPont Borax formula; and the Para- Developing time: 30 minutes at 68 F.
phenylene-Diamine developer, which though it has some — The Paraphenylene-Diamine is dissolved in hot water
disadvantages —
nevertheless gives unquestionably the finest
(160-180 F.) and when thoroughly dissolved, the sulphite
grain obtainable.
is added. The remainder of the water should be made up
with cold water or ice.
Borax Developers
This solution is normally of a purplish-brown color, and
Probably the best-known the so-called “Borax De-
of has a certain mild dye-toning effect upon the image, giving
velopers’’ is the Eastman “D-76’’ formula. While this is it a cloudy yellowish appearance by reflected light: this
described in both volumes of the CINEMATOGRAPHIC does not, however, impair its printing quality except, per-
ANNUAL, I will repeat it here: (Continued on Page 150)
142 American Cinematographer Q August 1933

opportunity presented itself, shot the different scenes in


the shop and as the films were returned from the processing
station, they were spliced in behind their proper titles.

Many of the scenes were real problems photographically.

For instance, I succeeded in getting a shot inside of a nitric
acid etching machine Another was one looking
in operation.
down through magnifying glass, showing an ex-
a large
tremely delicate hand engraving process. Actual developing
of a wet plate was accomplished (by a trick). The dark
room scenes were toned a deep red, to give them the proper
Practically every foot of film shot was used. had very I

little waste, as each shot was carefully planned. Not one

scene was taken over. The film was shot at odd times cov-
ering a period of four months. Four ordinary arc lights,
found in any engraving shop, were used, which supplied
sufficient light to stop down to F. 16 which assisted me
very materially in getting the extreme sharpness in the
An ordinary Bell and Howell camera was used, with an
F. 3:5 universal focus lens. Focusing was accomplished by
unscrewing the lens from one-quarter to one full turn. I

had, of course, made previous tests as to just how far to

unscrew the lens from the different distances. With the
four arc lights was able to get very good top and back

lighting. A tripod was used wherever possible.

When the picture was assembled and edited, I had a pic-
ture of four reels and showing time of about 45 minutes.
The president of our local Craftsman’s Club had been in-
sistent that our firm put on a program and so the film was
presented for the first time to a group of printers.
Upper photo shows fine engraving by hand hope you will not think
I am boastful when say that

through a magnifying glass. Lower photo

is close-up showing routing machine in this meeting brought out the largest turnout the Portland
operation. Club has ever had. Almost one hundred printing house
executives were there. don’t believe that they were there

to see the picture just because made it, but because they I

An Amateur wanted to see how

engravings were made. Many of them
had, of course, been through engraving shops but yet there
was much they wanted to know. They were there because
my picture had filled a certain need.

Makes An Without knowing it,

more favorable attitude toward engravers.

I had succeeded
picture a certain psychology which has had the effect of a
in putting into this

When my picture
came to an end, the audience stood up and applauded, the

Industrial equal of which

never experienced before. Customers came

me and said in effect, “How in the world can you give

by such fast service when a cut has to go through all those
operations? never realized how much have exacted from
Edward J. Schon I I

you on rush work.”

HEN started out to make a moving picture

showing how engravings (or cuts) are made

had absolutely nothing to guide me.
know, no serious attempt had ever been made
to show the “Art” of Photo-engraving in pic-
tures. When one stops to consider the intricate
As far as

Well, to make a long story short, the news of the film
was soon circulated in many trade journals.
lutely no attempt to advertise the film myself.

made abso-
Requests for
the loan of the film came from every section of the coun-
Mostly engravers asked for it and many
requests had to be turned down. Engravers
from San Diego to Boston showed it to adver-

details that go into the making of printing tising clubs and other organizations. When-
plates and the seeming impossibilities of photo- ever possible, showed the film at high schools

graphing the numerous operations involved, one and various classes, and can assure you that I

would well wonder that a mere amateur would the results were very gratifying.
even attempt it. Nevertheless, did attempt it
In the producing of an industrial film as an
and it turned out to be one of the best achieve- advertising or good will agency, it is my opinion
ments have to my credit.
that nothing can equal it for results. It can be
I started out, of course, with a very definite the instrument for molding public opinion in a
outline. Each shot was planned in advance. I favorable way towards
Problems of its sponsor.
made all my titles in advance, developed them many kinds can be overcome by the showing to
and spliced them in sequence. Whenever the (Continued on Page 148)
August 1933 American Cinematographer 143

B & H Specia

Semi- P rofessional
70D 16 mm- Camera
J. A. Dubray, A.S.C.

T IS with a view to increasing the efficiency and versa-

of the FILMO Model 70 Camera that the Bell and

Howell Company has recently designed a series of at-

tachments that can be adapted to any of the cameras in
existence and which bring this apparatus to such a com-
pleteness of refinement that it can be classed as semi-
professional, without at the same time eliminating the pos-
sibility of taking full advantage of the features of portability
and ease of operation that have been responsible to a great
extent for the success with which this type of camera has
been received by amateur cinematographers.
These new accessories and attachments consist of three
major units:
A film magazine of a capacity of 200 feet.
A driving motor, and
A range finder.
Each one of these units is independent from the other
and can be adopted or discarded at will.
The film magazine is of the two-compartment type as
used in the Bell and Howell professional camera. The film
Showing both sides of the B Cr H Semi-
is “loaded” into one of the compartments, made to pass Professional 16 mm. camera. Upper photo
through two valve openings and its loose end is fastened to shows use of finder arrangement.
the empty reel in the take-up compartment.
The valves are light-proof, so the film is fully protected
from fogging. The protruding of the magazine back of the camera
In order to load the camera, a loop of film is pulled from would interfere with the ease of watching the field of view
the magazine and inserted opening cut in the
in a special through the finder. To remedy this, the finder eye-piece
rear of the camera. The magazine is then screwed fast to tube is set at a conveient angle and a prism of proper devia-
the camera and the film is threaded through the camera tion connects this angular setting so that the finder image
sprockets and movement in the customary way. can be viewed comfortably even by persons wearing glasses.
When the camera door is locked a special prong auto- Since 200 feet of film are now available in the camera,
matically opens the magazines’ valves and the film runs means have been provided so that the whole length, or any
through two wide slots, eliminating all friction and conse- part of could be run without interruption and to this end
quent evil of scratches and abrasions. a driving electric motor has been adapted that can be op-
If for any reason the magazine is withdrawn from the erated through the regular house line current, or through
camera before fhe 200 feet is all “shot,” the action of open- dry batteries.
ing the camera door causes the magazine valves to close The adaptation of the motor requires the installation in
automatically and the only film lost is the small length of the course of a system of gears which are set in motion
the loading loop. either by hand crank or by the motor. This particular in-
While the camera is in operation the raw film, which stallation iscalled the “hand crank” device and does not
is inthe upper compartment of the magazine, is fed through alter ostensibly the outer appearance of the camera.
the intermittentmovement by the feed sprocket and is led The use of the hand crank
for normal shooting is pos-
towards the lower compartment by the take-up sprocket. siblebut not recommended especially because of the greater
The winding of the film in the magazine is secured through assurance of steadiness of the motor drive.
a spring belt which is actioned by a gear and pulley system
The motor, through its shaft, is easily attached, at a sec-
part of the camera and which in turn, actuates the take-up
ond’s notice, to the camera and the pressing of the button
pulley of the magazine and the take-up shaft which is inte-
that closes the electric circuit sets the camera in operation
gral part of the pulley.
(Continued on Page 152)

144 American Cinematographer • August 1933

Movies Under
Joseph Walker, A.S.C.
As told to Walter Blanchard

Home-made under water camera tube. Lett

showing camera and tinder. Right showing
construction and ballast. r

VER since the release of the picture, “Beneath the

Sea," which photographed, amateur cinematogra-

phers have asked me and written me, “How did you

those underwater shots? And how can make 16 mm. I sponge-rubber gaskets. For this purpose, optical glass would
pictures under water?” Personally, don’t think that the
I be best: but it is expensive (especially as we need a good-
first of these questions has much bearing on the second sized window), so good, clear plate glass will do. Midway
one, for in a case like this, the professional cinema- up the tube wrap a rope —
even better, solder or weld on
tographer has it over his amateur cousin: he can have a
all four loops of wire rope —and from
this drop a loop of rope
lot of special apparatus built whch the amateur couldn’t below the end of the tube, and secure it to it a sack of
afford — and wouldn’t care to cart about wth him if he rocks, to sink the tube to the proper depth. You can also
had it; moreover, he can —
thanks to the skill of the cut- put a couple of rope handles on, to aid you in aiming the
ters —combine scenes made in the studio tank, out-and- tube, if you wish. At the top of the tube you can either
fix a couple of loops of rope, with which to hang the affair
out trick scenes, and bona-fide underwater stuff so intri-
caely that even an expert can hardly say which is which over your shoulders, or make a swivel-clamp by which the
when he sees the finished picture. None the less, real tube can be fixed onto the side of the boat; personally,
underwater films are possible —and very interesting. I

would prefer this latter idea. All that is necessary is
U-shaped arm of ordinary pipe, with the tube pivoted
Th apparatus used making professional underwater
between the open ends of the U, allowing the tube to be
films varies tremendously: some of us have used a sort of
swung between them; and a similar pivot-joint at the mid-
diving-bell; others have used diving-suits and watertight
dle of the U so that it may be “panned” as well as “tilted.”
boxes for the camera; Mack Sennett, the comedy-producer
This clamp terminates in an ordinary carpenter’s clamp, so
(whose hobby is fishing, you know) used an amazing con-
that the device can be clamped onto a boat like an out-
traption with the lens and movement at the bottom of
board motor.
a long tube, and the film-magazines, finder, motor, etc.,
extended to the top of the tube; while the earliest under- Now for mounting the camera! Probably the easiest way
water films, photographed in 1916 by Carl L. Gregory, to do this is to make an L-shaped wooden piece which will
F.R.P.S., for the Williamson brothers, used the Williamson drop into the tube, and mount your camera on this. The
tube — a round metal chamber hung at the bottom of a camera, of course, will sit on the short arm (or is it
foot?) of the L, while the upright will serve as a handle.
long tube through which the operators descended from a
boat that bore the apparatus. Surprising as it may seem, It should be held in place by a regular tripod-screw, the
this principle is probably the best one for the amateur film- knob of which fits into a countersunk hole on the lower
er! Don't get the wrong idea, though —
don’t recom-
mend going to the expense of building a Williamson tube
surface of the base-board. Above the camera is a good
mirror set at a 45° angle, to serve as a finder. (After a
for making a few 16 mm. shots under water! Far from it test or two you can rule on the window of the tube lines
— but the basic idea of an open-topped tube, with the which will give a rough approximation of the field your lens
camera at the bottom, is ideal for the needs of the average covers.
16 mm. filmer. Now, with your camera at the bottom of this tube, and
Recently, in our interesting French contemporary, “Cine you at the top, you
have to have some type of remote-
Amateur,” M. A. Thierry outlined such an outfit which, to control: just what type must, of course, depend
my mind, fills the bill perfectly. As can be seen from the upon the camera you are using. With a Filmo, the simplest
illustration, the apparatus consists of a square tube of gal- thing is to use the regular Filmo rubber-tube-and-bulb re-
vanized iron, open at the top but closed solidly at the bot- mote control; with other cameras, the electric remote-
tom. At the front, at an appropriate distance from the control made by Wm. J. Grace, of Dallas, Texas, will serve
bottom is a glass window, made water-tight with cork or
(Continued on Page 150)
Cine-Kodak Special, equipped with 200-foot film chamber

Cine-Kodak Special
challenges the highest movie making ambitions
RECISION-MADE, custom-built, Its reflex finder shows the field and
P Cine-Kodak Special is a profes-
sional-type home movie camera of
focus on a ground-glass screen. Inter-
changeable ioo-foot and 200-foot
unparalleled ability. No other 16 film chambers allow instant switch-
mm. camera offers the advanced ing from one type film to another.
amateur such unprecedented scope. Its lens turret accommodates two of

Its variable shutter permits the the six available lenses at one time.
making of fades and dissolves, the A basic model, equipped with an
recording of fast action in sharper of six masks and one
/. 1.9 lens, set
images, additional exposure control ioo-foot film chamber, is priced at
under intense light. It has two hand- $375. Additional equipment or

cranking shafts an eight-frame and special adaptations furnished to
a single-frame — and may be operated order. Write for the Cine-Kodak
by electric motor as well. Special Book.


Eastman Kodak Company, Rochester, New York

146 American Cinematographer 9 August 1933

by A. 5. C. Members
been made to use the “Leica” camera
Correction for this work, for production stills, and
for special stills of miniature or special-
There were several errors on this process sequences, but the difficulty of
oage last month in the answers to
getting good enlargements cheaply, on
the questions which were submit-
a mass-production basis, has kept most
ted to the amateur. In question

ACTION IN A MIRROR. “A girl 5— the answer stated all 16mm.

of the studios on the 8x10 negative.
As regards the last part of your ques-
is fixing her hair or powdering her cameras operated at a speed in the
tion, it is absolutely possible to get
face when a man comes in the door. neighborhood of 1/32”; this should
beautiful results from small negatives and
This door is directly behind the girl,
and she sees his reflection in the mir-
have read “1/32 of a second.”
In question 14 the query was
enlarged prints —
witness the fine work
that can be done with the “Leica” and
ror as he comes into the room. How
can this be done zvithout photograph-
made: “When using Regular Pan-
chromatic Film the stop is f.8
“Contax” —
but it is not practical as a
ing the reflection of the cameraman,
mass-production matter, where time and
What should you use with Super-
yet getting the reflection of the man,
expense must be reduced to the mini-
sensitive Panchromatic Film? The
etc., in the mirror
?” mum, and everything must be standard-
answer gave F.16 as the opening.
ized. For individual use, for pictorial
B. S., Petaluma, Cal. This should have read F.ll.
or scientific photography, or for news-
© The answer is simply to put your cam- Itwas gratifying to note the
paper “candid camera” work, or for the
great number of amateurs who
era at one side of the girl, and shoot relatively small volume of a portrait stu-
caught this latter mistake. It
past her into the mirror. I’m sure you’ve dio, the
was, of course, taken for granted
noticed that often when you look into idea is excellent, but it has great disad-
by all of the readers that the word
a mirror from an agle you will be able vantages for mass production.
inch instead of second was just an
to see things directly in front of the oversight by the proofreader. KARL STRUSS, A.S.C.
mirror, or at a corresponding angle on FILTERS FOR AERIAL PHO-
the other side, but not your own reflec- TOGRAPHY. “During a trip to Eu-
tion. What you have to do is put the STUDIO STILLS. “Are the 8x10 rope last year, using a dcVry 35mm.
glossy pri)its displayed in the lobbies
camera in a similar position, so that it camera and Eastman Greyback Panch-
of theatres, made from 8x10 negatives
can see without being seen; works romantic film, I flew’ over the Harts
it all or are they enlarged from smaller
down to the old proposition we remember negatives ? If they are made from Mountains and shot a number of
from our high-school geometry, that “the 8x10 negatives, why? Would it be scenes. The exposure seems about
possible to obtain equally beautiful right, but the picture is hazy; I have
angle of incidence is equal to the angle
of refraction” — in other words, angle
results if the negative was, say, 2 /\x
3%. provided the negative did not re-
"A" on the diagram is equal to angle quire retouching base; can yon tell me zvhat this is?
“B.” you place your girl approxi-
If Miss M. L. C.. Columbus, Ohio. Also, I am planning to make a scenic
mately as shown, about on the center- of New England this year: what are

line or a bit to the same side of it that

® Practically all still pictures are made the best filters for this, especially for

the camera is, you will shoot over her

in the studios —
production stills, por- cloud-effects and extreme contrast

traits, publicity pictures, reference stills, A. W. K., Yonkers, N. Y.

shoulder, showing her back, and get the
reflection of her face, as well as that of
and the like —
are made direct on 8x10
* The you want for
filter aerial work
negatives. The number of stills required
the wall, the door, and the man enter- is so large that this standardiization ef- is the Wratten “Aero 2,” which was
MIRROR fects very considerable economies simply made haze. The
especially to cut aerial
by standardizing equipment, materials Wratten “G” filter is also very useful in
and methods. In addition, the results the air. The best assortment for use in
attained by contact printing are superior your scenic would probably be the “Aero
to those attained by enlarging, when 2,” the “G,” and the “23-A,” with the
mass-production is considered. Enlarging “72” or “Gamma” filter if you want to
is also slower and more expensive, and make night-effect shots by day, and the
retouching the larger negatives is easier
“29-F’ for extreme overcorrection and
and less noticeable.
suggest that you read Elmer
On —
such as action stills
rare occasions
contrast. I

G. Dyer, A.S.C. ’s article on “Aerial Cine-

of chases, fights, etc., and for “candid
ifg- It must be remembered in focus-
camera” publicity pictures a 5x7 Gra- — matography”
matographic Annual,”
in Vol. 2 of the “Cine-
and “Filters and
ing, to flex is used with either filmpack or cut-
not for the distance be-
Filter-Factors,” by Emery Huse, A.S.C.,
film. These negatives are usually en-
tween the camera and the mirror, but
larged to produce 8x10 copy-negatives and Gordon Chambers, in the December,
to set the scale for the combined dis- “The American Cine-
for volume printing, but the results are 1931, issue of
tance from camera to mirror to subject. not nearly so satisfactory as direct 8x10 matographer.”
WM. STULL, A.S.C. contact printing. A few attempts have JOHN ARNOLD, A.S.C.

August 1933 9 American Cinematographer 147

Muros Has Novel Sun Shade EXCHANGE

When your present Library Films become tire-
© The accompanying illustration of the some, exchange them with Navilio ... at the
rate of $1.00 per reel.
sunshade and filter holder designed by
Nation’s Largest Assortment
Joseph Mures, Cinefilmer, clearly dem-
Send 10c for complete catalog
onstrated the fine manner in which his
lens is shaded at all times. j. NAVILIO
Broadway and Chauncey St. Brooklyn, N. Y.
It is made to take the standard 2-inch
filter,gauzes, etc. When using the vis-
ual focusing device the shade can be
folded down away from the lense without
removing it from its support. This sup-
port has been built as an integral part
of the tripod head.

metal parts are
to Muros’ description, all
made of duralumin, which
f :2.7 f:3
makes the entire unit extremely light but
These lenses are held in high esteem by
quite rugged. By being able to extend the careful cinematographer who appre-
the bellows the hood can be adapted for ciates their depth of focus and absence
Greenbrier Stein Party of flare and coma; their high correc-
lenses of various focal lengths so as to tions for chromatic and spherical aber-
ration and the remarkable brilliance and
Big Success cut off all possible stray light. crispness of the resultant negatives.

• Beer must be officially back. At least Over Sixty Theatres Booklet AC 8 on request
at Fair
there is some sort of record or other
« Vis itors to A
Century of Progress Ex- C. P. COERZ AMERICAN
made by the Greenbrier Amateur Movie
position in Chicago will have the op- OPTICAL CO.
Club of the event.
portunity of seeing over sixty movie the- 317 East 34th Street New York
June 16th marked a wow of a party,
atres on the fair grounds, according to
according to Hal Morey, secretary of the
the Bell & Howell Company, Chicago.
club. Rathskeller atmosphere, Bock beer table Hollywood manner, to the smaller
signs, frothing glasses and a program These movie theatres are of all sizes but always interesting movie show places
that contained the words of popular songs and descriptions, ranging from the big in the exhibits of industrial companies
were a part of the evening’s festivities. theatres of “Hollywood in Chicago’’ and railroads, and in displays made by a

Of course, the record made was on 1 where can witness the making of
visitors number of U. S. Government departments
mm. Focus not guaranteed. regular professional movies in the veri- and several of the states.

Sound Recording Equipment
Glow Lamp — Light Valve Variable Area —
A.C. or D.C. Operated
Complete Portable Channel

D.C. Onerated Recording Amplifier with

2-position Mixer for Portable Channel
A New Illustrated Catalog of our Complete
Line of Recording Equipment Soon Available
for Distribution.
Inquiries for Special Equipment Invited.

Cinema So u n d
Equipment Co*
Cable Address: “Cinemasound"


148 American Cinematographer • August 1933

L _

An Amateur Makes an 1 6M M. 35MM.

(Continued from Pafe 142)
prospective customers. Salesmen can
break down resistance barrierswith it.

Watch Regardless
you have
to sell,
efficiently presented by movies.
product or
can be forcefully and

The cost of putting into circulation a

for film,
was small
such as was sponsored by our firm,
in comparison to the amount
spent in other forms of advertising. Here
we had a medium, which no matter what
the cost, more than brought back the SOUND RECORDER FOR
money spent. knew from my own ex-

16mm. FILM
Victor perience
have presented
brought cur firm
en the small way in which
this project, that
a tenfold benefit in re-
it has

Using Single Perforation Standards

• Illustration shows 1000-foot

sults. Tnis is not theoretical; it is ac- magazines for continuous run
of 28 minutes. 400-ft. maga-
tually true. No other form of advertising
zines optional.

Sound has
come anywhere near
the good
amateurish attempt has done.
to bringing
which this simple
• Furnished

glow lamp
recording, or

A Super-Portable Back- • May be had with or without


amplifier equip-
(Continued from Page 134) • Write for prices and details.
Member Society Motion Picture
means, he states, he controls the “hot-
spot” in all cases, projecting it to any
part of the screen he desires and almost
eliminating in the most dense portions of
the picture.

Film the
As can be seen from the
greatest width
projector is

30 inches and capable

relatively small

— its
1 1 2 East 73rd Street
New York COLOR

of going anywhere a blimped camera can

be used. It will pass through any door,
and can be quickly set onto or removed FILM FOR THE
from parallels, etc. It is light and ex- AMATEUR”
tremely portable, yet rigid; it produces
provides you with a
rock-steady pictures, and is capable of
exceptionally accurate synchronization. for safe keeping 100 ft. roll, fast
Too many times in the past, Mr. Teague and a semi-chromatic
states, he has found that lack of this ad- POSITIVE
in justment has injured scenes which
for projection 100 ft. roll, su-
perspeed, pan-
though apparently in synchronization
September have been actually several degrees from
perfect synchronization.
Mention dealer
when ordering.

The new projector is surprisingly quiet, APEX FILMS, Inc.

issue even though steadiness has been the aim
of the design rather than noise-reduction.
In actual use, the head is fitted with a
small but effective blimp; in this way,
absolute silence
rifice of portability.
is secured, without sac- MORGAN
The present device is in operation by Hollywood's LEICA Specialists
Fine Grain Finishing and Enlarging
Victor Mr. Teague’s firm, the Synchro-Compos-
6305 Sunset
Photo Supplies
ite Process Co., at the Western Service Blvd. Hollywood
Animatograph Studios. It is probable that these pro-

jectors will be commercially manufactured

Corp. by Mr. Teague and his associate, Wm. SPECIAL OFFER!
Stinekamp, who was formerly Camera 1 Year’s Subscription to American
Davenport, Iowa, U.S.A.
Executive at the Fox Studio. The device Cinematographer and Volume of
242 W. 55th St., N.Y.C. is also scheduled for exhibition before

Cinematographic Annual for

650 So. Grand, Lcs Angeles the American Society of Cinematograph-
ers at a forthcoming meeting.



Now the LEICA Camera MODEL complete second! For

F has mastered the
the first time a camera with plane shutter makes possible speeds of
a focal
and Vs seconds, including all intermediate speeds, in addition to
1, Vz, !/4,
the regular speeds between 1
/20th and /500th seconds. Instantly set for

any speed. No confusing scales to adjust.

Accuracy and scope of shutter performance that is unequalled by any other
camera today. Night photography, indoor, still life, portrait, architectural,
press photography, have broad new possibilities with this range of shutter
speeds, especially when used in combination with the new super speed films.
and And here is another
new LEICA feature:

fractions A new optical system provides for the magnification of the image seen in
between LEICA’S built-in range finder compensating for differences in eyesight.
Other modern features by which the LEICA Camera sets the standard for
speed, accuracy, and convenience of picture taking:
1 Eight interchangeable lenses for every photographic need (including
telephoto, speed, wide angle lenses and others) .

2. Over 300 accessories and attachments to choose from.

IN ADDITION 3. Built-In Short Base Range Finder gives you perfect focus
instantly. No guesswork.
36 pictures from a single roll of standard cinema film.

(Sharp negatives. Enlargements up to 12x18 inches.)
5. Small, light, compact, fits the pocket.
“Why LEICA?”
for free

illustrated booklet
giving complete information
and also
about Leica

LEICA now offers the new WESTON LEICAMETER, smallest

and most compact of Weston Exposure Meters. Fits the

hand. Gives the answer for correct exposure instantly, in-

#500 SECOND sures sharper, clearer pictures, saves film spoilage. Ask for

circular EL.

E. LEITZ, Inc., Dept. 332

.60 East 1 0th St., New York
150 American Cinematographer Q August 1933

Fine Crain Developing

Fo r 16 mm. Negative

sale of
(Continued from Page 141)
haps to give a desirably increased density
and contrast. One cannot recommend this
developer for badly underexposed nega-
tives, however.
ing night-effects and other special effects
exactly as desired.
in addition
16mm. negative de-
is not at

exceptionally fine
difficult, and since,

brand new Dr. V. B. Sease, A.S.C., of the DuPont

results (bringing
the grain and quality
of negative-positive results into close
Research Laboratories, recommends the parity with what is obtainable on reversal

DEBRIE following
which is
used with great success in
of this formula, films),
its own
it is

tremendously interesting in
it is decidedly well worth
DuPont’s commercial processing of their
APPARATUS product in the New York area.
not require increased exposure.
It does

Making Movies Under

9 1 new Debrie High Speed ModelG V Paraphenylene-Diamine-Glycin Water
Camera with normal and high-
Developer (Continued from Page 144)
speed crank, fitted with a 2-inch
F3.5 Tessar lens, complete in a Paraphenylene-Diamine 10 grams. perfectly: or, if you want to build your
leather case, two 400-ft. magazines Sodium Sulphite 90 grams. own, you can, by simply pivoting a metal
and leather case, also a Debrie tri- Glycin arm (a piece of “Meccano” will do for

pod, regularly priced at $2000.00.

.r Water to make 1 liter.
this) so that it will depress the release-
Special $800.00.
Developing time: 22 minutes at 68 F, lever of your camera, and attaching two
9 2 new Debrie Interview Model E
There is one phase of development strings by which the lever can be worked
Cameras with 2-inch F3.5 Tessar both ways from the top of the tube. (It
lenses, two 400-ft. magazines in
with which too few non-professional cine
will simplify working this if you run the
each camera, a case for each, regu- matographers are acquainted: this is, the
string through eyelets at the top of the
larly priced at $550.00 each. Spe- adaptation of the developing procedure
cial $1 50.00 each. to the needs of the individual negative.
tube and on the base-board.)

9 1 new Debrie tripod, regularly priced In the studios —

as can be seen from an
In actual operation,
wind and focus the camera, and
you mount your
at $290.00. Special $75.00. article on professional laboratory prac-
tice by Fred Gage, A.S.C., which appears fix to the wooden base-board which
9 25-400-ft. regular Debrie Magazines,
$12.00 each. Special $6.00 each. on another page —
great reliance is placed
on the laboratory test system, by which
is lowered into the tube. Then, by lean-
ing over and looking down the tube, you
93 Carrying Cases, each holding 6 De-
can follow your subject, and when things
brie magazines, regularly priced at
the cameraman makes a short test-strip
$25.00 each. Special $7.50 each. for the laboratory to use before develop- are right, jerk the release-string, or
ing the entire roll. The wise professional squeeze the bulb, as the case may be
96 Carrying Cases, each holding 2 De-
and there you are!
brie magazines, regularly priced at
invariably makes such a each
test after Since the tube is
$15.00 each. Special $3.50 each. change of lighting, or any important pivoted, you can pan and tilt it to fol-
change in the camera set-up or other low your subject; then, when the scene
9 2 Carrying Cases for Model L Debrie
Camera, regularly priced at $35.00 major photographic conditions, notching is over, you can stop the camera
if it has run down, you can
or, —
each. Special $10.00 each. the film so that it can be removed in the pull it up,
darkroom, and handled separately. The rewind, and go on shooting.
93 Model E Interview Carrying Cases,
regularly priced at $25.00 each.
amateur or non-professional can well Your exposure will depend, naturally,
Special $7.50 each. follow this example. It may not be pos- upon the light and water conditions;
sible to make a test after each change of however, such a device as this does not
All Merchandise Guaranteed New conditions, but at the very least, one sink the camera very far below the sur-
and Perfect. should invariably allow two or three feet face —
certainly not more than three or
on the end of every roll as a laboratory four feet —
so, granting a good day .with

WILLOUGHBY’S test, which can be developed before the

entire roll is put through.
strong sunlight shining down into the
If such a test water, and
clear water, you will only
110 West 32nd St. New York City
— it need only be a foot long is broken— need to increase your exposure by one
off the roll and developed at normal stop overwhat would be normal on the
time and temperature, you can easily find surface. Filters will hardly be necessary,
out from it whether the body of the roll for inmost underwater work you will find
will require normal development, over- the range of visibility very limited; you
development, or under-development, and will be restricted to relatively near sub-
Kin-O-Lux is
treat it accordingly. The development of jects. would recommend Super-Sensi-

the only film the semi-professional 16mm.

cameras, tive film for underwater work, not alone
•vhichis scratch-
proofed after it
such as the new Eastman Special, with its for its added speed, but also for its bet-
has been proc- easily interchangeable magazines, should ter color-sensitivity. Incidentally, it
essed. This in-
sures film lon- facilitate the making of such test strips should be possible —
under the best con-
gevity and acts as a
guarantee against
even in the middle of a roll. And with
adequate tests, and the latitude permitted
dition —
to get some unusually interesting
the wear and tear to scenes in Kodacolor, using Super-Sensi-
which film is subject. by controlled development, coupled with tive Kodacolor film. Dan B. Clark, A.S.C.,
No. 2
1 —
— 100 ft. in green box
100 ft. in red box
the control permitted in printing the posi- has shown me some very interesting
Prices include Processing, Scratch- tive, the negative-positive system allows Kodacolor, made from a diving subma-
Proofing and Return Postage. a tremendous degree of control, enabling rine even before the Super-Sensitive va-
KIN-O-LUX, Inc. one to compensate for exposure errors to riety of color-film was available; and
105 West 40th St. New York a surprising extent —
not to mention mak- have also seen some extremely fine un-
August 1933 • American Cinematograpner 151

derwater Multicolor, made for Mack Sen- The new device obviates the
control A.S.C. Aces in Satevepost
nett by John W. Boyle, A.S.C., and blinking and sputtering, with the inci-
dental noises, which made it quite im-
Frank B. Good, A.S.C.
practical to use the old type of broadside
• The July 22 issue of the “Saturday
Theoretically speaking, the refraction Evning Post’’ is attracting widespread
in conjunction with the sound recording
of the water should be an important fac- attention in motion picture circles, due
The index of refraction apparatus.
tor in focusing.
of water is 1 .3 — -and this should serve as This new lamp has gone through a
to an unusually interesting feature-ar-
ticle, “Aces of the Camera,’’ by Palma
good working guide. Actually, you series of practical tests which indicate
a Wayne. Mrs. Wayne, one of the Post’s
will find that with the short-focus lenses that has amply met the requirements
leading staff writers, brings to the atten-
used in 6mm. cameras, and the rela- of specifications Nos. 3 and 4 in mat- world-wide circle of
tion of the “Post’s”
tively small stops used, this difficulty ters of uniform light quality and quiet personalities and achieve-
readers the
minimized. every phase of operation.
will be In mnts of a group of the leading members
the wcrk, however — focus, exposure, etc. The high illumination afforded has of theAmerican Society of Cinematogra-
—you will find that since everything been made possible through the co-op- phers, including Karl Struss, A.S.C.; Vic-
varies according to the individual condi- eration of the National Carbon Com- tor Milner A.S.C.; William
tions of the moment, the only sure guide pany, whose Research Laboratory has A.S.C.; Charles Lang, A.S.C.; Hal Ros-
is to make tests, and govern your actual done such notable work in the applica- son, A.S.C.; Ray June, A.S.C.; Charles
scenes accordingly. tion of the carbon arc to photography and Stumar, A.S.C.; Lee Carmes, and others
in the projection of motion pictures. In this article — the first of several to

New Development in Carbon Through the fine co-operation of this re- be published in national magazines
search organization a new type of Flame Mrs. Wayne introduces the lay reader to
Arc Lighting Arc carbon has been developed which some of the outstanding men who photo-
(Continued from Page 131) greatly increased the intensity of the graph the productions seen in the world’s
current coil actuating in armature, and radiation. The spectrum of this carbon film theatres, and pays high tribute to
various mechanical means were used for has a photographic characteristic closely the artistry, technical skill, and ingenuity
transmitting the armature movement to comparable to north sunlight. From the of the masters of the camera. The ma-
the two arc systems of the lamp. practical tests undertaken photography terial for the article was obtained
In the new lamp which Mole-Rich- made motion pictures stages may be
in through the co-operation of the officers
ardson have designed, each of the two readily matchedto shots taken in sun- of the American Society of Cinematog-
series arcs are controlled by an individ- light with no disturbances of the color raphers, and marks an important mile-
ual system of energizing coils, arma- balance. stone in the Society’s first efforts to
tures,and connecting linkage, which per- While these lamps have been designed gain more widespread recognition of the
for use in color photography, camera profession. Readers of the
mit the independent control of each pair primarily
American Cinematographer are ad-
of electrodes in relation to the voltage they will undoubtedly be of interest to all
drop of the arc which each respective cinematographers operating in black and vised to read Mrs. Wayne's current ar-



+ + +
+ + +

1515 Cahuenga Blvd. “Cameras”
Hollywood, Calif., U.S.A. ALL-CODES GLadstone 2404
152 American Cinematographer 0 August 1933

Ribbon Microphones Work Fear On Fishing Trip

©Captain Fear of the Fearless Camera
Best in the Tropics
Company, isspending several weeks va-
(Continued from Page 135)
cation up inthe Canadian Rockies there
cans again in the same manner in which
he is endeavoring to hook the elusive
Eastman had originally sealedthem for us.
The film was shipped back to the United
States for development.
Al Cilks Shoots Annapolis
For test strips we had taken a Leica ©A Cilks, A.S.C., has just returned from

developing tank with us. This permitted a trip to Annapolis, where he acted as
us to make our test developments right first cameraman on a series of scenes
on location. Although there was a small which were shot in that locale for a
laboratory in Singapore, we found that forthcoming release.
by making our own test developments we
could facilitate production greatly.
B & H Special Semi-Profes-
The light conditions of the tropics are
not ideal. Super-sensitive film, in my
sional 70D 6mm. Camera

(Continued from Page 143)

opinion, the only stock to use.
is The
as long as one desires, up to the full ca-
normal light is very yellow. It is nat-
pacity of the film magazine.
ural that the background of much pro-
Two extremely practical features char-
duction made there will be in the jun-
acterize this motor installation. First:
gles. The deep shadows demand a fast
The original model 70 camera is not al-
tered in any manner, but by the addition
I found the gelatine filter which is
of the magazine pulley and hand crank
sealed between two pieces of photo- device, and therefore can be used with
graphic glass with balsam the most suc- or without the attachment.
cessful.Other types sprung and fogged The spring motor is intact and if the
on me, and the pure gelatine, of course, camera is to be used as a light hand port-
crumbles. The sealed gelatine filter . . .
able camera, it is merely necessary to
if properly sealed on the edges is ideal.
detach the motor, detach the magazine
In other words, it all comes down to the
and cover the opening in the back of the
LIGHT, COMPACT, SIMPLE point of how securely the two pieces of
camera with a special plate, which is
Quickly Attached glass are sealed together to keep out the
Approved by world’s foremost moisture
Camera Manufacturers and Photog-
The camera, thus stripped of the new
In addition to making the jungle pic- accessories, has all the features and char-
raphers. Made to fit any still cam-
era lens, also 16 mm. and 35 mm.
ture we also took scenes for another pro- acteristics of the well-known FILMO 70
motion picture camera lenses. duction which will include the festivities and operated through its spring motor.

CUT YOUR COST which were in progress when we reached With or without magazines, operated
Two-piece construction holds filter Singapore in honor of the Sultan. either by spring-motor, hand crank or
firmly and permits change of filters For the first time in history, our com- electric motor, the camera can be oper-
without use of individual holder for pany was permitted to photograph scenes ated at all the speeds for which it is de-
each filter. on the inside of the palace and to also signed, according to its model, whether
Permits shooting toward light and photograph all of the dignitaries. 70-A, 70-D, or 70-E. This feature is
eliminates lens and filter glare. made possible by the fact that the oper-
Price $3.50 and up
For this occasion I had to wear the
ating speed of the camera is controlled
Filters $1.50 and up regular court costume for photographing.
If your dealer cannot supply you, order by its governor.
I was given a slight concession, however,
direct. The hand crank device serves also the
Designed and Manufactured by and was permitted to wear the white the most useful purpose of permitting
dinner coat at 7 o’clock in the morning
HOLLYWOOD CAMERA the rewinding of the film for making lap-
EXCHANGE, LTD. instead of the regular black dress clothes dissolves, double exposure, or whatever
Dealers in Everything Photographic which are demanded on an occasion of
1600 N. Cahuenga Blvd. effect that is desired where the film has
Hollywood, Cal. this kind. to be exposed twice in succession.
Phone Hollywood 3651
The Sultan, or as he is known, Susu When rewinding the film, the action
of the crank also winds the spring-motor
Honan of Solo, at Socrakara, Java,
and therefore the length of film that can
Dutch East Indies, has a complete sound
be rewound is limited only to the capacity
theatre in his palace where all of the
of the spring motor; that is to say, 27
latest pictures are put on for his enter- feet, if the spring was completely un-
FvjSttws- DiHasHIvas ini many vIHtr rffrcls tainment.
wound when the rewinding is started, or
GEORGE H.SCHEIBE The courtesies extended me in this whatever is the length of film correspond-

ORIGINATOR OF EFFECT FILTERS country were unusual in spite of the fact ing to number of crank necessary to com-
that imposters have entered Java repre- pletely wind the spring.
senting themselves as being with respon- Magazine and motor installation do not
NOW HALF PRICE sible organizations in the United States,
interfere in any manner whatsoever with
CINEMATOGRAPHIC ANNUAL the installation and use of the latest ad-
only to prove later that they not only
Volume 1
dition to the camera so that the critical
misrepresented themselves, but abused
While They Last $2.50 fccuser, the alignment gauge, the custo-
American Cinematographer
the courtesies given them. My Ameri- mary filters, the iris vignetter, etc., are
AMERICAN can Society of Cinematographers mem- as, and even more, efficient than here-

CINEMATOGRAPHER bership card gave me entree to many tofore.

6331 Hollywood Blvd. Hollywood, Calif. places I could not otherwise have entered. Another extremely useful attachment
August 1933 9 American Cinematographer 153

which can be used independently for the

others above mentioned is a range finder
made as an integral part of the camera

By depressing
in front
of the

a split
is seen
and the
neously through two windows at the top
and bottom, respectively, of the range

When looking through the eye-piece AN UNUSUAL SERIES

the center of the image will show a dis-
placement when the finder’s dial is ro-
tated; but by rotating the dial in one or for the Amateur and Professional
the other direction, a point will be With 1-in. lens
reached when the central portion of the (normal foci)
Compact, powerful and light, the new Hugo Meyer Telephoto
image will exactly coincide with its con- Lenses, listed below, may be compared to a precision prism
stantly stationary portion. The correct Binocular. Because of their unusually high magnification,
distance from object to camera is then they are for closeups of distant and almost imper-

read through the dial. The range finder ceptible objects —

the study of the wild and timid things of

is calibrated to read 2, 2 Vi, 3, 3 Va , 4, 5,

forest and field —
ships at sea —
architectural shots and con-
ditions of sport where the participants are quite remote
6, 7, 8, 10, 12, 15, 20, 30, 50, 100
from the spectators. Needle-sharp and crisp in their defini-
feet and infinity within a maximum pos- tion, they exemplify the high traditions of the Tele-Megor
sible error of lA-inch, at a distance of series.
three feet, which is obviously negligible.
With a 7-in.
The above necessarily briefly described Tele-Megor Lens For 35mm.
(7X linear magnification) For 16mm. f :5.5
attachments and accessories bring the f :5.5 7-in.. 10-in., 12-in.
FILMO camera to such a standard of ver- 7-in. and 10-in. focal and 16-in. focal
lengths lengths
satility that it can be classed as a semi- For Filmo, Victor, For B & H, Mitchell,
Cine-Ansco and other Akeley and other
professional apparatus, and it is antici- cameras.
pated that its usefulness will be proven
by screen results of par excellence.
Hollywood Laboratories
Forming Code HUGO MEYER & CO.
With a 10-in. 245 West 55th Street New York
• A dozen more of the laboratory men
or Tele-Megor Lens
of Hollywood have had a series of ( 1 OX linear magnification)
meetings to form a Code for presentation
to the government. While a similar or-
ganization is working along the same
lines in New York City, it was evident
that those engaged in this work in Hol-
American Cinematographer — $3 00 the Year
lywood operate under entirely different
conditions than any other part of the
country. The majority of the independ-
ent Hollywood Laboratories specialize on
effects and trick stuff while those in
other sections devote most of their time
to release prints or general laboratory
The Hollywood
group represent a working staff of be-
laboratories in this
Cinema Studios
tween 00 and 1 50 people. The group

has been organized under the name of

the Cinema Laboratories Association, with
H. K. Batchelder acting as secretary.

The Codeas called for under the law
attempt to establish not only prices
16mm Sound-On-Film Pictures
to be put into force, but also the other • Single or Double System Recording ®
conditions which the Code demands they O Sound Stage and Location Facilities 3
place in regulation.
® Dubbing Sound to Silent Subjects 3
Mitchell Increases Force
•During the past week, the working
All Work Done Directly on 16 mm. Film
force in the Mitchell Camera Company
plant has been considerably augmented. Pan-American Cinema Studios
Increased orders for Mitchell equipment . 142 Columbia Ave. North Bergen, N. J. P.

and improvements in experimental stages

. “The Pioneer 16mm ‘Sound-on-Film’ Picture Producer” c.
s. s.
has demanded this.
154 American Cinematographer £ August 1933


Photography of the Month
RACE ASSOCIATION (Continued from Page 136) Harding has done in years; photographi-
Completely Titled with Reels and Cans and allowed insufficient time to make cally, the with the process
laurels are all

800 ft.
400 ft.
— Complete
adequate preparation for the rather intri- staff. Bill Powell
very badly photo-

200 ft. — ....$20.00 cate maneuvre. graphed, and there are several sequences


in which the diffusion is badly abused,
with no attempt at diffusion-continuity.
with Bell & Howell Company The process photography, however, by
716 North La Brea Avenue Paramount Production
Vernon Walker, A.S.C., is excellent, and
Hollywood, Calif. photographed by
adds immeasurably to the authenticity of
Gilbert Warrenton, A.S.C. the atmosphere.
Broad comedy is never the sort of
thing which permits the cinematographer
ROY DAVIDCE to show wares to the best advantage;
and although Cinematographer Warrenton
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Production
Photographed by
photographed by William Daniels, A.S.C.
FILM has photographed his players to good ad-
vantage, made some very nice exteriors,
There is only one thing anyone can
say about a production bearing the name
and done his duty like a cinematographer
LABORATORIES and a gentleman, “Mama Loves Papa” is
by no means rerpesentative of his best
Wiiliam Daniels, A.S.C., as photogra-
that it is photographically excel-
lent. “Stranger’s Return” is no excep-
work. It is entertaining, however, well
tion to this rule; it is in every way up
directed, photographed, and played.
Negative Developing It is
to Daniels’ usual fine standard. More-
well worth seeing.
over, it gives him an interesting oppor-
and Daily Print “BEST CF ENEMIES” tunity to prove that he is quite as ca-
pable at photographing beautiful exterior
Fox Production
Exclusively scenes as at handling superb interiors. It
photographed by
Lewis William O'Connell, A.S.C.

may be argued with good cause that —
he indulges in a bit too much diffusion
6701 SANTA MONICA BLVD. Despite story and director-trouble, this throughout; on the other hand, it must
production) originally “Five Cents a be remembered that the story is essen-
CRartife 3 1 08 tially a sentimental one, to which ample
Class”) emerges as a delightfully innoc-
uous little musical with a surprising re- diffusion is well suited. Moreover, Dan-
iels has preserved an excellent continuity
semblance to some of the UFA music-
30% to 60% Cash Savings
films. Between Cinematographer O’Con- of diffusion, so that even though he has
on 16 mm. and 35 mm. cameras, projectors indulged in a considerable degree of soft-
and accessories. Write for Bass Bargaingram. nell’s camera and Art Director Darling’s
Specify size of apparatus interested in. For ness, the result is pleasing and consist-
over 22 years Value Leaders of the nation.
sets, the film captures much of the de-
lightful atmospheric value of the German
ent. The only major flaw (here speaks
Your copy is ready. Write for it.
the ex-middle-westerner!) is Lionel Bar-
BASS CAMERA COMPANY musical-comedies which have captivated
179 W. Madison St., Chicago, III. so many audiences. The atmosphere rymore’s beard. Despite Daniels’ taste-
ful photography, King Vidor’s excellent
(despite somewhat burlesqued perform-
ances by Frank Morgan and Joseph Caw- direction, and Barrymore’s intrinsically
35 mm trave1,
f jgh t, thrill and

thorne) is believable; and especially so fine performance, you can’t enjoy them
with those darn whiskers waving grace-
curiosity from all parts of the
films in the parts of the film laid in Germany.
fully in the breeze!
earth. Unusual and interesting films de- “Bill” O’Connell is to be congratulated
picting the life and habits of Asiatic on his fine work, and upon his departure
people as well as others. from hackneyed methods of lighting and Dean Opens Camera Supply
Send us description and length of composition. Business
subject. Cash will be remitted for any ©Faxon Dean, one of Hollywood’s cam-
subject accepted.
“DOUBLE HARNESS" eramen of long standing, launched his
We have for sale negative and posi- new enterprise this last month in the
tive short ends, both Eastman and
RKO Production
opening of the Camera Supply Co., Ltd.,
Dupont. photographed by J. Roy Hunt
at 1515 Cahuenga Blvd., Hollywood.
Special Effects by Vernon Walker, A.S.C. Dean is equipping his establishment to
Continental Film Craft, Inc.
Dramatically, this film is of roadshow serve the needs of both the amateur and
1611 Cosmo St. Hollywood, Calif.
calibre: far and away the best thing Ann professional camera man.

is BH
Used in 96 %
of the studios
of the world


August 1933 9 American Cinematographer lib

Handling the American Cinematographer

ARIZONA Danbury: Heim’s Music Store, Inc., 221 Main Iowa City: Rexall & Kodak Store, 124 E. Col-
Street. lege St.
Phoenix: Studio of Sound, P. O. Box 1671. Hartford: The D. G. Stoughton Co., 1255 S. Sioux City: Lynn’s Photo Finishing, Inc., 419
Tucson: William M. Dennis, 22 United Bank Whitney St. Pierce St.
Bldg. Bros., 241 Asylum St.
Watkins Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 608 Pierce St.
Nogales: A. W. Lohn, 309 Morley Ave. Meriden: Broderick & Curtin, 42 E. Main St. Waterloo: Mack’s Photo Shop.
Middletown: F. B. Fountain Co., 483 Main St.
New Haven: Eugene F. Clark Book Shop, 343 KANSAS
Norwich: Cranston Co., 25 Broadway. Topeka: Hall Stationery Co.. 623 Kansas Ave.
judsonia: Lee’s Novelty House. Waterbury: Curtis Art Co., 65 W. Main St. Wichita: Jack Lewis Film Service, 329 Sedg-
wick Building.
Lawrence Photo Supply, 149 N. Lawrence
Berkeley: Berkeley Commercial Photo Co., 2515 New Castle: E. Challenger & Son.
Bancroft Way. Wilmington: Butler’s. Inc., 415 Market St. KENTUCKY
Beverly Hills: Bob Robinson Home Movies, 417 Wilmington Elec. Spec. Co., Inc., 405 Dela-
ware Ave. Lexington: W. W. Still, 129 W. Short St.
N. Beverly Drive. Louisville: A. L. Bollinger Drug Co., Stilz &
Fresno: Potter Drug Co., 1112 Fulton Ave. Frankfort Ave.
Glendale: Kug Art Photo Service, 205 So. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA Sutcliffe Co., 225 S. 4th Ave.
Brand Blvd.
Hollywood: Bell & Howell Co., 716 North La- Washington: Columbia Photo Supply Co., Inc.,
Brea Ave. 1424 New York Ave., N. W.
Educational Projecto Film Co., 1611 North Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 607 14th St., Alexandria: The Newcomb Studios, 324 John-
Cahuenga Blvd. N. W. ston.
Hollywood Camera Exchange, Ltd., 1600 N. Robbins, National Press Bldg., 529 14th St,, Monroe: Griffin Studios, P. O. Box 681.
Cahuenga Blvd. N. W. New Orleans: Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 213
Hollywood Citizen, 6366 Hollywood Blvd. Baronne St.
Hollywood Movie Supply Co., 6038 Sunset
V. Merchant, 6331 Hollywood Blvd. MAINE
J. Clearwater: Courtesy Cigar Store, Post Office
Morgan Camera Shop, 6305 Sunset Blvd. Arcade. Auburn: Wells Sporting Goods Co., 52-54
Universal News Agency, 1655 Las Palmas. Jacksonville: Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 129 Court St.
Los Angeles: California Camera Hospital, 321 W. Adams St. Portland: Bicknell Photo Service, 43 Exchange
O. T. Johnson Bldg. Miami: Miami Photo Supply Co., 31 S. E. St.
Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 643 So. Hill First Ave.
Street. Robinson’s Camera Shop, 410
T. Iwata Art Store, 256 East First St.
St. Petersburg: MARYLAND
Central Ave.
Lehnkering Pharmacy, 1501 N. Western Ave. Tampa: Burgert Bros., Inc., 608 Madison St.
Baltimore: Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 309 N.
B. B. Nichols, 731 South Hope St. Charles St.
Tappenbeck & Culver, 10958 Weyburn Ave., Stark-Films, 219 W. Centre St.
Westwood Village. CEORCIA Zepp Photo Supply Co., 3044 Greenmount
Victor Animatograph Corp., 650 So. Grand Ave.
Atlanta: Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 183 Hagerstown: R. M. Hays & Bros., 2830 W.
Wilshire Personal Movies, 3150 Wilshire Peachtree St. Washington St.
Monrovia: Cliff’s Photo Art Shop. IDAHO MASSACHUSETTS
North Hollywood: Studio City Pharmacy, 12051 Boston: Eastman Kodak Stores,
Boise: Ballou-Latimer Co., 9th & Idaho. Inc., 38 Brom-
Ventura Blvd. field St.
Oakland: Adams & Co., 380 14th St. Boston Camera Exchange, 44 Bromfield St.
Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 1918 Broadway. ILLINOIS Cinecraft Co., of New England, 80 Boyl-
Pasadena: The Flag Studio, 59 East Colorado St.
ston St.
Richard Fromme, 965 S. Fair Oaks. Bloomington: Hawkins Studio, 214 W. Wash- Ralph Harris Co., 30 Bromfield St.
A. C. Vroman, 329 East Colorado St. ington. Iver Johnson Sporting Goods Co., 155 Wash-
Richmond: La Moine Drug Co., 900 Macdonald Chicago: Aimer, Coe & Co., 105 N. Wabash ington St.
Ave. Ave.
Sacramento: Frank McDougal, 1017 10th St.
Andrew J. Lloyd Co., 300 Washington St.
Associated Film Libraries, Inc., Suite 224, Pathescope Co. of the N. E., Inc., 438 Stuart
San Bernardino: Steele’s Photo Service, 370 D 190 N. State St. St.
Street. Bass Camera Co., 79 West Madison St.1
Pinkham & Smith Co., 15 Bromfield St.
San Diego: HaroldE. Lutes, 958 Fifth St. Central Camera Co., 230 S. Wabash Ave. Stillfilm Sales Co., 40 Stuart St.
Ace Drug Co., 820 W. Washington St. Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 133 N. Wabash Braintree: Alves Photo Shop, 349 Washington
Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 419 Broadway. Ave. St.
San Francisco: Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., Fair, The, Camera Dept., 7th Floor, State-
Post St.
Cambridge: E. M. F. Electrical Supply Co., 430
21 6 Adams-Dearborn Sts. Massachusetts Ave.
Hirsch & Kaye, 239 Grant Ave. Lake Shore Radio Co., 3204-6 Broadway. Lowell: Donaldson’s, 75 Merrimack St.
San Francisco Camera Exchange, 88 Third Lyon & Healy, Inc., Wabash Ave. at Jack- Lynn: Moehring’s, Inc., 490 Washington St.
St. son Blvd.
Schwabacher-Frey Stationery Co., 735 Mar- Stanley Warren Co., 918 Irving Park Blvd.
New Bedford: J. Arnold Wright, 7 S. Sixth St.
Newtonville: Newton Photo Shop, 92 Bower St.
ket St. Norman Willets Co., 318 W. Washington St.
Pittsfield: E. C. Kilian, 411 North St.
Sherman, Clay &
Kearny & Sutter Sts.
Co., Wolk Camera Co., 201 S. Dearborn St. Salem: Pitman Movie Service, 45 Summit Ave.
Trainer-Parsons Optical Co., 228 Post Street. Evanston: Aimer, Coe & Co., 1645 Orrington Springfield: Harvey & Lewis Co., 1503 Main
San Jose: Webb’s Photo Supply Store, 66 So. Ave. St.
First St. Hattstrom & Sanders, Inc., 702 Church St. E. Cheney & Co., Inc., 301 Bridge St.
San Rafael: Webb & Rogers, 4th & B Sts. Galesburg: Illinois Camera Shop, 84 So. J.

Santa Barbara: J. Walter Collinge, 1127 State Prairie St.

Worcester: Harvey & Lewis Co., 513 Main St.

St. Moline: Seaholms Kodak Co., 1507 Fifth Ave.

The Camera Shop, 800 State St. Rockford: Johnson Photo Shop, 316 E. State St. MICHICAN
Faulding’s. 623 State St. Camera Shop, The, 320 S. Fifth St.
Springfield: Detroit: Crowley, Milner & Co.
Stockton: The Holden Drug Co., Weber Ave.
Clark Cine-Service, Rooms 203-204 Profes-
& Sutter St. INDIANA sional Bldg., 10 Peterboro.
Logan Studios, 20 N. San Joaquin St.
Evansville: Smith & Butterfield, 310 Main St. Detroit Camera Shop, 424 Grand River W.
Fort Wayne: The Howard Co., Inc., 112 W. Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 1235 Wash-
COLORADO Wayne St. ington Blvd.
Indianapolis: L. S. Ayers & Co., Dept. 290, H. C. Film Service. 12191 llene Ave.
Denver: Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 626 Six- 1 West Washington St. J. L. Hudson Co., Dept. 290.
teenth St. South Bend: Ault Camera Shop, 122 S. Main St. E. B. Meyrowitz, Inc., 1516 Washington
The May Co., 16th & Champa Sts. Terre Haute: Snyder's Art Store, 21 S. 7th St. Blvd.
IOWA Gardner Photo Service.
Cedar Rapids: Camera Shop, 220 Third Ave. Grand Rapids: Camera Shop Stores, Inc., 56
CONNECTICUT Davenport: Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 318 Monroe Ave.
Brady St. Photo Service Shop, 44 Monroe Ave.
Bridgeport: Harvey & Lewis Co., 1148 Main Des Moines: Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 808 Jackson: Royal Film Service, 125 Michigan
St. Locust St. Ave. W.
156 American Cinematographer 9 August 1933

Lansing: Linn Camera Shop, 109 S. Washing- Ambercrombie & Fitch, 45th & Madison Ave. Marshfield: Mel’s News Stand, cor. Broadway
ton Ave. Bloomingdale’s, 59th & Lexington Ave. & Anderson.
Saginaw: Heavenrich Bros. & Co., 301 Genesee. J. H. Boozer, 145 E. 60th St. Pendleton: J. T. Snelson, 608 Gardner St.
Columbus Photo Supply Co., 146 Columbus Portland: Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 345
MINNESOTA Ave. Washington St.
Abe Cohen’s Exchange, 120 Fulton St. Lipman-Wolfe & Co., Kodak Dept., Fifth,
Duluth: Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 3 W. Davega, Inc., 1 1 1 East 42nd St. Washington & Alder Sts.
Superior St. Davega, Inc., Empire State Building. Meier & Frank Co., Kodak Dept., Fifth, Sixth,
LeRoy: Ivan E. Meyers, Home Movie Service, Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 356 Madison Morrison & Alder Sts.
215 W. Main St. Ave. at 45th St.
Eastman Kodak
Minneapolis: Stores, 112-116 Fotoshop, Inc., 136 W. 32nd St. PENNSYLVANIA
So. Fifth St. H. & D. Folsom Arms Co., 314 Broadway.
Gospeter’s Blue Front, 1006 Nicollet Ave. Gall & Lembke, Inc., 7 East 48th St. Allentown: M. S. Young & Co., 736-40 Ham-
National Camera Exchange, 5 South Fifth St. ilton St.
Gillette Camera Stores, Inc., 117 Park Ave.
Owatonna: B. W. Johnson Gift Shop, 130 W. Gimbel Bros., Dept. 575, 33rd St. & Broad- Easton: Easton Sporting Goods Co., 2nd and
Bridge St. way. Northampton St.
St. Paul: Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., Kodak Joseph P. Hackel, 1919 Chanin Bldg., 122 Erie: Kelly Studios, 1026-28 Peach St.
Bldg., 91 E. Sixth St. E. 42nd St.
Harrisburg: James Lett Co., 225 N. 2nd St.
H. W. Fisher Photographic Supplies, 381 Harry’s Camera Exchange, 317 W. 50th St. Johnstown: Johnstown News Co., 115 Market
Minnesota St. Hecker’s Camera Store, 1519 Amsterdam
Ave. Lancaster: Pugh’s Art Shoppe, 33 W. King St.
Herbert & Huesgen Co., 18 E. 42nd St. Langhorne: National Entertainment Service,
MISSOURI 360 Bellevue Ave.
Lugene, Inc., 600 Madison Ave., between
Kansas City: Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 916 57th & 58th. Lebanon: Harpel’s, 757-9 Cumberland St.
Grand Ave. Luma Camera Service, Inc., 302 W. 34th St. Philadelphia: Klein & Goodman, 18 South
Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 1006 Main St. Mogull Bros. Electric Corp’n., 1944 Boston Tenth St.
Hanley’s Photo Shop, 116 E. 10th St. Road, Bronx. Camera Shop, 51 N. 52nd St.
Plaza Camera Co., 218 Alameda Rd. Newman’s Camera Shop, 1197 Sixth Ave. G. P. Darrow Co., Inc., 5623-5 Germantown
St. Louis: Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 1009 New York Camera Exchange, 109 Fulton St. Ave.
Olive St. Pago, Inc., 1095 Sixth Ave. Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 1020 Chestnut
Famous-Barr Co., M. P. Dept. 6th & Olive St. Pickup & Brown, 368 Lexington Ave. St.
Geo. D. Fisher & Co., 91 5 Locust St. Rab Sons, 1373 Sixth Ave. Home Movies Studio, 20th & Chestnut Sts.
Schoenig & Co., Inc., 8 East 42nd St. MacCallum Stores, 1600 Sansom St.
Sibley, Lindsay & Curr Co. M. & H. Sporting Goods Co., 512 Market St.
MONTANA Newsreel Laboratory, 707 Sansom St.
Frank Tanham & Co., Inc., 9 Church St. 1

Midland Drug Co., 23 N. 27th

Billings: St. Times Building News Stand, Inc., Times Strawbridge & Clothier, Dept. 201, Market,
Bozeman: Alexander Art Co. Building. Eighth & Filbert Sts.
Willoughby’s, 110-112-114 West 32nd St. George W. Tegan, 420 E. Mt. Airy Ave.
NEBRASKA Richmond Hill: Josephson Bros., 10902 Ja- John Wanamaker’s Motion Picture Dept.,
maica Ave. No. Broad St.

Lincoln: Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 1217 Rochester: Marks & Fuller, Inc., 36 East Ave. Williams, Brown & Earle, Inc., 918 Chest-
O St. Smith, Surrey, Inc., 129 Clinton Ave., South. nut St.
Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 419 S. 16th St. Rome: Fitchard Studio, 133-135 W. Liberty St. Pittsburgh: Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 606
Omaha: J. G. Kretschmer & Co., 1617 Har- Schenectady: J. T. & D. B. Lyon, 236 State Wood St.
ney St. St.
B. K. Elliott & Co., 126 - 6th St.
Syracuse: Geo. Lindemer, 443 S. Salina St.
F. Joseph Horne Co., Magazine Dept.
NEW HAMPSHIRE Francis Hendricks Co., Inc., 339 So. Warren Kaufmann Dept. Store, Inc., Dept. 62, Fifth
Troy: A. M. Knowlson & Co., 350 Broadway. Ave.
Lebanon: Photocraft Co. St. Reading: W.
F. Drehs, 541 Court St.
Newport: K. E. Waldron, 1 A Main St. Utica: Edwin A. Hahn, 223-225 Columbia St. Scranton: Houser’s, 133 N. Main Ave.
Yonkers: W. J. Dolega, 242 Nepperham Ave. Wallace & Cook, Inc., 2-5 N. Washington
Scranton Home Movies Library, 316 N.
Atlantic City: Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., NORTH CAROLINA Washington Ave.
1735 Boardwalk. Shamokin: Jones Hardware Co., 115 E. Inde-
Bayonne: Milton Mendelwager, 192 Ave. B. Charlotte: W. I. Van Ness & Co., 213 N. pendence St.
Cliffside Park: Louis C. Ghiosay, 639 Anderson Tryon St. Wilkes Barre: Ralph DeWitt, 2 South River
Ave. St.
East Orange: Edmund J. Farlie Jr., 45 N. 19th Windber: New Arts Feature, 508 - 15th St.
St. OHIO York: Swe'gart’s Photo Service Shop, 278 W.
Hawthorne: Hawthorne Home Movie Service,
Akron: Pockrandt Photo Supply Co., 16 N.
Market St.
52 MacFarlan Ave.
Irvington: Wolf Bros., 1340 Springfield Ave.
Howard St.
Canton: Ralph Young News Agency.
Jersey City, Levy’s Sport Shop, 149 Monticello
The Camera Shop, 531 Market Ave. N. Pawtucket: Thomas N. Simpson, Broadway &
Cincinnati: Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 27 Exchange St.
Montclair: Edward Madison Co., 42 Bloomfield
Ave. West Fourth St. Providence: E. P. Anthony, Inc., 178 Angell St.
Newark: Anspach 838 Broad St.
Huber Art Co., 124 Seventh St., W. Starkweather & Williams, Inc., 47 Exchange
John L. Huber Camera Shop, 416V2 Main St. PI.
Paterson: Robt. G. Smith, 40 Hamilton St.
L. M. Prince Co., 108 W. Fourth St. Westcott, Slade & Balcom Co., 95-99 Empire
Sykes Drug Store, 179 Market St.
Summit: Eastman Bookshop, 380 Springfield Cleveland: The Home Movies, Inc., 2025 St.
Ave. Euclid Ave.
Trenton: Howard E. Thompson, 35 Newkirk Dodd Co., 652 Huron Road. TENNESSEE
Ave. Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 806 Huron
Road, 1862 E. 6th St., 1915 E. 9th St., Jackson: Southern Pictures Corp.
Union City: Heraco Exchange, Inc., 61 1 Ber- Knoxville: Jim Thompson Co., 415 W. Church
genline Ave. Union Trust Bldg.
Escar Motion Picture ervice, Inc., 10008 St.
West New York: Rembrandt Studios, Inc.,
Memphis: Memphis Photo Supply Co., 122
526A Bergenline Ave. Carneigie Ave.
Halle Bros. Co.,1228 Euclid Ave. Union Ave.
Higbee Co., 90 Public Square. Nashville: Geo. C. Dury Co., 420 Union St.
NEW MEXICO Columbus: Capitol Camera Co., 7 E. Gay St.
Columbus Photo Supply, 62 E. Gay St. TEXAS
Santa Fe: Capital Pharmacy, Inc.
Home Movies Co., 234 S. High St. Abilene: W. C. Cosby, 249 Pine St.
NEW YORK Don McAllister Camera Co., 73 E. State St.
Dallas: Jamieson Film Laboratories, 2212 Live
Dayton: Dayton Camera Shop, Third 1 St.,
Oak St.
Albany: Albany Photo Supply Co., Inc., 204 Arcade.
Washington Ave. E. G. Marlow Co., 1610 Main St.
Middletown: Lee R. Chamberlain, care Roy A. Fort Worth: The Camera Shop, Inc., 113 W.
Binghamton: A. S. Bump Co., Inc., 180 Wash- White’s Elec. Shop, 48 S. Broad St.
ington St. Sixth St.
Portsmouth: V. E. Fowler, 824 Galia St. Chas. G. Lord Optical Co., 704 Main St.
Brooklyn: Geo. J. McFadden, Inc., 202 Flat- Salem: Butcher’s Studio. 166 South Broadway.
bush Ave. Houston: Star Elec. & Eng. Co., Inc., 613
Steubenville: Beall & Steele Drug Co., 424 Fannin St.
Abraham & Straus, Inc., Fulton & Hoyt Sts.
Market St.
Navilio, 1757 Broadway. San Antonio: Fox Co., 209 Alamo Plaza.
J. Toedo: Gross Photo Supply Co., 325 Superior
Buffalo: Buffalo Photo Material Co., 37 Ni- St.
agara St. UTAH
Hauser Bob Studio, West Tupper St.
Franklin Print & Eng. Co., 226-36 Huron St.
1 1
Youngstown: Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 7 Salt Lake City: Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc.
J. F. Adams, Inc., 459 Washington St.
Wick Ave. 315 S. Main St.
Nowak Optical Co. A. C. Saunders, 177 Benita Ave.
United Projector & Film Corp., 228 Franklin Zanesville: Zulandt’s Drug Store, Widney, cor. VIRCINIA
Goshen: T. H. Finan.
Seventh & Main.
Norfolk: G. L. Hall Optical Co., 257 Granby St
Haverstraw: E. H. Vandenburgh. 3 Broadway. Richmond: G. L. Hall Optical Co., 418 E.
Hempstead: Agnew’s, 47 Main St. OKLAHOMA Grace St.
Islip,H. L. Terry Sons. & Oklahoma City: H. O. Davis, 522 N. Broadway.
Ithaca: Henry R. Head, 109 N. Aurora St. VERMONT
Long Island City: Leonard F. Kleinfield, 4202 Tulsa: Camera Shoppe. Inc., and the Charles
Queen’s Blvd. High Productions, 1213 S. Boulder Ave. Burlington: G. W. La Pierre’s, 71 Church St.

New Rochelle: Artist's Photo Service, 219 WASHINGTON

Hugenot St. OREGON
New York City: Wm. C. Cullen, 12 Maiden Bellingham: Clyde Banks, 119 W. Holly St.
Lane. Lakeview: Getty’s Photo Studio, I.O. O.F. Bldg.,
Adam Archinal Corp., 305 W. 56th St. Center & Main Sts. Continued on Page 1 22

August 1933 % American Cinematographer 1S7

Infra-Red Now Developed

For Use of Professionals

and Amateurs

sensitive plates, both in speed

improvements in infra-red-
and in the
Lite-Test Machine $675 Complete
character of their infra-red sensitivity,
make them more practical for the use of
photographers who wish to take advan-
tage of the special results and the un-
usual effects they offer. This informa-
tion is contained in a current announce-
ment by the Eastman Kodak Company.
“Photography at considerable dis- Net Weight
tances is perhaps the widest present pos-
80 lbs.
sible use of infra-red-sensitive materials.
They may also be used for fantastic night
effects by daylight, or to produce a near- Immediate
by landscape of unusual character. The Delivery
blue sky photographs black, while green
foliage, which is a very strong reflector
Code Word
of infra-red, photographs a silvery white.
“Photographs ‘in total darkness’ are “LITES”
another trick possible with these plates. Representative
Deciphering of obscure documents is a Phone: WYoming 4501 MOVIE CAMERA CO.
practical use. Bombay, India
“For several years the Kodak Research
Laboratories have supplied plates for
infra-red photography under the names _ Hollywood
‘Eastman Extreme-red Sensitive’ and
'Eastman Infra-red Sensitive.’ Recent ad-
vances in the preparation of sensitizing
Motion PicTure/^quipmemT (o. |Td.


dyes have made it possible to manufac-
ture improved plates, and these plates are HOLLYWOOD, CALIFORNIA, U SA
now standardized under the following

‘Eastman Infra-red Sensitive Plates,

I -


Infra-red Sensitive Plates,

American Cinematographer — $3 00 the Year
Type I - P,

‘Eastman Infra-red Sensitive Plates,
Type l-K.’

“The Type l-R plates are recommended

New Prices
for general infra-red photography, includ-
ing landscape work, documentary pho-
tography, etc., and for the infra-red pho-
tography of non-luminous hot bodies, TRIPOD HEADS
such as flatirons and furnaces. These
plates permit the shortest possible ex-
posures to be given.
1 he Same Efficient Head
“The Type l-P plates are a somewhat
For follow shots, known for
faster variety of the plates previously sold
their smoothness of opera-
as ‘Eastman Infra-red Sensitive.’ They tion and equal tension on
are suitable for ‘photography in total all movements.
darkness’(with a Wratten Filter Number
87 covering powerful tungsten lamps) .
Unaffected by temper-
“The Type l-K plates are those pre- Model B Professional $300.00
viously supplied as ‘Eastman Extreme-red For Bell & Howell and Mitchell
Sensitive.’ For most purposes, the new Cameras and their respective Model A for Ama-
teur motion picture
Type l-R plates will take their place. Tripod. With the ORIGINAL cameras. Attaches
to any standard
“For infra-red photography with these instant release telescopic handle. STILL tripod, $12.00.
plates, theWratten A (Number 25) Fil- Trueball tripod
ter may be used on the lens of the cam- heads are unexcelled
era. Other red filters (Number 70, FRED HOEFNER for simplicity,
curacy and speed of

Number 89A, etc.) are equally effective operaton.

GLadstone 0243
but offer no advantages. The Number The Hoefner four-
87 filter, which transmits no visible light, 5319 Santa Monica Boulevard inch Iris and Sun-
shade combination
must be used, over the light source, for is also a superior
'photography in total darkness’; but it LOS ANGELES, CALIF. product.

(Continued on Next Page)

158 American Cinematographer • August 1933

Pullman: Graves Studio.

Seattle: Anderson Supply Co., Cherry St.
Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 1415 - 4th Ave.
Lowman & Hanford Co., 1514 - 3rd Ave.
Spokane: John W. Graham & Co., Dept. C, 707
1 1 1

(lassifitMl Anver i i s i n j»
Sprague Ave. Rates: Four cents a word. Minimum charge, FOR SALE — CAMERAS
Joyner Drug Co., Howard & Riverside Ave. one dollar per insertion.
Tacoma: Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 910
FOR SALE —35 MM. Pathe Studio Camera,
f:3.5 Krauss Tessar; carrying case; three

Walla Walla: Book Nook Drug & Stationery FOR RENT— MISCELLANEOUS magazines, $100. Universal Tripod with
Store. carrying-case, $75. Box S, American Cinema-


Mitchell Motor, 25 M.M. Lenses,
tographer, 1222 Guaranty Bldg., Hollywood.

Wheeling: Twelfth St. Garage, 81 - 12th St.

1000 feet Mitchell Magazines. Baby Tripod.
J.R. Lockwood, Glendale. Phone Douglas FOR SALE —Olympic 2A 35mm. Camera
lens, tripod and sound mask, $40. Also shop-
3361 -W.
WISCONSIN built step printer, made from Powers 6A
Fond du Lac: Huber Bros., 36 S. Main St.
La Crosse: Moen Photo Service, 313 Main St.

RENT Mitchell high speed gear box
Pliny Horne, 1318 N. Stanley.
head, $30.00. Raymond Clift, 808 Maple St.,
Bellingham, Wash.
Madison: Photoart House, 212 State St.
Milwaukee: Eastman Kodak Stores, Inc., 737
H 0-7682 or HO-9431.
Bell & Howell, 70DA Cooke
FI. 8 with hand crank, $195; 35mm. 7-inch
N. Milwaukee St.
Boston Store, Wisconsin Ave. & 4th St. projector lens, $10.00; B & H 57-G projec-
W. E. Brown, 327 W. National Ave.
® You want The Cinematographic Annual tor with case, $75.00. Trades accepted. Li-
Gimbel Bros., E. Wisconsin & N. Planking- brary Film 2c foot 16mm. Send for 50-page
ton. bargain catalogue. Mogull Brothers, 1944-F
FOR SALE OR RENT Boston Road, New York City.
Roa Meuer, The, 226 West Wells St.
Phillips: Jakoubek’s’, 132 N. Lake Ave.
Racine: Photo-Crafts Shop, 526 College Ave. FOR SALE OR RENT
Howell silenced

Mitchell and Bell &
follow focus Pan
cameras, You want The Cinematographic Annual ®
AUSTRALIA lenses, free head, corrected new aperture.
Agency, 179-218
beth St.
McGills Eliza- Akeley, DeBrie, Pathe, Universal, Prevost,
Willart, DeVry, Eyemo, Sept, Leica. Motors, FOR SALE — MISCELLANEOUS
Printers, lighting equipment. Also every
CHINA variety of
16mm and still cameras and
Everything photographic bought,
lea “Monopol” semi-portable 35
MM. projector, complete with carrying-cases
Canton: International Book Co., 269 North
so|d, rented and repaired. Send for our and extra carbons. Box S, care American
Wing Hon Road. bargain catalogue. Open 8 A.M. to 10 P.M. Cinematographer.
Hollywood Camera Exchange, 600 Cahuenga 1
London: J. H. Dallmeyer, Ltd., 31 Mortimer
Phone: HO-3651 Cable address ;
FOR SALE —Special complete 16 mm. editor
with geared rewinds, magnifier and splicer,
St. and Oxford St. W. I. Money refunded if not
$4.50 plus postage.
satisfactory. FOTOSHOP, 136 West 32nd
Honolulu: Eastman Kodak Stores, 1059 Fort
FOR RENT — silenced Mitchell cam-
Thoroughly 544 pages of valuable information •
INDIA eras, Pan Astro
lenses, follow
focus. J. R.
Bombay: Continental Photo Stores, 255 Hornby Lockwood, Glendale. Douglas 3361 -W. WANTED
P. C. Eranee Sons, Albert Bldgs., Hornby FOR RENT
latest 40,
—50 Mitchellhigh speed camera with
and 75 mm. Pan-Astro lenses. WANTED —Sept Camera must be reasonable.
Road. Address Box VI 50 American Cinematog-
Calcutta: Photographic Stores & Agency Co., 1000 ft. magazines; loose head, tripod.
Pliny Horne, 1318 N. Stanley. HO-7682 or rapher, 6331 Hollywood Blvd., Hollywood,
154 Dhuramtolla St. Calif.
M. L. Shaw, 5/1 Dhuramtolla St. HO-9431.
Lucknow: Lucknow Commercial
bad Park.
Co., 25 Amina- WANTED— DeVry 35mm. Hand-camera, double-
claw movement. Must be cheap and in
FOR SALE— CAMERAS good condition. Box G, care American
MEXICO Cinematographer.
American Photo Supply Co.
Madero, 43, Mexico, D.F.
S.A., Av. F.l, AKELEY CAMERA Practically new,
color; 40mm. and 50mm. lenses;
— rebuilt for
10 maga- WANTED — Motor adapter. R. Lockwood,

zines; cases; tripod, etc. Cost $5,000 will
Box R.W.S. care American
— Glendale. Douglas 3361 -W.

WANTED— Mitchell
se|| for $1,250.
Warsaw: Polska Agencia Prasy Filmowej Cinematographer. High Speed Silent Camera,
box only, without equipment. Must be
Wspolna 35.
cheap for cash. Box 140, American Cinema-
FOR SALE— Bell & Howell adapter for Mitchell
SOUTH AMERICA Tripod 40-50-75-M.M. Astro lenses
WANTED— “Leica”
Buenos Aires: Argentine Rep., Casa America mounted and unmounted, Mitchell tripod
R. Lockwood, enlarger; must be in good
Ltda. S. A. Avenda de Mavo 959. head, Mitchell matte box. J.
523 N. Orange St., Glendale, Calif. Doug- condition and cheap. Box H.R., care Ameri-
las 3361 -W. can Cinematographer.
Continued From Page 57 1

can be used only with Type l-P plates. Fine Crain Film
neer in the field of photographic effects
“In infra-red photography it is impor-
for the British and Continental studios,
tant to avoid the use of hard-rubber 0 Kodak Panatomic Film, a panchromatic
as well as serving American producers.
slides in plate holders, the Kodak Com- such film of exceedingly fine grain, is cur-
The recognized need for a service
pany’s announcement warned. Such slides with
speaks well for the future of the new rently making its debut for use
are translucent to infra-red rays unless
firm, and Knechtel’s proven ability should miniature cameras. The fine grain per-
the rubber contains sufficient composi-
carry them a long way. mits generous enlargements from diminu-
tion to make them opaque. Fiber-board
slides and metal slides are safe in this Wheels of Industry tive negatives. Panatomic Film has the
respect.” (Continued from Rage 138) same speed as N.C. Film in daylight and
which permits a larger image to be seen. twice as fast by artificial light.
Lloyd Knechtel Joining This feature is of great value especially

Panatomic Film is being manufactured

London Laboratory to those who are required to wear glasses,
in three types of rolls: FI 27, for cameras
• As this goes to press, Lloyd KnechteJ, as it permits them to see the field of
for four years head of the Special Pho- view with the greatest of ease. taking 16 pictures on the “vest pocket”
tographic Effects Department at the RKO Another point of refinement is the roll; FI 17 for Kolleiflex cameras; and

Hollywood studio, and one of the indus- inclusion of eyelets, one on each side, a 30-exposure daylight-loading roll for

try’s foremost authorities on Optical which are built into the camera body. Leica cameras.

Printing and other process work, is leav- These accommodate a special carrying Filter factors for Panatomic Film are
ing London. In England he
for will be strap equipped with snap-hooks, and per- the same Kodak
as for Supersensitive
affiliated with Randal Perraneu, holder mit the camera to be carried and used Panchromatic Film. As in the case of

of the British rights to the well-known without the aid of a carrying case. The Super-Sensitive Panchromatic, a piece of
Dunning Process, and one of the partners strap also serves to steady the camera black adhesive tape —
supplied with each
of the George Humphries laboratory in when slow exposures are made with the roll of film —
must be used to cover the
London. The new organiaztion will pio- camera held in the hands. camera’s red window except when the
Even After Two Years

. . . cameramen find new possibilities

in Eastman Super -sensitive “Pan” . . .

elements that help them scale new cine-

matic laurels. And they also find some-

thing old, but equally valuable: the

uniformity and dependability that always

come with Eastman Film, plus the

expert service regularly supplied by . . .

New York Chicago Hollywood
Keep Your Camera Equipment
in MAXIMUM Condition

Our staff of trained

camera maintenance
experts —

T o-ge th erwi th a com-

plete supply of parts

. . . . enables us to
render prompt and
efficient service on
all repair work.

Mitchell Camera Corporation


Cable Address “MITCAMO” Phone OXford 1051